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THlE MIRACLE AT CANA.
DR. TALMAGE ON THE TRANSFORMA
TION OF WATER INTO WINE.
An Eloquent Sermon Preached on Bibli
cal oround-Christ Loves the House
keeper-He Comes in the Hour of Ex
tremity-HO Wants Us to Be Happy.
NER CA , Dec. 22.-The Rev. T.
Do Witt Talmage, D. D., preached
here today on "A Marriage Feast,"
taking for his text John ii, 10: "Thou
bast kept the good wine until now."
Standing not far off from the demol
ished town of what was once called
Cana of Galilee, I bethink myself of
our Lord's first manhood miracle,
which -has been the astonishment of
the ages. My visit last week to that
place makes vivid in my mind that
beautiful occurrence in Christ's minis
try. My text brings as to a wedding
in that village. It is a wedding in
aommon life, two plain people having
pledged each other, hand and heart,
ind their friends having come in for
pongratulation. The joy is not the
Ma because there is no pretension.
In each other they find all the
future they want. The daisy in the
cup on the table may mean as much as
a score of artistic garlands fresh from
the hothouse. When a daughter goes
off from home with nothing but a
lain father's blessing and a plain
other's love, she ii missed as much
as though she were a princess. It
seems hard, after the parents have
sheltered her for eighteen years, that
-in a few short months her affections
should have been carried off by an
-other; buit mother remembers how it
was in her own case when she was
young, and so she braces up until the
wedding has passed, and the banquet
ers are gone, and she has a good cry
Well, we are today at the wedding
in Cana of Galilee. -Jesus and his mo
ther have been invited. Itis evident that
there are more people there than were
expected. Either some people have
come who were not invited, or more
invitations have been sent out than it
was supposed would be accepted. Of
course there is not enough supply of
wine. You know that there is noth
ing more embarrassing to a house
keeper than a scant supply. Jesus
sees the embarrassment, and he comes
up immediately to relieve it. He sees
standing six water pots. He orders
the servants to fill them with water,
then waves his hand over the water,
and immediately it is wine-real wine.
Taste of it, aid see for yourselves;
no logwood in it, no strychnine in it,
but first rate wine. I will not now be
iverted to the question so often
jiscussed in my own country, whether
It is right to'drink wine. I am de
icribing the scene as it was. When
God makes wine he miakesthe very
best wine; and one hundred and thirty
gallons of it standing around in these
water Dots-wine so good that the ruler
Df the-feast tastes it and says: "Why,
this is really better than anything we
have had! Thou hast kept the good
wine until now." Beautiful miracle!
A prize was offered to the person who
thould write the best essay about the
miracle in Cana. Long manuscripts
were presented in the competition, but
a poet won the prize by just this one
line descriptive of the miracle:
ThO unZcon2scious water saw its God, and blushed.
We learn from this miraele, in the
first place, that Chiist has sympathy
with hoskees You might have
thought that Jesus would have said:
"i cannot be bothered with this house
hold deficiency of wine. It is not for
me, Lord of heaven, of earth, to be
come caterer to this feast. I have
r thi thanthis to attend to."
' T-h-winegave out~d
and Jesus, by miraculous power, came
to the rescue. Does there ever come a
scant supply in your household? Have
-you to make a very close calculation?
Is it hard work for you to carry on
things decently and respectably? If
so, don't sit down and cry. Don't go
out and fret; but.go to him who stood
in the house in Cana of Galilee. Pray
in the parlorl Pray in the kitchen!
Let there 'ae no room in all your house
unconsecrated by the voice of prayer.
If you have a microscope, put under
it one drop of water, and see the in
sects floatino about; and when you
see that GoJ makes them, and cares
for them, and feeds them, come to the
conclusion that he will take care of
-you and feed you, oh, ye of little faith!
TRU~ST IS GOD.
A boy asked if he might sweep the
snow from the steps of a house. The
lady of the household said:- "'Yes; you
seem very poor." He says: "I am
very poor." She says: "Don't you
sometimes get _discouraged, and feel
that God is rong to let you starve?"
The lad lookeil up in the woman's face
-and said: "Do you think God will let.
me starve when I trust him, and then
do the best I can?" Enough theology
for older people! Trust in God and
do the best you can. Amidst all the
worriments ~of housekeeping, go to
*him; he will tielp you control your
ternper, and supervise your domestics,
and entertain your guests, and man
age our home economies. There are
hudesof women weak, and nerv
-ous, and e-,dausted with the cares of
.housekeepino. I commend you to the
'Lord Jesus ZChrist as the best adviser
and the most efficient ' -the Lord
Jesus who performed his rtmiracle
to relieve a housekeeper.
I learn also from this miracle that
Christ d6es things in abundance. I
think a small supply of wine would
have made up for the deficiency. I
think-certainl'y they must have had
enough for half of the guests. One gal
lon of wine will do; certainly five gal
ions will be enough; certainly ten. But
Jesus g on, and he gives them
thirty glos, and forty gallons, and
fifty galons. and seventy gallons, and
one hundred gallons, and one hundred
and thirty gallons of the very best
It is sust like him, doing everything
on the fargest and most generous scale.
