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MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 18S9
JOSEPH F. RHAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
MANNING. S. C.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MALNNING, S. C.
- N ,Public with seal.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office at Court House,
MANNING, S. C.
M.4 ""***TO ""
P3AfIc2s m covrTS OF
CHARLESTON and CLARENDON.
Address Communications in care of Man
jOS. E MONTGOMERY,
ATTOREY AT LAW,
Main Street. SUMTER, S. C.
,Colections a specialty.
G.. ALLEN HUGGINS,
- OrrIcEs -
- MANNING AND KINGSTREE.
Kingstree, from 1st to 12th of each month.
Manning, from 12th to 1st of each month.
9A. 3LtoI P.M. and2to4P. M.
REAE ESTATE AGENT,
PORESTON, S. C.
Ofersfor sale on Main Street; in business
portionof the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lo;A; on tanning and E. R. streets
TWO COTTAGERESfIENCES, 4 and 6
roms; and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable for residences, and in different lo
eal-ties. Terms Reasonable.
Ni .-Bryant; ~ JAS. M. LLoN,
South Carolina. New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRYANT & LELAND, PxoPRIEToBS.
Coi'..mbia, South Carolina.
Tha grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ACT BUSIYESS CENTER OF THE CITY,
-wh. lt eet Car Lines pass the door,
a iaMiNtUis not exoelled by any in the
Mmaing Shaving Paror.
1.41 CPTNG- anTICr.. ExcTED.
.andiiming done with best Razors. Spec
ial attention paid to shampooing ladies
I have had considerable experience in
severatlarge cities, and guarantee satisfac
-tion to my customers. Parlor next door to
ML.- Gn T whs
E. D. HAMILTON.
~TEW WAV ERLY HOUSE, IN
heBnd ofh g Street, Charleston.
The Waverly, having been thoroughly
renovated the past summer and newly fur
nished throughout, makes its accommoda
tions unsurpassed. Incandescent Electric
Lights and Electric Bells are used in all
rooms and hallways. Rates $2.00 and $2.50.
G. T. ALFORD, Proprietor.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
First Class- in~ all is Appoimments,
Su lied with all Modern Improvements
celet uismne, Large Airy Rooms,
.Otis Passenger Elevator, Elec
tric Bells and Lights, Heat
-RaTES, $2.00, $250 AND $3.00.
Rooms Reserved by Mail or Telegraph
*THE BEUiLAH AGADEMY,
Bethlehem, S. C.
B. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
Fail Sessies Begins Moenday, Oct. 29.
IndreIon thorough; government mild
and decisive, appealing generally to the
student's sense of honor and judgment in
the- important matter of punctuality, de
pmet, diligece, &c. Moral and social
Tuition from $1.00 to $2.00 per month.
*B3oard in good families $7.00 per month.
Board from Monday to Friday per month
- 1.00 to$400.
~Pror further partioulars, address th
J. G. DINE~INS, M. D. R. B. LORYEA.
FTURE DRUJGS AND MEDICINES,
FINE CIGARS AND
Full stock of P.urrs, Oir.s, GuLs
R amsESI and \X m:r L1ao, :diso
PAINT amid aw-sx BRus
An elegant stock of
SPECTACLES and EYE GLASSES
No charge made for fitting the eye
Physicians Prescriptions carefully
compounded, day or night.
J.~ 6,inis & Co.
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
ACCOUNTS OF PRE-COLUMBIAN VOY
AGES AND SHORT STAYS.
Iceland's Ancient Lore Records an Expe
dition Which Took Place in 98G-Expe
riences Which Lead to the Belief That
America Was the Place Visited.
The ancient lore of the Icelandic sagas
furnishes proof of the early colonization
of the American continent in the Tenth
century by the Scandinavians. The sagas
and songs upon which ancient Scapdi
navian history is founded, and those con
taining the history of America by the
Northmen, were originally intrusted to
the memory, and these verbal traditions
formed historical narratives.
In the early part of the Twelfth cen
tury, when the Icelanders had become
familiar with the Latin chirography,
they were committed to writing. Manu
scripts found in Iceland during the year
1650 make record of an expedition to
Greenland led in 986 by Eric Red, of Ice
land. His son Lief, who accompanied
him, enlisted a crew of thirty-five men,
and set sail from Greenland on another
voyage of exploration. In due time they
came to a well wooded land to the south
west of Greenland, where day and night
seemed more equal than in Giealand
GIVING THE LAND A NAE.
After a short sojourn in this newly
found country, Lief, in company with
his followers, returned to Greenland.
and the fame acquired by this expedition
encouraged his brother Thorwald to em
bark in the same vessel in 1002 for the
recently discovered territory, to which
was given the name of Wineland (Vine
land). Thorwald and his crew, having
safely reached their destination, spent
the winter in the booths which Lief had,
erected. In the spring he explored the
western coast and found the land not
only attractive, but rich in vines and
No evidencesof human habitation were
visible, nor did he find the lairs of ani
mals. Afterwards sailing eastward they
came to a cape upon whose sandy beach
they landed. Having crossed this pro
'ection, to their surprise they saw three
boats made of skins, partially buried in
the sand, beneath which nine men lay
hidden, eight of whom were caught and
killed, one managing to escape. Later
these Northmen were attacked by the
Esquimaux, to whom the eight so re
cently killed probably belonged. Thor
wald, fatally wounded in the encounter,
was buried on the promontory where he
fell. His crew returned to Greenland
with a rich cargo of timber.
