Newspaper Page Text
THE MANNING TIMLES.
Mrannm-ing, S. C.
S. A. NETTLES, Editor.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 18. 1890.
Col. B. W. Edwards, state senator
from Darlington county, died last
Wednesday, June 11th.
The town of Manning is probably
not for Tillman, but fully one-third
of the Democratic voters favor him.
At the recent term of court for
Berkley county, Judge Aldrich sent
twenty-one recruits to the peniteatiary
and one to the gallows for murder.
The Cotton Plant, the Alliance organ
in this State, has been sold to Dr.
Stokes, of Orangeburg, and will prob
ably be moved from Greenville to that
This week by request we republish
the platform of the March conven
tion. It is an able and conservative
document, and will repay a careful
Georgetown will hold its county
convention, and elect delegates to the
State and congressional conventions
before the State campaign meeting is
held. Snap judgment by the Anti
The man who provides employment
to a half dozen men is worth more to
a town than a man who has a hundred
thousand dollars with which to spec
ulate in real estate that lie does not
intend to improve.
Mrs. Grover Cleveland presided at
the flower stand of a charity fair in
New York Thursday evening, and sold
roses as fast as she could hand them
out at $25 each. And Grover will be
the next president.
The gubernatorial contest in Geor
gia which promised to -be a bitter and
hard fight, has simmered down. The
bosses who have hitherto so complete
ly controlled the destinies of the State
have been brushed off the scenes so
effectually that they are not even
thought of, and the new farmers' party
has assumed full posession of affairs.
Hampton county Democracy held
her convention yesterday and elected
a full delegation to the State conven
tion with instructions to support Till
man and reform. The Antis were
confident of carrying Hampton against
N Tilman, but they reckoned without
their host, as the resolutions endors
I Tillman were adopted by a vote
SoClar ' ing ahead organiz
isIng clubs. That is right.
e county execu u ee were
wrong, and the people have got their
: eyes open and are simply showng
them that they have rights and opt
sions of their own which they propose
t to have respected. The action of the
executive committee is worth at
Sleast five hundred votes for Tillmnan.
~CCoL Elliott has been ousted from
~eongress, and the negro Tom Miller
~gyn his seat. According to the rul
ing of the congressional committee on
~-eetionsall the congressional elections
lia 1888 in this State were illegal. Our
9nnelation is that the Republicans
,-ha'ue so disgusted the country with
Mhi acts, that the next house will
~again be Democratic, and then we will
aigain get justice. -
Te be ws and Courier y ay un
gtied the string, and the c aped out.
J11he Alabama plan i. ~ tried: to
- bring out a te from every
Scounty if ' and then when the
on meets combine and
ma.That is the plan. It
Sanybody or any means to defeat
Tilman. Will the people show their
~want of wisdom by swallowing the
iba ook? We shall see.
Whtis to hinder us from estab
lshing a cotton bagging factory at
a this point? The farmers' county alli.
Yance meets in the court house on July
24th, and we think if our merchants
E will take the matter in haind anl show
7to-these farmers that they are trying
~to esabhish something for the benefit
i~o the farmer as well as the merchant,
~'t will meet with favor by this organ
ization. Suppose a subscription list
pi started, and our merchants sub
jeiewith a liberal spirit, the farm.
~awould also subscribe and a cotton
'ig~ factory will be established
~among us and thereby be a great say.
in hg to the consumer of this article.
SPolitics is getting wild, and there is
.so much we see we would like to pub
iah, it is very difficult to select jusi
what will be most interesting: it is all
inateresting. No man in this State
ebhas ever received a more enthusiastic
~'reception than has Tillman at the
Scampaign meetings so far. The peo.
Spie seem to grow wildly enthusiastic
over him. It will take the strongest
kind of wire pulling to defeat him: it
Sfact the way the thing now stands, i:
the convention was held soon he would
be nominated almost unanimously
The people this year will not listen tc
Sthe former bosses, but having taker
7the bull by the horns, they propose t<
~"do their own thinkmng and their owl
>acting. Tillman will be the next gov.
SWe have not heard a word recently
Sfrom our business men on the rail.
O. road question. They seem to have
]fallen into a fatal comatous condition
Sand any effort to arouse them is una
Svailing. Are we to sit idly by, nol
rmaking an effort for self-protectior
and preservation, and see all our besi
trinte leave us ? If ever any action is
-proposed, now is the time. The rail
road can be built with home capital ii
necessary, but if our business men
Shad as much enterprise in them as
~would rattle in the hull of a tobacco
seed, they could get a large part of
the money elsewhere. It is only eight
miles to Silver, and by getting the
Harvin Brothers interested, or rather
by showing them that the other busi
a~ men of this town are interested
in this road, they (the Harvin Broth
em) would'furnish most of the capital.
The road\can be easily built, if our
business men would only take hold of
it, but unless they change their tactics
they will continue to sit idly and list
lessly by, and see their town go to
perdition before they will get oft their
w sats to push the town forward. Some
thing should be done, be done at once,
or our town will assuredly go back
ward ha every respect. On the other
Vand, a bright future is ahead of us,
ifwe will only seize the golden op
>ponitmes offered us.
CHARGE TO THE GRANDJURY.
What Judge Hudson Had to Say about
Unanimity in Terdicts.
Gentlemen of the Grand Jury: Before
closing my instructions to you I invite your
attention to a subject of vital importance to
the administration of our laws. Whatever
pertains to the mitode of dispensing justice
in our Circuit court is of deep concern to
our people, and should interest you and all
who otliciate in this Court, because we are
directly engaged in enforcing the laws of
our State, and have the best opportunity of
observing the practical working of onr sys
tem of l:LWS and method of deciding cases.
