Newspaper Page Text
VOL. VII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 1891.
SOME ALLIANCE NEWS.
WHAT THE GREAT BODY OF FARMERS
WILL DO OUT WEST.
Both the Old Parties to be Abandoned
Direct Statement from a Leading Official
-The Order to Make its Own Fight with
its own Candidates. .
BALTIORE, April 15.-Hon. W. F.
Willets, of Kansas, the lecturer of the
National Farmers' Alliance, was in
Mr. Willets has recently been at work
in the interest of the alliance in New
Jersey, and came over from Washing
ton on his way to the eastern shore.
He will address the local alliance at
Royal Oak, Talbert county, this after
noon and will spend to-morrow with
Mr. IL D. Bradley, the lecturer of the
Maryland State Alliance, at his resi
dence, Linchester, Carroll county.
Mr. Willetts is one of the alliance
leaders and among the most conspi
cuous members of the movement. He
was for a long time thoroughly identi
fied with the Kansas alliance before he
was elected lecturer of the National
Alliance, and no man in the organiza
tion has more abundant faith in its
possibilities for the future or can speak
more advisedly than he as to what it is
and what it will be. Last fall he- was
the alliance candidate for governor of
Kansas, but was defeated by a very
narrow margin, and was subsequently
prominetly spoken of as a candidate for
famd States senator to succeed Sena
fr Ingalls in the legislature which
eleted Judge Pfeffer. He is a farmer
in the strictest sense, has never been
:Anything else, believes that the farmers
have brains enough to take care of this
country, and has no higher ambition
than to see the triumph of the cause
whichrthey are so vigorously advocat
The only time he has ever left his
farm was when he canvassed his State
for governor, and then he hired a man
to run the farm for him, and went into
the fight with the same energy and
fidelity which he had devoted to his
Mr. Willetts ic a tall, squarely built,
sturdy looking man, with a full beard.
He is unmistakably a man of solid sense
ann judgment, and speaks unreservedly
and pleasantly upon the work in which
he is so deeply interested.
"Talk to you about the Farmers' Alli
ance? Why, certainly," he said, with a
smile. "Thereisnothingabout it which
you should not know; it has no secrets,
except a few pass words, that I need
keep from you. What do you want to
"There has been a great deal said since
the election last fall," suggested the
American reporter, "by men of both
political parties, by big men and little
men, about the purpose ef the alliance
and its possible disintegration or ab
sorption by one of the two political or
ganizations. Is there any foundation
for such a belief?"
"None whatever. The Farmers' Alli
anceisnot a thing of to-day;not a thing
to be blown aside or frightened to death
by Democrats or Republicans. It is a
pmnmefatf.or and willbe speedily
recognized as such by those who haye
yef failed to learn it'"
"Then you mean that it is destined to
become a distinct party organization?"
"I do not say that; but I do say that
it will not be a tail to the Democratic or
Republican kite, nor be dominated by
any partisan influence."
"What will be its probable policy to
make its mnfiuence most powerfully
"Oar platfoim, boiled down,is simply
this: 'Equal justice to all, special privi
leges to none, more money, and less
misery." That is our starting point.
We will preach the gospel according to
the new dispensation and baptize in
the Jordan of intelligence. We are
with the people, the people are with us,
and that is the rock of cur strength.
If you ask whence comes my belief, I
answer, from that which we have al
ready done and the power that I know
is within us to do."
"Will the alliance hold strictly to their
two leading principles, the free coinage
of silver and the sub-treasury plan ."
'-Most undoubtedly. We may make
some change in the sub-treasury plan
as it stands now. .Do not misunder
stand me. I don't mean a change in
the way of taking any step backward,
but to perfect it and make it better for
the farmer than it is now."
"What will be the position of the
alliance In the next presidential elec
"We will never vote for any candi
date, Democrat or Republican, .on a
platfor ,opposed to the free coinage
"Then Mr. Cleveland will not find
much comfort in the alliance ?"
