Newspaper Page Text
THE MAlNNING TIMES.
S. A. NETTLES. Editor.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 8. 1891.
OUR SLEEPY TOWN.
While we do not desire the reputa
tion of being a continuous kicker, we
must continue insisting upon our peo
ple 'taking a move on themselves,' and
place our beautiful town in line with
neighboring towns. Nothing but in
difference hinders Manning taking on
a good, healthy growth; we have plen
ty of room to build, and the money is
If a man has a lot and does not wish
to build on it he ought to sell it at a
fair price to some one that will build
it up, and thus remove the chock from
the wheel of progress.
We venture the assertion that there
is not a townin the State with the same
advantages that Manning has but that
is making greater progress. Man
ning has a number of advantages that
would be valuable to other towns were
they possessed of them, and at the
same time it has a number of things
to sap away her very life if the people
do not wake up from their lethargy
and do something to prevent it.
Manning is starving for want of in
dustrial food. It needs something
that will be an inducement for people
to move here, and once the induce
ment is held out, be it a cotton mill, a
canning factory, a sash and blind fac
tory, an oil mill, or any other kind of
industry, people from abroad will land
among us, and the vacant lots will be
Manning needs another railroad,
one that will be a competing line with
the road that we already have, not
that we have any complaint to make
against the management of the Cen
tral, but because we believe in the
doctrine of competition being the life
of trade, and if we get a new outlet
from Manning more goods will be sold,
more cotton shipped, freights would
be less, goods would be cheaper, the
exeuse to buy abroad would be less,
and the merchants would be doing a
An energetic effort on the part of
the citizens to push our town forward
would soon make it rate among the
living towns of the State.
WILL 'ROTISIONS COST MORE I
The consumers of sugar (and that
means everybody) are made glad by
the reduction of the price in that nec
essary article, which went into effect
on the first day of this month, but
bow long they will enjoy this reduc
tion is hard to say. A scheme is al
ready on foot to grab the benefits of
the repealed duties away from the
people by making a deal between the
refiners and grocers to corner the ar
ticle and force the price back to where
it was before the import duties were
taken of. A committee of wholesale
from New York visited Phila
'last Monday, to get the large
refiners of that city to enter into an
agreement not to sell sugar for the
present prices. Should they succeed
in their proposed undertaking it will
take thousands and thousands of dol
lars out of the pockets of people who
were intended by the law to be bene
itted. It would be well to take timie
by the fore-lock, and buy up a year's
supply of sugar ncw while it is cheap,
and then perhaps the monopolists
will get tired holding for big prices,
and be defeated in their purposes
Granulated sugar should now retail
at about sixteen pounds to the dollar.
Germany for several years had an
embargo laid on American pork, and
would not allow it to enter her ports,
but within the last few days the em
bargo has been withdrawn, and the
shipment of American meats will be re
newed. This is another pointer for our
to profit by. The opening of the
ports to our meats will nec
ewarly make the demand greater
than it is now, and the price will go
up in consequence.
WHO ARE THE BEST PEOPLE 1
'From an interview published in
the next column, it will be seen that
there are some people, pretended
friends of the State, but really ene
mies to the people, that have been
secretly poisoning the minds of all
they could against the people of this
State. They have charged the farm
ers with being communists, foes to
order and decency. Their idea ap
parently is to belittle the present ad
ministration as much as possible, by
representing that the State govern
ment is controlled by a set of men
'who have no interest in the success of
the State as a whole. But the facts
are too strongly against any such ma
lignancy. Our State officers are na
tive born citizens, and as far as their
individual property is concerned are
worth many times more dollars than
the officers of the last administration.
It will be seen that the farmers are
treated as an inferior order of beings,
while the best people, we presume, are
of that old broken-down, would-be
aristocracy, who pride themselves on
being able to live and dress in asu
perior style, and at the same time as
much as possible to avoid paying
Secretary Tindal clearly shows that
the State is actaully rushing forward
in the march of prosperity. This in
terview should be read by every citi
zen of the State.
Gov. Tillman has appointed y. W.
Bunch, of Edgefield, secretary and
treasurer of the Lunatic Asylum vice
H. P. Green, deceased.
Bacon and corn have recently taken
a considerable rise, and are still going
up. The indications are that the
present prices will not only be retain
ed, but will be higher during the
summer. This is bad news to those
who have not already supplied them
selves with provisions for the sum
Mr. Dana's salary as editor of the
New York Sun has been increased
from $25,000 to $50,000 a year; that
of his son Paul from $150 a week to
$15,000 yearly; and a similar increase
from a like sum was made for Chester
Lord, the managing editor. Business
manager LTfan's stipend was increas
ed to$25,000 ayear. The Sun is said
to have made more money last year
than in any other year of its existence.
[News and Courier, Mar. 30.)
WHO ARE OUR BEST PEOPLE?
An Entertaining Interview with Northern
Visitors, in which Hon. Jas. E. Tindal,
Secretary of State, Makes Some Good
Points for south Carolina, not Negleet
Ing to Make a Slap at the So-Called
COLUMBIA. Mar. 29.-Reference was
made in the News and Courier to-day
to some replies made by Secretary of
State Tindal to some Northern visitors
who desired to be informed on certain
South Carolina institutions and ways
and means. The reason why Secre
tary Tindal committed the questions
and replies to paper will be seen when
the paper has been read. It will be
noticed that Mr. Tindal had to deal
with the mooted question, "Who are
the people ?" It has always been un
derstood that "we are the people," but
these Northern inquisitors go some
what further and desire to know what
is meant by "our best people."
