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be done, I point out the defects antl :cave
to you the reme 'dy. 'Ihere is one :spect
of the case to which I direct yiour atiten
tion. The coistittion (of iS6S giVes
C'harleston county two Senators, and it
was clearly by reason of its inrge area and
popilatioi. Now if that couttv is divid
ed and a new county created the question
arises, shall the same area and population
have three Senators by reasons of such
division, and it so. what part of the coun
tv shall retain the name of Charleston
and thus hold its two Senators. It is just
as easy, just as lawful and just as right
for that part not contaiing the city to
claim and be given the name as the other.
and I am, therefore, clearly of opinion
that the division of that county carries
with it the loss of a Senator to that part
which retains the name, else injustice is
done to the rest of the State. Here is a
most pressing reason for a constitutional
convention, for I don't see how else the
muddle is to be settled, without ordering
a new election in that county.
"Thus far, matters which required out
lav and increased expenditure, or from
which no income is derived, have been
discussed. I will next touch on the
means of saving the people's money, re
dueing and equalizing taxes and increas
ing the State's income from the phos
phate royalty. There is nothing which
will save the people more money than a
good railroad law, administered by an
honest, im partial, fearless commission.
The people have demanded relief from
the im position and injustice of these pow -
erful corp)orations. Hitherto all efforts to
legislate in their behalf have failed be
cause the railroads have wielded an un
due influence with our General Assem
bly. With the present body I am sure
the only question is as to what is best to
be done and after such investigation as I
have been able to give the subject, I un
hesitatingly advise that a law similar to
that of Georgia be enacted. The people
of ttat State are perfectly satisfied with it
and the railroads must be because our
sister State leads in the miles of new road
constructed. Whether the choice of the
eonmissioners shall devolve upon the
people, the General Assembly or the Ex
ecutive, is for yon to determine. Our
platform demands that it be given to the
people but an immediate reorganization
of the commission is desirable, while our
next election is two years off, and if pro.
per men are selected, I am sure that the
State will receive instant and great bene
tit. Of one thing I am certain the divi
sion of the State into sections from which
the commissioners must be drawn is
wrong in principle and in policy. We,
need the best men for the place. let them
come from were they may, and let us
hope that as there was absolute oblitera
tion of the line between "low-country
and up-country" in the last political (-am
paign and the reform wave swept from
the mountain to the sea, so may the dem
ocrats who won and those who lost, bear
and forbear with each other, and lockin"
shields again as becomes brethren an
Carolinians, forget and forgive the hitter
ness which has been engendered. Let
us, in future, know no sectional line in
the State and in selecting men for posi
tions of honor, or trust ask not whether
a candidate is a "reformer" or not, but
whether he Is the best man for place.
Democracy and fitness alone should de
termine the matter. A law may be ei ei
so good and wise but if it is not iroperly
administered, it will fail to give satisfac
The General Assembly may enact the
Georgia law, but if it falls to obtain the
right men there will be no relief to the
people. We must get men like the Geor
gia commissioners, able honest and fear
less, or we had better abolish the co:n
imission and make no attempt at con
trolling the railroads at all. In this Cn
neation it may be well to say that in seek
ing to control railroads and other corpo
rations strict regard should be had for:
their rights and interests. Corporations
are not public enemies, although they
are, if unbridled, apt to be oppressive.
Much of the naterial development and
progress of the age is the fruit of corpor
ate effort and many men acting under
c-ne head and guided by one will, have
donte for our country what no individual
coul haye possibly accompllished.:
Thterefore we shtould carefully watch to
see that nothing is done to injure our
railroad or martufacturing compantes.
Let us protect the people against their
greed, but let us be just and fair in our
dea!ii:gs with titem.
Mr:.uzATIos or- Taxes.
"Thte qu estion o1' equaliz.ing taxes is
one of the mos.t imtportant and per-plex
ing with which we have to deal, and
wthile the laws ate defeetiv-e their admtin
istration is equally aLt fault. I will touch
0n the latter tirouble rirst.
"Under' the law, autditors and treasur-:
era are appoitted by the Governor and
their work is superied by the Cotnp
troller General. Int addition, we have
County and State boards of eualization
hty whom the work revised. rhe audi
tors appoint the memnbers of the county
b ard, and the chairmant of thte re
spective county boards constitute thte
$tate board. Assessments are made uin
der oath of property at its real market:
v'alne. This is the system, anid how has
it worked ? It is an absolute and piti
able failure antd both the law and the peo-.
-.' ': are to blante. And as thte Executive.
as the fountaini head, I propose to ana
lyze it and point out sotme grave defects
so that I may escapa blame if nothing is,
done by the General Assettbly. Whtilel
the offices of Treasturer and Auditor are'
appointive and properly so, with our sys
tem of county governmnts. the people'
in most of thte cotunties have oh' their- ownt
accord, by primarvy election, selected mtent
to be recomnumnded for these positions,'
and thte Gov-ernor, as a matter of coutrse,,
is glad to be relieved of the responsi bility.
I believe in self governmnent andt in the.
people selecting thteir ownt officers, hut
self government by countties, is atnd has
always been a failutre, and e.spceially so
itt large counties.
