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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, July 16, 1890, Image 1

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who went into a prayer meeting with
a dagger and a gun, to disturb the
meeting and to destroy it, but the
next day was found crying, "Oh. my
great sins! Oh, my 'great Saviour'
and for eleven years preached the
Gospel of Christ to his fellow moun
taineers, the last words on his dying
lips being, "Free Grace!" Oh, it was
free grace!
There is a man who was for ten
years a ha'd drinker. The dreadful
appetite had sent down its roots
around the palate and the tongue,
and on down until they were inter
linked w:'th the vitals of body, mind
and soul: but he has not taken any
stimulants for ten years. What did
that? Not temperance societies; not
prohibition laws: not moral suasion.
Conversion did it. "Why, sir," said
one on whom the great change had
come, "I feel just as though I were
somebody else:" There is a sea cap
tain who swore all the way from New
York to Havana and from Havana to
San Francisco, and when he was in
port he was worse than when he was
on the sea. What power was it that
washed his tongue clean of profanities.
and made him a psalm singer? Con
version by the Holy Spirit. There
are thousands of people in this as
semblage to-dry who are no more
what they once were than a water
lily is a night shade, or a morning
lark is a vulture , or day is night.
Now, if I should demand that all
those people here present who have
felt the converting power of religion
should rise, so far from being asham
ed, they would spring to their feet
with more alacrity than they ever
sprang to the dance, the tears ming
ling with their exhilaration as they
cried, "We are witnesses!' And if
they tried to sing the old Gospel
hymn, they would break down with
emotion by the time they got to the
second line:
Ashamed of Jesus, that dear Friend
On whom my hope of heaven dep-nd?
No! When I olush, i.e this my shame
That I no more revere His name.
When a man has trouble the world
,omes in and says, "Now get your
mind off this; go out and breathe the
resh air; plunge deeper into busi
ess." What poor advice! Get your
nind off it! When everything is up
;urned with the bereavement, and
verything reminds you of what you
iave lost. Get your mind off it!
hey might as well advise you to
5top thinking. You cannot stop
bihnking, and you cannot stop think
ng in that direction. Take a walk
n the fresh air! Why, along that
-ery street, or that very road, she
nee accompanied you. Out of that
rass plat she plucked flowers, or
nto that show window she looked,
ascinated, saying: "Come see the
ctures." Go deeper into business?
shy, she was associated with all
-our business ambition, - and since
;he has gone you have no ambition
eft. Oh, this is a clumsy world
then it tries to conifort a broken
eart. I can build a Corliss engine,
can paint a Raphael's "Madonna,"
[can play a Beethoven's "Eroica
ymphony" as easy as this world can
omfort a broken heart. And yet
-eu have been comforted. How was
t done? Did Chrst come to you and
ay, "Get your mind of this; go out
md breathe fresh air; plunge deeper
to business?" No. There was a
inute when he came to you-per
taps in the watches of the night,
erhaps in your place of business,
erhaps along the streets-and He
reathed something into your soul
~hat gave you peace, rest, infinite
uiet, so that you could take out the
hotograph of the departed one and
ook into the eyes and the face of the
ear one, and say, "It is all right;
he is better off; I would not call her
ack. Lord, I thank Thee that Thou
ast comforted my poor heart."
In our sermons and in our lay ex
ortations we are very apt, when we
ant to bring illustrations of dying
riumph, to go back to some distin
~uished personage-to a John Knox
r a Harriet Newell. But Iwant you
or witnesses. I want to know if you
ave ever seen anything to make you
elieve that the religion of Christ can
ive composure in the final hour.
~ow, in the courts, attorney, jury,
rd .iudge will never admit mere
earsay- They demand that the wit
ess must have seen with his own
~yes or heard with his own ears, and
o I am critical in my examination
f you now; and I want to know
vhether you have seen or heard any
hing that makes you believe that
he religion of Christ gives compos
are in the final hoar.
"Oh, yes," you say, "I saw my
ather and mother depart. There
as a great difference in their death
eds. Standing by the one we felt
nore veneration. By the other, there
was more tenderness." Before the
me, you bowed perhaps in awe. In
he other case you felt as if you
would like to go along with her. How
id they feel in that last hor? How
id they seem to act? Were they
ery much frightened? Did they
ake hold of this world with both
ands as though they did not want
to give it up? "Oh, no," you say;
no, I remember as though it were
esterday; she had a kind word for
s all, and there were a few memen
toes distributed among the children,
ad then she told us how kind we
must be to our father in his loneli
ness, and then she kissed us goodby
and went asleep as calmly as a child
in a cradle."
What made her so composed? Natu
ral courage? '-No," you say, "mother
was very nervous: when the carriage
inclined to the side of the roadi, she
cried out; she was always very week
ly." What, then, gave her composure?
Was it because she did not care
much for you, and the pang of part
ing was not gr-eat? "Oh," you say,
"she showered upon us a wealth of
affection. No mother ever loved her
children more than mother loved
us. She showed it by the way she
nursed us when jwe got sick, and she
toiled for us until her strength gave
out" What, then. was it that gave
her composure in the last hour? Do
not hide it: be fra~nk and let me know.
