Newspaper Page Text
VOL. Vle MTANN1U I C., WE)N ESI)AY APRIL ~ 80 O 8
tk- N -(,lc so--- -----r.~--1r rr~1 rTr1
TILLLN A'N) COLT.
THE FARMERS' CONVENTION NAMES
THE NEXT HEADS OF A TICKET.
The Motion to Nominate Carried by a Nar
raw Majority-ldhe Nomxinees seleted
Withont Oppo?.ition--A Ful Acenmit of
Cowamn,.L S. C., March1 27.-It 'was
about twenty minutes afte'r twelve
o'clock when the Farmers' State Con
vention was called to order by Chair
man G. Wash Shell, of Laurens. The
hum of conversation in the haJI ceased
and hats were doffed while the pro
ceedings began with prayer by the
Rev. D. W. Hiott, of Anderson. Chair
man Shell presented to the conven
tion a gavel sent for its use by four
Orangeburg boys now atuendinig the
Alabama Agricultural C ilkge. zav
ing read the call for the counctwn,
Chairman Shell delivered his opening
address. Captain Shell said that
there were three things clear:
1st. That this convention 'was Com
posed of Democrats true and loyal.
2d. That it was not a f-armers' con
ven tion unless it was because other
classes had refused to have anything
Lo do with electing delegates.
Ird. That this was a convention of
s;ympathizers with thle sentiment of
tie call as issued and that any not in
sympathy therewith were here as ob
structionists. The Executive Com
iaittee of the Farmers' Association
had ordered him to issue the call for
the convention. Remembering how
they had been treated in the last
campaign it was neceissary to begin
early to get an early start. From the
ho -vl that had been raised, he believed
they had got it, and he urged on the
convention to keep what they had
got. They wantea a fair discussion
of the issues on the hustings, and by
the eternal gods they would have it.
All talk about dividing the party was
bosh. The will of the people had
been defeated by unfair means, and
they now demanded fair play. He
was willing to compare records with
any of the men who had been sland
ering him and so was Captain Till
2au. They were simply trying to rid
a State from ring rule. Captain
6.ll closed by vindicating his own
1'e.ord and with a brief eulogy of
C.iptain Tillman, to whom he said the
State owed a heavy debt of gratitude.
As ?or himsclf he would not accept
auy State office at the hands of the
W. J. Talbert, of Edgefield, was
made temporary Chairman, and John
T. Duncan of Newberry, and J. V.
fioker, of Orangeburg, temporary
Tne delegates present were enroll
el and a committee on credentials
was appointed, consisting of one from
each of the twenty counties repre
seuted, as follows: Abbeville, J. D.
Bradley; Aiken, NV. N. Merchants:
Aaderson, W. A. Nealy; Barnwell. W.
D. Rice: Beaufort. J. G. Verdier:
B.. eley. J. A. Hoovey; Charleston.
J. rancis Britton: Chester, H. P.
W.Lner: Chesterfield, W. J. Hannon;
C 1Azendon, D. W.Brailsford: Colleton.
SR. Cooper: Darlington, E. L. Gray:
E1 field, W. H. Timmerman: Fair
ti' 1 R. Y. Lemmon; Florence, L. S.
Bingham; Greenville, H. B. Buist:
Lancaster, J. Bruce; Laurens, J. L.
M. Ichy; Lexington, A. L. Nunemarm;
Nev-berry, J. A. Sligh; Marion, T. B.
S~sekhouse; Marlboro, J. J. Lane;
U--onee, S. J. Stribling; Orangeburg,
W. T. C. Bates: Pickens, B. J. John
s ,n: Richand,. Win. Wallace: Union,
J. S. Welch; Williamsburg, Wmn.
Cooper; York. G. H. Edwards; Sum
t r B. F. Cooper. Spartanburg wvas
A brief but confused and and noisy
discussion was provoked by a resolu
tbon offered by J. A. Sligh, of New
berry, instructing the committee on
,'cedentials to rule out any delegations
wh were not willing to agree to abide
by the decision of the majiority of the
convention. It was finally decided
that such delegations should be al
lowed to remain on the floor until
the committee on credentials re
On motion of Mr. Irby, of Laurens,
the temporary organization was made
permanent, and Chairman Talbert
proceeded to deliver his inaugural ad
dress. J1. D. Brown was made Ser
geant-at-Arms of the convention and
.J. E Wannamaker, of Orngeburg.
Vice.President. At this hour, _1.43>
o'clock, a recess was taken until three
The first business on re-assembling
after the afternooii recess was the
defeat of a motion to make nomina
tons immediately upon the report of
thie committee on credentials and the
adoption of a motion that the plat
form be taken up at that time. A
motion of Wannamaker, of Orange
burg, that a committee on resolu
tions of one member from each
county represented be appointed wvas
alopted and the committee was so
The report of the conunittee on
credentials was made by J. L. M.
Irby. The committee recommended
tiat the delegations from Sumter and
Barnwell be seated and that two o
one of the contesting Spartanburg
delegations. J. W. Stribling and J.
W. Wofford, and eight of the other
delegation, be seated as follows:
George B. Dean, .James W. Foster,
W. C. S. Wood. .J. B. 0. Landrum,.
M. P?. Patton. H. L. Farley, R. M.
Smith and L. E. Farley.