Does Christ, our creator, go forth to
make leaves? He makes them by the
wTh& foress full; notched like the
fern, or silvered like the aspen, or
broad like the palm; thickets in the
tropics, Oregon forests. Does he go
forth to make flowers? He makes plen
ty of them; they flame from the hedge,
they hang from the top of the grape
vine in blossoms, they roll in the blue
wave of the violets, they toss their
white surf into the spirmna-cnough for
every child's hand a flower, enough
to make for every brow a chaplet,
enouo'h with beauty to cover up the
ghastiness of all the graves. Does
he go forth to create water? He pours
it out, not by the cupful, but by a
river full, a lake full, an ocan full,
pouring it out until all the earth has
enoughi to drink, and enough with
which to wash.
Does Jesus, our Lord, provide re
demption? It is not a little salvation
for this one, a little for that, and a lit
tle for the other; but enough for all
"Whosoever will, let him come."
Each man an ocean full for himself.
Promises for the young, promises for
the old, promises for the lowly, prom
ises for the blind, for the halt, for the
outcast, for the abandoned. Pardon
-for all, comfort for all, mercy for all,
heaven for all; not merely a cupful of
Goplsupply, 'but one hundred and
thr' gallons. Ay, the tears of godly
repentance are all gathered up into
oerore Tile i rone, we -i . ti-Fcu E
of delight and ask that it be i it
the wiw of heaveni: a' .! u irom
that bottie of teals. Wi 1: pour
in the cuP, and web' wi! c..v:-0
Jesus, 'we do not vwit ;o din-ik our
own tears:" and .J(sus- will say:
"Know ve not that ihe tear 4 -f earth
are the w~-ine of lieavon: S. rrow m:ay
endi-e, but joy cometin te morn
lIE h ELL's 1* 'TW 3i-: .! :E:Y.
I remark further, desua. dc.-s not
shadow the joysof oth(rS witi hm-is i
griefs. IHe mighit Iave : down in
that weddinz am md: --I Have so
miugh troubl, so miuchi Poverty, so
much persecuion, and the c irs is
coiniig; I shall ot rej ico. and the
loomi of my faice nd of :ysorrowvs
shall bee ast ovr u Ill this r" So
said not Jesus. IH. Iin . s id imself:
--Itere are two )41-onls se inout in
mr~i1ried life. Let it be t joyful ocea
siol. IwIll hidie i owi griefs. I
will kindle their jov. There are
mahn1y not So wIse u1s tia. I klow' a
hous'ehold whe there are mainly little
:l-idren, where for two 'years the rmu
leal in.tirumnt ls been k-pt shut
et-ans there has iemi troable in the
IouSe. Alas for tie' follvy Parents
:arinf: "W j ilhae Io Cliristias
:ree tiuis colig holiday because there
.as beeni trouble in the house. ilsh
hat lauging up str s: llow can
Aier be any Joy when1 thee1 lias been
1 mulih trouble ." And so they make
verythling conlsistenitlyV doleful, anld
;enid their sons zald daughters to ruin
with the glooin they tairow around
Oh, my dear friends, do you not
.low thioSe children will have trouble
.auhrlm of their own after a while?
oe glad they cannot appreciate all
nu-s. heno back the cup of bitter
.o iZa y otr daughters 15ip. When
yu a d i.s down e in the t-ass of the
omb. poverty may come to her, be
raval to leri'. bereavement to her.
K.evp back the sorrows as ,long as you
1n. Do- vo Ilot kmow that son may,
Iter a wh'ile, have his heart broken?
-4,md between himz and all harn.
You may not fight his battles long;
ight thenmm while you may. Throw
not the chill of your oi despondency
-over his soul: rather be like Jesus,
who came to the wedding hiding his
wni grief and kindling the joys of
others. So I hav.e seen the sun, on a
dark day. struggling amidst clouds,
black. ragged and portentous, but
af ter a while the sui, with.golden pry,
heaved back the blackness; and the
sun laughed to the lake, and the lake
laughed to the sun, and from horizon
to horizon, under the saffron sky, the
water was all turned into wine.
I learn from this miraele that Christ
is not impatient with the luxuries of
life. It was ilot necessary thmat they
should have that wine. Hundreds of
people have been married without any
wine. We do not read that any of
the other provisions fell short. When
Christ-mlade the wine it was not a ne
cessity, but a positive luxury. I do
not believe that lie wants us to eat
hard bread and sleep on hard mat
tgesses, unless we like Cnem the best.
think, if circumstances .will allow,
we have a right to the luxuries of
dress, the luxuries of diet and the lux
uries of residence. There is no more
religion in an old coat than in a new
one. We can serve God drawn by
golden plated harness as certainly as
hen we go a-foot. Jesus Christ will
dwell with us under a fine ceiling as
well as under a thatched roof; and
when you can get wine made out of
water,~drink as much of'it as you can.
What is the ditference between a
Chinese mud hovel and an American
home? What is the difference be
tween the rough bear skins of the
Russian boor and the outfit of an
Aierican gentleman? No difference,
exce~ that which the Gopel of Christ,
directly or indirectly, has caused.
When'Christ shall have vapeseh'e.
-si-'the-warid.-Istppm Tr house
will be a mansion, and every garment
arobe, and ev-ery horse-an arch-neck
ed courser, and 'every carriage a glit
tering vehicle, and every man a kmng,
and every woman a queen, and the
whole earth a paradise-, the glories c '
the natural world harmonizing with
the glories of the material world, until
the very bells of the horses shall
jingle thie praises of the.Lord.
CHRtIST LOVES OUR INiGHTER.
