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A WOMAN LYNCHED.
KATE X AXWELL AND POSTMEASTER
AVERILL PASS IN THEIR CHECKS.
Kate Was Called the Bandit-Queen, and
She Was a Terror-Hanged to a Cotton
wood by Cowboys for Stealing Cattle.
CHLEYENNE, .July 2. -James Averill,
and the notorious cattle queen, Kate
Maxwell. were lynched by cowboys last
night. The bodies of the "rustler" and
range queen dangled from the same
limb of a big cottonwood this morning.
The~ scene of the lawless deed is on the
Sweetwater River, in Carbon County,
near Independence Rock. a landmark
made historical dluring the rush overland
to the Cahifornia gold fields. Averill was
postmaster at Sweetwater. Kate Max
well was the heroine of a sensational
story, which appeared in the newspapers
throughout the country three months
ago, when she raided a gambling house
and recovered1 a large sum of money won
from her employees.
Stockmien of the Sweetwater .region
have been the victinms of cattle thieves
for years. The rustlers had become very
bold. Averill and his remarkable part
ner have been very active in thieving.
The woman could'hold her own on the
range. riding like a (lemon, shooting ont
the slightest pretext, and handling the
lariat and branding iron with the skill
of the most expert vaequcro. Fifty
freshly branded yearling steers were
counted in the Averill and Maxwell
herds on Saturday morning. A stock de
tective,. whose sspionls were aroused.
was dIrivenl from the place when he was
-noticed viewing the stolen property.
This circumstance was reported to the
ranchmen, who determined to rid the
country of the desperate pair.
A verill and the woman have several
times been ordered to emigrate or cease
ap)propriatinig cattle, but they disre
garded all warnings. After her cele
brated gambling house escapade, Mrs.
Maxwell degenerated from a pictuircsqjue
Western character into a reckless prai
rie virago of loose morals, and lost most
of her following, but continued part
nership with the postmaster.
WordN passel along the river, and fif
teen to twenty meni gathered at a
designated plae andI galloped to the
cabin of Averill and Cattle Kate with
out unnecessary noise. The rustlers
were at home, and a peep through a
window disclosed the thieves and a boy
in their employ sitting beside a rude
fire-place smoking cigarettes. As a half
dozen men rushed into the room a Win
chester was poked through each window,
and a command to throw up their hands
was given with unmistakable earnest
Iess. The trio sprang for their weapons,
but were quickly overpowered.
Averill begged and whined, protest
ing his innocence; Kate cursed. 11er
-execration of the lynchers was some
thing terrible in its' way. She cursed
everything and everybody, challenging
the Deity to harm her if he possessed
the power. An attempt was maae .to
gag her, hut her strugglino was so vio
lent that this was abaloned. She
called for her own horse to ride to the
~sr~eected for a scaffold, and vaulted
astride the animal's back from the
ground. Averill did not resist, and the
boy who had been told that he would
not be harmed, followed. The ends of the
same rope was fastened about the necks
of the rustlers as they sat in their sad
dles. The boy made a pass with a k-nife
at the man who was preparing Kate for
hanging. He was knocked insensible by
a blow with the butt of a revolver. The
lad was a nephew of the bandit queen.
When preparations for the ha'ging
had been completed Averill and the wo
man were asked to speak. The man
spoke only of his office, saying that he
did not wish a certain man to be his suc
cessor. The influence ot the party for
another candidate was pro 'him.
Kate made uiean She
sible, desiring that her -
in ignorance of her disgraceful career
and tragic dealh. It was useless to deny
that their herd had been stolen from
the ranchmen of that section, but if they
did not wish to divide it among them
selves, she would like to have it sold and
-the money given to a home for wayward
girls. Kate bade her nephew good-bye
and commenced to deliver a blasphe
The horses were led from under the
pair while Kate was still cursing. Both
. kicked in lively style for ten or fifteen
minutes. A few bullets were fired into
Averill's body, and the lynchers rode
It is doubtful if an inquest will be held
and the executioners have no fear of
being punishe<L. The cattlemen have
been foreed to this, and more hanging
will follow unless there is less thieving.
CHEYENNE, July 23.-Averill, who
-was lynched on Sunday night with the
Ciattle Queen, Kate Maxwell, though
-called a coward and really a cur, has a
record of killing two men. One was
shot in the back from under cover.
The other was killed in a row over ,a
game of cards. ~No trial was had in~
either case, though Averill was threat
ened with lynching, but his victims were
men of no prominenee, and the trage
dies were soon forgotten.
The fellow was appointed postmaster
on account of the central location of his
ranch. As an official he was not entirely
satisfactory. Several men with whom
he had quarrelled bmd their letters sent
to a postoffiee fifty miles away rather
than risk a conflict with Averill.
Ifrs. Maxwell, whose rapid descent
since the debauch which followed the
gambling house adIventure had some
what (dimmed her lustre, was a character
indeed. She was once a Chicago variety
actress, but, with the adaptability of
women of her class, fell into Western
ways readily. She improved vastly on
rauch life by importing race horses,
lighting dogs and sprinters, and holding
tourneys at her place.
Her husband died mysteriously. It
was whispered that she poisonled him.
The' ranch foreman, wvhom she had
known in the East, became proprietor.
Kate was true to her lover. She re
sente-d the familiarity of a drunken
Mexican by sending a bullet through
him. Mrs. Maxwell took part in an In
dian war befdre she had been in the
country thirty days. One of her thor
oughbreds showed his heels to the
fast pony of Chief Sharp Nose, an
Arapahoc dignitary. The same day a
sprint er from the East easily defeated
a yoin g brave in a dash of a hundred
yards. The Indians lost money, ponies,
blankets, and even squaws, on the event.
They started away from the race mutter
ing threats, and suddenly turned about
and opened fire on Kate and her men.
The latter rallied quickly and repulsed
the Arapahoes, killing several. Two
white men were killed in the conflict.
Life on the ranch was now gayer than
-ever, but after the recovery of the money
-from the skmn gamblers at Bessemer
things went to the dogs. Kate's para
mour made a trip to the railway and
forgot to come back. The men left one
at a tume, horses were stolen, dogs killed,
and cattle scattered. A colored boy
who had been Kate's body servant was
the last to disappear. lie took lher dia
monds along. She set out -in pursuit,
overtook the darkey, and shot him down
on the highway, recovering the jewels,
but they were soon pawned. From her
high estate as the wealthy and powerful
Queen of the Cowboys, she became a
prairie tramp, still high spirited, walk
ing into camp ando ranches and helping
herself as though an attache of the out
fit. She knew that Averill was a thief,
and became one herself after she went
to live with him.
