Newspaper Page Text
VOL. VII. MANN~IN G, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMNBER1,19.N.1
THE NATIONAL ALLIANCE.
THE RAPID GROWTH OF THE ORDER
ALLOVER THE COUNTRY.
Partial Proceedings of the Body-Dr. Mc
Cune In Hot Water-The Force Bill Con
demned.A Most Harmonious and Pleas
OCALA, FLA.. Dec. 2.-The National
Farmers' Alliance and Industrial
Union met in the Opera House at noon
to-day. Nearly every delegate has ar
rived and the house is crowded with
Alliance men and women. Immediate
ly after the house was called to order
President Polk delivered his annual
address. The address will be found in
another column. Of course notbing of
importance was done to-day except
In the way of explanation of the
rapid growth'of the Alliance, %%hich
the officials say is still cxt ending in all
directions, an official organ ,f the
Order in high standing says :
"We have now three million members,
and they are men who represent almost
every variety of political opinion. It would
be worse thin folly to try to enlist these
men in the support of either of the exist
ing pai ties or of a new p arty. Our methods
of developing the Order so far have been
solely educational, and to be successful
they must continue so to be. Therein iies
the secret of the growth and power of the
Alliance. It has been distinctly a business
organization so far, and it is in politics
only in so far as the business interests of
the members make it necessary.
If the Alliance leaders should be so fool
ish as to attempt to create such a party
they would fail Ignominiously and the
whole Order would suffer disintegration as
the penalty for the folly. Our whole ex
perience thus far has proved the truth of
what I say. In South Carolina and Kan
sas, for instance, the situation made a
third party necessary and it was spon
taneously forthcoming. In Georgia, where
we are equally strong, a man who ads o
cated the formation of a third party would
be hooted out of the State. We must stick
to this policy of education and political
neutrality, or we shall lose all we have
All the memmbers do not talk in like
vein. Some are in for vigorous and
persistent political work. They say
that it Is folly to say that they can ac
complish the ends and purposes of
their Order unless they make a strong
fight for the law-making machinery
of the country. This is the view taken
by President Polk, who, in a recent
"If the Democratic party is wise it may
reap substantial benefits from this election;
but if it remains content with present suc
cess, without applying it for the benefit of
the people, the ne-t election will doubtless
reveal astill greater surprise than the one
just passed. Noz will it be safe to consider
these gains as a triumph for the doctrine of
free trade, or an attempt to involve the
country in another tariff war, as was done
two years ago. The people will not sub
mit to it, and will certainly emphasize
their disapproval in a manner that will be
both seen and felt. This election may be
considered as a protest against New Eng
land dictation; against the deception and
trickery of the silverbill and the sectional
hatred contained in the force bill, both of
which can be clearly traced to New Eng
Nearly all the delegates are loud in
expressing their opinion that the result
of the recent elections was not an en
dorsement of the Democratic platform,
but that it was a triumph for the Alli
N... ance. They say that this change of
front can be attributed more to Repub
licafn arrogance and assumption, and
the better education of the people, than
to any other cause, and should be con
sidered more in the light of a rebuke to
that party than a victory for Demo
cracy. The defeat of the party in power
is as crushing as it was unexpected by
them, and should carry with it a lesson
long to be remnembered. It is a revolt
of labor in production against prosent
conditions, and a trumpet call b r a
change in the economic policy of the
The claim is freely made here that
the Alliance is solvmng the race prob
lem, and that, too, at a more rapid rate
than anly philanithrol.ist or negro
philists ever dreamed possible. They
say that the members of the Co.loreiJ
Alliance, which has nearly a milhon
members in the South, and is in close
sympathy and co-operation with them,
voted almost unanimously for the Allh
ance canaidates where there were such
in the recent election. It is asserted
that the secret of the small number of
votes ::ast by negroes in South Carolina
at the recent election is that the Alli
ance gave possitive orders to its mem
bers to keep away from the polls.
The National Alliance opened its
first session to-night, and from now on
all sessions will be secret, only mem
bers of the Order bigallowed in the
hail. Report ofs e e st. hows
eighty-eight actual delegates p a~t
from the following States, each State
having a full accredited delegation in
Alabama 5. Arkansas 5. Colorado 1,
Floridas 3, Georgia 7,1illinois 2, Indiana
2, Indian Territory 2, Kansas 8. Ken
tucky 5, Louisiana- 4, Maryland 2.
Michigan 13, Mississippi 4, Missouri 6,
North Carolina 5, South Dakota 2,
.Pennsylvania2,South Carolina 4, North
Dakota 2, Tennessee 4, Texas 4, Virgi
nia 4, West Virginia 2. Other states anid
Terrntories having organizations and
entitled to delegates are California, New
Mexico and Oklahoma, but as yet no
delegates have arrived from those
In addition to the delegates there are
tr.n or twelve persons entitled to vote.
which brings the st~:al numerical
strength of the~ lody up ta one hun
dred. Besides these one hundred the
local committee on entertainme.nts re
port one hundred and sixty-five visit
ing Alliance men from outside of the
State, and all of these can attend the
deliberations ot the council. ~-Among
the delegates -:re five women..
At the conclusion of President Polk's
address the Alliance resolved itself in
to a sort of "love feast," during which
C. A. Power, an old Union soldier from
Indiana. moved that all Ex-Union sol
diers in'the hall who endorsed the sen
timents expressed in the speech c
President Folk, of South Dakota, witi
reference to the burial of sectional
ism, rise up and be counted. The mfo
tion prevailed, and between forty and
fifty stood up amid the wil test en
thnsiasm. Under the inspiration of
this good feeling an Ex-Union soldier
from Wisconsin stood up in his seat
and called upon all Union soldiers
preent to give three cheers for the old
Confederates in the Alliance. They
were given with a will.. Then it was
the Confederates' turn, and they cheer
ed the old soldiers of the Union with a
volume and heartiness that left ac
doubt as to the genuineness of theii
feeling. The cheers ended with a wild
old-fashioned "Rebel yell," and as its
echoes died away one aged veteratn o1
the Confederacy shouted in a voice that
rang out clearly through the hall
"That's the genuine article. i've hearc
It before." The Allince then adjourn
ed for the day.
SECOND DAYs PRlOCEEDINGs.
