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A SERMON ON BABYLON.
DSCOURSE PREAC'"L. SUNDAY, JAN.
25. BY DR. TALMAGE.
A Grapbic Descr; lit ion o the l mizders of
this Auck4-tt Pa-nan City-.oime L.cssos
That Should be lteedcd to be ramnn
from Its Fall.
BROOKLYN, Jan. 2a.-Dr. Talhage
preached the following sermon this
m-orning in th-e Academry of Music in
this city, and he repeated it to-night
at The Christian Herald service in the
New York Academy of Music. lli
.text was Daniel. v, 30: "In that night
was B]elshazzer. the king of the C ual'
After the site of Babylon hail ben
selected, two million of men were em
ployed for the construction of the wall
and the principal works. The walls of
the city were sixty miles in circumfe-r
ence. They were surrounded by a
trench. out (f which had b'een dug the
material for the Construction of tihe
city. There were twenty-five gates et
solid brass on each side of the square
city. Between every two gates a great
tower sprang up into the heavens.
From each of the twenty-five gates on
either side a street ran straight through
to the gate on the other side, so that
there were fifty streets, each fifteen
miles long, which gave to the city an
appearance of wonderful regularit.y.
The houses did not join each other
on the ground, and between them were
gardens ana shrubbery. From house
top to housetop bridges swung, over
which the inhabitants were accustomed
topass. A branch of the Euphrates
Went through the city, over which a
bridge of marvelous structure was
thrown, and under wnich a tunnel ran.
To keep the river from overflowing the
city in time of freshet. a great lake
was arranged to catch the surplus, in
which the water kept as in a reservoir
until times of drought, when it was
sent streaming down over the thirsty
land. A palaze stood at each end of
the Euphrates bridge: one palace a
mile and three-quarters in compass,
and the other palace seven and a half
miles in circumference. Tne wife of
Nebuchadnezzar, having been brought
up among. the mountains of Media
could not stand it in this flat country
of Babylon, and so to please her Nebu
chadnezzar had a mountain four hun
dred feet high built in the midst of
This mountain was surrounded by
terraces, for the support of which
great arches were lited. On the top o
these arches flat stones were laid; then
a layer of reeas and bitumen; then twd
rows of bricks, closely cemented; then
thick sheets of lead, upon which the
sQil was placed. The earth here de
posited was so deep that the largest
trees had room to anchor their roots.
All the glory of the flowery tropics
was spread out at that tremendous
height, until it must have seemed to
one below as though the clouds were
all in blossom, and the very sky leaned
on the shoulder 6f the cedar. At the
top an engine was constructed which
drew the water from the Euphrat es, far
below, and made it spout up amid this
garden of the skies. All this to please
wifel ~ I think she must have been
In the midst of this city stood also
the temple of Belus. One of its towers
was one-eighth of a mile high, and on
EAhe top of it an observatory, which
gave the astronomers great advantage,
a being at so great a height, one
Scould easily talk with the stars. This
(temple was full of cups and statues and
n censers, all of gold. One figure weighed
a thousand lBabylonish talents, which
R-would be equal to lifty-two million
Sdollars. All this by day: but now night
was about to come dlown on Babylon.
E2heshadow's of her two hundred and
E fty towers began to lengthen. The
- Euphrates rolled on, touched by the
tjery splendors of the setting sun, and
~ ates of brass, burnished and glitter.
n g, opened and shut like doors 01
fame. The hanging gardens of Baby
on-,n wet with the heavy dew, began tc
pour from starlit flowers and dripping
leaf a fragrance for many miles around.
iThe streets and squares were lighted
A for dance' and frolic and promenade.
R The theatres and galleries of art in
M ited the wealth and pomp and gran.
Kdeur of the city to rare entertainments.
Scenes of riot and wassail were mingled
-nevery street; godless mirth, and out
ufgeis excess, and splendid wicked
mescame to the king's palace to do
their mightest deeds of darkness.
A royal feast to-night at the king's
Spalace! Rushing up to the gates are
chariots, upholstered with precious
dolths frem Dedan and drawn by fire
eyedborses from Togarmah, that rear
a-Bnd neigh in the grasp of the chariot
' rs,inhile a thousand lords dismount.
Sand women dressed in all the splen.
a ots of Syrian erregald, and the color
Sblending of agate, and the chasteness
of coral, and the princely embroideries
.brought from afar by came s across
Sthe desert, and by ships from Tarshish
Sacross the sea.
''Open wide tbe gates and let the
guests .come in. The chamberlains
,and cup bearers are all ready. Hlark~
fto the rustle of the robes and to the
Sof the musici See the blaze of the
~~wels! Lift the banners. Fill the
Up.Clap the 'cymbals. I3low the
~mpets. Let the night go by with
song and dance and ovation; and let
SthtBabylonish tongue be palsied that
Swill not say, "Oh, King Bwlshazzar,
Ah!.my friends, it was not any comn
-mon banquet to wvhich these great peo
ple came. All parts of the earth had
sent their richest viands to that table.
Brackets and chandeliers hiashed their
it.lgt upon tankards of burnished gold.
