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THE CONVENTION AT MEMPHIS CONCLUDES
The Liquor Trafmc Denounced-The Con
vention Comes Out Squarely and Unani
mously in Favor of: Prohibition-Fort
Worth Selected as kthe Next Place of
MEMPHIs, Tenu., May1l4.-There was
only one session to-day of the Southern
Baptist Convention, which concluded its
labors and adjourned this afternoon.
President Jonathan Haralson presided,
and the opening prayer was delivered by
the Rev. J. B Searry of Arkansas. The
convention was then addressed by Dr.
Hatcher of GCeorgie and Dr. Warish of
Mississippi on the growth of the Bap
tist Church in America.
The committee on time and place of
holding the next convention reported
the following: Place-Fortworth, Texas,
First Baptist Church: time-Monday be
fore the second Sunday in May, 1890.
J. W. Carter. D. D., of North Carolina,
was elected to preach the convention
sermon; J. Lipscomb Johnson, D. D.,
alternrtive. The report was supple
mented with an invitation to the Ameri
can Baptist Educational Society to meet
J. M. Carroll, chairman of the com
mittee on Vice President's report, read
his report, which was at considerable
length. It made a most satisfactory ex
hibit in all its several departments,
highly pleasing to the convention. The
report was unanimously adopted.
The committee of enrollment and cre
dentials, through its chairman, reported
that there were ninety-four delegates in
Dr. 11. Pritchard of North Carolina,
chairman of the committee on corre
spondence with the American Home
Mission Society. read his report, which
was adopted after considerable discus
Dr. W. E. Hatcher of Georgia intro
duced the following resolution, which,
after, debate, was adopted:
"Whereas the American Sabbath
Union is laboring to secure such na
tional legislation as will allow to all em
ployees of the national government one
day in seven as a day of rest; therefore,
"Resolred, That we fully sympathize
with this important object of the Ameri
can Sabbath Union, and request our
brethren to promote its work as far as
may be practicable."
The following resolution, offered yes
terday by r. J. R. Scranfill of Texas,
was a1- animously adopted:
"Whereas the liquor traffic is a most
powerful hindrance to the gospel of
Christ and an aggressive enemy to social
order; and whereas this traffic is steadily
encroaching upon all that Christian men
revere and the human heart holds dear;
and whereas it seeks to destroy the
Christian Sabbath and annihilate public
morals and public conscience; and,
whereas all Chrii *bdi'es5 h Td
s ak out in .certain tones on this
"Resolced, by the Southern Baptist
Convention assembled, That we favor
the speedy and entire prohibition of the
liquor traffic: that we oppose license for
this traffic in any and all of its forms,
through which men bu3 the right to de
stroy human hope and happiness and
blight human souls, as an offense against
publie morals and a sin against God."
-The convention then, after passing a
vote of thanks to the citizens of Mem
phis for their cordial and munificent
hospitality to the delegates, adjourned
THE DISTRICT ATTORNEYSHTP.
A Well Founded Rumor that Mitchell of
Charleston Winl Fill the Place.
-.4g'i the politic~al pot is boiling, its
'i~ being k-nown only to those wh(
ar e alleged secrets, but neverthe
less bub - ' mo oic
political rumor e
heating it to a white heat.
A .News reporter ran across a gentle
man of the city who generally keeps
posted in such matters and that gentle
man informed him that there seemed t<
be a well founded rumor to the effect
that tihe position of District Attorney foi
South' Carolina has been tendered b;
President Harrison to St. Julian Mitchel
of Charleston, the well known lawyer o1
that city, whose name was recently men
tioned as a possible and promising
dark horse in the race, he being
it isalleged, backed and pushec
for the place by Judges Bond and Simon
ton, and especially by the former, who
is said to entertain a warm and persona.
friendsaip for Mr. Mitchell, and desir
ing in every manner to elevate hi;
friend to the remunerative office of Dis
trict Attorney. Mr. Mitchell is said tc
have refused the tender made by the
President, but since then his friende
have been endeavoring to dissuade hin
from his declination, and he ls now said
t.6~e considering the matter, 'and the
.finformant of the .Newcs reporter was of
the opinion that his scruples would be
overruled and the office accepted. Mr.
-Mitchell's Democratic principles would
prevent his making an immediate "grab'
for the office, but by a judicious amount
of persuasion it seemed probable thai
-his refusal would be considered af
-some length before it was made perma
It is known that Judges Bond and
__Simionton have both been in Washington
~tely and they are both said to have
Tferred wishrthe--President on matters
f F -' atronage in this State. Judge
~"End, it is 'understood, being particu
larly bitter in his denunciations of E. M.
Brayton, who has a doleful hankering
after some position ot importance in the
At any rate, it looks as if the uncer
tainty about 'these matters will not re
main long obscured, as something must
be done and that before a great time."
The Worcester Theatre 3urned.
WORCESTER, Mass., May 16.-The
Worcester Theatre was discovered to be
on fire shortly after 3 o'clock this morn
ing and was totally destroyed. The flre
*apparently started in the rear of the
building near the stage. Explosions fol
lowed each other in rapid succession,
-and in a short time the roof fell in. The
Bay State Hotel stands in close prox
imitv. and its rear wall was blistered
and was only saved by heroic work by
the firemen " Faust" was played last
night by Lewis Morrison and company.
r. Morrison places the cempany's loss
- at * Abraham said: "The fire
Mana~, - ay be connected with the
cannot in an - shed four hours be
play, as that was e saw an em
fore thle fire" He sayb - a igr
ployee of the theatre smo - am
ette in one of the boxes, and w
The building was erected in 1860 for
the storage of' fruit, but the scheme
failed, and in 1868 the structure was
Ubought by the Worcester Music Hall As
sociation and fitted up as a theatre at
A Violin 168 Years Old.
