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I ~ 4j~~f~. r~- * A~t~Am
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THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE -LLY AND
An iUtu-re.'t 't Letter WWh AppwemtI in
the _,-,tw nanee ritamer-L1ving
E.: ;-row1. of the Southern Al
lige- ::3m -r.ecently wrote to Gv
rnor GU oi, asking his views upon1
the m Nithe in which the Alliance is
ineresetd, and also asking his "ap
proval and endorsement- of the or
lcr. Governor Gordon replied as
A ra G-L, Maty, :33,. - r
H1 C. Wo'va. E-itr of tile Southern
Alliane Farmer-My Dear Sir: R-p
resenti~g as you do. so large and.
honortuble a body of our best citizens
your rghrt cannot be questioned, to
my opinion 'of the great movennt
to which you refer in your letter of
My aus-vr will be given with en
tire fraukuess, although the exactilg
natm .U iIV duties absolutely for
bids any elaiborate ditcussion.
I ap~)~reeil mtost sen?sibly your
aind alusions to myself --as a fiend
of the toiing millions who are but
seeking justice." This testimonial
from one in your position will justify
the statement, I trust, tiat as a life
member of the State Agricdtural
Society f;:om early manhood and iden
tified in every possible way with the
farming interests of the country, my
highest concern in public and private
life has naturally Jbeen to protect
and pro!0oe the great agricultural
udurv of our country: not only as
the leading. primal and priacipal call
ing of our people; but the one most
essentil :to Southern and national
prospertiiy and yet least favored by the
government or protected by its own
votaries. Hence for fifteen years or
more, I have labored in conventions,
on the public rostrum and in private
station to induce the farmers of the
country to organize. For fifteen
years or more I have urged a close,
compact union-an all-embracing ag
ricultural brotherhood, defensive M
its character &ad only aggressive in
protecting that industry from un
friendly legistaLion, unjust exactions
and hurtful discriminations.
In -view of these efforts to secure
organization during so many years
of my ptst life, it is searcely neces
sary for me to say that I hailed the
advent of the Farmers' Alliance as
the possible, final realization of a
long cherished hope. nor is it nees
sarywit.hmy past record iuefore you
s that I endorsewithoutreserve
and with unabated emphasis the
policy of the Alliance for an increase
of the circulating medium of the
o-.try. As to the best medium of
o>aaining that increase, I framly ad
nit, I am not fully prepared to ad
-,ilbut I repeat what I said in an
other place. more than twelve years
ago, that I do not believe a more Us
nal chapter, nor one more mcnsiist
cnt with real statemanspin, nor more
ncompatible with the true interests
f its citizens, has ever been written
n any country where the ballot was
free than that which records the ac
tion of this government in the forced
nd rapid contraction of the currency.
In the teeth of overwhelming evi
ence of the country's growth and
prosperity and on the groundless as
sertion and bald assumption that all
the boundless prosperity in the coun
t-y at the time was the merest sham,
ongress proceeded to rush through
ne measure of contraction after an
ther untiit had checked enterprise,
uadrupled the dedculty of paying
debts, blasted the hopes and paralye
ed the industries of the people and
reduced all these inspiring prospects
nd productive energies to one vast
Unsatisfied with these dismal re
sults, the contraction cormorants
gav the screw another turn in the
demonitizationi of silver and cramped
and crushed the toilers of the soil
rd toilers for bread until the black
ruins from their mad policy were seen
on every hand in shattered fortunes,
popular dismay and deadly universal
I regret that I cannot in this let
ter discuss the reasons, or rather ex
cuse, offered for .this needless and
c~ruel policy. What ought to be said
of the folly and madness that would
enforce in this country a policy which
everywhere, in all countries and con
dtions, is reeking with the indiscri
misute murder of every interest that
makes a country rich and great. I
shall hope at an early day more fully
to analyze this subject, and discu&ss
the other problems to which you al
lude in your very courteous letter.
You are aware. however, that my
time is taxed to the utmost, and you
'will pairdon me for now closing with
one word to the great brotherhood
in which you now hold so responsi
ble a position.
By education, from my youth up.
by personal interest, and by every
consideration for the welfare of our
people, my sympathies are deeply
onlisted ini all the ;high purposes
sought to be accomplished by the
F'armers' Alliance. I rejoice that the
genius of the age-the genius of er
aiized, e:0-perative ellort-has at
last possessed,aroused. and impelled
to action the great body of the toilers
f the soil. With wise counsels to
guide them to conservative action:
with fall recognitiou of the rights of
others but uncompronsmg resis
'an- o rongs upon themselves:
r congcressional disciiai hon in
eve7k y. phaxm or form, whether ti~at
di ':imnaion be againstt Imded m
tereus throu~gh pet baningl' system1i
o' ginst the ma.sss of thie peoPlf
throghl unequal taxation. imoutro?
ed coporations and !m-nopolics or
injqutous5 financial poie* yum
tedly combllattimg all tuiese govern.
nmentli par'tialities and specidl privx
lge, the success of this great move
mient by the brotherh~ood of farmmrs
vil be doubly assured and that s'ue
cess will bring not only .to the farm
ing. casses, but to the toiling massy
of the people speedy and substantiud
rlief and inaugurate an era of pros
perity never known before in the hie
tory 'of this republic
s B. rGom&
60O-i-'S SHOT RECALLED.