"We will not touch him under any
"At this distance, what forecast can
you make of the next national cam
paign. more especially as to the atti
tude of the two old parties?"
"The Democrats will nominate
Cleveland; the Republicans will nomi
nate Blaine if he will be a candidate.
If he will not, Harrison seems the next
most likely man." ,
"And as to the platforms?"
"They will both be against the free
coinage of silver."
"Then we come back to the original
poposition-what will the Alliance
"We will not support any candidate,
except on the St. Louis platform."
"And that means a third candidate?"
"Yes, Ithink there is bound to be a
third candidate. I think he will be
nominated by the Citizens' Allhance
which is distinctiy a political organiza
"And the Alliance will endorse him ?"
"Yes, if they nominate on our St.
Louis platform, as I think they will.
They accept that platfo.1m, and we will
not support any candidate who is not
in accord with it."
"If that can be accomplished in no
other way, then it is probable the alli
.nce will nominate ?"
"Yes; it is not improbable."
"At this distance can you name any
aan who is likely to be the Farmers' or
-Citizens' Alliance candidate ?"
"No. We are not giving ourselves
siuch concern about that yet. We are
4evotin g all our time to perfecting a
thorough organization, and1 then we
,ill look after the man.who can get our
-s ithere a man conspicuous in eithe'
f tbe plitical parties now whom you
would bewilling to support ?"
"None. Not one.".
"Do you think the Repubhicans will
have the next administration ?"
"They have elected the last president
they will ever have:'
"What is Mr.1ingalls' future ?".
"e has none politically. I was ir
the Kansas legislature eighteen years
ago and tried to defeat him, and I never
ae up the fight until 1Isucceeded
hyshould we run after such men as
ngal and Sherman and Gorman.
We have plenty of available and excel
lent material, and have no need for such
Hw do you find the alliance in Ma
"In admirable condition, promising
and progressing all over the State."
What Is your national organization
"We have 2,500,000 members in the
United States. We have organizations
in thirty-five States of the Union and
are organizing an average of 175 State
and local allia- -es a day. In Kansas
we have 145,000 members. I will or
ganize a State alliance in Ohio on the
16th of this month and one in New
York on the 22nd. We will have three
or four grand mass meetings in every
State in the Union, then we will go into
congressional districts, and finally, into
the counties. There will be a confer
ence in Cincinnati, May 19th, of all the
industral bodies, to take the prelimina
rv steps for the presidental campaign.
this conference has been called by the
farmers and citizens' alliance, the
Knights of Labor, the Single Tax
League and various other organiza
MUST PAY OR CLOSE.
Judge Hudson Decides Against the Co
CoLUMBIA, S. C., April 16.-The Co
lumbia Club, it seems, will now either
pay a regular liquor license to the ci ty
of Columbia or close its doors. At
least, Judge Hudson's unwritten opin
ion given below will show that such is
The hearing of the case on the rule
granted by Judge Hudson some time
ago, requiring the city to show cause
why it should not be enjoined from im
posing a regular liquor license on the
club was heard yesterday in the Court
of Common Please.
The case was argued at great length
by Allen J. Green, Esq., on behalf of
the club, and City Attorney John T.
Rhett. Mr. Green made the opening
argument, and he logically tooK up the
points on which he based his argument,
He contended that the club was organ
ized for social purposas only, and did
not come under the term of profession,
occupation or business. The city had
no right to charge a license and none to
impose a fine. Col. Rhett made a
lengthy argument in reply, and the law
was fully cited on both sides. When
the arguments had closed, Judge Hud
son said he was not ready to give his
final decision, but he continued thus:
'-The law of South Caaolina prohibits
the sale of iutoxicating liquors outside
of incorporated towns and cities. In
side of these places it is prohibited, un
less authorized by the granting of a li
cense; therefore any body or associa
tion, call it by whatever name you
please, that is engaged inside the incor
porated limits of any city or town in
selling intoxicating liquors without
license, are in violation of the law.
