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HARD AT WORK NOW.
THE SOUTH CAROLINA LEGISLATURE
AS SEEN IN MID-SESSION.
The First Two Weeks Devoted to Looking
over the Field--Some Measures of Great
Public Importance--Notes of the Ses
oCOLUMIA. S. C.. Dec. .-Special:
Observers of the work of the present
General .Assembly have been greatly
impressed with one fact--the very
siall quantity of business thus far ac
tually accomplished. The session may
be considered half gone, and as yet
there is no measure passed either Ilouse,
which looks to a solution of any of the
questions that have agitated, or at least
interested, the people for manymonths
past. One reason given for this condi
tion of the Legislative business is that
the body has been awaiting the sug
gestions of Governor Tillman. These
having been formally made in the in
angural address of his Excellency, it
may now be expected that the lawma
kers' attention will be given to soneof
the matters affecting the people's in
terests most-because the. affect the
condition of their pockets.
The all-important subject of re
trenchment has been but gently touch
ed. If all the measuies thus far sug
gested as tending to reduce the public
expenditures should be passed, the ef
fect upon the tax levies would be bare
ly, if at all, perceptible. Tnis is not
saying that the authors of the proposed
reforms are untrue to their pledges of
economy in every department of our
public service. The few efforts made
at retrenchment should serve only to
illustrate the fact that whild a reduc
tion of appropriations is surely desira
ble, it is not always easy to say at
what place refo-m should begin.
Among the bills looking to retrench
ment are the following:
A bill to abolish the office of jury
commissioner and devolve his duties
on -the county auditor. The average
annual pay of the jury commissioner
is about $75.00, The fate of the meas
ure is doubtful.
A bill to abolish the office of super
visor of registration and devolve his
duties on the county auditor. The
House committee has reported this un
favorably, and it will doubtless be kill
In connection with these two pro
positions may be noted that to abolish
the office of county auditor and devolve
his duties on the county treasurer.
Every effort to make such a change has
thus far failed. No bill, looking to
this "reform," is yet on the calendar of
either house In view of the make up
of the present Assembly, such a change
would seem likely to command lapge
support. But its fate would for many
reasons, be extremely doubtful.
A bill to abolish the pay of election
manaZers and their clerks. It is esti
mated that this would save between
seven and eight thousand dollars in
every election year-it being assumed
that there may be found, in sufficient
'numbers, citizens competent for the
wo-k and willing to perform it for
nothing. Present indications point to
the passage of the bill.
-Bills to reduce the pay of members
one fixing the per diem at $3 and an
other at $4. If precedents be followed
there will be no reduction.
-Mr.Hardin,of Chester has introduced
a bill to fix different salaries as follows:
Governor $3,000, now $3,500.
- Secretary of State 1,800; State Treasur
er1,800; Comptroller General. 1,800; Su
perintendent of Education, 1,800; Com
uussioner of Agriculture; 1,800 Adju
tant and Inspector General. 1,000; At
torney- General, 1,800, now 2,100.
Assistant Attorney General 1,000,
State Librarian, $500, now 625.
Superintendent P'enitentiary, $1,500,
Physician Penitentiary $1,000; now
- overnor's P'rivate Secretary $1,000,
- -Governor's Messenger. $350, now 400.
~-Keeper State House Grounds, $300,
'Chief Clerk Secretary of State, three
clerks 'State Treasurer, Chief Clerk
-Comptroller General each, $1,200, now
- Bookkeepier of Comptroller General,
Clerk Superntendent of Education,
rGCerk Commissioner of Agriculture,
each, $1,000 now 1,500 each, except the
Clerk ot the Superintendent of Educa
-tien whose salary is $1,200.
Clerk of Adjutant and Inspector Gen
eral $ 50, now 1,200.
-In'connection with these bills it may
-be noted that the House has elected a
hejd~p~ain, whose compensation is in th~e
d'iaeresionsof the body, while there is
now pending a bill to provide a chap
1idfor the Honse and one for the Sen
ate-each to receive the pay of a mem
ber. The fate of the measure is doubt
The present chaplain of the House
<lathe Rev.O0. A. Darby, well known as
Lthe former president of the Female Col
sOM[E PROPOSED CHANtGEs.
-Some idea of proposed changes in
-certain directions may be gathered
~-from the following reports of House
-Unfavorable report from the judici
ary committee on bill to ablolish costs
~ or attorneys in the settlement of inter
e state estates. Bill rejected.
~Unfavorable report from same comn
mittee on the bill to require a license
for the sale of pistols and cartridges.
B~lordered to beplaced on the Calen
Favorable report from same com
mittee on the bill to abolish the costs
of attorneys. Lald over for future
U'nfavorable report from sane com
mittee on bill to abolish the office of
Master in Laurens County. Laid over.
Unfavorable report on the bill to re
duce the legal rate of interest to 5 per
gent. .Laid over.