A Curiotu and New story fr.m i Montren:
.A dispatch from Deto it to
NewYork Tit s --An vci) o '
shot fired 'by -J. Wilkes Booth in,
Ford's Theatre, Was*ilnton. abou
twe nt -. -a 1a't MoUIday
by which Abrahvam LiLcoi receid'.
his mnortal wound was he-ud Thur*
day in Detroit. ' onias Casey, a
tynicd Irishuan of ixty yemrs or
more stood in front of the operd
house inteitly study . m: the show bill
that bore ithe name of ;'hvwin Booth,
who is playing an eng - ment here.
He asked a man 'iandin near hi
if Ewin Booth was anY relatin tt
J. Wilkes Booth. Beiog assured
that he was, fr. Casey repaired t
the hotel to tcll Mr.Booth the follow
ing renokable story. vow repeati
for the first time:
"In June, 18G5. while Mr. Casey
was an auctioner in Quebec a schoon
er called the Emn:. loaded at Mon
treal loaded with oil 1'>r Nassau. In
the carea were seveni large trunk
marked J. W. B.. Nassau.,to he Ctlde
for.' The choolier passcd Q uebec,
but a short distance below that city a
storm struck her and sh was wrecked.
The crew and ollie'ers were seen, but
the derelict was picked up by some
Quebec sailor, who claimed salvage.
The goods recovered were 'nut into
the Admiralty Court to be sold, and
Thomas Casey was the auctioneer to
whom the sale was intrusted. He
opened the seve'n truks and found
them filled with rich velvet suits,
jeweled daggers, armors. hchnets.
lumes and various other theatrial
accessories. Old letters bearing the
address 'J. Wilkes Booth,' and huin
dreds of tickets with initials -J. W.
B.' were also found.'
"The goods were much damaged
by water. For ome of them there
was no call, and Mr. Casey kept
them. The sailors realized $Soo. and
300 was deposited to the credit of
. Wilkes Booth or his heirs. Mr.
Casey had never heard of J. Wilk
Booth. Away down in Quebec
took but little interest in the affa
that were then interesting the Am
ican mind, and he made no effort
find the owner, who, he then suppos
ed, was drowned on the Emma, nor
had he any interest in inquiring for
Booth's relatives. In the lapse
of time the affair escaped his memo
ry, and he did not think of it again
Casey's endeavor to see Edwin
Booth was futile. He was not in his
room and no reply was deigned to a
note in which the writer intimated
that he might be able to impart some
information of interest about J.Wilkes
Booth. A subsequent interview
with Mr. Arthur Chase, Mr. Booth s
manager. was equally fruitless, M1r.
Chase informing Casey that the great
tragedian would tolerate no allusions
, or conversations about his broth
ca from any source whatever. The
fact that the trunks were consigned
to Nassau. leads to the belie: that J.
Wilkes Booth evidueidly hoped to es
cape to the Bakaia Islands and
there resume his profession. believ
ing, no doubt. that his offense would
be considered a political one and that
he w.ould be safe in a foreign coun
trv. Casey is a resident of Montreal
wo happens to bo visiting this
A HORROR OF THF OCEAN.
A esel with 110 Chinamen and 4.5 White
Men Wrecked In a Yog..
Captain Anderson of the ship
"Oneida,'' has arrived at San Fran
cisco on the schooner "May Kimball."
He reports that his ship was wrecked
April 20th oa Hennines' Rock, Laneck
Island, in Behring's Strait, and
seventy' seven Chinamnen lost. The
"Oneida" had on board 110 Chinese
and forty-five white men, nearly all
on their way to a salmon cannery on
Lank Island. On the afternoon of
April 20th, when the "Oneida" had
nearly reached her destination, Cap
tain Anderson stated, hc nmde a run
of about thirty miles to clear the
southw;est point of the island. At 9
. m. he supposed he was a long dis
tance from the island. Hfe could not
see on account of a heavy fog. He
put back about three milos. expect
ing to pass on the opposite side of the
point. Instead the v.essel str'uck on
Henines' rock~ inl the southwest end
of the island. A heavy sea was on
and in a short time the "Oneida" was
a total wreek. The white men and
tairty-three Chinese escaped in boats
and floated ashore on pieces of wr eek.
Seventy-sven Chinese were un
doubtedly drowned as they. have
never since been heard of. The
"Oneida" had on board material for
building and running a salnon can
nery which was to have been erecited
on the island.
Mr. Eikinge Ninety-Rtoo'm House.
The ninety-room ho use that Steph
en B. Elkins is building near the
town of Elkins, Ra ndolph c:ounty,.
W. Va., will be finished the first of
June. It is onec of the finest country
residences in the Soth and is at the
to) of a high hill-aibout ten minutes;'
walk from t he railro~ a station. In
front is an extens~ive law.n. Around
the building is a wall three feet high
er than the first d:oor. At a distan-e
the house, with its iowers, does not
look unlike a European cas.tle. It is
au extensive three-story structure,
with shingled sides and sltte roof.
On the first floor is; a large hall, that.
will be lighted with six ornamental
tores, which will cost about $200
Iapiece The par'lor, dining-iroomi.
and library all about same size- are
o the same floor and will be. fitted
up lixuriously. The ei:ihlre'sr5~oom1
is alIso oni the sa~n:. I?oorl, but ii is
snder th:an the other ~ihr(e. All
the rooms aret 1inished ini hiard w.ood
The fire-plaLt-es are mnassive'. Thec
walls of somec of the: room :-re adu
ed with lhandsomei paintiogs. Onth
second iloer arc the sleeping apart
ments and about half a du:zen bath
rooms. The bathtubs are of solid
o(elain. The t kit eheni exten~sion i
two-story building. The fiirst fioor
contains the kitchen proper' and
servauts' dining-room, anld the iloo:
above tihi sleeping and bath r'ooms.