"'The same argumnent whh hzas been
used against the presenit umanag'emient of
the Asylum applies to the assessmenctt of.
property by a cottnty otheiml, ait es
pecially onte elected by the peopl. Te
result intbotht eases is carelessnes, nieglet
of duty and often collusion, as I hav e
shownt'of the asylum, and as I will niow
show of assessmtents. Thle duty of a
zealous assessor is that of a spy, oni the
lookout for proper-ty whicht seeks to
evade taxationi altogether or is beintg re
turned belowv its "marketable valtue.
When. thetret'ore, an auditor is assessing
property and the tax payet is a voter to
pass upon his claitt for re-election, it is'
asking too much of poior huttt~ttiy to'
expect him to orl'enud his friends aind c-ott
stituentts by prying into their affairs too
closelv. Hence we fitnd that tax payers
by the thousand, ntot ottly fail to return all
thieir property as the law re'lmtires, butt
they sign the oath thtat they have return
ed all their pr-operty at its true valuie,
whetn they knmow, atnd the autditor k nows
the returns are absolutely teilse. TIhe
atiditor does riot er'-e bcause lhe f~tts a
salary, and he & es not like to otfetid a
tian who has a vote, while the Governor
doesn't care because he appoinited the
choice of' the people.
The local equalization board ahpointted
by the attditr for political effect anid
gettinz no pay. goes through these re-;
turns hurriedly and ijakes some slight
changes., and the county board does like
wise, al inioboly erxept the tax dodger
is s atisfied. I k now 1and in Edliold
which sells readily for .25 to $140 jer acre,'
and it is assessed at an average of 8s or i
less. I know other land, and it is very
plentiful, that sells at $e; and $o per aer.
and assessed at an average of ,4; and I :
know other land that is assessed for more
than it will bring in the market,
MINES AND THEirn i:TURNsr
-The phosphate mines, protected bye
the Constitution, return land bought at s
enormnous prices at tie price of agricul
tural land, and either put down no out- (
put or return it at about one-fifth of its t
selling price. The sworn returns of ealh
land tine as I have been able to get,
show that while the gross outpit of,
land rock in the State is about $2W,(0,
less than $40,0K00 is returned for taxes.
"The Haile Gold Mining Company. of t
Lancaster, whose output, as I atu relia
bly informed, is at least $75,000 per an
nunim return nothing but machinery, etc.,
CHARLESTON BANK RETURNs.
"Here is the exhibit of the Charleston ec
Banks. as given me by the auditor of 1
Banks. Assessments Tax.
American Savings............ 15,000 142 501
The Bank of Charleston,
N. B A........................ 200.01 1.900 00
Carolina Savinas............... 200,000 1,900 L0
Charleston Saviugs........... 30,x W
First National................... 200,00 1,900 00
Germanin Sav ings............ 40.000 :10 00
Hibernia Savings............. -,"0 'W5 00,v
Miners'and Merchants'... 100000 .->0 1k)
Peoples' Nautional...... . 250.000 2,373 00'
Security Savings............... 50,0(0 475 00
South Carolina Loan and
Trust..................w:35 1,187 0C.)
Palmetto Dime Savgs... 25,000 287 50t
Total.. ............$1,265,000 $12.017 00
Banks. Profit. Deposis. .,
American Savings............ 21.910 $ 100,009
The Bank of Charleston,
N. H. A..................... 37,.4 816, '
CarolinaSavings..............4:;,c00 1,486.000 e
Chiarleston Savings........... W.000 491,,000.
First National................... 572.865 ............. -
Germania Savings............ O8, 1,Sl0
Hibernia Savings........ 48.0YJ 2.00i W
Miners' and 3erchants'... 105,(o 10.,0 WO
People's National.............. 6 6,000 U17,0( t.
Security Savings............... 50,00 24,000 V
soutb Carolina Loan and
Trust.............................. 'V .745 5-2,00
Palmetto Dime................. :',LA) 111,0001
Total.............................. $2,S0,610 $6.58S,000 v
These are the tigures taken from state- -
ments furnished by cashiers of the diff'er
ent in,titutions. and they speak for thei
THE REMEDY. t
"Then we know farmers return mulles r
that cost $150 at $~>W and $75, so the dis- 5
ease is universal, and now what is the
remedy ? The best and only effectual t
way of securing co-operative equality in!a
assessments, as it is the only way of se
curing economy and efliciency in county 0
affairs is Township government, such as
exists all over the Northern States, and!
such as existed here before the war in
our local boards of road comnissioners,
A scrEME SUTGiESTE).
"As the adoption of the constitutional tl
amendiient abolishing the office of:
Connty Commi.sioner will require or al- d
low a new system of couuty govern- r
ment, and these county governments,
are in a measure the cause of our heavy R
taxes, I will suggest for your consider a
tion a scheme of local government which a
will give us efliciency and econony int
county affairs, and as'true and honest aii
zussessmeit of property as is possible.
