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THE POWER OF A NAME.
DR. TALMAGE PREA CHES DUR
ING A DELAY OF THE SHIP.
'tbe Music and 38azicef Two si )Ira
bles That Fit the rougue in, Evry via
lect--vhe Imprtance Or Aproriate
QUEENSTOWN, JanI. 26.-While the
steamer Aurania, from Liverpool, was
lying in this harbor a few hours today
waiting for the mails, many of the pas
sengers wentashore. The Re. " De
Witt Talmage, D. D., was awc the
number, and took advautage < f the
oppo tuni'y to preach. His subject
was, "What is in a name?"and his text,
Philiipians ii, 9: "A name which is
above every name." The e.uinent
On my way from the 13oly Laud,
and while I wait for the steamer to re
same her voyage to America, I preach
to you from this text, % hich was one
of Paul's rapturous and etrthusiastic
d. scripiions of the name of Jes.tus By
common proverb we have come to be
lieve that there is na.hing- ln a Inaee,
avd s-, parents sometimes present their
caildren fir baptism regardle:s of the
Aameg~ven them, and n.)t thinking that
that. particular title will be either a
hindrance or a help. Strange mis
take. You haYe no right to give to
)our child a name that is lacking
either in eup ony or in' morai
mleating. It is a sii for you
to call your child Jehioiakim or Ti
lath-Pileser. Becau-e you yourself may
have an exasperating name is no rea
son why you should give it to those
.who come after. But Lo W often we
have seen some name, ftiIed wi-h jar
gon, rattling down from generation to
generation. simply because some one a
long wbile ago happened to be afflicted
with it Iositutions and enterpries
have s:)m! imes -withouc ; utficien. de
liberation 'aken tmeir nomenclature.
Mlighty destinies have b-eeu decided by
the signiticance of a name. There are
men who all their life long toil anld
tussle to get over the intluence of some
unfortunate name. Wnile we ru.ty,
-fiirough right1btehavior and Christian
demeanor, outlive the fact that we were
bepized by the name of a despot, or
an intide, ora cheat, how much bet
ter it would have been if we all could
have started life without auy such en
cumbrance. When I find ,heapostle,
in my text and in other parrs of his
a ritaog, breaking out in aset iptious of
admiration in regard to the n mue
of Jesus, I want to inquire what -are
ssoe )f the characterit es of that ap
Vellation. Arid 0, that the Savior
himself, wthile I speak, might fill me
with his own presenec, f r we never
cau tell to ot6ers that which we have
n t ourselves felt.
Fir:.t, tbis name of Jesus is n easy
name. Sometimes we are in roduced
to people w% hoO name is .so long an
unpronounceable that we have sharply
to listeo, and to hear the name given
to us two or three times, before we
venture to speak it. But withiu 'ht
first two years the little child claspE
its hands, and looks up, anc' says, "Je
sus." Can it be, amid all the families
represented here today, there is oie
hotus bold whbere the little ones speal
of "father" and ' mother," and ". roth
er,"' and "sipter," and not of the name
which is a .ove every uana-?" &>'.e
17mes we forget the titie o! our ve-y
best friende, and we have to pause
*and think before we call th-- name
But can vou imagine any freak of
intelleot ia' wnkh you Could forget
the'ior's designation? Inat word
seems-to~ tit th~e~gt'
every dialect. When tbe voice in old
age gets feeble, and treintous, anc
-indistinct, still this regal word has po
J. au I love thy cheninlg name:
'T~ .s music to my ear
Fain wonul Iis cundit o'ut so ioud
That heaven and earth might hear
till further: I remark it is a beau.
tiful ame. You have notieed that
it is impossiblc to dissociate a name
- rom the person who has the name.
S o there are names that are to me re
p.~asive-I do not like to hear them
while those very s.ames are attractive
to vou. Why the difference? It ,i
because Ihappen to know, persons bf
those names v ho are cross, and sour,
and nayish an querwhile the
persons you used to know by thosE
Awecamniot dissociate a name fromt
heperson who holds the name, that
consideration makes Christ's name so
unspeakably beautiful. No sooner is
is pronounced in your presence than
you think of Bethlehem and Gethsem.
ane and Golgotha, and you see the
loving face, hear the tender voice, and
feel the gentle touch. You see Jesus,
the one who, though banqueting with
heavenly hierarchs, came down to
brafnet on the fish that rough men
had just hauled out of Genessaret; Je.
sus, the one who. though the clouds
are the dust of his feet, walked foote.
sore on the road to Emmaus. Just as
soon as that name is pronounced in
your presence you think of how the
shining one gave back the centurion's
daughter, and how he helped the
blind man to sunlight, and how he
made the cripple's crutcbes useless,
and how he looked down into the
babe's laughing eyes, and, as the little
one struggled to go to hin, flung out
his arms around it and impressed a
loving kiss on its brow, and said: "Of
such is the kingdom of heaven." Beau
, tiful name-Jesus! It stands for love,
for patience, for kindness, for forbear
ance, for self sacrifice, for magnaunii
ty. It is aromatic with all odors and
accordant with all harmories. So:ne.
times I see that name, and the Ih t ters
seem to 'oe made out of tears. and then
again the y look like gleaming crowns.
Sometimes they seem to me as though
twisted out of the etraw on which he
lay, and then as though built out of
the thrones On which his people shall
reign. Sometimes I sound that word
"Jesus,'' and I hear coming through
the two syllables the sigh of Gethsem
ane and the groan of Calvary; and
again I sound it, an d it is a ripple with
gladness and a ring with bosanna.
Take all the glories of book bindery
and put them around the page where
that name is printed. On Christmas
morning wreathe it on the wall.
Let is trip from harp's string and
thunder out in organ's dianason.
Sound it often, sound it well,^ until
every star shall seem to shine it, and
every flower hall seem to breadhe it,
and mountain and sea, and day and
night, and earth and heaven acclaim
in full chant: "Blessed be his glorious
name forever. The name that is above
- --- 15name high over all,
In heaven and earth and sky.
