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HE LEAVES A RED TRAIL.
THE EXPLIOTS OF MORALES, THE
Murders Ranchers and Steals Horses
Without Let-Wins a Bride at the Pis
tol's Point-He Laughs at His Pursuers.
Los ANGELEs, Cal., September G.
There is now riding up and down
through the Counties of Los Angeles,
San Diego and Orange a bandit more
desperate than ever was Tiburcia Vas
quez in his best days, and who promises
to outdo even that famous desperado
before finallly captured. About four
months ago there was discharged from
the State prison at San Quentin, where
he had been serving a seven years' sen
tence for horse stealing, a young Mexi
can about 30 years of age, named
Sylvester Morales. He had been sent up
from La Ballona township, Los Angeles
County, and was-one 'of the most des
perate prisoners ever in the penitentiary.
At least half of his seven years' sen
tence was spent in a dark cell, and the
convict received no credit marks during
his term. Immediately upon his di.
charge, Morales went to the New
Almaden quicksilver mines, near San
Jose, with a partner in crime who had
been released from prison about the
same time. This partner was Joe
Bunch, and the two were ripe for any
villainy. They went into a 'saloon at
the mines on Sunday afternoon and en
gaged in a game of cards, during which
they quarreled over a question as to
who should pay for the drinks.
SHOT HIM ON THE RUN.
Bunch finally paid the score, and the
men came out of the place, mounted the
horses which they had left standing out
side, and started to ride away. Bunch
was first in the saddle, and, when Morales
mounted, his partner started to ride off
in a gallop. The Spaniard galloped after
him, and, while his horse was on a dead
run, drew his revolver and shot Bunch
in the stomach. Morales rode on with
out stopping to see whether or not the shot
had been fatal, and Bunch fell to the
road, where he was afterwaids found
and picked up by some chance passers,
who nursed him back to life. Morales
rode-still onward for 400 miles in a
Southerly direction, stealing thirteen
'good horses on the way and riding them
to death, apd was next heard from on
the 15th inst., at his old stamping ground
in La Ballona. Here he stole a horse
from Senor Refugio Machado, who had
reared the outlaw- from an infant and
had always been his friend. The animal
was a valuable one, and when Morales
learned that it belonged to Machado he
sent word to that gentleman that he had
not intended to sfeal his horse, and
would steal another and return it. Sher
iff Martin Aguirre, Los Angeles County,
was notified, and going down to Ballona,
lay hidden in Machado's barn three
nights, waiting for the man to come.
Then the Sheriff got tired, and, on the
fourth night, Morales rode up to the
barn and left a horse securely tied.
WINS A BRIDE AT THE PISOL'S POINT.
The next heard from the redoubtable
outlaw was on the 20th of August, at
San Diegnito, a little town about ihirty
miles South of San Diego. A Mexican
rancher named Jose Morales, who bears
the same name but is no relation to the
desperado. lives in the outskirts of that
plgeei and on the day in question was
in San Diego on business. Shortly after
noon .the rancher's. adopted daughter,
whose true name is Nymphia Brown,
but who is called Nymphia Morales, was
standing in the front door of her father's
adobe house, looking out upon the street,
when she noticed a dashing cabellero,
mounted on a fiery black horse, come
riding by, and was astenished to see
himpul hi anmalsuddenly
unhsand stop an upo
tifulfor at -t fve minutes, and then
-.dismounted and led his horse up to the
door. Drawing a six-shooter he leveled
it at the now thoroughly terrified young
woman, compelled her to mount his
horse, leaped to the saddle in front of
her and the couple rode off. Since that
day no one of her friends has set eyes
upon Nymphia Morales. When Jose
Morales returned from San Diego he was
horrified to learn of the abduction of his
daughter, and a party was at once or
ganmzed to go in pursuit of the ab
HE COWED flS PURSUERs.
Since that time there has been no let
up in the hot chaseafter the outlaw, and
Morales 'has known no check in his
career of crime. Two members of the
party sent out to rescue the girl over
took the couple at San Juan Capistrano;
in the extreme Southwestern corner of
Orange County, coming upon them eat
ing dinner in the house of a friend of
Morales. 'ihe pursuers saw a black
horse tied in front of his friend's house
and walked boldly in, intending to ef
fect the capture. Morales saw them
coming, however, and was too quick for
them. When they entered the room he
had each of them covered with a six
~sooter, and any attempt to arrest him
was out of the question. One of the
pursuers simply asked for a light for his
cipr-ette, remarking that he was a
fiend and not an enemy. He received
what he asked and withdrew. The pur
suers, when they went away, took the
outlaw~s horse- with,. them, and while
they were. going out of the front door
Morales and the girl walked out of the
back, went up a little hill and disap
peared in some dense brush. This yvas
last Saturday afternoon.
. A RANCHER MUJRDERED.
On Sunday morning the residents of
San Juan Capistrano were horrified to
learn that a wealthy rancher named
Henry Charles, living about four miles
from that place in the mountains, had
been shot down in the night while at
tempting to prevent a thief from steal
ing some of his horses. Charles heard a
noise in the corral about midnight, it
seems, and upon going out to investi
gate was received, upon entering the
gate, with a pistol shot in the groin,
from which he died in a few hours. He
fell at the gate of the corral, and Syl
vester Morales and the abducted girl,
well mounted, rode over his prostrate
body and away into the mountains.
