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TRE STATE CAMPAIGN.
THE BIG MEETiNC AT COLUMBIA.
Speeches by Senator Ilampton, Captain
Tillma2 and Other-i -A Horrible Accident
Mars the Eay.
The campaign meetingfor llichland
eame off in Columbia on the 24thinst.
The Greenville News gives the fol
When the parade arrived at the fair
grounds the speakers were greeted
with round after round of cheers. At
first only about a thousand people
were on the grounIds but steady ad
ditions swelled the nauber to near
4,000. Before the hour had arrived
the speakers' stand, which had been
erected in the exhibition ring facing
the main exposition building. as
occupied by about fifty people, nearly
all being representative men of the
Chairman JoLin T. Sloan. Jr., called
the meeting to order and announced
that the proceedings would be opened
with prayer by the Rev. Ellison
Capers. That. reverend gentleman
invoked most earnestly and eloquent-.
ly the guidance and sanction of the
Divine power on all the proceedings
of the day. Chairman Sloan then
ruse and made an appeal to the audi
ence for order and for respectful at
tention for each speaker. He then
presented Senator Wade Hampton,
the grand and great hero who in
peace and war had had the prosperi
ty of his State at heart and had trav
elled four days to reach Columbia to
discuss issues which have a tendency
to the disintegration of the party and
to soil the name of the grand old
When Senator Hampton rose 1'e
was cheered to the echo. Hats went
off and handkerchiefs were waving.,
while from every throat went up some
cry of applause. The band on the
balcony of the main building struck
up "Dixie" and a rebel yell rent the
air, the soul stirring air and harmon
izing cheers blending in a chorus of
welcome to the State's great leader
Senator Hampton stood erect while
the cheering was going on and when
it had sufficiently moderated to allow
him to go ahead commenced his
4peech. He said: "3r. Chairman
and Qellow Citizens of South Caroli
nat: Your cordial greetinghas touched
my heart so dearly thatI can scarcely
find words with which to thank you.
I have come here in obedience to the
ca.l of the executive committee of my
own county-the county whose peo
rplhave given me every honor within
their power and whom I have tried
to serve-to speak on the gravest is
sues which have touched the State
since 76. I have come to consult
what is best to promote the prosperi
ty of the State. I have come to see
what the survivors of 'Y6,whose cour
age redeemed the State from the
znost ruinous rule under which a civ
ilized people ever existed, say we
Senator Hampton said before he
began to discuss the issues he wan
ted to say he concurred heartily in
what the c-hairman had said in open
ing the meeting. He' was ashamed
tobhear that ithad not been done in
some of the meetings. He never ex
peeted to see the day when a South
diamacl& inault John
Bratton, who had lea South Ctro
-niazan'o th-e ja~s of death. Had
-the people forgotten the services of
~such men to the State?
Senator flampton urged against
division in his most earnest mannor
-He considered theihigh tariW the
bane of the farmers and 4 sub
-treasurv bill a humbug 'A said he
>d~aded to hear of ~v ios now
when on :the - Aarof Congress
there wer already iniquitous elec
4ion * - which boded incalculable
7to the State. If the people had
not 13ad self-government they .were
themselves to blame for it. They
-hail not done their duty to the party
and State in electing delegates to the
While Senator Hampton was speak
.ing Colonel Earle arrived on the
Sground and was greeted with a
illd demonstration, interrupting
-Hampton's remarks for some min
- General Bratton was presented
amid wild chering and gave his warn
<ingto the people in no uncertain
terms. He was heard with earnest
4ttention and occasionally interrup
ted with vociferous applause.
When Tilinan was introduced
there was a wild hnzzah from the
cowd in front of the stand,- which
was largely made up of the Edgefield
contingcnt of Timmanites. fHisses
mingled with the chieers indicated
the ~opposition sentiment, which
*Chairman Sloan soon quieted by de
DaThring his speech all sorts of jeers
-were thrown out air'the agitator, but
his pluck seemed to make an inpres
sion on the crowd, and such demon
staonsew less frequent as he
Captain Tifman spoke on the same
questions which have been the body
of his qther speeches and alluded to
the defeats which farmers' conven
tions had met for three suceessive
~years.: gis speech was interrupted
by a~heavf shower which drove the
pe'ople to the main building and
most effectually dampened those on
thi'e stand, where umbrellas were
-raised. On resnmfing Captain Till
eman went on with the charge of bam
-boqzling and debauchery. Captain
Tifllman was questionaed as tohis war
- record. He was urged to give it by
Col. A. C. Haskell.
Tillman: "Iwas too young to be
in the war."
Haskell: "How old were you when
the war ended?"
I-Tillpnan: "I was seventeen years
*old, but I was a paralyzed invalid~
during,. the last six months of the
Before Captain Tillmsn made this
explanation Colonel Haskell stepped
near him to stop the vociferation of
the crowd. TillIman put out his hand
to call his attention. Haskell recoiled
from him with the words, "Dont
Tillman said: "I was not aware
that Col. Haskell's animosity could
go sofarthat he would shrink fromt me
as if I was a poisoned.arrow."
C-olonel Haskell here pointed to his
Tifman said: '-Yes; you were
shot and I honr you for it."
