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THE GARBS OF SIN.
DR. TALMAGE'S DISCOURSE AT WIN
L How Sla Masquerades in Different Dis
guises-The Cloaks Under Which Crime
Dr. Talmage in his sermon at Win
field, Kansas. took for his text, John
15;22: "But now they have no eloak
for their sin.*
Sin is always disguised. Decked,
and glossed, and perfumed, and
masked, it gains admittance in places
from which it would otherwise be re
pelled. As silently as when it glided
to Christ at the top of the temple. it
now addresses men. Could people
look upon sin as it always is-an ex
halation from the pit, the putrefaction
of infinite capacities, the ghastly,
loathsome, God-smitten monster that
uprooted Eden and killed Christ, and
would push the entire race into dark
ness and pain-the infernal charm
would be hgpken. Before our first
parents trangressed, sin appeared to
them the sweetness of fruit and the
becoming as gods. To Absalom it
was the pleasure of sitting upon a
throne. To men now. sinis laughter,
and permission to luxurious gratifica
tion. Jesus Christ in my text sug
gests a fact which everybody ought
to know, and that is that sin, to hide
its deformity and shame, is accus
tomed to wearing a cloak; and the
Saviour also sent forth the truth that
God can -see straight through all such
wrappings and thicknesses. I want
now to speak of several kinds of
cloaks with which men expect to
cover up their iniquities, for the fash
ion in regard to these garments is
constantly changing, and every day
beholds some new style of wearing
them, and, if you will tarry a little
while, I wili show you five or six of
the patterns of cloaks.
First, I remark that there are those,
who being honored with official pow
er, expect to make that a successful
cloak for their sin. There is a
sacredness in office. God Himself is
king, and all who hold authority in
the world serve under Him. That
community has committed a mon
strous wrong who has elevated to this
dignity persons unqualified either by
their ignorance or their immorality.
Nations who elevate to posts of au
thority those not qualified to fill
them will feel the reaction. Solomon
expressed this thought when he said:
"Woe unto thee. 0 land, when thy
king is a child and thy princes drink
in the morning." While positions of
trust may be disgraced by the char
acter of those who fill them, I believe
God would have us respectful to the
offices, though we may have no ad
miration for their occupants. Yet
this dignity, which office confers, can
be no apology for transgression.
Nebuchadnezzar, and Ahab, and
Herod, in the day of judgment, must
stand on the level with the herdsmen
that kept ther flocks, and the fisher
men of Galilee. Pope, and king, and
president, and governor, must give an
account' to God, and be judged by
the same law as that which judges
the beggar and the slave. Sin is all
the more obnoxious when it is impe
rial and lordly. You cannot make
pride, or injustice, or cruelty sacred
by giving it a throne. Belhazzars
decanters could not keep the myste
rious finger from writing on the wall.
Ahab's sin literally hurled him from
-tE troie.to the dogs. The imperial
vestments of wicked Jehoram could
>not keep Jehu's arrow from strikin
through his heart. Jezebel's c
ricade of tr
- - save them?
Kiig ofknswsnot above him. All
victors shalbow before Him who on
the horse goeth forth conquering and
Again. Elegance of manners can
not successfully hide iniquity from
the eye of God. That model, gentle
manly apostle, Paul, writes to us:'
"Be courteous." That man can
never be a respectable worlding nor
a consistent Christian who lacks good
manners. He is shut out from re
fed circles, and he certainly ought
to 'be hindered from entering the
church. We cannot overlook that in
a man which we could hardly excuse
ia bear. One of the first effects of
kgrace of God upon an individual
~to mak 'i a gentlea. Gruff
aw ardness, implacability,
lanisness, are fruits of tne devil;
while gentleness and meekness are
fruits of the spirit. But while these
ecellences of manner are soinport
tant, they cannot hide any deformity
.ofmoral character. How often is it
:that we find attractiveness of person,
suavity of mariners, gracefulness of
conversation, gallantry of behavior
thrown like wreaths upon moral
death. The flowers that grow upon
the scoria of Vesuvius do not make
it any less of a volcano. The sepul
ehres in Christ's time did not exhaust
all the whitewash. Some of the big
getscoundrels have been the most
-'scnting. If there are any depend
ing on outward gracefulness and at
tractiveness .of demeanor with any
'hope that because of that God will
forgive the sin of their soul, let me
assure them that the divine justice
cannot be satisfied with smiles and
elegant gesticulation. Christ looks
deeper than the skin, and such a
ragged cloak as the one in which you
-are trying to cover yourself will be
no hiding inthe day of His -o
God will not inthe judgm'
gracefully you walked, nor how po
litely you bowed, nor now sweetly
you smiled, nor how impressively you
gestured. The deeds done in the
body will be the test, and not the
rules of Lord Chesterfield.
Again, let me say that the mere
profession of religion is but a poor
wrapping of a naked soul. The im
portance of making a public profes
sioni of religion if the heart be renew
ed cannot be exaggerated. Christ
positively and with the earnestness
of the night before his crucifixion
commanded it. But it is the result
of Christian character, not the cause
of it. Our church certificate is apoor
title to heaven. We may have the
name and not reality. There are
those who seem to throw themselves
back with complacency upon their
uublic confessions of Christ although
they give no signs of renewal. If
Satan can induce a man to build on
such arotten foundation as that, he
has accomplished his object. We
cannot imagine the abhcrrence with
which God looks upon such a pro
.That would be the feelings
herd if he saw a wolf in the
quiet he might seem to lie, or a gen
eral if among his troops he saV' one
wearing the appointed uuiifoim who
nevertheless really belonged to the
host? Thus must the heavenly shep
herd look upon those who, though
they are not His sheep. have climb ed
up some other way. and thu- must
the Lord of hosts look upon those'
who pretend to be soldiers of the
cross while they are iS arllel n
Furthermore: Outward morality
will be no covering for the hidden ini
quity of the spirit. The gospel of
Christ makes no assault upon good
works. They are as beautiful in
God's eye as in ours. Punctuality,
truthfulneess, almsgiviug, affection
and many other excellences of life
that might be mentioneil will always
be admired of God and man, Lut we
take the position that good works
cannot be the ground of our salva
tion. What we do right cannot pay
for what we do wrong. Admit that
you have all those traits of character
which give merely worldly respecta
bility and influence, you must at the
same time acknowledge that during
the course of your life you have done
many things you ought not to have
done. How are these difficult mat
ters to be settled? Ah, my friends.
we must have an atonement. No
Christ, no salvation. The great Re
deemer comes in and says, "I will
pay your indebtedness." So that
which was dark enough before, is
bright enough now. The stripes that
we deserve are fallen upon Christ.
