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CONT S.C 'NSAYJL 118 O 4
VOL. V. MAN NING, CLARENJ)ON CUTSC., WDESA, JL
OUR FATHER'S HOUSE.
Sermon by Rev. T. DeWitt Tal
mage, D. D.
The Heavenly Mansion Likened to the
Old Home on the Hill-A House of
Many Rooms-How the Mortals
of Earth are Welcomed in
the Celestial Palace.
Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage preached recently
at The Hamptons, N. Y., on the subject:
"Our House on the Hills." His text was
John xiv., 2: "In my Father's house are
many rooms." Following is the sermon:
Here is a bottle of medicine that is a cure
all. The disciples were sad and Christ
offered heaven as an alterative, a stimulant
and a tonic. He shows them that their sor
rows are only a dark background ofabright
picture of coming felicity. He lets them
know that though they now live in the low
lands they shall yet have a house on the up
lands. Nearly all the Bible descriptions of
Heaven may be figurative. I am not posi
tive that in all Heaven there is a literal
crown, or harp, or pearly gate, or throne, or
chariot. They may be onlyused to illustrate
the glories of the place, but how well they
'do it! The favorite symbol by which the
Bible presents celestial happiness is a house.
Paul, who never owned a house, although
he hired one for two years in Italy, speaks
of Heaven as a "house notmade with hands,"
and Christ in our text, the translation of
which is a little changed so as to give the
more accurate meaning, says: "In my
Father's house are many rooms "
This divinely authorized comparison of
Heaven to a great homestead of large ac
commodations I propose to carry out. In
some healthy neighborhood a man builds a
very commodious habitation. He musthave
room for all his children. The rooms come
to be called after different members of the
family. That is mother's room. That is
George's room. That is Henry's room. That
is Flora's room. That is Mary's room. And
the house is all occupied. But time goes by,
and the sons go outinto the world and build
their own homes, andthedaughters are mar
ried or have talents enough singly to go out
and do a good work in the world. After a
while the t Cher and mother are almost
alone in the big house, and, seated by the
evening stand, they say: "Well, our
family is no larger now than when we
started together forty years ago." But time
goes still further by and some of the chil
dren are unfortunate and return to the old'
homestead to live, and the grandchildren,
come with them, and perhaps great-grand
children, and again the house Is full. Many
millennia ago God built on the hills of
Heaven a great homestead for a family In
numerable, yet to be. At first He lived
alone in that great house, but after a while
it was occupied by a very large family,
cherubic, seraphic, angelic. The eternities
passed on and many of the inhabitants be
came wayward and left, never to return.
And many of the apartments were vacated.
I refer to the fallen angels. Now these
apartments are filling up again. There are
arrivals at the old homestead of God's chil
dren every day, and the day will come when
there will be no unoccupied room in all the
As you and I expect to enter it and make
there eternal residence, I thoughtyou would
like to get some more particulars aboutthat
many roomed homestead. "In my Father's
house are many rooms." You see the place
is to be a off ito apartments.
We sh in" Ieavcn, but
th . v g people R yb e
would not want to live with in the same
room. They may be better than we are, but
they are of a divergent temperament. We
would like to meet with them on the golden
streets and worship with them in the tem
ple and walk with them on the river banks,
but I am glad to say that we shall live in
different apartments. "In my Father's
house are many rooms." You see Heaven
will be so large that if one wants an entire
room to himself or herself, it can be af
forded. An ingenious statistician, taking
the statement made In Revelation, twenty
first chapter, that the heavenly Jerusalem
was measured and found to be twelve thou
sands furlongs and that the length and
height and breadth of it are equal, saysthat
would make Heaven in size 948 sextillion,
98S quintillion cubic feet, and then reserv
ing a certain portion for the court of Heaven
and the streets, aud estimating that the
world may last a hundred thousand years,
he ciphers out that there are over five tril
lion rooms, each room seventeen feet long,
sixteen feet wide, fifteen feet high. But I
have no faith in the accuracy of that calcu
lation. He makes the roomstoo small. From
all I can read the rooms will be palatial, and
those who have not had enough room in
this world, wasi~ nave plenty of room at the
last. The fact isi that most people in this
world are crowded, and though out on a
vast prairie or in a mountain district people
may have more room than they want, in most
cases it is house built close to house, and
the streets are crowded and the cradles
crowded by other cradlos, and the graves
crowded in the cemetery by other graves,
and one of the richest luxuries of many
people 3n getting out of this world will be
the gaining of unhindered and uncramped
room. And I should not wonder if instead
of the room that the statistician ciphered
out as only seventeen feet by sixteen, it
should be larger than any of the imperial
rooms at Berlin, St. James, or Winter Pal
ace. "In my Father's house there are many
rooms." Carrying out still further the sym
bolism of the text let us join hands and go
up to this majestic homestead and see for
As we ascend the golden steps, an Invisi
ble guardsman swings open the front door
and we are ushered to the right into the re
ception room of the old homestead. That is
the place where we first meet the welcome
of Heaven. There must be a place where the
departedspirit enters and a place in ivhich
It confronts the inhabitants celestial. The
reception room of the newly arrived from
this world-what scenes it must have wit
nessed since the first guest arrived, the vic
tim of the first fratricide, pious Abel. In
that room Christ lovingly greeted all new
comers. He redeemed them and He has the
right to the first embrace on their arrival.
What a minute when the _ascended spirit
first sees the Lord. Better than all we ever
read about Him, or talked about Him, or
sang about Him in all the churches and
through all our earthly lifetime, will it be,
just for one second to see Him. -The most
rapturous ideas we ever had of Him on sac
ramenta~l days or attheheight of some great
-revival, or under the uplifted baton of an
oratorio are a bankruptcy of thought com
pared wxii tae nrst tiasa of ins appearance
in that reception room. At that moment
when you confront each other, Christ look
ing upon you, and you looking upon Christ,
there will be an ecstatic thrill and surging
of emotion that beggars all descriptiou.
Look! They need no introduction. Long
~ago Christ chose that repentant sinner and
that repentarnt sinner chose Christ. Might
jest moment of an Immortal history-the
first kiss of Heaven! Jesus and the soul.
The soul and Jesns.
