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VOL. V. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13. 1889. NO. 14
J)EPH F. RIIAME,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
N S. WILSON,
A1toirney and Counselor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
I - STA CE AGZF
- MANNING. S. C.
A TTOREY AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
Notary Public with seal.
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
portion of the town. TWO STORES, with
suitable- lots; on Manning and R. R. streets
TWO COTTAGE RESIDENCES, 4 and G
roomp: and a number of VACANT LOTS
suitable for residences, and in different lo
calities. Terms Reasonable.
3Ih G. Bryant, Jas. M. LELANYD.
South Carolina, New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRYANT & LELAND, PRoprIETons.
- Columbia, South Carolina.
Tie grand Central is the largest and best
kept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ACT BUS13E.S CENTER OF TIlE CITY,
where all Street Car Lines pass the door,
and its MENU is not excelled by any in the
Manning Shaving Parlor.
hAIR CUTTING ARTISTICALLY EXECUTED.
and Shaving done with best Razors. Spec
ial attention paid to shampooing ladies
I have h-td considerable experience in
several large cities, and guarantee satisfac
tion to my customers. Parlor next door to
E. D. HAMILTON.
NEW WAVERLY HOUSE, IN
the Bend of King Street, Charleston.
The Waverly, having been thoroughly
renovated the past summer and newly fur
nished throughout, makes its accommoda
tions unsurpassed. Incandescent Electric
Lights and Electric Bells are used in all
rooms and hallways. Rates $2.00 and $2.50.
G. T. ALFORD, Proprietor.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Firsl Class in all its Appointments,
Supplied with all Modern Improvements
Excellent Cuisine, Large Airy Rooms,
Otis Passenger Elevator, Elec
tric Bells and Lights, Heat
RA TES, $2.00, $250 . AND $3.00.
Rooms Reserred by Mail or Telegraph
THE BEULAH ACADEMY,
Bethlehem, S. C.
B. B. THOMPSON, Principal.
Fall Session Begins Monday, Oct 29.
Instruction thorough, government mild
and decisive, uppeahng generally to the
student's sense of honor and judgment in
th- importarit matter of punctuality, de
portment, diligence. &c. Moral and social
*LO0C A T IO F INSE.
Tuition from $1.00 to $2.00 per month.
Board in good families $7.00 per month.
4 Board from Monday to Friday per month
pa-For further particulars, address th
J. G. DINK~IN.3, M. D. R. B. LORTEA.
103, Dinios& Go,
Druggists and Pharmacists,
PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
FINE CIGARS AND
Tuf stock ~of PArsTs, OrLs, G3LAss
Ngonoand Wmrr LEDa, also
PAL'sT and WrrEwMsH BRUSHES.
An elegant stock of
SPECT ACLES and EYE GL ASSES.
No-charge made for fitting the eye.
Physicians Prescriptions carefully
compounded, day or night.
J. 6, Binkins & Co.,
Sign of the Golden Mortar,
MANNING, S. C.
[Gzo. E. TOAu.E. HENvY OI.vER.)
Gee, E. Toale & Co,
MANUFACTURERS AND WJIOLESAL.L
Scroll Work, Turning and
Inside Finish. Builder's Hard
ware, and General
OFFICE AND SALESBOOMS.
10 and 12 Hayne Street,
REAR CHARLESTON HOTEL.
Charleston, S. C.
All WVork Guaranteed.
marWrite for estimates.
WROTE IN THE DUST.
Dr. Talmage Preaches on " The
Literature of the Dust."
Christ's Rebuke to the Scribes and Phari
sees-His Compassion for the Perse
auted Woman Who Had Sinned
1Against Society-A G1'
Tne sun3oes of Rev. Dr. Talmage's recent
sermon at the Brooklyn Tabernacle was
"The Literature of the Dust," and his text,
John viii, 6: "Jesus stooped down and
wrote on the ground." Dr. Talmago spoke
A Mohammedan mosquo stands now
where once stood Herod's temple, the scene
of my text. Solomon's temple had stood
there, but Nebuchadnezzar thundered it
down. Zorobabel's temple had stood there,
but that had been prostrated. Now we
take our places in a temple that Herod built
because he was fond of great architecture,
and he wanted the preceding temples to
seem insignificant. Put eight or ten modern
cathedrals together and they would not
equal that structure. It covered nineteen
acres. There were marble pillars support
ing roofs of cedar, and silver tables on
which stood golden cups, and there were
carvings exquisite aed inscriptions re
splendent, glittering balustrades and orna
mental gateways. The building of this
temple kept ten thousand workmen busy
forty-six years. In that stupendous
pile of pomp and magnificence sat
Christ and a listening throng stood
about him, when a wild disturbance took
place. A group of men are pulling and
pushing along a woman who had committed
the worst crime againstsociety. When they
have brought her in front of Christ, they
ask that He sentence her to death by ston
ing. They are a critical, merciless disin
genuous crowd. They want to get Christ
into controversy and public reprehension.
