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VOL. V. M1ANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY. . C.. WEDNESI)AY, FEBRUARY 27, 1889. NO. 12
JOSEPH F. RAME,
AT TORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
OHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and C nselor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
N. W ILSON,
MANNING. S. C.
ATTOR XEY AT LA W,
MANNING. S. C.
p Notary Pullic with seal.
REAL ETATE AGENT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
portion of the town, TWO STORES, with
suitable lots: on Manning and R. R. streets
TWO COTrAGE RESIDENCES, 4 and 6
rooms: and a'nuiber of VACANT LOTS
suitable for residences, and in different lo.
Calities. Tertus Reasonable.
Mni~t G. Urvant. JTAs. M. LxLA\-n.
Soith Ca'rolina. New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRTANT & LELAND, PRupruETons.
Columbia, South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ACT L'USIKE . CENTER OF T HE CITY,
where all Stre:t Car Lines pasa the door.
and its MENU is not excelled by any in the
Manning Shaving Parlor.
HA1i CUr1NG TISTICAI.LT EXECUTED.
-and Shaving done with best Razors. Spec
ial attention paid to shampooing ladies
I have h'td considerable experience in
severni large ci:ies, and guarantee satisfac
tion to nv cntomers. Parlor next door to
E. D. H AMILTON.
EW WAVERLY HOUSE, IN
the Bend of King Street, Charleston.
The Waverly, having been thoroughly
renovated the past summer and newly fur
-nished throughour, makes its accommoda
tions unsurpassed. Incandescent Electric
Lights and Electric Bells are used in all
rooms and halfways. Rates $2.00 and S2.50.
G. T. ALFORD, Proprietor.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
First Class in all its Appointments,
Supplied with all Modern Improvements
Excellent Cuisine, Large Airy Rooms,
Otis Passenger Elevator, Elec
tric Bells and' Lights, Heat
RATES, $2.00, $250 AND $3.00.
Rooms Reserved by Mail or Telegraph
THE BEULAH ACADEMY,
B. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
Fall Session Begins Monday, Oct. 29.
Instruction thorough. government mild
and decisive, appealing generally to the
student's sense of honor and judgment in
the important matter of punctuality, de
portment, diligence. dic. Moral and social
Tuition from $1.00 to $2.00 per month.
Board in good families $7.00 per month.
\ Board from Monday to Friday per month
-$3.00 to $4.00.
iiFor further particulars, address th
J. G. DTIKIN, M. D. R. B. LORTEA.
KG. Diakins & Co.,
Druggists and Pharmacists,
PU.RE DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
FINE CIGARS AND
Full stock of Pmo~s, Orns, GL.ASS
Vausms ant1 WarrE LEDa, also
Pmrs' and Wam~rwisH BRUSHES.
An elegant stock of
SPECTACLES and EYE GL ASSES.
No charge made for fitting the eye.
Physicians Prescriptions carefully
colupounded, day or night. -
J. 6. Dinkins & Co.,
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
MANNING, S. C.
[Gzo. E. TO.u.E. HEXr OLuvER.)
Geo. E, Toale & Co.
MAYUFACTUREL~ AND WIIOLESALA
--T"A T.' % . 7"frJT
Scroll WOrk, Turning and
Inside Finish. Builder's Hard
ware, and General.
OFFCE ANlD SALESROOMS.
10 and 12 Hayne Street,
REAR CHARLESTON HOTEL,
Charleston, S. C.
All Work Guaranteed.
meWrita for estimates.
OUR OWN GENERATION.
Sermon by Rev. T. DeWitt TaJ
mage, D. D.
now We May Best serve Our Generation
-The Great Straggle for Food
Why David was Permitted to
Sleep by God's Will.
The subject of Dr. Talmage's recent ser
mon was, "Our Own Generation," and his
text, Acts xiii., 36: "David, after he had
served his own generation by the will of
God, fell on sleep." Following is the sermon:
That is a text which has for a long time
been running through ms mind, but not
until now has it been fully revealed to me.
Sermons have a time to be born as well as a
time to die, a cradle as well as a grave.
David, cowboy and stone slinger anud fighter
and czar and dramatist and blank verse
writer and prophet, did his best for the peo
ple of his time and then went and laid down
on the southern hill of Jerusalem in that
sound slumberwhich nothing but an archan
gelic blast can startle. "David, after he had
served his own generation by the will of
God, fell on sleep."
It was his own generation that he had
served; that is, the people living at the time
he lived. And have you erer thought that
our responsibiities are chiefly with the peo
plo now walking abreast of us? There are
about four generations to a century now,
but in olden time life was longer and there
was, perhaps, only one generation to a cen
tury. Taking these facts into the calcula
tion, I make a rough guess and say that
there have been at least one hundred and
eighty generations of the human family.
With reference to them we have no respun
sibility. We can not teach them, we can not
correct their mistakes, we can not soothe
their sorrows, we can not heal their wounds.