Ex-Senator H. (G. D)avis is preparin
. to build a house seventy-five yar'd
Ifrom that of Mr. Elhins. The town 01
Elikins is the terminus of the Wesi
Virgina Ce!-kml Railwan.
FIGUiRES FOR FAR31EiRS.
ThE EXPEND:TURES ;N THE DEPART
!FNT O' AGRICULTURE.
.1 -!(emseb of I h. itoard Collects Some 1.!
To the Elitor 01 The News and
Courkr: Therc may be some earnes
seekers after the truth, to whom the
-ues rel-ing to > - menditure o
its funds by the departmU :~ ri
eulture. as given by Capt. TiLia'.
L hi, speeh at Anderson Court
House, may nt-ed explanation. Ac
cording to your report in The News
and Courier. he said:
The board of agriculture h- ad s-Kii
$325,000 since ISS0. ani his year
they will receive 145,000 fro'u the
privilege tax on fertilizers.
A \oice: "'What do theyv -px-nd it
for. beer or champagne?"
Capt. Tillman: "Well. vou will
have to ask Col. Butler.
The privilege tax was a special tax
on tihe armers and ought to be used
for their benen, (te.
This means to charge extravagance,
corrupteion and misappropriation of
A report, itemized. with vouchers.
is maade annually to the Legislature.
There is,. therefore, no excuse for
Capt.. Tillman to plead ignorance and
say -I don't kno. Aspirants for
public favor shr-uld not miake charges
they cannot iprove, nor plelad ignor
ance. To sa. the las, it has the
look of iusine'rity. for where the fig
ures were obtained there follows the
full information of (xpenditures.
To understand this seemingiy
large expenditure one mustknow with
what the department of agriculturo
It pays the salaries of the commis
sioier of agriculture, chemists and
clerks: it prints privilege tax tags,
monthly reports and other matter; it
draws samples of guanos, buys chemi
cals and fixtures, and analyses the
fertilizers, issuing bulletins of re
ceipts; it has charge of the weather
service. State exhibits. as at New
Orleans. Augusta and at Spartan
burg, of the veterinary department,
farmers' institutes, experimental sta
tions, the fish commission, the collec
tion of the phosphate royalty, and of
agricultural affairs generally. It also
has charge of immigration, and pays
the State Agricultural and Mechani
cal Society $2.500 per year by legis
Now, to do all this requires a good
large sum: how much will be best
seen by reference to the commission
er's report for 1889, the last one, by
way of illustration, the collections
id disbursements being as follows,
Privilege tax on commer
cial fertilizer........$.... .a32,088.05
Ree'd from J. MeBryde,
proceeds sale of farm
Station........... .... 581 G8
Balance in State treasury,
department funds....... 7,68; 77
Balance in State treasury,
Station funds........... 13 5(
Ree'd fromn A. 1?. Smytho.
the amount disbursed by
the department of agri
eulture in phosphate liti
gation. being part of dam
ages recovered. .-..-...-.12102 243
Recd from A. T. Smaythe,
damages recovered in
phosphate litigation, bal
anice after deducting
amount paid out by the
department of agrigid
ture........-.......-... 1,:393 79
Total.......... .5,129 11~
A. P. Butler, Coin. of Ag..
12 mos.. at $17-.-.-.-..-.2.100 00
P. E. Chazal, chemist. 1
mouth, at $175.. .. .. . .175 00
L. A. Ransom, ckrk, 10
months, at $125.... ...250 00
A. E. Gonzales, clerk, 2
months, at $125.. . ... ..250 00
Total. .. . ... . . ..3,775 00
Laboratory expenses.... 2.08 1'
:-3lary cewist anid twoas
8141.(6.... ... ......1,5 20
relport .........8 4
Paid by comml~issioni for P.
E.jChazali for Nov... . 33 3
Privilege t x ta"gs..... 1.1G.7
Pubising and muailing
hionlthly rep1orts~.. .. . . . 70 40
Priniing aimnual report s. .744 637
Cle rical assistance. .... .. 1300 00
Expenses driawing guano
.sunples.... .... .... ..97 85
Prize corn contest.... .. .... 50
State weather service... .254 58
Repirs on buildigs and
alterations.. .. .. .. .. . 1227 09
Stationery and books.... 170 27
Telegramns $87.01, express
charges $51.3~5.. .. .. .. .13S 3d
State~ Reprcsentative at
Paris. Exposition.. ... . .500) (0
Insura-~nce premiums..-.. 49 08
Postar:0 ........ .... .... 295 28
Travelling e~xpenses c4.ne~
missioneair of agrieuhuire 92 8
819.32 porter .m'229.65. . 218 97
Ge-s~ i5., Iice 614.25, fuel
83215 .. .. . .. .. . 98 46
St-ate exhibit AugustaE
pii Jon~ ...........1. :N
dri s.. ... ... ... ... 11) 78
&-''ad oie furnuinr. 13 5)
brary cae. ... .... .. 271 75
Experoneital sta'tions5. . 549 98
13o:uad o. agr~iculture... 877
Fish comiss~5'i. ... .... 59 G5
Patrol at Georwgetown.. 351 65
Patrol on Edisto .... ...... 200 (00
Pa' t ol in Marion County.. . - 3(0 00
Patrol in Edgeiield County. 15 00)
Salary special assistant,12
Office rent, travelling ex
pnse secial assistant 459 00
L i g i on ...... ... .... !-7 Y'
State Aicli :md Mt
elon~I~ica SoWL::. . .-.> :
:Paid State Tr .re'.1bal
iI c. .,90 1E
To.i- 1 a" disb~r 1na..ri.82~i 1:n
amutL coerin the azbove expendi
il cll spial t01 teMido eei
2 l:ligatin, siuee the attlilmpt asI1
been made to, throw discredit upon'
the board beause nobodyv was ever
1crosce'ute. Ever since I ha:ve been
com~eeCed with the board i't has been
ini constaimt litiatiOn. and besides the
above large :,um1 which~ has been
to-rne over to the State Treasurer,
on1v last year anoler im11port.ant ques
ion was settled. wich will be worth
thousauds, I -Lot 1undreds of thous
ands, to the State. The point in this
case was, whether the bSiate owned
to high or low-wr mark in the tidal
swarus. sme 3: s canning the
right to mine to igh-w.er mark.
