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BANDED FOR BLOOD SHiE-D. an
A HORRIBLE ORGANIZATION THAT th
HAS TAKEN ROOT HERE. W1
Murder its Purposo and Cardiinal Prin- in
ciple-Its Awful Power at Hiome--Somo w
Facts of its origin. Composition and
Methods-How it Has Worked in this th
The Cincinnati Enquirer of Sunday hz
last gives the followiiig interesting 01
sketch of the dread Mafia organization, T1
to which the assassination of Sauerm- o
tendent Hennessy is attributed : f.
The La Mafia is a secret organization .
composed almost entirely of Sicilians, ix
and was founded by an Italian cut
throat named Mafia at Palermo a hun
dred years ago. The members are for
the most part criminals and counter
feiters. and hesitate at no atrocity.
The inhuman cruelty of some of the
Mafia agents is almost beyond human I
credence. and savors of the brutal bar
barity of the middle ages. Vincenzo L
Arditi ourned a victim's house in New
Orleans, hoping to burn the owner ,
the same time. Ile was sent to the'
penitentiary, organized a branch of the
Mafia-for house breaking purposes
only-among his fellow prisoners, got
out, went to St. Louis and murdered a'01
foe of the Mafia there. la
He went to Chicago, onrenedasaloon',
enticed an obnoxious f.-low country
man into it and stabbed him in ile
back with a knife so long that it stuck
out on both sides of the dying man as
he fell to the floor. He came to New N
York, opened a store, tired it to get t he
insurance and was unsuccessful. Ile
vowed vengeance and La Malia on a
fellow countryman whom he believed fr
instrumantal in causing his defeat. lIe Ie
invited his victim to a private apart- I
ment to have a glass of beer, offered a e,
beaker with one hand, and with the c(
other, by one stroke of the razor, laid o
the poor wretch's face open from his e
forehead to the point of his chin. W.hen b
the wounded man, almost by a miracle, 3
recovered. and was able to leave the
Chambers Street Hospital, he was afraid
to complain against Arditi, who went '
In October, 1888. Antonio Flaccomio ti
was assassinated in the shadow of the )
Cooper Union building, in New York h
city. Flaccomio had been adjudged a t!
traitor to the organization, of which at o
one time he was a prominent member, b
and it was said that Carmello Farach. e
who was murdered in the Staten Island
woods four years before, had been en
rolled in the same socilety. The un
justifiable killing of Farach was one of h
the causes that led to Flaccomio's re
moval, but the cause of his assassina- r(
tion was the testimony that he gave a
.shortly before his assassination against c
some of his countrymen, who were t<
counterfeiters, as well as brother mem- ai
bers of La Mafia. Flaccomio was sen- fa
tenced to death. and two brothers, Carlo ir
and Vincenzo Quarrara, were selected L
to kill him. The former plunaed the I
stiletto into the doomed man's heart. b
Signor Rafflo, of New York city, the b
Italian consul, is authority for the ti
statement that the first that was really f
known of the order was at the begin
ning of the present century in the town
of Silini, Sicily, where a family of nine, R
named Giavanni, of considerable social !
position, were murdered in as many cl
weeks. The father went first, being T
found at his very doorstep. Seven days s(
later the mother followed. Her dead d
body was found in almost the same lo- o
cation as that of her husband. The
authorities were unsuccessful in trac- ~
ing the murderers, and several (days
afterw~ard the bodies of the two eldest.l
children were found dead in bed. The
~others followed in regular order, until
the family-was completely annihilated.~
A tough character of the town. named
iCbpoli, was arrested on suspicion an i t(
confessed. He revealed the existence 1
of the order, and said that Glavanni tc
and his family had incurred the anger
of the band by betraying a criminal,
who was a Mafia, to the authorities.
-Sipoli had been instructed, among
others, to commit the murder. He was
tried, and although the best counsel was o0
employed to defend him on a plea of in- ti
Ssanity by the Mafia he was convicted m'
and sent to prison for life. Ie
Several witnesses for the prosecution ti
were afterward murdered by the Manla. w
~The government beccming aware of the lo
lawless nature of the organization, at a
once took measures to have it suppress- og
*d, but the efforts proved futile. La T
SMafia continued to grow. A police t
edoficer in 1863, in Milan, discovered a
mark by which a member of La Matia tt
could be known. It consisted of a small gi
scar immediately under the ear, caused st
by burning. In this way a great num- el
ber of criminals were afterward run w
down and brought to justice. The so- D2
~ciety- then gave up the mark, and the h<
police officer one year after was found of
dead, stabbed to the heart. kt
La Mafia is a modern organization di
based on medieval sentiment. It is re
-lated to the Camorra, of Naples. It is
a society confined not to Italians, but ?