Dr. -B. F. Wyman is the owner of the
-oldest violin, perhaps, in America. It
was made by Antonmus Stradinarius in
the year 1721. and consequently is now.
168 years old. It is not only a fine mr~
strument, b-it it is also very sweet toned,
and is in splendid condition. The Doc
tor says he has refused an offer of $2.50
for it."-Aiken .Jouernal. .
A Shut-Down in Sugar.
LonoN, May 16.-In consequence of
the prevailing high prices for raw sugar,
the largest refinery in Greenock has been
A FATAL TEST.
Tragic Death of Bishop, the Mind-Rearer,
in a Seance.
The death of Washington Irvin,
Bishop, the mind-reader, at the Lamb's
Club. New York, reported Tuesday, was
a very tragic athir. lie had already
performed his faious --dagger trick"
tinding a knife with which a supposed
murder had been committed and putting
his hand on the make-believe assassin.
The hearty applause that greeted this
performance led him to announce an
other and more difficult one,
that of finding a word in
a book which was - to be
previously selected by one of the gentle
mnen present. The mental effort attend
ing this performance proved too great,
for he suddenly fell to the floor in a
state very like a cataleptic fit, the inci
dent causing considerable confusion
among the festive party. Just then Dr.
John A. Irwine, who is a menber of the
club, happened to come in, and
he at once took the patient in
charge. His prompt use of stim
ulants soon brought Mr. Bishop
around, when, to the amazement of
all who were in the room, he announced
his intention of performing the feat
previously undertaken. Dr. Irwine
protested against the attempt, and all
the gentlemen endeavored to dissuade
him, to no purpose, howeve r, for even
the physician's allusion to the danger of
another attack failed to shake Bishop.
"Why," said be, "I am not afraid of
these fits, for I've had over a dozen of
them, and I'm alive yet. But I
intend to do the feat even if it
kills me, just to show all that I
can do it." Finding that his patient was
in a high state of mental e::citement and
was exerting that marvelous will power
for which he was famous, Dr. Irwine
finally came to the conclusion that it
would be best not to oppose him, but
get the thing over as quickly as possible.
Then Bishop made another demand,
which was that the doctor should act as
a committee with Mr. Clay Greene, who
was to be used as the medium for the ex
periment. Bishop had asserted that if
these two gentlemen w ould go to a
distant part of the house and select a
word in some book he would find the
book, the page and the word. Dr. Ir
wine and Mr. Greene then descended to
the basement, and among a lot of old
account books picked out the minute
book of the club, and on page 87 se
lected the word "Townsend," afterwards
secreting the book. in a disused drawer
among some dLcarded rubbish. On re
turning to the room where Bishop was
sitting, Dr. Irnine again endeavored to
dissuade him from proceeding in
what he gravely informed him
was a very dangerous experi
ment. But Bishop for the second time
remarked that he would accomplish-he
feat even if it killed him, and ins'sted
upon being i i ly blindfolded.
When had been tied
-e wustairs, his
right han reene's
wrist. In due. e a the
room, then the drawer and the book,
and on the leaves of the latter being rap
idly turned over by him, he stopped
at the right one and then ran over - it
with a pencil. Suddenly be seemed to
make a private mark, and then fever
ishly requested that the book be brought
upstairs. He had no sooner entered the
room where the members were assem
bled than he pulled a bandage from his
eyes and exclaimed: *"Quick! quick!
give me a bit of paper!" and on receiv
ing it, he dashed off "Duesnwot," that
being the selected word written back
ward, so that it could be read in a mir
ror. He had performed the feat, 'out
scarcely had he written the word when
he was again seizect by the cataleptic fit,
from which he never recovered.
Bishop was born in New Yorktcitrin
1847, but he digl not o: -. - ge owing
to iPd ' - rance, under
mbhe carried a muscular strength
possessed by few n'ea. His boyhood
was one of privatioa and care, and he
began life in a well-known down town
drug store. To his conmpanions he was
always a marvel because he could do
so many tricks of legerdemain.
and he frequently attended spirit
ualistic seances, only to make
fun of them. Finally he became
connected with some of the spiritualistic
mediums and assisted them in their
manifestations, though he attracted no
great pubhe attention until he suddenly
appeared in England as a "mind
reader." His feats were so peculiar and
unique that large audiences followed
him wherever he appeared, thougb he
seems to have made very little money
until he went to London. There his
tricks or feats astounded the scientific
world, while some of the newspapers
accused him of charlatanism.
A FRENCH ENOCH ARDEN.
He Declines to Take His Wife from'Her
Two years ago a charwoman identified
her husband, who had been missing for
some days, at the morgue, says a Paris
dispatch to the London Telegraph. The
body had been picked out of the Seine
and received decent bunrial. After some
lapse of time the charwoman took unto
herself another husband and a few days
ago a child was born to them. The
father proceeded to the town hall to re
port this family event, and, as he was
emerging therefrom, he was sudd.enly
seen to stagger and would have fallen
had not thie friends whom he had
brought as witnesses supported him.
As soon as he recovered he
explained the cause of his emotion.