If He say "Let her die," they will charge
Him with cruelty. If He let her go, they
will charge Him with being in complicity
with wickedness. Whichever way He does,
they would howl at Him. Then occurs a
scene which has not been sufficiently re
garded. He leaves the lounge or bench on
which He was sitting and goes down on
one knee, or both knees, and with the fore
finger of His right hand He begins to
write in the dust of the floor, word
after word. But they are not to be
diverted or hindered. They kept on de
manding that He settle this case of trans
gression until He looked up and told them
that they might themselves begin the
woman's assassination, If the complainant
who had never done anything wrong him
self would open the fire. "Go ahead, but be
sure that the man who flings the first mis
sile is immaculate." Then He resumed
writing with His finger in the dust of the
floor, word after word. Instead of looking
over His shoulder to see what He had writ
ten the scoundrels skulked away. Finally,
the whole place is clear of pursuers. an
tagonists and plaintiffs, and when Christ
has finished this strange chirography in the
dust, He looks up and finds the woman all
alone. The prisoner is the only one of the
court room left, the judges, the police, the
prosecuting attorneys having cleared out.
Christ is victor, and He says to the woman:
"Where are the prosecutors in this case?
Are they all gone? Then I discharge you;
go and sin no more."
What did Christ write? I have always
wondered what Christ wrote on the ground.
For do you realize that is the only time
that He ever wrote at all? I know that
Eusibius saysthat Christ once wrote a letter
to Abgarus, the king of Edessa, but there is
no good evidence of such a correspond
ence. The wisest being the world ever
saw and the one who had more to
say than any one who ever lived,
never writing a book, or a chapter, or
a page, or a paragraph, or a word on parch
ment. Nothingbutthis literature of the dust,
and one sweep of a brush or one breath of a
wind obliterated that forever. Among all
the rolls of the volumes of the first library
founded at Thebes there was not one scroll
of Christ. Among the seven hundred
thousand books of the Alexandrian library,
which by the infamous decree of Caliph
Omar were used as fuel to beat the four
thousand baths of the city, not one sen
tence had Christ penned. Among all the
infinitude of volumes now standing in the
libraries of Edinburgh, the British Museum,
or Berlin, or Vienna, or the learned reposi
tories of all nations, not one word wrntten
directly by the finger of Christ. All that
He ever wrote He wrote in dust, uncertain,
shifting, vanishing dust.
My text says He stooped down and wrote
on the ground. Standing straight up a man
might write on the ground with a staff, but
It with his fingers he would write in the
dust, he must bend clear oyer. Aye, he
must get at least on one knee or he can not
write on the ground. Be not surprised that
He stooped down. His whole life was a
stooping down. Stooping down from castle
to barn. Stooping down from celestial
homage to mobocratic jeer. From residence
above the stars to where a star had to fall
to designate His landing place. From
heaven's front door to the world's back gate.
From writing in round and silvered letters
of constellation and galaxy on the blue scroll
of heaven, to writing on the ground in the
dust, which the feet of the crowd had left in
Herod's temple. If in January you have
ever stepped out of a prince's conservatory
that had Mexican cactus and magnolias in
full bloom, Into the outside air 10 o below
zero, you may get some idea of Christ's
change of atmosphere from celestial to ter
retal. How many heavens there are I
know not, but there are at least three, for
Paul was "caught up into the third
heaven." Christ came down from highest
heaven to the second heaven, and from
second heaven to first heaven, down swifter
than meteors ever fell, dowvn amidst stellar
splendors that Himself eclipsed, down
through clouds, through atmospheres,
through appalling space, down to where
there was no lower depth. From being
waited on at the banquet of the skies to the
broiling of fish for his own breakfast on the
banks of the lake. From emblazoned
chariots of eternity to the saddle of a mule's
back. The homage cherubic, seraphic,
archangelic, to the paying of sixty-two
and a half cents of tax to Cmsar. From
the deathless country to a tomb built
to hide hnman dissolution. The up-lifted
wave of Galilee was high, but He had to
come down. before, with His feet, He could
touch it, and the whirlwind that rose above
the billow waas higher yet, but He hadJ to
come down before, with His lip, He could
kiss it into quiet- Bethlehem a stooping
down. Nazareth a steeping down. Death
between twvo burglars a stooping down.