Mr. Tindal was asked for this cate
chism to-day and he furnished the fol
"Mr. Secretary, is your State doing
anything for immigration ?"
"Officially, not much. Some years
ago we made an effort to induce im
migrants here, but found that the
foreign labor could not compete with
the labor we have."
. "Are your people then opposed to
"Well, no. We favor getting peo
ple here with either little or much
capital, but we do not believe the time
has come for importing white foreign
labor, though that time is not, perhaps,
"We were impressed in some way,
by the census or otherwise, that your
white population was increasing from
some source. Is that so, and where
does it come from?"
"As population presses down upon
Virginia and North Carolina those
people move down here. We are re
ceiving numbers of people every year,
especially from North Carolina, who
make prosperous, energetic, and
"Do you think your people would
welcome a colony of English, Scotch,
or Germans, who could bring a little
money witn them?"
"Certainly. They always have."
"But we are told you would not like
Northern people, though they were of
the kind you speak of as desirable ?"
"Yes, we would. Who told you
"A prominent official of North Car.
olina told us the other day, as we were
on our way down here, that a North
ern man who settles in South Caroli
na is a fool or a sneak. He is not want
ed down there, and would not be tol
"I am surprised to hear that of one
of our neighbors. Perhaps he had
some.immigration scheme of his own,
as many negroes have moved away
from North Carolina. The truth is
that some Northern adventurers came
doWn here just after the war and took
advantage of our political condition
at the time. They were thoroughly
despised, and so were the natives here
who did the same thing. But North
ern people who come here and go in
to legitimate business are not so treat
ed at all. The general sentiment is
in favor of their coming"
"But would your people associate
with them ?"
"Certainly, if they are worthy of it.
Their social position would depend
here upon what it is where they come
"Do you think, Mr. Secretary, that
if a number of tolerably well-to-do
Northern farmers should come here
and buy land they could grow cotton
with their own labor ? or must only
negroes be used to do that?"
"Our own white people grow it with
their own labor, and their wives and
children gather it, and I do not see
why your people could not, after they
had learned the business. Raising
cotton is not like the farming they
are familiar with. It is more like the
cultivation of flowers, and, of course,
they must first learn it."
"How much cotton can be grown
upon an acre of land ?"
"I could not venture to say what
the possibilities of an acre may be.
Three bales have been claimed, but it
is quite usual for good farmers to
make a bale per acre."
"What do you call a bale ?"
"Five. hundred pounds of lint, or
from fifteen to sixteen hundred
pounds in the seed."
"What can land be had for that
could be made to yield a bale from
one acre ?"
"Almost any of our high clay lands
or lands with clay subsoil can be made
to yield a bale 'to the acre,' and can be
bought at from $5 to $30 per acre
according to locality.
"About what expense of cultivation
and manure does it require to get a
bale per acre ?"
"From $18'to $25. Skilful farmers
who do their own work ought to clear
from $20 to $30 upon each acre of
cotton when the price is not below
9 1-2 cents per pound."
"What part of the State is best for
"I think the eastern part, above the
lower pine belt or seacoast region,
which is too low. That land is the
cheapest land in the civilized world
to-day, when all its capabilities and
advantages are considered. In the
time of slavery the best planters esti
mated that 5 1-2 per cent. of all capi
tal invested could be realized in that
section, while 4 per cent. was the best
in the up-country. But the up-coun
try is better for small grain, grass and
stock raising, and will be a great
manufacturing centre in the future."
"We understand that the farmers in
this State largely control politics,
which indicates that they are spirited
and not a very slow set, but we have
been told that the 'Farmers' Move
ment' here was a movement toward
communism. We would like to have
a candid statement from you as to
that, and as to how it will affect the
rights of property and rate of taxa
"So far from favoring communism
our farmers are a stone wall against
it. Communism takes root in great
cities, never among land-owning farm
ers. What we know here as the lien
law, coupled with a scarcity of mon
ey, developed business conditions
which exacted of small farmers from
50 to 200 per cent. for advances, and
fabulously extortionate retail prices
for what they used. The Alliance
taught these people to combine and
buy at whoale priceand bnrehak1
down this extortionate condition of
things. That simple act of self-de
fence and common-sense, created some
consternation and great disgust among
those who had profited by the faru
ers' ruin. As to taxation the farmers
fully realize that they must bear di
rectly or indirectly the greatest por
tion of the burden. Hence they con
tend for rigid economy, to which cap
ital will not object, as it also dislikes
to pay high taxes. The 'Farmers'
Movement,' as it is called, was organ
ized to get an agricultural and me
chanical college established. Those
who opposed the college were defeat
ed and those who advocated it were
elected, and that is the whole of it.
The charge of communism is simply
an unfounded slander upon the Scate."
"But we have been told that all
your best people, or those who claim
ed to be the best people, opposed the
movement, and that is the talk in
Washington in connection with com
munism. How is that ?"