I learn, further, from this miracle,
that Christ has no impatience with
festal joy, otherwise he would not
have accepted the invitation to that
wedding. He certainly would not
have done that which increased the
hlarity. There may have been many
in that room who were happy, but
there was not one of them that did so
much for the joy of the wedding
party as Christ himself. He was the
chief of the banqueters. W\hen the
wine gave out, he sup plied it; and so,
I take it, he will not deny us the joys
that are positively festal.
I think the children, of God have
more right to laugh than any other
eole, and to clap their hands as
oudly. There is not a single joy de
nied 'them that is given to any other
peole. Christianity does not clip the
wings of the soul. Religion does not
frost the flowers. What is Christian
ity? I take it to be simply a procla
mation from the throne of God of
emancipation for all the enslaved; and
if a man accepts the termsof that proc
laation, and becomes free, has he not
a right to be merry? Suppose a fa
ther has an elegant manston and large
rounds. To whom will he give the
irst priv~ilege of these grounds? Will
he say: "'My children, you must not
walk throtugh these paths, or sit
down under these trees, oir pluck
this fruit. These are for out-siders.
They may walk in them." No
father would say any thing lke
that. He wvould say: "The lirst priv
ileres -ill all the ground-s, and all
of my house, shall, be for my own
childen." An~d vet men try to mlake
us believe that G'od's children are on
the limits, and the chlief refreshmients
and e'lvnjyemst of life~ are fon r usid
ers, and not for hlis own children. It is
stark atheism. There is nIo innocent
beverage too ribch for' God's child to
drink; there is no robe too costly for
him to wear; there is no hilarity too
great for hiim to inidulg'e in, and no
house too splendid for'-him to live in.
He has a right to thle joys of earth; he
shall have a right to the joys of heav
en. Though tribulation, and trial,
and hardshup may come unto him, let
him rejoice. "Rejoice in the Lord, ye
rioteous, and again I say, rejoice."
~I remark ina that Christ comies
to us in thea hour of oui' extremiit.
He knewv the wine w-as giving out be
fore there was any embarrassment or
mortification. Why did lie not per
form the miracle sooner? Why wvait
until it was all gone, and no help
could come from any sonree, and then
come in and perform the miracle?
This is Christ's way; and when he did
come in, at the hour of extremity, he
made fir'st rate wine, so that they cried
out: "Thou hast kept the good wine
until now." Jesus in the hour of ex
tremity l lie seems to prefer that
In a Christian home in Poland
great p)over'ty had come, and on the
week day thie man was obliged to
move out of1 the house with his whole
family. That night lie knelt with his
familyv and prayed to God. While
they 'were kneeling in prayer there
was a tap on the window pane. They
openedl the window, and there was a
raven thlat the family had fed and
trained, and it had in its bill a ring all
set with precious stones, which was
found out to be a ring belonging to
Lao iing s resiaence, amtu 0F LUe non.
es tv of the iman ia bringing it back h
hali a house givelo hin, ani a gar
den and a farm. \io was it that
sent the raven tapping on the window?
The same God that sent the raven to
feed Elijah by the brook Cherith.
Christ in the hour of extremity!
You mourned over your sins. You
could not find the way out. You sat
downi and said: "God will not be
iterlcifui. H[e has caot me oli;" but in
that, the darkest hour of your history,
light broke from the throne, and Jesus
said: "O wanderer, come home. I
have seen all thy sorrows. In this,
the hour of thy extremity, I oirer thee
pardon and everlasting life "
Trotible came. You were almost
torn to pieces by that trouble. You
braced yourself 'up against it. You
said: 'N will be a stoie, and wilI not
care;" but before you had got through
making the resolutions. it broke down
under you. You felt that all your re
sources were gone, and then Jesus
came. "In the fourth watch of the
night," the Bible says. 'Jesus came
walking on the sea." Why did he not
come in the first watch? or in the sec
ond watch? or in the third watch? I
do not know. He came in the fourth,
and gave deliverance to his disciples.
Jesus in the last extremity!
WILL YOU LET CHRIST COME?
I wonder if it will be so in our very
last extremity. We shall fall sud
denlv sick. and doctors will come, but
in vain. We will try the anodynes
and the stimulants and the bathings,
b all in vain. Something will say:
"Xou must go." No one to hold us
back, but the hands of eternity
stretched out to pull us on. What
then? Jesus will come to us, and as
we say, "Lord Jesus, I am afraid of
that water; I cannot wade through to
the other side," lie will say, "Take
hold of me arm; and we wil take
hold of his arm, and then he will put
his foot in the surf of the wave, taking
us on dtown deeper, deeper, deeper,
and our soul will cry: "All thy waves
and billows have gone over ie."
They covel' the feet, colic to the kiee,
pass the girdle and conie to the head,
ad our so'ul cries out: "Lord Jesus
Christ, I cannot hold thine arm any
longer." Then Jesus will turn around,
throw both his arms about us, and set
us on the beach. far beyond the toss
ing of the billows. Jesus in the last
That wedding. scene is gone now.