Perched on the box of a cab stationed
close by was his predecessor in the char
woman's affections, pale and thin, but
still alive, and possibly with a good kick
left its him. The first husband, how
ever, was not inclined to proceed. to ex
tremities; on the contrary he politely
invited the party to repair to the near
est public house, drove them thither in
his cab, and treated them all to a glass
of wine. Finally the new husband in
quired of his predecessor whether he was
not going to search for his wife. "Oh,
no! I am too happy now," was the cheer
ful answer. The cabman t hen explained
that having got into trou ble in a public
house brawl he had been locked up for a
day, and, fearing his wife's sharp tongue,
had kept prudently out of the way. The
two men parted on the best of terms.
A Strange Family.
A very remarkable freak of nature
exists oni the farm u. J. HI. Carter, con
cession 8, lot 20, township of Tecumseh,
County of Lincoln. Bond Head post
office. On Sunday, April 14, a cow be
longing to Mr. Carter gave birth to two
lambs and a calf. He is a respectable
frmer, who would not under any cir
cumstances be guilty of an attempt to
palm off a fr..ud on the public, and the
issue has been seen by scores of his
ighbors. The attendent circumstances
, such as to leave no shadow of
doub ,1 his mind as to the correctness
of th st, ents. The lambs arc to all
of te St et, but larger than or
appea .ce pe ale, ncasopr
dinar The calf, is- facesofh
fet- The expression in faeodh
lambs has a peculiarity, whi e onsider
able hair is mixed among the wo t
in the fleece and on the legs. Mr. Ca
ter has already refused an offer of $600
for the dam and family. Mr. Ed. Jeff,
lectater on agriculture for Ontario, and
may others, have been visitors. So
far as known'there is no parallel case on
record. -Toronto Globe-.
Hon. Whitelaw Reid in Paris.
PAIS, May 15.-Mr. Whitelaw iteid,
the new American Minister, was received
by M. Spuller, Minister of Foreign
Affairs, to-day. President Carnot will
,.ecei-e Mr 1did at the end of the week.
3REAT FIRE IN CANADA.
A POPULOUS SUBURB OF QUEBEC ALMOST
SWEPT OUT OF EXISTENCE.
Seven Hundred Buildings Destroyed and
Twelve Hundred Families Rendered
Homeless and Destitute-Two Persons
Killed by a Premature Explosion.
QUEBEC, May 16.-A disastrous fire
broke out early this morning in Saint
Sauveur, in the house of Mrs. McCann,
on Valier street, and spread with great
rapidity through the wooden district
which surrounds it. The streets burned
are portions of Valier, Chenel, St. Peter
and St. Emarie. The insurance compa
nies interested are the North British
and Mercantile, the London and Lan
eashi; e, the Guardian, the Agricultural
of Watertown and the Northern. The
total losses so far made and in prospec
tive, may be $150,000.
At 3 o'clock it was impossible to guess
the limit of the fire, and the people were
in dismay at the rapidity with which the
fire jumped from one wooden builhing
to another. The local arrangements for
quenching fires were defective, and the
Quebec fire brigade was sent for and
were quickly on the spot, but their ef.
forts were crippled for want of water.
B Battery was called out and rendered
valuable assistance in fighting the
Over 100 wooden houses have been
destroyed. A good deal of distress will
be occasioned by the destruction of a
large number of wooden shanties, on
which there is no insurance. At 9
o'clock the fire was under control, hav
ing almost burned itself out.
While the military were preparing .to
blow up some of the horses to check the
fire, a premature explosion took place in
one of the house,, killing Major Short
and Sergeant Wallick of B. Battery.
Both were buried in the ruins. Up to
this hour (9 o'clock) the body of Major
Short had not bee-i recovered. The
body of Sergeant Wallick was found near
the door of the house dreadfully
10:30 a. m.-The fire in St. Sauveur
has been checked on the city side, but is
still burningfuriously toward the North
west, and will probably stop only when
nothing is left to feed. it. The insurance
is comparatively small. The larger
number of houses destroyed were small
wooden structures. There is a strong
Easterly wind blowing and rain has
been falling steadily for the last three
1 p. m.-The fire is still burning and
no hopes are entertained at stopping it
until the open country is reached. Al
ready about five hundred buildings,
mostly wooden tenements, have been
burned and over one thousand people
tion of them are camped out in fields,
with what few effects they were able to
save, while a few have found shelter
with friends in this city.
Major Short's body was recovered
about noon. One leg and arm had been
torn from the body by the explosion and
were found at some distance from the
St. Sauveur is a separate municipality
from Quebec. but it is separated from
this city by only the width of a stree:.
It has a population of about 15,000.
Only lasI night the St Sauveur officials
refused an offer of this city to supply
them with water.
4:30 p. m. -The fire has burned itself
out, after reaching the lhmits of St.
Sauveur, the toil gate keeper's house ini
Valier street being about the last to go.
The district North and West of Massue aad
St. Ambrose streets has been swept nearly
clean, with the exception of portions of
alier street. Aboue Ousrw ee
burned. -w iai~ ot them were tene
4-a ene number of familes homeless
is not less than 1,200, comprising 5,000
or 6.000 persons.
Hon. Mr. Mfercier and other promi
nent men are interesting themselves in
behalf of the homeless people. Appli
cation has been made to Sir A. P. Caron
for the use of the drill shed and other
government buildings to shelter those
who are yet camped out in the fields.
The clergy are distributing food, and
steps are being taken to organize a regu
lar system of relief.