?rji, ripe and lu scious, in baskets of
a ver, en twined with leaves, plucked
k- rom royal conservatories. Vases, in
Slaid with emerald and ridged with ex
juisite. traceries, filled with nuts. that
were thrashed from forests of distant
lands. Wine brought from the royal
-vata, foanming in the decanters and
bobbling in the chalices. Tufts of
im-asia and frankinconse wafting theiI
sweetness from wall and table. Gor
geaus banners unfolding in the breeze
that came through the opened window,
bewitched with the perfume of hang
ing garaens. Fountains rising up
from inclosures of ivory in jets of crys
tal, to fall in clattering rain of dia
monds and pearls. Stat ues of
mighty men lookin& down fromi niches
in the wall upon cirowns and shields
brought from subdued empires. idolt
of wonderful work, standing on pedes
tale of prec:ous stones. Fmbroideies
drooptug about the wvindowvs and wrap
ping pillars of cedar, and drifting or
fioor inlaid with ivory and agate.
Music. mingling the thrum of harps,
and the clash of cymbale, and the blast
of trumpets in one wave of transport
that went rippling along the wal
Iand breathing among the garlands
amUbp~ouriug down the co'-ridors, and
thrilling the szouls of a thousand ban
The signal is given, and the lord:
and ladies, the mi-ghty men and we
men of the land, come around the table
Pour out the wine. Let foam and bub
-ble kiss the rimi Iloisti every one his
cup, and drink to the sentiment, "Oh,
King Bleishazzar, lire forever!" Be
starred headband and carcanet of royal
beauty gleam to the uplifted chalices
as again and again and again the-y arn
emptied. Away w~ith care from the
palace! Tear royal dignity to tatters
Pour out more winel Give us morn
light, wilder music, sweeter perfume
Lord shouts to lord, captain ogles t<
captain. Goblets clash, decanters rat
tIe. There comes in the vile song, au(
the~runken hiccough, and the slaver
ai l~ip;'ana the guffaw of idiotic
laughter, bursting from the lips o:
pinces, flushed, reeling, bloodshot
Smingling with it all I heai
insistp. TI. .:.'*"hM bd fro the
:Ther is a stit. Ther is a ihs.d
voiced shriek o horrr. Let iomiei
be brought in to re ad that writinz.
Ile cnies i. e reads i "We.&
in th~e balan'e and found witmrg;'
2!eanwh ithe Ass',riatn,. who for
two vears had -n laying siege to t
city. took advantaze of that e.rcl'.
an came in. I hear tle feet of the
conquerors en the paace stairs. las
fla IShe inl wV'it ii a 1otsan1 leam
in knives. Dvath bulrsts urpon the
scene. and I shut the door of tlhat ban
qi::etingr h:dl. for I d1o not w:ut to look.
i There is nothing there but torn ban
neri. and broken wreaths. and the
slush of upset taik-ards. ad the bloc'Wd
of muirdered womn. and th; ki 'k d
and t::Pmbled carctass of a dead king.
For "in that rv itwas Blsiazzar. the
king of the Chaldeans. sixiin."
I go on to learn ihat when (oi
writes anything on the wall. a imii had
better read it as it is. Daniel did not
misinterpret or rmodify the handwit
inz on the wall. It is all foolishness
to expect a minister of the G ospel to
preach always things that the people
like or the people choose. Young men
what shall I preach to you to-night?
Shall I tell you of the nonders that
our race has accomplished ? "Oh. no!"
you say: "tell me the message. that
came from God." I will. If there is
any handwriting on the wall it is this
lesson, "Accept of Christ and b,
saved!" I might talk of a great many
other things, but that is the message,
and so I ucclare it.
Jesus never flattered those to v. hom
he preached. Ile said to those who did
wrong and who were offensive in his
sight, --Ye generation of vipers: ye
whited sepelehers: how can ye escape
the damnation of hell:" Paul the
apostle preached before a man who
was not ready to hear him preach.
What subject did he take ? Did he say,
"Ob you are a good man, a very line
man, ia very noble man?" No; he
preached of righteousness to a man
who was unrighteous: of temperance
to a man who was the victim of bad
appetites; of the ju;igment to come to
a man who was unlit for it. -So we
must alway s declare the message that
happens to come to us. Daniel must
read it as it is
Another lesson that comes to us.
There is a great difference between
the opening of the banquet of sin and
its close. Young man, if you had look
ed in upon the banquet in the first few
hours, you would have wished you had
been invited there. and could sit at the
feast. "Oh! the grandeur of Belshaz
zar's feast:" you would bave said; but
you look in 'it the close of the banquet,
and vour blood curdles with horror.
The King of Terrors has there a ghast
lier banquet; human blood is the wine,
and dying groans are the music. Sin
has made itself a king in the earth. It
has crowned itself. It has spread a
banquet. It invites all the world to
come to it. It has hung in its banquet
ing hall the spoils of all kingdoms and
the banners of all nations. It has
gathered from all ' music. It, has
strewn, from its wealth, the tables ::nd
the floors and arches. And yet how
'often is that banquet broken up, and
how horrible is its end' Ever and anon
there is a handwriting on the wall. A
king falls. A great culprit is arrested.
The knees of wickdness kncek togeth
er. God's judgment. like an armed
host, breaks in upon the banquet; and
that night is Belshazzar. the king -of
the Chaldeans, slain.
