Newspaper Page Text
a.n - g, S. C .
- S. A. NETTLES. Editor.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20,1890.
THE STATE CONVENTION.
Our paper is very largely taken up
this week with news from the State
convention, the account of which is
taken from the News and Courier.
This account., although very partisan
and exaggerated in several respects,
will give our readers a good idea of
what was done, and by publishing the
account from this paper, we sustain
our reputation of fairly and imparti
ally giving both sides a fair showing.
We have, as a matter of fact, published
during the campaign more Anti liter
ature in our paper than Tillman, but
by so doing we neither desired to
change, nor has it changed the aspect
of things. Our people are not the de
luded and misguided beings they were
thought to be. We wanted them to
bave broad views, and had no desire
to give them one-sided accounts, as
the Anti papers generally do. The'
fair and honest thing is always the
proper thing. Our people are think
ing for themselves, and the Antis have
found it utterly impossible to bam
boozle them. But in the account on
our first page this week will be found
several inacuracies that we desire to
We were a member of that conven
tin and were present all the time, but
failed to see "Mr. TaIbert leisurely
walk up and stand on the speaker's
' orm" before Mr. Hoyt declared
-, -leted temporary chairman, nor
did we notice any one in the conven
tion, other than two or three rabid
feows in the Charleston delegation,
that indulged in any fist-shaking; and
the cries of "Take him down," were
ce-tainly confined to that same crowd,
for we failed to hear any such words
There warbut one disgraceful sa
in the convention, and every particle
of that stigma rests -solely on Tom
Woodward, of Fairfield, and his
henchmen who applauded him for
his bully-language. And as a little
- while later Woodward was metaphor
icafy kicked out of the convention
his action can hardly be considered a
part of the proceedings of the conven
tion. When Woodward gave the lie
to Dr. Pope, there was considerable
confusion, but nothing as the News
and Courier describes. The hip
pocket business was all a myth. One
of the Clarendon delegation tried to
got to Woodward, to chastise him for
his improper language, but Wood- i
ward's friends had gathered too close- I
ly around their champion. The whole j
confusion lasted only three or four j
minutes, and in our estimation was i
only a small, medium size row, in I
which few were anxious to fighL
COMMA OR NO COMMIA. i
Absence from our office the pasti
week prevented.a reply to the Charles-1
ton World's evasion of our query as
to the proper punctuation of the sen
4ee"A, B, C, and D are playing
poker." We have misplaced the World
containing the evasive reply, but
recollect thatin substance it was, "We
say it is wrong to place aomma after
C; therefore, it is wrong." The World,
recognizing that it was absolutely
wrong on the grammar question about
which we took issue, ingeniously ig
ored that part of the query, but, as
thoughtlessly as it gave its opinion on
the grammar question, it proceeded
sarcastically and dogmatically to carve
us up. Not one single word of au
thority, except its own ipse dinit, is,
In- all kindness, now, without any
irony or sareasmD,let us ask that the
bele-lettres editor of the World get
two or three grammars and composi
tions, and when these questions arise,
let that literary editor condescend to
consult the recognized rules and an
thoities, even insuch simple instances.
He will find them different from the
traditional rules that govern his writ
-In such sentences as "John, Tom,
and Bill are good boys," all authori
ties we have ever consulted agree that
the words of a series should be sepa
rated from each other by commas.
We have often heard the old tradi
tional idea advanced that "and" takes
the place of a comma, or reduces the
value of a point by a point! In other
Words, the old plan was that a comma-t
representd a pause equal to the time<
taken in pronouncing "tick;" a semi
colon, to the time in twice pronounc
ing "tick;" a colon, to three timesa
"tik;" and a period, to four times
Such arule is of course absurdto
any well informed mind. Marks -ofi
punctuation are not used for the pur- t
pose of determining how long we
shall pause, but rather for the purposet
- of showing through the eye the gram-<
matial connection and dependence of I
the words in a sentence. There are
frequently pauses where no punctua
tion occurs; and, on the other hand,
it is as frequently the case that the
points of punctuation have no effect!
reading the passage.
The highest authority .on punctua-,
.gig iinjournalism should be the Con
gressional Record, anid if the World!
will but take the tr'ouble to examine
that journal it will find that in a se -1
ies of words, in which the last twot
are separated by "and," commasar
used between all the words in the
In the rush of newspaper writingisa
it is naturally expected to find errorst
in punctuation, grammar, and rhet
one, but when a great daily like thei
Charleston World gives its deliberate
and well-weighed opinion on so sim
ple a matter as the simple object
of a transitive verb, or the use of a
comma in a series of words in thes
simplest kind of a compound sentence,
we can see no valid excuse for such I
egregious blunders as above alluded
The State convention has been held,
and Tillmanism ruled it by a huget
majority, 261 to 59. A new constitu
--tion was adopted, a new executive1
committee was elected, and the action!i
is legal The convention was btthea
representative of the people, an ap
peal can be taken only to the people,
and the people do endorse the actiona
of the convention. The talk of a splitr
- c-.tn+eu it s al idle boshh Who
rill split? W ill sue men as Joseph
. Rbkme and Henry L. Benbow split
rom tae party and cater to the negro
'ote ? The idea is abhorrent to any
)emocrat possessed of a semblance of:
efined feelings. A split is impracti
able, 'mpossible, abhorrent ! The
tntis must and will yield to the will
f the majority, whether they favor
rillman or not.