To the repenting soul, to the ex
hausted invalid, to the Sunday school
girl, to the snow white octogenarian,
it is beautiful. The old man comes in
from a long walk, and tremblingly
opens the doors, and hangs his hat on
the old nail, and sets his cane in the
usual corner and lies down on a c-ouch
and says to his children and grand
children: "My dears, I am going to
leave you." They say: "'Wh.,, where
are you going, grandfather?" "I am
going to Jesus." And so the old man
faints away into heaven. The little
herself eu ycur lap ad savs: "Mam
ma, I aut !o sico, I am so sick." And
you put her to bed. and the fever is
worse and woisC, un: il ,i o taid
night she look- up into lur faee and
sayZ: ".larmma, ki1 te gool-by. I
am going away from you " Aud you
say "My dear. wi r -re y.m toig,
!ok A w -i ;h ., v ,: -i u;ozi;. IIIj
*Jesus." Aid the r'i 'eck wrich you
thought wa; the ;;ark o, the fever,
only turns out to bh the carnation
bloom of heaveu! Oh, yez: it is a
sweet namespoken by the lips.
Still farther; it is a mighty narae.
Rothschild is a potent nane in the
commercial worAd, Cuivier in the sci
entific wirld, Irving a powerful name
in the literary world, Washingion an
ijiluential name in 1 he poli!ical w.rbi.
Wellngtou a might y name iu tie mil
itary world; bit tell me any name in
alh the earta s- poierct to awe, and
oit. and 0briii. and rvuse, and ajilate,
and bless, as this name of Jesus. That
one word unhorsed Saul, and flung
Newton on bis face on ship's deck,
and today ho!(is 400,00j.00-) of thre
race with onnipotem, spell 'That namre
in Englan'i today nen's in .r. tiau
Victoria; ii (eruany, luoars mire
hanu Emperor Williau!; mi Frtae,
means more than Carnot; in Italy,
meaus more ! hau Hlumbrt ofthe jrts
ent or Garibaidi of the pas'. I have
Seen a tlman bouni haud an i foot m
,in, Satai his hard task ma-ter, in a
bondage from which vo htuman power
coula deliver him, and x t-t at, the
pronunciation of that on* word he
dashed down his chains and marcbed
out forever free I have seen a mau
overwhelmed with disaster, the last
hope fled. the lst Ight goue out; that
name pronou:,ed in his hearing. the
sea dropped. um cloils scatt.-med, and
a sunburst of e eraai yladuess poured
into his soul. I have seen a man
hardened in intideiity, detiairt (if God,
full of scolland jeer, jocose of the
judgment. reckless of an unending
eternity. at the mere pronunciation of
that nam.ne bhlaoch, aird cower, and
qua:iki-, and ray, and sob, and groan,
and believe. and rejoice. 0, it is a
mighty na At isutterance ne last
wall of sinm wil tall, the last temple of
supestitio'r e-rumble. the last Jngger
naut of cruelty crash to pieces That
name will first make all the earth
tremble. and tnen it will make all the
nations sing It is to be the password
at every gate of honor, tt iasiga'a on
every flag, the battle shout in every
conflict. All the millions of the earth
are to know it ine re I h rse k-f car
naac :een iu ap caiyttie visio", and
the black horse of death, are to .fall
back .n their haunches, and the white
horse of victory will go forth, mouted
by him who hat; the moon under his
feet, and the stars of heaven' for his
tiara Other dominions seem to be
giviug out; this seems to be eniargiug.
Spain has 'rad to give up much f its
dominion Austria i as been won
derfully deleted in power France
had to'surrender some of her favorite
provinces. Most oft he thrones of Lne
world are being lowere i, and imost of
ths scepters of the world are beiug
shortened: but ever. Bible printed,
every tract distributel, every duuday
school cia;s-taught, every school fouun
ded, every church established, is ex
tending the power of Christ's name.
That name has already been spoken
under the Chinese wall, and in SL er
ian snow castle, in Brazil'au grove and
in e:!stern pagoda. That natue is to
swallow up all other names Thait
empire is to abr: all oh r d.o;'ina
All crimn- shall eis-- arnd a~c ;cet n'aude
Eeturt.ingaj-ieee irf aijft he~r scale.
Peace o'er tine war:d mie.r olive w.mr:t *'!. xin,
And white r.obed in; 'ocenrce from hu-rve-' de~
Still further: it is an enduring name.
Yvu clamber over the lence of the
graveyard and pull asi le the weeds,
the tombstone That was the name
of aman who once ruled all that town.
The mightiest nasi s o1 the world
have either peririhed! or are ;,erishing
Gregory VI, Sancho of Spain, Gonrad
I of Germany. Richard 1 of England,
Louis XVI of France, Catbaritbe of
Russia-mighty na ues once, t.hat
made the world tremble; but nowv,
norte so poor ari to do them reverence.
and to the great mass of t he people
they inean absolute~v nothing; they
never heard o.f them Buu the ulamet
of Jhrisn is to endure forever. It will
be perpetuated in art, for tilere will he
other Bellinis to depict the Madonuua;
there wvill be other Ghirlandjos to re
present Christ's baptism; there will be
other Brozines to show us Christ visi
ting the spirits in prison; other Glut -
tos to appall our sight wit:. the cruei
fixion. The name will be preserved
in song, for there wvill be other Alex
ander k'opesto wvrite the "Mers:ab,"
other Dr. Youngs to portray his tri
umph, other Cowpers to smug his love.
It will be preserved in costly and
magnificent architecture, fort Pro-es
tantism as well as Catholicism is vet
to have its St. Marks and its Stt Peters.
