Newspaper Page Text
IDNAPPED POUR YEARS AGO.
Little Frank Butt of Xinnneapolis Found,
but His Mother Is Missing.
MnimE.Pous, Minn., October 10.
About four years ago little Frank Butt,
an 8-year-old lad living with his wid
owed mother at 110 Fifth street North,
was abducted. The police now claim to
have solved the mystery of his disap
pearance. Little Frank's mother was
almost distracted by the loss of her son.
Every effort was made to find the boy,
but without success. Finally the search
was given up, and not very long after
ward Mrs. Butt herself disappeared. No
body in Minneapolis seems to know
where she went. Two detectives spent
all day yesterday searching in Minneap
olis and St. Paul for some trace of her,
but no clew to her whereabouts could
be found. The police have now, as a
last resort, sent the following notice to
"Mrs. Butt, who had a sou kidnapped
about four years ago, can learn some
thing of importance with regard to
Charles F. Butt, her lost son, by calling
at police headquarters at once.'
There is a romantic story about the
little boy's disappearance. Mrs. Butt
kept boarders four years ago. She was
a charming woman and the younger
boarders did not hesitate to show their
admiration. One in particular, a young
fellow named Price, was very attentive
both to Mrs. Butt and her boy. It is
said that he made the pretty widow an
offer of marriage, but, was refused.
Then, in revenge, he planned to steal
her boy, so at least. the story runs. Price
took the little fellow to the theatre one
day and that was the last seen of him in
Minneapolis. It was rumored that
Price had taken the boy to Mexico, but
that was only a report. It is said that
the police have now heard that the little
boy is in a small town in California,
alive and well. Meantime they are very
anxious to find Mrs. Butt.
CHICAGO'S LADY BICYCLISTS.
About a Thousand Ladies Who Ride for
Pleasure as Well as Health.
"There are now about 15.000 veloci
pedes of all kinds in Chicago, 4,000 of
which were sold this year," says a dealer
in the Chicago Journal. "There are
from 4,500 to 4,800 expert bicyclists,
and about 1,000 ladies' machines in use.
By actual count there were over 500 in
use last June, and the demand has been
very aetive all summer.
"I brought the first twenty-eight of
them to Chicago a year ago last June,
and the first ladies who learned to ride
were Miss Blackman and Miss Fehrman.
"it is a most wholesome and health
ful exercise, and you would be aston
ished at the rapid improvement of
ladies who have taken it up. For in
stance, Miss Grace Lloyd, one of our
most expert riders, was ordered by her
doctors to have a change of climate.
Instead of that she took to riding and
gained twenty pounds in a few months.
"For amusement she rode alongside
of Tuttle when he was training for the
races, and she can now do a quarter
mile in thirty-nine seconds. Pretty good
going for a girl, isn't it? How far can a
lady ride? Well, Miss Fehrman rides sixty
or sixty-five miles every Sunday, and I
could name ten young ladies who, with
a week's practice, could easily do 100
miles in a day."
-A Bear Prightens a Young Lady Almost
to Death and is Shot.
CHICAGO, Ill., October 7.-Ome of the
cinnamon bears in a show, which has
been exhibiting at a place in Halsted
street, broke open its cage Sunday night
and escaped. He started down the
street and reached Indiana street, where
a young lady was slowly walking, eat
jan-apl the while. His bearship
* oreand went
over to make the y~ gl 'y .t-ix
ance. In a moment there was a series
of shrieks as the hot breath of the bear
fanned the lady's cheeks. She dropped
her auple, which the bear picked up.
q The ladv started on a double quick for
Clark street, yelling all the time at the
top of her voice.
~The bear caught up with her, and
playfully putting his big forefeet on her
shoulders, trotted along on two legs.
Officers Frenson and Maloney discov
ered the two, the young woman border
*ing on hysterics and the '<ar evidently
enjoying his companion's fright. The
officers quickly cut his -career short by
The Eicene Creed Controvergy.
It is rather startling to see a theologi
cal controyersy which convulsed the
Christian world for six centuries, and
finally ended in the separation of the
Eastern from the Western Church, re
vived at this late period here in New
York. -The Episcopal General Conven
tion was occupied for t wo days last week
in discussing what is known as the
flNogue clause of the Nicene Creed, the
opposition to that clause on the part of
a few members of the convention, who
chdrish the project of a union between
the Greek and the Anglican Churches,
K.taking the form of an opposition to the
use of the entire creed. The victory
was overwhelmingly on the side of the
defenders of the creed, filiogue clause
- and all, but that an effort was needed to
achieve it is remarkable.
c -The.creed in its original shape, as
adopted by the Council of Nice in the
year 327, is accepted, not only by ortho
~Iox Protestants, as well as the Roman
Catholic Church, but also by the Greek
Church. In some unexplained manner,
-however, the words filiogue, signifying
that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the
Son as well as from the Father, were
added to it at a later date, and are now
generally regarded as a part of its text,
by Protestants and Roman Catholics
alike, while they are vehemently rejected
by the Greek Catholics.
O'1 the nice theological point involved
in the controversy, it is of course out of
our province to express an opinion, and
we speak of it only to dispel the errone
ous idea which has got abroad that the
whole creed, ana not merely this dis
puted clause, was attacked by those who
spoke and voted against making its reci
tal obligatory.-Ke~w York Times.
A Bad Character.
A St. Louis paper of a recent date
says: J. J. Boyle, the ex-priest of the
Roman Catholic Church, who is now on
trial for his life at Raleigh, N. C.,
charged with outraging Gc.neva Whita
ker in May, was well known in this city
a year ago, and has been here at an
even later date. Boyle's reputation
while here was best known to the police,
and he is -given a very bad character.
About one year ago he officiated at a
Catholic church in a small town in
Illinois, but left in disgrace, having
contrived to raise a large sum of money
for the purpose of building a new
church, and having then come to St.
Louis to spend it among fast women.
About a year ago officer Carr arrested
the man at a house on Spruce street
for disturbing the peace, on complaint
of one of the inmates. He was let off
Swith an easy fine, but was subsequently
brought up in the same court a number
A Bribe for Nevada.
The promoters of the Louisiana lottery,
it is said, taking advantage of the de
caying fortune-s of Nevada. have offered
that State the sum of $50,000 a year if
its Legislature will sanction by law open
lotteries within that State, and this offer
is shrewdly accompanied by the sugges
tion that this money could be profitably
used for the construction of reservoirs
Soon to the woods the maid wi I go
The t i:ied amutrn leaves to gather,
Of cor rse accompanied by her beau
Obi love is sweet in autumn we,.ther.
How many loves ae there confessed!
How much of kissing and caressing!
How nany dainty w.ists are pressed
Before the leaves receive their pressing:
See how they to cach other eling!
Can aught these loving hearts dissever?
Ah! were it not a bl ssed thing
If life could ihus go on forever.
Too soon, alas! the dream will fade,
Too soon "ill come the husband's labors
To keep hi little ones sr ayed
As dainty as are his neighbors.
KILLED BY PROXY.
