Newspaper Page Text
VOL.. V. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1889. NO. 22.
TO THE SLAUGHTER.
Rev. Dr. Talmage Preaches a Ser
mon at St. Louis.
How Young Men ore Led Into Tempta
tion :by -Evil Companions and Ex
travagance--The Horrors of Debs
-A Sneak Thief Better than.
Rev. . eWitkTalmage, D.. D., preached
at St. . gis pecend~y to i vast 'audien
His subject was "The Slanghter," and his
text, Proverbs, vii, 21: "As an o' to the
slaughter." The eloquent preacher spoke
There is nothing in the voice or manner
,of the butcher to indicate to the -ox.that
there is death ahead. The ox thinks he is
,going to arich pasture$eld of clover,whefe
.all day long he wil' revel in the herbaceous
luxuriance; but after awhile the men and
the boys close in upon him with sticks and
stones and shouting, and drive him through
bars intib a doerway;where he is fastened,
'and with ,well-aimed stroke the axe fells
-him; and so the anticipation of the redolent
,pasture field is completely disappointed. So
,many a young man has been driven on by
temptation to what he thought would be
paradisaical enjoyment; but after a while
influences with darker hue and swarthier
arm clew-in urn him, and he finds that in
stead ,f-making an excursion into a garden
he has been driven "as an ox to the slaiugh
First -We are apt to blame young men for
being destroyed when we ought to blame
the influences that destroy them. Society
slaughters a great many young men by the
behest, "You must keep up appearances;
whatever be gour salary, you must dress as
well as 9tbertyou must wine and brandy
as many friends, you must smoke as costly
cigars, you nust give as expensive enter
tainments,'and you must live in as fashiona
ble a boarding house. If you haven't the
mone, borrow. If you can't borrow. make
a false entry, or subtract here and there a
bill from a bundle of bank bills; you will
only have .to make .the deception a little
while; in 'few months, or a year r two,
you can make all right. Nobody will be
hurt by it; nobody will be the wiser. You
yourself will not be damaged,". By that
awful process a hundred thousand men have
been slaughtered for time and slaughtered
Suppose you borrow. There is nothing
wrong about borrowing money. There is
hardly a man in this house but has some
times borrowed money. Vast estates have
been built on a borrowed dollar. BAt there
are two kinds of borrowed money. Money
borrowed for the purpose of starting or
keeping up legitimate enterprise and ex
pense, and money borrowed to get that
which you can do without. The first is
right the other is wrong. If you have
modey en~iig'li of your own'to buy a coat,
however plain; and then Sou borrow money
for a dandy's outfit. you have taken the
first revolution of the wheel down grade.
Borrow for the necessities: that may be
well Borrow for 'the luxuries; that tips
your prospcote over in the wrong direction.
The Bible distinctly says the borrower is
servant of the lender. It is a bad state of
things when you have to go down some
other street to escape meeting some one
whom you owe. If young men knew what
is the despotism-of being in debt, more of
them would keep out of it. What did debt
do for Lord Bacon, with a mind towering
above the centuries? It induced him to take
bribes and convict himself as acriminal be.
fore all ages. What did debt dolor Walter
Scott? Broken hearted at Abbotsford. Kept
him writing until his band gave out in paral
ysis to keep the sheriff away from his piet.
ures and statuary. Better for him,if he
had minded themaximwhichhe had chiseled
over the fireplace at Abbotsford, "Waite
not, want not."
The trouble is, my friends, the people do
not understand the ethics of going in debt,
and tliat if gou purchase goods with no ex:
pectation of paying for them, or go into
debts which you can not meet, you steal just
so inch 'ioney. If I go into a grocer's
store,,and I buy sugars~and coffees and
. meats, writh no capacity'to pay for them
andi61ntention of paying for them, I am
more dishonest than If I go into the store,
and wbh the'grocer's farce is turned the
other way I-fll my pockets with the arti
cledftmerchandise and carry off a ham. In
the one case I take the merchant's timd,
and I take ige timero his-messenger to
transferieiO6toisy house, while In the
other case I take none of the time of the
merchant,-and!I wait upon myself, and I
transferbe s without any trouble to
him. Ia -- naaiisnekAthief Is not
so bad 'as a man who contracta debts he
never expects tg pay.. -
Yet in alt 'our eftiesther are families
that move ever7-May day to get Into prox
imity to other grocers and meat shops and
apothecarles.. They-owe everybody within
half a mile of where they now live, and
negt May they will move into a distant t'art
of tyetit f, flsding a newv -lot of victims.
Meaihite-y~u, -tiie bhemest family in the
new house, are bothered day by dry by the
knocking at the door of disappointed bakers
and butohers,-and dry goods dealers, mn
newspaper carriers, and you are asked
where your predecessor is. You do not
know. It was arranged you should not
know.~ Meanwhile your predecessor has
gon& to some distant part of the city, and
the people who have any thing to sell have
sent their wagorns and stopped there to so
licit the "valuable" custom of the new
neighbor, and be, the new neighbor, with
great complacency and with an air of afliu
once, orders the finest steaks and the high
est priced sugars, and the best of the canned
fruits, and, perhaps, all the newspapers. All
the debts will kepp~on accumulating unti'
he geti his goods on the 30th of next April
-in t'fuirniture dart.