Their sepulchers are deaf and dumb to any
thing we might say to them. The last regi
ment of that great army has pased oat of
sight. We might halloo as loud as we could,
not one of them would avert his head to see
what was wanted.
I admit that I am in sympathy with the
child, whose father had suddenly died, and
who in her little evening prayer wanted to
continue to pray for her father, although he
had gone into Heaven and no more needed
her prayers, and looking up into her moth
er's face, said: "O, mother. I can not leave
him all out. Let me say 'Thank God that I
bad a good father once so I can keep hhn .n
my prayers.' " But the one hundred and
eighty generations have passed off. Passed
up. Passed down. Gone forever. Then
there are generations to come after our
earthly existence has ceased, perhaps a
hundred and eighty generations more, per
has a thousand generations more. We
shall not see them, we shall not hear any of
their voices, we will take no part in their
convocations, their elections, their revolu
tions,theiroatastrophes, their triumphs. We
will in no wise affect the one hundred and
eighty generationsgone, or the one hundred
and eighty generations to come, except as
from the galleries ;,f Heaven the former
generations look down and rejoice at our
victories, or as we may by our behavior
start influences, good or bad, that shall roll
on through the advancing ages. But our
business is, like David, to serve our own
generations, the people now living, those
whose lungs now breathe and whose hearts
now beat. And mark you, it is not a silent
procession, but moving. It is a "forced
march" at twenty-four miles a day, each
bour being a mile.- Going with that celerity
it has got to be a quick service on
your part, or no service at all. We
not only can not teach the one hundred
and eighty generations passed, and
will not see one hundred generations to
come, but this generation now on the stage
will soon be off and we ourselves will be
off with them. The fact is that you and I
will have tostart very soon for our work or
It will be ironical and sarcastic for any one
after our exit to say of us, as it was said of
David. "after he had served his own genera
tion by the will of God, he fell on sleep."
Well, now, let us look around earnestly,
prayerfully, and in a common sense way and
e what we can do for our own generation.
Pirst of all let us see to it that, as far as we
an, they Iihve enough to eat. The human
body is so constituted that three times a
ay the body needs food as much as a lamp
eeds oil, as much as a locomotive needs
fuel To moot this want God has girdled the
arth with apple orchards, orange groves,
wheat fields, and oceans full of fish, and
prairies full of cattle. And notwithstanding
this, I will undertake to say that the vast
maorty of the human family are suffering
either for lack of food or the right kind of
food. Our civilization is all askew on this
subject and God only can set it right.
Many of the greatest estates of to-day
have been built out of the blood and bones
f unrequited toil. In olden times, for the
building of forts and towers, the inhabi
tants -of Ispahan had to contribute 70,000
uman skulls, and Bagdad 90,000 human
skulls, and that number of people were
slai-so as to furnish the skulls. But these
two contributions added togethermade only
00,000 skulls, while into the tower- of the
world's wealth and pomp ag magnificence
h~ave been wrought the skeletons of un
ounted numbers of the half fed populationa
of the earth, millions of skulls.
Don't sit down at your table with five or
six courses of abundant supply and think
nothig of that- family in the next street
who would take any one of those five
ourses between soup and almond nuts and
feel they were in heaven. The lack of the
right kind of food is the cause of much of
the drunkenness. Ater drinking what many
f our grocers call coffee, sweetened with
what many call sugar, and eating what
many of our butchers call meat, and chew
ing what many of our bakers call bread,
many of thelaboringoiasses feel so miserable.
they are tempted to put in their nasty pipes
what the tobacconist calls tobacco, or go
into the drinking saloons for what the rum
sellers call beer. Good coffee would do
much in driving out bad rum.
Adulteration of food has got to be an evil
against which all the health officers, and all
the doctors, and all the ministers, and all the
reformers, and all the Christians need to set:
themselves in battle array. How can we
serve our generation with enough to eat?
By sttng down in embroidered slippers and
lounging back in an arm chair, our mouth
puckered up around a Havana of the best
brand and through clouds of luxuriant
smoke reading about political economy and
the philosophy of strikes? No! No! By
finding out who in Brooklyn has been living
on gristle, and sending them a tenderloin
beefsteak. Seek out some family who
through sickness or conjunction of misfor
tune have not enough to eat and do for them
wihat Christ did for the hungry multitudes
of Asia Minor, multiplying the loaves and,
the fishes. Let us quit the surfeiting of our-.
selves until we can not choke down another
crumb of cake and begin the supply of
We of ten see on a small scale a reckless
ness about the welfare of others which a
great warrior expressed on a large scale,
when his officers were dissuading him from
a certain campaign. saying: "It would cost
two hundred thousand lives," replying with
a diabolism that .can never be forgotten,
What are two hundred thousand lives,
too far from helping appease the world's
hunger, there are those whom Isaiah de
scribes as grinding the faces of the poor.
