Newspaper Page Text
~t;"ne 1 .10
Mile,. Wide r1d a Thou<md
LINCOLN, NEn. February 9.-The
Nebraska Legislature has asked a Feder
al appropriation of $1,0.0,0o to prov
ide seed for the destitute settlers of
Kansas, Colorado, -Nebraska and the
Dakotas. That sum indicates the ex
tent of the calamity which has overtaken
portions of these State as a result of the
drought prevailing over large areas last
season. It is not certain that such a
sum is actually needed. but it is the
estimate put bi the Legislature of Ne
braska upon the wants of the settlers
in the way of seed to enable them to
make a start next season. When 'ie
estimated amounts required to carry ine
:estitute through the winter t d to z up
'ort them until time for arcother liar
vest are added to the sum asked from
the General Government, the total be
comes enormous and challenges the at
tention of the entire country.
But bad as the situation is in some
parts of the stricken districts. and severe
as the suffering has beea in isolated
cases, that could not be quickly reached
through the regular channels of relief, a
great deal has been done by the States
nterested to meet the need of their tin
fortunates; and even should Congress
decline to grant the desired appropria
tion, as it probably will, there is not
much danger that serious results will fol
The region that has suftred so serious
ly from drought is about 150 miles wide
and over 1000 miles in leng th. On the
east are the rich agricultural lands of
the Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas and
on the west are the wealthy mineral
and stock producing States and Terri
tories of the Rocky Mountain region.
If one State were obliged to bear the
.urden of the crop failuies of the past
,.wo years in the region indictated, it
would cause widespread disaster, and
possibly the bankruptcy of the State
Government. Fortunately the burden
als upon several States. and, although
many individuals will lose the accoumula
tions of years, and suffer many priva
'iens, it is hoped that all cases of gen
.ne destitution can be relie; ed without
an appeal for assistance either from the
Federal Government or the general pun
The people who are suffering on the
Western prairies are the victims of mis
placed confidence. For years they have
oeen crowding toward the West under
he delusion that a rapid change in the
.4imate of the plains was taking place,
and that with the breaking of the sol,
the building of railways, and the plant
ing of trees, would come an inmediate
and permanant increase in the rainfall.
Twenty five years ago it was believed
that agriculture could not succeed 150
miles west of the Missouri River. But
the settlers went beyond that limit and
prospered. The raintall did appear to
increase. Then they pushed out farther
and farther and were blessed with good
crops. . The cattlemen, who had hoped
to retain control of the region in Western
.ansas~ and Nebraska, insisted that
agriculture could not be successfully car
ried on between the 100th meridian and
the mountains. But they were not]
heeded, because they were interested
parties and could reasonably be supposed
exaggerating the aridity of the region
whih they desired to hold for their own
Soon after 1880 a number of railroads
'to. the wountains, and in a few yearsj
our or five new roads had been con
structed. It was noticed that the sol
was good nearly all the way, and the
rainfal was abundant. The land seemed
ready for civilization. Partly through
theefforts of the railroads and partly on
account o4 the tremendous amount of
immigrntion into the whole West, the set
4legsbegan to crowd toward the semi-arid
sgrip, about 200 miles wide, and extend
ng, pardllel with the Rocky Montains
lorover 1,000 miles. Their confidence
saas increased by the steady prosperity of
~e people who had settled on the
'borders of the district that was so long
hsLl n question. From 1884 until 1887
the.Govenment land offices all over the
Western plains were besieged by ap
picants for homesteads and lands suita
ble for .entry under the timber-culture
lw. People with scarcely the means
to reach the lard. and in some cases
without enough tc tay the small entry
feesrequired by the Government rushed
nto the new and untried soil and be
gan the struggle for existence.
1or two or three seasons there was
plenty of rainfall. and it was proclaimed
tht the "rain belt" had been carried
westward unt'l the arid plains had entire
y disaopeared and the soil could be
:ntivated every foot of the long 00
miles between the Missouri River and
the .Rocky Mountains. This theoty
~ras widely heralded and so generally
believed that before the close of 1888
there was but little desirable land in
Western Kansas and Neb-aska and
Eastern Colorado that had not been
settled upon by men whose sole capital
was muscle and energy.
Since 1887, however, the rainfull on
hienew "ram belt" has been fickle and
insfcient. Crops have been total or
partial failures for two and, in some
plaes, for three seasons. Thousande
f settlers have left Eastern Colorado
nd Western Kansas and Nebraska, and
many of those remaining cannot hope to
stay and hold their claims without help.
The census shows that Kansas has de
reased in population since 1888. large
ly on account of the emigration from the
ounties on the extreme west.
If Nebraska, which has asked the Fed
era appi~opriation, is in worse condition
than the States around her, it is because
sh has at present a larger population~
in the counties in which agriculture i
as yet an experiment. Crops were al
afure in Western Kansas in -1888 andi
the two following seasons, while it wasj
reserved for Nebraska to have a partialj
filure in the western counties in 18S9
and a total failure in 1890. Emigration
had hardly commenced, therefore, when
the disastrous season of 1890 brought
the people ofa dozen of thie border coun
ties face to face with famine.