Again established in a home, she
sought to resume her place in the hearts
of the cowboys, but they were fearful of
Averill. and would not be captivated by
her blandishments. Failure to reorgan
ize a lawless band (lid not discourage the
dashing Kate and her terrible partner.
For a time they were guarded in their
criminal work, but everything coming
to the net was fish. They would kill a
steer, burn the hide, and sell the carcass
to employees of the men who owned the
animal. It was hinted, and doubtless
not without foundation, that the pair
were veritable Benders. Their ranch
was only a couple of miles from the
road. Travelers stopped for meals.
while freighters loved to camp beside a
splendid spring just outside the Maxwell
and Averill pasture. Many of these
visitors were lured to financial ruin at
least by the wiles of winning Kate, who
was faded, but. still a beauty.
She played every card game well, and
to fleece the innocent was only pastime
for her and her husband. Two men
who mysteriously disappeared were
traced to this deadfall, where they
were in all probability murdered for
their money. A thorough search of the
premises will he made.
The rustlers at first stole calves in the
night, but sooii branched out, and on nu
merous occasions wer" met on the range
in broad daylight. driving bunches of
young, unbranded beeves to their ranch.
When detected they would, at the pistol
point, make those in possession of the
evidenc against them swear secresy.
Within two months they have stolen
hundreds of cattle, selling many to men
who came in the night and hurried the
plunder across the line into Utah. They
intended making a big shipment to the
Eastern market this fall. During the
hanging bee Kate seemed to have no
thought of death, only desiring to curse
the Ivnehers. She referrad to her
mother without feeling and spoke of no
other relatives. The nephew says Mrs.
Maxwell was born in Kentucky, but that
her parents have left that State and
that he does not know their where
A South Carolina Negro in France.
George Alfred Townsend found at
Nantes. in France, a South Carolina
negro iatme( Sara Anderson. Townsend
says: "Sam is a negro from Conway
boro, S. C,, who keeps a dance house,
or rather a concert (live, at Nantes, and
he is the only American citizen in town
except our two Consuls. He has a white
French wife, who is well fixed in other
things, as property, and jumped to
marry Sam Anderson, who has a fortune
in his heels. Said Mr. Shackleford, our
Consul: 'I want you to see this negro as
a singular instance of force of character.
About three years ago a negro man
came to me and said that he. was an
American citizen who had no official
paper testifying to that fact, as was re
quired in France. He said that he was
about to marry a Fiencn widow and
that her family wanted it done like the
great nation of the United States would
have it done-by the Consul or by his
sanction. 'Who are you?' I asked. 'Me?
Well, I'm just Sam Anderson, and was
born at Conwayboro, S. C. I was a
slave. I speak six languages and play
de bones.' Being myself from George
town, S. C., in early youth, I knew that
region enough to question him and test
l'm. So I certified him under oath to
be a citizen of the United States and lie
was married to as clean and neat a
French widow as you ever saw, older
than he, but he has settled down to con
duct her business, and occasionally he
comes to see me.' "
KING VS. PILLOW.
Spicy Answer of the Widow to the Colo
nel's Peculiar Innuendoes.
MEMPHIs, Tenn., July 20.-Some time
ago Colonel H. Clay King filed a bill in
oUrt ast.Mrs. Mary
-illow, widow of the well known Con
federate General, in which he alleged
that Mrs. Pillow had exercised an undne
influence over him and had induced lhim
to deed a large amount of hi. property
to he-, but that he did so with thc
exp:- essed und'erstanding between them
that she would not present the deed for
registration until after his death, which
obligation and agreement she had
violated. The object of his bill was to
get a decree vesting the title to the
property again in himself.
Within the nast week Mrs. Pillow has
brought damage suits against him in
the Circuit Court for $100,000, supple
moenting this with her answer and
cros~s bill to the bill filed by Colonel
King. The bill is a very sensational
one, and contains wholesale denials of
all of Colonel King's allegations arid
severe strictures upon him. Among
other things she charges that '-om
plainant, upon a hollow prete~se, in
dluced her housemaid, during her ab
sence, to get him the deeds in question,
and that, once in his possession, lhe
threw them in the fire, and that "every
allegation of his bill putting any other
construction upon this transaction is an
ingenious falsehood." The bill further
"Notwithstanding the complainant
wishes to destroy the respondlent's repu
tation, lie has repeatedly, in conversa
tion with his friends in Memphis, sol
emnly declared her purity. In the first
years of their business connection he
told her he wished to get a divorce from'
hIs wife in orde'- to marry her. Re
spondent dlissuadled him. Afterward he
drew up a bill of divorce, arnd sent it to
Judge~ R. J. Morgan of this city, to be
filed, and sent a copy to defendant's
son-in-law, J1. 5. Shield of Birmingham.
"Shield at once replied that the dis
grace attached to Ihis actions could only
be wiped out with blood, and asked for
a meeting ini Memphis to arrange hos
tilities. Respondent came to Memphis
andl induced Judge Morgan to suppress
the bill. The comphuinant dlemanded that
respondent marry him, saying he wvas a
ruinedl manm if she did not. Complain
ant has always averred that respondent
was a chraste womnan, and that he. is
unmder obligation to marry her on the
death of Mrs. King, or on the seuring
of an honorable divorce.'
BRAVE JOHN M~YERS.
Heroic but Probably Fatal Act of a Bal
B.ALTIMoRE, .July 21;.-An act of al
most unparalleled fortitude this morn
ing was that of a carpenter, John My
ers, wvhich will probably end in the
death of that brave man. Myers was at
work on a building when a gtasoline
stove exploded within and the dwelling
was threatened with fire. He rushed
iito tl'e house, grasped the stove,
around which the flames were leaping,
anti, raising it to his shoulders, ran out
into the street. The gasoline pured
down his back and arms, and soon the
flames were burning his flesh: but he
clung to his fiery burden until he
had conveyed it wvhere it could do no
further damage.. Bystanders extin
guished the flames. lki back and arms
were literally roasted, and blood raii in
streams fromn his burned body. There
is little hope for his recovery.
Grounds for a Horrible Suspicion.
H e-And you are sure that I am the
first and onlyv man who ever kissed you?
She-Of course I am sure. You do
not doubt my word, do you?
lHe-Of course I do not doubt you, my
darling. 1 love you too madlly, too de
votedl: for that. But why, oh, why did
you reach for the reins the very instant
I ventured to put one arm around you if
you had nver been there beonre?
A man died yesternight. To-day the town
Makes mention of his taking c ff, and sums
His virtues and his failings. On the street,
Mid: t many barterings and lures of tr de.