Now, let .me say, jf there are any svch
persons ip the house, if. you have any 're
gard for youp~ own convenience, you had
better yemove to some greatly distant part
of thefty. It is too bad that, having had
all the tron'ble of consuming the goods, you
should also' h ave the trouble of being
dunned ! And let me say that If you find
that this picture's your own photograph,
insliad ol being in church you cught to be
in the papitentiary! No wonder that so
many &f oui- merchants fail in business.
They are swindled into bankruptcy byv these
wandertnp4rabs, these nomads of city lire.
They' ceaet the grocer ont of the green.
Rpples which make them sick, the physician
yo pttgndg-their distress, ?nd .the under
taker who fits them out for departuse from
the neighborhood where they owe every
body wvhen 'they pay the debt of nature, the
ony ebt they ever do pay !
Now our young men are coming up in this
depraved state of commercial ethics, and I
am solicitous about them. I. want to warn
them against being slaughtered on the sharp
edges of debt. You want many things you
have not, my young friends. You shall have
them if you have patience and honesty and
industry. Certain lines of conduct always
lead out to certain successes.
There is a law which controls even those
things that seem haphazard. I have been
told by tihose who have observed that it is
possible to calculate just how many letters
will be sent to the dead letter oflice every
year through misdirection; that it Is possi
mae in calcnlate inst how many latters 'will
be detained for lack of pistage stamps
through the forgetfulness of the senders,
and that it is possible to tell just how many
people will fall in the streets by slipping on
an orange peel. In other words, there are
no ace4dents. The most insignificant event
you ever heard of is the link between two
eternities-the eternity of the past and the
eternity of the future. Head the right way,
young man and you will come out at the
Bring me a young man and tell me what
his physical health is and what his mental
caliber, and what his habits, and I will tell
r u what will be his destiny for this world,
.and his destiny for the world to come, and
I will not make five inaccurate prophecies
out of the-live hundred. All this makes me
solicitous in regar.l. to young men. and I
want to make them nervous in regard to the
contraction of unpayabie debts. I give you
a paragraph from my own experience.
My first settlement as pastor was in a
village. My salary was S80) and a parson
age. The amount seemel enormous to me.
I said to myself, "What ! all this for one
year?" I was afraid of getting worldly
.under so much prosperity ! I resolved to in
vite all the congregation to my house in
groups of twenty-five each. We began, and
as they were the best congregation in all
the world, and we felt nothing was too good
for them, w'e piled all the luxuries on the
table. I never completed the undertaking.
At the end of six months I was in financial
despair. I found what every young man
learns in time to save himself, or too late.
that you must measure the size of a man's
b'dy before you begin to cut the cloth for
When a youngman wilfully and of eno!ce,
having the comfort; of life, goes into the
contraction of unpayable debts, he knows
not into what he goes. The creditors get
after the debtor. the pack of bounds in ful
cry, and alas! for the reindeer. They jin
gle his doorbell before he gets up in the
mornir' they jingle his do-rbell after he
has gone to bed at night. They meet him as
ho comes off his front steps. They send him
a postal card, or a letter in curtest style,
teil:ing him to pay up. They attach his
goods. They went cash, or a note at thirty
days, or a note on demand. They call him
a knave. They say be lies. They want him
disciplined at the church. They want him
turned out of the bank. They come to him
from this side, and from that side, and
from before, and from behind, and from
shove, and from beneath, and he is in
sulted and gibbetad. and sued, and dunned,
and sworn at, until he gets the nervous
dyspepsia, gets neuralgia, gets liver com
plaint, gets heart disease, gets convulsive
disorder, gets consumption.
Now he is dead, and you say: "Of course
theywill let him alone." 0, no! Now they
are watchful to see whether there are any
unnecessary expenses at the obsequies, to
see whether there is any useless handle on
the casket. to see whether there is any sur
plus plait on the shroud, to see whether the
hearse is costly or cheap. to see whether the
flowers sent to the casket have been bought
by the family or donated, to see in whose
name the deed to the grave is made out.
Then they ransack the bereft household, the
bocks the pictures the carpets, the chairs.
the sofa, the piano, the mattresses, the pil
low on which he dies. Cursed be debt! For
the sake of your own happiness, for the sake
of your good morals. for the sake of your
immortal soul, for God's sake, young man,
as far ds possible. keep out of it.
Secona-But I think more young men are
slaughtered through irreligion. Take away
a young man's religion and you make him
the prey of evil. We all know that the Bible
is the only perfect system of morals. Now
if you want to destroy the young man's
morals take this Bible away. How will you
do that? Well, you will caricature his rev
erence for the Scriptures, you will take
those incidents of the Bible which can be
made mirth of-Jonah's whale, Samson's
foxes. Adam's rib-then you will caricature
eccentric Christians or inconsistent Chris
tians, then you will pass off as your own all
those hackneyed arguments against Chris.
tianity which are as old as Tom Paine, as
old as Voltaire, as old as sin. Now you have
captured his Bible. and you have taken his
strongest fortress; the way is comparatively
clear, and all the gat's of his soul are set
open in invitation to the sins of earth and
the sorrows of death, that they may come
in and drive the stake for their encamp
A steamer fifteen hindred miles from
shore with broken rudder and lost compass.
and hulk leaking fifty gallons the hour. is
better off than a young man when you have
robbed him. of hici Bibla. Have you ever
noticed how desp'cablty moan It is to take
away the world's Bible without proposing a
substitute ? It is meaner te an to come to a
sick man and steal his medicine, meaner
than to come to a cripp'e and steal his
crutcl, meaner than to come to a pauper and
teal his crust, meaner than to come to a
poor man and burn his house down. It is
the worst of all larennies to. steal the Bible.
which has been the crutch and medicine and
food and eternal home to so many ! What
a generous and magnanimous business in
fidelity has gone int o! This splitting up of
life boats, and taking away of fire escapes,
and extinguishing of lighthouses!