THE SECOND EXPEDITION.
The sagas make mention of another
expedition, undertaken by Thorfin Karls
fue, who enlisted as his associates sixty
men and five women. Sailing from Ice
land in a southerly direction, they ar
rived at the place where Lief had built
his huts. A fter landing the cows and a
bull to graze, which they had brought
with them, Karlsfue ordered his men to
fell trees and prepare timber for the
ship's cargo; and while thus engaged
they saw emig from the woods many
Skraelings. apening toappear where
the bull was feeding, and being rather
of a'ferocious spirit, he bellowed loudly,
and made an attack- upon them, which
led them immediately to retreat.
After securing rc-enforcelments they
returned, and although they were not
able to make themselves understood to
the Northmen, by means of signs, how
ever, they were enabled to barter furs
for such other commodities as the North
men were willing to sell. When the na
tives had withdrawn, Karlsfue caused
a strong wooden fence to be placed
around his booths, which proved to be.a
wise precaution, as a short time after
wrds the Skraelings returned, when a
fiercefight ensued, in which many of the
Esqimiaux fell. The Northmen soon be
coming weary of their abode in sc strange
a country, and exposed .to the vrequent
attacks of the -natives, in the spring re
turned to Greenland.
THE THEORY OF IRISH COLONISTS.
The third expedition w-as undertaken
in 1011 by Freydissa, a daughter of Eric
Red, in company with 20)0 Icelandio
traders, but as no further exploration of
this country was entered upon no new
facts were obtained.
The theory of the population of A mer
ica by Irish colonists has been founded
on thie mention of a saga writer who
obsrves that Wineland must have been
"Fvittramannaland," or the (eat Ire
land. Itisnot improbable that asimilarity
in the sound of the lngage of the people
caused the name of a smaller body of
land in the eastern hemisphere to be
given to a part of the country by its first
discoverers. Be this as it may it is cer
tan that the theory has never been au
Thus we became acquainted with the
Icelandic history of certain portions of
the western hemisphere, as given by they
saas of the Icelanders.
The discovery by Christopher Colum
bus of WVest Indies in 1492 was perhaps
the result of a trlp. made by him to- Ice
land in 1477, atw chtime the discovery
of unknown lands to the southwest of
Greenland and Iceland was masde known
to him by the sagas of the people of Ice
land.-Gen. C. W. Darling in Home
Our knowledge concerning the condi
tions under which the poison which
creates hydrophobia acts has been some
what advanced by the recent e:xperi
ments of 3i. Galtier, of Paris. Accordiog
to the experiments the dried virus has
its poisonous properties destroyed in i rom
four to six days. Or. the other hand,
earlier experiments of~ the same savant
show that an aunual which has died of
r ntis ay retain the poison in that part
~f the bramn called the medulla obiongata
for six or seven weeks. It is evidept'
:at this fact may be of importane in
e :swere persons have been bitten by
anals supposed to be rabid. If the body
fthe creature has been btu-ied it may be
poi's to exhiume it after many days
and mn::ae esperiments which wil! geryVg
to hor' -yhether danger fromr the wvouna
is t a : apprehendedi. In tis wvay un
ann~edan1xietiesirmay be a!!ayed.--Pop
Eliectric Fire Indicators.
Electric heat indicators, consisting of
thermometers incased and protected by
iron tubes, provided with platinum wires,
and connected with a system of electric
bells and indicators on deck, are the
latest invention for preventing spon
taneous combustion among ship cargoes.
Should any undue heat arise in any part
of the cargo, the mercury in the ther
mometers will rise, make contact with
the platinum wire, and give an instan
taneous alarm on deck, indicating at
the same time the exact t hr the
heat zist.--New YorkT
o mighty city. is there any hour
From daybreak till another dawning comes.
When the witite dove of peace can droop her wi:g
In sweet compassion o'er thy throbbing heart
Is there no respite from the thund'ring trbee!s.
The clangor of the bells? Art thou not sick
Of too much lire? Canst thou not sleep
While the calm stars a pitying vigil !aiep?
Is there no shore in th.s loud, stunning tide
Whereon thy waves could break, and the:i be still:
Canst thou not lift thine eyes to yon blue hea'tn
And in i:s boundless peace hide thy unrest?
Caust thou not cast the burden of thy car,
On the great Heart of Love beyond the s:ars'
-Annie S. Swan in Harper's Weekly
Dread in Norway.