Captain -Tmlman then called on
General Caiirs to bear testimony as
to the services of his brother in the
Geneneral Capers said that Jim
Tilman was color bearer of his regzi
Here the people gre w quite boister
ous and Hampton had to arise and
nCain Tillman's charges of ar-is
tocracy were stronger and more bit
ter than ever. He alludedto the word
ing of the circular signed by Columbia
men whic he read. "Caste against
caste was his quotation. He closed
by saying that allhe had charged had
been explained. but as long as the
other side ke>t up its clamor he
would fight into Charleston on the
same grounds. If he was Governor
he would not be the Governor of a
chss, eity or town but would d6 his
duty regardless of whom he of
Colonel Earle spoke from a buggy
between the stand and building. As
he stood there erect the sun falling on
his elassic features and barea fore
head tie adiration of the peoile
Ishowed itself in a tremendous out
burst of applause. He pursued his
argument in the calm. masterly man
ner which has marked his utterances
from the beginning of the campaign.
His speech was strong and met with
general approval from all who heard
it. When he had finished he was
borne back to the stand on the shoul
ders of some of 'he Sumter men who
came here today.
Colonel Jno. C. Haskell was the
next speaker. His eloquence, so
widely known, failed not of its calling.
He had come to answer the charges
of Tillman, and this he did in so ef
fective a manner that any reasonable
man should have been convinced. He
presented ilgures in abundance to
show the voice the f-rers had in the
State government since 76. Tillman
was not on the stand, notwithstanding
the fact that Haskell had informed
him of his intention to answer his
charges. that he might make good or
The meeting closed with a speech
of E. B. Gary. who was guyed with
the utmost good nature by the audi
ence. He said he had charged no
corruption against the State govern
The Meeting at Edgefield.
-'pecial to the Greenviibe News.)
ArmE, S. C., June 2.-The cam
paign meeting at Edgefield is over
without bloodshed or any violent oc
currence, but it was marked by very
rude and gross behavior on the part
of the Tillmanites, who composed
four-fifths of the meeting.
About one thousand people were
present, including women, children
and negroes Tillman was borne
upon the stage upon the shoulders of
men and seated in an arm chair elab
General Bratton spoke first, briefly.
He was treated with signal dis
courtesy by the young Tillmanites
who clustered thick and close on the
steps of the platform.
Earle spoke second and very ably,
keenly and boldly. The Tillmanites
interrupted and jeered him incessant
ly but he met them with the bravest,
coldest dignity and finally conquered
Tillman spoke third amid inde
scribable demonstrations of enthusi
asm from his followers. His speech
was bold and bitter. He seemed to
enjoy the situation.
Gary spoke amid great cheers.
Crawford was st-ong and was treated
with some show of respect.
Pope made the takig speech of the
day. He was satirical and humor
ous. He was borne from the stand
upon the shoulders of frantic Till
Graydon attemptedito speak and
did speak, amid such gross and un
paralelled rudeness as must forever
be. a g upon the gentility of
Edge~eld. Fadey ~iade a brighj
- ygoriee speecn.
onahnin's speech was very fine and
ge received a very respectable hear
ing. Chairman Norris presided. Ex
Gvernor Sheppard was present on
the stand but did not speak.
Bampton, Butler and Marsha]l
were not present nor were the
The meeting has been a wild and
tumultuous Tillmnan demonstration.
The crowd was not as large as was
expected but all parts of the cou-nty
ARMERS PRESSING THEIR QUESTIONS
Some striking PointM in the Campaign in
RALEIGH, N. 0, June 26.-The
Farmers' Alliance is unquestionably
the greatest factor in North Carolina
Its State secretary sent out, a few
days ago, cards with certain pledges
to be made by all Congressional can
This matter became very promiinent
by reason of the fact that Colonel H
C. Jones, a Democratic candidate for
the Congressional nomirntion in the
sixth district, refused to make the
This caused rauch stir. The Pro
gressive Farmer is the State organ of
the Alliance, and it publishes an edi
toial on Colonel Jones's refusal tc
sign those pledges in which it says:
"We believe that a farmer will gc
from the sixth district to Congress.
If the lawyer candidates are not bet
ter than the methods now being used
to secure their nomination, their elec
tion would be a calamity. Farmers
and all other people in the sixth dis
trict, now is your time to show your
hand. If you want a good farmer in
Congress, you can, by united action,
put him there. If you do not, you
may expect totoil on and grow poorer
every year. Take your choice.
"The above will apply to every dis
trict in'the United States.
-'Now a worQ1 about Colonel Jones.
He says that less than one-third of
the farmers of that district belong tc
the Alliance. That is incorrect.
Nearly all of the intelligent farmers
of the district are members of the
order. The few intelligent ones who
are not members ar-e in sympathy
with it. Hence the Alliance repre
sents the wishes of a majority of the
gocd people of the district."
This editorial shows that the Alli
ance proposes to go actively into the
campaign and make, an issue direct.
A Double Tragedy.
NEw xIu.Gts, June 26-A Picay
une Groverton, Texas, special says:
Great excitement was caused here
last night by the suicide of a beauti
ful young lady, Miss Anna Turner,
daughter of Judge John B Turner,
-and the excitement was intensified
when th'e father took the pistol from
the hands of his dying daughter and
killed Professor Davis. Nothing is
k.ssu as to the cause of the tragedy.
hu.essor Davis came here last March
from Wake Forest College, North
Carolina, and took charge of the
academy at this place. He was a
good looking young man.
-Ex-Secretary Whitney thinks
there will be union on the Demo
cratic ticket in New York this fall.
He told a correspondent in London
that the Democrats can win by unit
ing on William Steinway. There arec
may evidenjces that Steinway ex
pcts the nominstion.
GENERAL NEWS ITEMS.
-Brooklyn's population is 807,000.
-John L. Sullivan pleaded guilty
and was fined 45W0.
--The House has resolved to' dis
cuss the national election bill till
-Lord Tennyson isi spending the
summer at Blacksdowni near Haslo
mere, and is in good health again.