The name will be pre'served in the
literature of . he wvorld, for aiready it
is emnbalmed in the best books, and
there will be other Dr. Paleys to write
the -Erde.nces 'f Christianity, ' ant.
other Ricbard Baxters to describe the
Saviour's coming to judgment. But
above all, .nd more than all, that name
will be embalmed in the memory of
all the good of earth and all the great
ones of heaven. WVill the delivered
houdmian of earth ever forgiet who
freed him? Will the blindi r'an oi
earth forget who gave him sight? Will
the outcast of earth forget who brought
him home? No! N->!
To destroy the memory of that name
of Christ, yout wouid have to burn up
all the Bibles and all the churches on
earth. and then in a spirit of univer
sal arson go through Ihe gate of heav
en, and put a torch to the temples and
tbe towers and the palaces, and al ter
all that city wa.s wrapped in awful
conflagration, and the citizens came
otut and gazed on the ruin-even then.
they would hear that na in the
thundier of falling tower and the crash
of crumbling wal], and see it in
wrought in the flying banners of flame
and the redeemed of the Lord on high
would be happy yet and cry out; "Let
the palaces and the temples burn, we
have Jesus left!" "Blessed be his
glorious name for ever and ever. The
name that is above ever1 name."
Have you ever ma I& up your mind
by whait namue you will call Christ
when you meet him in heaven? You
know he has -nanv names. Will vou
call him Jesus. or the Anoi'ited One.
or <he Messiah, er will you take some
of the symbolical names which on
earth you learned from your Bible?
WVandering some day in the garden
of God on high, the place a-bloom
with eternal springtide, in finite lux
uriance of rose and lily and amaranth.
you may look up into his face and say:
"My Lord, thou art the rose of Sharon
and the lily of the valley.''
Some day, as a soul comes tu:> from
earth to take its place in the firma
ment and shine as a star for ever and
ever, and the luster of a tus'full life
shall beam forth tremulouis anid beau
tiful, you may took tip into the face- of
Christ and say: "My Lord, thou art a
brighter star-the tnlmring star-a
Wandering some day amid thme f.ut't
tains of life that tos in th- sunlieht
and fail in crash of pear! an d amethbyst.
in golden and crystalline urn, anid you
wander up the round banked river to
where it first tingles it-i silvenr otn the
rock, and out of the chalices of' love
you drink to honor and everlasting
hri-st and say: "My Lord; thou art
ithe founlation of living water."
Some <Lav, wandering amid the
I an d sheep in the heaveiv pa- .
ure- feed in by t he roceC, relO((ticing iI
tLhe pr--ence of him who brought you
At al I he w0oiish -wilderness to t tie
-itp ol above. you may look up into
hi- - . a i watchful eyet an~d .-iy:
d -r d th'ou art tie shel-in ,i f
the erlast ug hihLs
But there is another name you may j
select. I will imagine that heaven is
dane Every throne has its king.
Every harp has its harper. Heaven
has gatnered up everything that is
worth iavin-. . The treasures of th
whole uuivcrso htv pourel b it>.
Tne s og fult. 'The ranks fli. The
mansin u fo H taven fall. 'Tie su
hsal.se ati-e with spleiIudor the- doue.
of t t te p.s, at huroish the goldeu
s s into a b:all-, and he reflected
back fiom the soul p-arlof the tweive
ats, antil it shall be noou iu heaveil,
noou on the iiver, tiom on the hill
noon in al the valle s-higha non.
Then the -noul may look up, graduily
acn-cu-toinl g itself to the vision, sha-t
ing the eyes as f: om the almost in r
tera ble. sp-n dor -.f t le lojndaly .Iji:
till tih Visioni cani endulre i th
crying ou': "TNou art the sun hat
At this poit I am ,taggered with
the thought that notwithstandiing all
the charm ia the name of Jesus, a.d
the fact that it is so easv' a name, and
so beautiful a-name, anti so poleut a
name, and -o -( tdu i tg a name, there
are people wui , tid no charm in tbose
two syllables. 0, come this day :,nd
see whetLer there is anytning in Jesus. i
I challenge those of you who are fat -
ther from God to come at the close of
this service and test with ine whether
God is good anl Ch rist is gi acious, antd
the Holy Spirit is omnipotent. I chal
lenge you to coie. anid kneel down
with me at the altar of mercy. I will
kneel on one side of the altar and you
kneel on the other side of it., and uen h. I
er of us will rise up until our sius are r
f rgivei, and we ascribe, in ; he words
of the texi, all houor o te name -I
Jesus-you pronouucing it 1 proinunc
ing it-the name that is above'e erv
Hi: worth If ali the tations knew.
Suri- the whole evdta woul.1 loi him to
0 that God today, by the powrr of
his Hoy Spirit, woulbi roll over you a
visioa of that, t lessed Christ., and you
would bgi ito weep and pray and be
lieve and rejoi-n-. You have i eard of
the warrior who wenlr out to figaht
agains: Christ. He kneni he was in the
wrong,and while waging au wr-r ar,
row atruck him an-i he fell. IL pierced
him in the heart, -nd lying tWere, his
face to the sun, his life blood running
away, he caugit a handful of the blood
that was rushitag out in his right hand,
and hel . it up before the sun and cried
out: -'O Jesus, thou hast conquered!"
And if to-day tue arrow of Goa's spirit
pieieing your soul, you felt the truth
ot what I tiave been tryi ug to proclaim,
you wouii surrender now and forever
to the Lord who b.>ught. you, Glorious
name! I know not- whether you wlll
accept it or t:M; but I will tell you one
thing here and now, in the presence
of ang-is and mn-I take him to be
my Lord, my God, my pardon, my
peae, my life, my joy, my salvation,
my heaven!- "Bles-ed be his glorious
maime forever. 'Ihe name that is-above
ev' ry name." "Hallelujah! unto him
ti.at sitteth upon the throne aid unto
the Lamb for ever and ever. Amen
and amen and amen."
ODDS AND ENDS.
The beauty of Catherine of Russia,
it is said, consisted in her green eyes.|
Eat only pure food, drink only purei
liquids, think only pure thoughts,
and keep your blood pure.