This cold-bliooded murder aroused the
whole country, and the officers of
Orange County started with a large
posse after the desperado. The party
chased him up Santiago Canyon, near
the town of Santa Ana, and while they
were not more than 200 yards behind
him on Tuesday last, Morales met a man
riding a spirited horse and wearing a
gold watch, whom he deliberately shot
down,-taking the horse and the watch.
A little further up the canyon Morales
met a Mexican sheep herder whom he
knew, and whom he told that he would
never be taken alive. He said also that
he knew that he was being pursued,
and that he would make some officers
bite the dust before he was taken.
THE GIRL WEARY UNTO DEATH.
At that time the bandit was armed
With two revolvers, a Winchester rifle
and several large knives, and the girl
seemed frightened and wearied almost to
death. Morales then spurred the horses
ahead,.ompelling the girl to follow, and
that night, while the officers were still
searching for him in the same neighbor
hood, he rode completely around the city
of Los Angeles, reappearing at the little
town of Newhall, sixty miles distant, the
next morning, He could have got clea:
away at this time, but he seems to hav-e
wanted to amuse himself at the expense
of the officers, for he stole a fresh horse
that night from a ranch in San Francis
,.anyon, and on Thursday appeared
again near Santa Ana, and robbed a
drummer, who was riding down Santiago
Canyon, of several hundred dollars. On
Thursday night, the 2Sth. City Marshal
Insley of Santa Ana, received word that
the outlaw had taken refuge with the
girl in the house of a Spanish family
named Para, near the head of the Santi
ago Canyon. and he left Santa Ana at
midnight. wili a posse. By daylight on
Friday the house was surround(led and
the posse advane"d, expecting to get the
outlaw. The expectation was vain.
Morales hod probably heard of their
comling, for he was not there, and the
'ara family said he had not been there.
A WILD GOOSE CHASE.
Then the posse divided, and made
thorotigh search of the hills in that
vicinity, but found no trace of their
man, :lthough a Spanish sheep herder
told them that, the outlaw had hidden
the girl and would play with them alone.
The pursuit. has been kept up the whole
of to-day, but without avail to a late
hour to-night. and Sheriff Aguirre of
Los Angeles County, the most noted
capturer of criminals in Southern Cali
fornia, and a perfectly fearless officer,
has taken the fiel to aid the Orange
County men. Aguirre will endeavor to
trap the desperado.
Morales is well armed and desperate,
and( every Spaiard in the country,
through fear or friendship, will shield
him. He has four biding places, one in
Santiago Canyon, one in La Ballona,
twelve miles South of Los Angeles, one
at. Malaga, fourteen miles North of La
Ballona, and the fourth at Pedro Lopez's
ranch, near Newhall, about twenty miles
North of Malaga. Going from one of
these places to the other he makes a
complete circuit of the city, steaimin
horses as he wants (hem on the way, and
having friends every few miles who
will shield him. The only possible way
to eatht himt is by ambush somewhere
on the road. The whole country here
abouts is terrorized by the outlaw, farm
ers being afraid to go out of their houses
after night, and even residents of the
suburbs of the city are alarmed. Mo
rales will probably commit several other
murders before he is finally captured, as
he has sworn to kill Sheriff Aguirre.
A RUNVWAY TRAIN.
Dashing Down the Alleghany Mountains
at a Fearful Rate of Speed.
"I had an experience last Friday
night that has almost turned me against
railroading, and convinced me that I can
be scared-something I didn't believe
before." A passenger brakeman on the
Pennsylvania Railroad was talking and
the reporter listened.
"We were going East," he went on,
"and had just passed the Gallitzin tun
nel, when I became aware that the train
was whizzing down the mountain at an
unusually rapid gait. The grade for six
or seven miles below the tunnel is about
ninety feet to the mile, and some of the
shortest curves on the division overlook
embankments hundreds of feet deep.
The cars were jumping about, and we
seemed to be flying in mid-air. The
most earefnl engineer on the road
manned tie. engine, and I knew some
thing must be wrong. Then it flashed
through my mind that the air brakes had
played out. I rushed through the train
and began putting on the hand brakes.
I finally reached the rear platform and
turned the brake wheel there. But the
old train was fairly jumping around the
curves now. I could see the moonlight
reflected from a stream of water away
.down below us in the valley, and I
shuddered and wondered how many
seconds it would be until the train
plunged down there. Holding to the
brake wheel for dear Ii limbed out
upon the couple ' stantly believing
that I would -ile to jump better from
that ' hould the train leave the
see the engine, when a
eached, puffing and
rs sinning back
wards. velsed, thbe
brakes w s the hand
system coul and we were
simply sliding own th ntains.
What a terrible tobboggan ride it was!
"The rear car, to whose coupler I
lung, was a special coach and occupied
by a well-known railroad man. I could
see him through the door. He was half
standing, half crouching mn the aisle,
holding to the arms of the seats. His
face was pale from fright.
"I seemed an age to me, but we
finally came to a standstill near Kittan
ling Point. 1 found we had come down
the mountain in seven minutes. The run
is scheduled for thirty minutes. It is
the most dangerous stretch of track on
the road for fast traveling. My surmise
that the air had played out was correct,
for so the engineer told me as he mopped
the perspiration from his face.-Pitts
A PRETTY YOUNG PILOT.
Capt. Minnie Hill, Master of the Clateap
Chief on the Columbia River.
