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SONG OF THE CANDIDATE.
"Father who travels the roads so late?"
Hush my child! tis the candidate,
Flt eiample of human woes
Early comes and late he goes;
He greets the women with courtly grace,
He kisses the baby's dirty face,
He calls to the fence the farmors at work,
He bores the merchant, he boresthe clerk,
The blacksmith, while his anvil rings,
Ie greets, and this is the song he sings:
"Howdy, howdy, howdy do?
How is your wife, and how are you?
Ah! it fits my fist as no other can,
The horny hand of the forming man."
"Husband, who is that man at the gate?
"Hush, my love! tis the candidate,"
"Husband, why can't he work 1lie you?
Ras he nothing at home to do'
"My dear, whenever a man is down,
No cash at home, no noney in town,
Too stupid to preach, too proud to beg,
Too timid to rob, too lazy to dig,
Then over his horse his legs he flings,
And to the dear Deople this song he sings:
Howdy, how'dy, howdy do?
How is your wife, and how are you?
Ah! it fits my fist as no other can,
The horny hand of the working mn."
Brother who labors early and late,
Ask these things of the candidate:
What's his record? How does he stand
At home? No matter about his hand,
Be it hard or soft, so be it prone
To close over money not his own.
Has he in view no thieving plan?
Is he honest or capable?-is lie our man?
Cheer such a man till the welkin rings,
Join in the chorus when thus he sings;
"Howdy, howdy, howdy do?
How is your wife, and how are you?
Ah! It fits my fist as no other can,
The horny hand of the farming man."
THAT "PERJURED" LIST.
Capt. Tmmam Creates Excitement by
Naming the Men.
HAmPTroN, S. C., Aug. 1.-The two
main actors ii South Corolina's guber
natorial drama met today probably for
the last time face to ace upon the stump.
The sultry hotness of the day did not
cause any political lassitude; on the con
trary today's fight was one of the most
exciting in the campaign.
For the first time Capt. Tillman read
the list of "perjured" senators, thus
raising quite a storm of indignation
against him from the minority of the
audience. Both speakers were equally
and constantly ineerrupted by opposing
Gen. Bratton finished his remarks
without being interrupted more than
Gen. Earle seemed rather to enjoy
his interruptions to-day. He had a
"Tillman, the second," to contend with
m the person of an individual just in
front of him, who, looking up into his
face, objected to almost every remark.
~ Gen. Earle confidently expressed the
opinion that Capt. Tillman would not be
elected if a primary were held. In
spakng of the Clemson college, he
said thathe was not a recent convert
to it. Before he had ever heard the name
of Clemson he was in favor of an
agricultural and mechanical college. He
further said that he was impressed with
the fact that the common schools should
be improved. He drew the attention
of his.audience to the benefits which
would accrue to the state could the
South Carolina university be made the
equalof the University of Virgmnia. He
further said that he believed all the audi
,ence would be his friends before he fin
ished his speech. In spite of numerous
interruptions he was scrupulously polite,
and sat down with the pleasantest smile.
The applause which followed his speech
Capt. Tillman next came forward,
only to be interrupted like his prede
cessor. He proceeded upon his usual
line until he came to the subject of per
jury There he met with a greater inter
sed of perjur.
Some of the audience asa who they
were. "You know who thei~Fw~ithout
my naming them," said Capt. Ti -
When it was insisted upon, however,
thathe should name the accused, he did
not seem loth to comply, but proceeded
in a loud, clear voice: "I'll name then
all ifyou want me to. The first is Bie
man, of Oconee; the second is Buist."
On coming to the name of Gen. Moore' of
Hamton, he mentioned it with special
emphasis. This caused mntense excite
ment among Gen. Moore's friends. The
climax of this culmination of the cam
paign, however, was reached when the
name of Gen Youmans was mentioned.
Col. Youumans advanced to the stand.
and, in an excited manner, cursed Capt.
Tilman, called him a lhar and defied him
to'prove the charges against Senator
It appeared that there would be a
conflict right in front of the stand, but
abme one pushed Col. Yonmans out
into the audience. and Chairman M. B.
McSweentey succeeded in calling the
meetingto order. Capt. Tillman then
prceed to tell in what respect he
regarded the senatorial gentlemen as
perjurers, they having taken the oath
to support the constitution and not
having carried out certain census laws.
During the remainder of his speech
he was interrupted by irrelevant re
marks and questions from Hon. Mr.
Oansey. L. H. PATILLO.
A Scared Bridegoom.
People at Trenton, N. 3., are talk
ing about a matter that has all the
elements of a successfull farce comedy.
Last Saturday Peter Finiski and Mary
Epswick went from Trenton to Camden
to be married, and after the ceremony
returned to a saloon kept by Mrs. Liz~
zie Purcell, where Mary lived as a ser
vant and where a wedding reception was
to be held.
For months previous to the wedding
Finiski and Charles Kepwotski had been
making love with Mary, each with equal
chances of success apparently, until one
night when EFiniska, on his return from
the rolling-mill, exhibited a big roll of
bills. That roll of money secured for him
the hear4 and hand of Mary. It also ob
tained household goods, paid a month's
rent in advance and bought a ring; in
fact, it made Peter and Mary happy. It
also made Kepwotski angry. The latter
appeared at the wedding festivities last
Sunday night and threatened to kill Fin
iski. ButlPeter did not wait for the slaugh
ter. He left word for his bride that he
would return soon and then he hustled
out of a back way and left the city. Now
Mrs. Fmniski is angry and says that her
husband is a coward and that she won't
live with him if he comes back. She has
also sold tha. household outfit back to
the furniture dealers, and she smiles so
pleasantly on Kepwotski nowadays that
it is predicted she may soon change her
Millions of Worms.
NEW ORLEANS, August 1.-The
Picayune's Austin, Texas, special says:
Millions ofcaterpillars have invaded the
fields of this section of Texas and planters
and farmers are busy poisonIng them.
They are very bad along the Brazos
River and it may be that the cotton
crop of this State wll be seriously injur
ed. The pest are at least three weeks
earlier than usual and they are here in
great numbers and make the atmosphere
very offensive with their peculiar odor.
Two New Comets.
A special cable dispatch to the New
York Herald, dated July 31, says:
There are at this runoment two comets
visible with astronomical instruments.
'One in the constellation of the Lesser
Lion;. the other in the Lesser Bear.
They are very feeble and invisible to
Snaked eye. Theyhave just been dis
co t Mirseilles, by M. Cog
g'ia; the other at Bristol, by Mr. Den
THE STORY OF THE WAR
FACTS THAT SHOULD BE KNOWN B'
EVERY SOU rHERNER.
