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VOL. Vi. MANNING. S. C.. WEDNESDAY, FEBIUJARY 3, 1890. YO. 10
HOME-MADEF E 1RTILIZERSJ
AN iPORTANT ENTERPRISE IN
AUGUTATED IN COLUMBIA.
The Work Mapped Out by the Cobumbia
P1ho-phate Coupany-What It Offiers to
the Fariera of (eorgia and the cara
An important.branch of bome industry
i Ls u4 oen established at Colu.abia,
C..., uuder the name ol the Columbia
Phosphate Company. The officers are
ts follows: President-W. A. Clark,
Viec Presidet-J. C. Haskeli, Secre
arv and Treasurer-Wilie Jones, SiU
ueriutendent-T. C. Robertson, Direc
tors--W. A. Clark, James Woodrow, J.
C. Haskell, G. L. Baker.
The company has just issued a circu
I-r setting fourth its purposes and its
faiciiti. It says: Before purchasing
N uur fcrtilizers for another 'season we
desire to call your attention to the
goods we will put upon the market for
the crop of 1S90, and trust that you
will give them a full trial, satisfied not
oulv that the result obtained from this
our first year's production will fully
realize your expectation, but that'
succeeding years will confirm them. As
this is our first season, we have no
testimony to offer, but have this to
say. "The best i: always tne cheap
est." and with this as our motto, have
erected in the city of Columbia. at the
-ery head of river navigation, Fertili
Works that, for thorougn equip- c
t ; very respect, stand unrival
ae United States, and so shall
oducts be unexcelled.
r works cover four acres, and are 3
ted at the intersection of the Rich- t
d & Danville and the Atlantic
t Line, and only 1,305 yards from v
by, the head of river navigation, v
which point it will be connected 0
track, now being laid. The Atlan- f
oast Line gives us direct connec- y
with the ports of Norfolk, Wil- .
ton, and Charleston, from any of r,
h we receive our sulphur direct t
Sicily. The R. & D. gives us an b
let to the entire Piedmont section r
of our State, and "The Old Reliable" V
(the Congaree and Santee) connects us
directly with the phosphate beds, and a
delivers the crude rock to us at a ,
freight rate that paralyzes the great- d
est of traffic managers and relegates e
to innocuous desuetude the Inter- a
State Railroad Laws.
Surrounded with such freight fa-ii- t
ties, we ask protection from none, and
boldly assert thaz we will deliver our s
Fer-iIizers at any point in the State, b
duplicating prices of any standard v
goods on the market.
It may not be known, but it is a fact, t
that an iron steamboat of 250 tons ca- e
pacity has made weekly trips between
Granby and Charleston since last
March, without missing once. It is a
fact, that our Oil Mills have sold the a
planters of Pee Dee 500 tons meal, and t
truck faimers of Ch'arleston 600 tons, r
all to be delivered by steamer; and
that an extra boat will be put on the
river this month to meet the increased
Zraffic. But the fact of all facts is, that
we offer the trade of the Pee Dee and
the Santee, of the mountain and
the seaboard, a Fertilizer excelled by
none, and at Charleston prices.
The names we have selected for
our goods are "Granby Ammonia
ted Fe-rtiliZer," "Granby Acid Phos
phate ". .t
Our ammoniated goods will contain
full 2.3 per cent of An-'monma, and our
Acid Phosphate 10 per cent of availa
ble phosphoric acid. This will be our
minimum guarantee, and should the
trade desire the cheap, 1 and 11 per
cent ammoniated goods bignow so
largely put upon the market, they will1
be made only at their risk and unaer
their br.and. We intend that im the
years to somae "Granby Fertilizer"shall
be a horsehold word in the South,
maintai ted to the highest standard
.and seliing on its own merit.
vALUE OF FERTILIZERs. (
The experiments of Liebig and other 1
agricultural chemists established the
imuportance of applying artificially Am
monia, Phosphoric Adid, and Potash
to the growing plant. The experience
of the successful farmer has demon
strated the absolute necessity of a free
and intelliant use of these ingredients,
and to obtain them science, art and
commerce have been employed on
the most extensive scale, and millions
of dollars invested in the production of
*Formerly the guano of Peru supplied
this element in large quantities, but
since the exhaustioni of those deposits
the supply has been largely from dry
blood, fish scraps, nitrate of soda, and
cotton seed meal.
'jlis article is almost altogether ob
tained imm the German mines, either
as Kainit or Mairiate of Potash.
This ingredient is found in nature.
both as is soluble Phosphate of Lime
an~d Phosphate ot Alumina, but .as
suc-h is useless as a fertilizer, being in.
soluble in water, and not available as
a plant ft. od. To make it available as
a plant food has been the work of the
scientists, and the immense capital em
ptoyed in this art attests their success.
The largest deposit of insoluble Phos
phate of Lime that we know of exists
in our own State, and is known as
Phosphate Rock, evidently the re
mains and deposits of sea animals and
birds. In its crude state it is insoluble,
but when ground and treated wvith
Sulphuric Acid it becomes soluble, and
is known in commerce as Acidulated
Rock, or Dissolved Bone, and as such
becomes the basis of all commercial
fertilizers. To make the rock soluble
we must have Sulphuric Acid. This
v.as at first imported into -Northern
--rtthe rock shipped Nort 7,the fer
ilizers made and re--shipped South.
This was expensive, the fert ilizers sell
iug at 575 per tou. The next step was
timport the Sulphur and make dul
phuric Acid, then followed the est ab
lishment of the acid chaumber along
side oft the rock, still further reducing
exp.eoses. Every step was one to
chemipent producticu oy brining the
crude materials together, but the last
and mnort important step yet maide in
to bring them to the~ planter and man
ufacture tht m at hi- door, giving him
the best goods for the leas~t monev
Such is the ;am of the ColuuAbia Phos
W.ith the close of the old year we
have comnplo d1 a plant capatbte of pro
due.ng atinualyv ifteen t hus-and tons
of fert lize-rs. Favored by propitiou
wea r, we accom~ li.h tbe~ work in
four n.outths. Experts pronounce it
anurpa:d by any, North or south.
