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GROWTH OF ALASKA.
Extracts from the Annual Report of
Governor A. V. Swineford.
The Governor of Alaska. A. P.
Swineford, in his annual report to the
Secretary of the Interior, states that
the white population has greatly in
creased and he estimates that there
are 35,000 natives. The total popula
tion is 49,850 and of this number there
are 6,500 whites, 1,900 Creoles and 2.
950 Aleuts. In regard to the settle
ment of the public lands the Govern
or states that all settlers in Alaska
upon public lands are mere squatters
who are awaiting legislation from Con
gress which will enable them to secure
titles. All the salmon factories in the
Territory, seventeen in number, are
located on the public lands. He asks
favorable consideration by the depart
ment of the bill pending before Con
gress providing for the organization
of the Territory. The Governor says
that as far as he knows there are no
practical farmers or gardeners in the
Territory. The only obstacle in the
way of agriculture, in the opinion of
the Governor, is that the lands are not
available for settlement. He says that
the climate is favorable and the soil
rich. He sees no reason why Alaska
may not ultimately rival Montana and
Wyoming as a cattle country. The
stamp mine on Douglass Island, which
thereport states is the largest in the
world, has an estimated output of
$150,000 in gold per month. Other
gold mines are being developed in the
same, and the report notes the sale of
four claims for $1,500,000. Promising
silver discoveries have been made.
The Governor thinks that there is
enough coal in the Territory to supply
the whole of the United States for
centuries. There are fourteen pub
lie schools in Alaska, which last
year were placed under the charge
of the Territorial board. The Govern
or recommends that the general agent
be made more amenable to the authori
ty of the board of which he is a mem
ber and secretary. Last year, the re
port states, the general agent was ab
sent for six months from the Territory
without leave. In addition to the
public schools, there are eight Protest
ant,two Catholic and seventeen Greco
Rnssian mission schools. The Govern
or reiterates the charges made in the
annual report relative to the violation
of law and the ill treatment of the na
tives by the agents of the Alaska Com
mercial Company. He credits the com
pany with adhering faithfully to its
contracts with the Government as to
the'number of seals to be killed on the
seal islands and the treatment of the
natives, butelsewhere in the Territory,
he says, where the company rule is
:< supreme, "the people are little better
than serfs of that powerful company."
Washisntos I .
mar Wrotehes Who Pick Up a raesa
Around Iron Mills.
A peculiar and not altogether pleas
ing sight about the iron and steel
works in this city is the groups of men,
women and children that are con
cine dumps, and are known as "cob
~blep4cker." ha man-are alwars.
and eC~ frequently weak and tottering.
The mark of poverty is on all women,
and the children, who are in the ma
jority, are -abject-looking creatures,
and range from the age of eight to
sixteen. Cobbles are the bits of iron
and steel that reain among the
cinders from the furnaces and are
*dumped with them on the cinder
piles. On the gatheringof these bits
of metal the small army of toilers re
ferred to depend for their living. With
hoes and rakes they dig in the cinders
athey are dumped, and struggle and
"push and wrangle for the possession of
the metal as it is uncovered.
Each picker has a basket in which is
placed the .result of the pickings.
Over two hundred persons daily delve
anthe grimy dump for cobbles. While
they will use all manner of mneans to
soere possession of a lucky find in the
dumps, after a picker has filled his
.basket and emptied if, on his "pile," a
few feet away, there is not one among
Sthe curious and by no means scrupu
Ious pickers who would touch one of
the cobbles in it. Each picker has his
or her pile of cobbles, and the iron
company's teams come around at inter
vals. The driver weighs each pile,
gives the owner a voucher for it, and
takes the accumulated metal to the
scrap heaps to be melted again.
The earnings of the cobble-pickers
range from $10 to $40 a month, and
-there are women who have been on
the dumps for years. The case of one
woman and her twelve-year-old daugh
ter is notorious, because they earn not
only- their own living, but enough to
'-feed and clothe the husband and father,
who is an employe of the iron-works,
w and gets $100 a month, w7hich he
squanders in drink cnd riotous living
as soon ashe ispaid. One old man on
the cobble dumps, who is barely able
to save enough to keep him from starv
inkg, was once a prominent business
man worth at least $50,000.
