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- -L- -.IANNIN(G. . C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1890N.
VOL. VI.I r
A CONVERT TO DAVIS.
JAMES REDPATH, ABOLITIONIST
AND UNION MAN.
itemarkable Utterance trom a Strange
source-The Impressive Dignity of the
Confederate Ex-President-No Rebel or
-raltor-The Case of the nouth Presented
in a Nutshell.
Now York World.
DEsvzp, Col., Feb 19.-"Neither
Rebel nor Traitor." Writing with this
for a eubject, Prof. James Redpath, in
the Commonwealth, say of Jefferson
"I spent nearly the en tire summer
of 1889 as a guest of Beauvoir House,
the home of the late Jefferson Davis
I was in his company for from six to
ten hours every day during the whole
time of my visit. During that period
we talked of every im.ortant event in
his long and eventful life, and discuss
ed almost every issue between the
North and South. My position enabled
and authorized me to ask questions
and to introduce topifs which other"
wise it might have been ungracious, to
say the least, or in bad form, as the
latest phrase is, to refer to in the home
of the ex-President of the Confederate
States by any Northern writer, especi
aliy one who, like myself, had been
an Abolitionist of the most radical
school from his earliest . manhood-a
fact well known to my venerable host.
"I first met Mr. Davis in the sum
mer of 1888 Mr. Allen Thorndike
Rice hA.d detirmined to prepare as a
companion volume to his Reminiscen
ces of Abraham Lincoln, as a sort of
Ccafederate supplement, a volume of
Re minis ences of Lee and Stonewall
Jackson. Having oonvnced him
that it would be impossible to secure
the contributions he neseed from fa
mous Southerners without Mr. Davis's
co-operation, I was commissioned to
visit Beauvoir and secure it and to ob
taina one or two historical essays from
him for the North American Review,
of which at the time I was the nanag
-Well, I reached Beauvioi and re
mained there about a week. Before I
had been with Mr. Davis threee days
every preconceived idea of him utterly
and forever disappeared. Nobody
doubted Davis's intellectual capacity,
but it was not his mental power that
most imprssed me. It was his good
ness, first of all, and then his intellect
ual integrity. I never saw an old man
whose face bore more emphatic. evi
dence of a gentle, refined and benig
nant character. He seemed to me the
ideal embodiment of sweetness and
light. His conversation showed that
he had 'charity for all ano, malice to
ward none.' I never heard him utter
an unkind word of any man; and he
spoke of nearly all of his more famous
opponents. His manners could beat
be described as gracious, so exquisitely
reaned,so courtly yet heart-warm. The
dignity of most of our public men often
reminds one of the hod-carrier's'store
suit' it is so evidently put on and ill.
fiting. Mr. Davis's dignity was as
natural and as charming as the per
fame of a rose-the fitting expressi3n
of a serene, benign and comely moral
nature. However handsome he may
have been when excited in battle or
debabe-and at such times, I was told,
he seemed an incarnation of the most
poetic conceptions of a valiant knight
-it surely was in his own home,
with his' family and friend~s
around him, that he was seen at his
best; and that best was the highest
point of grace and refinement that
the Southern character has ever -each
Mr. Ik dpath tells of his great friend
shin for Jeffersen Davis, and con
"But with this slightand inadequate
expression of my affection for Mr.
Dav's, I must now rest content, in or
der to state as clearly and tersely as I
may why the oid Contfederate -chief
tali never 'repented;' and why he
netver iegarded himseut as either a
re',el or a traitor, but scouted such
tities. whenever applied to himself or
tt the Southern people, as a proof that
the utterer of them was ignorant of
constitutional law and ot the true na
:ure of the Federal Union.
"I1 returned to Beauvoir and remain
ed ihree or four months. assisting Mr.
Davis in preparing a short History of
the Confederate States. After the last
pages of that work (now in press) had
been mailed Mr. Davis consented to
prc; ar e for the same publishers an ex
tended autoiography if T would rea
main to assist him. He had not .pro
ceded far-with his life before business
re.alled me North. Although I re
turned in a few weeks it was too late,
as in the mean time Mr. Davis had.
visited his plantation at Briarfield,
where he caught the malarial fever that
ended in his death.
"In order to assist Mr. Davis with
the least friction and loss of time, it
became necessary at the beginning of
my work that I should clearly under
stand the State Rights doctrine as told
bv the Confederate leader. Mr. Davis,
therefore. gave mes such of his writ
ings on the topic as embodied his per
Eonal views and alSo other arguments
that he approved. In addition to these
documents I had many and long con
versations with Mr. Davis until I felt
comnpe tent to state the Southern theory
without any doubt as to the correct
e ess of ray understanding of it. In this
paper I waill present only such views
as S r. Davis himself maintained. Be
it understood that tho language only
c f what follows is mine; the statements
--re those of Mr. Davis
'A traitor is one who violates
hins allegiseanc betrays his coun
- .1 e is one who revoltas from
the country to which he owes allegi
Now, from the Southern point Ci
, er secssio~nist violated his a1
eogiance or betrayed his country. be
c'uv- he held inat mis allegiance was
a ohis State, and he was loyal to
il'Sate iin following its fortunes after
I. 1 thdrew from the Union. Of course
(eer this definition the Secessiomst
cak not be a rebel because he msim
1ined his allegiance to hi. sovereigr
st t and 'sovereigns cannot be reb
eA citizen's allegiance to the federa
government comes only through his al
lanice to his State, for the federa
emetwas only the agent o
e as which formed it, and the:
nver surrendered their sm-~reignt y t
1"What, then, is the true na'.ure c
the federal union? If the fathers in
+ended to create and did create a ua
ti hen it follows without dispnt
t btte Confederates were both rebe!
ad tr.itors, for they certainly di
afl in thralgianto the federi
goerlnent for four years and the
certainly were rebels %gain-t its wu
But if the fathers did not create no:
intend t6 create a Nation but only :
Federation, then the States that seced
ed only exercised an inherent right of
sovereignty in withdrawing frem the
Union they had voluntarily eatered,
and the only question that remains is
rather a moral than a polit ical one
were they justified in withdrawing?