Yes, it was inconsonance with humiliations
that had gone before and with self-abnega
tions that came after, when on that memor
able day in Herod's temple'He stooped down
and wrote on the ground. Whether the
words He was writing were in Greek, or
Latin, or Hebrew, I can not say, for He
new all those languages. But He is still
stooping down and with His finger writing
on the ground; In the winter in letters of
crystals, in the spring in letters of flowers,
in summer in golden letters of harvest,
in autumn in letters of fire on fall,
en- leaves. How It would sweeten up
and enrich and emblazon this world
oould we see Christ's caligraphy
all over it. This world was not flung out
into space thousands of years ago and then
left to look out for itself. It is still under
the divine care. Christ never for a half
second takes His hand off of it, or it would
soon be a ship-wrecked world, a defunct
world, an obsoite world, an abandoned
world, a dead world. "Let there be light,"
was said at the beginning. And Christ
stands under the wintry skies and says:
Let there be snowflakes to enrich the earth;
and under the clouds of spring and says,
Come ye blossoms and make redolent the
orchards; and in September, dips the
branches into the vat of beautiful colors
and swings them in the hazy air. "Without
Him was not any thing made that was
made." Christ writing on the ground.
If we could see His hand in all the passing
seasons, how it would illumine the world!
All verdure and foliage world be allegoric,
and again we would hear Him say as of old.
"Consider the lilies of the field, how they
grow;' and we would not hear the whistie
of a qua:, or the cawing of a raven, or the
roundelay of a brownthresher, without say
in,, "Behold the fowls of toe air, they
gather not into barns, yet your Heavenly
Father feedeth them;" and a dominic hen
of the barnyard could not cick for her
brood, yet we would hear Christ saying as of
old, "How often would I have gathered thy
children together, even as a hen gathered
her chickens under her wings:" and through
the redolent hedges we would hear Christ
saying, "I am the rose of Sharon;" we could
not dip the seasoning from the salt cellar
without thinking of the divine suggostion
"Ye are the salt of the earth, but it the salt
have lost its savor, it is fit for nothing but to
be cast out and trodden under foot of men."
Let us waie up from our stupidity and take
the whole world as a parable. Then if with
gun and pack of hounds we start off before
dawn and see the morning coming down off
the hills to meet us, we would cry out with
the evangelist, "The day spring from on
high hath visited us;" or caught in a snow
storm, while struggling home eyebrows and
beard and apparel all covered with the
whirling flakes, we would cry out with Da
vid, "Wash me and I shall be whiter than
snow." In a picture gallery of Europe there
is on the ceiling an exquisite fresco, but peo
ple having to look straight up; it wearied and
dizzied them, and bent their necks almost
beyond endurance, so a great looking glass
was put near the floor and now visitors only
need to look easily down into this mirror
and they see the fresco at their feet. And
so much of all the heaven of God's truth is
reflected in this world as in a mirror, and
the things that are above are copied by
things all around us. What right have we
to throw away one of God's Bibles, aye, the
first Bible he ever gave the race i We talk
about the Old Testament and the New Testa
ment, but the oldest Testament contains the
lessons of the natural world. Some people
like the New Testament so well they dis
card the Old Testament. Shall we like the
New Testament and the Od Testament
so well as to depreciate the oldest;
namely, that which was written be
fore Moses was put afloat on the
boat of leaves which was calked with
asphaltum; or reject the Genesis and the
Revelation that were written centuries be
fore Adam lost a rib and gained a wife? No,
no; when Deity stoops down and writes on
the ground, let us read it. I would have no
less appreciation of the Bible on paper that
comes out of the paper mill, bat I would urge
appreciation of the Bible in the grass, the
Bible in the sand hill, the Bible in the
geranium, the Bible in the asphodel, the
Bible in the dust. Some one asked an
ancient king whether he had seen the
eclipse of the sun. "No," said he, "I have so
much to do on earth, I have no time to look
at Heaven." And if our faculties were all
awake in the study of God, we would not
have time to go much further than the first
grass blade. I have no fear that natural
religion will ever contradict what we call
revealed religion. I have no sympathy with
the followers of Aristotle, who after the
telescope was invented would not look
through it, lest it contradict some of the
theories of their great master. I shall be
glad to put against one lid of the Bible the
miroscope, and against the other lid of the
Bible the telescope.
But when Christ stooped down and wrote
on the ground, what did he write? The
Pharisees did net stop to examine. The
cowards, whipped of their own consciences.
fed pell mel!. Nothing wiltlflay a man like
an aroused conscience. Dr. tStevens, in his
"History of Methodism," says that when
Rev. Benjamin Abbott, of olden times
was preaching, he exclaimed: "For aught
I know there may be a murderer in this
house," and a man rose in the assemblage
and started for the door and bawled aloud,
confessing to a murder he had committed
ffteen years before. And no wonder these
Pharisees, reminded of their sins, took to
their heels. But what did Christ write on
the ground? The Bible does not state. Yet,
as Christ never wrote any thing except that
once, you can not blame u for wanting to
knew what He really did write. But I am
certain He wrote nothing trivial, or nothing
unimportant. And will you allow me to say
that I think I know what He wrote on the
ground? I judge from the circumstances.
He might have written other things, but,
kneeling there in the temple, surrounded by
a pack of hypocrites, who were a self-ap
pointed constabulary, and having in His
presence a persecuted woman, 'who evi
dently was very penitent for her sins. I am
sure He wrote two words, both of them
graphic and tremendous and reverberating.