A Man Supposed to be Dead and Buried
Turns Up Alive.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., 'etcher 7.-Pa
trick Grogan, who had been employed
for a number of years in the c.pacity of
engitleer in the Delaware State Aim i
house. was reported killed by the ex
plosiou of a boiler in that institution.
His two nephews. George and James
Grogan, wao live at No. 3021 Ludlow
street, this city, and other friends of the
dead man, were telegraphed for and all
repaired immediately to Newcastle. A
coroner and jury were summon "d and
the verdict was that Patrick Grogan
cane to his death from the effects of
wounds received by the explosion of a
boiler in the State Almshouse of the
State of Delaware.
After the inquest the bdy was imme
liately taken to a f. iend's house in Witl
nington. An old-fashioned Irish wake
was held, with plenty of pipes anl to
bacdo. One of the most prominent un
dertakers in the city was notified to
make a first-class coffin and spare no
expense in regard to the funeral ar
rangements, as the dead man v as con
sidered wealthy, and that it was always
his desire that he should have a denent
burial. The funeral took place from
St. Mary's Catholic Church.
Patrick had property, mostly real es
tate, worth X10.000. An administrator
was appointed and the property sold.
Just as the administrator was about to
distribute the money among the heirs,
Patrick appeared and frightened all his
triends nearly into fits. They took him
for a ghost. Patrick explained that he
went to Virginia on a hunting trip and
left a pauper to run the almshouse en
gine and provided the pauper with his
own working clothes to wear in the en
gine room. It was the pauper who was
killed and mutilated by the explosion,
and whose b )dy was given such a splen
did burial by Patrick's weeping rela
IS MAJOR BURKE GUILTY?
Attorney General Rogers Says 8e Cov
ered His Illegal Acts With False Vouch
NEw ORLEANs, October .-I asked
Attorney General Rogers to-day about
thL illegal issue of State bonds. He
seems to have been nettled by a state
ment made by ex-Treasurer Burke in
London that the Attorney General's
action was guided by polititical animo.
ity and spoke more freely than he has
"Major E. A. Burke has committed a
most grievious outrage agaius: a people
who had honored and trusted him."
He said: "You may say for me that
Major Burke is guilty. He has drawn
out of the State treasury and from a spe
cial fund $40,880 without right, and
covered up his act by depositing false
vouchers. He has put upon the market
$303,000 of State bonds which had been
declared void and whien had been en
trusted to him to be destroyed. He re
ported they had been destroyed. He;
deliberately made a further issue or
$70000 of other securities and through
others placed them in the various banks
of the city and money has been obtained
upon them. His only duty was to en
these suenrities and turn thm er i
his successor. T 'i enough
'wh6sai~ more." The Attorney
General's view askc the liability of the
State is not shared by the commercial
community, and if ex-Treasurer Burke
fails to make good his promise to pro
tect holders against a loss a4 strong effort
will be made to secure a recognition of
the State's liability and provision for the
bonds from thie Legislature.
MONTANA IS DEMOCRATIC.
The Election of a Democratic Governor
and Legislature Conceded by the Repu
HELEm, Montana, October 8..-The
election of Joseph Toole (Dem.) for Gov
ernor is now conceded by a majority of
from 300 to 60(0. Cater (Rep.), for Con
gress, has 1,000 majority. The Demo
crats claim the Legislature by seven.
The Republicains will not concede as
much, but say that on the face of the
returns it is Democratic and claim fraud
in Silver Bow and Deer Lodge Counties.
The general opinion is that there will be
no contest and that the Democrats will
have- the Governor and Legislature.
The Republicans elect a Congressman
and a large majority of the State ticket.
The Independent (Dem.) claims the
State Senate a tie and the House by
Most of the Counties in the State will
make an official canvass to-day, and it
is more than likely that the result will
be definitely known by this evening.
He Recognized the Town.
"I tell you I had a narrow escape
from'being done for out there," he said
on his return from Kansas the other
"Attempted murder?" was asked.
"Worse than that. I was about to in
vest my last dollar in vacant lots in a
certain town, when I made a discovery."
"No, the titles were all right, but I
recognized the town and declared1 all
business off. Fifteen years ago the town
was called Ferkinsville. Now they r re
carrying it as Bluff City. I stuctk it
with a circus. I had a little game
for the publie, you know, and in
order to ruu it 1 had to standl~
in with the Mayor. I was to
give him fifteen per cent., but when he
found that I bad taken $230 he kicked.
I tried to hold him, but it was no use.
He opened court on me, fined me *200,
and then gobbled on to tihe $30 on the
excuse that he had let me off light."
"But the town may be all right niow."
"That's it, you know. Same man is
Mayor now, and he hadl got his hair
dyed, his teeth filled, and changed thme
name of the town oin purpose to catch
some of us again. If i'd bought those
lots he'd have waited until the money
was paid and the deeds passed, and then
pulled me in and yelled:
"'Same man that beat the City Trea
surer of Torpeka on the gold brick racket:
Bought seven lots, eh? I want straight
deeds to five for not giving you up to
justibe, and while you are about it you
can throw in the other two as my cotiu
sel fee for advising you how to get out
of the scrape!' "--.N. Y. Sunt.
Tobacco Crops Destroyed by Frosts.
FLMIlNGsBURG, Ky., October 11.--At
least 500,000 pounds of tobacco in the
County has been entirely destroyed by
the frosts of the last three nights. The
Auditor's report places the average crop
of the County at 4.000.000 pounds, and
this year's crop was a little above that
figure. About half of the crop had
been housed and cured, but the rest had
been cut late and placed in open sheds
and frames, and was not sufficiently
cured to withstand the frosts.*
Thirty-five years ago James G. Blaine
A MYSTERY UNRAVELED.
The Phenomenon of the Rain Trees Ex
plained by a Sumter Man.
What appeared to be a most wonder
ful phenomenon was daily witnessed
during the whole of last week in the
back yard of the Presbyterian parson
age at this place. Beginning about 5
o'clock p. m. of each day rain, ap
parently, fell continuously for about
three-quarters of an hour in one spot,
about sixty feet in SliauiAter, while else
where no. a drop of rain could be ob
served and the weather perfectly fair.
Water unqustionably fell in the form
of rain. Several doubting Thomases
stretched forth their hands and caught
the drops as they fell, and were con
vineed. There were no trees overhead.
For a long while investigation into
the phenomenon failed to discover any
thing that could suggest a rational ex
planation of the mystery or show any
natural causes of which the senses could
take any notice. Dr. Edmunds, who
resides on the premises, has at last
found what he believes is the source of
the "water supply." On a fruit tree n( t
far oti from the spot where the water
falls is a number of little insects that
throw out jots of water from their tails
They evidently get the water by sucking
the sap of the tree. When the water is
thus emitted it forms into drops, and
falls in the manner of rain from vapor.