Capt. H. S. Lubbock, superintendent
inspector for the First district, re
cently from a tour of inspection of
steamers in the Portland district. Since
his arrival here his attentioa has been
called to an article lately published in
regard to what women can do and are
doing in the way of earning a livelihood.
The article spoke of a lady who was en
gineer of a steamer on the Columbia
River. and, thinking that a history of
the fair one might prove interesting, a
Chrni-le reporter called on Capt. Lub
bok with a view of learning something
of this paragon. 6.he is not an engi
neer, as was stated, but is master of the
vessel. There is but one other lady
captain known in the United States who
has a master license on the Mississippi
The lady commander of ~the Columbia
was born ~in Albany, Oregon, in 1865,
and lived at that p)lace until a short time
before her nmarriage wvith Charles Hill,
which took place in 1883. Mr. Hill was
at that time purser of the steamer Jo
seph Kellogg. lHe continued in this po
stion for three years, being assisted in
his duti:es by his y'ono;g wife. Living
econoncly all this time they mnanaged
to save .$1,0ti0. W ith this money they
purchased an old schooner, and- con
verted her into a trading boat, putting
a small engine into her. Mrs. Hill's
next step) was to take out a second class
master's license. She hadJ studied navi
gat ion, andl had thoroughly learned the
Columbia and Williamette Rivers while
asisting her husband, and she passed
her exanmination without any trouble.
Her husband obtained an engineer's li
cense ini December, 1886, for the steamer
Minie 1l1ll, to run from Portland to
Astoria, a distance of 110 miles. They
then bought a stock of goods on credit
and launched into a trading business at.
the various poiints on the Columbia
Their venture wvas crowned with suc
cess, andl in the second year their busi
ness had as-sumed sueb proportions that
they were obliged to get a larger
seaner,.for whiiich t hey paid three thou
said dollars, money which had been
made by them (durmng their first year in
trading, besides paying off all indebted
ness. They bought. the Catslap Chief,
and on November 20, 1887, Mrs. Capt.
Hill applied for and was granted a mas
ter's and pilot's licenses, and on that
day she entered on her duties as com
mander of the Clatsap Chief, while her
husband went on as engineer. A larger
stock of goods was put on board.
as they had found it profitable to
branch out and take in more territory.
Another year followed, and their for
tune was pretty well established. Capt.
Minnie Hill and her husband and their
trading were known all over the Colum
bia and Williamette Rivers. The cap
tain had won the hearts of every one by
her happy disposition, her kindly heart
and charming manner, while the en
gineer was egn:i!ly well liked for his
upright and ni:.uly qualities. In another
year they bought. the steamer General
Newde for $7,500. The steamer is 111
5-12 feet in length, 20 5-12 feet beam,
and has a depth of hold of 5 feet. Their
buiness is flourishing greater than
ever. They now carry nearly every article
that can be found in a general mer
chandise store. Engineer Hill runs the
lower deck, where he looks after the
unw-ns wants, :.nd the captain dickers
with the women on the upper deck, and
is said to be an excellent hand at making
a scbrew! bargain. She steers their ship
of life, and tier 'usband gallantly re
sponds to the bells, and -goes ahead" or
"slows down" as she directs, and a hap
pier couple is unknown. When not on
the river their home is in Portland,
where it is said they have accumulated
property to the amount of about $25,000.
Mrs. Captain Hill is a handsome bru
uette. about tive and a half feet in
height, and weighing about 140 pounds.
She has the happy faculy of making
'riends, and no one is more highly
thought of among her large circle of ac
quaintances than is Mrs. Capt. Minnie
Hill.-Sun Francisco Chronide.
DARLINGTON BASERALL INCIDENT
True Story of the Difficulty Between
Young Dargan and Marshall.
(D irlington es, Sept. 6.)
During the match game of baseball
played bere between the Wadesboro and
[)arlington teams on Friday afternoon
last, one of the saddest events occurred
which it has ever been our unpleasant
duty to chronicle. The Wadesboro boys
were, as a rule, a fine, manly set of
fellows, and were moreover excellent
ball tossers. As Darlington also had a
good team, the game, as far as it went,
was the finest ever seen in this town,
and was much enjoyed by a large con
course of spectators. In the latter half
of the seventh inning, Darlington was
at the bat, the score. standing eight to
four in favor ot' Wadesboio. Two men
had been put out on the Darlingtou side,
and Mr. Wm. Marshall, the umpire for
Wadesboro, declared Mr. McIver
Williamson out on third base,
which would have made the side
out. Emile Dargan, an eighteen
year-old son of Congressman Dargan,
was the next at the bat on the
Darlington side, and with a view to
taking his place at the home plate in
the event that his side was not out, was
holding.a bat in his hand. The Dar
lington boys were not satisfied with the
verdict of the umpire in the case of Mr.
McIver Williamson, and insisted that he
had been pushed from the base by the
third-baseman. This brought on words
between Mr. Dargan and Mr. Marshall,
which was ended by the former saying:
"Whoever says it's out, tells a lie."