We have had interviews with many
)rominrient men from all parts of the
'tate, and while such men as Snivtbe,
Buist, Youmans, Graham, Hoyt, Haz
trd, and Graydon will continue the
ight into and in the last ditch, yield
ng to nothing and admitting nothing,
et they will never affiliate with the
3egroes and radicals by bolting the
Democratic party. They may, very
indemocratically, decline to partici
)ate in the campaign after Sept. 10th,
but they will not after that date fight
rillnan and the pure Democracy of
IRBY IS CHIAIRIAN.
The old State executive committee
ire placing themselves in an awkward
ind untenable position, in refusing to
recognize the new committee. The
ast convention had a right to reor
ganize the committee under Article 11,
which says that the committee "shall
ontinue in office for two years from
the time of election, or until the as
sembling of the next State convention
for the nomination of a State ticket,
unless superseded by the .action of the
Stateconvention." The convention saw
Et to change the committee, and their
action is legal.
Clarendon county will recognize the
new committee, and Mr. J. L. M. Irby
as chairman of that committee.
Maj. W. H. Brawley, of Charleston,
was yesterday nominated to represent
the first district in Congress.
Tillman has 138 votes already
pledged for the September conven
ion. He only needs 23 more to nom
inate him on the first ballot.
Colleton's Democratic executive
ommittee met yesterday, and passed
Wsolutions recognizing the State ex
ecutive committee headed by J. L. M.
Prof. Adolph Koepper, one of the
most celebrated musical instructors
in this country, died at his home in
Dolumbia yesterday, at the age of
The Democratic county chairmen
)f the counties in the sixth congress
bonal district met in Florence last
Friday, and decided to hold the con
gressional convention for this district,
ruesday evening, Sep. 9th, at eight
2'clock, in Florence.
The Secretary of Ihe State of Iowa
;ays: "Of the ninety counties in Iowa
n 1888 there were fifty-five which re
ported no commitments to county
ails." Couple this with the fact that
[owa is a prohibition State, and match
t if you can with the record of any
uigh-license State, West or East.
Walter Nunalee, of Anniston, Ala.,
ho is prominent in newspaper and
military circles, has become violently
nsane from smoking cigarettes. He
2ad just purchased an outfit when
ymptomus of insanity compelled him
o give up business. He smoked
wenty packages of cigarettes daily.
Senator Buist, of Charleston, in a
~peech before the late State conven
ention said that the conven
ion had a right to elect a new ex
~cutive committee. He was one of
he delegates that withdrew from the
~onvention, and the question is now,
hieh committee will Senator Buist
ecognize, Irby's or Hoyt's ?
Capitalists have organized a compa
2y in Augusta for the purpose of man
factm'ing a new covering for cotton.
he capital stock of the company is
000,000, and they propose to increase
t to $5,000,000. The purpose is to
~stablish factories in different sections
>f the cotton States. The material
rom which the new cotton covering
s to be made is cotton stalks.
[own With Bolers, Kickers, and Split
ters or High or Low Degree-The Mass.
es or the People Will Stand by the
Democratic Party as Now Organized.
[ From the Greenville Xetcs, 15th.]
It might have been a good deal better;
>ut it might have been a great deal worse.
So far as we can gather from study of the
arious accounts given ot the proceedings,
tundant cause for hope and confidence in
;he weliare of the party and State is given
a the action and course of the Tilhnan
Let us be fair in our judgment. These
nen are our fellow-citizens and fellow Dem
crats, and are entitled to have their acts
md words weighed fairly. They had every
hing their own way. They controlled the
:onvention absolutely. They were exasper
ted by a steady and galling opposition.
Eet we cannot see where they took unfair
Ldvantages, denied the opposition any
-ights or did anything to injure the State.
They were not entirely considerate, but
:osideration for the minority is rarely an
dement in practical politics, and we think
he conduct of the Anti-Tillman delegates
ndicated that if they had had the power
hey would have used it with more severity
han was used against them.
The convention had the right to elect the
emporary chairman. The custom has been
>therwise beesuse there has not heretofore'
een a faction fight in the party. We can
iot blame the majority for using the power
md right it had and refusing to take
:hances. Circumstances might have devel
ped to give the temporary chairman large
md important powers.
By declining to nominate a State ticket
r to attempt such nomuination, the conven
ion proved its good sense, moderation and
tonservatism. The camne qualities and
noper considewmtion for the good namue an d
ellfare of the State are manifested in the
'esolutions concerning the State debt.
