Newspaper Page Text
PrrLsG ON LADIES' SHOES.
A Dealer Discusses the Que tion of Male
and Fenale Clerks.
[From the New York Tribune.]
The introduction of women as clerks
in shoe stores began as an expenment a
few years ago, and considerable interest
in the success of the scheme has been
manifested by the shoe trade. The ex
periment may now be regarded as a suc
eeas within certain limits, but it appears
to be equally sure that the female clerks
will never entirely drive out the men,
even from the departments for women's
and children's shoes.
An' experienced clerk in a well known
uptown establsihment said recently to a
Tribune reporter that the tendency
among large dealers now is to employ
both men and women, and then let the
customer choose for herself between the
two.. "it is purely a matter of taste,"
said the clerk, "and I should say even
that it depended on the customer's mere'
whim. Some women profess to be
shocked at the immodesty of having a
*man put on their shoes for them; but on
the other hand many of the most refined
ladies in the city always insist on having
a man serve them, and there will always
be this same demand."
And what is the cause of this prefer
ence?" asked the reporter.
-"Simply that a man can fit a shoe to
the foot better than a woman can. The
majority of women wear tight shoes,
even those who have no claim to a place
inthe world of fashion, and it takes a
strong hand and arm to get a tight shoe
on a customer's foot easily. Most women
are too weak in the wrist for this sort of
work, and they will toil and struggle so
over the task that many customers be
come completely disgusted, and learn t(.
avoid a store where there are no mate
clerks to wait on them. A man by su
pedor strength and dexterity will forea
a shoe two sizes too small on a woman's
foot with comparative ease, and she will
leave the store conscious of having se
cured a small shoe that is a perfect fit "
d-O-1Wv bout the question oi
W4 shoe store is a good place t
stadyskiiha'ganrs of prudes. Unduly
uaentive women do find it an ordeal to
have men wait on them, and for such
.ems the female clerk isa business neces
rasy. Most women, however, are not
so sensitive, and as for the male clerks
themseves, isy-' would always rather
wa" o z nthan on a woman any
JtumiuA very young clerk sometimes
tels that he is pretty near heaven when
heis directed to assist a handsome young
W . - n ingftng satisfactory foot gear,
; the noverty soon wearsoff. Women
so much more particular than men,
< ally in matters of shoes, that it is
ma~na a coveted privilege to wait
z One annoyance to which ladies
not-now subjected in the larger
m'ae "is the impudent staring
and other callow youth who
ways to spend half an hour try
shoes themselves, whenever they
uto a shoe store, just to get a
pretty ankle now and then.
rooms are provided for
z the male clerks will never
banished from these sacred
. e_ ess in south Carolina.
BaIdwim Fertilizer Co. will enlarge their
ae t smmaer.
' Painal Mining Co. will, it is said,
andtber- tramway, to be 1* miles
- acTooth-pick and
Factory.-A. F. C. Eramer,
ask week as contemplating
a match factory, will start a
for: mannfactnring matches.&
~~ka and shoe-pegs, if after
azvatiga~ans he thinks such a
men1JO~ tione~d as formed
8 siea frore harleston, on the
Railroad, and build a rail
adwharf, have purchased the
os.of Laurens N. Chis
-There is talk of
aoipany to build a canal to
rthe Ashley and the Edisto
been received for the
reotdlast week as
- min'-It is reported
-thatj. 'y *will -erect 12 brick
Ohfton-Cotton MilL-The Clifton
- EnufctuingCo. are making some imn
remnsto their No.l1mill, which
will ineresse their capacity.
-Columlba-Wine Factory.-W. A.
Clark, W. J. Sloan, Jr., Wilie Jones
Sand others will incorporate tbe Richiand
YmWie Co. to purchase the farm and vine
1W toeber and manufacture
cippernong grapes. Capital
stocik will be about$12,000.
Oo umoia-Straet' 4ailroad.-The Co
lambia Street Riload~ Co. are thinking
oet kemg--their road, but as yet have
not'do tbytin'g definite.
Columbi-Battig Miil-The Miller
BtngCo.,. previously mentioned as
oraie;havs ordered the machinery
frtheir baisteg factory shipped. The
oapeocpy w-4l be about 2,000 lbs pt
.Fjurence-Foundry and Machine
Shp.-Hodges & Newton will erect new
buildings for theiir 'planing and grist
mills, and wdlladd a f,>undry and ma
chinophop.. Work wi be commenced
tract for dredging in M-.squito creek, in
Georg.-town enunty, has been awarded
to Ciharles C. Eay, of savainA Ga., at
not M4l are chainglng some of their
looms to manufacture cot onades and
Tnrkisrn toweling in adauition to plaids.
Moore-Cotton Mil.-R Miller Ot
js negotiating the sale of his water-power
pr~~erty to Boaton (Mate-) par ties, whq
will probably bwld cotton mill I they
Orangeburg btreet Railroad Co., lately
mentineo. as chartered, contemplate
-building about 1i miles of road at tirst.
No plans perfected yet. Capital stock
is $25,000. J. W. Lowman is interest
Bock Hill-Wood-working Factory,
&c.-W. L Roddy, J. R. London and
SA. H. White are interested in the Rock
Hill Construction Co., previously men
-tioned as formed to start a factory to
manufacture sash, doors, blinds, spokes,
handles, etc., and to build houses. They
will also manufacture iron work. Capital
-stock is $20,000.