The result of my experience and reflection
is that no better method of deciding the
facts of causes, criminal or civil, has yet
been devised than that of trial by jury. To
some extent opinion is divided on the sub
ject, and there are learned men who con
tend that a large number of civil cases, at
least, could be more correctly adjudged by
the Court without a jury. But the number
of those who are opposed to the system of
trial by jury is not large, and never will in
crease audficiently to atbolish this inestima
It has been well said by an able Judge that
"the jury is an indispensable part of the
machinery of justice. Liberty cannot exist
without trial by j ury, and despotism cannot
long survive with it. The hard sense and
courageous firmness of English juries more
than once preserved the liberties of the En
glish people against the King and his ser
vile Judges." And again: "Trial by jury
popularizes the administration of justice by
making it a part of the business of the peo.
ple. The people ought to share in the ad
ministration of the laws which they are
popularly supposed to make. It adds to the
dignity and responsibility of citizenship,
and instructs the citizen in his duties. It is
the most effective agency for the diffusion
of a general knowledge of the law among
the people. It brings to the solution of the
facts of a case common sense and practical
In this opinion I heartily concur, and such
are the sentiments of the great body of our
people. So dear to our people and to all
English-speaking and liberty-loving people
is the right of trial by jury, that %here is no
danger of it being surrendered or seriously
impaired. Far be it from me to join in the
opposition to and hue and cry against this
great bulwark of our liberty. I yield to no
one in my appreciation of its priceless val
ue. What I have to say to you is not against
the system and principle of trial by jury,
but against defects in the rules for the gov
ernment of the jury. I have given to this
subject much thought, and am convinced
that a serious defect does exist and should
be remedied. I refer to the requirement of
unanimity in verdicts. In its origin there
was a reason for this rule, but that reason
,ever existed in the States of this Union,
and has not existed in Old England since
the revolution of A. D. 1688. Prior to that
time there was a reason for it, especially in
criminal trials; but since then I see little
reason for it in criminal trials and none
whatever in civil cases.
Prior to the revolution of A. D. 1688 an
independent judiciary was unknown;Judg
es were appointed during the pleasure of
the King, and were not infrequently remov
ed, as was Lord Coke, for non-compliance
with the royal behests, or a too sturdy asser
tion of their rights. If this system did oc
casionally produce eminent jurists like For.
tesene and Markham, Gascoigne and Coke,
it will not be forgotten that under such aus
pices men like Hyde and Scruggs and Jef
freys flourished under the smiles of the
Court, and fattened upon the miseries of
their fellow subjects.
Not only were the Jtdges the creatures of
the Crown, but s--wvere the sheriffs, who
summone - ch jurors as they chose to
and very naturally selected subservi
In addition to this the accused was not
allowed the services of counsel, but alone
and unaided was compelled to defend him
self against the skill, zeal, ability, and un
scrupulousness of the King's counsel, who
was not restricted to the use of direct testi
mony, but made free use of hearsay evi
dence and written affidavits of absent per.
sons whom the unfortunate accused was not
permitted to confront nor to cross examine.
To the accused, thus overwhelmed with dis
advantage, was not accorded the right tc
testify in his own behalf, and should the
jury, aftera~ u~se-tto-in ir~erciitfe
qumtterigainst the opinion of, and to the
dinpleasure of, the King's .Judge and the
King's counsel, they were liable to be fined
and imprisoned on the spot for such grave
INo wonder, under such circumstances,
that the law required that the verdiets
should be unanimous, and that to the ae
cused was accorded by law the right o:
twenty peremptory challenges, and to the
Crown the right of peremptory challenge
The great revolution of 1688 effected
most happy change in the appointment o1
Judges for life or good behaviour, thus se
curing the independence of the judiciary,
and many wholesome reformis in the entire
machinery of the Courts and mode ot- con
The~se retormnations, and all others w-hied
were affected in Old England in the succeed
ing century, were embodied in our State
Constitution and statute law's'afte-r we
achieved our inde-pendence by tne R~evolu
tion of 1776.
Within the last quarter of a century twv
signiticant changes in o'ur law have 1:een
made, having a marked effet upon trial by
jury. To the accused has been accorded the
privilege of testifying in his own behalf and
to the Judge has been denied the right tc
comment upon the facts. In other words the
accused has been made master of the situa
tion by being able to tell his own story and
having the Judge, challenged by the consti
tution, set aside as it were, and his legiti
mate province and inflnence destroyed. In
addition to all this vantage ground, the ae
ensed could, up to three yearsi ago, by hi:
large number of challenges, select his own
jury from the panel.
Within the last quarter oft a century the
effect of constitutional restrictiohn and legis
lative enactment has been to we-aken om
Circuit Courts and to facilitate the acquittal
of pers-ons charged of murder. Not thal
our JTudges are les~s learned in the law, noi
that the jurors are less intelligent, ut be
cause the Judges are muzzled by the Consti
tution, the jurors are deprived of their aid
so essential to a correct guidance, and to th
accused is granted the privilege of manufac
turing his own testimony, after havint
adroitly chosen the time and place of slay
ing his victimi. In almost every grave criim
inal trial our juries have to weigh the testi
mony of the accused, who have the stronges
possible inducement to commit peijury; th
juries are absolutely denied the aid of at
enlightened Judge in unravelling this wel
of falsehood and in dealing with the sophis
try of astute counsel, by which they are lia
ble to be led astraye
Under such a system of trial it is not stir
prising that the best of juries render erro
neous verdicts, and that murderers go uin
whipt of justice. This triumph is lea:sinl
to the heinous offender and to his astute ami
zealous counsel, but ruinous to the interests
of society, and damaging to our Courts o3
Justice. The frequency cf foul murder:
and the ease with which the bloody assassit
triumphs at the bar of our Courts is a dis
grace to our civilization and a foul blot upon
the administration of our laws.
