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MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, Si C, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 189,
JOSEPH F. RHAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
F. N. WILSON,
F.Z SURA CE AGENT,
MAN1NIXG. S. C.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING. S. C.
A&-Notary Public with seal.
W H. INGRAM.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office at Court House,
MANNING, S. C.
M CLINTON GALUCHAT,
PRACTICES l CoUETS oF
CHARLST cnud CLAREYDOX.
Address Communications in care of Man
JOS. H. MONTGOMERY,
ATTORKEY AT LAW
Main Street. SUMTER, S. C.
W. F. B. HasswonmT, Sumter S, C.
B. S. DmNIs, Manning, S. C.
1AYNSWORTH & DINKINS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
pR. G. ALLEN HUGGINS,
- oFFICES -
MANNING AND KINGSTBEE.
Kingstree, from 1st to 12th of each month.
Manning, from 12th to 1st of each month.
9 A. M. to-1 PM. and 2 to 4 P.-M.
.REAL ESTATE AGENT,
FORESTOR S. C.
0mersforsale on Main Street, in business
portion(the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lots; on Maning and B. R. streets
TWO COTTG. RAESmENCES, 4 and 6
rooms;anda. number of VACANT LOTS
sahahmorresidenes, and in diferent- lo
eitias.. Terms Reasonable.
Louis Cohen & Co.
284 King Street.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Importers, Wholesale aid Retail Dealers in
Dr; and Fancy Goods.
-W s sand prices cheerfully sent
on application. Orders .entrusted to
me ill receive my prompt personal at
tention. Will be pleased to see my
friendafrom Clarendon County.
ISAAC M. LORYEA,
With Louis Cohen & Co.,
CHARL STO, S. C.
WLhrmeter & Co.
HAY AND GRAITN,
Red RustProof Oats, a Spe
Opposite Kerr's Wharf,
CHA RESTON S. C.
MAX G. Bryant,JJas. M. Taran,
South Carolina. New York.
Gran& Central Hotel.
BRYANT & LELAND, PROPBIEToRs.
Columbia, South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
hept hotel in Co'umbia, located in the EX
ACT BUSINESS CESTER OF THE CITY,
whereall Street Car Lines pass the door,
and irsM&YE is not excelled by any in the
THE BEULlAll ACADEMY.
Bethlehem, S. C.
B. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
Fall Session Begins Monday, Oct 29,
Instruction thorough. government mild
and decisive, appealing generally to the
student's sense of honor and judgment in
the important matter of punctuality, de
portment, diligence. &c. Moral and social
Tuition from $1.00 to $2.00 per mon th.
Board in good families $7.00 per month.
Board from Monday to Friday per month
3s.00 to $4..00.
, aaFor further particulars, address th
:J. G. DINKINS, M. D. R. B. LORYEA.
i, 01 DiRliRS&..0o.,
Drullsts and Phannacists,
PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
FIN~E CIGARS AND
Full stock of P.us-rs; Or~s, GL.Ass
VauSHE and WmTE LE.., also
Parar and WHrEWASH BUtSEs.
An elegant stock of
SPECTACLES and EYE GLASSES.
No charge made. for fttting the eyi.
Physicians Prescriptions carefully
compounded, day or night.
J. 6. Dinkins & Co.,
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
1MANJmirG. S. C.
WHAT A CHILD DID.
An Anecdote Ilustrating Mr. Lincoln's
Great Tenderness of Heart.
Will the world ever know what
depths of tenderness there were in the
heart of Abraham Lincoln? An aneo
dote, which has never been published,
brings out one more instance in which
his sympathies, awakened by a little
child, nobly controlled his action. In
one of the first skirmishes of the civil
war, a young Union soldier was so se
verely wounded in the leg that the limb
had to be amputated. On leaving the
hospital, the young soldier, by the aid
of influential gentlemen, obtained a po
sition as Government weigher of hay
and grain. Not long after he had en
tered upon his duties, his superior offi
cer said to him:
"See here, Mr. M--, this hay
weighs so much on these scales; but to
the Government it weighs so much
"I do not understand, sir, that way
of doing business. I can enter but one
weight and that the correct one," an
swered the young weigher.