The two were standing some distance
apart, and after making this remark,
Dargan turned as if to walk off. Mar
shall, evidently angry at what he had
said, rushed towards him with his fists
clinched as if to strike. Just as he
reached Dargan, the latter turned sud
denly, and seeing Marshall upon him,
quick as thought struck him upon the
head with the bat which he was holding
in his hand. Marshall fell flat; in a
moment a crowd gathered around, and
a general row was imminent. This was,
however, fortunately prevented by some
of the cooler heads, who hurried Dargan
quickly from the grounds. The Wades
boro toys were, as was natural, very
much excited at first, but by the time
the train arrived that night on
which they were to leave for home, they
bad evidently calmed down considerably
and were disposed to take a more ra
tional view of the distressing occurrence.
Tlhe doctors who examined Marshall de
clared that his symptoms were very seri
ous, -but notwithstanding that fact, his
friends decided that it would be best to
take him home that night. Smece then
repeated reports of his improvement
have been received, and yesterday the
Edvicemswere that he was not only .bet
ter, but that the physician attending
him had given the opinion that he would
get well. It would be impossible to
convey any adequate idea of the gratifi
cation with which this news was received
in Darlington, where the greatest sym
pathy is felt for both of the young men.
Young Dargan is of course greatly
distressed. He is a delicate looking lad,
and has never before been known to
have been involved in a personal diffi
culty, being by nature unusually quiet
and'reserved in his manner. His an
tagonist, on the other hand, is a fully
developed man, of good stature, and is
apparently about 26 years of age. In
making these statements it is to be dis
tinctly understood that there is no in
tention to reflect upon Mr. Marshall in
the slightest degree. From all accounts
he is a most estimable gentleman. He
was justly angry on account of the in
sult which he had received, and his
purpose evidently was to punish Dargan
Gen. Sherman 'Ejected from a Car,
Grand Army men in Chicago were
very much stirred up Saturday about an
interview with Major Hoyt Sherman, a
brother of Gen. W. T. Sherman, in
which it was stated that when the Gen
eral and his brother reached the depot
in Milwaukee Friday night to take the
train for Chicago at the close of the en
campment the old warrior was very
much fatigued; that they were shown
ito a .ear and were just comfortably
seated when a lot of members of Phil
Sheridan Post, of Chicago, came into the
car; that they insisted that the occupants
had no right there, and that the General
and his brother were compelled to seek
seats elsewhere. Mr. W. C. Curtis, com
m.der of Phil Sheridan Post, admitted
that it was an awkward affair, but held
that the members of the post were not
to blame in the matter. The trouble, he
thought, arose out of the fact that the
General was tired and his brother un
necessarily quick-tempered. The facts,
he said, were that the car had been
chartered by a number of members of
the post who had their wives with them.
When they reached the depot they
found the seats taken, and, not knowing
that Gen. Sharman was on board,
orered the porter to clear the car,
which he proceeded to do. When the
discovery was made that Gen. Sherman
was being eject ed a member of the post
offered him his seat, which he declined.
Mr. Curtis says the General did not
seem angered about the matter, but that
Major Sherman was in high dudgeon.
Tey went forward into another car,
where seats had been reserved for them.
We saw this morning t wo rat tlesnakes
at Mr. J. H. Strauss's store in Brooklyn,
that were killed by his son, Mr. James
Strauss, at White Oak. One was 644
inches long, 31 inches across the head
and 10 inches around the body. The
other was 75 inches long, 2 inches around
t he body and 22 inches across the head.
Tey- were killed by Mr. Strauss on
Thursday with a stick.
Two large rattlesnake skins, tanned
and dressed, were brought up to the city
this morning for the purpose of having
slippers made for seven members of the
engineer corps of the W., 0. & E. C.
Railroad. The snakes were killed by
members of tlie corps. One of them
was of the diamond back variety, which
is somewhat rare.- Wilmington Review.
King Alfonsn, the baby potentate of
Spain, has just enjoyed his first sea
bath. He must get used to breakers.
Tere. area ood~ many ahade of him.
HER CRIMES ARE LEGION
A GEORGIA WOMAN'S NOTORIOUS
CAREER IN THE NORTH.
Eloped from Georgia With a Yankee Offi.
cer Drugged a Nan and Married Him
Held a Millionaire for Ransom-Now
NEw YoRK, September G.-Mrs. An
nie Whittemore, one of the most notori
ous women in-the country, who could
well be designated the American Nana,
is again in trouble. She is variously
known as Whittemore, Walling or Wal
lingford, and has figured in half the
courts between the Atlantic and Pacific,
either as complainant or defendant, in
both civil and criminal actions. She has
been tried in New York for bigamy and
in Philadelphia for blackmail, while in
Boston she was interested in a horse
stealing case. This time she is accused
of stealing a gold watch, and is in a cell
at police headquarters. Annie Whitte
more began her career in New York in
18:2 having come from Philadelphia.
She was arrested November 9 of that
year for improper conduct.
At that time she seemed to roll in
wealth. Her diamonds were the talk of
the concert halls on the West side of the
city, and a handsome and. high-spirited
black horse she drove .made her a well
known figure in the park and on the
road. Many a man prominent in business
circles in those days considered himself
fortunate in being able to sit beside this
widow behind her fast flying stepper.