"Let the voters of each township eleet I<
fron its frec-holders a board of three Su
pervisors who shall have charge of roads,
uridges and the assessment of property
in their respective townships. Let the;
pay of these supervisers, if' any, be just a
what the people of that township are
willing to pay out of their own pockets
as voted in township meeting, and if c
public spirit does not make men do thee<
work for nothing, the people will pay I
what is necessary to have it done timd
well (lone, and' no miore. When theII
Auditor comes around to assess property, a,
let these supervisors be present atnd put t
prices on land, stock, &c., &c., uinders
oath, and should any tax payer neglect to '
make return, let the supervisors tind out t
and assess his property, receiving thmer
for $1 f romi each tax payer who iieglects n
to iieet the Auditor. P
" Let the chairman of these townihip
boards ofsupervisors, constituting a count
ty board oftinance to audit accounts, ora
cier expenditures and do all the duties e
now~ perfoi'med so uusatisfactorily by the
conunty conmmissioners. WVhen our coun
ty goverluments tire controlled by mien h
who are successful busiiness men, who e<
are the best 01' their class, and the money
becomes secondary to the honor and the a
putblie weilare, we shall see the extrav'a- '
gance and waste, the0 speculation and pe-'o
culation no w going on in many counties e
brought to an end, and taxes reduced, C
while the atirs of the counity will be
conducted in a fatr more satisfactor
" In the matter of assessments and
eqnalizing taxes this county board of ti
nance could a('t as an equalizing board to
whom the auditor should report anythingr a
he may discor er wrong on the part o1 s
towvnship boards of individuals. The i
auditor sihould be altogether free froit
politicatl iniluences anid be appointed aus
now oni the recommendation of the coun-t
tv- board of linaniance rather than by the ti
primary system. For, as long as lie is
hunting votes, he can not and will not
discharge his (lity fearles.ly. If' the law a
is strengthened, by making it a crime, <>
ptunishiable with line tand imoprisonnment,
to fail to retturn all propertv liaible to 13x
ation, ev'erythiing will be done that is n
possible to miake all property bear its
just share of the burdenis of govern-r
"'l'he best of lawvs are of no a'ail un
less they are pro'(per'ly adiniistered, and d
while it is nor claimed that this systemt is1y
perfect it is submitted to vou as etnbody'- tI
lug the essence of' self-gov'ernznent, anid
ex perience has denmnstrated that jiust
in proporti<>ni as the governmuenit is coii- I
d neted oni the same priniple., that our' t<
priv'ate atthirs are couidliited, it is econiom -i
ical arid ellicien t. Thme people will nota
waste tiheir' owni sublstatnce, or pieri't t
teglect oif their local a:lhirs if'allo wed to n
'iHlE iito'PHi \TE iJEtIS.
"'he next subject to which I beg to i
-all yotur attetntioni is the iniatnagetient ofi
the State's phiosphate beds. Nothing '.
with which this Legislature has to deal r
-an11 equal this iti importatice amid value to
the tax payer. I am Guily sori'y that I b
know so little abiout it. leor live y'ears .,
tmuch'l of imiy time has been dir'ectedl to a n
study' of tlhis qumestion, and~ no0 opporttu- a
nity- for acq uiintg correct intformnationi
as beeni neglected. Btit the octopus
w hiieh seized on lie iin:lulstryv twent y-onie
vecar., ago has kept the w'atcr tturbid with b
its inikv iluid. and while those on the ini- al
side have, iany of' them, grown rieb, the .
tax payers and~ their replresenitatives knmow '
very little abotit it, amid every' eff'ort lhisi
been miade to keep the facts from the n
"It would consume too much titme I to
go into the matter exhaustively, and I l
t lheis in'relv a,kiI th.-o- X hu beI).f I I
ntldy the question tho.ti.ly to re:ol
ttorlne (en et!ral -,ntn.trs report to it
enral A.sseumbly :I 1- : :ho re
oit 7 o4 the ('4.1iinro Agrii-ti
Ire. 1,oIethIer(,-Xiththe testi~ n tke
"* 1P7o thle lvh-!I isaure gat
d privih-ges to a c.pniio a non n as
N the ltvrai .M!ainile <-.1mpny to
lI ile rock in, thet navigablet w 40"r 111 ,h.
!tte , or t wen Ity.%- IIneIt -!t. - .r Th N:: I* I
(eeivet nothing ,tr this val rath lir
hise, but it is Ielievel that i w.. -t
tiredl by briber1y. anld this4 beliof is
trol-igthenell by the fat that it wasi- pass
d over the( veto oft 1 .iloeriOr Scott. The
'osaw 'Milit:i Coupanyv I obttilted frtill
ho origini;tl graltors eXe iuive right t
ine in 'Coosaw Rit er, and with a paid
peapital o1$7->.0011 cotnilencedt opert
ions. In 1'76 the I'eiier:il Asseinly \
:tssed :i act colil rminlug the exclusive
ighit of tle ('oosav (osay patty to ilinii
hat river for lie terni Of twerTtv-oie
-ears at fixed r.yalty of, olie dollar per
(n, and this lease will ex pire on the 1st
f March, 191. The act ol' 19. as I
ave been itilormed, was drawn by tilt
ttornev of the Coosaw Conipatiy, and so
droitlv'worded as to give color to the
lahn that the grant to that river was
erpetuni, "so long as that company
hall make true retitrns- Ike-. and under
his the com pany, as I tn informed by a
1rge stockholder clain-s that its tenu re
i not a lease ex piring in Iil, but a con
ract rmning for all time.
This claim is prepo4sterous ihr my judg
enit, and I base my opinion on that ad
Airable report of Gneral .James Connor,
.hich has been nlready mnentioned. I
tate further, that this opinion is held
v the retiring Attorney I eneral Joseph
I. Earle, and his successor, General Y.
. Pope. So, while ve nay expect ite
oosaw Company to appoal to the courts
) sustain their cIailin, we have the opini
ml of three distinguished lavyeis as
gainst its validity, and the 4General As
embIv must npt hesitate to mrove for
card and act as properly and decisively
s though no such litigation was threat
"The Coosaw River to which this con
any lays claiin, is perhaps the best
hosphate field in the world. The laCse
nider which it has been uzined for twen
y years, has made every stockholder
;ealthy, and they gave the State noth
ng for this valuable franchise. Their
I tit which has been obtained from the
urplus profits is valued at $7.0, or
ver. and in the meantinie. bv fiabulous
ividends, original capital of over $27~.