Seneca--Sash Factory, &c.-There is
talk of establishing a sash, door and blind
Seneca-Saw Mi.-A saw mill is to
Spartnaburtg-Bottling Works.- Bot
tling works will be added to the ice fac
tory of W. B. Hallett & Co.-Manufac
.Atea nincinevarr iesL
POLITICS IN THE NEXT SEN -TE.
But for the Result in Delaware Democrats
Would Have Gained Control.
WASHInGmoN, January 12 -The proba
ble composition of the Senate at the be
gining of the Fifty-first Congress ha:
been widely discussed at the Capitol
during the past week, and the talk on
the subject has brought in present vie
a striking illustration of the power of
the unexpected in politics. The Senate
at present consists of thirty-nine Repub
lican and thirty-seven Democratic mem
bers. Of these the terms of the following
will expire on the 4th of March:
Democrats-Messrs. Beck, of Ken
tucky; Berry, of Arkansas; Butler, of
South Carolina; Coke, of Texas; Col
quitt, of Geogria; Gibson, of Lousiana;
darris, of Tennessee; Kenny, of West
Virginia; McPherson, of New Jersey;
Morgan, of Alabama; Ransom, of North
Carolina; Saulsbury, of Delaware, and
Walthall of Mississippi-13.
Republicans-Messrs. Bowen, of Col
orada; Chase, of Rhode Island; Chand
ler, of New Hampshire; Cullom, of Illi
nois, Dolph, of Oregon; Frye, of Maine;
Hoar, of Massachusetts; Manderson, of
Nebraska; Palmer, of Michigan; Plumb,
of Kansas; Riddleberger: of Virginia;
Sabin, of Minnesota, and Wilson, of
Messrs. Beck, Butler, Chase, Morgan,
Walthall, Wilson, Colquitt and Gibson
have been re-elected. Messrs. Palmer
and Bowe: will be succeeded by Messrs.
James F. McMillen and E. O. Wolcot
respectively; Messrs. Ferry, Cullom,
Frye, Dolph, Coke, Hoar, Manderson
and Plumb have been tither renominated
or wi1 have no serious opposition. John
S. Barbour, Democrat, has been elected
to succeed Riddleberger. from Virginia,
and Senator Saulsbury's successor from
Delaware is expected to be a Rt-ptibli
can. In the cases of remaining Senators
the expectation is that whatever may be
the result as t'ahem personally their suc
cessors will be .f the same poht:cat faittn,
"o that when the Senat 'r is called to
order on March 4 it will be composed of
thirty-eightelected R.pubiican Senators,
thirty-eight elected De.m cratic Senators
and one Repubhean Senator appointed
by the Governor of New Hampshire to
succeed Mr. Chandler, which appoint
ment will be questioned.
On.the question of admitting the New
Hampshire Senator the vote will doubt
less be on the lines of political division
Republicans, 38; Democracts, 37, This
is an excee'ingly close vote, and the con
trol of the Senate, would have passed
into the hands of the Democrats had
the unexpected result of Delaware been
different, for then the vote would have
stood-Democrats, 38; Republicans, 37.
Should the Republicans in Delaware get
into trouble over the claims of rival can
didates and fail to elect a successor to
Senator Saulsbury, the Republicans will
have control of the Senate only by the
casting of Vice President Morton, and
that control is liable to be lost by the acci
dent of death. This condition of affairs,
however, could last only until June 19,
when New Hampshire's Legislature will
elect a successor to Senator Chandler
and Republican supremacy be restored.
This is probably the last time such a
contingency can possibly arise, for the
New Hampshire Constitutional Conven
tion, now in session, will, it is under
stood, change the time of convening the
Legislature from June to January.
A Big Bet.
A bet was made in the presidential
election of 1832, rather an agreenweat,
by which the sum of $200 was given out
ight to one of the parties to the bet, the
onditions being that he shouli pay the
>ther man 1 cent for one electoral vote
hat Jackson should get over Clay, 2
ents for three, 8 cents for four, 16 cents
for five, 32 cents for six and so on. ac
ording to the majority, if any, that
ackson might get in the electoral
ollege. The man to whom the offer
was made uncautiously jumped at it and
eagerly took the $-200, but soon found
that he had obligated himself for more
than he and all his friends could ever
pay. Tghe simplest arithmetic will show
that by a rule of this doubling up, even
if the majority had been but twenty, it
would have involved $5.242,83 to say
nothing of a majority of ninety-five,
which would bankrupt all the Goulds and
Vanderbilts. Even a majority of only
thirty would produce $5,868,707.12,
while a majority of thirty-six would in
volve $343,597,38S3. 68. If the majority
only reached forty the man's obligations
would already have amounted into bil
lins and reached the astonishing sum
Exceptions to the Rule.
Two negroes that worked for Mr. L. L.
Boozer, of No. 9 Township, last year de
serve mention. One of those referred to is
Foster Eichel--erger. H'- never lost a day
( f course Sundays excepted) from work
during the year and asked for only four
dollars of his wages until the end of the
year. Also, Joht Boyd only lost two days
from work during the y--ar, and asked fo r
only fourteen dollars of his wa;;es until the
end of the year. It is the rule wit Ii the
majrit : of the negroes to draw and spend
wages as fast as they eorn them. If the
example of these colored raen was followed1
by more of their race, the colored people
would be in a much more prosperous cou
dition in a few ytars.--Prosperity R'ep)or
Mrs. Whiitney's Scathing Rebuke.
Mrs. Whitnevis arntipathy to, the biriiliant,
sacatic S.<nt'or from Kansas thas long
been an openi secret. A story is told that
on the~ occasion of the last dinner a: tihe
White House whbich Mr. Incalls attende'd,
Mrs Whbitney remarked to' Mr. Intalis that
te next time she inyited him to dinner she
would iosi4t on his sitting beside her Mr.