The best whitewash for a cellar is
made of lime and water only. The,
addition of other things hinders thel
purpose of keeping the cellar pure andI
An experimental train on a railroad
in Pennsylvania made a run of nine
ty odd miiles in about sixty minutes,
some of the distance being run at the
rate of nearly two miles per minute.
It is significant thiat the winner of
the mathematical prize of $300 at Bow
doin is the best general athlete in the
Maine colleges and one of the best
Fort Keogh, M. T., has the widest
iange of temperature of any place on
eart'h. Last summer the thermometer
ranged from 120 degs. to 130 degs.
above, while recenty it marked 65
degs. below zero, a total range of 195
Candor is the seal of a noble mind,
the ornament and pride of man, the
swveetest charm of woman, the scorn
of rascals and the rarest virtue of*
That action is best which procures
the greatest happiness for the gseatest
Praise, to mean anything at all,
must be spontaneous and prompted by
real approval of character or admira
tion of excellence; otherwise it is as
futile as a bubble that floats a moment
in the air and is gone forever.
The twenty-third anniversary of the
Protestant China inland missions in
London brought out the fact that
there are now 328 protestant mission
aries at work on those naissions; that
the number of Chinese who had been,
baptized duxdng the v-ear on a profes
sion, of Protestant faith was 472, mak
ing the nunmber now in church fellow
ship nu connection with the missions
Mrs. W. 31. Dills, of Springfield, M1o.,
is said to be tihe best judge of horseflesh
ini that vcalley. Mrs. Dills is a southern
woman, and( comes from tile blue grass,
region of Kentucky, famed for its horses,
its pretty giris and its whisky. Mrs.
Dilis has not neglected her household du
ties for huer stock farm, and she has
reared an interestillg famiily. It is re
markedi by one who has made somestudy
of thle stubject that when sothern women
are tihrownl upon their owni resources
they- show all energy that used to be at
trib~uted only to the daughters of New
miss, Nelle Gould is an artist of ne
menability, and her collection of bric
a-brac, adorned by her own brush and
penceil, is umuch admired. She is proba
bly the richest heiress in America, and at
her father's death wviii come in for
twenty or thirty million dollars. Like
her mother, she is not too proud to wait
on herself. Sho does not mind riding in
horse cars, and does not puit on nearly as
many airs as tile wvives .of sonme of the
men whlo serve her. Last spring she took
to Atlantic City several little girls fr-om a
New York charity hospital and cared for
thenm withl great kindness and considera
M. Salaza, thle young Frenchl tenor and
prizenman of tihe Conservatoire, about
w-hose engagement theC authlorities of the
Paris Grand Opera andl Opel-a Comique
have been wrangling, was two yeai-s ago
oniy a htumble shoemiak-er in a pr-ovincial
towni. One (lay as he wvas going abott
the- streets singing a passer by stopped
hi, and asked him to call at thle for
ir's hlouse. Thlis Saileza did, with the
resultt that he at once abandoned shoe
.,In fovr andi set to studying his
se lez. Later oin heC (-teredi the~ Con
si rvaltoireC. if the minister of line arts,
w ithi whlomlie the II final awardl ill the
mantte-r, shoulld decide, as seems prob
al,. in favor of the Grand Oper-a againstI
thne Opera Comque, there will be some
:uger of Saleza unduly straining his
moice, as it is as yet hardly powerful
)F Pil AND PUFFN.
aOSSIP BY THE LATE DR. MOTT CON
)ie. o the ~eed, a~tI Some of the
itett. .tatesmeni. Author., anid Editors
at the ;..hrineA---%1C Cot).1 ndviA.
NE:W YORK, : ".-"It is a curious
.hing," said the late Dr. Alexander Mott
, short time before his fatal illness car
cied one of the best all rolnd New York
,rs to the ether shore, "that we doctors
carcly agree on the subject of tobacco.
Because iicotinie is the active principle
: the weed, is poisonous in its isolatedl
form, the inference has been broadly
drawn that the man who smokes or
ehe ws must be injuriously affected. The
ixnerience of mankind, however, does
not conirmn the conclusion. Ask any
consumi-r to state distinctly what kind
of- pleasure or kind of injury the daily
use of tobacco produces, or why he con
tinues the indulgence, and not one in a
hudred can give you a satisfactory an
swer. Who ever heard a man say he en
joyed smoking when lie couldnt see the
smoke. (r atLributed his 'shake' in the
morning to the smoke of the iight be
-.Anotler )oint iworth noting," contin
: the doctor, -is that geographicallati
tude and constitution have much to do
with the popular habit. In New Eng
land, for instance, there is a large and
conscientious body of men and womer
who would suppress the use of tobacco
if thev could by legislative enactment,
while frou the cosmopolitan city of New
York southward, one is brought in con
tact = 2 - : most offensive
forms. Chief among these is the cigar
ette. It is but a short time ago that a
,ysician was suddenly summoned to
attend one of the brightest young men
in the metropolis. While saying good
by to his hosts one evening he dropped
ike a i'r !t7- l a succession
,f wpasnis, i - - co nrolabl mzus
cular moti'*n, i hat lasted for nearly three
weeks. The doctor had all he could do
to save the young man-s life, and it will
be months before he recovers anything
like his former health. Inquiry devel
oped the fact that on the day of the at
tack heliad smoked forty of the poison
ous pests. Now, if the nicotine stainseo
often seen on the fingers of a cigarette
smoker can so easj discolor the outside,
what must be the effect on the more deli
cate membranes of the throat, lungs and
blood vessels. The truth is, more insidi
ous harm i3 (lone to the system by the
indiscriminate and habitual smoking of
cigarettes than by the use of bad liquor.
"This brings out another thought.