On His scourged andbleeding should
ers He carries us up over the moun
tain of our sins and the hills of our
iniquities. Christ's good works ac -
cepted are sufficient for us, but they
who reject them, depending upon
their own, must perish. Traits of
character that may make us influen
tial on earth willnot necessarily open
to us the gate of heaven. The plank
that will be strong enough for a house
floor would not do for a ship's hulk.
Mere mortality might be enough
here, but cannot take you through
death's storm into heaven's harbor.
Christ has announced for all ages,
"I am the way, the truth, and the
life; him that cometh unto me I will
in no wise cast out." But pitiable in
the day 6f accounts will be the con
dition of that man, though he may
have given all all his estate to benev
olent purposes and passed his life in
the visiting of the distressed and done
much to excite the admiration of the
good and the great, if he have no in
timate relation to Jesus Christ. There
is a pride and a depravity in his soul
that he has never discovered. A
brilliant outside will be no apology
for a depraved inside. It is no theory
of mine, but an announcement of
God, who cannot lie. "By the deeds
of the law shall no flesh living be
Again: Exalted social position will
be no cloak for sin. Men look through
the wicked doors of prisons, and see
ing the incarcerated wretches ex
claim; "Oh, how much vice there is
in the world." And they pass through
the degraded streets of a city, and
looking into the doors of hovels and
the dens of corruption they call them
God-forsaken abodes. But you
might walk along the avenues through
which the opulent roll in their flour
shmng pomp -and into mansions ele
antly adorned, and find that even
in the admired walks of life Satan
works mischief and death. The first
emptation Satan wrought in a gar
:en, and he understands yet most
thoroughly how to insinuate himself
into any door of~-'and splendor.
M uently judge of sin by the
which it is committed, but
in satin is to God as loath
e as iniquity in rags, and in the
yof judgment the sins of Madison
ne and Elm street will all be
ein one herd. Men cannot es
at last for being respectably
.You know Dives was clothed
apurple and fine linen and fared
sumptuously every day, but his tine
lothes and good dinnera did not save
him. He might on earth have drunk
something as rich as champagne and
ognac, but at last he asked for one
drp of water. You cannot trade off
your attractive abodes here for a
house of many mansions on high,
ad your elegant shade groves here
will not warrant you a seat under the
tree of life.
Furthermore: Mere soundness of
relgous belief will not hide our in
quities. There are menwhoseheads
are aa sound as Jonathan Edwards
r John Wesley, whose hearts are as
otten as Tom Paine's or Charles
uiteau's. It is important that we
be theoretical Christians. It is utter
folly in this day for a man to have no
preference for any one form of faith,
when it is so easy to become conver
sant with the faith of the different
sects. An intoxicated man staggered
ito my house one night begging for
odging. He made great pretensions
o religion. I asked where he went
o church. He said: "Nowhere; I
belong to liberal Christianity." But
there are those who never become
hristians because their obstinacy
revents them from ever taking a fair
iew of what religion is. They are
ike a brute beast in the fact that
their greatest strength lies in
their horns. They are combatants,
nd all they are ever willing to do for
their souls is to enter an ecclesiasti
cal fight. I have met men who would
talk all day on the ninth chapter of
Romans, who were thoroughly help
Less before the fourteenth chapter of
John. But there are those who, hayv
ing escaped from this condition, are
now depending entirely upon their
soundness of religious theory. The
octrines of man's depravity and
Christ's atonement and God's sov
ereignty are theoretically received by
them. But, alas!' there they stop.
t is only the shell of Christianity
ontaining no evangelical life. They
stand looking over into heaven and
dmire its beauty and its song,and so
pleased with the looks from the out
side that they cannot be induced to
nter. They could make a better
argument for the truth than ten
thousand Christians who have in
their hearts received it. If syllogisms
nd dilemmas and sound propositions
nd logical deductions could save
their souls, they would be among the
best of Christians. They could cor
rectly define repentance and faith
nd the Atonement, while they have
never felt one sorrow for sin nor ex
rcised a moment's confidence in the
great s':w'rifice. They are almost im
novable in their position. We can
not present anything about the relig
ion of Christ that do not know. The
Saviour described the fate of such a
ne in His par-able: "And that ser
vant which knew his Lord's will, and
prepared not himself, neith'r hid ac
ording to His will, shall be beaten
with many stripes." Theories in re
igion have a beauty of their own, but
if they result in no warmth of Chris
tian life it is the beauty of hor'n-'
blende and feldspar- Do not call
The river o life nv-ver freezes over.
haug on the eave of
heaven. Souimaness of intellectual
belief is a beautiful cloak, well woven
and well cut. but in the hour whan
Gesi shall demandi our soul. it ill
1ot of itsevlf b0e sujllikint to hide our
My fricnds, can it be that 1 have
iwen uki!id. and torn from you somc
hopce upon Which yo'u were rest411'ingor
t.l triil y! Verly. I would be
un' ind if, laving takn away youra
cloak, I did not offer you sonething
better. This is a cold world, and you
want somethig to wrap around your
spirit. Christ offers you a robe today.
He wove himself and He will nov
with His own hand prepare it just t,
fit your soul. The righteousness He
offers is like the coat He used to wear
about Judea. without seam from top
to bottom. There is a day o- doom.
Coward would I be if I did not dare
tell you this. It shall be a day of
unutterable diappointnent to those
wh-o have trusted in their official
diguity. in their elegant manners, in
their outward morality. in their
sounduiess of intellectual belief. But
I see a soul stwln.g before God
who once was irZoughly defiled.
Yet look at him and you cannot find
a singletransgression anywhere about
him. How is this, you ask. Was he
not once a sabbath breaker, a bc
phemer. a robber. a perjurer, a thief,
a murdererf Yes, but Christ hath
cleansed him. Christ hath lift4d him
up. Christ hath rent off hi4 rags.