During this period she was connected
with one or more brokers' houses in the
streer, and she turned many dollars into
the coffers of the firms that employed
her. But Annie's fortunes began to
wane. Her diamonds went to the pawn
shop, and her fast roadster was seized
In 1884 the then much reduced widow
met an engraver in good circumstances.
who was employed by one of the bank
note companies. He was already married
and was living with his wife in Brook
lyn, but that made no difference to the
unscrupulous Annie. She made vigor
ous love to him, and, according to his
story, drugged him with liquor, and
while totally unconscious of his own
acts, took him before a minister by whom
they were married. Not long after that
the woman was arrested for drunkenness
on the Brooklyn bridge, and the fact of
her wedlock to a man previously married
came to light. She was acquitted, but
her unlawful husband was sent to the
Mrs. Whittemore is the daughter of a
Southern planter, who owned an estate
in North Georgia, according to her own
statement, and ran away from home
when she was 14 years old to marry a
Capt. Wallingford of the United States
army. Her life with the soldier was not
of the pleasantest, ansi from him she se
cured a divorce. In succeeding years
she acknowledges that she had five or
six other husbands, from whom she was
separated by death or divorce. She
figured prominently in Washington
some years ago, where she war a mem
ber of the lobby.
She also had a claim against the gov
ernment for $800,000 for damages
against her father's estate, in which she
interested many men of national fame.
This claim was before Congress for sev
eral sessions, but was finally thrown out
as fraudulent. Mrs. Whittemore boasted
of many prominent people as being con
nected with her by blood, and claimed
to be a near relative of the late Presi
dent Andrew Johnson. She was also a
close friend of the late railroad presi
dent, Tom Scott, and through his in
fluence she gained many ardent sup
porters for her claim against the gov
One of the last acts which made the
woman notorious in New York was the
confinement in her rooms of a weak
minded man from Philadelphia. He
was a bookbinder by trade and had
amassed a considerable fortune. She
made his acquaintance in Philadelphia,
and in some way induced him to New
York, so it is said. When she got him
here she proposed to keep him a close
prisoner until she could get possession
of part of his fortune. He threw a
note out of the window, however, and
attracted the attention of a citizen, who
info.med the old man's relatives and he
was released. She was taken to the
Tombs police conrt this morning and
held for examination.
EBEOR OF JUDGMENT.
How a Lightning Rod Agent Protected
"About fifteen years ago, when I was
in the lightning rod buswuess in this
State," said a Detroit insurance man the
other day as he slowly sipped his ginger
ale, "we got a job on a farmer's big
barn in Nankin township. We had. had
hard work to get him, as he was an un
believer in the virtue of the rods, but
he finally consented and we went ahead,
giving him the most solemn assurance.
of course, that his barn would be pro
tected beyond question. We had just
finished work when a thunder storm was
observed coming up and he remarked
that it would be a good time to test the
rods. We put our team in the barn, but
preferred the house for our sbelter.
"Well, the storm camne along and, as
it reached us, there was a flash and a
bang, everybody got a shock and when
we came to look out the barn was on fire
in a dozen places. Before we could get
the team and wagon out it was too late
and they burned with the structure."
"How did you explain it to the farm
er?" was asked.
"We didn't explain it at all. He did
the explaining. He got down a shot
gun and explained that if we didn't get
beyond range before he could count fifty
be would open fire. We got and we
never even went back to claim the iron
work of the wagon."'
"Could the rods have been valueless?"
"Then how did it happen?"
"I thbink it was an error iu judgment
on the part of Providence. I think the
dea was to strike the house and kill me
and my partner!"-Detroit Free Press.
The Girl in White.
The Richmond correspondent of the
Petersburg Index-Appeal says: A very
pretty Virginia girl went to Ne w York
last month to spend a few weeks with
an aristocratic relative-a widow with
two fashionable daughters. The South
ern girl had niever been to New York
before. She took a bountiful supply oi
white muslin dresses but no frock of
heavy stuff for evening wear. The first
evening of her visit she arrayed herself
in white. What could be more becom
ing or more suitable for a warm night?
lint the hostess and the two daughters
were horrified. They told the girl that
white was never worn in "good society"
in New York and that she must
never put on a white dress again. while
she was there. The next (lay the visi
tor, accompanied by the New York la
dies, went shopping and afterwards to
the dressmakers. In a week the fair
visitor was properly attired in New York
fashion. In speaking of this to one of
our most noted society ladies-a lady
who has spent a good deal of her time
North and abroad-I was told that one
reason that white was not worn in New
York was on account of the exorbitant
laundry rate. Two or three sumumerslago
she determined to defy Northern custom
and on several occasions appeared in a
white dress. She had to pay ten dollars
each time she had a dresslaundried. And
the dress was not half as nicely "done
up"' as when the old black lady at home
ORGANIZATION OF THE SECRET OR
DER OF THE MYSTIC CIRCLE.
A Combination-Against Wives-A Society
- That Lends Financial Aid in Domestic
Diffculties and Its Singular Regula
PHILADELPHIA, September 6.-The
most extraordinary society ever or
ganized in this country has just found
stamping ground in this city. Its title
is "The Order of the Mystic Circle." Its
object sare the protection and the relief
of unfortunate husbands.
Only those men are eligible to member
ship-who have had difficulties with their
wives. The difficulties, to pass muster,
must be of a serious character. A mem
ber once admitted ceases to be in good
standing when his marital difficulties
cease. The patching up of a household
truce is a cause of suspension and in
The meeting place of the new order is
807 Sansom street. A safe and invio
late retreat has been secured in the top
most floor of that building. Stalwart
guards have been provided to protect
the approaches. Unknown faces are
proscribed. A failure to accomplish the
most intricate grip evolved by secret so
cieties deters even a member in good
standing from admission. Possibilities
of surprise and exposure have been
made almost as remote as with a Ma
It was only a few nights ago that the
initial meeting, at 807 Sansom street,
was held, and a temporary organization
effected. The fame of the new order
had spread. The half dozen originators
of the design had communicated their
inspiration to those of their friends
whom they knew to be in the throes of
hymeneal trouble. In an incredibly
brief time two hundred damaged hus
bands knew that there was balm in
Gilead. They attended the meeting.