-Oh," you say, -it was because she
was so good: she made the Lord her
portion, and she had faith that she
would go straight to glory, and that
we should all meet her at last at the
foot of the throne."
Here are people who say, "I saw a
Christian brother die,and he triumph
ed." And some ne ele, "T saw a.
An Open Air Sermon Delivered to the 3ul
titudett prom the Text. ",We Are Witnes
On S:nday Dr. Tahuage preached
at Breatric.'- ebraska, in the open
air to an uanense congregation
which had gathered from all the
surrounding country to hear the fa
mous preacher. Eis text was, "We
are witnesses." (Acts 3: 15.) Fol
lowing is his sermon:
In the days of George Stephenson.
the perfector of the locomotive en
gine, the scientists proved couclu
sively that a railway train could nev-'
er be driven by steam po-er success
fully and without peril; but the rush
ing express trains from Liverpool to
Edinburgh, and from Edinburgh to
London, have made all the nations
witnesses of the splendid achieve
ment. Machinists and navigators
proved conclusively that a steamer
could never cross the Atlantic Ocean
but no sooner had they successfully
proved the impossibility of such an
undertaking than the work was done,
and the passengers on the Cunard,
e the Inman, and the National,
d the White Star lines are witnes
she@'ere went up a guffaw of wise
.aughte ofessor Morse's propo
sitionto make the lightning of heaven
his errand boy, and it was proved
conclusively that the thing could
ever be done; but now all the news
>f the wide world, byassociatedpress
put in your hands every morning and
aight, has made all nations witnesses.
So in the time of Christ it was proved
:onclusively' that it was impossible
or Him to rise from the dead. It
was shown logically that when a man
was dead, he was dead, and thehe-rt
md the liver and the lungs having
3eased to perform their offices, the
imbs would be rigid beyond all
ower of friction or arousal. They
fowedit to be an absolute absurdity
lat the. dead Christ should ever get
p alive; but no sooner had they
>roved this than the dead Christ
ose, and the disciples behold Him,
iear His voice, and talk with him,
ad they took the witness stand to
prove that to be true which the wis
acres of the day had proved to be
possible; the record of the exper
ence and of the testimony is in the
Lext "Him hath God raised from the
ead, whereof we are witnesses."
Now, let me play the sceptic for a
oment. "There is no God," says
he seeptic, "for I have never seen
im with my physical eyesight. Your:
ible is a pack of contradictions. J
ere never was a miracle. Lazarus
as not raised from the dead, and
he-water wak never turne&ine-wine.
Eour religion is an imposition on the
Tedulity of the ages." There is an
Lged man moving over yonder as
' he would like to respond.
arehundreds of people with
a little flushed at these an
cements, and all through this
bly there is a suppressed feel
which would like to speak out in
of the truth of our glorious
'i 'tyas in the days of the
crying out, "We are witnesses!"
The fact is, that if this world is:
,ver brought to God, it will not be
rough argument, but through tes-3
imony. You might cover the whole)
~arth with apologies for Christianity
zd learned treatises in defense of1
eligion-you would not convert a.
oul. Lectures on dhe harmony be
~ween science and religion are beau
iful mental discipline, buthave never
saved a soul, and never will save a
ul Put aman of the world and a
an of the churdk against each other1
,nd the man ofthe world will in all1
robabiity get the triumph. There
-e a thousand things in our religion]
hat seem illogical to the world, and~
aways will seen illogical. Our weap
n in this conflict is faith, not logic:
~aith, not metaphys~ics, faith, not pro
undity; faith, not scholastic explora
ion. But then, in order to have]
~aith, we must have testimorny, and if
ive hundred men, or one thousand
en, or five hundred thousand men,
ifve million men get up and tell
ne that they have felt the religion of
Jesus Christ a joy, a comfort, a help,
n aspiration, I am bound as a fair
nrinded man to accept their testimony.
C want just now to put before you
Lhree propositions, the truth of
which Ithink this audience will attest
with overwhelmingnunanimity.
The first proposition is, we are
witnesses that the religion of Christ
is able to convert a soul. The gos
pel may have had a hard time to con
uer us; we may have fought it back,
but we were vanquished. You say
onv~rsion is onlyanlinaginary thing.
We know better. "We are witnes
ses." There never was so great a
change in our heart and life on any
other subject as on this. People
laughed at the missionaries in Ma
dagascar because they preached ten
years without converts; but there are
33,000 converts in Madagascar today.
People laughed at Dr. Adoniram
Judson, the Baptist missionary, be
cause he kept on preaching in Bur
mah five years without a single con
vert; but there are 20,000 Baptists in
Burmah today. People laughed at
Doctor Merrison in China, for preach
ing there seven years without a sin
gle conversion; but there are 25,000
Christians in China today. People
laughed at the missionaries for
preaching at Tahiti fifteen years
without a single conversion, and at
the missionaries for preaching in
engal seventeen years without a
gole conversion; yet in all those
lands there are multitudes of Chris
tians to clay.
But why go so far to find evidence
of the Gospel's powver to save a soul?