. nrd ilS Da"-0 "of i ists- anid
clcrks.,. a ouit which the LvpaLrmentI
has len eriticsed. (and it does seem
that the salaries ar e very iage ones.)
I have this to say. thai the late
chemist, Dr. P. E. Chazal, demanded
higher wvages. which the board d
ined to grant, and that thereforo he
resigncd and anec-pted another posi
tio which paied him better.
And so, too, with 31r. L. A. Ran.
som. who had been connected with
the department for years as its
The pay of the ten members of the
board of agriculture is 83 per day
and 10 cents mileage. They can only
charge for fifteen days service each.
I do not suppose that any member of
the board has ever been paid for that
number of days. The usual custom
has been to put in a less number of
Jays than is act Aally served. Two
days has been the average, but some
times three were actually served in
going andcoming. Mr.Tillman and his
croakers may do it more efficiently
and economically, but I have great
doubts about it. Having shown all
that was proposed, that is, how the
department expended its funds, I
remain, yours truly, T. J. Moons.
A NORTH CAROLINA LYNCHING.
JonStarling, a; Hard CItizen, Shot to
RALrUn, N. C., Mday 27.-John
Starling, living near Selma in John
ston county, was currounded by a
party of masked men while on the
wa.y homoe last Saturday night, tied
to a tree and shot to death. Twenty
bullets were put into his body. He
had made some threaLts against a
peaceable citizen and was returning
home from a magistrate's trial.
His wife was in the wagon with
him. The mob threw a rope over his
head, dragged him out and carried
him far e-nough in the woods to
prevent herfromnbeing an eye-witness
to his Late.
Somec tim e ago an old lady named
Cenia Brown and her grandson were
foully murdered in Johnston county.
Mrs. Brown was Starling's mother
in-law, and there was well founded
suspicion that Starling murdered
her that he might get possession of
her property through his wife. He
was tried on the charge of murder,
but he had so terrorized the commu
nity it was impossible to get any one
to testify against him, and he was ae
Later the houses of two persons
who made themselves conspicuous in
the trial against him where burned.
The people of this communty
thought this SLarling's work of yen
geauce. Uence the lynchig.
.Acient (on the Coast Li::c.
Commuh~I, S. C., 3May 27- ssn
gert ii No. .,i, whdich let nero on
the' At:mikc Coast Line last n:ighit at
E:3for~ Wilmiington. was badly
wrecked, loarteeni iles from Colum?
bi. he heavy rain undermined the
track. The engie went over safely
but the tender left the track, and the
ret of the train piled upon it. The
only person seriously hurt was Con
ductor G. W. Gruber, whose leg was
broken and head cut.- Albert Gary
a drumnv r from Dalton, Ga., had his
kne crushed, and Sami Bunting, the
Pullhaan ear conductor, was cut
about the head. The injuries of none
are rege rded as serious.
The derailed train was a~ total
wreek, andI until the track is cleared
passengers will be transferred at the
scene of the accident.
Suicide of an Insano Mfan.
(GhusvILLr:, S. C., May 27.-Infor-I
mation reached here to-day of the
suicidle of James Rlaybun, at Green
wood. S. C., yesterday morning. He
was in is r-oem, and about 4 o'clock,
shot hinself tineough the head. HisI
mind had been afTected for some
time, and he had recently been pro
nounced insaue, and was waiting to
be s-rnt to the asylumn at Columbia.
He was about thirty-five years of age
Murd'ered ror His Money.
I erA fsois, Mhs., May 29.-A. MI.
LKid:aL and cohi and highly respect
id 10Citie Was5 murderedt wh'ile on
his wy hom fromi th~e midnight train,
wh be had bee-n to) meet his sors
las nidc He wa*ound this mor~
g with i-ih 'kul cr-ush'ed. a short
i;.nneC---ro---hi - te~idece wh'ih 5is
us beyon th ct mis TherCV~'~e
noI elu e Lo the murderer. It is
sapp -.ed~ teime was- counitted~e
for the pur(os of bbery. Kimball
-The Rev. J. Cilieean Hiall, late
pasor ot the .nesyterian church at
Manchester, V., was one of the class'
contirmed by Bishop Whittle on his
recent visit to that city. Mr. Hall
will probably enter the Episcopal
TIE }MDIORY OF LE.