And the one word was Hypocrisy and the
other word was Forgiveness. From the way
these Pharisees and scribes vacated the
premises and got out Into the fresh air, as
Christ, with just one ironical sentence,
unmasked them, I know they were first,
class hypocrites. It was then as it Is now.
The more faults and inconsistencies people
have of their own, the more severe and cen
sorious are they about the faults of others.
Here they are-twenty stout men arresting
and arraigning one weak woman. Magnifi
cent business to be engaged in ! They wanted
the fun of seeing her faint away under a
heavy judicial sentence from Christ, and
then after she had been taken outside
the city and fastened at the foot of a preci
pice, the Scribes and Pharises wanted the
saisfaction of each coming and dropping a
big stone on her head, for that was the style
of capital punishment that they asked for.
Some people have taken the responsibility
of saying that Christ never laughed. But I
think as He saw those men drop every thing,
chagrined, mortilied. exposed, and go out
quicker than when they came in, he must
have laughed. At any rate it makes me
laugh to read of it. All of these libertines,
dramatizing indignat ion2 against impurit..
Blind bats lecturing on optics. A flock of
crows on their way up from a carcass de
nouncing carrion. Yes, I think that one
word written on the ground that day by the
finger of Christ wns the awful word Hypoc
Irisy. But I am sure there was another word
in that dust. From her entire manner I am
sure that arraigned woman was repentant.
She made no apology, and Christ in no wvise
belittled her sin. But her supplicatory be
haviorand her tears moved Him, and when He
stooped down to write on the ground He
wrote that mighty, that imperial word For
giveness. When on Sinai God wrote the law
-He wrote it with finger of lightning on ta
bles of stone, each wqrd cut as by a chisel
nto the hard grannte aurfaee But when Ha
writes the offense of this woman He writes
it in dust so th:at it can be easily rubbed out,
and when she repents of it, oh, He was a
merciful Christ! I was reading of a legend
that is told in the far east about Him. He
was walking through the streets of a city
and He saw a crowd around a dead dog. And
one man said: "What a loathsome object is
that dog!" "Yes," said another. "his ears
are mauled and bleeding." "Yes," said
another, "even his hide would not be of any
use to the tanner." "Yes," said another,
-,the odor of his carcass is dreadful." Then
Christ, standing there, said: "But pearls
can not equal the whiteness of his teeth."
Then the people, moved by the idea that any
one could ind any thing pleasant concern
ing a dead dog, said: "Why, this must be
Jesus of Nazareth."
Reproved and convicted they went away.
Surely this legend of Christ-is good enough
to be true. Kindness in all His words and
ways and habit,. Forgiveness. Word of
eleven letters, and some of them thrones,
and some of them palm branches. Better
have Christ write close to our names that
one word, though He write in dust. than to
have our name cut into monpmental granite
with the letters that the storms of a thou
sand years can not obliterate. Bishop
Babington had a book of only three leaves.
The first leaf was black, the second leaf
red, the third leaf white. Thu black leaf
suggested sin; the red leaf atonement; the
white leaf purification. That is the whole
story. God will abiundaintly pardon.
I must not forget to say that as Christ,
stooping down, with His finger wrote on the
ground. it is evident t-hat His sympathies are
with this penitent woman, and that He has
no sympathy with her hypocritical pursuers.
Just opposite to that is the world's habit.
Why didn't these unclean Pharisees bring
one of their own number to Christ for ex
coriation and capital punishment' No, no;
they overlook that in a man which they dam
nate in a woman. And so the world has had
for offendini women securge3 and objurga
tion, anl for justone offsue she becomes an
outcast, while for men whose lives have been
sodomic for twenty years, the world swings
open its doors of brilliant welcome, and they
may sit in Legislatures and Senates, and
Parliaments or on thrones. Unlike the Christ
of my text, the world writes a man's misde
rueanor in dust. but ohisels a woman's offense
with great capitals upon ineffaceable marbe.
For foreign lords and princes, whose names
can not be mentioned in respectable circles
abroad, because they are walking lazarettos
of abomination, our princesses of fortune
wait and at the first beck sail out with them
into the blackness of darkness forever.
And in what are called higher circles of
society there is now not only the imita
tion of foreign dress and foreign man
ners, but an imitation of foreign dis
soiuteness. I like an Englishman and I
like an American. but the sickest creature
on this earth is an American playing the
Englishman. Society needs to be recon
structed on this subject. Treat them alike,
masculine crime and feminine crime. If you
cut the one in granite, cut them both in
granite. If you write the one in dust, write
the other in dust. -No, no, says the world,
let woman go down and let man go up.
What is that I hear plashing into the East
river at midnight, and then there is a gurgle
as of strangulation, and all is still. Never
mind. It is only a woman too discouraged
to live. Lot the mills of the cruel world
grind right on.