But now into that reception room pour
the glorified kinsfolk. Enough of earthly
retention to let you kaow them, but with
out their wounds 'ir their sickness or their
troubles. Seo what Hleaven has done for
them. So radiant, so gleeful, so transport.
ingly lovely. They call you by name- They
greet you with an ardor proportioned to the
anguish of your parting and the length of
your separation. Father! Mother! There
is your child. Sisters! Brothers! Friends'i
I wish you joy. For years apart, together
again in the reception room of the old home
stead. You see they will know you are com
ing. There are so many immortals filling
all the spaces between here andHeaven that
news like that fies like lightning.
They will be there in an instant;
though they were in some other world on
an errand from God a sigflal would be
thrown that would fetch them- Though
you might at first feel dazed anid overawed
at their supernal splendor, all that feeling
wil be gne at their first touch of heavenly
salutation, and we will say: "0 my lost
boy!" "O my lost companion !" "O my lost
friend, are we here together " What scenes
have been witnessed in that reception room
of the old homestead; There met Joseph
and Jacob, finding it a brighter room than
any thing they saw in Pharaoh's palace;
David and the little child for whom he once
fasted and wept; Mary and Lazarus after
the heartbreak of Bethany; Timothy and
grandmother Lois; Isabella Graham and her
sailor son, Alfred and George Cookman, the
mystery of the sea at last made manifest;
Luther and Magdalene, the daughter he be
moaned; John Howard and the prisoners
whom he gospelized; and multitudes with
out number who, once so weary and so sad,
parted on earth but gloriously met in Heav
en. Among all the rooms of that house
there is no one that more enraptures my
soul than that receptih room. "In my
Father's house are many l~ms."
Another room In our Father's house is the
throne room. We belong to the royal fami
ly. The blood of King Jesus flows in our
veins, so we have a rightto enter the throne
room. It is no easy thing on earth to get
through even the outside door of a king's
residence. During the Franco-German war
one eventide in the summer of 1870, I stood
studying the exquisite sculpturing of the
gate of the Tuilleries, Paris. Lost in ad
miration of the wonderful art of that gate, I
knew not that I was exciting suspicion.
Loweritg my eyes to the crowds of people I
found myself being closely inspected by gov
ernmental officials, who from my complex
ion judged me to be a German, and that for
some belligerent purpose I might be exam
ining the gates of the palace. My expla
nations in very poor French did not satisfy
them and they followed me long distances
until I reached my hotel, and werenot satis
tied until from my landlord they found I was
only an inoffensive American. The gates
of the earthly palace are closely guarded,
and, if so, how much more severely the
throne room. A dazzling place is it for
mirrors and all costly art. No onewho ever
saw the throne room of the first and only
Napoleon will ever forget the letter "N"
embroidered in purple and gold on the up
holstery of chair and window; the letter
"" gilded on the wall, the letter "N"
chased on the chalices, the letter ".S"
flaming from the ceiling. What a con
flagration of brilliance the thrdhe room of
Charles Immanual of Sardinia, of Ferdi
nand of Spain, of Elizabeth of England, of
Boniface of Italy. But the throne room of
our Father's house hath a glory eclipsing
all the throne rooms that ever saw scepter
wave or crown glitter, or foreign embas
sador bow, for our Father's throne is a
throne of grace, a throne of mercy, a throne
of holiness, a throne of justice. a throne of
mniversal dominion. We need not stand
shivering and cowering before it, for our
Father says we may yet one day come up
and sit on it beside Him. "To him that
>vercometh will I grant to sit with me in
my throne." You see we are princes and
princesses. Perhaps now we move about
incognito, as Peter the Great in the garb of
a ship carpenter at Amsterdam, or as Queen
'irzah in -the dress of a peasant woman
eeking the prophet for her child's cure;
but It will be found out after a while who
we are when we get into the throne room.
Lye! we need not wait until then. We
nay by prayer and song and spir
tual uplifting this moment enter the throne
om. O king, live forever! We touch the
rorgiving scepter and prostrate ourselves at
bhy feet. The crowns of the royal families
f this world are tossed about from genera
:ion to generation and from family to family.
there are children four years old in Berlin
aho have seen the crown on. three em
erors. ut wherver coronets of this
wori rise or fall they are de In'meet
n one place. And I look and see them
ioming from north and south and east and
west, the Spanish crown, the Italian crown,
the English crown, the Turkish crown,
the Russian crown, the Persian crown,
aye, all the crowns from under the
reat archivolt of heaven; and while I
watch gind wonder they are all flung in
rain of .liamonds around the pierced feet.
Jesus shall reign where'er the sun
Does his successive journeys run,
His kingdom stret-h from shore to shore
Till the sun shall rise and set no more.
, that throne room of Christ! "In my
'ather's house are many rooms."
Another room in our Father's hou'se is the
nusic room. St. John and other Bible wri
ers talk so much about the music of heaven
that there must be music there, perhaps not
such as on earth was thrummed from tremb
ing string or evoked by touch of ivory key,
but if not that, then something better. There
are so many Christian harpists ansi Chris
Ian composers and Christian organists and
hristian choristers and Christian hymnol
,gists that have gone up from earth,
there must be for them some place
f especial delectation. Shall we have
music in this world of discords and no mu
si in the land of complete harmsony? I can
sot give you the notes of the first bar of the
sew song that is sung in Heaven, I can not
imagine either the solo or the doxology. But
Reaven means music, and can mean nothing
sie. Occasionally that music has escaped
the gate. Dr. Fuller. dying at Beaufort, S.
C., said: "Do you not heart" "-Hear what?"
xclamed the bystanders. "The music?
Lift me up! Open the window !" In that
music-room of our Father's house, you will
some day meet the old Christian masters,
~dozart and Handel, and Mendelssohn, and
Beethoven, and Doddridge, whose sacred
poetry was as remarkable as his sacred
prose, and James Montgomery and Will
iam Cowper, at last got rid of his
spiritual melancholy, and Bishop He
er, who sang of "Greenland's icy
nountains and India's coral strand;" and Dr.
