Newspaper Page Text
:TO ALLIANCE MEN.
STAND BY THE STATE EXCHANGE
AND IT WILL STAND BY YOU!
An Open Letter from Col. D'Arcy P.
Duncan Explainin the Action of the
Committee in Deciding to Establish a
To the Members of the Alliance in
South Carolina: At the meeting of
your committee on the State Exchange,
held in Columbia on the 12th instant.
much progress was reported. and I was
requested by the committee to publish
some facts by way of information as
exhortation to our members through
out the State.
As you are aware the matter of per
manent location :>f the State Exchange
and what was the best disposition or
use to make of the -50,000 subscribed
to the State Exc'tange was placed in
the hands of a co r mittt e.
Afte- careful consideration your com
mittee decided to l-eate the Exchange
in the City of Columbia, not because
Columbia offered any greater induce
ments than our other cities. but be
cause it was more central and, being
the Capital of the State, is visited for
various reasons more frequently by all
classes of our citizens than any other
of our cities, thereby giving our mem
bers a better opportunity to make a
personal inspection of the working of
the Exchange, and to become famil
iarized with the means of information
it is proposal to supply through its
You are also cognizant of the fact that
the different Sab-Alliances throughout
the State subscribed last year $500,000
as a capital stock for the State Ex
change; 25 per cent of this amount was
called for and promptly paid into the
Exchangatreasury. The board of di
rectors of the Exchange decided that
the business should be done entirely
on a cash basis. This decision, of
course, soon demonstrated that but lit
tle capital would be needed, conse
quently even a part of the amount col
lected was invested in State bonds at a
low rate of ir terest.
The question then arose as to what
was the best investment to make with
this fund so as to have it do the great
est good to the greatest number. Your
committee came to the unanimous con
clusion that the thing to be done was
for them to apply for a charter for a
State bank of $100,000 capital, have our
State Exchange charter so altered and
amended as to allow the Exchange to
subscribe 850,000 to the capital stock
of this bank. Individual members of
-the Alliance will be invited to take
s;ock in this bank, as well as other citi
zens who may h, ve faith in our enter
- .prise. (I will say by way of parenthe
sis that we have received some very
tattering propositions from capital
beyond the limits of oar State to join
in with us if we really mean business.)
This bank will be organized and con
ducted just as all banks of similar char
acter are managed. We have been
asked what more does this mean to the
-Alliance than the mere establishment
of another bank in the State?
Let us see if the facts do not bear us
out in claiming that your committee
acted wisely in reaching their copzclu
sion. While your State Exchange may
not need any large amount of money
to do its-business, yet at the same tlme
it is very necessary that it should have
a money credit at its cor mand and
likewise have a business rating in the
The solution of these t wo questions
will be very simple and easy, when if
*becomes a known fact that this Ex
change owns $50,000 of the capital
stock of a properly and ably copducted
State bank: that it didinthie first sev
en months of its existence a cash busi
*ness of over $100,000 with :ut the loss
of one tenth of 1 per cent.
Our farmers are sometimes slow to
catch on, so I will take the liberty of
imentioning a fact that occurred with
our State Exchange the past season,
which is illustrative. When the State
*Aliance met in July last and the mat
ter of bagging was taken up Mr. Don
-aldson, the State agent, announced that
helhad a proposition for 500,000 yards(
ofrsagar sark bagging at a low figure.
one-half to be paid cash, the other in
-thirty days; the offer was accepted.
Suddenly, .,without notice, the agent
who sold the goods to Mr. Donaldson(
informed him that "his people" would
not fulfill the contract without the en
tire bill was paid cash. I need not go
into details here as to why this party
acted in this manner; it is enough for 1
us to consider that here was some thir-t
ty odd thousand dollars to be raised at
short notice or a good trade lost. t
Mr..Donaldson, through his personal
credit and with the kind assistance of
some of his bankin r friends, was en-t
abled to carry the amount and hold the
trade. Had Mr. Donaldson at thati
time represented 550,000 of the capital
stWk of one of the banks in the city
of Greenville there never would haves
been a question raised about the trade.
I don't suppose any one is simples
enough to imagine that the bank is to
do the entire business of the Alliance,
or that it will work any great revolu-t
tion in the mode, manner or terms on
-which an Alliance man will get mone
tary assistance when needed. Your
mnoney is to be put in this bank to maket
money for you as other banks make it.e
It will help you very directly and ma-a
terially through your State Exchange,
and indirectly in a healthy influence
over other such institutions. iDoes it
not occur to you that if your business
agent, with'out carrying a dollar'ss
worth of stock, has saved you thous-e
ands of dollars in a business way, that
a bank owned and controlled largely by
yoa, collectively or individually. may
aid you much in a financial way
The education and life of our farmer
leads him to look at things not in the
abstract, but always in the concrete
form. If you tell him anything he has
got to see the result right there and
then; if you show him anything andt
doi't allow him to put his own hand one
It at once he immediately becomes a s
As I-was asked to give some infor
mation relating to the work of thet
State Exchange here is a fact tangent
to every member of the Alliance. Y our5
agent bought not only the 500,000 yards
of bagging above referred to, but this
purchase was supplemented by further
orders amounting to 400,000 yards more,
making a total of 900,000 yards, and
this at a saying of 2c per yard to the I
consumers. This one transaction saved
to the Alliance members the sum of
18,000 and more than this amount to
those who are not members of the Al
liance, but who produtce cotton. Your
action fixed the price of bagging; you
made the sacrifice, they ernjoy the re
The work of your State Exchinge is
to make the best business arrangements
possible for all such heavy articles as
do not have to be kept in stock and
that you should purchase from first
hands, viz, bagging anu ties, guanos,
vehicles, machines and machinery. etc..