"We are witnesses." We were so
proud that no man could have hum
blealus; we were so hard that no
earthly power could have melted us;
angels of God were all around about
us, they could not overcome us: but
one dry, perhaps at a Methodist anx
ious seat, or at a Presabyterian cat
eetical lecture, or at a burial, or on
horseback, a power seized us, and
mde us get down, and made us
tremble, and made us kneel, and
cry for mercy, and we tried to wrench
ourselves away from the grasp, but
we could not. It flung us flat, and
when we arose we were as much
Mohnge a Gourgis, the heathen,
Christian sister die, and she trium
phed." Some the else will say, "I
saw a Christian daughter die, and
she triumphed." Come all ye who
have seen the last moments of a
Christian, and give testimony in this
case on trial. Uncover your heads,
put your hand on the old family Bi
ble from which they used to read the
promises, and promise in the presence
of high heaven that you will tell the
truth, the whole truth, and nothing
but the truth. With what y."m have
seen with your own eyes, au a
what you have heard with your on
ears, is there power in this gospel to
give calmness and triumph in the
last exigency? The response comes
from alj sides, from young. and
old.and middle aged: "Where are the
You see, my friend, I have not put
before you to-day an abstraction, or
chimera, or anything like guess-work.
I present you affidavits of the best
men and women, living and dead.
Two witnesses in court wl establish
a fact. Here are not two witnesses,
but thousands of witnesses--on earth
millions of witnesses, and in heaven
agreat multitude oinwitnesses thatno
man can number-testifying that
there is power in religion to convert
the soul, to give comfort in trouble,
and to afford composure in the last
hour. If ten men should come to
you when you are sick with appall
ing sickness, and say they had the
same sickness, and took a certain
medicine, and it cured them, you
would probably take it. Now, sup
pose ten other men should come up
and say, ",We don't believe there is
anything in that medicine." "Well,"
I say,. "Have you ever tried it?"
"No, I never tried it, but I don't be
lieve there is anything in it." Of
course you discredit their testimony.
The sceptic may come and say, "There
is no power in your religion." Have
you ever tried it?" "No, no." "Then,
avaunt!" Let me take the testimony
of the millions of souls that have
been converted to God, and comfort
ed in trial, and solaced in the last
hour. We will take their testimony
as they cry, "We are witnesses!"
Some tune ago Professor Henry,
of Washington, discovered a new
star, and the tidings, sped by sub
marine telegraph, and all the obser
vatories of Europe were watching for
that new star. Oh, hearer, looking
out through the darkness of thy soul
to-day, canst thou see a bright light
beaming on thee? "Where?" you
say; "where? How can I find it?"
Look along by the line of the cross of
the Son of God..'Do you see it tremb
ling with all tenderness and beaming
ith all hope? It is the Star of Beth
Deep horror then my vitals froze.
Deathistruck I ceased the tide to t em,
when suddenly a star arose
It was the Star of Betelehem.
Oh, hearer, set you r eyes on it. It
s easier for you now to become a
Christian than it is to stay away from
3hrist and heaven.
When Madame Sonntag began her
nusical career she was hissed off
bhe stage at Vienna by the friends of
ier rival Amelia Steininger, who had
ilready begun to decline through her
lissipation. Years passed on, and
me day Madame Sonntag, in her
~lory, was riding through the streets
f Berlin, when she saw a little child
eading a blind woman, and she said,
Come here, my little child, come
ere. W~ho is that you are leading
y the hand?" And the little child
eplied, "That's my mother: that's
Lmelia Steininger. She used to be a
reat singer, but she lost her voice,
md she cried so much about it that
~he lost her eyesight." Give my love
o her," said Madame Sonntag, "and
~ell her an old acquaintanc.e will call
an her this afternoon." The next
reek in Berlin a vast assemblage
;athered at a benefit for that poor
>ind woman, and it was said that
dtadame Sonntag sang that night as
hle had never sung before. And she
~ook a skilled oculist, who in vain
ried to give eyesight to the poor
lind woman. Until the day of Ame
ia Steininger's death, Madame Sonn
ag took care of her, and her daugh
er after her. That was what the
ueen of song did for her enemy.
3ut, oh, hear a more thrilling story
till. Blind immortal, poor and los t,j
hou who, when the world and Christ
~vere rivals for thy heart, didst hiss
by Lord away-Christ comes now to
ive thee sight, to give thee a home,
o give thee heaven. With more than
Sonntag's generosity He comes now
o meet your need. With more than
Sonntag's music He comes to plead
or thy deliverance.
Served Longer than Jacob.
W. A. Pollard, a farmer who lives
n this county, was in the city a few
lays'ago, and to some of his friends
e told the following story, which is
rouched for by those living in his
ieighborhood: About nineteen years
go Mr. Pollard hired himself to the
ate Alex. Spill ers, a well-to-do far
ner of this county. The first month
e received a suit of clothes as pay.
r. Pollard was then employed per
anently as a farm hand. He had
een with Mr-. Spillers but a short
ime when a girl child was born to
Is. Spillers. An hour after it was
orn Mr. Pollard asked Mr. Spillers
o give him the child as his wife when
he arrived at the proper age. Mr.
Spillers consented, and said if Mr'.
Pollard stayed with him he should
have his daughter at sixteen. Through
sixteen years the young man worked
with his employer and at sixteen
laimed the young lady' as his fiance
and was soon after married to her.