Rafies, whowrote of "High in yonder realms
f light," and -Isaac Watts, who went to visit
Sir Thomas Abney and wife for a week, but
proved himself so agreeable a guest that
they made him stay thirty-six years; and.
side by side, Augustus Toplady, who has got
ver his dislike for Methodists, and Charles
Wesley freed from his dislike for Calvinists;
and George W. Bethune, as sweet as a song
maker as he was great as a preacher and
author of -'The V'illage Hymns;" and many
who wrote in verse or song in church
or by eventide cradle, and many who were
passionately fond of music but could
make none themselves. The poorest singer
there more than any earthly prima
uionna, and the poorest players. there more
than any earthly Oottschalk. 0 that music
room, the headquar-ters of cadence . and
rhythm, symphony and -hant, psalm and
antiphon I May we be there some he'ir
a-hen Haydn sits at the keys o'f one of his
own oratorios, and David the psahust
fingers the harp, and Miriam of the lRed Sea
banks claps the cymbals, and Gabriel puts
ls lips to the trumpet and the four-and
twenty soldiers chant, and Lind and Parepa
render matchless duet in the music room of
the old heavenly homestead. "In my
Father's house are many rooms."
Another room In our Father's house will
be the family room. It may correspond
somewhat with the family room on earth.
At morning and evening, you know, that Is
the place we now meet. Though every mem
ber of the household have a separate room,
In the family room they all gather, and joys
and sorrows and experiences of all styles
are there rehearsed. Sacred room in all our
dwellings! Whether it be luxurious with
ottomans and divans and books in Russian
ids sanding in mahogany case, or ther-e be
nly a fewv plain, chairs and a cradle. So
the family room on high will be the place
where the kinsfolk assemble and talk over
the family experiences of earth, the wed
dings, the births, the burials, the festal:
days of Christmas and !Thanksgivmng re
un'ion. Will the children departed remain
hilren there? Will the aged remain aged
there? 0, no;- 'everything is perfect there.
he child will go ahead to glorified maturity
and the aged wvill go back to glorified ma
turity. The rising sun of the ,one will
rise to meridian and the desending
sun of the other will return to meridian.
However much we love our cnildren on
arth we would consider it a domestic dis
aster if they stayed children, and so we re
oice at their growth here. And when we
meet in the family room of our Father's
house we mml be lad that they have grand
ly ana gioriousiy maturen; wnu our
parents who were aged and infirm here we
shall be glad to find restored to the most
agile and vigorous immortality there. If
forty or forty-five of fifty years be the apex
of Physical and mental life on earth. then
the heavenly childhood will advance to that
and the heavenly old age will retreat to
When we join them in that family room
we shall have much to tell them. We shall
want to know of them right away such
things as these: Did you see us in this or
that or the other struggle? Did you know
when we lost our property and sympathize
with us? Did you know we had that
awful sickness? Were you hovering any
where around when we plunged into that
memorable accident? Did you know of our
backsliding? Did you know of that moral
victory? Were you pleased when we started
for Heaven? Did you celebrate the hour of
our conversion? And then, whether they
know it or not., we will tell them all. But
they will have more to tell us than we to
tell them. Ten years on earth may be
very eventful, but what must be the biogra
hy of ten years in Heaven? They wiil have
to tell us the story of coronations, story of
news from all immensity. stoi'y of conquer
ors and hierarchis, story of wrecked or ran
somed planets, story of angelic victory over
diabolical revolts, of extinguished suns, of
obliterated constellations, of now galaxies
kindled and swung, of stranded comets, of
worlds on fire, and story of Jehovah's ma
jestic reign. If in that family room of our
Father'shouse we have so much to tell them
of 'what we have passed through since we
parted, how much more thrilling and
arousing that which tltev have to tell us
of what they have passed through since
we parted. Surely that family room will
be one of the most favore.1 rooms in all
our Father's house. What long lingering
there, for we shall ne er again im in
a hurry. "Let me open a window,"
said an humble Christian servant to
Lady Raties. who, because of the death of
her child, had shutherself up in adark room
and'refused to see any one; "you have been
many days in this dark room. Are you net
ashamed to grieve in this manner, when you
ought to be thanking God for having given
you the most beautiful child that was ever
seen, and instead of leaving him in this
world till he should be worn with trouble,
has not God taken him to Heaven with all
his beauty? Leave off weeping and let me
open a window." So to-day I am trying to
open upon the darkness of earthly separa
tion the windows and doors and rooms of
the heavenly homestead. "In my Father's
house are many rooms."
How would it do for my sermon to leave
you in that famitly room to day? I ant sure
there is no room in which you would rather
stay than in the enrapturcd circle of your
ascended and glorified kinsfolk. We ntight
risit other rooms in our Father's house.
There may be picture galleries penciled not
with earthly art but by some process un
mnown in this world, preservitg for the
text world the brightest and most stupend
>us scenes of human history. And there
nay be lines and forms of earthly beauty
preserved for heavenly inspection in some
thing whiter and chaster and richer than
Venetian aulpture ever wrought. Rooms
eside rooms. Rooms over rooms. Largk
rooms, majestic rooms, opalescent rooms.
.methystine rooms. "In my Father's house
ire many rooms."
I hope note of us will be disat>pointed
bout getting there. There is a room for us
f we will go and take It, but in order to
each it it is absolutely necessary that we
ake the right way, and Christ. is the way:
d we must enter at the right door, and
:hrist is the door. and we must start :,
ime, and the only hour you are sure of is
he hour the clock now strikes and the only
second to one your watch is now ticking.
[ hold in my hand a roll of letters inviting
you all to make that your hote forever.
The New Testament is only a roll of letters
iviting you, as the' spirit of them 1
practically says: "My dying yet im
nortal child in earthly neighborhood, I I
have built for you a great residence. It is
ull of rooms. I have furnished them 1
s no palace was ever furnshed. Pe.arls
ire nothing, emeralds are nothing,
brsophrsus is nothing; illumtned pantels
f sunrise and suntset, nothing; the
surora of the Northern hteavens, ttoth
ng-compared with the splendor wit
which 1 htave garnitured thtem. Btut you
nust be clean be fore you can enter theire,
d so I have open ni a fountain where you
nay wash all your sins away. L'otnte ntowI
t your weary but cleansed feet on thte
pard pathway. Do you not s.ee aid thte
thick foliage ott thte heav'ently hill tops the
ld fatally b~omnest'ad P" "in my Fathter's
oe are mar~y roonts."
-As friend after friend leaves thtis world
by death, antd passes into the eterntal state.
l all or nealy all of one's dearest earth ly
rrieds have gone to the othter side, te
mur'ivor's thoutghts itatturally turn to the
state whithter they htave gone. Thte great
ruture itncreases, and the pr'esent and tran
icient scene lessens in their relative at
tractiots. Thtese absent oites mav well be
bjects of his thought, as hte pursues the
enaining journey of life without them.
uc a persont surely needs the hope of
neeting themt in another and better world.