It at the first trial the accused fails to se
cure an acquittal, his aim is at least to secure
a mistrial, knowing full well that at the sec
ond trial his chances of escape wvill be greatly
increased, and in this he is rarely mistaken.
These acquittals and mistrials can in every
instance be traced to the fadse testimony o.
the aceused and the rule requiring unanim.
ity in the verdict. The innocent man wouhl
rarely object to the verdict of a majority o:
two-thirds or three-fourths of the jury, but
the guilty man would never consent to the
rule of the majority.
He who hath his cause just will cheerfull~
abide by such rule, but he who has broken
his covenant, or has slain his man, wvill in'
sist upon that sale which affords him the
greatest facility to escape. No system o-t
trial is pleasing to him, but that system will
be most acceptable whose meshes he can eas
ily break through.
The rule of the majority is in keeping
with the genius of our Government and pi-e
vails in all its branches and departments,
executive, legislative, and judicial, except
in trial by jury.
IIn the Government of the United States ai
majority of the Electoral College elects the
President, a majority of the State Legisla
ture selects Senators, a majority of vote-rs
elects Congressmien, a majority in each
branch of Congress makes the laws, anda
majority of the Supreme Court interprets
them, and renders the judgments of that
portance and tremendous import to the peo
ple. In each State Government a majority
of the voters elects the Governor, R-pre
sentatives, and all county officers, a majority
of the legislators enacts the laws and -lvcts
the Senators and the Judges, and a majority
of the appellate Court interprets the laws
I and renders all judgments of those Courts
affecting life, liberty, and property. Should
the President or other executive officer, or a
justice of the Supreme Court be impeached
of high crimes, lie would be tried by the
Senate, a muajority of two-thirds of which
body can convict him: and so likewise with
the executive and judicial officers of the
States. Yet it requires the unanimous ver
diet of twelve jurors to convict a thief or
acquit an innocent man.
A majority of the Supreme Court of the
United States can pass upon life, liberty, or
property of the citizen, and so does a ma
j.arity of the Snpreme Appellate Courts of
the .;everal States. Why then should una
nimity be essential to the verdict of a jury?
I defy any one to assign a valid reason why
a majority of the Judges of the Supreme
Court should prevail, whilst a majority of
twelve judges of fact should not. If twelve
judges of fact must unanimously agree then
so should the nine judges of law be unani
mousi in their findings and conclusions. To
apply such a rule to the nine Justuces of the
Supreme Court of the United States would
be preposterous, but not more so than to
enforce unanituity in verdicts of twelve
judges of facts.
In behalf of our jurors, and in the inter
est of the cause of justice, I advocate the
abolition of the rule of unanimity, at least
in all civil cases, and in misdemeanors and
the lighter felonies. Our jaries are com
posed largely of the best men of the commu
nitv. men well reared and accustomed to the
coiforts and luxuries of lif3. The hard
ships to which they are exposed in doing
jury duty are very great, and often danger
ous to health and life. After sitting for
hours, and some times days, through a long,
tedious, and intricate trial in an uncomfort
able Court room, they are slnt up in a cold,
cheerless, and poorly ventilated room, of
small compass without fire, food or beds,
and there kept in a famishing condition,
day and night, in the vain effort to convince
one or two stubborn men who will not listen
to reason. and who, perhaps, prejudged the
case in advance of evidence and argument.
In these daily struggles in the jury room, of
muscle and prejudice against brain and rea
son, good and true men have been known to
become ruined in health, resulting some
times in the loss of life. Not unfrequently
these struggles, under duress of imprison
ment in the jury room, result in the victory
of the minority, over the majority and the
dark triumph of wrong over right, and fre
quently result in mistrials, at the expense of
the people and denial of justice.
The consequence is that the men of prop
erty and the practiced business men of the
community, by means of this delay and un.
certainty in the result of trials by jury,
have been driven from the Courts, and se
lect boards of arbitrators as their preferred
tribunals where a majority rules, or are
driven to compromises as preferable to uni
satisfactory verdicts, the delay and cosis of
which are often tantamaaonut to a defeat by
the winning party, and are overwhelningly
ruinous to the losing litigant.
Among the intelligent and well-to-do
classes of our people there is a growing
aversion to our Courts, and increasing want
of confidence in the result of the trials,
civil and criminal.
The .jurors are not responsible for this.
They are as honest and as honorable as our
jurors ever were; but the fault is in the emas
culated system of trials before Courts greatly
weakened by constitutional restrictions and
legislative enactments. The laws disarm
the Judge, and doubly arms the- criminal
and covenant breaker. The one is muzzled,
while the other can utter his falsehoods
trumpet-toned in the ears of an unaided
and helpless jury. The mouth of the Judge
is sealed against condemnation of wrong,
and exposure of sophistry and perjury,
whilst the tongue of the guilty accused is
free to utter falsehoods and thereby to es
cae onot condemn the right of the
acensed to testify-in his own behalf, although
it is a fruitful and alarming source of perju
ry; but I do condemn the law that so weak
ens our Courts as to render them unable to
thwart this evil, and to foil the criminal in
Ihis studied effort to impose upon the jury
by wvays that are dark and tricks that should
41Ti ule .e' unanimity renders consulta
tion in the jury roomi so tedious, p)rtraicted,
onerons, and disagreeable that good and
true, intelligent and competent men are
averse to the service, and resort often to
subterfuges to avoid the duty and to escape
the hardships. On grand juries they will
ingly serve, but on petit juries with reluc
It very often happens that juries after re
tiring for deliberation are forced to abolish
the rule of unanimity and agree that a fixed
majoity sha ll rule, and at times settle dis
putes by) drawing lots or casting up "heads
and tails, or by having each juror to put in
his estinmate of the damages to be found,
Iand from the sum total strike an average by
diviading by twelve.