Outside of incorporated cities and
towns nominal cbV, wiL tne very ar
ticle in thetr constitution you have
here, could be organized on every cross
road ostensibly for social enjoyment,
but the principal object would be the
sale to its members of intoxicants.
The prohibition law of cities would
thus be aniulled. it is very true that
these associations are composed of cul
tivated gentlemen, but the question
that 1 have to determine is, is there a
sale of intoxicating liquors as it is ad
mitted to be managd in this clutand
as it is managed in all clubs, from the
funds of the corporation. From the
funds of the corporation the supplies
are laid in, and in plain terms, I do not
mean to oe offensive at all, the very
important part o" the instititution is
the bar; take that away and most of
the clubs would go to pieces.
'-My imp:ession is that I would be
forced, from the weight of the authori
ties, to sustain the city council.
"Similar associations could be formed
in every township in the State; parties
might go there with a copy of a village
paper and call it a literary club, and
once in a while take their families
there; but the attractive feature would
be the arrangement they have made to
serve the members. So far as I have
been able to catch from the authorities,
the weight of reason and the common
sense view is against the position tak
en by the club.
"But I will read the authorieies on
either side if counsel- will present them
and will give my views in writing."
The State. -
The Conductor Ignored Orders.
SPARTANBE, S. C., April 14.-A
terrible wreck occurred just ahout dark
last night on the Ashville and Spartan
burg Railroad, between a through
freight from Asheville and a material
train, near the rock cut above Landrum.
The freight had orders to wait at Mel
rose fifty minutes to allow the material
train to pass. The conductor disobeyed
his orders and attempted to make Tryon,
when the two trains came together.
Both trains were running at a high rate
of speed when they collided at a point
just half a mile beyond Horseshoe
trestle. Both engines were demolished.
The fireman and a negro on the material
train were killed. Both of the engineers
and eighteen of the hands were badly
injured, many of them fatally, and it is
thought one negro had his leg caught in
the furnace and burned off before as
All day yesterday the wounded men
were being treated by physicians from
Asheville and half a dozen amputations
of legs and ai mns were made.
When the collision occurred a car
from the rear end of the material trian
broke loose and ran back four miles to
the rock cut above Landrum. The
flagman, knowing the danger of the
passenger train running into it, ran
back the entire distance and arrived
completely exhausted, but just in time
to flag down the regular passenger train.
By this splendid effort, another horrible
disaster was avoided.
Trains were delayed set eral hours on
account of the wreck, but are now run
ning on schedule time.
It is impossible to ascertain the names
of the conductors or any of the parties
killed or injured.-The State.
.A Cors .optible Piece of Bravado.
Rome says that there is no doubt here
in well-iniformed circles that the recall
of Fava was a contemptible piece of
acting on the part of the Italian Gov
ernment, and that the whole story will
shortly be made public, to the discom
fiture of the Rudini cabinet. Official
papers are in existence showing that
Fava had asked, and his government
had granted, a leave of absence before
the New Orleans massacre w as heard
of or had occurred, and that Rludii
had afterward determined tO give a
dramatic and bravado aspect to the
ministers holiday by proclaiming it a
recall. H~e expected to frighten the
A mericans, and in failing to do so has
made himself such an object of ridicule
that he may have to retire in shame,
and leave the field to Crispi, who ms
doing everything possible to add to his
successor's embarrassments. Should
Crispi regain power, it is expected that
he will give the whole correspondence
to the public. The le v-ying of new
taxes, which is now recognized as the
only way out of the financial slough,
cannot fail to hasten Rudini's down
fall. Even had Crispi remained in
power, these taxes would have had to
be imposed and his retirement has saved
him from the unpopularity that will
ttnd thir imposition.
THE CASE OF THE UNITED STATES.
Secretary Blaine's Reply to the Last Let
ter of the Italian Government.