Bread making. writes a correspondent
in Norway to the Lo:non Teiegaph. wa::s
another industry which we had a gooi
opportunity of seeing while we changed
horses at one of the stations. Contrary
to our expectations, we found white
bread everywhere, but the cominiou
bread is a heavy bread, the chief in
gredient of which is rye. It is always
sour; the housewife intends it to be so.
They also have "flat bread," rmado of
potatoes and rye. It was this kind of
bread that the two women whom we
happened in upon were making. THey
were in a little underground roo., tun
lighted except from the door. The
walls were of stone and the floor was
of earth. They were seated on either
side of a long, low table, upon which
were huge mounds of dough. The
one nearest the door cut off a piece of
this and molded it and rolled it out to a
certain degree of thinness; then theother
one took it, and with the greatest care
rolled it still more. At her right hand
was the fireplace, and upon the coals was
a red piece of iron, forming a huge
griddle more than half a yard across.
The bread matched this in size very
nearly when it was ready to be baked,
and it was spread out and turned upon
the griddle with great dexterity, ani as
soon as it was baked it was added to a
great heap on the floor. The woman said
she should continue to bake bread for
forty days. She had a large family of
men, who consumed a great deal. They
had to bake very often in consequence.
hi many places they do not bake bread
oftener than twice a year; then it is a
circumstance like haying or harvesting.
An Irish Giant.
In the year 176 1 two babes, destined to
become 'known through the civilized
world on account of their ponderous
build, were born in Ireland. It is surely
rather a curious coincidence that gives
the world two giants from one small
island during the same year. Cotter.
the first of these exaggerated Irishmen,
came of a family who were poor, and
the stripling giant at the age of 1S set
out for London in search of fortune.
Even at that tender- age his bodily pro
portions unerringly pointed toward
"coming greatness." He soon engaged
to a showman for exhibition. His con
tract being for threeyears at 5) per an
numu inking somec extra fa.r. a. h
the manager was disinclined to grant,
otter forthwith refused to show himsel f
to the eager cockne's.
Starting out in his own behalf :e
realized "30 before the end of the third
iv of exhibition. 11:s popalarity wit b
the show going people from this time!
forward was assured. At the age of 9
he changed his name fronm Cot:er to
O'Brien to add w('eight to the fiction e--t
orh ou the glaring hand bills that he
V.. "a lineeJ descendant of the re
:evned King Brian Borochme, and in
: rson exhibits all the characteristics of
that great and grand potentate." At time
the age of ,5 Cotter was 8 feet 8 inches
hi;th, and although le lived to be over
40 his height never exceeded the f gures
given. He died at Clifton, EngTand.
Sept. S, 1804.--St. Leads lIeoubhec.
The Toll Gate In War Time.
The colonels and muajors had all told
their recollec'tionls of the war..uzndl evecn
the priv:ates had beena heard. It was the
trn of the homec gu;ard.
"We din't have much blood, but we
had stirring times wvhen Morgan inv.aded
Ind.iana whilo you were down to~ the
frnt. I was only a private, but we all
served w:ith as much spirit and zeal an if
we were' mendbers of the' general's staff
I remember riding about carrying the
tidings that Morga;n w'as approaching.
Dwn on the She'lbyviile pil~e livedi ap
old friend of mine. itiding down to his
arnm, I called himi out.
-Hello, in there,' I shouted.
-Wi;.t's up?' was the repl..
"-Mart:'s eonming. He is this side of
Shelby vilie. I etter look out.'
-drent God!' theeccentric old farmer.'
excaimed. 'Is that so? Ride downm to
the toll gate just below and tell thec
keeper not to let him thirough until I
drive up my shoats.'"-I~ndianapolis
Velocity of LIght.
The Danish astronomer, Olaus Romier,
made the discovery of the velocity of
light while taking observations of the
eclipse of Jupiter's satellites in 1G763. lle
found that the eclipses of the satellites
seemed to be retarded as the earth moved
farther away from the planet: that they
occurred too soon1 when~ the earth was
nearest and too late when it wvas farthest
aay frcmi Jupiter. The astronomer
found that this retardatioen of the occur
rence of the eclipscs could only be ;:c
counted for satisfactorily by the time
that the light would tak~e in crossing the
earths orbit, and that, calculating the
tiue occupied in accomplishing this. the
velocity of light was 10x2,50 iles a
secntd. The best de'termiinations o'ade
by the mrce accrate obser".vtaium
udloer thlues make the .ele:- i:y vbu
10,:.20 m iles a second.'-New YorkTl
?.n Can .ilmyry.
she cr:ied :us shle stopped'' a friend Gfn the
avenue the other tuer.i:g'.
"Y\oux ' gone' to hiou.;r t'tepin~t. i bet.'
