Newspaper Page Text
MANNING. CLAEN1)ON COUNTY, S. .. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1880. NO. .
Col. Alfred Rhett, a distinguished
figure in Carolina military annals, died at
his home in Charleston on Tuesday morn
ing. He was in charge of Fort Sumter
when it was attacked by the Yankee
The Woman's Christian Temperance
Union, now in session, in Chicago is af
ter Vice-President Morton with ven
geance because he owns and has leased
a fine hotel and signed his consent to the
sale of liquor in its saloon. It is a pret
ty issue between the Christian.Union and
the Vice President of "the grand old
party of moral ideas."
At the Paris Hippodrome the c'.:
attraction for the season has been the
spectacle sf a lion taking equestrian ex
ermM, the- animal realiy mounting on
the back of a horse and being carried
several times around an inclosure. The
receipts accruing from this novel per
formance are stated t-) amount up to the
present to mote than $500,000.
Heavy rains fell at Johnstown, Pa ,
last Friday night, and the river rose
about five feet. The temporary bridge
crossing the river at Cambria City was
swept away. Saturday morning the
bridge crossing from Millvale to Johns
town was in danger of going out. All
other bridges are in great danger. Wood
vale was overflowed, and several houses
were surreunded by water.
Elmer Labodie, a Frenchman about 45
years old, while on trial at Franklin,
Mass , last Saturday, for assaulting his
daughter, killed himself by cutting his
throat with a jack-knife. The testimony
had been- concluded, and the justice
said: "This matter is beyond my juris
diction." "Mine, too!" exclaimed Labo
die, as be drew a knife from under his
clothing and slashed his throat before
the officer could interfere, severing the
jugular vein, and died before assistance
could be rendered. His three daughters
witnessed the tragedy, one fainting
. A dispatch from Washington says
"The question as to whether North or
South Dakota was admitted first into
the Union by the President's signature,
cannot be verified. The Star to-night
says the President, in order to create no
jealousy in the states, took both procla
mations, covered them with paper, then
shuffled them together in three-card
monte style without uncovering them,
signed each in the proper place; then
there was more shuffling. Thus he or
no one else knows which proclamation
of America had to be pacified like two
spoiled children, or that the president
of this great Republic eould descend to
such jugglery is ridiculous if not mortify
Postmaster General Wannamaker
has awarded the contract for furnish
ing adhesive postage stamps for four
years, beginning on the first of Janu
ary next, to the American Bank Note
Company of New York. The award
was made for stamps of a reducert
size, the new stamps being about one
eighth smaller than those in present
use. The designs will be changed to
conform to the reduction in the size of
the stamps, and new engravings will
be made throughout. The new con
tret also calls for some changes in the
colors. The one cent stamp will con
tinue to be printed in blue; the two
cent stamp, now printed in green, will
be primed in bright carmine, and
changes will be made in some of the
Lathani, Alexander & Co., in their
"Cotton movements and Fluctua
tions," just out, indirectly call atten
tion to the change that may result in
the cotton business from the steadily
increasing prosperity of the Southern
farmers, which enables them to hold
their cotton and sell it as they like.
Their publicationis are standard in the
cotton trade, going all over the world
and this statement will probably turn
the thoughts of persons seeking profit
able employment in agricrlture in
this direction. It comes in sharp con
trast with the universal complaint of
the discouraging conditions on the
farms in all parts of this country both
the South and throughout the old
countries. The Southern farmor- has
a good deal to complain of, but all
the facts and figures indicate that he
is in better position and has more to
hope for than any farmer in the world.
WESTWARD THE STAR 0 1' EM!
Has anybody taken notice that the
Republicans have won in every Fed
eral election since the war by running
a western man f or President against
an eastern man, and that the only
general election they have lost in
thirty years was that in which they
ran an eastern Republican against an
Lincoln, of Illinois, defeated Mc
Clellan, of New Jersey; Grant, of
linois, defeated Seymour, of New
York and Greely, of New York; Hayes
-of Ohio, secured the seat over Tilden,
.of New York; Garfield, of Ohio, de
feated Hancock, originally of Penn
sylvania, later of New York; Cleve
land, of New York, defeated Blaine, of
Maine; Harrison, of Indiana, defeated
Cleveland, of New York.
If the political history of recent
years means anything it means that
the strength of the country is in the
West, and it guides the Democratic
party westward. The West and South
are the virile, growing sections, and
they could form a powerful alliance
with the conservatism of one balanc
ing, blending with and guiding the
knervous strength and aggressive power
f theoter.-Greenville News.
L'he Brooklyn Divine Bids His Mil
lions of Friends Good-Bye.
Why He Goes to Enrop6 anEl What He
Expects to See in the Holy land-How
to' Fit Out and Sail a Ship Bound
for the Port of Heaven.
On his embarkation for the Holy Land
by- the steamer City of Paris, Rev. T.
DeWitt Talmage addressed his millions
>f friends through the press. taking for
is text Acts xx., ::S: "Aid they ac
-ompanied him unto the ship." Follow
:ng is the sermon:
To the more than twenty-five million
people in many countries to whom my
sermons come week by week, in English
tongue and translation. through the
kindness of the newspaper press. I ad
ress these words. I dictate them to a
;tenorapher on the eve of my depa.
or the Hoy Land, Palestine. When
ro read this sermon I will be mid-At
antic. I go to be gone a few weeks on
t religious journey. I go because I want
[or myself and hearers and readers to
nee Bethlehem. and Nazareth, and Jeru
salem, and Calvary. and all the other
places connected with the Saviour's life
ind death, and so reinforce myself for
;ermons. I go also because I am writing
the "Life of Christ." and can be more
accurate and graphic when; have been
in eyewitness of the sacred places. Pray
or my successful journeying and safe
I wish on the eve of departure to pro
nounce a loving benediction upon all
ny friends in high places and low, upon
yongregations to whom my sermons are
read in absence of pastors. upon groups
gathered out on prairies and in mining
istricts, upon all sick and invalid and
aged ones who can not attend churches.
but to whom I have long administered
through the printed page. 'My next ser
mon will be addressed to you from Rome,
[taly, for I feel like Paul when he said:
"So. as much as in me is, I am ready to
preach the Gospel to you that are at
Rome also?' The fact is that Paul was
ever moving about on land or sea. He
was an old sailor-not from occupation,
but from frequency of travel. I think
he could have taken a vessel across the
Niediterranean as well as some of the
ship captains. The sailors never scoffed
at him for being a "land lubber." If
Paul's advice had been taken the crew
would never have gone ashore at Melita.