A0 has been returned to the stockholders,
s I have heard over and ov)er agit.
"When you are told that the output of
is company this year has been 107,4(40
ns, worth $7 per toin f. o. b., and that
bie cost of miniig this rock ieltiding
ovalty. ennot exceed $4.25 per toil, and
; believed by many, to be much less, the
lnrgin of profit exceeds 1M) per cent. on
je original investineit. The total roy
lty secured by the State from its p1hos
hate beds has been over $2j .t4N , and
f this aiount over half has been paid
y tihe Coosaw Coinpanv. These facts
re nmentioned as they wvill be the basis of
ic recominentiations I am going to inake
to tthe management of tle State's phoa
hate territory. The expiratioin of the
'oosaw lease it Mari next, makes it
ossible. in Imy judgment. to doll Ae
le incoie of the State fromn the phos
hate royalty without injuring tiE- iii
ustry. or hiterfering with aiy vested
We come into otlece upon a platform dr
landing a survey of the phosplite territory
lid its lease at auction to t ie highiet bidder.
rter a inimninum royalty has been fixcd ly
ie board of control upon each district s r
eyed. So tie people have in a nmuner t1:k
i the question from the domain of deltmte
id we imust deteriine what shall be the
:one and extent of such work. Anything
stZ than a thorough and reliable stirvey
ould be a waste of the time alid uoney, and
iis will take t good deal of both.
lut cost What, it nay, it will well repay its
)st. and until we have ie dia which can
lone be thus obtained we can not lerislaite
itelligently or derive the beneilt from thiis
altuable property l ha we otught. Th is year
ie royalty has been Gl.000f and all of i t ex
pt about $ U>,l was paid by six large inilliling
mipanies, whose field of operations i% co;I
ned to a territory within twenty milts of
eaufort. You wvill be told by somie t hat ti
idientes the exhiaustion of the deposits, but
amn sure it only means that good rock is
lore plentifutl or mnore chleaply iinined thecre
ian elsewhere. A survey a~line can demioni
.rate tile truth or falsi ty o)f this belief which
;based utpon the assurances of experts, whbo
iemselves, have miued in other wvaters of
As the reliance of capital ists upon an esti
itnteof1 the vatlue of tiny given deposit, of
hio-phates will depen1a largely upon the
tiaracter of tileman inak ing I le t~urvey, I
ave thought it best to oibtalin the hellp of the
nited States governiment., if possIihde, and1k
-k the detail oIf an otleer of the navy or
>ast survey to do the work ;I tink ii noti
iquiry. an appropriation of 1400 wllt he
alticienit to start wIth, and by thie inie the
eneral Assembiy mneets, a yeai hence, it wiill
ave somethinhg definite to go tupou and cani
Intinue the work or not1 as it tinay deeill best.
In the meatimre, by illeans of this survey
ad the opportunity for further investigattion
> which adl ty spare time shalt be dievo'td.
clearer utnderstantditng as to the be.,t. systeni
t mnagtiemient of this fimportan t iudistryv
in be obtained, and the General Assemlbly
in then acet intelligently.
We do not want to kili the gooce that tays
iese golden eggs; we only want the state to
nther juist share of them. In the nentim.- t,
a soonl as thbe Coosaw lease ex pires, tst ot
larch next, tl us open that rIver to alt min11
s who choose to ente-r it, allow the iBoardl of
ointrol to parcel out, the territory ainonig
iemi so as to prevent contlfct s. raise the roy
lty tO $ per toin, anid plnce onie or itore in
pectors on the grun md to siupervise the work
id weigh tile rock whieii shiippett, ::ive eni
rged powers to the Exeenttive and~ btis comi
cers oii the board as to requlirinag a mo im
itum amounit oh rock to be nined ansd leave
> thbeir diseretion at ter exainiiation, to raiot
ie royalty outside or ('itosaw Itive: to such
ilners, as do not,1 choose to relliui-h Ihr
resent ground. II the Coosaw I 'ompany
los to law, give thle towe:- to shut dIown~
iei r works andi thuls hor-c thiis gtant mionop
ly to relinguish its hold on a prt;''rty wfias
alue is un knowna, but which is etimnat-d by
sperts as worth iitlions. An hatlfwy
iceures w ill not do, and thiis cutth to ishi
lust be grasped with a lnaf-i lthaniTh
ltae Owes the comptanty nothin t i it. will
diih t-cl longer an hi larder if it is ine
"-All the river lock, rineiid int Soth Caol
4, is exportetd toEuirope.atid in-t year ilt
eiiiantd wa- so cleat its ti itesi tate te
te price has stead ily intcreasedi- ie I.
uppose the douibliing of the royait y shitt
useni the onutput of iver rtock one-h-lif.L lie
rice would go stilt ulwakrd atnd tt Stat
ae- tile same incoiei ais now with 11l5.4n
m14 mlore rock oni hand in lier rivers tor lu
.hleni if th li itigat ioni ftorced thle ewat iontlof
'ork by the Coosiw t'tOmpanyi, anid tie S't
ittuld hesitate to openi Coosaw ltlver to otheri
iiners Withottt the increatse of royatlty. the
IcomeI of tile State will be otnly hl!f ol what
ha.s beeti this yeitr.