The drought of 1890 was gerneral all
over the West. and Nebraska raised but
a half crop of corn, on an average, tak
ing the whole State into consideration.
But piices were so much better than on
the preceding year that the value of the
h~rp, according to the statistics fur
thState bureau, was a 14,
n th'e whiole oci te phe
189. The financial
ig generally has con
We the times exceedmnglv
,i, n the greater part cf the
State the people are lawly prosperous.
and are willing to do what they can to
relieve the distress on the frontier, either
by a general tax or by individual con
In October a commission was >rani
ized by the State oflicers to inquire into'
the destitution and secure relief fronm
private parties. It was found that a
total crop failure in a dlozen counties
would make it necessary to supply sonme
20,000 people with aid if thiey were to
remain on their homesteads through the
winter. A general appeal was sent out
to the people of Nebraska. and the res
cunusilo distributed uurin the
moliths following its or-anization
i'ul mt lidthin to thie valu of
100. all contribut te peopil
e ce '"'1and eastern parts o! the
t~ Iit.i .c* ' -I*S i CAtd ~~
uaywas ti) Agree to vote publie mnoney
tt'erelici of the destitute, anld u11)0a
t.e credit thus secured. th. comtilis.ion
to the value of '- 15.u0. T il ak-es a
tta i' over Q0,000 that has been ex
penqe up to date, A bill apropriat
h )0,0)0 for the same purpose has
b ag"-reed upon by both branches of
the Legislature. and will soon beconie a
Lw. Provision will also be made for
aIpoprIati atditioal amounts if need
1Te Rev L. 1. Ludden. secretary of
the relef commission and gcueral dis
itutin- nuent. makes this statement
ir publicatiou at the request of the
Post: -We are relieving- at present
r Ur conte b,.ut of
co'rse this does not iealn that, all tile
people mi those counties are destitute.
Un the extreme irontier there are coni
paratively few who can get along with
out help. while in other counties we find
oulv a Iamily here and there that is de
scrvinm of assistance. The railroads
have ofiere(d !ree transportation to all
men who want to -o away and find
work. and there is a demand for men in
the cal mines ma WNomiug that has not
Yet been fully supplied. We have the
names of 35,00 people on our books
who have beven helped. No worthy ap
plicands hav t been refused aid, and
althovah we have agents travelling over
the dr u'htreclon all the time, we know
"fjn cases of distress that we have not
relieved or cauuot relieve immediately.
ku le-hal (' the peonle in1 sonme of the
count~ics in the tar West have emigrated
temporarily, and those who remain are
more anxious to get seed for the sprmkn
than immediate assistance.
"Tronua a larce recion in We:t and
Nort-west Nebraska the cattlemen are
very pr'oslprous, and they insist that
untinug should be given the ilhrmers to
enable them to put in another crop,
ciamin that the land is useless except
as a cattle range. But the settlers waut
to try agaln. They have iith that the
rains will be regular and abundant. and
they know what the soil will do under
favorable conditious. And so. if they
can et seed, many of them will gitve the
laud another trial. Failure next year
will mean that sonie of the western
counties will largely be given over to
the cattlenmen again."
A severe snow storm has been pre
valling over the greater part of the State
f;or several days. This will cause much
suffering, and many domestic ianimals
will inevitabl y die of cold and starvation.
But the relief co-mission has plenty of
me -ns at co-amand, and will get sup
plies through in time to diminish the dis
tress unIdss the roads should become
Ilockaded, which does not at present
Tho Truth About the Matter.
SPARiTANDURG, S. C., Feb. 7.-Some
wild rumors have been published, but
they were exaggerations. For instance,
it has been stated that the liabilities of
the store would go as high as S30,000.
Zimmerman's statement, before he be
gan to sell out his stock, wvas that he
owed about $10,009 and the goods in
both stores were worth about $11,000.
IIe now states that the liabilies are be
tween seven and eight thousand (d01
lars, some of the claims having been
paid ..' from the proeed~s of his sales.
That is about all that is known by the
public in regard to the liabilities of the
store. In the argument and affidavits
sn'bmitted 1ffs 'nreht, R~ was addieed
as one evidence of fraud that Zimmer
man had stated that he had sold the
goods and that he had a thousand dol
lars in his pocket that he would like to
see any of them get hold of. Another
evidence of fraud was that the goods
had been sold at night and hurried off
to the aepot under cover of darkness.
Meantime Zimmerman walks around
with his Princ6 Albert coat on and
flourishes a gold-headed cane and seems
to be enjoying himself.
W. Zimmerman is the son of a Meth
odist preacher, who died a year or two
ago. He had a fair education and, I
think, attended the Normal College at
Nashville a session or t wo. lie is nowv
married and has two children. Several
yars ago he applied for license
tc preach in the Methodist Church
and he was received as a licen
tiate and assigned to Cherokee circuit
in this county. He soon began to
teach school and trave up preaching,
and his license has lapsed, unless he
as had it renewed from year to year.