You have seen a farmer or a mechanic put
a scythe or an axon a grindstone, whilesome
one was turning it round and round, and tho
man holding the axe bore on it harder
and harder, while the water dropped from
the grindstone, and the edge of the axe
from being round and dull.. got keener
and keener, and the mechanic lifted the axe
glistening and sharp and with edge so keen
he must cautiously run his finger along lest
while examining the implement be cut his
hand to the bone. So Ithave seen men who
were put against the grindstone of hardship,
and while one turned the crank another
would press the unfortunate harder
down and harder down until he was
ground away thinner and thinner, his
comforts thinner, his prospects thin
ner, and his face thinner. And .Isaiah
shrieks out: "What mean ye that ye grind
the faces of the poor?" It is an awful thing
to be hungry. It is an easy thing for us to
be in good humor with all the world when
we have no lack. But let hunger take full
possession of us, and we would all turn into
barbarians and cannibals and fiends.
I am glad to know that the time is com
ing, God hasten it, when every family in
the round world will sit down at a full table.
and it will be only a question between lamb
and venison, or between partridge and quail
on toast, and out of spoons made out of Ne
vada silver or California gold the pastries
will drop on tongues thrilling with thank
fulness because they have full enough. I
have no idea God is going to let the human
race stay in its present predicament. If the
world winds up as it now is it will be an
awful failure of a world. The barren places
will be irrigated. The pomologists, helped
of God, will urge on the fruits. The
botanists, inspired of the Lord, will help on
the gardens. The raiser of stock will send
enough animals fit for human food to the
markets, and the last earthquake that rends
the world will upsct a banquetir. table at
which are seated the entire human race.
Meanwhile. suppcse that some of the energy
we are spending in useless and unavailing
talk about the bread question should be ex
peuded in merciful alleviations.
I have read that the battle-field on whioh
more troops met than on any other in the
world's history was the battle-field of Leip
sic, 160,000 men under Napoleon, 250,000 men
under Schwarzeberg. No no. The great
est and most terrific battle is now being
fought all the world over. It is the struggle
for food. The ground tone of the finest
;ssage in one of the great musical master
pieceb, the artist says, was suggested to him
by the cry of the h angry p-opulace of Vienna
as the King rode tirough,and they shouted :
"Bread! Give us bread I" Aud all through
the great harmonies of musical academy
and cathedral, I hear the pathos, the ground
tone, the tragedy of uncounted multitudes,
who with streaming eyes and wan oheeks
and broken nearts, in behalf of themselves
and their families. are pleading for bread.
Let us take another look around to see
how we may serve our generation. Let us
see as far as possible that they have enough
to wear. God looks on the human race and
knows just how many inhabitants the world
has. The statistics of the world's popula
tion are carefully taken in civilized lands,
and every few years officers of government
go through the land and count how many
people there are in the United States or
England, and great accuracy is reached.
But when people tell us how many inhabi
tants there are in Asia or Africa, at best it
must be a wild guess. Yet God knows the
exact number of people on our planet and
Be has made enough apparel for each, and
if there be fifteen hundred million, fifteen
thousand, fifteen hundred and fifteen peo
ple, then there is enough apparel for fifteen
hundred million, fifteen thousand, fifteen
hundred and fifteen. Not slouchy apparel,
not ragged apparel, not insufficient apparel,
but appropriate apparel.
At least two suits for every being on the
earth, a summer suit and a winter suit. A
good pair of shoes for every living mortal.
A good coat, a good hat, or a good bonnet
and a good shawl, and a complete masculine
or feminine outfit of apparel. A wardrobe
for all nations adapted to all climes, and not
a string or a button, a pin or a book or an
eye wanting. But, alas! where are the good
clothes for three-fourths of the human race.
Te other one-fourth have appropriated
them. The fact is, there needs to he and
will he a redistribution. Not by anarchistic
violence, If outlawry had its way, it wvouldi
rend and tear and diminish until, instead oi
three-fourths of the world not properly at,
tired, four-fourths would be. in rags. I will
let you know how the redistribution will takd
place. By generosity on the part of those
who have a surplus and increased industry ,
on the part of those suffering from deficit.
Not all, but the large majority of cases of
poverty in this country are a result of idle.
ness or drunkenness, either en the part of
the present sufferers or their ancestors. In
most cases the rum jug is the maelstrom
that has swallowed down the livelihood of
those who are in rags. But things wvill
change, and by generosity on the part of
the crowded wardrobes, and industry and
sobriety on the part of the empty wardrobes,
there will be enongh for all to wear. God
has done his part toward the dressing of
the human race. He grows. a surp~lus of
wool on the sheep's back, and tiocks roam
the mountains and valleys with a burden of
warmth intended for transference to hu
man comlort, when the shuttles of the fac
tories reaching all the way from the Chat
tahooche to the Merrimac shall have spun
and woven it. And here come forth the
Rcky Mountain goat and the cashmere
and the beaver. Here are the merino
sheep. their origin traced hack to
the flocks of Abrahamic and Davidic
times. In white letters of snowy fleece
God has been writing for a thousand years
His wish that there might be warmth for all
nations. While others arc discussing the
effect of high or low tariff or no tariff at all.