His superior walked away, muttering
threats. The young man from that day
suffered many petty persecutions for
his honesty, and it was not long before
he received notice that the government
had no further need of his services.
The summary dismissal made -him so
down-hearted that when he told the
story to his family, he seemed a man
"Father," replied the eldest daugh
ter, a girl of thirteen, "cheer up! I am
going to see President Lincoln. I know
he will make it all right."
Her father and mother tried to turn
her purpose, saying that it would .be
useless to see the President, as he
would not attend to such a petty matter
as the dismissal of a weigher of grain.
But her faith in the President's sense
of justice was so strong that she went
to the White House, and, after three
days of patient waiting in the ante
room, was admitted to Mr. Lincoln's
The hour for receiving visitors had
nearly expired, and as she entered the
room the President, throwing himself
on a lounge, said, wearily: "Well, my
little girl, what can I do for you?"
She told. her artless story. Mr. Lin
coln listened attentively, and with a
smile asked: "But how, my dear, do I
know that your statement is true?"
"Mr. President," answered the girl,
with energy, "you must take my word
"I do," replied the President, rising
and taking her hand. "Come with me
to Mr, Stanton."
"Stanton," said Mr. Lincoln, as they
entered the office of the great War Sec
retary, "I wish you to hear this child'e
"I have no time," answeredthe over
"But you must," replied Mr. Lincoln.
"I have not a,moment to spare to
day, Mr. President."
"Come again, my dear, to-morrow,
and Mr. Stanton wilm hear you then,"
said the President, leading her away.
The next day she was admitted at
once to the President, who took her
over to Mr. Stanton's office. The Sco
retary listened to the child's simple
story and was so moved by it that he
indignantly exclaimed, before she had
fnished: "The infernal rascal!" He
went to his desk and wrote an order
for the immediate dismissal of the dis
honest official, and for the appoint
ingthe little girl's father to the vacant
Mr. Lincoln never forgot the child;
he told her story to several Congress
men,.and through their influence her
two-brothers were enro1ed& among.:the
pages-of the House of Representatives
The. African Elephant.
In Petermanne's Bi~tegasngs Herr 3.
Mnges. raises once more the geestion
of the possibility-of utiliing the Afri
can elephant. Herr Menges points out
that there Is strong evidencsthatethe
elepantwasamedli. ancient stimean in.
Africa, and asserts that no seriousat
temp&-has been madeuin modern times
to subdue it to-theusesof humanity. He
mnintans thst: it is quite as docile as
theTerian elephant, and mnch strong
er;-and that; ifitcould berealW.ytmed
andtranedto work; it-would beefLim
mnse utility in the-opening~ of Africa-.
But, unless some protectton is.accorded
to the African..elephant Herr.Nengses
believesthat by the entof'next century.
it wi-be quite extinct
An Excellent Remnedyv.
They were returning, from the. thea
"I am troubled with a slight sore
throat, Miss CLara," he said, "and I
think it would be wise if I should but
ton my coat tightly around my neck."
"I would, indeed, Mr. Sampson," re
plied the girl with some concern. "At
this season of the year a sore throat is
apt to develop into something serious.
Are you doing any thing for it?"
"IRot so far," he replied. "I hardly
kow what to do."
"I have often heard papa say," shyly
suggested the girl, "that raw oysters
have a very soothing and beneficial ef
fet upon such a trouble."-N. Y. ,Sun.
A Heart-Breaking Loss.
Bobley-Wonder what makes young
erkins look so cast down. One would
fancy he had lost his best friend.
Wiggins-So he has. His sweetheart
has jilted him.
Bobley-Well, it's really a blessing in
disguise. He has escaped a mother-in
law, any way.
Wiggins-Oh, you don't understand;
the girl was an orphan-4udas
MR. DUNER DISGUSTED.