[e is a ready talker on the stump, and
knows wvell how to appeal to the peo
ple. It was by his speeches that he was
elected business agent of the County
Alliance. The farmers believed that a
mlan who could talk so well and detail
al their hardships was tihe very man
o lead them out ot the wilderness into
he promised land, where monopolists,
middle men, speculators, bankers and
oliticians would never 1:e heard of.
le made fancy pictures for them,
showing that the datys of the old-time
merchant were numbered and that the
Aliane,exchanges would do the busi
ess of the whole country. Hie had no
xperience whatever in the mercantile
usines,and his clerks knew but itttle.
t was to be expected that failure
Th~e main (lnestionl has not been
ouched yet, in ieh is the liability of
he Co9unty Alliance in this matter.
he executive committee is watching
he proc~eedings5 closely andl will be
eady for a defence if they are .sued.
Kews and Courier.
W\Asmii(wroN, Feb. 7.-The caucus of
heii Demeeratic members of the House
alled for to-night at the suggestion of
tepresentative Bland of Mlissouri was
rery slimly attended, only sixty-one
nembers being present. Riepresentative
iolmes of Indiana presidedl and Blan
~hardi of Louisiana and Wilson of West
irginia acted as Secretaries. The silver
>ill was the sole topic of consideration,
md after several resolutIons had been~
difered and withdrawn the following
esolution, offered by Richardson of
eiinesee, was unanimously adopted:
Rtesolved, That it is the sense of this
aucns that the Senate silver bill, which
~vas referred by the House to the Comn
nittee on Coinage, Weights and M~ea
~ures nearly one month ago, being, in
ur opinion, an important public meca
ure deLserving due considleration by the
louse, we earhestly request the commit
:ee to which th'e same was refe-rred to
eport it to the House without delay.
Le c neus then adjourned.
A Fatal Boiler E.xpi4!ion.
Ia 'axx .Ga..Fe'b.l*.A'boiler iniRo
et Giles' steam saw mill on the Qhoo
ee river, three miles south of Re-eds
lle, exploded this i. orning, killing six
'eOle, twxo w-hite and~ four colored. The
nl was a re oine :tn.d was sawing cr
iers for lun1.r firmas in this city. The
ltils of thme digster was meagre. The
ire under the boiler was kept "banked"'
md~c every-thIing was thought to be all
~ight when the night watchman was re
.ieved by the fireman yesterday morn
:ng, but as soon as the latter openmed the
injctor" the boiler exploded with ter
ie force, destroying the building and
killing or wounding every person near
t and setting lire to the debris.
1. 1). Barry, who operates a sawmill at
Mianassas. on the .savannah and West
rn raiilwav, ten miles from the scene of
the disaster, and who brought the news
o thins eitv, said that the noise of the
exploson 'was heard distinctly at his
place and live miles beyond.-Augusta
THRILLING SITUAT!ON OF THEE
I.UER!"IN A COAL M!NE
: iv from ir (Inc- Umidrcd :Lid if
I. :n ! Im r t:men t -Tu..ot of
WII.LKFsnuRAIw E. PA., Feb., 9.-lu
tence joy and excitement prevails in the
little hiainlet of Grand Tunnel this morn
ing over the rescue there i the en
tombed miners imprisoned by water
rushing into the ganLways and breasts
of the Susquehannah Company's col
liery at that place on Wednesday of last
week. After firing the blast, since the
men were lost, experienced miners de
clared their rescuealive an impossibility
and they were practically given up and
the whole community was in mourning
over their supposed sad fate. The
names of the men were 3Lchael Shel
bank. Willham Craget and John Rineer,
all well known miners. They were
found aliye in the upper workings near
the outcrop, the water being unable to
reach them after they managed to get
out o-f its way when it was rushing
through the mine. The company's em
plovees had exhausted every effort to
get the water out. and by pressin into
service mammoth pumps were able to
lower the water sufficiently to let the
rescuing party in this morning. The
men were found in an almost exhausted
condition from their one hundred and
fif ty hours' imprisonment. It ill re
quire care to bring them through. Their
sufferings have been intense but they
were buoyed by the hope of being res
cued, and the outcrop workings beinz
4airly well ventilated they were able to
secure enouglh pure air to keel) them
The immense pumps used to clear the
water from the inundated poztion were
run to their utmost cap icity and during
last night the water receded very much.
When sulliciently low this morning a
raft was constructed and on this a iws
cnz )arty managed to get through Lhe
aangways. At a point in the vein where
the coal had a pitch of 40 deg-rees. the
raft was turned into a crass headimg and
the men were found up abo'e the water,
sitting ou cross timber whither they had
cone immediately alter they discovered
the water comiing in upon them on Wed
uesday. Before they had advanced
many steps water was up to their necks
and they were carried along by its force.
