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LAW-MAKING IN THE PALMETTO
STATE PROCEEDiNG QUIETLY.
Chief Interest Centered In the Choice of
United States Sevator--An AccoLIt of
the Unusual Contest--Other Iteis of
CoLrniBA, S. C., Dec. 13.-Special:
Fhe condition and progress of the
work of law-making for the people of
%outh Carolina, as indicated in the last
letter of this correspondence, have
iound their parallels in the course of
the peoceedings since:my last report.
The past week has not been fruitful of
important measures. And when it is
remembered that about three-fourths
of the usual session has already elaps
d, there naturally arises the wish for
some explanation of this decidedly un
:sual course of things. Such explana
tion would seem to be found in condi
tions incident to the newness of the
I ody, and to some of the particular
work which it has been called on to
1 erform. The first week may be said
to have been occupied largely with the
organization of the two h3uses; the
second with the inauguration of the
new Governor; and the third with the
-lection of United States Senator. Of
course these three prominent matters
have not engaged the entire time of
Ihe Assembly. But it is none the less
true that the scope and character of
egislation have been such as to make
that legislation appear but as incident
to the three leading subjects on which
the members minds seem to Ifave been
chiefly fixed. However difficult it may
be to assign causes for this condition of
things, the fact remains that there has
been more of routine work-more of
local or uninteresting legislation-and
less consideration of very important
measures, than in the same period of
any session since the Democrats re
gained control of the State govern
It is especially noticeable that there
has been little or nothing done on the
line of the practical suggestions con
tained in the Governor's inaugural, or
of the "demands" embodied in the plat
form of the March Convention. Already
there is considerable talk of a recess for
the Christmas holidays, the session to
be resumed early in-January, and to be
prolonged as the public interests shall
seem to demand.
THE SENATORIAL RACE.
Great interest has centered upon the
election of a Senator of the United
States to succeed General Hampton. It
was thought that a caucus of those de
siring a change would so concentrate
that element that there would be but
two candidates, the incumbent and the
caucus nominee. It ippeared impossi
ble.for the caucus to perform the cus
tomary work of such an assemblage,
there were two candidates in opposi
tion to the incumbent-Col. J. L. M.
Irby, of Laurens, and Col. M. L. Don
aldson, the Senator from Greenville.
The latter was distinctively the Alli
ance candidate, though fully in accord
with the new administration. Col.
Irby was the administration candidate,
and himself an active and prominent
Perhaps the best attainable idea of
hecharacter of the contest betweex
Ethe supporters of General Hamptou
and those whose preference lay iz
another direction may be gathered
from the nominating speeches, 0:
-these the following are severally signi
,fcant of the phrases of sentiment iE
-Mr.Yeldell,of Edgefield: "Mr. Speak
Ser, it affords me great pleasure to havi
the honor to place in nomination
~gentleman who has been alluded to ox
Sthisafloor as being a brilliant and fixed
ithenrison of the political firm
ament of South Carolina. A gentle
a wheha for four years espoused
hacueand finally led to victory thi
SState. .A gentleman grounded in thi
Sprinciples of the Alliance and a stroni
sC~aiocate of its demands. A successfu]
~and progressive farmer, young, brave
?Intelligent and in every respect a rep
~resentative man, who if elected will
inmake us a United States Senator o:
whom all the State will be proud.J
nominate the Hon. J. L. M. Irby, o:
Mr. Kinard, of Edgefield: "I anr
yroudto say that I rise to second the
nopntion of my friend, J. L. M
Ilr.Fuller: "As a citizen of Lauren:
C_ ounty I take pleasure in seconding
tenomination of the lHon. J. L. M
MrBissell, of Charleston: ' I also de
E sire as a Representative from Charles
wton to join in seconding the nomina
etion of the distinguished gentlemar
R'Tfren Laurens, and in domng so I arr
'j.filed with embarrassment and dismay
KThis circumstance I mention, gentle
men, not as an idle apology for an ef
-Joitthat cannot be a speech of eithei
praise or censure, but as a call Upo
you to supply the defects of that efior1
by a double exercise of your attention
Colrby is presented to this body as at
example, and as a representative of thi
young, intelligent, robust manhood o1
theSouth. Splendidly eduicated withii
the venerable walls of Princeton, pos.