I come ont and I say to such people:
"What are you doing all this for?" "0,"
they say, "just for fun." It is such fun to
see Christians try to hold on to their Bibles!
Many of them have lost loved ones, and have
been told that there is a i esurrection, and
it is such fun to tell them there will be no
re .urrection ! Many of t hem have believed
i at Christ came to carry the burdens and
to heal the wounds of the world, and it is
such fun to tell them they will have to be
their own savior! Think of the meanest
thing ycu ever heard of; Lhen ge down a
thousand feet underneath it and ycu will
find yourself at the top of a stairs a hundred
miles longigo to the bottom of the stairs. and
you wRil find aladder athousand miles long t
then go to the foot of the ladder and look
off a precipice half as far as from here to
China, an'd you will find the headquarters of
the meanness that would rob this world of
its only comfort in life its only peace in
death, and its only hope for immortaelity.
Slaughter a young man's faith in God, and
there is not much more left to slaughter.
Now, what has become of the slaughtered?
Well, some of them are in their father's or
mother's hous3 broken down in he.ath,
waiting to die; others are tn the hospital;
others are in Greenwood, or, rather, their
bodies are, for their souls hanve cone on to
retibution. No~t much prospect for a youn'
man who started liie with good heaith anmd
goo4 ed 2cstion. and a Christian examp'k
set him, and opportunity of usefulness, who
gathered all bis treasures and put them in
ons box, and then dropped it Into the sea.
Now, how is this wholesale slaughter to
be stopped? There is not a person ine the
house but is interested in that question.
Young man, arm yourself. The ohject of
my sermon is to put :i weapon in oach of
your hands for your own defense. Wait aot
for Young Men's Christian Associations to
prtet yotu, or churches to protect you.
Appealing to God for help, taka care of
First, has e a room semewhere that you
can call your own. W hethe:- it be the back
parlor of a fashionah'e boarding-house or a
room in the It urth story o a cheap lodging.
care inot. Only have that one rcom your
fortress. Let not the- dissipator or uncican
sep over the threshold. If they come up
the long flight of stairs and knock at the
firmly refuse them admittance. Have afew
family portraits on the wall, if you brought
them with you from your country home.
Have a Bible on the stand. If you can afford
it and you can play on one, have an instru
ment of music, harp or flute, or cornet, or
melodeon, or violin, or piano. Every morn
log before you leave that room, pray.
Every night after you come home in that
room, pray. Make that home your Gibral
tar, your Sebastopol, your Mount Zion. Let
no bad book or newspaper come into that
room, any more than you would- allow a
cobra to coil on your table.
Take care of yourself. Nobody else will
take care of you. Your help will not come
up two or three or four flights of stairs;
your help will come through the roof,
down from Heaven, from that God who in
the six thousand years of the world's his
tory never betrayed a young man who tried
to be good and a Christian. Let me say in
regard to your adverse worldly circum
stances, in passhig, that you are on a level
now with those who are finally to succeed.
Mark my words, young man, and think of
it thirty years from now. You will find
those who thirty years from now are the
millionaires of the country, who are the
orators of the country, who are the poets
of the country, who are the strong
merchants of the country, who are the great
philanthropists of the country-mightiest
in church and state-are this morning on a
level with you, not an inch above, and you
in straitened circumstances now.
Herschel earned his living by piayig a
violin at parties, and in the interstices of ti-.
play he would go out and look up at tlhi
midnight heavens, the fields of his immor
tal conquests. Geor _ e Stephenson rose
from being the foreman of a colliery to be
the most renowned of the world's engineers.
No outfit, no capital to start with ! Young
man, go down to the Mercantile library, and
get some books and read of what wonderful
mechanism God gave you in your hand, in
your foot, in your eye, in your ear, and then
ek some doctor to take you into the dissect
ing room and illustrate to you what you
have read about, and never again commit
the blasphemy of saying y, -1 have no capital
to start with. Equipped! Why, the poor
est young man in this house is equipped as
only the God of the whole universe could
afford to equip him. Then his body-a very
poor affair compared with his wonderful
soul-oh, that is what makes me solicitous.
I am not so much anxious about you, young
nian, because you have so little to do with,
as I am anxious about you because you have
so much to risk and lose or gain.
There is no class of persons that so stir
my sympathies as young men in great cities.
Not quite enough salary to live ou, and all
the temptations that come from that deficit.
Invited on all hands to drink, and their ex
hausted nervous system seeming to demand
stimulus. Their religion caricatured by the
most of the clerks in the store and most of
the operatives in the factory. The rapids
of temptation and death rushing against
that young man forty miles the hour, and he
in a frail boat headed up stream. with noth
ing but a broken oak oar to work with. U;n
less Almighty God help them they will go
Ah! when I toli you to take care of your
self you misunderstood me if you thought I
meant you are to depend tpjn human resa
ution, which may be dissoived in the foam
of the wine cup. or may be blown out with
the first gust of temptation. Here is the
helmet, the swor.I of Lord God Almighty.
