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VOL. V. MANNING. CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNES)AY, FEBRUARY 13, 1889. NO. 10.
OSEPH F. RHAME.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
MANNING. S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and (ounselur at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
F. N. WILSON,
MANNING. S. C.
- ATTORXEY AT LAW,
MANNING. S. C.
:l Notary rublic with seal.
t1 AL ESTATE AGENT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
portion of the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lots; on Manning and R. R. streets
TWO -COTTAGE RESIDENCES,. 4 anl 6
rooms; and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable for residences, and in different lo
calities. Terws Reasonable.
Max G. Bryant, Jrs. M. LEL.nD,
South Carolina. New York.
(Grand Central Hotel.
BRYANT & LELAND, PnoPaIETops.
Columbia, South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ACT BUSINESS CENTER OF THE C1T,
where all Street Car Lines pass the door,
and its MENU is not excelled by any in the
Manning Sbaving Parlor.
HAIR CUTrIG ARTISTICALLY EXECUTED.
and Shaving done with best Razors. Spec
ial attention paid to shampooing ladies
I have had considerable experience in
several large cities, and guarantee satisfac
tion to my customers. Parlor next door to
E. D. HAMILTON.
NEW WAVERLY HOUSE IN
the Bend of King Street, Charleston.
The Waverly, having been thoroughly
renovated the past summer and newly fur
nished throughout, makes its accommoda
tions unsurpassed. Incandescent Electric
Lights and Electric Bells are used in all
rooms and hallways. Rates $2.00 and $2.50.
G. T. ALFORD, Proprietor.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
First Class in all its Appointments,
Supplied with all Modern Improvements
Excellent Cuisine, Large Airy Rooms,
Otis Passenger Elevator, Elec
tric Bells and Lights, Heat
- ed Rotunda.
RATES, $2.00, $250 AND $3.00.
Rooms Reserved by Mail or Telegraph
THE BEULAH ACADEMY,
Bethlehem, S. C.
B. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
Fall Session Begins Monday, Oct. 29.
Instruction thorough, government mild
and decisive, appealing generally to the
student's sense of honor and judgment in
the important matter of punctuality, de
portment, diligence. &c. Moral and social
Tuition from S1.00 to $2.00 per month.
Board in good families $7.00 per month.
Board from Monday to Friday per month
$3.00 to $4:.00.
"irFor further particulars, address th
J. G. DINKINS, M1. D. RI. B. LORYEA.
i, i, Diokdis & Co.,
Oruggists and PhariacistS,
PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
FINE CIGARS AND
Full1 stock of PArVs, Oris, GLAss
VAiRmSE and Wmrr LEiD, also
Par and WHmTEWASH BRUSHES.
An elegant stock of
-SPECTACLES and EYE GL ASSES.
No charge made for fitting the eye.
Physicians Prescriptions carefully
compounded, day or night.
J. 6. Dinkins & Go.,
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
MANNING, S. C.
[Gzo. E. ToA.E. HEinRY OLIVER.]
Geo, E, Toale & Co.
MANUFACTURERS AND WrHOLESALA
Scroll Work, Turning and
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ware, and General
OFFICE AND SALESROOMS.
10 and 12 Ilayne Street,
REAR CHARLESTON HOTEL,
C1harleston, S. C.
All Work Guaranteed.
m"Write for estimates.
REV. DR. TALMAGE
Preaches a Sermon to the Foes of
How Different Rel~gious Creeds are Dis
torted by Those Who Do Not Un
derstand Them-The Ignorance
of the Sooffers - A Terrible
. - Plague.
Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage-s recent sermon
was on "Slanders Against Religion An
swered." His text was: -And I took the
little book out of the angel's hand, and ate
it up; and it was in mouth sweet as honey;
and as soon as I had eaten it my belly was
bitter. And lie said unto me. thou must
prophesy again before many peoples, and
nations, and tongues, and kings." Rev. x.
10-11. The eloquent divine spoke as follows:
Domitian, the Roman Emperor, had in his
realm a-troublesome evangelist who would
keep preaching, and so he exiled him to a
barren island, as now the lkussians exile
convicts to Siberia, or as sometimes the 1
English Government used to send prisoners
to Australia. The island I speak of is now
called Patmos, and it is so barren and un
productive that its inhabitants live by fish
But one day the evangelist of whom I
speak, sitting at the mouth of a cavern on
the hill-side, and perhaps half asleep under
the drone of the sea, has a supernatural
dream, and before him pass. as in panorama,
time and eternity. Among the strange things
that he saw was an angel with a little book
in his hand, and in his dream the evangelist
asked for this little book, and the angel
gave it to him, and told him to eat it up.
As in a dream things are sometimes incon
gruous, the evangelist took the little book
and eat it up. The angel told him before
hand that it would be very sweet in the
mouth, but afterward he would be troubled
with indigestion. True enough, the evange
list devours the book and it becomes to him
a sweetness during the mastication, but
afterward a physical bitterness.