Practically, such a question can never
be considered, for if a community has
the right to secede, it must also be the
judge of its necessity. The power that
holds the whip by the handle never
does recognize the need of the groans
and kicks that come from the body
that stands at the other end!
"Mr. Davis maintained that the vin
dication of the South rested on these
t*o considerations-their rightful
power to secede and the causes that
justified the exercise of that power.
"I confess that while his argument in
favor of that right seemed to ! e ex
ceedingly strong, yet I do nou-see the
same ferot in his statement of the
justification ;o its exercise But then,
I was at t be other end of the whip and
Ijustified John Brown."
Article X., an amendment of the
Constitution, declares that:
The powers not delegated to the
United States by the Constitution nor
prohibited by it to the State are re
served to the ftates respectively or the
"This amendment was one of the
conditions on which the Constitu
tion was ratified. It clearly shows
that sovereignty remained with the
The writer states the Constitution
wouldnot have been ratifiedl by the
m!jority of the States had it not been
for the assurance that this amendment
would be adopted. The stand taken
by the Sou:hern leaders is described as
Mr. Davis submitted as ajis! ification
of the withdrawal of tho Southern
Statea in 1888:
"The destruction of the balance of
power which existed when the Consti
tution was adopted. and subsequent
legislation for sectional advantages
rather than the general welfare, to
gether with gross and persistent viola
tions of obligations which the States
had assumed in the formation -.f the
compact of Union, adding to unceasing
hostility shamefully displayed and cul
minating in invasion, which treated
the feeling that the fraternity in which
the Union was founded h id ce .sed to
exist-that the Union was was no long
er one of the heart."
"Were the Secessionists, then, tu-'e
to the faith ouce delivered to the
State? May be? And yet, right here,
i seems to me, is both their be!t de
fense and their weakest point. N>
live race consents for very long to be
ruled by dead men. Each generation
manages to rule itself-i f io by the
letter of the law or or a 'trict constitu
tion thetu by amendments to constitu
tion ar- reyision of creed! I never met
any pubLic man who reverenced the
Constitution as Mr. Davis reverenced
"Lest any foreigner should read this
article let me say for his benefit that
there are two Jefferson Davises in
American history-one is a conspirator,
a rebel, a traitor, and the 'Fiend of
Andersonville'-he is a myth evolved
from the hell-smoke of cruel war-as
purely imaginary a personage as Me
phistopheles or the Hebrew Devil;
the other was a statesman with clean
hands and pure heart, who served his
people faithfully from budding man
hood to hoary age, without thought of
self, with unbending integrity and to
the best of his great ability-he was a
man of whom all his countrymen who
knew him personally, without distinc
tion of creed political, are proud, and
proud that he was their countryman."
RUSSIA FOR THB RUSSIANS.
The Czar Expeels (Germans from Ihe Em
plre---The German N(ation Mad.
The ery of "Russia for the Russians"
is growing louder, and under its in
fluence the process of Russianizing
the southern provinces is steadily go
ing on, involving the expulsion of va
rus classes of German inhabitants and
the suppression of German manners,
customs and speech among those who
are permitted to remain. This un
friendly course doe. not tend to im
prove the relations between Geimany
and Russia. Armed peace is forced to
arm the more, and the situation be
This being the state~ of affairs, ac
tion has just been taken at St. Peters
burg which can only be compared to
throwing a firebrand icto a powder
magazine- It is officially announced
to-day that the czar has issued a de -
cree forbidding the employment of
German acters in inperial theatres.
The decree is to go into effect on May
1, 1890. Managers will be obliged to
annul all contracts with German ac
tors, unon whom the best theatres
depend, and the artists themselves are
virtually excluded from Russian-soil,
Fierce resentment is sure to be arous
ed by this unwise and inhospitable
-To 5py Out Georgia.
ATLANTA, Feb., 28.-An excursion
will leave Dayton. Ohio, on Feb. 24,
for Georgia, composed of representa
tive farmers and business men of the
Miami valley. The party will make a
tour of insyection of the agricultural,
manufacturing and fruit-growing rec
tions of the Empire State.
A telegram from Cansjoharie, N. Y.,
sys: James Askell. W. J. Askell and
Bernbardt Gillam of the Judge and
Frank Leslie's, with their f amilies and
several others, left here in a special
car this morning for a tour of the South
at the invitation of Goverrnor J. B.
Gordon of Georgia,,Governor NGordon
will accompany' the party in their visit
to the imnportant cities.
Kille:d His Old Teacher.
LoU'IsvILLE, Feb., 20.-A yocun'g
man namedl Bcoth waylaid Rev. Mike
Whisman, near Compton, Ky., and~
fatally cut himi with a knife. WVhismaan
htved two hours after ieceivingz nis
wounds, and made a statement cWb.
Eis attack- Booth was accompran.ied'
by a man named Sparks. Whis-can
had once punisbodi Booth while the
latter was a scho->l boy, and Booth
had threatened then to be revengred
- and had never forget. his inc~iedi
r The PrISisone:-as A.cquittedt.
>RALEIGH, N. C.. Feb. 19.--Titere
har been a great sensation at S-uith
f field the past few days. onl account o0
- the trial of J E. Starling for murder
- It has resulted in an acquittal. He
B was charged with the murder of ax
8 aged woman, his mother--in-law, ani
little boy, hir nephew, who wer4
found dead, withitheir skulls crushed
7 in a banch near their home.