-N. Y. Independent.
-The movement toward Sabbath observ- 1
ace by the railroads has made an impor- I
tant attainmtent by the closing of the ticket
flces in the city of C'hticago. By a utnani
nously signed petition (of the clerks antd
eneral pssenger' agents, the ticket-offices1
i be closed. Those at the depot will be
pen for a short time before the startinig of
the few pastenger ttrains wvhit a continue to1
-He that mtay hittdet mttischief and yet
permits it is an accessory.-l'oreman.
-BESET BY ICEBERGS. 1
rhriing and Perilous Voyage of the
PHILADELPHIA, July 2G.-The bark
rvigtt, which arrived yesterday from :
vigtut, encoulntered a remarkaly st ormy 1
md perilous passage, occupying mn all i
~orty-eight days, dturing which forty-<
eve icebergs were passed. She sailed
tne 0, and on that day became fast 1
jammed in an ice pack, the area of which 1
oull not be determined from aloft. As <
far as the eve could reach, nothing bt.
~tlong waste of thickly packed ice coutld -l
be seen. Little or no0 headway could be t
made. For seven long (days atnd nights,
tmil great sulfferings, the battle wit h the t
ice continued, and finally thle craft found:
herself gliding through clear water once
Inore. On the following day the thter- I
mometer gave indications of ice again,:
md it was but a short time until twenty-i
ve tremendous, glittering monsters<
loomed up in full view. On the 15th i
~eventen bergs, equally as large, were I
sighted, and on the 16th five were seen.
THE STANDARD OIL OCTOPUS.
Reaching Out for the Absolute Control of
the Natural ('as Business.
IsmNAroustL, J uly 26....-Thie Statndarid
Oil Company is endeavorinlg to get conl-1
rol of thle ntutral gas lands in Indianai,i
evidently with the inltentionl of conm
trolling the entire gas field ultimately.
It will be necessary some time soon for
the pipe line companies of Indianapolis,
Lafayette and other cities to sink wells
in new territory, and unless they secure
leases for this purpose they will be
wholly at the mercy of the Standard
Oil Company. Large numbers of leases
have been taken in the best gas terni
tory near Indianapolis within the last
two days, and it is b~elieved it will be
found that the Standard Oil Company
dlready holds the most desirable land
elewhre in the Hoosier gas belt.
THE STATE ALLIA CE:
OPENING SESSIONS OFTHE FARM
ERS FAVORITE ORDER.
An Accurate List of the Delegates Pres
ent-Quite a S prinkling of Former Fol
lowers of Tillman-The Present Officers
Re-Elected When Willing to Be.
(From the Columbia Daily Register, July 5.)
At 10 o'clock yesterday morning the
annual convention of the State Farm
ers' Alliance of South Carolina was
called to order in Agricultural Hall by
the Dresident, General E. T. Stackhouse
The enrollment of delegates was the
first business undertaken and resulted
in finding the following
ACCREDITED DELEGATES PRF E\T:
Abbeville-J. R. Blake, Jr.
Aiken-J. M. Cobb.
Anderson-A. C. Latimer and D. K.
Barn well-D. Paul Sojourner.
Berkeley-J. S. Porcher.
('hester-T. J. Cunningham.
Chesterfield-John H. Turner.
Clarendon-J. E. Tindal.
Colleton-L. E. Parker.
Darlington-E. E. Evans.
Edgeficl-W. J. Talbert.
Fairtield---T. S. Brice
Floree-Z. '. Kershaw.
Greenville - M. L. I)onaldson and
John l. Harrison.
Kershaw--J. R. McGill.
Lancaster -George W1. Jones.
Laurens - G. W. Shell.
Lexington--George M. Wilson.
Marion-D. W. McLaurin.
Marlboro--W1. D. Evans.
Newberry-Joseph L. Keitt..
Oconee--E. E. Verner
Orangeburg-E. R. Walters.
Pickens--R. G. Gaines.
Richland -A. P. Bntler.
Spartanburg-N. F. Walker, R. M.
imitb and George B. Dean.
Sumter--R. M. Cooper.
Union--M. B. Kelley.
Williamsbirg-J. W. Kennedy.
York-A. H. White.
PRESIDENT s'TACKHOUSE'S ADDRESS.
After the enrollment of delegates,
3eneral Stackhouse delivered his annual
address as president. The address was
eferred to a committee- of five, to re
>ort on the various matters and recom
nendations contained therein. This
ommittee comprised Messrs. J. R. Mc
ill, W. ). Evans, J. S. Porcher, D. K.
forris and Jeremiah Smith.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
Upon motion, the election of officers
or the ensuing year was gone into and
esulted as below, there being no disposi
ion to make changes, what changes
rere made being caused by the with
trawal of candidates:
President, E. T. Stackhouse, Marion.
Vice-Presideut, D. Paul Sojourner,
:e:retary, J. W. Reid of Reidville,
Treasurer, F. P. Taylir, Chesterfield.
Ch aulaiu, Rev Jh e4. f on e of '
Lecturer, W. J. Talbert, Edgefield.
Assistant Lecturer, H. McRae, Ma
I )oorkeepcr, J. W. Kennedy, Williams
Assistant Doorkeeper, A. R. Walter,
Sergeant-at-Arms, J. E. Janigan,
Executive Committee, for three years,
. T. D. Lancaster, Spartanburg. The
ther members of this committee hold
ng over are: Lucas Mcintosh, Doves
ile, and TP. P. Mitchell of Woodward.
THE GIFT OF A GAvEL.
The president preserves ordler with a
)andsomel gavel presented to the order
>y Mr. W. W. Keys of Greenville, a
ilver plate bearing the inscription
The C'oton Plant to State Farmers'
lliance." The hammer of the gavel
s made of walnut fromn the- "Piedmont
-neampnent," the handle of wood from
he Pee Dee section. and the tablet to
s struck of wood from Barnwell. A
onmmittee, consisting of Messrs. H.
lehle, MX. L. Don~aldson and D). K.
~orris. wvas appointed to draw up suit
ble resolutions of thanks to Mr. Keys
or his gift.
AT THE EVENING sEssioN.