-Physicians sent to rep)rt on the
character of the disease prevailing in
Valencia, Spain, say it is a genuine
-The Prussian Minister of Finance.
Von Scholz. has tendered his resigna
tion, and it has been accepted by the
--.The New York Court of Appeals
has again affirmed the sentence
against Kemmler, the man to die by
-The international prison congress,
which has been in session at St. Pe
tersburg, has finished its business
-Fire broke out in the King's
county penitentiary, N. Y., Monday,
causing a loss of $55,000 to the
county and the contrators.
-The Pennsylvania Republican
Congress nominated Senator Delame
ter for Governor on the second ballot.
The body was bossed by Quay.
-The entire business portion of
Cerillos, N. M., fifty miles north of
Albuquerque. was destroyed by fire
on Monday night. Loss $100,000.
-Sixty freight conductars on the
Chicago division of the Illinois Cen
tral have struck against some new
rules, and paralyzed freight traffic.
--One thousand operative in the
John Capeutt and Tatroon silk mills,
Yonkers, N. Y., went out on Monday
against a reduction of 15 and 25 per
cent. in wages.
-A tug blew up at a dock at the foot
of Van Brunt street, Brooklyn, on
Monday. Captain Squires, the cook,
a deck hand. the fireman and a watch
man on a scow adjoining were killed.
-A train on the Philadelphia &
Reading railroad jumped the track at
Tuckerton, Pa., on Monday, killing
engineer Heller and his brother, his
fireman, and injuring other train
-Chicago's eensus returns give the
city considerably over a million popu
lation and make it a close thing with
Philadelphia for rank as the country's
second city. Chicago has more than
doubled in ten years.
-J. C. Gann, a prominent farmer
of Stokes county. N. C., aged 60 years,
was thrown from a wagon he was
driving last week, and was dragged
about a quarter of a mile. He was
dead when picked up.
-J. W. Delaplaine, of Hampton,
Va., his son and a nephew were
drowned-at Old Point Comfort while
sailing Monday. The son was knocked
overboard and the father and nephew
went over to rescue him.
-Parper Harris. Ed Carr and
Hardy Ballard, colored, and Frank
Brenish, white, werehanged at Mem
phis, Tenn., Tuesday. The white
man was hung alone, as he objected
to being hung with negroes.
-Sara Bernhardt took an overdose
of chloral Tuesday morning, and it!
took four hours hard work by the
doctors to save her life. She is in
the habit of using the drug a' an
opiate, and accidentally took too
--A severe electrical storm passed
the Winston section of North Caro
lina -on Monday. Lightning
struck the residence of Mr-.
JTames GrifBth, near Mt. Pleas
ant church, killing him and two of his
Making Democrats of Negroes.
BIRMNxGEDI, Ala., June 26.-Charles
H. J. Taylor, a negro lawyer of At
lanta, who was minister to Liberia
during the Cleveland administration,
proposes to take the colored voters
over to the Democratic party in a
body. Taylor has perfected a plan
for a convention to be held in Atlanta
next month, to be composed of one:
colored delegate from each State in
the Union. The pm-pose of the con
vention, as announced by Taylor, is
to decide upon the best plan of pre
paring figures to prove to the negr-oes
that they have never received any
favors irom the Republican'party and
never will receive any. In an inter
view with the Sun correspondent to
day Taylor said that he has visited a
number of States, North and South,
in the interest of his plan, and ever-y
where finds most of the educated
and intelligent negr-oes in full sym
pathy with the movement. They be
gin to realize, he says. that they can
never hope to be more than mere vot
ing machines while they remain in
the Republican party, and that their
real friends are the Democrats. Tay
lor thinks fully 1,000,000 negro voters
will vote the Democratic ticket at the
next national election. -
Mr. Mc-Cormick at His Old Home.
Mr. Leander J. McCormick, the
millionaire agriculture implement
manufacturer, has sold out his large
plant at Chicago for over $3,000,000
and retired from business. He is a
native of Rockbridge county, Va..
and has been on a visit to the old
homestead, near Raphine, in that
county, for several weeks. He is
superintending the section of' nine
shafts, which he is placiug over the
graves of his ancestors, buried at the
Old Providence Church. It is stated
that some of the most valued and
highly prized ornaments in his pala
tial parlors at Chicago are cooking
utensils used by his grandmother at
the old home in Rockbridge. He
believes in keeping :dive the memory
of his departed relatives, and gathers
around him everything that will serve
that purpose and remind him of his
The Smokestack Tumbled Down.
AUGoTr, Ga.. June 24.--This even
ing, during a rain and wind storm,
the big iron smokestack at the new
electric railr-oad companysipower
house, toppled over, and crashed
through the roof. Fortunately no
one was caught under it, and the
damage to the machinery was very
slight. The chiney is thr-ee feet
in diameter, eighty feet high and
weighs over five thousand pounds.
One of the anchors in the ground, to
which a guy rope was attached, pull
ed out, causing the accident.
A Short Will.
The following is the will of Judge
Kimmell. of Chamnbersburg, Franklin
county, Pa, It is the shotest ever
placed on record in this coitry: "-I
will. bequeath and devise to my wife.
P. Jane Kimmell, who h-is been
faithful atnd true, all my esta'te what
~oevr and wrheresoever, she to pay
my debts and execute the will. She is
iot to lile any inventory or settle an
A HORRIBLE ACCIDENT
Mars the Campaian 31eetinCat Columbia
Three Men Hurt.
CoI~v,:.1A. June :.- : of the
saddest and most horrible accidents
that have ever happeued was caused
by the premature explosion of a can
non at the fair g-rouilds today just
before the speaking began. The ar
tillery had beei locat- I in the valley
in the rear of the speakers' stand,
and several s dvos had been fired.