When the vess4 went scuddi.ng under
bare poles Paul was the only self-pos
sessed man on board, and turning to the
excited crew and despairing passengers.
he exclaims. in a voice that sounds
above the thunder of the tempest and
the wrath of the sea: "Be of good
The men who now go to sea with maps
and charts and modern compass. warned
by buoy and lighthouse, know nothing
of the perils of ancient navigation.
Horace said tlhat the man who first
ventured on the sea m.ust have had a
heart bound with oak and triple brass.
People then ventured only from head
land to headland and from island to isl
and, and not until long after spread
their sail for a voyage across the sea.
Before startingt&e weather was watched,
and the vessel, having been hauled up
n the shore, the mariners placed their
shoulders against the stern of the ship
and heaved it off, they at the last mo
ment :eaptng into it. 'vessels were then
chiefly ships of burden-the transit of
passengers being the exception: for the
world was not then. migratory as in our
day, when the first desire of a man
in one place seems to be to get into
another place. The ship from which
Jonah was thrown overboard. and that
in which' Paul was carried prisoner.
went out chiefly with the idea of taking
a cargo. As now. so then. vessels were
accustomed to carry a flag. In those
times it was inscribed with th e name of
a heathen deity. A vessel bound for
Sracuse bad on it the inscription "Cas
tr and Pollux." The ships were pro.
vided with anchors. Anchors were of
two kinds, those that were drooped into
the sea. and those that were thrown up
onto the rocks to hold the vessel fast.
This last kind was what Paul alluded to
when he said: "Which hope we have
as an anchor of the soul. both sure and
steadfast, and which entereth into that
within the vail." That was what the
sailors call a "book anecbor.'' The rocks
and sandbars, shoals and he'adlands. not
being' mapped out, vessels carried n
plumb line. They would drop it an"
find the water fifty fathoms. and drop i
again and find it forty fathoms. and dror
it again and find it thirty fathoms. thus
discovering their near approach, to th'
shore. hr the spring, summer and au
tumn the Mfediterranean Sea was white
with the wings of shins, but at the first
wintry blast they hied themselves to
the nearest harb'or, although now the
world's commerce prosners in .Tanuary
as well as in .Tune. and in mid-winter.
all over the wide and stormy deep, there
float palaces of light. tramplir'.g the
billows under foot, and showering the
sparks of terrible furnaces on the wild
wind: and the Christian passenger,
tippeted and shawled, sits under the
shelter of the smokestack. looking off
upon the phosphorescent deep, on wh ich
is written. in scrolls of foam and fire:
"Thy way. 0 God, is in the sea. and
Thy'path in the great waters"'
I't is in those days of early navigation
that I see a group of men.\ women and
children on the bench of the Mfediterra
nean. Paul is about to leave the con
gregation to whom he had preached and
they are come down to see him off. It
is a solemn thing to part. There are so
many traps that wait for a man's feet.
The solid ground may break through.
and the sea-how many dark mystP'ries
it hides in its ho--m.! A f~- counsels a
hasty good-hye, a last look. an d the ropes
rattle, and the sails are hoisted, and the
planks are han-led in. and Paul is gone.
I exect to sail over some of the same
watrs over which Paul sailed. but be
fore going I want to urge you all to em
bark for Heaven.
The church is the dry-dock where souls
are to be fitted out for Heaven. In mak
ing a vessel for this voyage, the first
need is sound timber. The floor timbers
ought to be of solid stuff. For the want
of it, vessels that looked able to ren
*their jibbeoms into the eye of any -temn
pest, when caught in a storm have been
crushed like a wafer. Trhe truths of
God's word are what I mean by floor
timbers. Away with your lighter ma
terials. Nothing hut oaks, hewn in the
forest of divine truth, are -staunch
enough for this craft.
You must have love ior a helm to
guide and turn the craft. Neither pride
nor ambition nor avarice will do for a
rudder. Love. not only in the heart.
but flashing in the eye and tingling in
the hand-love married to work, which
many look upon as so homely a bride
love, not like brooks, which foam and
rattle yet do nothing, but love like a
river, 'that runs up the steps of the mill
wheels and works in the harness of fac
tory bands-love .that will no't pass by
on the other side. but visits the man wvhc
fell among thieves near Jericho. not
merely saying, "Poor fellow: you are
dreadfully'hurt." but like the good Sa
maritan, 'pours in oil and wine, and pays
his board at the tavern. There must alsc
be a prow, arranged to cut and over-ride
the billow. That is Christian persever
ance. There are ihree mountain surges
tiat sometime dash against a soul in a
minute-the world, the flesh, and thc
devil: and that is a well-built prow that
can bound over them. For lack of this
many have put back and never started
again. It is the broadside wave that sc
often sweeps the deck and fills the
lv an' : ,: inount uIini. ~,andl on
the nro.. anti as you wino off the spray
of the solit surCe, cry out with the apos
tle: "None of these thins- movo me."
Let all our fears stay aft.. The right
must conquer. Know that Moses, in an
ark of boh-ushes, can run down a war
Have a good, strong anchor. "Which
hope wo have as ;n anchor." By this
strong cable and windit hold on to
youranchor. "If any man sin, we have
an advocate with the Father." Do not
use the anchor wrongfully. Do not al
ways stay in the same latitude and lon
gitude. You will never ride up the har
bor of eternal rest if you all the way
drag your anchor.