A ca,. we have! Gco::;.. (nly .g-s 88
fuhe: vot L:salw. i:ht. mWe caan u
''Un'v a ce t:' aj pinandl I c'an ge' ::
.t.i ...:bbage ior thiree cent.-:!-Det roit
Acocording to the well known statis
tician, liiward Atkinson, thu hours of
abr have as a rule been reduced within
the la::t lhaf century. In factory labor
tn h~ours are customary. inlsteaI of
twelve or more, and in the building
trades nine or ten instead of elev'en or
Dr. Rutgers, of England, after an ex
tensive series of dietetic experiments,
declares that a vegetable diet can easily
be lived on, and that vegetable albumen
is, weight for weight, equal to animal
HOTY INNOCENT HOAXERS.
PRACTICAL JOKES PLAYED ON MEX!
CAN ALL FOOLS' DAY.
Tery Fanny Editors, Who Can "Fake" to
Their Heart's Content-Bogus Bandits
and 3ake Believe Highwaymen-Pranks
Costly and Troublesome.
From his appearance the average
Mexican would:never be charged with
the crime of practical joking. In fact an
American would think more than twice
before he tampered, jokingly, with the
quiet dignity and solemnity, two char
acteristically intuitive qualities of the
Mexican Don, owing to the latter's readi
ness with the revolver anddexterity with
- Yet on occasion the Mexicans, from the
little toddling boy to the white haired
Don and the dark eyed Senorita to the
old wrinkled Senora, are the greatest of
all practical jokers. It becomes a sort
of mania with them, as it did with their
ancestors hundreds of years ago.
Dec. 28, the anniversary of the slaugh
ter of the Holy Innocents, as the babes
who were killed by King Herod on the
birth of Christ are known, is the day of
all others in Mexico. The arrival of
Fiesta da los Santos Inocentes is
anxiously looked for every year, and
when it comes it is observed without
stint. The exact origin of this peculiar
day as one devoted to practical joking
has been lost, so ancient is the custom in
The fact that it is spoken of as the day
of Holy Innocents seems to have inspired
the Spaniards with the idea of making
innocents or fools of one another and any
one else that can possibly be victiuuizcd.
Ever since this happy thought occurrei
to some ingenious Spaniard some time it
the Fourteenth century the day has been
BOGUS NEWSPAPER SCARES.
The ways of celebrating it are, of
course, many and varied. Mexico offers
a particularly fertile field in this peculiar
pastime, owing to the eruptive tendency
of the government and people. A
country in which a citizen inquires of
his neighbor the first thing each day,
"Who is president this morning?" natur
ally,affords an ingenious practical joker
abundant material for unlimited pranks.
The newspapers are the leaders in re
cognizing the day after the popular form.
All sorts of bogus stories are artfully
written so as to create immense excite
ment, yet the circumstantial facts are so
related that suspicion is seldom aroused.
High government officials are generally
assasismated (in print) and robberies com
mitted of great magnitude.
On one occasion a gold mine of fab
ulous wealth and extent was discovered
four miles out of the City of Mexico, and
the same day two-thirds of the popula
tion of the town had forsaken their
homrs to hunt for the mythical bonanza.
Another favorite mo(tf'of racing court
to-rd-wy sanHocents- 1st frighiten a.
population of a small village some miles
out from diecapital by publishing alarm
ing stories of a threatened raid by bands
bl kxoodthirsty Indians and bandits.
Mounted couriers in the employ of the
n?1ws )aners leave the larger city with
abundant supplies of the newspapers,
and, dashing at full speed into the
doomed town, throw the residents into
a panic by reading from the public
squares the horrible fate that awaits
themi. in, a few minutes the whole
Mace i.; in a terrible state of commotion,
and in another hour the town is con
pltely deserted. Every one takes to
t., :iih road and makes the best time
posibleto the larger city and safety.
W;eiL'n the hoax is discovered, no mat
ter what the cost to the victims, no
troull ever ensues. They pack up their
goud:s, collect their families and return
in high good humor to their homes,
thankful that they have them to go to,
and promising one another that they
will not allowv thlemselves to be fooled
ne: t year.
t when next year does come and
wi th it the terrible news that yellow
eve'r er some other deadly scoulrge is
rlging in the vicinity, threateming to
deouate the whole town by its rav
ags~, tihe people forget the resolutions
form;ulated the previous year. Provi
sions are hastily packed and safety is
sought ini the nearby hills and moun
tains. In one instance, six families
lived in the open air for ten days before
the jo!ko perpetrated upon them wvas dis
THE BULL FIGHT SELL.
Pranks at the expense of private indi
viduals are the commpnest mode of cele
brating the day. It is no uncommon
thia fcr a wealthy old Don walkig in
a seeiuded portion of the town to find
himself suddenly confr-onted by two
masked marauders, with revolvers in
their hands and knives in their belts,
who command him to give up his valu
ables c-uietly or they will takie his life
and valuables both. The next day he is
not greatly surprised when lie receiv-es
his valuables, accompanied by a cask of
wine and a neat little note, stating that
ie was merely made a temporary sacri
fice to King Herod.