Carl Fails to Catch On to the Tricks .
"Well, what's the matter with you?"
queried Sergeant Bendall as Carl Dun
der limped into the station house the
other day and flung himself down on.
the nearest chair.
"Sergeant, I vhas here to bid you
"I vhas going back to Shermany."
"I declare! What put that into
"I vhas seek und tired. . I can't un
derstand dose peoples. Xopody vhas
two times alike in America."
"But you told me you were going to
run for alderman, and that you had
caught on to American:politlcs."
"Dot vh s my troubles. I belief I
know all aboudt her, bat I know noth
ings. I vhas going. to -run for alder
mans. I promise dot hay scales to
feefty men. I promise twenty men dot
dey shall be janitor of der. City, Hall.
I promised more as one hoonered. fel
lers dot dey shall work for the.city.for
three dollars a day."
"That was right. That's the way
most of the candidates do."
"Yes, but I don't understand.. Three
days ago a feller comes in my place
und says-vhasI. Carl Dnnder?: I vhas.
Did you promise dot easternahay.scales
to my brudder:if :he wote fer- you? I
did. Und did'you promise herto more
ash twenty odder fellers, too? I did.
Vhell, you vhas a fraud und a liar,
und now you take dot on der nose!
Und he gifs me sooch a thump dot I
see more ash feefty stars flying aroundt.
How does it come dot some Americans
can work dot dodge und be all right?"
"Vhell, I told you der odder-day dot
I promise more ash feefty men dot dey
shall be engineer of the City Hall if
dey wote for me. In comes a man in
my place mit his hat on his ear und
says vhas I Carl Dunder? I vhas.
Vhas you going to run for some alder
mans? I vhas. Did you promise all
my crowd dot each one of us should
run der engines mit der City Hall? I
did. Den. Sergeant, he gifs me sooch
a blow on my mouth dot I can't eat
meat for seex months, und vhen he
goes avhay he says dot forty-nine more
fellers vhas to come after him. Some
American candidates can promise dot
shop to one hoonered fellers und be all
right. How vhas she?" _
"I don't know."
"Und pooty queek a feller comes in
my place und says vhas I dot oldt
Dutchmans who vhants to be an alder
man? I vhas. If I vhas cszted he
shall get all der paving shobs und
makes lots of money. He calls me a
liar und says I promise dot same thing
more ash two hoonered times, und he
mops me on my floor und ges avhay
like a lark. If it vhas some American
candidate he vhas all peaches. How
"I don't know."
"Vhell, eafery day somepody comes
und calls me a liar und says I should
be kicked. Eafery day comes pome
feller mit his hat on his ear und
charges me mit holding him oop for a
sucker. My boy Shake vhas scart
avhay, my wife vhas seek abed und I
haf to lock up my place or be kilt."
"It's sad lines," mused the sergeant.
"Und so I guess I shall go back to
Shermany. In dot country I vhas all
right. If a man spreckens to me i
Dutch I Jcnow vhat he vhas. If he
shpeaks to me in Yankee may be he
makes a fool of me. I like to go by
dot Common Council and be a great
man, but I can't stand sooch a racket.
I vhas a good enough liar, but I leaf
something else out all der while und
der dear peoples tumbles to me. Fare
well, sergeant. You vhas always two
times alike. und I shall feel good by
you when I am far avhay. If you
meet some-. odder Duitchmans shust
spheak mit him und tell him to keep
out of dose politics."-Detroit Free
A Few Fashion Notes.
For half-mourning brooches are
pansies of lusterless black enamel with
a diamond center.
Linked sleeve-buttons are seen re
sembling coupled coffee beans. One~
will be silver, the other a copper tint,
a third gold and a fourth oxidized
elaborately carved and stained very
The edelweiss, with its thick furry
petals and centers of pearls is the
latest flower brooch.
Earrings in form of stirrups, one
side set with diamonds, the other with
sapphires, are a novelty.
For table ware the prettiest articles
are silver and cut glass in combination.