But you must have sails. Vessels are
not fit for the sea uni they have the
flying jib. the fore-ail. the topgallant,
the skysail, the gaffsail. and other can
vas. Faith is our canvas. 1 loist it. and
the winds of heaven will drive you
ahead. Sails made out of any other can
vas than faith will be slit to tatters 1y
the first northeaster. Strong faith never
4oste battle. It will ctsri foes, -Drast
rocks, quench lightnings. thresh moun
tains. It is a shield to the warrior, a
crank to the mo -t ponderous wheel, a
lever to pry up p" i mids. a drum whose
beat gives strength to the step of the
heavenly soldiery, and sails to waft ships
laden with priceless pearls from the har
bor of earth to the harbor of Heaven.
But you are not yet equipped. You
must have what seamen call the run
ning rigging. This comprises the ship's
braces, halliards. clew lines and such
like. Without these the yards could not
be braccd. the sails lifted nor the can
vas in any wise managed. We have
prayer for the running rigging. Unless
you understand this tackling you are
not a spiritual seaman. By pulling on
these ropes. you hoist the sails of faith
and turn them every whither. The prow
of courage will not cut the wave. nor the
sail of faith spread and flap its wing. un
less you have strong prayer for a hal
One more arrangement and you will
be ready for the sea. You must have a
compass-which is the Bible.. Look at
it every day. and always sail by it. as
its needle points to the Star of Bethle
hem. Through fog, and darkness. and
storm, it works faiifully. Search the
Scriptures. "Box the compass."
Let me give you two or three rules for
the voyage. Allow your appetites and
passions only an under deck passage.
Do not allow them ever to come up en
the promenade deck. Mortify your
members which are upon the earth.
Never allow yourlower nature anything
better than a steerage passage. Let
watchfulness walk the deck as an armed
sentinel, and shoot down with great
promptness anything like a mutiny of
Be sure to look out of the forecastle
for icebergs. These are cold Christians
floating about in the church. The frigid
zone professors will sink you. Steer
clear of icebergs. Keep a legbook dur
ing all the voyage-an account of how
many furlongs you make a day. The
merchant keeps a day book as well as a
ledger. You ought to know every night.
as well as every year. how things are
going. When the express train stops at
the depot, you hear a hammer sounding
on all the wheels, thu s iA tingthe safety
of the rail train. Bound, as we are. with
more than express speed toward a great
eternity, ought we not often to try the
work of self-examination?
Be sure to keep your colors up: You
France and Spain by the ensigns they
carry. Sometimes it is a lion, sometimes
an eagle, sometimes a star, sometimes
a crown. Let it ever be known who you
are and for what port you are bound.
Let "Christian" be written on the very
front with the figure of a cross. a crown
and a dove: and from the masthead let
float the streamers ,f Immanuel. Then
the pirate vessels of temptation will
pass you unharmed, as they say: "There
goes a Christian. hound for the port, of
Heaven. We will not disturb her, for
she has too many guns aboard." Run up
your flag on this pully: "I am not
ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is
the power of God and the wisdom of God
unto salvation." When driven back, or
laboring under great stress of weather
now changing from starboard tack to lar
board, and then from larboard to star
board-look above the topgalnts, and
our hearts shall beat like a war drum
as the steamers float on the wind. The
sign of the cross will make you patient,
and the crown will make you glad.
Before you gain port you will smell
the land breezes of heaven, and Christ,
the pilot, will meet you as you come into
the narrows of death, and fasten to you
and say: ."'When thou passoth through
the waters 1 will be with thee: and
through the rivers, they shall not over
flow thee." Are you ready for such a
oage? MTake up your'minds. The
gagplanks are lifting. The -bell rings.
All aboard for lheaven: This world 1s
not y our rest. The ch affinch is the sil
liest bird in all the earth for trying to
make its nest on the rocking billow. 0,
how I wish that as I embark for the
11oly Land in the East all to whom I
pre~ch by tongue or type would emhark
for Ileav'en. What you all most need is
God, and you need him now. Some of
you I leave in trouble. Things are go
ing very rough with you. You have had
a hard struggle with poverty or sickness
or persecution or bereavement. Light
afer light has gone out and it is so dark
that you can hardly see any blessing
left. ~Nay that Jesus who comforted the
widow of'Nain and raised the deceased
life, with 11is gentle hand of .sympathy'
wipe away your tears! A-11is well.
When David was tleeing through the
wilderness. pursued by his own son. he
was beyng prepared to become the sweet
singer of Israel. The pit and the dun
cons were the best schools at which
vp evr graduat<.a. The hurricnm,'
that upset the tent and killed Job's chil
dren prepared the man of Uz to writ~e
the magnificent poem that has astounded
the ages. There is no way to get the
wheat out of the straw but to thresh it.
There is no way to purify the gold but
to burn it. Look at the people who have
alays had it their own way. Thepare
proudl, diseontented. useless and un
happy. -If you want to find cheerful
folks, go among those who have been
purified by the fire. After Rossini had
rendered 'William Te11" the five hun
dredth time, a company of musicians
came under his window in Paris and
serenaded him. They put upon his brow.
a golden crown of 'laurel leaves. But
amidst all the applause and enthusiasm,
Rossini turned to a friend and said: "I
would give all this brilliant scene for a
few days of youth and love." Contraist the
melanholy feeling of Rossini, who had
everything that this world could give
him, to the joyful experience of Isaac
Watts. whose misfortunes were innu
merable, when he says.
The Hill of Zion yields
A thousand sacred swcets
Before we reach the heavenly ficldS
Or walk the golden streets.
Then let our soags abound,
And every tear be dry:
We're marching through Emmanuel' ground,
To faircr words on high.