At the Olose of the War the Federals Rai
About Ten 3en in the Field for Ever:
One of the Confederates.-Some Inter
On the occasion of the recent re
union of Confederate survivors a
Chattanooga the Times of that cit:
published a comprehensive chapter o
the history of the civil war, which is o
interest to every man who took part ii
the great struggle. The statistics con
tained in the sketch were collected foi
the Atlanta Constitution by Col. M. V
Moore, and many of them were com
piled by himself from the Governmen
archives at Washington, during a tem
porary sojourn there. The figures
therefore, may be considered as reliabli
as any that we have pertaining to thi
war, the sources of information whenc<
they were obtained being mostly of
ficial and generally trustworthy.
it is greatly to be regretted, says th(
Times, that no authentic statistic.
exist showing definitely the total nun
ber of troops raised by the Confederac3
during the war. Mr. Stephens in hi!
history says the number was aboui
600,000, and he doubtless spoke fror
actual knowledge, having had access t(
the rolls in the war department al
Richmond. Adjt Gen. Cooper gave the
same figures in a report made from
memory, and after the close of the war
The number as exhibited by the chaotic
material now in the archives at Wash
ington appears to have been about
625,000. Of this furce there remained
in the field, at the capitulation in 1865,
139,788-surrendered respectively as
follows, the figures given embracing
the troops present and those absent whc
were supposed to be alive and not in
April 9. Surrendered by Gen.
Lee........ .... 28,35
April 26. Surrendered by Gen.
Joseph E. Johnston... 37,947
May 4. Surrendered by Gen. Dick
May 10. Surrendered by Gen.
Samuel Jones........ 6,428
May 11. Surrendered by Gen.
Jeff Thompson....... 7,978
May 26. Surrendered by Gen
Kirby Smith......... 17,686
There were, at the close of the war,
98,128 Confederate soldiers in Northern
prisons. There were also many Con
federates in Northern regiments-men
who took the oath of allegiance and
were sent out to the Northwestern
frontier-and the number of deserters
is estimated at 25,000. There were also
at hosie on sick leave and on final dis
charge about 35,000. These figures,
taken together, show that the surviv
ing soldiers of the Confederacy were
about 300,000 men-or nearly 200,000
less than the number of pensioned
Federal veterans at this date!
The losses of the Confederate army
are stated as follows:
Confederate soldiers died in
Northern prisons......... 26,744
Killed outright in battle, about. 60,000
Died of wounds and diseases,
"The estimate for killed is based
upon the known tables of similar mor
tality for the Federal armies. The
latest revised statistics show that the
killed outright among the Federals
was 67,058." Official publications show
that the Federal armies lost 359,529 in
deaths during the entire war, or more
thah five times as many as were killed
outright on the battlefield; 43,032 died
of wounds and 249,438 of disease The
total number of "volunteer enlist
ment"inthe Federal army was 2,859,132;
making allowance for re-enlistments,
the men who entered the "volunteer
service" was 2,320,272?. There were also
' little over 149,00J0 in the regulars and
~r -orps. at 1 n130 12Z,000~ in the
naval servirce. :he grandi total of all
the troops raised Gy the Federal Gov
ernment in its 3:ar on the Southern
States was 3,000,000; men.
At the close of the war, there were
in the field 1,000,516 Federal soldiers.
Of these 797,807 were reported as effec
tive, able for duty. The Confederates
had less than 100,000 effectives-the
ratio being about ten Federal effectives
to one Confederate effective at the time
of the surrender. Counting the total
strength of the Federals and the total
Confederates, the ratio runs about
seven -Federals to one Confederate.
"When the war broke out it was com
mon to hear Southern men say that
one Southern man could whip ten
Yankees. Others less extravagant
placed the ratio at five to one. The
above statistics show that the average
between five and ten came into the
feld against the Confederate before he
was compelled to surrender."
The Federal regiments were not
flled entirely by Northern men. Sev
ral hundred thousand foreigners were
mustered into the Federal army, and,
little as it is known, more than a half
million soldiers from the Southern
States enlisted and fought against the
South. Of this number over 200,000
were negroes, 186,017 of whom were in
what was known as the "colored regi
ments," and the others credited to
white Northern regiments, mainly
Massachusetts commands. The total
f' the Southern contingent in the
Federal armies was 550,000 troops, or
almost as many as were in the Con
federate armies. What would have
been the result of the war, if all these
men had fought on the Confederate
side, it is not difficult to imagine. As
it was, with half a million Southerners
and half a million foreigners to help
them, it took the combined energies of
the vastly more populous and more
wealthy Northern States more than
four years to vanquish the Confed
erates, and the effort nearly failed in
the last year of the war.
The most destructive battles of the
war, in proportion to the numbers en
gaged, were those that followed im
mediately after Grant assumed per
sonal command of the forces operating
against Richmond. He began his
attacks upon Lee in May, 1864, with an
army of 150,000-about three to one of
ee's effective strength-for the Con
federates did not number 50,000 effec
ives then. In less than two months
Grant's losses, as officially reported,
amounted to nearly 100.000 men-or
about two Federals captured or put
ors de combat for every Confederate
egaged. Grant lost in one battle
4,931 men, while Lee's loss was only
,700. This was at Cold Harbor, which
batte, it is said, was fought by Grant
with the expectation of showing that
he coukW win a fight on the ground
where McClellan had been defeated.
Eis failure was in a measure a vindi
ation of McClellan, and it is noted
that the Federals were defeated in
nearly every instance where they
fought for the second time on a field
previously contested. It is noted also
that "the Federal troops won no victory
in the war where their forces were less
than the Confederates;'that altogether
the Confederates "destroyed about
twelve different Federal grand armies."
and they wvere overcome at last only
because the Federal authorities, "hav
ing the world to drawv from, in addition
to a native white population in the
Northern States three times that of the
whtes of the South," experienced but
ittle trouble in obtaining all the re
ruits they wanted, "while the fighting
population of the South grew less and
less every day the war continued," and
nly gave over the unequal contest
when they were outnumbered ten to
It is a record of which every South
erner may well be proud, and the story
f the glory of it should be taught in
very home until the end of time.
How Farmers Lose by Packing their Cot
ton in Heavy Bales.
The farmers are on top in the jute
bagging ight. It is now only about
half the price it was before they tackled
it. They are still keeping up the fight,
and intend to fight it to the end.
Our merchants are laying in a big
t supply of sugar sacks, as a substitute
for the regular jute bagging. This is
well for our farmers, as it is both cheap
and heavy. We learn that it weighs
about 2% pouncls to the yard, and is to
be sold at 7% cents.