OcALA, December 3.-Several sensa
tional features are being developed it
the Alliance council. T1he lobbies are
full of rumors, but it is difficult to gel
delegates to talk. Livingston is at tel
.'nkand Mane with a sharp stick
and threatens to bring charges against
them. Livingston talks freely and ac
cuses Polk and Macune of starting the
report that he was in the pay of Jay
Gould and wanted to betray the Alli
ance. The report was published sev
eral days ago and it has been traced to
Col. Polk's oflice. Col. Polk refuses
to talk. The Alliance is with Polk,
and Livingston is trying to run Clover,
of Kansas, against Polk for president,
but his efforts meet with but poor en
A resolution was introduced to-day
denouncing the force bill, and it went
through with a rush. the members from
the Northwest giving it cordial sup
port. The members are enthusiastic
save a few old line Republicans. The
anti-force bill resolutions were intro
duced by Delegate W. S.. McAllister, of
Mississippi, and are as follows:
Whereas, the President of the United
States in his annual message to Congress
recommends and urges the immediate pas
sage of the measure known as the Lodge
election bill; and whereas, said bill in
volves a radical revolution in the election
machinery of the Union, both State and na
tional, and its passage will be fatal to the
autonomy of the States and the cherished
liberties of the citizen; and whereas, said
bill is partisan in spirit and will be parti
san in its application, thus revitalizing the
gory ghost of sectional estrangement; and
whereas, in the holy war which we have
declared against sectionalism the firesides
of the farmers of the Nortb, East, South and
West are the citadels around which the
heaviest battles are being fought, and to
the end that victory may crown our crusade
!et fraternity and unity reign: Therefore
Resolved, by the National Farmers' Al
liance and Industrial Union of America, in
national council assembled, That we do
most solemnly protest against the passage
of the said Lodge election bill, and we earn
estly petition our Senators to employ all
fair and legal means to defeat this unpa
triotic measure, which can result in nothin2
but evil to our comir on and beloved coun
Resolved, further, That a copy of these
preambles and resolutions be forwarded to
each Senator in Congress
Mr. McAllister took the floor in sup
port of the resolutions, and at the end
of a strong speech moved their adop
tion. As he sat down there was a still
ness and hush in the Convention which
foreboded a storm, and everybody
expected it to burst from the Western
or Northwest delegations, but no st.orm
After a few moments of suspensa
Delegate Deming, of Pennsylvania,
arose and said that he regarded the in
troduction of the resolutions as un
timely; that there was largely preva
lent at the North a feeling that the
Farmers' Alliance was a Southern or
ganization, its members being satura
ted with Southern sentiments, and
that the passage of these resolutions
would strengthen this opinion, and
check the growth of the Alliance North
and East. His language was very tem
perate and conciliatory, and a ripple of
applause greeted the close of his speech.
President McGrath, of the Kansas
State Alliance and a delegate from Illi
nois expressed practically the senti
ments as Mr. Deming. of Pennsylvania.
The question then recurred on Mr.
McAlister's motion to adopt the reso
lutioLs and it was carried unanimous),
amid the wildest enthusiasm.
The sensation of the morning session
was when President Livingston, of the
Georgia Alliance, arose to a question
of privHege, and said that in conse
quence of certain rumors and reports
growing out of "special letters publish
ed in certain newspapers" before the
assembling of this Convention, insinua
tions had teen made that corrupt and
improper methods had been employed
in the recent Senatoriai contest in Geor
gia. These ir sinuations had been
aimed at Macune and himself, and Pres
ident Polk's name had been connected
with them also. He made a speech an
hour long, in which he denounced these
rumors and insinuntions as infamously
false, and he demanded the appoint
ment of a fair and impartial commit
tee to thoroughly investigate the mat
ter. Assertions, he said, had been made
in these specials that the National
Economist and some other State Alli
ance organs had been or are being con
ducted by WVall street capital, which
assertonsLivingson also denied most
President Polk then took the floor
and, addressing himself to the same
subject, said that, as far as he was con
cerned personally, he cared little for
slanders of that kind, but there were
certain reasons why the National Alli
ance should make thorough investiga
tion of the subject, -and he therefore
urged the appointment of a committee
for this purpose.
He was followed by Dr. C. W. Ma
cune, of the National Economist, who
joined Livingstone and Polk in their
demands for sifting this slander to the
ttmin the interest of the future
hr o v liance. Hie charac
terized the rumorsi Kdlnsinuations as
false in every particular.
A delegate, who was supposed to be
friendly to the three men connected
with the charges, then moved that a
committee of investigation, to con
sist of seven members, be appointed,
but a loud mure?ur of dissatisfaction
from the body of delegates showed
plainly tl'at t'his wvas disapproved as
being too small. It was finally decided
that a coimmnittee of investigation
should be appointed, and that it should
con'sist of one member from each State
delegation in the Convention, to be
selected by the delegation itself.
All the speakers demanded that the
investigation should be thorough and
searching, and that it shall make no
atternipt to suppress facts or to present
a "w~hitewvashed report."
I Bfore the discussion had ended an
e pportunity wvas had for presenting a
zormal charge covering the insinua
tions contained in -the newspaper ar
tile referred to, but no delegate took
advantage of it. It is said, however,
that this action asked for by Living
stonie, Polk and Macune will not pre
vent the tiling of charges against Ma
Trhis investigating committee will
consist o1 twenty-seven or twenty
eight niembers, and as soon as the del
egations select their men it will hold a
meeting, probably within a very few
An effort is being nmade to have the
investigation conducted in rublic ses
sions or the committee.
D~elegate Hind, of Florida, offered a
resolution denouncing the recent raise
in freight rates on Florida oranges to
Eastern points, both by railroad and by
steamship lines. The resolution al
leges that this advance will take $150,
O00 from the pockets of Floridaorange
growers, and that it is a fresh evidence
of the greed and selfishness of capital
ists and corporations. It closes with
an appeal for the reiteration of the
National Alliance demand, "that
means of communication and trans
portation shall be owned by, and oper
ated in the interest of the people, as is
the United States postal system."
TRD DAY's PRIOCEEDINGs.
OCALA Fl.,Dec. 4.-The National
Allincemetat 10:30 this morning.