Unfavorable report on the bill to
make the office of railroad commission
er elective by the people. Bill reject
-There is a general impression that
the present railroad Commission will
be abolished, and its duties devolved
upon a single commissioner at an an
nual salary of $2,500.
-Among the bills passed by the House
Imay be noted the following:
-To amend the law relating to for
feited lands, delinquent lands and col
lection of taxes. T1he bill is an impor
tant one and provides that the sheriffs
of the different counties in making le g
les and sales, in making returns and in
paying over money collected under tax
warrants or executions placed in their
fta'nds by county treasurers, shall be
subject to the direction and under the
control of the Comptroller General of
the State in like manner as they now
are to plaintiffs in execution; and the
Comptroller General is in'ested with
all the rights and privieges of a plain
- nexecution to make and obtain
~e aid of the Court to compel refrac
tory sheriffs to discharge their duties
in the enforcement of tax executions.
It is also the duty of sheriffs to make
return of all tax executions to the
treasurers of their respective counties
-within ninety days after the date of is
sue, and in case of default the county
treasurers shall have the right to re
cover from any such defaulting sheriff
treble the amount of such penalties
in any Court of competent jurisdiction.
Substituting S. S. Mc Bride as trustee
-of the estate of John de la Howe in
place of David Morrah, deceased.
To reduce the licenses of hawkers
and pedlers from $100 to $25. This
bill provoked the first debate of the
season. MJr. Boozer, of Edgeileld,
moved to kill the bill. He thought the
pedlers would be much bettei em
ployed in some more respectable busi
ness, and he thought the people would
be-better off without the articles they
peddled. Mr. Ernest Gary explained
pel this clss of peripatetic mer hants
to pay a licens*. T ey would not. pay
$100. but still illicitly plied their trade.
A reduced license could be more easily
collected. A t er a Iutile effort to make
the license .10, the bill was passed in
its original sh.pe.
The Douse passcC, without any neg
ative vote, a coneurent resolutwon re
quiring the Secreta'y of State to com
municate (by mnessenger if thought de
sirable) with tie Se,-retary of the Inte
rior and procure froin that functionary
a statemnt of the population Of the
several counties of t:is State, as as
sertainad liy the cer-sus recently kaken.
When tl:e resolution reachiCd tie Sen
ate it met an unexpecte(d fate.
Senator Meetze of Lexington imoved
the adoption of the resolution. Sena
tor Evans objected on the ground that
the infermiation desired would not ie
needed at the present session of the
Assembly, inasmuch as the reappor
tionment could not be made until much
later, by which time the Assembly
would have the benefit of the published
ceixsus. Seiator Sloan, of lichland.
spoke on t ie same line as Senator Ev
ans, of Marliro. ard the resolution
was not cor.ucrred in. The negative
vote was confined to the Senator from
In connection with the proposed er
rand to Washington it may be men
tioned that before the concurrent res
olution reached the Senate there were
no less than a dozen apilheations to
the Secreary of State for the position
"TlE CLEMSON COLLEGE.
The trustees of the Clemson Agricul
tural arid Mechanical College have
made an elaborate report to the Gen
e-al Assembly, and the paper is now in
the hands of the members. A synopsis
of its contents must prove interesting.
The trustees met in Columbia on the
20th day of January. 1890, and organ
ized by electing It. W. Simpson presi
dent of the board, and J. E. Wanna
maker secretary and treasurer, and
upon resignation of the latter P. H. E.
Sloan. secretary and treasurer, and II.
W. Simpson, D. K. Norris, Jas. L. Orr,
Alan Johnstone and R. E. Dowen were
elected members of the executive com
The report recites the procurement
of plans and specifications for the
buildings; the acquisition of the Cleni
son estate, upon the decision of the
Supreme Court of the United States;
the work preliminary to the erection
of buildings; the election of Prof. H.
A. Strode to the presidency; and the
trouble with brick-making in its early
stages. These troubles past, the board
have now on hand 800,000 brick of their
own making-sufficient for all build
ing that can be done before spring.
The board at its last meeting elected
Prof. J. F. Duggar, graduate of the
Missisippi Agricultural College. assis
tant director of the experiment station
and advised the station to be put in
immediate operation. This direction
of the board has been carried into ef
fect, and the station is being supported
by that part of the fund commonly
known as the "Hatch" fund, turned
over to the secretary and treasurer by
the South Carolina University, being
about two-thirds of one-quarter, or the
sum of $2,280.03.
The expenditures of the year were
S17,195.31, leaving a balance on hand of
$25,813.86. The buildings are estimated
to cost $150,000. The board estimate
that, in order to complete the buildings
in time to open the college before the
fall of 1892, there should be an appro
priation, for that purpose ofq60,000 by
the present Legislature.