Christ hath clothed him in a spot
less robe of righteousnese. That is
the reason why you cannot see his
formor degradation. This glorious
hope in Christ's name is proffered to
day. *Wandering and wayward soul,
is not this salvation worth coining for.
,worth striving for? Do you wonder
that so many with bitter weeping
have besought it, <ud with a very en
thusiasm of sorrow cried for divine
compassion? Do you wonder at the
earnestness of those who stand in
pulpits beseeching men to be recon
ciled to Godl Say. do you wonder at
the importunity of the Holy Ghost
who now striveth with thy soul: In
many of the palaces of Euiope the
wa aremosaic. Fragments of shells
and glass are arraiged by artists and
aggregated into a pictorial splendor.
What! made out of broken shell and
broken glass: Oi, yes: God grant
that by the transforming power of
His Spirit, we may all be made a part
of the eternalpalaces. ourbroken and
fragmentary natures polished and
shaped and lifted up to make a part
of the everlasting splendors of the
For sinners. Lord, thou c.n'st to bled.
And I'm a siner vile iudeed.
Lord, I believe Thy grace is free;
On, magnity Thy grace in me,
Blown up by Powder aid Dynamite.
Henry Schaffer, colored, was ser
iously and probably fatally injured
yesterdayafternoon by an explosion
of powder and dynamite. Schaffer,
Dan Allen and another colored man
were working at a well not far from
.cCarter's Mill, in the eastern part
of the city. Dan Allen and one ne
gro were preparing to make a blast
in the bottom of the well. Schaffer
was at the top of ,he well, in charge
of nearly a half a keg of powder and
four or live charges of dynamite, fuse
etc. He built a lire close to these
combustibles in order to have some
coals to light off the fuse in the well.
His carelessness may cost him his
life. In some way the can of pow
der was exploded, causing the dyna
mite cartridges to explode. Schaffer
was thrown ten or fifteen feet in the
air and when picked up 'it was
thought that he was dead. Dr. W.
E. Wright was called, and attended
the injured man. The right side of
Schafter's body from the shoulders
to the feet was terribly burned, and
a piece of fuse had been driven into
the flesh. It is a mystery how he
escaped instant death.-Greenville
The Power of' Rasheesh
A Cairo (Egypt) correspondent of
the Pittsburg Leader thus describes
his first experience as a hasheesh eater:
Seeing my companion conveying a
piece of this sugar eagerly to his mouth,
I was encouraged to do likewise. It
was an aromlatie, somewhat bitter-tast
ing pastile, dissolving quickly like soft
peppermint on the tongue, and leaving
likewise a slight burning sensation,
which, however, passed away after a
few puffs from a cig'arettee.
Suddenly the smoking cigarette fell
out of lips. I felt myself impelled to
talk-to reveal myself to my neighbor
-tell him that I was no longer a com
mon, groveling human being, who had
to wander throuoh life on this hard
earth with wretcledly slow legs, but
that I could fly-soar like the eagle
through ethereal space.
"So, you see, this is the way I do it,,"
I remember ejaculating.
The ineffable exhilarating sensations
thrilled my inmost self. I felt myself
liberated of all earthly trammels, un
burdened of all carnal weight-free to
range infinity's vast tidlds. Some
strange, quickening p)ower pulsated
through my every vein.
My whole bekig seemed etherized.
Enircled with the fragrance of Para
dise, I was borne aloft on buoyant pin
ions through immeasurable sp~ace. On
and on I was wafted unto an elysium of
bliss and loveliness. There was neither
beinning nor end to miyaerial flight.
Al was bIoundless as eternity.
I inclined my head backward and
imbibed in torrents the balmy. regen
erating air and the glorious. roseate
light which was shed around me. All
these momentary sensations I remnem
ber imparting to my English friend at
the time. I telt that I wished him to
share my ethereal enjoyment. I
wished to take him along on this soar
ing ascension into celestial solitude.
But my spiritual trance was now
nearing its end. Consciousness was
gradually returning to n:e. I exper
ienced a peculiar rusing sensation in
my cars. My nmouth feit very dry and
parched. Before my eyes rose big
dark blotches. The beautiful, rosy
glow is fading away, and in place of it
rises a greyish fog, through which I
dimly see some of the people in the
room. Slightly-startled, I come quite
to, and find myself leaning far back
ward in an arm-chair.
The evening glow at the windowv has
not quite disappeared yet. I look at my
watch and am astounded-the gigantic
air voyage has lasted only twelve nmin
One of Franklin's Stories.
In the third year of the revolution
the British government proposed to
make peace and grant the colonies the
privilege they had demflanded on the
condition that they should pay the ex
penses of the war. Franklin replied
that the _proposal reminded him of
somethine'that hapnened when lie
lived in London. .K arenenmnan, who
was a little out' of his he~wi, heated a
poker redI-hot and then dash'ad~nto the
street, exclaiming to the !!rst man he
met: ''Me stick dhis into you six
incs. '"No yon don't." was the~ re
p-. "Well. dlen me stick it in 'e
inches" ''No, sir:" was the more
phatic reply. --Well den, sare,
will of course pay me for lacatin
~ oe. - s'. rrf..... Pan-m,,mr
Take one room at a 'im1e and hani
the work doie qniet' iv the $1 (1ars
in which there ie iooer whn r
irrml'ff nor thf- iiF:1l Bt--*''* a
arovidig there h.- an atl . Ail city
hoiuses are not upplmente-d I w,
thein upon roo)m or c loset u-.ed for gn
eral storage of trunks and incidenti.
Spare not the- purifyi 1lemets. L't
ev'rv corner be laid bar t not the
oalsomine or chloride. There are times
when ;rown Sox) andi 1 5omi ernh
binz-brusli re better thlan srmns.
anI this occasion is one of them. Then,
after the cleansing process is quite
complete, see that no unpurzed odds
and ends find lod(rment; overhaul re
positories for rags. paper and matches.
