Newspaper Page Text
VrOL. VI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1890. NO. 30.
'1 IE STATE CAMPALGN.
THE CANDIDATES CONTINUE TO AD
DRESS TnE PEOPLE.
A Large Meeting t Winnsboro in General
Bratton'S Coun. y saue Acco.nt of the
Abjut 1,500 people were present,
including many neg.1oes. The meet
ing was called to order by County
Chairman H. A. Gaillard, who made
an appeal1orrder and a respectful
hearing for all tjhe speakers. As
soon as he finished there was gen
eral cheering for Bratton and Till
The exercises were opened with
prayer by the Rev. Herbert Jones.
General Bratton was the first
speaker of the day. He spoke very
briefly, but his remarks were punctu
ated all through with .vociferous ap
plause. He repeated his former warn
ingS and emphasized them. He also
renewed his attack on the present
federal administration, as oppressive
to the farming interests. He begged
of his people a courteous hearing for
ther speakeis, saying they only main
taned their self-respect by being
courteous to others.
Colonel Earle, who was the next
speaker, was greeted withloudcheers
and throughout iis speech was lis
tened to with respect and attention
except one or two attempted inter
His speech was very aggressive.
He said the State Government had
been charged with extravagance and
corruption. He said the report was
that Capt, Tillman only paid $43 in
taxes on 1,800 acres of land and other
Tillman said that was State taxes.
Earle said the report said all.
Tillman said it was a lie.
Colonel Earle said the railroads in
Edgefield county were returned at a
low valuation and Tillman was a
member of the board of equalization.
The railroads were compelled to make
returns under oath, though Gary
said they did not.
Tiliman said he didn't think the
county board of equaliztion had
anything to do with railroad r.
turns. Earle said under the law they
Colonel Earle defended the agri
cultural bureau and cited the benefits
arising from the establishment. He
mentioned the Abbeville proposition,
to have experts to examinethe affairs
of the department. Tilman had
said he believed Butler *was an hon.
est man. He thanked God he had
made him acknowledge the honesty
of one man against whom he had
made charges and if that was all
he accomplished he felt his canvass
of the State had not been in vain.
Earle accused Tillman of slander
ig the State and read from an ar
ticle published in The Cottox Plant.
Tillman had in this slandered every
officer the State has had since '76.
He went chrough the institutions of
the Shell manifesto and platform
and assailed the objectionable points.
He asked Gary how he got on the
Gary said he was tendered the
nopination by Shell.
Colonel. Earle spoke of the pri
mary and alluded to the rejected
proposition at Union. He closed amid
When Captain Tillman was pre
sented there.was perfect pandemon
ium- Tillmian said it was the most
impartial crowd he had seen except
in Columbia. All the candidates~had
been received so warmly. He said it
was the fourteenth county. he had
been in and there were more Brat
ton and Earle men here than all the
others put together.
Tillman was continually interrupted
by tne noisy Wrangling of the crowd.
The spirit of the anti's seemed to
be to listen, but the two sides wran
gled so among themselves that it was
almost imoiossible to hear.
Finally ~Tillman saidhe had twenty
two more speeches to make and he
would not be howled down by a'mob.
A voice cried out, "get down."
Tilman said, "all right, sir, Trl get
down," and took his seat.
The intensest excitement followed
this incident and anything like order
was impossible. One man walked
up on the stand, shook hands with
Tillman and said he was a Bratton
man atflrst buitnow he was a -Till
-manite "from hell to breakfast."
A prominent Bratton man said it
was ~only righteous idignation for
the treatment of Bratton at Laurens.
After five minutes of confusion
thrice confounded Tillman again
proceeded and was heard with re
spectfuf attention till the close of his
He rehearsed the charges of the
campaign and endeavored to defend
the ac ion of the Miarch Convention.
He said he was the head of the ticket
and the only man suggested by the
organization and if he was elected it
would be one time the head would
wag the dog. He would not allow
the lawyers on his ticket to dictate his
He said he would carry all the
counties in the State except five or
six, and the people were goingto have
a Governor Tillman in spite of them
selves. In alluding to his prospects,
he said he knew ..of only one thing
which could beat him. It would be
for the News and Courier to turn
over and advocate him for Governor.
The people would then say he had
sold out. He charged many imposi
tions and extravagances of the State
government, naming the cost of the
penitentiary, the experiment stations
and agricultural bureau, and giv
ing the figures of the reports of
the cost of the Agricultural Depart
Earle renewed the proposition to
have an expert to examine the de
Tilhnan said he would make no in
vestigations till he was Governor.
Tilman read a letter of Senator
Woodward accusing him of assaulting
the State Government.
Woodward denied the charge em
phatially. Another episode seemed
imminent. Woodward said there
were Tilma'nites on the, stad with
their hands on their pistd . James
rrmnsnf ogesa Tillmnan,
construed the remark as applying to
himself and some hot words passed
but all was quieted in a few moments
:wd Tillman closed his speech.
Pope, Gary and Crawford, Farley,
Rice and rownsend followed with
The meeting showed a decided
Tillman sentiment. There were two
or three fisticuffs. Beyond that and
the vociferations of the crowd, gen
erally the ncting tras good natured
in the extrem2. C. n. S.