W. H. Casson had his fingers on the
vent and a eharge was being rammed
in when a messenger came with in
structions to cease firing. Mr. Cas
son's hand slipped from the touch
hole. the air rushed in. and before
thle men around COuld sthr, there was
an explosion, and they were knocked
aside like so many chis.
Olin Barr of Barr's Landing, fifteen
miles from Columbia, had been load
ing. He was thrown forward as if
by a catapult, and horribly mangled.
Such a spectacle is rarely if ever be
held. The puor fellow's arms were
litterally shot to pieces and his hands
hung by threads.
Through the coagulated blood that
disguised his face could be seen a
deep hollow where an eye ought to
have been. Down to the waist there
were bloody wounds c:using a sick
After being strapped to the boards
he was tenderly removed. and as they
placed him ina carriage the brave fel
low's mangled lips parted. and he
stammered: -Did auyone else get
After being carried down the street
both arms were amputated just be
low the elbow. Both eyes are going.
Lieutenant John M. Stork, one of
the most popular young men in the
city, was also horribly wounded.
Blood ran from his arms like water,
and formed a crimson pool around
him. His right hand was in shreds,
and his face was blackened and
bloody. He was removed to his
home and his right arm was ampu
W. H. Casson was also painfully
injured. Though his left hand was
horribly mangled he thought not of
himself until the other wounded men
had been attended to.
Barr died tonight at 11 o'clock, his
father being present. Casson will
lose the fingers of hs left hand. He
says that he did not take his finger
from the vent, but that they forgot
to swab the cannon.
A WONDER AMONG WOMEN.
The Story of a Georgia W fe Who Did
Not Speak to Her Husband La 30 Years.
Writing from Americus, Ga., a cor
respondent of the Philadelphia Times
says: The death of Mrs. Susan E.
Merrifield, which occurred here yes
terday, revives interest in one of the
most peculiar cases ever known of a
vow of silence made and kept 30
In 1860 MIrs. Merrifield, who, it is
said, was a little woman of a pecul
iarly bright and cheery disposition,
was telling her husband of some oo
currence, when he requested her in a
very surly manner to be silent, ad
ding that the sound of her voice was
hateful to him.
It seems that Mr. Merrifield, while
a good husband in every other way,
was in the habit of venting his dis
pleasure when aroused by outside
matters by ill-humor with his wife
whose good nature usually passed
his testiness by, but on this occasion
she replied that as it was hateful to
him he should never hear her voice
again. And he never' did, nor did
any other person ever hear it, for in
spite of her husband's remorse and
remonstrances from friends and rel
atives, Mrs Merrifield kept her room,
though she continued to act the part
of a good wife and mother, fulfillng
every duty scrupulously. She even
bore three children to her husband
after this vow was taken. When
communication was absolutely nec
essary with those about her she used
a slate, but reduced a language of
signs to such perfection in govern
ing her houshold and children that
it was but seldom that this slate was
It was thought that whenher hus
band died she would resume the use
of her speech, but while she sat by
his dying bed, devoted and loving to
the last, in answer to his suppliea
tions that that she spoke but a word
to him, wrote on the slate with all of
the evidences of grief: "I carnot, I
cannot! God forgive and help me, I
But whether it was that she found
it impossible to break her will and
her vow, or that long disuse had af
fected her organs so that she really
could not use them, could not be ar
rived at, but her family inclined to
the latter belief, for it is said that
while on her own deathbed she made
distinct but ineffectual efforts to
speak to her children, dying with
the seal of silence unremoved from
CXaGO, June 26.-The Republi
cans of the Third Illinois District to
day renominated William E. Mason
to Congress. After he had been
nominated Mason was brought into
the Convention and made a speech on
national issues. Among other things
"We are not going to wave the
bloody shirt, but when they stand in
Richmond and decorate the statue of
the Father of his Country with a
rebel flag, I say that the man who
does it is as much a traitor as any
r ebel w as thirty years ago."
Rattlesnakes in a Colt's Jaw
MONTzUM, Iowa, June 26.--A
mare belonging to Thomas Ballard,
living near this city, gave birth to a
colt that had a lump on its jaw which
prevented it from sucking. The lump
was cut off, and on being opened was
found to contain a lot of small-sized
rattlesnakes. -Mr. Ballard says the
day after the mare was bred she was
bitten by a rattlesnake, but suffered
no serious effect. The question that
puzzles local scientists is by what
means the rattlesnakes were propa
gatca in the colt's jaw.
Transfixed by a Piece of Wood.
NEW XORK, June 2.-J-ohn Hiller,
40 years old, met a strange death to
day in the planing mill at 306-310
Eleventh avenue, where he was em
ployed at work. He was near a cir
cular saw which was in operation. A
sliver of wood was whirled off the
saw. Ithad a sharp point and the
wood passed through Hiller's neck
like an arrow,completely severing the
jugular vein. Huller only lived a few
--Mr. Stanley's wedding will, ac
cording to present arrangements,
take place at Westminster Abbey on
July 32. The ofieiatinmg clergymen
will be the Bishop of Ripon, the Mas
ter of the Temple, and the Dean of
EX-MAYOR COURTENAY'S VIEWS.
His Letter Declining to be a Candidate for
(flte-A Review of Plresentu Conditions.
J. J. HULL, Es.-My Dear Sir: I
recall with pleasure you'r friendly
announcement, on behalf of the citi
zens of Rock Hill, four years ago, and
renewed in 1888, proposing my can
didacy for Gove-nor ofSouthCarolina.