The work of cobble-picking is one of
the lowest forms of human occupation,
and its degrading effect on the young
girls and boys engaged in it is only too
apparent. Many efforts have bcen
-- made by church and other societies in
Johnstown to suppress cobble-picking
among the children, but with indiffer
ent success.-,ohnstown (Pa.) SDccial.
-There is said to be nothing in all
Europe to equal the extent and beauty
of the tiower gardens and fruit or
chards surrounding the new Hotel del
Monte, at Monterey, Cal.. which ar~e
said to have cost the railroad company
owning the establishment $150,000.
Corn ste makes the best paste for
sdrap books. Dissolve a small quantity in
cold water, then cook it thoroughly. Be
careful and not get it too thick. When
cold it should be thin enough to apply
with a brush. It will not mold nor stain
It does not follow that sick persons are
Z.asleep because their eyes are shut; they
may be acutel conscious of all that is pass
ing in the room, though unable er unwill
ing to make any sign; and nothing can be
more nerve-provoking than to have folks
go hushing and whispering around and
creaking about on the tips of their toes.
A pretty girl spends her time during July
and August in slaying, and spends January1
an February In aleighing -
WHEN SHE COMES HOME.
When she comes home again: A thousand ways
I fashion to myself the tenderness
Of my glad welcome: I shall tremble-yes.
And touch her, as when first in the old days
I touched her girlish hand, nor dared upraise
Mine eyes, such was my faint heart's sweet dis
Then silence: And the perfume of her dress
The room will sway a little, and a haze
Cloy eyesight-soulslght even-for a cn .
And tears-yes; and the ache here in the throat.
To know that I so ill deserve the race
ar arm makes for me; and the sobbing note
I stay with kisses. ere the tearful face
Again is hidden in the oki cu:race
-James W Riley In The Century
An Irish Dinner in I74t.
Dinner was generally served a 4 p. m.
It was abundant to profusion. 'i eit wines
were excellent, being the choicest pro
duce of French and Spanish vineyards.
whose quality was remarked by almost
all visitors to Ireland; and the '>otations
were, as at the same period in 'nr-land,
long and deep. Costly silver. handsome
glass and china, and the finest linen ap
peared in all the better class houses. A
characteristic feature was the "potato
ring." This was of silver, richly chasedt
and was used to support the great bowl
in which potatoes were then brought
to table. The sequence of courses dif
fered widely from that now general.
Soups camein the third or fourth place;
fish, flesh and sweets jostled each other;
while potted meats and cold pasties were
not unfrequent items on the bill of fare.
For more accurate knowledge of what
our ancestors ate at their principal meal
we are indebted to a chronicler of the
time. In 1747 she sends the following
menu of a dinner to her sister; the quaint
spelling is retained: "First course-Fish,
beefsteaks, rabbit and onions, fillet of
veal, blanange, che'rries, Dutch cheese.
Second course-Turkey, pout [poult?],
salmon, pickled salmon, gruide [grise?]
and quaills, little terrene peas. cream,
mushrooms terrene, apple pyc. crabs,
leveret, cheesecakes, almond cream, cur
rants and gooseberries, orange butter.
Dessert-Raspberries and c-re:am, sweet
meats and jelly, straw berries and cream."
She adds: "' give as little hot meat as
possible. The invitation was to 'beef
steaks,' which we are famous for."
Good after dinner speakers are among
the most popu!ar of men among people
who cultivate the art of dining. The
flashes of wit which draw forth roars of
laughter and applause are sometimes un
premeditated, but probably they are
more frequently thought out and re
hearsed in advance. Impromptu or not,
we all like a witty speech and a witty
toast. Chambers' Journal has collected
some witty and amusing toasts given at
banquets, and, in reading them, one can
only sigh, -*Would 1 had l::'n there!"
A rather cynical toast ran thius: "Wo
man-she requires no eulogy: she speaks
A llant young man, under the same
festal circumstances. referred to one
member of the sex he euhugized as "a
delectable dear, so sweet that !:Catey
would blush in her presence. and treacle
At the marriage supper of a deaf and
dumb couple, one guest, in the speech
of the evening. wished then: "unspeak
A writer of comedies was given a
banquet in honor of his latest work, at
which a jovial guest gave the toast:
"The author's very good health! May
he live to be as old as his jokes."