The wedding ring has been lost, the
tankards have becn breken, the house
is down; but Jesus invites us to a
grander wedding. You know the Bible
uavs that the church is the Lamb's
wife, and the Lord will after awhile
conic to fetch her ho'mc. There will
be gleaming of torches in the sky, and
the trunimets of God will ravish the air
with theiii inusic; and Jesus will stretch
out his hand, and the church, robed in
white, wili put aside her veil, and
look up into the face of her Lord the
king, and th' bridegroom will say to
the bride: "Thou hast been faithful
through all these year's: The mansion
isreaLv! Comic home: Thou art fair,
my love :" anid 'hen he shall put upon
her br'ow the crown of dominion, and
the table will be smead, and it will
reach across the skies, and the might"
ones of heaven will conic iii. garlanct
ed with bx'auty and striking their
cymbals; and the bridegroom and
bride will stand at the head of the
table, and the banqueters, looking up,
will wonder and adrcire. and say:
"That is Jesus the bridegrooim But
the scar on Is brow is covered with
the coronet. and the stab in his side is
ooveredl with a robe !" and ''That is
the bi'ide! The weariness of her
earthly woe lost ini the flush of' this
There Will be wine enoughi at that
wedding; niot coming up from the
poisoned vats of earth, but tihe vine
,vards of God will press their ripest
clasters, and the c~ups andh the tankards
will bluish to the brim with thke heav
enly vintage, and then all the ban'
que'ters will drink standing. Esther
having come up from the 'oacehana
lian revelry of Ahasuerus, whei'e a
thousand lords feasted. will be there.
And the queen of Sheba, from the
banquet of Solomon, will be thiei'e.
And the mother of Jesus, froml the
weddinmg in Cana, will be thkere. And
they all will agree that the earthly
feasting w~as poor complharedl with that.
Then, lifting their chalices in that
holy ligh t, they shall cry to thme Lord
of t'he feast: "Thou hiast'kept the good
wine until now."
German School Lire.
In the course of a 'lecture on "A
Visit to German .Schools," recently
delivered ini Bradford by Mr. T. G.
R~ope'r, British inspecTor of schools,
president of the local branch of the
teachers' guild, he gave a dlescmiption
of a higher board school for' gir'ls
(Burgerschule) as drawn by a German
schoolmaster. Next he blescribed a
typical school inspection, first in the
wor'ds of a Gernmn school inspector
and tlien in the words of one of the
head teachers, and finally in the words
of the scholastic newspapers.
In one p'lace a teacher got only ?45
for teaching 170 children. In Anhalt
town teachers begin with ?50, and
rise in twenty-five years to ?105; in
the country they get ?0 to ?10 less.
As a natural result the applications
for admission to training colleges are
falling off. The workrequired of the
teachers, too, was excessive. In Silesia,
Fellhammer, four teachers have to
teach 68S0 children in nine classes. In
Salzbrunn, Head Teacher Bohm has
220 children to teach by himself. In
Ditersbach, four teacher's have 700
children ini seven classes, and of these
two classes only get six hours a week.
The number of children legally al
lowed in one class is 120, but it is often
exceeded. This is the dark side of the
picture. Looking at the other side,
in the v'ery best schools (as in Berlin)
the teachers are well paid, aiid there is
a large number of applications for
posts; the classes are smaller, and in
sonme cases the teachers are "special
ists," and take, say, all the aritlunetic
or all the dr'awing in the school. But
generally not only were the teachers
overworked, but the routine for the
children was (over'crowd'ed. The dis
content of the Prussian teachers hav
ing culminated in a joint movement,
they were a few weeks ago forbidden
to nuake a "mass petition." One dis
trict inspector has gone so far as to is'
sue an order that "expressions in
teachers' unions' statutes which set up
as the task of the union the further'
ing of the interests of the elementary
schools and of tea.chers in them are
not permissible." The social position
of the German teacher has evidently
declined. In 1870 Bismnarck claimed
themi as his stanchest allies, and the
public extolled them highly. Now a
change has set in. The comic press
and reactionaries inl and out of parlia
ment combine to Ilout the unhappy
pedagogue.-St. James' Gazette.
"Is this the postofhice?" lie q1ueried,
as lie stepp~ed inside the stormi doors
with a letter in his hand.
"It is." replied the man addressed.
"Could I mail a letter here ?"
"And it'll go right out, will it?"
"No doubt of it."
"Thanks! I like this town. Things
are business here. It is evident that
you people like to see a man get
along, and you won't lose anlything
by it. I'll speak a good wor'd for your
p)ostofce wherever I go, and ii I can
help it any I shall be only too g'lad to
ODS AND ENDS.
The lartfordl (2on a.) Couraut has
mI1tAed upoln its 1 3t year.
Ex-Con<.emm Stephen F. Wil
son, of Wellsboro, Pa.Z has built for
himself a granite tomo in shape of a
A New York p:per is wrestling with
the problem. hiteirto unsolved, why
fat men evince such a remarkable
fondness for I aseball games.
At Plant City, Fla., there has been
found what seems tombe a half orange
with a smooth skin and a half lemon
with a rough skin, the latter being a
little larger, growing together as one
The vote in Massachusetts was very
heavy. More than twenty-five tons of
paper were used in printing the ballots.
Siberia is commonly regarded as a
region of ice and cold; but m summer
time it is about as hot a country as
there is on the face of the globe..
There are 16,310 newspapers and
periodicals in the United States, a
gain of SO in twelve months, and of
7,136 in ten years.
There have been two springs discov
ered in Bramwell, V. N a., which are
only about fifteen feet apart, the water
of one of which is colder thanice, if
possible, while the other almost reaches
a boiling temperature.
Secretary Noble served notice upon
the cattlemien who have leased Indian
lands in the Cherokee outlet that they
must vacate the lands by the 1st of
San Francisco, with a population of
about 400,000, has only 120 churches,
with a seating capacity of 40,000 and
an average attendance of 25,000. The
climate of San Francisco does not
seem to be conducive to church go
A sailor being asked to describe the
difference between a hurricane and a
typhoon, replied: "In a hurricane,
the wind blows as hard as it can right
straight along; but in a typhoon, just
as it's blowing its hardest, it gives al
Prominent colored men in Illinois
have formed a national association for
the purpose of erecting, in the city of
Springfield, a monunent to Abraham
Lincon, the emancipator. April 15th
next has been designated as a day for
taking subscriptions in all the colored
churclies and schools in the country.