Nurses' aprons of white lawn have
two broad widths that almost meet be
bind, and are trimmed with rows of
insertion and tucks above a hem. The
cap of white muslin has an Alsacian
bow of embroidery, or else loops of
colored ribbon are around the crown.
Those worn .by foster-mother or wet
nurse have ribbon ends that hang be
hind almost to the edge of her dress
A ball of cut steel mounted on a stem
of black enamel is afavorite hat-pin.
K. Y. World.
-Taking the Safe Side.--Mother-in
law (who is going home after a visit
of six months)-"Have we plenty of
time, Witherspoen? I mustn't get
left." Mr. Witherspoon (dubiously)
-"Well, it's ten minutes' walk to the
station, and the train will leave in
about an hour and a hail To be on
the safe side, I think we had better
sna aL ne"-K. . Tr-ibumn
How She supported Herself Without Per.
forming Any Work.
There was a poor woman living in one
of the little shanties up-town, with a
large family of pigs, goats, geese and
children swarming around it. She sup
ports her family by taking in washing,
and her poverty and industry have se
cured for her the compassion and the
washing of a number of benevolent la
dies. One of these ladies recently
remonstrated with her on the size
of her bills, and said.that she had
to pay much more for her washing than
she did at any of the laundries. The
hard-working widow admitted that this
was the case, but she respectfully, but
firmly, declined to reduce her price.
"You see, ma'am," she said, "I do
the very finest handwork, and it wouldn't
pay me to do it for the price the laun
dries get for machine work. If you
compared my work with theirs you
would see a great difference. Those Chi
namen living in dirt like pigs are taking
the bread out of honest women's mouths.
I don't see how any lady can be willing
to send her clothes to them. Of course
they do it cheap when they have no
families to support and can live on al
most nothing; but they tear. your
clothes all to pieces, and dear knows
what you catch from them. No, ma'am,
you'd better pay a little more and have
your clothes done nicely by a clean, re
spectable woman, besides helping her
to support her family."
The lady was influenced by this can
did statement, and decided to continue
her patronage. But a few weeks after
she was surprised to see emerging from
a Sing Sing laundry in her neighbor
hood the well-known figure of the son
of the poor but honest laundress, stag
gering under a huge bundle of clothes.
A dark suspicion crossed the mind of
the charitable woman. Having a slight
acquaintance with Sing Sing from a few
previous negotiations, she entered the
laundry and made some cautious inqui
ries about the boy who had just gone
out. Sing Sing readily acknowledged
that he came every week with a large
bundle, and it was too obvious that the
poor but honest and hardworking laun
dress was doing an easy and profitable
business by subletting the washing
given by her customers to the much
despised Chinaman against whom she
had warned them so vigorously.-Chi
NO VERMIN- THERE.
How a Lady in search of a House MystiBed
Lady-You are sure that the house
contains no vermin P
House Owner (indignantly and very
emphatically)-Vermin in a house of
mine! Not much!
Lady-Well, rm glad of that. If
there is any thing I do detest it is a
house overrun with roaches and
House Owner-Oh,. I-won't say there
ain't a few roaches.- Most any-house is
liable to have a few- roaches.
Lady-And rats and mice-are there
any of them?
House Owner-Well, there might be
a mouse here and there and a couple of
rats or so, may be, but there ain't none
Lady-How about bed-bugs?
House Owner -Bed-bugs? Well,
now, of course, bed-bugs is different.
Ievver see a house that had been lived
in at all that didn't have a few?
(Warmly.) Why, the house I live inJ
myself is chock full of 'em. What I do
say, though, is, that there ain't no ver
min In no house of mine; no sir, not:
one. When do you think you'll mov&
Lady-I'm afraid your house will not
suit me. Good-day.
House Owner (soliloquizingly)-Now
[ wonder what that woman can find.
fault with in this house? After 'almost
sayin' she'd take it and my provin' that
there's nothing wrong with it, she don't
want it. That's just like a woman.
T'hey ain't got no sense, nohow.-T2exas
Mr. Beecher's Estate.