WORK OF THE ALLIANCI
HOW THE OIGANIZED FARMER:
The Proupect-4 h :'d in Seuth Car
olina-Chemi in ords From Iresiden
The Alliance poople in South Cara
lina have now entered upon the secon<
year of educational and co-operativ<
eflibrt on the several l'ines of Allianc<
work. 18SS was devoted t lth worl
of organization; in 1S89 the we .
organization was continued, and i:
now--Sth Fb., ISU0-planted in every
county in ihe State. The planting,
under the direction of your Executive
Committec. has been done at the mi
inum of co. t, and this work will
likely be very nearly completed before
your second aunual meeting in July
Our desperate condition, fiuancially,
rendered our organization possible,
and to the betterment of ;hat condi
tion our greatest eflorts have been put
forth. Last year the ef'orts at co-op
erative trade was by Sub. and County
Aliances securing for thems'lves the
beat terms possible. The results ob
taived, while more ur 'esssatisfactory,
were very inequal, the saving eflect
ed beina, estimated at from 8 to -3:' per
cent. on last year's purchases, de
pendent largely or mainly on the
financial condition of the different
sections of th e State, the larger saving
being only possible t.n the credit sys
tem of purchasing; and attention is eos
pecialy invited to this as showing how
ruinous has been that system, and as
ruinous morally as linanca!lly. Let us
not blame others solely because such
a condition of t hings was ever possi
ble, but h t us like true men assume
our fuall share ol the responsibilty.
Reckless risks demanded ruinous
profits, but we now see our folly in
consenting or -ubmitting to such co:
(.itions so long. And now that we
have organized to correct this and oth
er abuses, we must be careful, very
careful,about the character of our mem
bers. We have taken in and must
:>.tiuue to take in members who are
"financially bankrupt," if they have
'good moral character." This is
right. We hnor our organizations by
the effort to lift them up-to improve
heir financial conditic,-but we c.an
not aflord to carry them if they should
even seem to be careless about their
inaucial obligations. Should they
fail to practice that strict economy, or
to exhibit that industry and constant
application to business so necessary to
success, we must expel them. To re
ain them would be wrong to all who
are battiing for the manhood and in
dependence of the farming and indus
The financial depression caused bysa
partial failure of the crops last year
is a trying ordeal to our youzng organ
zation in some sections of te State,
which is a matter of deep elcern to
those more fortunate clse'ere, but
their activity and forwardness in pre
paring for another crop prove their
indomitable pluck. In some places
last year the crops were less that half
the average. In such places depres
sion like Egyptian darkness must be
felt. Just how such conditions are to
be met and overcome is a problem difli
ult ofsolution-but it will best be done
by our people standing together a uni
ted brotherhood. The eflorts at in
reased industry and a closer economy
lessen the danger from such crop fail
res; but for the practice of such econ
omy and industry ]ast year, the de
pression growing out of the crop fail
ure would have been more extended
and trying than it now is. In proof of
this, is may safely be claimed that the
South Carolina farmers, taking the
verage of the whole State, commence
the year 1890 in better financial condi
ion than they did the year 1889;
otwithstanding the short crop, the
shortness of which more than offset the
figher prices at which it was sold. A
ager percentage of the supplies
ought for Alliance farmers in 1890
,ill be bought for cash than has been
o bought any previous year by these
same farmers. I should not deem it
ecessary to remind these cash buy
rs that they now have a State Busi
ess Exchange which they can use in
he purchase of supples and sale of
farm products, but for the fact that they
ave been doing this very same busi
1ess through agents of their local or
:anizations so successfully before the
Exchange was establishert. Your bus
ness agent can be, must be, the larg
st cash purchaser in the State, and
should be, and with your patronage
ill be, ai,:e to purchase more cheap
y than any other. It is your agency
and will be what you make it.
But I have: possibly said as much as
I should no w on the financial outlook.
The educational work of the Alliance
is probably more advanced along the
financial line than any other. The
methods of learning along this line are
eminently practical I intended to
extend this letter to convey some
thoughts on political economy, and
our organs, State and National, but I
find it will make this article too long,
so I must defer any attempt in that di'
rection at this time.
My recent visit to the dif'erent sec
tions of the State suggested the pro
priety of what I have written as well
as wbat I propose writir.g in the near
future, as I may have oporttunity. I
gratefully acknowlcdge my indebted
ness for- personal kindnesses while on
this tour, and my unqualified admira
tion for the devotion of our people to
the principlei of our order.
E. T. STACKHOUsE.
"You've been writing poetry to sis
ter." maid Willie.
"Y e.,' admitted the youth.
"W:iat hind of a poem was that
last .ics you sent her'?"
"Oh. it was a sort of apostrophe!"
"Weil, ii you'd a seen the way pa
acted whe~n he saw it you'd a thought
it was a v dcic lot exclamation points.'
TheDaagby an Iapllosiont
I u-wN. C., Feb. 19,.-A boile:
at a saw mill at Ahosbie, Chowar
county, exploded, instantly killing th<
colored fireman and putting out thi
eyes of Wright Poell and injurin;
*ar~ot her man. Poeli is very seriousl:
injured, and1 it is believed will uo
Cross and White.
RAIu:!GH, N. C., Feb. 20.-The Su
vreme Court has denied the motio:
to graut :an arrest of judgmecnt in th
Ica'e of Cross and White, the Raleig
bank forgert 'ihcretore they wil
Ihave to serve out thetr respectiv
+erm on the County road.
AN ATTACK (N O RAI .
.In Exploded L Srory Revarmped-l A butr. S x
: :enator Bob Toombs m.d the Holl of 11;
BosvoN, Mass., Feb. 20.-In his lec
- tare at Fremont Temple yesterday.
the Rev. Joe Cook made an attack
upon the dead editoi, Henry W. Grady.