(S e- )a tite Reg-ister.)
YORKVILLE, July 2.-About 1,500
people were present at the campaign
meeting today. General Bratton
was the first speaker, and made a
short but earnest plea for the unity
of the Democratic party, pointing out
the dangers of divisions.
His speech was about the same as
that delivered at other places. He
was loudly cheered and made a good
Colonel Earle followed and was
vociferously cheered. He demanded
that Tillman prove his charges against
the State government..
He proceeded to dissect the Till
man platform, but vhea in the most
interesting part the stand gave way
by too many crowding upon it, and
the speaking had to cease till it could
Resuming, Colonel Earle pinned
Tillman to the wall on his charges,
Lnterrogating him frequently, and in
each instance Tillman either evasive
y or indirectly replied.
Colonel Earle was listened to with
marked attention and concluded. his
5peech amid cheers.
Colonel J. C. Haskell w as next in
roduced, but it was fully half an
our before he could get to speak.
rhe crowd shouted and yelled that
e should not speak as he was not a
andidate and had no business here.
Colonel Haskell boldly stood his
round and vowed he would stand
;here till the sun went down but
hat he would speak. Here Captain
illman advanced and asked for
Dolonel Haskell to have a hearing,
>ut the crowd continuedto yell, when
dajor Hart, the County chairman,
;aid that Colonel Haskell should
peak or he would adjourn the meet
Finally quiet was restored and
Dolonel Haskeli made a briet but hot
peech, scoring Tillman and the
Right here let it be stated that
ere was a preconcerted plan to
,owl Haskell down. But it Eignally
Captain Tillman was then intro
luced and made a speech, covering
,bout the same ground as in his
He repeated his charges of perjury,
md harped on the italicized fertili
.ers and the taxthe farmers had to
Here Colonel Earle made him
eknowledge that he once said: "Put
n an additional 50 cents tax, the
Farmers would never know it."
Referring to the charge of perjury,
)olonel Earle asked him if he was
nade Governor would he open the
south Carolina College to blacks and
Captain Tillman replied. "No."
Colonel Earle: "Would you not be
ommitting perjury under the Con
titution not to do it?
Captain Tillmaa:, "ill stick to the
onstitution as you fellows have been
Colonel~arle: "Then you would do
ust what you are abusing others for
Colonel E. B. Gary n~ spoke, his
emarks being directed 1o the farm
rs to rise and assert their rights.
General Y. J. Pope followed in the
Hon. E. G. Graydon made a good
peech in defense of the State, and
howed where every dollar of the
state's money went.
Hon. H. L. Farley closed the
peaking with a humorous speech.
As the time had arrived for the de
arture of the train for Lancaster
Ressrs. Crawford, Mayfield and Mar
shall were deprived of speaking.
The crowd seemed to be for Till
an, but by a close majority.
~With the exception of Colonel Has
kell's interruption the crowd was
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS.
--Col. Robert Aldrich of Barnwell
contradicts the statement that ho
wants to be Attorney General.
-The board of visitors of the Citadel
academy has :determined to omit
this year' s encampment, on account
the recent sickness among the cadets
and the possibility of exposure.
-Albert Rhett, the twelve-year
old son of Col Jno. T. Phett of Co
lumbia died on Tuesday, of lockjaw
brought on by a woiind in the foot,
given in climbing. A tree a jagged
twig entered the sole.
--On Monday an ox which belong
.ed to J. Land Scruggs of Greenville
county, which was tied up to a tree
in the horse lot, was struck by light
ning and killed instantly.
-On Sunday night, during a very
severe thunder storm, the store of A.
M. & J. L. Lopex, at Coosaw, was
struck by lightning and set on fire.
The entire store and the stock were
-James Fortner, living near Ma
rietta in Greenville county, commit
ted suicide early Monday morning
by cutting his throat with a razor.
He had been insane for three days
and killed himself a few minutes af
ter his attendants left him.
-A prominent member of the Co
lumbia bar, who has investigated
the matter, furnishes the News and
Courier with the following informa
tion: "The Supreme Court of South
Carolina presents a most remarkable
record. For thirteen years Justice
Mver has not been absent a single
hour from his seat upon the bench.
In eleven years Justice McGowan
has been absent one day by reason
of personal indisposition. Chief Jus
tice Simpson in ten years has been
absent one-half of one day by reason
of sickness in his family. Except
where a case has been ordered to be
Ireargued, no case has gone over an
other term, but the decree has been
pronounced before the next term
HOW IT FEELS TO BE SHOT.
An Old Soldier Tell HiM Experience with
A Cofrederate Ball.
A Rhode Island soldier, Lieut. Goo.
B. Peek Jr., in his story of a "-Recruit
Before Petcrsburg," describes the ex,
poriences and observations when first
under fire. Ile felt curious, he syi to
see how men behaved in such circuim
stances. They took all manner of po
sitions, and was especially amused to
observe how sonic of them -'1
their heads as the bullets flev. paz.
But all at once ' 'whit" sped a billet by
his own car, down went his own head,
and he laughed no more at iNs com
rades. The enemy proved to be too
strong for them and a retreat was or
I had reached the foot of the hill
when I felt a dull blow in the neigh
borhood of my left hip. I realized that
I was shot, and was at once curious as
to the amount of damage. I looked
down and saw that the hole was too
fa.r to one side to implica'e the groin.