The. early part of the session was de
voted chielly to discussion of inside
topies, and at 11:30 A. Gallagher, a fra
tenal delegate from the Workingmen's
Reformi League of New York City, and
W.A.A Carsey of New York, from
were invited to address the conven
tion. Each spoke for half an hour or
more, their remarks being principally
directed in favor of a closer bond be
tween all national organizations of the
same character, but against consolida
tions. Both advised the National Al
liance to stand by its St. Louis plat
form and to take the lead in any
national political movement which
might grow out of it, and said that
other organizations would follow.
J. H. Rice and John Davis of Kansas,
in connection with one or two others
in sympathy with recent political
movements in that State, among them
delegate Vincent, are at work upon a
call for a national convention to form
a new party, the date being fixed as
February 12, 1891, and the place Cin
The call will invite delegates from
the National Farmers' Alliance an d all
other national organizations in sym
pathy with it or which endorse the St.
Louis platform. as well as the edlitors
of the "reform press" throughout the
country, to take part in the convention.
The new party to be formed would1
doubtless work on the same lines as
the People's Party in Kansas; that is.
renounce all affiliation with other po
litical parties ani place a national
ticket of its own in the field. This
call, when completed. will probably t
presented to the National Alliance for
its endorsement, although some of the
men in the movement are not cot
vinced that this course will be wise or
Jno. J. Holland ot Jacksonville, Fla..
is here. When-Powderly arrives this
will make four members of the Na
tional Executive Board of the Supreme
Council of the Knights of Labor pres
ent in the city, being all of that com
mittee except one (Devlin of Michigan.)
and this fact is thought to be fraught
with a deep significance, apropos of the
third party movement.
There is said to be strong feeling -
among the National Alliance men here
in favor of a general consolidation of
all similar national bodies. It is al
leged that they- have offered in event
of such consolidation to move all na
tional political nominations to organ
izations outside of their own. There
is, however, a conservative element
which may hold the more radical meni
bers in check.
FOURTH DAY S PROCEEDINGS.
OcALA, Fla., Dec. 5.-Clover, one of
the Kansas delegates, introduced and
had passed at yesterday's National Alli
ance meeting a resolution reciting that
the United States census returns with
ospect to farm mortgages was grossly
incorrect and calling upon all the coun
ty and sub-alliances in all the States of
the Union to take immediate steps to
ward securing accurate statistics from
the County records and make prompt
T. R. Carksadeon of West Virginia
offered the follawing resolution: That
we, the National Farmers' Alliance of
America, believing that obedience to
and veneration for the laws of God is a
conserving and saving force of the hu
man government, we do hereby respect
fully request that the directors of the
great national fair of 1892 do not dese
crate the American Sabbath by keeping
pan the gates of the same on the Lord's
day. The resolution provoked no serious
opposition and was passed unanimous
National Secretary Turner submitted
his annual report last night, but it is in
complete, owingto the constant payment
of sub-alliance dues during this session.
During the past year 1,069 new charters
were issued to sub-alliances, as follows:
West Virginia 252, Colorado 152, Indi
ana 132, Michigan 106, Virginia 95, Illi
nois 87, South Carolina 83, Ohio 61, Penn
sylvania 59, New Jersey 20, Minne.-ota 5,
owa 5, Oregon 1, Oklahoma 1. State
harters have been issued to the follow
ing States: Indiana, Illinois, Colorado,
Michian, West Virginia, Oklahoma
and orth Dokota.
The feeling over the passage of the
ati-election bill resolution of Wednes
ay was high and there is a strong pres
sure being made for the introduction of
a resolution to expunge it from the re
ords of the Alliance.
At the afternoon session of the Na
tional Alliance Chairmain McDowell
presented the report of the committee
appointed to investigate the charges and
insinuations affecting the official con
:uct of Messrs. Polk. Livingston and
Macune. The committee finds:.
"First. That we have been unable to
ascertain a single fact implicating in
any shape or form the high character
and standing and personal and otlicial
reputation of our worthy president. L.
L. Polk, but we regret the writting of
the Norwood letter.
"Second. As to Brother Livingston,
president of the Georgia State Alliance,
we do not find anything derogatory of
his personal or official high standing,
but your committee is not quite prepar
ed to endorse his course in the Georgia
"Third; -That in the case of Dr. C. W.
Macune nothing has~ been fcad to a
sen our confidence in his personal integ
rity and loyalty to the Order; however
we regret his official connection with
the Georgia Senatorial contest."
The report is signed by Chairman Mc
Dowell, Thomas Hlindi, of Florida. and
twenty-three others. The report does
not give entire satisfaction, although
adopted without debate.
FIFTH DAYS PRoCEEDIN~GS.
Tuesday morning next the Allbance
visitors will start on a tour of the State.
under the guidence of Hon. H1. A. Mann
After a short time devoted to rou
tine business at the evening session yes
terday. President McGrath, of the Kas
sas Alhiance, moved that the mual t
election of officers be p~roceeded with
and placed the name of L. L. 1%olk i
nomination for president.
The whole body of deleatecs scean~ded
the nomination, andl Polk was unam
mously re-elected by acclamuation.
President Page. of the Virginia Alliance
nominated B. F. Clover. of Kansas, for
vice-president and his re-election was
also unanimous. J. P. Oliver. of Ala
bama, nominated J. II. Turner, of Geor~
gia for Secretary. and his election was
unanimous. For national lecturer two
nominations were made: J1. S. Wllets.
of Kansas, and Benjamin Terrell, of
Texas. Willets was elected by a
vote of 40 against 34. Terrell is the
mcumbent. Tillman was elected on the
committee on legislation for a term of
three years, and Delegate Cole, of Mich
igan, was elected a member of the judi
ciary committee. The *2ew commnttee
on Iraternal relations is composedl ot
Talbert, ot South Carolina, Loucks of
South Dakota, Livingston of Georgia.
Rogers of Florida and Terrell of Tex
English Capitai Comning south.
CHATTANOOGA, Dec. 6.-I ewis 11.
Kimball, formerly of Atlanta. but now
engaged in developing East Tennessee
interests, cabled that he has sold to En
glish capitalists for :?1000.000 nearly
5,000.000 acres, a three-fourths in terestI
in the property of the Kimbaltown comn
pany located in the famous Sequatchic
Valley about 55 miles from hee This
is perhaps the biggest real estate dleal
ever negotiated in Southern lands. The
npnrprt is rirch in minarna and timber.