They listened to the unfolding of the
scheme. They approved of it. They
elected their officers, formed their com
mittees and paid in their first install
The- husband who had the worst case
and possessed the most implacable wife
was unanimously elected to the chief
executive office. There was no suspicion
of sarcasm when he was conducted to
the chair at the head of the heuse and
received the degree of "Grand Master."
He is a well known Republican politician
and a leading official of the Custom
Husbands who occupy distinguished
positions in business and official circles
received the distribution of offices. Both
the rank and file of the membership
proved to be select and exclusive.
Among the most enthusiastic circles
were a number of special officers and
patrolmen. Several saloon keepers and
cigar sellers proved their. eligib.lity and
were sworn in.
The leading executive committee of
the organization was composed of men
whose family affairs were involved be
yond question and their adjustment
outside the bounds of probability. They
are distinguished by the title of the
"Grand Jury." There are twenty-five of
The office of the grand jury is the
most important and the most laborious
one of the order. It composes the re
sponsible body which tests and passes
upon the eligibility of applicants for
membership. It exercises supervision
over the sub-committees chosen to carry
out the secret work of the order. The
most important and responsible of these
subsidiary bodies are the black bottle
committee and the detective committee..
The first duty of the grand jury, as
explained at the preliminary meeting, is
.to receive and rigorously examine in a
private room an applicant who claims
the protecting privileges of the order.
Among the injunctions laid upon the
applicant are these: He must prove by
documentary evidence or by a witness
that some intangible difficulty exists be
tween himself and his worse half, and
that his existence, in consequence, is
miserable. He must produce a photo
graph of his wife, which is to be filed in
the picture gallery of the order. After
the examination of the applicant he is
dismissed, the grand jury debates the
question of his eligibility and reports to
the grand master.
If successful, an initiation fee ranging
from $1 to $5, according to the degree
of hopelessness in the case, is imposed
upon the new member. This is followed
by regular payments into the excuequer
of the order of twenty-five cents a
month. The society binds itself to pay
all counsel fees, in cases of law suits,
and to contribute alimony if a divorce
takes that unfortunate course. For tbis
purpose the members are assessed
The detective committee, composed of
three, is designed to hunt up evidence
in the husband's behalf. The black
bottle committee administers conso
The Mystic Circle has decided to por
cure a charter and to conduot its busi
ness on a profoundly legitimate basis.
One or two lawyers are in the order.
The charter is exoected i-1 three weeks.
HOW TO RAISE JUTE.
A Subjiect of Some Tnterest in View of
the Fight Against the Jute Trusts.
While off on his recent summer trip,
Mr. William Rodgers of Georgia visited
Washington City and the Department of
Agriculture, wvhere he learned mauy im
terestiug points that will assist him in
the development of his plans. The fol
lowing will be of interest:
"Jute will grow in any of the South
ern States adapted to ramie. It will
not thrive ini very sandy soil, but in
lands of alluvial bottomn or in fiooded
valleys, or in high, mjoist, sandy loam.
Alluvial mold is favorable to its growth.
The land for this crop must be well
broken up in the field uutil thbe soil has
been thoroughly pulverized, deeply ex
posed to the sun and air and manured.
March and April are the best months at
the South. Harrowing is necessary both
before. and after sowing. It is well to
sow after a rainy day. The -seed is
sown broadcast from twenty to thirty
pounde per aere. From the time of
sowing to the time ot harvesting, soy
about four months, the only work to be
done is to keep the land clear of weeds
and to thin out the stalks that grow too
thickly. This work is done by hands
going through the field, and faeilitates
the growth of the plants.
"Jute must be cut while the plant is
in flower, because the fibre is then more
glossy and less woody; the cutting of
the stalks can be done either by a
mower or case-knife. The stalks are
eft in the field three or four days till
the leaves fall off and are then carried
to the decorticator.
"Jute, sown broadcast at the rate of
about twenty-five pounds seedl to an
acre, gives eight stalks, eleven to twelve
feet high, to the square foot. The 44,
000 sluare feet of an acre will, there
fore, give 350,000 stalks, which average
about one and a half pounds of market
able product to the hundred stalks, or
5,200 pounds of jute fibre, worth two
cents per pound, yielding $104 per acre.
"The decorticating or separation of
the fibre from the stalk has heretofore
pevented the extensive cultivation-of
these plants in this country, because the
work was done by cheap labor of the
Eastern countries, with which our better
paid laborers could not profitably com
pete. But the inventive genius of our
countrymen has been stimulated during
the la decade to prao machinery
which would sucessefully compete with
the 5-cents-a-day labor of the Orient.