Forgetting a possible severed artery,
I threw my weight on my left leg and,
finding no bones broken, began to
laugh as the ludicrousness of the affair
flashed upon me.
"Yon're never hit till you run," was
my first reflection, and my second:
"Three weeks, lacking one day, and
in the hospital! Such is glory."
Do you want to know how it feels to
be shot? Ask your brother to stop in
to the vard sonic bright February day
when the water is running freely in
the streets, scoop a handful of snow
from the top of the nearest bank, spat
it once only with the hand at right
angles, and hurl with ordinary force
from a distance of twelve feet. The
dullT spreading sensation will be suffi
I got across the creek, and after
trudging on a spell, using my sword
for a cane, I found myself directly in
front of Capt. Allen's battery.
At the rear of this I began to inquire
for the hospital, and finally had a little
farm-bouse pointed out to me. Twenty
rods this side I met a couple of the am
"Let us assist you," they said.
"No, I can walk."
"But let one of us take your arm."
I co:isented and started; but the two
men had to hold me up for the rest of
Near the house they laid me on the
grass, and oie of then) , ent for a sur
"Where are you wounded?" he asked.
I showed him.
"Let me examine it."
"To see if a bone is broken."
"Well let some one hold my hands."
An attendant held them, and the
surgeon explored the wound with his
finger-at least he said he did; I felt
"Lieutenant, you have had a very
^I am perfectly well aware of it."
He took my silk handkerchief, rinsed
It thoroughly in cold water, and laid
it en the double wound. That was
all the drossing it _ received for three
The next thing I knew I didn't know
much of anything. I was winking and
trying to open my eyes. Soon I dis
covered tree branches and men wear
ing caps. I opened my eyes a little
wider; hearing returned to my ears,
nd the cannon's roar restored me to
myself again. Thus it was I scraped
aquaintance with the dogs of war.
a 'raIsing Crow.
The family of Mr. William Scar
borough, who live at Randolph's grove,
have had in their possession for some
time a v'ery curious, and, it might have
been, a valuable pet. It was a com
mon crow, as black as any of its fel
lows, and just as noisy, but it had this
distinguishing feature, it could talk.
The crow was captured while yet in its
infancy from the nest by the Scar
boroughs and raised by them. It 'was
taught to sing a more civilized song
than the mere cawing of~the crow and
could speak several words vety dis
tinctly. Its common habit was to
pe rch'Itself In a tree not far from the
huse and offer passers by the uncere
monious salutation of "Get out, dogs,"
and other sayings equally startling. Its
articulation was remarkably distinct,
and at first notice could not be dis
tinguished from the human voice. The
crow was a great pet, as pet crows are,
and, though it lived near the woods,
never staid from its adopted home
longer than a few hours at a time. It
would sometimes go visiting to tho
neighbors but always returned home in
The death of the crow happened
recently, and it was remarkable as its
life. It had been mi'ssed from the
place two or three days and, althoug~h
search was made for it, it could not be0
found. At last it was discovered in a
well, where it had fallen. In its at
terpt to get out it would strike the
windlass, and so be forced down again.
Mr. Scarborough's family mourn the
loss of their net very much, as it was
a very socialile companion, and, as it
was very well known throughout tht
vicinity, is missed by the neighbors as
Two Instances of Luvk.
"Speaking of luck," said Senator
Vest to a Washington Post writer, "I
will tell you a story to whbich another
man in this comnp any can bear witness.
One day, while I was in Richmond as
a member of the Confederate Congress,
I lost a roll of money, my pay for the
mont-h, somewhere in the street on my
way from the War Office to the hotel.
I called a few fellows together and
went on what seemed to be a hopeless
quest through the dimly-lighted and
snow-covered streets. The chanes~
were a thousand to one against suo
cess; but we hadn't been out fifteen
minutes before a young Lieutenant who
who was in our party stooped down
and pick up the money. We all talked
about our friend's good luck--but see
how quickly fortune can turn another
face. 1 was in high glee and wvanted
to treat. The searching p)arty now
went in search of a place of refresh
ment, but it wns after midnight and it
was a good while before we found a
place open. At length, however,.w
were piloted to a saloon to which,
p ending some repairs, access wvas had
from the street only by a ladder of
about a dozen rungs. We all climbed
up, considering it a lark (I was a good
deal younger in those (lays), and aftei
having some refreshment climbed oul
again. Would you believe it? Th4
lucky fellow who had founid my mnone)
missed his footing. fell. anid in that fal
of ten or twel'e feet broke his nec1
and was instantly killed.
Miss Pauncefote, the eldest daughte
of the British Minister at Washington
has done much, by her personal exam
pe, to make walking a fashionabl
awell as a Capital pastime among th
irls f that~ iy
STATEMENTS CONCERNINC THz COST
OF THE GOVERNMENT.