It is prosperity that kills and trouble
that saves. While the Israelites were
on the march, amitlst great privations
and hardships, they behaved well. A fter
awhile they praved for meat, and the
sky darkenied with a large flock ot
quails, and these quails fell in great muil
titudes all about them: and the Israelites
ate and ate, and stuffed themselves unti]
they died. Oh! my friends, it is not
hardship, or trial, or starvation that in
jures the soul, but abundant supp-ly,
It is not the vulture of trouble that eati
up the Christian's life; it is the quails:
it is the quails!
I can not leave you until once more)]
co-es m-, +ith ii the avinne whom' 1
ave : ii ism -:1.
owe n;1. .. 1 grace o: ..,n most
men. W this ardent to: :ramenta
if I hal _one overboard .1 ';ould have'
gone to tii very depths. You know r:
can do nothing by halves.
0 to ,race how great a debtor
Daily Um constrained to bc!
I think all will be well. lo not be
worried abm: t::e. I know ti:t :n Ro
deemer liveth. any 'f any t.,!.:y should
befall me. I think Ishot I eu straight.
I have I". ,t most unw-.-:iy. and would
be sorry tr., -ink that any one of my
friends : t- as unworthy a Chris
tian r.- But God has helped a
great. ; * rough. and I hope Ile will
help w. ": - a :h. It is a long account
of norteimings, but if HIe is going to
rub any of it out, I think Ile will rub it
all out. And now give us (for I go not
alone) your benediction. When you
send letters to a friend in a distant land,
you say via such a city, or via such a
'steamer. When you send your good
wishes to us, send them via the throne
of God. We shall not travel out of the
reach or your prayers.
There is a scene where spirits blend,
Where friend holds intercourse with friend;
Though sundered far, by faith we meet
Around one common mercy seat.
And now, may the blessing of God
come down upon your bodies and upon
your souls, your fathers and mothers,
your companions, your children, your
brothers and sisters and your friends!
May you be blessed in your business and
in your pleasures, in your joys and in
your sorrows, in the house and by the
way! And if, during our separation,
an arrow from the unseen world should
strike any of us, may it only hasten on
the raptures that God has prepared for
those who love him! I utter not the
word farewell: it is too sad. too formal a
word for me to speak or write. But, con
sidering that I have your hand tightly
clasped in both of mine, I utter a kind.
an affectionate and cheerful good-bye!
WAYS OF SCORPIONS.
They Are Born Vicious and Have Never
Been Known to Reform.
It is a fact that scorpions-or alcarans,
as the Mexicans call them-are at cer
tain seasons of the year as numerous,
almost, as flies. The- are within the
cracks of the walls. oetween the bricks
of the tiles on the floor hiting inside
your garments. dartinz ever; vh :re with
inconceivable rapidity, their t::ils. which
hold the sting, ready to fly up wlta dan
gerous effect upon the slightest provoca
Turn a corner of a rug or table-sproad,
and you disturb a flourishing colony of
them. Shake your shoes ii the :Aiwrn
ing, and out they flop. Throw your bath
sponge into the water, and half a doze-n
of them dart out of its cool depths, into
which they had lain themselves away
during the night.
The average scorpion is two or three
inches in length. but they occasional
grow to five or six inches. There is a
smaller variety, known as the yellow
scorpion, but ten times more vicious
and dangerous than the mahogany-hued
It is at midday that the bite or sting
of the venomous little pests is most
feared, as the natives say it is then the
most poisonous. The deserted old mills
of Durango are simply scorpion hives,
they having bred and increased there
undisturbed for centuries.
A scorpion is born vicious and never
reforms. If there is no one else to fight
a scorpion will fight himself. If one
orion is ronseing by n'nnthor one and
happens to touch it, there's a fight at
once, and two dead scorpions are the re
Put a hundred scorpions in an in
closure, and throw a little stick or piece
of dirt among them. and the scorpion
that is nearest to where the stick or dirt
falls will turn and dig his spur into his
nearest neighbor. and in less than two
seconds the entire hundred will be
mixed up in the fight. The way their
stingers and claws and legs fly is a sight
to see. As long at there is one scorpion
alive the fight goes on. for if one hap
pens to survive the other ninety-nine,
he will pitch in and have it out with
himself, and the first thing he knows he
The effect of a scorpion's bite is rarely
fatal except to infants or very old .pee
ole. Victims of the yellow scorpion's
iite have been known to lie for days in
convulsions, foaming at the mouth and
with stomach and linmbs swollen as in
dropsy. Others su1fer no worse conse
quences than they might from and ordi
nary bee sting.
Brandy, taken to stupefaction, is the
general r'emedy. but ammonia taken in
ternally is just as efficacious.
Many natives carry a brass tube, and,
in case of a bite from a scorpion, it is
pressed over the wound, in which it acts
like the cupping-glass of the surgeon
and draws the poisoned blood out. A
hollow key has been used successfully
in the same way.--Golden Days.
-Always say a kind word if you can,
if only that it may come in, perhaps,
with singular opportuneness, entering
some man's darkened room like a beau
tiful fire-fly whose happy circumlocu
tions he can not but watch, forgetting
his many troubles.-Friends in Council.
-Life is much reduced in simplicity
when we resolce to live one day at a
t~ime, and to make that day blessed to
others. The cares and the vexations
and the troubles of life are allayed or
banished under the spell of this central
purpose.-Christiani 1 eister.
-Men are never soi likely to settle a
question rightly as when they discuss it
Locked in Ig Enudins.
An oflicer who was found in lower
Drodwaty had miorc p'ouoal knowl
edge of~ such cases than either
the sergeant or roundsmian. "Yes,"
he said, "it often happens that men
and sometimes women are locked in
buildings in this neighborhood. Once
I was called to a building in Church
street. A young man came to a third
story window, and said that he and
a oung worman were both locked in.
ey had been there about thiree
hours, and had tried every way they
could to pick the lock and get out.