In homes where he was known. in busy marts,
Or public places where the common wt al
Gather the town folk: up and down his name
Is spoke of In as various ways of speech
As are the voices various sounding it;
Gruff-throated base, shrill treble of old age,
Soft sibilancy of a woman's tongue,
Or reed-like utterance of a little child.
Thus one, his mate in business: "Ah! a
Dry head was that; much loss to us, much
And as for heart"-wise shrag of shoulders
"We.i, 'tis but little quoted here on 'change."
.pother, who had summered with him once
In leisure time: "A right good fellow gone!
'Tis true, lie liked his case: but who does not?
For me, elve me the man that Horace lovd,
Who deemed it wise to fool when seasonable."
A tiny one who oft had found great store
Of sweetness in his hand, and, prized far
Great stores of tenderness within his heart:
"Oh. %on't he colme and see us any more?"
l lis -u pliced pastor, bound to save his soul.
Balanced a bit by inconsistencies
Ile thought he saw. in private to his wife:
"Alas, poor soul! if only he had grasped
That matter of the creed, and made us sure!
lint then-his heart was right, and God is
And one, a woman, who had found his arms
An a'l-protecting shelter through long years.
Said naught, but kissed the tokens he had
And dreamt of heaven for his sake alone.
Meanwhile, what was this man, and what his
You ask, confused by all this Bable talk
Of here and yonder, from his fellow-men.
I am as igt orant as anyone
Whose speech you beard, and yet I love him
Nay, ask me not; ask only God. He knows.
YELDELL WILL COME BACK.
he Pennsylvania Supreme Court Re
-fuses to Grant the Writ Sued For.
PHILADELPHIA, July 25.-The Supreme
Court has refused to grant the writ sued
for in the case of Rev. Mr. Flemon, the
colored pastor of Pittsburg, who is
wanted in South Carolina for murder.
Flemon's counsel and citizens of Pitts
burg to-day appealed to Governor Beaver
to withdraw the warrant in the case. If
he refuses to do so, Flemon will be
turned over to the South Carolina au
Fanaticism and Sectionalism.
If anything is needed to show the fa
natical spirit of hatred towards the
South still dominant in some narrow
Northern hearts, it has been supplied by
the letter of Mrs- Canfield in Nashville
and the remarkable requisition case of
Yeldell in Pennsylvania.
The former may be easily overlooked,
for it was the lucubration of a thought
less woman; but the latter instance has
dragged its rancorous toggery into the
courts and has taken possession of the
people of a commonwealt1-. There is
no earthly reason why Yeldell should
not be surrendered to the authorities of
Carolina. The extradition papers .are
regular and have been so recognized by
the District Judge and the Governor of
the State. The howl raised over the
surrender of Yeldell, allas Rev. E. F.
F1-non, is purely political. The nego
preachers in Pennsylvania have made a
long and lachrymose petition to the
President to overu'e the decision of
that bold, bad man, Governor Beaver
and retain from the clutches of the
Carolina panther the lamb-like Yeldell.
Congressman Dalzell of Pittsburg, better
known as Carnegie's attordey, has been
entrusted with this delicate missio1i.
But stranger still, the white Republicans
have joined in this sensless clamor.
Subscription lists were circulated
throughout the city to raise money for
the defense of Yeldell, in case lie was
brought back to South Carolina for trial.
In its own behalf the Pittsburg Tines
publishes the following card:
"The Pittsburg Tinmes will guarantee,
expenseing the E. F. Flemon
case to and through the Supreme Court
of Pennsylvania. Those who desire to
share in giving a black man a white
nman's chance for his life are welcome,
thougli not absolutely necessary.
"THE PIrrsBURG TIMES.
"W. HI. SEIFF, Treasurer."
The North seems to be as much excited
over this case as it was over Dred Scott.
This is sectionalism run mad. It is
fanaticism of the meanest and basest
A Foolish Flurry.
Rev. E. F. Fiemon, alias John Yel
dell, a colored preacher who committed
murder in South Carolina and fled to
Pittsburg to escape justice under an as
sumed name, has been ordered back to
South Carolina for trial in obedience to
a requisition from the Governor of that
State, and it has been made the basis of
a very foolish flurry, simply because the
accused is a colored man.
Whether Flemon is guilty of the crime
of murder is a question that belongs
solely to the State of South Carolina.
If he could be tried there by others
than his peers, there might be excuse
for flurry over an adventurous criminal
who seeks to hide his crime in the
pulpit; but in South Carolina he must
be convicted, if convicted at all, by
colored jurors, for there is no jury in
that State without colored men on it.
Every thieveiag negro convicted of thef t
with the old carpet-baggers of that
State-including Smalls, Cardoza and
others-was convicted by negro jurors,
and the flurry about sending Flemon
back to suffer the vengeance of
whites is simply an absurdity.
It is high time to stop the now com
mon efforts of race to defeat the pun
ishment of crime. Johnson, one of' the
most cowardly of murderers, has
escaped the judgement of the law, after
having been convicted by every judicial
tribunal of the State, solely becaisse he
is a negro and thereby ,enlisted race
sympathies and presumably race power;
and such exhibitions of race battles for
the guiltiest of criminals are now every -
day occutrrenices in thle land.
If justice is niot to be greatly crippled
in the pirote~ctionI of person and prop
ertv, the question of race must be elimi
nated from judlicial trials, and gtiilt~y
parties, whether white or black, be
pntished without race protest.
AN IDEA STRUCK HIM.
Wife-Murderer Palmer's Novel Scheme
to Escape from Punishment.
JACKsON, Mich., July 26.-David R.
Palmer, sent to prison for life for the
murder of his wife, has been an exerr,
plary prisoner, and was given more than
usual libert~ies. This morning he was
filling a large cask with scraps, when an
idea struck him. He put a faise head
in the cask about midway of its length,
and then, placing citizen's clothes, a
hammer and a chisel in the barrel, got
in himself. Another head was fastened
to the cask by Palmer's fellow-convicts,
and the cask'was taken to the freight
ofice. As it was being loaded in the
ar, the freight handlers heard a wild
apeal for pity, which they could not at
first understand. Finally, one of the
men opened the cask and drew the
prisoner out, more dead than alive.
Palmer was turned over to the authori
tis. He declares he would rather stay
in prison for life than to undergo again
such torttures as he experienced the three
hours he spent in the cask.
Seven Thousand Bales Burned.
LIvERooL, July 26.-Seven thousand
bales of Americatn cotton were destroyed
by the burning of thie wvarehouses on
Red Cross and Grand streets here, last
AN INDISCREET WOMAN.