On one occasion notices in all the
daily papei-s in the City of Mexico an
nounced that a grand bull fight would
occur on the afternoon of Dec. 28, and
that, as the admittan~ce to the amnphi
theatre on this occasion would cost noth
ing, every one was cautioned to be on
Long before midday the people were
ouing into the immense buildimg in
Liordes. Although the first encounter
was not to take place until 2 o'clock, the
building was jammed to its untno-: by 1
o'clock. The great assemblage wzaited
patienlv for aluest twvo hours, and then
anxiousqueries about ,the matadors and
their victims wero maae.
.iter another two hours' wait it began
to d'tn onz patrt of tho raudienice that
they had been made v-ictimnS to the popu
lar dar. In small parcels they left the
alidiiin,. but it was long af ter nightfali
before the place was empty .-.sew York
A C2oi'ee Grower's Ad1rice.
Tb"'o wri:e as spent at icnet tho bettcr
patf his life growing antd curing tea
and coffee, and .iowever wanting he may
be in giving expression to his idea-s. lhe
is surely in a position to advsoe the ;::
eral reader on a subject with which he is
iirst, then, deal with reliable people;
and, secondly, buy what they consider
thu purest and the most carefully pre
pared tea and cotfee they can supply you
with, without demanding the same at ai
price at which you know yourself first
class produce cannot be imported..
if it should p lease you to take thus
little piece of advice, you will find that,
in the end, it will net prove in any way
extravaant, and it may add a year or
tO t ri legt ofou dayr.-Table
Experiments w.ith the Ciga.rette.
Science dscribes some experimients
made on the cigarette by Professar W.
L. Dudley. of Vanderbilt university, as
The fact that eigarele smoking pro
duces hiolyo(gical Oerects disierinig in
some c':i:nt from thr-:e of the cigar LI:!
him to mak. e his experiment::. The fr.
quentlv :rie:i cau:<c. of the di.flr:nce
-that t d ul :i'.dteration of cigartite t>
hrc:\' wit hopium and other drug;S, ani
ai-o te .renace of arsenic in the Paper
-are f.r many reasons unsatisfactorv
and isuf-icienit. It is trll, no donbt,
tlat the tobacco in many of the less e :
pensive irands isadulterated with cheap
drugs unldl artii-ial flavors, and that in
the more expensive gramdes opium muay be
used but it is ciualliv true that many
eigarett's are made of tobacco which is
free from sophistication. The presence
of a senic }i the paper is entirely out of
the question. 'rr' is a difference in
the methods of smoking a cigarette and
a cigar or pipe.
In the two last mentioned the smoke
is 'i::w,: drawn into the mouth and ex
p l ecuy. itherefre:n or thirlough thC
no.:,;whil0the experienced ':areitc
v.'.:r wil i:.ale the smoke, t::t i.:. f
dr it t. a greater or less extent into
the .ir ;:age::. and in some case:s to
the r ttdept of the lungs, and thus
the ,b.paiof the ('Ironic oxide::;!
other ;:*-se wii take place verya rapidl..
bo. J. m 't *r::nm.:~ mle sof th.
bi"'t in:i:a ct ctuent oft n to
soe; . Tih:::t more ainjuy resuts rom.
Ci-airette than ei-::r or pipe s'uoiin, be
caIu'.' as ma n:k;, ,h smke o:h e . firiieri('"
is l~ld;3 hilt ei.rtt .m.:n
wihout inhlaling 1.; no more linjurous
thn ipj'V or c.-.Ur smoaing: 4. That't
smuiok e t1 a ceigr or pipe, i:halc, i.;
:s l:: iu1rio:;0: ('inrette smoke inh11:led;
I. Ta'' the *n.. - from a Turkish i-ipe,
if inhled is s injurious as that cl a
To Treat Colds.
ear \:ooklei or silk underclatlin
(w o! i e idly the Letter, a:; it i
poru. strong oots, rubbers always in
wet wea.her. In regard to cold curin:--.
nearly every one has his own treatmnent.
f su:;estions, however, may oat he
iss. the "nightcap" treatment is
o) ten scccessful. Another etaiencious
remedy is hot onion gruel, and cat
ing a quantity of highly salted food is
od~l. Glvceri::', %:it:1 cream or whisky,
will relieve a larox:slu of coughing.
Another cxcelientt re-medy, on the first
symptoms of cold. i to tate. on retiring,
for grains of Dover's powder and two
grains of quinine in pill form. If this is
not successful, repeat the dose next
failing, the next best thing is to con
s a good physician, remembering an
"ounce of prevention." Children may
b: given a few (rops of sweet spirits of
niter, bathing tne ;;et in hot rastard
water and copious d:inks of warm lem
or cold sores, should never be rubbed. as
the vedicls burst and crusts form. The
application of a little "camphor ice" or
fresh cold cream will be found very
soothin ;.-"Family Physician" in ier
aid of tiealth.
A Sermon in Little.