He is now the father of two children,
and at Mr. Spiller's death he left
his son-in-law 81,600 in cash for
the sixteen years he had so patient
ly waited for his wife.-Greenville
-The latest fashionable "fad" is
from Yalesville, Pa. At a village im
provement entertainment eleven
young ladies personated slaves and
were put up at auction. They were
daped in sheets so as to be uure
cgniztble, and brought from 40 to
5 cents each. That quotations ran
so low is explained by the fact that
it was incumbent upon each pur
chaser to buy for his slave all the ico
cream, cake and lemonade she de
manded, and to escorther home after
the entertainment.
Machines That Beat the Human Brain In
Computing Returns
WASHNGTON, July 10.-Nice-looking
girls in clean, white aprous are the
busy hands in a machine shop on the
third floor of a Ninth street building.
It is the census bureau, and the girls
work on those wonderful counting
machines, which come so near human
intelligence in computing the returns
sent from all sections of this big
country for the census of 1890. At
.; glance the machines remind one
of X npright piano. They have hand
some oak cases and each one occu
pies about the same space a piano
does. They are, however, eminently
practical maclnes, and with their
aid some fifteen young ladies can
count accurately 500000 names a
day. It is expected that when the
work of counting the census returns
really begins there will be seventy or
eighty of these machines at work.
The returns from the census dis
tricts throughout the country are
coming in slowly. There are morc
than 50,000 of these districts, and so
far only about 2,500 districts have
sent in the returns. As fast as the
returns come in they are counted, al.
though not as rapidly as they will be,
as it is necessary to train the young
ladies in the use of the machines. In
making this count, which is known as
the "rough count," the returns for
each distict are countedtwice. After
being counted on one machine they
are passed over to another, and when
the latter count is completed the two
are compared, and if there are dis
crepancies necessary corrections are
made. Following this method, if the
total population of the country is
60,000,000 there will be counted in
the census office an equivalent to
120,000,000 names.
The machines, which are the inven
tion of Mr. Hollerith, and supplement
his tabulating machines, are very
simple. A key board, resembling
that of a typewriter, is at the right
of the operator. Each key has a
number from one to twenty. The
operator has a pile of census sched
ules at herleft side, and, as she turns
the schedules over, she notes the
figures which indicate the number of
members in each family enumerated
in that schedule. If there are five in
a family she strikes the key marked
five. When a key is struck an elec
tric connection is established with
the hands on a dial in the frame work
in front of the operator.
That dial is marked No. 5, which
means it records the number of fami
lies consisting of five persons. Each
time the No 5 key is struck No. 5 dial
records one. When the count is
completed the recorded number on
each dial is multiplied by the num
ber of the dia4 the results added up
and the total number of individuals
in that district is ascertained. If the
result is obtained by a different oper
ator, then it is concluded that the
count is correct. It is expected that
by the use of these machines the re
sults of the census will be known
much sooner than by any otherknown
Reports Satisfactory From Euerywhere
Condition the Best, With one Exception,
in Five Years-The Avsrage by States.
WArsHeros, D. 0., July 10.-The
statistical report for July for the<
Department of Agriculture shows im-i
provement in the status of cotton,]
the average of condition having ad
anced from 88.8 to 91.4. There was
generally excess of moisture until
bout the tenth of June with fine<
weather since, giving opportunity for
he destruction of grass and for
thorough cultivation. On the Atlan
ic coast the crop generally is in ad
ance while it is late in the- south
west, where planting was delayed by
verflows and by heavy rains. That
hich was planted early began to<
loom from the 15th to the 25th and]
n the southwest some bolls are re
ported as early as June the 20th.i
While the plant in various stages of]
avancement, from the wide range of ,
seeding, it is now almost invariably(
n full vigor of growth, of good color,
and high promises, very free from j
ust, free from worms, except weak
ivasions of first breeds in the more
southern belt. The present average 2
f July conditions has been exceeded 3
nly once in the last five years. It is t
stated as follows, by States:
orth Carolina...... .... ..... 95
South Carolina...............95 1
Georgia....................95 ~
lorida ...................... .91 3
labama...................95 i
ississippi ......... ... ......89 3
Loui.siana....................86 I
Texas......................89 1
Arkansas....................89 <
ennessee.........-.........93 ]
Nearly throughout the cotton area
two or three weeks of dry veather is
reported,but scarcely any injury from ~
:rought. Since the first of July
heavy rains have beenreported on the
Atlantic coast.
A Young Lady Missing.
On Tuesday morning Miss Mary
Morris, the 15 year old daughter of4
Mr. 3. W. Morris, who lives on the
Saluda side of No. 9 Township, about
six miles from Prosperity, went out
to a pinder patch to do some hoeing.
The time for herreturnhaving passed
her parents called for her, but re
ceived no answer. They then insti
tuted search for her but with unavail
ing effort. The search was continued:
during the afternoon and night and,
yesterday, and the latest information:
that we obtained yesterday afternoon
was to the effect that she had not
been found.
No reason is assigned for her sud
den disappearance-Newberry Herald
and News.
-Governor Nicholls, of Louisiana.
vetoed the bill to submit the lottery
question to the people, but the House
passed it over his eto, and the Sen
ate sustained the douse. So the oil
becomes a law.