At another 'athering were toasted,
"The bench and the bar: If it were not
for the bar, there would be little use for
As pithy was the following toast, pro
posed at a shoemnak'er's dinner: "May
w'e have all the wsomen in the countiry to
shoe, and all then men to boot."
-- Canyontof the 'Guimison.
Beyond Gunnison City the railway
runs through the valley of the same
name, closely following the river. Soon
the well worn channel grows narrower.
the cliifs mount higher; vegetation isl
hess abundant, and suddenily the sun
light is entlirely shut out by br'oken stun
mits, and the black canyon of the Gun
nison holds us fast in its embi'race. This!
gorge is; grander, deeper, darker and
more be'autiful than the R~oy-al w hich we
passed through cat-ier in the day. it is:
thrice as long and mruch more verdant,
and although its walls are of red sand
stone they are suihiciently dark hued to
give the place its namte. At times the~
canyon narrows and is full of sharp
curves, but again it has long, wide3
stretches, whieb enable one to rstudy the
steep crags that tower heavenward two
or three thousand feet above us. An open
observation car is attached to the train,
and the lovers of nature feast upon the
charms of this wonderful locality.
Currecanti Needle, the most abrupt of
the towering pinnacles, stands- lflke a
grim sentinel, watching the canyon's
solitudes. It is red hued from point to
base, and has all the grace and synunetry
oft a Cleopatran obelisk. The sunlight
which bate the pine tops in golden halo
never reaches down the dark red walls.
Huge bowlders lie scattered about and
project out many feet above the travel
ers' heads, as though e'>out to fall.
Somber shades prevail; fitful winds sweep'
down the deep clefts; the rushing green
hued river fills the space with sullen roar.
Eteythng is on a scale of grand propor
tions; detail is sunplanted by matgnifi
cence, and one's feeling~s are stirred to
their very depths. - (or. New York
One of the best lawyers in Virginia says,
he would on no account leave his children~
any considerable amount of prcoperty, a d
he gives away not less than four t'hourand
dollars a year.
Every man owes a debt to mankind.
Is known by these marked peculiarities:
. A feelIng of weariness and pains In the
2. Bad breath, bad taste In the mouth,
and furred tongue.
3. Constipation, wIth occaslonal attacks
4. Headache, in the front of the head ;
nausea, dIzziness, and yellowness of
5. Heartburn, loss of anpetite.
6. DIstention of the stomach and bowels
7. Depression of spirits, and great melan
choly, with lassitude and a disposition
to leave everything for to-morrow.
A natural flow of Bile from the Liver
is essentIal to good health. When this
is obstructed It results in
which, If neglected, soon leads to serlous
diseases. Simmons LiverlReguilatorexerts
a mostfelcitousinfluence over every kind
of biliousness. It restores the Liver to
proper working' order, regulates the secre
ion of bile and puts the' digestive organs
In such condition that they can do their
best work. After taking thismedicine no
one will say, "I am bilious.''
"I have been subject to severe spells of Con
gestion of the Liver, and have been in the habit of
taking from 15 to 20 grains of calomel which gen
eraly lad meup for three or fourdays. Latelyl I
have been takng Simmons Liver Regulator.
which gave me reifwithout any interruption to
buiness."-J. Huco, Middleport, Ohio.
hns ear E stamp in red on front of Wrappe
A Vote of Thanks.
A village in Ne:: England came into
possession of a neat and much needed
town hall, the gift of public spirited citi
zens. When completed a meeting was
held to dedicate the new building.
Speeches were wade by prominent citi
zens;, and sccial reference was naturally
made t., the chief benef:ctor and to those
who i. I heen most active in forwarding
CGu ? cer a nticced the names of
i 'i f: citi..i and dig
:'t- ii : :. :C f til aak.; t~~c.-e
(n a. ls .. vl:ie.
S:.:.:n laer a little w:izcn fa:cd
cM l r.n *'i, .a i he t:: , N.:rt of th
hall, nd, in a sh.jr, .inetrating voice.