We are determined that its productiou
and during the present season offer to
1. Purc Dissolced Ronc. Guaranteed
Analysis-12 per cent. Available Phos
2 Gran>y Acid Pho.sphate. Guaran
teed Analysis-10 to 12 per cen . Avail
able Phosphoric Acid--1 to 1i per cent.
3. Granby Anmoniated Fertilizer.
Guaranteed Analycis-2L to 3 per cent. I
Ammonia-8 to 10 per cent. Available
Phosph-oric Acid-1 to 1 per cent.
4. Pure Gernwn Kainit. -Imported
Surrounded by egoy possible rail
road facility, we can deliver promptly
to any point in three State's. We have
made special arrangements with the
teamer John M. Cole to deliver our
4oods at all landings en the Santee and
P'ee Dee, and the many planti ers of
hese rivers now shipping their cotton
eed to our oil wills, will find it to
heir advantage to futher extend their
ommercial intercourse with Colum
)ia by purchasing their fertilizers from
Remember, our motto ii to make
mly the best
Yours should be to patronize home
[HE STATE ALLIANCE EXCHANGE.
'ut Into Practical Workiug shape--Hiow
the Busines is conducted--A Big Trade
A report r for the News yesterday vis;
ed the office of the State Alliance E2
hange, wbich is located in this cit,
ver the store of Wiltns, Yoe & Co.. on
lain street. M. L. Donaldson. the State
usmess Agent, and his assistant, Thos.
. Berry, Lormerly of Cheraw, were in
The exchange has been open for three
eeks. Over half this une was de
oted to correzpondence, the furnishing
price lists, etc , and the first order
)t goods was received something over a
rek ago. Now the orders come in con
ouously and Mr. Donaldson said to the
porter that the business in that short
me had bcen highly satisfactory to
imself and to Col. J. C. Coit. of Che
w, the President of the Exchange,
ho was here a few days ago.
The office is titted up comfortably aUnd
iany visitors have called since business
ras begue. The business agent has two
esks and chairs and the floor is carpet
d. Samples of flour and other articles
re to be seen lying around.
Mr. Donaldson stated, in answer to
le question on what plan the business
as managed, that it was conducted
mewbat on the principle of a general
rokerage business and that the money
rhich was necessary to the running ex
enses of the exchange was paid by the
rms wh-ch sold goods through the ex
ange, the same as a broker gets his
ar from the firm which he represents.
r. Donaldson said that only those firms
at were known to be strictly honest
d trustworthy were dealt with and if
beir goods do nor come up to their rep
esentation in the price lists further bus
.ess with them is stopped immediately.
-I obtait, price lists," said 1r. Don
idson, "from manufacturing establish
ients and concerns all over the Union,
epresenting every product that the far
ier has any use for. The lowest prices
re quoted These lists are constantly
oming to me. I prepare frot these a
rice list which I send at intervals or
rhen wanted to the business agents of
he County Alliances. In turn the busi
ess agents aend them to the respective
ub-Alliances in their county. Then
rheni goods are wanted, the sub-Al
iances find out how much and what
ach member wants. The price list is.
efore them and the member takes out
tis pocket book and puts up the money
or what he wants. The others do like
vise. An order for a certsin amount of
oods is made and the money and order
et to the county agent. lHe forwards
t to me and Isend the order to the irm
r firms whicn handle the goods and put
he money in the bank. The goods are
nipped direct to the county agent of the
surty wh~ch nrders the goods and if
hey are received and found to meet the
equirements the money is then forward
:d to the firm.
"Thus, it will be seen, everything is
lone on a strictly cash basis and the
nebers of the Alliance get advantage
if the lowest wholesale prices. 'Ihe
yeauty of the plan is that a cash business
s encouraged and the farmers
-il find themselves falling into
4 cash system instead of the credit busi
2ess.. It will be the means," said the
usiness agent, "ot landing our people
ut of the mud on the solid rock."
"I have received orders from nearly
very county, frem Iorry to Pickens,
and many of them are for large sums.
Some orders are for as many as 100 tons
"If the evchange gets one-twentieth
of the cash trade of the farmers of the
State it will d0 an enormous business."
Mr.. Donaldson was a.-ked how the
poor farmers would get money to patron
ize the exchange. He said that matter
is regulated by the sub Alliances. Some
:imes members of the sub Alliances, who
are able to do so. furnish the money to
ther p or b:otber membiers and take se
curitv. The loans are made at small in
terest and there as no~ charge for papers.
Additi'ontl clerical assistaince wiil be
needed as the busies of the exchange
-The conties: adiaceni. toG Greenville
have been the moat libsral up to this
ime in buying through the exchange,
but every county ibat holds stock in the
exchange wil! fi irnto line and a heavy
business for spring i-s expected.
Ingl~aIIP Advice Btearine Fruit.
PoiXT PLEis&NT, W. Va., Jan. 29.
A family of 8 per-sons, named H-ar
grove, livtng sever-al miles south of
here, have been poisoned by a negr-o
wo:a~n Four of the family are report,
30) eecretly Exet-ed in itio.
NEW YORK, Jani. 2.-The captain
o :he steamer La Piace, from Rio Jan
io, reports that ;?0 sailor-s who, while
intoxicated, had shouted In the streets,
"Long live the Emuperor," were exe
cuted secretly in prison at Rito.
--A msan and a woman are traversing
Delaware county, Ohio, getting mar
ried by every preacher they come
across.~ The fake they- work is to- give
the minister a $20 counterlelt bill and
re 'at1Uor$15 good money in return.