Half a dozen wall pockets or reti
cules. maide of cretonne. drawn wvith
colored tapes, will simplify the buisi
ness of caring for the fragments. Each
receptacle should be labeled, every bit
of string and vestige of old soft linen
should be garnered; sickness brings
needs, an( this trying season has
taught housewives the efileacy of sav
in- every scrap of materia!.
!Laving completed the garret or store
room. the offal from apartmcnts imay
find lodgment in their proper reposi
Take each floor in its order after the
closets are overhauled and arranced; a
room at a time, say one nac;l veek-, so
that the regular hiousehold routine be
not interfered with.
If the carpets are worn anid dinged,
rip the center breadths. and turn the
outer edge toward the center; and re
fresh with a border en suite. Then
wipe with a cloth, wrung out of alum
water; and frequently sweep after a
sprinkling of tea leaves.
A fresh covering of cretonne vill re
fresh dingy chairs, and all classes of
curtain draperies are so. cheap that
even when economy is necessary one
need not (1o without hangings at doors
or windows. They soften hard out
lines and tone the glare of light,. and
should harmonize with the reneral
character of the furnishin.- 11 oman's
Ex-Judge French, one of the leading
lawyers of the Pacific slope, while in
New York was intervicwed by a Star
reporter. Said the Judg-e: I'There is a
very large amount of humbug in regard
to the orange-growers and orangc cul
ture of Califorti While that golden
fruit attains a beauiy and development
there equal to anything in the world,
vet what with the cost of the land and
of its cultivation by the owners, as
well as the ignorance or inexperience
which prevails as to its culture, the or
ange business thus far has never more
than paid expenses. Any easternman
who crosses the continent in the hope
of making a fortune in a few years
from a great orange plantation will be
surely and sorely disappointed. Other
fruits do pay, and pay well. Grapes,
whether fresh or as raisins, or in wine
or brandy, are proving a very good in
vestment. California pears, apricots,
and plums arealso remunerative. The
best returns to the horticulturist thus
far, however, have come from the
kitchen gardens where fine vegetables
are grown. Hundreds of small farm
ers have been successful in this field.
The demand never ceases and seldom
falls to less than the supply. A man
with the taste for tilling the soil canal
ways succeed in California. and espec
ially in southern California, if he con
fines his efforts to fruit-raising and
track farming. No one can realize the
way vegetables grow there until he has
been there. With no cold weather, a
clear sky, and warm sun 350 days every
year, and an unlimited supply of water
for irrigational purposes, plants of ell
kinds grow almost perceptibly."
Bitter Sweet--.A Romanco.
"So you engaged yourself to me
when it was your firm intention all
along to marry that old brute; old
enough to be your grandfather. How
could you be so false, so cruel? I
never wvill believe in woman again!"1
And Lucullus Biggars stood up in all
his manly beauty of six feet two and
looked down wrathifully into the two
beseeching blue eyes so wistfully gaz
ing at his handsome face.
*I-I couldn't help it." answered
the woman who had embittered his
life forever-so lie thought-by eruelly
easting him aside for one whose only
attraction was his hoarded, sordid
gold. "And besides it was largely
your own fault."
"My fault!" ho exclaimed, wildly,
striding up and down the little parlor,
and even forg~ettingr himself so far as
to stick both0 hands under his coat
tailt, like a stage father; "o'reat heav
ens, woman, when have T failed to
gratify your slightest whim? When
have I forgotten to bring you chewing
gum? When have I ever omitted to
take you to any attraction that has
been worth the seeing? When-"- but
here his emotions overpowered him,
and for the moment he was spech
"Still, ,gay, it was largely your
~ult," said she, in the sweetest tones.
'Long noo, before you ever told me
ou loveca me, you said thait you could
ave no respect for a woman who
would allow herself to be kissed by a
man to wvhomn she was not engaged.
And I did so wvant to kiss you, ar.t
Won't you forgive 11e?"
Of course he did.
And at about 2 a. im. carly in the en
uingl morning, a voung man i ight"
have been seen meditatively waiking
homeward, his face the sceLne of varied
and conflicting emotions. '"I gues
she was right," lie soiiloquized. "A~nd
perhaps the old duIer wo't last very
long, after all, and F$200,000 in cold
cash, I think, is worth wa iting for."'
And the black night unwrapped him
in its gleamiless dooum.-Tfsere Hiaute
How to Frighten a Colored Man.
"If there is anything~ that theO Vir
ginia darky is afraid of it is small-pox.
ello-fver takes a back seat when
the other disease is a subject of con
sideration by him.
"When I~ was connected with the
Chesapeake and Ohio railroad my of
fice was in Richmond. Va., where the
~oplatio is about 50 per cent colored.
omofteyoung datrk ies, or bloods,
s the Rlichimond peoplpe call them,
have a bad habit of loafing on the
street corners and passing remarks for
the benefit of the white people vwho
''One night I went to the theater
Withl a party of railroad men. One of
them was a trainman who was recover
ng from the etffects. of aln accident in
which lie hadI been burned about the
face and hands, in consequence- of w~hiich
they were bandaged in white cloths.
Onthe way back to the hotel, after the
performance,. we passed a crner on
which were congregated a gang of
tough young darkies. We couldsee
them as they arranged themselves in a
half circle around the lampl-post p~re
paring to give us a reception. As we
pproached one of the boys took the
injured man's arm and marched up
ead1 of the rest. He stepped in front.
f the ?'roup, and. before thcy could.
say ailytaing, asked te 10 here !te
sma-pox hosi,~ w..
- 'e!!, the d- on th;e dark?es was
nstant. Theyu tho..:.;h. the; man with
the bandae faC I'ce :md blamds was :.s
were wvan derng abou t looking for da
~spital to dumnp him in. They SCat
*d and rau like scated sheep."-D,.
Led, in Cii. :cgo Trib oc..
RE WALLOPED T.E HORSE.
BDt Not UnPI After the Brute Had 'Mide a
A edate old horse. yet cheedal
withsi,, amil emypossessed of a
k w,;:b- iishilo phie spirit,mcandered
Up WasdhingtoU street in the tender city
of T!rooklyn yesterday and halted at
the azutc angle vhcr, it runs into Ful
tol street, says the . Y. Herald.
lie was attachod to the business end
oi a dump cart, this horse. Seated on
the driver'. throne of said dump cart
was a man of such benignant counten
ance that vou would have sworn him
first brother to the horse on the evi
dence of vision. He, too, was eheerful
and philosophic, and the very spirit of
sedateness sat upon him. He was not
a Man to joke or to be joked with.