onwooL. you and I had better see if in our
wardrobes we have nothing that we can
spare for the shivering, or pick ont some
poor lad of the street and take him down to
a clothing store and tit him out for the win
ter. Don't think that God has forgotten to
send ice and snow, eecause of this wonder
fully mild January and February. We shall
yet have deep snows and so much frost on
the window pane that in the morning you
can not see through it; and whole flocks of
blizzards, for God long ago declared that
winter as well as summer shall not cease,
and between this and the spring crocus we
may all have reason to cry out with the
Psalmist: "Who can stand before His
Again, let us look around and see how we
may serve our generation. What short
sihted mortals we would he if we were
anxious to clothe and feed only the most
inignificant part of a man, namely, his
body. while we put forth no effort to
clothe and feed and save his soul. Time is
a little piece broken off a great eternity.
What are we doing for the souls of this
present generation I Let me say it is a gen
eration worth saving. Most magnificent
men and women are In it. We make a great
ado about the improvements in navigation,
and in locomotion, and in art and machin
ery. We remark what wonders of tele
graph, and telephone, and stethoscope.
What Improvement is electric light over~a
tallow candle! But all these improvements
are InsIgnificant compared with the
mprwoement in the human race In olde
times, once in a while, a great and good
man or wroan would come up and
the world has made a great fass about it
ever since, but now they are o numerous
we seareeiy speak about them. We put a
halo about the poopt of the past, but I
think if the times demanded' them it would
be found we have now living in the year
189 fifty Martin Luthers. fifty George Wash
tons, fifty Lady Huntingtous, fifty Eliza
beth Frys. During our civil war more
splendid warriors in North and South were
developed in four years than the whole
world developed in the previous twenty
years. I challenge the four thousand years
before the flood and the eighteen cen
turies after the flood, to show me the equal'
of charity on a large scale of George Peabody.
This generation of men and women is more
worth saving th-n any of the one hundred
and eighty generations that have passed off.
But where shall we begin? With our
selves. That is the pillar from wtictrwe*
must start. Prescott, the blind historian,:
tells us how Pizarro saved his army for the,
right when they were about deserting him.!
With his sword he made a long mark on the
ground. He said: "My men, on the north
side are desertion and death, on the south,
side is victory; on the north side Panama:
and poverty, on the south side Peru with all
its riches. Choose, for yourselves; for my
part I go to the south." Stopping across the.
line one by one his troops followedI and
finally his whole ar:my. The sword of God's
truth draws the dividing line to-day. On
one side of it are sin and ruin and death,
on the other side are paion and usefulness
and happiness and heaven. You cross
from the wrong side to the right side
and your family will cross with you, and.
your friends and your associates. The'
way you go they will go. If. we are
not saved, we will never save any one else.
How to. get saved'. Be willing to accept
Christ, and then accept Him Instantaneously
and forever. Get on the rock first, and then
you will be ablc to help others upon the same'
rock. Men and women have been saved.
quicker than 1 have been talking about it.
What, .without a prayer? Yes. What, with
out time deliberately to think-it over: Yes.
What, without a tears Yes, believe! That'
is all. Believe what: That Jesus died to.
save you from sin anl death and hell. Will
you? Do you i You have. Something makes.
me think you have. New light has come
Into your countenance. Welcome!,.Wel
come I lail! Hail! Saved yourselves, how
are you going to save others? By testimony.
Tel it to your family. Tell it to your busi
ness associates. Toll it everywhere. We
will successfully preach no more religion
and will successfully talk no more religion
than we ourselves have.
The most of that which you do to benefit
the souls of this generation, you will effect
through your own'bchavior. Go wrong, and
that will induce others to go wrong. Go
right, and that will induce others to go right.
When the great Centennial exhibition was
being held in Philadelphia, the question
came up among the directors as to whethdr
they could keep the exposition -open on Sun
days, when a director, who wasa manof the
world, from Nevada, arose and said, his voice
trembling with emotion and tears running
down his cheeks: "1 feel like a returned
prodigal. Twenty- years ago I went West,
and into a region where we had no Sabbath,
but to-day old memories come back to me,
and I remember what my glorified mother
taught me about keeping Sunday, and I seem.
to hear hervoice again and feel as I did when
every evening I knelt by her side in prayer.
Gentlemen, I vote for the observance of the
Christian Sabbath." And he carried every
thing by storm, and when the question was
put, "Shall we open the exhibition on Sab
bath?" it was almost unanimous, "No,"
"No." What one man can do if he does
right, boldly right, .emphatically right.
