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VOL. V. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER I1, 1889. NO. 40.
Rev. T. De Witt Talmage Preaches
a Sermon at Omaha, Neb.
Sow the People or This World Are
Weighed In the Christian Balances
-Too Light to Make Their Side
Come Down Without
Rev. Dr. Talmage preached to an immense
congregation at Omaha, Neb., recently from
the text: "Thou art weighed in the bal
ances, and art found wanting"-Daniel v.,
i4. The eloquent divine spoke as follows:
Babylon was the paradise of architecture,
and driven out- from thence the grandest
ouildings of modern times are only the evi-.
lence of her fall. The site having been se
lected for the city, 2,000t.0G men were em
ployed in the rearing of her walls and the
building of her works. It was a city of
sixty miles in circumference. There was a
trench all around the city, from which the
material forAbe-bulding of the-city had
There were twenty-five gates on eachside
Df the city; between every two gates a
tower of defense springing into the skies;
from each gate on the one side, a street
running straight through to the cor
responding street on the other side, so
that there were fifty streets fifteen miles
long. Through the city ran a branch of the
river Euphrates. Thi: river sometimes
overflowed its banks, and to keep it from
the ruin of the city a lake was constructed
into which the surplus water of the river
. wol drun during the time of freshets, and
the water was kept in this arti icial lake
until the time of drought, and then this
water would stream down ever the city. At
either end of the bridge spanning this Eu
phrates there was a palace-the one palace
a mile and a half around, the other palace
seven and a half miles around.
- The wife of Neduchadnezzar had been born
and brought up in the country, and in a
mountainous region, and she could not bear
this tiat districtof Babylon; andso.toplease
his wife, Nebuchadnezzar built in the midst
of the city a mountain four hundred feet
high. This mountain was built out into ter
races supported on arches. On the top of
these arches a layer of tlatstones, on the top
of that a layer of reeds and bitumen, on the
top of that two layers of brick, closely ce
mented, on the top of that a heavy sheet of
lead, and on the top4of that thesoil placed
the soil so deep that a Lebanon cedar had
room to anchor its roots. There were pumps
worked by mighty machinery fetching up
the water from the Euphrates to this hanging
garden as it was called, so that there were
fountains spouting into the sky. -
Standing below and looking up it must
have seemed as if the clouds were in blossom,
or as though the sky leaned on the shoulder
of a cedar. All this Nebuchadnezzar did to
please his wife. Well, she ought to have
been pleased. I suppose she was pleased. If
that would not please her nothing would.
There was in that city also the temple of
Belus, with towers-one tower the eighth of
a mile high, in which there was an observa
tory where astronomers talked to the stars.
There was in that temple an image, just one
image, which would cost what would be our
0 what a city1 The earth never saw any
thing like it, never will see any thing like
it. And yet I have to tell you that it is
going to be destroyed. 'he King and his
princes are at a feast. Theylare all intoxi
cated. Pour out the rich -wine into the
chalices. Drink to the health of the King.
Drink to the health of Babylon. Drink to a
A thousand lords reel intoxicated. The
King, seated upon a chair, with vacantlook,
as intoxicated men will-with vacant look
stared at the wall. But soon that vacant
look takes on intensity, and it is an af-.
frighted look; and all the princes begin to
look and' wonder what is the matter, and
they look at the same point on the wall.
And then there drops a darkness into the
room and puts out the blaze of the golden
plate, and out of the sleeve of the darkness
there comes a fingei--a finger of fiery terror
circling arounid and circling around as
though it would write-; and then it comes
up and with a sharp tip of flame it inscribes
on the plastering of the wall the doom of
the King: "Weighed in the balances, and
found wanting." The bang of heavy fists
against the gates of the palace are followed
by the breaking in of the doors. A thousand
gleaming knives strike into a thousand
quivering hearts. Now death is king, and
-he is seated on a throne of corpses. In that
ball there is a balance lifted. God swung
-it. On one side of the balance are put Bel
shazza's opportunities, on the other side of
the balance are put Beishazza's sins. The
sins come down. His opportunities go up.
Weighed in the balances-found wanting.
There has been a great deal of cheating in
our country with false weights and mneas
ures and balances, and the Government, to
change that state of things, appointed com
missioners, whose business it was to stamp
weights and measures and balances, and a
great deal of wrong has been corrected.
But still, after all, there is no such thing as
a perfect balance on earth. The chain may
break, or some of the metal may be clipped,
or in some way the equipose may be a little
You can not always depend upon earthly
balances. A pound is not always a pound,
and you may pay for one thing and get an
other; but in the balance which is sus
pended to the throne of God, a pound is a
pound, and right is right, and wrong is
wrong, and a soul is a soul, and eternity is
-eternity. God has a perfect bushel and a
perfect peck and a perfect gallon. When
merchants weigh their goods in the wrong
way, then the Lord weighs the goods again.
If from the imperfect measure the mer
chant pours out what pretends to be a gal
lon of oil and there is less than a gallon,
God knows it, and he calls upon His record
ing angel to mark it: "So much wanting
in that measure of oil." 'The farmer comes
in from the country. He has apples to selL.
He has an imperfect measure. He pours
-out the apples from this imperfect measure.
God recognizes it. He saystothe recording
angel: "Mark down so many apples too
few, an imperfect measure." We may
cheat ourselves and we may cheat the
world, but we can not cheat God, and in the
great day of judgment It will be found out
that what we learned in boyhood at school
is correct; that twenty hundred weight
make a ton, and one hundred and twenty
solid feet make a cord of wood. No more,
no less, and a religion which does not take
hold of this life as well as the life to come,
is no religion at all. But, my friends, that
is not the style of balances I am to speak of
to-day, that is not the kind of weights and
measures. I am to speak of that kind of
balances which can weigh principles, weigh'
churches, weigh men, weigh nations and
weigh worlds. "What!" you say, "is it
possible that our world is to be weighed f"
Yes. Why, you would think if God put on
one side the balances suspended from the
throne the Alps and the Pyrenees, and the
Himalayas, and Mount Washington, and all
the cities of the earth, they would crush it.