The majority of the people burned out
are of the laboring class, and as insur
ance rates were very high, few have any
thing to fall back upon.
. FTLAX CULTURE.
A Crop to Take the Place of Wheat Of
fered to Our Farmers.
WASHINGTON, May 12.-One of the
most important economic questions of
the time is, "What shall take the place
of wheat on farms where it can no longer
be raised at a profit?" This question is
one that has received earnest considera
tion at the Agricultural Department,
but as yet no product has been presented
that fully commends itself to the officials
as furnishing the answer, although many
have been suggested..
Last week Professor Willetts, the As.
sistant Secretary of Agriculture, had
under consideration a letter from Ire
land, which he thinks may offer a solu
tion of the nroblem if the statement
made in it can be substantiated. The
"I have long bad a very earnest in
terest in flax growing and linen manu
facture, and now address you in behalf
of these industries. I have been fa
miliar with flax growing in America
since 1840 an-i ihoroughly informed of
the household manufacture and later the
efforts to spin and weave linen by ma
chinery, and the almost complete failure
of all efforts in this direction, until now
there are only two establishments weav
ing-one at Webster, Mass., and the
other at Appleton, Wis.-the latter do
ing but little and neither weaving any
thing finer than cre'sh. Besides~ these
there are thread and yarn mills,. mostly
branches of British manufactories, and
the twine and cordage mills.
"A part of the reason why linen is
not made in America is that the raw
material is not as flexible and requires
more (and more costly) manipulation
and much more labor tban cotton, wool
"Another reason is that when in 1861
Congress enacted tariff laws there was
no association to set forth the li,'en in
terest, and the duty was left too low to
correspond withI the high duty on -the
raw material, while, with a low duty
upon cottoa., woollen and silks, capital
turned to the latter as the safest invest
ment, and flax and linen have been
neglected. There can be no raw flax
industry until there is a market for the
"There is nothing in the climate or
soil conflicting with the assertion that
just as good flax and linen may be
produced in every State in the American
Union as in any country. Germany
now spins and weaves the finest linen,
and she has no essentially differing
climate from America.
"If the inducements of protective du
ties can not be given in favor of linen
manufacture, then bounties must be of
fered in shape of the appropriation of
the present income from duties to en
we the making of linen from Ameri
can . - fibre. At least such an experi
ment mus be made as will test and de
monstrate the "acticability or impracti
cability of estab ing this important
industry upol America ' toil
"Many things become infu
Anerica from t-he facility with ~ih the
people take up and adopt improved -,
cesses and appliances, and this may be
the salvation of the linen industry, of
the importance of which there is no
q-ston Thee i e very rason why the
American farmers should produce a mil
tion acres of flax for both seed and fibre
>ver and above what is now produced,
which would give 12,000,000 to 15,000,000
bushels of seed worth as many million
lollars, and two millions and a half tons
Af flax straw worth $50,000,000, from
which 500,000 tons of flax fibre would
be obtained, worth $100,000,000. Once
established, American invention would,
is in all other industries, soon build up
in industry to consume this raw ma
LEPROSY IN INDIA.
Why the Number of Those Afflicted With
the Disease Is Increasing.
The official report gives 135,000 as
the existing number of lepers in India,
but there can be little doubt that they
already exceed 250,000, and that their
numbers are steadily increasing. Nor
can this increase be wondered at, for
whether the disease is propagated by
contagion or by heredity it has every
opportunity of increasing. I saw most
ghastly lepers begging in the streets
and in the balconies of houses. I met
them at railway stations and in places
of public resort. In one small bazar a
friend of mine told me he had just
counted twelve. - I even heard of one
who was employed by an English baker
in the making of bread. It is moreover
estimated that all the copper money in
India has passed through the hands of
lepers. I found in Bombay a man
whose hands were covered with leprosy
engaged in the railway service as a
ticket collector. Who can estimate the
danger to the English and native com
munity of many hundreds of railway
tickets daily passing through this man's
hands? An English lady in the same
city had, just before my arrival, fallen
a victim to-the disease. Lepers, with
their revolting miseries fully exposed,
associate freely with the community.
They marry when they choose; they
love a roving life, and thus continually
become fresh centers for propagating
the disease. I was assured by Mr. Mac
Guire, the superintendent of the Leper
Asylum in Calcutta, that he could
testify, from often-repeated observa
tions, that in the congregations of poor
people who assemble at the funeral
feasts of the wealthy natives one per
son in every three was a leper. By
the same authority I was told that the
asylum was generally overcrowded, and
that the police do not hesitate to bring
in cabs lepers who are in a dying s
and for whom it is -~ ba y to turn
out some le s ' ent cases. Indeed
the-evitis so widespread that, as Lord
Dufferin said to me, one might almost
as rapidly undertake to rid India of its
snakes as of its leprosy. Moreover
the absence of Indian public opinion
on such matters, and the constitutional
callousness of the native mind, increase
the difficulty in a way that English
readers can scarcely estimate. So care
less of danger does the Indian fatalism
make men to this evil that, in the great
leper hospital at Tarantarn, the author
ities-as I was assured by an official
there-have to hunt out relatives of the
diseased, who have come in pretending
that they are leprous, and who are actu
ally willing to become infected for the
sake of acquirig board, lodging and
the power of leading an idle life. The
Indian desires above all things to be a
man of money. and what the leper at
Tarantarn likes to save two out ofi.the
three rup~eesallowee.i n onthly, and
r to hide them in the ground, put
them out at interest or invest them in
jewelry for his wife. One man had
thus acquired six hundred rnipees-at
the cost of most wretched diet, and
consequent increas~e of the disease. -
Ninete nzth Century.