The report of the committee on
platform was submitted by J. E.
Tindal. of Clarendon.
The platform opens with a preamble
seiting the inalienable right of citi
z.ens to meet and discuss measues~
and adopt a platformif of principles
:n(ec'lares the intention of this
confvenition1 of Democrats to strive for
suapremiacy in the party and State on
the accompanying platform. Section
I recogizes' the necessity of Anglo
Saxon unity and pledges fealty to the
decision of the Democratic party as
jiairly expressed through the regulhir
Section :2 deanands tiat nloin~at'ons~
of all officers except s'tate oiier he
man'de by primary ek tionis coniducted
udaer the lawv of 18SS.
Section :3 demands t:L i7resenta
tion in the State Democratic Conven
tion be reapportioned on the basis of
a h cnu of &o a into effeet
this year. and that delegates to the
State Convention bK. elected by
primary election to be held in each
county on the last Tuesday in August
of each election year.
Section 4 calls for the abolition of
the Board of Agriculture and that all
matters pertaining to agricultural in
terests except thecontrolof the State's
phosphate interests be placed in the
hands of the trustees of the Clemson
Section 5 demands that the South
Carolina College shall be liberally sup
ported as a classicalandliterary insti
Section ; demands that school dis
tricts in the various counties he as
nearly square as possible of an area
to allow only one white and one (col
ored school in each district. and that
school tru.Stees be elected instead of
Section 7 calls for rigid ecoioiiy in
p)ublic expenditures. the abojitiol (f
useless officers. reduction of salariz-s
and fees of all officers. State aidU
Section 8 demands the railroad com
mission be given all needed power to
protect the rights and interests of the
people and that the commissioners be
elected by the people after nomina
tion by the Democratic convention.
It is declared as the sense of the
convention that salaried attorneys of
railroad and phosphate companies be
ineligible to seats in the Legislature.
Section 9 demands a survey of the
State's phosphate beds and their clas
sification into three grades, and that a
commission composed of the Gover
nor. Comptroller General and Attor
ney General shall control the mining, 4
and that the beds shall belet at public
auction for a term of years after a
mininnum royalty has been fixed by
Section ten demands the call of a
Section eleven demands that can
didates for Governor and Lieutenant
Governor shall and all other aspi
rants for State offices are invited to
canvass tht State.
The document closes with a warn
ing to the people not to be forestalled
as they were two years ago in some
counties and the injunction to let no
delegates to the State Covention be
appointed before the joint discussion
The platform was read and adopted I
by sections and then adopted as a i
whole. There were sevcral feeble
efforts to amend but they all signally
failed. A motion by Whitmire. of
Greenville, to strike out the con
stitutional convention provision was
A. E. Padgett, of Edgefield, offered
a resolution that for the purpose of a
educating and arousing the masses of ,
the people the convention proceed to j
suggest candidates for Governor and
Lieutenant Governor who favor the 1
measures advocated in the platform,
and that those who differ with those f
views be invited to do likewise. so
that there may be a free and full dis
cussion inside the party lines. This
was the signal for the opening of the t
great fight for nomination and the
convention quickly worked itself into N
The first gun of the nomination
wing was met by John R. Harrison, t
of Greenville, who moved to amend ~
Padgett's resolution so as to statet
that it was the sense of the meet- .
ing that no nominations be made by
this convention. This fairly opened
the battle, and the next moment hal
a dozen men were striving for the
chairman's eye. Harrison supported(
his amendments in a short, ringing
Irby, of Laurens. moved to lay the t
amendment on the table, but the
motion was lost by a viva voice vote.
This discussion opened was lengthy 1
and tedious, and wvent out in a roar,
Tilhuan making the closing speech. A. 1
McGiven, of Chesterfield, H. C. Burns, 4
of Darlington, Theo. Hollhouser. of
Lexington, B. W. Beatty, of Darling
ton. J. J1. Dargan, of Sumter. E. Ri.
Waters, of Orangeburg, and H. D.
Padgett, of Clarendon, spoke against
nominations. On the other sidle. the
speakers were L. E. Porter. of
Colleton, A. E. Padgett, of Edgefield,
W. N. Merchant, of Aiken. J. A.
Sligh, of Newberry, and Ben Till-I
Tilhman took the floor in response
to loud calls for him from differen
parts of the house. Tilhaian said that
in the history of South Carolina poli
tics no public man had ever occupied
a more emnbarrasing position than he
did. Whatever he might say he
would be charged with talking for
himself. Without any active movement
on his part his name has been brought
forward for Governor. The conven
tion hatd met under a call which he
was accused of having written and~
he had been charged with attempting
to entangle the Farmers' MIovement,
with himself. He had had something
to do with that as the Governor was
witness. He did not do it for his
own interests. The convention had
adopted a platform which would
astonish its opponents with its con
servatism. Just here occurred
.AN ExcITED) PERsoNAL DEBATE
between J. J. Dargan, of Sumter. and
MIr. Tillnan. Tillman called for any1
man on the floor to define him and to
tell what Tillmanism- was.