-The Hle Elevator Comipany of
Chica::o is preparing estitnates for- an
elevtor to be uced in the construtctionl
of toW-r in London, Engtaudl, to
e 2n) f.-et highier than 6he Eiffel
-li G3. (:wdy, of Chicago, and an
other b:-oker ha've- closed1 a contract lor
the purtchase of t hree large Cleveland
breweries for an English syndicate
The amount to be paid is about $2,
A RP AND THE GMQSTS.
BILL TELLS OF A MIDNIGHT AD
When ie Mistook a Church Spire for
a Gho.%t-lf There are Ghosts They
I was ruminating about ghosts-::ell,
of course, there are no such things-that
is to sav nobodv has ever seen one. but
we have al come prSLt: :--r it. Several
times I have almost seec a .. The
fact ictlnev won't ie you see'em riut ir
and square, so that you could swear to it.
A visible ghost wouldn't be a ghost, and
an invisiLle ghost is hard to see, espe
c:ally in the dark. But there are times
and places when we can't help trying to
see them. Now, of course, there are no
such thiog--, but still they have habits
arid haunta just like folks.
They stay around graveyards and up
stairs in dark closets, and they walk the
road in dark, swampy places, and linger
around country meeting houses in the
ight. They like dark, gloomy solitary
laces, and that makes me think that
hosts are unbappy. They have done
omthing bad or suffered somie great
uisfortune before tney were turned into
hosts. The spirit of good people don't
nake ghosts. It was hard work for the
,irci of Eader to get the spirit of Sam
el to come up. He didn't want to
ome up, and said "why hast thou dis
uieted me to bring me up?" And that
s the reason why we are all afraid of
hosts. They are the spirits of bad peo
>e. Well, of course, there are no such
hings, but this is the way we think
bout it. I saw a ghost one dark night
s I was passing the old Fairview church,
bout two miles from town. It was
alking right towards me ir the big
oad, and was white--perfectly white
Lud had legs and arms but no head. I
vas about to turn my horse and run, but
e didn't want to turn-he wanted to go
ome, and he waso t scared a bit, and
o I let him rack on until we met the
hos., and it was the miller going home
ith a sack of flour across his shoulders
:d Lis head and his white hat bent for
rard. That liked to have been a ghos-.
n fact. it would have been if it hada'i
een the miiler. Many a time have I
hought how near I came to seeing a
host, and I'm not sure yet but what it
as a ghost, and suddenly turned into
he miller. They are mighty smart, and
s quick as lightting- that is, If there
re any such things, which, of course,
here are not.
Last night about 10 o'clock I was com
g over the high hill that is back of our
ouse. I had been to see a sick grand
hild and it was a near way to come by
Te old graveyard. 'Nobody has been
urried there for forty years, but that
nakes it all the worse for ghosts. They
re old experienced ghosts, and can just
aise up the hair on a man's head most
.wful-that is, if he has any bair. That
s one advantage a bald-headed man has
ver other people. A ghost can't raise
p his hair. I wish it could, that is if it
vould stay raised. That old graveyard
as tried the fortitude of my children
nany a time, and lastsnight it tried me
or it was very dark and the little pines
vere gloomy and sighed mournfully in
be wind. I was coming down the
teep hill feeling my way along careful
y with my cane, when just as I happen
d to glance upward to the distant hori
on in search of light, I saw a dark
hadowy figure bob up sereneiy just be
ore me and stop-and I stopped. I was.
ust about to run into the thing, but as
dident advance any I advanced a step
-a very cantious step. Is quivered a
itle, but came no nearer. Again I step
ed forward and gave a sweeping stroke
rith my cane, as if to cut it in two, and
did crit in two, but it never moved.
tmazed, I paused and pondered, and
taid to myself, "What in the dickens is
t?' Just then in the dark, dim light of
he murky horizon away in the east I
raw the mysterious thing take shape and
,ecome pointed at the top, and all at
nce it flashed over me that it was tne
ateeple of the Methodist church that was
quarter of a mile away. And it was.
T course I dident strike at it any more,
ad I felt cheap as dirt for being such a
ool, but I comforted myself in thinking
ow brave I was and thart I showed fight
it a ghost. May be it was a ghost. Who
~nows but what it was a genuine ghost,
d for fear of being caught and expos
d, it turned itself into that steeple. No
vonder it scared me, for the poet says:
Some have mistaken stumps and posts
-For spectres. apparitions, ghosts.
But when it turns into a steeple
It will alarm the most of people.
It is astonishing how a big thing away
>l can turn into a little thing close by,
iud vice versa. Albert Strickland told
nio that he knew a feller to shoot nine
times at a esoon in the fork of a very
high poplar tree and nobody could see
that coon but him. Albert says that at
last an idea struck him, and he went
close up to the fAler, as he was loading
his rifle for another shot, and he discov
ered a little suzzy animal hanging to a
hair oil his eveorow.. lIfe brushed it oil
with a straw, and the feller couldent find
that coon any more. The little animal
belonged in his head, but had stra yed
og on an exploring expedition, arid was
teaching the young idea how to shoot.
Albert didn't say w~ho the feller was, but
I have always had my c.pinion.
Ilam ruminating about ghosts tonight,
because I am alone in a great two-story
house with seven rooms and a garret.
1 ear somc thing in that garret now.
M folks have all gone to the show.
They didn't press me to go, and Mrs.