John C. IaskelI's Speech in Columbia-The
F.rimers' Actual Proporti( n of the 0111ces
and Legipl-tive Power, Population and
Ladies and my fellow-citizens: I
come before you to-day asking no
di6ce at your hands. I am here in
a to a call made against our
mother state, to tell you the upon
the matters under discussion in this
I came here to-day thoughmy busi
ness called me away, to meet face to
face this man who claims to be the
Moses of the farmers; to question
him as to the truth of the charges he
has made against this State and her
people: to prove to him to his face
that his charges are false, and now I
find that he has gone. (Laughter
and applause.) I gave him notice,
for I called on him to stay here to
answer and to make good his charges
against the people of this State, or
here, in the face of South Carolinas,
to acknowledge that he had spoken
falsely. But he answered that he
would not stay, and in fact he has
gone. (Derisive cheers.)
There can be no denial about the
fact tnat he has arrayed class against
class,and men who have stood side by
side in the war, and who lived under
and redeemed themselves from the
worst government the world ever
saw, up to the redemption of 1876.
His claim to the governorship is
based solely upon the |grave char.
ges agaidst men who have d-riven to
support us and our State since that
redemption. He has arraigned the
Legislature and indicted it for ex
travagance and corruption and for
the suppression of the rights of the
I propose to give him and you
some figures to sustain my position
and as a complete answer to his
charges against our people and gov
ernment. They may be tedious but
they are necessary. From 1876 until
the present day there has been no
Legislative Assembly which had less
than 12 majority of farmers over all
other classes of representatives from
the State. The largest majority of
farmers was 28 in 1878 and the small
est was 12 in 1884. Now, I challenge
any man in his senses to answer me
how could the farmers have been
wronged or ruled by rings when they
had a clear majority in every Assem
bly since f876?
vpw, as to the oppression by law
ve . Of the Governors elected since
'76 but a single one was a lawyer.
There were Hampton, Hagood, Jeter,
Richardson and Thompson, and not
one of them a lawyer. Of the State
offices a majority of them were filled
outside of the profession of the law,
there being no lawyers except in the
Attorney General's office. Now then,
what does the charge amount to if it
does not amount to this-that the
Legislature being in the hands of the
farmers since 1876, that they have
been false to their trust, and that the
white people, the white farmers, have
proven themselves unfit for self
government? .(Great applause and
cheering.) That is the .charge, my
friends, that he has made against the
good name and fair fame of this State,
and that is the charge that you
must rebuke by your verdict at the
polls. (Tremendous applause and
There has been a very common
clamor that the farmers have never
had a fair share of therepresentation,
and although he is not here it has
been repeated by menuponhis ticket,
but, by the way, let us first look at
the ticket and see how it represents
the farmers. Who are they? There
is the candidate for Attorney Gen
eral, Y. J. Pope. He is a lawyer.
There is the candidate for Lieuten
ant Governor, Mr*. Gary, and he is a
lawyer, and there is the candidate
for Superintendent of Education, M'.
Mayfield, and he is a lawyer, and I
believe the rest of the ticket has not
yet been filled out, and there is Mr.
J. E. Tindall, who is a farmer and
whom I believe to be a good soldier,
for we stood together for three years,
and I know him to be a brave and
Let me call your attention now to
the other claims made by this refor
mer. If we look at the tenth census
we will find, on page 785, that there
are in this State farmers and planters
89000; members of other professions
60,000, or in other words four-sev
enths of the white voting population
are farmers and the three-sevenths
belong to other professions. The
farmers, however, pay $319,000 of
the taxes. The figures cannot be
doubted, they are from the records
of the tax books of the State. Now,
gentlemen, if you have only four
sevenths of the white voting popula
tion and pay only three-sevenths of
the taxes, how can the farmers com
p1in when they have five-sevenths of
the' representation? If a ring has
done this. thien they are the ring, for
they have done it to themselves. But
I say there is no ring and the charge
that there is, is false. But some pco
pl can never be satisfied.
There is a gentleman in this State,
my friend, Mi-. Hemphill, of Abbe
v-ille, who is a most vociferous sup
porter of Tillmian. He was continu
ally making the charge of extrava
gance against the State government,
and I tried an experiment with him.
I gave him a blank bill and asked him
to fill it out in the most economical
way, and to put down what he thought
should be the State's expenses. He
did so, and when we footed it up the
total was one hundred thousand dol
lars more than the appropriation bill.
(Laughter and applause.) I intended
to ask this new Moses, self-appointed
tnd self-called, to tell us wr~hat he
proposed to do if hie should be elect'
ed Gov ernor, and where he iended
to ut oil the expenses. but he hias
one. We ll, the heaviest appropria
tio n made in this State were nmade
lat yeair and by a Legislature over;
whangly elected in the fim-rg
itrest. They claimed thaft thes
were pledged to give the peCople the
Ceaxson College. They appropriated
8 $0,00(and this was done by men
pledged to Tillman's cause, ard:
'Ias I said, it was the heaviest
Iexpenditure ev 'r made in Souti
Since the judicial and election
and executive and other depart
ments were the same, and the inter
est on the public debt of 8383,000
must be paid every year, how could
it be done other wise unless we had
repudiated our public debt and made
no appropriation to meet it? Here
are some of the items: 8106,000 was
approrilated for the Lunatic Asylum,
and I do not believe there is a man
in the State who would begrudge this
assistance and more to those poor
afilicted. God-smitten creatures. So
far as this item is concerned, we sim
ply appropriated the aaount neces
sary to conduct that institution. The
increase came because of the pension
bill, which called for .50,000, and was
introduced by Mr. Sampson Pope.