Inalls bowed. "Btcau:-e," added Mrs.
Whitney, before he could say' a word.
"then i. should feel safe that while you
were bre'aing m* bread you couldn't
break my character."
For the Paris Exposition.
The Special Agent of the D--partment of
Agriculture at Washington has applied to
Dr. Loughridge, Professor of Agricultural
Chemistry at the South Carelina University,
for the display of cotton ft:res that have
been prepared by students under the guid.
ace of the professor. J. is the desire os
the department to place the display of tibre
as. it now is in the ational '-xhibit at the
Paris Exposition. It the disr:s y the seed
of forty vaiieties, with the fibre attac:hed
and combed out, ute shown. It is probable
that D~r. Lughridge will allow it to be
used. -Co~ltumbia Record, Jan. 17.
A Chester Farmer's Heavy Loss.
CRESTkR, Jan. b. -M.r. J. E. Cornwell,
one of Chester's proeressive yotung farm
ers, met with a severe loss night before las1
In the loss by fire of his barn and stables.
The fire is supposed to have been of incent
diary origin, the flames having been kin.
died, it is said, at both ends of the build
ing at the same time. Mr. Cornwell los1
several head of horses, among them being
two colts.- His fodder was also destroyed,
although his corn was not lost, being it
an another bulding.-. l oNws and
STATISTICS OF BUSINESS.
The annual clicular of R. G. Dunn &
Co. presents some interesting figures and
comparisons. According to the estimates
of this agency, there were last year in the
United States 1,046.662 business houses, of
which number 10,679 failed during the
year-these representing $123,829,973 of
liabilities. In the Eastern States there
were 1,194 failures. with $23,042,253 of
liabilities: in the Middle States 2,602 fail
ures, with $69,980,438 of liabilities; in the
South 1,446 failures, with $21,422,120 of
liabilities; the Western States had 3.228
failures, with $35.554,219 of liabilities;
and the Pacific States and Territories 1,211
failures, with $14.191.303 of liabilities
Compared with 1887, the last year showed
a considerable increase in the number of
failures, but a large failing off in the
amount of liabilities. While the 9,6:34
failures of 1887 represent $167,56:.944 lia
bilities, the 10,679 failures last year repre
sented only $123,829,073 liabilities. an ex
cess for last year over 1887 of 1,045 fail
ures, but a decrea:e of nearly $44.000,000
in liabilities. The circular resorts that
there were in Georgia last year13,117 busi
ness houses and 213 failures, repiesenting
$2,706,491 liabilities. The report contairs
a statement of the failures for thirty years
past, which is quite interesting. The
greatest number of failures during that
period occurred in 1885. when there were
10,268 failures, with $226.343,427 liahili
ties; but the heaviest liabilities are recorded
for the "panic" year 1857, when 4,932 fail
ures represented the enormous sum of
$291,750,000 liabilities. The lswest num
ber of failures occurred in 1863, when only
496 houses went to the wall, with $7.S99,
9u0 liabilities. Thes" low figures are due
to the fact that the husincas o. the whole
country was then almost paralyzed by the
DELA WARE'S NEW SENATOR.
Some interest attaches to the recent elec
tion of a Senator from Delaware. The
Augusta Chronicle gives the following
sketch of that gentleman:
"The newly elected Republican Senator
is Anthony Higgirs, of Wilmingt:n he
is a sonu of the late Anthony 31. igigius,
of lied Lion hundred. He was born in
Red Lion hundred, New Castle county,
October 1, 1840. He graduated from Yale
College in 1861 with the degrea of A. 1.,
and was :admitted to the bar of New Caste
county in May, 1864. He at once opened
an office in Wilmington, in conjunction
with the late Edward J. Bradford, after
wards United States District Judge and the
founder of the Republican party in Dela
ware. Higgins was one of the original
three hundred persons in Delaware who
voted the Republican ticket. The- same
year he was admitted to tne bar he was al
pointed Deputy Attorney General of the
State und.-r Attorney General Jacob Moore,
serving two years, A pronounced and
active Republican, he was made chairman
of theS State Committee of 1868, and in
1860 was appointed by President Grant
United States District Attorney for Dela
ware, which office he held until June, 1876.
He was an unsuccessful candidate for Con
gress in 1884. He took a front rank as a
lawyet from the very first. He has been
the lender of that faction of the Republi
cans of Delaware who have been favorable
to Blaine. He has traveled extensively
and knows personally probably more prom
ment men in the country than any other
The Philadelphia Times seems to enter
tain very great respect for Mr. Higgins,
expressing itself as follows:
"He is an educated gentleman, in the
very prime of life; an able lawyer, a bril
liant speaker, an honest man. He is,
moreover, a politician who believes in prin
ciples and who, as a Republican in Dela
ware from a time when Republcans there
were scarce, has shown the courage of his
convictions. He is not one of the Bour
bons. He recognizes that the ideas and
demands of 1889 are different from those
of 1865. and his aim will be not only to
complete the disenthrall ment of his State,
but to bring his own party everywhere
abreast of the progressive spirit of the
times. Such men, by whatever party name
they may be called or fmm whatever Coin'
moiwealth they come, are doubly to be
welcomed in pubie life at a time when th
battle is every where to be fought against
prejudice and chicanery and the brute
power of money, and all patriotic people
may join in congratulations to the Repub
licans of Dehlavare en the worthy outcome
of a contest that at one time seemed to
threaten them and all cf us with shame
THE AUGrsTA CHRONIcLE tells that
when Jay (Gould married the daughter of
Danil G. Miller, twenty-five years ago, he
was a struggling and ambitious stock
opertor. His father-in.law 'was wealthy,
and ~his wife brought him just $80,000.