I have seen many an excellent mat
ron, who could never in her best days
have been handsome, and vet she had
a packet of yellow love letters in a
private drawer, and sweet children
showered kisses on her sallow cheeks.
Yes, thank God, human feeling is like
the mighty rivers that bless the earth;
it does not wait for beauty-it flows
with resistless force, and brings
beauty with it.-George Eliot.
At a recent meeting of 1,500 Con
federate veteraus held in Birmingham,
Ala., for the purpose of raising a fund
to build a home for disabled and home
less Confederates, the speaker's stage
was decorated *ith both the national
colors and Confederate flags. The vet
rans cheered the stars and stripes. and
kissed the faded flags of the Confeder
The first white settler in the city of
St. Paul came in the year 1S32; today
the population of the capital of Min
nesota is 200,000. The first lo- cabin
was erected in 1838; today the city
boasts of some of the finest business
and residence buildings on .the Ameri
can continent. The town site was lo
cated i" 1847; the capital in 1851.,The
lirst survey of the city was made in
1S51; the chamber of commerce or
anized in 1867. The original St. Paul
proper-, platted in 1847, contained
about eighty acr-es. The present area
of the city contains 35,4S2 acres.
A minister of the gospel, a son of a
prominent minister of Lexington, K~y.,
is attemping the extraordinary task of
committing the entire New Testament
to memory. He has been working on
it for years, and, as ho has a wonder
fully i-etentive brain, the work is in a
fair way to early completion. As he
argues, the plan is an exceedingly
ood one, because he can refer to his
ind at any tinme much more easily
than to the pages of any book ever
p-inted. If, for instance, he wishes
to quote any passage, he can do so at
will, and at the very moment, an ac
complishment which would make him
one of the most fluent preachers in t'he
The following facts in reference to
the new postage stamps will be of in
teest: The one cent stamps are blue
in color, and have the head of Frank
lin; the two cents are carmine, and
have the head of Washington; the
three cents are violet, and bear the
face of Jackson; the four cents are
dark brown, with the head of Lin
coln; the five cents are light brown,
with the head of Grant; the sixc cents
have Garfield's head, and are vermil
lion red; the ten cents are green, with
the head of Webster; the fifteen cents
are brown, with the face of Clay; the
thirty cents are black, with Jefferson
vignette; and the ninety cents are
orange, with the head of Perry.
Tanner's Fast Outdone.
A Bristol dog which was found in a
deserted barn on Thursday had sur
vived six weeks without fod The
doc. is a valuable setter, belonging to
Roert Bruden, and was lost six weeks
ago, after Mr.'Bruden had been at a
furniture sale. The furniture dealer
had locked the dog in his barn, and
left the town. People in the neig-h
borhood heard the dog bairking for
two weeks, and then heard him no
more. After a fruitless search in every
other direction Mr. Bruden thought
of the furniture dealer's barn, and
looked in there as a last chance. Here
he found the setter as thin as a shin
ole and too weak to stand up. He,
hoever, soon revived undei- the
stimulating effects of a three pound
beefsteak, and is now well--Philadel
Veetable flannel is a textile mate
rial nowv being largely manufactured
in Germany out of pine leaves. The
fiber is spun, knitted and woven into
undergarments and clothing of vad~
A Compositor's Feat.
James Leonard, president of the New
Orleans Typographical union, is a typ o
in The Times-Democrat office. On
Friday, July 5, Mr. Leonard began his
week's work. He was offered no special
opportunities to make a ~eat record
(or, in typographical parhuce, a "big
string")b setting up easy matter
("fat takes," as the printer puts it) but
worked on the regular "file" which
contains the. eneral run of matter that
appears in .The Times-Democrat's col
umns. The type used in the office is
brevier, agate and nonpareil, the latter
largely predominating. The agate
measures 30 ems to a line, the nonpa
reil 25. Mr. Leonard worked seven
ad a half hours a day for seven con
ecutive days, and on 'Thursday night
last, when he cast up his "string,'' it
was disclosed that he had set up just
L02,800 ems, an average of 14,685 ems
day, orl1,941lems an hour. And he
mnade few errors; hais "'proof" was
;ood. In doing this feat Mr. Leonard
et 205,600 letters and returned the
ame to their boxes. The distance
~raveled by his arm was about 12~5
niles. This record is the best made in
New Orleans since the war. Mr.
Leonad was born in Keokuk in 1858.
rHE BIG T EARrHQUAiEi
Hlow 'jihe .w allow D ,las &:e Citie% and
I 11oALtsI of' People.
Boseewitz on Earthquakes.
One ofthe mot remarkable eaith
quakes Of :antiquiy overtnrew mwanv
cities of l:ai, but maul not interrupt the
battle of Thrasmine-, which was raging1
at the tinie. This was in the year 217
B. U. Byron siogs of the event in "Childe
And such the storm of battle on this
And such the frenzy whose convul
To all save carnage, that beneath the
An earthquake rolled unheedingly
,,one felt stern nature rocking at his
And yawnina forth a grave for those
who lay I
Upon their oucklers for a winding
Such is the absorbing hate when war
ring nations meet.