Being aware of the pitch in the vein they
happily selected the only point in the
workings where they could have gone in
safety and perched tLemselves on the
timber hiwh above the flood.
Their only lamp lasted three hours,
and from about 6 o'clock Wednesday
they sat on this timber in total darkness
without a morsel to eat until their rescue
this morning. Two of them became
crazed at times and with the greatest
difficulty their single companion man
aged to keep them from leaving the cross
heading during the long weary hours
that intervened. Their position was be
yond all description, and but for the I
knowledge that their liberated com
panions in the mine would do every
thing to reach them, the men would
have given up in despair. Intense e
citement prevails and the company is
praised on every hand for the exhaustive
measures they took to rescue the unfor
The story of the escape of the miners
is a remarkable one. After they had
reached a point of comparative safety
from the flood they found that only a
Mender 'piece- o wood- served to- -ketp
back tons of loose coal, that had falle&f
into the mouth or head ot the cross cut. 1
When they found the inclined cut in the
vein and climbed up its almost perpen
dicular passage they managed to press
into service a piece of loose timber which,
they had picked up in their hasty retreat,
and this they placed across the openmlg i
of the tunnel, and. after getting it safely 1
lodged, climbed upon it for seats. Thei
men then found that their feet rested in s
the water below them, but soon alter de-c
termined from the gurgling sound that itc
had gained the highest altitude it could. t
There they were sitting on a slende-- s
piece of timber .three inches wide for 1
over four days. Behind them was an
immense body of coal held in place by ~
a small "prog," and fearing to dislodcte S
it the men dared not even rest against it.
By changing the oil in their lamps and t
economizmng they were enabled to keep i
light a few hours, but this supply had an y
end, and after a short time they were t
compelled to sit in absolute darkness o
with hardly enough room to hold them
selves in an upright position. John i- 14
neer, the most experienced of the miners, t
andl an employee of many years in the '
coliery, was able to keel) his head In 1
their long imprisonment, but both Cra
get and Shelbank at tin'es became crazed.
Craet Imagined he saw a mine car and
umedl down into the water to run tot
stop it. IIe was rescued and got back a
on the perch by Rineer. Shelbank was
more easily managed although- he was
sobbing considerably. Wednesday nighit
passed and Thursday came, and then the li
men lost track of time. o:
The first welcome soundl reaching el
their ears was the "plunk" of the pump, S,
and then the men knew that active work y
had commenced towards their rescue. tc
But while this welcome sound reached C
their ears the men were almost over- A
ome by the dreaded sound of the work- te
n of coal and the loose particles held ui
n heek behind them. The creaking si
sound showed that the coal was becom
ig loosenedl and every moment they d1<
xpcted a slide of coal which would ey
nvelope them and carry them into the ai
lower lpart of the cross headium. By m
gradually throwing a way the loosened ey
pieces they kept the openmng clear andh
o lngered and waited, listening to the tc
souns of wvorking of the reseuing party. p1
And while they sat there in the cold they :?,
tbbed one another, andl adopted every es
method tihey could conceive to keep h:
warm. The first communication with et
the improoned men was had at 3 o'clock at
this morning, and at 5 o'clock the water tl
had iowreed so they could~ be taken out w
one by one on a raft. They were om
wrapped ini blankets anid given warm in
ilk as their first refreshment and then w
carried home. They will have to live hi
n beef tea for a few (lays, but evill then rc
e all right. lv
Rav'm Crry, 5. D., F~eb. 9.-The ,
blizzard wore itselfout during last night, t
amd~ with line wveather andl tile arrival of
rancers and stages from otutlying points, r'
reports of its casualties are coming in. rc
man and woman, supposed to be a tu
school teacher and a dIriver, wvh> started
or Elk Creek at 3 P. M. on Saturday
were found four miles from the cityam
'ozen to dieathi. All the roads are5
ocked. Few people ventured abroad
on Saturday and Sunday. and the two
bodies found are probably the only
deaths. No loss of' stock vet reported.
ih~op Newmuan Doenounxced. a
NEW GIRLE'_m.Feb. '-At the Afri- Si
can Methodist Conference at Tangipa- rc
lioa yesterday, Bishop Girant made a ii
spuare attack on Bishop Newman of p
the Methodist Episcopal Church who
recently gave publicity to the charge
that great immorality existed! among m
the colored clergy. Bishop (;rant pro- lil
nounced the charge unfounded and de-A
nounced Bishop Newman for bearing w
STAVING OFF FREE SILVER.
v ia-A vurpo-: 4 f t he Ur C.)iun
cmmi this moi . Sir. lthis.
st their pulrpose to be to urge
prompt action on the silver bill by the
c'oinmittee, so that action iight be had
hv the louse.
The old diliculty as to when hearings
should cease was iminediatelv encoun
tered. MIr. Iland wanted a day fixed
Mr. Vaux thought that nothing should
he done which would prevent a hear
ing being given to the Philadelphia
board of trade next Wednesday, and
Mr. Bland moved that hearings should
cease on that day. The question went
over for a time, and Mr. James Milli
ken spoke i: favor of making silver in
subsidiary coin of propotionate value
to that in the silver dollar.