Who the angel was and what the book
was no one can tell. The commentators do
not agree, and I shall take no responsibility
of interpretation, but will tell you that it
suggests to me the little book of creeds
which skeptics take and chew up and find a
very luscious morsel to their witticism. but
after a while it is to them a great distress.
The angel of the church hands out this little
book of evangelism, and the antagonists of
the Christian Church take it and eat it up,
and it makes them smile at first, but after
ward it is to them a dire dyspepsia.
All intelligent people have creeds-that is,
favorite theories which they have adopted.
Political creeds-that is, theories about
tariff, about finance, about civil service,
about government. Social creeds-that is,
theories about manners and customs and
good neighborhood. .Esthetical creeds
that is, theories about tapestry, about bric
a-brac, about styles of ornamentation. Re
ligious creeds-that is. theories about the
Lity, about the soul, about the great
fu -re. The only being who has no creed
about any thing is the idiot. Thts scoffing
against creeds is always a sign of profound
ignoranceon the part of the scoffer, for he
has himself a hundred creed% in regard to
ther things. In our time the beliefs of
evangelistic churches are under a fusillade
of caricature and misrepresentation. Men
set up what they call orthodox faith, and
then they rake it withthe musketry of their
denunciation. They falsify what the Chris
tian churches believe. They take evangeli
cal doctrines and set them in a harsh and re
pulsive way, and put them out of the asso
ciation with other truths. They are like a
mad anatomist who, desiring to tell what a
man is, dissects a human body and hangs
up In one place the heart, and in an
other place the two lungs, and in another
place an' ankle bone, and says that is
a man. They are only fragments of a man
wrenched out of their God-appointed places.
Evangelical religion is a healthy, sym
etrical, well-jointed, roseate, bounding
life, and the scalpel and the dissecting knife
o[ the infidel or the atheist can not tell you
what it is. Evangelical religion is as differ
nt from what it is represented to be by
hese enemies as the scarecrow which a
farmer puts Into the corn field to keep off
he ravensa Is different from the farmer him
For instance, these enemies of evangelism
say that the Presbyterian Church believes
Go.d Is a savage sovereign and that Hemade
some men just to damn them, and that there
are infants in hell a span long. These old
slanders come down from generation to gen
eraton. The Presbyterian Church believes
o such thing. The PresbyterIan Church
believes that God is a loving and just sover
eign and that we are free agents. "No no!
that can not be," say these men who have
chewed up the c-reed and have the conse
quent embittered stomachs. "-That is im
possible; if God is a sovereign we can't be
free agents." Why, my friends, we admit
this in every other direction. 1. De Wltt
Talmage, am a free citizen of Brooklyn. I
go when I please and I come when I please,
but I have at least four sovereigns. The
church court of our denomintion; that is
my ecclesIastical soveregn. The mayor of
this city; be is my municipal sovereign. The
Governor of New York; he is my State soy
ereign. The President of the United States;
he is my national sovereign.
Four sovereigns have I, and yet in every
faculty of body, mind and soul 1 amn a free
man. So. you see, it is possible that the two
doctrines go side by side, and there is a com.
mon sense way of presenting it, and there,
is a way that is rep~ul-ive. if you have the
two doctrines in a worldly direction, why
not in a religious direction ?If 1 choose to
morrow morning to walk into the 31ercan
tile Library and improve my mind, or to go
throu'gh the conservntory of my friend at
Jamaica, who has fiowers from nll lands
growing under the arches of glass, and who
has an aquarium all aswim with trout and
gold fish, and there are trees bearing oranges
and bananas-if I wvanted to go there I
could, I am free to go If I want to go over
to Hoboken and leap into a furnace of an oil
factory, if I w ant to jump from the plat
form of the Ph iladelphia express train, if 1
want to leap from Brooklyn bridge, I may.
But suppose I should go to-morrow and leap
into the furnace at Hoboken, who would be
to blame'i That Is all there is about sover
eignty and free agency. God rules and
reigns. and he has conservatories and he has
blast furnaces. If y'ou want to walk in the
gardens. walk there.. If you want to leap
into the furnace, you may.
Supoose now a man had a charmed key
with which he could open all the jails, and
e should open Raymond street jail and
the New York Tombs and all the prisons on
the continent. In three weeks what kind of
a country would this be? all the inmates
turne'1 out of those prisons and peniten
tiaries. Suppose all the reprobates, the bad
spirits, the outrageous spirits, should be
turned into the new Jerusalem. Why, the
next morning the gates of pearl would be
found off hinge, thelinchoin would be gone
out of the chariot wheels, the -'house of
many mansions" woald be burglarized. As
alt and battery, arson, libertinism and as
sasination would reside in the capital of
the skIe.. Angels of God would be insulted
on the streets. Heaven would be a dead
failure if there were no great lock-up. If
anl people without ro'oned to their character
when they leave this world go right into
glory, I wonder if in the temple of the skies
Cha:s Guiteau and John Wilkes Booth oc
cupy the same pew I Your common sense
demands two destinies! And then as to tho
Presbyterian Church believing there are in
fants in perdition, if you will bring me a
Presbyterian of good morals and sound
mind who will say that he believes there
ever was a baby in the lost world, or ever
will be, I will make him a deed to the house
I live in, and he can take possession to-mor
So the Episcopal Church is misrepresented
by the enemies of evangelism. They say
that church substitutes forms and cere
monies for heart religion, and it is all a mat
ter of liturgy and genufexion. False again.