Instead of keeping up the fight at a
loss, as was done last year, the farmers
- will, this sear, lose absolutely nothing
t in weight, and will get the covering at
- a less cost than they did last year.
We are not informed as to what
a quantity of sugar sacks has been
3 bought, but it is reasonable to suppose
3 that the supply will not be equal to the
- demand, for the reason that it is heav
ier and cheaper than the jute baarging.
3 It may, therefore, be well for our plan
ters to investigate this matter, and
make such arrangements as they deem
In connection with this, we wish to
call the attention of our farmers to the
i importance of packing their cotton in
standard bales-four hnndred pounds.
Six per cent. of the gross weight of a
bale is knocked off for the bagging and
i ties. The farmer, then, should put on
6 pounds of bagging and ties, for every
hundred pounds of the gross weight of
the bale. If he pats on less than this
amount of bagging and ties, he forces
himself to submit to a loss of lint cot
There is obliged to be - loss to the
farmer of about 60 cents a hundred for
any excess in the bale over 400 pounds.
If a bale weighs 600 pounds the tare
is 36 pounds. If only 24 pounds of bag
ging and ties is put on, the farmer loses
12 pounds of lint cotton.
Abbeville County has been losing, by
packing heavy bales, enough money to
pay her taxes.
There isn't a farmer in Abbeville
County, who packs his cotton in 600
pound bales, who will not lose an
amount equal to his taxes.
The fight on jute bagging, and the
opening of the eyes of the people to
their loss in packig heavy bales, will be
worth to this county alone, in years to
come, hundreds of thousands of dollars.
When th3 people find out that they
are losing from 50 cents to $1 a bale
on heavy bags, they will save by reduc
ing the weight This together with
their victory in reducing the price of
jute, should be a sufficient recompense
for their trouble, even if nothing else
is gained.-Abbeville Press and Banner.
A Border Fray.
NEW ORLEANS, August 6.-A special
to the Times-Democrat from Marfa,
Texas, says: News was brought in yes
terday morning by J. E. Outhes, fore
man of mines at Shafter, of a killing
which took place at 2 o'clock that morn
ing. It seems that a crowd of Mexicans
had got on a spree and were firing off
their weapons, when several of the white
miners, rangers and deputy sheriffs went
down to see what was the matter. Sud
denly they were fired upon from ambush
and State Ranger J.F. Gray was instant
ly killed, and J. Lee, deputy sheriff and
deputy United States marshal, was se
riously wounded in the arm. The fire
was returned, and it is believed that one
Mexican was killed and several wound
ed. A physician, Capt. Jones, several
rangers and deputy sheriffs have left for
the scene. Trouble has been brewing
with the Mexicans at Shafter for some
time, and it is believed that the intention
was to rob and burn the mine. Graves,
the dead ranger, belonged to Company
D). and was very highy thought of by
his fellow-rangers. Yesterday evening
Itwo rangers came in with the body of
Graves for shipment to Laredo, his home.
Thy reort that the miners and rangers
have aboutone hundred Mexicans sur
rounded andiite' aiding them until
further assistance can get~ae' when
they will pick out those connect ~
the shooting and bring them to Mafra
for safekeeping. The whole trouble is
said to come from the lynching of a
Mexicsn some months ago.
Shot Him Through a Horse.
News comes from ins Run, in
Colleton County, of a shooting affray
which occurred there on last Saturday
morning under somewhat peculiar and
amusing circumstances. A North Car
olinian named Williams, who has been
engaged in the turpentine business in
that section for some time, was trans
acting some business with a negro who
had been imbibing rather too freely of
a mean quality of red liquor. The
white man and the darkey could not
agree on some point in a bargain, and
the bibulous Afro-American grew
rather boisterous and abusive. The
Tar Heel was not accustomed to this
sort of behavior, and proceeded to
chastise the offending darkey with a
fusilade of bullets from a revolver which
he deftly extracted from his hip pocket.
The negro had no idea that his oppo
nent was going to drive his point in so
emphatic a manner, and sought refuge
behind his horse. But this did not stay
the anger of the infuriated North Caro
linian, who fired at the terrified darkey
through the horse and all. The bullet,
which was from a large pistol pene
trated entirely through the animal's
body, killing it instantly, and coming1
out on the other side, wounded the ne
gro. At this juncture the combatants,1
or rather the North Carolinian, was
stopped, and the affray was ended.
News and Courier.1
The Corpse Trust Again.
After a lapse of about two years the
facts in the gigantic insurance swindle
in Charleston, known at the time as the
"corpse trust," interest has been revived
by the extention of executive clemency
to Tom Bond, who was convicted of
conspiracy to commit fraud and forg
ery in June 1888, in Charleston, and sen
tenced by Judge Norton to three years
in the penitentiary. The Governor
pardoned him yesterday, and thus
about the only surviving member of
the famous gang is a free man once
more. Trhe Governor gives as his rea
sons for granting the pardon below:
"The petition on which the pardon is
based is a remarkably strong one in the
prisoner's behalf, the superintendent
presented a strong endorsement for
good conduct and attention to duty
during confinement, the Board of Di
rectors recommended the granting of
the pardon. and some weight was at
tached to tho precarious and weak con
dition of his young wife, whose infln
ence, it is hoped, will lead Tom to bet
ter ways."-Columbia Record.
Horribie Death of an Unknown Man.
GRmANITEVILLE, S. C., Aug. 7.-Some(
time during the night of August 5 a
man was run over and killed near Vau
cluse by some train on the Charlotte, 1
Columbia and Augusta Rlailroad. lie
was apparently about 33 years old,
about 5 feet tall, with brown mustache
and dark brown hair. ie wvas badly
cut up by the train, ie had also had
a club foot. From appearances, he wast
a tramp. Ihis clothes were poor, indeed.
ie had 30 cents in money, a pocket
knife and a pack of cards, and I sup
pose some whiskey, as a broken bottle
wvas found near him. The verdict of
the jury was that lie came to his death
by being run over or struck by some
train on the Chairlotte, Columbia and
Augusta l airoad on the 5th day of
August, 1890.-News ad Courier.
Mobbed a Circus.
IiurEMIN, Mich.,XAug. 7.-Bough's1
circus was ha nded roughly here last
night. They aidvertise.d a free balloon
ascension. w ich failed to materialize,
so a molb of several thousand peoplel
tore the tent to pieces, mobbed the
circus people and looted everything inii
DEFENSE OF CHARLESTON.
REVIEW OF AN INTERESTING WORK
WRITTEN BY A PARTICIPANT.
The )efenso of Charleston Harbor, by
.John Johuson, Formerly Major of Engi
neers in the Service of the Confederate
States, Charleston, S. C.