Tne board also ask 100 additional
convicts. They recommend that the
executors of the will beoauthorized to
pay Miss Lee her legacy, and request
an appropriation, of $500 out of the
money bequeathed, to place a monu
ment at the grave of Thomas G. Clem~
son, and $300 for a portrait of that
gentleman. The report concludes as
"In conclusion, now that the Clemson
Agricultural and Mechanical College
is r'pparently an established fact. and
it has been demonstrated that it can be
established and maintained at a very
little, if any, cost to the State, we earn
estly request all the friends of educa
tion and those who desire the elevation
and prosperity of all of the people of
the State to unite in bestowing upon
the Clemson College that encourage
ment and generous aid necessary to
make it a success and an honor to the
"The friends of agricultural and me
chanical education in South Carolina
do not consider this the only . kind of
education desirable for all persons, nor
do they seek to pull down or destroy
the efficiency of any of the other edluca
tional institutions of the State. They
desire rather to see them all prosper
alike and labor harmoniously together
in furnishing, if possible, to every
youth in Southt Carolina such an educa
tion, either technological or literary, as
will best advance the interest of the
individual and promote the welfare
and prosperity of the State."
The trustees at their recent meeting
recommended that the present experi
ment stations and the State depart
ment of agriculture be abolished, and
their work transferred to Clemson Col
lege. It appears altogether probable
that these suggestions will be adopted
by the Legislature at the present ses
UNITED sTATEs sENATOR.
The canvass for United States Sena
tor is proceeding very quietly. Neither
side is very demonstrative. At this
writing the choice appears narrowed
between Senator Hampton and Speak
er Irby-with the chances in favor of
"THE NEW OFrICIALs."
The general changes in the oflicers
and attaches of the Legislature certain
ly seems not to have hindered the body
in the transaction of business. It is
conceded that both Clerks-General
Gray and Dr. Pope-already make ex
cellent officers, and that the wvork of
the subordinates is also well done.
Speaker Irby makes a fine presiding
officer. Lieutenant Governor Gatry is
new and therefore not yet fully at ease.
But his friends predict for him a very
successful career. R. S. J.
Too Good to be Lost.
ATLANTA, Nov. 28.-On the day that
Gen. Gordon was elected to the United
States Senate two gentlemen went into a
store with a tiny piece of cotton rope
pinned on their coats. They told a gen
tlemen it was a part of the rope fastened
to the cannon on which Gordon was car
ried to the Kimbal House. Clothes-line,
you know, is pretty cheap. The store
keeper invested a quarter in cotton rope,
cut it into little pieces, labeled it "Gor
don rope." sold each piece for ten cents
and as a result of the sale had twenty
dolars in his pocket. Oh, the fool-kill
er ain't dead yet; he's weeding a wide
row in A tlanta every day.
Elliott is the Congressman.
C'OLUMu, Nov. 3.-Tiie State board
of canvassers met in the Secretary of
State's ollice at noon to-day, and in ac
cordance with the decision of the Su
preme Court, they at once took up the
Miller-Flliott contest, and decided to
give the certificate to Col. Elliott. The
certificate of election was then made out,
and Col. Elliott appeared and it was
given to him. The board then adjourn
ed sine die, and with that adjournment
it became functus othicio. Col. Elliott
placed his certificate ini his p)ocket. and
this afternoon lie left for his hiouuie. i~e
is naturally much pleased with his suc
ess and says lie will not go to Washuing
ton until Congress reassemles.
Dashed Baby's Brains Out.
BOUND BnooK, N. J., Dec. 4.-James
McNabb, a well known builder of this
town, hired a carriage to take his
brothers wife and child for a ride. As
all were seated, the horse started and
ran away. In turning a shiort cur ve at
Church street he upset the carriage.
throwing all three people out. Tlhe
batiy, a year old, struck agrainst thet
Methodist parsonage gate and its brains
were ashed out
iNAUGL RATION OF THE CHiEF EXE
CU~~VE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
A Large Crowd in Attendance-The Sim
ple Ceremonies--The Inaugur:al Address
--An Ex:haustive Retiew or Public Af
fairsS gest I otn of Retrenchment and
Cott'iam., S. C.. Dkec. 4.-Speeda:
Thosc Litencsted in the cerelmonics in
cident to he ina:lration of ti Gov
ernor of Snth Carolina were full of
gloomy foribodi:gr . eterhai. Evtry
sign pointed to a rainy day for the oc
vasion- anl rain would have spoiled
things badilv. Put the rain conliried
itselt to a iitle shower last night.
This morning's sun shone wiLh es
pecial brightness, and the day has been
the prettiest of the season.
Some little time before the hour set
for the exercises, people began moving
towards the State House. just north of
which had been erected the platform,
capable of seating about 500 people.
Ther was, as is usual on such occa
sions, some little delay, and it was al;out
1:20 when the procession headed by the
Chief Justice and the Governor-elect
reached the platform. The space in
front was well filled with spectators.