Usessedas heis with a manly form anc
undkaunted character, he would inf use
Snew blood into the Senate, an honor t<
his party, a protector of the people'
_privileges and the Commonwealth's
>"To an unprejudiced mind all these
accomplishments lift his figure witl
all the majesty of an ancient statut
.towering above the meaner and sinal
ler passions of the world around him
and as we study -more and more th<
regularity and uniformity of his na
ture,we rejoice to know that he is a sox
of Carolina, an exemplar of just rea
soning, a guardian of peace and um.
partiality, one who has never felt thi
touch of a mean ambition. As a young
man interested in the future of m:
State I heartily second the nominatiot
of Mr. irby and feel sure that if thi:
General Assembly in its wisdom see:
fitto send him to the United State:
Senate his career there will be of sue)
renown and glory as shall be diffusec
throughout the Union. I second, wit!
geat pleasure. the nomination of the
Ho. J. L. Md. Irby, of Laurens."
'M.Mc.Laurin, of Marlboro: "A mar
would be less than flesh and blood wh<
could be insensible to the traditions o1
South Carolina. No man could exce:
him, he said, in his admiration for thi
hero of which the gentleman frorr
-Charleston had just spoken, but thern
were other questions which enter int<
the consideration of this matter. A
wise caliph of Arabia said once thal
young men were more like the age it
which they lived than like their fath
ers. Profound is the reflection ani
fortunate for posterity and progres:
tt is so.
"Let us revere the past, sacred be it:
memories as a Sabbath of the soul, bu1
never let us forget that our father:
were great in the past, not becausi
they walked in the footprints of thei1
ancestors, but because they arose t<
the demands of the present and made
history of their own. It will not do t<
allow the shadow of a great name anc
historic past to dwarf into insigntifi
cance any sacred principle. Ever:
mile stone which marks the progres:
of Anglo-Saxon rights has been accom.
panied by revolutions in times past, b3
revolutions of bloodshed and violence
Such a revolution unattended by blood
shed the people of South Carolina and
of the whole United States had jus1
p assed through. The issues were fair
Jymade up at the ballot box. If I wai
asked to name some of them I woul<
say that the people of South Carolin
felt that they had ceased to be the mas
ters. They felt that the power whic1
by right was theirs had eluded thei:
am not prepared to sa:
inL~Lre right or wrong, bu
jira t the ballo
box that their represcmtatives shu.d
feel their direct responsibilities in car
rying out the great economic and re
form principles involved in the cam
*So far as I am ccncerne 1. if 1 con
sidered it merely a personal matter
there is no man in South Carolina, or
the world, who would get my ballot
before Wade Hampton; but 1 cannot
consider it a personal matter. I think
the issues have been made up and we
are pledged to the people upon these
issues. Therefore I second the nomi
nation of J. L. M. Irby, a representa
tive of the young Democracy of the
State. I present him to you, not as an
untried man, but as the man who with
a clear eve and steady hand held the
helm of ship of State through all these
trying months and guided it through
the rocks and shallows into what I
confidently hope will be a haven of
Mr. Jones, of Lancaster: "I rise to
express a hope that the nomination
just seconded will triumph on the Iloor
to-day. The wheel of progress has
moved forward and we must elect a
man in accord with the sentiments of
the day. I will allow no man to out
strip me in my reverence for the past.
I love the past of South Carolina, and I
love her great men, and when I think
of the great hero whose name has been
so touchingly mentioned here to-day
the words of Tennysom come flying to
"0: good grav head which all men know,
0! voice froin which good omen all men
o! iron :e-ve to true occasion true,
A towei zr strength which stands
Four souare to all the winds that blow."
"Such was Wade Hampton ! But,
Mr. Speaker the State of South Caro
lina has moved forward, and while we
will not forget great memories of the
past the living issues of the present de
mand our attention.
"During the great reform movement
that swept over this Stqte in August
and September on whom were the eyes
of the people of South Carolina turned?
When Independentism was about to
blot out the fair escutcheon of South
Carolina who was it that stood by the
State and the Democrat c party ?. Was
it Wade Hamptoun? Was it Donald
son? It was Irby, of Laurens. I think
it would be a retrograde movement at
the triumph of the party of reform to
defeat the man who led that party to
Mr. I.. L. Hardin, of Chester: "Mr.
Speaker. I nominate the true, noble
and patriotic Wade Hampton."