I learn further from this sabject that
Death sometimes blreaks in upon a
banquet. Why did he not go down to
the prisons in 1iabylon ? There were
people there that would like to have
died. I suppose there were men and
women in torture in that city who
would have welcomed Death. Bat he
comes to the palace: and just at the
time when the mirth is dashing to the
tiptop pit'ch Death breaks in at the
banquet. We have of ten seen the s-une
thing illustrated. Ilere is a young
man just come from college. He is
kind, lHe is loving, ie is enthusias
tic. IIe is eloquent. By one spring
he may bound to heights toward which
many men have been struggling for
years. A profession opens before him.
ie is establhshed in the law. Ihis
friends cheer him. Eminent men en
After a while you may see him stand
ing in the United States Senate, or
moving a popular assemblage by his
tioquence, as trees are moved in a
whirlwind. Some night he retires ear
lv. A fever is on him. D~elirium, like
a reckless charioteer, seizes the reins
of his intellect. Father and mother
stand by and see the tides of his life
going out to the great ocean. The
banquet is coming to an end. The
lights of thought and mirth and elo
quence ar-e being extinguished. The
garlands are snatched from the browv.
The vision is gone. Death at the ban
.I have also to learn from the subject
that the destruction of the vicious,
and of those who despise God,' will be
very sudden. The wave of mirth had
dashed to the highest point when that
Assyrian army broke through. It was
unexpected. Suddenly, almost always,
comes the doom of those who despise
God and defy the laws of men. Ilow
was it at the deluge? Do you suppose
it came through a long northeast
storm, so that people for days before
were sure it was coming ? No; I suip
pose the morning was bright, that
calmness brooded on the waters; that
beauty sat enthroned on the hills.
whe'n suddenly the heavens burst, andi
the mountains sank like anchors into
the sea that dashed clear over the
Andes and the Ilimalayas.
The Red sea was divided. The
Egyptians.. tried to cross it. There
could be no danger. The Israelites had
just gone through. W~here they .had
gone, why not the Egyptians? Oh: it
was such a beautiful walking place!
A pavement of tinged shells and pearls,
and on either side two great walls of
water-solid. There can be no danger.
For ward, irreat hosts of the Egyptians.
Clap the cymbals, and blow the .tru m
pets of viectory: After them! We will
atch them yet, and they shall be de
stroyed. But the walls begin to trem
ble.~ They rock: They fail! The rush
ing wnters: The shriek of drowning
men! Tihe swinnuinog of the war horses
in vain far the shotre: The strewing
of th~e great host onm the bottom of the
sea, or pitchedi by the angry wave joa
the b.dch-a battered, bruised] and
loathsome- wreek! Suiddenily, de'strue
tion camne. One-hall hour beiore they
could nos have bl)ietved it. D)etroysi,
and. without re..nedl.
I am just setting f'orth a fact.- which
vou have noticed as well as 1. Ananiats
comes to the apostle. The apostle
says. "Did you sell thei land for so
much ?" ie says, "Yes." 1t was a lie.
Dead! as quick as that: Sapphira, his
wife, comes in. "Did vou sell the land
for so much ?" "Yes." It was a lie;
andI quick as that she was dead. God's
judgmenxts are upon those who desoise
him and defy him. They comxe sud
The destroying angel went through
Egypt. Do you suppose that any of
the people knew that he was coming ?
Did they hear the flap of his great
wing? No!ino: Suddienly, unexpected,
h e came.
Skilled sportsmen do not like to shoot
a bird stand ing on a sprig near by. if
they are skilled they pride themselves
on taking it on the wing, and they wait
ftill it star'ts. Death is an old sports
man, and he loves to take men lying
under the very'sun. ie loves to take
them on the wig
Are there any here who are unpre
pared for the eternal wvorld!? Are there
he'te "ccept or th'e Loira de'i t'r't
1.t n you ra nhne hegoc
or Lo the ore, or t0 the sp No-1
Iinz v.Iwilh t but Deat1 h m t . idg
nen an inrniy. h! iert~oGod,
tis hon: 1 hr-b one in th is pire.
ee who hafis wande red far awiy from
rii., ::my iot nave heard
I "invi_ hi now to c1 me and be ave
t 1r1L t stron:
iold of ;. . -spel:Now is th ai.t-:
ed: tiinw. :1-w i _ the ;.ay of salvation!'.
G d-nh mv Vou friends' MaV:a
youi have rosy slee*~p. gzua-rded by him
wl;o nwver stombers: May you awake
in rh iorning strong and well! But
ohl! ar'L thoul a VSpise.r of Go;(:i? I's
this thv last nit ( .rth ? .honidst
thon be' :awakneud in the night by s"m
thin thou est w e .not what. and
t here be shadov-s iloating in the room,
and'. i'a iing n01e Wn!!, -u
voufee tht yur 1:ast hour is comev,
*di thliere be a fainting t the heart,
and a tremor in the linih, and a ca'.ch
mi. of the breath-then thy doom
would be but an ;,cho of the words of
the text, "In that night was Belshaazar,
the ;in of the Chaleans, slin."
Hear the invitation of the Gospel!
There may be some one in this house to
whom I shall never speak again, and
the-refore let it be in the words of the
Gospel. and not in my own, with which
I close: -11o, every one that thirsteth!