but when it co res to :i regular line of t
merchandise let our merchants carry
the stock, let them have the invested
capital, creating that competitian I
which is the life of all trade. It is theirt
business, they have spent their lives to
learn it. and they will beat an untried
and inexperienced man every time.
Your State Exchange will be the
watchman on the tower, to inform youn
when and where you can purchase to t
the best advantage. I repeat what 1I
have said in a former com munication..
aid I bel~eve I voice the sentiment of:
your entire committee when I say they
do not champion a scheme that aims
at the destruction or ruin of the legiti
mate mercantile buisiness of the coun
try. Your Exchange intends to keep1
ou informed and protect you fromi
impositions and all kinds of extor*
We desire to trade with our
pe, if we can do so; we in
Tiiree years ago oum merchants s, .od
dly by and saw one of the most un
righteous, uncalled for,. or unjust ifiable
trusts formed for the purpose of ex- A
Lorting money from t ie cotton planter,
without even in their organized capaci
ty lendir g a h'lpinag band to aid us in
Ureaking it down. Notwithstanding .
ill this the mail that carries this to
you will carry to the Vharleston ag
gmg Factor% a proposition for 2,00W,000
yards oi bagging for your use in this
State and 6,000.00 yards for thre of
our neighbes. We have several bag
ging strings to our low. but of this
you can l.# assurred, before a furrow
has been turned f1,r the next crop the o
arrangements will have been consum- h
mated for your supply of bagging for
the crop of 1ZtNl and 1802. Your coun
ty trustee has been notifled, and yoa C
will be called upon to pay up by the 1st t]
day of January next the balance of t<
your subscription of stock to the State .
Some douObts have been expressed
about your meeting this obligation; a
claims are mlade that it is being divert- h
ed from the object for which it was q
originally subscribed. This is a mere
subterfuge. and comes from those who
are not your true friends. 1 am toll h
that some members reported to a coun
ty trustee that they had been advised
by some of their friends outside of the
Alliance that they better not put their
money in a bank, for if they did they .
would never see it again. To these
mlemuers I say plainly: Choose you
this day whom you will serve-the of- 0
ficial you have placed in authority over s
your business affairs, or those whose
interest and purpose is to see your
organization bankruuted and distroyed.
Is you decide to serve the latter, I have n
no doubt they will aid you in obtain- M
ing money at high rate of interestst.
in buying goods at exorbitant prices on 0
time, and also enable you within a h
hort period to pay 16 cent per yard t
for bagging from a revivified trust
I wish it t.) be iecorded here in letters
so large and brilliant that the wayfar
ing man, though a fool, may read as he ti
runs, and that is this: Your organiza- e
Lion is on trial-the entire business
3ommunity are watching you with a
Iritic's eve-failure has been predicted,
You alone are responsible as to what g
.he harvest shall be. Your ship has S
been equipped and launched; the pen
aant is nailed to the mast head, it pro- h
-lainms the motto, "Equal and exact
ustice to all, special favors to none."
rhe State Alliance expects every man
:o do his duty. There must be no a
nutiny or desertion on the part of the
3rew. If faithful to all your obliga
:ions this vessel will return bearing a'i
ibundant cargo, not to be enjoyed only el
)y you and yours, but by those of all
rades, arts and professions of life, en- d
zaged however they may be, for we be a
)rethren and are to bear one another's .
)urdens. D. P. DUNCAN.
