Newspaper Page Text
Inventions and Tunnel mioins:
Work upon the Mont Cenis tunnel
was begun in 18.7, , :at two years be
fore De Lesseps commenced operations in
Egypt. The working pat ties in the oppo
site headings, French and Italian, met on
Christmas day, 1870, ebout a year after
the inauguration of the Suez canal. The
St. Gothard tunnel was begrun after the
completion of the Mont Cnis. in 1S72:
the headings met Feb. 29, 180. The
length of the Mont Cenis tunnel is over
seven and a half miles; that of the St.
Gothard about nine and a quarter miles.
These are the longest tunnels ever con
The invention, by means of which the
progress of the work was facilitated, con
sists in the use of atmospheric air as a
motor. By means of water power air is
reduced to one-sixth its ordinary bulk,
and the expansive force thus acquired
performs the drilling. Owing to the
conditions under which tunneling is done,
this method is of signal advantage.
Each of the Alpine tunnels was excavated
thrcugh solid rock, so that blasting was
necessary. The use of explosives vitiated
the air, while the length of the passage
and the impossibility of sinking shafts
made the ventilation question a vital one.
Had the drills been run by steam, the
presence of steam engines constantly
generating smoke and gas would have
heated and vitiated the air still further.
By the new invention the difficulty was
met. The air was compressed outside
of the tunnel, and conveyed into it by
pipes. Here a double purpose was served:
by its expansion and liberation the air
ran the drills, and ventilated the tunnel.
Stuart F. Weld in Popular Science
Popular Feathered Songsters.
Almost any bright colored bird will
make a good songster. Just now the
goldfinch is quite popular. The male
variety has a sweet, mild note, and
breeds well with the canary. The
female goldfinch is a poor cage bird, and
is never in demand. Canaries are going
out of style, although those imported
from the Hartz mountains are still the
prince of songsters. A good many peo
ple are now buying nonpareils, a bird of
fine plumage from the gulf states.
They have a low, sweet note. Mocking
birds will always be popular. The best
variety comes from near Dallas, Tex.,
where they are taken out of the nests
while young and fed by hand. The
mocker is the only bird that can whistle
.tune successfully, and it kes only a
short time to teach one s h a tune
as "Lauterbach." The redbird is the
hardest bird known to keep, as he will
butt his brains out in a cage if not cared
for properly. He is a hearty bird if he
survives the first season, but it is
necessary to change the cage frequently
from a high to a low point, then from
outdoors to indoors. All redbirds are
trapped, and then they sing only after
becoming thoroughly tamed. The black
bird is rarely seen as a cage bird. The
American blackbird is a poor pet, but
the European variety is highly prized.
It has a song peculiarly of its own.
Wealthy people are lately importing Eng
lish skylarks in large numbers. The
skylark is a morning singer, and is the
most expensive bird in the market.
Bird Fancier in the Globe-Democrat.
Abuse of the Brair.
All feeling, every act of the will, every
time the eye or ear or any other Esase is
exercised and all tho operations of all the
organs of the body-every movement of
.a limb, every word thatisspoken, is due
to the action of the brain. It theefore
stands n the placeCof a machinicbutin
stead or deriving its force from foreign
material uzs~d as fuel it consumes its own
.vcruring sleep is replacedl
by- new matter left there by the blood,
which has taken i't fror... the food a'o
sorbed into the system.
The .person who works his brain day
and night consumes his brain substance
at a greater rate than it is formed, his ex
penditures are greater than his receipts,
his income is not sufficient, but his capi
tal is encroached upon. With every
action of which the brain is capable an
increased amount of blood flows into the
organ, and if it is kept inordinaw'ly at
work the blood vessel~s become perma
nently distended,they lose their elasticity.
They are like an India rubber band that
is placed around a large bundle of papers
and left there for several months. When
the papers are removed the band does not
contract to its original dimensions.-Will
iam A. ammond in New York Mailand
Express. _ _ _
Mianaging the Great Etetai Steres.
The management of these huge dry
goods houses in New York is a matter of
larger import than the careless multitude
surging through them all day long ever
stop to think. The army of emnployes is
as large and difficult a cominand as that
of many epauletted of!1cers gain renown
for controlling, and is made up of much
more unruly elements than '.hat compois
ing most regiments. The-re are many
West Point gradhiates yppredn to ssumet
the control of large bod~ies of mien, but if
their command was composed to a great
extent of women andt cidihdren ther- woutld
probably prefer the positimiu of privato lta
the ranks or would hai.y re: tcoms
the service at once. The iact, to.. that
the majority of the customers are women
and unused to business m.etihods compli
cates the difficulty beyond computation.