This amount the trusting lady lent him,
and for awhile the chances of payment
were poor. Mrs. Gould 'never lost confi
dence in the restless, black-haired man.
Finally Gould met Fisk. and they got con
trol of "Erie." Then the thousands grew,
and the wife's money. principal arnl inter
est, was set aside. Three years ago, it is
said, Mrs. Gould demanded a showing
from her husband of her investments. She
jokingly deciared that she would not trust
him any longer, and desired to retire fromi
Wall street, to set a good example, if
nothing else. Mr. Gould ordered his book
keepers to fleure out his wife's ioterest ex
actly, and purchased all her stocks, bonds
and other sekcurit.ies at their market value.
Sne received over two million dollars The
money was invested in governmrit bonds
and other aecurities of undoubted solicity.
I'. was Mrs. Gonld's intention. ,,reviouis to
her death, to diivide this fortune among her
AccoRI~N~G tm an Atlanta dispatch to the
New York Tribune, Governor Gordon of
Gergia purposes to retir; fr-in politics
and become a "stock farmer." Ge-orgm~
AMONG THE A ors passed at the late ses
sion of the Legislature was one abolit-hirm
the office of highway supervisor, and! ae
volving~ its duties upon the County C-om
THs PREstoENT of the United States
receives an annual salary of $50,000i, wbile
the Emperor William draws $1,000,$0ta
year out of the Germaa treasury. But
then royalty is not only expnnsive but
HON~E-r JOHN ParvransoN is inl trouble
again. Mrs. alary R. Fleming of Phila
delrula char-ges that he won her ffc~tions
and declaredlili purpose to marry her.
Patterson indignantly denies the c-harge,
ad says that Mrs. Fleming has sought to
blakmail hinm. He deciees to make terne
with the widow- Patterson was mlar~ivu
i)ut a vear: ago to a Miss Frank of Wau
keesha, Wis., a lady of great beauty, and
ot wealth in her own right. IHunest -John
appears to have improved somewhat in
character since his declaration, whilea
Senator of the United States, that there
were yet "five years of good stealing in
George Meadows, a negro, was hng
ba mob at Pratt Mines, near Birming
ham, Ala., on Tuesday. He was accused]
of an outrage on a white lady, but she
would not be quite positive in identifying
him. But it was shown that he had pre
viouly assaulted a colored girl, and he
was hnng. The proceeding was very
SOMETHING ABOUT THE HABIT
THAT HAS GROWN ON US.
Some of the Girls Are Asked Why They
Chew-Evolution in Gum Making-Opin
ions of hIysicians on the EZects-Tons
In spite of the manifold warnings of
physicians: in spite of the fact that the
shape of Cupid's bow is changed; and i
spin' of all the contemptuous and sarcas
tic rcmark:; which are constantly appear
in'g in the papers. gum chewing in this
country is rapidly on the increase.
Two-thirds of the girls, be they pretty
or otherxwise, that one meets on the hih
ways of this city are either working
their jaws for all they are worth or have
a :wll lu:np tucked away in some ob
s:ure eer:ar of the mouth and give it a
gen te :uter betwetven the teeth when
they are sure of being unobserved.
Gumn chewing ii less disgusting than
And if it becomes a natural habit, as
it seems likely to do, we may comfort
ourselves that the gum chewing Ameri
can is far preferable to the snufdipping
And gum chewing is not as exclusively
confined to the female sex as is smoking
to the male, for many men use gum to
help still the craving for tobacco, thus
juniping from the frying pan into the
True. gay young women are lately be
coming somewhat addicted to the use of
the weed, claiming that risen have the
right to put their feet on the mantel and
make a room blue with sm:ke why
should they be denied the privilege,
since it has such a soothing effect on the
temper? And if women can find any
thitg that has a salutary effect upon
their tempers what folly to deprive them
Why do women chew gum? You do
not know, and even the chewers them
selves do not seem to.
-"O, I chew because I can, I guess,"
said one pert young miss upon being
'And I because my mother tells me
not to," said another, with a mischievous
"1 chew because I like the taste and
because everybody else chews,". said a
third indifferently, and likewise an
swered they all; the truth is, they really
did not know why they chewed and had
never thought to ask themselves the
The. history of chewing gum is like the
growth of all animal and vegetable life
one of evolution.
Cnildrcn began to chew the exuda
tions from different trees, from the peach,
plum, pine, spruce and sweet gum, thus
putting it into somebody's mind to make
an artificial gum.
It was first made of beeswax, gutta
percha, and other rubbery and sticky
substanxces, which were perfectly pure
and harmless, and costly in preparation.
But three years ago some inventive ge
nius discovered that by boiling some of
the baser elements of petroleum and
mixing in a small aniount of beeswax a
gum similar to the more expensive could
be produced which was quite susceptible
to flavors and trifling in cost.
By the use of scents and large quanti
ties of sugar, which is the principal
article used in the composition of any
gum, the disagreeable taste and odor of
petroleum was entirely obliterated and a
salable article was produced. About the
same time a gum called "Balsam Tolu"
was produced, which also found a ready
sale, particularly among children, and
then "Paratiin" in all of its flavors and
mixtures had itsiday.