V Dream That IMay Lead to the White o
WASmINGTON, Nov. 24.-The con
ress of the NationalFarmers' Alliance r
'ill open the first week in December at
One of the principal questions to be P
onsidered will be the policy of the or- v
ranization for -1892. At national head- rr
luarters in this city, that policy has al- T
eady received consideration. Some of si
:he leaders in this movement, encour- v
tged by recent successes, figure out the i
>ossibility of a third party victory on a A
iational scale. The manner in which t(
hey do it is interesting, if not wholly
It is actual Alliance headquarters fig- p
iring, too, and not, as most readers ai
vould suppose, an emanation from a o
iewspaper oflice. They classify the ai
tates and the present electoral vote as ti
sUR ELY REPUB.LICAN IN 1892. tU
Maine 6, Vermont 4, Pennsylvania 30, st
)hio 23. Total 63. tI
sURELY DEMIOCRATIC. T
New York :36, New Jersey 9, Delaware Ii
, Maryland 8, Texas 13, Kentucky 9, ai
rotal i8. .N
SURE FOR THE PEoPLE's PARTY. C
North Carolina 11, South Carolina 9, om
leorgia 12, Kansas 9I. Nebraska 5, Mich- tt
gan 13, Nississippi 9), North Dlekota 3, it
south Dekota 4, Minnesota 7. Total 82. ci
GOOD FIGHTING GROUND. St
Alabama 10, Arkansas 7, California 8, es
jolorado 3, Florida 4. Illinois~2, Indiana el
5, lowa 13. Louisiana 8, Missouri 16, fLt
ennessee 12. Virginia 12, West Virginia st
, Wisconsin 11. Total 147. o
The Alliance argument is that in all si
he states classified as fighting .ground m~
he farmers' and laborers' organizations ol
gre, or will be, strong enough to hold the nm
alance of power. tc
AN ALIANCE 3MAN's VIEWS.
An Alliance congressman-elect from
he west puts the plan in this way: el
"-In states where the Democratic party Nj
s in the minority the Peoples' party will tc
use with the Democrats, each of the et
arties in the fusion to have an equal at
hare of electoral votes. The same will m
e done with the Republicans in the th
tates where they are in the minority. el
hat will insure as a full and fair vote,
torth, south, east, west. The probabili- le
ies of a third party coming into the field im
il confuse the old time politicians. io
so one can so easily determine in ad- th*
-ance the possibilities of the future on SI
hat line as those who are in the secret be
ounsels of the Alliance. Therefore, the F
dvantage in such a triangular contest at
ill be ours." pm
Professional Robber. 0o
MACON, Ga., Nov 22.-A rather unn
ual occurrance took place at about 3 t
'clock. in the Commercial hotel bar in at
his city. A white man walked into the ef
ar, and drawing two pistols from his th
ockets, demanded whatever money w
ight be in the house. H~e forced the w
arkeeper to hold up his hands, while he ec
roceeded to look for the money. Be- th
)xc he had gotten behind the counter,
owever, several negro waiters ran into ti
he bar and the robber very promptly E
overed them -with his pistols, at the ~
ame time commanding the barkeeper to
solitely pass over the money, as he was
.nab~e to get it himself. At this june- oI
are two policemen came in, and the n<
Sould-be robber now languishes behind er
con bars, with four warrants against w
im-for attempt at robbery, lareeny
.fter trust, carrying concealed weapons
und other things. The man gives his th~
tame as C. W. Benton, and says lie is th
Died in a Religious Meeti~ng. is
lanIM xIrAMt Nov. 20.-A religious Pl
'evival has been in progress several days di
t a colored Methodist Church in this 01
itv. Yesterday Mary Davis and Rhoda ti<
ight became wildly excited by a kind hi
>f religious frenzy. They began shout- ju
ng at a terrible rate and hugging each mn
>thier with all their strength. T1his was pI
cept up for some time, when the Wright m
voman fell to the floor exhausted. T1he th
>ther woman fell on her and continued im
houting. in fallinig the Davis wvoman's u
nees struck Rhoda in the chest. In a ei
ew minutes the congregation noticed a
hat lthoda had ceased to shout and was te
asping for breath. Mary wa pulled G
>lf. but too late. Rhoda breathed her p;
ast in a few minutes. The death caused mi
he wildest confusion in the church at
md1( broke up the meeting. m
A Horrible Story from Ba~rnwenl.
Cni.m :L -roN, Nov. 21.-John Well, a h:
iegro boy about 1-> years old, came to tt
he city to-day, and, going to the Chief et
>f P'olice, related a horrible story. lie
aid lie and his father and mother lived
ibout ten miles from Williston, in Unrn
veil County; that on Wed ' igt T
s mother went out t
1s father's com01
NOTABLE SESSION OF THE
lie Body Thought to be T.argely in Symi
paYthy With the (over or Elect-Some
of the Matters that Will Demand
COLUMBIA, S. C., Nov. 22.-epeeial:
unusual interest is felt in the work
the Legislature which is to meet
are on Tuesday next. The recent
impaign. resulting in the election of
aptain Tiliman as Governor, is
iought also to have given character
the General Assembly. to such an
ctent that a majority of each branch
-ill be in s) mpathy with the policy
id Purposes of the Governor elect. In
is speeches Captain Tillman took fre
uent occasions to waru the people that
a could do little of himself, and that
e wanted good men, in sympathy with
is movement, sent from every county
> the Legislature. The responsibility
es indeed rest ultimately upon the
.w-making branch of the government.
ut there can be little doubt that, in
resent conditions in this State, the
ews and suggestions of the Execr
ve will have especial weight. The
pinions of Captain Tillman upon
veral matters of great importance
ce already well known, but on these
ie Legislature will probably defer
3tion till the Governor shall have
tade known his yiews in an oflicial
ay-in his inaugural address. It is
nderstood that his induction into
1lce will take place on the 5th Decem
er. Meantime matters of some public
aportance n'ay come up. In any view
e session promises to be one of unu
TiE LOAVES AND FISHES.