Dargan sprang to his feet and de
chared that if the reference wais to;
him he could explain. He had used
the term Tillmanism before the Sum
ter mass meeting. and by it he meant
departure from the regular methods
of the Democratic party.
Tillman (lemnanded whether Dargan
impugned his democracy.
D~argan answered that his demnoe
racy had been more than on-e im
pugned in theC maxss meeting. but that
he, Dargan, had defended him against
the charge of disloyalty to the party.
The colloquy was continued for
several minutesi in an outwvardly
smiling manner, Tillman concludi
by saying that he simply wvanted it
understood that wvhatever else he
was, he was a simuon pure Edgefi
Democrat, and declaring that if h
eewetto Sumter County he want
edtime the Sumter game c'ock oin
his own dung hill.
Resuming his speech he said tha t
the platform adopted had been
broughut here in his pocket and that
not a dozen lines of it were the woirk
of any other man. "You have swal
lowed Tillmanism whole," he said.
1 '-I don't ask you to swallow Till
Tilinuai deied that iitcre was di
vision in t party but urged the ie
cessity of puitintion inside the par
ty lines. He proceeded to review his
own record. 3Y soi. said he. he
was regarded a- a p'e patriot, by
others as a dymuiiniter. red Republi
caII aiid anythin' else that was bad.
He hml begti s n iht alone four or
tive years ago at Denettsv1ll. He
reviewed the reasons why he should
not seek the otlice of Govenior. If
nolilated he would face the bitter
opposition aniiig his own-friends and
the oppositionl of the -manu D-,!
crats who believed his nethod-s c,
lutionary. He would put himself
sgle and alone against the whole
brain of the ring. Besides. he would
hve to rent out his farm and hear
the expnss of a calllpaigl. but
wiether he was noitiniated or not he
Iur'"ed that the Farmuers' Movemient
had! com to ile RuiNco and if it
lsot crosse1d tiwI h, l' 11eer
nlever have col' :Z 1ll. Men who
selit delegiats to this Conveitioln
woul be disga4ed if they did not
ict Iow. If he was :tsked to lead
Lhis tight he woul regard it as lil'(
EIg a forlorn hope. He was the onlI
lian who had had the c 1udage a I
.)rains to array the 1'omm11,on1 people I
igainst the aristocratc ring wVhich
iad been oppressing thema. Withi
mit can11didates. , the platformill
tdopted by the convention would
iot ie worth the paper it was
vrittien oi. Candidates were now
pt in the field to put life into it. to
plain and defend its principles. He
-eferred to the election of delegates
0 the State convention in the last
amupaign, before the canvass. and
aid that the Greenville delegation
iad put their priniciples in their pock
ts to elect their candidate. He in
erred that the Greenville delegation
a this convention had a candidate
ro mi their colunty.
As to what he had done lie wanted
t understood that he wanted no re
Vard for that. He did not care a
nap whether he was nominated or
ot. Tillman was frequently and
As the speaker took his seat John
1. Harrison, of Greenville. rose and
lechd is wish to re.sent the insin
tation tlhat Greenville County had
andidates for Governor at this time.
le declared that he had not offered
[is amendment against nominations
a the interest of Greenville or any
ther county. This caused the debate
>roper. but contrary to all parliamen
ary precedents the chairnmn proceed
d to deliver a warm address in favor
,f nominations, and Captain Shell
riefly explained that suggestions,
tot nominations, were contemplated.
.nd that the netion of this body
rould be submitted to the regular
)emocratic Convention. This was a
risis which Tillman's lieutanant did
ot fail to seize. Somebody shouted:
I move we nominate Ben Tilian
r Governor "Eand Capt. T. B. Crews.
f Laurens, called for a vote. The
allot was taken by ayes and noes
nd was extremely tedious. When
lie call of counties was ended there
as a whisper that the nominations
iere defeated. A scene of terrif Ec
Irby, of Laurens. hurried here and
here seeking to save the pro-nomnna
ion cause. By the official count of
he secretaries Han'ison's motion
ras defeated by one vote, the count
tanding 117 to 118, but before this
esult was annotuiced four votes were
hanged, and the result as announced
tood 121 to 114. Dr. W. P. Addison.
if Greenville. was the first man to
hange his vote from ave to no. and
[ree other changes followed. A pro
est was made by J1. H1. Strilin1g and
thers of the Spartanburg delegation.
gainst the vote of L4. E. Farley. wvho
red in Laurens, but had beeni grafted
ni to Spairtaniburg's delegation. Far
''s rote was withdrawn. learhng
he final vote 120 to 114.
THlE voTE IN DETA~iL
Abbeviile, ayes S.
Aike~n. ayecs 1. nays 7..
Anderson. ayes 1. nays 9
Barnwell, aycs 12.
Berkeley.-ayes 3. nay 9.
Charleston, nayvs .
Chester, aye . nays .
Clarendon. ayso 4. nays 2..
Colleton. ay'es, . nay s
Edgefield. ayes 1. n'iyr 10.
Flrenve. aye s . nays i.
Laurens. nays 8.
Lexingtc~n. ayes 2. 11ays 4-.
Mfarion. n'rs U
Newberry, nays t;
Oconee, ayes 5.