"'r. Cheerman! Mr. Cheerman!"
The speaker being recognizetd. he pro
" hist vanted to .;v that there's them
ez hain't been mentinvied ez hez done ez
much c'.z them c-z hez.'- Youth's Com
She Carried LHin Off.
A charming old lady, worth her mill
ions, called at a carpenter shop the other
day, hearing in her hand a neat little
basket. "Have you a comfortable chair
in the shop?" she asked of the carpenter.
"A comfortable chair?" he repeated.
"Yes," she sweetly said. "I have come
to stay until you have a man ready to go
back to my house with we and do the
work that vo have been proiisinlg to
do for three weeks. I have brought my
luncheon and a book, and, if you haven't
a com-fortable chair, 1'll have the car
riage cushions brcught in. I'm going to
stay right here urtil I get that tn n."
'Th'er arenter h:i~nedi '. .;y that he
couId r',"" t i as wei am nut. a.d
the cdi !ady~ mnca hun on im triuadmpi.
--Boc a K-ner.
A quick cure for burns is to soly a
layer of common salt and saturate it wi!h
laudtmurm. Hold it in place an hour or so
by a simple bandage The smar:ing sen
ation disappears rapidly, and the burn
L. W. FOLSOM,
Successor to F. H. Folsom & Bro.
SUMTER, S. C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY.
The celebrated Royal St. John Sewing
Macbine, and Finest Razors in America, al
ways on hand. Repairing promptly and
neatly executed by skilled workmen.
Orders by mail will receive careful atten
MALNNNING, S. C.
And all leading aiews, spectacles, and
SRepairing Neatly Done.
All Work Warranted.
157 and 169, East Bay,
CHARlLESTON, S. C.
Try the ue -. E <
Ely's Cream Balm
Cle anses theNasal'Passaes. Al
ays Tnfamatifnn Healsthe Sores.
estores the Senses of Teste, Smell
A particle is applied lato each nostrfl and
Is agreeable. Price,50e. at Dunzers or by
mail. ELYBROTH.ERS,t6 WarcenSt.,Nnc York
OF PURE COD LIVER OIL
lmost as Palatable as Milk.
So disguised that it can be taken,
ligested, and assimilated by the most
nsiive stomach, when the plain oil
anot be tolerated; and by the corn.
ination of the oil with the hypophol.
hites 1 much more efficacious.
Remarkable as a lesh predacer.
Persons gain rapidly while taking it.
?hysicians to be the Finest and Best prepa.
ation in the world for the relief and cure of
ENERAL, DEBILITY, WASTINC
COLDS and CNRONI0 COUCHS.
The great remedy for Consumpfiani, anid
Wbr..u.g ., n7&i..e. Sowd., anl nruwgsw..
It's Easy to Dye
Possesses many important Advantages over Strength,
BABIES CRY FOR IT. a ,
INVALIDS RELISH IT. y,
Makes Plump, Laughing, Healthy Babies. AND
Regulates the Stomach and Bowels. Sipiiy
Sold by Druggists. 25c., 50c., 81.00. S
WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., BURLINGTON, V. Warranted to color more goods than any other
_______________________________dyes ever made, and to give more brilliant and
durable colors. Ask for the Diamond, and take
Bab Portraits. no other. 36 colors; tocents each.
A Portfolio of utlfzl baby portraits. printed WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vt.
on fine liate paper by patent photo process, seat
free to Mother of any Baby born within a year. For Gilding or Bronzing Fancy Articles, USE
Every Mother wants these pictures; send at once. DIAMOND PAINTS.
Give Baby's name and age.
WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Props., Burlington, Vt. Gold, Silver, Bronze, Copper. Only to Cents.
M&~gJING, a. C.
A GRADED SCHOOL FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.
TWENTIETH SESSION BEGINS, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1888.
S. A. NETTLES, A. B.. MRps. E. ('. ALSBROOK.
The course of instruuction, embracing ten years, is designed to furnish a
liberal education suited to the, ordinary vocations of life, or to fit students for
the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior class of colleges.
PLAN OF INSTRUCTION.