Canonization of Joan of Arc.
We may loor forward to an early
canonization of Joan of Are. A number
gf devout Lorrainers bought in the
course of this year an "authentic stand
ard" of~ the heroine to lay on the shrine
of Notre Dame de Lourdes. They asked
the Bishop of Nan,:y to receive and bless
before they set out to fulfill their pur
pose, which they fully explained to him
by letter. After some delay he fixed a
day to receive them. The Bishop, be
fore consecrating the relic, spoke of
Joan as having been sent to give confi
derice and nioral unity to a shattered
nation, and ordained for a great work
in the world. "The Papacy," said the
Bishop, "which rehabilitated her will
glorify her purity, piety, patriotism
and valor. . It will give a place on the
altars of the churches to the warrier
and mai-tyrized shepherdess. When it
does, France will quiver with new hopes
from the Pyrenees to Lorraine, and
from Brittany to the Alps. She will
then invoke with boundless confidence
Saint Joan of Domremy, Saint Joan. of
Orleans, and Saint Joan of France."
St James Gazette.
State Railroad Earnings.
The Railroad Commission has issued
its tabulated statement of the earnings
of the railroads in the State for the
month of March, this year, as compared
with the earnings for the same month in
Of the twenty-nine roads included in
the statement twenty show a gross in
crease of $78,038.96, the remaining nine
showing a diecrease of $26,350.41, mak
ing the net increase for the month
$51,188.55, or 7.2513 per cent.
Of the roads showing an increase the
most notable are: Atlanta and Charlorte
Air Line, $24,273.34, 21.8 per cent.;
Columbia and Greenville, $12,010.19,
2.04 per cent.. Cape Fear and Yadkin
Valley, $8,580.26, 31.75 per cent.; South
Carolina Railway, $6,821.01, 5.7 per
cent.; Spartanburg, Union and Colum
bia, $4,522.30, 46.78 per cent.; Port
Royal and Western Carolina, $3,984.21,
10.61 per cent.; Asheville and Spartan
burg, $2,801.89, 33.5 per cent.; Wil
mington, Columbia and Augusta,
$1,943.02, 2.56 per cent. The Florence
Railroad, which was not in operation in
March, 1888, did a business of $4,647.81
during the month. The net increase of
the total earnings of the roads of the
Richmond and Danville system was $35,
367.55, the percentage 13.86.
Among the roads showing a decrease
were the Northeastern, $6,957.61, 10.39
per cent.; the Port Royal and Augusta,
,3,842.14, 9.73 per cent.; the Charlotte.
Columbia and Augusta, $6,822.75, 10.17
per cent.; and the Charleston and Sa
vannah, $5,786.02, 9.58 per cent.
The total passenger earnings for March
in 1888 and present year compare as
follows: March, 1888, $204.272.38;
March, 1889, $182,729.40, decrease,
$21,542.98, or 10.5462 per cent.
The total treight earnings were:
March, 1888, $461,959.01; March, 1889,
$527,288.95 increase, $65,329.94, or
14.1419 per cent.
Ferry Boats in Collision.
PBIrDEL&HI, May 15.-The ferry
boat Peerless, plying between this city
and Gloucester, N. J., collided with the
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad ferry
boat, J. S. Schultz, this morning in the
Delaware River, badly injuring five
young lady passengers on the Schultz
d carrying away a portion of the
ladi ', cabin. Two of the injured will
probab4ie. Nobody on the Peerless
ANNIVERSARY EXERCISES IN HONOR OF f
THE NAMESAKE OF THE SClOO. C
And in Commemoration of the Benefi
cence of the Philanthropist Which Ren
dered It Possible-The Exercises in the r
School-Dr. Curry's Admirable Address t
at the Opera House. C
(From the Columbia Daily Register.)
In accordance with the admirable cus
tom which has been established of cele
brating the Winthrop Training School
for teachers and commemorating the
grand philanthropy of George Peabody,
which has so greatly aided it, yesterday I
was set apart for the purpose, and in all
respects the exercises were equal in in
terest to those of any anniversary which
has preceded it.
At the Winthrop School yesterday
morning the exercises exemplified the
work of the school admirably. Dr.
Curry was present and made appropri
ate remarks, expressing himself as highly
pleased with what he had seen.
At the Opera House last night a fair
sized audience, in which the ladies were
largely in the majority, gathered to
listen to the anniversary address from
the Hon. J. L. M. Curry, late Minister
to Spain, and now general agent of the
Upon the stage were Governor Rich
ardson, ex-Governor Manning, Secretary
of State Marshall, Comptroller General
Verner, Mayor Rhett, Col. F. W. Mc
Mester, Prof. E. S. Joynes, Superintend
ent of Education James H. Rice, Lieu .
Edvards, W. II. Lyles, Esq , John P.
Thomas, Jr.. l)r. Scheib, Rev. W. C.
Lindsay, Rev. Dr. 0. A. Darby, Col. J.