Orangeburg, ayes I 2.
Pickens, nays ..
Richland. ares 12.
"4partanhl'urg. ayes ui n a . .
Sumter. aye's 7.
U~nion. ay'es 1. nays 4:
WVillimsiburg. ayes *.as .
York, ayes 9.
Lancaster,' aye's :1.
Darlington, ares (.
Beaufort. nays 2.
Chesterfield. aye 1.
On the adoption oL the TImo.lution
or nomiUnation of Gov'ro an
ieutenani~t Governor the conven'itioni
.doiuned untijl half-pr.st eight o'clock.
)in re-asse'inIlig MIr. Sligh, of New
>er'y. attempte. to ambend the om-~
nation scheme by providing for nam
nig nu entire State ticket. but was
J1. L. 31. Irby, of Laure~ns, took the
looi' and iuo-Czinated!.
EN TI1lLD..;.Y As A eANDI.ATE 4R
Thei( n emintion'i was seconded by~
\Ir. Padgett, of ~Edgetield. and1 Hugh
L. Farley, of SpartanbturThe noi
.nton -was made by acclamiion, only
ne I wo dissL'ntilit votecs bein
.ieaod. E'very' mention of Tillmao n's
.J. C. Cot ofCeterfield. was.
laed' in nomination 'is a candidat
ror' Lieutenant Gxovernorbi and lhe wa
noinaltedI by\ aclaiat)in without
o)ppoition.. NO other~1 niuUes wer
pace'd ini niomination for Governor o
Tilhuan wats escorted inito the hall
and made a speech thanking the con
v'entionI for thoe honor conferred on
im andi declaring that he was
impressed by his sense of
eep responsibility and deternmination
to lead the Farmers' MIo-vemnent to
T1l10USA N )S KILLED.
A GREAT STORM RNAAGE 'MANY
C!IiES IN THE WEST
t royed-.--Luvi. Kr., scarred and1
WAVsuec,'cw. M'arch 2 7.-A1l tele- -
ville. Ky.. eeased tonight shortly a-li
r9 oclock, and has not since becl (
resumed. A report comnes by way of 1
Teffersonvifll. LId.. th:zt the eyclone
, hew much dcag oLoivle
the ci;tyweem-ybili. e
ii ruins. anil there has n a great
loss of, lici. These repi s t co-w f rom111
people wh er elta r-r1
o nieui: . L w Jith 1 -feife 1il iI s
ulint-ilil to railroal cO1 pl*c.- wires
s d iluovig rah11 - p 1i (111 Lr
('aPnnot . fll- hf- had.
THE Lo-s OF LIFE AP'i -'a I
NEW Y,,ui. March 27.-T ae tevri
Sornis Wo(est aIppeal' to 10 beeni of e
fatal force in the. iciiity of Louis- t
V l.. KV.. al -t1Uh th 10e ae n0i
Liv or' dle'til i re t w I u. 1 1 hiich to
ale :uiy esi inmt' of the damag. r'
here iS not at tli 1our-3 t. M.-- t]
iorl has thei- hleen for several hours. s,
m1y inforionl'li. whatever. from the
-it' of Louisville or vicinity. There t
are benCI runors of alariig loss of p
ife by the force of the cyelone. !ut C
vcrything needs con hrmiatn:11. Ih e
bsolute breakdown of all tle.: Ju
.nd suspense. Ti e city of Louisville
s beyond all ma of tClegraph. :u
. a dead city so far as wNire conuuiI
ations is concerned. The cyclone e,
au1-st have spent its greates force t!
A report just r'eceivt(l here, says
Ahief Operator Breed. of the West-rn
nion. at Louisville. had airived at
feffersoiville. 1nd.. across tie river
irom Lcuisville. He reports terrible o
iestructiol there. Almost the entire A
resteri portion of Louisville being in t
ins, anud .1.ooo to 1.50()0 suppos
o be killed.
This inforiation is said' to have
'ome over a railroad wire between
effersonville and Indianapolis. TLis
aust only be taken as a ruimor'. as u
here are no means of confirming the al
'eport -.t present, and the statement
only given in the absence of au- i
- TOLD BY AN EYE-WITNESS.
CINXcINNAT. March 28.-2 a. in.- t
n.forniation just received here is that si
vyelone struck Louisvilleinthe south- si
esterni portion. and took a north- h,
asterly direction. An eye-witness
I only saw the course of it from
ourteenth and Walnut to Eleventh ti
and Market streets. From this latter s
oint it followed its course to Seventh ej
tnd River. where it left the city. and, v:
ctriking across the river. reached Jef- c
ersonvile at the foot of Spring street. f]
ittle datunge was doneinJfeo
TERIRIELE Loss5 OF LIFE.