This solution of. the Sumter mystery
satisfactorily explains the phenomenon
of the raining trees in Barnwell, Colum
bia and Cheraw in 1886, the year of the
earthquake, and by some people super
stitiously connected with that disturb
The insect is described as a brilliantly
variegated butterfly about twice the size
of a common housefly.-Sumter Watch
LITTLE MARY REPER'S STORY.
She Has Been Two Years Tramping from
the Pacific Slone.
NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J.. October 8.
Mary Reper, a girl of twelve years, ar
rived here yesterday very tired, very
hungry, rather dirty, and somewhat in
clined to cry when questioned. Toe
child says she came from California, and
has for two years been traveling on
freight and coal trains. She was bare
foot, wore a thin gingham dress, and
was black with dirt and coal dust. A
lady found her crying on the street, and
after being fed and given a coat and
a pair of shoes and stockings she was
sent to the police station. Later the
Overseer of the Poor took her in charge.
Mary said that her parents died four
or five years ago, when she was not
more than seven or eight years old.
Her father's name was John Reper, and
his death occurred shortly before that
of her mother, who had consumption.
Their only relative, an aunt, took the
orphan, but before long the aunt died,
and for two years the little one was
cared for by neighbors, in return for
what work she could do for them.
When she was ten' yars old she ran
away and began her journey East, steal
ing rides on freight trains. Brakemen
helped her, she said, and gave her
food, and she begged food elsewhere.
At many places she stopped for several
weeks at a time and got work.
She said there were lots of things she
could do; she could scrub, sweep, make
beds and cook. She described her re
cipe for making biscuit, and declared
she could economize by using sour milk.
Saturday she boarded a coal train at
Norto Branch and rode to Elizabeth,
and she had ridden part of the way and
walked tbe rest from that city to New
Sne is small and thin, with straight
black hair, dark brown eyes, and a com
plexion that, naturally dark, has been
b'onized by exposure.
Indians Who Hav'e Practiced Anthro
pophagy in Northwestern Ontario.
OrriwA, Oclober 0.-A gentleman
who has just returned from an explor
ing expedition in the wilds of North
western Ontario said to-day That he had
discovered during his travels a tribe of
Indians who have practiced cannibalism
up to within a few years ago, when the
country was first visited by French mis
sionaries. In the vicinity of Abittibee
Lake an Indian child was pointed out to
him whose grandmother had killed and
eaten seven of her young children, the
child's father being the only one to
escape. He made his mother's terrible
deed known to the chief of the tribe,
who sent his men to arrest her. On en
tering the wigwam they found the head
of the last child boiling .in a pot over
the fire. She was ordered to be shot,
lots having been drawn to see who the
executioner should be. The unlucky
straw fell to an old Indian, who success
fully,. removed the unnatural mother
from doing further harm.
On the Quinze Lake, several years
ago, he found that a full-blooded war
rior had killed and eaten four of his
sons. but was afterward shot and killed
by his fifth son.
GREAT FIRE IN BALTIMORE.
The Extensive Fertilizer Factory of G.
Ober, Sons & Co. Destroyed.
BALTIMORE, October 10.-The great
fertilizer factory of G. Ober, Sons & Co.,
etablished in 18.57, at Locust Point,
Baltimore, was burned this noon. It
consisted of three large buildings, which
cost $250,000. The fire started in the
acid storage room, perhaps by sponta
neous combustion, and soon every fire
engine in the city was on the scene. The
first buildings. in which 100 men were
at work, were burned to the ground, and
the flames, driven by a high- wind,
spread to another large building, com
pletely gutting it.
The fire is under con trol,e but fully~
$260,000 worth of damage has been
done to the two buildings, which a memn
ber of the firm says cost $200,000, and
to $60,000 worth of stock.
in sheds near byv was stored a mass of
fertilizers. wvorth $40,000. This was not
One member of thme firm says they arc
fully insured, and another says they are
not. and refuses to tell wvhere the in
surance is placed, the amount or what
agent plaed~ it.
Exporting Whiskey to. Escape Taxation.
Some time ago the Collector of Cus
toms at New York wrote to the Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue in regard to
crtain twenty-five barrels of American
whiskey expo--ted to Hamburg and sub
sequently returned. The whiskey was
produced between the 8th and 12th of
January, 1886, and was withdrawn for
export January 30, 1889. The collector
gave it as his opinion that the exporta
tion and reimplortation of these goods
within a short period of time, tending
to result in the escape from the payment
of an overdue internal revenue tax by a
tempo)rary deposit abroad, furnishes
prsumptive evidence to indicate an
original intention of the persons inter
ested in the shipment to return the
whiskev to the United States. The Com
missioner of Internal Revenue reported
the case to the Secretary of the Trea
sury. with a recommendation that the
spirits in question he not adlmitted to
entry under Section 2500, Revised Stat
utes, but that thecy be treated as subject
to internal revenue tax. The Secretary
approved this recominendationi, and
authorized the collector at New York to
take the steps prescribed by Article 106,
of the internal revenue regulations, for
the delivery of the goods to the collector
of internal revenue for the second dis
"Blly Was a Good Goat."
I met upon a hillside highway a day or two
ine a funeral procession. It was a strange
funeral, too, and the corpse was quite as
strange as the funeral team that drew the
improvised hearse. Six little boys and three
girls drew the hearse, and the corpse in the
vehicle was that of a defunct billy goat.
I asked the largest boy, the leader, if he
was the foreman of the fire company and he
answered "No, sir; we're a funeral." The
strange answer induced me to look into the
wagon, and its contents revealed to my sight
the first dead goat that I had ever seen. The
little undertaker, who had owned Billy, en
lightened me when he said "Billy was a good
goat, and me and Billy used to have lots of
fun in old times."
A goat's funeral was so novel a mortuary
proceeding that I accepted the invitation to
become oneof the mourners and followed the
little wagon drawn by the children up the
hillside. through the winding lane over the
common to the grave appointed for the last
resting place of all that was mortal of poor
I have seldom seen a more decorous observ
ance by grown people at the graveside, when
the clodh hid from sight all that was mate
rial, than was observed by these children in
the burial of their dead friend, who doubt
less had often drawn them in jolly good fel
lowship around and about the highways and
hillsides of Winsted in the same wagon which
had carried Billy. to his last rest ig place.
His grave was not long nor was it deep, but
it was deep enough to cover him well, and in
it lie was gently placed and a few spadefuls
of dirt carefully deposited upon Billy's inan
inate form. Then the little leader took from
his pocket a bottle filled with water, and
each child present sprinkled a few drops into
A little more ceremony and the grave was
covered, each child as the procession moved
away turning to say "Good-by, Billy." I
stooped and picked a daisy from among its
kith and kin which whitened the field all
around and about and laid it on the grave as
my offering-not to a dead goat-but to the
good friend of a little boy who loved him
well enough to give him a decent burial, and
bore testimony to his good traits in the siu
ple tribute, "Billy was a good goat."