The defense of Charleston was one of
the most sti-ring episodes of the war
between the States. Its moving story,
only second in interest to that of the
great armies in the field, is told in the
work above cited by one who bore a
greater part in it than his modesty per
inits him to record.
No one can read Major Johnson's
first chapters without recognizing the
spirit of a soldier and the literary art
which reveals thought and culture. No
one can finish the book without feeling
the thrill which always responds to the
simple, rapid, and intense narration of
great events, by a writer who, as eye
witness and actor, took part in them.
In language almost as completely
"stripped bare of every vesture of orna
ment," as a great orator described
Cusar's style, Major Johnson places his
reader at once at the very centre of the
action, and soon kindles his interest to
the white heat of the surrounding
After a brief sketch of the evening
preceding the 7th of April, 1863, the de
tailed history opens with the attack of
the iron clad fleet on Fort Sumter,
which signalized that day. The author's
fine descriptive powers are here first
displayed, and the reader who, in spite
of Major Johnson's grave and scientific
attitude, has perhaps already become a
partisan of the fort, is relieved to find
that the fleet was repulsed with four
vessels disabled and one, the "Keokuk,"
sunk. The "Keokuk" went to the bot
tom off Morris Island, not far from the
station of the fleet. The story of the
removal of the guns from this wrecked
monitor by night, under all sorts of
difficulties and perils, and almost with
in hearing of the federal sailors, is told
with spirit and effect. Then follows
an account of the federal descent on
Morris Island; of the two assaults on
the Confederates battery Wagner blood
ily repulsed, and of that which marks
the next attack on Fort Sumter as the
beginning of a new era in war-the
breaching of the walls of a regular for
tification by rifled guns on Morris Is
land, 3,400 to 4,300 yards distant. This
was the first great bombardment of
Fort Sumter by General Gillmore. Be
ginning on the 17th of August, 183,
it was maintained uninterruptedly for
seven days, and was continued after
wards at interval till the 2d of Septem
ber. By this time the guns of Sumter
were silenced; its offensive power was
gone. But, recognizing it as the cita
del of his combined defenses, General
Beauregard determined, on the advice
of his firm and able engineers, that it
should be held to the extremity. Out
of this vigorous resolution grew a mast
erly and unparalleled defense, in the
course of which the fort suffered two
other great and eight minor bombard
ments, and was transformed from a
heap of ruins into a "shapely and pow
erful earthwork armed with five heavy
guns and protected against assault."
It is a popular error to suppose that
the tumbling in of the walls was itself
a principal element in this magic trans
formation. These ruins were merely a
part of the materials with which the
genius of the engineer patiently and
skilfully wrought. But for the intelli
gent and ceaseless labors which before
the first bombardment had strengthen
ed the sea front and gorge with thous
ands of cubic yards of sand and cotton,
the opportunity would not have occur
ed for the novel and heroic defense
hich followed the destruction of the
riginal fort. One hundred and forty
ix days and more than one hundred
ights of continous fire on Fort Sum
er distributed over two principal and
ight lesser bombardments, the evacu
tion of Morris Island, and a fierce at
ack on Sullivan's Island, followed
Beauregard's intrepid decision not to
give up his citadel. In suchge pg
f shot and shell wgaae-few creation
f the engineet'sti-t to take its rise on
~he ruins of,~umter.
ifgeisider the physical and moral
tram uinder which this work was done,
mnd 291 days during which the fort was
mder fire, the losses by the enemy's
nissiles and the explosion of magazines,
he monotony of the passive defense,
~he fierce obstinacy of the attack, and
~he accumulating and portentous dan
ers contemporaneously pressing on the
onfederates on other threatres of war,
ve cannot fail to admit that this de
~ense was worthy of careful and cir
~umstantial narration. During every
ight and many days of this long
eriod the labors of some one hundred
nd twenty men, on an average, with
ut counting the garrison, were direct
d by the engIneer in charge of Fort
umter, Major JTohnson. J ustly and
nodestly does he declare, "Foresight
~ontrived, and hard work executed the
lans of defense." With equal justice,
ve must add, that dauntless courage
nd overmastering energy are also qual
ties which the future historian will
scribe to the engineer immediately re
ponsible for that stubborn and pro
We have no room left to mention in
letail the unsuccessful boat attack on
ort Sumter, or the operations on
ames Island--the key to Charleston
~vith the dash at Fort Johnson, or the
nstructive account of the torpedo de
ices for the destruction of vessels
~he first use of these methods in war,
f the author's luminous discussion of
he whole problem of the defense of
harleston, or to mingle gaieties with
ravities, that felicitous description of
he Christmas dinner in a casemate at
~vhich the half of an exploded 15-inch
hell did duty for a punch-bowl, and it
id wvell or those solemn pages, recount
ng the final collapse of the Confeder
te power and the consequent abandon
at of impregnable Sumter. The
ook should be widely read for its vivid
nterest. It is a noble record of a noble
assage of war.
The ordinary reader will be carried
long on the stream of its rapid narra
ie, the military student will find in
rich and precise technical instruction,
upplemented by abundant maps and
~ngravings, and in it the soldier will
tudy noble examples of professional
asight, vigor and daring. But espe
~ially will it be valued on the moral
ide by the people of South Carolina
nd her sister Southern States as an im
ressive memorial not unworthy-by
ts manliness,its simplicity,its strength,
ts transparent truthfulness--to per
etuate the fame of heroic deeds, pride
n wvhich they received from their
athers with the obligation, if they are
rue to themselves, to transmit it to
eir children.-Richmond Times.
To Be Tried in Lexington.
COLOAMIA, S. C., August 7.-In the
~ourt of General Sessions at Edgefield
esterday morning the counsel for Jones
sked His Honor, Judge Witherspoon,
~efore deciding as to what County the
rial of Jones should be transferred, to
Lear from him further in relation to the
latter. Judge Witherspoon stated that
e had about made up his miud to have
e case transferred to Lexington Coun
. Major Gary, Jones's counsel, object
d vigoroursly to having the case remov
d to either Lexington or Richland, and
xpressed a preference for Aiken.
Solicitor Nelson said that he had no
jection to the case being tried in any
'unty in the State outside Edgefield
xcept Aiken, but he wouid not raise his
-oice in opposition to its being transfer
ed to any other County.
Judge Witherspoon then said that the
'easons advanced by Jones's counsel as
why the case should not be transfer
ed to' Lexington County were insutli
~iet and he should, therefore, order the
se to be transferred there for trial,
nd it was so ordered.-Register.