A SENSATION CAUSED IN NASH
VILLE BY A LADY'S LETTER.
Mrs. Canfield, Wife of the New Presi
dent of the National Educational As
sociation, Writes Unkind Things of
Southern Women and the South Gene
The Nashville American of Saturday
republished a letter written to a friend
in Kansas by Mrs. James H. Canfield,
wife of the newly-elected president of
the National Educational Association,
who was in that city last week with her
husband attending the sessions of the
convention. She had, like all the visit
ors, been treated with great coun esy,
but wrote a letter to a friend in Kan
sas, in which she made several slight
ing remarks about the So,?th. The
letter was not intended for pubication,
but the friend to whom it was written
indiscreetly sent it to the Topeka (Kan.)
espital, and the Nashville A me-ican re
published it. The letter was as follows:
"I was rather disappointed in the
looks of the Sunny South so far as I
have seen it. Kentucky, seen from our
car windows, seemed very much like
Missouri-unkempt and uninteresting
the towns are small, poverty-stricken
and dirty. At the stations the people
were sunburned, sad and stolid crea
tures; men chewed tobacco, women
wore sunbonnets and negroes were plen
tiful, ragged and dirty. Tobacco ware
houses were conspicuous in every place
we passed through; miles and miles of
swampy roads, and seldom saw a well
kept and prosperous looking farm. It
is quite possible the railroad passed
through the worst part of the country
It often does. Nashville is beautifully
situated on the Cumberland River and
has a population of 100,000 people.
"Yesterday we went to the largest
church here, a Methodist one. The min
ister was an invited guest of the one in
charge, and much to my surprire he
gave a fine, liberal sermon, a regular
Simon-pure Unitarian sermon. I have
been told that they are very old-fas:i
ioned in religious matters in the South,
maintaining a strict orthodoxy. A Unita
rian Church does not exist here. Imag
ine my surprise, then, to hear this ser
mon. But, as I say, the man was a
stranger, and I don't think his discourse
was relished by the congregation. There
were no responsive faces around me.
His one thought was: "Religion is a
simple thing; follow the truth as it is re
vealed to each soul, and imitate Christ."
He was odd and 'Beechery' in some of
his illustrations and expressions. 'If
you think Heaven is going to be re
cruited from the amen corner of the
Methodist Episcopal Church alone, you
will be mightily mistaken.' 'We should
not make forms and ceremonies a part
of ourselves, but wear them as we do
our clothes: ready to lay them aside for
better ones when they are outworn. If
we wear them like our skins we are sure
to become hide-bound, and a hide-bound
Christian is no better than a parchment
dried old Pharisee.' 'The Jew is bound
by the clip theory; the Baptist has the
dip theory; Presbyterians have the grip
theory; Episcopalians have the tip
theory: Methodists have the hop and
skip theory, and they are all apt to wear
these theories like their skins, till
they are bide-bound.' Much of his dis
course was smooth and eloquent, and
think of his quoting Emerson and Ten
nyson! A Methodist minister in the
"In the afternoon we took a 'dummy'
street ear and went to the outskirts of
the city, to a pretty park six miles out.
Thousands of people were enjoying the
cool breezes under the trees in a very
quiet way. When we returned we took
another 'dummy' to see West Nakhville
for whites and the other for blacks.
Several colored girls, well dressed and
quiet, got into the car we were in while
we were waiting for the time to start.
The conductor told them they must get
in the next car. They left the train
with indignant faces, and did not go at
all. I discussed the incident with a
Southern woman who sat next to me in
the ear. 'Those girls ought not to have
been allowed to enter the car,' she said.
I asked her if the colored people often
demanded equal rights of this sort. 'Oh.
no,' she said; 'as a rule, the negroes arc
right obedient. They know. they have
to be,' she added. So you see the color
line is drawn sharply, and is sometimes
resented. We shall see more of this, no
doubt, as the mee-ings go on. The race
question is the question of our time, I
believe. The blacks are increasing faster
thaii the whites. It is only a question
of time when they will outnumber the
whites two to one. They are strong and
sturdy, they are being educated, and
have the ballot. What is to hinder
them from having the power in
their hands some day? May I then be
in some convenient corner in the sky to
look down on the spectacle of black
heels on white necks. "Cursed be
Canaan" will do now, but it won't last
forever. Well, our trips to the parks
showed us the people of the middle
South, or rather the working people of
the Southern city, taking a holiday.
To-night after supper Mr. Canfield and
I walked to the State House and walked
through the grounds by moonlight.
We passed many solidly elegant houses.
There is much wealth luere. The capi
tol is on a hill overlooking the city. It
seemed very massive and imposing to
me to-night. Seen by daylight I have
no doubt it would not look so fine, but
would appear dingy and uncared for as
everything else in the South does. I
had a call from two Southern women
to-day, wives of members of the loca
committee. The dialects, as given in
novels, are not at all exaggerated. I
rather like the soft voices, the invari
able drawl and absene<>f r's. 'I ie n
inflicting this long letter on you to-night,
because my husband is late in coming
in, and 1 am waiting for him. I hope
you will be able-to wade through it all.
I have a flickering light and a scratchy
pen, both drawbacks to good letter
"I am in a depressed state of mind
because I have just finished a dreadful
book, a novel by Florence Frick Kelley,
whom my husband is interested in as
an ex-student ot Kansas University and
one he thought promising.
"I have read the book because of this
interest in her. 'Francis' is ~the nam~e
of it. It is weak and vile. No other
word will do. 1 am ashamed and dis
gusted that a Kansas woman should do
this thing. What is the matter with
women novelists nowadays? It is as if
they had discovered that indecency was
in demand and nothing else in the lite
rary market would sell.
"I hope to see Craddock's mountain
eers and the Mammoth Cave before I go
home. Yours affectionately,
Mrs. Canfield was so shocked when
she found herself in print that she pub
lished a card saying that the letter was
a private one to a friend, and that the
obnoxious passages were "simply the
unwighed and exasperated utterances
of private conversation." Mr. Canfield
was so mortified that he offered to resign
the presiden~cy of the Educational Asso
ciation, but the directors declined to
hold him responsible for his wife's letter.
The Nashville American, referring to
the letter editorially, says: "We recog
nize that many things are written in the
freedom and abandon of friendly cor
respondence which the writer would
not acnlerldge as a fixed and deliber
ate opinior. Other than this we have no
special comment to make. Mir. Canfield,
we trust, has been treated with proper
courtesy during her stay in Nashville, and
tae American,atleast, will find no excuse
in anything she may have written or said
for any lack of defererce to her as a
lady and a guest. After all, we are not
so dependent upon the opinions of those
who are taught to misunderstand us
ti at we need lose our tempers or forget
oar courtesy for a harsh or hasty word.