There is danger in being miscellaneously
polite. Among the patients of a friend
of mine is a gentleman who is threat
ened with the loss of his arm from
poison which he is supposed to have
absorbed by handling a cigar after it
had been returned to him by a stranger
who had borrowed it for a light. The
latter was probably engaged in some
business in which poisonous substances
are used, and, neglecting to wash his
fingers, hl .1 unconsciously left a trace of
the poison that produced the disaster.
If smokers could see the filth that sur
rounds nine-tenths of the men and wo
men who manipulate the weed, their
careless and unclean habits, and-observe
the nasty fingers and sometimes lips
that put on the finishing touches of a -so
called Regalia, there would be a larger
demand for cigar holders, and instead
of biting before lighting, they would use
a. knife to clip the folded end.
"There are, doubtless, cases," contin
ued the doctor, "in which cancerous- af
fections of the lips and malignant dis
eases of the stomach are traceable to the
abuse of tobacco, but I have found few
among the records, compared with the
extraordinary number of people in pub
lic and private life who use the weed,
that illustrate the idea of permanent in
jury to persons in general good health,
any more than would result from the in
troduction into the system of other dele
terious substances. Fancy your German
philosopher wvorking out his pro~blems
without his pipe!"
Take some of -the best knowvn of our
own people, especially those engaged in
intellectual work; the majority are great
smokers. James Gordon Bennett is ad
dicted to cigars and cigarettes, and I
happen to know, can use up a pile of
them during a night. Charles A. Dana
is an admirer of the brier root. Puxlit
zer, Joe Howard, Willie Winter and Stil
son Hutchins are exceptionally abstem
ious, for most newspaper men smoke
pipes. The night editors find in~ them
their chief solace. Senator Sherman
smokes the -best Havanas, but his broth
er Tecumseh enjoys a dry smoke.
Judge William D. Kelley, the pig iron
protectionist of Pennsylvania, indulged
in the habit for two generations. Gen.
Grant, as- w.e all knowv, smoked inces
santly, and is pointed out as :mi example
f the evil; y-et he say-s in his memoirs
that he tried for years after leaving West
Point to actluire the habit before lhe wvas
Chauncey Depew formerly could get
aay with t wenty or thirty cigars a day;
now, his after dinner cigar is a luxury.
Grover Cleveland enjoys smoking wvhile
at work, and if you happen to mteet hinm
on his travels. ten dhances to one but it
will be in a snmoking car or on the siuok
ers' side of a ferryboat. Bob Ingersoll is
a famous patron of good eigars. but
many of the reverend gentlemuen who
occasionally handle him withIout gloves
could smoke him out of house and home.
"Raindolph, of lloanoke," wvhen hte
went abroad, carried a barrelful of Pow
hatan clay~ pipes and corucob pipes with
cane stems. Henry A. Wise was an in
veterate chewer of tobacco, and in his
own homne ai iev('te of the pipe'. Alex.
aner 11. Step'hens, of Gergia, would go
to bed smokintg. and his long stemmed
pipe was his nirst companion in theinorn
ng. Andrew Jackson was famous for
his corncob pipes, and Chief Justice
Marshall for his snuff box and excellent
MIaccaboy; while the records tt.. ui that
the two A damnses, father and son, Clay
and Wecbster, Calhoun, Bentoa, and in
fact nearly all the early great lights of
the rep~ublic, wvere addicted to theC use of
tobacco in one form or another. Sta
tistics show that the majority of our
present legislators, state and national.
have tie tobacco ap'petite, and that its
increase during each succeeding genera
ion is something for the consideration
af the philosopher and phiianithropist.
Actors, as a rule, are great smokers of
:igars, although Edwin Booth prefers a
pipe. The late John 3IcCullough possi
bly added to his accumulation of brain
roube by the excessive use of tobacco.
Biy Florence, on his return from a
uropean trip, is always sure to have a
ot of handsomely carved pipes as souve
airs for his friends. The late E. A.
Bothsrn (Lord Dundreary) smoked like a
himney, but John T. Raymond was ex
~eptionaly virtuous in this respect. The
adies of the dramatic p'rofession princi
ally affect cigarettes, bt on the sly,
nany of thema do not disdain a fragrant
:igar. The habit is becoming prevalent
unog the fast young girls in the female
:ollegs, and even fashionable Vassar
night many a tale unfold if its solemn
.valls could reveal the secrets of the
us sweetneart. because in a nt or ai
straction lie used her finger to stop his
pipe; and whoever has read "The Cricket
on the Iezarth" will easily recognize a
smoker in Charles Dickens, when. spoak
ing of Dot, lie says: "She W:sS out :md
.ut the very best liller of a pip-, I should
s:v, in the four quarters of tih globe.
To $'e iwr put lhart chibby ult finger
in the bowl, :nrdI In blow down the
pipe to 'lear the tub, and when she had
done so, affect to think hat there really
was something in the tibe, arid blow .
dozen times and hold it to hei- eve like e
telescope, with a most provoking twist
in her capital little face, as she looked
down it, was quite a brilliant thing. As
to the tobacco, she was perfeet ristress
of the subject; and the lighting of the
pipe with a wisp of paper, when the
Carrier hiad it in his mouth-going so
very near his nose, and yet not scorch
ing it-was Art, high Art."
The habits of famous authors in re
spect to the use of tobacco are interest
ing. Milton never went to bed without
his unu:. a 'lass of water. Shake
speare did not smoke, nor did Goethe,
Shelley. Wordsworth, Keats. Addison
had a pipe in his mouth at all hours.
After his daily dinner, Hobbes smoked
until after nightfall. Carlyle was a
steady smoker for years. Tennyson has
"pulled" at his pipe for nearly half a
century. Sir Walter Scott smoked in
his carriage and regularly after dinner
and loved a short clay pipe. Byrou
wrote about '"sublime tobacco." but in
dulged in its use only moderately.