Onie variety of white gum was for
some time quite extensively manufac
turcd in China. That country has a tree
peculiar to itself which possesses an at
traction for an insect with a queer
Chinese name which one will neither at
temp1t to write nor pronounce. Numbers
of them collect upon the tree, and when
ther have departed to pastures new
bra'nches are found to be literally cot
ered with a waxy deposit. By hoiling
th rnhs the wax is separated from
them, and when the water and twigs are
drawn off the white deposit remains.
MoETHAN $1,500,000 A YEAR.
This is purified, sweetened, flavored,
cooled in en:aes, and a little fancy picture
pasted on top, and we have the old white
gum which so many of us have chewed
until our jaws ached. The salo of this
variety wvas enormous, but it has now
been supplanted by newer kinds, as has
the old rubber u-ax.
Physician.s diffTer considerably in their
views on the sub.iect. An eminlent phy
sician from Ohio declares that gum
chewings seriously affects the eyesight,
and that he never fails to detect the use
of it hr an examination of the eye.
Anothei- says that the muscleso~f the jaw
and fac& naear the temple are enlarged
and hardeed and the curve of the lipsis
destrored. A.ld, on the other hand,
doctors ~without number advise its use
to eltesnz the teeth and aid digestion.~
lti:4 k the fad at the p resent time
to ched. sp ruce gum. It. at least, is pure
from' di tt adulteratious which are now
So c,7i' .
Del-l gum say that until withina a
fwv:- it. use was :lciost exclusively
cod l . cildrui, but at the present
tie 4 -emand among adults is con
it has een -~;cuputed .-a statistician
tht heCg of tie *jnitctd States
sp:;-i. m:ne than 81.500, 000 er ry year
for ch es-:In~g puu. There is a mvanufac
to-rv in Louiille, Ky., that alone turns
,,ut :,.d hoes of six dozen cakes each
v:1 rv, which1 is distributedi all over the
wvorld. Adt~ when we think~ of all thle
other mamn:da.:tories of gumis of dhfferent
varieties wh'ich are in full blast, stiling
as maur or more thaumb~e (one mentioned
abyove. w tre astounded'~ :r what man's
jaws can tdo.-Chicago Tribuane.
A succ.'a.i Mam.
If I wer asked to define the meaning
of a succssful man~l, I shlldl say a manl
who has made a happy home forhi fe
and childiren. No matter what he has
not done in the way of achieving we-uth
or honomrs. if he has done that he is a
I r:U:d1 suiccess. If hte has not done that,
$nd it in t hi'o n ut, though he be the
highest in t he land, he is a most pitiable
failu. -. -Ela Whe aeler Wilcox.
A~ Knowing Dog.
A ,. I~n o hvnehburg, Va., has a
-wn ndl ud doge w hich is noted for
hi.' i: : itee. He saw avyouth gather
ha: n hi mase's orch~ard. :md.
thais h wa anm intruder, took; him
';m: i he coat sleeve and led h;i~a to
ILie nii:W-.s who told himi that she hiad
hiLd: t>e boy to gather the apples, where
upcon th-: d's i~nmedtiately released his
l),.n't siart husiness andl fast living at the
Two Bagdad Jews have bought the en
tire site of Babylon, with the ruins of Ne
buchadnezzar's and other palaces upon it.
It is a good rule never to apologize for
any accident at a dinner party. A bow to
the hostess is all suflcient.
Difficulties are overcome by diligence
Silver can be kept bright for months by
being plac'ed in an air-tight ease with a
good-sized piece of camphor.
Much pain and suffering may be avoid
ed by child bearing womlan by the timely
use of The Mother's Friend. Sold by all
Activity is not always energy.
Southbridge has the largest spectacle fac
tory in the world. -
If the cover is removed from soap dishes
the soap will not get soft.
A Chicago hotel has introduced a smoke
consumer. Cannot one be introduced into
the cigarette fiend?
Fate is the friend of the good, the guide
of the wise, the tyrant of the foolish, the
enemy of the bad.
Fashionable iiaa.ity is exhibited now to
a marked degree in what is called "home
By the fruit you-shall know them, and
therefore the almanac makers are known
by their dates.
The choir girls of New York are griev.
ing because they are being supplanted by
boys. The rage now is for boy choirs.
Whether marriage is a failure or not is
a question a good many old maids would
be perfectly willing to investigate.
The mariner is always glad to see a
lighthouse, but this cannot be said of the
Seal-plush garments are said to retain
their original appearance much longer than
the genuine sealskin.
Alphonse Dandet is credited with the
creation of a happy synonyme for dotage.
He characterizes it "anecdotage."
"Are you ill?" asked the physician; "let
me see your tongue, please." "It's no use,
doctor; no tongue can tell how badly I
The number of streets in London is now
upward of twen-y eight thousand, and new
ones are added ut the rate of three hundred
Up in Finland they have a telephone
line connecting four towns, of which the
outside ones are one hundred and thirteen
An exchange says: -The new English
powder for small arms is white and almost
smokeless'" Seems as if long sleeves would
be better for small arms.
A citizen bought himself a book tie oth
er (lay, and wrote this on the fly-leaf: 'Pre
seated to John Jones by himself as a mark
They have new names for old things. A
big thief is sometimes called a rehypothe
cator, and gross plagiarism unconscious
Some of the alleged black monkey fur
looks as if it grew on a dog's back; in fact
looks much more canine than any of the
The ancient mariner says the modern
sailor makes too much of the storms of the
Atlantic for his own glorification in the
American wagons have the market in
South America, and the American wheel
barrow is to he met with in every portion
of China and Japan.