They were afraid to stay thiete all
night for various reasons, but chiefly
on account of the scandal it would
"I tried the lock and then asked
about the man who had the keys. The
young man said the keys were carried
by the proprietor, who was out of town,
and the porter, who had lived in
Brooklyn, but had moved the week
before "to New York, he didn't know
where. Finding it would be impos
sible to send for him I went for a lad
dr. I found one in about half an
Ihour. Then camne the difficulty. The
young woman was afraid to come
down that way. The young man beg
ged her to try it, and I did my best to
help him, but she wouldn't stir a step.
Finally the young man came down
nd went to his home, which was in
the next block west, and got his wvife
to go up the ladder and stky- all night
wit the grl. That was the best we
ould do -New York Sun.
Who the Other Fellow Was.
"Joe, you were up with Miss Jenk
ins until~12 o'clock last night."
"Yes. I was trying to outsit an
"Oh, that was it, eh? re been
there myself. Who was the other fel
THE STATE FAIR.
L GREAT GATHERING OF PEOPLE
ncrenaed F xhibits in .II I)epartment'
1'nprecedente:t Crowds i People from all
-Parts' of the gtnte--Some Account of the
COLUMBIA, November 14. -Those who
mticipated that the State Fair this year
veutd surpass all its predecessors in the
rariety and extent of exhibits, in the
nagnituae of the crowds in attendance,
Lnd in being a big success all round, have
ot been disappointed.
As early as last Saturday, it was noted
hat Columbia's streets were uousually
ull of strangers-a fact which evidenced
in unusually large number of people
cady to enter animals or articles for ex
ibition. Before Saturday afternoon
nany of the departments were crowded.
n the department of live stock it was
-emarked that the specimens were not
)nly more numerous, but much finer
hat, usual. This department, it ap
)ears, formed a leading feature of the
Monday was nominally the opening
lay, but there were comparatively few
rrivals. That evening, however, the
iotels began to look lively, and by
luesday morning the actual crowd be
ar to appear. Every train brought lots
>f people-men, women and children.
)n Wednesday came the rush. In every
.ain there was "standing room only,"
and very little of that. Thursday was a
epetition of Wednesday in the matter
)f the crowd.
. Friday showed a falling off in num
ers. but none in enthusiasm. The Fair
wrounds seemed as lively as ever. On
Saturday the crowd melted, those only
remaining who had to look after their
nimals or something else that had been
As already intimated, the department
f live stock was larger and better than
ver before. In cattle there were De
ons, Durhams, Ayshires, Jerseys,
Guernseys, Holsteins and Herefords.
Each breed had its advocates, and be
tween the friends of each there was
much useful discussion on the merits of
The number of thoroughbred and
st..ndardbred horses was quite up to
that of former Fairs, while there ap
peared to be evidence of decided im
povement in grade. The premiums in
tbese departments were as follows:
For best thoroughbred stallion, 3 years
old, R. C. Richardson, of Clarendon,
first premium; J. G. Brown, of Laurens,
Best thoroughbred stallion, 2 years
old, G. M. Whittaker, of York, first,
and A. Fludd, of Orangeburg, second
Best thoroughbred stallion, 1 year old,
J. D McCarley, of Fairfield, first; T. D.
Owings, of Fairfield, second.
Best thoroughbred mare, with sucking
colt, J. D. McCarley, of Fairfield, first.
Best thoroughbred filly, 3 years old, J.
C. Witherspoon, of York, first; Henry
Black, of Barnwell. second.
Bcst brood mare, with sucking colt,
W. A. Clark. Columbia, first; John W.
Best filly, 3 years old, M- E. White, of
Chester, first; Perry Bros., Greenville,
Best -filly, 1 year old, Perry Bros.,
Greenville, first; John W. Shelor, Oco
Best fhlly under 1 year, John W. She
Best pair matched geldings, South
Carolina raised, David Aiken, of Abbe
ville, first, and E. R. Mclver. of Dar
THE MAcHINERY DEPARTMFNT
is unusually full. Among the most nota
ble exhibits is that of the Cheraw Iron
Works -an establishment only recently
founded, by already doing a great deal
of work. ana doing it well. The fol
lowing are the principal exhibits:
Acme cotton press; corn mill, with
corn and meal elevator and grain eleva
tor. Eureka saw mill; fifteen-horse power
engine and boiler, besides several arti
cles of which the company are agents.
Mr. John A. Willis, of Columbia,
whose establishment is one of the best
in the State, shows a handsome, eight
bore engine and boiler, both of his own
The Sullivan Hardware Company, of
Anderson, show a cotton-seed crusher of
their own make,-and some articles for
which they are agents.
Mr. W. H. Gibbes, Jr., of Columbia,
has the largest exhibit of the fine ones
he has always made, including the Lid
dell stationary engine and boiler, fifteen
horse power, an Elliott gin, made at
Winnsboro, S. C., a self packing power
press, and a variety of mowers and reap
ers. It is a capital collection of ma
There are several o'her exhibits in this
department, all interesting and credit
THE FIELD CROP EXHIBIT
is exceptionally fine.
The show of pumpkins of all kinds,
colors and sizes is finer than at any
former Fair. A mammoth one raised by
3. F. Perry, of Greenville, attracts spe
Chester county shows corn, wheat,
oats, rye, barley, sorghum, beets, cotton
on stalk and in bale, sorghum cane, mil
let and several kinds of vegetables.
Greenville county exhibits hay, baled
shucks, wheat, oats, rye, barley, two
varieties of corn, Irish and sweet pota
toes, beans, peas, two kinds oif pindars,
goods, numerous kinds of tobacco, sor
ghum, popcorn, cabbage and other vege
Fairfield county has a large and varied
exhibit, consisting of pumpkins, tobacco,
cotton in boll and on stalk, four varieties
of hay, rye, barley, .wheat, oats, rice,
sorghum. corn, eleven varieties of peas,
two varieties of Irish potatoes, three
kinds of sweet potatoos, turnips, two
varieties of oats, cabbage, beets and
Laurens county shows cotton, corn,
sorhum, wheat, oars, rye, barley, pin
ders, hay, Irish potatoes, peas, beans,
sweet potatoes, cabobage, turnips and
.t. W. J. Ellison, of Statesburg, has
an exceilent exhibit of bees and honey.