After the recess, the installation of
ificers took place, Mr. Ben. Trirrell of
'exas, the National Lecturer, conducet-1
g the exeises.- Ai the conclusion of
his business the National Lecturer was
nvited to deliver an address and did so
o the extent of occupying some over an
iour in expounding the privileges and
>ossibilities of the order.
At the conclusion of the speaking
mtsiness of a routine character was
-alsatedl. The executive committee
-eported the books of the secretary and
reasurer as having been examined and
A STATE nUSINESS AGENCY.
At the meeting of the State Alliance
ni Decmber last the excntive commit
eeC ma~de the following report as to a
"The m'embers of our order through
t the SItte are enquiring eagerly for
oe business system for the ensuing
car. We have been unable to formu
ate anV sistem which we are willing to
ecomen'Id for i mmediat~e adoption. In
onsideration of the fact that our or
~anzat ion is in it~s infancy in the State.
ud that any mistake made now would
ar a very unhappy effect on our
rder, and uplon our brother farmers
~o have niot yet joined, but who we 1
ope wvill soon'(10 so, we think it better<
o make haste slowly.
"We commendt to youe consideration]
le system adopted in North Carolina,
md known as the North Carolina Busi- 1
less Agency Fund, and suggest that, if
he system meet with your approval, you
opt it or some similar one at your.
cxt. annual meeting in July, when y~ou]
an elect an agent and go to work to
aise a ftund for him to operate with. In
he meantime we recommend that the
ounty and subordinate Alliances,i
brough their business agents, make the
>nest local arrangements they can." 1
At thie samec meeting, S. J. Hester
as electeil State business agent until
he July meeting, anld the following
eso lutiofn wa*s adoptedl:
"RCY~tes/re, That tIhe executive commit
ee be charged with the duty of report
ng a plan for the establishmecnt of a
tate business agency at our meetimg in
l, and that subscriptions be called
or'immediately thereafter to the capital 1
tock of the State business fund, thej
ame to be payable October 1st, 1889."
At last evening's session of the alhi
ec this subject was broached and the:
liscussion of the report on the State
gney set for to-day. The Macune 1
geneyv system wvas also discussed to,
The following committees were -ap- 1
lointed by the president: Constitutional
umendments -Blake, Turner, Harrison, 1
abrsn- anel W' I) Eans Jnte Bag- 1
ging- Latimer, Porcher, Brice, Deane
McLaurin, White and Butler; Commit
tee on Consolidation with the Agricul
tural Wheel of Farmers' Alliance-Tin
dale, Cunningham, Jeremiah Smith,
Jones and Walter.
At this point in the proceedings the
question of having a night session camle
up and there was somewhat of a disposi
tion to hold one, but on the statement of
the hard-worked Secretary that it was
absolutely necessary that he have the
time to make out the warrants for the
per diem and mileage of the members,
there was just as general a desire not to
have him prevented from being able to
perform this important duty, and it was
decided to have no night session.
An adjournment was accordingly made
until this morning. It is possible that
the Alliance will he able to complete its
business and adjourn to-night, which
seems to be the general wish of the
delegates, but it is doubtful if it prove
(From the Columbia Daily Register. July 26.)
Yesterday proved to be the last day
of the deliberations of the State Farmers'
Alliance, and while a great deal of time
must have been occupied in talking
yet a very considerable amount of
business was transacted, and definite
action taken on several important
The Alliance met at 10 o'clock a. m.
As a committee on mileage and per
diem the president appointed Messrs.
McRae, Jeremiah Smith and G. W
The entire morning session was occu
pied in the discussion of the question of
establishing a State exchange or busi
ness agency, the discussion arising over
the report on the subject submitted by
the executive committee. The merits of
the Macune system. now in operation in
exas and Georgia, were thoroughly can
vassed and facts given as to the work
ings of the system in use in North Caro
It was finally decided by vote to es
:ablish a State Agency in this State, the
plan submitted and recommended by the
Executive Committee being adopted with
The details of the plan or system re
erred to are somewhat intricate and
will be given to the press for publica
;ion later. The scheme provides for the
ormation of a joint stock company for
vhich a charter from the State is-to be
ecured. The capital stock is to be *50,
00, divided into shares of $50 each, but
)usiness is to be commenced when $5,000
ball have been paid in.
In this joint stock company <
he stock is to be held by
he sub-alliances of the State <
s organizations and not by individuals, 1
is such. With the fcnd comprised in 1
he capital stock as a backing, all goods 1
nd articles needed by the members are
o be purchased in large quantities at i
he lowest cash price possible, and sold
hrough County Alliance agents to mom- 1
>ers at prices only sufficiently advanced 1
Lbove cost for the profit to pay running 1
No part of the capital stock is to be 1
Lsed to pay salaries, those being pro- 1
>sed to be paia out ot the profts. Toe
tire management of the affairs of the
ompany will be vested in a board of
irectors and officers chosen by the
lliances holding stock, acting through a
tate business agent.
-At about 2 o'clock a recess was taken
or dinner and the State Alliance recon
rened at 3:30.
A VOTE FOR CONSOLIDATION.
After a somewhat prolonged discus
ion in reference to the ratification of the 1
tction of the National Alliance, which
t its last meeting at Meridian, Miss.,
roted to unite with the "Agricultural1
Vheel" under a joint constitution, a vote]
vas taken on the question, and by a vote
>f 23 to 12 it was voted to ratify, thus
ndorsi ng the proposed consolidation.
THE COTTON COVERING QUESTION. 1
A resolution was adopted heartily en-1
lorsing the action of the various County
lliances as to using cotton bagging as a I
overing for cotton. 1
The following preamble arid resoln-<
,ion presented by Mr. W. J. Talbert of
Edgeield were also adopted:
"'Whereas, in view of the great im- 1
>ortance of the introduction and perma.
tent adoption of cotton bagging instead
>f jute as a covering for cotton, be it .
"Resolherd, That we, the members ofi
he State Alliance, in con' ention assem- i
led, do earnestly appeal to all sub-i
illiances in this State to make every i
ifort to secure the same, and that they
ise only cotton bagging, or, if a sufficient
uantity of cotton bagging cannot bce
~btained, then that they use any other<
ubstitute from straw, or even common
omespun, or anything but jute."
APPOLNTED AND ELECTED.