He said: "I think Boston ought not to
cheer treason. Mr. Grady was a man
of genius. and be is now in his grave.
but his principles are not in their
grave, and therefore I take the occa
sion to say that since a Southern Sen
'or thratened to call the roI cf his
. on Bunker Hill, nothiug has
been _.mch T ra e atrociouscy in
sulting to Northern entiment than
the affirmation of the Southern orator
before his Boston audieuc, that even
if the nation were to put forth its
whole military power, the douih
would yet trample on the newect par
agraphs of the Constitution. That is
calling the roll of slm es on the
heights of the political Constitution
itself, and the slaves are those who
cOeiish such politiaal sentiment."
A BOSTON MN'6 SWALLOW.
A Big Eu:lisrHnu Bullied 111i. but
Fr-nchr Wouldin't stanI it.
There were a number of uz in one of
the London taverns made famous by
Dickens, when a great big fellow
slouched in and made himself very dis
agreeable wi:h his mouth. One of our
party was a man from Boston, and in
some way or other he and the big man
came to exchange words. The first
we heard of the row the I ig man was
You Yankees is great on Ihe brag,
and that's all you can do."
"Well, I dunno," replied Boston.
"But I do. W'ben did you ever do a
blooming, blarsted thing!"
"How. about 1776?"
"Never heard of it."
" How about 1812?"
"Never heard of it."
"Did you ever hear of Bunker
"I have sir. That's where G00 red
coats licked the life out of 4,000 brag
"I1 guess not."
"Not! Does you dare to dispute the
"You'd better read what;history
"I have done that 'ere, you bloom
ing idiot, and it says as how all you
Yankecs run at the first fire! Don't it
"I never heard that it did."
"Don't it say that?"
'Ihe big fellow had pushed u;> his
sleeves and put up his fists, and it was
plain that a row was on hand. He
was big enough to eat up two sach
men as Boston, while he had fiends
to look out for the rest of us. Our
companion therefore took the most
prudent course,and acknowledged that
history might say so and probably did
say so. This satisfied the big fellow,
and lie turned away and glared at a
Frenchman, also a tourist, who had
come in later. After a long stare he
walked up to the Crapco and shouted:
"Blast yer blooming parley vous,
but we've always licked ye out of yer
boots on land and sea!"
"You speak von big lie!" shouted
the Frenchman, hot in a minute.
"What? Call The Liverpool Kid a
liar to his face?"
"Aye! and I shall now give ycu von
awful beeg licking!"
"Johnny" grot out of his coat in a
jiffy, danced around with his hands
up, and to our utter astonishment the
Kid went right dow a into his boots
and slunk out of the room, having no
more pluck than a hen. We sat there
for fiv'e m-inutes before any one spoke.
Then it was the Boston man who
"Just think of it! I can lick six fel
lows like' that banty Frenchman, and
yet that big dulfer made me swallow
two wars for independence and Bun
ker Hill on top of them.--New York
Dennis' Powerful Logic.
A merry young Irishman, not long from
the "old dart." is employed as coach
man by a Jefferson avenue family. Re
cntly, while suffering from a severe
cold, he made his appearance one morn
ing with his hair cut close to hi, head.
"Why, Dennis," said his mistress, in
shocked accent, "whatever possessed
you to have your hair cut while you
were almost sick with a cold?"
"Well, mum," replied the unabashed
Dennis, "'I do be takin' notice this long
whIle that whinever I have mec hair cut
I take a bad cowld, so I thought to my
seif that now while I had the cowld onto
me it would be the time of all others to
go and get me hair cuttin' done, for by
that course I would save meself just one
cowld. Do you see the power of me
The lady was obliged to concede that
Dennis' logic was irresistible, and now
adays never attempts to cedl into ques
tion his motives for anything he dos.
D~rsi: Fr ee Pren.
seeking Southern Investments.
COLUMBI, S. C., February 20.-Mr.
R. A. Lynch, formerly of this city,
but now of Boston, is in the city, ac
companied by Messrs. A. E. Bonney
<d G, W. Emerson, who are undler
stood to bc capitalista sseking invest
mets in South Carolina. They ex
pect to be shortly joined by Prof
Charles H. Hitchcock, of Dartmouth
College, N. H., a geologist and miner
alogist of some note, and it is said the
party intend to take a prospecting
tour over the State. Mr. Lynch has
established an agency in Boston for
the sale of Southern lands, and the
gentlemen named above are represen
tatives of the agency sent to investi
gate the resources and possibilities of
South Carolina. The party will visit
other Soumhern States
A Young Candidat e For Hanging.
CoLUMBI. S. C., Feb., 20.-Arthur
Turner, the thirteen-year-old son of
Merchant Turner was stabbed twelve
times yesterday afternoon by Leslie
Holland, a young son of Engineer
SHoland. The boys had qjuarrelled in
school. Alter dismissal H-olland fol
Slowed Turner and catching his head
Sunder his arm stabbed him repeatedly
in the neck, back and head. He was
revented from continuing what would
t very probably have been his mturder
Ots work by a comlpanion who jerked
Ioland off. Young Turner is badly
wounded and miraculously ee'nped
.- wit a his life. No arrest was made.
a .--The Russian Nihilist Stepniak
l :writes all his works in English, and
e the:y are revised by William Westhall.
FOr"'fl1) A WA
HOW MADAME SIGIDA DIED UN.
DERI THE CZAR'S KNOUT.
Three Other Female Priscnera. Fearlui
1er Fate. Couimir sicie-Sorrow Alsc
1)ivC Two 611:i to Death-ttR1:ilI
Provided with a cable dispatch of in
treduction from Geo. Kenan, the cel
ebrated 3iberian traveler, the Londor
agent of the Associated Press callei
en Serguis Stephnian,:the well knowr
writcr upon Russia's political and ser
ial conditions. Stephnian was aske!i
whether he could give any informa
tion in regard to the outrages in the
political prison at Kara in Eastern Si
beri., rumors about which had re
cently reached the public press by
way of ti e Russian colony in Paris.