The most approved text boobs are used. The blackboard is deemed an
essential in the class room. The mfeanling of an author is invariably required
of each pupil. In all work done, in whatever department, and whatever the
extent of ground covered, our motto shall always be THOOUGHnlys. To this
end, we shall require that every lesson be learned, if not in time for the class
recitation, then elsewhere. No real progress can be made so long as the
pupil is allowed to go on from day to day reciting only half-perfect lessons.
TERMS PER MONTH OF FOUR WEEKS:
Primary Department (3 years course) ................... $1.00, $1.50, and $2.00
Intermediate Department (2 years' course). ......... .................... 2.50
Higher Department (2 years' course) ........................ . $3.00, and 3.50
Collegiate Department (3 years' course) ........ ............... $4.00, and 4.50
Music, including use of instrument .................................. 3.00
Contingent Fee, per session of 5 months, in advance..............p.......... .25
Board per month .......................... ........... .............. 8.00
Board from Monday to Friday (per month) vu............................. .00
The Principals feel much encouraged at the hearty support given the
school heretofore, and promise renewed efforts to make the school what it
should be-FIRST CLASS in every respect.
For further particulars, send for catalogue. Address,
S. A. NETTLES,
Manning, S. C.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
of Charleston, S. C.
Prita dard F'ertil i.ers and Importers o
Peizer, Rodgers & Co.,
General Agent .
BROWN's WHARF' ,c - - - CHARLESTON, S. .
3IusiMc . M. LEVI, of Manning, will e pleased to supply hi
friends and the public generally, with any of the above brand
- &) S. A. NETTLER,
No. 21 ast ay, - - - - - C alesto, S. C
F J. PEZER, Pesiden.F.REEY rsidn. RDES ra e
greCiygineand Boiers l~a nie and teFmports Litt
Gi PeHdalzCttnes El o terGis. & C .
BW N' LHARFtckon ea. -0 -5 an 70s ALESOn, l shpwon
Oils, Re and LEVI, Ofeltning, nWiclee pliee of0l Suppl is
friend Gundte Lowest Prinerally. Bsth aiy of Gaodsbrand
WFOLESALE Dalen Doesiurs aCg as.
No.32EastBay, 7 Eas Bay CHRLSTN -. Chalson..C
F RNBEEITRE .
that we ae offerin way belo c stirendfo pics
Ai~ Godrantead aoet $1.60 o et ultyo oos-i
AWodCaeSam. ara E. 5Hoces&Co
A godWo dea har- 45cn
AFodtregn and $3.50cGles
A2od 07Srn East a,1.ALSTN,5.C
A goo Wir2Saf atn $3.00t
A good Bedsta RoaSuat$20.00o$00
A good Washstaned atoo Sut$1.00tJ or$5.0
- a~ A~ gtoic. odCane etod Chir h .1ip~tt it to5e centsnt
A oorBd prngat$15
AlgodWoe Wiea Bedi Spin at $2.75 ~
A od ong t.45
A go Wlui t Be p o ui, Marblea)W :W to , Ofo$4.0
pI ae i toe an fillmensets rom th ofap oohe fines the olect r
RS. A. EdwS adigs.C
Theep Natiysonhald Houthe
THOROUGLY RA IRDFAND GR ERIE.
No. 313 KING~ STREET, Charleston, S. C.
HARD WARE STORE
The notice of every one is called to the fact that
R. W. I)URANT & SON
Keep a full supply of Goods in their line.
Farmers' Supplies, Mech cn ic Supplies. Household Supplies, Etc.
COOKING AND HEATING STOVES OF BEST MAKE !
Wagon and Buggy Material from a Bolt to a Wheel. Pumps Both Iron and Wood.
Belting in Rubber and Leather, and Packing of all Kinds. Imported Guns,
Muzzle and Breech Loading ! Pistols in Variety from Si up. Powder, Shot,
and Shells, &c., and we are Agents for the
("e at 'W~ester 3 ~Eow crcer Co manay
Table and Pocket Cutlery, Etc.
With many thanks to a generous public for their past liberal patronaeg, and
solicitin~g sill their kind support, we are respectfully, etc.
R. W. DURANT & SON,
SUMT ER, S. C.
f GO TO THE_
Manning Cash Store,
IF YOU WANT BARGAINS IN
MEN'S, LADIES', AND CHILDREN'S SHOES.