All Episcopalians will tell you that the forms
and creeds of their church are worse than
nothing unles the heart go with them.
So also the Baptist Ch'rch irns been mis
represented. The enemies of ensngelism
say the Baptist Church believes that unless
a man is immersed he will never get into
Heaven. False again. All the Baptists,
close communion and open communion, be
lieve that if a man acoept the Lord Jesus
Christ lie will be saved, whether he be,
baptized by one drop of water on the fore
head, or be plunged into the Ohio or Susque
hanna. although immersion is the only gate
by which one enters their ea:rtbly com
The enemies of evangelism also misrepre
sent the Methodist Church. They say the
Methodist Church believes that a man can
convert himself, and that conversion in that
church is a temporary emotion. and that all
a man has to do is to kneel down at the
altar and feel bad and then the minister
pats him on the back and says: "It is all
right," and that is all there is of it.
False again. The Methodist Church believes
that the Holy Ghost alone can convert a
heart, and in that church conversion is an
earthquake of conviction and a sunburst of
pardon. And as to mere 'temporary emo
tion," I wish we all had more of the "tem
porary emotion" which lasted Bishop Janes
and Matthew Simpson for half a century,
keeping them on lire for God until their holy
enthusiasm consumed their bodies.
So all the evangelical denominations are
misrepresented. And then these enemies
of evangeli' m go on and hold up the great
doctrines of Christian chnrches as absurd,
dry and inexplicable technicalities. "There
is your doctrine of the Trinity," they say.
"Absurd beyond all bounds. The idea that
there is a God in three persons. Impossible.
If it is one God he can't be three, and if
there are three, they can't be one." At the
same time all of us-they with us-acknowl
edge trinities all aro:nd us. Trinity in our
own make-up-body, mind, soul. Body with
which we move, mind with which we think,
soul with which we love. Three, yet one
man. Trinity in the air-light, heat, mois
ture-yet one atmo-phere. Trinity in the
court room-three judges on the bench, but
one court. Trinities all around about us, in
earthly government and in nature. Of
course, all of the illustrations are defective
for the reason that the natural can not fully
illustrate the spiritual. But suppose an
ignorant man should come up to a chemist
and say: "I deny what you say about the
water and about the a!r; they are not made
of different parts. The air is one: I breathe
it every day. The water is one; I drink it.
"You can't deceive me about the elements
that go to make up the air and the water."
The chemist would say: "You come up into
my laboratory and I will demonstrate this
whole thing to you." The ignorant man
goes into the chemist's laboratory and sees
for himself. He learns that the water is one
and the air is one, but they are made up of
different parts. So here is a man who says:
"I can't understand the doctrine of the
Trinity." God says: "You come up here
into the laboratory after your death and you
will see-you will see it explained, you will
see it demonstrated." The ignorant man
can not understand the chemistry of the
water and the air until he goes into the lab
oratory, and we will never understand the
Trinity until we go into heaven. The igno
rance of the man who een not understand
the chemistry of the air and water does not
change the fact In regard to the composition
of air and water. Because we can not un
derstand the Trinity, does that change the
"And there is your absurd doctrine about
justincation by faith." say these antago
nists who have chewed up the little book of
evangelism, and have the consequent embit
tered stomach; "justifieation by faith; you
can't explain it." I can explain it. It is
simply this: When a man takes the Lord
Jesus Christas his Saviour irom sin, God
lets the offender off. Just as you have a
difference with some one, he has injured
you, he apologizes. or he makes reparation,
you say: "Now, that's all right; tnat's all
right." Justirication by faith is this: aman
takes Jesus Christ as his saviour, and God
says to the man: "Now, it was all wrong
before, but it is all right now; it is all
right." That was what made Martin Lutber
what he was. Justification by faith, it Is
going to conquer all nations.