-During the last year forty-two
colleges received gifts of money
amounting to $2,675,000.I
Col. H. D). Floyd is hereby announ
ced as a candidate for re-election as
County Treasurer,subject to the action
afthe primay elecin.
Soine Important Historical Facts Recalled
-Let Us Have Peace.
A tlanta CODstILUtion.
I asked an intelligent young man
to-day about the 4th of July and
what it meant, and he said "Our fore
fathers had a big fight with old, Eng
land and whipt it; and after it was
all over the colonies got together on
the Ath of July, '76, and formel a
unidn and made a declaration of in
dependence." A good many young
people have an idea that this day
celebrates the whipping of the fight,
and the beginning of a new govern
ment. T2his is a mistake, but it is a
very reasonable supposition. The
day of a great victory that closes a
war and secures peace and independ
ence is a greater day than the one on
which it was declared.
"Let not him boast that putteth
his armor on like him who taketh it
off." The surrender of Cornwallis
at Yorktown virtually closed
the war on the 19th day of October,
1781, and the treaty of peace was
signed in Paris on the 30th day of
November, 1782. This treaty for the
rst time acknowledged and estab
Lishe'd the independence of the United
tates, and the day it was signed
hould be observed as a very notable
lay. The 4th of July was not the
beginning of the war. The colonies
ad been fighting for a year or more
illalongthe line.Bancroft saysthe bat
leof Lexington that wasfought on the
8th of April, 1775, was the beginning
>f the revolution. The battle of
Bunker Hill was fought in June,
775. The colonies had rebelled
'om Maine to Georgia, and had or
anized for resistance. Old North
arolina held a secession meeting at
ecklenburg in May, 1775, and pass
d a declaration of independence.
rhe second continental congress met
n Philadelphia the 10th of May,
[775, and issued $2,000,000 of conti
ental money for war purposes. Cana
la was invaded and Montreal was
;aken in December, 1773. Our fath
rs *ere getting along pretty well
vith the war long before the 4th of
Fuly, but the colonies were fighting
m their own motion, ynd had not
semented any settled union. Some
>f them thought that England would
;oon get tired and beg their pardon
md invite them back, and perhaps
hey would go back, but on the 7th
lay of June, 1676, Richard Henry
ee introduced resolutions in the
:ontinental congress that cut thelast
:ord that had bound the colonies to
3reat Britain. The resolutions were
massed and a committee appointed to
raw up a more formal declaration
)f independence; and so it was done,
ad was reported to congress and
vas passed on the 4th of July, 1776.
It is well for the children and youth
o understand these things, so that
vhen they are asked what all this
acket is about, and these annual
elebrations and fireworks, they can
Richard Henry Lee was the perso
tal friend of Washington, and when
ashington died Lee was chosen to
>ronounce his eulogy, and it was in
hat address that he said of him:
'First in war, first in peace and first
n the hearts of his countrymen."
)on't forget that.
Those Lees were terrible rebels.
hen Cromwell was dictator they
ebelled against him and passed a
eclaration of independence for Vir
~inia, and so Cromwell sent over a
eet to subdue them, but he couldn't
lo it, and had to recognize their ini
leendence and make a treaty with
hen. The Lees were born to rule,
,nd they have been ruling for 150
ears in this country. It is a grand
ld family. Henry Lee, a cousin of
ichard's, was the father of our Gen
rl Robert E. Lee. He was known
uring the revolution as Light Horse
arry. His father must have been a
ery extraordiairy man, for he and
keneral Washingtonloved and court
d the same girl, Miss Lucy Grymes,
he "lowland beauty," and Lee out
~eneraled the general, and history
ays that Washingtonnever wholly
ecovered from that defeat. Some
ears after he tied a widow with bet
er luck. She had one son, and that
on married and died, leaving one
aughter, and our Bob married her.
The Lees all had personal pride and
ride of family. They scorned to do
,mean thing. Their self-respect
rouldn't permit it. They stood up
nd sat down and rode and walked
rith a princely dignity that com
aanded respect and admiration. Wil
iam Preston Johnson says in a re
ent letter that he never saw General
ee take an ungraceful posture. No
aatter how worn or weary or simk or
ad, his bearing was grace and dignity
efined. T1.is was not affected. It
ras his nature. A man with a great
aind and agood heart can't help being
ignified. His body partakes of the
tobility of his mind. He becomes
rodlike, as was said of Daniel Web
Iter. If a man's body is the temple
>f the living God,as the scriptur:es say,
hen it becomes him to be dignified
ad graceful and courteous. Some
'olks affect to despise all this, but
hey do not. They are fooling them
elves. Just let a man or a woman
t or stand before the camera of the
hotographer for a picture and see
iow they fix up for it, and how care
ul to take a good position. They
ill do their best and look their
rettiest every time, especially a
Light Horse Harry was the most
lashi~ng cavalry officer of the revolu
;ion and Washington depended upon
iimi as General Lee depended upon
Jeb Stuart in the late war. Ho was
L devoted friend and a magnanimous
oe. After the war he happened to
be in Baltimore where a mob had
athered to break up a newspaper
nd whip the editor, a man who had'
been his friend, and he rushe~d to1
iis rescue and got wounded in the
Eray and was injured internally and
aever recovered from it. He went-to
Cuba for his health and came back
by Cumberland island to rest awhile
ith General Green's family and
here he died and was buried. Geor
da was honored with his bones.