As I walked away a little song sparrow, or
perhaps it was a wren, which had been nerv
ously hopping about on the bush tops a few
yards away, flew down upon the new made
grave and burst out with a rapturous song
and flooded all the air with melody. Ah,
well! I thought, as I wandered down the hill
side, there isn't any use for goat heaven
when the grave of a gray old Billy is watered
by the tears of children, and the funeral
ceremony ends with the anthem of such a
chorister.-Winsted (Conn.) Cor. Hartford
Terrible Asian Heat.
It is stated in the official report that 701
persons died between the 14th and 17th ul
timo, at Bokhara, of heat; and the figures, it
is expressly added, do not include children.
If this amazing calamity be not due to any
atmospheric violence, as a Bad-i-simoon, for
example, it is probably unequaled in authen
tic records. But when we think of the agony,
the horrible wretchedness in which the whole
population must have been living, it may
well seem that those who found escape in
death are not to be pitied. The horror of
heat is unknown to us, or indeed to any part
of Europe, though Naples and Athens are
desperately trying sometimes. But to the
native of Scinde, Central Asia, the shores of
the Persian gulf, the sun of Greece is but a
trifle. The utter helplessness of man under
this infliction adds horror tb his sufferings.
There is no hope and no resource when the
red hot air penetrates to those underground
chambers in which the summer is passed in
Central Asia. "The inhabitants," we learn,
"are shutting themselves up to escape"
probably closing all the apertures of their
subterranean abodes, except those absolutely
necessary for ventilation. The air down be
low, under those circumstances, cannot be
imagined by one who has not a touch of ex
perience. Houses of good class are solidly
constructed under ground, with chambers
and doors and corridors, but the mass of the
people inhabit big holes, roofed over, ijth no
kind of permanent convenience. Every win
ter the frost and snow and rain play mischief
with these rough pits, and the damage is not
always, nor often, repaired by the following
summer. Fancy thousands of Mongols in
these dens, pursuing their filthy habits in
semi-darkness, suffering the awful torment
of heat, children wailing, adults raving, al
ways i want of water and generally of food,
in an atmosphere beyond conceiving. That
is the picture which those few lines of tele
gram suggest to readers who know.-London
It has been proposed, in a recent address
by a gentleman of New York, to teach
patriotism in the public schools, as if it were
not done already. The suggestion is that the
American flag be hoisted over every school
house in the country, and kept afloat as long
as the school is in session. In that case there
would be a flag raising every morning and a
fag lowering ever-y afternoon at the close of
the school, as there is at sunrise and sunset
over forts and on board of men-of-war.
There are better ways of teaching patriot
ism than this. Make the pupils well acquaint
ed with thu history of their country. Our
school histories are much too short. Most
school books are the better for being of small
size, but a history for young people should
tell all the true anecdotes and stories at full
Boys want pages and pages about Wash
ington, Old Put, Old Hickory, The Three
Militia Men, Commodore g'atur, Comiao
dore Perry, Admiral Farragut, the battle of
Bunker Hill, the coming over of Lafayette,
Tecumseh, Ben Franklin, the pioneers of the
great west, the building of the Brooklyn
bidge, the jetties of the Mississippi river,
and the oratory of .Patrick Henry, Clay and
These things captivate the young only
when they are related in detail, with simu
plicity and truth.
By and by they will want history of an
other kind, whiich-will relate few stories, pass
lightly over most wars, and dwell only upon
events which affected the lot of the people
permanently. Boys and girls want to know
what Maj. Andre said when he was captured,
and how thick the rope was with which Far
ragut tied himself to the rigging. Such facts
are the vehicle through which more impor
tant truths find lodgrment in the young mind.
After all, our boys and girls are already
very patriotic. What they now need is to
be taught the duties we all owe to such a
coutry as ours-to keep It pure and good.
Tried and True.
A boy who had avery fat dog said to .dm
one day: "Here, you are as slow as day after
to-morrow. Conme, get a move on you."
"But I can't-," replied the dog courteously.
["Pm too fat."
"Oh, yes you can," retorted the boy, and
he forthwith annexed a potential verb to the
rear elevation of that dot. The accelerated
cur achieved upon hims'elf so speedy a move
that his fat tried out and left him a more
shadow at the end of ten miles, but the can
was full of lard. This shows us that we never
know what we can do till we try.-Tinme.
THE NEGRO QUESTION.
Foolish Utterances of a Conference of
Colored Men of Illnois.
SPRINGFIELD, Ill., October 9.-The
State Conference of colored men ad
journed last evening, after issuing an
address to the colored people of the State
and the Nation, which sets forth the
objeet of the or-ganizatlon just effected
to be to advance educational interests,
the abolishment of separate schools,
and to secure employment of competent
colored teachers. After reviewing the
condition of the negroes in the South,
the outrages to which they are subjected
and the fact that it is not a party, race
or a State question, but one of national
imporance. the League makes the fol
" -We appeal to the American people, to
Congress and to the Executive head of
our government, to0 men of all parties,
to rise above partisan hate and bitter
prejudice and bring to bear the majesty
of the law, to the end that the life and
property of the American negro may be
as safe in Louisiana, Mississippi, South
Carolina, Georgia and Texas as in the
The address also calls attention to the
fact of the opening of the new States in
the Northwest, and advises the colored
people of the South to secure homes
there, as one step toward overcoming
the Southern nnsou.n
TRICKS OF TIIE TRADE.
HOW TIDE SHARP CLERK BEGUILES
THE INNOCENT PURCHASER.
Stratagems Which Are Usually Successful.
Buyers Are Only Human-Clerks Know
It-The Shrewd Business Man Treats His
Customers as Intelligent Beings.
"There are tricks in all trades but ours," is
one of the aphorisms of the business world.
It reminds the speculative observer of the old
woman who seriously remarked: "The world
is full of queer folks. Pm glad I'm not one
The candid clerk would never be able to
starve to death respectably. He would be
discharged before he had told the truth twice.
Imagine him saying to a customer: "Here is
a piece of goods that is so coarse you can
shoot peas through it, and all cotton at that.
although it is marked half wool. It-will fade
at the first wearing. How many yards shall
I cut you off?"
He would himself be cut off from his busi
ness prospects and without the customary
A youth of this sort was engaged as assist,
ant in a grocery store. He prided himself on
his honesty and candor. When he saw his
employer sell a pound of prunes he said in the
presence of the customer: "You must be glad
to sell another pound of those wormy old
prunes. They'll soon be all gone."
The next moment he was out of a situation.
The shrowd business man leaves something
to the intelligence of his customers. As long
as a thing is not misrepresented let them find
out defects for themselves. But the day of
sanding the sugar and wetting down the to
bacco is over. There is an inveiglement of
another kind now. Chromo cards and gifts
have had their day, but there is the quarter
off and the half off sale.
REMEMBERIyG CCSTOMERS' TASTES.
Can any one outside of the business tell
how the accomplished clerk holds up a piece
of dress goods in the little pyramid on the
counter where the light strikes it so as to
bring out in bold relief all its best colors and
make it look as if it were the loveliest fabric
in the store? One clerk will say, with his
head over on the side like a little bird:
"It looks like you, Miss -. It's a fact; I
thought of you as soon as I saw it. Isaid to
myself Miss - will want a dress off that
Another will remark incidentally under
the same circumstances: "Your friend, Mrs.