Clothe yourself in that panoply and you
shall not be rut to confusion. Sin pays well
neither in this world nor the next, but right
thinking and right believing and right act
ing will take you in safety through this life
and in transport through the next.
I never shall forget a prayer I heard a
young man make some fifteen years ago. It
was a very short prayer, but it was a tre
meedets prayer: "O Lord, help us. WA
find it so very easy to do wrong and so bard
to do right. Lord, help us." That prayer.
I warrant you, reached the ear of God, and
reached His heart. And there are in this
house a hundred men who have found out
a thogsand young men, perhaps. who have
found out that very thing. It is so very easy
to do wrong, and so hard to do right.
I got a letter, only one paragraph of which
I shall read: "Having moved around some
what I have ran across many voug men of
intelligence, ardent strivers after that wvill
o'-the-wisp, fortune, and of one of these I
would speak. He was a young Englishm::n
of twenty-three or four years, who came to
New York, where he had acquaintances,
with barelyv sufficient to keep him a couple
of weeks. He had been tenderly reared,
perhaps I should say tco tenderly. and was
not used to earning his own living, and
ound It extremely difficult to get any posi
tion that he was capable of filling. After
many vain efforts in this direction lie found
himself on Sunday evening in Brooklyna
near your church, with about three dollars
left of his smalcapital. Providence seemed
to lead him to your door, and he determined
to go in and hear you.
"He told me his going to hear you, that
night was undoubtedly the turning point in
his life, for when he went into your church
e felt desperate, but while listen'g 1 o your
discourse his better nature got the mastery.
truly believe from what this young man
told me, that your sounding the depths of
his heart that night alone brought him back
to his God whom he was so near' leaving."
The echo, that is. of multitudes in the
house. I am not preaching an abstraction,
but a great reality. Oh! friendless young
man. Oh 1 prodigal young man. Oh ! broken
hearted young man, discouraged young man,
wounde young man, I commend you to
Christ this day, the best friend a man ever
had. He meet. you this morning. You
have come here for this blessing. Deise
not that emotion rising in your soul:; it is
divinely lifted. Look into the face of Christ.
ift one prayer to your father's God, t o your
mother's God, and get the pardonine bc'ss -
ing. Now, while I speak, you are at the
forks of the road, and this is the right roaid,
and that is the wrong road, and I see you
start on the right road.
One Sabbath morning, at the close of my
service, I saw a gold watch of the world-re
nowned and deeply lamented violinst. Ole
Bull. You remember he died in his island
home off the coast of Norway. That gold
watch he had wound up day after day
through his illness, and then he said to his
ompanon, ''Now, I want to wvid this
watch as long as I can, and then when I am
gone I want you to keep it wound up until
it gets to my friend. Dr. Doremus, in New
York, and then he will keep it wound up
until his life is done. and then I want the
watch to go to his young son, my especial
The great musician. wvho more than any
other artist had m'ade the violin speak and
sing and weep and laugh and triump~h-folr
it seemed when hie drew the bow across the
string4 as If all earth and heaven trembled
in delighted symipattiy-the great musician,
in a room lookingofT up a trio sea, and sur
rounded by his farorite instruments of
rusic, elosed his eyes in death. While aill
the world was mour'ning at his departure,
ixten crowded steaiiers fell into line of
funeral procession to carry his body to the
rain land. There were~ fifty thousand of his
countrymen gathered in an amphitheater of
the hills waitiftg to hear the eulogium, and
it was said when the great orator of the day
with stentorian voice began to speak. the
fitty thiousand people on the hillsides burst
Oh ! that was the close of a life that had
one so much to make theO world 'nappy.
But I have to tell you, young man, if you
ire right and (die richt, that was a tame
scene compared with that which will greet
you when from the galleries of Heaven the
one hundred and forty and thousand shall
accord with Christ i'. crying: "Well done,
thou good and faithful servant."
And the influences hat on earth you put
In motion will go down from generation to
generation, the inituences you wound up
handed to your child ren, and their influences
wound up and handed to their children,
ntil watch and clock are no more needed to
mark the progrwe "N'w Me %self shall
A lIG ()(N'ASION IN THE BIG CITY OF
A Splendid Military Parade, and an
Equally Fine Civic Display-Particulars
of Interest to all Patriotic Citizens.
(Telegrams to The Columbia Daily Register.)
NEW YoRK, April 30.-The town woke
up more sleepily this morning than it
did yesterday, and with good reason.
There was no real necessity for it to get
up so early; and besides, its inhabitants,
permanent as well as temporary, were
tired-the latter even more so than the
former. Still the earliest streaks of
dawn found many people in the streets,
and these indeed were fortunate, for in
all the range of meteorological chance a
more perfect morning could scarce have
been found. It was too cold, perhaps,
for those who shiver in a light wind,
but it was a morning to delight .the
heart of the soldier who has a long
tramp before him. The air was exhila
rating in the extreme and the wind was
sharp enough to soon put the tinge of
bloom on the cheeks of those who
Many not already there in these early
hours wended their way toward? the
lower end of the city, more resplendent
than ever, in the early morning light,
with the wind stretching every flag and
streamer taut and snapping their folds
as though in jubilation.