*I reckon that the 4th of July is the
attest aymto clate, though itwn
not the day of the nation's birth,
nor the beginning of the war, nor the
day of the last great victory, nor the
day when peace was made. It is a
singular coincidence that the battle
of Lexington, where the first blood
was shed in the old revolution, was
fought on the 18th of April-the
same day of the same month that
closed the late war, ninety years af
terward. Sherman and Joe John
ston made peace on that day at Dur
ham's station, in North Carolina. In
the beginning of the first revolution
eleven of the colonies seceded. In
the second revolution eleven States se
ceded. Secession and rebellion began
with the fathers and ended with the
sons. It began in defense of a princi
ple,a little tax of three pence a pound
on tea. All other duties on imports had
been removed, and King George de
clared that he would keep a little tax
on tea, not for revenue, but to show
the colonies that England had a
right to tax-that was all. Where
there is a will to fight, excuses are
plenty. The colonies had been quar
reling with the parent government
for years and were tired. So it was
with the North and the South. They
had been quarreling for fifty years,
and the fight had to come. It wasn't
the election of Lincoln, but it was
the pent up bitterness of half a cen
tury that had to explode.
And we are quarreling again, and
if we keep on there will be another
fight some time. Human nature is
the same now that it as then, and
there are more causes of quarrel than
a little tax on tea. What is the mat
ter with this American people? I
wonder if these farmers can't stop
the fuss when they get into power.
For the Lord's sake, gentlemen, do
start us on an era of peace and good
will, and let the next Fourth of July
celebrate a victory over hate and pre
judice and the inordinate love of
other people's money. BL ARP.
A Brutal Murder In Darlington County
The Murderer Arrested.
Saturday morning Kelly Powers
killed Ben Newman, at Ashland,
twenty-five miles from Darlington.
Both were colored men. Powers was
beating his wife severely, so severely
that Newman askedi him to stop,
when he turned upon Newman with
a large knife and stabbed him in the
heart. Newman turned and ran,
Powers following and cutting him.
After running about fifty yards New
man fell dead. A crowd of negroes
gathered at the scene of the crime
and beat Powers severely and were
with difficulty restrained from lynch
ing him. A deputy sheriff was
promptly dispatched to the scene of
the murder and before sunset the
murderer was safely lodged in jail.
The Newspaper of the Future.
The newspaper of the future will
rid itself of the smartness and flip
pancy with which the newspaper of
the present is to often disfigured.
Its writers will be selected for their
learning, careful literary training and
fairness of judgment. Verbosity is
one of the most dreadedterrorsof the
average newspaper reader. He is
likely to think that an erudite, thor
ughly informed writer must needs
be dull and piosy. Let us admit that
we cannot endure lonie, dull editorial
aticles, and that we will not have a
olorless, dry statement of facts in
the news columns of the joumanl of
ur choice. But it is asking too
much of human nature-.-newspaper
uman nature--that the paper shall
be crisp and bright without malice,
learned and intelligent without dull
ess.-Noah Brook in the Forum.
A Whole Township Missed.
A Raleigh dispatch asserts that no
ensus of South Greensboro', Gull
ford county, N. C., which has a popu
ation of' three thousand, has been
aken, and one township in the
ounty had no enumerator. In the
township in question a Democratic
applicant for appointment as enum
rator was appointed over the Re
publican applicant. Soon after he
ot to wvork he was notified of his re
noval and ordered to turn his books
ver to the Republican, but the lat
er refused to accept the appointment,
ad consequently no census has been
aken in that township. There are
sinilar complaints from all over that
ensus district. Superintendent Por
er would have done better in this
ensus business if he had paid more
attention to competency and less to
politics in the selection of supervisors
ad enumerators.-Baltimore Sun.
The People Will Not Stand it.
The American people, North and
South, will not submit to being bull
:ozed and dictated to. Our educa
tion for 100 years has made us intol
erant of compulsion and of autocratic
methods. Fair play is the first prin
iple of the American citizen, and
this bill violates fair play in every
provision. If it becomes ..law, and
there is no reason to anticipate that
it will not, it will be a law that will
never be put into effect. The Su
preme Court will not sustain it and
the people will not estand it. Tom
Reed and his gang of buccaneers may
force it through Congress, but they
cannot make the American people
swallow it.-Louisville Post.
Somec Things That Stanley Saw.
Mfr. Stanley fairly r'ivals old Ho
mer's famous catalogue of ships in
enumerating the inhabitants of the
central African forests. He found
there the elephant, buffalo, hippopota
mus, crocodile, wild pig, bush ante
lopes, coneys, gazelles, chimpanzees,
baboons, monkeys of all kinds, squn
rels, civets, wild cats, genets, zebras,
ichneumos~ large rodents, while the
air swarms with parrots, paroquets,
sunbirds, finches, shrikes, whippor
wills, hoopors, owls, guinea fowl,
blackbirds, weavers, kingfishers, di
vers, kites, wag-tails, bee-eaters,
pipits, cockatoos, hornbills, jays, bar
bets, woodpeckers, pigeons, and fin
ally the rivers teem with fish, oysters
and clams.-Boston Herald.