Ar) said: "I suppose you are goreg to
write your letter to night, and so you
ca't take care of the house." "Yes
r.am" said I, with my accustomed
meekness. They left the lamp burning
in the parlor. I know they did, and I
hea d the front door close. I heard a
racket ouat there a little while ago and
went to s.ee and found the lamp rut and
the front door open. What does that
mean? The lamp wasn't filled today I
reckon, and the door don't shut every
time it seems to--sometimes the wind
blows it, and sometimes the dog pushes
it open, so it is all right I reckon: but it
s aw ful lonesome when there is no wont
an about the house. A man who has
lived with one forty years had rather
have her around raising a racket than
nt to have her at all. Of course she
oes to go to the shows. Penned up
all day at home, mending and patchingr,
sewingz on buttons and strings, hunting
up lost cuffs and collar-buttons; mamma,
where are my socks, or my band ker
c-n'ef, or my ilannel shirt, or my cravat,
or my other shoes, or my~ Latin urumn
:nar, or my slate pencil, or my anythiont
and everything. "Was there ever suel:
helpless ebildren. Ir's a wonder yor
dont lose your head." But she ge's uj
and slips around and finds it. She al
way findls it She cnn go in the dui
and put her hand on everything L13
her go to the show. She is not old yet.
She is six years younger than her
lord and loves a new
dress just like she d:d thirty years
ano, and she gets them, too. I wish she
ould make haste and get as old as I am.
I uaed to think that a man ought to be a
few Seurs older than his wife, so she
would look up to him, but I doubt it
now. I've quit going to shows unless
they are a great intellectual treat. I Lad
rather stay at home with the ghosts and
ruminate. But these women are' full of
c:-totion. They love to shed tears over
the pathetic, and rejiice with the good,
an1d despise the b:d, aUd get all ced
up % ith j iv o witu sorrow, and they
love to io'K eil round the circle un.d see
who is there a.,J bow they are dressed
and who they came with. and they can
see behind them ais well as before them,
and how in the wor'ld ther do it I da't
know. Most of our shows ate home
mae, and keep tbe money at home, but
they are getting alarmingiy frequent in
this town-every church is running them,
and they averagc about one a week, and
we must all go or send the money, so as
not to hurt feelings or be talked about.
The churches want money and the wom
en are bound to have it. It is the samie
way all over the country. Every day or
two, I gt letters wanting money for
churches or paraoriages. It would break
m. ir .t month to respond to all that ask
me. I 4m sorry that I can't, for if there
is nyo otter work than to build up the
ciaurclys I don't know it. I wish I had
a charity fund, but I haven't I is a nip
and tues to get along, and our folks are
trying to build a new church to6, and
want every ol!ar that I can spare. ..t is
an awful tibing to he a p )or man witb
such a ma'. ways. but I can't be]p it
now. What'. that? Me thinks I hear
another ghost. But, no, it's ny family
coming izom the show and 1',ihear it all,
and then they will ransack the pantry
for something to eat. I've got an awful
hungry family, especially ab-out bedtime,
when they come from a show.
THE TRUTH COMES OUT
About the Mysterious Crime in North Car
RALEIGH, N. C., January 30.-Sat
urday night, just before midnight,
there was a very mysterious murder at
Maxton, in Robeson county. It was
committed in the heart, of the town
near a bright light and many people
were only fifty yards away,standing on
a platform at the depot awaing a train.
Suddenly three pistol shots were heard
in very rapid succession, but there
was no other noise. The crowd ran
to the place where the shots were
heard, and there found a Croatan In
dian lying beside a store dying. A
pistol bullet had struck him just above
the heart. His only words wera
'pick me up." In a minute he was
dead. His name is not known. It was
the belier that he was assassinated by
some negro, and he has fled, it is ru
Today the mystery was revealed,
and a very sensational affair made
known. It was Sim Lowry, son of a
once notorious outlaw, Steve Lowry,
who was shot and killed, and his
slayer was Donahoe McQueen, a night
watchman. Lowry's father was one
of the celebrated Lowry gang of out
laws, which was exterminated in
Robeson county twenty years ago,
after its members had led a desperate
career of robbery and murder. It is
aid that McQueen fired the shot that
illed Steve Lowry, the outlaw, and
hat Sim Lowry, then a boy, swore to
venge the death of his father. He
as at Maxten last Saturday night
rinking, and following McQueen
ttempted to assassinate him with a
nife, whereupon McQueen shot
nd killed him to save his own life.
IcQueen is a white man, and is said
o be a good citizen. The man he
illed belonged to the tribe of Croaton
ndians, fifteen hundred of whom live
n Robesou county. McQueen's and
owry's bodies have been taken to
umberton.' McQueen has acknowl
dged the killing and surrendered
H ad Him There.
Allen, of Mississippi, has told more
tories since the opening of Congress
han Billy Mason, our story telling man
rom the Third District of Illinois. One
f his best stories was dropped the other
ight at Chamberlin's. Half a dozen
ongenial spirits were :eated together at
taole, and one thing and another led
Alen to reel off a full dozen of stories.
he last one was about his Tupelo con
ituent, Bill Brown. Bill is an old far
er who owns half the marshes around
Allen's native city. A year ago he
ought a young bull from a lawyer who
s a shrewd fellow and known through
ut Allen's district.
'.'Brown weasn't quite sure of his bar
gain" said A lien, "so avery tinme the
lawyer went that way he hedged so
much that the lawyer grew extravagant
in his praise."
"I tell you, Brown," said he, as ne
rode by the farmhouse, "that's the tiest
animal in this whole country. I'd ride
any time two miles out of my way just
to pass it in your mcadow. I sold it to
you for $~75, but I reckon it's worth-"
"How much is it worth, cap'o?" said
"Well, if I was selling it today I
wouldn't let .it go for a cent less thano
$250. It's worth that, and I congratu
late you upon shaving me so neatly."
Bill Brown felt pretty good overth
bull, and every time he saw the lawyrr
they tal ked about it, the lawyer always
repeating that he wo)uld not sell it for
less than $250.
The lawyer in the meantime had be
come counsel for a MississIppi railroad
and had to appraise and settle all diffi
culties for the corporation.
One day as he sat in his office, loutish
Bill Brown came in, twirled his hat be-.
tween his thumbs, and said in a wheed
"I' reckon that air bull is good for a
pert sumi, cap)'n."