But while I speak of Christ of the text,
His stooping down, writing in the dust, do
not think 1 underrate the literature of the
dust. It is the most solemn and tremendous
nf all literature. It is the greatest of all
libraries. When Layard exhumed Nine
vah he was only opening the door of
Its mighty dust. The excavations of
Pompeii have only been the unclasping of
the lids of a volume of a nation's dust.
When Admiral Farragut and his friends, a
few years ago, visited that resurrected city,
the house of Balbo, wno had been one of its
chief citizens in its prosperous days, was
opened and a table was spread in that house,
which eighteen hundred years had been
buried by volcanic eruption, and Faragut
and his guests walked over the ex
quisite mosaics and under the beauti
ful fresco, and it almost seemed like
being entertained by those who eighteen
centuries ago had turned to dust. 0, the
mightyv literature of the dust ! Where are
the remains of Sennacherib and Attila and
Epaminonda5 and Tamerlane and Trojan
ad Philip of Macedon nnd Jutius Cmsar'
Dust! Where are the heroes who fought on
both sides of Chieronea, at Hastings. at
Marathon, at Cressy, of the 110,000 men
who fought at Agincourt, of the :350,000 men
who faced death at Jena, of the 40.).000
whose armor glittered in the sun at Wag
ram, of the 1.000),000,000 men under Darius
at Arbella, of' ihe202.000 men uder Xerxes
t Thermopyht:? Dusti
Where are the guests who danced the
floors of the Alhamnbra, or the Persian
palaces of Ahasuerusi D)ust! Where are
the miusiciaus who played and the orators
who spoke, and the sculptors who chiseled,
and the architects who built in all the cen
turies except our own? Dust !
The greatest library of the world, that
which has the wid,.st shelves, and the
longest aisles, and the most multitudinous
volumes and the vastest wealth, is the
underground library. It is the royail library,
the continental' library, the hemispheric
library, the planetary library, the library
of the dust. And all these library
cases will be opened and all these scrolls
nrolled and all these volumes unclasped,
and as easily as in your library or mine we
tke up a book, blow the dust off of it, and
turn over its pages, so easily will the Lord of
the Resurrection pick out of this library
of dust every volume of human life, and
open It and read it and display it. And the
volume will he rebound, to be set in the
royal library of the King's palace, or in the
prison lhorary of the self-destroyc*. 0, this
m.hty literature of the dust ! It Is not so
wonderful after all that Christ chose, in
stead of an inkstand. the impressionable
sand on the floor of an ancilent temple, and,
instead of a bard pen, putt forth his fore
tiger with the samlie kmnd of nerre, and
muscle, and bone, and flesh as that which
makes up our own forefinger, and wrote the
awful doom of hy pocrisy and full and com
plete forgiveness for repentant sinners,
even the worst.
And now 1 can believe that wvhich I read,
how that a mother kept burning a candle in
the window every igh~t for ten years, and
one night very late a poor waif of the streat
ntered. The aged woman said to her, "Sit
?own by the fire," and the stranger satd,
"Why do you keep that light in the win
ov9" The aged womaui said: "That is to
light moy wayward (laughter when she re
turns. Since she went away ton years ago,
my hair has turned white. Folks blame me
or worrying about her, but you see I am
her mother, and sonmetimles, half a dozen
tmes a night, I open the door and
look out into the darkness and cry.
- Lizziep - Lizzie!' But I must not
tell you any more about my trouble, for,
I guess, froin the way you cry, you have
trouble enough of your own. W y how
cold and sick you seem! 0, my ! can it be?
Yes, you are Lizzie my own last child.
Thank God that you are home again !" And
what a time of rejoicing there was in that
house that night! And Christ again stooped
down, and in the ashes of that hearth, now
lighted up not more by the great blazing
logs than by the joy of a reuanited household,
wrote the same liberating words that He had
written more than eighteen hundred years
ago in the dust of the Jerusalem temple.
Forgiveness I A word broad enough and
high enough to let pass through it all the
armies of Heaven, a million abreast, on
white horses, nostril to nostril, flank to
T -h k tDERAt FORCES.'
DEM0CRATIC OFFICE-HOLDERS STEPPING
DOWN AND OUT.
The Victors Making a Rush for the
Spoils- Prominent Candidates for the
Vacancies in the Various Departments.
Ex-Governor Thompson Acting as Sec
retary of the Treasury at Secretary
WASHINGTON. March 9.-Secretaries
Blaine, Proctor and Tracey came to their
respective offices early this morning, but
if they had any idea of attending to of
ticial business they must have abandoned
it when they saw the number of people
awaiting them. Senators, Representa
tives and high officials came in twos and
threes; some brought friends, and many
ladies were among the callers. Russell
Harrison, with a party of Montana peo
pIe, made the rounds of the departments.