John M. Forbes, of New York, who
is engaged in the China and India trade,
said he did not desire to argue the ques
tion of free coinage, but merely to pre
ent some facts as to what he believed
would result from an increase of the
value of silver to 1.29. All our ex
changes in silver-using countries, he
said, were governe:1 by the gold value
of silver in London. I'o his mind
nothing would so greatly stimulate
business as a rise in silver. The present
uncertainly, however, was having -an
injurious eYect. Ile did not believe
silver would flow here from silver-using
countries if we opened our mints with
out limit, because currency was always
the last thing exported. War or some
other such abnormal cause was the
only thing which would cause this.
ir. Bland then moved that the hear
ings close on Thursday of next week
ani Mr. Walker moved an amendment,
to fix Tuesday, Wednesday and Thurs
day :is the regular days of meeting,
without any conclusion as to when
thev should close.
[his opened up the old ight, and
Messrs. Walker and Bland had another
tilt, the former declring it of impor
tance th..t there should be a I ull con
sideration and a just comprehension o"
the question,eveu if the report were
not made at all this session, and the
latter insistinez that the House should
be given an opportunity to pass oin this
qlestion in order to meet the deiand
of the country for action.
Mr. Wdliains. seeing that there was
1 majority against Mr. Bland's motion,
oved a substitute providing i or hear
lngs to-iuorrow and the first four days
> next week, after which a vote should
be taken. Ile called attention to the
fact that this would give five hearings,
while under Mr. Walker's proposition
,here would be six hearings only from
ow initil within less than two weeks
f the close of the session.
On a yea anid nay vote an amend ment
imiting meeting days to three per
veek, proposed by Mr. Walker to Mr.
Williams's motion, was adopted by vote
f seven to five, Mr. Wilcox voting
with the free coinage men and Mr.
Wickham, the chalrman, against them.
Iwelve o'clock having arrived, there
Nas no opportunity to vote on the
imended proposition, and by unani
nous consent the committee adjourned
Couucil of State Alliances.
WAsUNCxTox, Feb. 6.-The council
>f presidents of the Farmers' State Al
iances, which has been in session sev
ral days, has finished its work and ad
ourned, subject to the call of the presi
At the meeting to-day Frank 3Ic
irath, president of the Kansas State
lliance, who is a member of the coun
:ii, rose to a (question of personal priv
IHe referred to a letter purporting to
ave been written by Congressman
L'urner, of Kansas, to him, in whicn-the
orwer is alleged to say in effect that in
ase Scnator Ilngalls could not be re
eh-M Senator from Kansas, and
hTimie came when the Alliance could
tot agree upon a candidate for Sena
or that he (Turner) would like to have
Lis name considered, and that he could,
a case his election was secured, place
.s much as 85,000 toward paying
he expenses. MIcGrath said his ene
ies and political rivals had made this
tter a pretext for bitter warfare upon
im, which had continued notwith
tanding the fact that lie had been ex
nerated by the State boaid of trustees
f the State Alliance of Kansas. I~e
hought therefore, that the matter
hould be investigated by coneil and
.e requested the president to appoint a
ommittee to make a thorough investi
ation of the matter and report the i'e
nit to council. In accordance with
he above request, President Polk ap
ointed A. E. Cole, of Mlichigan; Elias.
arr, of North Carolina, and Samuel
louston, of Virginia, a committee to
ake an investigation. The commit
se subsequently reported entirely ex
The following is a standing national
~gislative committee appointed to-day
formulate bills based upon the de
iands of the Ocala Conference: L. L.
'olk,president of council; A. E. Cole, of
lihigan, and U. S. lIall of Missouri.
A resolution was adopted providing
>r the formation of an Alliance press
reau of information at Washington,
be under the supervision of a nation
Home Folks In Washington.
WVAsH~xaToN, February 5.-J. Wil
xm Stokes, president of the South Car
na State Aliiance and Congressman
ect Stackhouse are here to represent
)uthi Carolina at the conference of the]
atioal Farn:ers' Alliance. They are
be joined by Senator-elect Irby and
a Shell. Mr. Stokes was with the
ihance dIelega~tioni before the commit
e on coinage and wveights and mecas
e to-day to urge the p~assage of the
In conversation with your correspon
nt MIr. Stokes said that the Alliance.
:pects Congress to pass the silver b~i'
d the sub-treasury bill before adjourn
ct, but lie has no assurances that his
:pectationis will be realized.
Ie saye that the Alliance is not here
try and intimidate Congress, but sim
y to voice the sent'nments of nearly
00.00 free men and voters, whlo lion
ty bel:eve their constitutional righ.s c
.ve been disregarded in the interest-of
phalists aud mionopolists. The Alli
ce, says Mr. Stokes, will be under
e infiuence of no political party, but
1I miaintain an independent attitude
paitisnn questions. and work uineas.
gly to adun.11ce the pirinicilhes up)on
bxich the Alliance is founded. Ie be
cs the Alliance will make deep mn
as into both politieal parties, especial
in the South and West.. IIe uredicts
r it a great and<.;lorious future.