Drink of the Russians.
It is stated that very little drunkenness
appears on the surface in Rusnsia, vWPre
the kind of brandy known as vodhi is
consumed to an enormous extent. It is
the drink of all, from the infant to the
old people, who attain in that country an
extraordinary age. In the whole R~us
sian empire, with no less than 20,000 of
the number dying annually, a third part
of the obituary are upward of 80 years of
age; 900 are above 100 years of age,
from 50 to 55 are above 120 years, 20 are
upward of 130 years, 3 are more than 135
years of ag-', and 2 or 3 are reekoned on
to reach from 140 to 155 years.-New
The state of Maine.
More than half of the area of Maine is
north of the northern line of New Hamp
shire and Vermont. The northern part
of the state is farther no th than Quebec.
More than half of Maine is still an n
settled wilderness.-Chicago Jouirnal.
Occasionally a Boston woman cande
scends to run a sewii. g-machine, but you
may be sure she uses nothing but reflaed
'The best way when hot grease has been
spilled on the flocr is to dash cold water
over it, so as to harden it quickly and prc
vent it striking into the boards.
Oilcloths should never be washed in hot
soapsrds; they shor'ld first be washed
clean with cold water, then nubbed dry
with a cloth wet in milk. The same trets
inert applies to a stone or siate hearth.
Our European consuls report that the
Unmted States is receivingt the scum of fori
a'ga population. and that the bteamshtip
mmwerare largely repnsinle for it.
Famous Old Men.
Beginning lis S3d year, M. Ferdinand
de Lesseps can look around and see but
very few' men of anything like equal
eminence who are as old as he. The
German emperor is 00; Dr. Dollinger is
S8; Moltke and Bancroft the historian
are each 87; Kossuth is 85, ard Profes
sor Owen is S3; but it is not easy to ex
tend the list. Yet it is astonishing to
note the large number of living great
men who have pa sed the ordinary limit
of Inuaa life. Of sovereigns, the pope
is 87, and King Wili'a, of the Nether
lands, is well on in hs 71st year. Of
statesmen, 3ir. Gladstone is 79, Mr.
Bright is 76. Princo Bismareh ice, M.
Jules Grevy is 74, 31. Leon Say diid M.
Lerover are each 71, Lord Seiborne is 75
and Lord Granville is 72. Of generals,
MacMahon is 79, Lebeef is 78 and Ba
zaine and Cialdina are each 7G. Of
poets, Lord Tennyson is 78, Mr. Brown
ing is 75 and Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes
is 7S. Of musicians, 31. Verdi is 73. Of
engineers, Lord Armstrong is 77 and Sir
John Hawkshaw is 76. Of painters,
Messonier is 72; and finally, of showmen,
Barnum is 7i7. Perhaps, however, - M.
Chevreul, who is fairly started upon his
102d year. ought not to be omitted.
An arms house-The U. S. Arsenal.
Remove spots from furniture with kere
The/impecunious man resembles life. He
is always short.
To remove spots from marble use a paste
of whiting and benzii:c.
Stove polish mixed with vinegar and a
tit of sugar will shine easier.
When a 'ast steamship breaks her re
cord, she does not stop to repair it.
Is known by these marked peculiarities:
1. A feel ing of wear ness and pains in the
2. Bad breath, bad taste in the mouth,
and furred tongue.
s. Constipation, with occasional attacks
4. Headache. in the front of the head:
nausea, dizziness, and yellowness of
5. Heartburn, loss of appetite.
6. Distention of the stomach and bowels
7. Depression of spirits, and great melan
choly, with lassitude and a disposition
to leave everything for to-morrow.
A natural flow of Bile from the Liver
is essential to good health. When this
Is obstructed it results in
which, if neglected, soon leads to serious
diseases. Simmons Liver Regulatorexerts
a mostfelicitousinflucuce overevery kind
of biliousness. It restores the Liver to
proper working order, regulates the secre
tion of bile and puts the digestive organs
in such condition that they can do their
best work. After taking this medicine no
one will say, "I am bilious.'
"I have been subject to severe spells of Con.
gestion of the Liver, and have been in the habit of
taking from :5 to 20 grains of calomel which gen
erally laid me up for three or four days. Lately t
have been taking Simmons Liver Regulator.
which gave me relief without any interrupuon to
business."-J. HuGc, Middleport, Ohio.