"There is your absurd doctrine about re
generation." these antagonists of evangel
ism say. What is regeneration! Why, re
generation is reconstruction. Anybody can
understand that. Have you not seen people
who are all made over agein by some won
derful influence? In other words they are
just as different now from what they used
to be as possible. The old Constellation,
man-of-war, lay down here at the Brooklyn
navy yard. Famine came to Ireland. The
old Constellation was sitted up, and though
it had been carrying gunpowder and bullets
it- took bread to Ireland. You remember
the enthusiasm as the old Constellation
went out of our harbor. end with what joy
it was greeted by the famishing nation on
the other side the sea. That is regener
ation. A man loaded up with sin and death
loaded up with life. Befitted. Your obser
vation has been very small indeed If you
have not seen changes in character as radi
cal as that
A man came into this church one night,
and he was intoxicated, and at an utterance
of the nulpit he said in a subdued tone:
"Tha's a lie!" An officer of the church
tapped him on the shoulder and said: '-You
must be silent, or you must go out." The
next night that stranger came, and lhe was
converted to Go b. Hie was inathe liquor busi
ness. lHe resigned the business. The next
day he sent back; the samples that had just
been sent him. He began to love that which
he hated. I bap'tized himt by immersion In
the baptistry unde-r this platform. A large
salary was offered him it' he ,vould return
to his formier business. He declined it. He
would rathei- suier with Jesus Christ thanI
be prospered in the world. Hie wrote home
a letter' to his Christian mother. The Chris
tian mother wrote back congratulating him,
and said: "If in the change of your business
you have lack of means, comec home; you
are always welcomie hcme." He told of his
conversion to a dissolate companion. The
disolute companlioni said, '-Well, if you have
become a Christian, you had better go over
and talk to that dying girl. She is dying
with quick consumptn in that house."
T he new convert wout there, All the sur
rundings were disselute. He told the
ding girl that Jesus would save her. "0,"
sad she. "that can't be, thiat can't be ! What
makes you think soP' "I have it here In a
bookia my pocket," he replied. He pulled
out a New Testament. She said: "Show it
to me 1f Tanbha =dtshow i&Qt molin
that book." He said: " have neglected
this book as you have neglected it for many
years, and don't know where to find it, but I
kn. w it is somewhere between the lids."
Then he began to turn over the leaves, and
strange and beautiful to say, his eve struck
upon this passage: "Neither do I condemn
thee; go and sin no more." She said; ' It
isn't possible that is there!" "Yes," he
said, "that is there." He held it up before
her dying eyes, and she said: "O, yes. I see
it formyself; I accept the promise: 'Neith
er do 1 condemn thee; go and sin no more."'
Io a few hours her spirit sped away to the
Lord that gave it. and the new convert
preached the funeral sermon. The man who
a few days before had been a blasphemer
and a drunkard, and a hater of all that was
good, he preached the sermon. That is re
generation, that is regeneration ! If there
are any dry husks in that, where are theyI
All made over again by the power of the
grace of God.
A few years ago a ship captain came in
here and sat under the gallery. He came in
with a contempt for the church of God and
with an especial dislike for Talmage. When
an opportunity was given he arose for
prayer, and as he was more than six feet
high, when he arose for prayer no one
doubted that he arose i That hour he be
came a Christian. He went out and told
the ship owners and the ship coilimunders
what a great change had been wrought. in
him, and scores and scores navo been
brought to God through his instrumeutality.
A little while after his ccn"rsion he was
on ship off Cape Hatteras in a thick and pro
longed fog, and they were at their wits'
ends and knew not what to do. the ship
irifting about hither and thither, and they
ost their bearings; and the converted sea
:aptain went to his room and asked God for
the salvation of his ship, and God revealed
to him while he was on his knees that at a
:ertain hour, only a little way off, the fog
would lift; and the converted sea captain
^ame out on the dleck and told how God had
heard his prayers. He said: "It is all right,
boys, very soon now the fog will rift," men
Cioning the hour. A man who stood there
tghea aloud in derision at the idea that
iod would answer prayer; but at just the
hour when God had assured the captain the
tog would lift there came a tiash of lightni ng
hrough the fog and the man who had jeered
md laughed was stunned and tell to the
leek. The fog lifted. Yonder was Cape
-Iatteras lighthouse. The ship was put on
.he right course and sai ed on to the harbor
When in seaport the captain spends most
)f his time in evangelicai work. He kneels
lown by one who has been helpless in the
bed for many months. and the next day she
alks forth in the streets well. He kneels
beside one who has long been decrepit, and
e resigns the crutches. lie kneels beside
one who had not seen enough to be able to
read for ten years, and she reads the Bible
hat day. Consumptions go away, and those
,ho had diseases appalling to behold come
2p to rapid convalescance and to complete
ealth. I am not. telling you any thing see
)udhanded. I have had the story from the
ips of the patients in this very house, those
yho were brought to health of body while
Lt the same time brought to God. No sec
)nd-handed story this. I have heard the
;estimony from men and women who have
)een cured. You may call it faith-cure, or
mou may call it the power of God coming
Iowa in answer to prayer; I do not care
what you c dl it, it is a fact. The scofling
lea captairj, his heart full of hatred for
"hristianity, now becomes a follower of the
neek and lowly Jesus. giving all the time to
angelica. labors, or all the time he can
are from pther occupations. Tuoat is re
eneration, that is regeneration. Man all
nade over again.