A DiSASTROUS FIRE IN PI I TSBURG.
Four Persons Perish---A Husband's Devo
tion to His Wife.
PITrrsURG, Pa., Dec. 4.-Between
1:2:30 and 1 o'clock this morning a fire
broke out from some unknown cause in
the flat owned by Dr. John Dicksonon
the corner of Ninth street and Pennsyl
vania avenue. It was nearly three
o'clock this morning before the firemen
succeeded in subdu~ng the fire. It was
several hours more before they gave up
the search for bodies. It is pretty cer
tain that lr. and Mrs. Irwn, the jani
tor and his wife. were the only victims.
When the fire broke out there were lor
ty sleeping in the flat, but they were
mostly men and all have been accounted
It was a horrible imuht for a fire.
When the firemen arrived the smoke
was isiuiit fron all thc windows. while
tongues ofl tanes shot occasionally from
the crevices on the roof. Half dressed
forms of men shouting for help were
seeu at all the windows, but the siit
that filled the spectators with horror was
a woman and two habes at a third story
It was 'Mrs. 'Moore. the wife of the
steward at the I(otei Anderson. In
stantly ladders were run up an( she was
am1ong the first rescued. The top Iloor
was o cupied by sixteen persons, Mr.
and M1rs. Irwin. and fourteen men em
plove<: hy the llotel Anderson. At
first Irwin ran down through the halls
to alai the occurants of the rooms.
lie went as far as the second floor anud
iwn rushed back to assist his wife.
When he returned to his room she was
not tliere. Filled with anxiety for her
welfair!. lie began a search of the build
in-. He dashed to his room on the
fourth floor, and n -t finding her started
for Wne third. It was there he died.
Overcome by the smoke lie sank exhaus
ted near the rear wall of the floor, and
at the other end of the hall his wife, for
whom lie (lied, had perished. She had
started down the stairs but was suffoca
ted before reaching the third floor. Her
body was found on the third landing
:lead. Her body was covered with plas
ter and in the darkness had been tramp
led over by the tiremen lona before dis
covered. The building was a four story
The tire is supposed to have started
in the basement from the heating boiler.
There was no watchman and the flames
had spread to the fourth story before
they were discovered. The loss is $40
00I. fully covered by insurance. There
were no fire escaes on the building.
The Alliance and Politico.
OCALA, FLA. December 7.-The
oinion is gaining ground here that the
ational leadcrs of the Democratic par
t. have many lobbyists here in their in
terest and that the po:icy of the Alliance
in many respects will be influenced by
hiem, notably in the case ofthe sub-treas
ury bill. That measure is now under
consideration by the National Alliance
and has been for several days past. It
is predicted that when it finally comes
from the committee it will have been
modified and changed in many important
particulars with a view to making it ac
ord with the Democratic doctrine to
such extent that it will be endorsed by
the National Democratic Convention in
1s92, or perhaps be passed by Congress
prior to that event.
Wich some slight changes and modili
cations the Alliance Ocala platform, it
s predicted. could secure absolute adop
ionl by the National Democratic Con
entlon, and this, with the endorsement
f a modilied sub-treasury bill, would
lace the Democratic party sqtiarely up
n the Farmers' Alliance platform. In
his way it would gain the support of the
uttire Alliance and Democratic votes
hroughout the country.
The third party nmovement, it is whis
pered iin some~ (quarters, is a slow trick
f' the Natonal Democracy to destroy
the Republican vote in the West and
Northwest andl also the lRepublican vote
in the South,. thus e-nalinag the National
Democratic ticket to secure success in
ealy ali the dloubtfuil States in 1892.
A strong elfort will be made to allow
all reprcsentatives of the press5 to be
present durinig the debates to-morrow
on the report of~ the coimmittee on the
sub-treneury bill, as its result will be by
far the most important ac' ion of the Al
iance on any public measure which has
my bearing on national poilities.
Farmetrs laving a Hard . ime.
GREENviLb LE, S. C., D~ec. 5.-WithI the
factories out of the cotton market and
the banks no longer making advances
n cotton, the farmers are indeed hav
ng a hard time. All the banks in this
ity. four in number, le decided to
make no more advances on un~Q~ttil
the money market is relieved
stringency. This will be severe on many
farmers, as a large number of them have
been depositing their cotton in ware
hotses and receiving advances from the
banks, intending to hold until the cot
ton market becomes better.
A News reporter yesterday inquired
of one of the bank presidents why the
banks had shut down on advances. IHe
saidl the action was caused by the scar
ity of money. The banks were forced
to 1hold their cash to pay off checks and
to meet other demands. The deposits
in the banks, he said, are smaller than
usual because there is less cash trading
wih tile merchants, and the business
mein are riot making their accustomed
deposits. The farmers have been hold
ing their cotton and this has caused a
decrease in the amount of money in
circulation. The Pelzer manufacturing
company has gone out of the market
until the bill pending in the Legislature
is acted up)on.
Bl A rp's Philosophy.
I reckon we will all stand aside and
let the farmers have their own way.
Fithting them don't seem 'to do any
good. It is like Colonel Patterson. of
North Alabamau, w ho, at his first bat
rle with the ainikees w~as ordered to
take his reginent andl charge a battery
hat was atway overT on a hill and was
hrowing an occasional shell down in
he valley. "Boys,"~ said he. "you mutst
shoot a chargin;,' and1 we'll get em.'
Aiid theuy did, btut when they got with
in about a qtiarter of at mile the bat tery
suddenly turned loose a territic volley
of grape shot and canister upon themi
which deumoralized the colonel and he
waved his swor-d and shouted: "Boys
quit shiootin, at 'em-quit shootin I
say. for it just mai'kes 'em madder."
Wvhat W1iscouliu Girangers Want.
.\LDrsoN, Wis., Dee. 11.-The com
mittee on resohltions of the State
Grange reported the following: Fa
voriuig an a gricuiltural college, separ
ate from the Statte University; the
Conger lard illf; railroad, express and
telegraph companies to be controlled
b 1 Lnited States government; thu
estishing" .af a btinding twine plant
1intb State penitentiary to supply
ii rmers of the State in1 twine, so as noi
to be opp'ressedl by trust s; that the gov'
rnmenit issue its money (direct to the
people instead ot national banks
I tnst aingnein future
WhlAT I EY " ANT.