T HmE Tennessee State Republican Con
~etionl nominated Lewis T. Baxter for
A. H. STEPHEN'S ROMANCE.
The Fascinating Belle he Fell in Love
with at Sight.
There was always much speculation
during the life of Alexander .iStephens
why he never married, nor did this
speculation cease after lie had gone to
the grave a celibate. Johnson &
Browne's ',Life of Alexander H. Steph
ens" gives one version, and the News,
upon the authority of the lady interest
ed, gives another version, but as to what
is the best founded, or whether there is
some foundation for both versions, the
reader must draw his own conclusions.
"The life of Alexander H. Stephens,"
alluded, to says that when Mr. Stephens
was a teacher at Madison, Morgan
County, Ga., in the fall of 1832, he lost
his neart. It says : "One little episode
not noted here, or even stated by him
until nearly forty years after this oc
cu'rrence, we may briefly advert to.
One of the pupils at this school was a
young girl, lovely both in person and
character, from whom the young teach
er learned more than is to be found in
the books, and whom he grew to love
with a depth of affection all the greater
that it was condemned to hopelessness
and silence. The poor student, with no
prospect of worldly advancement, the
invalid, who looked forward to an early
death, must not think of marrying
must not speak of love. And he never
spoke of it to her nor to any until
a generation had passed, and then to
but one friend."
The other version of Mr. Stephens's
early love is located in Sayannah, which
he visited early in the fall of 1834, and
the authority of the story is Mrs. Caro
line Regina Maria Smith, a lineal de
scendant of Lord Richard Percival
Bland. Mrs. Smith says that when Mr.
Stephens was in Sava'nnah he met her
self, then the wife of Edward Thomas
Courtenay, her unmarried sister, Belle,
and their father, and after the meeting
Mr. Stephens asked permission to pay
his addresses to Mr. Bland's daughter.
Mr. Bland, on his return home, related
to his daughter Belle what Mr. Steph
ens had said, and she very pettishly
said that she would not receive Mr.
Stephens for a suitor, whereupon Mr.
Courtenay spoke up and said : "I think
my wife is the younger looking and the
most handsome, and I would not be
surprised if Mr. Stephens fell in love
with my wife instead of you, Belle."
The father of the ladies, patting his
married daughter on the shoulder in an
affectionate way, said : "I would not
be surprised if Courtenay is right; I
shall see Mr. Stephens and bring him
around to tea this evening, and then
we will find out."
Later in the afternoon Mr. Bland
met Mr. Stephens in the office of Mr.
McLaws and asked him to which of the
ladies he referred, and Mr. Stephens
described the personal appearance of
Mrs. Courtenay and remarked that she
was the only lady he had ever met and
loved at first sight; to which confession
Mr. Bland made reply that the lady in
question had been married. Mr.
Stephens rejoined that he did not care
if she had been married; that he desired
to renew his request to pay his address
es to her, and then Mr. Bland said :
"My daughter's husband is living. and
you see how vain your request Is." A
shade of pain passed over the face of
Mr. Stephens, and the invitation to tea
was declined.-Savannah News.
JUTE BAGGING OUSTED.
Georgia Farmers to Use a Covering Made
ATLANTA. GA., August 7.-The far
mers of Georgia will never use jute
again. The next crop will be clothed
almost totally in cotton bagging, and
jute will be thrown away. The Alli
ance Exchange is busy continuously
shipping cotton bagging, eveng this
early period, in great qunt es to" Ahe
various alliances all over the State,
and the orderu~are-ificreasing every day.
ML.d~-kWynn of the State Alliance
Exchange has shipped 50,000O yards of
cotton bagging to the alliances of Geor
gia, and is busily occupied filling new;
orders for the article every day. a
"It will be used exclusively this se
son," he said, "and although jute bag
ging has become about one-fourth as
costly as cotton bagging, none of it will
be used. This would seem strange at
first, but when you consider the matter
you will find that it is the best plan for
farmers to use cotton bagging, even
though it is about four times the price
of jute. It is selling for 16 cents a
Dound, or about 12% cents per yard.
Jute has gone down to 4 cents a pound
or 8 cents a yard.
"The reason that it is cheaper for the
farmers to cover their cotton with cot
ton bagging rather than with jute is
because the consumption of cotton is
increased considerably by using the cot
ton bagging. This naturally increases
the demand for cotton, and hence is
profitable to the farmers by raising the
price of cotton. If that rise is only
half a cent the difference between the
cost of jute and cotton bagging is coun
terbalanced. You can see, therefore,
the advisability of the farmers using
"Jute will nrot be known as a cover
for cotton fibre a few years from now.
It will never be used again for this p ur
pose. Cotton bagging has whipped in
the fight for all time."
A movement will be brought before
the meeting of the State Alliance, which
is to be held in Atlanta soon, to estab
lish a cotton bagging factory in this
State for the alliance. The matter has
been talked of before, but will be
brought before the next meeting in a
business-like shape.-New York Times.
Ghastly sight at Long Branch.
LONG BRANcu, N. J., August 6.--The
wreck of a barge was washed ashore here
two days ago. This morning an artist
for Harper's Weekly was sketching
the wreck when he saw projecting
above the water abooted foot. Cor
oner Vandeveer was immediately sum
moned, with the idea that there was
necessity foran inquest. He mounted
the barge and was astonished to see the
floating corpse of a man in a green jum
per. The coroner took charge of the
wreck, which was then explored, and
three bodies were found. Her name or
number cannot be ascertained. She may
be coal barge, B. 13, which belongs to
Heisley & Bros, Newport News, Va.
The theory is held that she was the barge
struck by the steamer Thingvalla. If
that is the case, the barge had three men
aboard of her. The names of those Onl
the barge were Capt. Summer, Bob Wa
ters and one Fleming. They left New
port News on Saturday afternoon about
GREENsBORO. N. C., Aug. 6.-At 4
o'clock yesterday morning a negro
named Schofield Grant, alias Merritt,
was killed on the Richmond and Dan
yille track in the southern part of this
city. He stepped off the main line out
of the way of a train on a side track
directly in front of a backing engine.1
He was knocked down and run over. 1
His body was cut almost completely in i
two at the waist, only a shred of muscle i
holding the two parts together. The I
wheels of two cars and a tender passed I
over, yet when the train stopped he
told the hands how to take him out.
He was laid on a skid and lived and talk
ed calmly of his injuries for an hour
or more. Occasionally he would glance!
at the parts of his body lying around.
The first of his relatives to reach him I
was his aged grandmother, who dIrop- I
ped dead after looking upon his injur-i
Throats of Lynohing.