"Well, who the best people are is a
question. Those whom we consider
to be the best people were to be found
on both sides. As for those who claim
to be "the best people" some may
have been vain enough really to es
teem themselves so; but "the best
people" never trumpet their superior
ity. Did you ever know a really sen
sible and virtuous man to proclaim his
superiority to his neighbors ? That
was simple nonsense, a political ma
nouvre to beat their opponents. The
people at large very readily distin
guish between those who sympathize
with them and those who do not, and
they have elected officers who own
quite as much or more property, and
who have really more interest in the
protection of property than those who
were turned out."
"Do you know of any capital drawn
from business since the election, for
fear of its not being safe under the
present government ?"
"On the contrary, more new enter
prises have been started than ever
before in the history of the State. I
have issued nearly one hundred com
missions for new enterprises since the
6th of December, and have letters al
most every day from. capitalists of
other States inquiring what conditions
to lend money or do business here
are required by our laws. Here is a
book in which the commissions are
registered, and here is a letter-a
sample of a great number, from the
shrewdest and most prudent business
"Are your own business men sell
ing as readily as usual on credit to
the farmers ?"
"Yes. Our fertilizer companies have
sold over 50,000 tons of commercial
fertilizers, more up to this time than
they sold during the whole of last
"How did you ascertain that ?"
"Well, a tax of 25 cents per ton is
exacted upon every ton sold, and the
receipts from that show the fact."
"Why do you exact that tax?"
"These fertilizers are analyzed by
the State to prevent fraud; that is, to
ascertain if the fertilizer is wvhat it
purports to be. It is for the protec
tion of farmers and also of honest
dealers and manufacturers against
swindlers. The 25 cents per ton de
frays the expense of affording this
protection. Our farmers spend Bev
eral millions of dollars for fertilizers,
and the temptation to fraud in such
an immense business with uneducated
people would be very great if there
was no way to detect and punish it.'
"Well, Mr. Secretary, would you
object to our repeating what you have
said to us ?"
"No. There are no secrets in what
I have said. I only ask that you re
peat it correctly. I am glad to talk
freely with you or any other strangers
who come here."
CoLrmBA, Apr. 4.-Charles McCaf
ferty, a well known Texan, and Miss
Blanch Starling, youngest daughter of
Capt. W. D. Starling, of this city,
were married this afternoon. There
being some opposition to the match
on the part of the young lady's parents,
the couple met by appointment on
Plain street, and were driven to Edge
~wood church, about two miles from
the city, where, in the presence of a
few friends and the minister's daugh
ters, they were married by Rev. S. D.
Vaughan. They then boarded the
Soutir Carolina train going towards
Charleston. Capt. Starling was in
formed by letter of the affair.
Too Hard for a Hatchet.
SuxrER, Mar. 29.-There came very
near being a murder here last night.
George Elliott, colored, and his wife
were having a fuss, when his mother
in law came upon the scene armed
with a hatchet, which she drove into
George's head. The mother-in-law
was arrested and put in jail, and it
was at first feared that George would
die, but later in the day he was up
and able to get around some. . His
head proved too much for the
Spring, beautiful spring is upon us;
but winter dry goods are not at all
oppressive thus far.
Boys have been ruined because
they had to stay at home and turn
the grindstone, when they should
have been allowed to go a fishing.
The ladies of Winnsboro have start
ed a canning factory of their own, in
which all the officers and directors are
ladies, and all the employees are to
be young ladies, except in that por
tion of the work which is too rough
for feminine hands to do.
The smallest of all the States,
Rhode Island, has the largest popula
tion per square mile, or 31,844 per
sons. The figures of the last census
show that if the whole Union were
as densely populated it would contain
The Attorney General has decided
that the act passed by the recent leg-1
islature to prohibit the sale of pistols
and pistol cartridges, does not pro
hibit the sale of rifle or other gun
cartridges. As pistols and guns take
the same kind of cartridges this de
cision will make the law a nullity. I
Secretary of State Tinchd says:
More new entei-prises have been start
ed since the present administration
went into power than ever before in
the same length of time in the history
of the State. Since the 6;th of last K
September he has issued nearly one a
hundred commissions for new enter-I
MRS s. A. NETTLES.
To those who have some knowledge
of water colois I will give a few hints.
You CanL imake a host of lovely things,
such as photograph, haLtdkerchief, or
glove cases, cushions, bags, sachet
and toilet sets, by using those india
silks which come to us already deco
rated with flowers as beautiful as na
ture makes them. The designs are
really artistic. From a bit of this
silk fashion your work, whatcveir it
may be, wad, line, and perfunie it.
Always try to cut your silk so as to
leave the design as entire as possible.
Then in water colors touch up iluw
ers and leaves, making the shadows
darner and high lights brighter by a
bit of color. If there are liues or
guides or anything conventional in
the pattern, outline with gold, and if a
scrap of plain background shows, try
to arrange it so you can lettet these
in gold, "gloves," "photographs," or
whatever it is to be used for. From
this you may fashion many things of
beauty which few would believe were
not really and truly hand painted.
Their cost would be nominal as the
remnants of silk can be procured very
cheap. But you say you cannot paint,
therefore this is of no use to you.