ONLY .A HINT OF THE TRAGEDY.
Stephnian stated that the reports
already published gave only a hint of
the horrible tagedy enacted at Kara.
Perfectly trustworthy information, he
said, hed been recived in cipher let
ters that -u:ceeulcd in getting through
to Par.s and London from exiles in
Eastern Siberia. These letters, which
are nothing but meagre scraps of pa
per, tell the story of the recent horror
only in its nin outline, but one who
knows about, Siberian life does not
need a circumstantial recital to un
derstand the cruelty of the discipline
and the agony of suflering of which
this horror was the culmination. The
full details of the dreadful story can
not be long now in reaching the Wes
tern world, coming so soon after the
publicity given to the Yakutsh atro
ciy. It,:an hardly fail to deepen the
seuse of horror already felt by the
ivilized world at Russia's treatment
of political offenders.
ONE WOMAN FLOGGED TO DEATH AND
The facts so far received are as fol
lows: Madame Sigida did not com
mit suicide, as the earliest reports
tated. She died from the effects of a
ruel flogging to which she was sub
jted. The flogging took place Wed.
nesday, the 6th of November. It was
ontinued until under the brutal blows
the unhappy victim lost consciousness
.nd lay as one dead. The poor wo
man never revived from the terrible
hock. but continued to grow weaker
and weaker until Friday, when death
came to her relief. The news of her
shcking oilicial murder produced
ide-spread dismay and anguish
aong ber fellow prisoners and three
,f them, unable longer to bear their
retched fate, committed suicide by
akiug poison. How they obtained
he poison is not known, but probably
hey had it a long time in their pos.
ession and were keeping it as a last
resort. The names of the women
wer:e Marie Kalush, Maria 2adlovina
Karalefskega and Nadesenta Smir
SAD FATE OF A QIE*L.
Maria Kalush was arrested in 1882,
being then a girl of 18, on charge of
isloyalty. Her father was a merch
nt at Odessa. During her imprison
ment every means was tried in vain to
extort frem her a confession implica
ing her friends. At last Col. Katus
kye a gen d'arme officer, brought to
er a skillfully forged statement, pur
orting to be a confession from her
Uellow conspirators, and promised im
unity if she also confessed. Marie
fell into the trap and confessed, and
er confession was used against her
friends, who were senteneed to penal
ervitude. When she learned they
ad made no confession, but had been
onvicted on her testimony alone, she
irocured a revolver and on Aug. 21,
alled upon Col. Katuskya and fired
t him, wounding him slightly. For
this attempted. assassination she was
ondemned by court martial at Odes
a on Sept. 10, 1884, and sentenced to
wenty years penal servitude.
TORN FROM HER HUsBAND. RlEAsoN
Mary Padlovina Karalefskega was
young married lady 35 years of age
daughter of a well known lauded
roprietor in the south of Russia
aul Verautsog, and a sister of Basil
orautsofl, one of the best known
olitical eeonomrists in Russia. She
joined a secret circle. which was sur
pried and captured by the police in
ebruary, 1879, and was sentenced to
hirteen years penal servitude with
exile to Siberia for life and depriva
in of all civil rightt. Her husband,
hough not present. was sent by an
aministrative process a thousand
miles from the mines to which she
was sent. The separation drove her
insane and she was put in a straight
jacket. In 1881 she was allowed to
join her husband in the hope of restor
ing her reason. She recovered, but
the new governnor separated them
ain and she was restored to the
Nadsenta Smirnstzka was 33 years
l and aetudent in aiwoman's college.
De was sent to the Kara mines for
fteen years with penal servitude.
EORROR DRIVBS TWO 513N TO DEATH.
shortly after the suicide of the
three womeu, a brother of Marie Ka
lush, a'so a political prisoner, died
suddenly. It is not definitely known
as yet whether he too died by p~oison
or whether his death wa's the result of
overpowering grief on learning of the
dlth of his sister.
Another exile, named Bobokov'o,
oemmitted sucide rather than submit to
the cruelihumiliation and suffering of
flogging. Bobokovo was a university
student and took part in some publhc
demonstrations of the students which
were displeasing to the authorities.
Be was therefore, ordered to make
hi abode aL Pinego, a small village in
he province of Archangel, the north
ern-most portion of European Russia.
From there he attempted to make his
eseae, and for this heinous offenSe,
was exiled to the mnines of Eastern Si
TIE FLcGiGING OF MADAME SIOIDA.
The ilagging of Madlame Sigida oe
curred under orders issued by Lieut.
Gen. Baron Koff, governor.general
of the province of Arnour, in whicn
the Kara mines are situated. These
orders directed that the secret edict
of March; 1888, signed by cialkine
Vraski, director-general of the prison
for the empire, should be enforced.
This edict wa to the effect that polit
ical convicts should be treated by pris.
on officiels in Drecisely the same mau
ner as criminals condemned for com
Imon law offences. Political prisoners
were thus mde liable to fiogging for
breaches of prison diseipline. In what
Iparticular way Madame Sigida had
transgressed the prison rules is not
clearly explained, But the fioggina
death for any lack of conformity to
prison regulations Stepniak thought
would impress the Western world
- with a profound horror.
The political nrisoners at Kara, Step
niak said, had in some way learned
that the political exiles imprisoned at
Saghalien had also been subjected to
cruel flogging. They were constantly
in dread of similar torture to that in
flicted upon Madame Sigida.
FLOGGING ORDERED BY THE CZAR.
Stepniak was asked whether he
thought the czar, in view of the fact
that the exceptional horrors at Kara
had been made public, would mitigate
the severity of prison discipline in the
case of political convicts. He replied
that he thought it was not unlikely
that the publication of the facts would
force the superior officials of Russia to
take some notice of affairs, but he
said flogging and all otber brutalities
were entirely due to the direct orders
of the central government at St. Pe
tersburg, namely, the edict of March.