to Sicilians, the baser kind of Greeks,"
C.who bring their national customs their a!
secret societies and traditions of t.aur- lii
der with them. If a Sicilian believes fu
that be can provide for the protection w:
dig his person and property without th:
havring recourse to law that person is a th
SMaflosa. He may be a bully, a black- m
mailer, a murderer, but in whatever he se
does the public opinion of Sicily sup- fr
ports him still. The code of ethics ur
which maintains him mis called "omerta,"
Not 1pg agoawealthy proprietorm
Czed by him. None of them hit him. No
*complaint was made to the police. Yet
-within a few months everybody who c
Ihad taken part in the attempted assas-c
sination was himself assassinated, A W
Mafia had attacked a Mafiosa. He wvas ci
more powerful than his assailant. Sici- al
lans justify these crimes. Everybody m3
knows the authors, yet nobody inter- th
feres. Said a guide of a recent t~aveler &i
in Sicily : "Yonder home belongs to ie w
most respectable man-a highly respec- ju
table man, sir. The other day he killed m
his cook. One of the most respectable ed
men in these parts, sir."'i
Murder is the corner-stone of the so-h;
*cial fabric of Sicily. A Sicilian wishes
to sell a farm. A Copo Mafia wishes tom
buy it. Nobody dares to bid against
him. If anybody is so foolhardy he
would be shot next day from behind a te:
wall or the corner of a house-.g
If aCopo Mafia runs for the mtay oral- th
ity of a village nobody runs against of
him. He invariably has a unanimous at
election. His hands may be red with a st
dozen murders, and his pockets tilled sti
with blackmail. Not a servant can be to
discharged without reference to the un
seen Mafia. The Matiosi rule their dis
tricts as despots. If they have rivalries tr
'theknife decides it. The Camorrista of ha
Naples live in Italy and thrive, just as 0
the Mafiori of Sicily. ch
The political power of the Cammorals 'W
is broken, yet it maintains an unider- ed
ground existence, and has three grades. se
A novice in the first garde is called re:
"Gazzone di Malavita."(a youth of bad mi
life). The more advanced pupil is e
styled, 'Piccotto di Sgarra." The fin.
ished scholar is the Comorrista. The
novice-marks out the victims, folows
- him and plays detective on him. The IK<
Piciotto is initiated into the secrets of of
the fraternity. Hec merely gets a han'l- Iso:
ful of sous from the Comorista. ie pc
lives in hopes of reaching the third t
grade, and some day, by means of an a
artistic stab or unusually long term in t
prison, he is advanced to the sacred hI
band. lie takes the oath on crowned
knives with his hainds immersed in his th
own blood. He is then licensed to mnur- cO
der whomsoever he pleeses. TJhe Com- Ithl
orista has two degrees of punishment- 23
one is the spreggio or slash from a razor, w(
the orther is the collettatti or stab rng
witn a knife.
[n old days the police delegated their
thority to the Camorrista. Just be
ce the advent of Victor Emmanuel e
ey were placed in charge of the whole
y. For a time they did their work
,ll. The thieves being well paid crime s
ainished. After a while their old :
stiicts were too strong for them. f
le customs of Naples which were
>rth 40.000 ducats to the State,return- 1
their fostering care barely 1,00) du
ts. The collectors of internal revenue
ought they were doing well when they
turned 20 per cent, into the treasury.
The secret service of the United States
s been aware for several years of the
erations of La Mafia in this country.
ieir counterfeiting, which is their
version as well as a part of the duties
their profession of crime, could not .
il sooner or later to bring them before
e eye of the government's detective
reel. Sabastino Lanza, who held meet
gs with a regular group at 95 Thomp
n Street, New York City, sold MI tia
unterfeits at forty cents on the dollar
colored people, boys. girls, his own
untrymen, and any American he could
d simple minded enough to buy.
Each counterfeit distributer organizes
group around him and turns his rev
m:es into the general Mafia treasury.
uiza was watched and arrested on the
Lrge of counterfeiting. A stean en
ne couldn't pull from him an admis
on of his connection with the Mafia
indeed an admissin that such an or
mization existed. Shrewd men like
mza are well aware how grave an
h-nse counterfriting is against the
ws of the United States. But the
erage Mafia counterfeiter pretends
e most dense innocence and ignor
WINNIE DAVIS'S HERO.