Col. -, bought a dress from that piece."
The customer hesitates-and is lost. In
other words, she buys the goods, being help
lessly enshimmered in the science of delusion
by those clerks who know their business.
A lady went into a dry goods store'and
asked to see some goods displayed in the win
"You don't want that style of goods," said
the clerk, who knew his customer; "you
wouldn't wear it." -
Then he took down dress after dress' from
his reserve stock, and as he did so remarked
"You wouldn't wear a window dress. This,
now, has not been shown before."
Of course the customer was flattered into
buying a dress, and the clerk was right. He
knew that the goods removed from the illu
sion of plate glass would not please her. A
clerk soon learns that a lady is never offended
when her tastes are remembered and alluded
to with graceful tact.
The best salesmen of today do not persist
as much as their predecessors did. They make
their goods speak for themselves. A Detroit
merchant relates a story of a clerk of long
ago who tried so hard to sell a dress to a cus
tomer that he followed the lady to the door
with the goods. Then her began to unroll it
and the customer took hold of an end of the
cloth to prevent it falling on the floor, so it
went. He unrolled the goods until she held a
dress pattern in her arms and she felt con
pelled to take it.
1CY5~w SHE WOCL.D NEED IT.
Another clerk was approached by a lady
who wanted white silk mitts. He did not
have any, but he jumped over the counter
and followed her to the door to tell her he
had a new bolt of brown linen sheeting in
and a recipe tor bleaching it white. This was
in the good old days when Detroit was a vil
lage and everybody knew everybody else's
business. The enterprising clerk knew that
his custonmer for white silk mitts was about
to be married and go to housekeeping and
would need house linen. This gauging of
people's needs and reconciling them witb
their purses is quite an enterprising feature
of business at all times.
It is a fact that the dry goods store is the
principal attraction of the business street and
a fertile spot in thie @sert of commerce. It
has color, variety ahn an attraction that no
other place can possiblyhiave. The common
est piece of red and yellow stuff will look
rich and elegant in those long, graceful folds
that have such precision of detail, yet look so
careless and artistic in the total effect. The
man who did that gauges his usefulness by
those folds. It is related of the late A. T.
Stewart, the millionaire merchant, that in
pasing through the side of his great store in
whch the goods were exposed for sale-that
opposite to the Broadway side-he saw a piece
of velvet stacked to catch the eye. He in'
quired who had arranged it in that way, sent
for the man, who was a new hand, and told
himi it was wrong. The man answered Mr.
Stewart that it was the p'roper way to dis
play that class of goods. Mr'. Stewart said no
more, but he watched and saw the velvets
managed in this way for some months. Then
he sent for the nan and promoted him to the
velvet department of the wholesale store.
"I saw that you knewv more about velvets
than I did myself," was the only explanation
ho gave. The best clerk is the reader of ha'
man nature. He coerces one into buying and
intimidates another. The merchants have a
proverb that any salesman can soil a custo
mer the goods that she camo to purchase, but
he is a good salesman who sells her what she
does not want. Every clerk has his particu
lar friends who like to trade with him be
cause ho is obliging or courteous or enter
taiing. It is his trick of trade to be all these
to his customers.-Detroit Free Press.
Houses In the Country.
Your true countryman is seldom a "tem
perance man" in the matter of sunlight and
shade. He is either a "teetotaler" or a con'
firmed tippler. His house is exposed, in the
one case, to all the fervor of the summer
sun (ar.d all the fury of the summer tbunder
storm), or, in the other, it is hedged about
and arched over by a plantation of trees so
dense as to exclude even the vertical rays of
the nconday sun. Of the two extremes I
prefer the former. The mercilessly exposed
walls appeal-less agreeably to the eye, but
they better please the sense of what is right
and wrong from a hygienic point of view.
Nothing is less picturesque thani a house in
the country without a tree beside it, but
nothing is less healthful than one that cannot
be seen for the densit~y of the grove tLhat sur
rounds it. But there is a happy medmum be
tween the wall that is warped by the direct
rays of the summer sun and one that presents
a mildewed face to the level beams of sunset,
and it is the happy medium of temperance
that one should try to strike in this as in
other matters.-The Critic.
A Novel Spectacle.
There was a novel spectacle in the city
yesterday, and it attracted considerable
attention on account of its uniqueness.
A white man, wearing a white hat and
a white suit of clothes, drove two white
horses: the wagon contamned four bales
of white cotton, wrapped in snowy whitc
cotton bagging; and at the moment it
turned the corner of College street on
its way to the cotton platform, some
one exclaimed, "What at remarkable
coincidence," and pointed to two red
headed women on the opposite side of
te street.-Char'lotte Chironlicle.
A Strange Hallucination.
George T. K~ng of 'West Union was
adjdgedl a lunatic on Tuesday, andt will
be sent to the asylum in Colunmbia to
day. I~is hallucination seems to be that
he believes himself to be bewitched by
a ertaini old woman living in Anderson
County, and that his safety depends on
his shooting her with silver bullets. It
is stated that he has even gone so far as
to load his gun with silver bullets for
this purpose. He made the bullets out
of dimes.- Walhialla Courier.
The choice of Pierre a-s the capital of
South Dakota has given the town a won
deful boom. Men bought lots for $100
and a oeek later sold them for $1,000.
ANGLOMANIA IN EATING.
Some Plain Talk About the Finicky Way.
of Overly Dainty People.
The Anglo-Saxons are afraid to use their
fingers to eat with, especially the English.
Thanks to this hesitation, I have seen in the
course of my travels in the old world many
distressing sights. I have seen a lady at
tempt to eat crawfish (ecrevisse) with a knife
and fork, and abandon the attempt in de
spair. I have also seen men in the same fix.
I have seen-oh, barbarous and cruel spec
taclel-Anglo-Saxons, otherwise apparently
civilized, cut off the points of asparagus, and
eat these points only with a fork, thus leav
ing the best part of the vegetable on their
plates. As for artichokes, they generally
utterly defeat the attacks of those who trust
only to the knife and fork.
Fingers must be used for eating certain
things, notably asparagus, artichokes, fruit,
olives, radishes, pastry, and even small fries
fish; in short, everything which will not dirty
or grease the fingers may be eaten with the
tingers. For my own part, 1 prefer to cat
lettuce salad with my fingers rather that
with a fork, and Queen Marie Autoinette and
other ladies of the Eighteenth century were
of my way of thinking. If the ladies could
only see how pretty is their gesture whet
their diaphanous forefinger and thumb grasp.
a leaf of delicate green lettuce, and raises
that loaf from the l:orcelain plate to their
rosy lips, they would all immediately take t<
eating salad a la Mario Antoinette. Only
bear in mind, good ladies, that if you do wisl
to eat lettuce salad with your fingers you must
nix your salad with oil and vinegar, and not
with that abominable ready made white
" salad dressing," to look upon which is nau
May heaven preserve us from excessive An
glomania in matters of table service and eat
ing. The English tend to complicate the eat
ing tools far too much. They have too many
forks for comfort, and the forms of them art
too quaint for practical utility. Certainly
silver dessert knives and forks are very good
in their way, because they are not susceptibk
to the action of fruit acids, but it is vain and
-clumsy to attempt to make too exclusive use
of the knife and fork in eating fruit. Don't
imitate, for in -tance, certain ultra correct
English damsels who eat cherries with a fort
and swallow the stones because they are tot
modest, or rather too asinine, to spit then
out on to the plate. Eating is not a thing tc
be ashamed of. To thoroughly enjoy a peac:
you must bite it, and feel the juicy perfumed
-flesh melt in your mouth. But let the Anglo
maniacs say what they please, there is no ne
cessity of sticking a fork into the peach, and
peeling it whilo so impaled, as If it were at
ill favored and foul object.