1888. The government was, therefore,
directly responsible for the renewal oT
the corporal punishm ent of political
prisoners, which had been suspended
in 1877 after Trepoft ordered Bogolu
boff to be flogged.
THE STAMP CLERK.
An Inutrestinr Srrrdy o' Character ii :a
"I should think you have a pretty
easy time in here."
"4Well, pretty easy."
.You don't have much to do. Just
stand at the window, count out stamps,
and take in the money. "
"That's all, save the little item of
making correct change every time."
"0, of course. But it isn't much."
"No. not much, though sometimes
half a dozen people, all in a Iurry,
want stamps at the same moment."
"Yes, to be sure. You must be busy
at times, say early in the day, or at
Christmas and Easter. But most
people could do the work. wilh little
"Yes, practice is a great thing, but
I've been a stamp clerk for ten years,
and yet yesterday I made a mistake
in counting out a small number of one
cent stampa. Still, practice is a great
"Well. I should like to have your
place, that's all. It can't be very hard
to sell postage starmps."
I wish you had it, as you think it is
so easy. But, should you try it a day,
you might think differently."
The conversation between two ac
quaintances occurred in a city post
office a year ago. The change which
has brought about a new administra
tion removed about a month ago the
old postoffice clerk and installed an
other man in his place.
The new clerk entered upon his 1u
ties the first day with a feeling that
selling stamps was a diversion suited
to his genial temperament'. Ile hadit
been at the window an hour before he
was a sadder and a wiser man.
A woman came up and wanted thir
teen cents' worth of two's and one's,
half and half, seven postal cards and
a package of two cent wrappers.
She had nothing smaller than a $5
When the clerk had recovered from
the temporary slow fever into which
this enisode threw him, there was a
crow<i.waiting outside, and all he could
Twenty-five cents' worth of twos,
please." "Package postal carks." "Dol
lar's worth stamps, quick." "How
much'll that take? Goin' to Canady."
"Nuffstamps on that, hey?" "Gimme
two twos and three ones, will you? I'm
in a hurrv."
The young man nervously counted
out stamps, weighed packages, consult
ed the printed schedule, for rat.. in
foreign countries, and perspired fredy.
Cold chills ran down his back, for he
had a vague idea of giving somebody
seventy-five cents worth of stamps for
fifty cents, and of selling a package of
postals cards for half price,
The crowd a~t the window did not
diminish, but grew.
A man finally cabme up in a hurry
ard threw down a handful of loose
ilver and nickels and coppers .and
"Twenty-sevea ones, sixteen was'
worth of twos, two and a half pack
ages of postal cards, and the rest in
twos and one cent wra~ppers."
The new clerk choked down a big
word or two, mopped his brow ner
yously with a sheet of stamps, and be
gan counting out a package of stamped
envelopes, government official size.
"How many did you say?"
"How many what?"
"Envelope? I don't want any envel
opes. Twenty-seven ones. sixteen
cents' worth of twos, two and one-half
packages of postal cards and the rest
in twos and one-cent wrapp~er3. That's
what 1 want, and in a big hurry, too.
Got to catch a traic.
"Sixteen cents' worth of twos?"
"Yes, I said so."
"Oh, well, all-all right! There you
are. Andi-and how manny ones?"
"T wenty-seven. Come, hurry up."
"Tv ty-seven; twenty-seven. .e v
times :ire is twenty-flye and two is
seven--twenty-seven.. Twenty- seven
And now, the rest in envelopes did you
"'Envelopes? I don't want any en
velopes. One cent wrappers is what I
"How mnany.? Well , give me just one.
Perhaps you can co ut thaat out
"A one-centwvrapper is two cents.
"All righi I can stand it if you
"How many packages of postal
"Never mind. i can't wait here all
day. Besides, there's a crowd out
here stretching way around the cor
ner. Just give me my change and T'l
get out, of here."
'When the clerk ad recovered from
the syncope into which this little trans
action had east him. he spied the olid
acquaintance, the former stamp clerk
at the window.
"Ah, you seemn to be having a pleas
an'; time in here. Pecase let me have
$2 worth of twos and sixes, $1 worth cf
ech. And just wecigh that little bun
die. Groing to Hon"duras. Needs two]
more stam-p', I think. Should :hink
you would have a gcod time in here.
Not much to do but stnd up and sell
stmps, and' give back the right chauge
evyX You must enjoy your p)lace- here.
O course, it will be at little busy early
in the mnorning, or "t Christma- or
Eater times.- Most people Lould do it
wih a little juractice. "-United sates
- New Or eans is to be thoroughly
cleaned up for the summer and pu~t in
first class sanitary condition. The work
is to be done by co-opeiration between
the city authoritics and the citizens.
and all the money necessary has been
BILL TALKS ABOUT THE MISCRIE3
OUS LITTLE ONES.
The DIAerence Bletveen Mischlevousuet
anud Mennness-Some Remarks on th
Peculiarities of Boys.
There is a wide difference betwee
mischief and meanncss. But miscef i
close akin to it, when it injures an
body or hurts their feelings, or break
the rules or the laws. Most all boy
love a little mischief. I used to love :
good des!. I remember when we though
it ever so smart to slip around at nigh
and change gates and the signs, o:
stretch a rope across the sidewalk, or ti(
agoat in the school house, or put on
mar's horse in another man's stable.
have worke-d mightv hard at such thing
and I did thic it was just as funny a
it could be, but some how or other I
don't !ee a bit of fun in it now. I won
der what is the matter with me. M
children inherited mischief, I reckon
and so I have to excuse them, but when
my little girl thoughtlessly pulled the
chair away just as I was about to sit
down. and I came down with a shock
that jarred the house, and my feet flew
up and knocked the lamp off the table,
I was mad, very mad. until I looked at
her and saw how frightened sie was, for
she hadn't counted on such a catastrophe.