>thing of a Mercenary Character in a
SYRACUSE. N. Y.. October 22.-Al
d Wilkinson, who was until recently
igaged to be married to Miss Winnie
aivis, the "Daughter of the Confed
acv." has came out in a card which
>mnpletely sets at rest the financial phase
'the broken engagement. The general
eling here is that the situation resem
es the relations of an Orlando ant a
osalind rather then those of a Romeo
id a Juliet. The card of Mr. Wilkin
)m is as follows:
"Having seen in a local paper of yes
rday a somewhat long report from
ew York in regard to the breaking of
er engagement by Miss Davis, I take
ie liberty of asking a correction of somie
the statements therein. What issaid
F Miss Davis is, of course, correct in
cry particular; but there are some
i;estions at the end of the report in
estion that would be annoying to any
ie were they not so absurd. She broke
r engagement with me for personal
asons only, as she is reported to state,
d it 1s ridiculous to suppose that pnliti
il or financial reasons had anything
> do with it. The imputation of
v mercenary motive to her is
se, and would be dignified by call
g it unjust. Any one who knows
[iss Davis, or who has ever known Mr.
avis or any of his family, knows that
V no possibility could they be influenced
' a mercenary motive. I am certain
Lat the same is true of all their intimate
"Furthermore, Miss Davis has known
r a year or two, if not longer, that I
as poor, and within the last year my
rcumstances have been much improved.
he burning of our house, though a
xrious loss, had nothing to do with her
4cision, for she had decided to terminate
ir engagement be fore that happened.
"When a lady decides to break her en
gement the gentleman has nothing to
>but submit, and I feel that any inquiry
to Miss Davis's motives is impertinent.
:y only reason, therefore, for this state
ent is the silly and unjust report which
ive been circulated-some purporting
come from my friends-imputing to
iss Davis motives entirely foreign
>one ot her high birth and character.
A Heroic Southern Girl.
NEW ORLEANS, LA., Oct. 29.-Judge
ies T. McTeer, a member of the bar
'Virginma, and who happened to be on
Le Louisville and Nashville train comn
g to this city tonight, furnishes the fol
wing. "I was a passenger today on
Le Louisville and Nashville train, which
as five hours late. Before reaching the
ng bridge beyond Biloxi the engineer.
nning at full speed, observed a negro
ithe trestlework near the north end.
he negro, observing the approaching
ai and hearing the warning signals,
rned and clung for a moment to a tele
aph pole. He then leit his place of
fety and ran for the next pole, in his
:citement forgetting to jump to the
ater, a distance of perhaps fifteen feet.
espite the engineer's warning singals,
stopped, bowed his head, and the pilot
the engine crushed his skull and
ocked him into the water. where lie
undered and struggled about for some
nutes. The water was two and a half
t deep, and five or six big, stalwart<
groes stood by and refused to run in
d try to save the unfortunate man's1
e. "From a house near by a beauti
I irl ot I8 summers was seen to run,
Eth all possible speed. She dashed into
e water and pulled the dying man to
e shore, where he died in a few mo
ents. This daring, heroic deed was ob
rved by a train full of passengers, who,
>m their position on the bridge, were
table to render help."
Panic in a Church.
JoNESBORO Ga., Oct. 29.-Sunday
oning at 11:45 o'clock. a severe wind
orm struck this place from the north
ast, stirring things up generally.
No particular damage was done, ex
~t to the Baptist church. Services
are going on at the time, and when the
urch began to crack the congregation
most stampeded. People rushed poll
ll in every direction to escape. and in 1
e rush Mr. N. R. Haimrick fell to the
lor, bruising himself quite badly. It
is a miracle that he escaped serious in
r', as the crowd went wvild for a few
intes. The church is so badly dlamag
that it will not he safe to use until it I
repaired. It will be torn down and re
lt from the ground, with all modern
Eighteen Babies in Fourteen Years.
CICAO, Oct. 24.-Mrs. Jacob Os
ling, residing im Roseland, a suburb,
e birth yesterday to a female child, t
e eighteenth offspring of a married life I
fourteen years. Mrs. Osterling is
out 33 years of age and of robust con
tution. Her husband is a mechanic, a
cdy man of 35. Osterling gave birth
her first child ten months after her
irriage. Then followed twins andC
plts at appropriate intervals. She
given birth to live pairs of twins and
e set of triplets, and of the eighteen
ildren fourteen are yet alive. Dr. P.
. Holman, the physician who attend- ~
Mrs. Osterling at the last birth, andc
veral previous ones, says there is no
son why she should not continue to
ltiply. ~The father, however, is nota
Attacked by Two Angry Bucks.
iED BANK, N. J1., Oct. 25.-Edward
imp, of New York, has a fine heard
deer at his summer place on the lRuin- e
a road. Thomas Breen went into thei
a to feedl them, and was attacked by e
o larue bucks, which wvere angered byi
log. Breen tried to climb the fenice, I
t one of the bucks got its antlers in y
clothing, and threw him heavily to
ground, and while in this helpiess I
adition both bucks struck him withi
anr autlers, and had it not been for the
~ival of one of. the gardeners, Breen
,ui no doubt have been killed. HI~sI
lt knee-cap was dislocated andi hisc
A Cotton Seed War.