It is not sarprising that already
iere are several gentlemen who have
pressed a willingness to serve the
ate under the new administration.
The Speakership of the House is
nerally conceded to Col. J. L. M.
by, the Chairman of the Democratic
ate Committee, and a Representative
om Laurens. Just now it looks as if
, will be elected without opposition.
he Speakership is important chielly
the fact that from that source come
ie appointments of the committees
d the committees do a great deal in
iaping legislation. Col. Irby's policy
ill be watched with much interest.
The Clerkship of the House is a
ioice place. Col. John L. Sloan, Sr..
ho has filled it since 1876, is a candi
ite for re-election. Gen. J. Walter
ray, of Greenville, an ardent suppor
r of Capt. Tillman, has been making
1 active canvass for the position,
hile the candidacy of Mr. W. M.
odgers, of Greenville County, is just
inounced. For Reading Clerk, but
ie aspirant is thus far mentioned
[r. D. B. Peurifoy of Edgefield. The
tcumbent Sergeant-At-Arms, Mr.
,hn D. Browne, will, it now seems, be
i-elected without opposition.
The Clerkship of the Senate is sought
v the present incumbent Col. Gail
rd of Fairfield, and by Dr. Samuel
ope of Newberry. Dr. Pope has been
ry prominent in the Farmers' Move
ent, and is a great admirer of Capt.
illman. Present indications point
rongly to his election. There is as
:t no avowed opponent to Col. Good
yn the Reading Clerk. For Sergeant
.t-Arms, Capt. A. M. Ruth of Hamp
in is p-:ominently mentioned.
VC.ITED sTATEs SENATOR.
The term of Senator Hianepton ex
res on the 4th March. Under ordin
y circumstances there would be little
>position to his re-election. There
e those, however, who nowv believe
tat his case is doubtful-indeed, that
s retirement is by no means among
te improbabilities, ie will have
rong advocates in both branches, and
ese will make a hard fight for him.
he gentlemen thus far mentioned as
kely to enter the race against him
-e, Captain Tillman, Col. Keitt of
ewberry, Mr. Benet of Abbeville, and
>. Robert Aldrich of Barnwell. The
iy important question suggested by
is contemplated contestis that ari's
g out of Captain Tillman's possible
.ndidacy. A race between him and
nator H~ampto'a might prove inter
ting-though Capt. Tillman's friends
aim that the new Legislature is so
1ly in sympathy with him as to in
e him tile Senatorship on the asking
dly. The Governor elect has made no
n as to his wishes or purposes in the
atter. It is highly improble that any
the other alleged aspirants can make
uch of a fight against General Hamp
The incomling Legislature must
et a successor to Associate Justice
cGowan of the Supreme Court, and
Judge Norton of the Seventh Cir
tit. Not withstanding some little talk
out a change in both these places, it
ay be considered practically certain
at each of the incumbents will be re
The death of Ex-Governor Bonham
Et a vacancy in the Railroad Coin
ission. TJhe only name thus far ser
usly mentioned in connection with
e successor is that of the Rev. J. A.
1gh, formerly Senator from New
rry, and an active supporter of the
rmers' Movement from its very in
guration. it is by no means uim
obable that the Legislature will re
ganize the Commission, both as to its
wers and its personnel. There is a
ong feeling all over the State that
e present Commission is unnecessary,
ed that its legitimate work may be
ectively done by a single officer. If
e Legislature take thi; view there
ill be but one Commissioner to elect;
ie should the bureau be reorganiz
without any reduction, there will be
ree places open.
For Superintendent of the Peniten
try, the most prominent candidate is
-Senator W. J. Talbert of Edgefield,
bile Mr. N. W. Brooker, of the same
unty, and Mr. M1, J. Sarratt, of
nion, are said also to be in the field.
1e two latter are members of the Board
Directors of the institution. It is
t yet announced wvhether the pres
t incum bent, Col. Thos. J. Lipscomb,
ill stand for re-election.
But the people are more in'erested in
e actual wyork of law-making than in
e scramhle for ollice. The average
ster dosen't run for oflice. lie can't
te for some of the places at all. lie
more interested in legislation-in the
ssage of measures which shall re.
ice taxes while peoperly maintaining
ir State government and our institu
ms. On this line the Legislature will
Le its hands full. The proper ad
stment of salaries, tile better assess
ent and collection of taxes, the im
ovement of the road laws, the proper
aintenace of the common schools,
e cheapening of the county govern
ent, the increase of the State's reven
from the phosphate bedls, the more
icient inspection of fertilizers--these
e some of the more important mat
rs that demand the attention of the
meral Assembly. then the greater
trt of the State debt, about to mat ure,
ust be funded-and tils, if possible,
a greatly reduced rate of interest. A
ere glance over the field of wvork
us outlined sutlices to show that iur
w-makers are going to have their
nds full. Tihe important matters, in
er difierent stages, wvill be duly not
in this correspondence.