Lgally, it is a question whether the cou
eution had the right to elect a new execui
ive committee and forma a new constitution.
here is much to he said on both side.s.
Eet the convention was a legal body, called
nto existence by the legal method, and it
epresented the Democrats of the State. Its
ction is binding on every Deiuocrat. There
s no other alternative. If we do not accept
he action of this convention, we must join
with the Radicals or help them by faihing to
np our own party. There is no middle!
|ound in this State.
The new constitution is in one or two
>rovisions a partisan documient. The pro
ision against the organization of new clubs,
or instance, is unfair to the Anti-Tillman
ide; so is the provision that in the cities
here can only be two clubs for each polling!
>lace. Under this, Greenville, for instance,
rith 1,200 Democratic voters, can have but
our clubs, while a township with three
tundred voters may have six. This is one
the few blemishes of the convention's!
ork. Perhaps if the Anti-Tillmian men
ad remained in the convention they could
gave secured a change or modifecation in
The convention does not give us reason
think any better than we did before of
illman and some of his chief suppo'rters;
mt it confirms the belief we have held all!
long that the rank and file is all right.
:he great body of the men who are sup
orting Tilinman are just, patriotic, and con
ervative and muav he trusted to act fairly
d discreetly and to refuse to follow any
eckless or evil leadership.
We Adom n understand the purpore of the
delegates from Charleston, Snmter, Rich
land, Beaufort, and Georgetown who with
drew from the convention. Their action
was, at the best, dangerous and unwise. It
they intended only to organize and pre
pare and issue a protest, that document can
speak for them. If they intended to organ
ize a split in the party they have commit
ted political suicide and, without suffiient
provocation, struck a blow at the life of the
tte which will be inetfectual only heoause
their power is slight. They will find no
sympathy here, and, we Lelieve, little any
Tht miasscs - of the people will stanid by
the Democratic party as now organized and
its nominevs. They will not regard legal
technicalities or fine points of parliamenta
ry practice. They will know only that a
regularly called, diily elected, representa
tive convention of the Democrats of this
State has hv an overwhelming majority tak
en certain aetion. They will stand by that
action and regard all who refm.e to be
bound by it as bolters.
The upper countics may be trutctd to
ive all the majorities needed to overcome
any defection or alliance with Radicals else
where. We are Democrats. We stand by
the party, Tilhinanites and Anti-Tillinanites.
If Ben Tillman is nominated by the Sep
tember convention and the best man in
South Carolina is nominated against him
this country will roll up a vote for him
which will astonish the natives, and the
Greenville Nees will help with all its pow
er to do the work.
Hurrah for the regular Democracy and
the nominee of the September convention!
Down with bolters, kickers, and splitters
of high and low degree, wherever they hail
from and whoever they are!
The Phosphate Litigation.
To the Editor of The News and Couriei:
Many allusions have recently been made to
the phosphate cases conducted under the
direction of the board of agriculture, and
the whole matter seems to be very much
misunderstood by the people generally.
Having been secretary of the board for
nearly ten years, and in that way having
become familiar with the history of this lit
igation, I may le pardoned for saying a few
words in explanation of it, although I have
not been for some time, and am not now,
connected with the department of agricul
ture, and am not an aspirant for any office.
I shall only recall a few of the prominent
facts, and these have frequently been pub
lished in the department's reports. They
will be sufficient to fully justify the action
of the board of agriculture.
The Democratic Legislature in 1878 or
dered the Comptroller General to make a
survey of the phosphate territory and re
port. This was done by the Hon. Johnson
Hagood, then Comptroller General. He
reported to the Legislature in 1879, amongst
other things, that a tract of some 5,000 acres
of phosphate marsh land, claimed by Wm
B. Davis and C. C. Pincl-ney. Jr., and
known as the Morgan Island marsh, and
certain creeks on Chisholm's Island, mined
and claimed by the Paciic Guano Compa
ny, were, in his opinion, the property of
At the session of 1879 the Legislature
transferred the control of the phosphate
territory to the department of agriculture,
and imposed upon it the duty and responsi
bility of protecting the interests of the
State. The department realized this duty
and called upon the Attorney General to
institute legal proceedings in reference to
the property so reported upon by (en. Ha
The board found, however, that there was
n1o law authorizing them to call on the At
torney General for such services. They had,
therefore, the alternative either to neglect
their duty and let the interests of the State
suffer, or else employ counsel to conduct the
They adopted the latter course in the year
1881, ind employed Augustine T. Snythe
and A. M. Lee, of Charleston, and W. .1.
Verdier. of Beaufort, to enforce the claims
of the State. The litigation divided itself
into three cases:
First: The suit against the Pacifie Guano
Company, to establish the State's title to the
beds of the creeks running through Chis
holm's Island an d to recover damage for rock
taken. The company employed as their
lawyers their regular solicitor, the Hon.