They called on the secretaries only to
pay their respects and had no designs
upon offices. Gen. Sherman and Aami
ral Porter were among -he notables who
attended these impromptu receptions.
No official changes have yet been re
corded in subordinate offices; but Walker
Blaine occupied the seat vacated by
First Assistant Secretary Rives in the
Department of State, and Thomas Sher
man, who formerly served as Secretary
Blaine's private secretary, was endeavor
ing to protect the Secretary from the in
roads of the public. Both ot them have
voluntarily taken hold to help smooth
the way for the new administration, but
in neither ease has an appointment been
In the War Department William C.
Endicott, Jr., continues to fill the post
of private secretary. His father, the
late Secretary of War, called upon his
successor this morning, presumably to
supply him with information respecting
current business. Senators Paddock
and Hawley and Representative Dorsey
of Nebraska were among Secretary
Proctor's callers, and they subsequently
called upon Secretaries Blaine and
No appointment has yet been made to
fill the private s3cretaryship in the Navy
Department vacated by Mr. Fletcher,
and an assistant is discharging the rou
tine duties of the office. Ex-Senator
Chandler called about mid-day upon
Secretary Tracey and had quite a long
chat with him.
In all of the executive departments lo
cated in the State, War and Navy build
ing, changes likely to result from
the change in politics of the administra.
tion are few in number, because a long
line of precedents favors the continua
tion of oureau chiefs in the State De
partment, while those in other superior
posts are mostly filled by
detailed army and navy officers.
First Comptroller Durham, Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue Miller and
Fourth Auditor Shelly have tendered
their resignations to Secretary Windom,
to take effect at his convenience. Mason
of West Virginia, Montgomery of Ohio,
and Evans of Kentucky are the leading
candidates for the Internal Revenue
Commissionership. Evans occupied the
position under President Arthur's ad
Treasurer Hyatt will tender his resig
nation to the President at the first op
portunity. It is said that Huston,
Chairman of the Indiana Republican
Committee, is likely to be his successor.
Charles E. Coon, formerly Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury, is reported to
be an applicant for the position of
Comptroller of the Currency. It is said,
however, that Secretary Windom has
requested him to resume his former
positi-mn. Burchard, formerly Director
of the Mint, was a caller on the Secre
tary this morning, and is said to be an
applheant for this oilce, but Director
Kimball has not sinnined his intention
to tender his resigna,.ion until his term
It is espected that most of the Demo
ratic bureau officers will send in their
resignations and give the Secretary an
cportunity of naming their successors.
Geo. C. Tichenor is prominently men
tioned as Assistant Secretary Maynard's
most probable successor. He is now special
agent of the department. Mr. Parsons
of Onio, A. D. Lynch of Indiana and
Mr. Sickels are said to be applicants for
the office of Comptroller of the Cur.
Assistant Secretary Thompson was
acting Secretary of the Treasury to-day,
at the request of Secretary Windom,
who announced his intention of devoting
the day to reception of visitors. A large
number of Senators and ex-members of
Congress availed themselves of the op
portunity afforded and called to pay
their respects, and throughout the day
the room of the Secretary was filled
with visitors. No distinction was made
in favor of politicians, and the general
public was largely rep resented The
routine business of the department was
net seriously interrupted, and there was
nothing apparent in the various bureaus
tshowv that the department had passed
from Democratic to Republican control.
North Carolina Negroes Going West.
RALEIGH, N. C., March 9.-What
looks like the beginning of an extensive
exodus of colorcd people is noted here.
Last night addresses -by two colored
preachers and a lawyer were made. in
which the negroes were urged to go to
Kansas and Arkansas, but not to go to
Louisiana and Mississippi. This advice
was listened to attentiveiy by about
2,000 persons, all colored, and it made a
great impression. particularly upon the
women. It was stated by the speakers
that meetings like this would be held all
over the State. and that announcements
had been made from th'e pulpits of many
churhi-s, and would be made from all.
It was further stated that 40,000 negroes
were wanted in Kansas, and that negroes
would also be given work and made
welcome in Mlaine, .Vermont and Massa
chusetts. The railwvay fare from here
to Kansas has been put down to $11.
That Staie appears to be the most popu
lar, and many labor agents from Kansas
arc at work in this State.
-The repairs and improvements on
the Baptist Church at Newberry, com
prising a thorough remodeling of the
pulpit, repainting the interior~ and
cushioning all the seats. have been conm
THE COTTON (R AB
lMADE BY THE 'NITEI) STATES A'TJlOIt
ITIES AFTER THE WAlR.
The Money Now in the Treasury, Which
Should be in the Pockets of the People
of the Southern States-How It May be
WASHNnTON, March 7.-'The records
of the Treasury Department are full of
good material for you newspaper men,"
said an official to-day. "There is plenty
that will interest your Southern readers.