OXL F GE.,rUILYE
has our M stamp in red on front of Wrapper
J. H. Zeilin 8 Co., hitladelphia. Pa.
M aan, Brown & ans,
Ury Goods. Bots Shoes, and
Nos. 224, 226 and 228 Meeting St.
H EAD. V
Ely's Cream Balm
Cleanses the Nasal Psaes. Al
l Ts neammation. Heals e Sores.
Retrsthe Senses of' Taste, Smell
A particle Is applied intoeacknostr!.! nd
Is areeable. Price30c. nt Druggists or 'ay
OF PURE COD LIVER OIL
Almost as Palatable as Milk.
So disguised that it can be taken,
igested, and assimnlated by the mosS
snsitivS sennlaaeh, when the plain oil
annot be tolerated; and by the coma
bination of the oil with the hypophos.
pitas is mnuch more effeacious.
Rearkable as a lesh prodaer.
Persos gain rapidly while takiag Le
physicians to be the Finest and Best prepa
taion in the world for the relief and cure of
CENERAL DEBILITY, WASTINC
COL.DS and CHRONIC COUC MS.
When I say CURlE I do not mean merely to
stop them for a time, and then hiive them re
turn again. I MEAN A .:Ai>ICAL. CURE.
I have made the disease of
FITS, EPILEPSY or
A lfe.iong study. I W~uti yr~ my remedy to
CURE the worst cases. Because others have
failed is no reason for not nowrecemng a cure.
Send at once for a treatise and a FR EE BoTT LE
of my INFALLIBLE REMEDY. Give Expaess
and Post Ortice. It costs you nothing for a
trial, and it will cure you. Address
SC. RnOT, M.C..1I83PEARLS., NEWYORK
it's Easy to Dye
j~rED0 ~ IL - 7~Superior
Possesses many hmprtan Advantages over,aall
BABIES CRY FOR IT.
INVALIDS RELISH IT. B
Makes Plump, Laughing, Healthy Babies. AND
Regulates the Stomach and Bowels. _ Siplciy
Sold by Druggists. 25c., 50c., 51.00.
RICHARDSON~~ & Co. auntu~u r Wranted to color more goods than any other
WELLS, RICHARDSONdyes ever made, and to give more brilliant and
* rrat durable colors. Ask for the .uiaiond, and take
Baby no other. 3 colorso; rtcent each.
A Portfolio of beautilt baby portraits, printed WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Buington, Vt.
on fine plate paper by patent photo process, sent
free to Mother of any Baby born within a year. For Gilding or Bronzing Fancy Articles, USE
Every Mother wants these pictures; send at once. DIAMOND PAINTS.
Give Baby's name and age.
WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Props., Burlington, Vt. Gold, Silver, Bronze, Copper. Only io Cents.
A GRADED SCHOOL FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.
TWENTIETH SESSION BEGINS, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 18S8.
S. A. XETTLES, A. B.; MRS. E. C. ALSBROOK:
The course of instrunction, embracing ten years. is designed to furnish a
liberal education suited to the ordinary vocations of life, or to fit students for
the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior class of colleges.
PLAN OF INSTRUCTION.
The Lt~c~st approved text boots are used. The blackboard is deemed an
essential in the class roomu. The nmeaning of an author is invariably required
of each pupil. In all work done, in whatever department, and whatever the
extent of ground covered, our motto shall always be ooROUGHNESS. o this
end, we shall require that every lesson be learned, if not in time for the class
recitation, thnen elsewhere. No real progress can be made so long as the
pupil is allowed to go on from day to day reciting only halfperfect lessons.
TERMS PER MONTH OF POUR WEEKS:
Primary Department (3 years' course) .................... $1.00, $1.50, and $2.00
Intermediate Department (2 years' course) .......... .................... 2.50
Higher Department (2 years' course) ....................... .... $3.00, and 3.50
Collegiate Department (3 years coarse)........................ $4.00, and 4.50
Music, including use of instrument , , e r................................... 3.00
Contingent Fee, per session of 5 months, in advance........................
Board per month...................... .......................... 8.00
Board from Monday to Friday (per month)............................... 5.00
The Principals feel much encouraged at the hearty support given the
school heretofore, and promise renewed efforts to make the school wvhat it
should be-FIRST CLASS in every respect.
For further particulars, send for catalogue. Address,
S. A. NETTLES,
Manning, S. C.
A GROVE SCOO
A Graded School for Boys and Girls.
Miss VIRGINIA INGRA , I. I. BAGNAL.