Douglas Jerrold, Thackeray. Ba.ard
Taylor, Lord Lytton, Lord Iloughitun
and Campbell worked while puling ci
gars or pipes. Neither Washington
Irving nor Bryant used the weed in any
way. Coleritlge, when cured of his
opium habit, took to snuif, and Prescott,
the historian, when limited by his physi
cian to one cigar a day, drove ;-il over
Paris to buy the biggest one he could
Pur-.: -'o the subject. further from a
professio:... point of view, the writer
asked Professor Mott what in his judg
ment were the best means of avoiding
injury from the excessive use of the
"I should urge the smoker," he re
plied, "to observe two conditions. First,
the quality of the tobacco, and second, if
pipes are used, the quality of the pipe
and its stem. Nicotine takes its name
from Jean Nicot, who introduced tobacco
into France in 1560, and in its poisonous
power is scarcely inferior to prussic acid.
Some tobaccos contain about 2 per oent.,
others 6, and some nearly 7. It is rare,
however, that a hundred pounds of the
dry leaf yields more than seven pounds
of nicotine. In smoking a hundred
grains of tobacco, therefore, say a quar
ter of an ounbe, it is possible to draw
into the mouth two grains or more of the
most subtle of poisons, but the proportion
will vary with the variety, the' rapidity
of smoking, the length of the pipe, the
material of which it is made, and other
"In most oriental countries where
smokig is a constant habit, the natives
use long stemmed pipes in which the
leaf burns slowly, added to which is a
bowl containing perfumed water. or
other liquid, through which the smoke
passes, leaving behind a part of its poi&
onous vapor. The reservoirs of some of
the German pipes are death traps, be
cause they retain the grosser portions o
the tobacco, while the cigar discharg<
directly into the mouth all that resulta~
from the combustion of the weed. You
will understand, therefore, that a good
pipe should be porous, like the Powha
tan clay or corncob, with an ampht
bowl that permits frequent cleaning, and
wiha long stem of absorbent quality
that will take up the gummy-like refu~se
of the burned tobacco and the worst of
the poisonous elements of the nicotine.
Besides, a short pipe which discharges
its fumes directly into the eyes andnos
trils is injurious to the sight.
"As to the qualities of tobacco, Qese
depend on the honesty of the mnanu.c
turer. Turkish is of course reckoned the
best. The pure American, when un'a
dulterated wvith sumac leaves, straw, tea,
mullein and scores of other substances
that are employed to increase bulk or
add to the flavor, will rank next; but
such a mass of filthy stuff is nowv being
oisted on the community and sold by
the aid of chromes and other arts of the
advertiser that it is well nigh impossible
a detect the false from the true. I do
not pretend to be a connoisseur in these
matters, however,'' concluded the doc
tor, "and what I have mentioned are
simply the facts familiar to all physicians
who have studied the subject."
F. G. DE Foswwt.
Sir James Hector, New Zealand's fore
most scientist, has been deploring what
he describes as "the perfect athletic
miania which has arisen in the Aus
talias." To be a hero in the colonies
now, he says, you must excel, not in
brain wvork, but in the training of the
muscles of the arms and legs.
ODDS AND ENC&~
The circus elephant Empress was
sold at auction in Philadelphia. She
In a handful of clover plucked in
his yard, Edward Koehler, of Bethlo
hemi, Pa.. found fifty-four leaf stalks.
Twenty-six thousand person s were
present at the opening performance
of Barnum'is show ini Lonidon.
The conrtir~ual use of Persian insect
powder will drive mroths away from
furniture. Its frequren t renewaJ is
ncessary until all are killed.
The x:idow of the late. King Luis of
Portugal will receive a yearly allow
ance of $i4,000. whieb will b~e reduced
one-half if she lives abroad.
The electric bells of a certain hotel
arec accomnpanied by, thme prinited in
struction, "Press the knob if you want
the waiter three tiain-s."~
Evange~list Mody :rtly received
a draft for' n2,500 ftor 1in- -ove:Maniuent
from a Cainadiant smu-i.reh-e tronverted
a+ one of Ihis mneetin;i,
At Cincirrnat i a horse backedIover
tre bank andn~ fell down a~ dcivi ty of
100 feet, dragrgiin his ea riti divyer
with himi. Thre driver d trit nt 'et int
the water, but tire hoisi- phmured inic
the river anid swan arr'-. taCvn
tor, dletachling thre vehicte frm him
TIhrece meni being unabIle t) dri v' or
Irg ar 40~ pon i pig ::t i pen ~ a)
R~einod. Berrs conty Pa. they
called ini tire arssismoae of Joh t Bii ru
e, a giant in stren:. Ie t~ibr
atey.- piced~ the kick ing por:: eu
and carried it out unmaided.
Irs. Blanrd, tirm poet anrd ovelit
better known hs "E. Nesbtis d
sribed as a very pretty wo.ma wi 'ithr
soft brown eyes, and a deli-:eyof lotk
dress anid carriage whieb belongr. tc
tre old ;esthretic days., whichii in hr
costmies at least, Mrs. Brland rev ivs
Patti, the diviine sirk recei ves thet
largest wages ever paid..n.ri....hur
man or divine. Sireispd 50
every night she sings rin t Alber
Iul, Lonidonr. Even with tis an d
tre expenrditurre of 85.000O fo r each c(n
cert. her m a nag~ers are able iil shus
prifit of1 froim $2.,(00 to $3,00 pr
Fifty years ago there wvera probably1
n ot mioie thanii pt0.000i to 100r.00 atrio* s
if frurit !aud ini Great iBritain. In
17, thre date of the iirmt r-lab.nl h.
ord, it had ineseased to r:n-ry 170.000t
acres; andh Mr. Writehad, a w'ell
kronr authlority, esthnrat s the presenii
The obrienair of th soutl Irane,
AlI innur i is t)h! : .
w'- n i :i ,n j U, iry
"S 1 :L t t . ?lir 's tN -I.
. Iou I, Ai n .
Jo 11 l ist . 1,.. .