No. No. The time will come when God will
sit down on the white throne to see .the
world weighed, and on one side wili be the
world's oplportunities. and on the othecr su'
the world's sins. Down will go the si
and s~way will go the opportunities, ang
God will say to the messengers with the
torch; "Burn that world! weighed and
*so God will weigh churches. lHe takes a
great church. That great church, accord
ing to the worldly estimate. must be,
weighed. He puts it on one side the bal-.
ances, and the minister and the choir and.
the building that cost its hundreds of thou-,
sands of dollars. He puts them on one sides
the balances. On the other side of thre
scale he puts what that church ought to be,
what its consecration ought to be, what its
sympathy for the poor ought to be, what its
devotion to all good ought to be. That is on
one side. That side comes down, and the
church, not being able to stand the test,
..se,, in e blncns. It does not make any
utiference about your magnificent ma
chinery. A church is built for one thing
to save souls. If it saves a few souls when
it might save a multitude of souls,.God will
spew it out of his mouth. Weighed and
found wanting! So God estimates nations.
How many times HI has put the Spanish
monarchy into the scales, and found it in
sufficient and condemned it! The French
empire was placed on one 'side the scales,
and God weighed the French empire, and
Napoleon said: "Have 1 not enlarged the
boulevards? Did 1 not kindle the glories of
the Champs Elysees? Have 1 not adorned
the Tuileries? Have I not built the gilded
Opera House!" Then God weighed the na
tion, and He put on one side the scales the
Emperor, and the boulevards, and the
Tuileries, and the Champs Elysees, and the
gilded Opera House, and on the other side
He puts that man's abominations, that
man's selfishness, that man's godless ambi
tion. This last came down, and all the
brilliancy of the scene vanished. What is
that voice coming up from Sedan? Weighed
and found wanting!
But I must become more individual and
more personal inmy address. Some people
say they do not hink'ef6rgtnen ought to be
personal in their religious address, but
ought to deal with subjects in the abstract.
I do not think that way. What would you
think of a hunter who should go to the Adi
rondacks to shoot deer in the abstract?
Ah, no. He loads the gun, he puts the butt
of it against the breast, he runs his eye
along the barrel, he takes sure aim, and
then crash go the antlers on the rocks. And
so, if we want to be hunters for the Lord,
we must take sure aim and fire. Not in the
abstract are we to treat things in religious
discussions. If a physician comes into a
a sick room, does he treat disease in the ab
stract? No; he feels the pulse, takesthe
diagnosis, then he makes the prescription.
And if we want to heal souls for this life
and the life to come, we do not want te treat
them in the abstract. The fact is, you and
I have a malady which, if incured by grace,
will kill us forever. Now, I want no ab
straction. Where is the balm! Where is
People say there is a day of judgment
coming. My friend, every 'day is a day of
3udgment, Cud you and I to day are being
canvassed, inspected, weighed. Here are
the balances of the sanctuary. They are
lifted, and we must all be weighed. Who
will come and be weighed first? Here is a
moralist who volunteers. He is one of the
most upright men in the country. He
comes. Well, my brother, get in-get into
the balance now and be weighed. But as he
gets into the balance 1 say: "What is that
bundle you have along with you?" "O," he
says, "that is my reputation for goodness
and kindness and charity and generosity.
and kindliness generally." "O, my brother,
we can not weigh that; we are going to
weigh you-you. Now stand in the scales
you, the moralist. Paid your debts?" "Yes,"
you say, "paid all my debts." "Have
you acted in an upright way in the com
munity?" "Yes, yes." "Have you been
kind to the poor? Are ydu faithful in a
thousand relations in life?" "Yes." "So
far, so good. But now, before you get out
of this scale, I want to ask you two or three
questions. Have your thoughts always
been right?" "No," you say; "no." Put
down one mark. "Have you loved the Lord
with all your heart and soul and mind and
strength?" "No," you say. rake another
mark. "Come, now. confess that in ten
thousand things you have some short
havd you not?" "Yes." Make ten thou
sand marks. Come now, get me a book
large enough to make a recgrd of that mor
alist's deficit. My brother, stand in the
scales, do not By from them. I put on your
side the scales all the good deeds you ever
did, all the kind words you ever uttered;
but on the other side the scales I put th is
weight which God says I must put there
on the other side the scales and opposite to
yours I put this weight: "By the deeds of
the law shall no flesh living be justified."
Weighed and found wanting.
Still, the balances of the sanctuary are
suspended and we are ready to weigh any
who come. Who shall be the next? Well,
here is a formalist. He comes and he gets
into the balances, and as he gets in I see
that all his religion is in genufiexions and in
outward observances. As he gets into the
scales I say: "What is that you have in this
pocket?" "Oh I" he says, "that is Westmin
ster Assembly Catechism." I say: "Very
good. What have you in the other pocket?"
"Oh!" he says, "thatis the Heidelberg Cate
chIsm." "Very good. What is that you
have under your arm, standing in this
balance of the sanctuary ?" "Oh !" he says,
"this is a church record." --Very good.
What are these books on your side of the
balance?" "Oh !" he says, '-those are 'Cal
vin's Institutes.'" "My brother, e are
not weighing books; we are weigte. c you.
t can not be that you are dept :..ng for
your salvation upon your orthodoxy. Do
ou not knoit that the creeds and the forms
of religion are merely the scaffolding for the
building? You certainly are not going to
mistake the scaffolding for the temple. Do
you not know that men have gone to per
dition with a catechism in their pocket?"
"But," says the man, "I cross myself
often." "Ah! that will not save you.''
"But," says the man, "I am sympathetic for
the poor." "That will not save ,you." Says
the man, "I sat at the communion table."
That will not save you: "But," says the
man, "I have had my name bn the church
record." "That will not save you." "But
[ have been a professor of religion 'forty
years." '-That will not .save you. Stand
there on your side the balances, and.I wiil
give you the advantage-I will let you~ have
all the creeds, all the church records, all the
Christian conventions that were ever held,
all the communion tables that were ever
built, on your side the balances. On the
other side the balances. 1 must put what
God says I must put there. I put this mil
lion-pound weight on the other side of the
balances: "saving the form of godliness,
but denying the power thereof. From such
turn away." Weighed and found wanting!
Still the balances are suspended. Are
there anygothers who would like to be
weighed or who wvill be weighed? Yes;
here comes a worldling. He gets into the
scales. I can easily see what his whole life
is made up ef. Stocks, dividends, percent
ages,"buyer t-en days," '-buyer thirty days."