THE FINANCIAL POLICY OF THE OR
DER DISCUSSED AND ADOPTED.
Abolition of National Banks--Sub-Treas
urles in the Several States-Agains
Futures and Allen Land Owners-te
peal of the Tariff.
OCOLA. FLA., Dec. 8.-Early in th
forenoon session ot the Alliance the lin
ancial policy of the order canie up fo
discussion under the report of the com
mittee on legislation. This repcrt as t<
the financial policy contained the follow
ing amended demands:
First. We demand the abolition of na
tional banks. We demand the govern
ment shall establish sub-treasurics o:
depositories in the several States. whicl
shall loan money diiect to the people a
a low rate of interest, not to exceed :
per cent. per annum, on non-perishablh
farm products. and also upon real estate
with proper limitations upon the quant
ty of land and the amouist of money
We demand that the amount of the cir
culating medium be speedily increaset
to not less than $50 per capita.
Second. We demand that Conares,
shall pass such law as shall etrectuall
prevent dealmng in futures on all aari
cultural and mechanical products. ant
preserving a stringent system of proced
ure n trials such as shall secure prampl
conviction and the imposition ot suel:
penalties as shiall secure the most per
feet Compliance with the law.
Third. We condemn the silver bill re
cently passed by Congress. and demand
in lieu thereof the free and unlimited
coinage of silver.
Fourth. We demand the passage oJ
laws prohibiting alien ownership ol
land. and that Congress take prompt ac
tion to devise some plan to obtain all
lands now owned by aliens and foreign
s3 ndicates. and that al! lands now held
by railroads and other corporations in
excess of such as is actually used and
needed by them he reclaimed by the
government and held for actual settlers
Fifth. i3elievin-g in the doctrine o.
equal rights to all, special privileges
to none, we demand that our antional
legislation shall be so framed in the fu
ture as not to bulid up one industry at
the expense of another. We furthei
demand the removal of the existing
heavey tariff tax trom the necessaries o
life that the poor of our land must have.
We further demand a just and equitable
system of graduated tax on incomes.
We believe that the money of the coun
try should be kept as much as possible
in the hands of the people and hence we
demand that all national and State rev
enues shall be limited to the necessary
expenses of the government. econimi
cally and honestly administered.
Sixth. We demand the most rigid,
honest and just State and national gov
ernmental control and supervision of
means of public communication and
transporation. and it this control and
supervision does not remove the abuses
now existing. we demand the govern
meut ownership of such means of com
munication and transportation.
A spirited debate followed the intro
duction of this report, at the beginning
of which President Polk reminded the
members of the restriction of five min
utes placed upon all speechmaking by a
resolution previously adopted.
Charleston Dudes In Trouble.
CHARLESTON, S. C.. Dec. 3.
There's a row In police circles caused
by an incident behind the scenes at the
opera last night. It seems that two o
the Jeuness Dore of the city, the upper
crust of the upper swelldom, managed
to get behind the scenes while the
chorus girls were on. The stage capen
ter, Win. Nester, ordered themn out and
upon there refusing to go knocked one
of' them (lmvn when the other came to the
rescue and a light ensued. The police
came up and although Nester explained
that he was obey ing orders in ejecting
the mieu from the house. they arrested
him and allowed the gold en vouths to go
free. When the case came for a hear
lag today the chief of police requested
that Nester be discharged, which was
done. The policemen who made the ar
rest will be hauled over the coals, and
it is not improbable that the golden
youths will be hauled up before a mag
Istrace, until which time their names
will be supplressed.
It is said that the same two~ golden
youths were tired out ofa hotel recently
while the Spider and the Fly were play
The Indlians Under Hack.
W~ASHINGTON, December. 1.-The
following telegram from Gen. Miles was
received at the war department to-day:
>rt from Gen. Runger and Gen.
Brooke are qui e ble. The pre
sence of the troops now aJ - ion hlas
hlad a dlemoralizing ifuneon th n
dians, and thlose who a week ago were
defiant and warlike are now givmng evi
deuce of submission. Capt Ewers, o.
the 15th infantry. has returned from
Fort Bennett, bringring with him Hump,
who formerly did excellent service with
mle in the Lame D~eer and Nez Perces
campaigns. and was badly wounded ir
the latter. Hie desires to renew hii
allegiance to the Government, andI
will make good use ofihim in bringing ir
others. Gen Erooke reports that the
Indians near White River have turnet
loose their stolen stock and are comint
in. "Col Sumncr reports that quite
large number of lindianis in his vicinity
are willing to obey orders. These be
long to Big Foot's following and other
located about the southwestern part o
the Cheyenne River rescrvation."
How the Next House Win Stand.
WASHI.xoToN, Dec. 0.--Clerk Mc
Phierson of the House of Represen iatives
hlas just had printed an unollicial list o
the members-elect to the next House
showing 88 Republicans. 234 Democrats
and S Farmers' Alliance. One district
the twenty-eighth of New York, is se
down as uncertain, and one. the secont
RhodeIsland. is nmarked vacant.
I Love Laughs at Age.
PARiK".ftBJURG, W. Va., Dec. 6
wedding took place at Pennsboro
Ritchie county, recently, in which th<
groom was 'J0 years old, antd the bride
Mrs. Wiliam Dixon, a widow. Si years
The bride and groom arc both hale
hearty and. to all appearances, good fo
a quarter of a contu~ly.
Tu Norfolk and Easterns Investmten
Company has just closed a $1,000,00
deal, by which it purchases 720 acres o
land near Norfolk with a mile of wate
front on the bay, on which they wvi
erect a cotton mill with 20.000 spindles
to cost $250),000, and other industris.
COTTOx was given a black eye in Ns
Orleans. The big house of M'eyer & CC
evidently had too many irons in the tirn
Cotton and sugar mills and plantation
are all right, but the money pressure an<
seculation has laid them out.
BAP I1ST STATE CONVENTION.
1 Most Encouraging Record of the Labors
- of the Year.
The Baptist Convention met last
Thursday at Union, S. C., under the
- most pleasant auspices.
t Precisely at 10 o'clock Col. James A.
. Hoyt, president of the Convention,
called it to order and the hymn. "My
faith looks up to Thee," was sung.