Among the various new red shades are
Mephisto, bull's-eye and hell fire. Amo
rous frog is a warm green tint, and spanked
baby a delicate pink. "What's in a
Says a cynical old bachelor: Never
marry a woman unless she is so rich that
you would marry her if she were homely
and so beautiful that you would marry her
if she were poor.
It must be a curious event, the proposal
of a stuttering lover. He would have some
difficulty in telling his fair one that she
was the pup pup-pearl of his life, and the
dud-dud-darling of his heart.
The bang question will crop out again
now and then. The Milwaukee Journal
says that this kissing on the forehead is a
hollow mockery, and the sex did well to
make it impossible by inventing the bang.
A new role for women in London city is
tat of serving wrias. A pretty young
wma-n there is said to find doors open to
her which to nearly every other sheriff's of
feer are shut fast.
Mahogany and cherryfurniture oftLen gets
dull for the want of a good cleaning with
a moist cloth. Polish with the hand, rub
bing well, and the result will be suprising.
Windows can be cleaned in winter and
the frost entirely removed by using a gill
of alcohol to a pint of hot water. Clean
quickly and rub dry with a warm chamois
A sixteen-year-old boy in Kansas City
attempted to ste' and carry away a saw
mill one day last week. He first stole a
horse and wagon and was busily engaged
n taking the mill to pieces preparatory to
loading it upon the wagon, when the mill
owner appeared on the scene and gathered
The new American navy, when com
pleted, will consist of twenty-two vessels,
ranging from the armored cruiser Maine,
carrying 444 men. down to a firs-telass tor
pedo boat, carry four officers and eighteen
men. There will be .5,786 men on board
the twenty-two vessels-500 officers and
5,286 sailors and marines.
One of the smartest Western towns grow
ing is Gladstone, Mich. Fourteen months
ago it began. to be, and was named after the
Grand Old Man. Today it has two thou
sand inhabitants, the principal streets are
paved with cedar blocks, there is a com
plete fire apparatus, a four thousand dollar
town hall. an electric light plant, five
churches, three school buildings, two bank
buildings, three hotels, six manufactories,
one weekly newspaper, and fifty business
housesq representing the various branches.
For months past crows, to the number of
from one million to three million, have
swarmed in the eastern end of Douglass
county, Illinois, feeding in the fields in
daytime and collecting at night. About
dusk these birds gather in from the sur
rounding country in myriads, and the noise
they make is deafening. Frequently they
alight In such vast numbers on the trees
that large limbs are broken under their
weight. One day last weeek a black cloud
of these birds was crossing the milread
track, when the smoke from the endne
blinded them. They flew against tb- .ide
of the s.wiftly moving cars, and -'sons
who watched the str'ange sight c.:.nted
ne->.rly two hundred dead crows.
A Trip to the Holy Land.
An expedition, composed of Roman
Catholics of America, Is shortly to begin a
pirimage to the Holy Land. The start
will be made from New York on February
22. Rome. Palestine and other points are
to he visited, and at Jerusalem, where
Holy Week will be spent, a memorial ban
ner is to be placed upon the tomb of the
Savour. On Easter Sunday the pilgrims
expect to celebrate the resurrection at the
tomb. On April 24 a portion of the com
p:y will begin their homeward journey,
while others will proceed into Galilee and
then go on to Smyrna, Ephesus, Constan
tinople and Athens.
A Caae of Infanticide.
GREESvILLE. Jan. 10.-Lizzie Gold
smith, a negro woman of unsavory repu
tation, took her infant, about four months
old, and in broad daylight last Monday
tossed it into Laurel Creek and drowned
it. The body was recovered today and an
inquest held, the jury finding the mother
guilty of celiberate infanticide. When
arrested and placed in jail she acknowl
elged the act and said she did it "so as to
have a better chance to get work."
The Jamaica ginger habit, which pre
vails in some prohibition localities, is said
to be one of the most dangerous forms of
inebriety known. The deleterious effects
of the ginges when constantly taken Into
the stomach are sufficient to render the
abi fatal in a very short time.
AN AMERICAN GIRL.
Her Iteport of the French National Con
servatory of Music.
A reporter for The Chicago Tribune
interviewed Miss Laura Moore. the opera
singer, with the following result:
"How many American girls enter the
-"lore every year. Many girls prefer
a German course, and insist on going to
Munich. But the National Conserva
tory of France has an immense prestige.
All the best singers in the country have
passed through it. Its prizes are more
sought after tha.1 the highest operatic
positions. Its diplomas give you the en
try of all musical bodies. Its president
is Ambroise Thomas, composer of
'Mignon' and 'Hamlet.' Its jury com
prises the names of Delibes, Massenet
and (uiraud. who are all professors in
the Conservatory. To have come vic
toriously from its tuition is almost to in
sure the success of your musical career."
-is the opera bound to take a girl who
wins the first prize?"
"No; but the competition at which the
prize is won is public. The managers of
the Grand opera are among the audience.
They get an excellent chance to hear
what you can do."
"And if they take you?"
"You are bound to them at a yearly
salary of $1,000. This is the rate fixed
by the government. It is small, but
then you have had all your schooling for
"How did you win your first prize?"
"M. Bartot, my teacher, made me sing
the hardest thing lie could find."
"What was that?"
"Opl:elia's mad scene in 'Hamlet.' He
said: -1i you c::n ing what is difficult
the jury wiU know what you can do
with s;t ags that are easy.' 0, the bitter
tears I shed over the mad scene. But 1
mastered it. The prize was awarded to
"Had it any pecuniary value?"