MorroOMERLY, Aug. 7.-Will Join
son, a negro boy, burglarized two houses
in Opelika yesterday and to-day killed
P. J. Moone, a merchant of Gold Hill,
who was trying to arrest him. A special
to The Advertiser says threats of lynch
ONE AT AUGUSTA AND ONE NEAR
Two Mon Meet on the Street and Ex
chiange Shots--One Killed and the Other
Wounded-The Cause of the Difticulty.
AUGUSTA. Ga.. Aug. 2.-Mr. L. H.
Patillo, travelling correspondent of the
Augusta Chronicle, shot and killed Mr.
Charles P. Hutson on the street to
night. The two gentlemen met about
11 o'clock in front of the Hawthorn sa
loon in Broad street, three doors above
Jackson. There are no witnesses to the
homicide. About six shoots were fired.
Mr. Patillo received one bullet from
Hutson's pistol in the right thigh. Pol
iceman Baston caught Hutson as he was
falling, attempting to fire another shot,
but he was too weak to pull the trigger.
As Hutson was gently laid on the
ground he turned over and died.
Both men fired five shots and only one
from each pistol took effect. One of
Hudson's fingers was broken, and this
may be the effect of another of Patillo's
bullets. Patillo was standing near the
wall of the Hawthorn restaurant, and
the sidewalk has been crowded all day
with curious people looking at the
marks made in the wall and window by
the four bullets which missed Pattillo.
Hudson was out near the curb when he
fell, and a great pool of blood marked
the spot where he died. Both men were
near each other, and the dead man's face
and hands were burned by the powder
from his antagonist's pistol. Hudson
lived for a few minutes after the shoot
ing, but was unconcious. Patillo is
receiving every possible attention at the
The cause of the tradegy is the subject
on everybod's tongue to day. Of course
there is a woman in the case.
It is shocking to drag a woman's name
into such affairs as these men have
done, but it is generally understood that
this is the origin of the difficulty. And,
strange to say, the killing was not in
defence of a woman's reputation, but
simply the result of a seemingly insane
jealousy. Mr. Patillo was married a
few years ago to Miss Ella Hall, a beau
tiful girl of Warren County, but they
were divorced after a few months of
unhappy and uncongenial married life.
She had even resumed her maiden name,
and was to all intents and purposes free
and so deemed herself. It seems, how
ever, that Patillo madly loved her and
decleared time and again that he would
kill any man who paid her attention.
It is said he has made these threats to
several young men who met and went
out with his former wife, and it is sup
posed that he had sent a simular mes
sage to young Hudson, who met the
lady here in Augusta about three
month ago. Both young men have a
host of friend here, and the deepest re
grets are expressed at the sad occur
The Other Tragedy.
Between 4 and 5 o'clock on Sunday
morning W. H. Ahrens was killed by
T. D. Green in the house of the latter
it Ten Mile Hill, S. C., near Charles
Ahrens has for some time been mixed
up in the affairs of Green and his wife,
mausing jealousy on the part of Green
that resulted in a seperation of the man
and wife. Since the seperation Ahrens
as returned to visit Mrs. Green, which
aused gossipy tongues to wag. Green
mays he was informed of these reports
and determined to see for himself if
they were well founded.
He says he went to his wife's house
an Saturday night about 12 o'clock and
aw through the blinds his wife and
Ahrens sitting side by side drinking
nd talking like man and wife. He re
strained his impulse to enter and went
away. Returning in the early morning
e forced an entrance into the house
nd founid Ahrens-and his wife in bed
together. He says: "My wife screamed
and waked Ahrens, who had a pistol
uder his pillow and one on a mantel
piece, but I had the drop on him and
ired first." Green went to Charleston
:n the first train and surrendered.
Mrs. Green's story is that having her
store robbed only recently, she was
fraid of burglars-her son being in
Dbarleston--and asked Ahrensi to stay
Lntil he returned, at 11 o'clock.
Ahrens at first declined, for fear of
iving offence to Green, but she insis
~ed and he complied, but declined to go
o bed saying he would sit up and guard
he premises. She retired to her room
ut did not undress, being uneasy. To
i reporter for the News and Courier,
Mrs. Green said:
I was awakened between 4 and 5 when
[ surely heard someone breaking into
ihe window on the second floor. I ran
lown stairs and cried out, 'Mr. Ahrens,
someone is breaking in the up stairs
window: Ahrens appeard to be
oundly sleeping and did not seem to
ear me. Waking up he looked dazed
md reched for his pistol from the man
;elpiece. By this time I saw that the
an behind me was Mr. T. D. Green,
md he was right behind me on the steps.
Bfore Abrens could get his pistol he
was shot at by Mr. Green from the
steps. The first must have killed him.
or he fell after it and seemed to die
lmost immediately. I will tell you
ionestly, he had never seen or heard
mything that would make him believe
nie unfathful to him. I consider Mr.
Ahrens's killing willful murder It
was done without cause.
Ahrens' body was found upon the
loor of the room in his night clothes,
Lnd was covered with a blood-stained
iheet, which Mrs. Green claims her
isband placed over him.
Mrs. Green is a wvoman of striking
ippearance, well developed, with hand
some black eyes and hair, and appear
mtly well educated. Her maiden name
vas Miss Alice Shirer. She marriedl a
tir. Appler, and after his death was
wedded to Mr. Green. She owns the
tore at Ten-Mile Hill and Is said to
:ontrol about $40,000 worth of phos
WhyTNot End It ?
Why not end the political excitement
n the State at once by nominating can
lidates for the State officers at the Con
rention to be held on the 13th of Au
ust? In the language of the Rock
Iill Herald "what is the use of waiting
mtil September, when it must be clear
o even the most rabid opposer of Capt.
ilnan that there is no hope for any
ther outcome of the struggle for the
tubernatorial office than the endorse
nent of the suggestion by the Farmers'
jonvention ? What is the sense of con
ining the strife and turmoil until
september just to suit a few irrecon
ilables who will not be satisfied with
he nomination of Tillman by a~v
ethod and would perhaps vote against
im under any circumstances ? It is
onceded by both factions that he will
e the next Governor of this State, and
or our part we are in favor of his be
ng made the nominee of the Democrat
e party for that office and a full State
icket chosen at the August Conven
ion, and in order to pave the way for
hat result we think the State Execu
ive Committee should rescind the call
or the September Convention, and thus
eavethe August convention free to act
nd finish the whole business at once."
A Murderous Negro Preacher.
ATLANTA, August 3.-The attempt
f a colored preacher, named WV. H.
3oone, in Gordon County, to kill by
oison a family of ten persons, three of
i victius being now dead, has created
atense excitement, and the prisoner
.nd his wife are carefully guarded in jail.