Life wore to him a serious aspect. Any
one could see that at a glance.
It would be rash to say that the man
drove the horse. He didn't. The
bond between them was far closer than
represented by cord or leather-and
they were boti in the aged harness.
The lines lay on the horse's back, and
the latter took his way sedately, as a
horse .who knows he is doing contract
work for the city might be expected to
do. If compunctions of conscience
3mote his equine breast no signs there
of appeared in hia benign and tranquil
cre. His master-or I should say, per
hapxz, his friend-did not urge him.
At the junction heretofore mentioned
in these memoirs the pair paused and
looked about them. They paused long.
It was so much easier to pause than
work. The saucy wind eaught up vast
clouds of dust-the dust that they were
paid to cart away-and tossed it in the
faces of the passing throng,making the
mood to pray, and the bad to swear.
ut this ruffled not the philosophy of
man or beast. The voice of the boss
waS not heard, for the boss was in a
neighboring ginnery tuning up, and it
was so much easier to rest than work
-the wear and tear were so infinitely
At length the Italian gentleman who
peddles fruit at this busy confluence of
human life broke in on the dual revery
"Please minda standa moment for
me?" he asked.
"Minda fruit a moment while I go
"Why, to be sure Oi wull, my dage
fri'nd. Take yure time. 0i'll kape me
oles on yure domgistibles."
The Italian went off to transact hii
Pretty soon the horse reached tran
quilly over, picked up a banana with
his teeth, and munched it down witb
satisfaction beaming from his eye. His
master looked at him admiringly, and
then looked the other way. Reprooi
was far removed from his face.
The horse took another and then a
third. There was neither haste nox
trepidation in his action. He appeared
to secure the full flavor of each banana,
skin and all, before he began upon
In this wav a dozen were comforta
bly disposed of, and the oat cavity in
the horse's interior was much reduced
in size, when suddenly an electriE
shock seemed to seize the owner. He
whirled about and began lathering the
brute with an appearance of the mosi
fiendish cruelty, cursin' him the while
as a thafe of the wurruld, an omadhaun,
and I don't know what other titles.
The horse started on a run up the
street-not a very wild pace, by the
way--and the owner climbed into th
dump cart from behind and made
tremendous show of a tussle w-ith him
It did not last. A moment later the:
were golno' down Myrtle avenue at
pious wel -, and if there was not
twinkle in four beaate but eheerfu
eyes then may I never see twinkli
again. As for the -poor Italian, he go
back in time to save his stand, an<
surely that is enough to make an:
Italian grateful. What do they want
After Diraner Ceremonies.
Ladies and gentlemen withdraw frorn
the table together, or as is often the
case, the gentlemen arise, and the
ladies retire leaving the gentleman tc
smoke. Guests are expected to leave
by or before eleven o'clock.
Even in dinners given to gentlemei
alone, sometimes the wife of the host,
or failing a wife, some dignified matron,
issae tthe head or center of the
table-a great advance upon the cus
toms of former days. In my house
those who wish to use the weed after
dining, withdraw to the smoking-room
in the topmost story, and in all the
dinners, re-centions and other enter
tainments in ivhich Mrs. Childs and .
have ireceived large companies, eon
ventionalities and courtesies of life
have beeni strictly observed," said Mr.
Childs. This was in answer to a news
paper paragraph which appeared that
day to the effect that a good deal of
comment had been made upon the fact
that Ex-Governor Cornell at a Iate
large public reception served nothing
but ice-water and mineral water to his
guests. It appears that Mr. Cornell,
though a delightful entertainer, has
been compelled to forego the use of
wine by the hilariousness of the few
who could not restrain their appetites.
-George WV. Childe, in Good House
The discovery of phosphate depositi
in Florida is a matter of great import.
anee to southern farmers who use large
and increasing quantities of this fer
tilizer. Combined with cotton men.
It makes an admirable fertilizer for
both corn and cotton. It is easily trans
ported and economically applied. It
is now making the light sandy lands of
south Alabama yield large and paying
crots. It has revolutionized farming
ad ~over the south. Thus far South
Carolina has furnished the bulk of the
phosphates. producing last year 600,
000l tons. The Florida article is said
to be superior to that of South Caro
lina, anu as the increased supply miusi
lead to lower cost it will lead to a more
rapid developmenut of agriculture in the
southern states than has ever beet
A Stern Reality.
"You will notice," said the manager
of the company, as he stepped in frons
o the curtain, "that the pr'ogramme
says that seven years are supp~osed to,
elpse between the second and third.
acts. in this case there wiill beC no sup~
position about it. The Sheriff of this
county has just taken possession of the
stage, and 1 think that it wil' be about
seven ye'ars before we can get the mat
er settledl. 'Thec aience' is now dig
A Rcasonale Suggestion..
Representative Allen of Mississippi
was reqtuested the other day by one of
corstituents-it was a colored 'friend
and brother"-to give him a recoin
medation in writing by means of
which lie hoped to secure a situation as
watchman or something equally im
portant. Mr. Alien complied with
readiniess. as hie new the man to be ca
pable and trustworthy. Ini f ct, the
"certifiente of charLiacter" was so excep
hioual comht!!menltary' and set forth
:amb aetions in such glowing
term thl :urningf to Mr. Alien, he
-i I i:,. Mas Allen, can't you
ih :u eme Hin:o do you'self on dat
I tO "l 2.Pm iiibn on. the p~art of Mr.
All:: ' ephin to the colored "friend
ad brother' that just now- heyossessed
AN ODD KIND OF TELESCOPE.
How to See What Is Going On In the I
No doubt a good many of our boys
and Lirls are ignorant of the fact, says
the N. Y. World, that they can, with
very little trouble and at almost no ex
pense, construct an instrument with
which they can plainly see what is go.
ing on under the water over which they
sail their boats. The very idea of such
a thing is attractive. and we propose te
tell you how it can be done.