I;. w t ....*
.h . - -t. : n .. ..
A ils' ;Iw I
Iolf .4 ow' i q. . V1: I .-r w
ri r vi-r e-tly wlt
I lie h ot r, rih, I f G -org:
T i -onda Win.
Iir hush !r !~ h~a Mthfoor m-p
B *u - a t ero :t- "ve
'T , I r- 3-her now
15':g.- t rib-I Il e oh , tr
it i a (,h i t ni
Yi r RTcl-n -i ci. w . i , -.v:.-pin
. -a h 1.4uii ru ' r
Fromz Te'(- teswee_ and4 Texats
fliere cOns a s'bbing cry.
A tlt amw I s:2- .li si ouiri
'ile 1t 1 en b : l western star
F-'ali S-a:t th,- 114-- s ill hoenore-d
in Southlurcl near anl far.
E-achl (I es a v --o) trly
Yr hii- weep;:iz 'e!r bis .rave
I's fods were e'er dislhonored
li h il ,o i ' r - &. l I br..Vt:.
TIle pt-ri ori liii:.1 :; s
Wit1h ink ofjustice'to
Will bonied y Ii rli tittire
Met ul.t to i n hi, due.
Wincl:ester (Via) Times.
liii Nc's IOve PoeFom.
There is nothing that soothes and
lull.e to rest the weary reader at. the
end of a long letter, tilled chiefly with
sati:ti.-, iil:e a sweet line poem that
one tan readily understanc-a love
poem-and so 1 give cne here that I
lound in an ainum-an albuminous
poem, as it were-which I wrote many'
years ago, and found yesterday on
th centre-table where I used to
"'spark" but, where now, alas! she is
O my darling O my dariing
Wilt you ever think of me?
For my darling, for my dariing.
I ,% ilt: times thikl of thee.
A1:u t y laring, oh nry darling,
When I ofttiwes think of thee
It will be indeed a pieasure
Jf icu erstwhili tuink of me.
Thus ray aarliug, oh my darlii-g,
'hould you erstw' hile think o me,
Wilst my darling, 4h my darling,
I :-hall ofttimes think of thee,
We will think about each other
Tili the bright eternity.
It i6 fun to write a poem
While I pause to think of thee,
For I know you'll not forget me
While you pause to think of me
Thu:, adown life's .unburntpathway
Loiter I to think of thee,
For I hope and trust that also
You may sometimes thin k of m
It is not so very wearing
Oa the thinker, I can see,
Ju.t LO think of you,nly darling,
As you doubtless think of me,
So, ray darling. as I stated,
If your thoughts ae true ,to me
I wiii do some heavy thinking,
Oh ty darling,just for thee;
And we'l th'uk about. each other
'l iii the bright eternity.
-Worth $5,000I.000 and only 10 year
obii, says the New York Morning Jour
nal. ['his is the state of affairs witi
little 3.a shal l oberts, the son of thb
la:4. miiiion.-iri Mairsihall 0. Ronerts
He is the youngest mihionaire in towr>
-Io a recent interview Powder!;
says an enemy invente dthe story tha
he er as a candidate for Governor o
Penusvlvarnia. He has no desire t
take ter inu politics, arnd would no
under an~y circunisluce. :-o long as h
was ut the head of the greatest labo
organiza.:tionr in the world.
The LoquaciIr yof Mme.
s Ir 7.. n m:,' it t'o tic pa per
It talks 'al ihrmgte:t !i~i:X mrIt'c *itl
mu:-ic p 'erty; ..
c I~n e o Spm i'n dsa t
"I1. ;Ma.,arut-e .u. es are too bi,
- China feels just now under the diree
displeasure of heaven, manifested b;
the late fir-e at the most sacred build
ing of the empire, the "Altar o
Heaven," at Pekm, and the breach be
tween the emperor and empress. Thi
young emperor was forced to marr'
the neice of the empress dowager
though he would have-preferred quit
another wife; and, as . the unluoka
young empress is scarcely equal to th<
dignify of her position, Kwang-St
refuses to see her, and has quarrele<
with the empress dowager. Accord
ingly the supjersiitiouLs Chrinese be
lieve that the temple was burnt dowr
as a judgment, although the fire was
apparently caused by incendiaries.
This sacred "Altar of Heaven" wasi
a beautiful tripal circular terrace 0;
white marble, with three roofs of bluE
tiles, and close to the "Temple oj
Heaven," or "Temple of Prayer for
the Year." It was erected about the
year 483, and was used for the annua)
imperial spr'ing sacrifice in February.
A bullock was then burnmt before the
altar. while the emperor prostrated
himself before the tablet of the su
premet 't~er of thle universe, and after"
wards beforo his ancestral taleMs, an
ot-hrer bullock beiwrz killed for each
emper'or cormmemrorated. Finally a
'prayer was recad fronm a scroll, which
w.as subsequeumtly bur-nt upon the al
tar, in orde'r tbat tihe petition might
ascend in llame to heavcenr. The enm
peror' will perfom the same ceremnony'
niext sprinug before the rubed altar.
A Long Sentence.
Whethrer Mr. Gladstone is quite so
good a manufacturer of sentences as
Mnr. William M. Evarts can be decided
perharps fr-om an examination of the
open ing sentence of a speech deliver
ed at Birmingham. He said: "Sir
Charles For'ster an-d Gentlemen-It
is a great thing anid a great
pr'aise to any cons-tituency thiat
it is able to mraintaitn thait stand
ardof judgment and approba'tion and
attachment which Walsali hras main
tained for so long a period while r'ep
nesented by Sir Charles For'ster, to
whom I owe a dlebt of- gr-atitude 'for
what he hnas most trutly called an unr
swer-ving sup)port, but I may say a
suppor't 'that did not derirve rts entire
value even from its singularly decided
character in reference to the pr'inci
pies of liben-alismn, but -likewcise from
the enltire chrar'acter and action of the
man wino has been successful in mak
in~g liberal p~'rinciples honored by the
whole hourse in association ('vith active
parliamerntanry ser'vice rernder'ed to'-the
house of conunorns as such. without re
spetct to party, w'chile at the same time
hre has beenr one rc' doubt, as he has
saidi himrself, of the most intellieent
uphotlder-s of the pnrinciples of pak as
beirng a necessary, though a seeon4
?i, instr-ument for promoting the
benefit and the woirk of the empire."