"No, only the diploma. But how
many girls would give their eyes for
that diploma? Besides, the education,
which costs many American parents so
much, had come to me for nothing. I
had merely gone to the Conservatory,
had my voice tried, sung one song, and
been admitted. Two years later I won
"\ould you advise other American
girls to try to follow your example?"
"Why not? I am a western girl. My
parents are dead. I had nobody to pay
for my education. I settled down in
Paris, knowing that I had to succeed:
and when a western girl :.mows that she
has to succeed ,4he generally succeeds."
"Can anybody enter the Conserva
"Any girl gifted with a good voice.
It is a wonderful institution which opens
its doors, not to its own people only, but
to all the world. I, an American girl,
owe everything to its fostering care.
How can I feel otherwise than grateful?"
At the Wrong Door.
In Paris, several families often live
under one roof, and each occupies its
own "flat" or apartments. The duke and
the laborer, saint and vagabond, the good
and the bad may live in the same house,
and yet neither of them know his neigh
bor. The author of "Parisian Lights"
says that two friends lived a year in the
same house without being aware of the
fact, until they accidentally met in the
street, and inquired each others address.
This author also relates the story of an
A gentleman called upon a lady with
whom he was well acquainted. Onreach
ing the house, he ascended the stairs,
but, not having counted the flights, en
tered the apartment in the story above
that of the lady.
He found the table set for a lunch.
showing that company was expected.
With a liberty which his relations with
the family wva-ranted, he helped himsetf
to bonbons and fruit. Hearing a lady's
voice calling' from her chamber, and
apologizing for not coming out immedi
ately, he replied, "Do not disturb your
self, madam; I will wait."
The lady at once entered the room, and
the gentleman found himself in the pres
ence of a stranger, who seemed as
amazed as he was.
"Madame," said he, "is not this the
apartment of M. --?"
"No; that is on the floor below."
"Then, madame, I have to throw my
self at your feet for this intrusion.
Thinking myself in the apartment of
3Me. -- I have been eating freely of
your refreshments, and can now only
offer the humblest of apologies. I am
M. de -.
His name was well known in Parisian
society, but the lady was but half con
vincea, and as she followed him to the
door, kept one eye on her plate, and the
other on him. He afterward met her in
the apartment below, and they had a
heaty aug ovr teirmutual surprise.
Far' Above Beauty.
In my life I have k-nown many women
well. Among them is a fair majority of
what the truly appreciative would call
happy, for which fact I thank God, as it
has helped me to take, on the whole, a
hopeful view of life as well as of human
nature. Now, are these women, blessed
as many of them are with devoted hus
bands, cheerful homes, cultivated so
ciety, and leisure for the exercise of any
special talent they may possess, beauti
ful women? With one or two exceptions,
no. Indeed, more than a few of them
are positively 'plain, if feature only
is considered, while from the rest I can
single out but two or three whose faces
and figures conform to any of the recog
nied staudards of physical perfection.
But they are loved, they are honored,
they are~ deferred to. Whilo not elicit
ing the admiration of every passer by,
they have acquired through the force,
sweetness or originality of their charac
ter the appreciation of these whose ap
pre;.atu eunters oxM.r and nojigew,
and, conse'quently, their days pass in an
amogpbere' of peace and good will which
is as far :uAove the delirious adm iration
accorded to thesi ~mply beautiful as the
placid shining cf the sunbeam is to the
phenomenal blaza of an evanescent flame.
-Anna I.atharine Green in Philadelphia
A Model Verdict.
An Alabama man charged with steal-'
ing a calf made the following statement:
"I was always teached to be honest an'
most always'have been, but wvhen I seed
that calf I caved. I never wanted a calf
so bad in all my life, an' you all know
that when a man wants a calf he wants
The jury returned the following ver
dict: "We, this 'ury, air satisfied that
Steve stold the cal, but as the feller that
owned the animal is considerable ofa
slouch, we agree to clear Steve an' make
the slouch pay the costs."-Atlanta Con
Mr. Trenholm's Good Fortune.
Hion. Williiam L. Trenholm, of this city,
the present comptroller of the currency,
as been elected president of the American
Surety Company, of N. Y. He will assume
his ne~w duties as soon as the administra
tion with which he is connected delivers the
reins into the hands of General Harrison
ad his party. Mr. Trenholm's family and
friends in this State will be delighted to
know that fortune has so tavored him. He
as proved to the satisfaction of everyone
that he knows how to "control" the cur
rency to the very best advantage, and it
was his success in this offie that won for
im the new.-Char'leston World.
During a hard winter the plumber and
th coal daler usnally have a soft thing.
The Women of Japan.
The better class of Japanese women
are by no means une ducated. They re
ceive, I am told, a better training than
the women of any other Oriental nation,
and they are better treated than those of
any other Asiatic nation. The Javanese
girl can, as a rule. read and write Ja
panese. She learns all about household
matters, and she takes the whole charge
of the household. This is her sphere,
and she is known as the honorable mis
tress of the household. Her husband has
no right to be meddling with the cooking
stove. She pays the servants and the
market bills. In the case of the poorer
merchants she often acts as one of the.
clerks in the stores and takes the place of
the husband when he is not present.
In the country you will find her often
working in the fields, and at Nikko I
saw great numbers of women who acted
as the leaders of pack horses carrying
copper and goods up and down the
mountains. Still, I think the women
here have an easier time than those of
the lower classes of Germany or Hol
land, dnd you see fewer labor hardened
faces among the other sex here than you
do in many of the countries of Europe.