W. R. Pope, and others.
The exerc'ses were opened with
prayer by the Rev. Dr. 0. A. Darby,
President of the Colurmbia Female Col
Professor Johnson said this occasion
was intended to commemorate the found
ing of the Winthrop Training School,
and he referred in appropriate terms to
Mr. Robert C. Winthrop, and detailed
some of his recent benefactions to the
school, in which he has always taken a
By request of Professor Johnson
Colonel F. V. McMaster read a poem on
Washing on written by Mr. Winthrop
on the occasion of the recent centennial
Hon. James H. Rice. State Superin
tendent of Education, introduced in ap
propriat.words the orator of .the e'
inug, making pecia ausion to the im
\portance of the Peabody Fund, stating
hrt as a result of his beneficence some
$1 - 000 has been given to South Caro
lina, wu' ow received more from this
charity every yearLu oL L . ' rbettatj
in the South.
DR. CLRRY'S ADDRESS
was in all respects an admirable one,
able and scholarly throughout, and at
times most eloquent. No synopsis such
as it is possible to present in the narrow
limits available here can do it justice,
and as it is to be published in full by
those interested in the conduct of the
Winthrop School, it is not necessary to
more than give some glimpses of its trend
of thought and the remarkable facts
Mr. Curry, in opening, alluded to the
fact of having received his earliest
schooling in Abbeville District, this
State, and to having met -on the plat
form ex-Governor Manning, with whose
son he. had served on the staff of Gei
eral Johnston. .--.-: -
I Ia ,wpt-ahg in the presence of
Mr. Peabody, Mr. Winthrop had said
that he considered his association wnth
the Peabody Education Fund the
greatest honor of his life. If he so
thought in 1867,what must no be his self
satisfaction in 1889, as President of the
Trustees of the Fund, the very life and
Nothing could have been more appro
priate, the speaker said. than to give
the name of this grand man to the
:chool, and nothing more just than to
connect the memorial celebration with
the anniversary of his birth. By name
and inheritance he was a connecting
link between the past and present of our
country, and more truly than any other
American embodies the spirit and pa
triotism and fraternity of the days
when Massachusetts and -South Carolina
stood shoulder to shoulder in the reat
and decis~ive struggle for freedom.
Dr. Curry said in order to appreciate
the gift of Mr. Peabody it was necessary
to consider the condition of the South at
the time when that great heart was
moved to make his munificent benefac
tion. He proceeded with wonderful
power to depict the condition of the
Southern States immediately after the
conclusion of the war.
In this sad hour of gloom, poverty and
despondency, when the South lay pros
trate and suffering, a Northern man,
and he was especially glad to say a
Massachusetts man, did not pass by on
the other side, but had compassion, and
devised, acted and relieved.
The speaker then related in detail
Mr. Peabody's munificent gifts and en
larged upon the sentiments which
prompted them, and the delicacy of
feeling that characterized him in be
stowing the same.
The difficulties which confronted the
trustees at the outset in administering
their trust and carrying out the inten
tions of the donor were touched on.
There were two great objects held stead
ily in view:
1. To create an advanced and abiding
sentiment as to the obligation and bene
fit of universal education. Education
as a universal right and a civil duty had
not been recognized in the Southern
2. To stimulate the establishment and
maintenance of free school systems for
all the children and exalt as an agency
of civilization and as preservative of
representa r ivye institutions.
The speaker said there was much mis
apprehensien and much ignorance as to
the prevalence of education in the South
prior to 1861. Academies and colleges
abounded. By the census of 186'0 the
population of the North was 18.000,000,
and of the South about 8,000,000.
At that time the North had :05 col
leges, 1,407 professors and 29,044 stu
dents. The South had 262 colleges.
1,488 pr->fessors, and 27,055 students.
For these institutions the Nort h cx
peded $1,514,688 per annum for col
leges and $4,66:3,749 for academiies.
The South expended respectively $1,602,
419 and $4,328,127.
Nevertheless in the South at the close
of the war, and indeed before it, there
was no adequate or sufficient system of
public schools, and the illiteracy among
the whites was fearful.
The Peabody Educational Fund set to
work to induce the States to cstabhish
and maintain, thorough systems of public
schools, free general education. This it
did by strict adherence to the rule "help>
those who help themselves," and such
conditions were imposed'as to secure
from the people three, four or five dol- '
lars for every dollar paid from the in- 1
come of the fund.
Continuing, the speaker dilated uponC
the vigor which the Southern States had
shown in availing themselves of the help
offered, on the great results already
achieved, and the greater was still hoped
The fact had never been lost sight of,
he said, that "as is the teacher so is the
pupil," and that schools for the train
ing of teachers were of vital importance.
Normal schools were considered the cli
max of public school systems, and their
establishment had been aided whenevera
Besides what Claflin is doing so well
n Orangeburg, South Carolini has the
Vinthrop Training School, with thirty.
our State scholarships. awarded after
om petitive examinations. The infl.u
!nee of the school is already widespread
he large and interested attend
nec upon the night's exercises showed
nore than a local popularity. The work
o be done was a noble and inspiring in
entive to diligence, to high resolve, to
,rand attainments. le was glad to
earn that the graduates of the school
vere in great demand and that the de
nand was more than the supply. He
gad seen at the exercises in the school
hat morning much that pleased him.
Fie had told Superintendent John
;on that the Peabody Fund
could be very glad to increase the
>1,500 per annum now given to $2,000.
South Carolina, in establishing and
]elping to maintain the Winthrop
school, besides securing the advantage of
:rained teachers will have done something
,hich would greatly stimulate and at
:ract more attention to the advisability
>f giving more aid than heretofore to
he education of girls.
While the State with a liberal hand,
md none too liberal, had aided the Uni
versity for the education of the young
men, the appropriation tor the Winthrop
school was the first ever made for an in
stitution for the education of women ex
Dr. Curry then proceeded to enlarge
on the necessity of affording equal edu
cational facilities for young women as
to young men; drew a comical picture
of the average female boarding
school, excepting Columbia institutions.