However, in Louisville the devas- ti
ation is ter'riflie, and the loss of life t
vill c'ertahdy reach in tue hiundred. t
n ot thousands. In one buildin'.
tt Twefthc :ad Market. two lodge(1
udL IL dancing school were in sessin
here being in the buildng perhmaa
e i'nhred people. not one of whom w
tis thought (escaped. I stooid and l
mihe them- workin~g ini the rins11. i
nd 51W six or ('ight h odies tkent out ('
Tere issear:ly :iiythinglo'ft that
,ould indicate this heap of rubl~ish
ma. e-ver' beenll a buildhtr. and if any
od 'eciped. it was b': nothiing less 'lr
i 1 spu-ie andi~ a halt in width. P
Loisi..:. Ky:. Iar'hb :N.-:3 a.mii. b
--Shotly after ii oe'oc t toriundo s
wo htundre(d people. The wind u
':iaue fr'om from1 thel southwest".. The
m~iio eti'O at thet joot of1.e e'li
sreet, wras lifted from1 its. foundauon
ma( tucred. ovel' into the- raging tor'-a
cent~ (of the' Ohli( r'iver. A train of 1,
arsi m.akn up for the Louisville hc
Southcernl road wentL or.er withc the ni
biin.Fals City hc:cl. on West r
MLre' t street. wats wrecked.
In the hall wvere over a hiualredl
pe' ple- cAn but few of thcemc ec'apedn
'MANY BtURNED TO DE'THI.
cIn buildngs. after' fallincg.caughti
4ire and the imcnattes were hburned. vI
All he Lret s are blockadetd with 1
ebii- of ir dlnldings or telegrap)!
ii ehwlet' wires. 1(
This- dis.paltch is catried around the
t to the bid~ge andi Sent by rail
ElGHT' nIUNDRiEDJ 1vEs LosTr.
W cAs!NroT. 3ilarch 28.- 5 :a. m.
The loss of lif' by the eyelone at
Lousvlle is now estimactedl at 80J0.
S'. Louls. March 27.-An 3 (o'clock1
this afternoont it r'atied ac dehig('.
l tstg ten. m:iiutes. but being suhi
ien to trancsfer1 the gatil's in tol
miitrce ivers. During the brief
deluge the darkness was oppressive 1
anA tere were maany who e::presedt
the bliefi at thle pr'ospects- 0t- a see'- V
d isitatin by at eye'loce. The
skis cleared a'1is quickly as they dark
c'(. anitj turnettd cold with a hcigh'
ind. which blewv down signs'and
i'iu poinlts inl the statet comereprtslO
o f te.: stormc.
At Oiney, Ill., the storm was ver~
erV severe. unrooting houses. over
and chimnuleys. A~ two-story\ fri' -.
hinlng, occ'upedt by Mrs. 21. S
se' as ai muillinery shop,) was cu
like an egg shell and Is. Sponsler~
v extrientedl amt 1 un to -em
v ijured. She may not rcov('.
tobert Byre (S".s building wasunllroofcd
Rd J01hu 'GohJ.'-.- resienc wcked.
A special froi Nashville. IL.. says
hat the stbrm iher" was terrific. Two
ersons were killed by a falling tree.
i they rush:-d out of their loue.
The storn wa severe at Coultv..
ilk-*. Carb ondIt ah.. Murphysbd .JO and I
irand T.l-(r. 111s.. but 11o lives were
)st. Kansas City. Mo.. Detroit,
lie., and Omalia. Nb.. lIlul similar
o* LIn n e
I sn I w s f.V21 mI et p.
IA> sfix mn]!::.. In a'. (' . wabou
DESTRUCTION .oF THE FORESTS
fromII their DenAIIt ;. I
:-Jled by: the Chiplva~' in 's S'a' t
> the il!vn"t heavi- 1
a source of lumbeir supply. The
>esits' are largely c.ntrin1ory to thei
tenftiol of the v.ihi4 v iieh 'eleds
1c strenas ad lakes tlhi iaket. N
)urces of the Missisi.pi r1.
ALeady there is tic1 aid abou I
ereat conunercial vahw o" s
ile lands. and there th -h-:
"oil t t onr as t re41l
't doubt that. as soona' h rgo
opeIed by tic government. the 0
orik of constructioil e. unnc 4
hieh will speedily la. bar. t' soil
ni. subject it to the ing influence 1
the- sun and wind. or t l. forest 1
's. which will kill every youn i
owthi which appear- an' iestroys
-en tree seed wich have 0ee borne i
icre by the uwids. The result of r
is will be the diminution of tile
>urces of the supply of the Missis- r
ppi, which will be felt by every t
ater power company IomlI Itasca to I
These are very grave nseIuence. s
al the question is: Shall the deni- r
tion of this new regi he allowed 1:
> go on without sonm1 regulaions as(
c eutting and forest renwlCWvti_
There would scela to e a 0 otil op- Ij
)tunity to brig to hear the wrl'ds (
-perience i forestry. This i-.eldess s
fore-statiol wId br'g0 imp1l'Orarl .1
tin to the -lumbermen blt it will il
.tintey ruin water pow.er interet 1a
on- the river. This is inevitle. I
In France ;whole connuunities were v
tined by the destruction of orests.
id the goverment has found it e
lessary to enter uponII the work of e
-cigaout Sooh)000 acries- wvtit 1
ees, and over 4.,0o0o.0 has beeni t
)ent remedying the serious evils re .