Thbe following were appointed as mem
>ers of the State judiciary committee:
dessrs. M. L Donaldson of Greenville,
W. D. Evans of Marlboro, and J Stoney
orcher of Berkeley.
Mr. M. L. Donaldson of Greenville
vas elected State business agent.
The following were appointed to repre
ent the State Alliance at the next meet
g of the National Alliance, to be held
mt St. Louis. Mo.: Messrs. T. P. Mitch
1, D. K. Norris and W. J. Talbert;1
iternates -J. E. Jarnigan and A. P.
The following resolutions were adopted
luring the session:
"Resoired, That we recommend to oipr
Jounty Alliances the passage of a reso
ution to use no fertilizers not put up in
"Resolced, That we memorialize thei
.egislature to enact an anti-trust law,
imilar to such laws passed by the Legis
atures of Kansas, Missouri and other,
This resolution was proposed-by Col.1
i. P. Butler, the delegate from the
ichland County Alliance, which had
ithorized and directed its introduction.
Another resolution was adopted en
lorsing the action of the National Cot
on Committee, and pledging that the
;tate Alliance would do all in its power 1
assist in perfecting the combimation 1
A resolution of thanks was adopted
o Mr. Ben. Tirrell, of Texas, the Na
ional Lecturer, for his address before~
GREENviLL.E AND THE COTTON PLANT. 1
Resolutions were adopted strongly enI
lorsing the Cotton Pla nt as the organ of1
he order in this State, and commend
ng it to the liberal patronage of members
is entirely worthy of their support.
It was voted to make Greenville the1
>lace of holding the next annual con-1
7ention of the State Alliance, which will
ake place on the fourth Wednesday in
After some unimportant discussion
ie convention adjourned sine die at
0:30, many of the delegates having
eft for their homes, however, before
PRESIDENT STA1 KIUcSE'S MESSA :
To the State Farmers' Alliance in Conver
Below is given in full the annual ad
dress or "message" of President Stack
house to the State Alliance, delivered at
the opening session on Wcdnesday:
BROTiHERS OF THE STATE ALIAXCE:
During the first year of our existence as
a State organization our nuimbers have
increased from :1,000 to 20,4)0. We
now have 754 sub-Alliances and :;1
At. the date of our State organization
we had 162 Sub. and 10 County Al
liances. The growth of the organiza
lion in the other cotton States has not
been less marked. Its unprecedented
growth and the devotion of its members
to its principles best indicate their
belief in the necessity for the organiza
tton and the success of its mission. The
desire t, avert the ruin which must re
sult from the continuesl centralization
of money and of political power causes
thoughtful and patriotic people to strive
by organization and education to arrest
ts rurther progress.
CO-OPERATIVE BUSINESS METHODS
have not yet been fully and fairly
tested, but the experiment warrmt.ts the
hope of ultimate success. Where it has
been tried under the greatest disadvan
tages, it more than compensates for
the time and attention devoted
to it, while the more advantageous
methods are securing advantages which
should soon place the entire business
uIpon a strictly cash basis, and to this
nd the Alliance in this State should de
ote its best efforts.
No true Alliance man will now think
)f fixing a money valuation on the
MENTAL, MORAL AND SOCIAL WORK
>f the Alliance. That which elevates t
mnd directs the mind in the contempla
ion of life duties and responsibilities-- i
>roadens the conception of life's oppor
;unities; that which teaches and de- t
nands a rigiti discharge of moral obli y
rations; and that which lifts to a proper e
appreciation of social life-unites a
)rotherhood for enltivation and practice i
f the virtues which ennoble human
ature-teaches the necessity of Divine v
uidance in all things-is above and be- s
ond money valuation. s
Your executive committee Wili submit t
plan for the establishment of a
STATE EXCHANGE OR BUSINESS AGENCY.
This is the most important matter that
vi claim your attention at this session,
or upon its wise establishment will de
end very largely the success of our
rganiz:ttion in this State.
While the special session last Dc- I
ember fixed the responsibility of (
eporting a plan on your most a
mportant committee, and while I rely 1
pon the fidelity 'and ability of that t
om'mittee, I may be pardoned for mak- f
ng one suggestion in reference to this e
ery important matter. The limited I
ime that I have been able to devote to (
he study of this subject induces me to t
eliese that, in its establishment, every
'eature that savors of the credit system (
s an evil of such magnitude as to de- :
nand its abandonment. I
uur e~tors tu, e oeenThrected I
o the improvemenl i us system, and t
efforts, I am satisfied, are materi- t
beneficial both to the debtor and 1
,reditor classes, but in the establishment t
)f a State agency, which is designed to t
e a permanent fixture, it should be
lone on a correct system-the only cor- f
ect system-the cash system. t
Cannot our people by a greater effort, s
, close application to business and the 1
ractice of a more rgid economy, re-gain c
e lost year? The establishment of an C
gency that gave assurance of absolutely S
tir dealing and the very lowest prices C
at eould be procured by wholesale cash I
urchses from the producers would be a -i
owerfulincentive to make the effort to do r
o. Then, too, why could not many who C
re now supplied on thme general credit g
ystem on security, upon the same or the C
lest security available,, borrow the
oney and buy for cash? Without a c
itate agency this i~s incomparably the
letter plan. With an agency the advan- C
ges obtained should be largely in- I
You are to vote, during this session, I
n the very important qjuestion submit
d by the National Alliance at Meri- i0
an, Miss., of
The question has not been discussed
your State organ (nor elsewhere, to
ny knowledge,) a-s its importance dle- 3
~anded. Possibly it has been dliscusSed *J
your subordinate and County Alli
nes, and it may be that you are in. r
tructed ats to how you shall vote oii this
1uestion. If, however, such is not the a
ase, and you are free to form conclu
ions, and to vote in accordance with c
'our best judgment, I invoke your very
areful. consideratien of this question:
an the organization be consolidated in t
nity and act in harmony? This is'the t
reat central question for our considera- e
ion. If there arc auf known coin
itions which create a reason- r
bl doubt on this point, we I:
hould vote against consohildation. Fort
vhile we might withdraw from "Thme ,
~arers' and Labors' Union of Amer-t
a," we might never again have "The t
~atioal Farmers' Alliance" so) unii'cdl )
ad harmonious as it now is. W hile, i f we
ow vote against it, they might possibly
dmit us hereafter if we should apply for
On the other harnd, if there is no
-easonable dIoubt about or ability to 9
ive in unity and in harmony with
ie great consolidatedl body to be knownC
"The Farnmers' anti Labors' Union of
tmerica" we snouild v-ote ror the consol
dation, because this great natioi'al
,ody could be so mnuch more iniluential
a securing great nationmal reforms.