Come ye to the waters. And let him
that hath no money come, buy wine
and milk without money, and without
price." "Come unto me, all ye who are
weary -an. heavy laden, and 1 will give
you rest." Oh' that my Lord Jesus
weuld now make himself so attractive
to your souls that you cannot resist
him; and that, if you have never prayed
before. or have not prayed since those
days when you knelt dowi at your
mother's knee, then that to-night you
might pray, saying:
Just as I am, without one plea
Be t that thy blood was shed for me,
And that thou bid'st me come to thee,
0 Lamb of God, I cone'
But if you cannot think of so long a
prayer as that, I will give you a shorter
prayer that you can say, "God. be mer
ciful t) me, a sinner 3" Or, if you Can
aot think of so log a prayer as that, I
will give you a still shorter tone that
you may litter, "Lord, save me, or I
perish:" Or if that be too long a pray
er, you need not utter -one word. Just
look amid live:
A GENERAL SCALING DOWN.
1rofessorships in the University Abolish
ed and Salaries Reduced.
CoLUnIBIA, Jan. 29.-A scheme for
the reorganization of the South Carolina
university which will probably be
adopted under the new order of things
has been prepared by the sub committee
of trustees appointed for that purpose,
and their revort will be considered and
acted u)oR tomorrow night by the exec
utive committee of the university's board
The chief points in the proposed
scheme have been given to the press,
and as will be seen. are cliely in the
line of the reduction of the appropriation
necessary to conduct the institution oi
its new basis.
Another change, it is understood, is
to have the management of the univer
sity more directly controlled by the trus
tees inisteaud of as heretofore .by the fai
Under the new plan the proposed ex
pcnses or the salaries of the president
and other officers will be brought down
to 84.At)0 annually, while the library and
intirmiarv fund is to be reduced to *1,500.
The general expenses for running the
university are to be cut down to #0.7:20
A saving of *7,150O is to be expected by
abolishing the chairs of pedagogics, vet
crinary s'eience, mechanical engineering,
pharnmacy, bactcrology andl doctoring
and by doing away with the services of
one tutor, foreman of the machane shop,
foreman of the blacksmith shop, and
foreman of thme wood shop, reduction in
the salary of the assistant chemist and
that of thes secretary. T'o this saving is
to be added $1,200) wiped out by reason
of abolishing the mnechanical department,
that sum having been requiredl for run
ning expenses. It is pessible a further
reduction of $4,500 may be made as fol
lows: Reducmng from three-to two the
chairs of English and moral philosophy
and rhetoric and logic; by combining
English ad rhetoric, and also Lioral
philosophy and logic; also by abolishing
the professorship of biology and divid
ing rte work between the professor of
eology and the president ; also by com
binIng the chairs of physics and mnatha
matles and employing an assistant pro
ThIs reorganization contains so much
amputation and liberal blood-letting in
the way of reduction in salarIes that thme
friends of the institution can scarcely be
blamed for fearing that death or a coma
tose state may ensue. Whether the full
committee will adopt so radical a plan
remains to be seen, but it is considered
very probable that the scheme outlined
in the above may be adopted.
>iunk byv a Steamer.
LawEs. DEL.. Jan. 2.-The British
steamer Macedonia, fi'om Philadelphia
for Hampilton Roads collided with a three
masted schooner last night ten miles off'
the Delaware capes. The sebooner sank
immehaely. 1Her captain's son ~ was
drowned, and thme captain was badly in
juried. Thbe Macedonia passed up at
A. M. to-day for Philadelphia with the
survivors on board.
The schooner sunk wats the Minnme
and Gutssie, from New York for Norfolk.
wvith guano. The steamer Macedonia
received dlamage to two :> her plates on
the bow. Fenwick's Island lightship
bears- southsoutheast, distant twelve
mies from the sunken schooner. Capt
French had his arm broken and receiv
ed a bad cut in the leg from a thing
splnter. lHe may die. The captain's
son. Winfield French, who1 was second
mate of thec schoont-r, was in the cabin
at the time of' the collison and was
Demnons in Texas.
SAN MARCos, Tex., Jan. 23.
Gergze H. Snydser,. one of the wealthiestI
citizens of this place and( agent for the
Southern Agricultural works of Atlatuta.
Ga., shot anid killed his wife. The lfol
lowing is theO account. of the tragedy
Mis. :Snvder' hadl just returned fr'om
ch urec, when her husband shot her three
tines, ikilling her almost instantly. No
one witnessed the shsootin-t but two chiil
dru'of the murdered woman, who was
a rened laudy and well-liked in the comn
munity. Surder was arrested. and ire
fuses to talk.~ He gives no reason for
his bloody act. Neighbors of his say lie
has often threatened to kiil his whole
Ifamily. T1hey have t~hree -boys, two of
wom wvere at home when their father
killed their mother. but they lied, and up
to last night they had not been heard
of, nor can they' lie found.
Snyder and his wife are fromi Rome,
Ga., and have been living near' San Mar
cos about two y'ears.