If there are people in this country who
would enjoy tl'e spectacle of 'black heels
and white necks,' let us be content in
the assurance that what they enjoy in
fancy they can never enjoy in fact."
Mr. W. P. Harrison of Nashville writes
to the American in regard to the relative
increase of the two races, and shows by
figures from the United States census
that notwithstanding the destruction of
Luman life by the war, the white popu
lation of twelve Southern States has in
creased in a greater ratio than the negro
race by nearly 4 per cent. since 1860.
THE CITY BY THE SEA.
Affairs of the South Carolina Railway
The Watermelon Business-Death's
CHABLESTON,. 'ily 26.--[Special to The
Register.J-The news published in THE
REGISTER on Monday last, concerning
the proposed settlement of the financial
troubles of the South Carolina Railway,
is confirmed this morning by Major
Brawley, who has just returned from a
visit to the North, and who states that
there is every probability of a settle
ment. As stated in these dispatches the
plan is to call in and refund the first
mortgage 6 per cent. bonds ($5,000,000)
in a new issue at 5 per cent. The sec
ond mortgage bonds will be replaced by
preferred stock, and the income bond
and common stockholders will be as
sessed to meet the expenses of the con
solidation and will be given preferred
stock for the cash Daid in under the as
sessment. The company by this plan
expect to reduce the fixed charges which
stand against the road from about
$400,000 to about $250,000 per annum,
and they are confident that the prop
erty will pay this and leave a good an
nual surplus out of the earnings to pay
dividends on the stock. As has been
stated in THE REGISTER, the affairs of the
company have been thoroughly investi
gated by railroad experts, who pro
nounce it a paying concern, provided it
can be relieved of a portion of its burden
of indebtedness. Major Brawley thinks
there will be no difficulty in carryinr
out the plan of settlement, and that the
company will be reorganized and be
ready to make a new departure by next
THE HEATED TERM.
The old City by the Sea is red hot.
There have been "cloud-bursts" all
around here during the past week, but
never a burst here. It is distressingly
hot and sultry, and even the old and
time-honored Southwest sea breeze seems
to have taken wings and departed to
Columbia or Summerville, or some other
inland sea. There is much suffering in
the thickly populated portions of the
city, although the mortality has not ap
preciably increased. On Sunday next
the first cheap excursion train to Colum
bia will leave here and will probably
carry quite a crowd of excursionists.
THE WATERMELON BTBBLE
seems to have bursted despite Colonel
Mike Brown's Watermelon Trusts To
day an unusual thing was witnessed--a
score of express wagons loaded with
forty-pound "Kolb Gems," which they
offered at five cents each or six for a
auarter. Of course watermelons have
leen sold here before for five cents, but
they were from Pan Top, Edisto. The
fact is that the Northern markets are
glutted and a carload of melons does
not even sell for enough to pay the
freight. Under the old sste-m the
melons were shipped and the freights
paid at the other end. If there was a
glut on the market the railroads sold
the meloas for the freight and stood the
loss. Under the new system the melon
shipper has to pay from $125 to $150 a
carload, and pay in advance. The
melons brin~g about $100 and the shipper
is out the odd $50. Altogether this is
not a good melon year.
DEATH OF HENRY CARD.
Capt. Henry Card, a prominent ship
broker and cotton merchant, died at
Summerville this morning. Deceased
was 54 years old and a native of
Windsor, Nova Scotia. Hle. came to
Charleston in 1869 in command of a ship,
and settled here. He was one of tne
leading shipping merchants of the port,
a member of tbe Merchants' Exchange
and Chamber of Commerce. He wias
much respecied for integrity of charac
ter and public spirit.
Railroad Earnings for May.
From the tabulated statement of the
earnings of State railroads for the month
of May last, as compared with those of
the same month in 1888, the following
facts and figures are gleaned: Of twenty
rine roads included in tbe statement,
twenty-one, all but eight, show an in
crease over the same month last year of
$60,060.02, and subtracting therefrom
the decrease shown by eight roads, $:3.
659.95, there is left as the net increase
$56.400.07, or 11.5261 per cent. The
road!s showing the largest amount of in
crease are: Atlanta and Charlotte
Air Line, $13,079.50, or 15.37 per cent;
Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley, $8,615.35,
or 35.83 per cent.; the Charleston and
Savannah, $10,142.86, or 23.66 per cent.;
South Carolina Railway, $10,227.14, or
14.45 per cent.; Wilmington, Columbia
and Augusta, $7,006.40, or 12.27 per
cent. The Charlotte, Columbia and Au -
gusta showed an increase of $2,017.06,
or 4.36 per cent.; the Spartanburg, Union
and Columbia, $925.24, or 13.1:3 per
cent. The total increase shown by the
roads of the Richmond and Danville
system was $17,781.:30, or 9.614 per
The total passenger earnings fcr the
month were $16;5,217.86, agamnst $159,
226.57 in the same month. 1888; in
rease, $5,991.29, or 3.7626 per cent.
The total freight earnings for the month
were: May, 1889, $323,452.97; May,
1888, $282.736.51; increase, $40,716.46,
or 14.4007 per~ cent. The tonnage hauled
was 250,534 tons this May, against 201,
112 tons May last year; increase, 49,422
tons, or 24.56 per cent.
An Expert in the Matter of Typewriters.
"Can you manage "a typewriter?"
asked one married lady of another.
"Can I manage a typewriter? I should
say so. I made tthree leave my husband's
office within the last two months and
the last is so homely that John is almost
afraid of her. The management of a
typewriter is an art, but I've got it down
A Detective Going forTake Kilrain.
KNOXvILLE, July 26.-Detective John
T. Norris passed through this place yes
terday, going East. He ha~d pap~ers
from the Governor of Mississippi with
which to secure the arrest of Jake Kil
Negro Lynched for the Usual Crime.
PARIs, Ky., July 26.--James Kelly
(cored), who made a criminal assault
on Mrs. Peter Crow, wife of a section
boss of the Kentucky Central road, was
taken from jail early this morning and
hanged to a bridge near town.
All monthly disorders peculiar to woman are
corrected and much suffering avoided by the use
of Bradflold's Female Regulator. Sold by all
FACTS AB UT AMBER.
Bow the Substance Is Gathered by the
Fishermen of the Baltic.