A peach is as beautiful to the touch as it is
to the eye; a peach held between human fin.
gers has its beauty enhanced by the beauty
of the fingers. However dainty and ornate
the silver dessert knife and fork may be, it
always irritates me to see people cut up their
peaches, or pears, or apricots, or what not,
into cubes and parallelopipeds, as if dessert
were a branch of conic sections. Imitate
Marie Antoinette, ladies; use your fingers
more freely; eat decently, of course, but dc
not be the slave of silly Anglomania or New
port crazes. To eat a pear or an apple con
veniently, cat it into quarters, and peel each
quarter in turn as you eat it. The peach.
too, can be cut into quarters, if the eater is
timid. Apricots do not need peeling, not
plums either. Would you be bold enough tc
peel a fresh fig, or to touch such a delicate
fruit even with the purest silver instruments
-Theodore Child in Harper's Bazar.
Beating the Circus.
Whether what would be stealing under
some circumstances becomes only a smart
piece of work under others, is the question
that arises in reading the accounts of some
recent transactions. One of these, which
may serve as an example of all, is thus re
ported: A boy while attending a circus was
struck by a stone flung from the ring by a
horse's hoof and got a black eye but no seri
ous hurt. With the aid of a lawyer the
property of the company was attached and a
warrant got out for the arrest of the mana
ger unless lie paid a good sum for damages.
Being unable to stop to contest the suit, a
fact that was probably considered when the
demand was made, the circus proprietor
compromised by paying about $200, which the
boy and his lawyer divided. Whether their
feelings weresimilar to those of the sharpen
---en dividing the spoils flched from some
innocent stranger is not recorded. It is true
that many times the fakirs who follow the
circuses get even with the public, but it sel
dom or'never happens that they get back the
money extorted from the show, and often
these outside sharpers have no connection
with the regular company, which is in no
wise responsible for them. And besides, twc
wrongs do not make aright.-Lewiston Jour
In Famous Name.
Did you ever notice how common to great
names the initial "W" ia! No? Then just
run your eye over the following list: Wi~iam
Shakespeare, Walter Raleigh, William Black
stone, John Wesley, George Whitefleld, Will
lam Penn, Roger Williams, James Watt,
William Wilberforce, William Cowper, Will
iam Wordsworth, Richard Whately, George
Washington, Joseph Warren, William Pitt,
Wellington, William M. Thackeray, Winfield
Scott, William Henry Harrison, Daniel
Webster, Washington Irving, W. E. Chan
ning, William H. Seward, Wendell Phillips,
Henry W. Longfellow, John G. Whittier,
William Cullen Bryant, Oliver Wendell
Holmes, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Ward
Beecher, Walt Whitman, WV. E. Gladstone,
George William Curtis, William M. Evarts,
William T. Sherman, and others too numer
ous to mention. I defy any one to produce
an equally illustrious list of names with any
one of the other twenty-five letters of the
alphabet common to all.-New York Graphic.
Beat at All Points.
A haughty leader of a city choir, on his
way to church, met an Irreverent Ass,who was
practicing the fish scales as he made his way
toward the thistly lanes of the country side.
"Peacel" exclaimed the Musician; "save
your strength for your weekly burdens, and
do nos attempt to invade the sacred province
of music." "Hence with your puny pitch
pipe," said the Ass, "lest I climb into the
gallery and kick your whole choir over the
raiL" "Heav-en assoilzle thee an ever thou
try-est it," returned the leader; "thou talk
about kicking. Come in some Sunday and
see our soprano when I give the alto a solo,
and thou wilt trade thy legs for a pair of
crutches, for very shame." So saying, he
smote the Ass in both ears with high C, and
left him for dead.
Moral-This fable teaches us that there is
no slug but bath his slugger.-Burdette in
Hiding the Talent in the Earth.
A friend of the leading American humor
his biographer, says that the L A. H. is not
rinting any of his best things, but is care
fully hoarding up all his side splitting jokes
anml richest sayings in order to make the
world laugh after he is dead. H'm: we've
been wondering for several years past what
the great American humorist was doing with
allhis funny things.-Brooklyn Eagle.
THE AUSTRALIAN BALTLOT SY STEN
How It Worked in Chattanooga-A Re
CeArrAxooGA, October 8.-The . first<
election in this State under the Austra
lian system of voting occurred here to-I
dayin the municipal election. It was
the quietest election ever known in the
city. Less money was used at the polls1
and there was less illegal voting than min
any previous election. A light vote was<
polled and the election resulted in the
election of John A Hart (Rep.) for
Mayor by 428 majority, and ten Rcpub- <
licans out of sixteen Councilmen, with
two Councilmen a tie. The Republicans
will continue their efforts to test the.
constitutionality of the new election and :
The Nicaragua Canal.
SAN FRANCISco, October 10.-A dis
patch f rom Managua, Nicaragua, says:
"nited States Minister Mizner has set
ted the canal difficulties and work is
now progressing." This shows that the
chief impediment to the construction of (
the canal, the hostility of Costa tica i
toward the enterprise, has been removed, y
and the trouble between that country u
and Nicaragua has been settled by arbi- o
How Cheap Gloves Are Made.
It may perhaps, interest readers to know
some of the secrets of cheap glove mating
My facts relate to Bohemia, from which coun
try many cheap gloves are imported. Before
the intr oduction of the glove sewing machine,
which took place about 1870, a simple appara
tus was in use consisting of two brass plates,
in which the stitches were incised, holding
tightly together the leather parts of the glove,
while the needle of the sewer followed easily
these incised stitches. It was an easy work,
not at all injurious to body or eye, and an in
dustrious and quiet girl could, without any
exertion, sew two pairs of gloves a day, for
which she received from two and a half pence
to three pence each, equal to about five pence
to six pence a day. Very poor wages. But
the money was earned in a comfortable way.
Let us now compare what progress these
girls made in the golden era of machinery,
The poor sewers are never in a position to
acquire the requisite sum to be owners of
these machines. The district to which I refer
is a poor, mountainous part, the men mostly
miners of an imperial silver mine with daily
wages of sixteen pence. The requisite ma
chines are owned by middlemen, called fact
ors, to whom the glove manufacturers from
all parts of Austria send their unfinished
gloves for sewing. These factors are pro
prietors of a certain number of machines
from twenty upward to a hundred-which
are fitted up in workrooms, most of them
very indifferently suited for the purpose.