The number of people present is esti
mated at 3,500o.
The exercises were opened with pray
er by the lev. 0. A. Darby, 1). D., of
this citv. The oath of oflice was then
administered by Chief Justice Simpson
to Governor Tillman. who thereupon
proceeded to deliver his
which is a most exhaustive review of
public affairs in South Carolina, with
suggestions of administrative reforms.
The document contains about seven
thousand words. The following synop
sis includes all its salient points. Gov
ernor Tillman said:
It is seldom in the history of politics
that a man is so honored as I am. It
is customnry to perform the ceremony
of inauguration in public and only
once before that I am aware has it been
necessary in South Carolina to hold it
in open air in order to let the people
To the large number of my fellow citi
zens wholhave (lone me the honor to
come as witnesses of this impressive
ceremonial I can only say in simple
words I thank you.
To the people I owe my election after
a most memorable canvass. To the
people only I owe allegiance and to the
people I pledge my loyal service. This
is no mere holiday occasion. The citi
ens of this gi eat commonwealth have
for the first time in its history demand
ed and obtained the right to choose their
Governor, and I, as the exponent and
leader of the revolution which brought
about the change, am here to take the
solemn oath of office and enter upon
the discharge of its onerous duties. Be
fore doing this it is proper, and usage
makes it obligatory en me, to make
known my views and opinions on the
important questions agitating the pub
lic mind and to show where and how
the reforms are nnded and can be
With such an audience as this, sym
pathetic and enthusiastic, I might if
I were an orator attempt to play upon
your feelings and win applause by
tlights of what some call eloquence,
but which sensible people consider
as "glittering generalities." the tinsel
and brass buttons of a dress parade,
meaning nothing and worth nothing.
The responsibilities of my position,
the reliance of the people upon my
leadership, the shortness of our legis
lative session (one fourth of which is
already gone) alike demand display of
practical statesmanship and business
methods. We are met to do the busi
ness of the people, not to evolve beauti
ful theories, or discuss ideal govern
ment. We come as reformers, claim
ing that many (things in the govern
ient are wrong and that there is room
for retrechment and reduction of taxes.
Oar task is to give the people better
government and more eflicient govern
ment as cheaply as possible. We must,
however, never lose sight of the fact
that niggardhiness is not always econo
my. The people will pay even more
taxes than at present it they know
those taxes are wisely expended and
for their benefit.
Before I proceed to discuss in plain,
straightforward, farmer fashion, the
legislation I shall ask you to consider.
I desire to congratulate you upon the
signal victory achieved by the people
throughout the Union at the recent
election. Democracy, the rule of the
people, has won a victory un paralleled
in its magnitude and importan'ce, and
those whose hearts were troubled as
they- watched the trend of National
legislation in its unblushing usurpation
of authority, its centralizing grasp
upon the throats of the States, its ab
ject surrender to the pow~er of corpor
ate money and class interests-all such
must lift up joyful hearts of praise to
the All Ruler ax'd feel their faith in the
stability of our republican institutions
The Governor next discussed the re
lations of the races, and, while empha
sizing the paramount necessity of white
supremacy, urged justice and consider
ation for the colored people. IHe strong
ly condemned lynching, and suggested,
as one preventive of it, that the Gover
nor be empowered to remove any
sheriff permitting urisoners to stiffer
violence while in jail.
For the improvement of the free
common schools the Governor suggest
ed the following scheme :
The respective counties should be de
vided, by a reliable surveyor, into
school districts as nearly ;quare as the
contour and the larger streams and
swamps will permit. These should be
of an area not greater than thirty-six
nor less than sixteen square miles, in
proportion as population is dense, and
with one white and one colored school
in each. All the public school funds
should be concenkated to run these
alone. The truste 'should be elected
by the residents of said districts, only
free-holders being eligible to the offlee.
The poll tax should be increased to $S
instead of $1, as now, and this will re
quire a constitutional amendment.
Empower trustees to erect buildings
near centre of district, with money
orrowed for that purpose, and set
apart each year so much of school
fund as may lie necessary to liquidate
the entire debt in ten years, principal
and interest. The property-holders in
the several school districts should be
free to supplement the State taxes with
local levies. Steps should be taken to
the publication of a series of school
books that should be truthful touching
the War of Secession.
Touching the State University the
Governor recomnmended that the Uni
versity system be abolished, the ex
perimental farm at Columbia lie sold
and the proceeds be covered into the
treasury, the mechanical depnartment,
with all its belongings transferred t:
Clemson~ College and that a complete
reorganiation be ordered. A liberal
appropriation andl one which will
suice to give the institution stability
and character ought to be made.
Thirty thousand dollars for all pur
poses and tuition fees can be prolitably
used in his opinion, and the Governor
hoped that it will receive that amount
by perpetual annual grant so as to re
o-:e the college altogether from polh
ticl induences and antagonisms.