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson, of Spartan
bure: We are here to-day making his
torf for South Carolina. The special
order before us to-day propounds the
question: 'What is South Carolina
going to do with Wade Hampton? No
less distinguished a writer than Ma
caulay has written that no people has
ever continued to be a great people who
was orgetful of or untrue to her
heroes. South Carolina is a great
State. Her history is illustrious. Her
pages are illumin.:d with the deeds and
thoughts of her heroes. We are proud
of our past-It is a glorious past. The
name of South Carolina is an inspira
tion to us, and there breathes not with
in this Southland a man of the soil
who does not feel an inspiration when
he remembers that he is a South Caro
linian. Why? Because it comes to us
from the past, because the voice of our
history tells us that the people of South
Caroli'na have been and still are a great
people. Judged by that standard,
judged by the standard laid down by
Macaulay, she certainly has been true
to herself. We are not without our
heroes in war and in peace. In the
days of the Swamp Fox and the Game
cock, in the days of '61 to '64, when
South Carolina sent her sons by thous
ands into the field, in peace, in the
councils of the nation, on the Bench,
South Carolina has had her heroes, and,
has she received back into her soilbei adt e oota ee ye
single one of her sons bearing upon his
heart the death-thrust of her own in
gratitude. Never has there been a
single son of South Carolina worthy of
his State who has carried to his grave
the memory of his State's ingratitude.
"If you will look upon the bas reliefs
in the front of this building you will
see fixed for eternity the great names
of Hayne and McDuffie. Look upon
the records of your State and you will
see there enshrined the memory of
your Calhoun. Never yet has South
Carolina gone back on, one of her true
sons. Be it said to her lasting honor
never up to this day has she done this.
We are making history to-day I say.
Who is the man who is presented to us?
What is he ? Has he any claim upon
South Carolina? The name of Wale
Hampton! Why, gentlemen. a1.out
fourteen years ago it was talismanic.
When all was depression; when we
were in the depths of despair; wvhen
the future lay black and dreary before
us; and there was no one to deliver,
where was Wade Hampton and how
did he bring himself to the front in
South Carolina? He came upon the
call of his people and, without going
over the events of that campaign, it is
only necessary to call to the memory
of this Hlouse what took place within
these very walls. The name of Wade
Hampton was then magic, when re
calling to you the memories which
must shake you to the very foundation
of your being; memories of the nield,
memories of which I know nothing,
but can only conjecture. But, gentle
men, without going back to the fields
of Virginia, I say nio farther back than
'76 the name of Wade H ampton w as
magic in South Carolina.
"-What has Wade Hampton done
since then to lose his hold upon the
hearts of the people ? Nothing! As I
-stand here before my Creator there is
not one word, not one act of Wade
Hampton's which has cast dishonor
upon his fair fame. I say, what has he
done to forfeit the love, admiration and
gratitude of his people? He had it
tien! Why should he be denied it
now? He has it to-day, gentlemen!
And in a few years, when all patrty
prejudice and feelings have died away,
as these things inevitably do, when
men look back with solrer second
thought and an eye single to justice,
you will say: What had Wade Hlamp
ton done ?
"To-day where does hestand ? Upon
every single issue before the public is
he not in elbow touch with the people
of this State? Is ne not in full and
perfect sympathy with the people of
the State on everything touching their
interests? Is he not thoroughly allied
Iwith the agricultural interests ? Is he
not solid on the tariff, equally solid on
silver, equally solid on the force bill
and upon every question upon which
the agriculturists are solid to-day ?
There cannot be pointed out a single
feature of his political existence which
is not in complete harmony with the
-wishes of every agriculturists in South
ICarolina. He was with you in the
past, lie is with you in the present.
Then why down Wade Hampton?
"Gentleman, this is the most iixipor
tant day in the history of South Caro
lina for many a year. A century of
the State's record is looking down on
you. Wade Ihampton's name and fame
is world-wide. Wherever the record of
the war is read his fame is like an open
book, to be read of all men. The spirits
Iof the men of '61 to '64, who died by his
-side, and the men who suffered with
him and survived, appeal to us to-day
that by nominating Wade Hampton,
by refusing to stab him to the heart,
we will place upon the history of this
State one of its brightest and most
illustrious pages. I appeal to you as
Ione of the young Carolinians who be
lieves in his State's future, one who is
in sypathy with the onward move
ment of the present, but not unmind
Iful of our duty to the past, I appeal to
iyou to stand by Wade Hampton."
-Mr. Sanders Glover: "It is my great
pleasure to second the nomination of
rthat grand old man, Wade 1Ham pton.
SI appeal to every member of this Ilouse
twho passed through the trying days 01
the trrili which ran through their
veins when word was prese1 along the
line that Hampton was Coming and
how that name nerved the sinews of
everv man in the battle before him.