"There is your absurd doctrine of vicari
us sacrifice," say these men who have
hewed up the little book of creeds and have
,he consequent embittered stomach. "Vi
arious sacrifice I Let every man suffer for
iimself. Why do I want Christ to suffer
or me? I'll suffer for myself and carry my
>wn burdens." They scoff at the idea of vi
arious sacrifice, while they admire it every
shere else except in Christ. People see its
)eauty when a mother suffers for her child.
eople see its beauty when a patriot suffers
for his country. People see its beauty when
t man denies himself for a friend. They can
see the beauty of vicarious sacrifice in every
me but Christ.
A young lady in one of the literary insti
utions was a teacher. She was very reti
ent and retired in her habits, and she
nrmed no companionships in the new posi
ion she occupied, and her dress was very
~lain-sometimes it was very shabby. A f
r a while she was discharged from the
~lae for that reason, but no reason was giv
. In answer to the letter di-chargmng her
rom the position, she said: "Well, if I have
railed to Dlea-se, I suppose it is my own
~aul." She went here and there for em-t
~loyment, and found none. and in despera
tion and in dementia she ended her life by
icijde. InvestigatiOgrats made, andi it wvas
round that out or her small mecans SheC had
uupported her father, eighty years of age,
md was paying the myi of her brother in
~Tale College on his way to the minmstry, It
vas found that she had no blanket on the
ed that winter, and she had no fire on the
very didest day of all the season. People
round it out, and there was a large gathler
ig at the funeral, the largest ever at any
uneral in that place. and the very peopie
who had scoffed came and looked upon thlat
ale face of the martyr, and all honor was
lone her; but it was too lato. \'icarious
acriie! All are thrilled with such in
itances a~s that. But mlany are not moved
y the fact that Christ paid his poverty for
ur riches, his self-abnegation for our en.
~hronement, and knelt on the shlarp) edges of
aumi'liation that we might climlb over his
acerated shoulder into peace and Heaven.
Be it ours to admire and adore these doe
~rincs at which others jeer. 0. the depths
f the riches both of the wisdoma and knowl
edge of God ! How unsearchable is His wis
lon, and His wvay.s are past finding out! O,
the height, the depth, the length. the
areadth, the infinity, the immensity, the
eternity of that love!i Let our earnest pray
rs go out In behalf of all those who scoff at
:,hese doctrines of ygrace. When the London
lague wvas raging in the year Is'5, thlere
svas a hotel near the chief burial p.ace thalt
xcited much comment. England was in
right and b ereavemnt. Tihe dead carts
went through the streets day aud night, an~d
the cry: "Bring out your dead " was an
twered by the bringing out of the forms of
the loved ones, and they were put twenty or
thirty in a cart, and the wagonls went on to
the cemetery; and these deal were not
turied in graves, but in great trenches in
great pits, in one pit e'leVen hundred and
ourteen burials! Thle carts wouli come up
with their great burden of twenty or thirty
to the mouthI of the pit, and the front of the
mrt was lifted and the dcad shot into the
pit. All the churches in London were open
for prayer day and night, and England was
in a great anguish. At that very time, at a
totel, at a wayside3 inn near the chicef burial
?lace, there was a group of hardened
inen, who sat day after day :md night
ifter night blaspheming God aind imitating
the grief-struck who weont by to the
turial place. 'These men sat there day after
lay and night after night, and they scoffed
~it en, and they scoffed at women, and they
scofed at God. But after a while one of
hem was struck with the plalgue, and in
wo weeks all of the group were down in
he trench fronm the margin of which they
~ad uttered their ribaldry. My friend, a
reater plague is abroad in tine wonld. Mill
tons have died of it. Millions are smitten
with it now. Plague of sill, plagu~e of sor
rw. plague of wretchedness, plarue of woe.
A nd consecratecd wvomnlt and meon from all
'hristendo~n are going out trying to stay
he plague and alleviate the anguishl, and
there is a group of men in this country base
enough to sit and deride the work. Thie'
scoff at the Bible, and they scoff at evan
relism. and they scoff at Jesus Christ, and
ihey scoff at G.od. If these words .shall
reach them, either while they are sitting
iere to-day or through the printing
,ress, let me tell them to remember the fate
if that group ill the wayside inn while the
)lalgue spreads its two blaek wings over the
loomed city of London. 0, instead of being.
scoffers let us be disciples ! "Blessed Is the
nan that walketh not in the counsel of the
mgodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners,
.o sittth i.n the ats of the scornfnu
O0R FARMER FRIENDS.
sE-:sm OF THE. srAvri (:R4NOlE
P.1TONs OF il!S15iNDitY.
priug Meeting of the. sate Agricultural
and .iechnnical society-l resident
It aOmlwrt's A ithlress-Report of the .ecre
tary and Treasurer-Meeting of the
(Fromz the Columbia Daily Register. Feb. 7..
The seventeenth annual session of the
State Grange of the Patrons of lus
bandry was held in this city yesterday
at the Agricultural Building.
There was a very good attendance,
there being present representatives of
fifteen (rages from the Counties of
Aiken, Chester, Kershaw, Marion, Flor
ence, Newberry and ()onee.