"Many machines have been devised,
and some of them are reported to be
very successful. For a time it was a
much mooted question whether the
stalks should be decorticated in a gi en
or dry state, but it now seems to be the
more popular opinion that it is the most
e onomical to decorticate them while
"It cannot be distinguished between
the different makers in favor of any par
ticular one, as the department bas not
seen them iu operation and can only
have a theoretical opinion of their re
spective merits, founded on their de
scriptions, but a recent invention has
been made abroad, which the depart
ment is now invest igating, which is said
to decorticate the stalk in the field with
out the use of machinery and tue usu.l
process of rotting and lietching. If I his
proves to be true, it will greatly siini
late the growth of fibrous plants :is
now without doubt on the threshold < f
a new and great industry in the cult ure
and manufacture of fibrous plants,
whose cleared fibres are produced in
vast amouti's. But the cultivation of
both ramie and jute is no longer an ex
periment. Smull parcels of seed for
trial have been distributed by the dt
partment during the past few years. anul
both pl:ints are now largely cultivated
in the South and Southwestern States,
many acres in Texas alone being now in
SHE RODE LIRE A MAN.
A Young Woman Who Attracted Atten
tion as She Sped Her Bicycle.
I saw rather a novel sight in the park
on Sunday-a woman riding astride a
bicycle, and yet so perfeetiy pleasing
and modesi a position did it seem I hat,
it apparentlv attracted fno special at en
tion, although she was riding along on
of the most crowded drives. There are
two bicycle clubs with lady members,
but this is the first time I have seen one
venture into the park in this fashion,
and since she seemed to do it with so
little inconvenience to herself she will
probably soon have many imitators and a
great encouragement will be given to an
admirable form of exercise for women.
She was a young icman-about 20, 1
should judge-slim and graceful and
extremely pretty. She rode one of the
bicycles in whith the wheels are both of
medium size, the forewheel but little
larger than the rear one, and the saddle
is lifted to the proper height by
a steel stem. A mail bycicle .it
is called, I believe, but seems emi
nently suited to the female, if one may
be permitted to say so, in consideration
of the fact that the weather is hot and
On this little saddle the lady sits, her
feet resting on the pedals, somewhat
forward, and neither wheel interfering
in the least with her skirts, which hang
around her very much as if she were
sitting on a high, narrow chair. The
girl 1 saw wore a gray gingham gown,
made with one plain, mdderately full
skirt of ordinary walking length. Tbe
waist was a plain skirt waist of the same
material, with a turnover collar, under
which was loosely knotted a blue and
white scarf. It was fastened down the
front with gold studs and belted with a
broad canvas belt of blue to match
the scarf. The full skirt sleeves were
gathered into a cuff fastened with gold
sleeve links. On her head was one of
those stiff blue straw sailors, with a
plain band of ribbon about it, such as
the women buy at the fashionable hat
ters'. She wore dark brown pigskin
snoes and no gloves, and looked busi
nesslike, comfortable and cool.
She was riding in company with some
half dozen male cyclers, and did not
seem in the least conscious, managed
h'er wheel skillfully, winding confidently
in and out among the - carriages, and
evidently found her costame quite
fitted for the purpose and not at all in
the way of her management of her steel
horse. Since I saw this I have heard
several women announce their intention
of following suit.-Brooklyn Eagie.
State Alliance Executive Committee.
A meeting of the Executive Commit
tee of the State Farmers' Alliance was
held in this city last night.
Mr. M. L. Donaldson of Greenville,
who was elected State Business Agent
at the last meeting of the Alliance,
was authorized to receive bids
and propositions from manufacturers
and merchants for furnishing it
members of the Alliance as individuals,
or~as organizations, anything and every
thing that a farmer needs or uses.
Mr. Donaldson is now ready to re
cive propositions and prices from
tmanfacturers of and dealers in aigri
cultural machinery, implemnents, tools,
etc., fertilizers, and supplies of every
These propositions and prices will be
kept, st~ictly confideptial and will be
only made known to members of the
order. The idea is, while seeking to
secure for the farmer the lowest prices
and best terms possible, to also give to
stch dealers and manufacturers .as
choose to take advantage of the oppor
tunity, by making close figures, to in
crease the volume of the business. In
this way it is believed possible to secure
mutual advantage to all parties cou
The business agent, Mr. Donaldson,
will transmit these propositions and
offers to the members of the order
throughout the State through the proper
Mr. Donaldson was also authorized by
the executive committee to travel with
Mr. Tferrell through the State, when
practicable, with tuhe object of facilitat
tg the establishment. of the State Ex
change, the joint stock company w'hichi
was prov'ided for at the late meeting of
the State Alliance. Mr. Donaldson's
efforts will be directed to advancing in
every way possible the early establish
ment of tt c Exchange, from which so
much beneit is expected to be derived
by members of the order.-LCo/umbia
Register, &pt. '.
In the Orchard.
' he A utumn leave-s are whirled away;
The sobe'r bkius look down
On taded fields and woodlands gray,
Andt the (dun-colored town.
Through the brown orchard's gusty aisle,
In sad -hued gown and hood
Slow pass~es, with a peaceful smile,
A maiden pure and good.
Her deep, serene and dove-like eyes
Are cownward bent; her face,
Whereon the day's pale shadow lies,
Is sweet with nameless grace.
The frolic wind beside her blows;
The sear leaves dance and leap:
With hands before her cia-ped, she goes
As in a waking bleep.
To her the ashen skies are bright,
The russet earth is fair;
And never shone a clearer lIght,
b or breathed a softer air.
wizard love! whose magic art
Transmnu-es to run the shad,
Thine are the be.amns that till io heairt
Ot this meek Quaker ma id.