The Cosswi Comopanyt when tonfronted
ith the talternatti ye of ttint. to |aw to ret in
s fimaginiary rightts :td hatvinig its work,
oied, or of ack ntowletdgingt that its leate his
h14iebi its lairge inivestmeni twionuld wairranlt its
-ceivinzg will doubtless choose the lattter.
But I riust insist that the G.eeaI Assetm
ly shoul1 d take tany rIsk there may be a tut
pen (oosaw river to othe1r m1 iers altr
arch 1st. I tin equo lv y empht ie inlle h
ef that, thle rock inl that riv\er can lay :: rty -
ty att ihis time.
"Andi. whtat ttther benttits mayv te reasonta
y exlpteItt-ay, arie sture to iOhttw- u
i ttutlihttbleisseSSmentt of lrtperty, an~d a
-liable strvey or lt photsphte tr: tury.
w r'e of inttoeet so fliat te debt nt tiet
c dttlar fori dtllatr. W- ktow thi.it th prp
'tytf the -tate is wothd at leasttlue whaut
is no(w retiurtttd at. Suitpos:t a ClltaiSt is
oking ftor botids ini whleh to1 Invest. Ite
Sau:!. Carolina Conference of' the
.1ethodist Episeopal Chnach
ontih - - - One Hundred aud
"itAh S~essiona--- Anderson.
N. (..--.Novermber 26
December 2. 89O.
A nDEmso. Nov. 26.-The one hun.
di :ed and 1tith annual session of the'
soutihi tIrolina Conference of the M.
E. Church, South, convened at 9
o'clock this morning in the Methodist
Churv., Bishop W. V. Duncan, pre
sidiinX. The devotional exercis s, em
bracing communion service, were con
ducted by the Bishop. One hundred
and thirty-seven clerical and nineteen
lay members answered the roll call.
: H1. F. Chreitzberg was elected secre
tary with E. 0. Watson, T. C. Ligon
and S. Lander assistants. Half past
n ine a. i. and 1:30 p. m. were fixed as
1, tle hours of meeting and adjourn
Dr. Morton, secretary of the Board
of Church Extension, and H. N. Mc
Tycire of the Nashville Publishing
House were introduced.
The presiding elders of the ten dis
tricts were called and their characters
examined and passed.
The followin g were called, character
passed and referred to the committee
on conference relations for superannu-i
ation : F. Auld, W. C. Patterson, W.
Smith, D. W. Seale, Isaac Newberry,
Lewis M. Hamer, J. M. Carlisle, 1.
Brown, Reuben L. Dutle, Sidi H.
Browne, Bassil G. Jones, Wm. Hutto,
i Simpson Jones, Samuel Leard, W.
Carson, Milton A. Connolly, T. W.
Munnerlyn, Landy Wood, Robert P.
Franks, Louis C. Loyal. A. H. Hes-1
ter was left effective.
The following were referred to the
same committee for supernumerary re
lation : Revs. L. A. Johnson, Janies
F. Smith, Edwin L. Archer, J. M.
Fridy and T. E. Wannamaker. Revs.
J. A. Wood, S. B. Jones and P. B.
Jackson were passed and left eflective.
Dr. Morton will preach the Thanks-i
givingsernion to-morrow. Dr. Mor-1
ton delivered an eloquent address to-i
nigfht in the interest of church exten-i
SECOND DAY., Nov. 27.
Bishop Duncan in the Chair. De
votional, led by R. P. Franks. Roll
cdled, 15 clerical and 7 lay numbers
not present yesterday answered.
N. G. Ballenger, B. 0. Berry. 31. W.
Hook, P. F. Kilgo, H. C. Monozn, J.
L. Ray, R. E. Stackhouse, E. P. Tay
lor, E. A. Wilkes and W. A. Wright,
traveling preachers were elected to
Deacon's orders, and received into full
W. S. B. Ford was discontinued at
his own request.
S. S. Blanebard. and T. M. Dent,
Local deacons, and G. R. Shaffer, of
this class, read their reports, having'
passed approved examinations.
The transfer of B. D. Lucas to the
China Mission Conference was an
Rev. D. E. Frierson, D. D., pastor of!
the Presbyterian Church of this city,
A. H. Best, WV. J. Durant, C. G.
Harmon, John Manr..ing, J. E. Spear-'
mn, I. N. Stone, local
preachiers, were elected deacons.
Trhe credentials of Jasper Bartelle,
local deacon; were restored.
D. Morton, D. D., preached a sermon
as ap~propriate to Thanksgiving Day,
after which business was resumed and
J. H. Noland, E. XV. Mason, DavidI
Hucks, S. H. Zimmerman, C. G. Har-j
mon, D. A. Phillips were admitted on
THunD DAY, Nov. 28.
Devotion led by XW. T. Capers. A
W. Attaway, M. L. Carlisle, C. W.
Creighton. J. A. Rice, P. L. Kirton,i
were elected Elders.
N. XX. Rountree, S. S. Blanchard, A
J. XWilson, local deacons, were elected.
P. L. Kirton was announced as be-!
ing transferred from the Alabama to
the South Carolina Conference.
*J. L. Shuford, J. J. Workman, G.
W. Gatlin were called, character pass
ed and referred to Committee on Con
ference relations for Superannuation.