The water telescope may be made of
wood or of tin, whichever you prefer,
and we will describe both. The tin is
better, because it is lighter and moze
easily handled. Its manufacture is
very simple. Get a tinsmith to make
for you a funnel-shaped tin horn about
three feet long. It should be eight or
ter inches in diameter at the bottom,
and broad enough -.t the top for both
eye.s to look into. Into the bottom put
a piece of glass, cut to fit. anti make it
perfectlT water-tight. Leave the top
open. The inside should be painted
black to prevent the reflection of the
light upon the surfaco of the tin. i
Around the outside of the bottom solder
on several sinkers to offset the buoy
.ancy of the air in the water-tight horn
and make it easier to submerge. If it
is not convenient to get a round piece
of glass, have the large end made square
and use square glass. That's all there
is of it, and when you sink the instru
ment down into the water and put your
eves to the snali end, you will be per
fictly astonished at the plainness with
which you will see all kinds of fish and
water animals swimming around in a
state of nature.
A wooden water telescope is made of
a long, square, wooden box, say ten
inches square at the large and four or
five inches square at the other. Make
all the seams water-tight by means of
putty and paint Put a piece of glas.
in the large end and leave the small
end open to look into, as you do with
the tin instrument.
A great many of you wo on boating
and picnic partics,and you can imagie
bow much such a contrivance would
add to your amusement and pleasure,
to say nothing of the instruction derived
from studying the inhaUitants of the
water at home.
Using the principle of a water tele
scope, a well-known naturalist had a
boat made with a glass in the bcttom.
through which le could see every
moveliment of thousands of fish as they
swam along through the clear iater.
Fishermen in Norway use the water
telescope at their work with the best
results, sometimes discovering a new
kind of fish that night otherwise have
escaped their notice.
A "DEAD MULE" IN TOWN.
AA Irish Squaw Man Gets a Little- the
Best of Bushyhead.
Bushyhead, one of the members ol
the Cherokee Commission, is still in
Washington, and many a one passes
the Indian chief without knowing he
is an Indian. He is tall, brown of
skin, but has the features of the Cau
casian race; and it is said lie is not
more than one-eighth Indian.
He married some years ago a niece
of Senator Butler, of South Carolina,
who had gone out to Tahlequah as a
teacher. A good story is told of him
when he was Governor of the Cherokee
Nation. The Cherokees are the most
civilized of all the Indian tribes, and
one of their laws is in favor of prohibi
tion. The law of the United States is
that no one shall give or sell firewater
to an Indian, but the Cherokee legisla
tors go further and prohibit the bring
ino of it into the Territory.
Yn Tahlequah, when Bushyhead was
Governor, there was an' Irish black
smith named Mike Delaney. Now,
Mike had been received int the tribe
because he had married a squaw, and,
stranoe as it may seem, was more of
an Inlian than any native. He used
to orate by the hour over his forge at
the wrongs of the red men, and one of
his favorite perorations was:
"We have been pairsecuted by the
white man, dhriven from our homes in
Georgia over the mountains an' val.
leys, an' our noble inheritance stholen
Mike frequently delivered himself of
this, and the more fire-water he had in
him the more flannel-mouthed and 'un
Indian was his brogue. He and Bushy
head were great friends, and one day
when the Governor was at the court
house presiding over the meeting of
the Legislature, the squaw-mian ap.
peared and beckoned imperiously.
"Come here," he whispered, "Oi've
something to tell you. There's a dead
mule in town." A "dead mule" is
Western slang for a keg of whisky.
"Give me a dollar," continued Mike,
"an' TIll buy a bottle an' keep it in the
shop until yez can be afturr comin' tc
The Governor gave the money, ar'
half an hour lat'er, deputizing some .
to take his place, he made his way
the forge. From afar off he heard tlh
inspiring strains of the "Irish Washer
woman," and as he drew near he recog
nized the oft-repeated refrain, "Och
hone, Widow Machree, och hone,
Widow Machree." the melody stoutly
maintained by an anvil chorus. Rush
ing in, he was confronted by the hilari
ous blacksmith, whom he at once asked
for his share of the "dead mule."
'Be aisv, Guvner," cried the Irish
Indian, '-there's only two heels left, an
1l1 dhrink that, as the law's agin, giv.
*in' an Indian whisky."
And he swallowed the rest, the Gov
ernor of the Cherokee Nation not dar
ing to prevent him.--Washington Cor.
Railroad Up the Jungfrau.
French engineers are planning for an
attack upon that hitherto virgin peak
*of the Alps the Jungfrau. They
propose to continue the present line o'f
rairosxd from Interlaken to Lauter
brunnen as far as Stockelberg, at the
foot of the Jungfrau, and thence to
mount up by a succession of slanting
cable roads, forming a zig-zg t
height of some 12,000 feet. landi'ng
nearly at the summit of the mountain.
where there will be a hotel for the ex
cursionists who are expected to make
the trip by thousands daily. There
will have to be five steps to the great
staicase, and a separate railroad for
each step, making tire changes of cars
necessary to reach the summit.
A Down East Superstition.
Evidence of soniebody's firm belief
in the 01(1 superstition about boring a
bole in a thrifty tree, placing therein a
ock of one's hair andl pering of the
nails and then carefully plugging the
hole, in the hope that as soon as the
deposit became solid wood all fear of
*future headache and other ills would be
dispelled from the mind of him whose
lock of hair was contr-ibuted to the
tree, came to light in the qutaint town
f Wells recently. While sawing shin
gles from a tree that recently stood
ear thme Boston and Maine station in
that town, William Maxwell caime
aeoss just such an exhibition of
human deposit. The nails and dark
brwn hair were firmir embedded in
the solid wood, being separated only
*whena the machinery converted the
wood into shingles. The hair andI
nails could be traeced in four of the
shingles cut from that particular part~
of the tree. It is hoped that the brino
ing to light of these emblems in so rule
a manner has not broken the charm.
ATTAR OF ROSES.
Htow It is rrepared and How AmerleaS
rfoses Waste Their Sweetness.
"Here v'arc, gents! Hero y'are!"
velled the street fakir. --Here y'are,
gents! The real genuine otter of roses,
right fresh froni the otter. the only
living animal beside the musk-ox that
gives Up perfume for the hankychif!