Well, suppose you try your needle in
stead of the brush. You can make a
lovely cover for a small table out of a
large linen doily, without iringe.
The designs worked in the damask
are all you could wish for beauty, and
worked with yellow wash silk will well
repay the trouble. Now if you can
crochet make a wide insertion and
edge to go all around the doily, and
line it entire with yellow sateen, only
outline the design with chain or ken
sington stitch which are now so fash
Som WAYs or COoKrG EGGS.
Poached Eggs.-Into well salted water
that is just boiling drop an egg one
at a time, remove to buttered slices
Poached Eggs.-Fill a frying pan
with boiling water, add salt and vine
gar, break the eggs one by one in a
wet saucer, slip in the boiling water
Poached Eggs.-Fill half full of wa
ter patty tins, put on stove and when
they boil drop an egg in each, cook
until set, remove to hot plate, season
with pepper and salt.
&rambled Eggs.-Break as many
eggs as wanted in a bowl, break gen
tly with a fork, place a piece of but
ter in a pan and melt, when hot turn
in the eggs, stir continually until set,
&rambled Eggs a la Ham.--Put
butter, pepper, and salt in a pan when
hot, drop in the eggs, and with a
knife cut in the centre, into which
put chopped ham.
Scrambled Eggs with Potatoes.-Chop
boiled potatoes very fine, break eggs
in a pan in which is salt, pepper, and
butter, scramble until they are set.
Scrambled Eggs and Dried Beef.
Chip and scald dried beef, put in pan
with butter and pepper, drop in the
eggs, stir all the time, serve hot.
Eggs Baksd with Crackcer Crumbs.
Cover the buttered dish with fine
eracker crumbs. Put each egg care
fully in the dish and cover lii htly with
seasoned and buttered crumbs. Bake
till the crumbs are brown.
Rumpled Eggs.-Beat three eggu
and two ounces of fresh;butter, add a
teaspoonful of cream, put in pan and
keep stirring for five minutes, serve
&S~ollped .Eggs.-Mii equal parts of
bread crumbs and ham, season and
moisten with milk till soft, fill patty
tins and drop an egg on each, bake
Curried Eggs.-Boil and cut in
slices ten eggs, fry two slices of onion,
when done add a teaspoonful of curry
powder, one pint of stock, and a cup
of cream thickened with flour, cook
a fewv minutes, then add eggs and
Italian Eggs.-Boil and mash a few
bits of garlic, and two tablespoonfuls
of capers, two anchovies, salt and pep
per, vinegar and oil. Put this sauce
in a dish and slice as many hard boil
d eggs in as you wish, serve hot.
Boiled Eggs.-The fresher the bet
er, boil about two minutes if you
wish the white set; a fresh egg will
ake three minutes if you wish the
yolks set; to boil hard for salads take
Boiled Eggs.-Boil i hard, remove
the shell, set in a hot dish and serve
S.ux.~os Onwzr.--Take a plain ome
et and when ready to fold spread
>ver it canned salmon moistened with
cream and seasoned with pepper and
We offer one hundred dollars reward for
my case of catarrh that cannot be cured by
:aking Hail's catarrh cure.
F. J. CRENEY & Co., Props., Toledo, 0.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J.
3heney for the last 15 years, and believe him
perfectly honorable in all business transact
tons and financially able to carry out any
>bligation made by their firm.
WEST & TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, Tole
WADING, KINNAy, & Mar.vXN. Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's catarrh cnre is taken internally,
acting direcily upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Prica 'i5c. per bot
le. Sold by all druggists.
CHANGE OF AGENCY.
f he Great Southern 31lusic House 3Iakes
Special notice is hereby given that J. B.
Eillough & Co., of Florence, S. C., are no
onger our agents for the sale of Pianos and
Jrgans. Our arrangement with them hav
ing been mutually discontinued, we have
tppointed Z. GODBOVLD, of Manning, S.
,to sell for us in the counties of williams
>urg and Clarendon. All our patrcns can
>uy from him at our prices until further
iotice. We are the sole Southern Agents
or the leading instruments of America.
uch as the celebrated Chickering, Jllason dJ
lamlin, M3athushkek, ad Sterling Pianos, and
~Iason & Hamlin arnd Sterling Organs. Our
rade is far the largest in the South, amount
ng to nearly half a million dollars yearly.
Ul intending purchasers will find that we
an save them money, an d it need not be said
hat it is safest to buy from a house of es
ablishid reputation. Remember that we
>lace instruments in your owcuhomes on fifteen
uys test trial, pay all freight, give ac connpletc
ulit free, and a si.c years guarantee with every'
trument. Tfhe purchasc of a Piano or Organ
Jans a large investment. Bleware of un
nown instruments offered by agents of
oubtful responsibility. Write us or our
uly authorized agents.
JUDN& BATErs SOUTHERN MUsic HorsE,
TWENTY-THIRD S. C. V.
Duty A round Charleston -Ordered to Vir
ginia--Burnin- up the Rei Bugs.
BY A .,PlIOTT (WA~I).