Touching Clemson College hie adopt
ed the suggestion of the trustees--pub
After expressing thme opinion that
the re-opening of the Citadel was un
fortunate, the Governor said : "t
however, holds a warm place in the
breasts of many of our people as a land
miark of the old regime. A conserva
tive regard for the rights and wishes
of even a small minority ought to have
weight with those who have them
selves so long been denied what they
Soul h C rolina for us to put out ajy
them an for the pres;nt I recom.1e
that t: annual appropriation 1
Ile re o:i:nendeld th: a ppointae:
of three comrmissioners to asev:ta
the cost of establishing and main :ai
ing an i id ustrial school tor airls. I
paid a uigh conpliment to the Wi
thr1p T,ining School, saying that "i
money '-pent by the State for ecluc
tion pro uisei a richer r-turn than th;
gv th - institution. h. ry com
from all over the Stite for better trai
ed teach- rs."
Asi L UM AND I'ENITENTIAnRT.
Thei v ;vernor callet attenition to) ti
ji1creaL si.'r cost of the Lunatic Asylui
and suiiested retform, by more exar
ing rqujirvinerits fir admission, t1
I)support of pauper patents im the san
style only as they could have at how
the c omm .uitmefln7t of haruless patien
to the cuunty poor houses, and the r
'uir'ement that each county SUppo
its own inunatics.
"Next in importauce to the asylit
is the penitentiary. The results o
taineud at this institution have not be(
satisfactory, and the I ane of its ma
ageient is politics. In my judginei
the best resuilts:to make the institutic
yield an income commensurate with i
work can be secured by removing
restrictions on leasing or hiring ti
convicts and allowing them to be et
ployed on any work, public or privit
that pays best."
iovernor Tillman next urged tl
calling of a Constitutional Coriventio
as the only means of adapting ti
organic law to the present condition
the people. Ile laid especial stress c
the fact that Charleston County,
laid out in the Constitution of 1868, h;
now three Senators-one being fro
Berkeley which was formerly inclnde
in Charleston. Ile cited this conditic
of things as a most pressing reasc
for a Constitutional Convention.
"TIE PEOPLE's MONEY."
In suggesting means of saving tt
people's money, his Excellency urge
as one means of such saving a ne
railroad law honestly and fearless'
aiministered. He suggested the Geo
gia law touching railroads, as a mod
for South Carolina.
A f ter criticising the present syitem i
assessing and taxing property, at
pointing out some of its greatest i
equalities, the Governor presented tt
following scheme of -:ounty govern
"Let the voters from each townshi
elect from its freeholders a board 4
three supervisors who shall hai
charge of roads and the assessment 4
property in their respective township
Let the pay of these supervisors, if an
be just what the people of that tow:
ship are willing to payout of their oi
pockets, as voted in township meeting
When the Auditor comes around I
assess property let these supervisors L:
present and put prices on land, stocl
etc., under oath, and should any ta:
payer neglect to make returns let tl
supervisor find out and assess h
property, receiving therefor $1 froi
each taxpayer that neglects to me
the Auditor. Let the chairmen <
these township boards of supervisoi
constitute a county board of finance
The Auditor should be altogether fr(
from political influences, and be a]
pointed, as now, on the recommend.
tion of the county board of financ
rather than by the primary system."
THE PHOSPHATE BEDS.
The Governor expressed the opinio
that a survey alone can determine th
extent and value of the phosphate bed
le thinks that an appropriation (
$10,000 will be sufficient, and by ti
time the General Assembly meets
year hence it will have somethin
definite to go upon, and can contin.
the work or not, as it may deem best.
Other sug gestions contained in th
address are as follows:
That State banks deposit with tI
treasure-' State bonds in amount equi
to the State deposits in such banks.
That every bank chartered by th
State be required to invest a part of il
capital stock, say 20 per cent., in Stal
That every insurance company doiD
business in the State be required 1
deposit with the State t reasurer $25,0(
in State bonds, as a guarantee cf sc
Geatlemen of the Senate and IHout
of Representatives, I must apologis
for the time I have consumed in di:
cussing these important matters, an
with a few remarks as to the relatiom
which ought to exist between the E:
ecutive and the Representatives of tl:
people, I will close.
During the recent campaign tl
lines were sharply drawn, and I w;
elected on a platform which, amor
other things, dlemands "rigid economr
in public expenditures, the abolition <
useless officers, reduction of salarim
and fees of all oflicers, State and cou1
ty, to conform to the increased pu
chasing power of money, and the d
creased ability of the people to pa
taxes, that public oflicers be paidi
proportion to their labors and respoi
An overwhelming majority of bot
your honorable bodies was elected c
the single issue as to whether you el
dorsed this platform and its exponen
We are here to redeem these pledge
and it is yourvduty to make the law
and mine to execute. The respons
bility is squarely on us and we cann<
There are some minor matters I
which I will direct your attentioni
special messages from time to tim
The observations I have made and tt
recommendations I have offered ai
for your consideration. Your dutyi
not discharged unless you sift, amen<4
alter and add to these suggestions. an3
thing which, in your judgment, wvi
perfect therm and subserve the objet
which alone should actuate us all, th
public welfare. I have given you ta
best light I have, but I am not infall:
ble and have no pride of opinion.