Here v'are! Otter of roses, fresh from
the otter! Five cents a bottle!"
A young man in the crowd became
seizedi with an idea, says the N.Y. Sun.
He went to the nearest drug store.
"How much is attar of roses a bot
il?" lie asked of the druggist.
'-It'll cost you $100 an ounce," said
the drug man. -'The genuine India
attar of roses is worth $100 an ounce."
"Got anv?" asked the visitor.
.Not to-day," said the druggist.
-We're are just out."
- What makes it cost so much?"
"Well, one reason is." replied the
druggist, -it takes 50,000 roses to
make a single ounce of attar. If you
can buy 50,000 roses for less than $100,
then maybe you can knock the price of
attar down. Attar of roses, young
man, an't milked out of cows. It is
made in India, althougu, if they only
know it, they could make it just as
well in California. The same rose
rows there from which the attar is
5istilled in India. I have seen huge
hedge-rows near Samona.in California,
so dense with these roses that the odor
from them, on a warm sultry day,
caused a feeling of peculiar faintness
and oppression to the passer-by. This
is the effect of the attar, which is dis
tilled by the heat and moist air, and is
held suspended, as it were, in the at
"There is money in that cause of
faintness and indolence, but in this
country not only the sweetness, but
the great value of the flower, is wasted
on the desert air. In northern India
.he roses are regularly cultivated.
They are planted in rows in the fields,
and require no particular care. When
they begin to bloom they are plucked
from the bushes before miaday. The
work is done by women and children,
who seem to regard it more as a pleas
ure than a uursuit of labor. The rose
leaves are distilled in twice their weight
of water, which is then drawn off into
open. vessels. These are allowed to
stand over night. being covered ur
with cloths to protect tieir contents
from dirt and insects. In the morn
ing the surface of t. water will b
covered with a thin oily film. This i4
the rare attar of roses. It is skimmed
off with a firae feather and dropped in.
to vials. 'Ihis process is continued
daily until the roses cease to bloom. ]
don't see why any essence or oil tha
requires the distilling of .50,000 rose!
to till an ounce bottle hasi.0' ri ht t
have a good rice set up',
you think so."
HERBERT WARD, THE EXPLORER
Incidents of His Travels ID the Cong,
Country. Experience in Borneo.
Herbert Ward, the explorer, says th,
N. Y. Herald, is but 26 years of age
small and compactly built-what on,
might call a pocket edition of Hercules
His eyes are blue and expressive, hi
manner modest and retiring, and it i
only when his face lights up in th
discussion of some interesting topi
that one may see the reserve force an
character that have carried him throug)
all his trials. Mr. Ward is an English
man of wealthy parents. He had
natural fondness for adventure, and
as his parents refused their consent, Ii
ran away to sea.
New ~Zealand was~ the first poin
reached and soon after he went t.
Australia. In Borneo he met Hatton
the famous Byrnese explorer, and .
was not long before the twvo were il
the country of the head-hunting Draks
Surrounded by a high stocka'de h
could see and hear the I3yaks prowlini
about and often lie had narrow es
capes from poisoned arrows that wer
conistantly being shot into the stock~
At Bangala, where Stanley had hi
most serious fight with the natives i
his memorable journey across the Darl
Continent, Ward was finally put i:
charge of the station which had jus
been established there. The Bangala
are a large and powerful tribe, and
in addition to being highly savage an<
ferocious, are cannibals. They do not
however, eat people of their own tribc
but depend for this sort of luxury upo:
such captives as they can secure, oi
failing in this, they purchase slave
from friendly tribes.
This important tribe was governet
at this time by a powerful savage,Mat
Bwiki by name. At the commence
ment of his command of this statio
Ward was forced to undergo the "bloo
brotherhood ceremony" in conjuctio:
with the thief. This ceremony, sai
Mr. Ward, is common throughou
Africa. An incission is made in th
arm of each of the two participators i
it. When the blood flows the wound
are sprinkled with potash, salt, and,
powder made from a species of bran
Then the two incised arms are rubbe
together so that the flowing bloo
may intermingle. This (lone, the tw
bejome blood brothers and both swea
to assist each other in times of need
At the end of his three years of servic
Mr. Ward started for the coast. 0:
reaching Stanley Pool he heard abou
the Emin Pasha relief expedition an'
that Stanley was coming. This settles
it for him. He would go with Stanley
A short time aftorward he met Stanle;
and volunteered his services, whic.
were accepted, he being appointed to
command over one of the divisions c
Albert Edward's Rudeness.
A strange story of the rudeness of
member of the roy~il family of Englan<
comes to The Man About Town direc
from a lady correspondent at Edir
burgh. A~ fair was in progress ther
and Mrs. Langtry was selling coffee .a
one of the booths. Enter the Prince o
Wales, who asked for a cup of the de
icious Mocha. Mrs. Langtry serve<
it in delicate Worcester. aiid just a
she handed it to himu threw a daint'
kss into the cup.
'How much?" the future monarch o
all he stirvevs queried.
'"It was 10) shillings," answered th~
lily of the Jersey Isles. "until I thirev
a kiss into it. Now it is 20 shillings.'
S"Vhat will von charge mec for
clean cup?" retorted the Prince, verj
ungahllantly, as lie returned the coffe<
If the story is true it indicates thal
t~e Pzince: of Wales is getting to bi
le.s and less of a gentleman as he edoej
nearer the throne.-St. Louis Rp
"He Evened Up."
Co]. Musby relates the followin
amusing incient which occurred in
cavalry fight In the Shenandoah valle
In the midst of a sharp cavalry en
gagement with Sheridan's men In1
charge near Berryville there came rid
ing into our lines like a whirlwind
Yankee soldier on a black horse. A
score of men tried to stop horse and
rider, but the old black's blood was up,
andl he went on clean through omi
lines before lie was under control. The
riler was se~nt to Libby prison, and we
musteredL the blacek charger into the
confederate service. A few days later
we charged somne of Custer's men, and
that old hor.-e was ridden into the en
gagmenct by one of our soldiers. The
black evened up thing., too, for hie
carried his rider into the federam lines,
"You have got a lie hand." he said to hor.