WASImNGTON, April 15.-Secretary
Blaine completed his reply to the last
letter from the Italian Government
yesterday, and sent a copy of it to the
Marquis Imperiali for transmission
to Premier Rudini. To-night the cor
respondence was given to the press.
Marquis Imperiali, in a note dated
April 2, says Secretary Blaine's note of
April 1, heretofore published, had been
laid before the Italian Government,
ani that Rudini directed him to say
that the Government of Italy had
asked nothing beyond the prompt in
stitution of judicial proceedings
through the regular channels. He ac
knowledges that it would have been
absurd to claim the punishment of the
guilty parties without warrant of reg
ular judgment, and repeats the original
demand for the prompt institution of
judicial proceedings, and says that not
until the United States Government
shall have explicitly declared that the
proceedings shall be promptly begun
can the diplomatic incident be consid
ered as closed.
Secretary Blaine, in reply, says the
United States did not, by treaty with
Italy, become the insurer of the lives
or property of Italian subjects in our
territory. If it should appear that
among the victims at New Orleans
were Italian subjects resident there, in
conformity with the treaty, and not in
violation of the immigration laws,
abiding in peace in the United States
and obeying the laws, that public offi
cers connived at the work of the mob
or failed, upon proper notice or infor
mation of the threatened danger, to
take steps to preserve the peace and
bring the guilty to trial, the President,
under such circumstances, the Secreta
ry says, will be justified in bringing the
matter before Congress, with a view to
the relief of the families of the Italian
subjects who lost their lives by vio
Secretary Blaine also says, if it is
found that the prosecution of the per
sons charged with the killing of the
Ital.a. subjects can be maintained un
der the United States Statutes, the case
will be presented to the next grand
jury. But if, as seems probable, pro
ceedings can only be taken in the courts
of Louisiana, the President can only
urge the State officials to promptly
bring the offenders to trial; and this
he has already done. He also says, it
the case can only be prosecuted in the
State courts, and a judicial investiga
tion is not resorted to, it will then be
the duty of the United States to con
sider whether some other form or re
dr-a! =ay I.= asked.
He adds, that it is understood that
the Louisiana State grand jury is now
investigating the affair, and while it is
possible that the jury may fail to pre
sent indictments, the United States can
not assume that such will be the case.
The State Sustained.
BEAUFORT, April 14.-The decree of
.Judge Aldrich in the Coosaw case has
been filed. It is a voluminous docu
ment, covering 23 pages of legal cap
paper The conclusions reached by the
Judge in "The State ex-relati ne B. R.
Tillman et al., Board of Phosphate
Commissioners, plaintiffs, vs. the Coo
saw Mining Co., defendants," are as fol
"The return of the defendants to the
order herein, dated March 21, is insuffi
cient and is overruled. That the order
to show cause herein, dated March 21,
is made absolute. That the temporary
order of injunction heretofore granted
is continued pending the final determi
nation of the action, or the further or
der of the court, and that the plaintiff
do execute and file a written undertak
ing with sureties, pursuant to the stat
ute and the practice of this court, with
in the next thirty days, to the effect that
the plaintiff will pay to the defendant
such dimage, not exceeding $500, as de
fendant may sustain by reason df the
injunction herein, if the court shall
finally decide that the plaintiff is not'
"That the order of this Court appoint
ing U. R. Brooks temporary receiver be
continued in full force and effect until
further order of this Court.
"Further ordered, that the said U. R.
Brooks, as receiver, do within a reason
able time execute and deliver a proper
undertaking, pursuant to the statute,
in the sum of $500,conditioned for the
due and faithful discharge of his duties
"Either party to this action may,
upon four days' notice to the opposite
party, apply to this Court for an order
substituting some 'ther person receiver
in the place of U. IR. Brooks.
"That either party to the action, on
four days' notice to the opposite party,
may apply to this Court, or a Judge
thereof, for an order that may be meet
and just, pending the final determina
tion of this action."