While stationed on Sulli'.an's; Islami, dur
ing the winter of WG:4, we cinirtunally had
the beach to picket at night, and sufl"-red a
great deal from the cold windls swoeping
over the island. We used to Lu c.nut:nuall y
provoked with our rifle pits. We worked
hard in throwing them up and arranging
them in order, anlid then in a few days they
would be level with the ground. The reason
of this was the sa1.1 was danp and after
being thrown .11p and :posed to tI e sun
and air would beco:e dry, so much so till
they would ielt down and at.e on the Iev
el, and where the riti-- pits ouight to have
been thcre would be little or no signs of
It was daily expected that the Federals
would attack and try to capture Sullivan's
Island as the next best thing they could do
towards captnring Charleston. They haa
by this time exhausted all Y.tnkee cunning
and patience, and hadn't taken the "cradle
of treason' Yet, and to all appearances they
wer. very likely not to possess it for some
time to come. There were a good many troops
on the Island at this time, and the Yankees
must have been aware of it, for they never
tried to take it b% approaching in barges
and trying to effect a landing. This was
about the surest way for them to have cap
tured the Island, but they did not like to
risk this style of warfare. The troops on
-the Island were very vigilant, and would
no doubt have had an easy time in licking
them if they had tried to capture it by the
barge proecss. I have no doubt the Yankees
thought so too. This was that time when
active military operations had about ceased
in Virginia and the West, and the troops on
both sides had gone into winter quarters.
This was why the Federals were showing
some activity about Charleston. Things
went very well with us while here, except
the Yankees would pay us their respects by
occasionally throwing a fifteen-inch Parrott
shell into our camp. These shells, or the
throwing them into our camp, never did us
any harm, and so we never paid much at
tention to them.
The year 1863 passed by and 1864 was
ushered in, and found the old 23rd still on
Sullivan's Island, as rebellious as ever, and
like all the rest of the Confederales, still
defying Uncle Sam's authority. Matters
continued about as they had been all along.
The Yankees hadn't got Charleston yet, and
the old "city by the sea" was as defiant as
ever, and all Yankee land stili disap
ORDERED TO FORT SUMTER.
About the first o- March about half of the
23rd were detailed for duty in Fort Siumter.
On reaching the landing at a point on Sulli
van's Island the detachment of the 23rd
were soon on a small steamer, which very
cautiously moved over the waters of Chales
ton harbor for Fort Sumter. The night being
dark the trip was safely made. On reach
ing the fort the dttachmefit was not long in
getting in. It was dangerous in going to
and froi tie fort and had to be done at
night ani v.ry cautiously at that. The
Federals could have easily sunk the boats
had they been in any way apprised of their
movement. It was not more than twelve or
thirteen hundred yards from their guns at
Cunimings' Foint to where the boats had to
pass to reach the fort. For these reasons
the troops could but feel relieved when they
reached the fort from the island, or the is
lanct from the fort. The Federals had the
heaviest guns I have no doubt around
Charleston that they had in thvir service,
and it would riot have taken but a few min
utes to havec sent the hoats and all on them
to the bottom of the channel. Fort Sunmter
was not a pleacant place we soon found out
after gettiug ini there.. T1he mortification we.
had to endure was great. The Yanks could
strike and the Confederates couldn't strike!
back. In the bombardments or during the
bombardments everyv 0nn hn the fnet bail
been dismounted or buried beneath the
ruins of the fort on the sea facing off the
fort and the part of the fort bearing on Mor
ris Island and the Federal batteries on thins
island. The troops defending the fort had
to rely mainly on their rifles and valor for
its successful defense. I believe there was
a piece or two of cannon of light calibre in
the fort. These though only could be effec
tive in case the Federals approached in
barges and attempted to capture the fort by
storming parties. On the side of the fort
next to Charleston in casemates of the fort
which the Federals had failed to knock
down in their protracted bombardment
were three heavy guns. These guns were
in just such a position that they could not
render any aid to the fort or its defenders
except in case t~o Federals could have buc
ceeded in passing the fort. One of these
guns was used as a sundowvn gan as it was
said. Every evening just as the sun was
setting the Confederate flag wvould be lower
ed and this gun would be fired. The gun
would be fired to assure the gallant and no
ble people of Charleston that the game old
fort still lived and was in possession of its
gallant defenders, and the Federals had one
day more-to swell and add to the record of
the siege of Charleston. This detachment
of the 23rd while in the fort and during one
of the bombardments of the fort, hadi twvo
men wounded, one losing a leg by a frag
ment of a mortar shell from one of the Fed
eral batteries on Morri4 Island striking him
on the leg and crushing it. While the 23rd,
or this detachment, w~as in the fort they were
under the fire of two of the Federal bora
bardments. After this detachment of the
23rd had performed thirty days', and it may
be truthfully said thirty nights' duty, they
were relieved by other troops. After being
relieved we marchedt out of the fort and
taking a steamer were very cautiously land
ed once more on Sullivan's Island without
any mishap in any manner, having had the
honor of being among and a part of the
defenders of historic old Fort Sumter.
ACTIVE OPEBATIONs FOn 1864.
It was now April, and after reaching our
camp at Battery Marshal we remained there
till about the 20th of that month, when the
23rd again received marching orders. This
time the order came to repair to Wilming
ton, N. C. On receiving the order the 23rd
was soon in line and on the march for the
wharf at Mount Pleasant. On reaching
Mount Pleasant we were soon on a steamer
making for Charleston. We reached Charles
ton some time in the forencon. After
reaching Charleston wye remained, if I re
member correctly, till the next morning,
when wve took cars by the Northeastern rail
road and in a short time were on our way to
About this time th2 Federals were show
ing a good deal of activity in every quarter,
and the Confederates were equally as active.