We had been out walking in the cccl
of t lieay says a letter about 'ami.
and w;e l.ad come upon a squad of .
uavvies who were employed at the rail
w-:. They were finishing- their supper,
an'i were on the point of turning into
their sod built huts, in which they slept,
ten on each side, on a rude plank piat
forma, without mattresses, without even
straw. Count Tolstoi promised to send
them some straw, at which they seemed
very pleased. Ilonest, kindly looking
fellows they were; not so stalwart as our
navvies, but fiell of pleasant courtesy
and frank tak. The visit to their huts
naturally led to a discussion upon the
social ceuestion. "We have forgotten
Christ.'' said the count; "wve will not
obey him. And what is the result?
There you have 100 men, each earning.
fifty copecks a day, without even straw
lo l'ie on at night. Howv can you and I
steen) on mattresses and feather beds,
when these hardworking men have not
even straw? If you were Christian you
could not. What right have you to too
much when your brother has not even
enough? The next step inChitnty
the very first step, is for those who have
wealth and lands to part with all that
they have, and let it go to the poor."
Coursing, while comparatively a new
ich! sport in this locality, is not entirely
a present day importation from Elg
land. For mnanv years it has been
recognized snort in California and we"
of time Missinkippi. On the Pacific coas
there are a number of coursing clubs
using grey'hounds against the local jack.
rabbit. '.lhe coursing by the Hempstead
club is with fox terriers against tho com
mon wild rabbit, of the "cottontail"
species, an animal very destructivo to
the growing crops. and for tile exter
mination of which the authorities of
Australia and New Zealand have offered
In the United States, however, the
rabbit is protectedl by the game laws,
and can only be killed in the states of
New York and New Jersey between Nov.
1 and Feb. 1. The rabbits are p)'rocre
either by netting them or with box tra;.s
that insure their nlon-injur'y. They are
fed and eared for until wanted, andI then
convoyed to the coursing ground in larg:~
boxe:3. The. rabbits used at Ileaa'stead
are most.!y captured in the nei;:;iborheod
of Babylon. with several small lots; frcr
Nw Jersey.-New York Wocrld.
A Pohitical Trick.
r.Labouchere oence madeo good useI
of th~e irish membiders' Ihatre'l of Capt
O'Shea. Mrii. i.rice 1:ad appeale d de-.r
inglyv to Mr. Laboucer'e to o:cure 1
a1; 'n.ance o- menmbers host ile to so.
bili v:hich. w.'on to cut uoeren' m e
1v::;v L~a Iiad. ''Nothing e-mi I.,a.er
said Mr. Labione!:ero. .s he. oc'
*alh v--~h his uLal air ofeggV
con!dence. "do vou know that tapt.
O'Shea is personall'y inter'estedi IUs('uria;.:
thev ~ p 'c..ef th~e VTyl" ;.; Idland bill?
"InideedY"'said Mr. Diggar. "Y mId
Mr. Labouchere, "and per'ha's the 8ny0
-- "Say no muora," said air Biggar
"the bhoys wxill be there." 11e was~ not
mistaken. Thle "bhoys" came down i
force, amid it was not until after the bill
was throwu out they discovered that thIe
captain had no more to do with it tha n
the man in the maoon.-Chicago Jo'ur"l.
A coal mine in Japan took fire several
ears ago and forty or fifty miners wvere
intombed. Recently the pit was ope' ed
and the bodies of tho victims were s
,.vred They had been petrified.
SHOES A.I) liiE W EAl13 fjgj)
DEALERS IN FOOTGEAR FOR MEN
AND WOMEN GIVE SOME FACTS.
Eastern Women Wear the Largest and
Southern Women the Smallest Shoes.
Chicago Girls I are neen M!aligied.
Western "len Are Not Very Particular.
"What kind of shoes are the ladies
wearing nowadays?" -
"If vou should say that they are wear
in- m: kinds you would just about
strike it; Iut there is one thing certain,
niC ':e sc:,ible shoes are worn lhv
wolne't. ti:t there were five ycard.
ag'. 'I 'st selBing shoe we have in all
seL i of the country, with one or two
exc: i::, is the N:ew York medium toe.
A shoe. vith this toe has a comfortable
and yet natty appearance, and is usually
fitled. with an inch and an eighth heel,
whi:-:: :.ia comfortable height. Next in
populr nity to the New York medium toe
is ti :ew ork opera toe, which is more
pi:e*t .t the end and has a heel one
quarwr :-' ....a: h higher than the for
mer . . efthese styles of shoe may
oir :: ; a" adorned with the patent
setatr i .i has been so popu larfor
the it . .
":- :.r. the largest shoes worny'
"I su'pi " : u will think I will say in
Chic b I h::t, for while in that
city th1-:' rainge from one to seven, in
T[ston i!: r are Very few No. 1'; sold.
the i+r": ig n umnbcrs ranging between
tv:o al . en. Chicago women ha:o
b m iigned, "nd it is a factthat
we s ni r-m'e Iarg sizes east than to
other sc'tion of the country. New
:ckes wear mu'ch slimmer iihoes than
amv .:) ina any other city, and while we
selAA' Ie metium izes, threes and threes
a half, for instance, right here some
r:women wear as high as fives. We sell
*":y few shoes over that size in New
"-itee are the smallest shoes worn?"