The Clemson Agricultural College
took $43,000, and the Stite House
$60,000, which, by the way, was re
commended by a committee, three
fom ths of whose members were farm
ers, and I voted against it. But that
is a sufficient answer to the charge of
extravagance. I had trusted that
Tillman would have been here so that
I could make him admit, item by
item, that he could not take off a
single dollar withoutrepudiating the
State's honest debt, or striking at the
noHe charities of our State. He has
elected to leave this meeting, but let
him answer me when he will, and
when he does he must admit his
But, gentlemen,in addition to this,
what has this Legislature done?
When did it ever fail to pass an act
called for by the farmers? They
demanded the lien law and it was en
acted. They demanded the seed cot
ton law, and it was enacted. They
demanded the creditors' preference
law, and it was enacted. They de
manded an agricultural depaitment
in the College. Some of us objected
to it, but they said "stand aside,"
and they got it, because they had a
majority, and it is even now a subject
of attack by this self-appointed can
didate for Governor. He has charged
directly, if not by inuendo, a high
official in that department with cor
ruption, but brought face to face with
him he retracted his charge. He al
leged that he could not understand
the accounts of the department. I
don't know how that may be,
but only ten days ago Governor
Hagood said that there was not
an old butter and egg woman in the
State who could not understand that
expense account, and he denounced
as false any charge of the misappro
pri4tion cf a single dollar of the agri
cultural fund. Captain Tillman has
been reduced at last to one charge
which he has not withdrawn, and that
is the retailing of the slander of the
half idiot who charged Governor
Thompson with taking the State's
property from the Governor's Man
sion. Tillman has retailed the story
of this half-witted creature, which
any man would blush to repeat. He
has attacked the Legislature about
the reapportionment matter. Let
me give you the history of it. In
1884 the bill was passed to take the
census, but the farmers' vote was
heavily against an appropriation to
pay for it. Failing in this the Con
stitution was amended by the reso
lution brought in by Senator Mun-o
to adopt the census of 1880. It was
a crying injustice, against which all
exclaimed and the best lawyers de
elared it unconstitutional, and this
was done by men who had not sought
political offce, and among them was
one who is now on the bench. He,
too, has been assailed, and for the
first time in the history of South
Carolina we find the judiciary of the
State attacked by more than innuendo.
(Interruption of "Hurrah for Izlar,"
applause and cheers.) Well, that is
a sufficient answer. Gentlemen, is
there one of you who believed Tillman
when he got up today and made his
labored effort to show that leprosy
meant greed of office? Neither you
nor I have ever heard greed and the
desire for offce described before as
leprosy. But that is not what he
meant. He intended to charge and
did charge depravity, moral depravity
just as he meant it when he said
there was something rotten in Den
mark. (Cheers.) But, whatever he
said he has come out of it all himself
as the chief of lepers. (Applause
and cheering.) Ah, gentlemen, this
constant making of charges behind a
man's back, and retracting them face
to face, is sickening and dishearten
ANOTHER CONFERENCE CALLED
Men Who Oppose Tiinman Invited to Cath
er at Columbia.
The following circular has been re
ceived with permission for publica
COtUMB1A, S. C., June 30th, 1890.
Dear Sir:-I have been instructed
by the Executive Committee of the
Democratic Campaign Club, of this
county, and have been requested by
representative men from different
sections of the State, to invite a con
ference to assemble in the State
House at Columbia, at eight p. m. on
10th July prox. The conference is to
be composed of Democrats opposed
to the "Tillmnan" party and methods,
and it is suggested, as largely as
practicable of farmers and mechan
ics to represent the class whose in
terests, it is alleged, have been disre
arded by our State government
since 187G. Similar letters have been
addressed to several persons in each
cuty of the State, with the earnest
request that each shall lay down all
other work for the short time that is
before us, and gather together all
patriotic men, who recognizing the
peril now pending over our State,
will apply their faithful and devoted
energy, and by organization, save
There is no restriction of number.
The larger the representation the
better we will be able to ascertain
what is for the common good.
You ar urged to attend the confer
enco in person and to secure the at
tendance of other true men. It is
requested that. as soon as possible,
you indlicate wvhat will be the repre
renati nfo your co'unty.
IPresident Democra.tic Campaign
Club Richland County.
1-Three earthquake shocks -r
Ifelt at Santa Rosa. Calif oin, 0)o
WASHWOMEN OF MADRID.
Ten Thousand Who Daly Ply Their Trade
on the flanks of the Manzanares.
Madrid's river of high-sounding
name, the Mazanares, is a spatter of
wet from the Guadarrama Mountains
in winter, a muddy torrent in spring a
sand-blown ditch in the summer, and
hardly a capable sewer at any time of
the year. It comes down from the cold,
gray heights to the north of Madrid,
and winds half way around the city
from the northwest to the southeast.
What water flows through it breaks in
sandy shallows, forming innumerable
little" islands and curiously bounded
strips of land, all accessible by any bare
foot boy or girl.