Gen. Grant had been made Lieut..General
of all the armies of the United $tates. His
success at Vicksburg and Missionary Rlidge
made hint the hero of the hour on tihe p~art
of the Yankees, and it w"as believed by the
North or these pretended Union lovers tiat
it was going to be but a question of a few
weeks ere the great rebellion, as they had
nicknamed the resistance of the South,
would be crushed, and their great armies
(for such they were in numbers) would soon
t::iumphantly return to Yankeeland amtid
tae plaudits of Yankeedom for having
crushed a noble peole which they outnum
bered five to one.
A NORTH CA~ioLINA PLAGUE.
On reaching Wilumington the 23rd pro
ceeded to a point in eastern Noi'th Caroli
na about twenty lve miles from Wilming
ton on the road lceading from New ]3erne to
Wilmington, and called Virginia CreekI.
The creek we never saw', and wvere always
puzzled in imagining how this section of'
country ever came by the namen. Natuire
certainly would have performeid an extra
ordinary feat if it had caused a creek to
flow ovi-r the sand beds of that part of
North Carolina. At this place we located
our camp in a piece of pine woods and an
ocean of wire grass as high as the hips in
some places and higher in other's. We had
not been here long before wve fond out we]
had invaded a new enemy's country, that
of the seed tie'ts and red hugs. 'They at
taked us with vigot, and iad~e maity in
roals among our feelings of contfort, and
continued to attack us on all sides an.I at
all hours of the day and night. When their
orenting was urged beyond endurance a
Uaptain in our army went out in the wire
~rass region, struck a match, and being a
fire," there was a conflagration among and
in that wire grass region. The city of the
seed ticks and red bugs was destro ed, and
the gallant Captain got showers of praise
bestowed upon himself, he not having'
meanness enough in him to Say some of the
ticks ndail red bugs were thw ca'iu' of their
city being burned, startingl the contlagraLtion
themselves. Aflter this piece of business we
were only slightly annovel by the remnant
of that natin. The last . .( of that lire
it was mak: time throu'gh thatt wire grisis
regioi'n of Northeastern N'rhi Carolina at a
spee.1 lht seemed uneqialled by the flight
of a carrikr piee. 'n, intent on reaching New
Deine before it ever slackened its spee.l.
ON T0- IM.o
The 23nl reniainxed at Virginia erek till
about the iuidle of May, then we oer' or
oered to Petersburg. Un reaching Wilming
ton it was not long bfore the 23rdl was on
boar'd the cars and soon ons the way to Pe
tersbuig to re i.force Gen. Deaureg'trd's
forces; the'n at Pctersbure to defeat General
Butler and his hosts that haL reacbed the
vicinity of Petersburg an. was making
great eiThrts for its speedy capture. The fiery
ball had now opened. Gen. Grant felt con
fident, and was moving on Richmond with
a heavy force for the capture of Richmond
as his pat of the job of ending the war,
leaving and entrusting the capture of Peters
burg to the hero ot New Orleans. That hero
had never made hioself famous but for one
thing: insulting unprotected women.
The 23rd arrived at Petersburg in time,
1 -t not in time to take a hard with Beaure
gard in defeating Butler, he having defeated
bim before Evans's Brigade conld reach Pe
tersburg, though making the distance in
due time. It seems at the time Butler com
menced operations around Petersburg he
managed in sone way to get some little ad
vantage, and in his glee he like the shallow
Pope telegraphed in different directions
that he held the key to Richrond, meaning
he would soon bo in poncsion of Peters.
burg. It so turned out that no one ever
saw the "key" but Butier, and he only in
imagination. Butler was soon forced to
withdraw from the immediate vicinity of
Petersburg. Knowing there was a premium
of two hundred thousand dollars upon his
head lie was desirous of not taking too much
risk. Ben thought tco much of his head to
let one of those ragged Confederates around
Petersburg get it, and very plainly showed
his appreciation of its value by not staying
too long and too near Petersburg. After
Evans's Brigade reached Petersburg they
commenced marching and moving from one
position to another. The Federals were now
very busy moving from point to point or
threatening different points, they having so
many men they could carry on these move
ments very well. The Confederates having
so many less men than the Federals, these
movements were calcilated to tire and wor
ry them. Gen. Grant had by this time,
which was the last days of May, found out
he could never reach and possess Richmond
by attempting to carry Lee's position by as
sanlt. His experience in the severe onsets
lie had with the Confederates convinced ]
hEn that he could not. So lie now gave up
iae attempt, and after a weary and circuit
ous march succeeded in getting his army
south of the James River, with the deter
mination to try his Vicksburg manner of
operating. He commenced intrenching and
erecting strong and impregnable earthworks
and to fix for regular siege operations. His
army, without any chance of truthful dis
pute, outnumbered the Confederates at least
four to one. The Confederates alter discov
ering what was the intention of the Feder
als, settled down and began to intrench them
selves and prepare, like the Yankees, to
take care of themselves.