In the windo of one of the largest
tobacco stores in Brooklyn there is
displaybd a remarkably-fine collection
of amber. Some of it, as translucent
as honey, fairly glows with color, as
though it had caught the sunshine of
a thousand summers. This has been
polished, and differs as greatly from
the rough, dirty-looking lumps beside
it as does a cut from an uncut diamond,
and yet the lattar is just as full of
color, only it is imprisoned.
"Where is amber obtained?" asked
a reporter, who had been attracted by
the display, of the proprietor of the
"The bulk of the amber supply of
the world," was the reply, "comes now
from the region known as Samland,
on the east Prussian coast of the Baltic.
I happen to know something about it,
because I came from that part of the
world myself, although not from that
precise vicinity. From the Brusterot
light-house on the Baltic coast one can
see with the naked eye the entire
stretch of shore on which this precious
petrifaction is and has been found for
the past three thousand years. The
stratum of blue earth on which the de
tached fragments of amber are found
lies from twenty to thirty feet below
the surface of the beach. To some
extent the amber may be and is ob
tained by mining, but frequently the
vein is exposed by the action of the
water, so that fishing for amber is
much easier than digging, and most of
it is obtained in that way.
"Amber fishermen are a vigorous
and hardy people, and they need to be
to carry on their businesss. They
work in stormy weather, when the
huge waves have detached masses of
amber from the ocean bed and are roll
ing it, mixed up with bunches of sea
weed, in the surf. The fishermen, half
naked,wade into the sea, shoulder deep,
armed with long hook forks and hand
nets. The women stand along the
shore as near as they can to the
waves. The men poke up the masses
of seaweed with their forks and
drag them in toward the shore
as far as possible. With their
nets they endeavor to secure the
pieces of amber that may be floating
in the water. As fast as the sea
weed is got to the shore the women
take it and pick out the bits of amber
that may be clinging to it and place
them in bags ready for the dealer.
Some dealers stay on the beach while
the fishing is going on, thus hoping to
secure particularly fine specimens."
"It must be a pretty interesting
"Not only interesting but exciting.
The whole scene is wild in the ex
treme. The thundering roar of the
surf, the shouts of the men and the
shrill screams of the women mingle
weirdly with the soughing of the wind.
The most profitable part of the harvest,
however, is gathered after the
storm is over. ' The amber which
can be gathered while it is in
prorgess is mostly in small pieces,
but large masses of it too heavy to be
moved within reach of the fishermen
by the waves, have been uncovered.
When the sea is smooth enough for the
bottom to be seen through from five to
fifteen feet of water, the fishermen row
out and look for these blocks, recoveg
ing them with their hooks and nets.
A more systematic way of obtaining
the amber is to get it from the reefs
which lie sorn ~ -uarters of a mile
currents have met, it is heaped up with
immense quantities of seaweed and
rubbish. For fully ten months in the
year a little fleet of black boats is
anchored oyer these reefs, the largest
and most valuable of which is
600 feet 'long and 400 feet wide.
Each boat has a diver who is sent dow a
to poke over the seaweed, discover the
blocks of amber and raise it to the sur
face. Each diver remsis under water
for five hours at a stretch and the la
bor is said to be very trying. Some
times such large blocks are found that
it takes the united strength of two or
even three men to bring them to the
surface. Masses of such size bring
from $75 to $150 apiece. the price for
ordinary amber being but about $4.50
a pound. During the fishing season
the water is icy cold and the work is
prosecuted under great hardships."
"What is amber used for mostly
"For mouth-pieces for pipes. Some
years ago, you kaow, jewelry was
quite extensively made of it, but, with
the exception of children's beads, ii
is not used for that- purpose to any
extent now. The greatest rival ambez
has n<,wadays is celluloid, out of which
an excelent imuitatiodi can be made.'"
LOOK INTO THIS,'MB. BLAINE.
An American Lady Missionary Sentenced
to Death in Corea for Teaching Chris
CHICAGO, July 23.-A dispatch from
Nashville. Tenn., says: Information has
been received here that Mrs. Hattie Gib
son Heron, wife of the Rev. David
Heron, late of Jonesboro, this State, is
under sentence of death in Corea for
teaching the doctrines of Christianity.
The Rev. David Heroni is well- known as
a Presbyterian minister, lie went to
Corea about three years ago, the wife
joining her husband a few weeks later
Mrs. Heron preached the Gospel as well
as her husband, andl was the means of
converting a nobleman in Corea, who
began p)reaching Christianity. The Em
peror had Mrs. Heron arrested and
thrown into prison. Her case was in
vestigated, and finally the sentence of
death was passed. Mrs. heron was
known as the most beautiful lady in
upper East Tennessee.
THE STATE DEPARTMENT TAKES ACTION.
WAsHINGTON, July 23.-Acting Secre
tary of State Wharton, upon telegraphic
representations from Congressman Tay
lor of Tennessee, that Mrs. Hattie Gib
son Heron, a missionary in Corea, was
to be hanged for preaching the doctrines
of Christianity, cabled Minister Dins
more at Seoul to investigate the case,
and, if necessary or not too late, to use
his good offices in securing Mrs. Heron's
release. The State Department has no
other advices upon the subject.
A Mystery of the Sea.
PHILADELPHIA, Jnly 24.-There is a
suspicion in shipping eireles that the
Philadelphia bark Mary P. Kitchin,
which had been given up for lost, is still
afloat under the name of Kissan. When
the marine underwriters who had risks
on the vessel were about paying the in
srance, due informat'on was received
here arom London through Lloyd's
~Shipping Register that the Kitchin had
arrived at Montevideo on May 2, uri der
the name of the Kissan. It is now feared
that Captain Ryan has been murdered
on the passage, and that one of the crew
is in command. It is supposed that the
crew will collect the freight and leave
Gath on Gal11de,
Not much improvement was made in the
way of mechanics upon Archimedes, who
died 212 B. C., until we come down to Galileo,
who got to the base of the laws of motion
about the year 1638, or some time after
Massachusetts had been settled by the Puri
Galileo was born in 1564 and died in 1642, a
few. years before Charles I was executed in
Galileo was not a perfectly educated man.
His father was a musician and the son had
resolved to be a painter, but his father put'
him into medicine. By loving to draw he
fell into the line of geometry and let medi
His first discovery was the isochronism of
the vibrations of the pendulum. and he used
this principle to count the pulse of patients,
and in the course of time applied it to clock
work. He loved to read old Archimedes, and
from him got the idea of the hydrostatic bal
ance, and of this he made a description which
led to a mechanic named Ubaldi, of high de
gree, becoming his friend.