You wiii be surprised when I tell you
that for small feet the southern women
in the van. They wear rather wider
sho than their New York sisters, but
their feet are shorter. To sum up. I
think I can conidently assert that the
largest shoes are worn by eastern women.
sliuunest by New Yorkers and the widest
and smallest by the fair creatures who
mIake the south and west their homes."
".Are there particular styles manufact
ured for different sections?"
"Tere are. Tiere, for instance," and
the member opened a black walnut show
ease and took out what looked like men's
shoe s. "is a sample of the ladies' wauk
en phast shoe, which is now very popular
in that city of blue blood anl beans
"You will notice that they are nearly
as heavy, have as wide heels, and look
fully as useful as men's shoes. We sell
themn nowhere else but in the east.
Again, here is a pair of shoes which you
will observe have perfectly square toes
couldnt see a pair in any other city to
save your neck. Funny, isn't it?"
"Are women wearing heavier or
lighter shoes than formerlyi"
"You would naturally suppose from
imy mrevious statement that they are
.r'eaig more sensible shoes, that I
would ::y heavier. I regret tc say that
I cannot. Fair woman has come to the
conclusion that distorted feet resulting
from too short and too tight shoes de
tract from her appearance, and is there
ftre wearing better shaped feet cover
imn. You cannot persuade her to wear
i:nything clumsy looking. A thick soled
shn o is her abomination, and there are
More deaths resulting every year from
her determination to wear paper soled
shoes than from any other cause. At
lea t, that is my opinion. Why, just
look at it a moment. The thickest shoe
we make has but a three-eighths of an
inch sole-about the thickness a man
would wear on a summer shoe-and yet
w..omen wilil put on their 'thich boots' as
they call them, and tram p through slush
anid mnud t.'l (lay long in them, It makes
no diif'erenee if their feet are soaked
wheni they gct home; the-' have wvorn
their'Unick boots,' and tfiat settles it.
That's what I like about thme eastern
wome'n. They will wear comfortable
murtd suitble shoes every time, appear
anees or' iio appeai'ances."
"'Is the French high heel as much in
v.ogue as it w'.as?"
"For treet wear, no. For the house
anid e'a'r[.ige the most popular button
shoe~ i 'e New York opera toe, with the
biah Frenich heel. This shoe naturally
V .( not apted for much walking, and
the wo~ men~ have discovered this. For
low shoe~s the~ New York medium. tee and
the enera with high and moderately high
Fre:OI heels sell the best. For a good
wakn hoe S-> to SS should be paid;.for
fancy 'call slippers of course fancy prices
tIPnoVMENT IN MEN'S SHOES.
A whlesale manufacturer of men's
shoes said: "Ri would be hard to say
that any part icular' style of shoe is being
worn now. Wie make and sell all styles.
It can be sai, though, that men are get
ting bettcr' slhoes for their money today
than ever before. Not only better in
quality but in fit. The time has gene by
when a man expected to buy an un
comfortable, readyi made shoe and tor
ture himse~lf by w.earing it until it was
coun )"r'tivelr~ comfortable. Improved
metliods of ~taking measurements and
imovedm nachinery have accomplished
this, and a man can today go imto a
reputai' mdm' made shoe store and get
a p~erfect tiltinishoe without the slightest
"-hchsction of the country e
ma sth r'est shot's?"
, ht"oulid be difficult to say, hut
uoi' IU the' v.estern uman will w.ear' a
il:eh: hocs thian other men. As a
uhe ti '.tern ma". youL uow., isnt
en r, nd to -:: c a a 'hescmfor.~t
be that is- ct "ll he" cares '"or.
"lo e mak parCj'L.ticua -tyls for
difl' redt par'ts of th:e country?"
-canm t sa t ''' do e'''ept fo" the
thban men! i th. nor'thi. I" f"'. 'r
are 'er'y few.' of the iiner grad' a a
woru uip here. The souther man isk'
boots and lie vwears thmem with hu ighe
and is apt to gct them too sh'ort for.l
feet. In con aquence the soutn' '" (eot
is shorter and wider than ot'er teet, then
sizes down there r'anging fromj to
while in the noi'th they. range mi th
part of thle country from 5 to 10, ad
the west f'rom~ G to 12. The eserni men'
hatve thle slimme'st feet. A fact whcu
somewhat strange i., that more hea'.y
shoes are said rizcmt here in the city thanm
in t1.c counatry' diti'ts."-New Ver:
Of the -imJ gold heaters el New Yon~
not-'one i a wo'mutn, while of' the 9X0
ld cuntems not one ia a man.
Half Baby. fail Philosopher.
Horace Greeley bore his character in
his face-half baby, half philosopher.
The sweetest chill that ever looked into
its mother's eyes had not a more benevo
lent expression than his countenance
habitually wore. The worst portrait
does not quite obliterate it; the best rend
ers it imperfectly. The politician who
said, "A man who would hurt Horace
Greeley would strike his own mother."
roughly expressed the feeling which the
cliildl-ike part of his face often excited.
ills voice, too, was the pipe of a child.