Henry Ward Beecher left a compara
ively small fortune. He had an es
ate in the Peekskill which cost him~
bout $150,000. JIe had insurance pol
icies which footed up something like
$20,000 or $25,000, and in hot haste his
heirs sold his pictures and books and all!
personal belongings endeared to his
friends, at all events by many, many
years of close association with the dear
old man, and now how does it stand?
The $150,000 place at Peekskill has
literally gone to seed. Those magnifi
ent flower-beds, on which the old man
eloquent spent years of thought, for
tunes of experience and thousands of
dollars earned by the sweat of his im
peial brow, are choked with weeds
and overrun with grasses. Already
the market price of the place has fallen
to $85,000, and I understand-in fact, I
have seen it stated in print-that an of
fr of $65,000, which was refused, will,
in all probability never be made again.
And on the heels of this, with what was
curiously called an "autobiography,"
written by one cf his sons and his son
in-law, lying as dead as Mark Twain's
own books upon the shelves of the
stores, come a rumor that his simple
will is also to be contested.-N. 7.
He Was Not An Indian.
Tramp--Could you give a bite to a
poor man who hasn't eaten any thing
Lady of the House (shouting shrilly)
-Tige! Tige! Come here, Tige!
T. (loftily)-You are alling your
dog, madam. I want you to under
stand that I don't eat dog. T'm no In
And he strode away in silent dignity.
PUTTING BABY TO BED;
An Incident Which May Prove of Glreat
Value. to Many Parents.
Last spring I spent a night with a
friend. There were two : childr en in
the family-the youngest a bright,
restless boy, four years old, who might
stand for the typical Amerie::a "hld
aptly defined as "a bundle of nerve.'
A lady and get'eman with their two
children were visitors at the house,
and after supper, Mrs. Brown, a neigh
bor, left her little boy and girl in my
friend's care while she went to make a
call in the village.
The evening wore on. The children
played hard, and little Frank's ey.es
opened wider and wider with the in
toxication of the unusual excitement.
After his bed-time was long past, his
mother came into the room where her
husband and I sat, and asked, anxious
ly: "What shall I do? I told Fraik he
could sit up until Mrs. Brown came
after her children, supposing she
would be gone only a few minutes.
Now, shall I break my promise to him,
or risk his being cross and ill by all
Her husband raised his voice a little,
and said: "'Where is Frank? I want
to see him."
The child immediately left his play
in the dining-room and ran to his
father, who lifted him in his arms and
held him from him for a momentthen,
clasping hi:i lovingl;y, asked, in that
jovial ton; of comradeship no child
"Whose boy are you?"
Of course the answer came, proudly:
"Papa's boy." .
"My boy!"--a little surprised--"are
The child laughtingiy re-asserted his
"Woll," connued the father, "my
boy always does just what his niher
thinks best-goes to bed just when she
thinks it's time."
A pause. "Are you sure you're my
boy?" Oh. yes, lie c'as papa's boy.
"Then mamma," said tha wise father, I
"you can undress this fellow just as
fast as you like."
The child was put into his little bed
in an adjoining room whence he could
hear the merry chatter of the other
children and the talk of the older peo
ple and see-the bright lights. There
was no lamp in his room, but somebody
laid down on the bed with him for a
few minutes, when all at once he
turned his face to the wall and his clos
ing eyelids almost caught the happy
laugh on his lips as he dropped off to
dreamland. I said to myself: "I will
put an account of this incident where
the fathers and mothers of those ba
bies who associate bed-time with a cy
clone of sobs, tears and spankings, or
a barter of candy and sugar for obedi-,
ence. may read and profit by it if they
will."-Anna M. Libby, in Christian
The Pensio/ Commissioner Writes About
the Humors of His Office.