Get in, my friend, get into these balances
and be weighed-weighed for this life, and
weighed for the life to come. He gets in.
I find that the two great questions in his
life are: "How cheaply can I buy these
goods?" and "How dearly can I sell them?"
I find that he admires Heaven beoause it is
a land of gold, and money mtist be "easy."
I find fromn talking with him that religion
and the Sabbath are an interruption, a vul
gar interruption, and he hopes on the way
tehurch to drum up a new customer ! All
the week ho has been weighing fruits.
weighing meats, weighing ice, weighing
coals, weighing confections, weighing world
ly and perishable commodities, nap real -
Izing the fact that he himself has been
weighed. On your side the balances, 0
worldling! I will give you full advantage.
put on your side all the banking houses,
all the store houses, all the cargoes, all the
insurance companies, all the fac-tories, all
the silver, all thegold, all the money v-anlts,
all the safe deposits-all on your side. But
it does not add one ounce, for- at the very
noment we are congratulating, you on your
tine house and upon your princely income,
God ail the angels ar-e writing in regard to
your soul: "Weighed and round wanting!"
But 1 must go faster and speak of the
final scrutiny. The fact is, my friends, we
are moving on amid astounding realities.
These pulses which now are drumimg the
march of life, may, after awhile, call a halt.
We walk on ahi'r-hung bridge over chasms.
All around us adangers lurking ready to
spring on us fr ambush. We lie down at
night not know g whether we shall rise in
the morning. We start out'for our occupa
tions, not knowing whether we shall come
back. Crowns being burnished for thy brow
or bolts forged forr thy prison. Angels of
ight ready to shout at thy deliverance, or
fiends of darkAess stretching out skeleton
hands to pull thee down into ruin consum
mate. Suddenly tne judgment will be here.
he-ael wit onfoot on the sea and tho
I other foot on the :and, will swear by Him
that liveth forever and ev"r that Lime shall
be no longer: "Bekid, He cometh with
clouds, and overy eye shall see Him." Hark
to the jarring of the mountains. Why, that
is the setting down of the scales, the bal
ances. And then, there is a flash as from a
cloud, but it is the glitter of the shining
balances, and they are hoisted, and all na
tions are to be weighed. The unforgiven
get in on this side the balances. They
may have weighed themselves and
pronounced a flattering decision. The
world may have weighed them and
pronounced them moral. Now they are
being weighed in God's balances-the bal
ances that can make no mistake. All the
property gone, all the titles of distinction
gone, all the worldly success gone; there is
a soul, absolutely nothing but a soul, an im
mortal soul, a never dying soul, a soul
stripped of all worldly advantages, a soul-.
on one side the scales. On the other side
the balances are wasted Sabbaths, disre
garded sermons, ten thousand opportuni
ties of mercy and pardon that were cast
aside. They are on the other side the
scales, and there God stands, and in the
presence of men and devils, cherubim and
archangel, He announces while groaning
earthquake, and crackling conflagration,
and judgment trumpet, and everlasting
storm repeat it: "Weighed in the balance,
and found wanting."
But, say some who are Christians: "Cer
tainly you don't mean to say that we will
have toget into the balances' Our sins are
all pardoned, our title to Heaven is secure.
Certainly you are not going to put us in the
balances?" Yes, my brother. We must all
appear before the judgment seat of Christ,
and on that day you are certainly going to
0 follower of Christ! you get into the
balances. The bell of the judgment is ring
ing -You must get into the balances. You
get in on this side. On the other side the
balances we will place all the opportunities
of good which you did not improve, all the
attainments in piety which you might have
had, but which you refused to take. We
place them all on the other side. They go
down, and your soul rises in the scale. You
can not weigh against all those imper
Well, then, we must give you. the advan
ta'ge, and on your side the scales we will
place all the good deeds you have ever
done, and all the hind words you have ever
uttered. To: light yet! Well, we must
put on your side all the consecration of
your life, all the holiness of your life,
all the prayers of your life, all the
faith of your Christian life. Too light
yet? Come, mighty men of the past, and
get in on that side the scales. Come, Payson,
and Doddridge, and Baxter, get in on that
side the scales and make them come down,
that this righteous one may be saved. They
come and they get in the scales. Too light
yet! Come, the martyrs, the Latimers, the
Wickliffes, the men who suffered at the
stake for Christ. Get in on this side the
Christian balance, and see if you can not
help him weigh it aright. They come and
get in. Too light? Come, angels of God on
high. Let not the righteous perish with
the wicked. They get in on this side the
balances. Too light yet !
I put on this side the balance all the scep
ters of light, all the, thrones of power, all
the crowns of glory. Too light yet. But
just at that point, Jesus, the Son of God,
comes up to the balances, and he puts one
of his scarred feet on your side, and the
balances begin to tremble from top to bot
tom. Then he puts both of his scarred feet
on the balances, and the Christian's side
comes down with a stroke that sets all the
bells of Heaveh ringing. That Rock of Ages
heavier than any other weight.
But says the Christian: "Am I to be al
lowed to get off so easily?" Yes. If some
one should come and put on the other side
ne scles all your imperiecuons, au your
envies, all your jealousies, all your incon
sistencies of life, they would not budge the
scales with Christ on your side the scales.
Go free ! There is no condemnation to them
that are in Christ Jesus. Chains broken,
prison houses opened, sins pardoned. G
free! Weighed in the balances, and nothing,
Oh! what a glorious hope. Will you
accept it this day? Christ making up for
what you lack, Christ the atonement for all
your sins. Who will accept Him Will not
this whole audience say: "I am insuficient,
I am a sinner, I am lost by reason of my
transgressions, but Christ has paid it all.
My Lord and my God, my life, my Oardon,
my Heaven. Lord Jesus, 12 hail thee." Oh-!
A you could only understand the worth of
that sacrifice which I have represented to
to you under a figure, if you could under
stand the worth of that sacrifice, this
whole audience would this moment accept
Christ and be saved.
We go away off, or tack into h~istory, to
get some illustration by which we may set
forth what Christ has done for ns. We.need
not goso far. I saw a vehicle behind a run
away horse dashing through the street, a
mother and her two children In the carriage.