What if we could get this whole generation.
saved! These people who are living with.
us the same year and amid the same stupen
dous events and flying toward the future
swifter than eagles to their prey. We can
not stgp. They can not stop. We think we
can stop. We say, "Come now, my friend.
let us stop a discuss this subject," IOLt.
we do not stop. The year does not stop,
the day does not stop, the haur does not
stop. The year is a great wheel and there
is a band on that wheel that keeps it re
volving, and as that wheel turns, It turns'
three hundred and sixty-five smaller'
wheels, which are the days. and then
each of these three hundred. and sixty
five wheels turn twenty-four smaller
wheels, which are the hours, and these
twenty-four smaller wheels turn sixty
smaller wheels, which are the minutes. and
these sixty smaller wheels turii sixty miore
smaller wheels, which are the seponds. and.
they keep rolling, rolling, rolling,,mounting,
mounting, mounting,..and swiften ig, swift
ening. swiftening. 0, Ged! g our genera
tion is going like that and we are going with
them, waken us to the short but teendous
pportnity I confess to von that, my one
wish is to serve this generation, not to an
tagonize it, not to damage it, not to rule it,
ut to serveit. I would like to do some
thing toward helping unstrap its load, to
stop its tears, to balsam its wvounds. and to
induce it to put foot on the upward road
that has at its termuinus acclamation raptur
us and gates pearline, and garlands amnar
anthine and fountains r'ainbowed. and do
minions enthroned oa coroneted, for I can
act forget that lullaby in the closing words
of my text: "Dard, after lie had served his
own generation by the will of God, fell on
And what a lovely sleen' it was! Untilial
Absalonm did not trouble it. Ambitions
Adonijah did inot worry it. Persecuting
Saul did not har'row it. Exile did not fill.
it with nightmare. Since a red-headed boy
amid his father's flocks at night, he haid not
had suceh a goodl slec'p. A t seventy years of
age he lay down to it. He has had many a
troubled sleep, as in the caverns of Adullam
or in the palace at the time his enemies were
attmpting his capture. But this was a
peaceful sleepi, a calm sleep. a restful sleep,
a glorious sleep. -'After he had served
his generation by the will'of.' (3od, he fell
on sleep." 0. what a good thing is sleep
after a hard day's work! It takes all
the aching out of the head, and all the weari
ness out of the limbs. and allithe smarting
utof the eyes. From it we rise in the morn
ing and it is a ne-w world. And if we, like
David, sere our, generation, we will at
life's close have most desiirable and r-efresh
ing sleep. in it wvill vanish our last fatigue of
body, our inst woirriment of mind, our last
sorrow of soul. To the Christian's body
that was hot with raging fevers so that the
attendants must by sheer force keep orn the
blankets, it will be the cool sleep. To thoso
who are thin-blooded and shivering with
ages, it wvill be the warm sleep. To those
who, because of physical disorders, were
terrified with night visions, it wvill be the
:reamless sleep). To nurses and doctors and
mothers who were wakened almost every
hour of the night by those to whom they
ministered, or over whom they watched, it
will be the undisturbed sleep. To those
who could not get to bed tiil late at night
and must rise early in the morning and
before getting rested, it wl be the long
sleep. ,. .
Away with it. A way with all your gloomy
talk about departure from this world. If we
have served our generation it will oot be
putting out into the breakers, it will not be
the fight with the King of Terrors; it will
be going to sleepg ,. friend writing me
from Illinois . - s that Rev. Dr. Wimgate,
-.es.n oia we Forest C~lg North
Carolina, after a most useful life. found his
last day on earth his happiest day, and that
in his last moments he seemed to be, per
sonally talking with Christ, as-friend with
friend, saying: "0, how delightful. it is.
I knew you would be with me when the
time came, and I knew it :would be sweet
but I did not know it would be as sweet
as it is." The fact was he had served his
generation in th( Gospel ministry, and by
the will of God he fell on sleep. When in
Africa. Majawara, the servant, looked
into the tent of David Livingstone
and found him on his knees, he stepped
back, not wishing to disturb him in prayer;
I and some time after went in and found him
in the same posture. and stepped back again,
but after a while went in and touched him,
and lo I the great traveler had finished his
last journey, and he had died in the grandest
and mightiest posture a man ever takes-on
his knees. He .had served his generation by
unrolling the scroll of a continent, and by
the will of God fell on sleep. Grimshaw,
the evangelist, when asked how he felt in
his last moments, responded: "As happy
as I can be on on earth. and as sure of glory
as if I were in it. I have nothing to do but
to step out of this bed into Heaven.' Hay
ing served his generation in successful
evangelism, by the will of God, he fell on
In the museum of Greenwich Hospital
England, there is a fragment of a book that
was found in the Arctic regions amid the
relics of Sir John Franklin, who had per
ished amid the snow and ice, and the leaf of
that piece of a book was turned down at the
words, "When thou passest through the
waters I will be with thee." Having served
his generation in the cause of science and
discovery, by the will of God he fell on sleep.