Charles Richardson Miles, and associated
with him Messrs. Simnonton & Darker and
Robert Chisholmn, of Charleston, Elliott &
Howe, of Beaufort, and Horace B. Sargent,
This suit was commenced in 1881 and
continued until 1889. It went three times
to the Supreme Court of the State. It was
tried four times ini the Circuit Court. It re
suIted in establishing the State's title to the
creeks in question.
Just before the final hearing on the sub
ject of damages the Pacific Guano Company,
which was supposed to be abundantly sol
vent, failed and made an assignment of all
its property to parties in Boston. The State
immediately attached and the issue arose
between the assignment of the company
and the attachment of the State. A number
of other creditors followed the example of
the State and attached also. in .rder to
settle the conflicting rights it was necessary
to institute proceedings in equity and have
a receiver appointed. T.lhese proceedings
were commenced in the State Court, but on
motion of the Pacific Guano Company, after
a fierce contest, were removed into the
United States Court. The chances of recov
ering any money by any of the creditors
were very doubtful. But the case wvas so
wvell handled for the State that the assignees
of the company finally agreed to a comnpro
mise on favorable terms. This was accept
ed, not only by the State, but, I am inform~
ed, by other creditors who ha'l attachments
against the company. All these claims were
The net result of the eight years' litigation
was the establishment of the title of the
State to the phosphate creeks, and the net
collection of' $31,396.79, after paying all ex
penses of litigation in all the cases. These
creeks are now being mined, I am tol, for
the State's benefit, and the State is in receipt
of a constant income therefrom.
Second. The suits for the Morgan Island
marshes. These were two in numnbeir, one
against Win. B. Davis and another against
C. C. Pinckney, Jr. The defendants were
represented by MIessrs. Elliott & Howve, of
Beafort, and Hayne & Ficken, of Charles
ton. The suits involved the title to the
marsh wvith its deposits. There had been
very little mining done in them by Pinch
ey and none at all by Davis, and, there
fore, the claim for money damages was en
irely nominal against Pinckney and none
against Davis. These cases commenced in
1881, both went to the Supreme Court of the
United States, wvhere they were finally dis
posed of in 1889. The result was a com
plete victory to the State, whose title to ov-er
5,000 acres of marsh land, worth over $50,
000, was finally established, and this is now
the property of the State. Th'le damages
rcovered were $702, enough to pay costs.
But the land is virgin and unmined and of
SAfter these suits had beeri conunmenced
and were in progress it wvas made the duty
of the Attorney General to advise the de
prteneit. At that time the H Un. Charle
Itihardson M1iles filled the tlee and~ e.'
tinued to it.o so urtil 1l5'. On assuin
the duties ot Atto m'y 4General 31r. 31ile
of course, withdrew from the sunit, but as 1he
had or years bieen the regular soheite'r ot
the Paci tie Guano Comipaniy, as well as oe
o the directors, he~ could not take cha:rge of
the State's case against the company. it
would, in any event, have been imost detri
mental to thme interests of the Stite to change
lwyers wvhile the fight was going on. The
Legislature took this viewv of the mmatter by
eepting these cases from the operation of
the Act miaking it the duty of the Attorney
Gnral to advise the department.
These cases have done more than the mere
results above stated. They have estab~lished
a principle of the greatest imiportane to the
State in the phosphate region, to wit: 'Thamt
the ordinary grant of the State iuns only to
high water mark and rnot to low wat'r.
These are thme simple faicts connected with
this matter, and they present a record which
should win the approbation of every citizen
of the State.
It should be remembered ini this connec
tion that whatever of credit there is in the
cases belongs exclusively to the board of'
agriculture and not to the coimmissioneor, as
ittwwas the board who instituted the suits and
pressed themi to a suecessful conclusion.
'The commissioner was siply their execu
tive otticer to carry out their instructions,
and no one is more willing to concede hon
or to w~hom honoir is due than ('ol. Buhtler
himself. it is, perhaps, proper' al-o to add
th t the phlosphiate comlimision, so often
alluded to, was composed of members of' the
Leislature and not members of the boardl
of agriculture. L. A. R~?~mo:a.
.111S. s. A. NETTLES.
A Fr.w Tariss AioirT C.E BAKixo(.
The first thing about successful cake
baking is to nnderstand iow to mix
the ingreldicnts properly. A great
many persons will iist that it Iakes
no difference whether the eggs are
beaten separately, or what things are
mixed first. But from experience
system is required in cake-baking as
well as other things. Fiist bcgin by
sifting the baking powder into the
flour, and sifting the flour several
times is an addition. Coarse granu
lated sugar is apt to male a eake
soggy and heavy. Cake; contaiiin
butter should be beaten quite hard
after mixing, but sponge cakes very
Ilittle. Beat the butter to a cream
and then add the sngar and beat
arain; next the yolks of the eggs,
ithen the milk or water and the flour
in small portions alternately beating
each time, and lastly the whites
of the eggs beaten to a stiff froth.
In baking be careful to have the
stove not too hot., but with suffi
cient fuel to last until the cake is done,
for any jar about the stove will be
likely to make the cake fall. Layer
cakes require a hotter fire than loaf
cakes and with all the fire should be
hottest at first. Loaf cakes should
be nearly level when done, if they
rise in the center it indicates that
they are too stiff with flour, and if it
burns before rising the fire is too hot.