The horse dashed along as though to hurl
them to death, and a mounted policeman
with a shout clearing the way, and the horse
at full run. attempted to seize those runaway
horses and to save a calamity, when his
own horse fell and rolled over. him. Hs
was picked up half dead. Why were ot
sympathies so stirred !Because he w
badly hurt, and hui:t for others. But I tel
you to-day Of- how Christ, the Son of God
on the blood red horse of sacrifice came foi
our rescue, and rode down the sky and rodE
unto death for our rescue. Are not yoi
hearts touched! That was a sacrifice fot
you and me. 0 thou who didst ride on the
red horse of sacrificg! come this hour, and
ride through this assemblage on the white
horse of victory.
--Wit should be used as a shield for des
fense rather than as a sword to wound
Death by Electricity Horribly Painful.
Of eourIse, electricity can instant ane
ously kill a persoin, but 'n that infintesi
nulyv small sp)ace of ti e~ of the transi
I ion'from life to death ie person will
sier inconceivable pain. Although
the speed of electricityv is at, the rate of
26,00 miles per second, the killing
cantot he so instantaneous as to~ pre
chie all pain. Every particle otf the
n lervons system is polarized, and1( polari
zaton causes each particle of mnatlter to
revolve on its axis, wvhich nmeansth
st~ethintg oif thet nervest~ out of alhl pro
portion, and .onuen~lttly the most ini
But the great fault with execution by
electricity is that it is almost impossible
to ascertatin just how strong a current
will kill a man instantaneously and yet
not be a barbaromns mode of killing. If
the current be but a few volts stronger
than that required to instantly execute a
certain person, the consequences would
be terrible, it would disfigure the body
beyond recognition, and would dlisfigutre
every port ion of the cot pse. Shiould the
cuirreit be just a trifle too~ weak tco exe
cute a person, it would throw him into
a trance so deathlike that it is probable
that the body woul be buried alive
A Relic of the Red Men.
Alr. J1. W. Goodson hans left with us
an Indian stonme hopper in which the
squaws uised to beat maize inito meal be
fore the pale face camiL and drove them
from this pleasanit hand. It is an up
country flint stone, weighing about tif
teen poundis, andl hollowed out on oppo.
site ends into small basins. It was
ploughed up near his mill on Well
Branch, and is probably as perfect a
specimen of Indian ingenuity as there is
in existence. All persotns curious in such
matters are invited to call and examine
it. It certainly shows that the Indian
women had a much harder time than
their civilized white sisters.-Barn well
TERRELL'S PLAIN TALK.
FARMERS' ALLIANCE AND WHAT IT
IS INTENDED TO ACCOMPLISH.
Its Object the Organization of the Farmers
to Act as a Unit in all Things Affecting
Their Interests-A Plan to Raise the
Price of Cotton and Reduce the Price of
Supplies-A Bountiful Barbecue.
(From the Columbia Daily Register. Sept. 7.)
Columbia is a hard place to "enthuse"
and its people do not turn out to public
gatherings asgenerallyas in many other
places. This fact, and the threatening
weather, prevented the Hon. Ben Terrell,
the nation:.l lecturer of the Farmers'
Alliance, from being favored with a
very large audience at the fair grounds
The farmers of the County. too, were
by no means out in full force, but
though small in numbers the gathering
was a fairly representative one, and in
cluded, beside many prominent citizens,
quite a number of prominent farmers
from this County and Lexington.
The audience were seated on the
grand stand and a speaking platform
covered with an awning, had been im
provised from a couple of wagons drawn
up on the race track.
Upon this platform were seated Gov
erior Richardson, ex-Senator Kinsler,
Ca;t. J. C. F. Sims and Mr. Terrell, the
speaker of the day.
was the first speaker. le said if any
body imagined the alliance was intended
to affect injuriously any industry or any
individual in South Carolina, or any
where in America, they had a very dif
ferent idea of the alliance from what he
had of it. If was simply an oiganized
effort to advance the interests of the
farmer-to remove the difficulties and
remedy the restrictions which now hin
dered the farmer from securing the full
return of his labor. That difficulties
and rest tictions did exist was as certain
as that the sun was shining. Let all
come forward and aid this legitimate
movement, the success of which would
redound to the interests of every citizen
of this great republic.
He thought they could see light ahead.
In the spirit of the utmost friendliness
to all classes the farmer asks simply jus
tice. A farmer himself, .he would be loth
to injure the rights or property of any
individual or class in this or any other
community. They were all brothers in
one boat. The lawyer and those who
follow other professions could not do
without the farmer. Neither could the
farmer do without the lawyer, the doc
Let the farmers lead the way by
proper united effort to general prosper
iry, and all the world would unite in
according all praise to the farmer.
In a few well-chosen words the Gov
ernor introduced as the speaker of the
TJE HON. BEN TERRELL OF TEXAS.
Though not much above medium
stature, Mr. Terrell is a man of rather
striking presence. Straight as an ar
row and well proportioned, he carries a
well-shaped head above his broad
shoulders, and studying how to make the
r;aiing of cotton pay, or something
else, has left the hair a little thin-to
put it mildly-on the crown of his dome
of thought. His face is a good one,
suggesting good nature blended with
etermination, and a pair of keen, blue
yes light up an expressive countenance.
~Mr. Terrell has a good voice and
knows how to use it whether in the
mavity of persuasion, the ardor of
issertion or tne emphasis of denuncia
-THE FARMERS DO THE UOwING.
Mr. Terrell spoke substantially as fol
ows: Fellow Citizens-Without any pre
face I will say a few words to yohi. I
gree with Brother Richardson that we
arc all in one boat. Whatever enriches
ne class must to some extent help
mother. But I do think heretofore
the farmers have had the oars and
the rest have been riding free.
The farmers have been directed and
ontrolled atuu taken advantage of by
others. They haven't had any voice in
le disposal of their productions. They
ay it is our f'ault that this is so. It 'is
ur fault and it can be remedied We
have organized to do it. They say we
don't admit all classes to our order. Did
they admit us into the privileges and ad
.intaes they possessed? Not much. We
don't blame the cotton buyers for making
oney, but we are going to try
TO MAKE MONEY OURSELVES.