"Coming down to events of nearer
date, he asked what man was there
who was able, or willing in the dark
davs ot recon:-truction to lead us to
our redeat ion? What other man
was there inl this State whose wcrd was
law? The edicts of the Czar of Russia
have never been more implicitly obeyed
than Hampton's simple word by the
people of South Carolina. At the time
in Beaufort when we were surrour:ded
by dangers as thick as on the battle
field; when only a spark was needed to
start a bloody conflict, -which would
have spread from the c-ast to the
mountains, the word of Hampton was
law and we learned that his judgment
was invariably best. In the time of
chaos in this State, who but Wade
Hampton could have come forward
and secured ordere Ile comes before
us asking for nothin Z. ~ We bring him
and present him and ask that the State
he has honored in the past shall ho-ior
itself again by honoring him. This
will perhaps be the last time in this
life, gentlemen, that we shall be able
to honor ourselves by honoring Wade
Hampton. Let us say,'Well done thou
good and faithful servant.'
"Wade Hampton is to-day, as he has
always been in the past, iirst in wvar,
first in peace and first in hearts of his
Mr. Mooney, of Greenville: "I have
never so greatly desired eloquence and
the power of words as I do at this mo
ment. I remember, though but a boy,
in '76 how the mere mention of Hiamp
ton's name in any assemblage caused a
thrill in the heart of every patriot in
that presence. 1 know that when he
stood here in Columbia on the memo
rable occasion of the contest between
the whi:e people of thisState and the
Republicans, scalawags and negroes, I
know that all over this grand old coun
try from hearts as pure as God ever
created prayers were ascending to Iis
throne for the salvation and redemp
tion of this good people and for the
success of the cause which that grand
old man advocated and stood by. 1
know, Mr. Speaker, that when that
clock tolled 12 to-day, that when the
sun reached the meridian, the pulse of
this good old State began to beat
quicker, and I know that the same
prayers from the same pure hearts are
at this moment, as in '76, ascending to
the throne of mercy for that grand old
hero, Wade Hampton. When I look
around this House and in the gallares
and see the fair women of Carolina, I
know that they have come here to add
their presence and give courage to the
manhood of this State in standing by
"But some say this is a new era in
the politics of South Carolina. I be
lieve it! But has not WIde Hampton
had his shoulder to the wheel from the
day he entered the politics of this
State up to the very dawn of your new
era? What has Wade Hamnton done
which renders him out of accord with
the demands of the Alliance? What
views of his are antagonistic to the
views held by that Order? The Alli
ance says it wants reform. -New ideas
of legislation have been involved. Are
we prepared to say that Wade Hamp
ton is not in accord with these ideas?
Not one word has he spoken against
his constinuency, whether Alliance
men or not. The gentlemen who have
been nominated are my friends, my
neighbors. It is from a sense of duty,
and I will say a pleasurable sense of
duty, that 1 say one feeble word in en
dorsing the glorious name of the noble
Wade Hampton. it is, I say, from a
sense of duty that I stand here and, !L
my humble,~feeble way, lay my tribute
at the feet of that grand old man.
"Men of Carolina! arise in your man
hood, and for the last time in his life
do honor to Wade Hampton. Never
again in his life time will you have the
honor of casting your ballot for him
for any office.. Shall we not, gentlemen
of Carolina, insure to his declining
years the proud s:ttisfaction that the
services he has rendered his loved State
have not been in vain and have been
appreciatedl by a grateful people? It
is with great pleasure that I add my
endorsement to the nomination of
Mr. Brazeale, of Anderson, nomina
ted the Ion. M. L. Donaldson. of
Greeaville, he said:
'-The question before us, gentlemen,
is whether wve shall redeem the pledges
we ngadle on the hustings during the
late campaign to the people of this
State. We are working foi something
higher than the elevation of any one
man to office. There is a principle at
stake for which the people had cou
tended, and they have pronouuced with
no uncertain voice what they demand
of their Representatives here. Many
are committe-d to issues who are com
nitted to no individual man, and is
sues are hiaher than men.
-I desire to present to this IHouse the
name of a man who has been of the
people, whose elbo w touch has been felt
by them, who sympathizes with them
and has worked for them, and has ad
vcated their interests throughout the
State; true to every trust that has been
imposed on him, and has shown an ex
ceeding clearness of judgment in all
matters in which he has taken part. It
elected he will represent the whole
people of South Carolina. I refer to
the IIon. M. L. Donaldson, of Green
Mr. Iharrison, of Greenville. second
ed the nomination of Mr. Donaldson
and gave a brief epitome of his life and
services to the people of South Caroli
na. In all the positions he had been
calle:1 to fill he had shown rare capaci
ty andI ability, and I predict, said Mr.
Iarrison, that you honor .\r. Donald
son with a seat in the United States
Senate lie will reflect honor upon the
State he loves so well.
Wigg, colored of Beaufort, nomina
ted Robert Smalls-whereon there was
a general laugh.
The vote stood as follows.