"Dated Aiken, S. C., April 13, 1891.
"(Signed.) JAMES ALDRICH,
"Judge Second Circuit."
GoshEN, Ind., April 10.--A miner
named Snyder was found dead here a
few days ago, and two tramps arrested
charged with his murder. A sensa
tional account was published in the
New York papers, regarding disclosures
made by his wife, who lives in New
York, in the presence of the tramps
leading to their seeking him and at
tempting robbery, which resulted in
his death. Now the coroner's verdict
has been made public, to the effect that
Snyder came to his death by falling and
striking his head against a bed post,
and that the gashes in his head which
were supposed to have been caused by
blows from a cudgel were caused by
rats, which had been gnawing on the
dead body for perhaps a day previous to
the finding of it. The two tramps who
have been held charged with the mur
der, some articles belonging to Snyder
being found in their possession, have
been released in consequonce, and have
skipped the neighborhood.
A. Cowardly Father.
CHEYENNE, Wyoming, April 15.
Frank McDermott and George Madden
fought a duel Saturday in the Big Horn
basin. The former's wife left him after
a tilt and went to Madden's place. Mc
Deriott, carrying a six-shooter and tak
ing his five-year-old boy along, went
after the woman. Madden came out with
a rifle, which he aimed at McDermott's
head. McDermott raised his son to his
breast, and the ball struck the little fel
low above the ear, glanced and landed in
his father's face. McDormott fell, but
fired three shots. The boy died within
an hour and the father is fatally injur
His Haste Made Waste.
KAsAs CITY, Mo., April 15.-Sev
eral months ago the postoffice at Seward.
Oklahoma, was robbed. There being no
safe convenient, the postmaster after
that put his stamps and money in the
oyen of his cook stove. Friday he built
a fire in a hurry, and forgot to take the
treasure out. When he thought of them
the oven was red hot, and stamps and
money were all gone. His loss was
NO THIRD PARTY FOR HIM111.
THE PLANS AND PURPOSES OF THE
State Lecturer Talbert Sets Forth the
Meaning of his Recent Interview-He
Declares that the Alliance is Engaged in
a Crusade Against the Money Power.
To the Editor of The News and Cou
rier: Your Reporter did me justice in
an interview at Orangeburg published
in your issue of the 6tb instant. Ie
stated my language as I used it and my
words as they were spoken, but your
head-lines and comments are calcula
ted to mislead the public mind, and I
ask that you allow me to make some
explanation, not however, to change a
single word or proposition, but to re
iterate every word.
Other papers have quoted altogether
incorrectly. For instance, I am quoted
as saying: "The Alliance is a simon
pure political organization." In the
interview I said that "the National Al
liance was a purely political, or simon
pure political organization," or words
to that effect. I say so yet. Then I am
quoted in other papers as saying: "I
am in favor of a third party." I did
not say so; i said that "I was opposed
to a third party, provided relief could
be obtained from the other parties,"
distinctive applied for as Democrats
and Republicans being my meaning,
of both Democrats and Republicans.
1 stated that when it was found out re
lief could not be obtained in this way,
or woads to that effect, then it would
be time enough to decide upon sme
plan to bring about that result, or
words to that effect.
Now, sir, it might be that some other
plan than a third party might be de
cided upon. I am unable to say. I
stated positively that the Alliance, as
I. understand it, would push their de
mands in the primaries and conventions
for the nomination to national offices
only of such candidates as would favor
the same. After nominatiQns are made
then the Alliance would support the
nominee of the party, or words to that
effect. That seems to me to be Demo
cratic. I also stated that was my idea
of the Alliance (at the South, of course,)
at present. However, I said further, in
substance, that there was a move on
foot to have a meeting in February,
1892, for the purpose of bringing to
gether in one great convention repre
sentatives from all of the different
bodies of organized farmers and labor
ers in the United States to discuss the
situation. What tcy would do I said
I was unable to say. Whatever was
done the people alone would be respon
sible, because it would be a people's
move, etc, or words to that effect.