We have to sell and have to buy. We
produce more wealth than all other
classes combined. The cotton crop alone
is of enormous value and of the greatest
mportance to the world. We have gone
n producing it without regard to the
Cist of production until we have grown
poor, while other classes have increased
Statistics prove this. . Twenty-five
years ago one-half the wealth belonged
to the farmers. Now but one-quarter
blong to thenm. What is the reason? Not
becaue we have grown lazy. We pro
iuc nor-e, have more acres under cuilti
vatin and paty better wages. The rea
o is that a few men comparatively ma
nipulate the money of the country. They
ae money tight when they please, and
tet sell its use at. the highest rates.
hbey raise the price of necessities of life
>v inanipuilationi and we have to pa~y
iii exorbitant profit.
wE MAKE NO WAR
>i any one. lt is not necessary. If it
,ats necessary we would not shrink
from it.- But it is not required.
We should get in a position to sell our
otton thi-ough another ebannel. and if
those by whom we now sell it -won't do so
in a fair way with reasonable charges
WE CAN GET ALONG WITHOUT-UEM.
We propose to organize the ..-mers
ll over the country into sub-alliances,
each in a territory six miles square.
From these alliances delegates wilt
e selected to comprise County
Alliances. In the alliance the
viinoi'ity mu tst obey the majority.
This is the part of intelligence and wis
30m. Any mnember who won't obey' the
ecision of the majority should be dis
missed. You cant get on better without
Sel-et your best men to go to the
Co nty Alliances. They can't deceive
you. They can't make any money, can't
even electioneer. They are bound to be
l)ure and honest. You send such men
from every sub-alliance. They meet in
the County Alliance and will discuss
County matters intelligently, for they
know wvhat they are talking about. Then
they will send delegates to the State Al
iance. Then from these delegates you
should send to the National Alliance
your beat men. They are competent to
discuss nmd deci<|e what is best for all.
You uAsurrender your individual
judgmep othe superior wisdom of
thes m T is the nart of wisdlom to
submit, for with all the facts before
them they best know what is best to
Now I would say the alliance has
NO CLASS FEELING.
We don't care who represents us, so far
as his vocation is concerned. I recog
nize that the upright and honest man of
business is worthy our respect and ap
probation. But there is a kind of
merchants I do oppose. I mean those
that do not deal honestly with either
their customers or those trom whom
they themselves purchase their goods.
There are other men who don't pay their
debts as well as the farmer.. Every retail
dealer who fails to pay for his goods
raises the prices paid by the farmer.
You know it.
We propose to remedy this by starting
a State Exchange; to have every mem
ber give $2 absolutely into -a common
fund. It would amount in this State to
about $100,000. Then select the best maur
you have got in your sub-alliance as a
trustee, and another good man for sub
business agent. Then you will have
A BUREAU OF INFORMATION
unconnected wit i any interests except
You wouldn't then have to depend on
reports of the cotton crop sent out by
Wall street gamblers. You notice they
never fail to make the crop too large' by
500,000 bales or so, and they say it's all
the farmers fault; that he comes into
his merchant's store to get more goods
on credit, and tells him his crop issplen
did-a bale to the acre when he knows
lie won't make half a one, etc.
Well, we propose to have a bureau of
information that will have the facts to
deal with. Every sub-alliance will make
up its report, for the section it covers,
and every member is bound to report
truly the condition of his crops, for his
neighbors are there and know as well as
be what he is doing, and the County Al
liance receives the reports from the sub
alliances, makes up one for the County
aid sends to the State.
In August your State agents will all
meet. They will have before them full
and accurate reports from al the States,
and will know all the facts outside the
statements of Wall street manipulators.
FIXING THE PRICE.
Farmers hit berto have never had any
thing to say. about the price of their
products. The dealer will say "Well,
your needn't sell if you don't want to."
As well tell a starving man he needn't
eat if he don't want to, when one. knows
he has got to eat to live,
What is the reason through the Alli
ance farmers can't fix the price of their
cotton? There is no reason in the woril.
The members of the sub-alliance cat
come up and make a note, and secure it
by a mortgage on their cotton. Then
the representatives of the alliance can
borrow money on the cotton, make al
lowances to the farmer and hold it until
it can be sold at the right price.
When the State Business Agents meet,
they may decide from all the reports be
fore them as to the crop, etc., to say
bold your cotton for 12} or 15.cents per
pound on a basis of middling. Tben in
the way I have suggested you can do it
in your own warehouses.
By Qo doing we are making no war on
anybody, but simply attending to our
own business. .
WHEN WE CAN CORNER THE CROP
we can make the price.. I would like to
see the color of the man's hair who will
dare speculate in cotton. when the.farm
ers corner the crop.
There is no need of enmity or conflict
nless other classes force it. There is
o one I have met any where who denies
tat we can do this if we can control
he crop; but they say: "You c-.n't get
he farmers to stick." Doggoned if it
sn't a slander on us farmers.
All we have got to do is to make a
tand and be a unit. We may make a
mstake. Everybody makes mistakes.
But are you going to cry like you had
stubbed your toe? Why not get up and
ry it again?
THE ORDER's WONDERFUL PROGRESs.
Referring to the progress of the alli
nce Mr. Terrell described its origin,
and stated that while its principlespwere
fo-mulated and :he present system of
>rganization adopted but four years ago,
t now had about 2,000,000 members of
eople enlisted under its banner. New
embers were rushing into the sub
aliances in the upper part of South
arolina every week, and be thought
te membership in the State would be
0,000 before he could get through his
Continuing he said: "if we don't or
WHA T CAN WE Do?
T wenty-five years ago the influence of
he farmers was felt, now we havn't a
ingle Congressman thoroughly commit
ed to our interests-only a few half
reeds. We have allowed the other
lasses to get in and control us. Every
hing in government and business is so
onducted tha~t the chief burden falls on
he farmer. He pays for everything.
hey never dleprive the farmer of one
>ff'ice-that is paymaster.
What are you going to do ? Ain't
ou coming together in sub alliances
md discuss the situation as intelligent
en ? If this civil revolution fails theni
he time is at band when this gover
WILL GO DOWN IN BLOOD.
We are in just the condition of all the
ountries that have gone down in his
ory. All now is moving to central
zation. The money is held in the
ands of the few. Look at the trusts
eing formed and the aggregation of
THE JUTE TRUsT,
hich forced up the'price of bagging to
iteen cents a yard, robbed us last
ear of Ahree or four million's of dollars.
hat are von going to do ? Sit down
upinely ana curse it. They don't care
cent for your curses.