HoUSToN, Tex., Jan. %6.-WhileO
smallox is prevalent here, it is not epI
demie, but the citizens on San Phlilipi
stee, etwee theo city and the pest
hous, ystedayinaugurated a shotgun
quaantne n teirown book anud neither
Stte nor city ofliils can breaik through
except at the risk of life. The matter is
serous, andl the hot-headed citizens will
rim 1 iMU A 1iiot
)'TAILS OF THt MiNL D:6ASTER
NEAR P1 CTSBURG
hwe i anre :uan .svvn toi ies Recover
ed amlI seveUtreen .lore S.n. in lthe Pit.
Nji:LttlejMi;uug HaletL wraped
in Mournng.----.Sad I'lct-tre.
NotUN. w.OoD, PA., J an.:2N.- Oue huu
Ired and seven bodies have been taken
roin the ill-fated mine. No 1, of Frick &
2o. at Mammoth, up to 10 o'clock this
norning. It is estimated that there re
nain at least seventeen more victims of
esterday's explosion still in the pit, but
t is thought they will be taken out in a
ew hours. No body slept at Mlammoth
ast night. In every home in the little
ining hamlet there was mourning. yet
here was no demonstration. The little
)ne-story house, scantily furnished, were
luminated with tallow candles: mother,
vife, sister or sweetheart sobbed in
iilence. They only knew that a myste
ious accident had befallen them. They
aniiot see the dead and they have little
,are for the living. Their grief is deep
After t he explosion yesterday the news
f the aw.fal fate of scores of miners at
work in the shaft spread rapidly among
:he mines and miners' homes. Couriers
:arried the dreadfut news hither and
tnither, and families were dashed from
the comforts of home into the depths of
rief and despair. The scenes at these
Einers' cottages can readily be imagined
)y those who have know grief in its most
rormidable forms, but no artist's pen can
orrectly picture it.
Within an incredibly short time the en
:rance to the shaft was swarmed with an
ager and anxious crowd of men, women
mnd chirdren, some of whom could only
vith grei i difficulty be kept at a safe dis
Lance. As the bodies of victims, man
;led by the terrible force of explosion or
Lmrned almost out of human semblance,
were brought from the yawning deaths,
the crowd of watchers pushed forward to
the pit for a glimpse of recognition, and
the fiearts of wives and sisters stood still
for fear their loved ones were among the
lead. The more disinterested ones quail
d before the scene. Tears coursed down
lhe bronzed and beared cheeks and were
lashed away by brawny hands that had
wung the pick for many years. The res
uing party proceeded with their grim
ask and the crowd of watchers silently
.ooked on. It was one of those scenes
which, once witnesed, remains forever
mpressed upon the memory of the spec
This catastrophe, while involving more
than live times the loss of life occasioned
by the Dunbar disaster, differs in many
espects from the latter. At Dunbar the
,xplosion set fire to the mine and shaft,
'or day and weeks the roaring furnace
idding horror to the great fatality. in
yesterday's occurance this was not the
:se, and by the work of the fan pure
tir was forced into the mine and the
wvork of rescuing was permitted to begin
tt once. Fifty collins arrived from
Pittsburg this morning, and another half
iundred will reach here to night. An
idditional order for twenty-live more
was sent for this morning. The cause
Af the explosion has not yet been deter
mined. ~ The coroner is on the ground
and a thorough investigation will be
made. No arrangements have yet been
made for the funerals. The victims will
Le buried by the company. 3Many of
the unfortunates are Ihungarians, and
will be sent to Scotdale for interment.
The rescuing party is working with
eroic energy and the wreck ipm the shaft
is being fast cleared up. An official of
the Frick Company said this morning.
"It may never be known how or why
the explosion occurred. The accumu
ation of lire-damp was probably the
cause, but it was never known to exist
in any quantity before; in fact it may
Le said that the M1ammoth mine has
been free from damp. There is a theory
that a pocket of natural gas was reach
ad and that the operation of ventilating
fans now prevents any accumulation
f it. It is not necessary that every one
in the mine be killed when an explosion
occurs. The explosive may stay in one
particular section and may not perme
ate the entire mine, unless the volume
is so great as to force it to every part of
the pit. in this case the gas was conlin
d to one portion and the miners who
were in other localities escaped."
Never in the history of American coal
mining has there been such an unexpect
d accident with such complete aunihl
ation of all within its reach. The mam
moth mine has been notable always as
being pasticularly free from gas. Ihun
:lreds of safety guage lamps were pro.
ided for the miners by the company,
bt they were never used, as they were
regarded as unnecessary. in their stead
the men wore the familiar little open
flame lamps on their hats, those smpall
of~ee pot shaped affairs of tin, whiich
ire fastened above the forehead in the
teadgear of the workmen.
The boss put the night shaft to work
id found nothing to arouse his suspi
:ion. Fire Boss Smith, a man who had
worked in mines in Great Britian and
this country for thirty years, made his
isual careful inspeetion of all the rooms
md heading at the customary time be
:ween 2 and 3 in the morning, and his
repors were on lile indicating every
Superintendent Keighley says no man
iving knows the cause of the accident,
md it will never be known for certainty.