THE CEREMONIES AT THE UNVEILING
OF THE MONUMENT.
Bu..:nrs and StarA and stripz: Over
th street-Icichmnd Sevetn 1H
Sha;en by lhe Tranp of Thouaid-.
R::oU, *VT*s, May .-With
blaiuc of trumpet, beat of drum, and
the booaing of cannon, the monu
maent to Gen. Robt. E. Lee, ereeted
by the ladies of the South, was un
veiled today in the presence of a great
multitude of peoplo.
The early trains from North and
South brought many additions to the
enormous crowd which filled the city
The streets of the city had been
d:-corated ve ry elaborately and taste
Ailly for the occasion. From all the
bis iness building.; were swung stream
"rS in which the colors of the Con
federer blended with the national
emke. The State colors of Mary
mad and Virginia were liberally dis
THE GATHERING OF MILiTIA.
The gathering of the militia began
At an early hour in preparation for
the parade. The head of the proces
sion formed on Broad street, facing
orth, the left resting on Adams
tr(et. First came a squad of
iounted police, then the Stonewall
l3aund, and following was the Chief
Marshal. Ex-Gov. Fitzhugh Lee,
earing a broad yellow sash as his
badge of office; his Chief of Staff.
Gen. Juo. R. Cooke, wearing a white
3ash. and the chief marshal's aids.
unong whom were Senator Bate. of
Tennessee, Senator Colquitt. of Geor
ia, Senator Hampton, o! South
arolina, Senator Ransom, of North
Carolina, Col. Basil W. Duke, of Ken
rucky, Gov. Eppa Hunton, of Virginia,.
Ex-Gov. Scales, of North Carolina.
sen. Joe Wheeler, of Alabama, and
amny other distinguished Southern
Following the marshals were the
arriages containing the invited
nuests, in charge of Capt. A. W.
larber; the Veteran cavalry, under
ommand of Gen. Wade Hampton,
mid the Farmers' Alliance mounted.
On the other side of Broad street
,mder command of Gen. Heath, were
'he Veterans of North Carolina, fol
owed by the Society of the Army
mnd Navy in Maryland: the Freder
ick county, Maryland, Vtecrans of
the District of Columbia. Before
them and on the side street, were
ormed the other militia, and civil
rganizations, which were io follow
n the parade. Among them were
veterans from Louisiana and Virginia,
mn'a other Southern States; militia
:ompanies fronm cvery State in the
Gonth,students from the universities
>f Virginia; Catholic Union societies;
'he city fire department of Rich
nond, and the firemen from New
Tm: PIiCESSION iUoVE.
It was nearly 1:30 when the word
xas brought General Lee that the
parade was ready to move. Turning
to marshals. he gave the command to
move, and the head of the procession
noved down Broad street.
As the veteran cavalry passed, the
volunteer troops, infantry, artillery:
md cavalry, fell into line behind
th, followed by the Farmers' Alli
mece. The State stroops wore ar
IN THLE ORDERL OF THE SEcESSION
f the Southern States, South Caro
lina being in the lead, and Virginia
bringing up the rear. Each of the
State contingents carried a distinc
tive banner, but of far more interest
to the throng which filled the streets
and >Eked down from the windows
and house tops, were the tattered
rnd smoke be'grimmned Ilags carried
by the veterans. Waving hanudker
ehiefs and ringing cheers from thou
sands of throats greeted them as
AT THE HEAD oF THE 00LUMN.
At the head of the procession rode
E~-Gov. Lee, mounted on a spirited
iron-gray horse. In the first cari
age were Gov. McKinney, Col. Archer
Anderson, tile orator of the day:
Gam. 5. A. Early and Geon. Joseph E.
Johston. In some of the other car
rige's were Capt. R. E. Lee, Miss
Mildredc Lee. Miss Mary Lee, Seni
or Rega. of Texas, Postmaster
Genel of the Confederacy: Geni. H.
Walker of Morristown. N. J.. Sena
tors Butler. Barbour, Daniel. Kenna
and Pasco: Governor Fowle, of
Norh Carolina, Fleming of F'lorida.
Fle 1ming of West Virginia, Richard
sonl of South Carolina. Gen. W. H.
F. Lee, wife and sons, Capt. Dan
Lee~wife and children. As the lead
ig carriage passed down Broad
street, it was greeted with wild aein
onstrations by the enormous crowd.
IMPEDED m' THE C~ioWDs.
The passage of the processional
columnh through the principal streets
of the city was a continued ovation.
Its progres' was much impeded by
the crowd that :illed the streets, and
it was rearly two o'clock when the
monment was reached.
Au 'normons crow~d was in waiting
thee. A large stand ereected in front
o the~ monunient had been reservwed
for the distinguished guests, the or
ator of the day and ladies. It was
well filled wrhen the procession arriv
cd. and the Grand Marshal. dis
mocsating, olfered his arm to Geon.
Joluton, to escort him to the seait
reerved for him. Wheni Gov. Me
Kinuney. Coul. Anderson, and thle oth
r distinguished guests and oileers of
the occasion had taken positionI Qf
he iront of the stand, the procession
nas:ed in review before them. the vet
eran iufantry leading, and the veter
an cavalry and volunteer infantry
b~rining un) the rear. The infantry
oria'nizatiens were massed as rapiy
ts po.;sible in front of the grand
stand. the mounted veterans oni the
left of the monument. The artillery
took position in line west of the in
fatry, and facing the statue. The
vomniteer cavalry formed facing the
The arrangement of the mass of
'eople occupied full half an hour
CALLED TO ORDER.