There is a fearful responsibility res1
ing upon rue by reason of the re-lianc
on my leadership, but you cannot avoi
the responsibility resting on your ow
shoulders, and you will do wvrong t
cast a single vote against your jud;
ment, no matter whence comes the re
commendation. In the matter oh ai
pointmnents I must rely almost wholl
on your advice and suggestion wher
the people have left us any choice.
The most important appointive ol
fice in each county is th ejury commis
sioner. The pressure brought to bea
on this oficer by his fuiends, and al
torneys of men indiicted for murderi
very strong, and unress he is incoi
ruptible the jury gets "fixed" and jmu
tice is cheated.
The ofiice of trial justice is oi~e c
large power and importance, andc nx
man who ever drinks to intoxicatio:
should hold( it.
Only three weeks remain of th
usual legislative session wvhich hai
been limited to Christmas by unwrit
ten lawv. You have to deal with man
matters of great importance, an
whether you can perform these 'dutie
properly in so short a time must de
pend on your diligence and absolut
refusal to waste time on silly, wild-ca
schemes, and local andl special legisht
tion which are curses of our timel.
Pledging~ you my best efforts an'
hearty co-operation in your arduou
labors, and invoking the guidance an.
tiessing of the Father upon our labor
in behalf of our beloved State and it
peolie, I am nowv ready to call Iheave:
to witness and take tihe oath of ollice.
GLOsiNG ' EnEMONICs.
The Chief J1ustice then adminxistere<
the oath of ollice to Lieutenant Gov
ernor Euigene B. Gary.
The ,Joint A sseimbly being (declare
dissolved, the Senate retired to it
chamber andl the Representative's t
their hall. Lieutenant Governor Giar
miadle a short sp.ell ot acknowvledt
Shortly afterwards each house at
journed till the usual hour of meetin
of Our Total P'optilation 6',2:,250.
,d WASHI NGTON, Nov. 2.-To-n:,iht
)e I )bert P. Porier. Superintendant of the
C2nsus, prcsenL;d a statceict to the
tS eretarv of the Ir.terior, "ivmu te pop
im ulattion of the ! everal State.s aniid Te rr it or
let of the United States a, tnall deter
le tnined. The veritied ponchttion of the
United States in 1890 is lixed at 62,022,
a- 2'.0. This total ditliers b 14 1.71 0 rom
Lt that contained in the report ot'the cei
es sus ollieC under date 'Oddbr 28. 1M90.
- Tie chan-.e i due to the iirrectius of
the errors t1'. wvhat is turui tlhe firm. or
rough count awil :ulitions of names acer
te titdt iot 'e tOn oltld ftroimu thie Cn
TIhe New 11:tm"ire Les islatum.
Coxcoi N. IF., sov. 2s-The resig
e nltion 01 ( A. Dickey, clerk of the
ts House of Representatives. sinililies
e- l-gislation. His successor will be S. J.
rt Jowett of Laeonia, who will receive the
full Republican voto at the opening of
m this special session. The Democrats
b will be united in opposition to the pas
n sage of the bill instructing the clerk as
- to the method of preparing the -roll of
it the next I louse, and as there are enough
,n Republicans who take the same posi
ts tion to prevent its passage the only
11 business that will be transacted will be
te the election of the clerk and his assist
e, A New Kind of Ne:gro.
LAG I:ANE, Ga.. Nov. 2(;.-Ienry Fer
guson, colored, died here from the ef
Le fects of a bite on the hand three
3 months ago by .Joe Strozier. Blooa
' poisoning ensued. and he could get no
l relief. *The negroes claim that Stro
zier is a ilue-gumined negro. and re
is gard a bite from one of that kind as
is oisonous as that of a rattlesnake.
n Very few negroes would have any
d thing to do with his burial on aceant
n of their superstitious fears in regard to
n a death of this character.
e PEOPLE OF
d I have just returned from the North with
the largest and best assorted stock of
I General Merchandise
that has ever been offered by me since I
p have been in the business. I am prepared
)f to compete with the largest merchants in the
,e town. My stock consists of
)f DRESS GOODS, TRIMMINGS, HOME
SPUNS, PANTS GOODS
of all kinds, and in fact everything that is
kept in a
Dry Goods Store.
e I also have the best assortment of GENTS
C, FURNISHING GOODS in town, and my
0 Clothing and Hats
I can sell cheaper than any one else. If yon
want first class family and plantation
Le give me a trial, and I will convince you that
3, it is to your interest to buy from me.
e Ma.nininig, S. C.
a 1SUMTER, S. C.
a First class accommouation 'nd excellent
e table. Convenient to the ba:,.i'css portion
of the town. 25 cents for a inner.