The collection embraces not only the
honey in comb and after it is canned,
bu also empty comb and some fine
.peimens of beeswax.
THE FINEsT CORN.
The News and Courier announced in
advnce of the~ oilicial statement that the
"South Carolina bread corn," a fine
fiinty grain on an unusually small cob,
had taken the award for the best food
corn. It is exhibited by Mr. T. A. Irwin,
of Spartan burg.
THE sH1AM BATTLE,
A big feature of the Fair was the sham
battle o WeAdneay. 'The following"
companies participated: SAmter Light
Infantry, Darlington Guards, Palmetto
Rifles, (Aiken), Richland Volunteers,
Governor's Guards, (Columbia), Manning
Guards, Columbia Flying Artillery, and
the Gatling Gun Squad, from Charles
ton. The battle was fought on the
grounds directly to the torth of the
Fair grounds. On the height to the
west were stationed the Columbia artil
lery and the Gatling gun, supported by
the Sumter Light Infantry, the Manning
Guards and the Darlington Guards, all
under the command of Col. D. J. Auld.
Upon the hill to the east of the valley
below the height mentioned. was the ral
lying point of the attacking forces,
which at the. start were stationed and
partially screened by the woods to the
north. These forces comprised the
Richland Volunteers, the Governor's
Guards, and the Palmetto Rifles of
Aiken. Colonel Willie Jones was in
The mock combat was carried out in
true style, and ended in the capitulation
of the party attacked. The exhibition
was witnessed by ten thousand people.
A BIG SUCCESS.
The Fair is universally accounted a
great success. The attendance, the ex
hibits and the accessories all contributed
to make it such.
SALOONS vs. PRAYER MEETING.
Six Leading Saloons Beats Six Prayer
Meetings in Point of Attendance.- .
Atlan ta -Journal.
Last Wednesday night twelve
young men from the Young Men's
Christian Association reported to the
secretary, Mr. C. A. Licklider, for
Six of them were assigned to half
a dozen leading saloons, and six to
the prayer meetings of different
churches, with instructions to count
the number of young men at each
The first six went one to each of the
selected saloons and stationed them
selves just inside the door.
They began counting at 7,30 and
continued it until 8.30, and the total
number of young men between twenty
one and thirty visiting the saloons
footed up 1,000.
At one saloon there were 375, at
another 225, at a third 90, at a
fourth 90, at a fifth 75, and at the
These young men, so the watchers
reported, seemed to be the flower of
Atlanta, and another noticeable fact
was the conspicuous absence of old
The young men detailed to report
the prayer meetings felt lonesome
when their figures were compared
With those from the saloons.
The whole number of young men
attending the prayer meetings was
The Young Men's Christian Asso
ciation has estimated the number of
young men in Atlanta at nine thous
and, 11i per cent, being at the salons
and 11 per cent, at the prayer meet
ings. These figures will be used by
the Association in the meetings for
the week of prayer to be held every
night next week in the building on
The Murderer Arrested.
Riplcy Johnson, colored, who shot
and killed J. J. Heffernan, at Aiken, has
been captured, and is now in jail. He
will probably be tried tis week.' Ke
ferring to this affair, the Greenville
News says: "Mr. Heffernan, formerly
of Augusta, -.ho -,was shot and killed at
Barn well by a negro named Ripley John
son, appears to have been a good and
popular citizen, but the evidence so far
as published indicates that he was in the
wrong in the affray in which he was
killed, and that the case was one of self
defence. He was pursuing and seeking
Johnson, after having threatened to kill
him, and entered a room where the neigro
was, whereupon the latter shot. Fair
play is a jewel."
*A Successful Author.
The best paid literary worker in
America to-day is Mrs. Frances Hodg
son Burnett. The sale of "Little
Lord Fauntleroy" has already brought
her $20,000 and for months the dra
matic right-to tne play increased her
bank account from $1,000 to $2,000 a
week. The profits of "Sara Crewe"
to date are somewhat over $11,000.
She has a $15,000 contract with some
New York publishers to write a story
for their weekly paper, and also has
at her disposal an offer of $10,000 for
a grown up "Lord Fauntleroy." So
it will be seen that this remarkable
woman has little cause to complain
of the appreciation in which she
held by the public.
P. C. McClure, postmaster at Louisa,
Ky, complaint .to Postmaster General
Wanamaker that he had the handsomest
fourth-class postoffice in Northern Ken
tucky until his enthusiastic constituency
learned the news from Ohio. Then they
testifed their joy by wreckingz McClure's
postofiice, caving in the front door,
smahing the windows, and firing a few
dynamite cartridges by way of a leas
ant winding up. McClure appeals for
protection, redress and detectives, and
no doubt John will send them: which
induces the Greenvilie News to say that
the fourth-class postofiice is about the
only remaining principle and weapon of
the grand old party, and should be pro
tected at all hazards.
CHARLESTON'S GALA WEEK.
It was a Week of' Innocent Pleasure
and Good Cr-owds.
Hion. Patrick Walsh of the Augusta
Chronicle went to Charleston where he
was the guest of the city during its gala
week. Mr. Walsh is enthusiastic about
the goodly old city by the sea.
He sars: "There were about 25,000
visitors brought into Charleston during
the week, and thc city was mn holiday
attire and good humor all the- time. It
was a week of innocent amusements.
There was no heavy expense attached to
the displays, but there was daily some
pleasant diversion and entertainment for
"I never saw more orderly and good
humored crowds. Ev'erybody seemed
to be in good spirits, and the whole city
entered into the holiday spirit of the ac
casion. And a notable fact is that djur
ing the whole week I never saw a drunk
"The trades display and the fantastic
display were both good, the fireworks
dipays and the illumination of the har
bor were fne, and the entire week's pro
gram was interesting and pleasing.