On Thursday of last week John Welsh,
a white man 24 years of age, living near
Blenheim, Marlboro County,accidentally
cut the large artery in his thigh with a
pocket-knife, which caused his death in
a few minutes.
The Democratic party is the grandest
party that ever wielded the destinies of
this Republic. It is the party of the
people, of the working man,, of low
taxes, of a government economically ad
nister.d.--Ym York Herald.
MgnNIsro-, s. C.
A GRADED SCHOOL FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.
Twenty-Second Session Begins Monday, September 2, 1889.
REV. T. .1. ROOKE, MRS. E. C. ALSBROOK.
Miss Marie Graves, of Virginia, a skilled and experienced teaeber of Music
and Art has been; employed as assistant
Thorough instruction given in Hebrew, German. Greek, French, Latin,
Book-keeping, Calisthenics, and Kindergarten. (No extra charge)
The )epartnent.of vocal and instrumental Music will receive careti and
systematic attention Special attention will be given to Reading, Spelling,
Singing, English Composition, Penmanship, and Drawing
The Department of Fine Arts will include Charcoal and Crayon Sketching,
Water and Oil Painting, Lustra, Kensit.gton, and other ornamental v rk.
The school is non-sectarian. Boarding pupils are required to attend Sun
day'-school and Church at least once every Sabbat h.
The most approved text books are used. The blacklb)?rd is deenedl an es
sential in the class room. The meaning of an author is invariably reaired of
each pupil. In all work done, in whatever department, and whatever the ex
tent of ground covered, our motto shall always be -HoROUai s$s. To this end
we shall require that every lesson be learned, if n in titue for the class reei
tation, then elsewhere. No real progress can he made s:) long as the pupil is
allowed Io go on from day t4 day reciting only half perfect lesous.
TiRMS PER MONTH OF FOUR W .KS.
Primary D)epartment (3 years' course),............. ..$1.00, $1.51, and $2.00
Interieliate Iepartmient l2 years' course) ............ ........ ...... ,I
liigher ).g.uarmnent (2 year,' course),........... .------.........-- 3.1-1, ---- - . 3.5
C'ollegiate Department (3 years' course)....................... $4.In, anId .1)
'Music, Iticinlding use of instrument.............................--.- -i
Painting and )rauin................................. 4
Contingent Fee, per session of 5 mouths, in advaice,..................-..--.
Board, per month....................................................... S 0
Board trot, Monday to Friday (per month),......................... . 0
Before deciding to what school to send your children consider the superior
advantages f the Academy for a thorough business education and prepara
tion for Colleges and Universities.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery. Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
I epairis e.rec uhld1 with promptness and Dispatch. &ndfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
It. C. B&n.xt.Ey, President.
C. Bi.cs-m JENKrNS, Gen'I Mamager. RIcnaRD S. GAa-rr, Sec. & Treas.
The Cameron& Barkeley Gompany.
-AND AGENTS FR
Erie Cityr Engine and Boilers, Atlas Engine and Boilers, the famous little
Giant Hydraulic Cotton Press, Eagle Cotton Gins.
We have in stock one each 60, 65, and 70 saw Eamgle Gin, only shop worn,
that we are offering way below cost. Send for prices.
Oils, Rubber and Leather Belting, and a complete line of Mill- Supplies.
We Gutaranitee Lowest Prices for Best Quality of G}oods.
CAMERON & BARKE LEY CO., Charleston, S. C.
SEBOKENDORF & MIDDL ETON,
No. 1 Central Wharf,
CHA]RLSTON, S. C.
*F. W. CAPPELMANN,
I)EALERl IN CHOICE GROCERIIES,
WINES. LTQUORS, TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
-s. E:. Cor*. Meing and Reid Stsq., CHARLESTON, S. C.
(Choie Flour au specialty'. Supars sold near cos;t. No charge for draynge. Goods deliv
ered free to depot. Conr orer popty attended to.
At ILant. ePhosphate Compn
C'EEA.IT MSTO1, S. C.
.- MANUFACTURERS OF
ST AND A RD F ER TIL IZE RS,
AxD TMPORTERs oF
P-ure Germnan "EEainit.
'PE LZER, RODGE RS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHARLESTON, S. &.
Mu. M. L:vr, of Manning, will be pleased to supply his friends and the public gener
ally, with any of the above brands of' Fertiliz.-rs.
OF PURE COD LIVER OIL L'
um HYPOPEOSPEITES CL
Almost as Palatable as Milk. O,
S i sguised that it cantb ae. ~ L E/
canot be toeated; and by he coma
bination of the onl with the hypophos-AD4
phites Is much more effieacious. H
Remarkable as a flesh produeer.
Persons gain rapidly while taking it.
800Trr'SEMULSIO~lis acknowledgeabY y teCr
raon in the world for the relief and cure 0of ysCr a a
ENERAL DEBILITY, WASTINOChaI~e l
DISEASES, EMACIATION, ly nlmain eiteSrs
COLDS and CNRONIO COUCNS. .etrsteSne fTse ml
The great remedyj for Consaumptian, and Hern___
Wsting in Children. Sold b1t all Druggists.
H3Bemme's. RestGcaiDugsora b,
Tryt hesyCure: - ontm' nrlt
(U s~~~~~topmthe m foH u e, alnsiethem Sre.
~ Ihvemaethe seses of Tse ml
Sen atee e for ua ntreeanaFEtEsBtran