Donaldson ....... .... .... ......3
Iampon..... ...... .... 3
Keitt. .... .... .........
George Tillman..... ------
A notable feature of the vote was
that as each vote for Hampton was
cast it was received with applause in
in the Senate, Mr. Moody of Marion,
noinated General IHampton. Second
ed by Senator Smythe of Charleston.
Senator Evans. of Marlboro, nomina
ted Col. Irby. Seconcted by Senator
Meetze, of Lexington..
Senator Strait, of Lancaster, nomina
tel Col. Donaldson. Seconded by Sen
ator Sojourner, of 13arn well, an d Sena
tor Peake, of Union.
The vote stood:
Iampton............. .... .... 14
Irby ........... .... .....---.
Total in both Ihouses:
Smalls ........ .... ........-.....-.
Scattring.... .... .... . .........0
On Wednesday at noon the Joint As
sembly me t in the Ilctise, Lieutenant
Gov. Gary Presiding. The vote stood:
senate. IHouse. Total.
J. L. M. Irby -... 6 57 43
M. L. Donaldson. .14 31 45
Wade llampton. ..4 28 42
Scattering..... - 4 4
Total..........34 120 164
Irby gainedl eight votes altogether,
two from IHampton, four from Donald
son, and twvo of the scattering. Messrs.
Scott and Blease, of Newberry, went
from Hampton to Irby.
There beiing no choice, it was moved
Ithat the Joint Assembly proceed to a
second ballot. But, there being differ
nce of opinion touching the leality
o,, men haiit.the bony issoivea to re.
assemb;> on Thursday.
Ist. 2nd. 3rd. 4th.
Irby ........ 69 t 66 0 82
Donald;on .........49 52 48 37
I ,,.mp! - n. . -......- .36 38 39 31;
As l Iw seen. Col Ir by was electt d
on the fourth ballot. Before the an
nounciiCnent of the vote, there d.ere a
number of changes-so that the vote,
as declaired. stood thus:
H ampton....................... ...42
The result was received with ap
plause. The Joint Assembly immedi
Among the new measures introduc
ed are the following:
Bill to authorize and require the
Governor to select in each county, be
fore the 10th day of January in each
year, a newspaper in which shall be
published all official advertisements
and making notices illegal which shall
not be published in the chosen paper.
Bill to provide for the levy and col
lection of a tax of two mills on the dol
lar in each school district of this State
for support of public schools therein.
Bill to reduce the number of peni
tentiary directors fron live to three
and the asylum regents from nine to
Bill to make the terms of the schol
arships in the Winthrop Training
School two years, and to appropriate a
sum not exceeding $10,000 to the said
school al soon as the trustees of the
Winthrop Training School shall make
arrangements with the South Carolina
University to give tne young women
of the State a course in high education.
Bill to make the Clerk of the Circuit
Court in each County on inspector of
weights and measurers. (House.)
The following were killed in the
Bill to amend section 2197 of the gen
eral statutes. relation tc fees allowed
witnesses bound over or summoned to
testi fy in the Court of General Sessions.
Bill to prohibit all persons from
practicing physic or surgery in this
State, with or without compensation,
who have not a diploma and complied
with all the laws of the State now of
The Aliance Exchange and Bank.
CoLu.MBIA. S. C., Dec 1.-A meet
ing oi the trustees and County stock
holders of the State Alliance Exchange
was held at the Agricultural Hall on
Tuesday night and again on yesterday,
at which the matter of removing the Ex
change to Columbia, and also of estab
lishing a bank in connection therewith,
was fully discussed. At the first session
a committee of five, consisting ofF. N.
Walker of Spartanburg, Glenn Anderson
and J. A. Sligh of Newberry, J. C. Coit
of Chesterfield, and D. P. Duncan of
Union, were appointed to revise the plan
of organization, so as to permit the re
moval of the Exchange to Columbia.
This committee were in session all
yesterday morning and afternoon, and
last night submitted their report. They
state that there is nothing in the plan of
organization preventing the removal of
the Exchange to Columbia, and they
recommend that this be done. They
also recommend the establishment of a
bank to be run in connection with the
The rppo-rt was adopted and the Rev.
J. A. Sligh was authorized to procure a
charter for the bank and make a report
to another meeting of stockholders, to
be held here on the 28th January next.
The report to the stockholders of the
operations of the Exchange was also
presented, and Messrs, Shigh, Duncan
and W- B. Timimerman were appointed
to prepare an address to the Alliances,
setting forth the !mportance of the bene
fits to be derirel from the proposed
change, which afldress is to be published
in the Cotton Plant. The Exchange
and the bank will have separate charters,
but the two will be run in conjunction
with each other, and it is rumored that
as soon as the Agricultural Department
has been abolished, the Agricultural Hall
will be purchased by the Alliance from
the State and utilized for the above
named purposes.-Columbia Register.