Ten thousand woAnen soak and splash
and souse and beat the linen of Madrid
within its scant waters every day. Not
an article of clothing is elsewhere
washed. No otherthan these Mazanares
lavanderas are pgnitted to labor as
laundresses; and fo three miles up and
down the stream, from opposite the in
fantry and artillery barracks, upon the
heights of Montana del Prin.cipe, past
the windows of the Queen Regent's
apartments in the royal palace, and
circling around away beyond Toledo
Gate, the moving dots of red and blue,
yellow and gray, comprise this great
army of Amazons, with arms and legs
on them like tree trunks; with voluptu
ous breasts and shapely necks; hard
muscled and bronzed as Turks;the most
arduous toilers, the wickedest black
guards, and withal the sunniest tem
pered sculs in Spain.
There are three grades in this labor.
They are the mistresses, or amas, the
overseers or ayudantas, and the lavan
deras themselves. All are women. The
first are the agents who receive the
work from the ketels, great houses, and
the city anencies, in huge lots, and are
responsib'fe for its safe return. The
ayudantas or overseers are really the
forewomen of from a dozen to a score
of lavanderas oach; and they are re
sponsible for work placed in their
hands by the amas. At 5 in the morn
ing, winter and summer, the lavanderas
will be seen, many of them with chil
dren trundling beside them, creeping
along from the barrios abajos or lower
qua:-ters of the city toward the Man
zanares. Near the river is an asilo or
asylum, a refuge for their children.
13y 6 o'clock you might count from
5,000 to 8,000 of the strange creatures
at work. The entire sloping, sandy
banks are covered with drying poles.
At this time of the year the water from
the mountains is of icy temperature.
But it seems to make no difference with
their labors. Here and there huge
cauldrons contain b5oilin 7 water. From
time to time a trifle of tais is poured in
the little hollow where each one toils in
the sand and water; but this seems tG
be done more from habit than necessi
ty. Each lavendera brings her own
huge roll of bread, perhaps a bit of
cheese, a claspknife to prevent undue
liberties from the straggling soldiery
near as well as to use in cutting bread,
and, just before noon, they breakiast in
huge wooden sheds on sal fish, pota
toes, and coffee, with a measure of red
wine.provided by the ama, duplicat
ing this meal at a dinner at 4 in the
They eat like animals, and the mo
ment their food is disposed of the tinkle
of the guitar is heard, and you or any
kindly disposed passer may dance with
them as I did, until the thirty minutes
allowed them for food and refresco
have expired. On these occasions every
one dances, girls of 18 and women of
80, and the scenes along the Manzan
arcs are very picturesque and interest
ing. But when I tell you that one of
these iron-framed wenches must wash
and dry ready for the "starching,"
which is done by the criadas in the
city,pieces of linen equallingthe cleans
ing of seventy sheets, in order to earn
25 cents per day, the poetical sense in
it all is with the interested onlooker
rather than with the drudg-ing- lavan
deras of the Manzonars-P'ittsburg
Murdered in Masailand.
The Revue Franeaise of Paris had a
letter from Zanzibar which says that
over a year ago a caravan .of 300
Arabs left the east coast to go into the
interior to trade. They have now re
turned,and one of the chiefs relates their
adventures. Arriving at Kavirondo,
on the northest shores of Victoria
Nynza. the Arabs saw that the natives
hd a good deal of ivory and that they
had no guns. They attacked the tribe,
and before the shooting had gone on
long the natives were willing to do any
thing to make peace.
After a long palaver with the chiefs
the Arabs agreed to leave the country
upon the payment to them of 200 tusks
of ivory and 200 young women. The
natives were glad to get rid of the
enemy even on these hard conditions.
As soon as they received the ivory and
the women the Arabs started for the
coast. They had a terrible time in
the Masia country. There was a
drought, and they almost perished
from thirst. Then provisions became
scarcer and scarcer, and the whole
p arty was in danger of starvation.
Finally the Arab chiefs decided that in
order to save themselves and their
ivory it would be necessary to sacrifice
their female slaves, who were very
weak from their deprivations and could
march no further.
'"atA night all of these 200 young
women were shot to death. and their
bodies were left in the camp for beasts
of prey. The victims happily had not
a monment's warning of their impend
ing fate. Each murderer selected his
vicim, and the horrible crime was ac
complished so speedily that few of the
women made any outcry. With their
forces thus reduced the Arabs were
able to pull through the desert region.
obtaining little more food than barely
enough to sustain life.
The chief who related these facts in
Zanzibar showed no compunctions
whatever for the terrible crime in
which he had assisted, but mentioned
the massacre only to give an idea of
the great loss they had sustained by
the necessary sacritice of theii- 200
slaves. It is a curious fact that some
of the murderers were greatly troubled
in mind because their necessities had
compelled them to eat rats and other
unclean food, which is prohibited to
Mohvnmedans. on the march.
Cured After Being Given Up.
At Ansonla, Conn., some old women
got together and cured a child of mem
raous croup after the doctors had
ven it up. The patient was thor
Bughly wyayped up in flannels, and his
head anid throat were rubbed with
goose grease. A dose of the stuif,uuxed
with/vinegar, was with with difliculty
Ifor ed down the child's throat. In a
Jjir time he vomited up a large por
~n of mucus, and broke up the clog
agj~ matter in the throat. Being
~led in bed he soon went to sleep,
Ilthe next day was playin aboul
It house, ad appearedtobcir fr9s
THE SOUTH GROWING.