iant froim reekless -linudation of t
That overnien is!'1U" spe l early
L.000.000 a year to colltinue the good 3
ork. It should not be forgotten. in t
iS connection. that the destruction (
Stile forests will al.")emv a
'elterig iniuenmce :al callge" our t
imate to onle of sharp :nd sudde '
Li ation of temperitm-e. causing sue- t
-ssions of suddel taws andt su'ien I
ezi's. n iriols "o all ph' s :GlI
Evert* reserve 0f tiituber in this i
>unltry oughrlt to be sacredly g'uarded i
thle go er'im(nn. and1( tiiaber cult- f:
a~g be put undur stringntregla
Ins lookin1 to the 01t contie protee- v
1n of thu ~strecans.' Ules thiis is~ t
ne the L Misisspi river will surely
t wil l be0n1 a.1~ how sluggish r
ater powxer. It will taket very f
nI' to) et1't this clape t ither.1 if 1
nI part 0f the~ Statei. A presenti zain
Imue il'm~ eryti lcret mrr
all o~sther mate i~tersa.. M u
H'onee. ethnal i treeto
[im--nuu1.01 rConn..l Marchr :.-At b-i
-d letha a1V Xi, int. 3h~18 Liz-~
eC O'Connor.) then an ate trcti im0a
[anu1'u-tmig CimnyoW ws m
'Le had.or a tee lhu-t drema. m we)1
Iw hottom ofiiih (It li ght. :md
cave wa L'poe:sio of mom-ners,0
ie'o won)It ('1-rhe renins of..
yo - :" '' l' beutfu 4 r. robe 0l1in
-' it . Frens ai th young1 womant
jt( i efa1or 'interreo he U deam1
triwoul not Vw con1sol ded y Lthe
0lig tier f~ortmile. It ;Wi rapidly
aven \tita hesla- to sorrwn siene.
ete fur ofs thcVr10 xenlmena for-d
1(1 pal-1a1 :me~iiiod pcke o:lut" the
Iabe vahich sh ar oelia oaue i
icrei:s arran 'bmon >she0'L ox t tke
it 0k sevr cold, whic 1areuled in'
1-moi '..an.d r death las'-tida11.
1turdaytt.. you8e;;g m2 who p et
ad sealcted ta hae er~a vpall-be x'irs
aried herod 1t. t laj. restang
-etwith the funelsto he Haven.lt5
hews itheasyoun gwu's for
oecoring to. fthte motlp sae
early 9.000000 ntoin panuar. an
ot ly mas thalal inratioer
4,R. CARLISLE DISCUSSES PRCPOS:-D
REPUBLICAN LECISLAT ION:
tWill Co-i over Teo 31 illiois , Jv'
Years to) Opera.te I! --- otiivr 4) jt-4 :14mi to)
TiLc'11)1 taliu.-:t n (;tat t Ii 0 ,,h
al I'('sC'itt1 w';? .a'sthi''j1 bt
is' p o~tl 'i ' If '. [i"D 'o
~*,'' 11 II ~ I ~j~(4It'lS.,'
tubi ~ ~ ~ bfoc Collt-. .k 11
fo to ) have lzlchja 1 w. i t'v us
'11(5 t N. lf t'. " 'i bill '.h is
U ~t I . - 01 0 "l"l l i
a n:a It-gal Mlc:~ i'.t'd )LS ll'iit
,o,-z o'tUl co-ly tll-I( S~l of
liilll11C1'al~lCN (O t rfJltj'i i - M
Tst cle-spcl 0 1,.,- T 'i i v- s~at 'llpia
1.1a.1 GI, a is1; 1 ' vo 15 tn tte a t
'lit) ait y h 1 t5 t K0. 01"0 t ii1wo uldrs
'ILL"1 Tne i". ?'" i ls aw.all
'dTtol in' pes.e~t 0+L'a law holds
h ' it ytilll " l" tnt.' ll di'. nut
nub ~ i wIhot. n.tillhg~s tll t he
l;1~e idf t sh s C01' olLlOl, . thtitsrll
t- ift' l l tsi ol tI' A1d cl.to" Itdpin'c
Hlitund 01 let'i-su.' i too:,. P
wall biall chontio ill the' :oii.
11 oU ta l 111 e it' woul bh ;e k'
101'4 f Saidn' -t he. T t-, N11 :1:4fud
N1l111g 1'(' ll eAe u ? (. t iiL
, : il'atlt tod Ill' csil; o 1 111, .
-t ould bf01 aiut pruic i'llr, fh a
Ir-uity that~l -ui M.ri-li' :111,idjll
int'11de ilt. d L ililultiL riu CX)B itl't'5 c
dd'. itit lii 31n)chWi'l t.1y of 46 ,-- law pro
ig 1.415o theia be:l d'anpae.
Ialte otcie t (li1'Stifle btillti Clt
9111,- Nto 1) tij rli( of ti Pole
pul long nds )ttl aw ) prels ,hu
N lyd 1 ay coltol of( t~i'~
1-he furttLcr h'tai'1 th. t" at.' o lieI
il! s f0_ 'Q . )0 C til 'S 1 tIL'lls
A I I t 1)(11 '1 to' LI t't li1li ob'*0'. lii.