"Of the h-'spitality of the people it is
unnec ss y ino speak. I can say noth
ing sr o ger than that the city thor
oughly upnueld its fame in this particu
lar. It was a week of rare pleasure.
THE TERRIBLE THRASHING
GIVEN THE REPUBLICANS.
The Lesson to be Learned From the
Result on Last Tuesday.
From the Washington Gazette Republican.
To say that I,in common with m any
millions of Americans, was profoundly
astonished at the general result of the
elections last Tuesday is to state what
everybody, or almost everybody, has
felt. There were differences of opin
ion, of course, as to the magnitude of
the victory or the defeat in each of
the States, but very few persons
none that I know-believed that the
Democrats would carry Ohio and
Iowa, while there was a general be
lief on the part of Republicans, sup.
plemented by a fear entertained by
thousands of Democrats, that Mahone
would carry Virginia by a heavy ma
jority. The absolute defeat of Fora'
ker in Ohio, however, was not dream.
ed of by either party, greatly reduced
though his majority might be. as
many Republicans feared, as many
Democrats hoped. But that he would
be "snowed under" by the decisive
majority of 13,00, and that a Demo
cratic Legislature would be chosen
was something that even the imagina'
tion of a Tuscarawa county politi
cian never conceived.
Still more improbably was the idea
that Iowa would be carried by the
Democrats. The latter themselves,
in the wildest fantasies induced by
smuggled whiskey, never fancied they
could carry that State. Had they be
lieved such a thing even possible they
would have "humped" themselves and
swept the State, Legislature and all,
like a cyclone.
To sum up: Massachusetts is kept
in the Republican column by the
slightest of pluralities. It was a
Pyrrhic victory for Republicanism
there. We can imagine the ghost of
bluff old John .Andrew, as he remem
bered the 70,000, or S0,000 majorities
he used to roll up, turning uneasily
in his grave and swearing as deeply
as a Puritan ghost's conscience would
allow him at the decay and decline of
the G. 0. P.
WEST OF THE HUDSON
the Republican defeat was complete.
New York was overwhelmingly Demo
cratic. New Jersey went back to the
ancient faith with a whoop and a
bound. Pennsylvania stood firm, but
doubtless it was because the Demo
crats there didn't try to do anything.
Ohio and Iowa astonished everywhere.
There are no Democrats in Nebraska,
consequently the Repubicans had a
one sided aght there.
In the South the triumph of the
"Unterrified" was equally as great. In
Maryland the only consolation the
Repuli~ans find is that they carried
Prince George's county by a small ma
iority. Virginia rolled up the :r.est
Democratic majority she ever gave,
and henceforth is as "solid" as Missis
sippi or Missouri, in which States there
are no republicane. to make any light.
To put it in another form, the Republi
can defeat is crushing.
When President Harrison on that
memorable second -Tuesday in last
November carried the ~ Republican
standard to victory the party achieved
a noble victory. Only two Northern
States failed to wheel into the Repub
lican ranks, while in the South Vir
gniai N ta little over a e -
garly thousand vo- csigher
electoral vote for him. West Virginia
was in doubt for a long time, and Sen
ator Gorman, of M1ary land, felt great
ly thankful that he had saved his
State to the Democracy, though it was
done by the skin of his teeth, to use a
homely eld Maryland saying. How
is it this year?
Seven north States voted, and four
went overwhelmingly Democratic
only one of which last year voted for
Cleveland-while the South has utter
ly repudiated Republicanism. Yet
the standard bearer of last year was
the standard bearer of this. What
then are the causes of this defeat?
Lack of practical wisdom in politics
of the Administration.
Intrusting the guidance of impor
tant public affairs and important po
litical matters to Sunday school su
perintendents and Prohibition cranks.
Want of faith and ingratitude to the
earnest and devoted workers of his
AN OHIO WIDOW IN LUOK.
About to Wed John Jacob) Astor- ned a
Fortmne of 1DO,000,000.
From the New World.
According to what appear to be
trustworthy reports John Jacob Astor,
the elder, is engaged to .be married to
Mrs. Bowler, of Cincinnati. The sto
ry comes trom the otner side of the
Atlantic, where both Mr. Astor and
Mrs. Bowler now are; and from the
fact that Mr. Astor is a very domestic
old gentlemen and has paid Mrs.
Bowler devoted attentions for a year
or more, society is inlclined to cretdit
the semii-otlicial announcement which
has been made. Mrs. Bowler has been
in Europe for some mont hs with her
two children, and John Jacob Astor
during the past summer has taken two
trips abroad, presumably in order to
have the pleasure of being in her com
Mrs. Bowler has been a widow live
or six yeairs. Her late husband was a
nephew of George H. Pendleton. of
hio, who at one time was the Vice
Presidential nominee of the Demo
cratic party, and was minister to Ger
many durizng the Cleveki admninis
tration. Mr. Bowler inherited a hand
some forttune and invested itjcuiiious
ly in railroad properties. At (I dah
iews a tlarge owner of tae:-or.
teofteKentuck:: Central Raumwad
of which that exeicent :ailroad man.
M. E. Ingalls, was one of the early
presidents. Some' fifteen years ago he
m iarriedi Miss Williamnson, one of the
belles of Cincinnati society. She i~s a
very handsome woman now, very
bright and intellectual and a charm
ing conversationalist. She is weli
known in New York society, andi it
was he-re that Mr. Astor met her. She
has been a guest at the house of Hen
ry F. Vail many times during the win
ter season just passed and has also
visited otherhomes in New York.
John Jacob Astor, who. according
to announcements already made, will
be set down by Thomas A. Shearmian
in the November issue of the Forum
as the richest man in this country,
having control of about $150,000,000
is about 68 years of age. He is
tall, hands .me and vigorous and bears
his years well. In society he is re
arded as- the finest specimen of man
hood the Astor fbaily have ei er ut
SI.1t1 Aru1 . LL:3J V C' 1 IV 1 aJVJJ/
lud the Happy Days that are Gone
Atlanta conmtitut ion.