FIGURES OF THREE MONTHS' MARVEL
Nearly 1,->00 New Enterprises Organized
Against 600 for the Same Time Last Year,
and Brighter Prospects Ahead.
The Chattanooga Tradesman re
ports for the second quartc- of 1890
the organization of 1,493 e, erprises
in the Southern states, against, 690
in the corresponding quarter of 1889
and 719 in the corresponding quarter
of 1888. These reports are compiled
from carefully prepared statistical
reports sent the Tradesman from ac
curate sources from every point in
the Southern States.
During the quarter just ended
three agricultural implements fac
tories were established, five barrel
factories and five breweries. Forty
one brick works were commenced
against eighteen in the same quarter
last year, and one new bridge works
was established in Kentucky. Six
boot and shoe factories were estab
lished, and ten car works, five in Ala
bama, three in Georgia and two in
UTILIZING S"3ALL FRUITS.
The disposition of the South to
utilize small fruits is evidenced by
the establishment of fifty-six canning
factories, thirteen in Georgia, ten in
Florida, nine in South Carolina and
the balance equally distributed in
the South. Nine new cigar and to
bacco factories were started. The
textile industries received their share
of attention, a totalof sixty-six having
been organized during three months,
twenty of which were organized in
Georgia, nine in Alabama, nine in
Texas, seven in Louisiana and six in
Twelve new cotton compress com
panies were formed and six new dis
tilleries organized, four in the State
of North Carolina,Forty-nine electric
light works were formed, and fifty
one flour and grist mills. Seventy
foundries were organized, Alabama
leading with twenty.
3IANY NEW BLAST FURNACES.
An evidence that the South 's in
creasing its product of raw metals is
furnished by the fact that twenty
new blast furnace companies were
organized in three months, against
seventeen in the corresponding quar
ter of last year. Eleven were organ
ized in Alabama, three in Virginia,
three each in Texas, Tennessee, North
Cai olina and Georgia, and one each
in Arkansas, Kentucky,West Virginia.
Forty-four ice factories were estab
lished. One Luqdred and seven min
ing companies were formed. Forty
seven new oil mills were established,
against sixteen in the corresponding
quarter last year, twelve of which
were in Georgia, eleven in South
Carolina, nine in Texas, and five in
GREAT ACTIVITY IN RAILROADS.
One hundred and seventy-eight
new railroad corporations organiz d.
All of these of course will not b
built, but the fact that the companies'
were formed is a substantial proof of
the interest in that direction. Nink
rolling mills were established in the
South, and twelve stamp) mills, and
smelters. Fifty-five new street rail
way companies were formed in the
quarter and and fifty-two new woirks,
and in addition 225 wood working
establishments and 225 miscellaneous
The Tradesman says there is greater
activity in the formation of new En
terprises to-day than ever before and
.the prospects for the coming year
were never more favorable.
Death of Dr. Meynrrdie.
Rev. E. J. Maynardie, D. D., died
in this city yesterday of apoplexy.
He was well known in South Caroli
na as an able minister of the M. E.
Church, South, having filled most of
the prominent charges in the State
At the time of his death he was pas
tor of the Methodiat Church in Cam
den. Dr. Meynardie was a native of
the city of Charleston. The news of
his death will cause sadness in many
hearts. He was a consecrated preach
er of the gospel and a patriotic citi
The Lodge Bill Passed.
WAsHINONo, July 2.--At 8:20 the
reading of the engrossed copy of the
Lodge bill was concluded, two hours
and five minutes having been con
sumed thereby. The question was
then put on the passage of the bill,
the vote resulting yeas 153; nays 149.
Messrs. Lehlback, of New Jersey,
and Coleman, of Louisana, voted
against the bill with the Democrats.
With this exception it was a strict
A few years ago the Democrats of
the Sixth Kentucky District grew in
different and supposed that there
was no need for exertion. The re
sult was a still hunt by the opposi
tion, and though Mr. Carlisle defeat
ed his opponent by ovor 1,500 ma
jority, the contest was carried into
the House and the Republicans'voted
almost solidly to unseat him. For
tunately the Democrats of that dis
trict are attending to business'now.
They have just elected Ron. W.
Dickerson as Mr. Carlisle's successor
by 9,800 majority. Democratic or'
ganization should be kept strong and
active in every district in the United
It must be regretted on all sides
that there has been so much disordei
at the Democratic campaign meetings.
Surely there ought to be some way
to stop this. If no other device will
accomplish the result, it might be
well for all the candidates to enter
into an agreement to quit speaking as
soon as there should be any bad be
havior-such conduct, for examples,
as was seen at Laurens, Aiken. Edge
field. Columbia and Winnsboro
Judging from the doings at these
places, we apprehend that the rough
or elements rather took posession of
the mneetinigs. The sober people on
both sides ought to take charge of
things-the sooner the better.
Corns, warts and bunions removed
quickly and surely by using Abott's
I a Tndian Corn Paint.
BATTLING ON 'BROADWAY
Striking and Working Cloak Makers
Strike Sure Enough-An Exci ng Scene
in New York's Chief Thorough are.