The Fifth year of the Mfanning Grove School will begin September 3rd, 1888, and close
It is the purpose of the principals to give thorough instruction isn the elementary
branches, and then advance the pupils as rapidly as sound judgment will admit.
Boys and young men desiring to prepare for college will find the course of instruction
admirably adapted to that purpose, and special attention will be paid to that class of
students when desired.
fpecial attention given to Calisthenics.
The school buiding is in eomlee order for comfot and convenience, being well
ented, and sal heetatdi ever essnb ere, fnti.ie oh ls
T ERSPENER MONTHUWE:
Primryt Dearent(3.ears'cu.e).. ...... .. gr.......... ...5ad$3.0
SHcdghDprtment.2..eas'.couse....1. ... S.t ..r.a................,and3.50
Thirdegae atet( er '400se,... ...- Seventh..nd .ighth0gaand.4.00
Fue, graldge. finstrument.. 25 . rw n ndP tng... ..... .--- - -- ---- -..25
B o arndti dgngena bersssio n ason abei terdv and............ . - - - 0
For further particulars, pply toihr catlg. rniAddss,
H. C. B ~S. A. NETesiLEnt
C. B~sEL J~KIN5 Gen' Manger. ICEAManningrr Se . Ca.
-rA ND cAT F- .
EreCtyEgn Gaded Bol fora Boyin and irls . aosLtl
i VIdRau I otnIAeEal IN oRAM, GI. A N L
'We Fifth ina sock ohe aching GrveScoo wil saeg etme Gin, 1888, shop on,
Itit we paroe offrgwa thelrincipast. giveh oroughiestrcini. heeeetr
Oilchs, Rurand advane eing an apdl as copletedgentf will Suppis.
Boyan un t eern Lot pre for olest Qwillidtyecs of istrutio
adiay apeoNa uroe & aRdseia ateton. Call esidton tha C.so
venilt Foredam igatdmind om stc.us
Fis gae.......-- --10 - it rd...........30
Aorl gode... Buea at. .$......50 DaigadPitn....... 25
BadAn ood cnbestad upon resnbl1.msadm00dfaiis
Aoute good a, appyto eir atf7 therntis.
A god oodSe. Chai BittEY 45 cient.
ATgoo Womern ir B kley atmpany,
AreCt Egood and Romlers, At Engine and $30.00 teFaou itl
GatHdaui oo anuPrss Eged oo Git, ns.etpfr$4.0
We have in soea es stock onech606,mn t70 cesaw toagle fines ol slec fror ,
Neves, nobbeer buioand the Bting savemney ti youl ete i socl Suple
pice eGaates.etPie frBs ultyo od.i
K eesal s b nth
aFfulesi pln and choice stic lue s. o
MRS. EAst EayCARSTO, ManinC. C
T.AROGESTRPRE AND CHAETFREFUREHUE
No 1 INiHARETresON .
J. T. OR RISPo~m
5, Wolkoviskie, Agt, Co.,
SW - - l
Fine Wines, . Liquors, To
bacco, and Cigars.
The only Pool and Billiard
Parlors in the Town.
SIMON PURE OLD MOUNTAIN
Corn and Rye
Country Orders. Filled With
Care. and foods Guaranteed.
Si Call and take a "NIP" of my
OLD TOM GI.
S. WOLKOVISKIE, Agent,
Manning, S. C.
MANNNING, S. C.
And all leading naceaes, Spectacles, and
Repairing Neatly Done.
All Work Warranted.
C. I. Hoyt &Bro.,
j&- REPAIRING A SPECIALTY. " i
Main Street, - - Sumter, S. C.
L. W. FOLSOM,
Successor to F. H. Folsomi & Bro.
SUMTER, S. C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY.
The elerate Roal S. Jhn Swin
Mchi.- adFns.aos nAeia l
Facoine andrn~ Spialty. piriu
171~ ohand 73 Eastr Chr lond C
nStyeuppl b siled wit . orIproen
Ortes byPasen e Iietr, E en
1 57 and 1 69, East Bay,hretn .C
CHARLESTON, S. C.
ExceeB:n ofiing re, har1eston.
Otis nsurpassed. Icadecent lectric
LihsadEetric Bells are L uhs ed at.
room sdhlwas ae $2.0 0 AND $.0.
and Svn done~~ wi bsRors S'e!rpe
tionto y Gcoto ers., ort
'1'e av~lv hv n I - mth nwuhl
The notice of every one is elled to the fact that
W. DURANT & SON
Keep a full supply of Goods in their line.