A. WV. Jackson in like manner was
na5ssed anid referred to the same Coin
mittee for the supernumerary relation.
E. E. Hoss, D. ID., Editor of the~
('Iristiasz Adtoecain, (Nashville,) was
The President of the Columbia Fe-i
male College presented a report which
was read and referred to the Board of;
Thie preachers in charge were by res
olution, totr'ered by J. B3. Traywick, J.,
L. Stokes. J. E. Carlisle,) requested to!
colleet as much as one-half of assess
men t for Foreign Missions withini four
imnthis from adjournment of Confer-!
ence, and forward same to the Treasj
urer of Board of Missions.
A co~nmunication from S. Lander!
was read and referred to the Board of
Rlesolutions proposing changes in
the Constitution and managenment of;
the Conference Board of Missions wast
la id on the table.
J1. P. A ttaway, S. T. Blackman, W.'
E*. Bara, WV. B. D)uucan, J. L. Harley,
A. B. Earle, R. L. Hoiroyd, J. WV.
R. A. Yongue were advanced to the;
clns of the Fourth year.
A report from the President o Wof
ford College an d a report from Cokes
bury Con ference School were referred
to the Board of Education.
W. H. Potter, D. D., Missionary Sec
retary was introduced.
The name of E. J. Meynardie was
called and referred to the Committee
The names of 0. A. Darby, G. W.
Walker. W. D. Kirk4and, S. Lander,
A. C. Smith, J. C. Kilgo, J. S. Porter,
H. F. Chreitzberg were called, ebarac
ter examined and passed.
Prof. D. A. DuPre of Wof'ord Col
lege was introduced.
The application of Warren Parker,
of the Free Methodist Church for ad
mission and recognition of orders was
The application of James A. Givin,
of the Baptist Church for the recogni
tion of orders as a local Elder was
granted. A similar application
from T. A. Blakely, of the Methodist
Protestant Church wats granted.
T. H. Law, D. D., General Agent of
the American Bible Society for North
and South Carolina was introduced.
Fifth Day (Sabbath) Nev. 30.
Bishop Duncan delivered a practical
and pointed sermon at the Mothodist
Church. After the sermon the
Bishop ordained to the office of dea
con the following traveling preachers:
N. G. Ballenger. B. 0. Berry, M. W.
Hook, P. F. Kilgo, H, C. Mouzon,
John L. Ray, R. E. Stackhouse, E.
P. Taylor, E. A. Wilkes, W. A.
Wrigh , Local Deacons: A. H. Best,
W. J. Durant, C. G. Harmon, John
Manning, J. E. Spearman, I. N.
W. R. Richardson preached in the
same church at 3,30 p. m. After which
Bishop Duncan ordained the following
traveling preachers to the office of el
der: A. W. Attaway, M. L. Carlisle,
C. W. Creighton, J. A. Rice, P. L.
Kirton. Local elders : 0. N. Roun
tree, S. S. Blanchard, A. J. Wilson,
SIXTH DAY, DEC 1.
Devotional exercises by S. B. Jones,
Mrs. E. E. Wiley, representing the
woman's parsonage and home mission
work addressed the conference. A
collection amounting to $175 was
raised. A telegram was received an
nouncing the death this morning at
Florence of Rev. Wm. Thomas, a
member of tlhis conference, of whom
mention has been made. The confer
euce, led by Bishop Duncan, joined
in .ingirg "Rock of Ages."
The official character of Rev. R. C.
Oliver; was arrested and a committee
of investigation, consisting of Sidi
H. Browne, S. B, Jones, and R. P.
Franks, was appointed to consider his
ease and report at this conference.
0. N. Roundtree, and H. C. Bethes
were readmitted. J.A. Wood was re
ferred to the committee on supernum
The committee on the case of R. C.
O~liver reported no ground upon which
bo bring charges, and recommnendod
that his character pass. Adopted.
WHAT Is THE TONGUE FoR?
"Since God made the tongue-and he
never makes anything in vain-we
may be sure he made it for some good
purpose. What is it, then ?" asked a
teacher one day of her class.
"He made it that we may pray with
it," answered one boy.
"To sing with," said another.
"To talk a, people with," said a
"Te~ recite our lessons with," replied
"Yes ; and I will tell you what he
did not make it for. He did not make
it for us to scold with, to lie with, or
to swear with. He did not mean that
we should say unkind or foolish, inde
cent or ipatient words with it. Now,
boys, thin k every time you use your
tongues if you are using them in the
way God means you to. Do good with
your tongues, and not evil. It is one
of the most useful members in the
whole body, although it Is so small.
Please God with it every day."
A C[:TE CANLNE.-The story going
the rounds regarding a cat that digs
angle worms and then buries them
near its owvn hiding place, and when
the birds come to catch the worms the
cat catches the birds, has a rival in
that of a dog, whose mate, though
larger and able to monopolize the most
toothsome bone, is withal possessed of
a most excitable temper for games.
When he finds and proceeds toimunch
his bone to the exclusion of all others,
the former canine goes a short dis
tance, barks furiously up a tree or by a
hole in the ground. When his mxo
nopolistic friend finally becomes so ex
eited as to leave his bone and join the
hunt for supposed game the former
rushes back, seizes the bone thus left,
andl skurries away with it.-Augusta
GOOD ADvICE FOR TH-E YOUNG.