Ic put rat poison in the food of a colored
rime ou his wife, saying she was jeal
us of Mrs Talley's affection for him.
he wife puts it on her husband, saying
e sought to obtain possession of Talley's
rop. The oiher v'atimns arc not yet
GROWTH UF THE CHURCH.
Strength of the Different Denominations
in the United States.
The Independent has gathered some
valuable and interesting statistics
showing the strengLh of the various
Christian Churches in the United States
and their growth during the past year.
In some cases the figures are estimates,
but our contemporary believes that on
the whole the results "very closely ap
uroximate the truth."
From these it appears that there are
in the United States 151,261 churches
of all denominations, 103,300 ministers
and nearly 22,000.000 members. Dur
ing the year there has been an increase
of 8,500 churches, nearly 4,900 ministers
and nearly 1,000,000 members.
The most numerous denomination is
the Roman Catholic, with its 7,500
churches, 8,300 priests, etc., and 8,277,000
population, of whom 4,676,000 are esti
mated to be communicants.
Then come the Methodists, with, in
round numbers. 4,980.000 communi
cants; Baptists,4,292.000; Presbyterians,
1,229.,000; Lutherans, 1,086,000; Congre
gationalists, 491,000, and Episcopalians,
The increase in the Catholic popula
tion during the year was 421,700. The
estimated gain in Catholic communi
cants was over 238,000.
The gr-wth of Protestants member
ship was 668,000. The Methodist gain
ed more than 256,0000. the Baptists more
than 313.000, the Lutherans 98,000, the
Presbyterians nearly 49,000, the Con
gregationalists more than 16,000. and
the Episcopalians about 9,500.
The accession of new members was
even larger than these figures, since in
every denomination there were deaths
of members whose places were filled by
new acquisitions. The number of
deaths in the Methodist Episcopal
body. for example, was reported at
This is a highly satisfactory and en
couraging showing to all who have the
welfare of the church at heart. A gain
of nearly eleven hundred thousand in
membership in one year, with a corres
ponding increase in the number of
churches and ministers, indicates that
Chistianity is marching on with no un
certain stride. As our contemporary
well says, "It is in itself a most over
whelming refutation of the assertions
we hear now and then from various
quarters that Christianity is losing its
hold upon our people, and that our
churches are declining."-New York
An Indignant Democrat Gives H Im
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-The House
resumed the consideration of the Senate
amendments to the sundry civil appro
priation bill, the question being on non
concurring in the Senate amendment
appropriating 850,000 for a light -iouse
near Maryland Point, Potomac River.
Mr. Rogers, of Arkansas, rose, and, be
ing recognized by the Speaker, said that
he wished to submit a few remarks.
Mr. Cannon made the point that de- I
bate was not in order.
The Speaker was at first inclined to
sustain this point, but, after debate, in
order to save time, he recognized Mr.
Cannon to move the previous question.
Against this Mr. Rogers protested,
saying this was the second time the
Speaker, after having recognized him,
had summarily taken him off the floor.
The Speaker thought that he had I
always treated the gentleman with po
liteness and respect. The Chair had not
recognized the gentleman for debate.
When the gentleman rose of course the
Chair could not tell what he rose for1
until he stated it.
Mr. Rogers suggested that when no
one was occupying the floor and agentle
man rose and was recognized it was none
of the Chair's business what he was re
The Speaker: "The-Chair respectfully
states that it is the Chair's business as
Speaker of the House."
Mfr. Rogers: "The Chair arrogates that
TLhe Speaker: "The Chair arrogatesi
nothing. The Chair acts as Speaker of
the House. He has always endeavored]
to act towards the gentleman with entire
fairness and respect.
Mr. Rogers: 'It is a difference of opin
The Speaker: "It is a difference of
opionion which this House can and does
base its judgment on."
fr. Rogers:"I have no doubt about
that, and I have no doubt what the ver-t
The Speaker: "I have not either."
Mr. Rogers remarked: "That was one
point on which the Speaker and he
The previous question was ordered on
non-concurring in the Senate amend
ment. No quorum voted and the House
FIGHTING THE FORCE BILL.
Bainess Men North and south Work To
WASHINGTON, August 8.-The busi
ness men :of the North are joining
hands with their brethren of the South
in protesting against the passage of the
force bill at this time. A conference
is said to have been held at Senator
Qnay's residence last night, participat
ed in by Senators Plumb, Teller and
several other recalcitrants so far as the
tariff bill is concerned. There were
also present several representative ~
manufacturers from New .York and
Philadelphia for a general discussion
of the tariff bill. The manufacturers 1
said that the business men of the coun
try are deeply interested in the speedy
adjustment of the tariff question, for
while it is pending commercial inter
ests are in a very unsettled condition.
They are aware that the force bill
stands in the way of a prompt disposi
tion of the tariff bill, and they appealed
to their Republican friends in the Sen
ate to give to the business interests
the preference over the politicians.
There is a growing impression in
Congressional circles that the force bill
will have to be side-tracked in order
to secure the passage of the tariff bill.
The Democrats in the Senate and House
have it in their power to prolong the
p resent session indefinitely, and the
Republicans are beginning to appreci
ate that fact. Speaker Reed showedC
the first signs of weakening to-day,a
wvhen he admitted to yc ur correspond- a
ent that the Democrats have hit upon t
a new plan for filibustering by de-t
manding a roll-call on every proposi
tion that comes up. He has been keep.
ing count of them, and he finds that
the roll has been called over 350 times ai
during the present session, aggregating n
something like ten days.
lHe is also commencing to complain
of the lack of courage on the part of
the Senate in forcing the consideration
of public business, and he congratu- ~
lates the majority in the Hlouse on C
what it has accomplished, and is ready ~
to shift the responsibility for the '
failure of any general legislation upon C
the Senate.-News, and Courier. S
Tima Daily Champion, of Atchison,
Kansas, founded by and edited by thea
late Governor John A. Martin. has come
out squarely for free trade. For thirty
years it has been a stalwart Republican
organ, and the active defender of the
protective idea. While still retaining
its Republican principles, it says that hi
the West has no use for protection.
"The Western farmer," it says. "has no f
interest whatever in a protective tariff. fi
His interest lies in the direction of free o
trade and access to all markets where- a
ever his products may be in demand."
PRnESIDENT Celnman appointed too ,a
many relatives to otlice; hence the !1
trouble in the Argentine Republic. I "
President Harrison has not a known re- |bl
lative or connection unprovided with al
an office save one who is a Democrat, [e
THE FARMERS ALOUSED.