One of the things which attracted
people to the Battery on this second day
was the sound of martial music proceed
ing from the band which preccdcd
Riker Post, G. A. R., to the Battery,
where a flag was raised with appropriate
This, however, was not the only at
traction, for asshe sun rose the soul
inspiring strains of "Old Bundred" were
borne on the breeze to many listening
ears. the chimes of old Trinity, rung by
Albert Mcislahn, Jr., furnishing the
music. The following programme was
gone through with: "Old Hundred,"
"Hail Columbia," "Yankee Doodle,"
"Centennial Maich," "Columbia the
Gem of the Ocean," "America," "The
Starry Flag," Our Flog is There," "Auld
Lang Syne," "My Country's Flag of
Then the sound of bells calling the
people to thanksgiving services in the
various churches awakened the people
anew to the true solemnity of the occa
ion. Services were held in all the
churches of the city of every denomina
tion, votive mass being offered up in the
Catholic Churches. at wiich special
prayers were held. As a matter
of course, the principal services
were at Sr. Paul's Church, in Broadway,
where Washington attended on the
morning of his inauguration, and simi
lar services were held in the Church of
the Annunciation, the Church of the
Ascension, St. George's Church, Church
of the Holy Apostles, St. Thomas
Church, St. James Church and the
Church of the Holy Trinity, Harlem, all
Episcopal. At St. Paul's the exercises
were conducted by the Rt. Rev. Henry
C. Potter, D. D., LL.D., Bishop of New
York, and the services on the day of
Washington's inauguration were con
ducted by the Bishop of New York, the
Rt. Rev. Samuel Provoost.
At 8 o'clock thbe committee of States
escorted the President from the Fifth
Avenue Hotel, accomnpanied by the
Chief Justice arid members ot the Cab
inet, and under an escort of police pro
eeded to Vice President Morton's resi
dence. The Vice President entered
President Harrison's carriage, and the
procession moved down to St. Paul's.
At the Vesey st reet gate the party was
met by a committee of the vestry of
Trinity Church, and the President was
conducted to Washington's pew. The
editice was filled with the wealthiest and
most prommnent people ia the country.
After the ceremonies at the church
were concluded the Presidential party
escorted by committee, were driven
down to the Sub-Treasury building at
the corner of Wall and Nassau streets,
where the literary services of the day
began. The crowd at the Sub-Treasury
defied computation, and the cheers
which greeted the President upon his
apnearance on the platform. -under the
heoie statue of Washington, shook the
foundation of the building itself.
The moment the exercises at the Sub
Treasury began, the military parade
started up Broadway from Pine street
on its triumphant march, with General
Schofield commanding. The parade was
in three divisions, the first consisting of
regular troops, cadets and a naval corps.
The West Pointers, 600 strong, led the
column. The second division consisted
of State militia, and they marched in the
order in which their respective States
were admitted to the Union, with the
Governor of each State at the head of
its troops. The crowds that lined the
streets and filled the windows and
houset ops were unprecedented eve a for
New York. The march was simply an
ovation along the entire route, both for
the troops and the Presideut.
At Union Square a stand was reserved
exclusively for women and children,
free of charge. It held 2,500 persons.I
It is estimated that 100,000 people
were able to see the parade from the
stands specially built for that purpose.
The procession was headed byv a coin
pay of mounted police. Mayor Grant
sat in the first carriage. President liar
rison, Vice President Morton, with Mr
Gerry and Clarence Bowen, were in the
next carriage, and were loudly cheered.
As the carriage containing ex-President
Cleveland and ex-President Hayes
passed, the cheering was particularly
marked, and Chauneey M. Depew, who*
came in a later carriage, was kept busy:
raising his hat, and General Sherman
came in for no small share of honor.
The -procession thronged into Pine
street and proceeded to the Pine
street entrance of the Sub-Treasury.
building. The Treasury side of the
walk was kept cleant for nearly a block,
and a carriage being drawn up by the
curb the enmire distance, a large part of
the ccupants were enabled to alight at
once. They proceeded through the cor
ridor of the ub-r-asury builing and
out to the stand. The religious exercises
were as follows:
2.-Our Father, etc.
3.-Psalm LXXX: 4.
4.-First lesson, Ecclesiastes XLIV.
6.--Second lesson, St. John VIII.
8.-Creed and prayer.
9.-Address by the Rt. Rev. Henry
C. Patton,.Bisbop of New York.
10. -Recessional hymn. -
Hamilton Fish, Sr., opened the exer
cises by introducing Eldridge T. Gerry,
chairman of the committee on literary
exercises, who addressed the assemblage
"FELLOW CrITzs s: One hundred years
ago, on this spot. George Washington, as
first President of the United states, took his
oath of office upon the Holy Bible. That
sacred volume is here to-day, silently attest
ing the basis upon which our nation was
constructed and the dependence (f our peo
ple upon Almighty God. In the words, then,
of one of the founders of the government.
with hearts overflowing with gratitude to
our Sovereign Benefactor for granting to us
existence, for continuing it to the present
period, and for accumulating on us blessings
spiritual and temporal through Wire, may we
with fervor beseech Him Eo to continue them
s best to promote His glory and our wel
Mr. Gerry then introduced the Rev.
R'chard T. Storrs, who delivered dhe
in vocation in a very clear voice.