The Farmers Are Ahead.
WAshINGTON, Dee. 10-Senator
Plumb introduced a bill to reduce the
amount of United States bonds to be
required of national banks and to re
place their surrendered notes and to
provide for the free coinage of silver.
Referred to the committee on finance.
Ie also offered an amendment, in the
same terms, to a bill now on the Calen
dar, so that the matter can be brought
before the Senate independently of any
report from the finance committee. In
doing so he gave notice that if the elec
tions bill were not disposed of at an
early date he should move to lay it
aside for the time being, in order that
the bill just introduced by him and all
other measures relating to the financial
condition of the country should be con
sidered. Something, he saiid, ought to
be done. Congress had on it a respon
sibility which, in his judgdment, it
could not avoid for any great period of
time without letting pass a very great
opportunity for helping the country,
and one which, in his judgment, would
not occur again in a yery great many
years. If something was not done with
in the next two or three weeks. it might
as well be postponed indefinitly. The
Farmers' Alliance sub-treasury. bills
which were at the last session referred
to the committee on agriculture were
transferred to the committee on finance,
as being more properly within the ju
risdiction of the latter committee.
Three Hundred Lives Lost.
SAN FRANcisco, Dec. 10.-The steam
ship China arrived this morning from
China and Japan, bringing Chinese ad
vices to November 13 and Japanese to
November 21. The details of the blow
ing up on November 2 of the govern
ment posyder mills at Tai-Ping-Foo are
mearie, but agree in stating that 300
lives were lost and all the houses in the
vicinity wrecked. Fifty persons arc said
to have been at work In the miils at the
time of the accident, and of their re
mains only two limbs have been found.
The cause of the explosion is unknown.
One-half of the city of Po-Choo in the
province of Anluvei, is reported destroy
ed by fire originating from another po0w
An agreement has been arrived at be
tween the Japanese and the Hawaiian
governments in regard to Japanese em
iration to Hawaii, by which the passage
of each emigrant, $65, is defrayed by
the Hawaiian government.
Several firms at Ilachioji In the Japan
silk district, have failed for nearly $100,
000, and a serious panic has ensued.
A boat containing the Captain and
fourteen men of the crew of the Japa
nese tramning ship Monju cap~sized off
the coast of Japan recently andI all were
drowied but two.
Gordon an Alliancemnan.
ATLANTA, GA., Dec. 6.-A decided
sensation was created today by the an
nouncement that Gen. Gordon is to be
initiated in the Alliance. The an
nouncement is authorilive. Gen. Gor
don was to have been initiated into the
Edgwood Alliance last night, but for
some reason it was postponed until
Tuesday next. The members of the Lee
islature who are alliancemen, nre making
a strong efrort to induce the Edgewood
Alliance to conduct the exercises of ini
tiation in the agricultural committee
room at the Capitol, as they all wvant to
take a hand. It looks!as if General Gor
on had captured the whole Alliance.
They are all for him now.-Augasta
Recently a writer in the .North
.Uerican Review made the- startling
statement that the United States is the
largest te-nt farmer nation in the
vorld. Of t he 7.503) adus engaged
:n ,gricultie lt-s than one-chird are
farnfers. half of that third az-tso heavi
ly mortgaged that the int-rest thliy
must pay to avoid hirvelosur.' is equal
to the galling rent.
The number of the teI:anlt f;rh.n.-rs in
the various States are given and we
shall give a few samples froi the list:
New York ....................39,872
W est Virginia...................12,000
Ohio......... .. ........49,283
Indiana.... .... ..... .....40,050
Michigan.... .......... 15.411
Texas .................... 66.465
Here are twenty-one of our leading
States with more tenant farmers than
England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
Pushing the Force Bill.
WASnINOTON, Dec. 4.-In the senate
to-day the election bill was taken up,
and Senator Pugh delivered a speech
in opposition. At the close of his re
marks an effort was made to take up
the eight-hour bill, but objections being
made, a number of local measures and
private bills were takertfrom the calen
ar and considered. Senator Hoar an
nounced that after to-day he should
press the election bill until a vote was
I have just returned from the North with
the largest and best assorted stock of
that has ever been offered by me since I
have been in the business. I am prepared
to compete with the la, gest merchants in the
town. My stock con sists of
DRESS GOODS, TRIMMINGS, HOME.
SPUNS, PANTS GOODS
of all kinds, and in fact everything that is
kept in a
Dry Goods Store.