A few samples from among 10,000
instances will show the variety of the
inquiries addressed to the Commis
sioner, and they are herewith sub
One woman in the best faith ad
dresses the Commissioner and asks
that he see that the school house in
her neighborhood be established in
the center of the district. Another in
forms him that her husband has long
been absent. She has wandered over
the face of the country in search of
him, and she would now like to have
him take up the search. Many such
cases occur. ~Letters contaiuing"
souvenirs dear to the senders, but ut
terly valueless to any one else, are re
ceived; letters .of advice detailing
whole pension schemes to be substi'tu
ted for the present system of laws;
letters of extravagant commendation,
of censure, of anger, of contempt, of
wrath, of unmitigable hostility; let-I
ters of insane writers threatening
vileness and violence; letters excited
by the granting of pensions
and asking benisons upon the~
heads of all concerned; letters of bit
terest reproach for pensions denied.
calling down the wrath of God an-d1
men upon those who have been trying
to do their simple duty-all these and
multitudes of <41ers, fantastic, sober,
rational and wild, pour by the hun
dreds and thousands into the mail of
the bureau; and from the charity and
patience which forbears to respond,
and the sense of duty which compels
the neglect of idle inquiries, arise
many of the complaints and denuncia
tions of the office for its alleged neglect.
And now, to give in one hugo total
the figures which will show how idle
such complaints in general are I need
only say that the number of papers of
every description sent to the Commis
sioner during the year ha~s been 2,G97,
608. The number of answers immedi
ately sent out thereto has been 1,836,
182; the remainder being of the kind
above indicated and those which re
quire no reply unti answered by the
execution and transmission of proper
documents in authentic sh11ape.-Comn
missioncr's Report, 188..
-Sone--"Hello, Upson, old man,
you're looking fine; you must have
struck luck since I last saw you."
Downes -"Yes, old boy, I've struck
the boss fake; no more poverty for me,
no more small salaries for me; I've
written a book and my fortune is
made." Stone-" 'id like to know
what you could write about." Downes
-"Hush! don't give it away; great
snap; have written on 'How to Live
Comfortably on Ten Dollars a Week.'"
Stone-'"But you never could."DIownes
-"Nor any one else-that's the reas
on they nil buy the book to find out."'
Stne--"ll'm. ye- see."-Puck.
UI1Lb IN UiLLhAh.
What It Costs to Enter the Big Institutions
At Vassar College the smallest sum
on which a girl can pay her bills, aside
from scholarship aid, is about $450.
Of this amount $100 is for tuition and
x300 for board and washing. A genius
in thrift-and Vassar sees such a
genius now and then-can buy her
books and stationery and supply her
self with the small incidentals dear to
school girls for the remaining $50.
Car fare, if she goes home between
terms, and the larger items of dress
are not included. Necessary expenses
at Smith, Wellesley and Byrn Mawr
do not vary greatly from these figures.
Five hundred dollars would represent
the average yearly expenditure of no
small proportion of the girl students
in Eastern schools. Six hundred dol
lars is a liberal allowance, and $700
more than luxurious. The largest
sums spent hardly rise above the min
imum which the president deemed
necessary for comfort and peace o:
mind at Cambridge.
Boston University, of the co-educa
tional schools, has no dormitory sys
tem, and girl. students from a. dis
tance exercise no small ingenuity in
housing and feeding themselves with
out overwhelming board bills. F6ur
dollars a week, when necessary, some
of them find it possible to live for, or
$148 for thirty-seven weeks in the
city. Add $100 for tuition and $50 for
books, car-fare and incidentals, and a
year's schooling is provided at a cost
Some of the country colleges, while
giving a substantial education, trea
the pocket-book with great lenienoy.
St. Lawrence University, in the north
ern part of New York, for instance,.
tutors young women as well as men
for $40 a year, and the townspeople
take them to their hearts and their
best guest chambers for $3.50 a week
Education there still costs substantial
ly what it used to at the older schools
in the pioneer days.
To work one's way through college
unaided is a hard task, but is now and
then accomplished by a sturdy girl.