The ('narlotte News says: A relort
omes from along the line of the oil
llls louth of us, tiat the old cotion
aed war has broken out again ahili
romises to be worse iham ever-the
armuers against the oil milis. TLC cot
:n seed oil matnufacturers lost money
st year. They attribute this largel
D the Conger Compound Lard bil.
;hich, although it did not pass Con
ress, yet caused such agitationi against
otton'seed oil that it depressed prices.
L still more important cause (f the
5sses of the mills. however. was the
igh price paid for seed. some 514 to
11; a ton. The competition between
he American Oil Trust mills and the
adependent mills sent up the price of
eed higher than was ever known be
ore. and the result was that, although
he productionl was greater than ever
here were heavy losses all along the
ine: indeed. the more oil made, the
:reater the loss.
With this experience the cotton seed
il men resolved to avoid a similar loss
his year, and early last month met and
esolved to act together. The trust and
he independents combined so as to re
lice and fix the price of seed. Th t-y
lecided on :. or 9 a ton for the seed,
little more than half the aumount paid I
ast year. This has naturally aroused t
reat opposition. and hals brought on
he same old war waged between the I
armers and the mills three years ago.,
l'he low price offered has naturally cut
own the supply of seed for the mills.
Kot half as iuch has been received as
it this time. last year. although the eot
on itself is pouring in very fast. TIhe
-hances are that the war will grow even
varmer, and the cotton seed oil product
)f the country be materialiv reduced in
In many of the parishes farmers' or
ranizations have been formed to fight
he mills. The planters are pledgin
hemselves to hold their cotton seed and
ise it as fertilizers rather than sell it at
>resent prices. They also propose to
idopt the plan successfully pursued in
4outh Carolina of putting up and work
ng small co-operative oil mills of their
nn, and thus freezing out the big mills.
'hey seem determined not to sacrifice
:heir seed. and have already greatly re
luced the supply for the New Orleans
mnd other mills.
The Work of the Alliance.
An "Allianceman," in the Southern
ultivator says "the character of the
purposes of the Alliance was fully em
phasized in the fundamental organism
)f the organization. The honor and
ntegrity of the order was ple'lted to
ach member that there should be no
:onflict with their political or religious
iews. The base of -the organization
was to render the lives of farmers and
laborers more attractive, country life
Less lonely and more social, and to bet
ter their financial condition.
There are two theories as to the cause
of agricultural depression. One theory
held by politicians largely) is that the
depression is due solely to legislation,
and to remedy the evil legislation must
be controlled, and to control legislation
the farmers must forma political party.
The other theory is that the depression
is caused jointly by bad legislation by
the political parties on one sides and
want of economy on the part of the
farmers on the other, and that the rem
edy lies in reform on both sides moving
in parallel lines. The last theory is the
foundation stone of the Alliance move
ment. Their work lies in educating
the farmers in the economical conduct
of their own affairs, in the proper un
derstanding of the science of govern
ment, and in bringing all classes to
gether in harmony and good will. Not
theirs to inculcate the spirit of hostili
ty to any class; not theirs to impute
dishonesty to any class; not theirs to
breed dlissension and sow discord
among the people; not theirs to enter
the political arena and disrupt all par
ties that new parties may be created.
Higher: Nobler: Grander: are the aims
of the Alliance. Write in letters of
living light this quoitation from their
leclaration of purpose: "Its laws are
reason and equity; its cardinal doe
rines inspire purity of thought and
tte; its intention is 'Teace on earth and
~ood will toward men." He wvho
would prevent this purpose would de
~rade the organization by destroying
he honor and integrity ot the brother
iood solemnly pledged to each mem
er. Brothers let us "protect the prm
~iples of the Alliance unto death."
Removal of the Alliance Exchange.
Coimun A, S. C., Oct. 30.-The stock
iolders of the State Alliance Exchange
net yesterday in Agricultural Ilall and,
fter some discussions, decided to move
he State Exchange from Greernville toI
olumbia January Ist. It was also
~oncluded to establish a farmers' bank1
n this city. A committee was ap
ointed to memorialize the Legisla
ure at its comning sess on to obtain the
se of Agricultural llall for the bank.
rhis move was taken as the resulti
>f a meeting of the County trustees
>f the shareholders of the state Al
iance Exchange held in this city Tiles-I
lay evening, twenty-three Counties
eing represented. It w~as suggestedt
hat the exchange be located at Green
ille, Blackville, Charleston and Co
umbia, but the latter place was finally
lecded on yesterday. It was vote dti
s the sense of the meeting that the I
~tock of $50,000 subscribed to the State c
xchange be used as the capital stock 1
> an Alliance bank, and this bans, it
s proposed,. will do the business of the
lliances of the State. The arrange
nents for the bank will be perfected at
tmeeting to be held the second Tues
ly in December.-Register.