Why will you keep us all so nervous talk,
ing about that which is only a dormitory
and a piliowed slumber, canopied by angels'
wings? Sleep I Transporting sleep! And
what aglorious awakening! You and I have
sometimes been thoroughly bewildered after
a long and fatiguing journey; we have
stopped at a friend's house for the night.
and after hours of complete uncon
sciousness we have opened our eyes, the
high risen sun full in our faces, and, be
fore we could fully collect our faculties,
have said: "Where am I, -whose house is
this, and whose are these gardens?" And
then it has flashed~upon us in glad reality.
And I should not wonder if, after we have
served our generation and. by the will of
God, havg fallen on sleep, the deep sleep, the
restful sleep, we should awake in blissful
bewilderment and for a little while say:
"Where am I? What place is this? Who
hung this upholstery? What fountains are
these tossing in the light? Why, this looks
like Heaven ! It is. It Is. Why, there is a
building grander than all the castles of
earth heaved into a mountain of splendor,
that must be the palace of Jesus. And,
look there, at those walks lined with a
foliage morebeautifnl than any thing I ever
saw before, and see those who are walking
down these aisles of verdure. From what I
have heard of them, those two arm in arm
must be Moses and Joshua. him. of Mount
Sinai and him of the halting sun over
Ajalon. And those two walking arm in
arm must be John and Paul, the one so
gentle and the other so mighty. And those
two with the robes as brilliant as though
made out of the cooled off flames of martyr
dom, must be John Huss and Hugh Latimer.
But I must not look any longer at those
gardens of beauty, but examine this building
in which I have just awakened. I look out
of the window, this way and that, and up
and down, and I find it is a mansion of im
mense size in which I am stopping. All its
windows of agate and its colonnades of
porphyry and alabaster. Why, I wonder if
this is not the house of "many mansions"
of which I used to read? It is, it is. There
must be many of my kindred and friends in
this very mansion. Hark I whose are those
voices, whose are those bounding feet? I
open the door and see, and 10! they are
coming through all the corridors and up and
down all the stairs, our long absent kin
'red. Why, there is father, there is mother,
there are the children. All well again.
All young again. All of us together again.
And as we embrace each other with the
cry, "Never more to part! Never more
to part !"the arches, the alcoves, the hall
ways echo and re-echo the words, "Never
uore to part! Never more to part." Then
our glorfied friends say: "Come Out with
us and see Heaven." And, some of them
bounding ahead of us and some of them skip
ping beside us, we start down the ivory
stairway. And we meet, coming up. one of
the kings of ancient Israel, somewhat small
of stature, but having a countenance radiant
with a thousand victories. And as all are
making obeisance to this #:reat one of
Heaven I cry out, "Who is hel" and the
answer comes: "This is the greatest of all
the kings of Israel. It is David, who after
he had served his generation by the will of
God, fell on sleep."
'READING FOR CHILDREN.
A Word to Mrothaers About Proper Litera
ture for Boys and Girls.
In the education of children, nothing is
of more importance than a wvise supervision
of their reading. Better might a child take
into its stomach fond which wvill certainly
derange it, than to absorb at this critical
period into its developing mind the worse
than useless, positively pernicious "litera
tre." so called, with which the world is
flooded, and to which, unfortunately, there
is such easy access. Many mothers, careful
to the last extent of their children's physical
development, will, with a carelessness per
fetly astounding, leave the providing of
mental food to their own unaided .iudgment.
A book-loving, child of any age will read,
and it Is the sacred duty of every mother to
see to it that good, wholesome reading is
provided. -Avoid the "story papers" of q't -
tionable character which are frequently
thrust upon you. Cultivate in children
who have it not, the love of reading. This
can be done, to a great extent, by providing
literature in a line with their peculiar tastes,
using your knowledge of their fondness for
a certain occupation or pastime as your
guide. Rleading is too great a privilege too
delightful a pleasure, too powerful an assist
ant to the formation of character to be
lightly neglected or misused. If all parents
looked more carefully to their children's
reading there would be a development of
character otherwise impossible.
Hardly any sacrifice should be considered
too great to provide good reading, not only
for the children, but for the mothers like
wise. When tired and discouraged, and out
of temper with yourself and others, drop
your work and all thought of your worryv,
and take up a wholesome, interesting book
for half an hour. Ten to one, at the end of
that time the world wvill have assumed a
different aspect, things "will not seem so
bad, after nil." and a solution of the diff
ulty will soon present itself.-American
-There is at least one respect in which all
men may regard themselves as equally
favored. To every one is given the possi
bility of doing his whole duty of the mo
ment. And every one always has a duty of
the moment. As soon as the possibility of
doing one act or another is removed, the
correspodiug duty of that moment no
longer exists. But if that duty ceases he
cause that possibility is removed, another
duty is immediately imposed and its corres
ponding possibility is opened. There is
never a time when we are free from the
duty of the moment; rnever a time without
possibilities of doing their duty.-8. S.
A TALK TO FARMERS.
THE SUIGPSTIONS OF A MAN OF LONS(
How Tuar. Northen, of Georgia, Dis
cusses the Questions That Chiefly In
terest the Agriculturalists of the South.
(Columbia Daily Register.)