J. H. DIXON, Proprietor.
C. WULBERN & CO.
e Flour a Specialty.
SNos. 171 andI 173 East Bay Street,
- CHARLESTON, S. C.
SM. Drake & Son,
,BOOTS, SHOES, & TRUNKS.
S 235 Meeting St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
L'rgest stock, best assortment, lowest prices,
S I. T.MC arcon AN.A. s. niuOWN. R~ofT. P. EvAiNS.
SMcGAHAN, BROWN & EVANS,
SDry Goods, Notions,
Boots, Shoes and Clothing,
n Nos. 226, 228 & 230 Meeting Street,
~; CHARLESTON, S. C.
.S. THOMAS, Jr.. J. M. THIOMtAS.
iStephen Thomas, Jr, & Bra.
SJEWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE,
SSpectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
.z.'Watehes and Jewelry repaired by
e 257 KING STREET,
-CHARLESTON, S. C.
C arrington, Thomas & Co,
e JEWELRY, SILVERWARE AND FANCY GOODS,
- No. 251 King Strect,
r CHARLESTON. S. C.
A. McCOBB, Jr.
S General Commilission Merchant,
.AND DEA\LER IN
LIME, CEMENT, PLASTER PARIS, HAIR, FIRE
S BRICKS, AND FIRE CLAY, LAND PLAS
- TER, AND EASTERN HAY.
Agenis for White's English Portland Cement.
194& 192G East Blay, Charleston, S. C:
JOHN 1 CONNORI
s -.-COMMISS10 N MERC.N
CHIARLESTON, S. C.
Soiis osgnet of cotton t'n which
Ini bend oif King Stretm-,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
l-Newly furnished. Electric bells. Electric
g lights in all rooms andi hallways. Rates,
I $2 nd $2.0. Gi. T. ALFORD. Proprietor
Fe AIE ThE!CI L:JlE LIFE AS-1
.7lu 1 CE OCI A TY.
MANNING. S. C.
J -lITTUi:3EY AT LAI,
MANNING, S. C.
JOHN S. WTLSON,
. to(i|n l (an ts,'/or al Lail,
A . * I LE Y. ,.1 11,
MA NN NG, S. C.
N tary PIblic with SelI.
ALL2N IIUGGINS. D. 1). S.,
pYrVisits Manning every month or two
T HE TIMES OFFICE IS FIT'ED UP IN
a imaner that warrants it in soliciting
your patronage for job printing. Send us
your orders which shall have prompt atten
tion. Prices as low as the cities. Satisfac
tion guaratteed.I Keep us in imind.
FORESTON DRUG STORE,
FORESTON, S. C.
I keep always on hand a full line of
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, TOILET
SOAPS, PERFUMERY, STATION
ERY, CIGARS, GARDEN SEEDS,
and such articles as are usually kept in a
first class drug store.
I have just added to moy stock a line of
PAINTS AND OILS,
and ain prepared to sell PAINTS, OILS
LEAD, VARNISIIES, BRUSHES,
in quantities to suit purchasers.
L. W. NETTLES, M1. D.,
Foreston, S. 0.
A. S. J. VE RRY. Y1. n. S~IoNS. P .. %. PRINGLE.
Johnston, Crews & Co.,
JOBBERS OF DRY GOODS,
Notions and Small Wares,
Nos. 49 Hayne & 112 Market Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
R. A. McCURDY, Prest.
The oldest, strongest, largest, best
company in the world1. It "makes as
surance doubly sure."
E.||. Canley, Agen/ Ihr Ker.sham' and
Clarendon, Camnden, S. C.
ED. L. (ERNAND,
Columbia, S. C.
GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL,
COLUM61A, S. C.
Is the largest hotel in the city, and has,
during the past year, been thoroughly reno
vated, remnodeled, and refitted with all miod
emrn Iproveents. Centrally Located, and
offers inducements for the accommodation
of its patrons. Has d spacious, light, and
airy samle rooms. Hot and cold baths, el
evator, &c. Cuisine undier supervision of
Mir. E. E. Post, late of Lookout Point Hotel,
Lookout MIountain, Tenn. The proprietor
hopes lby strict attention to the wants of his
patrons to merit a share of patronage.
F. W. sEEGERS, E. E. POST,
G ~ADJES VAVQ'~Jyg
3 WOODWORK:- AffAe+IMERG~
0.28 UNION SQUARE,NY. saN~.
c~l.. .A-TLANTA.ggeA. . 5C
S?.LOUis.MO. O AE.S ALLAS.TEX.
W. E. BROWN &: CO., Manning, S. C. 3
$28. . $20.
r -.I -. en -r .- .