As Ahe lingered over her cmcdS.
'Perhaps." she replied with :,soft little purr.
Wiehumming a1 strain o)f 31!1liard'sa.
"Y'-u could pLV it alone. I suppose?" h said
As he looked in her ra!it eyes- d
"Perhaps " she repecd. 4s)in;r her head.
without any wherefors or whys.
''You're awfully aggravati --. i: dear."
..Ye, that's one of WOI:L!S
We can take without beitnr u-<x.,la'd queeN
Or getting societysit
"Will you take this, deur. and go it alone?"
lie said, as hie offered a cari.
'But . "',he rplied, with a pique in het
-Wheno I make them all with a pard?"
"Thcg you havc a good haii? Oh, yes I see.'
He sdid. as he held aloft
The disengaged one in her piquant glee.
Which was ringless, white. and soft.
"If you won't take a card, may be you'll tak<
And the air was still Millard's:
And the ring on the ilinger fair of the M ,,
Changed tie ame in a r rice "N card_."
Earl Marble in the i olorL,'o.Grllfl"'
JUST LIKE WOMEN.
Row Two Innocents Struggle Over a Sim.
ple Telegraph Message.
One was perhaps twenty-five, the
other a little younger. They were
pretty and stylishly dressed. A car
riage stood at the fourteenth street en
trance of Willard's Hotel, awaiting
their pleasure. It could only be sup
posed that they w'ere in very distress
ful financial straits.
They sat at a tabla in the reception
room of Willard's, devising, concoct
ing and instituting a telegraph mes
sage to send to some friend. The elder
one did the writing and scratching and
rewriting; which used up six or seven
Western Union bfanks. The younger
one leaned cl5sely over the scrivener
tear up blanks.
"We will be there to-morrow."
That was what they wanted to say.
That was what they did say in the very
"But," said the younger, "if we say
we are coming home we shall both
have to sign it."
"Carrie and I will be there to-mor
That was the result of much men
tal effort spent in composing and
much physical exertion spent in eras-.
"I guess that will do." said the
younger, aad two seemed to breathe
with that freedom which tells of great
"Hold on," said the elder, at the
"What?" asked the other.
"Carrie and I will be there to-mor
row." One, two, three, four, five, six,
seven-only seven words."
'-Why we have to pay-as much for
seven words as we do for ten."
Here was more difficulty. It would
never do pay for ten words and send
only seven. That would be a reckless
and wicked waste. They proposed
I many ways to lengthen it, but each
time they talked of a new message on
their fingers they found they had either
too few or two many words.
"Pshaw!" said the younger one
S"why didn't I think of it before?
0 have it."
"Have you? Have you?"
Why, of course!" Leave it just as
it is ana add -Yours, very truly."
If the young'lady had had an inspir-:
ation she could not have looked
I prouder of it; and as for the older one,
she simply looked on the sweet face
before her as that of a wonderful be
"Carrie and I will be there to-mor
row. Yours, very truly," was the mes
tsage that went through some operator's
hands yesterday afternoon
Higher than Railroad Orders.
t"No, we don't bounce the tramps
1who ride on the bumpers of our freight
train," said a freight conductor who
Shas a run to the West. "I presume
Sthat we carry an average of a dozen
-each trip, but if they remain between
Sthe ears we pretend not to see them."
-"But it is against orders," was urged.
"Oh, yes, hut there is a higher power
than general orders, even for railroad
Smen. Five or six years ago I used to
Sbe hard on the railroad tramp. I'd
Ihave the train looked over at every
stop, and if we caught a chap he got
Shandled pretty lively. Nowadays I
throw out a hint to the brakemen to
shut both eyes, and, if the tramp don't
presume too much on my geod nature,
no one will disturb him.''
~ What happened to change your
S"Oh. a little incident of no interest.
1to the publie, but a g'reat deal to me.
I was married in December three years
ago. On the third night I got an order
- to run out with an extra. There was a
cold rain, which froze as it fell, and
one of my crew got hurt at our very
first stop. This left us short-handed.
and as we could not supply his place I
had to act for him. We wrere back in
the mountains,running strong to make
time, when the engineer whistled brakes
f or a grade. I climbed out of the os,
boose with the brakesmen, and had set
two brakes and was after the third,
when a lurch of the ears threw me
down, and I fell between two of them.
I had just one glim pse of the red
cheeked bride a-: home, just one swift
thought of her in widow's weeds and
her heart breaking, when a hand
Srabbed me. I was going down head
t rst, but the strong clutch turned me
over and my feet struck the bumpers.
' I'd have gone then, only some one put
my hands on the ladder, flung his arms
'around me from behind to hold me
- there, and said:
SYou are all right, old man. Your
nerve will come back pretty soon."'
-"And it was a tramp, eh?"
"It was, and he held me there until
the train reached its stop, and then
helped me down, for the sudden fright
had taken all my strength and nerve
away. But for hlim I should have-'been
ground up under the wheels. This is
-the reason I keep a soft spot in my
heart for the genus tramp, and why,
when I sometimes walk the length of
every train and find every bumper oc
cupied, I look skyward and pretend
not to see as mulch as an old fur cap."
Against Taking Ofr ilats.
Vienna dispatches to London News.
A movement is on foot in Austria and
Hungary just now to do away with the
form of salutation customary among
men-that of taking off the hat. Al
Gratz a committee has been formed
which passed a resolution and called
upon the civil and military governors,
Baron Kuebec and Count Wurmbrand,
as also on the mayor of the city, beg
oing' them to sanction the resolution
accepting the military salute from
nferiors. The three gentlemen gladly
gave their consent. The wish hlas also
beea expressedl that tihe dangerous cus
tom of uncovering' the head for a
length of time at 0funerals should be
dne away with. It is pointed out
that the military salute must neces-'
srh- imply at least as much respect
as lifting tihe hat, since a common sol
dier thus salutes the highest comlmand
Ier in tihe armt. In the middle ages
the hat or cap'was not dofl'ed.
Edmnd Gosse has begun a biography
of his father. Philip Goase, the fmu
uaturalist qU~r~'~' l ~~
Oune 'o an nlOne~ sIrm duno. nol