SCertainly, Mr. Brown, certainly;$250
couldn't buy it of me if I still had it in
-'Wall, cap'n that air bull was run
over by yer railroad last eight and I
reckon vou'll see that they pay me $250
Indinns i)ona't Like ."Hiai:ual Labor'.
D)ENIsoN TEX , Jan. 29.-Serious
trouble is anticipatedjin theiChickasawv
Nation, as the time approaches for
clection of the per capita of live
dolars levied on white residents fojr
the privilege of performing manual
Ave'ned 11er u1 r'on.
TxoY, N. YT., Jan. 29.--A woman
giving the name of Mrsa. McGrath, and
claiming Chicago as her home. shot
Edwin .Firth, a well known inventor,
on the street here this afternoon. Firth
will die. The woman claims F irth de
ALMOST A SAVAGE.
A WHITE MAN'S STRANGE LIFE IN
THE SOUTH SEA ISLANDS.
Mlief of a Tribe of Natives-iiis EngIosh
Relativesto Attempt H'is Rescue If Bc
..Will Come Back.-Civilization Forgot
PoRTLACN, Me., .Jan. s30.--The story
of the wreck of the Portland bark
Tewksburv L. Sweat in the South Pa
cific, and the strange story of the rescue
of her crew, as told by Capt. Wi.
Gooding of Yarmouth, Me., has a
The bark sailed from Newcast'e, New
South Wales, March 7, 1889, for Hong
Kong, under charter for New York.
She proceeded until the 9th of April fol
lowiog, when in latitude 7 deg. 5 min.
Norta and longitude 149 deg. 11 min
East she encountered a gale and was
driven ashore on Susanne Reef, near Po
zeat Island, one of the group of Caroline
Islands, in the South Pacific.
The crew escaped in one of the ship's
boats and managed with great difficulty
to reach a small islet to the Northward.
From this islet after the storm subsided
they made the Island of Pozeat, which is
inhabited by a race of fierce savages. As
the boat approached the island a fleet of
canoes put off to intercept them. There
were about thirty canues, with eight or
ten men in each, and all were armed
with knives and spears. Some of the
savages could not wait for the boat to
come alongside, but jumped overboard
and swam to her, each man carrying a
long wicked-looking knife, held between
The first savages to reach the boat
clambered in until the boat was nearly
swamped. Then they began to st ip the
sailors of their coats and outer garments,
throwing the garments aboard their own
canoes; which by this time were pad
dling alongside. The white men were
soon despoiled of everything but their
undershirts, these being left to them,
and the whole fleet drew in toward the
When they got asbore, and while the
shipwrecked crew were sianding sur
rounded by the noisy crowd of natives
a man dressed as all the others, only
with a cloth about his hips, pushed his
way through the crowd and spoke to
them in tne Engliar language.
To the astonishment of Captain Good
iug, to whom the man addressed him
self, the seeming native introduced him
self as Charls Irons, an Englishman, and
offered to render any assistance it was
possible for him to give.
:Later the captain learned Irons's his
tory. It appears that he was left at
Pozeat Island by a trading vessel about
four years ago, his business being to rep
resent the trades in the cocoanut oil
trade, but the vessel had never called for
Irons since leaving him, and he had
gradually assumed the habits of the na
tives and finally became so much like
them in appearance and manner of life
he was not in any way to be distinguish
ed from the people among whom he
lived. He had taken to himself seven
wives, and was regarded by the natives
as a man of importance second only to
the chief of the tribe.
Irons had been so long among the na
tives that he had forgotten many of the
common things of civilization. A day
or two after landing at Pozeat Captain
Gooding, who had become in a degree
uncertain about his reckoning of. time,
ot knowing exactly whether the day
was Thursday or Friday in the week,
askedi Irons if he knew what day of the
week it kvas. Irons' answered that he
id not, and more that he did not know
what year it was.
Captain Gooding says that the natives
would never have allowed him and his
rew to leave Pozeat if it had not been
for the good offices of Irons. Irons in
erested himself in behalf of the ship
wrecked men and hired a canoe from
he natives with presents of English cal
c, from stores in his possession. With
his canoe Captaiti Gooding, Second
ate George W. Harrison and one of
he ship's crew set sail ten days after
bir arrival at Pozeat, leaving the re
rainder of the ship's company and First
Iate Richard Watchman, seven men in
al, at Pozeat.
The captain and his men made their
ay in the canoe by a rourndabout course
fom island to island, touching at eight
iferent ones and making stops at each
arying from two days to a month's du
ation, finally arriving at Ruk, where
here is a missionary station.
Here they were cared for by the mis
onaries and obtained the use of the
oat belonging to the station. In the
issionary boat they made sail back to
Pozeat direct and taking the members of
he crew they had left there returned to
the missionary island.
Two months after their return the
issionary vassel, Morning Star, arrived
ad took them all to Honolulu, where
hey landed November 18. From Hono
uluCaptain Gooding and part of the
rew were brought by the steamer Aus
ratia to San Francisco. arriving there
This story, told by Captain Gooding
mn his retuin, was publiseed in the New
York Herald's London edition, and to
ay the managing owners of the wrecked
bark, Chase Leavitt & Co., of this city
and Captain Gooding of Yaraouth, are
in receipt of letters from London mak
ing inquiry in regard to the Irons who
appears to tigure as prime minister of
the savage Pozeat.
Both letters arc from the same source,
the '"Probate and Divorce Registry,
Somerset House, London," and are sign
ed b'y Lancelot C. Irons. The writer
says he has reason to believe the white
man on Pezeat Island is his youngest and
only living brother, and says: "We
'last heard of him mn December, 1878,
when he was trading with the savages of
New Guinea in a ship that charteredI
from Brisbane." He gives a minute de
srption of his brother as he appeared
at that time, and says his full name is
William Charles Frederick Irons. ,*
The letter to Captain Gooding con
tans questions as to particulars of iden
tification and inquires as to how assis
tance might be sent to the man at Po
zeat if he prToves to be the person sought
for. The letter to Chase. Leavitt & Co.
concludes: "I and ali my people feel
sure that the lEnglishman mentioned is
our brother, supposed to have been mut
deed by the savages eleven years ago."