Mr. Northen's address before the
Georgia State Agriculture Society at
Brunswick is a first class Southern
paper. It hits the nail on the head
The Augusta Chronicle published this
address on Sunday. and then paper will
do for Sunday reading for all our far
mers of the South for fifty-two Sundays,
This address is too good and too prac
tical a one to escape the attention of
the readers of THE REGISTER, whether
they are farmers or not. We will, there
fore, try and give them the salient
points of what we consider a "en
strike" in the way of an agriehultral
President Northen addresses himself
to the following c1usiion:
"What are the hindrances to sneeIss
ful agriculture in Georgia and at the
Plain as it might seem to many, this
is a big subject, and it takes a man of
brain, experience and grapple to answer
Mr. Northen begins with the following
When I had the honor to address you
at Waycross, I showed from the record
that the wealth of the State had in
creased steadily since 1879, aggregating
up to that date $107,000,000. Since that
time the record shows an additional in
crease in taxable property of fifteen mil
lions, making a grand total of $122,
000,000 since the period indicated all
garnered by the professions, the trades,
the manufactures and the industries
outside of agriculture. Those sections
of the State devoted mainly to farming
show a large falling off, while other
sections, devoted to other industries,
make a sufficient increase to cover the
losses from farming and add $122,000,
000 to the State since 1879.
* * * * * * * *
It is my pnrpos> to-day to submit to
you some criticisms touching the con
duct of the farmers themselves in their
management and methods seriously
hurtful to the general good of the State.
Under the action of the executive
committee of this society I have looked
into the causes for depression, as I
mingled freely with the farmers. * * *
I shall now present for your considera
tion what I have learned.
In one County in middle Georgia I
found a farm of 800 acres, with teams
and tenants and comfortable cabins. On
the 10th of January last the tenants on
this farm had barely cotton seed enough
to plant the next crop; not one peck of
corn nor a pound of meat that was
grown upon the place. The owner of
this farm has not seen it in five years.
A little to the North of this farm, and
almost touching it, is another farm,
containing about 850 acres, in just the
condition of the one before mentioned,
except that it has bankrupted two
former owners, who gave no attention
to its tenants. The present landlord
has not seen it in two years.
Still further to the North is another
farm of 600 acres. Here the woods are
full of cabins, and the cabins are full of
freedmen, wbo live as they list and
work as they please. These tenants
consume the products of one year before
they begin the work of another. The
owner of this farm has not been upon
his premises in three years.
Just a little to the South is a smaller
farm, containing about 200 acres. The
tenants upon this place have actually
starved three mules within the last
twelve. months, and another will soon
wend his way to the boneyard. The
landlord in this ease has not seen his
farm for six years.
These farms are not ietions; they
have all come under my personal obser
vaion; they are in the centre of the
best portion of the State. and they are
representative. I shall not go fuirther
into detail than to say of .the 138,00
farms in Georgia, 50,000 of them are
run by indolent tenants in the absence
of the landlords.
* * * * * * :' *
When I say that the tenant system,
operated outside of the personal super
vision, personal control and rigid dis
cipline of the landlord, has been de
structive to our system of agriculture, I
make known to you, in my candid
jidgment, the main cause for depression
among the people. This system has lost
millions .of .money to the State by its
wastefulness; it has demoralized and
ruined the better class of labor; it has
broken up communities and forced our
people into the towns and cities for a
living; it has brought countless acres to
worse than desolation and to waste, and
covered the face of the earth with sad
ness and decay.
This is a true bill for South Carolina
no less than Georgia; indeed it fits our
ease more completely than it does Geor
gia's. It cannot be denied that this is
one of the chief millstones around our
Mr. Northen then turns his at tention
to the wasteful expenditure of Southern
farmers, and says:
It will be remembered that I am now
considering elements of failure for which
farmers themselves are mainly responsi
ble. Prominent among the most con
s~iuous is the purechase of commercial
fertilizers. Can the farmers of Georgia
omplain of poverty when they pay in
one season $5,000,000 for commercial
Since 1879 the farmers in Georgia
ave paid for fertilizers enough money
to lift every mortgage from every farm
in tne State-enough money to buy all
the town and city property of Richmond,
Chatham and Fulton Counties. The re
ent combine has added nearly 25 per
ent. to last year's prices, If such is
the ase the farmers in Georgia the
oming season will pay $6,250,000 for
ommercial fertilizers. I ask again, are
you able to pay it and live?
Mr. Northen says Georgia spends
$5.an 0 ina coammercal fertitizers to a
crop of $07,000.000; Kentucky spends a
$145,000 to a crop of $63,000,000; Mich
igan $300,000 to a crop of $90,000,000;
Ohio $550,000 to $156,000,000; Tennes
see $157.000 to $62,000,000; Wisconsii
$170.000 to $72,000,000.