While absent temporarilyin Alabama
last spring I received a copy of your
paper renewing the nomination for
1890. As the evidence of friendly re
gard by the citizens of Rock Hill,
these several mentions of my name
for the executive office have been
bighly appreciated and greatly valued
be me, coming, as they do, from a
comunity in the front rank of pro
gressive South Carolina cities, mov
ing forward on the correct lines of
industrial and business development
-a suggestive example, worthy of
I looked forward to this campaign
as presenting a favorable opportunity
to discuss important party methods
and matters of grave public concern
to the State. Both call imperatively
for reform. The canvass has been
initiated, however, and the issues are
seemingly made up on certain personal
lines. What, in ny humble opinior,
should have invited a temperate di;
cussion by the best thought and ex
perience of our State, has been un
wisely forced into a purely personal
issue, marked by misrepresentation
Disguise it as we may, there are
large questions in South Carolina to
be wisely solved, pressing public mat
ters evolved by the slow growth of
many years, either originating in an
tiquated precedent, or founded in an
imported constitution. To such high
plane this years canvass should have
been raised and might have been ele
vated, but has not been; only an en
forced personal campaign is in pro
gress. Nevertheless,its geaeral direc
tion is toward reform, and the only
proper course now, in my opinion, is
to surround it with every conciliatory
influence and wisest counsel. The
ultimate result cann6t bring harm to
South Carolina, if a prndent manage
ment of the canvass is mutually
agreed upon, with recognition of the
fact that conciliatory language is bet
ter than unmerited abuse.
The excitement of the canvass will
presumably run its course, and the
September Convention will finally
decide for the whole party. Then
will come a season of quiet and rest.
a time for calm reflection, which,
wisely iised, can be utilized to the
benefit of the party and the State.
You are well aware that I have not
at any time been aneactive candidate
for Governor. My position, publicly
stated, has been, that I would take
no step to that end, and yet I have
felt, and have frankly said, that ]
would not decline a service-call whic1i
I felt came from a majority of the
party, in responding to which I migh
Under the circumstances, and it
the present condition of the campaigr
in the State, I would ask that you
discontinue the mention of my name
for Governor in your valued journal
With renewed thanks to my Rocl
Hill friends, whose good wishes]
value, and in the hope that unoff
cilly I may be of use to our party
and people, at all times I am youri
respectfully, Wx. A. CoUaRTEr.
Ch arleston, S. C., June 14.
Caught a Wermaid.
W. W. Stanton, mate of the schoon
er Addie Spaeffer. while fishing fo:
bass three miles of St. Augustine
drew his line and found entanglei
therein the strangest creature ever
caught in the waters of this coast. I1
is about six feet long, pure white and
scaleless. The head and face are
wonderfully human in shape anc
feature. The shoulders are well cut
lined, and much resemble those of
woman, and the breasts areiwell de
nined and show considerable develop
ment, while the hips and abdomei
continue the human resemblance. Ii
has four flippers, two of which are
placed at the lower termination of the
body, and give one the imnpressioi
that nature made all effort to supply
the strange creature with lowerlimibs
When it was drawn on board the
schooner it gave utterance to a low
moaning cry (like the sobbing of
child. M'r. Stanton will present his
mermaid to the Smithsonian Institu
tion.-- Chicago Tribune.
Gen. Rosser's Suggetion.
In a letter to the Richmond (Va.)
Dispatch. Gen. Thomas L. Rosser
writes: "Gen. R. E. Lee, Virginia's
greatest son, has been honored by
the people of the South without re
serve, and a majestic and beautiful
monument has been erected by lov
ing hands to his glorious memory.
At the base of that grand structure
are four reservations-one for Al
bert Sydney Johnston, one for Stone
wall Jackson. one for A. P. Hill, and
one for J. E. B. Stuart. These great.
good and heroic men should be pla
ced at their post around General Lee
at once. Three of them were his
lieutenants, and are inseparably
bound up with him in his military
life, andhe looks lonely without them.
Now, I wish to appeal through the
columns of your paper (which reaches
all Virginians) to the cavalry corps
of the Army of Northern Virginia,
asking that superb command to place
our great general, J. E. B. Stuart,
upon his post with General Lee. I
want the cavalry to do this unaided
by others, and I want every trooper
to give at least a mite. I will start
the subscription with $500." The
Dispatch suggests that the proper
way to carry out this scdheme would
b)e to form an organization and elect
officers, including treasurer to receive
-A boy named Dews performed a
dangerous feat in West Orange, N.
J., the other day. The contractor
for the drain that has been laid to
carry offthe standing water in the
lots on Valley road wanted to de
termine whether or not the dr-ain was
free from obstructions, and offered
the lad a small sum to go through it.
The pipe is 18 inches in diameter, is
laid 8 feet underground, and is 1,200
feet long. The boy accepted the
offer and entered the pipe. Ualf an
hour later he emerged safely from
the other end.
Crops in the South.
The Chattanooga Times publishes
an exhaustive statement regarding
the crops in Tennessee, Alabama and
Georgia. It shows the wheat crop
throughout the entire teriitorv can
vassed to be almost a complete fail~
ure-. Corn. cotton and tobacco ar-e
in splendid condition, the yield
promising to exceed that of last year.
Of fruits there is half a crop. Gras
ses of all kinds are good. The busi
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
-New York city's population by
the new census is on-r 1.00,000.
-Se-cretkry Blaine ia~d to bitterly
criticize and ridiCule i McKinley
-The Duke of Orleans gained
several pounds in weight during his
-It is afact of inte?rest that Strauss
the groat composer of vadtzes, does
not waltz himself.