In 365 A. D., the greatest part of the
Roman world was convulsed by an earth
quake, which was followed by tidal
waves. For a long time afterward the
city of Alexandria annua'ly commemor
ated the fatal day when 50,000 citizens
lost their lives in ad inundation. Two
centuries later the Roman empire again
was shaken, and credulity is stagger
ed by the statement that 350,000 lives
One shrinks from enumerating many
of the great earthquakes of history, for
to attempt the task is to sup full of hor
rors. In the early history of America
the disappearance of whole cities was
not unusual. In 1456, 60,000 persons
were killed in Naples. In 1795 there
were destructive shocks in Syrie, and at
Aalbec 20,000 perished. In 1783 Guate
mala, with all its riches and 8.000 fami
lies, was swallowed up. In Sicila and
Calabria, from 1738 to 1786, the victims
reached a total of 80,000. China's capi
al was destroyed in 1333, and multitudes
3ere killed in a serious of shocks that
ere distributed through ten years.
And so on until the statistics become
The great Lisbon earthquake of 1755
will be remembered as the one in which
the good Dr. Johnson refused to believe,
although he pinned his faith to the story
of the Cock lane ghost. This shock ex
tended ever a surface of the globe four
times greater than that of jEurope, de
stroying the cities of Fez and Mesvuinez
in Morocco, with 15,000 persons; and
affecting the coasts of Greenland, the
Isle of Madeira, and the West Indies,
nearly 4,000 miles away. In Lisbon it
was All Saints' Day, the hour of high
mass, and the churches were erowded.
There were three shocks, and then the
city was in ruins. The earthquake was
followed by the horrors of a conufagra
In tle Caracas earthquake in 1812 the
people were praying, like those of Lis
bon, when desolation came upon them.
It was Thursday of Holy Week and great
numbers were in the churches. At least
4,000 people perished in the downfall of
the sacred editices. One catbcdral held
SLAIN BY NEGROES.
A Whole Community of Blacks Proba
bly Implicated in the Assassinatlon of
a White Merchant.
News of a wretened murder at Mar
tin's Station, S. C., on the Port Royal
railroad, hasa been received. The vie..
tim was Mr. Robert Martin, twenty-five
years old, the son of Major William A.
Mlartin, of Martin's S. C. Young Mar
tin kept a store at Martin's and ran a
frm near by. As he was going from
his store home Saturday night, he was
shot in the back by an unknown par
t. Suspicion points to a negro, Peter
ell, who, together with Harrison
Johnson and two other', is under ar
rest. At the inquest, which was held
Sunday, Harrison Johnson and his
wife testified to having passed young
artin in the read on his way home.
He wss on horseback and Bell riding
behind him on an ox. They were
talking together as they passed. A
fw minutes later they heard the re
port of a guu in the direction they had
one, and heard some one cry out,
"y God, you have killed me." John
son's wire testified that she started in.
the direction to see what was the mat
ter, but her husband said it was some
druniken negro kicking up a fuss, and
for her to go on in the house. A negro
told on a nelghboring plantation that
they had Bell arrested for killing Mr.
Martin, and had him guarded at Mr.
Martin's place. He told .this an hour
er two before anybody suspected Bell,
or knew any of the cir,,umstances.
this with other facts, pointed to knowl
edge among the negroes of the assass
ination, and several are under arrest.
At the inquest several parties testified
to having heard the shot, and the cry
of young Martin, but nobody, strange
ly enough, went to investigate. As a
consequence, it was not until Sunday
morning that his body was discovered,
or anything was kno u'n of the mur
der. He was shot'in the back with
slugs, four or five entering the body
and probably causing death almost
instantly. The remains were taken to
Charleston and interred there.
A COLD-BLOODED MURDER.
One Charlestonl Negro Shoots Anether
by~ Way of Celebrating Christmasft.
CHARLEsTo~ S. C., Dec. 28.-An
other fatal outcome of the miscarriage
of justice in South Carolina was de
veloped on Christmas night at a negro
settlement in the: suburbs. James
Anderson shot and killed Cupid Small
and then escaped. There was no quara
rel. After hailing his victim, he simply
pulled his pistol and shot him dead.
He was captured by some negroes and
was sent to jail. The negroes of the
neighborhood tried to lynch him, but
the police wvho had him in charge were
in a patrol wagon and the lynchers
~After being put in jail~to-day the mur
derer was interviewed. He admitted
having slain his victim, but denied that
he had tried to conceal his body and
so conceal the crime. Asked why he
killed Small he said because he thought
that Small might kill him. He had
never had a quarrel with his victim.
The colored people in the suburbs ale
very much excited over the murder.
Mlur-der in1 Georgin.
MACON, Ga., Dec. 28.-The report
of a riot at Barnesville is erroneous.
It arose from the unprovoked murder
on Christmas, of a negro man of excel
lent character by four drunken white
men who met him on a railroad track.
The authorities are doing their best to
arrest the murderers, who were stran
gers in the community.
A fight between a gorilla and a bull
dog, for a purse of $500, occurred at
Fort Wayne, Ind.,on Monday morning.
The dog was a fine thoronghbred Eng
lish bull dog weighing forty pounds,
while the gorilla pulied down nearly
eighty poonds. They were put into an
enclosure twelve feet square and eight
feet high, built of three inch oak strips.
A large crowd was present and betting
was spirited, with the odds greatly in
favor of the brute from Africa. The
dog was killed in two minutes. The
gorilla was unhurt.