A Cat and Diptherla.
DoDGEVILLE, Wis., Oct. 29.-Thec
amily of Robert Paul at Middletont
ave been afliicted by di phtheria, which
vas brought into the house in a singu
ar manner. A~bout four weeks ago a I
tray cat came to their home and one
>f the children handled and played with
t. Although it was noticed at the
,ine that it discharged at the nose and
nouth. nothing wvas thought of it uintil
oon after, .when the little boy came!S
lown with black diphtheri a-one of the
nost malignant kind-that the doctorn
aid lhe had caught irom the cat. Thea
>oy died. -Then the second took the
isease and died. The father, mother
Ind daughter were also stricken dowii
md recovered. Albert, the only remain
ng son and support of his parents,
ared for them all through their terri- I
le sickness, holding one of the boys
hen dying and preparing them for!t
heir last resting place with his owna
ands. When the others were recover
ng ie was taken down and died.
Hard Times in Western Kansas.
The exodus of people from the West
n part of the State, wvhere the corn
op) was a total failure. continues. The
ost of the inhabitants are poor, and all
rho can are leaving the country. In
ddition, miany are going who have
iroperty, although they must sacrifice
heir possession to get away. An Atch
son railroad man, who is just from the
ountry which inl~udes the Fifth ('on
ressional D~istrict, says peop~le are leav
ag by train and wagon, and so many
re getting ready to leave before winter 'i
ets in that the railroads have agents
orking among them to carry them.
)ne man who lives about twenty-miles
outh of Superior told the Gliobe's in
ormant that lhe was offering for i83,(.00
.iine farm which lhe had lived upon and
Luproved for twenty years. and if lie
ould not dispose of it lhe would put it
a the hands of an agent and leave. Ile
~s not had complete crops for five
ears, and he ;vill go to Louisiana
nere ne can raise two crops of rice a
ear. Louisiana is the lanid of promise
i most of the people, but a great many
re going to Oregon-Atchison Globe.
IT is a pity for a man like Judge s,
askell to read himself out of the Dem
cratic party, but that is just what he
HE KILLED SEVENTY MEN.
leath of One1 of the Wild West's Most
Deperie Out V:ws.
Mi omm, L. T. Oct. 26.-11ld Tom
0"irr" one of the most remarkable des
wrad-ti in this country, is dead. lIle
vas a Cherohee Indian, six feet four
nces in height. straight as an arrow,
nId at the time of his death nearly
igh ty years of age.
This retuirkable man caine West with
is father. when the Cherokees were
emoved to this part of the country. A
itter feud aroso over the sale of the
ose of the red inan. East of the M is
issipi. 1tween two factions known
s the ilidge and 1oss parties. "Old
ILom's" father belonged to the Ridges.
Ie was shot down in his own door by a
artv of the enemvy. Tom killed three
if the party on the spot. and then lie
)ign a war on the enemy in which
eventy people, as estimated by the
'herokee Couicil. were slain by him.
\bout fifteen years ago the Cherokee
:ouncil entered into a treaty with Tom,
ne with compromise he has lived a
iiet and exemplary life.
During the days of his warfare
.:dst his Indi;m foe there were many
!i desperate daring placel to his
redit. y bis atax colector in Craw
. Couintv, Ark., was vertaken in
iw nmontains, nmrdered and robbed
i f10,000 W att Grayson, a Cherokee,
a's robb of:332.00, and asubsequent
uit against the government to recover
he money developed "(11d Tom" as the
>rains of the gang who did toe neat
oh in a most romantic way, aided by
jie cuini g of Bill Reled. After the
-bbery Reed went to Texas, where he
no-t a tragic de::th. and Belle and Tom
iuarreled over the Grayson booty.
lelle married Sam, Tom's pet son, to
rite "Old Tom" and his wife. Three
ears azo Sam Starr and Bill West,
ouins~ killed each other in a duel over
amily matters, and a little later Belle
tarr ws shot while on horsebaci, near
ier homc in "Younger's Bend." pre
mnably by friends of her husband,
,vho believed she conspiried with West
o kill Sam. Old Tom -would talk free
yof his deeds in revenge of his fath
,r's<death, but he rarely spoke of his
)ther exploits. __
Manager Against Editor.