1The session of the State Grange was
with closed doors. but the following par
titulars of the proceedings were learned
from the officials of the organizat ion:
The President, Mr. W. K. Thompson
of Liberty Will, presided and delivered
nt addr s, which is highly spoken of by
t hose who had the pleasure of listening
to it. Ile spoke of the condition of the
ortder in i he St:ate as on t he whole satin
Factory atd of the prospect for the
future :s eteitirazing. Ief( made appro
primte allusion to the death of the
Worthy Master of the National Grange,
'Mr. Put Darden of Mississippi, who
died in .July of last year.
The reports of the Secretary and the
Treasurer were presented and the finan
eial condition of the order shown to be
excellent. While the past year. for va
rious reasons. such as the prevailing
political interest and the formation of
Farmers Alliances, has been a trying
one, the order has held its own and in
some Counties there has been an increase
A considerable amount of routine
business was transacted, and various
matters pertaining to the good of the
order received due attention.
The matter of the time and place of
the summer meeting was left to the
executive committee t decide in con
ference with the executive committee
of the State. Agricultural Society.
The election of officers for the ensuing
year resulted as follows: Master, W. K.
Thompson, Liberty hill, Kershaw; Over
seer, B. B. McWhite, Florence; Lecturer,
L. L Clyburn, Kershaw; Steward, E. M.
Atkinson, Chester; Assistant Steward,
J. H. Stone, Tugaloo; Chaplain, Rev. J.
G. Richards, Liberty" Hill; Treasurer.
A. M. Aiken, Cokesbury; Secretary, T.
W. Holloway. Pomaria; Gate Keeper,
W. B. Allen, Marion; Ceres, Mrs. T. W.
Holloway, Pomaria; Pomona, Mrs. M. A.
Love, Chester; Flora, Mrs. R. C. Gard
ner, Kershaw; Lady Assistant Steward,
Mrs. S. W. Thompson, Liberty Hill.
The term of W. F. Russell of Camden
2s member of the executive committee
having expired, he was re-elected to the
Two sessions were held, the first be
ginning at 11 o'clock a. m. and conclud
ing at 2 p. m., the second was from 3 to
7 p. M., when final adjournment was
State AgricuItural and Mechanical So
The spring meeting of this society
was held in the old Senate chamber at
the Agricultural Building last night, i.e
tween thirty and forty members being
President Humbert. presided and Col.
Thos. W. Holloway, the Secretary and
Treasurer, was at his post, as is always1
the case. Among others present were
noteabie the, following: G. Leaphart,
Lexington: A. P. Butler of Columbia, B.
F. Cravton of Anderson, J. Wash Watts
of Laureiis, C. S. AleCall of Bennetts
ville, W. G. Hinson of Charleston, E. R. 1
Melver of Pailmetto, Darlington County; 1
.J. C. F. Sims, L. D. Childs, J.
S. Dunn of Columbia; E. L.
Rochi of Charleston, Thomas 0.i
Snders of liagood, R. A. Love of
Ce~ter, T. W. Woodward of Fairfield,.
N C. Robertsofl of Winnsboro, Samuel
Vne~ of Laurens and Gov. J. P. Rich-t
adon, C l. J. P. Thomas, Charles
1on and others of this city.
As son as the meeting waes called to
or r Pres'idt Hiumbert d]elivered his Iy
annual adldress, wvhich was as follows:
( . u.m,;n ., the ..tate Agricatturl and M.e- i
it becomes my pleasant duty to meet
on again on this occasion. But three1
short months have pas,.ed since we se'p
arate. I see before me many who were 1
present at our last meeting. who are
still active in pressing forward the va
rious industries of our State, while some
have pa~ssedl away The angel of death
has made his levy upon our raniks, and
ini ad~ness we submit to his unerring
wisdom. lion. B. If. Massey. who has
rendered effective service othecially, and
J. . Kinard. a faithful superintendent
arc no more. Their familiar faces and~
wise cohlnsel will be greatly missed, and
he duties they performed will fallI
pon others less qualified to fill their
lcs; but we have a rich legacy left us
in their high appreciation of charact er.
H~aving performed the work assigned
them as faithful soldiers, we place them
aside in their honored robes, to await
the reward of the Master -- Well
(lone. We leave the past, with its
,adness andl misfortune, and closing our
rnks wve go forward in the work of ad
vancing the objects of our society.
Apparently, the miore (lone, the greater ~
the research and investigation: often
we gather truths as dliamonids from the
great deep, that prv to be but pebbles
ofY the shore, and life is too short to be
sent with such failures. The questionI
then arises, how can we accomplish
the greatest good to the greatest num
ber." As to the present condition of I
be ar icultural and mechanical interests(
afthe State, with its snccess or failure,i
evils nd remiedies, we must leave for a 'l
more onv enienit time. In referring toi
our 1last exposition. while upon the
whole it was dleemed( quite a "success,s
sttill in s.ome departments there was a
wnt of interest manifested., I alludet
especially to the field crop department.i
Since my connection wiih the society
that department has never been repre
sented as its importance demands and
the interest of the State requires. c
Therefore, 1 would suggest that in-.
case imducements be offl'h ltetter ti
A GOSP'EL TAHERNACLE.