Senator-elect Irb~y, accomnlied~i by
s daughter and Capt Shell, arrived in .
e city to-night. Tihe Senator and(_
iss Irby wvili go to Annapolis to-mor
w to visit r-elatives. and the latter will
main there while the Senator wIll re
n to Washington in the afternoon.
proposes to attend the conference. j
w in progress here, of Farmecre' Alli
c leaders. and may remain ha Wash
.ton two or three weeks.-News andL
jileI in a 3Prize Fighit.
SE A-i Tu:. Wash., Feb. 7.-Last night
h Shalfer and William D~ogle fought
seven round contest in the theatre.
atfer wvas knocked out in the seventh
and and never regained consciousness.
e died to-dlay. ihogle escapied but the
oprietor of the theatre was arrested.
ST. IIILA Ilm must be a mighty iiappy
an. now that he has linished his niice
te thirty-live volume translation of
ristotle. and wvill be much more so
hen he has an assurance that some
time telegraph oper or. who had by
wi thhiolding a essage aided Fmnions
to escane. Iiis Iur!aI is religius!y vith
In his letter the gentleman states that
in 1s'; lie was a p:ssenger oln Ihe
steamship "Henry Channey" from Netw
York to San Francisco. le was going
to accept a position with the California
Tclegraph Company. .1)u ,rinlg the vov
age he became acquainted witl Charles
Edmund Ilastings, and a fast friendship
grew up between them. L'pon therar
rival in San Francisco thly put up at
the same hote, and ocen pied adjoining
The next day he reported for duty.
and among the dispatches lie received
was one from Washington directing San
Francisco olicials to keep a lookout for
Ermons, and stated on what charge he
was wanted and a discription of the fu
"The discription of Emmons tallied
exactly with that of my friend Ihas
tings" he writes. 'and on the impulse of
the moment I slipped the iess:ige into
my pocket. When I returmcd to the
hotel I handed it to Ilastings and asked
him to read it. Ile confessed every
It was the old story. Emnmons had
sunk every dollar lie posessed in specu
lation, and then used the funds of the
post ollice until detection stared him in
the face. Ile started for New Orleans,
but returned to New York and embark
ed for California. While search was
being made for him in the South lie was
rapidly steaming away to the "acilic
"lie begged me," the letter goes on.
"not to betray hiM, and promised that
under a new iune and in a new country
he would begin life over, and in a few
years make good the government's loss.
I promised silence, and he disappeared
But Emmons died soon after, and his
friend, who is now well-to-do, has de
cided to make good the peculation in
whIch he deems himself an indirect ac
To the Wineii of Carolina.
NEW YORK, Febiruary 12.-To the
"Daughters of the Revolution :" A gen
eral meeting of the -Daughters of the
American Rtevolution" is to le held in
Wa;shington, Mondny, the 23d of Feb
ruary, as Washington's birt hiay, the
22J, (which is set apart as the day for
the annual -neeting.) falls on Sunday
At this meeting a report from each
Stale regent is expected, telling what
has been done in her State. The time
is short, but I beg that the daughters
of Carolina be up and doing, and not
have the report from their State fall
short on the others. There is to. much
revolutionary blood in our State to
have it occupy an inferier position and
I trust that the descendants ot those
noble ancestors may assist me in bring
ing it to the front. I desire to be put
in communication with some influeni
tial lady, young or old, in each county,
who apart from her revolutionary line
age has executive ability enough to or
ganize chapters in the dilfferenti towns
and villages in the Stale.
As organizing regent I will forward
to all s ich blank forms of application.
which, when lled, shioud be retur:ned
to me for signature. andi these-, with
the invitation and~ yearly fe;. shail he
forwarded to Washinigton. I should
also like these ladies to make them
selves acqutanted with the locations
and condition of ilevolutionary patri
ots'rgraves in the State and report the
same to me.
With implicit faith in the patriotism
of my country women, I remain faith
fully, Georgia Moore die Fontaine,
Regent for South Carolina.
202 W. 103d stree:, New York.
Called to His Rteward
AInoEX, S. C., Feb. 12.-The Rlev. Uasil
GI. Jones, an aged superanuated mem
ber of the South Carolina Conference of
the Southern Methodist Church. (lied at
his home at Talatha. in Aiken County,
this morning att .35 o'clock. 31r. Jones
had been stuffering for several weeks
fronm a complication of diseases of the
kidneys and bowels. Ie had been a
preacher in his Conference for thirty
seven years, and was placed on tihe re-.
tired list four years ago. Ue was a man
of unusual intellectual force, and had
been very useful in the work of his high
calling, ie is since:rely movrned by a
large circle 'of friends here in Aiken
County, where lie died, and his death
will awaken tender emotiot: through
out the State where he was known.