A large-eyed brunette, not sturdy. but
fragile-looking, graduated from Bo.
ton University a few years ago by
finding a situation as waitress in a
restaurant, wearing the whito apron
during the rush hours at morning.aud
night, and in vacation se.ason. the day
through. To save is sometimes easier
than to earn. and I have in inird one
group of four girls, two from Boston
University and two at the Harvard
Annex, wh:o engaged two adjoining
rooms in a quiet house in noston and
boarded themselves on an average of
$90 per week. Their rooms cost $5,
or $.25 each.. They took breakfast at
a small restaurant, where oatmeal and
steak cost 2) cents. They ate an ap
plo and a slice of bread for lunch and
at night they pooled resources, spread
ing napkins on the top of a trunk and
feasting on bread and milk or brea l
and a taste of canned meats. Once a
neighbor surreptitiously inserted six
glasses of jelly in the bureau drawer
which served as commissary depart
ment, and then they dined royally for
several days. The food cost them
each 35 cents per day, and none of
them suff'ered by the experiment.
Their expenses for clothing were
no greater in proportion. QOe mem
berof the quartette possessed a single
gown, a well-worn black cashmere.
Being invited to a professor's reception
one- evening, she remained away from
a day's recitations while she sat in a
cloak and petticoat cleaning and
pressing and freshening with ' ribbons
her old apparel. At night she enjoyed
herself quite as thoroughly as the
rest of the company.-N. Y Cor. In
BONE-MEAL FOR POULTRY.
It Is Nutritious and strengthens the Bones.
Many. farmers- think that the hens
may shift for themselven. .If they do
well, all right; if they are found dead
or dying it is not much loss. For the
capital invested no stock on the farm
will pay as well as the poultry well
cared for: One of the little things that
ought to be looked after to have the
peultry always in good trim is a sup
ply of bone-meal. Poultry raisers
should not neglect to use suffict raw
bone either crushed-or- in the form of*
meaL It. contains lime as do oyster:
shells, but it contains animal matter
which is of great value. Bone when
burnt is of comparatively little value
over oyster shells, but when crusbed
or ground raw supplies value peculiar
to itself.. All classes of poultry are ex
tremely fond of it. Care should be
taken to have it pure and sweet. It is.
good for all classes and ages of poultry.
For young chicks it should be used in
the form of meal. mixing a 'small
quantity two or three times a week
with their soft feed, say one quart to a
bushel of corn-meal.
In young turkeys it is almost impos
sible to prevent leg weakness. About
the time of their "shooting the red,"
when their health becomes established
and they grow apace, the development
of their frames and legs require a
more liberal assimilation of material
than can be afforded by the usual arti
cles of food. It is well to begin to
mix a little bone-meal with the feed
of young turkeys and from the time
they are four weeks old it can be used
No injurious effects will follow, for
it is nutritious and strengthens the
bones and legs. All raisers of young
turkeys know that leg weakness is
one of the evils to which they are ex
posed and this is a natural preventive,
and here is onc of the cases where
prevention is better than cure. Brahi
ma and other Asiatic chaks for the
same reason are greatly benefited by
its use.--nhin Pnoun, JrornaL
THE LAND OF LAKES.
An English Traveler's Impression of the
Province of Finland.
Finland is, in the language of the
country, Suomesimaa, "the land of
lakes," and this is really the truth, as
no less than one-third is under water.
Much of this is, however, marsh land,
though the lakes Saima, Lodoga, En
are, etc., cover somethousandsof square
miles. The surface of the country is
flat, with a chain of low hills about the
center, the highest of these being the
mountain "Aavasaksa." The coasts
are deeply indented and picturesque,
with bold granite cliffs standing clear
out against the deep blue sky, and
many islands belonging to the Archi
pelago of Aland dot the surface of its
western waters. Inland there are dense
forests of pine, fir and birch, which have
a strange and enthralling influence up
on the imagination. Notwithstanding
their usually somber aspect, there are
innumerable pleasant glades-in the re
cesses of these woods, where the tall
white-stemmed birch and great bould
ers covered with lichen crop up from
the grass and form a pleasant picture;
besides this the lakes have a beauty
solemn and romantic-which can scarce
ly be found elsewhere. The landscape,
too, dotted with numerous windmills,
and the church towers, built apart from
the places of worship, present strange
pictures. From these towers the night
watchmen sound their horns or play up
on triangles as an alarm of fire.