In W1hiiI Commendable Chi istian. work
i to be Carried On.
SFrom tie Columija Daily Register, Feb. S.)
Some time since a charter was se
cured by parties in this city and else
where for the establishment here of a
Gospel Mission for the carrying on of a
Christian work in a field now almost
Prominent among the moving spirits
of the enterprise were the Rtev. R. C.
Oliver and his estimable wife, Mr. C. D.
Stanley, R M Anderson and others,
some of whom have been identified with
the South Carolina Holiness Association.
The Rev. Mr. Ohver and his wife,
who are really at the head of the move
ment, have removed to this city, which
they intend to ma'e their future place
of residence, it is understood, -and-it
further stated that the chartered com
pany or its representatives now have de
posited to their credit some .45,000 in a
Columbia bank, and that the proposed
work is to be at once inaugurated.
The fine lot on the Southeast corner of
Assembly and Taylor streets has been
purchased for a site for the buildings to
be erected, and a contract. has been
awarded to Mr. J. G. Feaster, the cou
tractor, for the erection of a six-room
cottage on the Eastern end of the lot
This cottage is to be built of wood,
and work upon it will be commenced at
once. When completed it will be used
as a residence for the superintendent of
Upon the front end of the lot, facing
on Assembly street, with a side entrance
on Taylor street, will be erected a brick
building, 40 by 82 feet and three stories
This building is to be known as the
Gospel Tabernacle, and a space
forty by sixty feet of the front
portion of the ground floor will be used
s a reception room and a ball for the
holding of religious services.
An arrangement of a movable curtain
or of folding doors will be put in to
enable the size af the hall to be regulated
to the proportions of the meeting held.
At the rear of the building a basement
will be put in and this room will be
utilized as a press room for the printing
office, which will be a part of the
equipment of the Mission.
From this printing office, the compos
ing room for which will be located on
an upper story, probably, a weekly re
ligious paper will be issued, and large
quantities of religious tracts will be
The paper, the name of which has not
yet been fully determined on, will dis
cuss all religious themes from a non
denominational standpoint, and will ad
On the second story will be located a
printers' home for the residence of the
employees in the printing office, and the'
third story will be utilized as may be
found most desirable.
The object of the mission will be the
carrying on of evangelical work among
the classes that do not attend any
church and who are not visited by any
clergymen or in any way now approached,
with a view of improving their moral
welfare and awakening in them a desire
to lead a better life.
No class'and no individual will be ex
cluded, but among the poor and needy,
the abandoned and depraved, the work
will go on, and in the work the aid of
volunteers will be asked from among
the Christians of every denomination in
Bible readings will be held at the
Tabernacle, as well as prayer meetings
an preaching services. Those enlisting
in the work will be expected to visit any
and all who may be likely to be bene
itted by the stretching forth of a hand.
to save and the carrying to them the
promises held out to repentant sinners
in the Word.
It is not proposed to make the insti
tution a home for those "plucked like
brands from the burning," but such will
be secured homes elsewhere where they
will have an opportunity to begin a new
life, and all possible encouragement wil
be given to any and all into whomn can
be instilled a desire for reformation or -
the leading of a tmore religious life.
The institution will depend for its
support on an endowment, atn encour
aging nucleus for which has already
been secured, and upon voluntary con
tributions from any one who may see fit
to aid so noble a work as that to which
it is dedicstcd.
Certainly the proposed iustitution is
one deserving of success andl of all th3
aid and co-operation which can be given
t, and it cannot be doubted that Co
umbia's citizens will not be behindhand
n doing what they' can to advance its
THE CAUSE~ OF DtPHTHERIA.
it i Believed the DlIsease Can be Pre
vented by Means of Vaccine Virtue.
PARIs, Feb. 5.--The Figaro says that
two professors connected with the Pas
teur Institute have succeeded in identify
ing the gencrative microbe of diphtheria.
The discovery of a prevenItire of this
disease by maans of vacemel virus is
expected to follow.
Gov. Thomnp"on's Appointmen~t.
It is said that the President desires to
appoint Assistant Secretary Thompson
of South Carolina to the vacancy exist
ing in the Civil Service Commission, and
his nomitnation was to have been~ sent
to the Senate last week; but several Re
publican Senators were consulted on the
subject, and stated that while they had
no personal objection to Mr. Thompson,
they were inclined to believe that the
oumittee on civil service would refrain
from reporting the ?onun~faton. L'nder
the circumstnces the i'resident is un
willing to' subject Mir. Thompson t o the
possibity of rejection in that way.
- West Virginia Deadin-k.