V erdiets reached by these haphazard ways
ar'te entitled to as much respect as those5 ex
torted lby duress of implris;nme'nt.
All that I have sidd ha- been iuspiired
by readling a very able article on this sub
jeet lby the lHon. Henry C. C'aldwell, United
States District Judge in Arkansas publish
ed in American Law Revie-w for Novenmbei
and Decaimber A. D. 188. Ia coneluding
his article lie says of this rule unanimity:
"-The rule encourages criaae: It is the
hope of the guilty, and the trust of dishon
est and litigious suitors; it obstructs and de
ay-s justice: it multiplies lawvyers fees and
burdens suitors with costs and the citizen
with taxes; it degrades and dishonors the
citizen by treating him wyorse than the felon
lie is called o'n to try; it miakes jury service
disagreeable and dangerous: it often c-na
blces criminals in cities where thaut class
abounds to escape conviction by snggling~
one of their numher on thp jury; it is an
incenjive to bribery and corruption; it is ai
fertile souree of false verdicts and a relic of
barharism and superstition that ought to be
In an :able article by the llion. 1I. P.
1Brown, of Detroit, Mich., na judicial inde
,pend ence, published in the Amaerican ILaw
-Review for September and October, A. D).
1889, he remarks ini conclusion: "In civil.
cases, both in Old and New England, trial
by jury seemis by a kind of commiaon coase-nt
to be falling into disuse. A step. which I
regard as a v-ery decided one in advance, huas
ibeen taken in two or three Stata-s lby abolhsh
ing the rule of' unaniimity and permzittinga
verdict by the consenat of nine. Th'fis will
obviate a vast numbher of disagreemieuts b.
eliminating the man who has been ap
proached, andt the man of olique percepi
tions to be fond upon almost every jury,
Iwho can never sethings as others see thema.'
In a letter to him, .Judge Sabin, of th-~
Federal Court of Nevadla, remarks: "I have
had severail years' experience in Nevadai,
while at the B.u-, of the practical working
of the rule, and I wholly apparove of it. I
do not think that either the Bar or the pa
ple would consent to go back to the former
rule of unaniimaity of verdiet. In this State
(California) the rule has been in errect about
ten years, I think. 1l. neither State has it
ever been soughat to restore- the old rule.
do not presume it ever will be restored 0r
desired.'' He further remarks in favtor of
the new rule: "In refusing the verdict of
nine against three, it seems to me we are
very illogical, if not irrational, as we give to
the one of three dissenting jurors full force
and effect, and none to that of the other
nine-just as honest, intelligent and ration
atl as the other one or three."
II have been informed that in the Consti
tution ot the four new- States --North Dako
ta, Southi Da kota, Washington, and \Montana
-the rule of unanimity in verdicts, in both
civil and ciminal cases, has been abolished,
and the rule of a majority of two-thirds aor
The people of these new States are to be
congriatulated upon this reform in the sys
temn of trial by jury. The practical test of
the liew' rule will readily securie the- appriov
al of all law-abiding and patriotic citizens,
-as it has in California and Nevada, It is to
be hoped that in the older States thle exam
ple will be followed, and that the peopale
wil see to it that the lrws are fraimedI in the
interest of the law-abiding citizens, :andc are
so administered in our Courts as to be a ter
ror to evil-doers.
In our career as a people to this comfplex
'ion it has come, that the good, the patriotie,
and true citizens of the landi, aideda hy an
enihtened press, that great lever of publia'
sentiment, must unite inl an1 earneiit erfart
to protect the communiliity againist ia.: caut
raes of the daring law-breakers, whioase ini
creasing numbers threaten the paeice of s aci
ety, and in this directior' the whtdle weighat
of your infinence, nad that of all ctliciaals at
The Farmers' Movement Platform.
WHEREAs, it is the inalienable right, inhe
rent and constitutional of citizenship, to
meet in any orderly manner, to propose and
discuss measnres, to adopt platforms, of
principles and appoint, if expedient, cham
pions of said principles; and whereas, expe
rience has shown the value of agittion in
side f our ranks, and we feel that We mu1ist
(devise somic plan by which ditktrenc.s of:
opinion as to meastires and umen may have
scolpe to bring about needed rforms, there
fore this Convention of Democrats. ar.sem
bled in Colmatbia. this March 27. 18'u,
unite in issuing the following platform of
principles and1 measures, upon whieh we
intend to strive for supremacy in party and
1. We recognize the imperative necessity
of Anglo-Saxon unity in our State, and
pledge ourselves to abide by the arbitra
ment of the Democratic party, rely ng iupon
the sense of justice and enlightened self
interest of a majority of our white iellow
citizens to secure all needed reforms. We
will make our issue inside the party lines,
and, differing as brethren who must make a
common cause against a common enemy,
we will bow in subnissior. to the behests of
the party fairly expressed through the regu
2. The nominations of the Democratic
party are virtually elections. Believing in 1
the Jeffersonian doctrine that "the people
are the best conservators of their own rights
and liberties," and that "self-governinent is
the only free government," we demand that
all nominations for office in the party, other
than State offiies, shall be by primary elee
tions, condneted under the State law enacted
3. We demand the reapportionment of
representation in the Democratic Conven
tion upon the basis of the census of 1880,
and that it go into eftect this year. W e de
mand that the delegates to the State Nomi
nating Convention shall be chosen by pri
mary election on the same day that the oth.
er officers are nominated, and that all the
counties shall hol their primatries on the
same day, to vit: the last Tuesday in August
of each election year.