Clarence W. Bowen, secretary of the
Centennial committee, was next intro
dmced. He read John G. Whittier's
poem, composed for the occasion. It is
as follows :
TLE vOw OF WASUINGTON.
The sword was sheathed: in April's sun
Lay green the fields by Freedom won;
And severed sections, weary of debates,
Joined hands at last and were United States.
O city sleti . b; t'., Sea!
How proud the day that dawned on thee,
Whn the new era, long desired. began,
And, in its need,- the hour had found the
One thought the cannon salvos spoke.
'the re'opant bell-tower's vibran- stroke.
The voiceful strets, the p'audit echoing
And prayer and hymn bor heavenward
ft om St. Paul's !
How fel: the land in every part
The strong throb of a nation's neart,
As its great leader ga' e, with reverent awe,
His pledge to Union, Liberty and Law!
That pledge the heaveas above him heard.
That vow the s.ep of centuries stirred;
In world-wide wonder listening peoples
Their gaze on Freedom's great experiment.
Could It succeed? Of honor sold
And hopes deceived all hfstory told.
Above the wrecks that strewed the monrnful
Was the long dream of ages true at last!
Thank God! the people's choice was just,
Th" one man equal to hls trust,
Wise beyond lore, and without weakness
Calm in the strength of flawless rectitude!
His rule of justice, order, peace.
Made possible the world's release;
Taught prince and serf that power is but a
And rule, alone, which serves the ruled, is
That Freedom generous is, but strong
In hate of fraud and selfish wrong,
Pretense that turns her holy truth to lies,
And lawless license masking in herguise.
1 and of his love! with one glad voice
Let thy great sisterhood rejoice;
A centRry's suns o'er thee have risen and set,
And, God be praised, we are one nation yet.
And still, we trust, the years to be
Shall prove his hope was destiny,
Leaving our flag with all its added stars
nrent by faction and unstained by wars!
Lo! where with patient toil he nursed
.And trained the new-set plant at first,
The widening branches of a stately tree
Stretch from the sunrise to the sunset sea.
And in its broad and sheltering shade,
SItting with none to make afraid.
Were we now silent, through each mighty
he winds of heaven would sing the praise of
Our first and beet!-his ashes lie
Beneath his own Virgmnian sky.
Forgive, forget, 0 true and just and brave.
he storm that swept above thy sacred grave.
For, ever in the awful strife
And dark hours of the nation's lire,
Through the fierce tumult pierced his warn-1
Their father's voice his erring children heard!
The change for which he prayed and sought
In that sharp agony was wrought;
o partial literest draws its alien line
'fwixt North and South, the cypress and the
One people now, all doubt beyond,
H is name shall be our Union-bond;
We lift otur hands to Heaven, and here and
Take on our lips the old Centennial vow.
For rule and trust must needs be ours;
Lhooser and chosen both are powers
Equal in service as in rights; the claim
f Duty rests on each and all the same.
The' let the sovereign millions, where
Our banner floats in van and air,
From the warm palm !ands to Alaska's cold,
Repeat with us the pledge a century old 1
At the conclusion of the reading. the
assemblage gave Whittier three cheers1
and a tiger.
Hon. Chauncey M. Depew, the orator]
f the day, was next introduced. He
received a hearty greeting, and when1
this had subsided be proceeded to deliveri
In the midst of the enthusiastic cheer
ng that followed Mr. Depew's sitting
down, Eldridge T. Gerry, said, "The
President of the United States will now<
Presd'ent Hat-rison then arose from his:
seat, placed his hat on the chair in which
e had bien sitting, and advanced to1
the front of the platform. This was the
signal for a grand outburst of cries. A I
ozen cameras were pointed at him from:
the surrounding houretops, and ho stood
still for a moment, unconsciously giving<
the photographers an exceilent opportu
nity. H~e began to speak, howev-er, be-i
fore the cheering died away, and it was
mpossible for any one to hear his first
few words. lie spoke as follows:
These proceedings are of a very es icting
(-harter, and 'make it quite impoissibie t hat
[ soud de~diver an add ress on tbis occa~ion I
t an early date I notitied :our committee 1
at the programme must not contain an ad
dress by me. Tne select ion of M r. D~epew as
the orator on this occasion made further I
~pech not only diflcult but superfluous;. lie
h-as m'.t the deuiand of the occ-a ion on itsI
own lMgh leve . Hie has brought before us
iueatentsof the ceremonies of the great in
ugurtion of nashin.-t:n We seem to
e part of the admiri e and al
most adoriog throng that filled
-t't-ee s'reet-s one hundred years ago to grett
h always inspiring presence of Washing
He was the incarnation of duty, and he
eaches us t-ay this geat leanon: that those(
who would asoociate their names with events
th t shall outlive a century. can only do so
by the highest consecration to duty. ie was
like the captain who goes to sea and throvs
overboard his cargo of rags that he may gin
safety and deliverance for his imperilled
fellow-men. Washington seemed to c-rme
to the discharge of the duties of his high
office im;ressed with a great sense of h's tin
fanmuiarity with the pos:tion newly thrust
ui on him, modestly donbtful of his own
ability, but trusting implicitly in his hopeful
ness of that God who rules the world, pre
sides in the conscience of nations and His
power to control human events We have
made marvelous progress in mate-ial events
since then, but the stately and enduring
shaft we have bui t at the nation's capital at
Washington symbolizes the fect that h; is
still the iiret American citizen.