I saw Captain William Gooding at his
home in Tarmouth to-day. H~e said he
had no doubt the man at Pozeat was
the William Charles Frederick Irons in
quired for. The description given in the
letter from Somerset House tallies in all
points with that of the man he met at
Captain Gooding says that at his first
meeting with the man at Pozeat, in sur
prise at being addressed in the languge
of civilization he exclaimned: What! Carn
you speak English?"
"I ought iLo," was the answer, "for I
as born in TLondon."
Captain Gooding says hc left Irons a
the missionary station at Ruk, Irons
having accompanied him there on the
return voyage of the missionary boat.
When they arrived the missionaries were
greatly surprised t9 see Irons, for they
had heard a report of his death at the
bands of the savage3 in December, 1878.
The party also met at one of the- islands
in the Ruk lagoon Harry Chisholm,
who was at one time a shipmate of
Irons. He was surprised to see Irons
alive, having heard the report of his
From information gathered by Cap
tain Gooding it appears that both these
men were at one time together in a ves
sel trading among the islands. This
may be the ship chartered at Brisbane
that Lancelot Irons refers to-in .his let
ter. One feature of the trading carried
on by the vessel was the kidnapping of
natives from the Caroline and Northern
groups to the Fijii and other islands. It
was during a trip of this kind among
the New Guinea islanders that the fight
occurred which led to the report of
The business was broken up by men
of-war ten or twelve years ago, since
when Irons has lived a savage life at Po
Chisholm, who is Irish by birth, has
lived in about the same condition. He
is a man of influence in one of the thice
tribes of natives inhabiting a large
moubtainous island in the Ruk lagoon.
This lagoon is about thirty miles in cir
cumfarence, and contains seven or eight
islands. Captain Gooding thinks Irons
would like to return to civilization if
his future suppoit were assured. He
will write to London to that effect, and
will say that a letter addressed ca e
Rev. ir. Snelling, missionary station,
Ruk, will probably reach Irons without
MORE TROUBLE FOR MRS. MORRIS.
Mr. Morris's Will to be Contested by His
Relatives and the Life Insurance Com
REIDSvILLE, N. C., January 30.-As
was well known, there was more at stake
in the trial of Mrs. Morris, charged with
causing the death of het husband by
chloroform, than the mere conviction or
acquittal of the fair prisoner. There is
the large estate of Mr. Morris bequeath
ed in his will to his wife, and a $10,000
insurance policy on his life, also payable
to Mrs. Morris. The acquittal of the
prisoner, of course, throws all this into
her hands; whereas had she beea con
victed, the will of her husband would
have been null and void. This is the
home of Mrs. Morris and it is in this
thriving town where most of the proper
tv mentioned in the will of Mr. Morris is
lcated. It is learned to-night that
there will be several lawsuits over the
matter, and there is more interest in
store for the pretty Widow Morris.
Relatives of the dead man will contest
his will, on the ground of undue influ
ernce on the part of Mrs. Morris in in
ducing her husband to make its provi
sions in her favor. The Mutual Bene
fit Life Insurance Company of New
York announce that they will fight the
case till judgment day before they will
pay over the ten thousand dollar policy;
RACE AND RELIGION.
Why a Conference Will Not be Held In
CHARLEsTON, S. C., January 29.-The
African Methodist bench of Bishops met
here today, Bishops Wayman, Ward,
Turner, Disdey, Gaines, Arnett, Tantner
and Grant being present, representing
early all the territory in the Union.
he action of the last conference ap
ointing Selma, Ala., as the place for
he next meeting was revoked on the
ground of race prejudice in that city as
videnced by the expulsion of the negro
preacher, Rev. M. E. Bryant. As ballot
etween New Orleans and Philadelphia
esulted in the choice of Philadelyhia as
he place of next meeting.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.-On Thursday
ast, just after Senator Ingalls concluded
hs speech on the negro question, he met
:enator Butler,, of South Carolina, in
he lobby. As the two men shook hands
Senator Butler said:
"Ingalls, what in the - do you
ean by doing like this?" evidently re
ferring to his bitter speech.
"Butler," replied Ingalls, "do you
now anything about Roman history?
f so, perhaps you remember how the
Roman fathers used to get together and
privately laugh over the gullibility of
he Roman people."
With a smile the Kansan walked
.As Extraordinary Scene.
A reporter witnessed an extraordinary
scene in the vicinity of Biddleville, N.
. In front of a small cabin a pulpit
ad been erected. In this stood a negro
"preaching" at the top of his voice.
There was no one except the reporter and
the preacher near, and the forimer stood
and listened, but was not noticed by the
speaker. On inquiry it was found- that
the preacher was Robert Bell, Two
years ago he was fired from the pastorate
of the Presbyterian church at Biddleville
because he would go into his church
barefooted. He was warned against
this offense- and heeding it not, one Sun
day, as he attempted to ascend his pul
pit shoeless, half a dozen good, pious
deacons seized him and tired him from
the church. On that day Bell declared
that he would preach three times every
day in his own yard, and he does it,
although no one goes to hear him.-Ma
Both Died at the Well.
TrooarsToN, GA., Jan. :30.-Two negro
women die d under peculiar circt'm
stances in Ilootenville district on Mr. W.
T. Respess' place a week or so ago. One
of them, named Viney Todd, dropped
dead near the well at her home., and the
othcr, Snsan Respess, was helping to pre
pare the body for burial, and went to the
same well and fell within ten feet of the
pot where the other woman died. She,
however, did not die immediately, but
lived several hours.
opposed to Subuidles.