Then Col. Hoyt read the 111th Psalm,
and the Rev. B. F. Corley led the Con
c vention in prayer. The secretary, the
Rev. A. J. S. Thomas, read the list of
delegates from the various associations
throughout the State. Only one asso
ciatio4 was unrepresented, the Old
Col. Hoyt was re-elected President.
le thanked the Conyention for again
conferring the honor on him, and
begged that the same co-operation that
has heretofore been given him be again
bestowed upon his work.
The Rev. B. C. Lampley then intro
duced Col. 1. G. McKissick, who de
livered an address of welcome to the
Convention. Col. McKissick did not
fail to make every one feel at home and
enjoy a hearty laugh. The Rev. C. C.
Brown. of Sumter. who is considered
the wittiest man in the Baptist donom
ination in this State, at the request of
the president, replied to the speech of
welcome. le made an eloquent and
witty speech, and he, with Col. McKis
sick, will be counted the wits of the
The associations of Aiken. Fforence
and Waccamaw, all of which have been
recently reorganized, were duly received
into the Convention in the regular way.
A resolution was offered by the Rev.
C. C. Brown that a committee be ap
pointed to devise some scheme to raise
a fund for aged ministers. The resolu
tion was adopted and the following
committee was appointed: C.C.Brown,
J. A. White, J. A. Mayes, R. N. lowle
and Fred Jones.
The executive board of the Conver
tion through its secretary, the Rev. T.
M. Bailey, made its annual report,
which showed a very large increase in
pastors, and that a great work has been
(lone this year. The report is too volu
minous and replete with statistics to
be given in full at this time. Mr. Bailey
also read his report as treasurer of the
executive board. Both reports were,
on motion, received as information and
will be printed in the minutes.
The report of the board of ministerial
education through its secretary, the
Rev. D. W. Key, made its annual report.
This report, which is also rather long,
w1ll be given at length hereafter. It is
enough to say that there are now fifty
one ministerial students matriculating
in Furman University. The death of
A. Sloan Duncan, who was treasurer of
this board until the time of his death,
was spoken of feelingly by the board.
Twenty-eight hundred dollars has been
collected by the board for its work.
The report was adopted and printed in
At this period the tellers appointed
to conduct the election for officers
made the following report: Vice presi
dents, E. C. Dargan, of Charleston, R.
W. Sanders, of Chester; secretary, A. J.
S. Thomas, of Orangeburg; assistant
secretary, A. B. Woodruff, of Woodruff,
S. C.; treasurer, C. H. Judson, of Green
ville. It may be remarked here that
these are the same officers who have
served the Convention six consecutive
years with signal ability.
C. C. Brown intro1.uced a resolution
that the Convention appropriate five
hundred dollars out of the State mission
fund to the education of negro preach
ers at the Benedic; Institute at Co
President Hoyt announced the ap
pointment of the following committee
on the time, the place and the preacher
for the next session: G. U. Tolsen, J.
D). Pitts, John A. Fant, J. Hlart well Ed
wards and W. T. Tate.
On the noinmaticn of the board of
Iministerlal education-J. C. Browne,
G. L. Knight, J. WV. Blanton, E. HI.
Cuttino and T. P. Lide.
On nomination of delegates to the
American Baptist Education Society
Lucius Cuthbert, F. C. lHickson, S. B.
Sawyer, U. W. Gordon, R. T. MIockler.
On nomination of the executive
board-J. E. Covington, J. B. Parrott,
J. E. Pettinger, J1. C. McCubbins, J. H.
On nomination of the board of trus
tees of Furman University-E. J. For
rester, F. 0. R. Cur';is, J. D1. Mahon, J.
W. Mosely, J. W. Fouche.
The Convention adjourned until to
night, when it reassembled to hear the
Convention sermo:1 by the Rev. A. C.
Wilkins, of lBeaufort. It was an ex
cellent sermon and produced a pro
found impression. At the conclusion
of~ the sermon the Convention trans
acted various routine work and ad
journed until Friday morning.
Friday morning the devotional exer
cises were led by President Hoyt. J. L.
Yass reported from the committee on
establishing an orphanage, acknowledg
ing the receipt of several voluntary
The committee recommends Lime
stone Springs, near Gaffney City, as the
site, a lot of land containing twenty-six
res, $200, and eight scholarships in
the 'o er Limestone Institute if this
site is occtipied.-.Tileommittee furth
er recommend that the -ho iae be
put under the control of a boar d
At 11:30 the special order,.oeg
missions, was called up, and the Rev.
W. C. Lindsay read the report of the
committee, which was in substance as
follows: "Our missionaries are at
wvork in the following fields: China,
Africa, Italy, Bra::il, Mexico and JTapan.
In Southern China there are ten mis
sionaries and twenty-one assistants, in.
Central China there are fourteen mis
sionaries and one assistant, in Northern
China there are twelve missionaries, in
A frica we have twelve missionaries and
eight assistants, ina Italy three mission
aries and twelve assistants, in Brazil
seven missionaries and eight'assistants,
in MIexico twenty-one missionaries and
seven assistants, in Japan five mission
ofIn all of these lields the work is full
ofhope. The Baptists of the South are
expending 8150,000 on the foreign 11eld.
The eighty thousand Baptists of South
Carolina contribute $10,000 a year. An
earnest appeal is made for more liberal
President Ihoyt intro~duced the Rev.
T. P. Bell, assistant corresponding
secretary of the foreign mission board,
who made an excelleiit adidress on the
subject of foreign missions. Mr. Bell
is a native of South Carolina, but for
the past six years he has been engaged
in his present work with headquarters
in Richmond, Virginia.
A letter from Thomas J1. Legare. one
of the missionaries at Whang Iein.
tChina, was read by Dr. Manly.ored
Tereport was adopted andored
printed in the minutes.
D~r. E. C. D~argan offered a resolution
congratulating D~r. .James C. Furman
on his S2d birthday.
po motion of Col. I. G. McKissick
the resolution was adopted by it rising
vote, every member standing.
The special order for 12:35 was to hear
.from the Rev. E. hR. Roberts. colored,
s pastor of the colored Baptist Church of
I Florence. IHe made an earnest appeal
preachers of this state.
The Rev. 1. Carroll, the Sunday-school
missionary of the Publication Society,
addressed the Convention.