JNice gstoac3x. of
Groceries, Fruits, Cabbages, etc.,
Always on Hand, at
H. A. LOWRY'S, Agent.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers. and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
,i-Repairs executed with promptness and Dispatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
[GEo. E. TOALE. HENY~ OLum.]
MACHINERY Geo. E. oale &Co.
FO R SALE ! MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLESALE
To The People of Clarendon: D s
I am the Agent for the Cel- Sash,
REVOLVING HEAD Mouldings,
PRATT GIN, Mates, etc.
LIDDELL & Co.'s Scroll Work; Turning and
Engines and Boilers. Inside Finish. Builder's Hard
I am sole agent in this county for ware, and General
'the Building Material.
SOFFICE AND SALESROOMS,
-::B 10 and 12 Hayne Street,
Mills, Pulleys, Shaft-N
ing, etc .G Charleston, S. C.
:So All Work Guaranteed.
SAll this machinery is direct ie fis.
from tbe factory and will be sold at RICE BEER! RICE BEER!
the Factory's Lowest Cas Wrte o mates
the Fatoy' Loes Cash We are the sole manufacturers of this de
Prices. It will be to the advantage licions and healthy beverage, which after
of purchasers to call on me before having been analyzed by all the eminent
buying.chemists in Atlanta, Ga., during "Prohibi
Wuig SCOTT HARVIN, tion"~ and af ter the most searching scrutiny
\V. for traces of alchohol, was allowed to be sold
Manning, S. 0. free of State and city license, and so also
____________________________ 1more recently after further analyzing in Flor
LI AE PH IA IP E ida. It fills a long felt want for a stimulant
High SING I'~~ andi appetizer that is not intoxicating; pleas..
"ant to the taste, contains nourishment and
High Low specially suited for personsof weak and del
Arm, ATrm icate constitutions. It has the taste:of lager
$28 $20.beer of the finest flavor; besides, to add to
* its purity and medicinal qualities, is special
ly made of our celebrated world renowned.
origiinl Artesian well water. Put up in
cases ot one dozen pints at $1 25 per dozen;,
~ ive dozen at Si per dozen, and in casks of
ogten dozen each at 90 cents per dozen. Cash
. * ust accompany each order. Copyrighted
S.. . and patent applied for.
i ; We have no Agents, and none genuina
8 ,unless ordered direct troma
R.- C RA M ER & KE RS T EN,
a: I Steam Soda and Mineral water works.
* -a Charleston, S. C., U. S. A.
- - - C. I. Hoyt & Bro.,
FIFTE EN DAYS' TRIA L DEALEEs IN
DonL py0a ant NU 6 Bor 6,but send forcrcl.
THE C. A. WOODCO.,'i 1ea~se,,
S. Wolkovis1kie, Agt, & Co.,
Fine Wines, Liquors, To- Clcs
bacco, and Cigars. Jw ly
The only Pool and Billiard
Parlors in the Town. !Silverware,
IMON PURE OLD MOUNTAIN Iec
Corn and Rye & REPAIRING A SP~cmr.
-EA o _AL RCS Main Street, - - Sumter, S~ O
Country Orders Filled Wi7th_______________
Care, and Goods~ Guaranteed.
e Caill and take a "NIP" of my
OLID TOIL GIN.
S. WOLKOVISKIE, Agent,
Manning, S. C.
stop thern isor a t c, ard then ave th en re
trn again. I uMI t A RI)ImCAL CURE.
I have made the disease of
FITS, EPILEPSY or
.A lelng study. I wA rN mecyt ~ ~ U FODR
t:rian t wrst cure. youc .Addrshv fyudsrt ucaesw ahn
fale i n rasn orno nw ecivnga ur. skour aget at yur plac fr terms ad
of j IFALIDL RMED. Gve xprss ttonearsadstyoubeownamed.
timl, d t mlicur yo.EddrssSENG MACHIE C9.O1CEM88.
H.C. ROOT, M.C., 183 PEARL.ST., NEWYORK CICG ~UINSURX DL5
S'D LotUS Mo.. . 'SANFRANCISCo.