COTrroN BAGGt~ING. -
The action of the State Alliance at a
ts meeting in December in reference to d
he use of cotton bagging and the a
Ldjustment of tare was timely, as it u
eoved all doubt as to our position and il
uty on this subject. So when we were u
nvited to the meceting of the Southern d
Jmanufacturers' Association at Augusta, a
ia., on that 1st of April, your represen- xi
atives felt justified in contracting for i
e manufacture of one million yards or x.
Under the call of President Macune 1
lelegated Bro. M. L. Doinaldsoin to thme
3irigham meetinig, who, wvit h Bro.
ueas Mclntosh, ebairman of your ec- -
live committee, represented us at that c
We are now fully committed to the e
ise of cotton bagging to cover cotton, t
ud the full force of the influence of our
rganizationl in the cotton States should a
brought to bear in favor of an eqjui- t
able adjustment of tare. ilow we can I
est aid our people in securing the nec- a
ssary amount of cotton baging, will I
laim your attention at this meeting, a
n :his matter wec have the sympathy
d co-operation of .non-alliance farm- C
Several brethren have written mue in~ a
Ldocc of amendments to our State I
constitution, but pending the question of
consolidation, and in view of the very
great care necessary in such work, f
think it best that no amendments be
considered at this session. It may be
well, however, to appoint a special com
mittee to consider all propositions in
reference to this subject, and to report
to your next annual meeting.
Our short experience in co-operation
work Justifies the hope of largely in
creased resnlts from our future efforts
when our organization shall be more ex
tended and perfect, and when we shall
better understand our needs and the
onditions upon which our success de
The field is so vast, covering as it does
everything, from the smallest home im
provement to the most important gov
-rnment reforms, that the work must of
ecessity be one of great difficulty; and
vhile the results already obtained are
>f the most gratifying character, we are
nuouraged to look for greatly enlarged
results from our future efforts.
THE JUTE TRUST,
)y its inordinate greed, and because of
ts supposed impregnable position, com
)els a test of our pluck and fidelity.
['he challenge has been accepted and is
>eing responded to in a way that re
noves all doubt as to the result. In
his contest we make a present sacrifice
o secure a future good. o
In view of the fact that the duties al
.eady imposed upon your executive com
mittee will likely demand their whole
ime and attention during this session, I
tuggest that you appoint a special corn
nit tee, to whom shall be referred all in
ormation and resolutions in reference
o this subject, that they may con
ider the same and recommend such
etion as shall best promote
he change determined upon, and se
:ure harmony of action among the seve
al cotton States.
The report of your executive commit
e show's that the financial affairs of
,our State organization have been
conomically managed and that your
tate treasury now has ample funds for
The importance of the matters that
ill claim your consideration at this
ession demands that you remain in ses
ion long enough to consider each
houghtfully and well.
THEY DON'T WANT TO SELL.
'he Cherokee Indians Will Listen to No
Proposition for the Purchase of Their
CICAGO, July 26.-A dispatch from
'ort Gibson, I. T., says: The Cherokee
'ommission was met here yesterday by
delegation of Creek Indians, headed
y Indian Agent Bennett, who asked
hat the Creeks be heard at once in re
erence to a certain technical matter
oncerning the sale of their remaining
tnds. The request was granted and
eneral Fairchild has arranged to meet
de Creeks at Muscogee to-day.
The hard feeling between Creeks and
herokees grows more bitter as the
ending negotiations come to a focus.
he u herokees-upbraid the Creeks -f
te umuathe'a ueal, am neic minugna
ion increases as the Creeks make fur
her preparations to sell. The Chero
ees are almost a unit in their opposi
ion to any and all transactions by which
heir lands are to be marketed. Chief
fayes demonstrated a firmness in re
using to call the council that bids fair
o han'dicap the labors of the commis
Ion at the outset. He is reported to
ave publicly state: to the commanding
fficer at Fort Gibson that he would not
all an extra session under any circum
tances. General Fairchild expressed a
esire to confer with the chief at Tah
~quah as soon as possible, ostensibly
ith the object to induce him to call an
n extra session at once. During the
lay that must ensue before the dele
ates assemble, the General says the
mmission will go to the Cheyenne and
Lrraphoe agencies to consider their
Laims to the Cherokee strip.
The most important fact that has oc
urred to-the commission thus far is the
mnth to which their negotiations must
ecessarily be protracted, and with the
resent hostility demonstrated by the
Ilerokee authorities, it may be several
ionths before preliminary negotiations
an be opened.
Ice Cream Not a Lnzury.
CINCINNATI, July 23.-When George
fth, confectioner, was brought before
udge Ermsten of the Police Court to
ay for selling ice cream on Sunday, he
leaded guilty. The prosecutor sug
ested that the Court regard the plea as
demnurrer, and the Court accepted
e suggestion. His Honor then went
n to say that the use of ice cream had
rown to such an extent that it was no
mger to be classed as a luxury, and in
e liberal view the Court was inclined
take~ of the statute, its sale on Sunday
uld easily be regarded as a necessity.
Certamly," said his Honor, "no
an was ever incited by ice cream to go
owe and beat his wife and break up
be furniture, and I have no sympathy
ith the effort ot saloon men to make
e law against them odious by pushing
e enforcement of the common law."
[r. Lath was dismissed.
It True .That a Bob-tail Dog Can't
The absorbing quest ion for dliscussion
mong thme employees at the Short Line
epot is, whether or not a bob-tail dog
an swim. Monday night several of the
mployees went in bathbing in the river,1
nd on coming our found a bob-tail dog
itting on the bank watching their action
vidently with great interest. The idea
erred( to some of them to throw the
nimal into the water and see him swim
ut, as it is generally understood -that 1
y tiog c;on swim. But this particular1
og could not, for he sank like a stone4
s soon as he hit the water. Now, this
nfortunate pup had only one eye, and
is stilli mooted question among the
men whether its inability to swim was
ue to the want of aii eye or the want of
tail. So great is the interest in the
atter that a number of bets have been
mde and some experiments with
maimed dogs are to be made.- Courier- 1
Buried Alive Forty Years.