The United Sta-es Senate has confirm
ed the appointment of V. P. Clayton as
postaste at Columbia.
THE FUNERAL OF MI. GRADY.
Great :Demountration in. ilis tnor at
Atlantuta--- Knising !?unds for a .1Ionu
ment---The Larzre-t Funeral Procem
P-ion Ever Seen in (..orgin.
All the, was mortal of I1enry Woodia
rady was !a:d to rest in 0,tkind Cerne
ery, Atlanta, on Christmas. There was
io ostentation, no display, no glittering
)hgeat-all was simplicity-but the ftu
ieral proceasion was the largest that
his State has ever seen, and in the hearts
f Georgia's people was sorrow deeper
han human minds can measure. It was
o'cock when the honorary pall-bearers
6d committees from each of tb organi
ations to which Mr. Grady belonged ar
ived at the house. In the honorary es
ort there were, besides men prominent
n affairs in Georgia and the South, a
umber of Northern friends. The body
ay in a beautiful casket in tne largv par
or, and here these friends took a lm-t
:ok at toe beloved face.
At 10 o'clock a sob.mn procession
wended its way to the Firat Meti.odi t
Church, where the body was to lie in
tate. Here the local member- 4)t the
chi Phi Fraternity, of which Mr. Grady
was the highest officer in the State, took
charge. Then for four hours the public
were allowed to pass the casket in double
lines and look upon the face. Floral de
signs, which came from friends every
where, were most beauti ful. Of tbe:e,
that given by the Cont-titution emiiployee
was especially noticeable and is mention
ed because it was made after a design es
lected for another purpose tuy Mr. Grady
bimself. It was in the shape of Geor
ia's coat of arms, with the ! imple words
"Georgia's Son" on top of the arch, and
"Our Friend" at the base.
The scenes during these four hours
were most touching. Old and yourig.
great and small, white and back, passed
by the casket, and there was not a dry
eye as people realized that their best
friend had gone. The employee. of the
Constitutionheaded by Prtsident How
ell and Business Manager Hem phill, came
in a body. Then thny went t tbfe house
and acted as escort of honor to the lam
ily to the church.
The services were the simplest poni
ble, at the request of the widow. Dr.
Morrison, Dr. Lee, Dr. Barnett, Dr.
Glenn, Gen. Evans and D.. lioikins
were the officiating ministers. lteading
of selections from the Scriptures, sing
ing of hymns and prayers by Dr. Morri
son, Methodist, and Dr.farnett, Prv-,by
terian, completed the sev-es. The
singing of Mr. Grady's favorite hymn,
"Shall we Gather at the River," was es
The long procession wended its y
to Oakland, and in the family vault ol
W. D. Grant the body Qf Hen ry W Gr.a;d
found a temporary resting-phice. Oae
short prayer at the vatlr ar.d ail was
over. He is gone, but his words of peace
and good-will for the North and Sout h
will keep him alive in the hearts of all
The peopleof Atlanta have determined
to erect a monument to the memory of
Henry W. Grady. A meeting of P,1ung9
inen resolved on this, and raised $5,000
within an hour.
A Horrible Accident in a Californial mine
---Sixteen Mlen Under the Debri.
SAN ANDRES, Cal., December 2G.-A
disastrous cavein occurred Sunday eve
ning in the Lane mine. owried by How
ard & Habert, located on the we(-; edge
of Angelo, by which sixteen men were
buried. They were supposed to be dead.
Nineteen men were sent into a drift ot
the 400 foot level to repair timbe-ring
which had become loosened. They ha
not worked over an hour when the sup
ports of timbers suddenly broke to the
right, and robfibg, eartb and rocks fell,
burying sixteen men underneath the de
bris. Thomas Corwin and two Italian:
were working near the mouth of the
drift, and managed to escape, althougi
Corwin was badly injured. Corwmn said
the partitions were meanirg badly, whet
he went into ihe drif t, b:ut no one sus5
pected there was daanger of a cavein.
When it catne they weae ait unprepared.
He and the Italians escapa-'i as soon a:
they heard the timbers crack. Other
also started to run, but were too f ar irt
the drift to be able to re.-.ch a place o1
safety. Immediateiy after the acciden!
men ~were let down the shaft, atnd enter
lug the mouth of the drif t, conatnence(
digging in the debris. They fod tha
attempt almost useless, as5 the timber,
seemed to have been woven together, a:
though the sides of the drift had falle'
towrd each other and had been covered
by the roofing. By last evening the res
cuing party had succeeded in getting
eight feet into the pile of eatth and tim
er and none of the vicrims had beet
reached. There is no prospect of get.
tiag them out alive.
A Musical Murder in Lexington.
CoLumRI. S. C., December 26:-Last
nigt in Lexington County. about twelva
miles from Columbia, the inevitable
Christmas murder occurred. A negro
dance was in progrress at a plantatiot
oue. and the colored beaux and belle:
were enjoying themaselves. As the eve
ing wore on, the musical ear of William
Glass was offended by the inharmoniotus
manner in which Henry Saxon wais pick
ng the banjo, and he criticised the per
formance, and called the musical ex per
out into the piazza. When they hac
reached its section and passed a few
rough expressions, the grieved musician
rew a pis'oi and shot Glass, killipg him
instantly, and thereby jputting him be
yond the misery of hearing false note:
and jingling discords, Hie then retired
from the scene--whether with or without
his banjo is not stated by the person who
brought the news to Columbia to-day.
The Nix Case in Charleston.