"Take that bureau called the division
of abandoned lands and property, for
example. It has in itself one -rear
romance. Its history is fuller of the
marvelous than anything that was ever
written. Why, there are about s^13,
000,000 in its keeping belonging to peo
ple in the South alone. During and at
the close of the war valuable property
of all sorts fell into the hands of army
officers, and was turned into the Trea
sury. Finally the amonut became so
great that, when 'Bill' Chandler was
Assistant Secretary, he created a division
that should have. charge of the entire
"Over X12,000.000 of the money
charged to that division is the proceeds
of cotton taken from plantations and
various towns all over the South :mud
sold.. I know of one case in which.
TWO MILLION DOLLARS WORTH OF COT roN
was taken from a far South plantation,
when the staple was worth $500 a b:ale,
and sold. The people to whom it be
longed were not rebels at all, and it
wouldn't be at all difficult for them to
make their case if they only knew what
to do. But it has been nearly twenty
seven years since the money was depos
ited there. I don't know whether any of
them are alive or not, and if they were
it is hardly probable that they will ever
get back what was really their own. All
the testimony in the case is in the nos
session of the government, and it never
lets go anything it gets its hands on.
The agent who took this cotton is dead
long ago, as is the man who sold it. So
you see the owners could not prove their
case by either of them.
"There are other instances similar to
this. In 1863 we received over $100,
000 from a government agent, which
was the proceeds of cotton taken from a
foreigner, supposed to be a blockade
runner, in one of the larger cities of the
South. When Secretary McCulloch
heard of this he said: 'This money is
only held in trust by the government.
Some day we shall be obliged to account
for it, for the United States really
HAS NO RIGHT TO KEEP IT.
But from that time until now no de
mand has ever been made on us for it,
and there it lies. I doubt if the owner
ever knew just where it did go. Wh-en
General Sherman's army occupied the
towns of the South Atlantic seaboard the
Confederates destroyed all the cotton
possible before they surrendered. Mil
lions of dollars worth was burned to
keep it from falling into our hands.
The real owners could not tell what was
thus burned and what was saved. But
we know, and this was the way: The
books we often captured showed that
James Brown, for instance, who was a
merchant, bad so many bales burned
marked a certain way. The bales not
burned could thus be easily identified
from the marks and names on them. In
all cases the books captured containing
the names of the consignors and owners
were sent forward to the treasury with
the paper relating to the capture."
"Where are these books and papers?"
"Well, I don't know, but I suppose
they are somewhere
IN THE TREAsURY vAULTs.
"As we never knew when the claim
ants might come forward and make a
emand on tbe treasury for the proceeds
of their cotton, the money it brought
was never turned into ihe general fund.
but always remained in an account by
itself. But it has been so long ago, and
the testimony necessary to make a ease
that would be valid bemng in so many
instances unattainable by the owners, it
is scarcely probable that any great por
tion of this really enormo~us amount of
money will ever leave the treasury. The
only very large sums that was ever
returned to its real owners was paid to
Gazaway B. Lamar, of Savannah, Ga.,
which you must have heard of.
"Well, ex-Attorney General Williams
and General B. F. Butler of Massaebu
sets were his counsel. They got back
for him $600,000 for cotton taken in
the manner I have described. General
Butler said to me when that case was
pending. 'If I were a few years younger
and wanted' to make a vast fortune
quickly, I could do it more easily and
certainly in the prosecution of these
cotton claims than in any other nay.'
"If I were a Southern man and had a
case of this kind I wouild rather risk
General Butlers getting it than any
lawyer in America. It was always a
wonder to me thlat after the action of
the government in the Lamar ease more
Southern people did not attempt to re
cover their money from the treasury.
The prmnciple ot repayment was then
established. The main difficulty would,
of course, be to prove that their parti
cular L :ton was taken, sold, and the
money :urned into the treasury."
JUDGE cULBERsoN'S VIEWS.
The above was shown to Judge Cul
berson of Texas, chairman of the judi
ciarv committee of the House, to-night
nd I asked him what efforts had been
made by the South'ern Representatives
to secure for thie~r constituents the
money referred to.
ie'states that the fact is that for the
last four Congresses, eight years, there
hans been a determined ettort on his part
nd on the part of others to provide a
method by which those persons at the'
South interested in this fund might es
tablish their rights therein.
This fund was collected in the trea
sury under the Act of March 12, 1863,
known as the captured and abandoned
property Act. It provided that the
agents of the Treasury Department
should follow the armies of the United
States in the South and take charge.- of
all property found to be abandoned and
such as they might find belonging to the'
Confederate States government. The
seizures of property under this wvas
.. s ae. ina o.Ma A. eat deal of
oppression and wrong was committed,
and persons were deprived of their cot
ton and other property under the pi'e
tense that the Confederate government
had a claim upon it, while they were
justly entitled to it. In most cases the
property was sold by treasury agents
and the money paid in the treasury to
the credit of the property, with such
description and alleged ownership as
the treasury agents saw proper to give.