4. We denand that the board of agrieul
ture be abolished: that the privilege tax on
fertilizers, and everything pertaining to ag
ricultuire, or mechanies, or industrial edit
cation, including the agricultural stations,
be under the control of the trustees of
Clemson Agricultural College, and upon
said trustees shall devolve all duties now
performed by the present board and com
missioners of agriculture, except the control
of the State phosphate interests.
5. We demand that the South Carolina
I College shall be liberally supported as a
elassical and literary institution.
ti. We demand that the school districts in
the vaiious counties in the State shall be as
nearly sqnare as practicable, and an area to
allow only one white and one colored free
school in each district, and that the mschool
trustees be elected instead of appointed.
7. We demand rigid economy in public
expenditures, the abolition of useless otlices,
reduction of salaries and fees of all otficers,
State and county, to conformu to the increas
ed purchasing power of mcney and decreag
ed ability of people to pay taxes; that the
public offieers shall be paid in proportion
Ito their labor and responsibility.
S. We demand that the railroad comniis
sion shall be given all needed power to prO
tect the rights and interests: of' the people
without injuring the railroads, and that the
commissioners bi' elected by the people after
nomination by the Democratic Coivention.
It is the sense of this metiig that salari.l
attorneys of railroads ait phosphate con
p'nies should be ineligible to seats in the
1). We demiand that there shall L e a surVev
of the State's phosphaie beds and their clas
sitietbon into three grades, and that a com
imission, composedl of the Governor, Comp
troller General and Attorney General, shall
control and direct the mining under rigid
rules, each river or phosphate district being
leased at public auction for a term of years
after the coinmission has fixed a minimum
royalty according to the value as shown by
10. We demand that a Constitutional C'on
vention be called to give us an organic law,
framied by our own people, and adapted to
our conditions and wants. We believe that
we cannot obtain any great relief fromt our
burdensoice taxes till this is done, and we
have lost faith in the power to amend the
present Constitntion so that it wvill answer
1L Believing, as Thomas .Jefferson, "that
a diflnsion of information and the arraign
inent of all abhuses at the bar of public rea
son" is a fundamental principle of free gor'
ernnment, and it will give the needed relief,
w~e denmnd that candidates for Governor
and Lieutenant Governor shall, and all other
aspirants to State off1ees are invited to can
vass the Stamte, and that those asking our
suffrages for the General Assembly sh'ilt
canvass their respectiv'e counties on these
issues, so that the peopPle after hearing the
cause can act intelligently and rendler their
verdiet at the pritiary election. We warn
the people against being forestalled as they
were two years ago in some counties. Let
no delegates to the State Convention be ap
pocintedt befom\e they hea:r this joint dirn
12. Fot the purpose of e'duc(ating and
atrousing the masses we will proceed to snOe
gest canitdate~s for G;ovrnor anmd Lieutenant
Gmovernor w ho faivor these memasures, andI we
ask tihose who disagree with us to dii like
w ise W~Vithiout exc'ludingc any camndidat"
w~ho inmy desire to enter th~e rae, h-t us hav''
a ull and fre~e disc'ussion aind free lighlt ini
side thme pairty lines, and let the majrity
Irule, It will remove its discontents, adt as
a school for traininmg outr public tuen,
strengthen the party for its c'ondi1ets with
Radicalism, and be of untl berwtiltt to the
people~ and the State.
T here is rmore catarrh in this se'ctioni of
the connitry than all other diseases put to
ether, and until thbe htst few y'ears; wa*; sup
posed to be' incuraI:-. F"or ai great mn
years doctors prononel it a local disease,
and prescribed locald remoedies, a:i'l by con
stantly tailing to enure with logd treat'tient,
prononned it incurable. Scie.n'e hams provena
('arh to be a costittuitioa itisase, and
therefore requires constitutional treatmnrt.
I tall's ca:tarrh cure, timufacturedl by F1. J.
C2he'ney & Co., 'Toledo, Ohi, is the only
taken internally in doses frloim 10~ dr ops to a
teaspioonful. ]t acts direetly npon01 the blood
and mucl'~Os surfaces of tha sytem. Thley
otb-r one hundred dollar-s for' any case it
fails to ecrt. Send for cireni lars and testi
mon ial. Audre.s.
P. 1. CH ENE~ A CU., Toledm, 0.
.'bold by Druggists, 75c.
Killed by Lightning.
ilmliamiu Edward1 Tisdal, son of lr .TJ. (1.
i mdale, aged aibont 19 y ar-s, was' tnstantlv
killed by lig'htnig h-st Fiday~t atteinoon,
June. Gth. Hec and a you'ner birother we-cre
in a field ae short distac from thieii home,
and not fit from at wooded. th~i eet, where a
smal ll pine trec was strek b lig 'cht'ningi sev
eral yards, from wherem they were stanmding.
Their father, who was inm the- hotie, had his
*attention att rce by~ the' report (of the:
thunder and ivaw hi yonnn.erm n stagring
abhout andl ran to his atssistin e. WIhen he
ree him ihe san' time elder b~rothmer lyinog
at full length, dead, with his face donm
*ward. ?Te younger brother was dazed and
speechlless, but has r'cov'eredl f'rom the
shock. lHe says lhe atnd his brother wetre
*very neair togethcr when they were struck. -
An Editor's Faith.
The editor of thme .ledceor'. published at
Grmeeni lle, ila., expre'sces his faith in S. S.