NYAeIg, N. Y., -July 23.-Talk about
Id toads, LUpper Nyack can beat the
cord. While tearing down an old
himney in that place to-day the work
men were astonished to find inmbedded
1the iiortar a toad in a some what in
etive condition, but still alive. It had
ccin conitincd in that spot, hidlden from
ght and air, for fully forty years. Half
n hour after lie had beens brought out
e hopped around in as lively a manner
s if he had been born the present year. I
otton Spinners Limiting Production.
LoNaoN, July 26.-Two-thirds of the 1
>tal number of cotton spinners have
greed to limit their production to one-4
ah usual aount for one month.
NO MATTER WHO'S HURT.
IRREGULARITIES IN THE PENSION
OFFICE TO BE INVESTIGATED.
By Order of the Secretary of the Interior
The Civil Service Commission Complain
About the Administration of the Law
in the Pension Office.
WASUINGTON, July 23.-Secretary No
ble has issued an order directing Dr.
George Ewing and H. L. Bruce of the
Board of Pension Appeals, and Judge
Fiank L. Campbell of the Assistant At
torney General's office, Interior Depart
ment, as a committee to forthwith enter
upon the investigation of all reratings
of pensions as made by the Pension Bu
reau during the last twelve months, and
especially those of pensioners in the gov
ernment service, with a view to aseer
taining whether any suchreratings have
been made in violation of law. The
members of the Commission have
no idea when they will fin
ish their work. They have instruc
tions to make a thorough investi
gation and report the Fasts to the Secre
tary without regard to vhom is hurt. It
is understood that the scope of their
work will be enlarged so as to include
the matter of making cases special.
Commissioner Tanner has given instruc
tions that a record of cases made special,
with the names of the attorneys in the
eases, be prepared. It will be sub
mitted to the commission, and they can
include that in their report, if desired.
It is said that the Civil Service Commis
ion is not satisfied with the present
administration of the civil service law
in the Pension Office. Commissioner
Roosevelt, it is understood, will make a
remonstrance against the course that has
VIRGINIA LAND SINKING.
Four Acres Settle Forty Feet in Three
A Landmark representative called on
Cr. George P. Gatling, the druggist,
who owns a farm adjoining his father's,
md who now uses his father's farm for
ising stock, to ask him what he had
weard of the wonderful depression in
;hings in Prince George. He showed us
t letter from his father, dated July 1?,
n which the following reference is made
:o the phenomenon:
"You have doubtless heard of the
)henomenal occurrences here lately.
You know the shape of the hillside from
the big pine tree on the river around by
he two oaks in front of the house, con
inuing on to the point of the big oaks
n Mount Alto, (Mr. Gilliam's place.)
Chis line describes the shape of. a cres
ent. Well, every particle of the- in
,lined hillside has settled perpendien
arly forty feet all the way between the
>oints named. It was not a landslide
>ut a settling, the trees remaining up
ight as before. There were wide -fs- A
ures in the little field below, though
nany small ones also, all running-North
.4JU~Lh.v '~ 'J.Li ~
;ome respects it may be an improve
nent. It was settling down for three
lays. Affectionately, your father,
G. W. GAmING"
Mr. Gatling says the area of the
munken land cannot be over four'acres,
md that the change is not regarded by
the owners as a disadvantage. Bis
Brother has already written to say that
or a few hundred dollars the space be
ween the house and the river can now
>e graded and terraced so ato make the
>lace more attractive than ever. There
s not the slightest alarm felt by the oc
~upants of the homestead, and there is
mperfectly natural reason for the appa
ently mysterious sinking. From. what
Kfr. Gatling says the river makes a sharp
mgle at his farm, being deflected by the
>bstruction offered by this very hillside.
he recent floods have caused th6 river
:o burrow under with more than ordi
iary rapidity, seek-ing a straight course,
mnd the consequence is that the hillside is
mdermined, the dirt being thrown aside
orming a shoal, which is referred to.as
hc most extraordinary phase of tiie
hing. The volcanic manmfestation wa's
>robably the first breach made in-the
~arth by the influence of the mining
urrent. Although 700 bushels of sweet
>otatoes were raised last year on this
iow descended ground, the value of thee.
arm is not thought to be impaired,.as -
ir. Gatling is engaged in the extensive
~ultivation of geese this year instead of
>otatoes, and if necessary lie can corral
is geese in this deep hole and make
hem safe and comfortable.
Later advices received through Mr.
latling are to the effect that while the
inking is unusualin extent it is not n
recedented in that locality and along
he river, and no importance is attached
o it. -Norfolk Landnwirk.
A Boy Who Resembles a Ground Hog.
BmRMINGHAM, Ala., July 23.-DeKalb
ounty has a genuine wonder in the
hape of a ground hog boy, who lives
vitti his parents on Sand Mountain,
tout sixteen miles from here. The lad
s 14 years of age, and those who have
een him say he has head, hands and
eet similar to a ground hog. He cannot.
alk, but makes a noise like an animal..
I amuses himself almost constantly by
>alancing a stick on one of his hands,
nd is very active. Several gentlemen
uave been talking of late of securing
he consent of the parents to place the
oy on exhibition in all of the principal
ities of the country, and, on account
>f their poverty, it is said it will not be
hard matter to make a contract with
hem. All who have seen the boy pro
uonce him a genuine curiosity, and be
eve a large fortune could be made out
f him by placing him on exhibition.
Women and Machinery.
One of the most serious defects in
:he feminine mind is the inability to
[al with machinery. It is a rare thing
o find a woman who really grasps the
dea of a mechanical contrivance so as
o set it t. rights if it goes wrong. A
ad result of this defect was the dread
ul death of Emma 'De Groat in an Al
any shirt factory yesterday. She was
aught in the machinery and whirled
ound a line of shafting. None of the
irls about her had instant brains
nough to stop the machine. One fainted
Ld the others shrieked and ramn down
tairs for a man.-Rochester Union,
Over Six Thousand Perished.
JoHNsrowN, Pa., July 24.-The Burea u
f Information to-day handed in its re
,ort, showing that 6,111 persons had
erished by the flood in the Contemaugh
alley. It is estimated that 4,000 bodies
ave been recovered.
General Manager Fulton says that the
lautier Works will start in ten days,
mloing 2,000 men.