Always place a piece of buttered writ
ing paper, cut the size of the pan in
the bottom before putting the cake
in, as that will prevent the cake from
sticking to the pan, and also prevents
it from burning. Fruit eakes require
a slow fire, and takes much more time
to bake than any others. Layer cakes
are the easiest and a great variety
can be made by simply changing the
fillings between the layers. The fol
lowing are nice fillings:
Fig-cake: take one-half pound figs,
one cup water, one cup sugar, and
juice of one lemon. Chop the figs
fine, boil altogether until thick, let
cool, and then spread. 'his makes
quite thick layers. For thinner layers
and without the lemon take offe-fourth
pound figs, seven tablespoonfuls su
gar and two-thirds cup of water.
Raisius chopped and stirred into
frosting are nice for layer-cake, or
they may be used in the place of figs
in the above recipe.
Lemon-cream: juice of one lemon,
one egg, one-half coffee cup sugar,
and one tablespoon of butter. Boil
until the consistency of jelly. Cool
The following is a iiice receipt for
the cake to be used with these fillings:
One cup sugar, one-half cup butter,
one-half cup sweet milk, one and one
half cups flour, one teaspoon baking
powder, whites of four eggs, or two
This also makes a nice loaf-cake,
singly, or doubled for a large loaf.
For a cake to be eaten fresh, and
that contains no butter, take one cup
sugar, three eggs, three tablespoons
water, two teaspoons baking powder,
and one and one-half cups flour.
In preparing sponge cake mixtures
Ibegin with the yelks of the eggs and
beat ntil light. Add the sugar- grad
ually and beat again, then add 'the
Iflavoring and water. Beat the whites
until stiff and dry, cut or fold them
in lightly. Then sift in the flour, and
fold in carefully without stirring.
Bake at once.
Those who are fond of cake which
"will fairly melt in your mouth" will
be sure to be pleased with this ice
cream cake. Two cups sugar, one
cup butter, one cup sweet milk, one.
cup corn-starch, two cups flour, whites
of eight eggs, two large teaspoons
baking-'powder. This wili make three
large layers. For icing, take whites
of four eggs beaten stiff, four cups su
gar, one half-pint boiling water.
Pour the wvater over the sugar and let
it boil until like candy, try in cool
water, and put this slowly over the
eggs. Flavor with vanilla and let it
stand until cool. Put the icing over
each layer almost as thick as the cake.
Dry in cool oven before putting to
gether. Finish it with a soft frosting
ornamented with slice- of orange on
top, and serve it for desert at dinner.
I t makes a very dainty dish.
Orange-cream: put in a cup the
grated rind of half and the juice of
one orange, one tablespoon of lemon
juice, and till with cold water. Strain
and put on to boil. Add one table
spoon corn-starch, wet in cold water.
Stir until thick, then cook over hot
water ten minutes. Beat the yolk of
one egg, add two heaping tablespoons
sugar, stir into the starch, cook one
minute, add one teaspoon butter-, and
Frosting: one cup granulated su
gar and five tablespoons sweet milk.
Boil five minutes, then beat until cool
enough to spread. This makes a
frosting that never sticks, and even
when boiled too much will always cut
without crumbling. If, after beating
until nearly cold, it seems to be too
thick, a small amount of milk or hot
water can be added; but, if exact
measures and exact time are observed
there will soldomi be need of altera
Chocolate frosting may be made by
using a trifle more milk anud adding
the grated chocolate while it is t ill
ifyx.inare-all runz hlou- hi:&venIO:-trrrngth,~
impart strenigth aiid vitaity. tot y.our systtem.
if yom are suffern ng iith weakd or iniil:uue'd
ee", or gran uhdti .d eyls, you c'an b cure
"It goe.s right to the spot.' said an told
man, who was rubbing in Dr. J. 11. Me
Lean's Volcaniuc Oil Liunm'nt to relieve
Don't irritate your lunngs wih a stubborn
coughi when a pleasant and~ eiective~ remendy
may be found in D~r. J1. HI. MIeLean's TIar
Wine Lung lialm '
'lie quality of the blood depunds iouch
u pont good or' biad dig-st io n and assimIila-I
tion. To mtake thle blood richt in tife and
stre'ngthi v iing conistituents use D~r. J1. ii.
Mlc1 ean's Sarsaptarilla. it will nourishth
propertes of the blood, from which the elt
melnts of vitality are drawn.
1For rheuma tic and neuralgie pains, rub
in D r. J. Ii. 1el .ean's \'ol'anic Oil Limt
mnt, andt take D r. 4. I1. McLean'is Sarsa
paruilla. You iill ntt stuleer long, butt will
be gt''it ied with a spiedy anti elf'ctive cuire.