.id favored young ladies being given as
long a time to gain knowledge as that
given young men, instead of trying to
cram their heads full of languages, sci
ences, arts, etc., before they were 18
The color question was then treated
at some length, the conclusion being
reached that no solution would prove
permanent or effective except it be on
the lines of justice, fairness and right,
this point being greeted with applause.
In conclusion. Dr. Curry most clo
quently eulogized the character of Geo.
Peabody and recited with effect a quota
tion from a letter of Victor Hugo, writ
ten at the time of the great philanthro
GEN. ROGER A. PRYOR.
A Pamphlet Designed to -Befate the
Confederate Army. -
RICHMoND, Va., Mai 14.-Roger A.
Pryor, Jr.. who arrived here to-day from
New York, has just published in pam
phlet form a complete refutation of the
charge of desertion recently made
a-iinst his - father, Gen. Pryor. The
proof consists of affidavits. of eye-wit
nesses of his capture, statements of Gen.
C. M. Wilcox, Hon. Washington Mc
Lean, Gen. Geo. H. Sharp, contempo
raneous accounts of his capture in both
Southern and Northern papers during
the war, and letters of Gen. Pryor and
his wife while in confinement at Fort
Lafayette, and other papers. The proof
is regarded as being absolutely conclu
sive of the General's loyalty to the
Boycotting a Postoffice.
RALEIGH, N. C., May 14.-There is a
remarkable state of affairs at Lauren
burg. W. R. Terry was recently ap
pointe.. m- /Mih!k~appars
%d lA'dinent is so offeisive to
the people that they will not sendjt
ceive their mail through that office, but
they use John's Hill, a town some dis
tance away, as postoffice. Not one-fifth
of the mail which formerly passed
through Laurcnburg postoffice is now
handled there. These facts are obtained
from parties from Laurcnburg, who say
the people are furious at the President's
action in appointing Terry postmaster,
and that it will make many Democratic
Solicitor General Jenks's Resignation.
WASHINGTON, May 15.--The President
has accepted the resignation of Judge
George A. Jenks as Solicitor General of
the Department of Justice, to take effect
to-day. Judge Jenks resigned upon the
change of administration, out was re
quested to remain- in the office until the
close of the existing term of the Su
preme Court. Judge Jenks will be re
tained mn the service of the government
as counsel in the telephone cases. It is
expected that an appointment as So
licitor General will be made this week.
To Suffer Death by Electricity.
BUFFALO, N. Y., May 14.-William
Kemmler, who was convicted of murder
in the first degree for the killing of his
mistress, Tillie Zeigler, was to-day,. sen
tenced to "suffer the punishment of
death, to be inflicted by the application
of electricity," within the week commen
eing on Monday, June 24th. This is the
first death sentene under the new law.
Hon. Samuel J.- Randall Convalescing.
WYASHINGTON, May 15.-Hon. S. J.
Randall, who has been confined to his
house for several weeks, is convalescing
rapidly and is expected to be out soon.
His appetite is good, and a gentleman
who saw him yesterday says he looks as
well as at any time during the last ses
sion of Congress. Mr. Randaill will
probably spend the summer at the sea
PHILADELPHIA, May 16.--A syndicate
of PhiladJelphia capitalists, headed by
Thomas Cochran, has purchased the
graphophone rights for the world outadle
of the United States and Canada. The
price paid was $500,000.
His Neck was Broken.
XXAsHtNGToN. May 17.- Nelson Col
hert (colored) was hanged in jail this
afternoon for the murder of Philip Wen
zell in October last. The drop fell at
12:54. and Colbert's neck was broken
by the fall.
JOSEPH F. RHAME,
A TTORNEY A T LAW
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WILSON,
Altirnei, and CJounselor a! Lau',
MAtNNING, S. C.
F. N. WILSON,
INS URAXCE AGEXT,.
MANNING. S. C.
j- J. B3RAGDON,
R E AlL E.T A TE AGcEXT,
FORESTON, S. C.
Offers for sale on Main Street, in business
orion of'the town), TWO STORES, with
nitable lots, en Manning and R. R. streets
CW() COTTAGE RESIDENCES, 4 and 6
ooms: and a number of VACANT LOTS
uitable for residences, and in different ho
alities. Terms Reasonable.
MAX G. Bryant, Jis. M. LF.IAND,
South Carolina. ' New York.
Grand Central Hotel.
BRTANT & LELAND, Pinorr.IFzroRs.
Columbia, -South Carolina.
The grand Central is the largest and best
ept hotel in Columbia, located in the EX
ICT BUSINESS C'ENTER OF THlE CITY,
there all Street Car Lines pass the door,
nd its MENU is not excelled by any in the
R. C. Benmzr,
C. BISSEL JENKINs, Gen'l Manager.
The Cameron & B
Erie City Engine and Boilers, Atlas E
giant Hydraulic Cotton Press, Eagle Cc
We have in stock one each 60, 65, ani
:hat we are offering way below cost. - M
Oils, Rubber and Leather Belting, an
'rWe Guarantee Lowest Prices
(AMMERON & BARKL'
Keeps always ~]
- a full supply, and ch
FAMILY AND FA
J ahvars tive a full 100 cents
MRS. A. E
Marine Stationary and Portab
Mill 1achinery, Cotton Press
boat, Machinists', Engineers' v
Mr||eairs~" eurca with p1n'<iplacs.