Charleston Iron Wcrks
Manufacturers a da DeaLers in
Marine Stationay and Portable Engines and Boi lers, Saw
11ill Machinery, cottoll Presses, Gins, a ilrola , Stem ll
boat, MIachin ist s', Engineers' and 3Iil Supplies.
r~kpIr.-e. ni JI-;;IV.q)inesS aw! I').96-11. 'Yli; k pii .
East Bay, Cor. Priitcard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
R. C. Ihns y. Preident.
C.Issr.F JB xINS. -S. f rT "e.(% Treas.
The Cameron & Barkelsy Gomp8jany.
----AND AGENTS F:)R
Erie City Eugine md Boilers, Atlas Engine and Thilers. the famous little
Giant Hydraulic Cotton Press, Eagle Cotton Gins.
We have in stock'one each 60, 65, and 70 saw E Gge G1n. only shop woln,
that we are offernmg way below cost. Mend f or prices.
Oils, Rubber and Leather B3elting, and an omplte in2 of 'Mill Supplies.
We Guaamee Lwest Prics for4 Bvst Qulity (f (Gods.
CA"MERON&BARKELEY CO., Charlest on, S.C.
SEOKENDORF & M IDDLEON,
No. 1 Central Wharf,
OH.A.]I~EST lT, S. a.
. F. W. CAPPELMANN,
DEALER IN CHOICE GROCERIES,
WINES. LIQUORS, TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
S. E. Cor. 3[eeting and Reid Sts., CHARLESTON, S. C.
Choice Flour a specialty. Sugars sold near cost. No charge for drayage. Goods de
ivered free to depot. Counntry orders promptly attended to.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Liouors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
WEiTHERHORN & FISCHER,
. MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
General Building. Material.
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Moulding, Scroll Sawing, Turning,
Door and Window Frames, Lumber, Flooring, Ceiling,
Weather-boarding, Paints, Oils, Glass, Lime, &c
Oflice, Salesroom, Factory and Yards, Sinlith. Near Queen Street.
seWrite for prices, or send a list of y our w ants for an stimiate -me
[G~o. E. ToXLE. HENR1Y OLIvi-It.3
Geo. E. Toale & Co.
31ANUFACTURAIS. A.YD 110LESA LA
--D-M3 A T .. M;A P, E; "
Scroll Work. hurning and
Inside Finish. Builders Hard
L ware, and General
OFFICE AND SALESROOMS,
10 and 12 Hayne Street,
REAR CHARLESTON HOTEL,
Charleston, S. C.
All Work Guaranteed.
AOWrite for estimates.
G.S. Hacker & Son
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Mouldings,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
R1ICE B! RICE BEER!
licious and he9althy beverage. which afte
having4 ben antalyzed by1 all the tninen
eheinists in . tanta Ga. duiring "Probi
nion" and attEr the in st searchi :-ti
for traces oif alh1blt. was allowed :o b1- h
free of Stat' :itl city ;b IS an dma
more rec'ntly tafr f Irtlhr 1 :aniapin-, in Flor
idl. It tills a hIt'l tel anl t for a staana. t
and appetiz.r th it i. n int xieani :p
a'it to th. t:te, conttinS nourishiu nt - 4i
icte co tati ons. i I'" it ha' te tas-te ofl .
beer of the.( fiiest 11av-r: b.- ,Ides, t, a 1! to -
its purity v .:. qnd e icn l i:1ities. Im.- ia
lv moad'Uo r - ') bra - I. w rbl rent 'wn
'r%ina i .\rtesiin w w r P'it
cas's , int dz. n p. nt< at p l 5. per d2- w ;
five iOzen11 at "I ;r dozen. and inis
ten dozn ''ach at l '. tents lI ru Ioz n. LOsh
andI~ patenlt apple fr
unless .4 -bie idi
't'ami S1.hatinl :d .n.-ral Wat'-r WoArks.
Chntrltuo. 5. C . E.-. A.
A. McCOBB, Jr.
ieneral Commission Merchant,
AND DEALE1 IN
Lime, Cement, Plaster Paris, Hair, Fire
Bricks and Fire Clay.
L.id Plaster and Eastern Hay.
Agent for White's English Portland
NO. 19, EAST BAY,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
G.AN HUGGINS, D. D. S.,
CHIER AW, ..
..AVisit- 31anning everv ruonth or two
F0 N. WILSON,
A'JEXTEQ UITA BLE LIFE ASS URANCE
MANNING. S. C.
OSEPH F. RUA0JE.
ATTORS,'EY AT LAIW,
IANNING, S. C.
OLIN S. WILSON,
Atbirwy and Counsbir at Law,
IANNING. S. C.
AT .,EY AT1' LA w
ALANNING, S. C.
S-&' otar P;:silewithI Soal.
E. BULWINZLE & CO0,
axrain, Hay, - iVill Feed.
Souzthern eed Jie, Southern
Seed Barley, Western and
Texas Red Rust Proof
Oats a Specialty.
G. 102 Est BaY, and 15 and 17
E ;X.abethl Street-.
n - t, Ci I.eston. S. C.
Two r Nor h ot L:bert.
Shaving, aircuitig and Shampaoing
Sa pa.L ..nof chi)
Lrk! I h8r.
Man1lig Silaving Parlor.
In.j.rm: 1Tra.eu. rsj~ m:ctrrED.
- - po in .
: i r next
228 King Street
Opp. Academy of Musics
(H.ABLESTON, S. C.