Chibiren w'ho are troubliI.' with wormts
mayt be qurickly' ritevedt lby ivun'in l- them Dr
J. 11.t M Lan's I.buid- V.rtioiog.-. I kills
Th irulao tionz of the. blood quickenedI
andl euriieted -bers Iifec anid energy' to -
tiny portioni ol the body; i,pt it- re-tuns:
the. hourtt f rest brinugs wVith lit 'maud irepr.se
Tis cani be. seured by toJ:ing Dr . L . Mi
fi t e t ohe, 1 u pp a liie Force B Ii.
Tt i.' hi r-alization of the impose.ibilitv of
divorcing the Federal ain State etections
which ha:; imade the South such a urnit in
oppolsition to the . Fore- bill, and the whitr
iepubican of th'at '-etioIn -ar,-feipeialy
en rwt in their oppo-ition to it, biwaans.e
they knlow, that iln the t-1nd1 the rule of the
iia ,iIan wi l Iaia h .a: it b;-: loll inl tie
past4 :1111 111n1. 1 -:*r flo, :1111 that th li ::i te
.ati ll of Ianie r til ali a in r -.. lin.,e
wlill bte Impopeo-l f,1r Inm e~ :toc
than h a% lt, a lin ae th1 h liy: of
187;. hl tlel' Val ny :; 'llchasa
tIhrat tf thl serinit-arg Sonth.-i-talwo'r
HlOW'S '1 Ils?
\Ve ofi'er Oine! ifundred Dollars reward for
anyi' cai- of caiairh that cannot lbo enrd Iv
F. Cir NF. CU., I'r'aps., T1l. o, 0.
W,.. e undersiald, laa- k'nown F. J.
Chiwet t'or th., lasot 1-5 yelars, and believe
him 1prfectly honorabh- in all business
transactions, and financially able to carry
ont any obhi1.ttiolls madtte by their firm.
Vi--T & Tusx', Wholesale Druggists-, To
WAMNIi , Ki\N\ \, S I.:VISN, Whocles.da
Drnggists, Toledo. (.
Iall's Catarrh (Cnre is tak-n internally,
actin- <lirectly uoiin th( blool and mucous
surfacs of the systei. T-estininial.-i snt
free. Price 75e. pr baottle. Sol by all
.Jaohnisoi's (hill anal FeI vir TIni,e Cilres
every pop, or no pay.
One bottlo Johnsois Chill and Fover
Tonic guarante-.l to enre' and prevent the
eturn of fever. Price 50 cents.
Diclating to the Almighty..
Deacon Clovertop (whos-e crops are all
harvested): "An' now, Lord, sen' down thy
bounteous rain on the earth an' all that
Deacon Sqiashers (wiorse- crop are not
in yet): "Hol' on thei, Lord ! Jist post
poie that rain tIll niixt Satuiday, an' teach
Deacon Clovertop not to po meddlin' in oth
er folks' affairs, or L#. might git himt."
To itself in many important particulars, Hood's
Sarsaparilla is different from and superior to any
Peculiar in combination, proportion and prep
aration of ingredients, Hood's Sarsaparilla pos
sesses the full curative value of the best known
remedies of the vegetable kingdom.
Peculiar in its medicinal merit, Hood's Sarsapa
rilla accomplishes cures hitherto unknown.
Peculiar in strength and economy - Hood's Sar
saparilla is the only medicine of which can truly
be said." 100 doses one dollar." Medicines in larger
and smaller bottles require larger doses, and do
not produce as good results as Hood's Sarsaparilla.
Peculiar in its-" good name at home "-there is
more of Hood's Sarsaparilla soldin Lowell, where
it is made, than of all other blood purifiers.
Peculiar in its phenomenal record of sales
abroad, no other preparation has ever attained
such popularity in so short a time. Do not be In
duced to take anyother preparation. Be sureto get
Sold by all druggists. Sl; six for f5. Preparedonly
by C. I. HOOD & CO., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mass.
100 Doses One Dollar
Notice to Candidates.
Roo-%is DF.iOCnRATi Exit-iVE. ('MeMITTICE, '
CLAi.EN)aoN C a'aNTY.
Manning, S. C., August 9, I9t).
At a mieeting of the Dt'inoeratic Ex.entive
Coiltittel' of 'laremdoit couty, beld this
tay, it was ord-re. :
1. That io ptsetCn shall be' eligilel to
nomination t he nuig County Coln
vnltion, to be 'el inl 1alnnin. Aug. 29.
1, wh) shall not pledge hiiself to abide
tie result of said c'onv'ention, whlich lleige
sl h~ e ini writing,.' statinlg wvhat otice~i t ie
pesons ple'iing hiiiiiself is a candaidate
for, anid -ai0'i 1,lddge shall be tiled
wsithi the chirm tian of1 the Coul~nty~ Demijociat
ie Exeentive Committee on or beforl'l Aug.