S. 'The god this pireparationi has accomi
plishied is~ inecalctnlable, and thousands iof
meno and w omen that it has saved fronm an
ciey(irave to-day i i~e up anid bless the ud
ina ttor, and tho.-e w-ho pla'edl it in their poiw
er to priienre it. A niuiber oft our actlaimt
anees have used this wi~mdertul imeditcine to
their great benetIit, most oif them to thleir
perfect heading, and their testimony has
been given to the putblic that others like
themu nemy take thte heaing bihme. We know
that Swift's Speecine (S. S. S.) is no hiiimmbug,
and cant recomendai it, and we do most
heartily. The 1rpi'tor3 arie' gnid, liberal
and chatabled I, and hlIave dini probabliy as
11meht or lorl, goo: d thant an''y whtir liemt in
'Treat ise'll hIn L..d andi skini dis.e aes mlaied
free Si f T l'E IIC~ CO.,
trag gieht Adceruser. ]
In Memory of the Three Blind Mice.
The shades of night were talling fast,
As throngh Columbia city passed
Three men who hore mid silence dead
A ilag on which there coull be read
Anybody to beat Ben Tilhan.
"Try no16t the taOk," the farmer said,
.-You wInt make salt to salt voor1 brel.
The tlagen did not digit rep.ly
They simplyV lt thi b1anner '!y
Anybody to bcat Bn Tillmall.
'Oh, stav." Ben Tillman sail, "and rest
Your heads upon thi .
Far oni the worI came on the wind,
As from a lmm-.tal sick in minn
:S . muudL beat Ben 'Tillhan
Next morn they found beneath the hag
A faded, old, and useless rag
Three skeletons stretched on the stones,
With thse sad words wrought of their bones:
BUTCKLEN'S ARNICA SALVE.
The best salve in the world for Cats,
Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt 1theum, Fever
Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chilblains,
Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and posi
tively cures Files, or no pay requred. It
is guairanteed to give perfect satisfaction ir
money refunded. Price 25 cents per box.
For sale by J. G. Dinkins & Co.
THE NEW DISCOVERY.
Yon have heard your f1iends aid neigh
bors talking abont it. You may yourself be
ore of the many who know f0111 personal
experience jnist how good a thing it is. If
you have ever tried it, vou are one of its
stanch fri'nds, beeanse the wonderful
thing about it is, that when once given a
trial, Dr. King's New Discovery ever after
holds a6 place in the house. If you have
never used it and should be afflicted with
a congh, cold or any Throat, Lung or Chest
trouble, secnre a bottle at once an:d give it
a fair trial. It is guaranteed every time.
or money refunded. Trial lottles Free. at
Dinkins & Co.'s Drug Store.
THE FIRST STEI'.
Perhaps you are run down, vau't eat, can't
sleep, can't think, can't do anything to your
satisfaction, aid yon wonder what ails yon.
You shoul heed tlhce warning, you are tak
ing the lirst step intl nervons prcstration.
Yon need a nerve tonie and in Electric Bit
ters yon will find the exact re-medy for re
storing your nervous svstemn i.o its normal,
helthy condition. Surprising results fol
low the use of this great nerve tonic and
alterativt-. Your app, -tit.. return a:Od di
gestion is r.-'torel al1 the livr and- kid
neys resumaie balthy action. Try a bottle.
Price 50c. at Dinkins & Co.'s drug store.
The Levi Brothers, of Stun
ter. place before our readerS a,
list of ;Olle of their tnos0 t alllI
prices. and ,isy that they not
onlyN advertise their pricet..S, but.
their oods are fi-st class in
scotch (imnghams 12.1, 15, and 20c.
All Wool Double Width Cashrnueres 25, 30,
40, ,) and 75c. per yard.
hallies at 61. 82;, 12.1. 20 and 25c.
White Lawn 5, 1, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 25, and
olored Lawn 6, 8, 10, 12, and 15W.
Satoens 10, 12.l. an-1 25w.
Ginghams 8 and 10.
White Fmbroidary skirts , m, and 75':
$1 and 1.5 p'r yar .
Warner's Health Cors-t S1.25.
Warner's, Coroline C0,rset -,I.
Ladies' Silk Mitts, colored and black,
from 25e. to I1.
Stampd tidis, scarfs, and splashers from
15c. to $1.
Embroidery Cotton, all colors, 2 balls for
Butcher's Linen 40c. per yard.
Embroidery Silk le. per spool.
Wash Silk 5c. per skein.
Knitting Silk 50c. per ball.
Ladies' Newport Ties from SI to 53.50.
opera Slippers fronm 750c. to S2.50.
Gient' Fine Shoes S83 to $5.
Best line of Summer Clothing at prices
from $5 to $25.
Gen-its' and Boys' Straw Hats frotu 25e. to
Ladies' Paras'l'a I rom 25c. to S1.
Ladies' Ho'.o, l'lack and colors, fromn 10e-.
to 75c. lier pair.
Stapl- and Faney Graoeres in full lines.
Sumter, S. C.
Cot.Unn, June 1::.- -The clerks in the
comiptroller-general's o1lice have just got
ready to pay the -lune installment of the
State penstens. It is the s:-contd and last
installment the recipients ofit the State's mutf
nilieent. bounity wsill receive this year.
Tlhe total amount appropriated was $s0,
000l; of' this $25,OMIOGS wats paid out in
M\arch laist, each pensioner b-ing ni:ale
w'althiy to th:e extent of $12.11. 'T' pi'
u-at playment will aggregate $2:,5.0'5, and
will1 giv ach psionert $11.G~>, or a talI af
S4.Mt lot the year. Thle total umunher of
penstion1ers on the list is 2,1)21.
Diseatse lies in amnbnsh fo'r the, wreak; a
feeble 'ontst:tutionl is ill :tdlpted to ileoutn
ter a mlarlicls atmosphere and sudde~n
changes of temoperatur", and the l.est robust
are usually the eaisiest victim. Dr. J. H.
Mcean's Sars;aparilla will otivet tone fital
ity atnd streng'thu to the entire body.,
I)istr-s' afte'r eating, hear tburn, tiek
heoal:uehue, and indi' estiuun 'are enadi byv far.