Avoid all boastings and exaggc rations,
back-biting, abuse, and evil speaking ;
slang phrases and oaths in conversa
tion ; depreciate no man's qualities,
and accept hospitalities of the hum
blest kind in a hearty and apprecia
tive manner ; avoid giving off'ence,
ad if you do offend, have the manli
ness to apologize ; infuse as much ele
~ance as possi ble into your thoughts as
vell as your actions ; and as you avoid
~ulgari ties, you wvill increase the en
nymen t of life and grow in the respect
Ainmonita is an excellent fertilizer
for house plants. A tablespoonful of
mimmonia to three or four quarts of
,ater. It may he made stro'ager for
'3 ~ ~ ~ ~ - tip tf t :~. .I- 1i ci1,itli
tii t W e:n - i. gover n
hi. I. ptt il b iltt m >til.
to m. !--sh~!:e hit- he.tinlt' t ! huvI n
hu T , st Uri t i:s. I ,I us su pro. :.-' hat.i ho:, :an
Wr - : Itl - t h.-t roo-ert y <-X th, PptI :
:ife : .i . besid- Ith St- i oll:
w:tie ep -itt I e i~ite il :iatt.t, I -I
1 4.4, ivo-S II, -.re 11h:111 1 hse total I I Ito es
usi -r t l, I hi. i t it h pt- tit I tp t I he hoitiI
co4i11 a p rI%- itn hyIpIVI,(it-itI m:ng I 'ils pho<iw
p!gti l-st :- otit :. \ ecu rii l ur Il holid it n-i
wh n ie ry. I. is pil i or rte lotnr
:-u-r ,: enti-s r i. -ii p sd I I I:, th .t scuel
I'.)1I-N wi I at.o n:trafil pri -izs h i nh : f : Iny
it ti :tra.-t :1111 he fitllt d i:tas liw ra Ite o
in II- st :0. :iity. W iri i he-Itv, y I idItnaup
to pr- he nioner of s-curin:: a fatir taml hion
4et :tipp sr.ent of Ioper ty. oot i to Secur
(-in:alilv an n ur w c-itizensis inld for 1h.
s:tk - fof t 's crIi t . A id we: re equ Il
lyb t o 1:s 1-11 wai t is thle extilt in1
v:iuer. o' win' osphft cterritory s :ts to fi
ter it, t utard it irotii injunry, y mism-intt
rnenlt, tojo inutch of, which hia.s alrevidy beet
1ni nd to dierive every doll r of Income i
Firt hie mat iltltle theil- hurrier. c
Ihe I ax -:y r .: id 1-tst ly,: as a kure mne:ns o,
phicing- tlii ahe t- credit as high as it hi11
"Thiipert is tome fither lietislatit whiel
will tend :o itike uir wionds command
iiort e reratly i S: ite :I I 1:ome.
"Firsty 233 r leuit i i Stte ks o'ti posil
rtopltir. will': a te atnite Tca"Ii oirer :1% stecu1rity
1t,.ie fit etuill-Cnonu t of rte :IvrtIge di
fposi s f Stat ite s with ntlehl bs:: Ilk. t
.idits " oo. iiat evtry ink. eliiriered by It
stale ibeeiuirt t) invetst a partofs cialpit
stek, ify :'-t tier cent. i w Sta bsitet.
"Third. Thatt aill insutnele com paenies dill
business in South Carolina he rwr t .oiii to it
por-11, 1 it) South (aroliuni bont)(S w ith IIh
Stale Treasurer as t wilaraotee of polvene;
anld as. a frtind that cani be :ttt-ehed if thle con:
pigany does not iy its loses promptly. Th
itle is lbein::, lloodt-d byv the-e cornpanie!
somie t' Ollem ire ut tel orh- . iuc :l
reqluiremenit eain wo)rk no hatrm to solven
com"panies. w hile it will protect ouir peopl
THE .AND tE1'tt-:sENTA.rvj
"-ntleeni of the Senate and flouse of Itep
"-1 must :t1 ofocize for the time I ha1ive c(in
suited in disessing t hse imipint tin tiller
apnd witi It few remtrk, :s to the reltution
which o:it- to exit. et we-il the exetttiv
:ani te ripresetativye of Ihe people, I wit
close.I Dltri:g_ tilt recent campii atn, the linie
were shtarply drawo :md I was elected o: :
platf orni. which. :imoig other things. dt
miptitf14s "riid etonorny in public expendi
tur-s-the aboit iion of tiseliss ollies-redue
tion of salary and tiees of all officers, Stit
:,id coiunty, to cnlorni to tile inc-reased putr
ebitsin- Iuwer of mtoi-y aid the decre:tse
:thlily of t ie people to I);%t taxes-thati pub
ne otticeers he paid in proportion to their laio
and responsibility.- An overwhelming ntin
jorilty of both yiur hoinoraife bodies wa
elet-t oli tIhesitigleissue as to whether yot
endo:,e- tthis phti'orin anil its exponerits
We ire here to) cfrem these pledgrsand it 1:
yours to intike fie lIiws, anI:1 miine to execute
hIe i rtisponsibility is siuirely on its iid wi
Vtn itoI shi rk it. There ;ire some in nor mat
ters to which I will direct. your attention it
sea-ftcial ies,-:ies froii t ime tflie. The ob
SerVations I liiave- ui,1de and ie recorintn-i
da tion I have oil'eret ire for your considera
tion. Yotir dtily is iot discharged tinless yot
sift, aniend.iter and add to these su::ges
an01:s tiythiig, whie. in your jtidtent
will prt'eet tht-i. and subserve the objec
wlic alGnC shoAld tatctuIte Lts alt, the Iublii
welfart-. I have tiven you t lie est light .