2. That candialates for nomination bieforea
said connsty conve'ntiona hiall he assessed as
For- the State Senate, ilouse of Represen
tati yes, County Auditor, Conunty TrlIeasulrer,
Sbool Coammiussioner, each $5.00. For
Couty Conaiiisioner anid t'robate .Judge.
each $2.50. Said tea to be paid whten thei
written pleclge is tiledl.
By order of Executive Caomitta-e.
Secretary. Counlty Chiirtiian.
Call for County Convention,
Manniing, S. C., August 0, 1890t.
At a mlee-tinlg of the Democratie Ex-cuitive
Comnittee of Clarendon county, held the
th~l of August 189:1, thll following pape.r wats
ordered plublishie- for the information of
the Deniocratie clubs of Claranudon county:
1. That a County Demiocratic Convention
fr the puripose hereinafter niame-d slall be
held in tb'e Court House in Manning on
August 29, 1600O, at 1I o elock A. M.; that
sueh convention shall be composed of dele
gates elected by the sev'eral clubs in the
county, in the proportion of one delegate
for each club and one delegate for everaey 25
enrolled mem~nbers; and that the election of
such dlelegates saill he hiebd by the respee
tive einbs at their us1ual places of meeting
ea Sat urday, the -23rd day' of August 189l0.
2. Thle pres'.ident anid -ecartary of each
ednb shall cause a1 certi faed Irll of the nw
bers of their respecti've einbas to be dives r
ed to the chlairmai-n of th Le Cosnty Exteentive
Committee, on or before the 20th day of
3. That the certita tesa of said ofieers
shall state that the ecnb roll so certified to
contain only the nanies of actual menibers
of such ecnibs; that such names have been
paced thereon during the ptresent year by
the authtority and widh tile consent of thae
meibers so cnrolled: and that from the
best infornmation obtainable the personse
whose namecs appear cn the respective rolls
are ~not membolers of anly othter club and are
4. That said convention is hereby called
for the following purposes:
To elect delegates to the State convention
which is called to meet in Colinbia on the
10th of Selptembher 1890i.
To nominate a State .Vnator. two menm
bcrs of the logislaitture, anad c-ounity o(lieulrs to
be voted for at the next general election.
To atternl t sucha otthear bulsiniess as iiiay
onie ba-fore it.
By orti-r of' the Ex'tentive Comma uitte'e.
D). J. Ih:.umii., S. A. NEITT LES.
Secre.tary. aChai rn:an.
Oer 50 Prqfessors and- 00 Stuadents last vear.i
SEVEN DISTINCT DEPARTMYENTS.
A cadenIc. 1.iterature, Science. Phtiosophy. Fees.S6.
Theologleal. Free tuition and free r'oom in Wesley li .
Law. Four Professors. New buiildings. Fees1. Stoo.
M edical. Hosnital accommodationsa for di-tics. Feest. $rp.
Dental. Ftaii faculty.excellentequipmtent, ntew tbuilding.4,p
Pharmaeuttenl. Fuli Course at Intstruetitn. Fee.s..65
Enneerng. cour:,es in Civil. Mechania.1. Mainn' Enotn
- errng .anad 'Manuat Technolaaay .~ Twu.idin... Fcee. St-5P
Fo caalogue, address WIls Williams, Noaehville, Tcan
LARANGE FEMALE COLLEGE,
LaGrange, Georgia. 1
Priak buitin:, water-W.okl
' Mu., Art. dr.'-nakirt.
- ii type.writln::.lt rh .l ...
.---. Art all a'voicecultur' ..pecial
-- I ten. ia a'tl'at,,' - unifornat. Pu
Mhuvi. cine, 116: A rt It0. 5'' el
-.1-i '.far cistaltoue 46th nunutal.ss
g:aiontae.:iraS .'-p. I". l1ta0.
-- ' -~ Itsa4.-s w. sMIalil. Pr.
AT COL UMBIA S.C.
(i oat'' a'toursest. I ll'ale-grat iliate 44 lar-.
rll alegres :1 literaay ml I; sei'intitie. Als
a-aue in I .aw'. Phaarma:y, \'.'itlinary Sti
. 't'nai In Palia:Jgil's.- 0 w'tl atinipple ld -
nt ritals": 1 astops anda it de loaai'; il iw it- I'
TI thiin Ie. sill 1per tSian: lather te Ia 5.i
eal attenait ie, It:'. ini, eatc.) i Ta-e
tald. I! ittia 8!ia.-~. i-ranhlihil t. ' o 'ms rIn
i. To10 1ta'itla's. thlit aanttahghts,
Tuitian c.-tteittale d to liuet:: eefing
Both the method and results when I
4yrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
Md refreshing to the taste, and acts
.ently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
ea effectually, dispels colds, head
iches and fevers and cures habitual
,onstipation. Syrup of Figs is the
mly remedy of its kind ever pro
luced, pleasing to the taste and ac
eptable to the stomach, prompt in
ts action and truly beneficial in its
ffects, prepared only from the most
ieaLhy and agreeable substances, its
iany excellent qualities commend it
o all and have made it the most
>opular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50e
md $1 bottles by all leading drug
ists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro
ure it promptly for any one who
ishes to try it. Do not accept any
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
LOUISVILLE, KY. NEW YORK, N.Y.