CHARI.EsTON, S. C., January 30.
The resolution adopted by the execu
tive committee of the chamber of com
merce, on Saturday last, indorsing the
measure now before Congress to pay
tonnage subsidies to American built
ships, has caused considerable excite
ment here. It is exttremely doubtful
if the chamber will approve the action
of its committee, and it is also ex
tremely imoprobable that the state's
repreeentatives in Congress will accede
to the request made by them, and
support~the measure. The tendency
of public opinion in this city and statt
soppnned to uhsidies f all 1rinds.
THE ALLIANCE GROWING.
PRESIDENT STACKHOUSE IS VERY
He Thinks the Order has Made a Fine
Beginning, and will Conlinue to Grow
-The Jute Trust Will be "Downed."
Gen. E. T. Stackhouse, President of
the Farmers' Alliance of South Caroli
na, was ia Charleston a few days ago,
having gone there to organize a cub-alli
ance in Charleston County-the first in
stituted in the coast section. In a con
versation with a reporter for the Sunday
News, Gen. Stackhouse said:
"As to the prospects of the college,
we have the best reasons to believe that
the suit in the United States Court will
be decided about the 1st of May. Col.
Orr, who has been in Washington, has
returned and met with the trustees. As
I understand it an alternative motion,
was made-either to hear oral argument
or to submit a case to the Court in wri
ting. The latter alternative will be
adopted, I think, and in all probability
the whole matter will be decided at this
.term of the Court."
"Has the Alliance, in your judgment,
come up up to the expectations of the
"Well, that is rather a broad ques
tion, and one to which no one could give
an all inclusive answer. But I do not
hesitate to say that the general principles
have worked well. There are exception
al cases in certain sections, where there
is now trouble. Everywhere ele I
should say that Alliance methods have
been eminently successful. In Lancas
ter there is trouble and despondency by
reason of the failure of the crop."
"How does the Alliance propose to
meat such emergencies?"
"That is a question yet to be an
"Are the people of Lancaster members
of the Alliance?"
"Some of them arc and some of them
are not. But, at any rate, the Alliance
cannot, be expected, in such disasters, to
pay a mans debts; nor can it make him
able to pay them. As a general rule
where a man is crooked in financial mat
te-s or careless in obligations he is bound
to get into trouble.
"But, after all these minor mptters,
the Ahiance has surely done a great deal
of good; and we are growing more rap
idly than we ever did."
"What is the size of the army now?"
"Not less than thirty thousand, a
small proportion of which is composed
of ladies. There is still a great deal of
material to be enrolled. So far we have
formed Alliances in every county in the
State except Beaufort. Charlesten
wheeled into line today. Georgetow%,
as you have probably heard, has been or
ganized within the past few days.
"It e3 tails a good deal of work, but I
have an in-aluable and most efficient
worker ia Mr. W. N. Elder, of York.
He is a great organizer, one well qualifi
ed for this position. I supervise the
work and attend to the finances of the
"How has the cotton cover for cotton
worked this season?
"I am of the opino 1F complete
success was prevented by a too wide
range of substitutes for jute. A great
peal of the stuff that was put on the
cotton shculd not have ueen used. That
was, howLver, a very excusable blunder,
and especially as it was the result of the
zeal and anxiety of the farmers to whip
out the Jute Trust."
"What impression have you made on
the jute monopolists?"
"You may judge of that from the fact
that jute men offered us jute this very
season at 7 cents a yard."
Gen. Stackhouse then went on to talk
over a few other matters, which need
not be published nt this time. He im
pressed the reporter as being a thorough
ly practical man, and one who talks to
the point and calls things by their
Items Gathered Here and There by Tele
graph and Scissers.
-Mrs. Frank Leslie~has been ill for a
-Emin Pasha has been made a doc
tor of philosophy by the University of
-Miss Braddon, the novelist, is mas
culins in her dress, wearing coat, waist
coat and pleated shirt.
-The only daughter of John Brown,
of Harper's Ferry fame, is a private
secretary in Massachusetts..
-Ex-Secretary of the Interior Vilas
will visit his former chief, Grover
Cleveland, in New York next week.
-The late Charles Mackay left be
hind him a large quantity of unpublish
ed MS. most of which was quite recent
-Dr. J- H. Gall inger, ex-represen
tative in Congress, announces himself
as a candidate for the New Hampshire
-William Brons, president of the
Chicago Tribune company and ex-leu
tenant governor of Illinois, died Mon
day night, aged 763.
-Gen. Boulanger recently struck
his forehead against a chandelier in
his house on the Isle of Jersey. He was
quite severely wounded.
-The returns for tantion for per
sonalty in Savannah amount to $11,
595,039. The assessment of real es
tate is expected to approximate $1S,
-Hon. John Bigelow, ex-minister
to France, started not long ago for an
extensive trip in Europe, but has been
recalled from Copenhagen by the death
of a son-ia-law.
-Benzor, the "Jubilee Plunger,"
has been arrested at Nico for forgery.1
A man who could spend S2,000,000 in
two years is capable of almost anyfeat
of financial Napoleonism.
-Justice Fisher has denied a new
trial and sentenced Chapleau of New
York, convicted of murder, to death
by electricity during the week begin
ning March 3.
-Perir e C. Whitney and Miss Jose
phine WErd, the latter deaf and dumb,
are to be married at West Haven,
Conn., in a few days. The groom is
663 and the bride 40 years younger.
--While plowing in a field the horses
of Farmer Guss of Martinsburg, Blair
County, Pennsylvania, suddenly sank
into the ground and went fifteen feet
bolow the surface before they found
-English syndicates have put $4,
000,000 in Chicago breweries: $4,500
000 in New Yorg breweries: and $12,
1000,000 in St. Louis breweries. Which
ever route the World's Fair may
take the syndicates are assured of a
TWO GOTHAM DROMIOS.