1 (. -ft('' Nh 1w 1,
1' as it0 lh' isc er( .ut 11- 111 (it e
t ''' I' toot 1 'lauc iIl'u'1" _1 ."e' ln it
lI''V.. - .al'~ 1 i
c,'.I . s !11 1 U(
Th1 ' iien t tat 1'as 1 ne
!p im cne - I preiuatic' Uf
Star rprter. - cmet aboI
through the s. 'ain'of what migh
he eled iiilat re'strs of birth
'aId d'aths to colrd clergymen al
ovcr thP South. with requests tha
the little 'ehedui blankibooks shoul
be filled ii w:th memoranda concerr
ig all te blacks in their parishe
wh ch10 nc d to be: born or to di
dulriiini the census year. You set
fromn thrat it-t of the country it i
vtr dinictult tO obtain accurate coi
tributions to our vital statistics rc
ardtin tie neiroes--informatior
that i. to say. as to the ages at whic]
i. t:-disas. to which the;
a suih things fror
i, Ie e'iv u;tnabie lmowledg
.t, t he relat:ou:s between diseas,
:1d race. Ion-tvit y and occupation
and so on. Down there many color
C nfants are born without any sue]
atttn?daut formalities as registratio
and malny colored people die withou
mdi attendance. or legal cogni
Z;Lnre of the fact. So we thought i
a ood id-a to ask these parsons.wh<
are always men of large influenc
A: teificr people, to put down i
the blnk books we sent them mem
oranda upon such matters in thei
--A novel ida.
-'Qu:te :'. Also we thought
('d on,,. -Buz theimmediate result
Si application have been a tifl,
I W told the clergyme
wh'omi we ah'ssed that we wer,
ilely as'kinga service which woul
be inti volmtary on their part
anld that w'e shoci 't very glad i
tie woul aist us in our efforts t
make the census as acurate as possi
bl. ot tin"e weeks ago answer:
ik a ,o .am:.i .euitce her
' .: o.; t e remarabl:
comk.A ;.Lr th rply sent us
inyot i:' 1.? itCisl fotuam: li
mient and would lke to know w'he
the apfrp.' tto' 'or my wor'kwill b
sent me. Alo inform me as to hov
many as.sistnts I had better engag,
Yours respc u' et.
"But the 01?n answr all
said Mr. I concasion, "wa:
onte that we got ?in a reverend gel
tiemant whos'e postonice atddress
Skunk Iollo, i.ssi'. and wh<
remarked that the chliel question i
his region was what should be don
with the white folks. and not atall t<
the existence and propagation of t
Takin , the Census.
Thu ti~ing of" thl censu-of 189,
will begin to iirt of Jun and mus
bie coupld b , I'du
T'he com11t1'iion '.t ~o bpai en-e
mcratsois :x.'d by sction 2 of th
census Act of1 1. 1389.tnd Ic
vades a miimu rateof two centsfo
eac'h living in't'an), two ccnts fo
ec h deat hten clntS for 'aC
1:11111. twetyiv ts fO: each estal:
lishni'nt of prozuc'.ive' industry an<
tive ceits or each survivin' .oldie
sailor, or mrin". enumerated ai
rturned fo r all subdiv'isions w~her
such llowace shall be deemed sufi
cnt. Int :ll other subdivisiom
where ili'er rates arce to be paid, at
cordiniLto the dificeulty of enumert
tion. ?~ m.ax~ima rates shall not bi
more- thn tihree cents for each livin;
ihabitant. twenty cents for eac]
farm. and bity cents for each estal:
lishent o? productive industry; noc
sh all they be less than three noc
more than six dollars per day of te:
hours actual field-work each,
case a per diem compensation is C::
taliished. Except in extremeln cases
no claim for mileage or traveling e:
penses will be allowed to any enr
metator, and then only when autho>
ity has been granted by the Superir
tendent of the Census. The la,
provides that the nunber of inhab
tants included in 'an enumceratic:
district shall not in any case excee
fotu' thousand.and in only very exce:
tiona cast's should this limitb
A .; anjiiecu Hotel for3Mexico.
Mr'. Isa-ae Taylor. a leading S5
Louis ar'citeect. leit that city on F
day" last tor tile city of Mexicot
suneintend the construction of a h
ieliittthat poin to e' .000,00
"Mr. Taylor wasc thebil 2"" i""0 l
Sou't"'rn Hotel 'nd Htl Beers
St. Lo)ui'. th e rnt at Lur'el,
soin'i. Ar\.. C Onbat Da
1:6 an o~ r u, kutur',. Il
ro 1t.I i' -o bv hak1? of na'i
i nvl-li e "bx1''~ fU ? pro)e3
th.b-aI :i h ciLy Th0o
ofalw~i' w 'l0". ofopn'"ru
th U w i\ el: l''tl'or''' cato
a al~i -and btmes' : ad oi
4'r the" -rch--"' vic will bepl-ty :
heini cl 1n ':a ae m;ef'
.i'-i ' .r' i yt -
c4' r' odan m a pm 1w.s:
sujcts c ilutae w. en fro:
M9 'ean Oitory rid :..r5ii':U]
poeb heer nmn her aw
smal ll' nu x rsowr:i New musv
in 4r nL 's':.blde .o c:::o ne;
(tim5'n ,(.1 i : or wi' at Brito. in
1. 00 p- p - fro:a rc1: itheR.-n.:woU
'adAiThauTr division uthee
pae heacntd abewe Parhmor:
Lvzhbg an: aepi. Colr
ith the Buorfol aihndWesr att
liad oflehanterprisioef. h Ce
d SDME OF THE QUESTIONS WHICH THEY
W!LL BE ASKED.