Biurned to Decath in a JTail.
Fnr AI's Poirr. 31iss.,Fb .-Te
arlarm of fire called nea -t ihl
town early Sunday morning to lind the
town jail in thames and the prisoners
shrieking for aid. The marshal. who
ad the key lived some distance from
the jail and before his arrival the pris
oers were beyond human aid. Thins
morning only charred heaps of bones
were fotund. The prisoners were three
negroes, who were conlined on trivial
~harges. They started the lire by trying
to burn down the door that they might
Wnrrror the poet, advises the Ret
Sublinn party to noniinate lilame and
lecare proh ibition. This se-: ms strange
idvice, but the old mani say~s he is not
seeping up) with current polittes very
vell and probably this incongruous
uggestion is due to that fact.
H lE TIES OFICE IS FITTED) UP IN
La manner that warrants it in s-oicting I
our paltronnVe for jobt piingh. Sand us
our orders5 which shall have p iimpt ate
on. Prices as lwas the ci tie. Stainfa
ion gnarateed. Keetp u1. in minu~d.
First class acomodations and eX:(iint
ibe. Conv-enient to the~ bIn usW tin
the town. 25 ee-nts for dinner.
.L. H. .I)IXNi Propit.
WHOL.ESAL 0 RS,
Flour a Speclalty.
os. 171 and 178 Ensf Th::- Grect
VI. Drake & Son,
lOOTS, SHOES, & TRUNKS
235 Meeting St., CH ARtLESTION, S. U.
?rgest stock, best assortment, lowest prices
JOHN TL OONNOR,
i :nn's Wrntur,
CHARLESTON, S. C.I
Solicits consignments of cotton on which I
JOS.-:P 'l 11. PRHAME,
N S . . C.
';.x2 H EGG [NS, D). D. S.,
(7IKlII|A , .. v.
-ii-Manning (!very mzonth o1 two
FORESTON DRUG STORE,
FORESTON, S. C.
I : on hand a 1111 line of
Pure Drug)s and Miedicines,
FANCY AND TOILET AlTICLES, TOILET
SAPS, PERFUMERY, STATTON
ERY, CIGARS, GARDEN SEEDS,
and s-eh articles as are usually kept in a
irst class drlg store.
I have just ldto my stock a line of
PAINTS AND OILS,
a a pra re to sell PAINTS, OILS
LEAD, VAUNISHIES, BIUSHES,
in quantities to snit purchasers.
L. W. NE TTLES, M. D.,
Foreston, S. C.
A. . T. u I.IY. . . R oNS. . A. PrINGLE.
Johnston, Crews & Co.,
JOBNERS OF DRY GOODS,
Notions and Small Wares,
Nos. 49 Hayne & 112 MLrket Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
R. T. wttuus. A. S. BIOWN. lOn-r. P. EVANS.
McuAHA'N, BROWN & EVANS,
Dry Goods, Notions,
Boots, Shoes and Clothing,
Nos. 226, 22S & 230 Meeting Street,
CH1ARLESTON. S. C.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
R. A. McCURDY, Prest.
Assets, $ 136,4O1,328.02.
The oldest, strongest, largest, best
company in the world. It "makes as
surance doubly sure."
E. ||. Ca'nb;ley, .'en .'or Kershare and
ED. L. GERNAND,
Columbia, S. C.
CRAND CENTRAL HOTEL,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Is. the largest hotel in the city, and has,
during the past year, been thoroughly reno
vated, remodeled, and refitted with all mod
eia improvements. Centrally located, and
otfers inducements for the accommodation
of its patrons. Has 6 spacious, light, and
airy sample rooms. Ilot and~ cold baths, el
evitor, &e. Cuisine under supervision of
Mr. E. E. Post, late of Lookout Point 1-otel,
Lookout Mountain, Tenn. 'The proprietor
hopes b~y strict attention to the wants of his
patrons to merit a share of patronage.
F. W. 6EEGERlS, E. E. POST,
w conDwoRK: * Aff-ME~lf'
--co. 28 UNION SQUAREYNP rg
s7.LOUIS.MO. DA LLAS.TEX.
c:W. E. P.ROW~N &~ CO. Manning, S. C.
FIFTEEN DAYS' TRIAL
N YOUR OWII HOUSE BEFORE YCU PAY ONE CENT.
Do't pay an agent $'i5 or $60. but send for circular.
1ilE C. A. WOOD CO.,s*. ,, ..
- - J' n~, RiflesP,.