--R-v-. Dr. Phillips Brooks will take
no vacation, but will preach in his
Boston church every Sunday this
-The population of the Ditrict of
Columbia. by this census, is 228,160
aguist 177,624 in 1880.
-In the Georgia race for Gover
nor Hardeman has, so far. Houston's
four votes. Northern has Lee, Han
cock and Gwinnett-ten votes.
-The wealthiest man in Alabama is
probably Josiah Morris of Montgom
ery. He has a fortune of $3,000,000
that was made for the most part
from operations in real estate.
-Pierre Lorillard, whose brief ca
reer has been most remarkable, is in
the prime of life, with a strong and
robust figure, and a ruddy complex
ion. The annual expenses of his
stables have sometimes reached the
sum of $250,000.
-Some statistican has figured out
that for the annual nourishment of
15,000,000 cows and 12,000,0c0 horses
there are needed 30,000,000 tons of
hay, 90,000,000 bushels of cornmeal,
the same of oatmeal, 275.000,000
bushels of oats, 2,000,000 bushels of
corn, at a cost of $450,000,000.
- The exposition at Ottumwa, Ia., ir
September next is to be held in an
immense coal palace, as representa
tive of the great mining industry ol
this section of the State. It will
have an average width of 130 feet, o
length of 200 feet. It will be the fin
est exhibit of black diamonds eve
seen on the continent.
-An English gentleman who diet
recently left the bulk of his fortun
to Rev. Mr. Spurgeon. He had sev
eral relatives ill provided for, and th<
trustee decided to put their case be
fore the preacher. The result wa
that Mr. Spurgeon put the propert:
in their hands for distribution amon,
the needy relatives of the testator.
-An ear of corn on exhibition a1
San Louis Obispo, Cal., is describei
as being in the exact form of a hu
man hand; the wrigt, palm, thumi
and fingers being all perfect. It ii
covered with small grains tonex thi
tips of the fingers, which are bar,
prongs of cobs, giving the hani
the appearance of being clad in I
-The population of New York i:
1,615,303, according to the estimat
of the health department for las
week. The population of Brookly3
is estimated at about. 850,000, s<
that the two great towns have abou
2,500,000 inhabitants. The Smx
thinks the actual enumeration no
going on will probably show a resul
only slightly different.
-An Indiana Republican, writinj
to the Cincinnati Commercial Ga
zette, says a very uneasy feeling pre
vails in that State, something simi
lar to that in 1879, when the Demc
crats scooped the deck and capture<
eight Congressmen out of thirteer
He says if something is not done o>
the tariff question to placate the peo
ple, it looks as if the old machin<
wudgo to smash.
-The prospectus of a now trans
continental railroad, to start at Not
folk, Va., and run in a straight lin
across the country, has been issued a
Washington. Virginia,;. Tenneese4
Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas. Ii
dian Territory and Texas are to b
traversed. According to the pro:
pectus, a preliminary surveyhas beel
made and elaborate calculations sho'
that the whole project is to cos
-Women ball players are havin;
troublous times tis season. Il
Chicago the members of two fern
nine nines were badly left in the lure]
by their financial manager, who die
appeared with the receipts at the en<
of the first of a proposed series o
games. In Danville an entire clul
was swept away into cold cells b;
the unfeeling members of the Civi
Sabbath Observance Association wh<
objected to the defeat of the Dan
ville Browns on the Lord's Day.
-A float bridge leading from th<
steamer to the landing stage at Si
Joan, in Brest, collapsed Wednesd:
mornirg and hundreds of person
were thrown into the sea. Seve:
bodies have been recovered and man,
persons are still missing. Divers are
engaged in the search for othe:
-For nine months past constan
complaints have reached the chief c
postoffice inspectors at Chicago of th<
loss of checks, postal orders, money
etc., while in transit between Counci
Bluffs and Davenport, Iowa. Th<
total face value of the mail matter i1
over $500,000. Two arrests havy
-A St. Paul, Minn., delegatio1
waited upon Superintendent of th<
Census Porter, and complainei
against the mannaer in which the cen
sus was conducted in Minneapolis
asserting that the population had
been fraudulently swollen. The:
asked for a recount. Superintendeni
Porter's remarks were hardly satis
factory to the visitors.
-The South Carolirm Poultry and
Pet Stock Association has adopted
resolutions denouncing the action o:
its Greenville members in applying
for a State charter, petitioning the
Secretary of State not to allow the ap
plicants to steal the name, and expel.
ling B. F. Perry, S. T. Lea, G. L.
Conner and A. H. Kohn for conduct
unbecoming officers and members.
The offence of the Greenville mem
bers appears to consist in the orga
nization of an association on their
TXobacco Culiure in Norm Carolina.
As an evidence of how the culture
of toba~co has increased in Nash
county, N. C., where the culture was
introduiced in 1884, a local paper
states that one thousand tobacco
barns have already been erected in
that county, and that many more will
be erected before the crop matures.
Many of the f'armers of that section
have cleared from $300 to $400 an
acrE on their tobacco. figures which
are rarely ever equaled anywhere.
-There is a tie-up on the Illinois
Central railroad in Chicago, on ac
count of a strike of the conductors and
switcbmen. The mecn say the strike
will e-xtend over the whole system.
The demand of the men is the dis
missal of an obno ious superintendl
Laying by Cotton.
When should cotton receive its
last plowing? _N absolute rule can
be hdd dovwu--L,,en l depends on the
character of the seasun. much on the
nature of the land. and something on
the degree of maturity of the crop.