The Work of a Madma~n.
FALmitE, Ala.. Nov.24.--D r. A. M.
rner, ani ex-miember of the Legisla
.re, last nght choked his wife and lit
3daughter to death. The doctor has
en twice in ant asyluma. Th'e chiild
ise an alarm before she was killed.
id when the citizens rushed in they
nd the doctor in a wild frenzy. lIe
cared that his wife had tried to kill
m and that he acted in self-defense
INGA .LS*, C1HANCES SLIM.
Ho Needs Ninety-three Votes and 1a1s
On y About Seventy-five.
WAsScrr ON. _Novembelr 26.-E-r
Governuor -harp. (f Kansas. is in the
city, and iV makes the !ollowang mter
estinl stat -ment, regardin'.; the situation
in the Kansas Leislature, which will
soon decid the politeal inic of senator
.iiin .Tamtl S In talls.
"It has !enerally been snpploed that I
eighty-three votes vWouhi elect a Seia
tor.'' sa1d ihe, "but that is not so. There
are nineen delezate iembers of ti1-.
Legislaturc from the counties that. have
bec orcanizcd since the State was ap
portioned in 1SS;5. It will take ninety
three to elect. and of these John J. In
alls has someviiere in the neighbor
hood of severty-five. Thirty-eight
votes in the Senate belongs to hum. and
these. with the thirteen new members
and twenty-four old ones. make up the
sum total of his strength. The Demo
crats on joint ballot have eleven votes
all told. The balance is Farmers' Al
liance. composied oli men who were for
imerly Republicans or Democrats, but
who are neither just now. They form
a solid and purely independ-ibitt party.
"It -docsn't matter much who the
Democrats vote tbr. but the compliment
will probably go to Glick or Blair. The
Republicans, ofcourse. will vote for In
-alls. but the Farmers' Alliance has not
yet decided upon a candidate. .Jud'ge
Pefer, editor of the Kansas Farmer, is
in the field. and he has the support of
President Polk and the National Al
liance. Another aspirant is Willetts.
who was defeated for Governor, and
whose following is not small. PcIler
and Willetts are vigorosly opposedjto
each other, and the friends 01 one will
not under any circumstances vote for the
other. There is a man. though. on
whom a compromise is possible, but lie
cannot be regarded as a candidate. If
lie gets the prize it will be a clear case of
the office seekiug the man. I refer to
Prof Canfield. of the State University.
Ie is a Republican and a Free Trader,
a combination that has-made him many
bitter enemies in the Republican party.
Canfield is an able, brainy man, one of
the most scholarly ien in the West
not a politician but a great big man.
nexertheless. If lie gets the Alliance
nomination he will be elected beyond
"Ingalls is not asleep, nor are any of
his friends. How the ifight will turn out
depends upon the Alliance men. If In
galls can rally any of them to his sup
port his chances are good. I don't think
I would care to be the Alliance men who
vote for hima, though, Why, Because
they say out there that they will hang
any one who betrays the trust reposcd
in him by the Alliance, jerk him or them
right up to the nearest lamp post in To
peka. Personally. although I am a
Democrat, I would like to see John J.
Ingalls elected, but my reasons are pure
ly personal. I don't think lie can pos
sibly secure the Democratic vote. The
seven Democrats will never vote for a
Repubpcan unless they are so situated
that they have to decide between two
Republicans. That situation may come
up if Canfield gets the nomination, and
then they would vote for Canfield be
cause lie is a Free Trader. Ingalls has
chances, but they are slim."
WA sim NGT0N, Nov 28.-The Repub
lican leaders in congress are said to hax e
prepared a new reapportionment bill.
but it will not be offered in the house
until after the holidays. It is reported
that MIr. Porter, superintendlent of the
census, and Speaker Reed prepared the
bill, and( it provides for 332 members of
the house,. beinur exactly the uun'ber in
tihe presenit house. The Dunnel bill is
so unfair that Reed came to the conclu
sion that a new one would have to0 be
framed. It is understood that the new
measure gives M1aine only three mem
bers instead of four that she now has,
but partisan advantage is gtained in
causing Democratic states to lose mem
bers, and gains are given to Republican
states of the west in larger proportion
than accorded the growing. Democratic
Conizressman Peters. of Kansas. who
is one of the Republican members of the
house committee on appiropriations. re
turned to the city today. IHe was not a
caididate for re-election. and. therefbre,
was not in the wreck when the reient
"smash-up" occurred. He says the
Alliance people undoubtedly have a ma
jority of the Kansas legislature, and that
ii the" make up their minds to stick sol
idly together, they can elect their man
i or senator to succeed Ingalis. The
mnargin, however, is small, and, if thie
Alliance men do not stand together, In
galls may possibly secure a re-election,
as five or six of the Alliance men claim
that they are not pledged, and profess to
be ardent admirers of MIr. Irgalls.