Dut above the eyes there was such a noble
dome of head that a Greek sculptor
would have been glad to take it for the
a:del of benevolent wisdom. his de
meacer showed similar contrasts. Fro:n
.hat bahv face what torrents of bad
wor'ls would come. with no more malice,'
behind them than there is behind a child'
veiemelt crying when some one has
broken its toy. With a pen in his hand
and a subject before him suited to his
talents and disposition, as well as to the
momentary needs of The Tribune, what
r-dito'r ever wrote more effectively?
James Parton in Forum.
The Dead Came to Life.
A long lost brother, who was supposed
to be dead, and on whose'estate letters of
administration were granted to his sister
Lv Surrogate Rollings, of New York, in
Februtary, 187, has turned up alive and
haitliy. Surrogate Ransom has revoked
the letters, and the property. largely in
c:-eased through his sister's careful man
a;:ment, has been restored to the man
whose supposed death she had mourned.
his naime is Pierre E. Beauron, and his
hter is Marie F. Jodrqv. He was born
in Switzerland forty-six years ago and
came to this country when he was seven
years old. He lived in Shohola, Pa.,
until 1SG3, when he started for Havana.
lie lived there three years, then started
ifr the Pacific coast, and a few months
later departed for Rio Janeiro, where he
reiained eighteen months. He next
wtit to India and lived there four years.
From there he went to Australia. where
he lived nine years. Then he proceeded
to Europe and remained in France seven
months andin Spain seven nmonths more.
For over seven years prior to his return
to Shohola his sister had not heard of
A Vote of Thanks.
A village in New England came into
possession of a neat and much needed
town hall, the gift of public spirited citi
zens. When completed -a meeting was
held to dedicate the new building.
Speeches were made by prominent citi
zens, and special reference was naturally
made to the chief benefactor and to those
who had been most active in forwarding
One speaker mentioned the names of -
five or six of these citizens, and sug
gIsted that a vote of thanks be tendered
them. This wa d tice
c.Id man arose in the back part of the
Il, and, in a sharp, penetrating voice,
r. C.,herman! Dr. Cheermani
The speaker being recognized, he pro
"I jist wanted to say that there's them
ez hain't been mentioned ez hez done ez
much ez then ez hez."-Youth's Com
Shio Carried Him Off.
A charming old lady, worth her mill
ions, called at a carpenter shop the other
day, bearing in her hand a neat little
basket. "Have you a comfortable chair
in the shop?" she asked of the carpenter.
"A comfortable chair?" he repeated.
"Yes," she sweetly said. "I have come
to stay until you have a man ready to go
Lack to my house with me and do the
work that you have been promising to
do for three weeks. I have brought my
!uncheon and a book, and, if you haven't
a comfortable chair, Cl] have tile car
ringe cushions brought in. I'm going to
stay right here until I get that man."
The carpenter hastened to say that he
could go right off just as well as not, and
the old lady carried him off in triumph.
An Interesting Case.
The payment of an insurance policy of
$3,000 on the life of "Doe" Haggertv, a
teamster, w he was so thoroughly blown
away by the.explosion of a wagon load
of nitro-glycerine which he was driving,
ntear Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, that
not more than a pound of his body was
found. is beine disputed by the com
panies interestei, on the ground that such
utter annihilation was impossible even'
with so powerful an explosive. They
ciaim that the "remains' found ai'e no
nroof that liIaggerty is dead. Interesting
testimnony is being gathered to show that
nitro-gilycerine has proved at times more
of an eraser of human identity than the
Pleasantville incident would indicate.
Hlis Uncle's Nephew.
The present head of the Society for the
Prevention ot' Cruelty to Animals, Henry
Bergh, is the nephew of the founder of
the society. He is a slender man, under
the medium. height, with something of
the cast of features of his great relative,
though his face is smaller. lHe was
elected by the executive committee of
the diirectors. and has literally stepped
into the founder's shoes, wvorking all of
every day at his office, and takring as
keen an ituterest in the humane mission
of the society as the original Bergh did,
He is a little above 33 years of age.-New
Sman nouses in Philadelphia.
One family of about five persons to a
dwelling is tfhe usual Philadelphia rule.
Taking that as the average. Philade
pihia built dwelling houses. in 1888 for
7673 famil ies, or' 38.365 people. That
the love of home--a separate dwelling
for each familv-hold5 its own in Phila
denhia is shown by the increased pro
n ortion of two story dwellings erectedi
S1.8 neacrly G.00 of these little
houses. n:-oidd witih "modern conve
nc' having been erected during
the year.-Philadelphia Ledger.
Fihi schooner Northern Eagle .
I r' rih is very uncommnoni m north
rva-rwas caught in a vessel's -
- :Le set in Ipswieh bay. The
welve feet in leng th and nine
cumference and weighs about:
-is.-Poirsouth (N. H.) Spe-'
\\-rc' you. at Shortstop's
ho v~a the umpire?-Boston