ime, but I :tti not itiititble and have ni
p role >i opi nion. There is a fearful responsi
lolity resfing ol itie by ra-ison of tLte relianei
ti -oil ii y 1 e1iN eli-! ip. But You cal not :tvoii
fte r-sfi--iei:y oi YOtUr ow1 siOtiUlders
and yiti w:t do.) wro:i: to cast a sin::le vofi
ist your juitt zineint. no inatticr whenci
colile- cte ceoiiitt-it it ipipi. Iin the iialte:
of :appoint:::ents, 1 Iist rely :1lmo-St wiboll)N
on itour :mtly ice and sttga-.,tii where the peo
h :iv- e ltt tu, any choice. The riost inipor
tai nt:ipointiveoffice in enie county is 1h<
jury c.itmissioner. TIe pressure brotigilt ti
tbear oin liII: ofliert by friends ind atteil nc-:
of rnin ii:iEteri fir ntii-er. is very strong
and unless i! is incorript ible lie jury geI:
-:-id and juist it- is cheated. The ouiee o
trial iu-tice I- ie o: ltar;:e power and itipr
i ad li ani wio ever dri iik:to intoxi
canI.-01 :-lou:0 hold it.
iiitENF 'ru-: WATCHWoRt.
* iity three w-t-k-s remain of the usual leg
islativese4-ion whief h:s been limited to
Cfiristmas by i:nwritten law. You have to
tleal with ilaty aiies ol rreat importance
anit whethier you %*an perform these dutic
properly in so short a Itric intist uepend or
yo:r diiii;ence :id -nII absoluie refusal t(
wtts - tint- on s!iy, w idtt sclires atind lo
!-npe legistion Which are tl(
Eur.e, of our time. Pledging you in.v bert ci.
tfrts and liarny co-operation in your arduotm
tbors, and invoking lie ;Uidance and bless
inl; oft I lie Fttiter uptili utir labors in behalf 0
our blt'foved Stateial Its peple, 1 am itoW
rt-ady to call Ileaven to witnc-s and take thi
Miss Townuley's class ill the Sunday
schtool wais alwayvs fill. Of the thir
teen itemtbers thtat compoiise'd it, the
averag attenidantce was elevenl--the
Ilargest average afttendcance of aniy clast
ill school. Shte had begunt with thtree
pupllils, andi they had beetn steadily
added to unttil the rtresenit nullnber was
"'How do you manage to keep thema
and matke- them puncetual an~d add 1<:
their numttber so conlstanlftyV?" said a
co-teac.her- to her one day.
"lin theC lirst place." replied Misa
T1owntley, "[ am alwayvs there myself:
!and before the school begins. My ptu
pilis are sure to hind ime there when;
they cotme. I maty miss the muornuing
service, or thte evenintg service, butt I
will not be absenit fromn the Sanday
school if I cant possibly be thete.
"In the ntext place, I am sure to find
out evety week whlere thte absenitees o;
the pioiVtus Sundayfl3 were, antd wvhy
Ihey- are absent.i If I cannol~t go'~ to set
thlem, I send' a poistal-eardp or' a letter.
They ea-h know tat if they- are ntol
int their cla-s 01n Sulnday-, they wi1l
hea~r from lie or see ie ear-ly itt t
week. if* they are slek i go to se<
item, andii stek or well, I visit thtem it
their homtis and get acqualtinted wiitl
t hiri moitthets, attd seei how their hlome.
life trunS and ttwhat 11emp):ttis they
tire like-ly to be expsed to, so I cal
know hotoh aplyl the le-ssunt iir igen
eratl tdeiductinn froni it tip thteir ittdivid
tual ca-c-. I waint each one to feel thual
I ha~ve a specciail initerest ill 1her, ai ]
have, anfd that she hats a friendi ir
"Butt aill thItis muttst take htile."'
"O f cour se it ta kes Iiime. O ne alter
liopin ai week aboitl it eners myi calls
and i t- iio-tal cards andh letters comefl
in ait othi timies. If myw pupils are nol)
carefutl tt prepari~te the lessonl I try~ andt
Iinter-est thtei r mithers-' int htavinIig thencl
studyl it andlin hf elpingI them study it
Thtus I reachl thle mthercS, toi andii ii
inore thaun Pine insltnce I hatve atidep
lihe mfotheris inf ilfuen~in~g theii
"-When-t I tooik myt clats, myI pa~sti
todld me that I titmst be pastor of my
tclass anid 'wteh for the-ir souls.' Tii
I tiy to do andti miake it, a prt of liy
btu- inlt-, <>f things> tat must bie don~e.'
Wtas it anyl wpinder thatt Miss ulpTwn-i
er\ Wl wa- t ucs as a Sunda (tv-selloil
tnit-lhiis of bunsitle.s lfuen tii liter work,
alllthI ipr~s ed Ill hiei ltalidhs, ii
Mis- Katte Fie-u hiiets ttetion ti:
ta fnew feld oft retfrm, bia-ied P1 upo t
ut-er-tion of I the pharaiius ill (hip-a
%',000.000 a earf ini comtisim
of whichl. in.adrl of zin-,oxidel aol