Judge Peters says that the resu' t in Kan
sas was a general surprise, and that no
one had any ideca that so many of the
Reulican car'didates would be defea.;
ed. Everywhere that Ingalls spoke lie
had the most enthusiastic audiences ap
parently and tremendous in size, but
the farmer vote was secretly marshal
led, and the Republican leaders did not
knowy how they were going to vote.
How the Surplus Goes.
WASmIXGTON, Nov. 20.--Gen. Raum,
commissioner of pensioners, was to-dlay
before the sub-committe of the Ihouse
appropriations committee having ,in
charge the preparation of the pension
appropriation bill. The appropriation
for the fiscal year 1890-91 madec at the
last session of Congress aggregated 97,
090.7d1. Gen. Raum estimates that the
deiciency for the presenlt fiscal year will
amount to betwveen 8.3,00 000J and S3:.
000.000. H~e bases this estimate on pay
mets made on accotumt of pensions in
previous y'ears and on the amount pa id
out during the iirst (iuarter of the pres
ent iiscal year. For the tiical y'ear 15t91
2 Gen. R aumi estimates that $133.17 1,
085 will be reqiuiredi on account of the
payment of pensions. Th le appropri a
tions for the fiscal veatr of 1890-91 for
eXamining surgreous is $1.000,000, and
Commissioner I aumii asS an increase
of $500.000K. on this item for the new i is
cal year. For elerk hire at eighiteeni dif
ferent pension agencies the iappr'oprial
tion for the presen1t y'ear is S250.000.
The Commissioner- ask an increaw ini
tiis item for the newx lical year of WY),
0X40, making -'450.000 in all.
i: Cotton F irms Fail.
N'EW Yoiui, Nov. 27.-The firm of'
iciard II. .\lhen & (Co.. haiikers and
coisiiionlM merchats, at N~os. 31 anti 33
U roadh street. hav e made an assigniment
to Frank K. Wa 'lker. hichard II..\ll en
also mace an 1 individul assignmient to
the same person. N eithier assignment
gives an:. prern e~. Thte liabilities are
estimated at 8 1.000,000.i
31Miiir ms Nov. I omas 1I. Alien
& ('o., cotton factors andi commission
merchants. at No.8 3InMdison st reet have
made an 'assignment. Th'le firm was
comosed of Thomas IH. Allen. Sr..
Tomnas II. Allen, .}r., I larry Allen and
I.. H. Allen. -Jr.
The special assig~nmeint wvas precipi
tited by tile susplensionI of Icliicrd 11.
Allen & Co. thet New York branch.
'he annionnemen1t has- cauised a pro
fouind. sensa~tio'ln.'h lilm wais inc of
the largest. ini \lemhis. and considered
ole of the moSt Sibsmt ianl in the soutti.
Staliaetd Withia P'enil.
HNre, No~v. 2*.- a niel WV. Ge;rryx
with a lead penicil whbile enlgagedl in a
fiindly wrestlsiig bout with Nelson lD.
'all, died this muorniing. The pencil
wa~s in ('all's vest poeket, and~ in thle
struggle was driven an inch into G erry's
l cku-alliuig a roonr.
6 REENVILLE. November 26.-Som e
thing of a sensation has been created
her2 by the starements of a woman ar
rested in Atlanta on Saturflav on a
charge of blackmai!.
Louis A. Slban is a transfe-r clerk in
the ollice or the H ichmond ani Danville
Railroad at Atlanta, and is w-ll known
in 1 his city. w'ucre he w.ts iployed
several years ago as a cletrlk in the of
lice of the same railroad company. On
Noveiber is he married an estimable
young lady in Atla'ta and went on a
bridal to;r visiting Savammh. Charles
ton and this city. On Monday lhe re
turned to Atlant~i and learned that a
woman. gi% in'g her nanue as Mrs Mat
tie Sloan. had stated to the police and
to his father that she was Mrs. Sloan
No 1,and had married him in 1,8S in
The woilan was promptly arrested
for blackmail and she swore out a war
rant against young Sloan for bigamy.
The woian is notoriously known here
and went under the name of Ida St.
Clair, and claims that Mr. Sloan secret
ly married her to prevent her giving
testimony in an affair which he was
implicatedl in. She pretends to have
part of her marriage certificate.
A detective of this city has gone to
Atlanta with atlidavits from the city
otlicials of the woman's char:cter. The
friends of Mr. Sloan confidently believe
he can establish his innocence.
NE~W O i:.x.Ns, Nov. 2S. --A negro
wonian appareitly dlied in Shrevport,
La., but when the furneral posession ar
rived at the cemetery next day she rose
up in her collin and wanted to know
what was going on. The mourners were
terror stricken aid dispersed in a hurry,
leaving the woman to take care of her
sel'f. She is now as well as ever.