CHARESTON, S. C., December 28- The
rreet of merchant J1. T. Nix in Green
vle is the subject of some talk in mer
cantile and banking circles here. It is
known that the lady who was referred to
in the assignment proceedings is Mrs. A.
. Fleming, of this city, Mr. Nix.
motherinlaw. Mdrs. Fleming is thec
widow of the late A. D. Fleming, a prom.
inent candy manufacturer, and is ge-rcrr
ally credited with being wealthy. She
owns several stores on the buisiness por
tion of King street. It is also rum-redl
that Mr. Nix has large deposits in some
of the banks of this city, and will have
no trouble in securing a good bond by
putting- up collaterals. [Mr. No: has
since been released on $21,000 hail. I~e
is harged with fraud in the purchase oaf
A .ilattimtouth Enterprise.
The purchase of the Santee Swan- p
lands in Clarendoni county hats been
consummated by the Michigan com
pany. The purchase comprises 2,500
Tfhe plant will cost $250,000- and
the enterprise will employ thet labor of
six hundred operatives. The agent says
tht the advent of this enterprise at
Sumter will increase the population
of the city by fifteen hundred white
people. Cottages will have to be pro
vided for this number by the company,
making a little city in themselves.
Work will begin as soon as a suita
ble place can be abtained.
This mammouth enterprise, it is
propsed shall be in active life and
operation by next sumrner.-Suimter
-John W. harper, waite, has been
arrested under a bench warrant from .ha
last ourt and lodged in tbe cotin' j ii,
charged with being a common oimano,
and for loud use of profane l. gui-' '-a
near to a dying woman as to' hbtste-n lb r
CharIeston iron WorkS
Manufacturers and Dealers inI
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Macifinery, Cotlton lresses, GiIs, miil, ' anl
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
k*s'l-epairs e.rec:ulad withI j rajiJ!wds and ispatch. 11:II IEr i .t
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
R. C. BARKELrv. President.
C. BIss.L JENKINS, Gcn'l Maliagor. R HciuiD s. GA N e-r c. eTre3R.
The Cameron& Barkeley Gompany.
--AND AGENTS F'R.
Erie City Engine and Boilers, Atlas Engine and Boilers, the ftMous little
Giant Hydraulic Cotton Press, Eagle Cotton Gins.
We bave in stock one each 40, 65, amd 70 saw Eagle Gin, only shop worn,
that we are offering way below cost. Send for prices.
Oils, Rubber and Leather Belting, and a complete line of 31ill Supplies.
We Guarantee Lowest Prices for Best Quality ef Goods.
CAMERON & BARKELEY CO., Charleston, S. C.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
C1=T A 3= T . To T, S.C. -
AND IMPORTERS OF
PuIre Germ3an. "Kamii.
PELZER, RODGERS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHARLESTON, S.
Mr.. 31. Lxvi, of Manning, will be pleased to supply his friends and the public
erally, with any of the above brands of Fertilizers.
SECKENDORF & MIDDLE
No. 1 Central Wharf,
CH.AR.LESTON, S. C.
F. W. CAPPELMANN,
DEALER IN CHOICE GROCERIES,
WINES, LIQUORS, TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
S. E. Cor. Meeting and Reid Sts., CHARLESTON, S. C.
Choice Flour a specialty. Sugars sold near cost. No charge for drayage. Goods de
livered free to depot. Ciuntry orders promptly attended to.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Licuors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
WETHERHORN & FISCHER,
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS LN
General Building Material.
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Moulding, Scroll Sawing, Turn ,
Door and Window Frames, Lumber, Flooring, Ceilin ,
Weather-boarding, Paints, Oils, Glass, Limue, &c.
Office, Salesroomn, Factory and Yards, Smith, Near Queen Street,
S-Write for prices, or send a list of your wants for an estimate.9
Qeo, E. Toale & 0C1.IVCU, r
M.4~UF.CTURRS M) ~f1OE.~A~ Ieneral Commission Merchant,
Mouldings. ~ et
Grates, etc. CHRET ,S.C
Seroll Work. Turning and -.
Inside Finish. Builder's Hard-0-ALNHGNSD..S,
ware, and General GIRW~C
10OFFICE AND SALESRS0MS, .WISN
1and 12Hayne AStreetLELIEAS%?AV
iIEAR CHARLESTON HOTEL,
Charleston, S. C. IMNIG .C
All Work Guaranteed. JOPIF.HAE
MANUACTRERSOF ANNINEALER C.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
ChARLESTON, S.CC.ER A., duin "Pohb.
f~~isits Mann cing smntrtno
porofraesiofnalehly. loedt eFl
po - DefrsIes.lysutdfo esoso wa nddl
GrainflayMill eed. ber at the NIN G S.aor toC.
See aley, Wetrnd oia Artesiand wonelloatr. at upaic,
TeANUFCREdRs rof cs n doANNIG S.nt atC.2e dz
fiOefdozenat ,1Bperdozen, and n casLEUo
('IfRJ~K1Oi. A CRMANRING KESTEC.
-Nota Public Bwitral
Mannng nayn arlr. harlesn S.taurat
And f~i'V'~ui~ bst RZ.228b King Street retf,.C
lpp. cadey of usic
jaci~f ~ I,'.*tO s Pai'u iCHtART LE BTSTONS CT.
dair t 3IAN I\G IiM~ Sec aentione paidufatrers of hi. de
CHARLTN S. CIMLO. tion"s aidar.temsercigsrtn