When the orgnnization was com
pl~e nd eomaeth lie quiet could
de"' o" tie Monum'ien: s Omu
aros nce the assemblage'to
crd-rM -abifle:eto yRv
Ch.~ Minnegerode, of the p.adlSial
11hurch. Go. McIne nroduced
GeCn. 1arlv as cha*irm0n othe ieet
ng. lie was greet.d with prolong;cd
applause aid clic'ring. Taking tfhe
gavel iroiu Gov. McKinnev's hand.
(en. Early announced in a few well
Schosen words the orator of the occa
sion.Col. Archer Anderson.
Every point in Col. Anderson's ad
dress was greeted with warm ap
plause, and several times he was ob
liged to suspend his remarks while
the crowd cheered gin and again.
At the conlelsion of his address, a
wave of applause swept o -or the
crowd and rippled out again :1nd
again, until hands were tired and
throats were hoarse.
THE STATUE UNVEILEL[.
'When in a measure silence had
been restored. Gen. Joseph E. Jolm
ston arose friom his seat b n the
orator's sd:Lud, andl. leaving then plat
form, walked toward the ionumeIlt.
On the other side w 1ked a vteCr an
ex-Confederate from the Soldiers'
Home. Joe Mar'ioi White, and J. J.
O'Neal. His progress was gceted
with continuous cheering. Reaching
the foot of the mmi nument, he took
in his hand the end of the rope
which held the great white veil about
the statue. A gentle pressure and
the vCil parted, and falling. on either
side disclosed the bcautiful
oUfLINES u7 'rM sU.T:Er
As they came into view a shout
went up from the aemblage in vol
uie so great that it ahuiost drownaed
the boom of the .nonn. In a min
ute. the whoe assemblage had bro
ken from the ranks. and was hocking
to the base of the statue, cheering
and tossing hats.canes-anything
into the air. The crowd on the plat
form responded with cheers and wav
ing of handkerchiefs and tilgs.
It was a long time before the
crowd quieted down, and allowed
Gov. McKinney and the other distin
guished people on the platform to rc
gain their seats in the carriages whieh
were to bear them back to the city.
Tonight the city is celebrating the
unveiling of the Lee monument with
banquets, receptions and pyrotechnic
displays. At the Governor's Man
sion a reception is being given to dis
tinguished guests from other States.
INTERESTINC TO FARMERS.
Te Liberal Preminm Offers of the South
Carolina AgrIcultnral Society.
Attention is direced to the follow
ing circular letter from Colonel Thos.
W1. Holloway, Secretary of the South
Carolina Agricultural and Mechani
cal Society: ^
"On page 10 of the mini list
this Society for the present year, will
be found the offer of premiums
amounting in the aggregate to $500,
for the counties making the best dis-.
play of county products, to be
shown at the Fair, Novembcr 10th,
-The requirements are: To the
county making the best and largest
diplay of products~ grown or produ
ced by resi.sents of the county, pre
miums will be awarded as follows:
First premium.. .. .... ...... .$250
Second premium............. 150
Third premium.... .........100
Inall. ................. 500
"'All grain must be shown in quan
titieg not less than one half bushel.
The judges making the award in this
contest, will consider first, quality;
second. quanity; ;third, variety; and
fourth, arrangement. Articles for
the county display will not count in
the individual premium.
"I beg that you call special atten
tion to this feature, and uxrgce your
county to be a competitor in the con
test. Aside from the money invol
ve, county pride should stimulate
our farmers to enter heartily into the
matter, andL thus show the progress
of agriculture in onr' State. j..I take
it that the most effective plaf would
be for the several County Alliances
from the sub-Alliances to canvass
ilhe matter at an early day. and thus
-ecome orgatnized, so that by the
tirst of November cachi county will
be able to know what will be shown
an a t whiat rsilroad station shipi>
mentL wil be miade.
IRaih-o ads require th~e prepayment
of freigchL, but upon its return to the
or'igial point of snipmelcnt, withi the
[r'teate of the seeretary that the
sa'uc 1'ad been on exihibition. the
amJ~ount paid wil b.e ref'unded.
I w~ill be pleased to furnish a
copy of the Premiumi List to all who
lIn a flanoon Over London.
Loxno, May 29.-During the pa~sb
week the Spencer war balloon has
made several ascents from the
grounds of the Royal Military Exhi
biion at Chels'a. On each of these
occasions the compam ny icdd a'
New York Herald correspondent
Iand hxis experiences; t.000 feet inte
clouds have attracted gr'eat atten
tion. Today the famious ballooni
made another ascent anid a'ainth
correspondent had a seat i' the bas
ket. Leaflets had been prirepaxred
w~ith1 reprints of the Herald m'u'sex
perience, and th ese were today taken
up instead of the usual sand ballas,
and when the balloon w'as farc up in1
the clouds the strig of the pa'cka
ges were cut and the coments sent
fying all over London. Ths man
thousands of sh'eets of '''er 1in tI
i. crelltey ereermy n :
at by persons' oni th ctr It.Whe
th blion'' ' 1 trtod out' 'r''ghen
ral rowi' ;. and~rOxiu afe t eet
Ifrseveral miutes.oecncr e
stred themansuabs enumerator lnt
odree against erstuos who e
cnle, oansther quaesn, wur thmpl
eot suhersoad to te dewnt
k ne a and osd bumi.pc
bR.TTON EN TIlE RACE.