Georgia, we are told, spends as much
on commercial fertilizers as Kansas,
Kentucky, Michigan, New York, Ohio,
Tennessee and Texas. With -this ferti
lizer expenditure of five million, Georgia
cultivaes 8,000,000 acres and makes a
crop worth $67,000.000. With the same
expenditure on fertilizers; the States
named cultivate ninety-one million
acres and make a crop product of $773;
000,000. The farmers in Georgia pay'
$1 in fertilizers to make $15. 'he other
States pay $1 to $400.
The farmers in the States mentioned
have no cotton seed with which to sup
plement their manures. The farmers
in Georgia handled the last season over
six million worth of cotton seed. They
could make a better fertilizerput of this
seed than any they buy, and yet this
seed was sold for two million dollars to
enrich a trust.
It is said that farmers may be injured
by the tax policy of. the generalgovern
inent and may be overreached in their
business transactions, but the farmers
should look to their own wasteful nnsman
agement as the chief obstacle in the
way of sutcessful agriculture at the
Mr. Northen has found in only few
localities proper care ant? economy in
the use of barnyard manures. Barn
yard manures, most farmers say, is too
bulky and gives too much trouble in the
handling. So they throw it away and
buy fertilizers easier of application.
Mr. Northen does-not. advocate the en
tire abandonment of commercial fertili
zers, butinsists that they should be
largely displaced by barnyard manure,
mould, muck and cotton seed.
Mr. Northen insists that every bushel "
of cotton seed -in Georgia is worth 25
cents as stock feed or manure, and
when it is sold for less it is a clear loss
to the farmer. He says:
With 900,000 head of cattle, and suitan
ble stalls to shelter them; with 200,000'.:
horses and mules, and gbod barns to
stable them; 500,000 sheep, and comforths
able folds to .en them; with pea vines ,
to be turned under and pine straw,.,
leaves and muck for absorbents;,26,000,
000 bushels of cotton seed to be erushed
and put with this enormous accumula
tion, or, better, fed to stock to incrdase'
the character and value of the manure,
Georgia farmers would make in manure -
a money value of more than twenty.
million dollars that would build up our
lands to a high state of permanent fer
tility and abundant- -yield. All this
could be done and cost but little moie
than -the handling. . .
Another hindrance ..to success, for
which farmers are themselves responsi
ble, is the annual expenditure of nearly
three million dollars for horses and1,
mules to be used on the farm. Every
one of them should be raised on Georgia
soil. * * * * I have yet to meet a
man in the State who has triedthe plan =
of raising his farm teams who has not
continued it with profit. -
Will you pardon me now if I get
down a little nearer to the root of the.
matter? The probing may be painful,
but if it heals the wound let the instru
ment go in.
Mr. Northen then quotes a pactical
farmer, who lad risen to wealth, antI
who attributed unsuccessful farming in
Georgia to the miserable management-=
of Georgia farms. -
Farmers idle their time, delay theirz
operations, begin the year on the first~
of March instead of on the first of Jan
uary; close it the last of November in
stead of the 25th of December. work,
when they work.at all, five days in the
week instead of six; saunter lazily to
the fields an hour by sun instead of
with the early dawn; lose all the in
lement weather with no indoor work.
prepared and leave to negroes *much.
they ought to do themselves. No busi
ness, said he, managed as farmers
manage theirs could stand tihe straind -
Ditching, fencing, clearing and'
cleaning are among the lost arts. If
the hills are going to waste, use the
opening and closing months of the year
in recoverimg themj.
Get the farmers to go to work, con
duct their business under system and
with active industry, demand of their
forces good services and deny main
tenance until it conies; study conven
ence of arrangement and the properutil
ization of labor.
S * * * * * * *
When these things are done, said
h. farmers will make money like other
Mr. Northen concludes thus:
"I1 am fully conscious that I would
:o a cruel wrong if, in this discussion, I
covered the bright promise of the future.
In my candid opiniion,farming in Georgia
has r'eached its crisis. From this timefor
ward the prospect will slowly brighten.
Never before have the farmers been so
determined. All over the State I find
them practicing the closest ec,>nomy in ,
every department of the home and the
farm; together, they are studying the
mistakes of the past, and together they
are counselling plans for the future.
New lines are opening to light;
new industries are springing up on.
the farm; new methods are being
adopted, and new crops are being put
upon the markets.
Georgia cured more hay the last sea
on than for any three seasons before.
More grass means more stock; more
stock means more .manure. Following
out this agricultural logic, we have more
yearing colts in Georgia than ever be
fore. Nothing I saw in the State the
past year gave such promise to the fu
ture as the colt shows held in different
Dairy farms. I find, are multiplying
ne County shipped more standard but
ter last season than was marketed by
the entire State a few years ago. All
the butter we need will soon be made
upon Georgia farms. This industry has
given rise t> another in breeding im
roved cattle. It is nor a rare thirngto
ind a section of the State in which
here are not some of the improved.
reeds of cattle.
These are new paths upon which our
eople are entering with inviting prom
ises all along the way. We are pulling
trough a deep morass, but there is