He now wrote a paper on the center of
gravity, which got him at the early age of
24 a professorship of mathematics at Pisa.
He was loaded with antagonisms, and at once
attacked certain perverse and current view>
of science. His severe language was followed
by hatred; and these enemies, once raised,
never let him go.-Cincinnati Enquirer.
The true artist has an instinct for perfec
tion, and as a necessary consequence is never
fully satisfied with his own work. Some
times, however, he comes nearer to satisfying
himself than to meeting the taste of his
patrons, especially if he is a painter of por
A New York artist, who was in Charleston
on a pleasure trip, painted the portrait of a
little darky. She was encouraged to sit pa.
tiently by having seen a beautiful picture
which the same artist had made of the fair
haired daughter of one of the proudest houses
in Charleston, in whose service the young
darky's mother was laundress.
Patiently she posed, and when the portrait
was completed the artist brought it round t<
show ix to its original. "Here you are, Janey.'
Janey looked at her counterfeit present
ment and burst into shrieks and howls. She
ran from the room to pour her sorrows into
"O Missey Grace!" she cried, "Missey
Grace, I never tink he would mek me look so I
I didn't tink Mr. Waller would do me sol He
tek and mek me a orful little notty headed
nigger, an' I tought I was jes' a-goin' to be a
beautiful little yaller headed gal, with blue
eyes and a white face, jes' like Missey Ger
Mountain Forests Prevent Floods.
A mountain forest has more functions than
most people have considered. It covers the
hills with a vast mat or network of living
root fibers, and holds in place the ever ao
cumulating mass of mold and decomposing
vegetable matter, which absorbs and retains
the water of the rainfall and the melting
snows. Such a forest is a great sponge, which
receives all the water that falls on the moun
tains, and allows it to escape gradually, so as
to maintain the steady flow of the rivers
which it feeds. A forest is thus a natural
reservoir for the storage and distribution of
the water which falls upon it; and it is far
more efficient,as well as far more economical,
than any system of artificial storage reser
voirs that can be substituted for it. If the
forest Is removed, this mighty sponge is de
stroyed, and there is then nothing to perform
its function of holding back the water, which
will rush down in overwhelming floods and
torrents. The first thing to be noted is that
the water will thus all run away at once, ai
a time when but little of it is wanted, and
there will be little or none of it left for the
season when it is most needed. The rivers
which have been fed by the mountain springs
will soon be dry a gr'eat part of the year.
Century. _____ ___
American Autographs in India.
A correspondent, writing from India, says.
Most Americans buy shawls in this part of
Indja, and after a sale is made the merchant
invariably demands that you write a recoin
mendation for him In his note book. This he
shows to future travelers, and I find scat
tered over India the autographs of noted
Americans. At Delhi I found Grant's auto
a recommendation stating that his wares
were good, told me he had been offered one
hundred rupees for it, and that he would not
sell it for one hundred thousand rupees.
James Gordon Bennett states that he "finds a
certain man's shawls good, and heo supposes
they are cheap" and the merchant who owns
the book tells me that Bennett bought a
dozen cashmere shawls, saying he wanted to
use them for making undershirts. These
were of the kind called ring shawls, so fine
that you can pull a whole shawl through the
weddingringof alady.-Leslie's Newspaper.
The Pig in a Tight Place.
In his early days, John Gilbert played for
several seasons in New Orlens. Some of his
journeys there were made on fiatboats down
the Mississippi. "On one occasion," he told
me, "we got stuck in the mud-not an un
usual occurrence-hard by a small town. All
the company was on board and the manager
thought we might make a little money by
giving a performance. He found a barn
raised on posts about a foot above the muddy
lowlands, and there we played, parting off
one end with sheets and curtains for the
stage. In the middle of the performnance
most unearthly cries rose from right under
our feet. We tried to continue, but the cries
drowned our voices. Then some of the audi
enco sallied out to see ighat was the matter.
They found a pig had got wedged in under
the floor. It was half an hour before the
brute could be hauled out. I am told that
town has now two fine opera houses."-New
Ushers in many of the most prominent
theatres in this city have a new and clever
device fo. 'ictimizing theatre goers. If they
hold coupons fer particularly desirable seats
the usher on going down the aisle will sub
stitua coupons for inferior chairs, frequently
without the knowledne of the purchaser. If
people are not alreaay occupying the stolen
seats they are waiting in the lobby, and when
the employe receives his consideration are
promptly satisfied. This practice is spread
ing, but occasionally one of the forward fel
lows is caught ira the act, a turn of at~air-.
which does not worry the offenders in the
least. The fees which ushers receive in this
manner and for selling unpurchased seats are
enormous. In one of the smallest houses in
town at which a strong attraction was run
ning during the past season one young man
made from $10 to $20 per night-New York
In Norfolk there was a belief among the
peasantry that if a young woman on first
hearing the cuckoo took off her shoe, she
would find in it a hair of the same color as
that on the head of her future husband. Cor
nishmen regard it as of good omen if they
ear the first cry of "cuckoo" in the right
ear. If irst heard in the left-bad.
PATRIOT AND NAN OF PEACE.
Leo XIII Wil'. Not Regain the Temporal
Power by the Shedding of Italian
RoME. July 23.-One of the principal
reasons which determined the Pope c,
calling the last Secret Consistory was
that he h;ad reccived communicatio.n
from France urging b'm to le:sve I or. e.
and putting at his disposal a rc idena
in any city he chose in that con ry, be
sides promising him the re-establishmen
of the temporal power in Rome. The
Holy Pa ier told the Cardina's ass a
bled in Coraistory that he refu.x-d the
offer froza France bccatuse lhe will not
leave Rome except at the last momnent.
as in case of a war in which Italy would
be compl icated, and which consequently
would put his person in danger; but'he
will never leave, if his doing so would
be the treans of France declaring war
for his cause against Italy, for whom.
rom the bottom of his heart, he wishes
"I desire above all things that peace I
je aintained," he said.
Boulanger Stiil in the Field.
PAnIS, July 26.-Boulanger 3ril1 be a
aniate in ninety-two cantous for the 1
ABOUT TA _CHIIMNEYS.
rwo REASONS FOR BUILDiI"G THEM
TO SUCH GREAT HEIGHT.
kethods of Their Construction-Fearlegs.
ness of the Workmen-Works of Art
Rivaling the Productions of Ancient
"Why are factory and other chimneys to
bear off smoke from great furnaces built
Will" asked one of a group of men standing
by and observing the work progressing on
the chimney of the water works house on
"'at's easy enough to answer," replied a
tall fellow from Blue Island avenue; "it's to
lift the smoke up above the houses and the
streets, so's not to foul the air we take into
"That may be, so far as it relates to the
chimney, but not altogether either, for the
'her it is the stronger the draft. There's a
chimney at Glasgow, the tallest in the world,
445X feet high, belonging to a chemical
works factory, where the elevation is requir
ad in order to keep from poisoning people
with the gases constantly escaping. It is also
of first importance - where much quicksilver
or arsenic enters into the fumes.- If the
chimneys were low in the former case all the
people would be salivated, and in the latter
case arsenic poisoned, which is worse."