The poor girls from the neighboring district
have often to walk a distance of eight miles
to find work in such workrooms. They leave
their miserable cottages at 4 a. m. to be
gin their day's work at 6 a. m. After a
hard labor of twelve hours on a most compli
cated machine, and after having passed an
other two hours on the way home, their
whole earnings consist of seven pence. In
cluding the hours she loses on the road, she
works ninety-six hours a week for S shil
lings 6 pence, her body continually bent over
a most complicated machine, her eyes watch
ing leather, thread and needle incessantly,
her foot moving continually, amid the rattle
of many machines, in a most sickly atmo
phere. This is how cheap gloves are made.
Pall Mall Gazette.
The Preacher Got Excited.
"Yes," said an old sport in one of the pool
rooms yesterday, "there is a thrill about a
horse race you cannot get in any other way.
The thrill is intensified in proportion as your
money has gone up on the event. When
Smuggler beat Goldsmith Maid at Cleveland
back thirteen years ago the crowd almost de
stroyed the grand stand. In ilhistration of
the excitement which reigned I recall the
actions of a preacher from Elkhart, who was
present with a friend. As the horses were
scoring the parson's friend, whose name was
Tracy, and who knew about as much of
horses as he did of the glacial period, re
marked a belief that Smuggler might win
over the Maid. This was about as probable
to the experienced turfer as a republic in
Russia, and one of the fraternity overhear
ing the remark overflowed in a proposition.
"'I'll bet you $100 to $20 he don't,' he said.
"The preacher was interested, but some
what shocked, and silently protested by
pinching Tracy's arm.
"The start was made and with the word
go the persistent sport renewed his offer, but
it didn't take. With the horses on the back
stretch and bunched he came again, but
Tracy wasn't game. As they turned into the
stretch the astute Doble, who was behind the
Maid, with the assistance of American Girl
had gotten the stallion in a pocket, but his
driver, taking all chances, pulled him com
pletely up, and taking the center of the track
sent him for the wire like a ghost. No horse
for a furlong ever made such speed before or
since, and as Smuggler came to the front
with the rush of a storm he carried the-spec
tators from their mental feet. Every man
was up yelling, and the Elkhart preacher,
who must have had latent sporting blood in
his veins, forgetful of his pulpit and pasto
rate, was flourishing his cushion and shriek
ing in reference to his proposition, 'Bet him,
Tracy; thunder and clams bet him. I'll
split with you on it.'
"It was too late, though; so Tracy didn't
bet."-Kansas City Times.
Another Good Fish Story.
According to The Albany Journal an Al
b nian, noted for his love of sport no less than
~r his veracity, tells the following story of a
day's fishing: "I had had bad luck all day
and was about starting for home. I was a
little absentminded, thinking over the good
sport 1 usually had, and before I knew what
I was aboutlIhad cast off from both oars
that I had jabbed in the mud for stakes and
was drifting down Lake Tomoset with a proe
pect of a five mile walk before me. I miadaa
cast with myi line, in hopes to fasten on the
nearest oar and recover it, but the hook fell
short by a yard. Imagine my surprise-when
the biggest pickerel I ever saw snapped at my
hook and took it. I was working him easy,
for I had only a cheap, stiff pole and was
mightily afraid I'd lose him, when down
came a huge fish' hawk as big as an eagle and
grabbed my fish. I kept hold the pole though,
and when the bird got to the end of my line
as he was flying off with his prey he was
fetched up short. Then he put for the head
of the lake, still keeping the fish in his talons,
and pulling me and the boat after hinm. It
was a mean thing to do, perhapa, but when
he got rme to shoal water I pulled out my pis
tol and shot him. He fell plump into the
water, but he was only winged, and as 1
didn't care to have a fight with him he got
off in the rushes. And the fish, you ask! Oh.
he got away, too; the biggest one I ever saw.
think he was two feet long."
A Difference in Girls.
Florida girls are not like their Alabama
sisters, for the former abhor slang. But for
downright emphasis of expression and that
brev~iy w~hich is the soul of wit, they yield
the palm to no other state.
Several weeks ago a number of brave
young men and beautiful women from the
interior c-amie in on an excursion. A small
knot of the visitors were walking leisurely
through tho park when the following conver
sation was overheard between two of the
visitors. It is reported verbatim, though it
is impossible to reproduce the drawling, earn
est tone in which it was delivered.
"Sal," asked one, displaying the folds of
her new dr-ess and taking a sly hitch at her
bustle; "Sal. how do my dress fit?"
"Fingers and toes couldn't better it."
"Do Johna seem ter notice it?"
"Cant keep his eyes often it."
"Do my bustle shake about any?"
"Shakes just like jelly," replied Sal, as they
proceeded on their way with an air of tri
umph indescribable. - Birmingham (Ala.)
The Manufacturers' Losses.
A Newv England manufacturer says that
street musicians are .a serious expense to
manuacturing companies in country towns.
A gypey -gra~ pa s w anuLourmne recenuly
passed his establishment and, ho says, cost
the company about $'200. Every employe-in
the big factory ran to the window, and work
was suspended for fully a quarter of an hour.
Every circus parade costs them hundreds of
dollars, aud when a minstr-el brass band
marches by it costs from $425 to $50.-Detroit
Too Sick to Stand His Trial.
*John T. Lyon, who is in the Abbeville
ail under charge of murder in the kill
.ng of D. L. Mabry, is now in a critical
ondit ion. It is thought that the chances
f his recovery are against him. Yes
:erday evening his friends interested
hceslves in making him more comn
~ortale. lie was removed to another
-oom in the jail, and Sheriff Mann did
~verything in his power for the comfort
f the sick manl and his friends who
ire attending him night and day. He
sems to he in a nerv-ous condition, ex
eedingly fecble, and suffering from in
ligestion. or othier stomael troubles,
:ving beeni unable to take sufficient
lturising foodl for the last we:-k or ten
as. Owing to his extremecly low eon
lit~ion, and his age, it is not now deemed
t all probable that he will be able to
'ome to trial, even if he lives until the
itting of the court next Monday.
bbeille Press awl Banner.
A Mail Carrier "Held Up."
WAsmIN-rox, October 10.-The Post
ffice D)ep.rtment is informed that the
iail crier on the route from Leaks
ile, Miss., to the State line was "held
i" yesterday and robbed by two men
f two registered pouches. The local au
lortie sar in mmnsit.
DON'T TOUCH~IT, FlND.
LEARN BY EXPERIENCE WHAT TO DO
AND WHAT NOT TO DO.
All Mental and Physical Capacities Are
Not Measured with the Same Sticks.
Health Is Worth More Than Anything
Else on Earth, Except Honor.
I mean, for instance, the food that "hurts
you every time."
Why not learn something by experience!