East Bay, Core
OF PURE COD LIVER OIL
Almost as Palatable as Milk.
?aSguiseCa t can be .
a ested, and assimilate e most
s sitive stomach, when the plain oil
not be tolerated; and by the com
.b nation of the oil with the hypophos
p tea is much more efficacious.
Remarkable as a flesh producer.
Persons gain rapidly while taking it.
'COT'T'S EMTLSION is acknowledged by
p e'ir ' Ls t'be .i Th ghlCC d e" t pr ep
retion in the world for the relief and cure of
CENERAL DEBILITY, WASTINC
COLDS and CMRONIC COUCHS.
The great remedy for Consumption, and
Wasting in Children. Sold by all Druggists.
RICE BEER! RICE BEER!
We are the sole manufacturers of this de
licions and healthy beverage, which after
having been analyzed by allthe eminent
chemists in Atlanta, Ga., during "Prohibi
tion" and ater the most searching .crutiny
for traces of alchohol, was allowed to be sold
free of State and city license, and so also
more recently after further analyzing in Flor
ida. It fills a long felt want for a stimulant
..a~~tizer th ,t is not intoxicating; pleas
t9t, contains nourishment and
specially si for persons of weak and del
icate coustitutiaLe . It has the tastelof lager
beer of the llne'st T'IE.Ai. besides, to add to
its purity and miedicinalgmlities, is suecial
ki nmide of conr celebrated Morld renowned
original Artesjin well wae-r~int up in
cases of one dozen pints at Sl 20 p
ive dozen at $1 per dozen ,and in cask
ten dozen each at 90 &ants per dozen. Cash
must accomupany each order. Copyrighted
andl patent applied: for.
We have no Agents, and none genuaine
unless ordered diret Iromi
CRAMER & KERsTEN,
Steam Soda and Mineral Water Works. -
Chairleston, S. C., U. S. A.
Ely's Cream Balm
Cleanses the Nasal Passages. Al
lays Tnfnnmation. Healsthe Sores.
Restore's the Senses of Taste, Smell
A particle is applied into each noistril andl
is agreeable. Price S0c. at Druggists or by
mail. ELYBROTIIERiS,5G WarrenSt.,New York.
L. W. FOLSOM,
Successor to F. HI. Folsomi & Bro.
SUMTEIR, S. C.
WATCH ES, (LOCKS, JEWELRY.
The celebrted R~oval St . Jhn Sewing
Mahine .. 1n Fineust Razvors in Ameicia, al
vas on haind. Re*airng prom.ptly and
netly C exceted I skdiCll workmean.
Orders by matil will receive careful atten
17ad1G0, East Bay,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Manning Shaving Parlor.
HAIRt CUTTI;NG ARTISTICALLY EXECUTED.
and Shaving done with best Razors. Spec
ial attention paid to shampooing ladies
I have htd considerable experience in
several large cities, and guarantee satisfac
tion to nmy enustomeirs. Parlor next door to
E. D. H AMILTON.
TEW WAVERLY HOUSE, IN
ithe Bend of King StreeLt, Charleston.J
The Waverly. having been thoroughly _
renovated the past summier and newly fur
nished throughout, makes its accommoda
tions unsurpassed. Incandescent Electric
Lights and Electric Bells are used in all
rooms and hallways. Rates $2.00 and $2.50.
RIcHARD S. GANTr, Sec. & Treas.
ogine and Boilers, the Famous Little 4
1 70 saw Eagle Gin, only shop worn
RlSend for prices. -
d a complete line of Mill Supplies.
for Best Quality of Goods.i
EY CO.. Charleston, S. C.
1 band at the
oice assortment, of
worth of e-ools for the Dollar
DWARDS. Manning. R. C.
and Dealers in
le Engines and Boilers, Saw
es, Gins, Railroad, Steam
Lnd Mill Supplies.
Wfnd !>isaleh. Sendlfor prie lis.
)m, S. C.
When I say CUREn I do n~ot mean merey*?'
stop thern for a time, and then haet
turn again. IM : E
FITS, EPILEPSY or
A life-long study. I WAURAr my remedy to
CURE the worst cases. Biecaulse oth~ers have
failed is no reason for iot now receiving acure.
Send at once for a treatise and a FREE BOTrLE
of my ISFALLIBLE IIEMEDY. Give Express
and P'oe Ofice. It costs you nothing for a
trial, and it illI cure you. Address
YOU CWN 8US BCrSDR
I -a th gn o h Cel
POR OW TOS T GOR,
Togihes eo lad olrs
I am sole Agent r th coutyfo
PRA CTTN GRESS
LinDgL, ec. '
En..Algies mandhiler s.rc
from sle ator ind will- bcold a
orn Murchs toclleons, Sbefore
W. Al hS nChie'sdrc
tE. FacTory's HoEstY oCaER.
PricE. It ill e & th Cdo.ag
~Bo. Gaes. ec.
Bui dings tril
10 an 12anetre t,
Scrll Work urnied.
Buiing etmate rial
Charleston, S. C.
ret Class in a/ld it ppoJuinment,.
uppied with all Modern Improvemuents
Excellent Cuisine, Large Airy Rooms,
Otis Passenger Elevator, Elec
tric Bells and Lights, Heat
RA TES, $2.00, S250 AND $3.00.
~oms Reserced by~ Xfail or 2elegyraph
ATTORNEY A T L AW
- MANNING, S. C.