ATLANTA, Oct. 23.-The loii. W. A.
[emphill, the well-known business
manager of the Constitution, in a
;pee-cl before the Confederate Veterans'
Issociation a night or two ago. alluded
:o the fight being made on Governor
,ordon as a blow at the Confederate
-ause. Ile said he indorsed everything
:he farmers had done except that fight.
To-day the other end of the Constitu
ion-the Livingston end-took issue
,vith Business Manager Hemphill in an
xtremely long editorial, in which it
,vas claimed that the alliance was mak
ng no fight on Gordon and that to fight
im politically did not mean to fight
im as a Confederate soldier.
When Mr. Iemphill saw the editorial,
als first idea was, he says, to publish a
yard in answer to it, but this plan he
ibandoned. Butwithout receding from
lis position in the slightest, to-day he
"I think that the old Confederate sol
Hers are with me, and they certainly
?ndorsed my views at the meeting the
>ther night. I stand by what I said.
nd believe that a fight is being made on
ieneral Gordon, and without a just
ause: and I reiterate, that a blow at
John B. Gordon is a blow at the sacred
ause of which he is to-day the greatest
iving representative. To strike at
Iordon means to strike at every Con
So the business end of the Constitu
:ion and the Livingston end seem to be
ist as far from reaching an understand
Ing as ever. _____
P~Aims, Oct. 26.-The Aeronauts, Val
es, Lelice, Truelle met with an exciting
dventure, which nearly terminated fa
:ally. They left the gas works at La
Villette at 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon
n the balloon Mozart intending to make
i brief ascent. When in an altitude of
hree thousand yards, a hurricane drove
he balloon Northeast, the wind violent
y rocking the car, and the occupants
linging to the sides. When over the
iliage of Bourey, one hundred and fif
y miles from P'aris, grappling irons
vere thrown out and broken. The
vind tore the covering off the balloon,
md sank the car, which struck the
tround so forcibly that it rebounded,
hrowing Lelice on the telegraph wires
mnd companions on the g'round. All
vere injured. ___
she Remembered the Revolution.
BA1;rTIOR E, Oct. 24.-Mrs. Mary Jane
NIills died at Snow IHill, Md., aged 102
rears and six months. Mrs. Mills was
>orn in Delaware June 15th, 1788, and
ived tl.e greater portion of her life in
:hat state. Her family were noted for
heir ioaugevity, her mother living to the
ige of i'). and an aunt died at the age
>f 102. Her father wvas killed during
me of the engagements with the British
n the war of l812, whlile serving as a
>rivate soldier -in one of the Delaware
niitia companies. Mrs. Mills distinctly
-emembered the battle of North Point,
iaving heard the cannonading, as at that
ime shue was living near Baltimore.
An Awful Death.
MAcoN GA.. Oct. 29.-There was
balloon ascension at the State fair
ere this afternoon. An immense
rowd had gathered to witness the per
ormance, and in the vicinity of the
g gas bag was a mass of people.
When the aernonaut was ready to
tart, the ordcr was given to close the
opes. The balloon was a hot air yes
cl, and was upheld during the intiation
rocess by tall poles. As the air ship
as released everybody shouted "Look
lut," as the great poles, having released
he balloon, fell to the earth.
Among those who ericd -'Look out,"
as J. W. Robertson. a former state
nator from Talbot county, but while
iving the warning to others the old
aan failed to look out for himself, and
.s one of the tall timbers descended, to
he horror of the gazing thousands. it
truck him full on the head, crushing
tim to the ground and crushing his body
.ato a shapeless mass. The allhir threw
gloom over the whole (Jay's program.
Gome to Sumter
d inspect my larae stock of Clothing,
fats, Shoes, Gents Furnisuting Goods, Dry
oods. Hardwaire, Groceries, Tinware,
irockery, in fact everything that is- kept in
GENERAL -MERCHANDISE STORE.
I w ill givem cus~ imtomners special bariains
a pay the highest price s for Hides, Furs,
ndl all kinds of country produce.
I M. K AR E SH,
Liberty Street, Smter, S. C.
In benad of King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Newlv furnished. Electric belis. Electric
.L ts- in ai! ron na hallwaysdi. lla tes,
2 ad '-2.5(. G. T. ALFOllD, Prtoprietor.