[e said that three hundred feet from
;he bottom of the shaft the rescuers en
:ountered a fall of rock in the gangway
yhich was caused by the explosion.
lmpty cars, completely wrecked, were
>iled up against it. We cut our way
brough and fell down into the dip
.vhere the men were working, and then
v were constantly falling over dead
odies. Not so many were killed by
:he explosion, but the dreaded after
lamp came on the poor fellows and they
eccumbed to it. This is evident from
,he fact that only a small porportion of
he dead taken out were bruised in any
vtay. _ _ _
Severe Weather in the Wet
CHICAGo, Jan. 28--A heavf fog
>vrhung this city anti the adjacent coun
ry last night, and continues this morn
g. T1elegrapic communication in all
lrections is almost completely paralyz
d. Special dispatches from Minnesota.
~orthrn Wisconsm,. Northern Iowa an d
~ebraska report that a severe snow
to~: ragedl in those sections yesterday
ud continues to-day. Omaha reports
raff on all railroads from the West
tuspndd. The Union Paci~c trains
om the West are indefinitely behind
mie. Trhe passenger trains for the
cst are being run in two sections with
wo engines to each.. The Golden Gate
ixpress on the Union Pacific is reported
ibsolutelyn blocked at Columbus Neb.
[Iastings. Neb., reports the street car
atlic suspended on account of the
storm with a blizzard farther West.
Mioux City and Fort Dodgc, Iowa, report
ie inches of snow already fallen and
Jrifting badly. Over six incbes fell in
he vicinity of .Eaulaire, Wis. The snow
.ias been zenieral in the pineries, where
.t will probably be disastrous fbr the log
'Burned in Rifa..
Prrrs3Uno, Pa., Jan. 28.-Senator
ameron's vote to shelve the elections
ail has caused the greatest indigna
Aion among Republicans in Allegheny
city. The Senator was burned in ifligy
to-night, well known Republicans tak
[ng tho lead in the ceremonies. A
Lirass band was engaged and there was
r short parade previous to the burning.
After th.e ceremonf'es a petition was
started amrong the crowd asking the
[egislat ure to request the resignation
HOIST W17H T3 OWN PETARID.
L~lr~m: the Newberry Ubsereri
1 . ould see:n t thet 1,1ost , r:bid
.I 1eiormler" ought to be satiedi that
-el. llipton !as b:+in defeated.
i'here applars to b.,- one, wvr who
s not satisfied. on wilo dei brately
(Iid S 1iult to Inj. ; I I r m wl:, . i0 1hinkA
:hait "I'llPtonq Is down1 !.o-w and overy
16ofiv who!q wanits *,I (::n 1.W i: onec
who evidently ihinks iL is the popular
hing no.v to ::hise 1amp.0on.
The following correspond'tnic ni
DFFIcE OF THE NEwnEInIY Gu r.vER,
. NEwBERl Y. S. C.,. ,January 11;. 1t91. '
lon. Wade Hampton, Washington, 1).
U.-Dear Sir: The enclosed clipping is an
ditorial article froi the Lmrnsville
Herald of this date.
The Observer would be glad to have
from you, for publication a statemzient cav
ering the charge of neglect of duty therein
im ade. Very respectfully yours,
W. H. WALLACE.
The following is the clipping re
"Heretofore Senator Hampton has
been supplying seeds to the farmers of
the State through the department of
agriculture, but for s.me cause or
other the Senator has neglected this
part of his ofiicial <iuty."
WASHINGTON, D. C., January 38. 1891.
My dear Sir: Your letter enclosing a
newspaper clipping reached ie to-day, and
while the latter displays such ignorance as
to be unworthy of notice. yoar polite con.
munication deserves attention.
Eveiry member of Congress has allotted
to him a quota of seeds, which ho can dis
tribute as die pleases. I made it a rule to
send a por tion of my quota, and of my
public documents, to the department of ag
riculture in our State. 1 did this to aid that
department in the first instance. and be
cause I thought that Col. Butler could
reach many of my constituents whom I
could not. ~No "official duty" compelled
this course, and I think that I am the only
membe- of our delegation who adopted it.
I hardly know now where tle agricul
tural department of our State will be estab
lished, for thlis has been such a "recoed
breaking year" that old things have beeai
changed. Whatever seed I may have to
distibute shalt be given to those who apply
for them. and if the Clemson College is
authorized to make any distribution, I shall
give to it what I have heretofore sent to our
department of agriculture. I have already
sent many public documents to this College,
and I holie to be able to contribute more.
I am Yery truly yours,
A Heavy Jail Dallvery.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 28..-The peo
ple of Columbia were' forcibly remind
ed of the late Leaphart lynching this
morning when at an early hour it be
came known that Lexington's jail had
been the scene of another affair of lesser
note,'however. Rut it has created a con
siderable stir. however, and particulars
are eagerly awaited. All the prisoners in
Lexingtoni's jail at some hour last night
walked forth and breathed free air while
the sheriff was in Columbia.
Sheriff Drafts came to Columbia yes
terday and this morning lie intended to
go up to Peak's station for the purpose of
serving some papers. He remained over
in the city last night on a brief visit to
his daughter, Mrs. W. II. Boozer. Before
hehad come from his room this morning,
however ne received a telegram from Mr.
Roof, of Lexington, stating that all the
prisoners in the jail had made their es
cape last night. That the jail had been
found open and all the prisoners gone
It gave no particulars as to how the de
livery was effected.