Jh. 11. .\cLean's liver andi hindny pillets 'lit
of la'situde, hierause the-y think lt hae
to. If they would take 1r. J. 1. McLeanf's;
SarsapparilIla this feelin.g of weariness would
!ve' place to vigor' and vitality.
Tillindizt's List of Perjnri-rs.
C'alpt. Tilhmaan in his Sp.irtanhmurg speech
'sail: "The Legislature of 1S87, elected by
tarmercis, wats hIiimboozled and debauched so
that they. went back on the plel who sent
the-m th.'re. I chrarge thse men with polak
teal p1er'jury. Persontally, T be'lie've they are
''.ntlemten. It is a pazraidoc. but we see it
e-v'ry d. v 'There' is a list of' Senaitors tor
w.~homn 1 Itav.e no r"wnse to mtake. I wanit
dl y.u newspaper men to pubnllisht
thteir name s. Th'eiy wenot b~ack on
are l.i ttn if )eonL-. IUnismt of Chlsto~'t n,
Byr ut of Wtilliiaisburg, Ilfowell of ('.l letont,
hzlar of 01rangelourg, Moor- of* Hlamptart, and
"Smy'.th of Cha leston."
aksmany lives miserable, and often leads to
sefdestruction. Distress after eating, sick head'
ache, heartburn, sour stomach, mental depres
siOnl, etc., are caUsed by this very common and
increasing disease. Hood's Sarsaparilla tones the
stomach, creates an appetite, promotes healthy
digestion, relieves sick headache, clears the
min, ad cresthe most obstinate cases of dys
"I have been troubled with dhyspepsia. I had
but little appetite, and what I did eat distressed
me, or did me little good. In an hour after eating
I would experience a faintness or tired, all-gone
feeling, as though I had not eaten anything.
Hood's Sarsaparilla did mec an immense amount
of good. It gave ame an appetite, and my food
relished and satisfied the craving I had previously
experienced. It rcllcved me of that faint, tired,
all-gone feeling'. I have felt so much better since
I tooh flood's Sarsaparilla, that I am happy to
recommend it." G. A. P'AGE, Watertown, Mass.
N. B. Be sure to get only
Soldbyall druggists. Si; six forg5. Prepared only
byeC. I. HOOD & C(O., A pothectaries, Lowell, Mass.
100 Doses One Dollar
The Stauntoni life Association of Virginia
ofler's a newu plaiu of insurane to the public.
The natural psremima11 plan-Rates 3 per
cent. liwer than thte old line comtpanies
Onie-half the pal icy paid at oild age. Don't
huave to die to win -A safety funid, the inter
est ont which rueduces premitiums --A fixed
time antd amounil~t tor paiymeit. Thme cIim-.
pany is ma~naged by responsiLh-' 1,ninos
mu:n of Viriniat. Ini seven) ye"ars iwtaid
:h1l1,.01 ont 7' deaithIs, and' paidl everyv one
Nvn r ha.1 a lLlawli uit ( toluprotui ed. a
l:oth miles and' fi-mtal's inisiul at same~u'
rat is if healthy antd not ov-er ;u y ears old.
l'uu..re imemin a' all on ori write to
T. M. KEELS, A 4't
MS. si. A. NET-'TLEs.
Very pretty "comfortables" for the
bed may be easily and inexpensively
made of cheese cloth, nun's veiling or
other light material. They have the
advantage of being light and easy to
handle, as well as very warni and com
fortablc; they can also be made of any
size, according to the use to which
they are to be applied-either large
enough for a large bed, or a light cov
ering to throw -over one when lying
down to rest, or as a foot-warmer to
be thrown across the foot of the bed.
The one which I have is intended
for an invalid's use--a light covering
to be adjusted at will on lounge or
bed. It is made of pale blue cheese
cloth, and is two yards long and one
and one-half vards wide. Both sides
are of the same color, though they
may be made of pretty contrasting
shades when preferred. The lengths
are sewed together, and layers of cot
ton placed between the two sides; the
cotton is held in place and the quilt
ornamented by tufts of pale pink
worted-about fourteen pieces of two
iuches in length tied in each tuft
and the edge is finished by a border
crochetted in shells. The worsted
the most expensive item-is nerely
decorative, and "comforts" which are
simply tacked in spots are just as warm
and serviceable, while the edges may
be completed by embroidered scal
lops, feather-stitching, binding, or by
simply turning them in and sewing
Colored outside covers for the bed
are much in use, quite largely indeed,
superseding the while spreads so long
in vogue. Pretty cretonnes and
chin tzes make pretty and effective bed
room draperies, the counterpane be
ing also of the same material. These
are made by cutting a sufficient num
ber of strips of the required length
to make the requisite width after they
are sewed together, and are com
pleted by laying a lieni all around the
But while the bed snreads may be
made thus simply, they may also be
made so as to give ample scope for the
exercise of the decorative talent. A
very handsome quilt was said to have
a foundation of sinple coarse brown
holland. In the centre clusters of
grapes and vine leaves formed a beau
tiful wreath, and the same design was
used for the sides by trailing the vine
pattern all around the quilt. The
embroidery was done in button-bole,
chain, and satin-stitch; the first being
better where the material is to be cut
away, as it makes a finer and more
secure edge; the satin-stiich is appro
priate to fruits and heavy work, while
the chain stitch is best adapted for
outlining, as in the veining of leaves,
Beautifui afghans for baby's crib
may be made by using squares of very
fine flannels, or of wihite empress
cloth or cashmi-ere, and decorating
them with some pure and simple de
sign appropriate to the innocence of
ifancy. Scrolls may also be added,
such as "A~ngels be thy guardl," "Swveet
slunber-s enfold thee," "Holy angels
guard thy bed," etc. After the deco
rations are complete the square is to
be lined with qjuilted satin and bound
ORN.iMENT'AL TWL BACK-A reed,
bamboo, or small, or'di nar-y wallking
stick, either plain or decorated, and
tied by ribbons to twvo brass or plated
hooks set in the wall, makes a most
ornamecntal r-ack for towels, and is far
better for the purpose than hooks, or
the usual r-ack that standsh upon0 the
floor, and is ever- ready t~o upset, be
cause top-be-avy and clumsy'.