So I tempered down, picked up the bro
ken fraguients and never said a word,
:nd was a minute before anybody spoke.
Mrs. Arp was the first to break the awful
silence witli an explosion of laughter,
and that started the children, of course
-all but Jessie, poor little thing, who
came to me atnd said, "Papa I didn't
mean to do it." I knew th-: she didz't,
but my odlended dignity was at stake,
and I got me another lamp and went to
vriting. I wanted to laugh as much as
they did, but I 'wouldn't. That was
four years ago, a.nd Mrs Arp. is not done
aughing at it .t whenever it is alluded
to. I beleve .t would do her good to
-ee me bump the floor and kick over a
amp about once a week.
I was ruminating about this because
my boy came home from school ahead of
:ime and sat down before the fire looking
solemn and sad. I was writing by the
window and wondered what was the
nntter. For a while he never moved or
poke, but suddenly he lookzcd up at me
.nd said, a pitful voicc: "Papa, was
vou ever susoended!" "Susc-nded?"
said I. "I don't understand you-sus
>cnded how i" "Susperded frum
:chool," said he. "Why, ro," said I.
"What makes you ask that qucstion?"
EIe choked up, and said: -Weil I'm
,uspended, and so is Tom 31lir" "Is
t possible?" said I, as I laid down my
en )c "a have you been doing?"
T'hen u he told as how he .di rm aai
z: oring water Ft ma .tner
-:hile tis urofessor was in the other
:com and how he missed Tom and the
hole dippe fall struck the blackboard
ind put out the sum and ran down upon
:he floor, and the profes -eeijns
Lt the wrong time and asked who did it,
ind suspended him and Torn, and told
them to take their books and go home.
[ felt greatly 'relieved of course, for I
iaw that it was mischief and not mean
2c8s, but I never said anything and
tooked solemn and resumed my writing.
Now, it distresses my children to see me
I:istressed, and that is a good sign. As
Long as a boy loves his parents, and gia
Lroubled when they are troubled there
s hopje of that boy. After a while he
aid: "Papa what must I do obout it?"
-I don't knew" caid I, "until I see the
professor. Not long ago we had up a
case of suipension, and the board refus
d' to 'ake the boy back, I don't know
what they will do with you and Tom. I
2apoat you have been trying the profis
sor's patience for some time. You are
not bad boys and are very good scholars,
but your dis position to mischief has
troubled him a~d set a bad example.
The other boys are talking about you,
and say that the professor la partial to
you and Tom, and I'm afraid that be is;
[ am glad that he has stopped your mis
But it camne out all right. The boys
were not suspended, and they wvent,
back the next morning and apo&.ogized,
and now everything is calm and serene.
The boys must conform to the r'iles. If
one boy throws water, all the bys have
the right to throw water, arnd that
would ot do, and a sensible boy knows
it. Let every boy act upon principle.
T&hey may be tempted to telt. a story tc
get out of a little scrape. Tout it is bettet
to tell the truth. The truth is the thing
-the biggest thing I kno w of. If I hac
a great business that w ould give en
ploymnent to a thousa'id boys, and I hac
to gto aoout and select 'them, the firs
question I would ask v mcud be "Does ha
ahay tell the truth?- I wish ':he hey
racd girls could realize 'how muea anxic
they give us. IHere are 400 gaing ti
school in our little to'.n, and in.a fev
years they have got to- take our place
andi make the laws aail do the hnsines
?.nd make u:p society and estabiish th
mnorals of the coirmuity, and rlan thei
conduct the hapruiness and goo.namse o
the people wilt depend. T'.:e youn;
men of this generation wifl ha'm to solv
the race problem and the et er prol:
lems, and upon them will dyt and the es
istence of the government. We thin
about this a good deal, for ' a ffects cu
childilen and grand child . .It trot
utes us to 1.hink about we-. .-nd auLch
ba.i mien getting into pvz:r zuasa
tLhe rich getting richr: and to pot
poorer. I know that . ? .ilea rid!
if the people wiilto :ugh'i- th'- chi
dren grow up rvith go.od mora lsn
good principles. We jjan go go
schools ahnsrt veirere in the Soutl
I know we have in Cat tersile I al
pro-d of the professors and the beachel
Ona the' pupiis. We arc a log w:
ahead of B~os son There are no h
pockets our- schoos-no kicking
teachers, :o '.nd cf forty thievez. M
have Christiase teachers and the mor;
tmiunn g r Tright abong wahi the schSO
books. T'e'oy or the girl who getsr
mlore editnf tha~n cn be had in oi
SChools 'as the foundation said for at
TA: Oi i Cousp's y Respionsibility.
cir:.i eau- Pee vsa was awarde
15 sum o fi,00 du~maes against ti
: "'nda L. Company, is the suit whi<
has ccusid.Lt e atnion of rhis cu
fora ee. IThe- 'Mlitif sued~ for ti
ful ext.:n i to damages, amiountir
to 's",000. saineda~c August 23d, 188
by th de'sriction of his marble yar
in th:- northwostern raburbs of the cit
by th buri . nig of the Otandard Oil Coz
paa s' sbaaseent. There is auoth
.i5aai :. : ci opn o the d
truction of thc. bonded warehouse of
'. P~ears, from (the same ,cause, in tl
A FOUL MURDER.
Jehu Ucod an Aged Mas !%Itot and Killed
A Negro Arrested for the Crime--Fears
of a Luncilng Cnse ills Removal to
Columbia for Safet-.
CirARLOTTE, N. C., Feb. 19.-John
Hood, the father of Sheriff W, H. Hood,
of Choster. S. C., was shot with a dou
ble-barreled shotgun, and killed, In
Chester, Saturday night. Mr. Hood's
s body was found at 7 o'clock Sunday
y morning. Suspicion pointed to Green
s Brown, a negro, as the assassin. He
was arrested. and a double-barreled gun
was found in his house, with mid on
the stock, and apparently having been
only recently shot.