The remarks of the President were
frequently interrupted with cheers, and
when he sat down the -air was rent with
the applause of the assembled crowd.
Then came cries for "Mortou," but
the Vice President merely responded by
rising and bowing to the throng.
Archbishop Corrigan then pronounced
the benediction, every one within hear
ing standing uncovered. The Arch
bishop was attired in his pontificial
robes, and while sitting, occupied a posi
tion between Viee President Morton and
the Rev. Dr. Storrs.
GORGEOUS MILITARY PAGEANT.
The crush in the streets in the lower
part of the city was so great, as the vast
bodies of military continued to arrive at
their appointed places, that it was found
necessary to make a formal start some
what earlier than had ben intended.
This was done in order that the line
might be lengthened out and got in
marching order, thus relieving at once
the pressure in the lower wards and
placing the head of the column in such
position that when the President reached
the reviewing stand he need be subjected.
to no delay.
At precisely 10:25 General Snhofield
gave the order, and the greatest mili
tary parade of modern times started.
From Pine street, the point from which
the start was made, up Broadway as far
as the eye could reach, the sidewalks
were literally blockaded v:ith people,
while windows, doorways and roofs of
buildings were simply a mass of human
ity. As the gorgeous pageant began to
move up Broadway, all the patriotism in
this mass, which had been pent up now
many hours, broke forth. Cheers rent
the air; handkerchiefs and banners held
in the hands of the population began
waving, and New York and its many
thousands of visitors were haupy.
The scenes along the first tart of the
line of march almost beggar description.
The crowd, however, under all its crush
ing sufferings, was marvelously good
natured, its sense of touch being ap
parently subordinated by, or, more pro
perly, drowned in, its excess of patriotic
Broadway as far as the eye could see
was a blaze of bunting and a sea of taces.
Elouse-tops, windows, ledges, telegraph
poles and lamp-posts, private stands
without number, and every possible
vantage ground vied with the sidewalk
rowds in numbers.
The largest and most closely packed
rowd that tried to see the parade was
tt the point where it was dismissed. Ac
ording to the programme, dismissals
bhould have taken place at Fifty-ninth
;treet and Fifth avenue, but owing to
he inability of the police to clear the
venue from Fifty-seventh to Fifty
inth street, the committee dismissed
;he troops at Fifty-seventh street, leav
.ng the great assemblage entirely out in
:he cold that has been waiting above that
oint since morning. When the bead
,f the procession reached Fifty-seventh
;treet the mounted police made an ef
Lort to disperse the crowd, but they only
mecceeded in causing the greatest con
usion and excitement among the women
md children. In the crush three women
ere seized with convulsions and
~ainted.- They were cared for by a stur
eon stationed near by in a poliee
wagon fitted up as an ambulance. The
mnd of the procession did not reach
E~ifty-seventh street until after 7 o'clock.
NEw YORK, Mlay 1.-The third day ot
;ge great Washington centennial cele
>ration broke clear and cool-another
in day for marching. The chief and
amost only notable feature of the day
ill be the great civic and industrial
>rade, which forms early this morning
t Fifty-seventh street and Fifth avenue.
n account of the unavoidable length of
:he pageant and for the personal eon
renience of the President, the startis to
>e made at 8:20 a. m. At 9 o'clock the
residential party will take up their po
tion on the reviewing stand at 3Madison.
quare. The route will be just the re
erse of that of yesterday';i procession
lown Fifth avenue to Seventeenth street.
o and around Union Square by Four
eenth street, to Fifth avenue, to Wash
.ngton Square, to W averiy P'lace, to
Broadway, and down that thoroughfare
o ine street. The order of march in
~luds features that catablishi beyond
>erad'enture the fact that the parade
il be indeed a great one. It will have
o mo' e more slowly than that of yes
erday, on account of the number of
ableux and floats in line, and those
vho ittain points of vantage early this
nornng as witnesses of t be spectacle
tre likely to be kept in their seats all
General Bntterfield, with his staff of
00 men. took up their position at Fifth
venue and Fipy-fifthi street at 8-30 a
n., but at that liour none of the organi
ations had put in an appear-ance. In
pectors Williams and Steers, who on
ceount ot the injury sustained by In
pector Conhn will have entire charge
>f the parade, were early on hand. By.
a. m. the orgamuzations began march
g andl countermarcehing in the side
trets, getting~ into position.
EARLY MoRNXING sCENEs.
Fom early in the morning the famil
ar scenes of the t wo days previous were
--enacted at the variotus railroad depots
eading into the city. except in this: that
he incoming crowds, instead of being
argely made up of military, were comn
>osed of sightseers and industrial -or
anizations which were coming to take
;rt in the patrade. Visiting Iiremnn
vere comning in on every train and
nany of them brought their gaily bc
lecked apparatus with them.
At the elevated railr-oad stations in
his city the scene throughout the morn
ng was one of almost indescribable con
usion during the hours from 7 to 9
enctock, Variou hbrdie of men which
were to take part in the great parade
generally sought to avail themselves of
the facilities afforded by these roads to
reach their destinations rapidly, and
consequently the crush was great. On
the East side the difficulty was added to
by the fact that the crowd was only ad
mitted through a single door to pur
chase tickets, and being compelled to
go in single file, their progress was
necessarily slow. This was also true, in
a corresponding degree, of the West side
stations, where, however, the crush was
not so great.