We may say broadly that plowing
promotes growth. If cotton has at
tained size enough (two to three feet
in height) and frequent rains encour
age farther growth, it does not need
the plow on that score. It may need
it on account of weeds and grass, but
at this late day it ought not. The
crop ought by this time be so clean
that it may safely be let alone, but if
it is not, it is better to sweep it over
lightly again. But Let it be borne in
mind that plowing in the later stages
of the crop may do harm as well as
good. Cotton will not bear the cut
ting of its rocts. In the latitude of
middle Geoigia, it is rarely necessary
to plow cotton after the last of July.
The crop is then fruiting rapidly, and
nothing should be done to promote
growth; for fruiting and rapid growth
are, to a great extent, inconsistent
with each other.
The character of the landis another
factor in the matter. Damp bottom
lands. where the conditions for
growth are ever present, must be
laid by sooner than uplands if planted
as early. The objective point on
such land is to moderate, not pro
mote, growth, and finally to reduce
it to a minimum, so that fruiting may
be substituted for it. Such lands
should be laid by as early as possible
consistent with the crop being clean.
Instead of loosening up the soil, let it
alone that it may get compact and
alsorb less rain water and dry of
more rapidly after rain. This wil
promote the ripening and opening o:
the bolls. There is no trouble i3
making bolls on bottom land-th<
trouble is getting them to open. II
very rank cotton on such land it iE
not only good policy to lay by early
so as to promote maturity, but it ma
be advisable sometimes to break-th<
stalks half way down, and thus forci
bly check their growth.
Of course late planted cotton wil
have to be laid by earlier than tha
planted in advance of it. But in thii
case it is often still more importan
r to arrest growth promptly becaus<
such cotton is more liable to be cu
off by frost. No cotton will bea
plowing with profit later than th
10th of August, except in regions fa
south, were warn growing weathe
runs into November. Upon th<
whole it is better to lay by too earl:
than too late, but to do this the crol
must be wll. cultivated and entirel:
clean. Now is the time to get it ix
such condition that it may be laid b:
early with safety and profit.-W. I
Jones in Atlanta Constitution.
Where the Rain Never Ceases.
Mr. D. R. Parkman tells of a curi
ous phenomenon in Chattahooche(
county, Ga.. a place where rain fal
perpetually. The spot -is located oz
a little knoll in a thin wood on th(
Shipp place, two miles from Thad
M1r. Parkman says the discovery wa
first made last Thursday, and tha
rain has been falling steadily on th(
knoll sinee that time. The downfal
- covers a space of fifty feet square
- The space is perfectly yet and th
- leaves on the ground are full of ws
l ter. Mr. Parkman says he visite<
.the place with Mr. G. A. McBryde a
a noon Tuesday. There was not
- cloud to be seen in the sky, and th
a leaves everywhere, -except on th
square, were as dry as tinder. "
..Istood with the space between me an
.the sun," said Mr. Parkmnn, "an
esaw the raindrops coming steadil;
tdown from the sky. I held out m;
~handk-erchief and it was soon sature
~- ted with water." Mr. Parkman say
ethat everybody who hears about th
phenomenon is skeptical, but tha
Sthe many who have visited the plac
Sin the last few days have gone awa
tconvinced. No onie has offered a~
explanation of the mysterious rait
fall. Mr. Parkman suggests tha
some powerful unknown substanc
2attracts the moisture from the atmoi
Grady on Advertising.
Years ago when Henry W. Grada
was struggling to bring the Rom
Commercial into the front rank, he
1called one day and asked the Rour
Ssaville Brothers for an advertisement
Mr. J. W. Rounsaville replied: "Why
Grady nobody reads your paper, it i
of no use to advertise in it." A hap
Spy thought suggested itself to M2
Grady. ile went to his office and wrot,
Sthe following 'advertisement, whi
Sappeared next morning in the Coin
1mercial: ',Wanted fifty cats, libera
Sprice for the same. Apply to Rouzn
rWell, the picture that presente<
itself at Rounsaville's corner nex'
Smorning beggars description. Boyl
Sof all ages and sizes, boys of all tint;
from the faixr-harred youth to-the sa
ble Ethiopian, bare-foot boys an<
jragged boys, redheaded boys, freck
led faced boys, town boys and coun
try boys, boys from all parts o
Floyd county, blocked up the side
walk, doorways and street with bag:
ful-of cats-cats of every descriptior
name and order-house cats, yari
cats, barn cats, church cats, fat cats
lean'cats, honest cats and thievisi
-cats. Well, to make a .long stor3
short, the Rounsavillest told Mr.
Grady to reserve a column for theji
advertisement as long as his papei
continuedi. and that was just whal
-Grady wanted.-Rome Tribune.
Mfrs. Winslaw WinthropBlueblood
"Show me something in gloves, please.
something suitable for evening wear.'
Miss Mamec Chawgum (salesday at
glove counter:) "Oh, something fo2
evening wear, did you say, lady? How
would you like these?"
Mfrs. Blueblood: "They seem hard.
ly suitable for evening wear, and
Miss Chawgum: "Beg pardon,
ma'n, but I have a pair just like
thema and I wear mine to parties and
bails and receptions of all kinds andI
can assure you that they are just the
caper for evening wear."-Detroit
The Harrison Cottagre.
Mrs. Harrison has received a deed
to a cosy cottage on the sea and
claims that she does not know who
gave her the present. The very fact
that the gift is covered up by secrecy
is sufficient reason why she should
decline to accept it. It would have
weakened President Han ison much
less if the donor had made to him a
straight deed openly and above board.
-Galveston (Texas) News.