FWnMAL .1NNOUNCEMENT OF ]IUS
CANDIDACY FOR: GOVERNOnC.
Re Propouciw to nnvaes the- ma.a far dhe
Detu.:cratic Nou:inntion-A Cala 2and
Db'WPLasaloate Discussio nted ter-.
Recogniriou *t [Iare. in the "st p.
FAIMu:umioN. May 2. 18.-Be
kind enough to allow m. the usie of
your columns to reply to those of my
fellow citizens who have expressed a
desire for me to be. a candidate for
the gubernatorial nomination of our
party. In the expression of these
wishes as they reach me, along with
the high personalcompliment convey
ed.therG is a ring of a call to duty.
I accept both. and will givo my
best efiorts to deserve the one and
meet the demands of the other.
This is perhaps enough. But that
there may be no misapprehension so
far as I am concerned, premit a word
as to the pesent status, as I see it.
I trust and believe that we are all
still a unit as to a common sentiment
and desire for the best interests of
the State and its people, and the
great common purpose to guard and
prom->te them, and all agree that our
I.emxocratic organization is the only
agency through which this senti
ment can be practically operated and
this purpose effected by us. Our
differences of opinion are confined to
the ways and means to be used by
our party for their ascomplishment.
When such differences exist some of
us are certainly in error and possibly
none of us are absolutely right.
In this emergency, our Democratic
authorities have arranged for the
canvass of the State: certainly not to
foment a family quarrel or that par
tisan strife and personal scramble
for oflice. which is alleged to prevail
in conventions of politicians, but for
the fair and square submission of our
dilierences freely and frankly stated
to the people themselves for final ad
judication and adjustment.
If they can be submitted cahnly
and dispassionately and the people
bring to bear upon their public bus
iness that practical business discre
tion which they exercise in their pri
vate affairs the decision reached,
while it must necessarily overrule
the views of some of us, will be wor
thy of a free people and command
the respect and cordial support of
But should it be otherwiseand we be
come involved in partisan strife and
allow passion and prejudice to take
possession of our reason and judg
mient, the decision will still be the
best that we as a people are for th
time capable ofand it must be sus
tained with un ity. ky clean
ut-division otns wi - eTjT'ess1
in far graver consequences than
unanimity in even error for a season
can bring upon u&
Hedged about by unprecedented
dangers and difficulties,we must sink
r swim together. We must stick to
the ship, for it requires us all to even
control her steering gear; and asi
long as we do that we retain the
power. if we will exercise it, to rescue
her from dangers to which we our
selves may inadvertently or recklese
ly subject her.
I shall attend as many of the meet
ings appointed by our committee as
practicable, and direct my efforts to
the discussion of the situatiorg ix its
bearings on our common interests,
and in the hope thrt I may contrib
te to that raztional agitation which
will tend to throw the light of truth up
on it and enable us to perform intel
ligentlyv our duty as sovereign citi
zns. Yours respectfully,
A BAPTIST UNIVERSITY ASSURED.
The Mboney N.ocesary to Recum Mr.Rocke
fei~e/s Gift now Tasd
Cmncoo, May 29.-Chicago is to
have a great million dollar university.
About one year ago John D. Rocke
feller, the standard oil magnate, of
frd to give 8600,000 toward a ui
vrsity projected by the Baptists of
Chicago provided the latter would
raise the Sf00,000 necessary to com
pete an endowment of 1,000,000. He
nmmed June 2 as the date by which
the total sum must be subscribed.
This meant that an average of over
833.000 must be subscribed during
each one of the twelve months in
which the work was to be accom
The task was a herculean one. par
tiularly as the people of this city
and in fact all over the country, hatd
lost faith in any educational Enter
prise which the Baptists of Chicago
might put forth, on account of the
inglorious failure of the Chicago Lni
versit y. Three-fourths of .ie amount,
.$30I.000, was raised by 1 .e business
men of this city irrespective of creed
or denomination. A board of direc
tor., t wenty-one in number, will be
chosen on or about June 1st; four
toen of them will be Baptists and'
sevn of them will belong to other
While the institution will be under
Bapust control, it is intended to
have it conducted on a road, liberal
basis. and students of all ereeds9 can
obtain a thorough educatih therein.
For buildings, -$2>0,000 will be e:
pended within the next four or five
ears. Other builings will be ad
ded as they are needed. Marshall
Field has given to th~e universiiy a
ract of ten acres ot land on Ellis
Avnue, south of Fitfieth Street. 1In
adition to this he has giveni the pro
jectors of the university an option on
ateni acre tract of land adjoining
This property will be purehased. thu~s
maikiig a splendedi campfus. twenty
acres5 i extent.
A disp)atch of Wedn'aesday from
H:uilton'x. 0.. reports: -Hecnry In
lhart. a Cincinnati. Hamilton &
iavon conductor, fell dead. appar
rently. yesterday. He was put on ice.
Something suggested he was alive.
but the physicians declared he was
dead. and to convince the family they
opened a vein at the back of his neck.
The man instantly got up and ap
pears to be as well as usual. The
hysicians are astonished and say
thyn rheard of anything like it."