The wife is, however, after all but little
better than the servant of the husband,
and the ties of marriage and divorce are
here so loose that he c:nn dispense with
her at pleasure. Marriage in Japan is
not attended with the solemnity and re
ligious cereiliony of the American wed
ding. It is a civil contract, and the ne
gotiations for it go on, as a rule, through
the parents. The young man and woman
have no preliminary courtship, and the
seeing one another for one or two times
is the only chance they have of deciding
whether there is any compatibility of
ti m peramIent.-Frank G. Carpenter.
Thought It Was the Tariff.
Old Uncle Peter Simonson was, in his
day, one of the richest of ante-bellum
pllnters. lie owned and worked more
than 300 slaves, and nearly all of the
river bottom lands along the Oemulgee
river between Hawkinsville and Macon,
Gn., were tended by his men.
lie was quite a sportsman and spent
the greater portion of his time hunting
about his plantations or fishing up and
down the river. He had been born and
raised of poor parents right upon the
Indian frontier, when the Creeks held
the greater portion of Georgia, and had
lived there all his life. He usually had
a negro boy along with him when he
hunted to carry home his game for him.
One day in the latter part of the year
1836, while hunting in the swamps about
six miles below Macon, his attention was
attracted by a singular noise. He has
tened to the river bank, when something,
the like of which he had never seen m
his life, cane slowly around the bend
b low him with fire and smoke and
much puffing. He lumped for his gun
and climbed the nearest poplar tree.
"Skin un that ar tree, Sambo," old
Peter yelled to the little darkies.
- ll right. massa; what is it?"
"One of them ar tariffs I've hearn con
gress ho been threatening to send down
to destroy our craps and eat us up,
feathers en all." He sat upon a limb
with his rifle in his hand until the
"thing" went out of sight around the
next point above him. It was the first
steamboat that came up the Oomulgee as
far as Macon.-Detroit Free Press.
She Swallowed the Car Fare.
If there is any one thing that makes
the horse car conductors mad it is the
custom of some folks of using their
mouths as purses for the car fares. It is
a great nuisance in summer during travel
on the open cars whero the conductor has
a full complement of passengers. A
Lewiston conductor says that children
are the worst. Some of them disgorge a
handful of clang, and he has toacce t
it. One day a very pretty young iay
who~ was a g&ues-t in.Anburn from a Mas
sachusetts town, was coming down from
the lake. She was one of a gay party of
half a dozen, and they 'made merry on
the down trip. When he was one seat
from her in his tour of the car he looked
over at her. She was so pretty he couldn't
help it. Just as he looked he was pained
to notice a fear'ful change in her coun
tenance. Her check blanched and she
seemed to choke. tier laugh died on her
lips, too, and she joked no more. When
he got along to the party the young lady's
eyes were bedewed with tears. "I-I
had some money"-- The conductor
with infinite tact says that he just passed
it along, saying: "I know alabout it.
You've swallereel it. I see you do it."
The young lady blushed and the car ~
rattled along. A child with five copir
in its mouth is a fearful picture forthe
conductor, but what do you think of one
with 24 cents in its cheeks? Better buy
the youngsters 10 cent purses.-Lewiston
Steel Bead Ornaments.
As the swell girl goes down Broadway,
fur trimmed andl soft as to visible sur
face, a chink-chink of metal is sometimes
heard. That4 noise is made by the im
pact of her bead embroidered stockings.
it is a new freak to have our hosiery
heavily ornamented with steel beads on
the ankles and calves. Now don't go to
sugges~ng that we might wear circlets
of something just above our hoofs like
those put on horses to keep them from
"interfering." We want to interfere
with the heart of man. Many a time
have you recad in novels how the frou
fru of a dainty -:kirt or the swish of
miveterious d raper.'es have set a chap to
fttering sentimen'ally. Well do we
inow that nice little assaults on the mas
euline ear draw the masculine eye. Well,
tat is the priaciple of the clinking stock
ings. lt i:; as yet a genteel device. Of
course, it w.ill be quickly vulgarized, as
te metal hei led gaiters were, and there
are women in News York naughty enough
to put not only bells on their toes. but
astinets on their ankles and cymbals on
their knees, it' thereby they could com
The first pack of playing cards of
which any copy is preserved was in use
in Ven"ice in 1125, and contained seventy
ight cards in all, twenty-two of which
were picture cards of very quaint char
acter. One pictur'e card represented the
deril, another death, a third the moon,
a fourth the sun, while the fifth depicted:
the judgment day. The Venetians called
it the game of tarots, and it was no
doubt the original parent of the modern
crd pack, with its kings, queens
knaves. etc. The French developed the.
game greatly, and it became the stan
ard pastime of all the royal courts of'
the Sixteenth century. Cards became so
prominent a feature of social life in
France that when the revolution camer
new card l~ucks were devised in which
kings and queens were done away with,
phlosophers and ppular heroes and
heroines taking ten- places.-Bostoni
Lost His Leg Getting on a Train.
FLoaREcE, Jan. 17.-Isaac Williams,
olored, in attemplting to board the south
bound passenger train No. 23 while in mo
ion, at Kingstree, last night, missed his
footing and sustained serious injuries. He
was brought here, where it was found
ecessary to amputate his leg. Drs. James
vans and J. W. King performed the ope
aion successfully. Williams is doing
well and admits carelessness on his part,
ttaching no blame to the railroad com
pany. -Special to News and Courier.
Every man owes a debt to mankind.
One of the few remaining lineal descen
ats of Martha Custis Washington, living
t the national capital, is a practicing phy
sins of some lkal celebrity.