I have just returned from the North with
the largest and best assorted stock of
that has ever been offered by me since I
have been in the business. I am prepared
to compete with the largest merchants in the
town. My stock consists of
DRESS GOODS. TRIMINGS, HOME
SPUNS, PANTS GOODS
of all kind., and in fact everything that is
kept in a
Dry Goods Store.
I also have the best assortment of GENTS
FURNISHING GOODS in town, and my
Clothing and Hats
I ean sell cheaper than any one else.. If you
want first class family icn plantation
give rae a trial, and Iwill convince you that
it is to your interest to buv fromn me.
.Mannin g, S. C.
SUMTER, S. C.
First class accommodations and excellent
able. Convenient to the business lfortion
f the town. 2~> cents for dinne -
J1. 11. DIXON. Proprietor.
0. WULBRN& CD
Flour a Specialty.
os. 171 and 173 East Bay Street,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
M. Drake & Son,
BOOTS, SHOES, & TRUNKS.
235 Meeting St., CHIAR LESTON, S. C.
Lrgest stack, best assortmient, lowest prices.
:.T. c.u. ...s. m3:ows. non-r. r. EvaNS.
MCGAHIAN, BROWN & EVANS,
Dry Goods, Notions,
lootsIShoes and Clothing,
os. 226, 223 & 230 Meeting Street,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
. THOMAS, Jr. J. M. THOMAS.
Stephen Thomas, Jr, & Bro.
EWEL.RY, SIL.VER & PLATED WARE,
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
.Watches and Jewelry repaired by
237 KING STREET,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
~arington, Thomas & C0.,
EWELRY, SIL.VERWAR E AND FANCY GOODS,
No. 251 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
A. McCOBB, Jr.
General Commission Merchant,
.1ND DE.U.En IN
LME, cEMENT, PLASTER PARIS, HAiR, FIRE
BRiCKS, ANil FIRE CLAY, LAHD PLAS
TER, .D EASTERN- HAY.
gents for White's English Portland Cenment.
14& 1 Eas-tDay, Ch r'eston, S. C:
JOHN V CONNOH,
-C( MM[ 1SloN MER:lCIINT
CHARLESTON. 'S. C.
S~lq~ei I coisn ;aits acnn ohf n which
liher. 1 advanie. will be ni:ade.
WATERLY HO0 UE,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
New. furni . Eicetric bells. Etectric
lights in all roomns and hiallways. 1Rates,
e->2. an -> aO G T. ALFORD), Proprietor
F N. WILSON,
e AGENT EQUITABLE LIFE AS
MANNLNG. S. C.
JOSEPH F: RZHAME,
A TTIORYEY AT LAW
MIANNIN G, S. C.
OHN S. WILSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
IANNING, S. C.
A.. A TTvJLEY A ' LA,
MANNING, S. C.
Z Notary Public with seal.
G ALLN HUGGINS, D. D. S.,
CIIERAW, S. C
?Visits Manning every month or two
T HE TIMES OFFICE IS FITTED UP IN
a manner that warrants it in soliciting
your patronage for job printing. Send us
your orders which shall have prompt atten
tion. Prices as low as the cities. Satisfac
tion guaranteed. Keep us in mind.
FORESTON DRUG STORE,
FORESTON, S. C.
I keep always on hand a full line of
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, TOILET
SOAPS, PERFUMERY, STATION
ERY, CIGARS, GARDEN SEEDS,
and such articles as are usually kept in a
first clas 1rug store.
I h'Tve just added to my stock a line of
PAINTS AND OILS,
and am prepared to sell PAINTS, OILS
LEAD, YARNISHES, BRUSHES,
in quantities to suit purchasers.
L.W. NETTLES, M.D.,
Foreston, S. C. a
A. s. 3. rnnlY. i. r. SIMONS. n. A. PINGLE.
Johnston, Crews & Co.,
JOBBERS OF DRY GOODS,.
Notions and Small Wares,
Nos. 49 Hayne & 112 Market Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
R. A. McCURDY, Prest. 4
Surplus, $9,657,248.44. 3
The oldest, strongest, largest, best
company in the world. It "makes as
surance doubly sure."
E. I;. Cantey, Agent for Kersh~aw anet
Clarendoni, Camnden, ,S. C.
ED. L. GERNAND,
Columbia, S. C.A
GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL,
COLUMBIA, S. 0.
I4 the largest hotel in the city, and has,
during the past year, been thoroughly reno
vated, remodeled, and rettted with all mod
ern im~provements. Centrally located, and
offers inducemnents for the accommodation
of its patrons. Has G spacious, light, and
airy' sample rooms. Hot and cold baths, el
evtor, &c. Cuisine under supervision of
Mr. E. E. Post, late of Lookout Point Hotel,
Lookout Mountain, Tenn. The proprietor
hopes by strict attention to the wants of his
patrons to merit a share of patronage.