Three murderers are among the es
capes. -One was Julius Wise. a negro
who was sentenced to hang on August
last. Ile has been tried three times, and
is now awaiting re-sentence. Another
is Fred Brown, wh recently stabbed
another negro to death, and still another
is a negro now awaitiog his trial for
murder. Keiser, th~e white man await
ing trial for an attempted assault upon
his own daughter at Lewiedale some
time ago, was among the party.
An old prisoner, who was once confin
ed in Lexington jail, says lie often heard
Wise say he would never hang. This
prisoner also said that WVise was allowed
to keep his shoemakers and harness
tools in the jail and work with them.
4 P'encil in His PBrain
N Ew YORtK, .Jan. 24.--A golden-hair
ed boy lav dead on a cot in the Harlem
hospital. ~The child was little Patsy Mc
Carthy, the 2-year-old son of Patrick
and Mary McCarthy, of No. 4391 one
Hundred and T wenty-first street.
On Tuesday morning Mrs. McCarthy
left Patsy andl his 4-year-old sister Nellie
in the kitchen, after giving them a slate
and pencil to amuse themselves witn.
Then Nellie went into the parlor anid
Patsy was left alone, Hie became lone
some and ran into the room where his
mother was, still holding the slate pen
cil in his chubby little hand, lie tripped
on the threshold of the room and fell
with a heartrending scream of agony.
On picking him up his mother was horrn
ied to see the pencil sticking out of his
eye. It was so tightly wedged in the
socket that Mrs. McCarthy conld not re
move it. She hurried to a drumg store at
Pleasant avenue and One Hunidred and
T wenty-first street, whlere the pencil was
removed. Mrs. McCarthy then took the
child to the Harlem hlospital. which is
only a block away. It was discovered
the-e that the Dencil had entered the eye
above the ball and reached the brain.
The child died at ten minutes after 10
o'clock on Wednesday night.
Monument to Cont-ederate 1'rivates.
Rcnmoxn. Va., .Jan. 24.-The foun
dation for the monumpent to the privates
of the Confederate service has been
completed. It is designed after P'om
pey's pillar. The great column will be
crowned with a figure representing a
Confederate private. It will be in
thirteen sections, onle for each Southern
HE TIES OFFICE IS FITTED UP IN
at manner that warranits it in soliciting
your patronage for job printing. Send us
yu orders wvhich shall have prompt attenl
ion. Prices as low as the cities. Satisfaic
tion guaraLuteed. Ke ep us in mind.
sUMTrEli, S. ''.
First class accouniaiodation:s and excea t
:able. Convenment to thec business porti'n
>f the town. 25 cenits for dinner.
. H. DIXON , ropi.:-or
LI. UBERN& CO.
Flour a Specialty.
Nos. 171 andl 178 East Bay Street,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
M.Drake & Son,
BOOTS, SHOES, & TRUNKiS.
235 Meeting St., CH A1:LESTO N, 5. C.
L'rgest stock, best assortent, 1ost prices.
JOHN TL CONNOR,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Solicits consignments of cotton on which
~AEP N. Nii
3 A L M'.N 1 NSD .
Tis~-it- -'anninug eeymnh w
FOREISlN DRUB STORE,
FORIESTON. S. C.
I keep alw;s on hnd a fuil line of
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
?ANCY AN D TOILET AlrTICLES. TOILET
SOAPS, PERFUMEflY, STATION
ElY, CIGARZS, GARDEN SEEDS,
ad such articles as art iualy kept in a
rst class (rug stora.
I have just added to Imy stockz a line ofI
PAINTS AND OILS,
and am prepared to sell PAINTS, 01LS
LEAD, VAitNISHES, BRUSHES,
i (1antitics to sut puirchasers. -
L. W. NETTLES, M. D.,
Foreston, S. 0.
. s.J 1:e t. s!X.vos .i muE
Jhnston, Crews Co,
JOBBERS OF DRY GOODS,
Notions and Small Wares,
Nos. 49 Havne & 112 Market Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
. T. MO.%T-AN. A. S. DROWN. RoBT. P. EVANS.
cUAHAN, BROWN & EVANS,
Dry Goods, Notions,
Boots, Shoes and Clothing,
sos. 226;, 22S & 230 Meeting Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
R. A. McCURDY, Prest.
The ohiest, strongest, largest, best
ompany in the world. It "makes as
~urance doubly sure.
. ||. (ani'qi, ~qA It .in' Khat." and
ED. L. GERNAND,
Coluuibia, S. C.
CRAND CENTRAL HOTEL,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Is. the largest hotel in the city, and has,
luring the past ye-ar, been thoroughly reno
vated, remnodeled, and retitted with all miod
rn improvemecnts. Centrally located, and
efirs inducements' for the accommodation
1 its patron<. HaIs I spacions, light, and
airy samplle rooms. Hot and cold baths, el
evator, &~c. Cuisine u'nder supemvsion of
Mr. E. E. Post, late of Lookout Point Blotel,
ookout Mountain, Tenu. The proprietor
hopes by str(ic attnton tothe wants of his
patrons to nmrt a. share of pa'tronage.