Farmers' Supplie , Mechemic Supplies, HoIWsehold Supplies, Etc.
COOKING AND HEATING STOVES OF BEST MAKE !
Wagon and ?ggy Material from a Bolt to a Wheel. Pumps Both Iron and Wood.
Belti: in Iultber and Leather, and Packing of all Kinds. Imported Guns,
Muzzle and Breech Loading ! Pistols in Variety fromt $l up. Powder, Shot,
and Shells, &c., and we are Agents for the
-reat Western. -owder company
Table and Pocket Cutlery, Etc.
\V ith many thanks to a generous public for their past liberal pat ronaeg, and
soliciting still their kind support, we are respectfully, etc.
R. W. D URANT & SON,
SUMTER, S. C.
SGO TO THEI-E
Manning Cash Store,
IF YOU WANT BARGAINS IN
MEN'S, LADIES', AND CHILDREN'S SHOES.
Nice s~too'lK. of
Groceries, Fruits, Cabbages, etc.,
Always on Hand, at
H. A. LOWRY'S, Agent.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Suppies.
A&Repairs e'.reculed with prompliness and Dispatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
of Charleston, S. C.
taid .ard- P'eret111.ergs and Importers of
PE-cTram EFLMVA-N -AINIT
Pelzer, Rodgers & Co.,
BROWN'S WHARF, - - - CHARLESTON, S. C.
SAMR. M. LEVI, of Manning, will be pleased to supply his
friends and the public generally, with any of the above brands
OTTO F. WIETERS,
WHOLESALE Dealer in Wines, Liquors, and Cigars.
No. 121 East Bay, - - - - - - Charleston, S. C.
RICE BEER! RICE BEER ! [GEO. E. ToA.E. Hasar OLzvn.]
We are the sole manufacturers of this de
licious and healthy beverage, which after
having been analyzed by all the eminent ieo EI oCo
chemists in Atlanta, Ga., during "Prohibi- MA-VUFACTURERS AND WBOLESA4L
tion" and after the most searching scrutiny
for traces of alchohol, was allowed to be sold ---D -
free of State and city license, and so also Doors
more recently after further analyzing in Flor
ida. It fills a long felt want for a stimulant, saSh.
an d appetizer that is not intoxicating; pleas
ant to the taste, contains nourishment and Blns
specially suited for persons of weak and del- l Mouldings.
icate constitutions. It has the taste~of lager lnes
beer of the finest flavor; besides, to add to ane ,
its p arity and medicinal qualities, is special. Grates, etc.
ly made of our celebrated world renowned
original Artesian well water. Put up in! Scroll Work,e Turning and
five dozen'at S per dozen and in cas*ks o Inside Fin ish. Builder's Hard
ten dozen each at 90 cents per dozen. Cash ware, and General
must accompai~y each order. Copyrighted8
and patent apphied for. Bggllding~ Material.
We have no Agents, and none genuine
unless ordered direct trom FCEADS.SRO,
CRAMER & KERSTEN, OFC N AERDS
PaunEiro EREwRY, 110 and 12 HayS treet
Steam Soda and Mineral Water Works. REAR CHARLESTON HOTEL,
Charleston, S. C., U. S. A. 1 Charleston, S. C.
JOHx F. WERNERi, L. H. QUnIoLLo, AlWr urned
JOHN F. WERNER~ & CO. I -Wr o -estmts
WHOLESALE GROCERS,MA HN R
PROVISION DEALERS, |RJ
164 and 166 East Bay, and 29 and 31 Ven
CHRETO .C. FOR SALE!
HEE OTo ,4 ORDER. H~l
I msoeagn n .s ont o
Eo pyInIe~U B-~ (b sen ifor .c.0:
frm the Act t or wile Cld-a
NF?(OE EIN ACflEaPRAS . CTT GARIN,
Lom:IURSILL & Co.,s.
PHLAE~nI *IiUI am sole Agent hs Forny o
K n - DOSLA COTTON PNTER
C-IIon Harros, anPultieys, Shaft
? 1/oughStoc, sbet. om'
1i.. Mol ths macneer sdrc
from theanfactr ind wteille l C.Et
Prices.f brt will be h datg
of prchaerstalel onmebfr
FIFTE DAYS TRIA METING RE, Crls to, nors
Don py n get 55or60 bt en fr rSorlg ArtesF r
THE . A.WOODCO.,~ ~ DOW- Price Cmade onaplAion.