"Then," said the reporter, who was stand
ing by, "tall chimneys are built for the
double purpose of carrying smoke or other
objectionable matter off above the houses, as
well as to afford plenty of drafts for the
The knowing man assented, and In a few
moments the man of the pencil said, medi
tatively: "It must take a decidedly level
headed follow to do the work those fellows
are doing up there."
THEY GET USED TO IT.
By way of explanation it may be stated
that the chimney under consideration was
about 1:10 feet above ground, and had twenty
more to be added to it. The men at its top
laying bricks looked like dwarfs.
"Your eror is a common one," said the
knowing man in reply to the reporter. "One
reads ever and anon about the perils of lofty
climbs and how imperative it is that masons
who build high walls shall know no such
thing as dizziness, but possess nerves of steel.
That is a delusion and a snare. A contractor
or boss would scarcely send a man aloft who
is subject to frequent attacks of epilepsy, but.
any ordinary fellow can begin work upon a
wall, and as it ascends day by day, grow ao
customed to it, until a height of 1,000 feet
would be no more to him than an ordinary
stone fence would be to you. I've no doubt
the fellows on the Tower of Babel walked
around its upper wall as fearlessly on the day
of confusion of tongues as they did when they
laid its foundaticn stones. Men get used to
anything. I've no doubt they would grow
accustomed to dyi:g in a very short time, if
thbey could go through the experience every
day. In any event, take 100 brick or stone
masons and ninety-nine of them can face any
sort of altitude if it is necessary."
"But one does take a tumble once in a
"Barely," replied another of the party.
"We have put up fifteen tall chimneys here
in Chicago and around it, and we've had no
accident of any kind. There are accidents
when scaffolds are built too weak."
"Chicago has no such tall chimneys as that
mentioi.ed at Glasgow ortheone at Kearney,
N. J., which is 335 feet high; still it has one
which, for beauty of design and the success of
having placed upon its top a solid iron cast
ing weighing 7,200 pounds, gives to it a very
enviable distinction, although it is a trifle
under 100 feet in height." This was said by
the knowing one, who continued: "You ought
to see it. It is at the Murphy Varnish com
pany's factory, corner of Twenty-setcond and
Butterfield streets, and is without exception
the most handsome chimney in America, if
ne un the world. It is absolutely in plumb,
* the diminishing of the diameter in two
feet from the foundation to the top is as fault
less as the work done by the skilled masons of
Greece when they shaped the marvelous col
umns which adorned the Acropolis."
A MLASTERPIECE OF SKILL.
"a they done away with scaffoldings
alc- er in chimney building?" asked the
,e who obeerv ed that the masn
"As a ru.le, yes, wrhen he~
it being less expenve and -dangcrous.
ou will observe that but two masons are at
work there and one laborer, who attends to...
the mortar and bricks lifted up by the horse
below. The Murphy Varnish company's
himney bad four masons and two assistants,
but that had a diameter of eighteen feet at
the base and sixteen feet just below the cor
nice atthe top, which Is nearly double the
size of this one."
"Which is theafas1at chimney hereabouts?"
"That of the glucose factory, which is 250
feet high. The building tawhich it Is at
tached, by the way, has more bricks in it
than any other structure in Chicago."
"I suppose they would build them slowly
if there were 100 men at work upon them,
wouldn't they?" asked the reporter.
"Not abit ofit. On the contrary, the Arc
Light company's chimney, 123 feet high, was
bv'it in fourteen days, and It has not suffered
in . e slightest In consequence."
Much more was said upon the subject In
general before the party separated; among
other statements was the cheering one that if
a workmnan did but make asingle missteplin
ascending or descending the succession of
primitive ladders which lead from top to bot
ton it would be necessary to gather up his
remins at the biottom In a basket, and that
the labor incident to the ascentinclined them
to keep at their posts throughout the day,
spnding their hour of "noonipg"at thescee
of their toil.
One will understand readily how difficult Is
the task of maintaining a perpendicular and
at the same time reducing the diameter at
the rate of one inch in eighty inches of asent.
The interior of some of them have in addition
to the main flue from one to three, and some
times even four, additional ones of smaller
size, all of which must be constructed with
circumspection and with an eye to rigid rule
of measurement. Thus it is that a tall chim
ney isnot amere pile of masonry heaped up
all in a hurry, one brick upon another, but a
masterpiece of skill, demanding Iilnitely'
more art than the rearing of the equilateral
walls of ordinary residences. But for this
altitude how much grimier and dirtier and
darker and fouler the atmosphere of this
great city, which is daily growing into great
er iipo:ance as a manufacturing center!
in many instances touching the rain laden
clouds, they soar aloft into the undisturbed
serial circulation, to be so diffused as to ren
der lnuouous all manner of gases and pcison
ns exbhalations-Chicago Herald.
Another Long Felt Want.
A writer says that a few cloves dropped
into mucilage will prevent It from turning
sour. Good gracious, we don't care to eat
mucilagu. What the average store mucilage
eeds Is something to drop into it that will
make It stick. Besides, cloves are too pre
les to waste in paste.-Bordetto in Brook'
Some Unanswered Questions.
Whether there arc more ifreat or
small people in tne world.
At what precise point in life a man
eases to be middle-aged.
Whether a hundred years hence George
Washington or some baseball hero will
ppear the more glorious ebaracter.
How much religious freedom there
v'ould be under an Irish rep~ublic.
How Shakespeare could have beenl
;o well informed without taking a news
How so many people can be satisfied
viib themselves wvhen ther'~ are entirely
litferet from!i us.
When you made vyour first, y-our
~reatst, and yotur last mziake in life.
Who sows the seed, andI whaot sort of
ed is sown, for that prolific erop,
ipening late ini June in Northern
;tates, known a~s honorary dlegrees.
What Dr. Talmage thiuks of his OWnl
Who is the most important andl wo
be least important pers1'on1 in your neigh
Why there are not even more of the
amous theological crities. seemng it is
o easy to bceome a famzous~ theolog
al eiti.-SyracutX Ch/rstian A'o