I also have the best assortment of GENTS
FURNISHING GOODS in town, and my
Clothing and Hats
I can sell cheaper than any one else. If you
want first class family and plantation
give me a trial, and I will convince you that
it is to your interest to buy from me.
Manuing, S. C.
SUMTER, S. C.
First class accommodations and excelleni
tablc. Convenient to the business portion
of the town. 25 cents for dinner.
.J. H. DIXON. Proprietor.
C.WULERN & Co.
Flour a Specialty.
Nos. 171 and 17:3 East Bay Street
CHARLESTON. S. C.
M. Drake & Son,
BOOTS, SHOES, & TRUNKS
235 Meeting St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
Lrgest stock, best assortment, lowest prices
.. T. MCGAHUAN. A. S. BhiowN. UOBT. I'. EvANS
McGAHAN, BROWN & EVANS
Dry Goods, Notions,
Boots, Shoes and Clothing!
Nos. 226, 228 & 230 Meeting Street
CHARLESTON, S. C.
S. THOMAS, Ju. J. M. THO31AS
Stephen Thomas, Jr, & Bro
JEWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
*rWatches and Jewelry repaired b:
257 KING STREET.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Carrington, Thomas & Co.
JEWELRY, SIL.VERWARE AND FANCY GOODS
No. 251 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
A. McCOBB, Jr.
General Commission Merchant,
AND DEALEn IN
IME, CEMENT, PLASTER PARIS, HAIR, FIRI
BRICKS, AND FIRE CLAY, LAND PLAS
TER, AND EASTERN HAY.
Agents for White's English Portland Cement,
194 & 196 East flay, Charleston, S. C,
JOHN L CONNOR,
-CO.MMISSION MERCHA NT
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Solcts~ consixgnments of cotton on which
liberal advances will be made.
In bend of King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Newly furnished. Electric bells. Electriq
lights in all rooms and hallways. Rates,
$2. an $2.::. G. T. ALTFORD, Proprietor
Fo AGEXYT EQUIJ'ABLE LIFE AS
SURA SCESOCIP TY.
MANNING. S. C.
J SEPHI' F. RIL.0I!
.1 T'I:XEY A T LA It,
MANNING, S. C.
OllN S. WILSON.
!!bi/rney aawl Cowelur ti .aw,
MANNING, S. C.
A LEYLTI|. Y T LAW
MANNING, S. (C.
paT'DNotary Pubi-c with seal.
ALL;MN HUGGINS, D. D. S.,
G CIIER AW, ;5. C.
f-Visits Manning every month or two
T HE TIMES OFFICE IS FITTED UP IN
a manner that warrants it in soliciting
your patronage for job printing. Send us
your orders which shall have prompt atten
tion. Prices as low as the cities. Satisfac
tion guarauteed. Keep us in mind.
FORESTON DRUG STORE,
FORESTON, S. 0.
I keep always on hand a full line of
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, TOILET
SOAPS, PERFUMERY, STATION
ERY, CIGARS, GARDEN SEEDS,
and such articles as are usually kept in a
first class drug store.
I have just added to my stock a line of
PAINTS AND OILS,
and au prepared to sell PAINTS, OILS
LEAD, VARNISHES, BRUSHES,
in quantities to suit purchasers.
L. W. NETTLES, M.D.,
Foreston, S. C.
A. s. J. PER:Y. 1. r. SUIONS. E. A. PRINGLE.
Johnston, Crews & Co.,
JOBBERS OF DRY GOODS,
Notions and Small Wares,
Nos. 49 Hayne & 112 Market Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
R. A. McCURDY, Prest.
The oldest, strongest, largest, best
company in the world. It "Cmakes as
surance doubly sure."
E. ]|. Canley, Agent fohr Ker.<hate and
Cl1arendoni, Canulen, S. C.
ED. L. GERNAND,
Columbia, S. C.
GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Is the largest hotel in the city, and has,
during the past year, been thoroughly reno
vated. remodeled, and retitted with all mod
en improvements. Centrally located, and
offers inducements for the accommodation
of its patrons. Has 0 spacious. light, and
airy sample rooms. Hot and cold baths, el
evator, &c. Cnisine und~er supervisioni of
Mr. E. E. Post, late of Lookout Point Botel,
Lookout Mountain, Tenn. The proprietor
hopes by strict attention to the wants of his
patrons to merit a share of patronage.