Often in the dead of night a
great blaze on e horizon will tell of
some forest f'e. These are mainly
owing to the carelessness of the peas
antry, and, combined with the greatex
portation of timber and its lavish use
for firewood and for building purposes,
have caused* a great rise in its value
within the last few years. Traveling in
the country, though cheap, is not al
ways pleasant. Many of the roads are
what would be described as "corduroy"
-that is; having rough logs laid across,
over which one's vehicle bumps and
jumps in a manner calculated to make
the bones sore for a considerable time
after a journey. The velocity with
which the natives send the carriage
down hills is also likely to try the
nerves of any not to the manner born.
Most persons posting through Finland
have their own vehicles-wheeled ones
for the summer and sledges for the
winter-and they change horses at each
stage of about fifteen versts (ten Eng
lish miles). Should you have to trust
to the post-house for a conveyance you
are more likey than not condemned to
traveln aicr witiout springs and a
hard seat with no back- to it oran ordi
nary work sledge. The charge for post
ing is little enough, being ten Finnish
pennies (id English) per verst, and the
driver is required by law to take you at,
the rate of one Sweedish or seven. Eng
lish miles per hour.-Cornhill Mag
THE HANDSOME MAN.
What Constitutes One According to Fanny
Fern's Critical Mind.
Well-in the first place, there must
be enough of him; or, failing in that
but, come to think of it, he musn't fail
in that, because there can be no beauty
without health, at least according to
my way of thinking. In the, second
place, he must have a beard; whikes
-if the gods please, but a beard I in
sist upon, else one might as well look
at a girl. Let his voice have a dash of
Niagara, with the music of a baby's
laugh in it. Let his smile be -like the
breaking forth of the sunshine on a
spring morning. As to his figure, it
should be strong enough to contend
with a man, and slight enough to trem
ble in the presence of the woman he,
loves. Of course, if he is a well-made
man, it follows that he must be grace
ful, on the principle that perfect ma
chinery always moves harmoniously;
therefore you and himself and the milk
pitcher are safe elbow neighbors at the
'This style of handsome man would
no more think of carrying a cane than
he-would use a parasol to keep the sun
out of his eyes. He can wear gloves,
or warm his hands in his coat pockets,
as he pleases. He can even committhe
suicidal-beauty-act of turning his out-.
side coat collar up over his neck of a
stormy day with perfect impunity. The
tailor didn't make him, and as to M's
hatter, if he depended on this hand
some mans patronage of the "latest
spring style," I fear he would die of
hope deferred; and yet-by Apollo!
what a bow he makes, and what an ex
pressive adieu he can wave with his
hand! For all this he is not conceited
-for he hath brains.
But your conventional handsome
man of the barber's window-wax-figure
head pattern; with a pet lock in the mid
dle of his forehead, an apple-sized head,
and a raspberry mustache with six
hairs in it; a pink spot on its cheek,
and a little dot of a goatee on its cun
ning little chin; with pretty blinking
little studs in its shirt-bosom, and a
neck-tie that looks as if he would faint
were it tumbled, I'd as lief look at a
poodle. I always feel a desire to nip it
up with a pair of sugar-tongs, drop it
gently into a bowl of cream, and strew
pink rose-leaves over its little remains.
Finally, my readers when soul mag
ntizes soul, the question of beauty is a
dead letter. The person one loves is
always handsome, the world's arbitrary
rules notwithstanding; therefore when
you say, "what can the handsome Mr.
Smith see to admire in that stick of a
Miss Jones?" or "what can pretty Miss
T see in that homely Mr. Johns?" you
simply talk nonsense, as you generally
do talk on such subjects. Still, the par
son gets his fees, an~d the census goes on
all the same. -Fan ny Fern, it the N. 7.