F. W. SEEGERS. E. E. POST,
-- GKJ 0AffAet1MEI' [
S UNION SQUARE.NY.s
WE.BROWN & CO. Manning, s. C. 3
TH EC. . WOD C.M id*OEOP
cho boed Sto10. SigeUechLa-a
ont Gunsn age t $25. O Ever kind o f cl
Brec aodn n eetn ils 3t
D4. uzleBarlBc Loading ul Shot Guns, a
$5 to $:35. Single Shot Guns, $2.50 to $12.
Revolvers. $1 to $20. Donble Action Self
Cockers, $2.50 to $10. All kinds of Car
tridges, Shells, Caps, Wads, Tools, Powder
Flasks, Shot P'ouches, Primers. Send 2
e nts for Illustrated Catalogue. Address
. H. J0liNSTON, GREAT WESTERN
GUN WURKS, Pitt.,burg, Pa.
Manning Shaving Parlor.
H AIR CUTTING ARTISTICALLY EX
ucuted, and shaving done with best
razors. Special attention paid to shampoo
ing ladies' heads. I have had considerable k:
exerienice in several large cities, and guar st
antee satisfaction to my customers. Parlor O
next door to Manning TimesAILON
ADGER SMYTH. F. J. PELZER, Speciala ?rtner.
SMYTH & ADOER,
Fators and Commission mercants,
Nocrth. AVlatic -7V-3arE,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Lionuors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
)TTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
C A R L EM S T ON, S. C.
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
AND IMPORTERS OF
-Pure C;eirnma a
PELZER, RODGERS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHARLESTON, S. C.
M2. M. LEvI. of Manning, will be pleased to supply his friends aDd the public gen
ly, with any of the above brands of Fertilizers.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, Feed.
244 & 246 Meeting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
f0Contracts made for car load lots or less.
E. HoIxEs. LELAND o0033.
W. E. HOLMES & CO.,
Mhite Lead and Colors,
Oils and Varnishes,
Glass and Brushes,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies.
TREET LAMPS and LANTERNS ofALL KINDS.
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, S. C.
,harleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
[arine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
[ill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
at, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
zit epairs executed with promptness and Disrpatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
- Charleston, S. C.
-PUCKH ABER RROS,
Wholesale Ba1kery and Candy Factory.
ENTS FOR HOLMES & COUT?TS SEAFOAM WAFERS AND ENGLISH BISCUIT
464 and 4G6 King St. CHARLESTON, S. C.
P]D1.IV.AL~ MSFG. CO.
SASHES, DOORS AND BLINDS 478 to 486 Meeting St., CHARLESTON,S. C.
THE BEST AND THE CHEAPEST.
All goods guaranteed. Estimates furnished by return mail. Large stoclk, prompi
iipments. Our goods do not shrink or warp.
Geo. E. Toale & Company,
MIANCFACTURERS OF AN~D WHOLESALE DEALERS lIN
oors, Sash, Blinds, Moulding, and General Building Materia.
Office and Salesrooms, 10 and 12 Hayne St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
OLD CLOTHEiS MADE NEW.
SEND YOUR DYEING TO THE
CHARLESTON STEAM DYE WORKS,
All work guaranteed. 3I0 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.r
MOKE(HEIOIIIAR, THE BEiST NIOKI.E GICAR SOLD.
B. A. JOHNSON, sohe Agent, Manning, S. C.
SOL. ISEMN, Wholesale~ Grozer, State Agent,
1 aast ma-v. caaieston. S. C.
Lilienthal & Blohme,
successorsi to F. J. Lilientliad & Son. Proprietors o
And deailers in PreparLed Flour, Gist anud Meal, ais5 Hay, Grain, Flour, Mill Fees
c. Send fo, e.32, :4, and 30 Beaufain St ., CHAR1LESTON, S. C.
oie to Sumter BOLLMANN BROTHERS,
id inspect my large tock of ClothnWoleal
ods, Hardware, Groceries, inware,
ockery, in fact everything that is kept in
first class j Grcers
GENERAL MERCHANDISE STORE,
I will give my customers special b.ar.gains'
id pay the highest prices for Hides, Furs, 157 and 169, East Bay,
id all kinds of country proluce.
I M. K AR E SH, CH ARLESTON, S. C.
Liberty Street, Sumter, S. C. ---- ________________
HARLS c LEL'E Jouxi F. WENER. L. H.QL o
HAR ES . L SLYJOHN F. WERNER & CO.,
Wholsalet &,it Rtai mission Deleri in
g~T~ ~D4~ ~ ovIiion Dealers.
Consignments~ of poultry, egs anl 'll 164 & 166 East Bay and 29 & 31
nd of country prodc aree respIcuully
licited. Vendue Rng,
iee Nos. 18 & 20 Market St., E, of East Bay Jj~]O rS..
CTT AITETON 5. C.