THEY WILL RIGHT THE WRONGS OF
ALL THE PEOPLE.
imue Kind Words from one or the Lead
ing Agricultural Journals of the Coun
try-Some of the Thing the Farmers
Should Do Pointed Out.
More than ever before the. politicians
ire asking what the farmers intend to
lo in politics. North and South the
3ommanding force of the farmer's vote
s recognized. Heretofore the farmer3
have marched to the polls likethe sheep
:o the shambles, but at last they realize
'he situation and intend to count for as
much as the negro vote, the prohibition
rote. the libor vote, the Irish vote, the
lerman vote, or the purchasable vote.
Into the merits of the various local
:ontests Home and Farm can not enter.
We cover a vast field, and in that ter
.itory there are numerous local causes
>f oppression with which only local
>rganizations and local agitation can
leal. In some sections county asess
nents are unfair, county expenses are
axtravagant .and county taxation is
igh. The remedy here would be to
yut better Men in local offices. Inother
iections the difficulty is with the State
governments, with the Legislature,
Arith various commissions, or with the
Elsewhere it is with the courts, or, as
n Louisiana, the enemy of all enemies,
lebauching public sentiment and defy
ng the moral law, is the lottery com
pany. Again and every where the far
ners are suffering from a vicious sys
;em of nationaI taxation. and from
reckless extravagance in appropriation.
Congress has increased pension ap
propriations to $167,000,000; it is offer
ng subsidies to steamships and sub
sidies to the sugar trust; almost every
tern in the appropiation bills shows an
ncrease, but the opinion at Washing
'on seems to be that there is little to
ear from the farmers' vote.
They will think differently when the
votes are counted in the fall. In the
meantime we wish to give to the far
ners a few words of caution, in order
,hat they may not fall in error and dis
ipate their strength in attempts to do
what can not be done. In the first
place, there is no power in government
;o make an idle, ignorant farmer rich.
armers can not be made rich by help
)f the government; only by what he
Jigs from the soil. The trouble hereto
ore has been that the government has
lirectly and indirectly taken a large
art of what the farmer raised and ap
ropriates it to the support of other
nen in idleness.
Farmers are not communists; they
lo not propose to rob any body; they
dmply do not propose to be robbed any
onger. What the farmers have to do
s simply to repeal bad laws; stop ex
ravagance, and punish crime. This is
L great undertaking, and beset with
lifficulty. In the first place, hundreds
)f politicians will stuff their trousers
n their boots and parade as special
riends of the homey-handed son of
;oil. Others entirely sincere. and un
ielfish, will over-state the case in the
ndictment of public officials, and when
)rought to book will have to explain or
tpologize. Others still will present
irude and undigested plans of reform,
flans like Bellamy's nationalism,which,
iave in their essential features, been
xperimented with and abandoned.
It is well to Iceep in mind the fact
hat a few years ago the American
!gricultural Association was announ
ed as the special foe of monopoly and
he friend of the farmer, but in a few
rears the secretary, in his role of the
'armer's friend, was exposed in his at
emptto unload on the grangers alot of
-orthless mining stocr, while the ac
ive organizer, Mr. Thurber, is now be
~ore Congress asking for subsidy for his
steamship lines. Every man who cries,
'Lord. Lord !" shall not enter the king
lomn of heaven.
Furthermore, let us consider the fact
hat a majority of the people of America
re honest, patriotic. wveil-meaning per
ons, who have no enmity to the far
ner or to the farmer's interest. They
iave simply been made bo~~o~ de
igning politicians, as the a
hemselves have been.
The cause of the farmers must be so
resented as to appeal to the intelli
~ence, to the morality, to the sober
econd thought of all classesin the com
nunity. The most important interests
f the farmer are interests common to
il classes. and they must all be united
n onae coramon platform of equal and
~xact taxation to all men, exclusive
>rivileges to none. It is not possible
o right one wrong by committing an
>ther. The evil of taxing the farmer
o enrich the manufacturer is not
ighted by taxing the mechanic to en
ich the farmer. What should be done
s to abolish all systems of taxation
vhich enrich one class at the expense
All that the farmer wants is fair play,
ood government, low taxes and justice
like to the rich and poor. He will con
endl for all this as best he can, gaining
ere a little and there a little until the
vhole field has been won.-Hlome and
They Cannot Be Bought.
The Washington correspondent of The
Iacon Telegraph declearsthat President
arrison and Speaker Reed are looking
ith the reatest comfort upon the Far
aers' Allhance movement in the South,
,nd are encourging the Alliance leaders
,good deaL This correspondent states
urthermore that the Republicans have
ecided that wherever the Allmance
ovement is found to benefit the Repub
ican party Alliancemen shall have the
cal offices. In dozens of counties-in
outh Carolina every postmaster recent
y appointed by Harrison is a member
f this organization. This scheme won't
rork in South Carolina, and President
arrison and Speaker Reed will soon
nid it out. As the Augusta Chronicle
ays "'the farmers of Georgia and South
~arolina are Democrats, and cannot be
on over by postoflices or government- -
ositions. D~emocrats in the Seutr
liffering among themselves, bnt in the
ace of the fc:e bill and the sectional
agislation of the Reed-Harrison party
he Democrat, will never divide and let
a a Trojan horse. The farmers are the
ackbone of the D~emocratic party in
ese states. They may be misled
t times, but they always get right, and
ey never afterwards trust the men who
eceived them. We look with interest
t the dlistribution of the postoffices
mong Alliancemen. Southern farmers
re not made of the treacherous stuff
at the Reed-Harrison combine seems
>tbeieve them to be."
Warning Weak Humanity.
ROCHESTER. N. Y., July 31.-Over
month ago J. W. Sillck, a commercial
ian of good appearance, representing
Boston firm, registered at the new
)sburn House. where he remained for
me time, drinking pretty hard, but
aing his bills. Yesterday he complain
d of' not feeling well, and to-day about
oon Clerk Sheldon mIssed him and
-ent to his room. The door was locked,
i breaking in Mr. Sheldon found Sillick
trehed on the bed, dead. He had taken
lHe left a letter warning young men
~ainst alcoholie stimulants and op'nn
ad roundly denouncing the false friends
ho had tirst led him into an opium
His letter stated that he was short in
s accounts wvith his firm, and concluded:
"Andl now may the all merciful God
rive me. Let this be a wvarninlg to all
r I would like it posted over the door
every rum shop and opium den in the
T HlE }MOSton Commercial Advertiser,
stalwart Republican organ, manfuil
gives up the fight for the force bill.
[t is very doubtful," It says, "if the
11 can demand a majority of the Sen
e at this time, and with the determmn
I tight which is sure to be made against
, its prospects are anything but bril