--On Tuesday afternoon a wind~
storm swept over Clevelad, Ohio.
unroofing houses and doing other
damage. At one time the dust was
U asnt ompletel obscure the
The Thriling Adventures of an American
Charles Stuhr, lately steward of
the schooner Gellert, who arrived in
this port on the stearaship Clyde last
Saturday, brought news of the wreck
of that vessel on the reefs of the is
land of Catalinita, in the Caribean
sea, April 21; of the attack of pirates
and wreckers, of rescue by a passing
tradcr and of the mutinous conduct
of the crew.
The Gellert, Capt. A. C. Long,
sailed from this port Santo Domingo
and the San Blas cost with a mixed
cargo and carrying a deck load of
lumber. A tornado struck the
schooner when past the Isle of Pines
and made things lively for two. days.
The lumber was thrown overboard,
but the vessel, still unmanageable
was thrown by the surf on the inner
reef surrounding Catalinita Island at
dawl of April 21.
The schooner struck between two
rocks and was firmly held. The
crew, regardless of discipline, man
ned the long boat and went ashore
deserting the captain, the mate and
They collected some flour and bis
cuit and when the sea went down
went ashore in the dory. The sai
lors had found neither food nor wa
ter and welcomed the provisions. A
camp was made.
That same night three stark naked
natives, armed with swords and pis
tols, appeared. After some parley
they went away to get help to loot
the vessel. The crew, already much
exhausted, were frightened, and at
daybreak lauched the long boat and
went out to the vessel, but were un
able to reach her. While trying, a
native coaster appeared and a num
ber of armed men put off in a small
boat for the Gellert. The firmness
of Capt. Long and the mate, backed
by a pair of pistols, kept them off.
The savages went ashore, stole the
dory and the clothes of the wrecked
sailors and went back to their ves
The captain and mate, by jumping
and swimming from rock to rock, got
out on board of the Gellert safely.
Wreckers, who were meanwhile flock
ing to the shore, failing to entice
the sailors ashore, threatened to kill
them and began building rafts. Then
too, the pirates from tne ccaster
made another attempt to board the
schooner, bat the captain and mate
made a good fight. The sailors,
thinking, as they say, that both were
killed, put out to sea.
They were at sea on their oars for
over twenty-four hours, when the ex
hausted men were picked up by a
trader from Santo Domingo and car
ed for. When the captain heard
their story he straightway changed
his c0'urse-and-wert--to--.the--wreck
There they found the captain and
mate alive, who had driven off the
pirates, wounding several. The two
captains decided to transfer the
whole or part of the cargo to the
trader and take it to Santo Domingo,
150 miles away, but the crew of the
Gellert refused to work, claiming
that their pay stopped when the
schooner was wrecked. They said
the captain had no authority over
them, and that they were too sick to
work anyway. Threats of shooting
did not budge them, so the cargo
was left on the wrecked vessel and
the trader with the Gillert's crew,
sailed for Santo Domingo.
At that port Capt. Long charged
his crew with mutiny. and the men
were tried before the British consul
and acquitted.-New York Herald.
Confiting Rtamors of what Wil be Done
With It,
WismseGTox, D. C., July 12.-Re
publican and Democratic Senators
have arrived at an informal agree
ment by which the tariff bill is to b~e
passed within ten days after it is
taken up and the election bill post
poned until December next. A caucuis
of Republican Senators will be held
during the present week, at which
the agreement will be formally rati
fied. The Democratic Senators have
plainly told their Republican collea
ges within the past few *days that
unless an understanding was arrived
at by which the elections bill should
be abandoned, they would so prolong
debate upon the tariff _bill that no
vote could be had for many long
weeks, if at 'all. The Republicans
appreciated the fact that the Demo
crats held the whip hand, and they
The members of the Finance Com-.
mittee have been vere- much worried
at the strong opposition that has
ropped out to the bill whichjthey have
reported, and have been at their
wits' ends to devise some means of
saving it from defeat. The vote in
the Senate yesterday by which the
consideration of the Tariff bill was
postponed frightened the friends ,of
the bill badly, and they are wilhing
to make any deal to bring about its
passage. The Democratic Senators
have determined that the elections
bill shall not be' considered, even if
the session is prolonged into Decem
ber, and have plainly made known
their view to the Republicans. The
result is that the friends of the tariff
bill have intimated to the Democrats
that if the tariff bill is allow<-d to
pass the elections bill will be left un
acted upon. It is confidently assert
ed by leading Republican Senators
that, in view of this agreement, Con
gress will be enabled to adjourn by
August 1st:
A New Cotton Pest.
A new and very destructive cotton.
pest has appeared in Madison parish.
Louisiana, doing great harm to the
young cotton plant. The insect.
which has never been seen before, is
a small beetle, about an inch long,
very active on the wing, and able to
hop about like a flea. It has devoured
almost everything green wherever it
has appeared, but particularly the
young cotton. which it totally de
stros. while the older plants look as
though they had been frost--bitten.
IThe cotton beetle is as yet confined
to only a portion of Madison parish.
and an attempt is being made to ex
terminate it with Paris green.
iSpecimens will be sent to the United
States gEntomologist at Washington
r clasiflction.