.Presents in the aes ac.eont form
THE LAXATlVE ANO NUTPIT:OUS.JUICE
FIGS OF CALIFORNlA,
Combined with the medicinal
virtues of plants known to be
most beneficial to the human
system, forming~ an agreeable
and e-ffective laxative to permna
niently cure Habitual Consti
pat ion, and the manny .ills de
pending on a weak or inactive
condition of the
KIDNEYS, UIVER AND BOWELS.
It is the most excellent remedey known to
CLEANSE TH E SYSTEM EFFE-CTUALLY
wVheni one i' ililious or Constip.ated
PURE BLOOD, REFRE8HIN'C :Ls-.f
HEALTH and STRENdCTH
Every one is using it and all are
deligted with it.
ASK YOUR ORUcCiT FOR
B372E331 O' "IGB
MANUFACTUREO ONLY BY
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRANCISCO, C AL.
JIWuIL LE, KY. NEW YORK. II. ?.
Dr. L B AER,
AlwavskJi :L a ll as~rtm.-nt of eey
tig b'elt nlzing~ to tii- IthE u .insiss. li'
invites orders t rom I rug-gists. Phiysilas,
and Country Mehants. E1v'ry over,.
nieer :nind bow siual, shall have prompt
nil careful attention. P'rices low. Quick
Sales anid Small Profits'
p-'ull stock: r Show CaLiss all sizes, at
C. WULBER & CO.
Flour a Specialty.
Nos. 171 & 173 East Bay' Street,
1H:RLESTOY . C
J. ADGER SMYTH. F. J. PELZER, Special Partner
SMYTH & ADGER,
Factors and Commission Merchants,
)Northa Atlanatic Wliarf,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Liouors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
0mAnras "o>, S. c.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Sal w
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gims, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
Mi1?Rpairs executed wi/h promptness and Dispatch. &ndfor price lis/s.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
CEA '--T O, . .
STAN DARD FERTILIZERS,
AND IMPORTERS OF
"Eure Crermnan "Kainit..
PELZER, RODGERS, & CO., GenerlAgts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CIARfESTON, s. c.
Mn. M. Livr. of Manning, will be pleased to snpply his friends and the public en
,ly, with any of the above brands of Fertilizcrs.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, feed,
241 & 24t; Meeting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CIARLESTON, S. C.
pm"Contracts made for car load lots or less.
Son; BOLLMANN BROTHERS,
, S, Wholesale
157 and 169, East Bay,
I CH ARLESTON, S. C.
___ C. L. HOYT. H. A. HOYT.
Buildng Mteri l.Largest and Oldest Jewelry Store in
ESTABLISHED 1842. SUMTER, S. C.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
w\L skAI}LE i N IETAILDEALEn' IN 1
CHOICE FAMIL.Y GROCERiES, 0
I Lig1iIOPS ail(I Cjal'S.
Stoies, 130 189), and 191 Meeting St., and
118 Market Street, w-e4P3
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Pr ice lists; cheerfully finrnishetd. SpealnrLmpbites rm SO oS2)
attention givena to consignmeants of country Avr ag t~k * liinawi' h
prodnevretsle lae od ae 5
"AROUND THE CONER
SALOON. L~ OSM
Opposite J. Rlyitenaberg & Sons' Grocery on
LIBRT SRET.Sucesr Lamps, be. Fesfom &1 Bto 2.
A verymerge ctoklowhBrtanouacaom, th
Stntean Iwilgurateertyfc bets lve A1led godI md. 5
Lionto ne uidall Fie lquo Goa d Ringl~1s a. FtS Ein ieolocs.
eles. WeNkeep aarolnnaevorythhnsken th
specialy, als fLonesdrink.ices.
AL. W. FELSOM,
Give meracats, 'e )l yu, cioe to
a. sctead tIemsle gteer o s thefac
inP ri to oneeandnall. ie qursoand
: ebt Norith alina fore when- ca n ndFetRzosiAerca
soueaty alo fanuecia gen cyks.l~l
Temerhats, anycansv rdt and oth
upersn menthis pecount haenVn a~r
reorited t hemsencyes tte dfort the UTIGATSXIAL X
pjurposesoThi Ancy~ r~inn ablinst eudadsaigonwthbt
and toe iide iacseveraelarnethitcolaectgon
oeto due Chm hrfred h e aifcin oaycsor.Pro
ever anyxperson shallahave beenere
portd snd sublishd fa se wholinquentITON
coatdebti ane cmecal rept of th
membr otthe genc agreing T he celbates oaall ta ofSwn
v.''~ c ltoan oe hoe a chine aDrugnst adr Meineric, a
:lj~pCways on huch.reportsiuntilomptle-and
ad an ntedby hi Agncy nSAPS PExuE ye workmOn
Allpesos rnnngaccuns rders CIGRy Ai RDil SeEDrfSttn
l. ha leia t nteuse vut eit to a ejs d t t
rote to the Aecy4asprotetn ~ AINCTTIN ANDTILSLX
yeal isa Aency he oestabishedr to etid, an savngoe ih best1P1\~( L
inn atbeast. I hav ht;adcndeal
Hea efipertietnGe L Wn NETEra MgeDiie, dga
~Branc oantateeahacoutsfaet.i onryestomerS. Pa.o