W. V.NEEGIEl"-, E. E. POST.
-6-~-- 8~ 5
wo, ODWORI~A AffAetiMEf)
C4.~~I.8 N UNNSQUARE Yr,
-*W. E. BROW\N & CO., Monning, b. C.
a. i e
FIFTE EN DAYS' TRIA L
M YOUR OWN SOUSE BEFORE YOU PAY ONE CENT
on'. pay an agent $55 or $i0, but send for circular.
THE C. A. WOOD COM a ~
o y'a Ade - Et
SINES, NETS, TENTS, AND SPORTN C00DS
Double I;arreI IUrecht Loading Shot Guns,
,hoke bored. $S to $100. Single Breech Load
ing Shot Guns, SI to $25. Every kind of
rieechi Loading.i an paing iil--s. 23 to
li) Muzzle' Load-ing DoubXe Shot (Guns,
i5 to $'35. Sirgle. hot Gns. 825 to e.l2.
Re vlvrs.:::1 ti $20. Double Action Self
LXekr, $2.5 to N. .\l! kinds of Car
tridges, Shels. Ca( Wads,- Tui-, P'owduer
lask, Shot P ouce. Primersc. Senl 2
ents foir Ililustrated (ataligue. Address
. Ht. JIOljNSTON. CR.\ W'k ESTERN
GUN WVORKS, Pittb.1 Pa. '
ente-l. an su''n done withibest
nor. Erell aenon aid -ia shamp
ii. ldiVs'-- as. I h:;ve hadl considerableI
xper~ eneC :n sever- larg c'-it ie.-n guarl
nte stisa-t on tiimy cutome.rs. Parlor
e~t door to Manning" imes.I
o n) mwrmaTO.
ADcI:LR SMY1"i' ir. I PLi tr, SpeinalPartner
S Y H& A t-DC6 aER,
factors and Commission Merchants,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
- WHOLESALE GROCER,
Wihilsale Dealer in Wines, Liouors and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
I-IA]-t.LET7lT an. 17.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, -Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, Feed.
244 & 24t; Meeeting St., Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
, Contracts um e for car load lots or less.
f. E. TIotzEs. LELAND MOOS&
W. E. HOLMES &CO.,
White Lead and Colors,
Oils and Varnishes,
Glass and Brushes,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies.
STREET LAMPS and LANTERNS ofALL KINDS
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, S. C.
Charleston Iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in .
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
ill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
SiRepairs executed with promptness and Dispatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. C.
Wholesale Bakery and Candy Factory.
kGENT FOR HOLMES & COUTTS SEA\FOA3M WAFERS AND ENGLISE SISCUrr .
464 and 4 in St.. CHARLESTON. S. C.
.A.]~..,L ]M"F'Gr. Co.
~S1ES, DOORS AND BLINDS--Effo ? (,.TES S..
THE BEST AND TH CHEAPST'.
All goods guarantieed. Estimates furnished by return mail. Large stock, prompt
hipment. Cnr goods do not shrink or warp.
Geo. E. Toale & Company,
MANUFACTURERS OF ANDi WHOLESALE DEALERS Ii
foors, Sash, Blinds, Moulding, and Seneral Building Materlais
Oflice and Salesrooms, 10 and 12 Hayne St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
OLlD CLOTHIES MADE NEW.
SEND YOUR DYEING TO THE
CHARLESTON STEAM DYE WORKS,
All w ork guarant ed. 310 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
MOKE HENO CICAR, THE BEST NICKL.E CIGAR SOLD.
B. A. JOHNSON, Sole Agent, Manning, S. C.
SgL ISEMAN, Wholesale Grocer, State Agent,
Lilienthal & Blohm e,
.successors to 1'. J. Lilientha.l & son, Poreoso
And (eletrs in Prepareud Flour, Grist and Mel, also Ilay, Grain, Flour, Mill Feed,
te.s.ndorpr:;u 32, :34, and 3J0 Beaifain St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
. THOMAS, JTn. . M THOMAS. BOLLMANN BROTHERS,
Sephen Thomas, Jr. & Bro.W hoIeae
EWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE, iGroCers,
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
*WatchV. and .Twer re paired by - 15'7 and 169, East Bay,
2,; KIlNG STIU:.T.. CH AR LESTON, S. C.
(i()AHS ('. JnN>F.WERNER. L. H. QUZaoLL.
STABI~ilD iJOHN F. WERNER & 00'.,
arrng on, Thomas A 0- Wholesale Grocers
-D li.ERS IN ~---AND
- Provision Dealers,
WELRY, SILVERWARE AND FANCY GO098' 164 & 166 East Bay and 29 & 31
No. 251 KingS treet, VedeRne
CHARLESTON, S. C. CHGARL ESTON, S. C.
H ARLES C. LESLIEiA. MCCOBB, Jr.
9 AND DEALER IN
$$ N/ J LI, ME, OEM ENT, PLASTER PARIS, HAIR, FIRE
c onsgnments o poultry. egs :ed l BRICKS, AND FIRE CLAY, LAND PLAS
ind of counitry I iedue are respetctfully TER, AND EASTERN HAY.
)llee Nos. 19 & 20 ;.arket St., E. oftEast Bay Agen ts for White's English Portland Cemet
CIIorLL'0 S.n C. 194 s. 19ast 3* Cn a le stm. S. C,