NEW YorK, July 3.-A crowd of
about 200 striking cloak makers
gathered on Broadway between
Teonard and White streets this
morning at the hour when the hands
in the Meyer & Jannassen shops at
3:34 and the Mercantile Cloak Com
pany's place at I394 Broadway were
going to work. These firms are two
of the largest in the trade and are
battling in the front row of the Em
ployers' Association against the strik
ers' demands. When their employ
ees tried to enter the shops they
were surrounded by strikers who
forbade them with vehement gesticu
lations to enter. Some were fright
ened away by the crowd and escaped
while those who persisted in the
effort to enter the shops were seized
and hustled away by force. In a few
minutes Broadway for two blocks
was the scene of a dozen running
fights. For a short time the strikers
had it their own way but soon the
assailed men pluokily fought back.
As a consequence damaged heads
among the strikers were plentiful.
The working cloak makers, however,
generally got the worst of it. Around
Meyer & Janassen's shops the war
raged the most fiercely. A dlozen
strikers caught Charles Butler, stock
clerk, and dragged him backward off
the steps and maltreated him.
Jos. Lerberger, buyer for the house,
was beaten. An old operator named
Quincy was set upon and so badly
beaten that he had to be driven home
in a cab.
William Wisner, another operator,
received several scalp wounds. He
was taken to the Chambers Street
hospital for treatment.' Neither pis
tols nor knives were used in the
melee, the only weapons being firsts
and clubbed umbrellas.
When the police arrived in force.
they had no difficulty in dispersing
the mob. They used their clubs
freely. Mr. Moorcroft, of the cloak
firm, said he had no idea that violence
would be used. He had supplied the
places of the strikers, he said, and.
work was progressing as usual.
THE NEW ~ORCE BILL
How the Extraordinary Measure is Re
ceived by Southern Republicans.
Mr. John R. Lynch, the colored
ex-Representative from Mississippi,
and nDov fourth auditor of the treas
ury, writes an exceedingly lengthy
communication to the Post in favor
of the proposed federal election law.
Mr. Lynch is one of the ablest of the
colored politicians of the South, or
rather he was, for practically Wash
ington has been his abiding place for
a number of years, and the only in
heappears to take inhiracei&Vhe
he writes an occasional letter or
makes an occasional speech on South
ern affairs. He is a thorough politi
cian, and a professional colored poli
tician can not be expected to give
good advice to his people. There are
no strong points in his artment in
favor of another force bill. It p
eed-on the old assumption that the
colored v'tena of the South are never
to have any libe oypnion, but are
to be forever chainedI A.tejp
wheel of the Republican party. In
opposition to Mr. Lynch the voice of
a great many of the real representa
tives of his race have been raised
men who have not come to Washing
ton to look for offce, but have stayed
at home and cast their lot with their
own people. But the most signifi
cant circumstance about this whole
matter of new federal election
machinery is to be foundin the strong
obections raised by many of the
prominent white Republicans of the
Southern States. The most sagacious
and the most respectable of these
questions very seriously the wisdom
and the expediency of the measure.
Mr. Thomas B. Keogh, of South Caro
lina, for many years the most influen
tial Republican of that State,whlL
in the office of the Sun Bureau today,
expressed decided dissent to the
policy of any more legislation to
regulate elections in the South. He
said the caucus bill now pending in
the House was needless, that it was
plainly unconstitutional, and if en
acted would entirely fail to accom
plish the purposes for which in
tended. Its only effect would be to
disturb harmony and promote ill-will.
He said there was a time years ago
when the Republican party in Con
gress, if it had had the courage,
could have settled the negro question,
and settled it permanently. That
time was passed, and no legislation
which the Republican party. may
ever be able to enact can suffice to
repair the errors which it has com
-The Sans Souci Driving Park
Association of Greenville are making
great preparations for the races to
begin there on the 30th and to last
three days. Crack horses from all
over the State and other States have
-The following statement shows
the salaries of the Presidential post
offices in South Carolina as they are
arranged under the present adjust
ment for the fiscal year beginning on
the 1st of July: Aiken,8$1,500, Beau
fort, $1,500, Camden, $1,300, Chester
81,500, 'Darlington C. H., $1,300,
Georgetown, $1,200, Laurens C. H.-,
$,300, Newberry C. H., $1,500, Rock
Hill, $1,400, Sumter C. H., $1,700,
Winnsboro, $1,100, Anderson C. H.
$1,600, Bennettsville, 81,200. Charles
ton, S3,200, Columbia, $2,600, Flor
ence, $1,500, Greenville C. H., $2,500,
Marion, $1,100, Orangeburg C. H.
$1,500, Spartanburg, $1.800, Uniion,
$1,200, Yorkville, $1,200.
-At the recent unveiling of Lee's
statue in Richmond the veterisrse
the Stuart horse artillery held a meet
ing and effected an organization for
the purpose of preserving the record
and history of the gallant old com
mand. Col. R. P. Chew, of Virginia,
was elected president and ColD. Card
Iwell, of Columbia, secretary. .Hart's
battery was attached to this com
mand, and those of its members who
desire to aid in this work and enter
their names upon the roll are requese4
ted to write to Col. D). Cardwell (of
M,.ego-untte-v) at Columbia.