I wish I was a boy and had as much
man's sense as I have got now. It
makes me right sad to see Carl and his
schoolmates plotting and planning for
their Saturday frolics. I want to go
with them, but I can't. I see them
eleaning out their guns and loading
up their shells, and patting the point
er dog and talking so merrily about
the birds they are going to kill, but I
can't go. I want to climb a walnut
tree-and shake the limbs and hear the
music of the walnuts rattling down.
[ want to go chestnut hunting and cut
oft' the top limbs with a hatchet, or, if
the trees are large and tall, show my
skill in knocking the burrs down with
sticks as I used to do on the old acad
emy hill. We boys used to take our
bundle of sticks with rs to school and
hide them under the house until play
Lime. I wart to go 'possum hunting
and hear the music of the dogs on the
track and the welcome bark when
they had treed one of the dusky var
mints up a 'simmon tree or a black
gum or under a clay root. What a
glorious frolic it was to cut him down
or dig him out, and then split a stick
for h:s curly tail and shoulder him and
move on for another victim. I war..
to go coon hunting and see the figat.
I want to go rabbit hunting in the
snow. I want to climb a muscadine
vine and hunt for black haws and May
pops. I want to go to the mill and
rut' a horse race back and cry "school
butter" -s I pass the country school
house. en the way. Then the boys
would lay for us the next time and
surround us and attack us with sticks
and rocks and thrash poles, and the
way we ran the gauntlet was thrill
ing. I think , of all these youth-aul
frolics wh n I see these boys start out,
and I want to go, but I can't; I'm too
old; my time's out; I couldn't keep
up. The si irit is willing but the flesh
is weak, very weak. It makes me puff
and blow to run or fox trot a hundred
yards now. My 14 gs are overloaded
with corporosit , but my arms are all
right. I can chop wood on a wager
with most any man, and win it.
I was looking at the races at Pied.
mont yesterday, and it carried me
back to the good old times when we
boys used to mn'nt our nags and
ponies and slip down the Covington
road to the race tracks-not your round
course nor an oval, but two long
straight paraiel tracks about ten feet
apart, and the bushes cut away like
the right of way on a railroad.. From
long use the tracks had worn into two
little narrow paths; and the horses bad
nothing to do but keep them. We
always rode bareback, and it
good riders of us. It w
young life iL thoseAav '?*U6
-ia-now, forye didn't wear shoes
much, or-coats, nor undershirts, nor
drawers, ad a hone made eap'.a-a
sealskin cap would last twor
years, and then be hande& oss
the next boy. Sore toes
bruises and burrs in the feet o n
ters in the fingers were common. to
every boy, for there was no aristocracy
then. Three yards of nankeen and a
shirt and a pair of galluses set a school
boy up pretty well for summer, and a
suik of country jeans and a pair of
mighty fine for w *
mothers cut our ga meets and made
them, and it ,didn't cost more than
five dollars a year for a boy, all told.
But now it takes about three suits a
ycar of store clothes for the boys.
Tnen there are ten dollars more for
hats and shoes. And there are c7>llars
and cuffs and cravats and handker
chiefs and gloves and gold buttons
and so forth. I went into a store in
Atlanta i esterday to buy me a- coat,
and a young man measured me and
got out a coat, andlI put it on, and he
said it fit me beautifully, and I said it
didn't, and he said it was not the fault
of the coat, but my shoulders were
awkwardly built. I asked him if he
thought I was deformed, and he said
,o, not exactly deformed. but out of
the proportion,and so I departed those
coasts. I tried another store, and
they jerked me into a bobtail cuta
way, and said it was just splendid, I
looked so nobby and genteel. I told
him I wanted a frock coat-a black
cloth frock coat, and he curled up his
lip and said that. nobody but lawyers
and preachers wore them now, and
they diidn't have my size. So I de
parted those coasts and kept on try--.
iug until I got what I wanted, but had
to have the sleeves cut off a little to...
suit my arms. Mrs. AXrr told me to
huv her a hat-a black velvet hat
witb bight, modest trimming, and so
I crowded in among the women, and
told them what I wanted. They sized
me up pretty quick, and sized my
pocketbook, and showed me a ha.
that I thought would do, and asked
me $1S for it. They hurt my feelings
iini I departed those coasts. A friend
met me and I asked him if such Lhings
had tone tm that way on accouint of
the 'Exuosition, and he said he reck
oned not, and took me to another
place, whiere the same hat. or another
one just like it, was oifer::d for $9, and
as I didn't thin k it prudent to go home
without the ha, I bought it. It looked
ike a black velvet hat to me, but
whn I got it home it had changed to
a bottle green, which I thought made
it all the prettier, but my wife said no,
that black would match a dress of any
color, but green would not. And so I
had to take it back and change it, and
now everything is cal and serene. It
has' been a lo'ug tme siace she had a
6hat, ad it does~ lo->k exravagant,
but she says nay be it is the last one
that I will' ever buy for her. tor her
heart has been'~ flutteric . very strtage
of late. I tol her the ine~ had too.
ad I reckon w e rculd1 .oth pass away
siultaneo: lx, and not be separated
Weh i a bgt'ime at the Exposi.
tion. There were folks and peo
pe innumei able. Thou:.ands, aud all
of ihemn were sober, and none sad. A
woudering countryman said to me:
"Stranger, J never seed so many peo
ple in all my life, aud naty two of
them alike." Another man said, "I
can see now why land ha.s gone up so.
God Almighty aint maki. any more
lad, but he keeps on makir' pecople."
Fan ny-"The Browns are still lov
ers, altl' agh married ten years."
Frank-"Oh, don't talk that kind of'
Fanny (in dignantly)-"Stufl indeed!
I saw her run down the stens last
night and kiss M1r. Brown when he
Frank-"Pshaw! She wanted to
+id o.t wat hed been drinking."