If a certain solid always distre you, or
eight times out of ten is a subsequent misery
to you, why not turn "against" the thing as
viciously as it is "against" youi
"But even my daughter, not half as strong
as I, can eat it."
That may be. Great is the mystery of the
human stomach. I have long ago concluded
that it is no sign I can eat and digest and as
similate an article of food because some one
else even less rugged than I can. I know a
man to whom butter is rank poison; he has
not dared to taste it for fifty years.
The grossest folly in the world is persistent
punishment of one's poor self by attempting
again and again a viand that was never cre
ated for your use. If a man is my enemy, or
even decidedly distasteful to me, I do not at
tempt to make a bosom friend of him. Why
should I act on a different rule with my
enemy, a pumpkin piel No, thank you. The
seductive thing still looks tempting, and, I
presume, would taste relishful were I to try
it; but more than eight years ago the last
pumpkin pie wrought its misery on me. The
sickness of that day cost me just $116.67, a
profit I should have made had I been well
enough to attend to business. Being perfect
ly miserable and helpless, I lost the day's
transactions. The diet that did it bad often
unhorsed me. I resolved to say good-by for
ever. Are you not in memory of some such
dietic experience, dear reader? And do you
HANDLING "POISON IVY."
My youngest brother, now spending a few
days with me on my farm, cannot handle
"poison ivy." I can touch it with impunity;
it never injured me. As a boy I used to os
tentatiously wreathe it about my neck, rub
its leaves till my hands were green with its
juice, and do what I would with this charm
ing vine, unhurt; for a charming vine it is
when the frosts touch it in the early autumn,
changing its verdure to festoons of brilliant
scarlet and deep maroon. Now, James, my
brother, has just acted the fool's part again.. -
Last Tuesday he "tried it again, just to show
the children that he dare do what Harkley
did." You should see his elephantine hands.
He cannot pick up a pin with those swollen
fingers to save his life. I upbraided him. He
answered, "Well, I thought in twenty years
my constitution might have changed." The
Why should a man, who cannot touch wine
with self restraint, venture to let his glass be
filled at his club supper because other men
can use wine temperately? There is no dis
puting the fact that some men are temperate
and, others intemperate. Each should judge
for himself. Certainly he is a wicked wretch
who does a thing that exposes him to loss of
self control, knowing the experience.
One man cannot speculate. If he goes into
Wall street he becomes insane. The fret, the
wild excitement of the changing market, up
set his sleep, his appetite, his whole nervous
system. There is only one rule for such a
man, if he would live out his days. Don't
touch a speculative venture. I know a singer
whose voice fits her for the platform. But
the nervous excitement of confronting an
audience acts strangely upon her health.
Some actors, singers, public speakers, grow
fat upon the toil of their place; sleep, relish
for food, all the physical functions fourish
on the exciting life they lead. My dear
friend, however, must simply choose another
vocation. There are no two ways about it.
If we, her best friends, can have our way,
when the next manager approaches her with
a $3,000 offer for a two months'. engagement,
we shall hear her say, "I will not touch it."
For her husband's sake, for the sake of her
beautiful children, for her own charming
self's sake, this should be her prompt, resolute
Health is a matter of scu:oundings, of fit
ness of things, more than we realize. A man
may work a calling for a time. mnaking
money. His youth, his surplus of energy,
may enable him to resist the evil physical ef
fects of that calling. Yet in the middle
period of life he will begin to cripple. Then
is the time to change. He ought to have laid
up savings sufficient to support him while in
a tsansition to a business that he can health
fully pursue. He probably will have flatter
ing overtures to continue. Don't listen to
them, my friend. Save your health. Stop
in season. Your health is worth more to -
your family than anything else on earth, ex
ept your honor. To change today is to live
to a green old age. Next year will be too
BE .ALwAYS ON THE WATCH.
All along the journey of existence I am on
the watch as to the thmngs that are hurting
me. Not that I live a lhfe of cringing fear.
I keep my eyes open and study effects. I
will not twice put my hand on a stinging
bee if I can avoid it. I will not expose my
self to the August sun on a broiling day if it
is possible to avoid it; one narrow escape
from sunstroke is quite enough for me.I
will not cool off in a draught when in a per
spiration; I have had my rheumatism, and
t'shall not be in vain.
However tempting a book, I will not reed
it in twilight. So I might go on to show
yoil, fair reader, that what I so earnestly
preach to you I am willing to practice. The
rule is wide in application. Some men are
"bdiund to do a thing just to saow that they
can," ignoring injuries invariably experi
enced. In trade this spirit leads to bankrupt
cy in the end. Let a thing alone if it has
tumbled you once, at least leave it if twice
you have suffered. I mean that if mining
has swamped you twice, decide that life is
too short for you to go putting savings in the
ground. Let the other fellow try it. Your
strong point is not mining. Are you a poor
judge of oats? Let the other fellow deal in
grain. *You are better fitted for dry goods.
It is true that by years of application the
boy who by nature is fitted for a machinist
might make a fair physician. But he spoils
a great fri'ventor to become a paseable doctor.
The avoidance of injury is a more rare art
than pluck and courage. Success waits on
safety. To learn the secret of safety is the,
highest wisdoml. Preserve yourself. Pre
serve your eyesight, your hearing, your
relish for food, your powers of application.
Take good care of yourself. Mark the places
where you slipped and sprained your foot.
Buoy out .the channel you have sailed over.
Make your own chart. Be your own physi
can, as far as possible, by preventing themil
turns that show plain causes in the backward
look. Hurts in life are worse than fatigues.
It is not hard work that kills. It is wounds
anm nemenur- mnauries to our powers. on
stacles any man of spirit can surmount. But
a broken leg no man can quite recover from.
Things that hurt us are more also than
:hhags that hinder us. And, thank God, it is
pssible to avoid most the -injuries under
which the thoughtless and the headstrong
uier. For great Nature is a kind mother
t all her careful children.-Harkley Harker
in New York Weekly.
EXPLOSION OF NATUR AL GAS.
ne Person Boasted to Death and Several
Others Severely Injured.
KoKOnA, Indiana, October 9.-The
second accident in the history of the
Kokoma gas belt occurred at Grome,
fifteeniles East of Kokoma, Monday
ight,- in which Chusa Mormon was in.
stantly killed; Frank Larme had a leg
roken, necessitating amputation; Hiram
verman had his skull fractured, and
ohn Hogue is probably fatally burned.
A large crowd had gathered at this
ell, wbich is the stronigest one in 'the
State, to witness th,-* gas display. Sixty
feet of four-inch pipe was laid from the
ell, terminating in a vertical elbow four
feet in height. The young mar who ap
plied the torch foolishly turned this el
bow down to lie on the ground, and just
as the gas ignited the tremendous force
flung sixty feet of the pipe around,
striking and burning everything within
its reach. A large number were injured
n addition to the above.
Mormon was a preacher in the Friends'
hrch, 65 years of age and an old
resident in this County, and leaves a
wife and five grown children. He was
pinned to a wire fence by the end of a
~amfing pipe and roasted, being almost