-President Mienendez, of San Sal
vador, died suddenly Sunday night
during a banquet given to commem
orate his accession six years ago. In
the ensuing excitement General Mar
tial and several other officers were
killed. Gen. Carlos Ezeta is now in
Barnwell County Race Troubi
NEW YoRx. June 28.-A special
the Sun from Columbiq. S. C.,
there i:; troulei between the
nea:r .lan berg. Blarn well county.
Saturday five negroes went ilshing
a boat owned by a wlite man,
they had been ordered not to use
When the negroes returned, th
were set upon by the whites and
beaten. In the fight. a white man
was severely injured. On Tuesday
night, Robt. Kearse and a number of
fnends went to thehouse of the negro
who appeared to be the leader of the
party. The negroes were in ambush
near the house, and fired on the
whites, wounding eight of them, none
dangerously, however. The negroes
then fled. It is feared there will be
more trouble over the mitter.
An Important Engagement to Keep.
The traik for Cleveland was pul
ling out and had gained considera
ble headway, when there came a
whiz and the sound of splitting wind
as a man with a tall silk hat crushed
down on his ears dashed through
tLe gates. He carried two big va
lises, but they were apparently as
light as feathers, for they did not
interfere with his mad rush after
that train. He fairly flew along the
platform, and the brakeman on the
car was so busy looking at a girl in,
the window of the National Hotel,
that he did not see him. The crowd
yelled and whooped. "Get there,"
old man!" "Pul for it hard!" "You'll;
make it if you don't fall dead!" and-a
hundred such aggravating remark&
The man made a heroic effort, but
he didn't have the legs, and the bra
man didn't see him; thus he missed
the train. He came siewly back fo
the gates, put down his grips, mop
ped his face and remarked:.
"Well, I' be blowed." He didn't
say blowed, but let it go at that.
"Had a lively run," suggested
meek and lowly gateman.
"Rather. Just my luck, tho
to miss that train. Why, Iwot.
have missed that train for $50.'.
"Where were you going?" once
more asked the gateman with the
ginger colored whiskers.
"Lafayette. And I have an im
portant engagement there tonight.
"Well, you can keep it."
"The train you were chasing goes
to Cleveland. The Lafayette train
don't start for eight minutes yet.
There it stands."
The drummer didn't say a word.
He gathered his grips and clibmed
aboard the car, while the faintest bit
of a smile hovered about the meek
Iand lowly gateman's chops.-Iadian
r apolis News.
He: "Won't you marry me, dear?
I have plenty of money."
She: "Yes; if I married you peo
ple would say it was just for your
7He: "Then, am I to believe that, if
I was poor, you-"
She: "No, decidedlynot. Because
then they would call me a fool for
marrying you."-Lawrence Ameri
. one Thing he was Abe toRecalL.
Lawyer (after persistent inquiry:)
-"You say you cannot recall the
Witness: "I canft, sir."
Lawyer: "Your recalling faculty
isn't very good, ehi?"
Witness: "Possibly not, sir."
Lawyer. "Is there anythin you
~Witness: "I can recall anoth oc
casion on which I was questi ed a
i great deal by a lawyer whokn very
Trains StoppedbyCaterp' .
An aunyof caterpillars 8 ck the
New Brunswick railroad W y
r below Fredericton, N. B., co ring a
i distance of half a mile and dering
- the rails so slippery that the wheels
L of the locomotives and cars evolved
e without progressing. The Iappear
e ance of these pests so earli in the
season indicates, it is feared, an
other such plague as that of twelve
-On the afternoon of the 17th a
valuable mule belonging to Mr. W.
Lee Youngblood, who lives about
four miles northeast of Yorkville, was
struck and killed by lightning. Johzm
Davis, a colored [man, was plowing
Swith the mule at the time. The
mule was killed instantly by the de
'scending bolt, and the cotored man
' was thro~wn about ten feet from the
plow, but sustaindno injury.
-That country editors are some
times very busy men is evidenced by
the following editorial paragraph
from a recent issue of the Waitsburg
(Wash.) Times: "When we returned
from dmnner on Tuesday we found a
piece of paper sticking into the key
hole of our office door, on which were
written these words: "Been here
twice to subscribe for the Times, but
failed to fid you in. Send it to me
and I will hand you the $2 the next
time I am in town." We very much
regret being absent when the writer
called, but, Great Scott! we can't take
money all the time. We've got to
take time to eat."
-Warren Leland, of Chicago,
makes startling accusations of cor
ruption and fraud in the matter of
the Lake Front Park in'that city, and
involving the World's Fair site con
iroversy. He declares that he was
offered $1,000,000 to be silent, and
says the matter involves corruption
greater than that of the Tweed ring.
-A cat may look at a king, but is
is not safe for a Bavarian citizen to
stare at a military officer. At Ingol
stadt a prominent merchant looked
so intently at a lieutenant of infan
try as to attract the' attention of
the latter, and he, fancying himself
insulted, attacked the transgressor
and beat him over the head with his
sword. The lieutenant narrowly es-,
caped being lynched at the hands of
the irate citizens, and it seems a pity
too, as a little rough handling might
have been good for him in various
-Capt. R. F. Colb, the Allance
man, who came near securing the
Democratic nomination for Governor
of Alabama, is now understood to be
a candidate for the United States
Senate to succeed Hon. Jarmes L.
Pugh. He. will probably make the
race a lively one.
The Christian Union, alter a care
ful study of the negro g' enion, has
reached the conclusion taa~t "nowhere
on the globe are there any other 7,"
000,000 colored people so well off as
the 7,000,004) colored people of the
Southern States " Nobody would en
dorse this sentiment wvith more em
phasis than the 'verage negro who
tries to "get along" in the Norther n