~HARLES C. LESLIE
Wi\ 1ah &. letaii Coinunii-..on Dealer ian
Cnsignmntts of poultry, eggs, and all
id.; of counltry pr~oduce are respentfully
ilice Nes. 18 & 20 MIarket St., E. of East Bay
I have just returned from the North with
the largest and best assorted stock of
that has ever been offered by ine since I
have been in the business. I am prepared
to compete with the largest merchants in the
town. My stock consists of
DRESS GOODS, TRIMMINGS, HOME
SPUNS, PANTS GOODS
of all kinds, and in fact everything that is
kept in a
Dry Goods Store.
I also have the best assortment of GENTS
FURNISHING GOODS in town, and my
Clothing and Hats
I can sell cheaper than any one else. If you
want first class family and plantation
give me a trial, and I will convince you that
it is to your interest to buy from me.
Manning, S. C.
SUMTER, S. C.
First class accomnimodations and excellent
table. Convenient to the business portion
of the town. 25 cents for dinner.
J. H. DIXON. Proprietor.
C. WuLBRN & co.
Flour a Specialty.
Nos. 171 and 173 East Bay Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
M. Drake & Son,
BOOTS, SHOES, & TRUNKS.
235 Meeting St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
L'rgest stock, best assortment, lowest prices.
It. T. MCGAIHAN. A. S. BRoWN. ROBT. P. EVANS.
McGAHAN, BROWN & EVANS,
Dry Goods, Notions,
Boots, Shoes and Clothing,
Nos. 226, 228 & 230 Meeting Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
S. THOMAS, Jr. J. M. THOMAS.
Stephen Thomas, Jr. & Bro.
wrar a tuniurno irrn s, n
JEWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE,
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
.Watches and Jewelry repaired by
257 KING STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C..
Carrington, Thomas & Co.,
JEWELRY, SIL.VERWARE AND FANCY 6OODS,
No. 251 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
A. Mc COBB, Jr.
General Commission Merchant,
AND DEALER IN
.IME, CEMENT, PLASTER PARIS, HAIR, FIRE
BRICKS, AND FIRE CLAY, LAND PLAS
TEA, AND EASTERN HAY.
Agents for White's English Portland Cement.
194 & 196 East Bay, Charleston, S. C:
JouN~ F. WERiNER. L. H. QUIzotto.
JOHN F. WERNER & CO.,
164 & 166 East Bay and 29 & 31
CIHARLESTON. S. C.
157 and 169, East Bay,
CHARLESTEON, S. C.
JOHN T. CONNOR,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Solicits consignments of cotton on which
liberail aidvances will be made.
"AROUND THE CORNER'
Opposite J1. Rlyttenberg & Sons' Grocery on
Give me a call when you come to
Sumter, and I will guarantee satisfac
tion to one and all. Fine liquors and
pure North Carolina corn whiskey s
specialty. also fancy drinks.
A. P. LEVY.
IEXTERL, ONE OF THE FINEST ST AL
lions in the county, will stand at Jor
dan the next two mionths, or will meet en
Igagements in any part of te onty
I Sep 16n190 Jordan, S. C.
SAGENT EQUITABLE LIFE AS
MANNING. S. C.
OSEPII F. RtHAME,
ATTUX.h'T AT LA 11-,
MANNING, S. C.*
OHN S. WILSON,
Aflo'ne|I a1d 0m seor at Law,
MANNING, S. C.
* ATTlE AT L.-i,
MANNING, S. C.
4frNotary Public with seal.
ALLEN HUGGINS, D. 1). .,
G CHEJIER. A, S.
2-Visits Manning every month or two
T HE TIMES OFFICE IS FITTED UP IN
a manner that warrants it in soliciting
your patronage for job printing. Send us
your orders which shall have prompt atten
tion. Prices as low as the cities. Satisfac
tion gnaranteed. Keep iis in mind.
FORESTON DRUG STORE,
FORESTON, S. C.
I keep always on hand a full line of
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, TO]LET
SOAPS, PERFUMERY, STATION
ERY, CIGARS, GARDEN SEEDS,
and such articles as are usually kept in a
first class drug store.
I have just added to my stock a line of
PAINTS AND OILS,
and am prepared to sell PAINTS, OILS
LEAD, VARNISHES, BRUSHES,
in quantities to suit purchasers.
L. W. NETTLES, M. D.,
Foreston, S. C.
A. S. J. PERRY. l. R. SIoXNS. R. A. PRINGLE.
Johnston, Crews & Co.,
JOBBERS OF DRY GOODS,
Notions and Small Wares,
Nos. 49 Hayne & 112 Market Streets
CHARLESTON, S. C.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO0
OF NEW YORK.
R. A. McCURDY, Prest
The oldest, strongest, largest, bes
company in the world. It "maies as
surance doubly sure.".
.E. B. Cantey, Agent for- Ker.dham an
Clarendon, Camden, S. C -
ED. L. GERNAND),
Columbia, S. C.
GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Is the largest hotel in the city, and has
during the past year, been thoroughly reno.
vated, remodeled, and refitted with all mod.
ern improvements. Centrally loceated, anc
offers inducements for the acccmmodatioz
of its patrons. Has 6 spacious, light, and
airy sample rooms. Hot and cold baths, el
evator, &c. Cuisine under supervision o:
Mr. E. E. Post, late of Lookout Point Hotel,
Lookout Mountain, Tenn. The proprieto
hopes by strict attention to the wants of hi:
patrons to merit a share of patronage.
F. W. 6EEGERS, E. E. POST,
HI 'M F ANA AI C1
THW. . BRWND C.,Maingr, S.*C
SE INES, ETSTENSA SRINGECROD
rmhLaigadReetn ils $20t
82. Mzlodn obeSo us
85toS3. inl ShtGus U250t 5$2
Revlves.sl o $0.Doule cton el
Cockr.4 $2.0 t $10 Al kins o C
triges Shlls CasWad, Tols Pode
i lais ed.Ihvehdcnieal
chex bcore, to ann ingeAMIcLOad
J. ADGER SM.YTf.. J. P1ELZER, Specia! Partner.
SMYT &f S ADGER,
Facier's an d 10 0M Mi Ssioa Meras,
CHARHLESTON. S. C. ___
OTTO F. WIETERS,
WIHOLESA LE GOCER,
Wholesale Dealer in Winas, Liuors and Cigars,
No. 121. East Bay, Ciarleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision reaiers;
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
Icu ie s ToN s. c.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. :. lODIGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
CmX AJ STom, a. C.
AND IMPORTERS OF
PELZER, RODGERS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHALRLESTON, S. C.
Mn. M. Lzvi, of Manning, will be pleased to supply his friends and the public gen
ally, with any of the above brands of Fertiliz-rs.
B. B. Bnows, Pres. JoHN P. HUTCHINsoN, Manager. T. H. MCCALL, Gen. Supt & Tress
Charleston Mattress M'Pg Company.
-MrA TJF.AT UE S O)F
High Grade Moss, Hair, and Wool Mattresses.
Wholesale Jobbers and Manufacturers in all Kinds of
F U RL N I T U R E, E 'I C.
Capacity, 250 mattresses per day. Capacity, 500 pillows per day. Write for price list.
Will pay highest prices fQr corn shucks.
Office and Sales Room 552 and 554 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, Feed.
244 & 246 3eeting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
*Contracts made for car load lots or
W. E. HoLMEs. LELAND MOORE.
W. E. HO"LMES &^CO.
White Lead and Colors,
Oils anid Varnishes,
Glass and Brushes,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies.
STREET LAMPS and L ANTERNS ofALL KINDS.
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY. CH.iRLESTON. S. C.
EVERYTHINO IN THE PAINT, OILt, AND CLASS LINE.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
STATE AGENTS FOR MARVIN'S SAFES AND
Charleston Iron Works,
Manuf 'seturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Porta ble Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Ginis, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
MiRepairs executed with promptess am Dispatch. Sendfor price~ hits.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
Wholesale Bakery and Candy Factory.
AGENTS FOR HOLMES & COUTTS [fEALFOAXM WA~ERS AtND ENGLISH BISCUITS'
464 and 400 King~ St. CHARLESTON S. C.
1>EROIVA MF'G. 00.
~ DO~'. AI) ~ll).~ 73 to B '. a~ . l\G~i i i') ,
THE BEST AND THE CHEAPEST.
All goods guara nk Lteed Es ites fanisLe1 i~ rturn mail Largestock, promip;
shipments. Our goods' do not shrink or warp.
Geo. E. Toale & Company,
MA~rFACTUREIs OF AND w ioL~sAL.E DEALE~ns IN
oors, Sash, Binds, Moulding, and General Building Material.
0O1icc and- Salesroomis, 10 and 12 Hlayn St.. CHAl:LLESTON. S. C.
OLD CLOTHES MADE NEW.
SEND YOUR DYEING TO THlE
CHARLESTON STEAM DYE WORKS,
All work guaranteecd.: En t.H\LETNS..
SMOKE HENO CIGAR, THE BEST NiCKLE CIGAR SOLD.
B. A. JOHNSON, Sole Agentl, Manuning~, S. O.
1:58EJast Bay, cGarlestonh..c
Lilienthal ih e
C AJ. O C I.. . INC a I ...= ]L- 9,
And dlealers in Prepared Flour. Gt ia l Mu- "N. ;::- L:~'. i:-;oac.r, 3il1l Feed,
etc. Send for pric s.s u -a: ~usnS HR ETN .C