Commercial exchanges everywhere
esolved against the jute trust. The
nerchants and people condemned it. I
tought they meant it, but they didn't.
What the merchants ought to have
~lone was to have gone to the
nanufacturers and said: "Here,
the men who support us have
een robbed by the jute trust anid want
oton bagging. Make it, and we will
take every yard and pay for it.'
But they didni't (10 it, and jute bag
aing is findling its way into the stock of
ome dealers. How can we whip the
jute trust unless we quit amrg it? They
may say you nave broken the trust, and
ow you can get jute bagging, two
ounds to the yard, at 9 cents. What
bould prevent them next year, if we
uit opposition, to come up to 20 cents
f they want to?
If you increase the amount received by
farmers you would see a great increase
n consumption. Where will you find
the farmer now who consumes as much
s he could or would if able? I can showj
.ou mny w-ho dn'tnsunme one-fourth
-yes, one-tenth -of what they would if
they received more for their products."
As illustrating the great saving to
farmers by ,pealing as a unit with manu
facturers or wholesale dealers through
their'exehange, Mr. Terreill cited the
case of wagons in Texas, where 500 were
bought on orders placed through the
alliance at a saving of $19 each from
former price. This had brought down
the price of wagons generally, too, at
every store, as they found they must
meet this competition. In Alabama fifty
buggies had been bought at a saving of
$25 each in the same way.
* ROUNDING UP THE RAILROADS.
Touching on transportation, Mr. Ter
rell said the farmers paid every bit of
extortion by the railroads. They did
not ship their o Nn cotton, and the rail
roads knew only the cotton buyer. By
having a State Exchange it was pro
posed for farmers to ship themselves
(in combination) and the railroads would
soon see on which side their bread was.
buttered. In Texas by this method fair
ray es had been secured all over the State,
for no road dared stay out. Cotton
was shipped direct to Liverpool, with
out touching a commission man's hands.
NO MONEY LOST BY COTTON BAGGING.
The speaker denied that any money was
lost by using cotton bagging. The cotton
used was the sort that is now a hin
drance in the market-dog-tail cotton,
worth only six cents a pound. The pro
ducer needs some place to have it con
sunied. It costs but 11 cents per pound
to manufacture it into bagging, making
the bagging cost but 7. cents a pound.
Afler using, it could be cut off and
would still be worth 6 cents, thusmaking
the loss for its use as bagging but 1J
cents per pound.
THE TERRIBLE TARE.
Any farmer, he said, who thought he
was getting a cent for his jute bagging
was badly fooled. In England they
strip off the bagging and stain and
deduct its weight from the cotton bought,
or Lather make a suficient allowance, or
more, by a reduction in the price, to
cover it, so that they pay for only neat
cotton. This is the tare for which now
a 6per cent. deduction is made. This
is all taken into account by the buyer
this side of the water to allow for what
will te taken off abroad and the farmer
loses it all.
Mr. Terrell said "We don't propose
to stand this, every allowance is made
in favor of the buyer." He advo
cated alliance exchanges where the
farmers' representative should sample,
weigh and class the 'cotton and the
buyer should stand all claims for re
clamation, etc. If they didn't want the
cotton on such terms let them lea-e it
"TAKE CARE OF YOUR POLITICS,"
he said, "Dog-on it, why are they so
mighty afraid we will go into politics? I
will say we discuss politics-manly poli
tics, in the alhance. We want to sen
the right men to Congress. We are in
terested in the financial questions, the
tariff, transportation, etc.
"The contemplation is' that the alb
ance shall be felt in politics, igedm
meree, in transportation.
"As the alliance is intended to influ
ence public opinion, we intend to have
an organ in every State,- and a national
organ, and create a public opinion that
will carry our objects to success."
In conclusion Mr. Terrell said: ''ATh
these things must to dependent on your
own labor. They must depend on your
own efforts: If we succeed the world
,ill hoi: c us for our success. If we fail
t will despise us-and it ought to."
Thbroughout the address close attention
as paid the speaker, 'and most of his
earers seemed to fully accord with the
iews expressed, judging from their fre
Mir. W. W. Keys of Greenville,*editor
f the Cotton Plant, called attent'on to
hat paper as the organ of the Alliance
n this State, and the meeting was then
ismissedl by Capt. Kinsler, the chair
erved by Messrs. J. Mf. Roach and Lewis
farstellar. in the old fair building, was
iberally patronized, and all who par
ook of the palatable products of Prof.
oach's skill pronounced the cae one of
the best of the season.
A DISTTUBBANCE IN L AURENS.
A Mob of Negroes Assault a White Man
and Then Resist Arrest-Two Wounded.
An Incendiary Fire.
LAURtENs, S. C., September 4.-[Spe
cial to The Register.--Something of a
race conflict occurred in the lower see
ionl of this County to-day, between a
arty of young men and some dozen or
ore North Carolina negroes. It seems
that yesterday the negroes threatened a
white man and were only prevented from
oing him bodily injury by the inter
erence of those present. The neigh
orhood turned out to arrest the neC
roes, who showed fight. Both parties
fired and two negroes were wounded.
'he negroes fled. They were working
m the Georgia, Carolina and Northern
Railroad in Holsshouser's camp, which
is now completely deserted.
N. P. %'hitoire lost his dwelling this
orning by lire, thought to be ineen
Facts About Pensions.
At the last session of the Legislatur-e
50,000 was approp~riate-d for the pay
nt of pensions to Con federate soldiers
r sailors of the late war, or to the wid
ws of such soliers or sailors. It was
rovie(d that such pensions should be
a a monthb.