CHARLEToN, W. Va., Feb. .-Cne
allot was t.tken to-day in joint assen.bly
ror United States Senator and resu.:ed
is follows: Goff 39, Kenna 38S. Cart 2,
attg 4- naeeart a oie 42,
and, also, that premiums be offered to
the amateur farmers and gardeners. I
would make the same recommendation
for the household department. As a
State. we are sadly deficient in our dairy
product. 1 would suggest that induce
inents be offered to manufacturers of
dairy implements to exhibit their goods
that the farmers may be posted as to
the success on that line in other sec
tions, for we believe that to be the
coming industry of our State, and we
shall strive, with your help, to make our
next fair better than any preceding
one. We cordially invite aid and sup
port from every enterprise, remember
ing that the prosperity of the State de
pends upon the success of her varied
At the conclusion of this address Col.
Rolloway presented his report as Secre
tarv and Treasurer, referring to the
report of the auditing committee for
Colonel John P. Th omas for that com
it:ee reported that the books and
ronehers of the Secretary and Treasurer
ad been examined and found in every
The following classification of the re
eipts and disbursements for the twelve
nonths from February 1. 1888. to Feb
-ary 1, 1889, was presented:
Balance, Feb. 1, 1888........$1,272 03
ife members............... 90 00
"trance fees .............. 238 00
rading privileges........... 499 75
Lutheran bazar.............. 47 00
Ladies' Baptist Society........ 19 20
lent ....................... 25 00
lace receipts................ 1.056 00
rate receipts................ 1,890 74
'oupons for admissions....... 3,471 83
state appropriation.......... 2,500 00
Total ..................$11,109 55
lace purses and expenses
track ................... 1,454 90
Insurance................... 217 48
usic ...................... 150 00
rinting .................... 321 75
rperts..................... 198 40
drayage .................... 182 25
Incidental expenses.......... 85 20
.xpenses of officers....... .. 308 10
lerks ...................... 196 00
)ther employees............. 517 57
ecretary and Treasurer...... 600 00
remiums................... 4,838 87
Balance................. 128 52
This report was accepted and ordered
pread on the minutes.
On motion of Col. J. L. F. Sims, J.
J. Robertson of Columbia and Richard
ingleton of Eastover were elected
nembers of the society.
President Humbert announced in the
tbsence of the chairman of the com
nittee appointed at a previous meeting
o investigate the status of the society's
itle to its property in Columbia, that
he original title had to be made to
olonels Palmer, J. P. Thomas and
m. Wallace as trustees, the arrange
nent being that they should turn it
>ver to the society when it should be
ome an incorporated body; that a
>roper deed for the transfer of the
)roperty to the society had been drawn
ip and would be executed at once.
This was received as information and
)rdered spread on the records.
Some discussion ensued as to the
echnical right of the society to elect a
rice President in place of B. H. Massey
f Fort Mill, deceased, but finally Col.
. A. Love of Chester was unanimously
~lected to fill the vacancy. Mr. A. H.
White of Rock Hill was elected a mem
er of the executive committee to fill
he vacancy created by Col. Love's pro
The matter of the time and place was
-eferred to the executive committee and
Scommittee of three, consisting of Col.
..ove, G. J. Patterson and W. G. Hinson,
as appointed to draft memorial resolu
ions in relation to late Vice President
kassey. The meeting then adjourned.
A meeting of the executive committee
vas held immediately after the adjourn
nent of the society, and the premm
st for the fair next fall was discussed
n detail and at such length that ad
ournment was tinially found necessary
o conclude the task at a meeting to be
meld this morning at 9 o'clock.
The only department completed was
hat of field crops', in which an increase
f about $60 was made, and a special
>remium of $100 to first and $50 to
econd was authorized to be offered for
le County making the largest and best
isplay in this department.
The offer of $500 for the largest yield:
f corn on one acre of ground made-by
he American Agriculturist, and to
rhich $500 more will be added by the
tate Department of Agriculture if won
y a South Carolina planter, will be
rinted in the premium list of the
ociet y. Several of those in attendance
i last night's meeting expressed an
atention to try for this prize. te
L was decided that all entries forth
air must close on the Friday night pre
eding the opening of the fair.
Pendleton was decided upon as the
'lace of the summer meeting and the
rs Wednesday in August as the time
herefor. A resolution was adopted in
iting the State Grange to unite with
he Society at that meeting.
A committee of three was appointed,
onsisting of J. B. Humbert, E. R. Me
ver and A. T. Smythe, to prepare a
rogramme for the summer meeting.
Holocaust in Harry.
On Monday three children of J. B.
ridges, a colored tenant on Mr. 0. B.
iranger's place, five miles from Nichols,
a Horry County, were burned to death.
'he father went off early in the morn
ag, and the mother left the children
bout 12 o'clock. When she returned
he found the house burnt to the ground
nd two of the children in the ashes and
e third was laying a short distance off
a a dying condition.
Earthquake on the Pacifie Coast
ak Fa .ctsc'.i11 at 9:20 latnigt
uae hdro'm Los Angeles and San
Kriiidino. At Colton, Cal., two dis
net shock-s were felt. No damage