In all, this fund
AMOUNTED TO ABOUT $30,000,000.
It has all been paid out of the trea
sury to the persons who have proved
their rights therein except $10,500.000.
The Act of 1863 authorized all persons
claiming an interest in the property so
seized within one year after the close of
the war to bring suit before the Court of
Claims and establish their rights therein.
But this privilege was only a6lloTteW1
those who could establish loyalty. 'The
bar made by the Statute of Limitation
Was coupletc on the 20th of August,
1867, the Supreme Court having decided
the war closed for all judicial purposes
on the 20th August, 1866. the date of
the President's proclamation. Persons
who could not estabbsh their loyalty did
not bring suit in the Court of Claims,
after the close of the war, because it
was generally understood that they
would have to establish loyalty to the
government before they could recover.
The Supreme Court of the United States,
however, decided in 1867 that the Fr-si
dent's proclamation of pardon and am
nesty wiped out the disability and dis
loyalty and therefore it was not neces
sary to prove loyalty in cases arising
under the captured and abandoned pro
perty Act, but before this decision Aad
become known at the South the Statutes
of Limitation had effected a bar.
A TRUST FUND.
The Supreme Court in the Klein case,
in 18 7, decided that the governmient
held this fund as a trust for those to
whom the property belonged. In 1871 '
Congress passed an Act authorizing the
Secretary of the Treasury to hear and
determine application for this money
upon the part of those who claimed an
interest therein. This. law by its own
limitation expired in one year, and those
only who could prove loyalty were per
mitted this privilege. So the balance
of the fund has remained in the trea
sury since that time, there being no
method by which the owners can prove
their claims to this fund.
Judge Culbertson's bill provides for
REVIVAL OF THE RIGHT OF ACTION
in the Court of Claims for two years
This bill was before the House in the
Forty-ninth Congress and was discussed.
It was defeated for the want of time.
It has been discussed in this Congress,
but lost its place because of the expira
tion of the morning hour in which it was
being considered. It is now on the cal
endar and will be passed whenever time
is secured for its consideration.
From time to time since 1871, Con
gress has passed special bills giving in
dividuals the right to go into Court of
Claims and prove their right in this fund,
but such special laws have, without ex
ception, required the proof of loyalty.
It may be safely said that every dol
lar in the treasury belongs to those who
participated in the rebellion against the
United States government, as those who
could establish their loyalty secured
their rights in it before the bar of linii
tation was made, or uud& some special
Act of Congress. Some Southern ien;
however, got their rights through the
Treasury Department by Northern in=
THlE JA3MES MURDER TRIAL.
One of the Assnain Turns State's Evhi
dence-The Murderers Hfred to Commit
the Crime by the Victim's Son.
I)ARLING:ON, March 7-[Special .ta
The Register.}-The trial of the James
murder ~case commenced yesterday in.
the Court of General Sessions at 3
O'clock p. m. William Scott, the first
witness for the State, testified that
three colored men-Robert Arthur,
Louis Williams and William Scott-were
hired by Joe James, Jr., to kill his
father, Joe James, - Sr., because he (Joe
James, Jr.) wanted to obtain control of
his father's money. Six hundred dol
lars was the price to be paid. Louis
Williams did the shooting. He used the
gun belonging to Scott, which was loaded
with large shot and two 38-calibre bul
lets and wadded with a piece of red
check homespun. These three men went
to the house, and two of them, Wil
lams and Arthur, went inside of
the fence; Scott stood out
in the road. Joe James, Sr., as was his
custom, came out after supper to get
wa er. when he was shot and killed. The
assassins ran off. Joe James, the son,
planned the murder in all its details.
When Scott asked him for the money he
said that the numbers of the bills had
been taken down by Dr. Josey, and he
would have to go to Darlington and
change the money before paying.
The examination of witnesses is still
When Scott was arrested he asked the
officers if they were going to get Louis.
Williams also. This question was asked
before Scott was told why he w:as arr
A more cold-blooded, brutal murder
has never been committed.
Eer Faith Did Noti Save Mrs. Edwards.
SYRCUSE. March 4.-Mrs. Mary C.
Edwards, who has just died in this city,
was a believer in the Christian Science
doctrine, and herself protessed to effect
ures through the agency of faith.
About six weeks ago she went to Utica
to treat a patient. Whbile em her way
to the ears to retarn home she fell and
~roke her hip. She was immediately
brought here, and two physicians were
called in and reduced the fracture.
Then tihe Christian Scientists. took
charge of the case. the patient being at
tended by Mrs. Ellen E. Cross, principal
of the Academy of Christian Science im
this city, and 'another disciple of the
chool. Mrs. Edwards grew worse, andI
regular physicians were again called, but
the could not save her life. They say
that their failure was due to the inter
ference of the Christian Science people.
The Seientists" say they could not save
th woman's life for the reason that she
did not have sufficient faith herself
whe the arisit name.