E!NES, NETS, TENTS, AND SPORT!NO c0oDs
D-bl a~ rei l reech Loading Shot Guns,
., i bred .~ -JIto !1.:l Breechl Lead
ugsht Guns :!to 8- I5. Ever kind of
.reh Load in and Repeting Ridls. S3 to
1.M'i Load:i Dorule Shot Guns,
~, o '':5 S~ni httGun-, $2.i0 to $12 .
levover. S to ,2 Dtule Action Self
:1kr. 23t M X..\ kinds of Car
rit',Sels aps Wad-; Tools, Powder
eats for *cr ted * Catalou. Address
.i 1. J-l0\N (Gim\'T WESTERN
Aningao Shaving Parlor.
rA CT~ING XRTITfICALLY EX
1ed ::ndshair"g dne with best
liri. Swel atenio pi to shaunpoo
'I all he1 '1. I ha e ! d nsdrable
rienced ti: herl age cities, andi gear
nty sato~iI factin to w: eustome~rs. Parlor(
Vx dioor to Mann're Pomes.
L D HAM1ILTON.
ADGMI SMYTII, F ... PELZE R, lzpccapl Partaeq
SMYTH & ADCER,
FVIor an lemsin acas
INT ortb. .A~tlanatic 7VIarf
CHARLESTON, S. C.
OTTO F. WIETERS,
Wholesale Dealer in Wines, Liuers and Cigars,
No. 121 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
C4, X-1 . ok YL 31a3 o o, s; I w ~-. (0.
MOLONY & CARTER,
Dealers in Corn, Oats, Bran, Hay, Flour, feed.
244 & 246 Meeting St.,,Opp. Pavilion Hotel, CHARLESTON, S. C.
f. Contracts made for car load lots or less.
W. E. HOLMES. LELAND MooEE.
W. E. HOLMES &
White Lead and Colors,
Oils and Varnishes,
Glass and Brushes,
Mill and Naval Store Supplies,
STREET LAMPS and LANTERNS ofALL KINDS
OFFICE, 207 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, S. C.
Charleston iron Works,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Marine Stationary and Portable Engines and Boilers, Saw
Mill Machinery, Cotton Presses, Gins, Railroad, Steam
boat, Machinists', Engineers' and Mill Supplies.
M Bepairs executed with pronptnes.s and Dipatch. Sendfor price lists.
East Bay, Cor. Pritchard St.,
Charleston, S. O.
Wholesale Bakery and Candy Factory.
AGENTS FOR HOLMES & COUTTS SEAFOAM WAFERS AND ENGLISH BISCUIT
464 and 466 King St. CHARLESTON, S. C.
PERCTV.A.L MFG-. CO.
I (( OES AND BLINDS 478 to 48G M~eeting St. CHAlRLESTON, S. C.
THEBEST AND TH CHEAPEST,
All goods guaranteed. Estimates furnished by return mil. Large stock, prompg
shipmcnts. Our goods do not shrink or warp.
Geo. E. Toale & Company,
3IANU.FACTVREflS OF AND WHOLr.sALE DEALER.S IN
oors, Sash, Blinds, Moulding, and Oeneral Building Material.
Office and salesrooms, 10 and 12 Hlayne St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
OLD CLOTHES MADE NEW.
SEND TOUR DYEING TO THE
CHARLESTON STEAM DYE WORKS,
. All work guaranteed. 310 King St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
MOKE -HENO CIGAR, THE BEST NICKLE CIGAR SOLD.
B. A. JOHNSON, Sole Agent, Manning, S. C.
SOL ISEMAN, Wholesale Grocer, State Agent,
ma3 mast Bar. Cbnarieston,1 S. C.
Lilienthal & Blohmne,,
Successors to F: J. Lilienthal & Son., Proprietors of
And kelr iread
te. Send:for prc 1.2, 34, and 360 Beaufain St.. CHARLESTON. S. C.
. THOMAS, Jr.. J. 31. THO31AS.BOLANBOTES
tephen Thomas, Jr. & Bro.
EWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE, GroCers,
Spnectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods,
.r~\Vae-hes and Jewelry rci.aire d by 157 anid 1f39, East Bay,
257 KING STREET, CH ARLESTON, S. C.
CHi A R LESTO)N. S. (C. Jons F. W,:usin. L. H. QUso.v.
'' nisani ?i; JOHN F. WERNER &. 00.,
~arrington, Thomas & CO., Wholesale Grocers
--DEALERS IN ~ ___AD
WELRY, SILVERWARE AND FANCY jOODS, 164 & 156 East Bay and 29 & 31
No. 251 King Strcet, Vendue Range,
_CHARLESTON, S. C. I CHA RLESTOX S. C.
~HARLES C. L ESLIEA. McCOBB, Jr.
Wholes:Lle &~ Retail Commuission Deale'r in,,
General Conmmission Merchant
F I-,AND 'DEALER.IN
RE (A AN U~ILME, CEMENT, PLA~STER PARIS, HAIR, FIRE
Consignments of poultry, eggs, and :ll BRICKS, AND FIRE CLAY, LAND PLAS
ns of country produce are respectfullyTEADAS RN AY
oliited. TEAD ASW AY
lie Nos. I8 & 20 MIarket St., E. of East flay Agenis for White's English Portland Cement.
CHALESOr S.m C. 19 & 19 as fly neCharleston, S. C