The report of the committee on the
aged ministers' relief fund was read. It
is a wise and worthy one, saith the com
mittee. The basis of organization will
be that membership in the relief associ
ation is open to all ministers and lay
men; that twenty dollars shall entitle
one to life membership: that all fees re
ceived for life membership shall be safe
ly invested; that for the present no one
shall receive over one hundred dollars of
this fund yearly. The report was adopt
ed and the Convention adjourned until
half past 7 o'clock.
At the Friday night session Rev. John
Stout read the report of the board of trus
tees of Furman University. The west
wing of the Female College building has
been completed at a cost of 86,750. The
new building is as large as the main
building and is now occuliied. Some
two hundred students have imatriculat
ed this year and sixty-live are boarding
in the College.
In Furman University there are now
one hundred and sixty-seven students
on the register; seventy-four are alto
gether and thirty-seven chiefly in the
collegiate course, while fifty-one are
ministerial students. The amount of
endowment reported in November, 1890,
was 365,525,9.1; and this amount will be
increased by cash in hand and in transit
to over .72.000 within a month. So that
within the time of our service $40,000
has been added to our endowment. The
$5,000 due the professors for past ser
vices has been paid and the University
is now free of debt. The movement
begun in July, 1881., to raise $20,000 for
the endowment, under the proposition
made by the American Baptist Educa
tion Society to add $7,500 to this amount,
has been completely successful. The
total receipts for this fund have been
$23,543,77. The expenses of our finan
cial agency during this have been 82,
608,25, leaving the amount for invesment
$20,935,42. The resignation of the finan
cial agent, Dr. I. H. Griffith, has been
Dr. John A. Broaddus, the distinguish
ed president of the Southern Theological
Seminary at Louisville, Ky., then ad
dressed the Convention and made a pro
Dr. R. H. Griflith made an appeal for
the endowment of Furman University.
When he had tinished a supscription was
taken up and the sum of $3,785 was sub
)uring the Saturday morning session
the following delegates to the American
Baptist Education Society were appoint
ed: Col. J. A. Hoyt, Rev. Charles Manly,
Rev. W. C. Lindsay, Rev. E. C. Dargan,
Rev. R. H. Griflith,-Rev. E. J. Forrester,
Rev. G. 13. Moore, Rev. John Stout and
Rev. D. W. Key.
It was determined that the next Con
ference should meet at Spartanburg on
Thursday before the first Sunday in Dec
ember, 1891. The Convention sermon
will be preached by the Rev. J. W. Per
ry; alternate, R. G. Patrick.
A resolution was adopted requesting
pastors to take up a collection at Christ
mas for defraying the expenses of the or
phanage committee during the past year.
An additional committee of fifteen
was appointed to meet with the old or
phanage committee in April, 181, and
to deceide, in connection with them, the
location and policy of management of
the institution. The committee appoint
ed is as follows: A. C. Wilkins, A. L.
Evans, E. L. Wilkins. J. E. Brunson, D.
W. Alderman, W. H.' Lyles W. F. Cox,
John W. Wilkes, J. D. Pitts, ii. F. Scaife,
W. T. Handley G. II Carter, V. D. Rice,
J. Q. Adams, G. B. Moore.
The subject of home missions was pre
sentedin an excellent report by the Rev.
I. W. Wingo
The Rev. John Stout from the coin
mittee on the report of the board of
mninisterial education made his report,
which reconunended that the board em
ploy a clerk at a salery of $100; and the
eport was adopted.
Dr. Manly called on Dr. Broaddus to
'tell us something about the Theologic
al1Seminary," and he complied with the
equest in an eloquent address. Dr.
M1anly made a few short and appropri
te remarks upon the report, and in re
ard to the ministerialstudents at Fur
man University. The report of the com
mittee was adopted.
The Rev. E. J. Forrestor then intro
uced the following:
Resolved, That the churches represen
ed in this Csnvention be requested to
bserve the first Sunday in January next
s a day of concert of prayer to the Lord
f the harvest to send more laborers in
o His harvest.
The resolution was adopted.
The Rev, R. G. Patrick, from the com
mittee on obituaries, made his report.
There have been only live ordained min
sters and two laymen connected with
the Convention who have died nuring
the past year. These have been the
Rev. J. W. Hutchins, the Rev. W. B.
Elkin, the Rev. B. G. Price, the Rev. J.
L. Norman, the Rev. P. J. Pyers, Col. B.
W. Edwards and Mr. A Sloan Duncan.
Touching remarks were made by the
:ommittee on the life, character and
:eath of each of these gentlemen. Con
tinuing, the report says: "The follow
ing brethern, prominent in work and of
a good report among the churches, have
uring the year been called to their
eternal reward: W.H. Duncan and W. R.
Boynton, of Barnwell; HI. A. Green, of
Fairfield, and L. E. Meador, of Union."
At the conclusion of the report Mr.
GT7-3 called upon Dr GIames C.
Furman to spe' mmething in the way
of a tribute to Col B. WVidwards, who
was for a number of years p're~idft of
the Convention. D~r Furnian responi
ded in a touching and feeling manner.
Ie was followed by the Rev J. A. W.
Thomas, the Rev John Stout and Col
J. A. Hoyt, all of whom sp~oke freeing
ly of Col Edwards. The report was
Indians on the War Path
Cr10.o, Dec. .-A special from the
Pine Ridge Agency says:
"Thbe situation is not materially chang
ed. The hostile Rosebud Indians sleep
upon their arms, prepared constantly
for attack. They have three lines of
signals between their agency and the
camp, and any movement of troops
will be known in a few moments. They
have taken all they wish of the Govern
ment beef herd, and have burned the
buildings and corrals. They are living
high and are happy. They have moved
to the edge of Bad Lands. Military
preporations proceed rapidly. Uilless
the Indians come in within a very few
days the troops will be equipped and in
position, when an advance may be or
Three Men Crushed to Death.
PmmI-LAEL'I.I, Dec. 4.--Shortly be
fore noon to-day. a gang of men employ
ed by the Reading Railroad Company
at their Port Richmond coal wharves,
went to the olice at pier No. 7 for the
nurpose of being paid off. The otfice is
close to the tracks, and, as the men
stood at the window of the paymaster's
otice, they were within a few inches of
the car tr'acks. A crowd of men were
standing in line, waiting their turn to
reach the window, when there suddenly
shot around the corner a train of coal
ers, which were being backed toward
the wharf. The three men nearest the
pay window were crushed between the
cars and building and killed. The others
WILL RESIST IT.