F. W. rsEEGERS, E. E. POST,
a.28 UNION SQUARE,NP ~4g'm
CH4'-L ogTLtAN TA.Gjq... cAL. 21508
W. E. BROWN & CO., Manning, s. C. "I
FIFTEE DAY 40TRIA
IN YOR CWNNDU3E8&OREYOU PY *NECENY
SEINESNEENTS DAYS' TPRTIAL0
Double a Barrent Brech, boaing Sho Gruns,.
ing hot uns, S . REve~ry ido
Breeh Lodingand epeaingRifles, t
Do. uzleBarlBc Loading beShot Guns,
$5 to $35. Single Shot Guns, $2.50 to $12.
Revolvers, $1 to $20. Double Action Self
Cockers, $2.50 to $10. All kinds of Car
tridges, Shells, Caps, Wads, Tools, Powder
Flasks, Shot Pouches, Primers. Send 2
cents for Illustrated Catalogue. Address
J. H. JOHNSTON. GREAT WESTERN
GUN WORKS, I'ittsburg, Pa.
Manning Shaving Parlor.
AIR CUTTING ARTISTICALLY EX
ecuted, and shaving done with best
razors. Special attention paid to shampoo
ing ladies' heads. I have had considerable
experience in several large cities, and guar
antec satisfacetion to my customers. Parlor
next door to Manning TimesA. T/rN
1 ,~1~.1E1 i>I 2- atn tr
Nocrta Atlan-tic W haatJrf *
CHAR LETON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealr in Wines, Licuors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grecers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
F. J. PELZER, President. F. S. RODGERS, Treasurer.
Atlantic Phosphate Company,
AND I1PORTERS OF
eureP~ C=er3man m1 amn
PELZER, RODGERS, & CO., General Agts.,
BROWN'S WHARF, CHARLESTON, S. C.
Mu. M. Lrvi. of Manning, will be pleasedl to supply his friends and the public gen
ally, with any of the above brands of Fertilizers.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, Feed,
244 & 246 Mceting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
!70-Contracts made for ear load lots or less.
W. E. HOLurs. LELAND MOORE.
W. E. HOLMES & CO.
White Lead and Colors,
Oils and Varnishes,
Glass and Brushes,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies.
STREET LAMPS and LANTERNS ofALL KINDS
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, S. C.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
swRepairs executed with promnptne.ss and Dispatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, COor. Pritehard St.,
Charlton, S. C.
Wholesale Bakery and Candy Factory.
AGENTS FOR HOLMIES &\ COUTVTh SEAFOA3I WAFERS A~ND ENGLISH BISCUIT,
464 andl 466 King St. CH ARLESTON, S. C.
SASHES, DOORS AND BLINDS 478 to 8GO MIeeting St., CHARLESTONS. C.
THlE BEST AND TUE CHEAPEST.
All goods guaranteed. Estimates faraished by return mail. Large stock, promp;
shipments. Our goods do not shrink or warp.
Geo. E. Toale & Company,
auMActr-nERs 0o' AND) WHOLEsALE DEALERS INt
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Moulding, and General Building Material.
Office and Salesrooms. 10 and 12 Hlayne St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
OLD CLOTHES MADE NEW.
SEND YOUR DYEING TO THE
CHARLESTON STEAM DYE WORKS,
All work gaanteed. :20 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C. -
5MoKE HENO WIOAR, THE BEST NICKLE GIGAR SOLD.
B. A. JOHNSON, Sole Agent, Manning, S. C.
SOL ISE1AN, Wholesale Grocer, State Agent,
1~se Fast Bay., ch]arleston. S. 0.
Lilienthal & Blohme,
Suiccessors to 1F. -.L Lilenthal & Son, Proprietors of
And dealers iniIi Prparedi Flour, Git anid Meal, also Hay, Grain, Flour, Mill Feed,
etc. end for pres32. :4 . ad :30 B rnftin St.. CHARILESTON. S. C.
Goine to Sumter BOLLIMANN BROTHERS,
and inspect my large stock of Clothing
Hats, Shoes, Gents Funrntining Goodt WhlsD
Goods, Hiardware, Groera', 1 . olsl
a irtcls Grocers,
GENERAL MERCHANDISE STORE.
and p- the highs lo rs .o le, rs 157 and 169, East Bay,
and all kinds of country prodnee.
I.. M. K AR E SH, CALSOSC
Liberty Stree-t, Sumter, S. C'. - - -
CHARLES C. LESLIE
DLIi JOHN F. WERNER & GO.,
F I I-IAND
OYE A E N Provision Dealers.
Consignments of poultry, egg, and all 164 & 166 East Bay aid 29 & 3!
kinds of country produce are respectfully
solicited. Vegdue Range, x.
Office Nos. i8 & 20 MIarket St., E. of East Bay CALSOa0
CHARLESTON, S. C. I4LSO