How They Appear to theCorrespondents -Li
South Carolina.
The estimate given below are based
upon reports received from 237
special correspondents of the Depart
ment of Agriculture in every part of
the State.
Eighty correspondents report the
weather favorablo and twenty-five un
The condition of the cotton crop,
reported at 103 one month ago, is
still very high. The warm, dry weath
er that has prevailed over the greater
part of the State has been most fa
vorable for the growth of the plant
and the destruction of grass. The
crop has been well worked and ii
exceptionally clean. At this date
the condition is in upper Carolina
101, middle Carolina 101, lower
Carolina 100. Average for the State
101, against 88 at the same date in
The outlook for the corn crop is
not so good as on June 1st, as the
early planting has suffered for rain
in some sections. The condition in
upper Carolina is reported at 95,
middle Carglina 89. lower Caro,
lina 90. Average for the State 91,
against 97 for the same time last
The rice crop is generally in good
condition. The acreage, including
the June planting, is reported as 2
per cent., less than for 1889. The
condition is for upper Carolina 99,
middle Carolina 95, lower Carolina
95. Average for the State 96, against
96 at the sar'me time last yegr.
The small grain crop was harvested
in fine condition. Wheat was seri
ously injured by z"ust. The yield is
estimated at six bushels per acre.
The product is estimated at 40 per
cent. less than last year. Thirty
six correspondents report the quality
as good as last year and eighty-three
correspondents as better than last
year. The yield of oats is estimated
at eleven bushel3 per acre. The yield
of fall and spring sown was about
the same. The total product is esti
mated at 22 per cent. less than last
year. The quality is reported better
by 3 correspondents. as good by 130
and inferior to last yer hy 61 corre
SM.LTER Cr^is.
The smaller crops are reported in
generally good eondition: Sorghum
at 97, sugar cane at 98, sweet pota
toes at 96, Irish potatoes at 96. ga
den products at 89. peaches at 25,
apples and pears at 46, grapes at 83,
berries at 81 and watermelons at
95. _______ _
Crops-When and Ho -to Plant.
In cool climates the turnip crop is
quite an important one, being used
quite extensively for feeding sheep.
The climate of the cotton States does
not suit the turnip sufficiently well to
warrant its being ranked as a staple
crop. Other crops, like the sweet
potato, can be raised more easily and
profitably for stock feed. Still the',
urnip has some value as a succulent
stock food in winter, and coitributes
omething to the health of stock,
hough not very nutritious. For ta
ble and for stock it should claim at
east a patch on every farm.
Success in raising the turnip de
pends very largely on the preparation
>f the land, almost as much as in the
anure applied. Perhaps no crop
emands finer tilth. It is important,
herefore, to begin the preparation of
urnip land early. It is none too
arly now to begin. The first~ thing
s to break the land thoroughly and
eep. If left all cloddy the roller and
arrow should follow th~e plow at
once. After the next rainfall plow I
gain across the first, and follow as
efore with roller and barrow. If
one has no roller, make a drag, by
niling lumber 10x2 to. two slides
sloped upward at front, nailed on
veatherboard fashion, and drag it
ver the land. It will grind and pul
erize the clods very nicely. About
ive pieces eight feet long will suffice.
This is a very valuable implement on
Next to preparation comes manur
ng. Turnips will not grow on poor
and-it should be made exceedingly
ich. Cow-penning is excellent for
he purpose, but this practice is be
oming less practiced than it used to
be. Some stable or lot manure should
be put on the land before the flrst
lowing, with a view to getting it
ined and well mixed with the soiLK
Before the second plowing this should*
be supplemented with a heavy dress
ng ofphosphate-say. at the rate of
1000 pounds per acre. This fertili
er is peculiarly adapted to the tur
ip. Some nitrogen and some potash
re needed also, but phosphate is the
hief m-anure it calls for. Not only
should a liberal dressing of this be
given broadcast, but if the seed are
hilled a little phosphate should be
put in the drill also, to push the crop
forward rapidly out of the way of the
fla bug. A moderate dressing of
otton seed meal and some ashes or
kainit should be given ~also.
On excessively rich land fine crops
f turnips may be raised by sowing
seed broadcast, but on ordinary land
better results will follow sowing in
rills two to two and a half feet apart,
thinning out the crop and working it
with plow and hoe. Our experience
is, that in our hot, dry climate the
turnip should not be sown early
from first of August to middle of Sep
tember is the best seeding period.
The rutabagas first and the flat Dutch
afterwards.-W. L. Jones in Atlanta
A Fortune in a Horse.
Maj. Campbell Brown, Spring T-7l11
Tenn., lately paid 812.500 for a half
interest in the trotting stallion Mc
Ewen, which got a record of 2:18'
last year as a 4-ear-old. McEwen
was sired by McDurdys Hambleton
ian (2.26i), son of Harold. His dam,
Mary LX.. is the dam of Annie -W.,
(2:20) arid Audante (2:2039
-Mr. Noah Clemnts&. an aged and
highly resnected citizen2 of Darling
ton county. died Sunday night last of
hydrophobia. He died forty-three
lays after having been bitten by the
rabid animal, and his death occurred
undr peculiarly sad circumstances.

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