[To be c:'ntinued.]
A Horal Easter Offering.
Formsvox, April 4.-There are moments
when the impeded circulation of thought
conies to a solemn pause; when the mind,
wearied by the past, bewildered by the pres
ent, refuses to look beyond the conscious
ness that an over-mastering will has solved
for us, the great problems which have per
plexed our live.
Wearied by the past, did we say ? The
past ! Oii! golden realm, peopled with
shadows, shall we sever the mystic tie which
bridges the chasm between nowe and then,
which links the fretful present to the tran
quil days that are gone ?
unch were the soliloquies of your corres
pondent, a waif of destiny, who watched
the tide of life flowinc' in the direction of.
the MethodisL enurcu, of rne giornous .z:aster
morn of 1891. It was a soft, fair day.
Light, fleecy clouds drifted across the daz
ziing sky, coquetting with the golden
gleams as they danced over the quiet homes
of Foreston, and gilding the church spires
peering bravely into the blue ether, voice
less messengers from earth to heaven.
There were gracious touches from nature's
magic pencil, waich transformed the forests,
in their silent grandeur, the violets in their
nests of green, and the sombre landscape,
into a cef-etd'ouvre of surpassing beauty.
In the distance glittered the dewy plains,
"When 'stead of one unchanging breeze,
There blow a thousand gentle airs,
And each a different perfume bears."
Lovely forms and faces flitted by; wve heard
the echo of angels' voices, and almost caught
the rustle of their wings.
Spell-bound, we followed one of Fores
ton's f'airest nymphs, who glided on, serene
ly unconscious of the havoc she had perpe
trated in our young affections. WVe entered
the church, just as the solemn overture of
the organ died away, and the choir rendered,
with magnificent effect, the sublime Easter
hymn, "Christ arose." Over the chancel,
and in the recess, inscribed in letters of
silver, were the sweet words, speaking to
the heart, "Christ is risen," and "Our pass
over." Everywhere an Eden of flowers met
the eye. They peeped out from pyramids
of moss and ivy. There were other flowers,
too, with brown and violet eyes, forming
tableaux of breathing lovliness. One, es
pecially, stole our thoughts away from the
deep significance of the day, with its radi
ent memories, and hallowed associations.
And Mr. Editor, it is our great misfortune,
to be always, too Lte. While wve are hesi
tating, trembling, fearing to turn the key
of destiny, some o'ther fellow, not half as
good looking as your co::respondent, steps
boldly forward, bears oft'::he prize, and we
are left hors de combat.
But we digress. As we glanced around
the church, we saw many, whose kind faces,
revealed their gentle graces of mind and
::baracter. We ,vuuld like to live amongst
these people, whose purity, moral excel
ence, and genuine hospitality, have dis
pelled dark shadows of doubt and disap
pointment, and encouraged us to look
heerfully, to the future, where the fairest
flowers bloom, where the wine of hope bub
bles up to the lips of the wearied pilgrim,
ard, where, in the blrue distance, sleep fairy
isles of joy and love.
But now to our sweet Easter day', whose
sun set royally behind banks of gold, crim
son, purple, and brilliant pink, melting in
o a soft, rose-ti ntedl gray. The day is dead,
but not its teachings. Far beyond the crys
:l deeps does our prayer ascend, that the
esson taught by the viewless flight of its
blssful hours, may be one of perfect peace,
alth, and hope. LE Nonm.
CamhiaJd POCKET ALMANAC
and MIEMORANJDUMV BOO0K
advertising BROWN'SIRON BITTIERs
the best 'Tonic, given away at Drug amct
Sgeneral stores, Apply at once.,
Wasting Our Money.
It costs about one hundred thou
and dollars each to bury dead con
ressnmen and senators. The past
ongress paid out over one half mil
ion of the people's money to bury
he members antd senators who died.
Unider the constitution they haye 1
ust as much right to appropriate
ouey to bury deadi citizens as dead
:ongressmnen. BJut you have never
eard those statesmen who are so y
luick to say the ownership of rail
vas by the government and the sub r
~reasuryv are unconstitutional, say a
ord about these appropriations for
~uneral expenses being uniconstittu
ional. These same stattesmen could
ave saved half a million a year to the
eop~le in the last twenty years if they.
ad 'oeen as quick to yell "pater'nal-f.
smn" and "unconstitutional" in funer
~is as they are in sub treasury mat
Senator George F. Edunds, off
ermont, has tendered his resignation]
o ake effect November next.
for Infants and Children.
"Castoriaissowefadaptedtocblrenthat Castoriaeure Colt-, Coftsd*N
Irecommend itssuperiortoanyprescription SW 8 wIL, DarrhO06 ruand,
known to me." H. A. Acz, X D., Ms Woms, gives deep, and promote@
111 So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. Y. Wit urious medcation.
"The use of 'Castoria' is so universal and " For several yaw I have recommended
its merits so wel known tat it seems a work rU4 and shal alwys continue to
of supererogation to endorse it. Few awethe do so' ait has invaribly p odue d benefical
inteigent 3mles who do no, keep Castori results."
within eay reach." EDWI F. PADZ3, . D.,
ChnRto 3U~am D D
NewAork D Y. he Wnrop,"125th Steetand 7thAve.,
Late Pastor Boomindale wBormed Church. NewYork City.