SINESROW NETS BEFORE AND SPONCE00D
Doubleaa Barren B rechbu oad Sho Giruns,
TEbk C.ed A. WO $10 igeUec od
inSht un Si t Re5. ver d f
Breh dngadRepingles, t
DoubAnle arLoadeinoable Shot Guns,
$5 to $:l5. Single Shot (Guns, $2.5(J to $12.
Revolvers. St to $20. Double Action Self
Cockers, $2.50 to $10. All kinds of Car
tridges, Shells, Caps, Wads, Toolk, Powder
Flasks, shot Poucehes, Primiers. Send 2
cents for Illustrated Caitaloguie. Address
J. II. JIOHNSTON, GliEAT WESTERN
GUN W'OlKS, Pittsburg, Pa.
Manning Shaving Parlor.
IiAlit CUTTING ARlST ICALLY EN
ecuted, anid shaving done with best
raz.ors. Speelal attetionit paid to shiamp~oo
in: lilies headls. I have had considerable k~
experience ini several large cities, andi guar
antee satisiactionl to my customers. ParlorC
nex d.ormt anning Times
S YTH & ADGER,
Factors and Commission Merchals,
Nrcxrtha Actlba]Lic NVhaLz~
C____ IIA LESiON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
WHOLESA LE GROCER,
Wholesale DOaler in Wines, Licuors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
F J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
C 1AmxLI TWs o , S. -.
AND IMPORTERS OF
PI.I-*e Gr~erP Mal XKZUin't.
PELZER, RODGERS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHARLESTON, S. C.
M.. M. Lnvi, of Manning, will be pleased to supply his friends and the public gen
fly, with any of the above brands of Fertilizers.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Floor, Feed.
244 & 240 Meeting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
y: Contracts made for ca? load lots or less.
W. E. HOLMEs. LELAND MOoEE.
W. E. HOLMES & CO.,
White Lead and Colors,
Oils and Varnishes,
Glass and BrusheS,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies.
STREET LAMPS and LANTERNS ofALL KINDS
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, S. C.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Warine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
illU Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
Mit1Repairs executedl with promptness and Dispatch. Sendfor price lit.
East Bay, Oor. Prithhard St.,
SCharleston, S. C. ___
Wholesale Bakery and Candy Factory.
AGENTS FOR HOLMIES & COUTLTS SEAFOAM WAFERS AND ENGLISH BISCUITS,
464 anld 466 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
SASHES, DOORS AN BLINDS 478 to 4b6 Meeting St., CHA RTESTON,S. C.
THE BEST AND THE CHEAPEST,
All goods gnr.ranteed. Estimates furnished by return mail. Large stock, prompt
shipments. Our goods do not shrink or warp.
Geo. E. Toale & Company,
MANCFACTURiERs OF AND) wHoLSALE DEALERS IN
sOars, Sash, Blinds, Moulding, and General Building Material
Office and Salesroomns, 10 and 12 Hayne St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
OLD CLOTHES MADE NEW.
.SEND YOUR DYEING TO THE &
CHARLESTON STEAM DYE WORKS,
All work guaranteed. 310 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
BMOKE HENO CIGAR, THE BEST NICKLE CIGAR SOLD.
B. A. JOHNSON, Sole Agent, Manning, S. C.
SOL. ISEMAN, Wholesal8 Grocer, State Agent,
1ma East Bar,, Cliariestoni. s. C.
Lilienthal & Blohme,
su.ccess.ors to F'. J. Lilienrthal & Son, Proprietors of
And dealeris in Prep ate Flanr~, Grist a M xIia, also Hay, Grain, Flour, Mill Feed.
tc.Sen fo pre-:2. 34, arnd 3; Iieaufain St.. CHIAIRLESTON. S. C.
Gome to Sumter BOLLMANN BROTHERS,
nd ins.p ct my~ la.: tc o ltig
rockery, in facet everytinlg th:at is kep't in
GENERAL MEROHANDISE STORE,
I w ill give my customeri s.pec.iLLdU barins
nd pay the highest priers for HlideS, Furs, 157 and 169, East Bay,
nd all kinds ofI country produce.
L. M. K AR E SH, ..CHIARLESTON, S. C.
Liberty Stree, Stumter, '. C. -____________
-______ -- - -Jox F. WEaSER. L. H. QUIRoLWA
~HARLES0. LESLIE'JH .WRNR&0.
Wholesae JOHN Fi. WmiRsER &aler.i
'~~i t.'d tiliItt i Wholesale Grocers
0727 A NM Provision Dealers.
Coni.gnmen ts or V)uhry, eg's. ait all 164 & 166 East Bay and 29 & 31P
>licited. g ge gg, .
neNos.18 20 Market St., E. et Eat Rt V1AREd ON Range,
C'H .?T L8TON S' C ' i . ~