THE DEMOCRATIC SENATORS IN CAU
CUS ARE DETERMINED.
The Republicans Will be Checkmated at
Eyery Tarn--The Politloal Cyolone Ha6
Somewhat Toned Down Boss Beed-.The
WASHINGToN, Dec. 8.-The Demo
cratic senators held a caucus late in the
ofternoon to discuss the order of busi
ness. The chances of the passage of
the election bill, if it should reach a fin
al vote, were canvassed, and individual
senators expressed divers opinions as to
the ability of the Republican party
leaders to keep their forces inline. The
conclusion reached was to maintain an
unalterable opposition to the passage
of the bill.
The minority will seize every oppor
tunity to discuss the bill exhaustively
and fairly, and strive to amend every
objectionable feature as reached in the
detailed consideration of the measure,
as was the case with the tariff bill.
The opinion was expressed that as the
majority had not yet signified any inten
tion to unduly restrict reasonable de
bate, it would be premature for the
caucus to undertake the arrangement
of a programme to meet the presenta
tion of a closure resolution. To secure
harmony of action, the Democratic
members of the committee on privile
and elections (which reported the bi)
will take charge of the debate and ar
range the order of speaking. As to the
further order of business, it was decided
that as the Republican senators had not
yet completed the order, the caucus
would not now undertake to formulate
The filibustering tendencies. in the
house are strong on both sides when
ever a bill comes up that a considerable
number of membersdo not like. About.
two hours has already been wasted - -
over some trivial measures.
Boss Reed sticks to his devilish rules
with tenacity, but he is not half as fero
cious as he was before the recent gieat7
Democratic cyclone. Besides, there is
not a Republican quorum on hand, the
party discipline has suffered, and manyM
of the defeated Republicans look upong
Reed as the one man responsible more
than any other, except McKinley, for
the party's defeat.
Senator Gil Pierce of North Dakota,
was badly used up In an ent
Senator Voorhees. The In '
tion was before the senate an
Pierce was endeavoring to t why the
Indians were ready to go to war. Mr.
Voorhees read from statements intba.
papers to show that the Indians werke
restless because theywere starving, and
because Senator Pierce's white consti
tuents in Dakota were hoping that"'
there would be war so that the Sioux
reservations could be gobbled up.
A MILLIONAIRE MISER.
One of Chicago's Celebrities Sent to Ja1
for Street Begging.
CHICAGo, Dec. 5.-Peter Mueller,aR
old man reputed to be worth $750,000,
was yesterday sent to the BridewelL for
sixty days for begging on the streetbe'
For many !years Mueller and his wif-en.
lived in a miserable hovel on the banki
of the Illinois and Michigan canal, in thp
township of Cicero. They lived in a
most miserable manner, denying them
selves everything except what was abso
lutely necessary to keep them alive.
Many stories were told by the neighbors
of their reputed wealth, and one night
about four years ago four men en
tered the hovel and demanded the "pot
of gold" the couple were believed to
keep therein. Mueller and his wife pro
tested that they had no money. Thehi
the robbers, by the most horrible. :or
tures, sought to draw from the::: t g
cret of the hiding place of the treasures
but in vain. The next day the Muellers
were found almost dead by the nelgh-$
hors. -Their feet were terribly bm-M
and their bodies covered with bruises and
cuts inflicted by the miscreants.
Muellerfor several years past has made
a practice of begging on the streets and,.
about a year ago was locked up one
night. Next morning ohe justice,moe
by compassion by the old man'sptiz!
tale, discharged him from enstody;
When Mueller returned to his miserable '
home he found the dead body of his wife
hanging to a rafter. Is was supposed~
she had worried so over her husband's
absence-the first during their married
lhfe-that in a moment of great desponi.
dency she had taken her own life. Since
then Mueller has lived all alone In the
shanty, making no changes in his mode
Sunday he made such a nuisance of't
himself, begging in front of St. Francis
Church, that an oficer arrestted him,
Yesterday in the justice court bereue4
to answer questions or to pay the fine -
mposed and was sent to the Eridewell
Mueller owns 520 acres of land in sc
tons 31 and 36, and is posaessed- of
stocks and bonds worth several hun
dred thousands of dollars.
Election Returns Stolen.
CONCORD, N. H.. Dec. 10.-The ex
citemient over the question of the con
trol of the next Legislature has broken
out again by the unmistakable discov
ery that the Republicans, made des
perate by their recent failure to force
the Legislature to take i~sglmeas
ures in reference to the en o f-othe
n w members, are now fixin te re-t
tur s-o uit themselves. Tese re
turn are ate~~ ofteScrtrn
that official. Yesterday it wasiMl
that the papers in some twenty-five
doubtful or close districts were in the
hands of the Republican leaders outside
of the State House, and had been ont of
the hands of the Secretary for over two
weeks. A committee of Democratic
legislators yesterday persisted in a de
mand to see the papers, and were ig
nomninously turned out of the Secre
tary's office. They will apply to the
courts for a mandamus.
The Nation's Wards Starving.
SISsETON AGENCY, S. D., Dec. 5.
The 1,200 Indians on the Sisseton and
Wahpeton reservations are on the vere.
of starvation, at the opening of winter,
because of the government's failure to
furnish them subsistence. The interior
department has authorized the expendi
ture of $2,000 for their relief, but upon
this small amount over 1,200 men, wo
men and children must live for six
months of rigorous winter. This is less
than 1 cent a day for each person.
The Sissetons are friendly Indians, a
large number of whom acted as scouts
in the last war against the Sioux.
Did Not Restore Him.
MAYs LANDING, N. J., Dec. d.
The body of George W. Fay a promi
nent druggist of this place, was buried
IWednesday. Fay died six days ago,
but his three sisters, who are spiritua
lists. would not consent to'ms burial, be
lieving that he would return to life, and
the corpse 'still retained its life-like ap
pearanice, the cheeks being as red as roe
es. The sisiers took turns in wtb,
the lifeless form of their brother, ad
have not doubted or lost faith in the,