Under the p~rovisions of the Act pen
ioers on the roll have been, paid $3 a
nonth for the months of February,
farcb, April, May, June and July, arid
h-y will be- paid for the months of
tugust and September the last of the
wresnt month. There will not be suffi
:ient remaining from the app~ropriatio)n
:o pay the full $3 for the mouth of Sep
~emer, and no more will be paid out
mntil another appropiriation is made by
A matter not genierall', knoGwn, per
taps, is that the pensions paid by the
state are only paidl for the fiscal year
Cvhih e-xpires (Jctober- 31, leaving only
en mionths for pensin., i bepad
Fo- ilhe in formationm of anmy one inte
stedl it may be stated that the iotal
mmirber- of'pen sioners on the roll -is
1,934. to which will be paid by the
lose of this month something less
han the sum of $40,416. By the
Act, the members of the County boards
f examiners were to be paid -$3 a day
for their services for not more than
tight deys in any one year. For the
bhirty-five Counties this would entail an
~xpenditure of $2,520, if all the boards
were in session the full eight days, but!
many of them were not. Some $2,000
was r-equired for this purpose. Besides
his, there is $1,200 for clerk hire, and~
il the items mentioned will be found to
so up the entire appropriation of
WOMEN WHO EAT ARSENIC.
A Habit Common in Many Large Cities.
English Women Use Fly Paper, but
Americans Take the Genuine Article.
The sensational trial, conviction, sen
tenee and commutation of sentence of
Mrs. Maybrick. charged with poisoning
her husband, and her defense, through
which she claimed th'at the presence of
arsenical fly paper in her boudoir w:(s
f.>r toilet purposes. have turned publi
attention to the use of thik poison by
women of fashion. Mrs. Maybriek en
deavored to explain away the presence
of the poison by alleging its nse for the
.improvement of her complexiotr. She
explained how she skillfully prepared it
for toilet purposes, and, in view of the
strictness of English law regarding the
sale of poison when not. absolutely :i
necessity, her explanation would-proba
w bly have been accepted by the court and
her diversions from the path of wifely
duty been less notorious.
It is appalling to note how the d. :nand
for arsenic has increased of late years.
Before the enterprising American wo
men of the middle class discovered the
complexion-improving qualities of the
deadly drug, its use was confined to
wealthy women of fahiin. Soon all
women began to learn of the desirable
pale pink tint imparted to the skin
when arsenic was judiciously taken,
and druggists began to find in arsenic
a profitable source of revenue.
Druggists do not deny (nor do r pu
table physicians) that arsenic carefully
administered may improve the complex
ion or even benefit the system under
certain conditions. But they deplore
the prodigal use .which the poisonous
drug has reached. English law is so
strict regarding the sale of such drugs
that conscientious apothecaries refuse
to supply customers except upon the
prescription of a physician. In America
the laws are more lax, and the most
trivial excuse given by the lady customer
will pave the way for the purchase of
arsenic which an unscrupulous customer
may apply to an unlawful purpose.
A well-known druggist makes the
statement that fly-payer is largely used
in England by women for the same pur
pose to which Mrs. Maybtick devoted it.
Soaking the paper in water ivill extract
the arsenic from the sheet and transfer
the poison to the liquid. It is then ap
plied to the skin or drank in minute
doss with the result which is so appar
ent in Mrs. Maybrick's 'aj.pearance.
Like the opium habit, arsenic eating
grows upon the victim, and its work is
slow but sure. arsenic is used for
anointing purposes, too, by large num
bers of working girls who toil in the
mills and factories. They have not yet
learned the art of eating the drug, and
employ it in a crude fashion by dissolv
ing the substance in water and applying
it in lotion-like form to the face and
hands. Its beautiful effects are not so
quickly apparent as are those of arsenic
eating, but sooner or later the foolish
ictims'of the poisonous drug contract
an appetite for it, and their death is but
a matter of months.
. It is not possible to estimate the ntum
herpf deaths among women for which
the u. arsenic is responsible, ow. ,,
to their : - ut
a goodly pro blood
poisoning cases d to an ig
norant use of . -senic. T iere is no de
nying the act that its use is daily in
ersa i'ng. American women, favored
by the looseness of laws governing
druggists, are enabled to buy arsenic in
its pure state, and do not take kindly to
fly-paper. Doubtless they sympathize
with Mrs. Maybriek, whose confession
has laid before the world the dire emer
gency to which women arsenic' slaves in
England have been reduced. With
characteristic ' A merican independence,
they buy arsenic p)owder or in lumps,
andh seek the seelusion of their homes to
make use of it. -Philadelphid Record.
A well-known newspa:per man liv-ing
in the upper part of the city is the owner
of a pointer dog that answers to the
name of Dash. Dash has tnever bee~n
broken for the nield, and is a family pet.
He opens the gates and doors without
difficulty, and, under the tutelage of the
newspaper man's little daughter, makes
known by means of a set of bloceks his
simple wants. When asked what he
would like, Dash selects the letters
B-o-n-e from the pile of blocks and lays
them in regular sequence at the foot of
the qtuestioner. The question, " What
do you hate?" spurs the dog to spell
B-a-t-h. ".Where. would you like to
go?" asks the dog's little mistress.
-ut, he instanthy spells, and when she
adds, "Where do you go sometimes
that makes miaster very angry and gets
you a whipping?"' he drops his ears and
picks out the blocks that spell 1-n.
Another newspaper man, lhvig- on
Walnut street, near Elev-enth, is th
owner of a very intelligent water span
iel named Prentice. Rtecently Preiitice
was whipped by his master for some mis
demeanor and ran yelling from the room.
He took shelter with another newspamper
man living on an upper floor. and( wheni
the latter petted him and expressed re
grets that he had been punished, Pren
ice immediately took up quarters with
his champion, and now, whenever his
old master, with whom lie was always
on the best. o~f terms, approaches, he
snaps and shows every token oV dislike.
Carrier Pigeons on the Wing.
Yesterday morning at 6:15, city time,
Agent McCullough, of the Southern
Express Company, relecase'd ininet een
carrier pigeons. belonging to E. S. St:arr,
of No. 3i2 South Third street, Pniladecl
pha. Mr. Starr sent the pigeons here
list week, aud Mr. McCullough has been
waiting instructions from him to turn
them loose. The bartch of them arie
among the fastest flyers in the Quaker
City, andl each has attached to both of
its legs a number puniched in a piee of
steel, so that there:~vill be no miistatke
about identifying it. Thie distancee fron:
here to Philadelphia is ~>2t mile-s on an
air line, and when the pigeons were re
leased they flew upward and circeled
around several timies, as they usually do
when they stairt on a journey. At latst
the cntite tineteeni started in a Nor-th
ery direct ion, -nd in a few rin iies
were out of ighit. Mr. St ai-i thin ks
that these pirens will break the eir
for 520) mie-. Agent McCurlloughl tee
grahed Mr. Starr thait th'e pigeons had
been released. Thle fastest of them were
expected to reachi Philaidelphia about 6;
or 7 o'clock y esterday afternoon.