Wonderful resemblance Between a Couple
of Twin Brothers.
In all probability the most startling'
case of personal resemblance is thatf
which exists between the twinbrothers,
Meyer and John Goldsmith, sons of
Maurice Goldsmith, a well-known tobac
co merchant of 842 East Eightieth street6,
Ncw York. The record of the odd mlu-'
takes made by intimate friends, owingI
to their resemblance, is a long one.
Mefer Goldsmith is the head cutter at
the Broadway tailoring establishment
of the Jacobs Brothers, and his twin*
brother, John, is foreman of a large
cigar manufactory at Boston. These
twin brothers are twenty-three years of!
age and were born in New York City.
John is married and has lived in Bos-'
ton for dbout two years. He came home
last week without sending any word 04
his intended visit, and entered the pa-.'
rental residence ',bout the time that
Meyer was due.
His good mither greeted John as
Meyer, and was a little surprised at an
unusual display of affection.
I Mrs. John Goldsmith then came for
'Oard and dispelled the illusion, and
her mother-in-law "accepted the laugh,"
as she had done before on several oba
'When the twin boys were izffats it
is said that Meyer was ill one day, but
John had his neck covered with fian
nel and w-! dosed with soothIng sirup
by his mother, who mistook him for
John Goldsmith went down to the
Jacobs Brothers' store one day and
took his brother Meyer's place, working
nearly all day before it was discovered
that he was John and not Meyer, as the
employes in the store presumed.
"Friends who know us both well are
making mistakes astoouridentitynear
ly every day," said Meyer Goldsmith to.
a World reporter.
"I havo had persons talk tomeinwhat
seemed riddles-matters about which I
was not posted-only to find out that
they intended their conversation for zy
brother John. And John has a saml
A SINGULAR ACCIDENT.
A Man Struck by a C6w That Ead e
eolsted by a nocomoYve.
One of the most peeuliar aceidents in
the annals of railroading oecured on
Conductor Wolts train No. 53 of the
Georgia Pacific recently says the Bir
mingham Age-Herald. Abouttw~o miles
west of Linden a couple of men stood on
the siding waiting for the train to go
by so they could resume their weary
tramp along the tracks. Just as tho
train reached that point a cow stepped
on the track, was struck by the pilot
and hurled into the air. As the body
fell it struck one of the men.
The animal, which was in the throes
of death, fell squarely on top of the
tramp, and later, when the train was
stopped and backed to the scene of the
accident, the unfortunate man's comp-_
ion was found endeavoring to drag the
body of his chum from under the strug
gling carcass. In this he was quickly
assisted ty thertrainzew lr -
fellow was put in the baggage-car and
brought to this city, where his injuries
were attended to by Dr. Page. His
wounds, though not serious, were ex
tremely painful, and consisted of a num
ber of cuts and bruises about the 'head,
face and body.
At the time that the traiznen came
to his rescue the young man was Insen
sible and would doubtless have been
killea had it not been for the speedy
relief from his terrible predicament.
On the train he was re'cognizedasCland
Huston, a lad of nineteen or twenty.
the son of a prominent and influential
physician of Clarksville, Ga. He has:
been away from home a number of
months, and his parents' will come for
him. 'He wishes now he had never run
A COSTLY NECKLA'CE.
One Worth 5250,000 to Be Worn by an
English Brewer's Wife.
The beer people of Englan'd have'
mints of money, says New York Trnth;'
They have put two score millions into
the brewing business ta this country~
and don't seem to mi';s it. The Guin
ness people have been wealthy for two
or three generations, and when they.
turned their brewery into a stock corn
pany they becana richer still. The
wife of one of the great brewing famn
f1y has just. given an order for a new.
necklace that, even with unlimited
credit and the greatest industry, can
not be finished for several years, be
eause, in the first place, the best old
mine stones are very scarce, and, sec
ondly, because she has stipulated that
every diamond in the necklace must be
a perfect match. It is to be a very
olaborate pattern and will cost $250,000.
Just now the fashionable ornaments
in Paris are little gold er silver towers
of Eiffel with a diamond on top to
represenit the elect'ic light. A Paris
jeweler has one in his window that ak
t~acts crowds all day long, and is al
most as much an object of popular curi
osity as ti~e famous tower itself. This
one is an exact copy of the iron struct
ure, made in silver and covered with
diamonds% with a huge diamond at the
top which is set on~a spring,- apd as it
quivers shoots out long rays of colored
light. There are 40,000 small diamonds
set into the silver frame. Of course
it can not be used for any thing; and
must eventually be broken un and the
diamonds used in some other way, but
it has netted the jeweler in advertise
ment far more than he paid for work
manship upon it.
How He Got Ims Lessons.
A school-boy in England hit upos a
novel method of obtaining the answer to
an arithmetical problem. Be dropped
into a grocer's shop on his way to school,
and said he wanted certains commodities
at certain prices. After exhausting hi
list he said: "Nw if I give you half a
sovereign, what change shall I get
back?" The grocer told him, whereupon
he thanked the shopman and turned to
go. "Wait for the things," called the
grocer; and his disgust can be imagined
when the ingenious urchin told him he
was too late for school, and as he hadn't
learned his arithmetic lesson he had
adopted that method of getting the sum,
W:rked for him.~
-Mis Knne'ya San Francisce
school marm, who was dismissed by
the school committee in il88T without
any assigned cause, has been reinsta
ted by a decision of the Supreme Court,
with $5,000 for pay in the interval.
-The French soldiers have been an
army of tea drinkers during the pre
valence of the grip. Wherever the
griD made its appearance in a regiment
all the soldiers who remained free from
the epidemie were given between
meals hot tea with sugar.
-Anarchist, John Most has been re
leased on $500 bail, pending an appeal
ok teCourt of Appeals of New York.