The Kind of Men Who are Wanted forEau
merators-When they are to Start andFln
ish Their Work.
Everything is now ready at 'the
census department to begin counting
I the people of the United States.
The manner of getting at thenum-.
ber of people will be very simple. A
supervisor has charge of each dis
s trict. He appoints the enumerators,
subdivides the districts, and is re
sponsible for their zeal and accuracy.
No enumerator is to look after a sub
division of more than 4,000, and
a he must be a resident of the sub
e division and personally familiar with
a great number of the people.
The enumerators are to start out
2 on Monday, June 2. Those in cities
, of more than 10,000 inhabitants must
t finish in two weeks. while those in
the couLtry are given a month. These
a men will make . from $50 to $100
THE QUEsTIONS TO BE ASKED.
r Here is the list of questions to be
asked. With these the enumerators
must go to each family and get an
swers to all the questions:
1. Give christian name in full,
i and initial of middle name, surname.
e 2. Whether a soldier, - sailor or
i marine luring the civil war (United
States or Confederate) or widow ofU
3. Relationship to head of amily
4. Whether white or black, mulat
toquadroon. octoroon,Chinese, Jap- :;
anese or Indian,
G. Age at nearest birthday. If j
under one year give age in months.
7. Whether single, married, wid-: -
owed or divorced.
S. Whether married iluring the
census year (Jane 1, 1889, to May 31, '
. Mother of how many children .
and number of these children liv
10. Place of birth.
11. Place of birth of father.
12. Place of birth of mother
13. Number of years in the United
14. Whether naturalized.
A 15. Whether naturalizationpapers;
Lnhve been taken out.
16. Profession. trade or occupa
17. Months unemployed during
the census year (June 1, 1889, to May
L 1s. Attendance at school (in.
-. oaths durin thec sy
1, 188'J, o -ay 31, 1890.)
19. Able to read.
20. Abla to write.
r 21. Able to speak English. If not,
the language or dialect spoken.
a 22. Whiether suffering from acute 7
or chronic disease, with name of dis
1 ease and length of time amicted.
-2-. Whether defective in mind,
sight, hearing or speech, or whether
e crnppled, maimed or deformed, with
-name of defect.
~24. Whether a prisoner, conivict,
homeless child or pauper.
- 23 and 26. Is the home you live in
e hied or is it owned by the head r a
Smember of the family?
5~ 27. If owned by head or member
of famly, is the home free frome
r mortg~age incumbrance?
r 28. If the head of the famiilylis a
a farmer, is the farm which he culti
a vates hiied, or is if, owned by him or-2
-by -a member of his family?
29. It owned by head or member
of f amly is the farm free trom mort
30. If the home or farm is owned 2
-by head or member of family, and
nimortgaged, give the postoffce addres
a If any one refuses to answer these
d questions, except, perhaps, as to age
.. in case of females, they are liable to
ea fine of 8100.
E Superintendent Porter expects to
have a fairly correct estimate of the
population of the States and Territo
ries ready in August. He will comn
.plete the tables necessary for the .re
tapportionment of Representatives in
i-Congress in time for use in the short
Colonel Frank Coxe and General
who recently were the successful bid
~ders for the Okeefenokee swamp in
Georgia, arrived in the city yester
- da. Colonel Coxe will remain a few
da'ys~ before leaving his home, and
Generial Young will be here some
time.r. -ad will busy himself looking
> atr his paving contract with the
t Thir~ purchase consists of a hlf
1' million acres of land, at present in a
dense swamp covereuI with cypress
--Inside of ten days," said Colonel
~Coxe 1. tst evening, "we will have sur
vors on the ground to find out the
exact number of acres in the tract/
nd the p:obable cost of clearing it./
T acre is 8300.003 in cypress in the
s v-amp, and we will pei haps clear it I
for that. Then it is thought that/
beds of p'.osphate underlie it and w
will pat experts on to find if there il
~ Il we do decide to do the work, after
U we hae ini.hed it will be made into
suior-plantations and sold.
Tae swamp lies at the southern
bound:ary of Georgia and part of it
7lies in Florida. The same price aa
~we paid to the former State will be
offered the litter for that portion17y
ing in it, and it is probable that the
oft~r will be accepted. At present it
-s is absolutely worthless and it wil's
take an immense amount of money
a to el-ean it out. Directly after the
t. State hadl sold the property the pres
l ent owner-s had an opportunity to
d dispose of it to an English syndicate
e- and also to a party of Americans.
h They will. however, hold it until they
er knowr more of its resources, and their
J opinion is that they have struck a bo
d nanza.-Asheville Citizen.
~-Within the last thr-ee mcnths
e there have been from eight to ten wil
e ful homicides among thene roes in
Taunsn onty.S. C.