. T1031'-AS, Jr.. .1. . T1IOMAS.
stephen Thomas, Jr, & Bro.
EWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE,
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
. 1watches anl Tewelry, repai red Ly
257 KING STREET,
CHARLESTON. S. (.
ESTABLISH ED 1836.
darrington, Thomas & Co.,
EWELRY, SILVERWARE AND FANCY GOODS,
No. 251 King Street,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
. s. J1. lEIkY. .. IMII.S. R. A. PRINGLE.
lohnston, Crews & Co.,
JORBERS OF DRY (GOODS,
Notions and Small Wares,
Cos. 49 Havne & 112 Market Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
. I:. McGAiH~ AN. .\ . EnowN.. RouT. P. EvANs.
AcAHAN, BROWN & EVANS,
Dry Goods, Notions,
Boots, Shoes and Clothing,
os. 220, 228 & 230 Meeting Street,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
1. W. FOLSOM,
Successor to F. 11. Folsomn & Bro.
SU.1TER, S. C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS JEWELRY.
Thcelbae R lS.JonSwn
-ay onhan. Repirigprmtl- n
C. 1. cei HOYT Hoal . A.h HOTT.o
argest nd' fldlFiest JewryS tr inca
SU' o iMTE Riii S. C.tlyn
ielver Lampsd ba kled, frinc-0n 2.
ri,st sil pllk recodv caet.5
i Ing Hon had H.n A.n oYTok.
rest ke an Old eeryt inh
aniS having Parlo
,ils.~ Spals a)tttin ai tro 1 thanpo.
peiecei vea large c itiesL una Cnar
te satisfacton htod in lutiners ofrlor.
-xt doo kto .\ lyan iidesvrtligii h
.*w~v he. E .sr D. II.llITONs u.
fning Shdofing r,+t,
Nely aund shaEvic dbnelwit Eet
hcs. in eal o attut l Phalways atesoo
ig las oas. ALhave . had onner.l
j. ADGER SMYTH. F. .. PELZER, Special Partner
SMYTH & ADGER,
Factors and Commission Merchants,
1vTorth AtlaItic Wharf,
(HARLESTON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Liouors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealeis,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
C-I X- I... is TV OlTv, VG. 40..
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
1a'Repairs executed with promptness and Dispatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
COMamSC >r, S. o.
AND IMPORTERS OF
. 4r e Cmrma.. I.LAi ui t.
IELZER, RODGERS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHARLESTON, S. C.
al tM. Lr, of Manning will be pleased to pply his friends and the public gen
-illy, with any of the above brands of Fertilizers.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, Feed.
244 & 240 Meeting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
fYConiracts made for car load lots or less.
EVERYTHINC IN THE PAINT, OIL, AND CLASS LINE.
WM. M. BIRD & CO.,
(CHARLESTON, S. C.
STATE AGElNTS FOR MARVIN'S SAFES AND
W. E. HoLms. LELAND MOORE.
W. E. HOLMES & CO.,
White Lead and Colors,
Oils and Varnishes,
Glass and Brushes,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies.
STREET LAMPS and LANTERNS ofALL KINDS.
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, s. C.
B. B. Bpows, Pres. Jons P. Huvcmssox, Manager. T. Hf. McCALL, Gen. Sopt & Treas.
Charleston Mattress M'P'g Qompany,
High Grade Moss, Hair, and Wool Mattresses.
Wholesale Jobbers and Manufacturers in all Kinds of
F ni NT~IT URE., EITpc.
Cap'acity, 200 mattresses per day. Capacity, 500 pillows per day. Write for price list.
W ill pay hi~hest prices for corn shucks.
Oflice and Sales Room 552 and 554 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
W holesale - _
Grocers, CALSOS ?
157 and 169, East Bay, lbrlavne ilh ae
CH ARLESTON, S. C. A c BB r
J OHN W E B B GnrlCmi ecat
w HO LI"sA LEAND I.ETAIL DE.4L ER IN IE EET LSE AIHIFR
CHOICE FAMLlY GROCERIES,,
l i o'i al I 011111)Eiii 4 j.' i gent s frW iesEgihPradCne
Store.. 190, 1c'. andl 191 Meeting St., and f ~ 4 I O O V
11 31~ arket Street, U .I II~ UI
CIARLESTON, S. C'. MNFC ESO
Pie lists cheerfully fnrnished. Special
attention: given to consignments of countryDorSsBidM ldn ,
JOHN F. WERNER & CO.
164 &166 East Bay and 29 & 31
Vendue Range, Bidn aeil
CHHARLESTON, S. C.
M. Drake & Son, WGNRBO.
BOOTS, SHOES, & TEULN KS.,~ o sleGoes
235 Meeting St., CHARLLESTON, s. C.13EATBY
.?res soc; es a~srten, owstCHARLESTON, S. C.