The Chester corresnondent of the
Chronicle says the evidence was so
strong that fears were entertaired of
Brown - being lynched, and Governor
Richardson was immediately telegraph
ed to and asked for instructions to re
move Brown to Columbia or elsewhere.
The Governor replied, instructing that
the Lee Light Infantry be called on to
protect the prisoner,. Sunday afternoon
the prisoner was taken to Columbia.
As to the cau2e of the murder, and the
verdict of the cororer's jury the corrs
pondent says: "Other facts gathered
by your correspondent are that Brown
suspected a colored man of being too
intimate with his wife and Saturday
night awaitcd in ambush the object of
his jealcusy. When Hood passed by on
his way from visitiag some relatives,
Brown mistook him for the other party
and fired. It w-xs on a street without
any lights whatever. The verdict of the
coroner's inqueet, held here Sunday, was
that Johu HIood !arne to his death by
aun-shc't wcunds at toe handa of Green
Mr. Hood was 79 years old.
Shot His Wife and Her Uncle.
CHARsTOT, S. C., Feb. 18.-A
double tragedy occurred here last
night. Ntpoleon Laval called a& the
store ef B. Feldmann & Co., and
asked to %ee his wife, who had been
separated from him for some time.
Whenthe woman came down Laval
shot her, and then entering the store
shot Feldmann. She has since died.
Feldmranu will recover. Mrs. Laval
was a niece of Feldmann and had
been living with his family for some
time. On being arrested, Ival
stat& thtiat it was merely a famIly
aflair, and that there was nothing
more to be said 4tbeut it. The affair
has created a great sensation, as the
parties are well known and prominent
in busiress ;.nd society circles.
LOTTERY'S DESPERATE EFFORT.-.
Wililu: to Par -the Debt of Louisiana,
for a New Lease of Life.
NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 19.-The Louisi
ana Lottery Corapany is making a des
perate effort to retain its corporate life.
It has fui!ed to secure a charter from
North Dakota, and its next move
said, will be an enormous b to the
Louisia.na Legislature for a r ewal of its
present charter, which wi expire two
. ep will be to
pay the entire State debt, amounting to
from %11,000.000 to $12,000,000. The
lottery is earning $250,000 a month,. or
$3,000.000 per year, net. Many promi
nent Louisianians fear that the bribe
may be accepted.
So Near and Yet so Far.
RALEIGH, N. C., Feb. 20.-Last night
was ilxed upon for the celebration at
Pine Level, Johnson County, of .the
m..,rriage of A. D. Godwin and Miss
Ida Oliver, the pretty daughter of Pine
Level's leading mearchant, T. T. Oliver.
The invited guests had come, the, atten
dants were all present, the officiating
clergyman on hand. The time had
come for the couple to step in front of
the preacher. Godwin and his intended
locked jarms and marched out together the
attendants following. As they stepped
in front of the preacher, Miss Oliver
coolly informed Godwin that she had
given up the idea of getting married.
This effectually put a stop to the cere
mony. Her father stepped forward end
told the would-he grcomi that he, per
haps, had better desist from all further
proceeding, and leave for home. God
win quietly retired, got in his buggy
and departed. No reason for Miss Oh-?
vers's strange conduct is given.
Fir'e in a Lunatie Asylum..
OcIAc-o, Feb. 20.-A speciali fronm
Little Rock, Ark., says: At 3 o'clock
Sund-uy morning. tire broke out, in the
boiler ~room of the Insane Asylum near
this place and spread rapidly through
out, the entire building.There were nearly
.500 patients in the building all of whom
were removed from the different wards
to the nl-t fioor, preparatory to taking
themi from the asylum.- During the_
Iremoval, a scene of pandemomium
reigne&, the ntients sareaming, cursing
>ad sobbing "with terror as the keepers
hustled thnm fromn beor to fioor, until
sthey were in comnparartive safety. Meah
I 'while the water gave out and only the
3 timely arrival of the fire engine from
r thi. city preeted the complete destruc
f tion of the b.uding. Oae included the
i boiler room., pump room, engine house,
S laundry, dry house, kitchen, bath-rooms
and pantries, were destroyed, entailing
a loss of a bout $35,000. There is no in
t.The Georgia Alliance.
y A'ruxNT. Feb. 20.-The State Far'
d ,mers' Aliance hats taken possession of
its new and: more commodious quarters
r. the cornier of Hunter and Forsyth
t trees. The Aiiiance has been expec
- ting to make the change for months.
d The building was donated for the use
aof the ordcr for nye years as one of the
'inducemients oleredi by Atlanta for lo
elc..s.ti;. th.e etcthange here. The secre
trofhe Allianeand the organ of the.
brotherh~ood, the Southern Allianee Far
mer,~ no have rooms in the exchange
Er gagee Roomss for a Years.
.o The 2barlotte Chronicle states that Mr.
ir Thomn.- A. Edison has engaged a suit of
.y rooms i' that city for a year. They will
be for Lhbe usa of himself and his experts
whenever they shall be there, during the
next twelve months to pursue their min
iog investigations amoag the the miles
eof Southwestern .Jorth Carolina, which
i he decle'res is the richest mineral region
ec on the globe.
Mortality from Small-Pox.
gS.esATO~XO, Texas, Feb. 19. -Late
9, reports from the small,pox districts
is along the Rio Grande show an appalling
y, mortality list. On a ranche in Duval
a- county. 147 out of 150 employed were
er strieken with the disease, and 65 of them
e- died. There is a great scarcity of nurses
lu. and lysicians. A number of ths
ze younger doctors of this place are pt s.
ing to visit the afflicted place.