TM CaXTAU COMPAxr, 77 MUmnr S=r. Naw Yo=z.
TH E LAST.
POSITIVELY THE LAST FOR THIS SEASON.
Parties wishing to purchase will
please take notice that I will receive
about March 10th 1 car load broke
Mules, and about March 26th 1 car
load nice driving and work Horses.
Sumter, S. C., March 7, 1891.
- - - UC I )
Tillman Opposed to the Sub-Treasury.
In a recent interview with a correspone
nt of the Cincinnati Post, Governor Till
"I do not believe if the Farmers' Alliance
rere polled in this State one-half would sup
yort the sub-treasury scheme. My guide in
naking up my opinion is to observe the re
;ults in- the Congressional districts where,
by vote, this has been tested, and I believe
;hat the Alliance of the entire South would
epudiate it. Some leaders may foist it, but
he rank and file-the thinking, reading
neuibers-itterly refuse the absurd provis
ons of the scheme."
Life Didn't Charm Him.
It takes a Georgia editor to see the
ight side of things. "We have been
lown with the grip three days," says
he Billville Banner, "but we are feel
ng quite cheerful as we own a lot in
he cemetery, and the coffin factory
>wes us $10 for an advertisement."
Che same editor acknowledges the
eceipt from the Rev. Sam Jones of
'a cheerful little book entitled 'Are
-ou ready to die?"
Both the method and results when
yrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
md refreshing to the taste, and acts
ently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
em effectually, dispels colds, head
icbes and fevers and cures habitual
:onstipation. Syrup of Figs is the
nly remedy of its kind ever pro
luced, pleasing to the taste and ac
,eptable to the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from the most
healthy and agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c
and $1 bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes to try it. Do not accept any
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
LOUISVILLE, Kr. NEW YORK, N.Y.
247 King St., Opposite Hasell,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Upholstering Goods and Draperies of
HE MOST COMPL.ETE STOCK IN THE STATE,
We quote a few of our specialties:
Brussels Carpet at 65, 75, 85, and Si per
elvet Carpet at $1.25, $1.40, and $1.50
ernain Carpet at at 50, GO, 70, and 90c.
em aCarpet at 20, 25, and 30c. per yard.
Straw Mattings at 15, 18, 20, 25, 30, and
rw' a 75,$1.25, S2.00, $2.50, to $9 each.
Window Shades at 50, 75, $1.00, and up.
Corn ic2 Poles at 25, 35, and 50c.
Full stock of Lace Curtains from 90c. to
[5.00 per pair.
Special attention given to all orders. W e
arantee satisfa.ction. To give us a trial
-der is to come again, as our prices are the
ec nd -Tres Manaaer.
comes to the front, and wishes to announce
to his many frien ds and customers that he
has just receive.1 from Northern markets a
new and weil s.;, c ed line of spring goods,
comprising all (f the newest styles and
novelties of the sfeason.
My line of Dress Goods is complete, con
sisting of Cashmeres, Nuns Veilings.
Bieges, Suitings, Ginghams, 24 and 36 inch
Challies, Satines, Prints, Lawns, Muslins,
Organdies, and also a complete line of trim
nings and silk sashing to suit the above.
A large selection of Ladies' and Genis'
Neckwear and Hosiery, Hair Ornaments,
White Linen and Tarkey-red Damask, La
dies'and Gents' Linen, Lawn, and Cambric
Handkerchiefs, Window Draperies, and a
wagon load of other things that I have not
room to mention. My stock of
is complete, also a full line of Gents' Fur
nishing Goods, and Men's, Youths', and
Children's Felt and Straw Hats in all styles.
A complk line of Hardware, consisting
of all kinds of Carriage Bolts and Wood
Screws, Weeding Hoes, Handled Hoes, all
kinds of Sweeps, Shovels, Spades, Axes,
Rakes, Forks, and a general line of Farm
ers' Supplies. Also a full line of crockery.
I make a specialty in Ladies', Gents', and
Children's Fine and Common Shoes. As I
have had many years' experience in the
different qualities of leather, therefore I can
unhesitatingly claim to have as good and as
honest a line of Gents', Ladies', and Chil
dren's Shoes as will be found in any retail
store in the country.
My Grocery Department, the last men
tioned but not the least, for my shelves are
chock full of the fanciest and finest Family
Grocer.es. My ware rooms are abundantly
filled with Flour, Bacon, Molasses, Corn,
And now in closing my remarks I wish
to say that all the goods mentioned in the
various deuartments above will be sold at
the lowest cash prices and as cheap as will
be found elsewhere, and any one doubting
my statement will please call and try me
with the cash, and they will find that what
I say I mean, and what I advertise I have
in stock. Very respectfully,
S. A. RIGBY,
M~anning, S. C.
A ..MUNN ? CO.
PIEDMONT GUANO G0.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
IMPoBTERs, MANUFAcTUBERS, & DEALERs IN
Safest, High Grade, and Guaranteed
Kainit, Blood Acids, Dissolved
BIone, Solubles, and Ammoni
Handled by Mr. M. Levi, Manning, S. C.
Get prices before buying.
228 KING STREET,
Opposite Academy of Music,
CHALES TON, S. C.