Up town in the side streets the scene
was a busy one, though of course one
of endless confusion owing to the diffi
culty of handling undrilled men.
THE CRUSH ON THE BIG BRIDGE.
The crowd on the big bridge, too, was
greater than it was on Tuesday. Car
loads of passengers were, however,
emptied at the New York terminus with
marvelous rapidity and kept moving to
the street or the elevated railroad with
out delay. Hundreds of mili
tiamen from other cities,
who participated in yesterday's
parade, visited the bridge on a sight
seeing tour, thus adding to the crush.
The throng on the promenade was
swelled by thousands of people who had
never seen the structure before, and the
police had their hands full to keep the
passageways at the towers clear. Of
course the crush at the bridge aggravated
that at the City Hall station of the ele
vated road, but it was all taken good
naturedly by the people, and no serious
THE CIVIC PARADE.
At i:30 o'clock the parade started,
headed by Sergeant Baumr and sixteen
mounted policemen, Grand Marshal But
.erfield and his staff of aides, number
ing 110. finely mounted and wearing
orange sash with silver bullion rosettes
and fringe. The Grand Marshal showed
considerable annoyance at the tardiness
with which the organizations which
should be among the first in line ar
rived. He and his aides were on hand
at Fifty-seventh street and Fifth avenue
before 7:30 o'clock. and it was thought.
that the grand civic parade could be
started at 8:30.
The telegraph station 'at the point
where he and his aides were stationed
brought knowledge of the slow move
ments that occasioned hours of delay.
Inspector Williams was in charge of a
large squad of police about the starting
point, and everything went on smoothly.
All along the line of march, sidewalks,
stoops, stands and wagons found eager
occupants, and women passed in steady
streams to points of vantage, many car
rying wooden boxes and campstools and
nearly all having packages containing
lunches. The assemblage was an orderly
one and gave no trouble to anybody.
The ,various churches all had stands
for their parishoners. The stand at the
Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum was
well crowded, the lower portion being
set apart for distinguished clergymen.
An arm chair set in the centre of the
space and was occupied by Archbishop
The stand of the "Four Hundred,"
with one towering above, it erected by
the Common Council, were filled when-- -
the Grand Marshal reached that point,
at twenty minutes before 10 o'clock.
Just before the head of the parade
reached this point sounds of fire bells
were heard, and a hook and ladder
truck came thundering along through
Forty-second street. The street at this
point was choked with people many of
,vhom had been driven along down by
be mounted police. They and the regu
ar patrolmen took in the situation at a
lance, and in a most admirable man
er cleared a way for the fire tiuck
,ithout occasioning any great confusion
>r using undue force.
At the Stewart mansion, Fifth avenue
nd Thirty-fourth street, the head of the
arade made its annearance just before
10 o'clock. As airady intimated, the
ifferent trades and associations were so
ate in arriving at the point of assembly
tht they could not take the places as
igned tnE m in the line by General But
erfield. The boys from the various
haritable institutions and public
chools, being more used to discipline
han their elders in the parade, were the
first on the ground.
AT THE REvIEwING sTAND.
President Harrison, in his barouche,
rawn by five horses and headed by a
quad of mounted police, accompanied
by Vice President Morton, Col. Cruger
and Lieutenant Judson. U. S. A., drove
up to the Madison Square reviewing
tand at ten nminutes past 10. Ex-Presi
dents Hayes and Cleveland, Secretaries
Proctor, Tracy. Windom and Rusk,
'en. Sherman and Russell B. Harrison
ad previously arrived. Others on the
tand were ex-Senator John A. King,
Co. 'S. V. R. Cruger, Gen. J. L. Var
um and John E. Brodsky, Park Com
issioner J. Hampen Rabb, ex-Comp
troiller Loem, Col. Alex. Warner, Gov.
Burleigh and staff of eight officers, and
six aides, Brig. Gen. LI. 31. Sprague,
Brig. Gen. John Harper, Fred
Douglass. (who received a cheer as
e entered the stalid) and Representa
tive Gibson of Maryland.
As soon as the Presient had entered
the platform reserved for himself and
arty, Dr. Bulzall, the Rev. Sylvester
alne and tihe Rev. James Nilan of
oughkeepsie were presented to him.
ayor Grant, with a body of aides, who
ird been waiting at Twenty-fifth street,
then stepped forward and presented the
resident with an address enclosed in a
ylinder of response silver. The address
rds as follows:
To Benj imin irrison, President of the
Ined mates. April n0. 18&9.-The under
iged t representa?tion of the civil,
-ommeflrcial, udnatrial and educational
>-aizaionls and bodies of the city
f ~ New ork, on the occasion of the
entenniil celebration of the inaugura
i~n ot W'a-higton, the first President, pre
et anew to ther President of the United
aates, in his official cipacity, their alle
giane to the government, Constitution and
aws, with their congratulations upon the
iompleiition of a century of constitutional
rovrmist and the progress made in that
,Signed) Hugh J. Grant, M-yor of the
i'y of New York; Dan:el Butterdld, Chief
ahal: tires &. Smith, President of the
hambier of ommerce; Robert Butler, Gene
ral Society of Merchant Tradesmen; Henry
lrister, Acting President of Columbia Col
lege; Bryce Gray, President of St. Andrew's
Society; Henry W. Duneher, President of