NEW METHODIST OFFICIALS. -4
1rNe Edtor- (if the Chur-ch Prp.,r-lThe
Tu~ General Confrence in its ses
fion at St. Louis on last Friday elee
ted . CM er r the Nash!viTll Chris
tian Advoate, he cntral organ of
the S outhern MethodIit church. The
R. . E. Hoss, D. D., professor in
the theologicai departtment of Van
derbilt Univursity, wac electededitor
by a very fiattering vote, and the
Rev. I. 31. Bounds. D. D., of St.
Louis. was elected a.ssistant editor.
For both thcs positions some votes
were cast for the Rev. W. D. Kirk
land. D. D., editor of the Southern
South Carolina Methodism was.
honored by secming one of the three
missionary secretaries. On the first
balot Dr. I G. Johns, of Texas, was
elected, and next to- him came the
Rev. A. Coke Smith. D. D., lacking
but a few votes of the nomination.
On the second ballot Dr. Smith went
in like a flash. Dr. H. C. Morrison.
of Atlanta, was elected for the third
place. This is a most decided com
pliment to Dr. Smith, as. the position
of missionary secretary is regarded
as one of the most important within
the gift of the Church. Dr. Smith's
elevation was not at all unexpected,
as his hosts of friends and admirers
in South Carolina were prepared
see his ability and executive capiacity
recognized by the higlest tribunal of
the Church. He received a flattering
vote in the election for Bishop, and
at the next General Conference many
will be surprised if he is not chosen
TnE NEW MISIiNRY SECRETARY.
Dr. Smith was born on September
10, 1849, in Sumter County, S. C.,
picked up what little "schooling"was
to be had during and immediately af
ter the war: but managed somehow
to prepare himself for college, which
he entered in October. 1868. He was
graduated from Wofford College in
June, 1872, and joined the ranks of
the Methodist itinerancy at the ses
sion of the Conference following
Dr. Smith is no half-hearted, mi1r2:
and water man. He is a very Boan
erges-whole-souled, zealous, active
and earnest. Whatever ho under
takes he does it with all his might.
He has served circuits, stations and.
presiding elders' districts, and he has
for nearly five years filled an im
portant profession al chair in' Wofford
College, and he has been uniformly
Dr. Smith has a rare combinaidon
of talents for his work. He has a
fine presence, a genial manner, a me
lodious and highly flexible voice, and
graceful and natural gestures. He
is an orator born: and he has dili
gently improved the opportunities..
that his life calling daily affords 2or
the further cultivation of these or
to'n cr. 4. Tr
or not he is
entirely free from wh at is known as
"stage fright." it is imposible to say.
But few public speakers are more en
tirely self-possessed han he seemsto
be. One great secret of Dr. Smith's
success is that in his sermons or public
addresses there is an entire absence
of effort, strain or art. He speaks
naturally and succeeds in making
every one before him believe that the
preacher is speaking to him special
ly." He thus never fails to win the
undivided attention of his entire -con
Dr. Smith has done a~ noble work
for Woff'ord. His popularity, his en
thusiasm and his energy have infused
new life into his alma mater. The
Fitting School. a thriving and pros
perous nursery for the College, is en
tirely his creation.
Dr. Smith is still a young man, and
has not yet reached the cnlminating
point of his career. There is more
work for him, and if life and health
are spared the Church will hear fur
ther of him.-News and Courier.
A Rich South Carolina Baby..
NrEw YoRK, May 2.-Two lawyers,
three laymen and a referee appointed
by the ~Supreme Court put their
heads together to-day. to find out
whether an allowance of ,000 a
yeatr should be granted to a 2-year
old baby for his proper support. Thte
little chap is heir to i2000,000, but,
oddly enough, his father is a poor
man. unable. through business re
verses, to look af ter his son's main
tenance. The boy i, Francis Marion
Whaley, only~ son of Lawyer William
Wadev- and Louisi'ne McCready
Whaley- of Edisto, S. C. His grand
father wa;s Na'ths iel L. MckCready.
He left a Ihu-go fortun to his daugh
ter with power to use the income
from it during her life, :uid to ap
point any of her cnhirhen as hir~l to it
upon her~ death. and she made baby
Francis her heir.
Stang to Death by Bees.
The death of Samuel Salter oo
crred at his home near Trenton, S.
C., on Monday ight, after a brief ill
ness. He died from the erfects of
the sting of 'bees ilicted two weeks
ago. His horse had knocked over a
gum. when the~ bees covered him, and
Mr. Salter, in attempting to rescue
the horse, wa's fatally stung himself.
The horse died1 a da or two after
wards. Mr. Salter wa.s se venty-ino
years old and a good mnan. -ikAen
Destroyed. by anEatqle
Coxs r~amor V May2-Tho vl
lage of Repahie. in Armedtia. hasbeen
dstroyied by at: carthaquake. A nium
ber of mineral sring' srpouted from
the ec.-:ie mtad: in the earth by the
shc * an *?(tiow of water was so
gra tha ..d.jacen'i lds swore flood
ed. he eriqud~e as pre~ceded
by.L ru.g.' whc d theC In
hi bitants to !c::mthe village,
andl ther" thu 3sne dntthiromthe
fai li e. No liv were lost.
ne Tesms co ren. l
. (Ln'.:.y : .--im ~e1neralt
alconference o the Meonist431sco
firlts uesy i andy after the be
Iof mneeting to be determied by a
committee appointed for that pur