Gireencille Neu's, !4th.
An Unnsual Homicide.
WINNsBORO, September f.-[Special to
The Register.J-Wyatt Walker and Bob
MDuffie, two negroes, got into a diffi
culty several days ago arid Mcbuffie
struck Walker on the head with a rock.
The wound resulted fatally last night.
The Sheriff arrested McDuflie fo-dayv anid
he is now in jail to await his t rial. The
homicide was committed about ten miles
THE MISSISSIPPI RIOT:'
THE MISCONDUCT OF BAD NEGROES
BROUGHT ONTHE TROUBLE.
A Dispassionate Statement of Some or
the Circumstances-Good Men of.Both
Races Bent on Peace-No Further Dii
NEW ORLEANS, September 6.-A spe
cial from Greenwood. Miss., says:
From present appearances it looks as
though the sun of race would supersede
the cloud of war. The Sheriff of this
County returned from Minter City, the
seat of war, last. evening, and reports
everything quiet up there. Four of the
ringleaders, Adolph Horton, Scott Mor
ris, M. J. Dial and Jack Dial, were
killed. The military arrived at Minter
City at 7 o'clock yesterday morning.
Excitement among the negroes was aug
mented by the report that a peaceful
negro had been killed during thw night
for refusing to take up arms against the
Upon the arrival of the troops it was
learned that a party of about 160 ne-.
groes well armed with Winchester rifles
were encamped near Cane Lake. at a
distance of si:: or eight miles from Minter
City. A reconnoitering party of citizens
numberingabout fifty men wasorganized,
and proceeded to interview the belliger
ent blacks. After riding for some
time through a dense forest of cane and
vines, they' arrived at the place desig
nated as the camp of the negroes, but
to their surprise they had moved to
some other place. Search was at once
instituted. Part of the men were detailed
to go in different directions and
make a thorough search of the
entire surrounding country, in
order to discover their whereabouts.
The party, while passing through the
plantation of Mr. C. A. Lownes, came
upon Adoph Horton and Jack Dial, and
they were commanded to surrender,
Without. regarding the command of the
officers, they drew their pistols and
started to run, when they were shot
down. These two were very desperate
and mischievous, and had been the --
pricipal aiders of Cromwell and Thomas
in arousing the negroes of this County.
Other leaders were killed this morning
while resisting arrest. Thomas, Allen
and Cromwell, the moving spirits of the
insurrection, have not been arrested;
but the whites and the better class of
negroes are determined to bring them to
George Allen is another one who
killed another negro last Sunday night
on Townsend's plantation for refusing
to join his band, and it is believed he is
still in this County, Cromwell is an ex
couvict and one of the principal insti
gators of the riot. His whereabouts at
present are unknown, but there are
about seventy or one hundred men
searching the woods for Allen and his
accomplices, of whom there are about
The best of feeling now prevails be
tween the whites and the better class of
negroes, and when this 'troublesome'
de ent has been brought to justtjhe
ffairs will moe' A
The New York Independent has col
lected a large supply of statistics, out
of which it has compiled what is proba
bly an approximately accurate Chris
tian census of the United States. The
totals will appear surprisingly large to
many readers. The whole number of
communicants in this country is placed
at 20,750,000, or about 30 per cent. of
the entire population. The Methodists
outnumber any other denomination, the
membership of the several branches of
that church footing up 4,723,881. Next
come the Roman Catholics with 4,486,
019. The thirteen varieties of Baptists
combined make agreat army of 4,078,589,
and the nine divisiens of Presbyterians
count up 1,180,113. Of Lutherans there
are 998,008; of Congregationalists 475,
608, and of Episcopalians 459,842. The
Catholics outnumber any other singleor
ganic denomination, though not equbl to
the combined strength of the several
varieties-of Metnodists. It is fair to state,
however, that the Catholics count in the
number of their communicants young
children and the entire Catholic popula
tion, while the Protestants inculudeoniy
those who have actually become mem
bers of the church under prescribed
regulations. A classification :of the
statistics shows the Episcopal system to
be largely predominant in the Umted
States. It includes 9,433,198 communi
cants against :4,929,619 under the Con
gregation policy and 2,888,228 under
The Reformed Episcopalians constitute
the smallest denomination; the Mora
vians come next; then the Unitarians and
the Universalists. The Roman Catholics
ar largely increased by immigration.
The growing churches of this country are
the Catholic, the Methodist, the Baptist
and the Episcopal. The others are hardly
holding their own.
The total increase of communicants
last year was 877,000, which is consider
ably greater than the number for 1887.
There is a growing tendency to subdi
vision among the Protestants, and it is
muost pronounced among the Baplistsand
Met hodists. We have already thirteen.
varieties of each.
Thrown from His W.agon and Kilted.
James D. Kirby, commonly called
"Bud" by the companions of his youth,
wa killed in the road below Rich Hill,
near the old A. K. Smith place, last
Thursday afternoon. He and his son
had driven twvo mules hitched to a wagon
to town and were carrying back a load
of doors and sash. Going down a slant
the mules began to run and when they
ame to the steepest part of the hill Mr.
Kirby was thrown out to the front
amongst the traces. He caught hold of
one and held on until he wans so much
cut and bruised and injiured that he
:ied in a few minutes. He was about 50
ears old, a member of the Church and
Masonic fraternity. lHe was a good cit
zen andl will b)e much missed in his comn
nun ity.-Spartanbunry Spartan.
A Suicide at Niagara.
Brmrto, N. Y., Septensber 5. -An
umnknown woman commi tted suicide at
iagara Falls this morning by jumping
nto the wAter inbove the falls. She was
apparently about 25 years old, had red
air and wore a black dress. She wasi
aive when she went over the falls, as
hie was seen to raise her head. She
as ai stranger. and had arrived on the
arly morning train.
Close observers say that Buffalo Bill
ould nlot have inet with success in Eu
ope if he had not worn long hair. His
ocks were, so to speak, the la y e
Elijah Hal ford. President. Harrison's
rivate secretatry, is thinking of pur
hasing a summer residence either in
arblehead or Swampscott, M1 ssrche
etts. He wants to be near the whistling