Now, Mr. Editor, you make a big fuss
about my reference to the fact that my
language means communistic revolu
tion,etc, because I said the masses must
have relief, and if they can't get it one
way they will get it in another, etc.
Now, you may call it what you please,
but the people cannot and will not
much longer stand the oppression of
the money king. There is not enough
money in circulation to supply the
legitimate demands,. saying nothing
about the payment of-loans, because
with falling prices securities weaken,
and while property values go lower an'
lower, dollar values go higher and high
er, and taxes, salaries and interest ab
sorb all the people's earnings, leaving
nothing to pay on the principal of debts.
Wealth is fast passing into the hands
of a few persons. Money has become
a power in politics as it has always been
in social life, and the same influence,
which is drawing away the substance
of the workers, is undermining the
church. Look what way you will the
encroachments of the money power are
plainly visible. It pollutes our elec
tions; it controls our national _legisla
tion; it debauches our trade; it owns
our homes; it rules the forum, the
school and the church. It is king. The
question then is whether the dollar or
the citizen shall rule this country.
The Farmers' Alliance then means to
have this country ruled by the citizen.
The Farmers' Alliance then means to
dethrone the money power and thus
emancipate the people. This, sir. does
not mean communism or anarchy, as
you term it. It does not mean repu
diation, it does not mean war; it means
only the rule of the people. That is the
irst and great work to be done by the
National Alliance. With that will
come many other reforms, for every de
vice of villiany which is supported by
the improper use of money will fall
when the props are taken away.
Mr, Editor, the sub-treasury scheme,
which you so much abuse, will be the
very means by which money will be
robbed of its power to oppress. The
St. Louis Conventioin adopted it. the
Ocala Convention confirmed it, and it
becomes the duty of every true Alli
ance man to support it as one of the
grand principles of the Alliance, and
again I repeat, he who is unwilling to
support what a majority adopts should
drop out. If that be treason, make the
most of it.
In conclusion allow me to say that
the platform of our National Alliance,
as I understand it, is what 1 stand up
on, not only with both feet, but on all
fours, and there are not enough news
papers and editors in South Carolina
to drive me off. All I want is a chance
to discuss these propositions before the
people face to lace.
Respectfully, W. J. Talbert,
Lecturer Farmers' Alliance.
Columbia, April 1, 1891.
A Bad Negro.
WEDGEFIELD, S. C.. April 10.-Fate
James, a negro, was arrested here yes
terday for the murder of a woman in
Sessons, Ga., with whom he had run
away from his family here last fall.
James suddenly returned a week or ten
days ago without the woman, and when
questioned as to her whereabouts de
clared that she had died suddenly while
at work. This naturally excited the
suspicious of the woman's relatives,
and upon writingt to parties ini Sessons
it was ascertained that James had killed
her, which fact lie confessed upon be
ing arrested, claiming, however, that he
committed the deed by accident, with
a Winchester rifle. This is not given
much credence. Hie w~as sent to Sum
ter in charge of the constable and will
doubtless remain in jail there, awaiting
the requisition of the (Governor of
Ie is a bad negro anyhow. Only last
summer he had to leave on account of
injuries lie had inflicted upon an old
negro. This was finally compromised.
The State correspondent has just seen
a specimen of a five-acre fild of oats
which measures three feet six inches
without the head. it was grown by
Mr. J. M. Moseley, who is one of our
best planters, as the size of his oats tes
A Kansas Collison.
LEAVENwORTH, Kan., April 15-At
5:10 this afternoon, D. It. Anthony, edi
tor of the Leavenworth Times, was cowv
hided on the street by Capt. William
For::esque, who was defeated for mayor
at the recent election. A large crowd
assembled, but no assistance was offered,
and as Anthony is noted for his game
ess a bloody seque is looked for.
TILLMAN ON THE SUB-TREASURY.
The GovernorThinks the Intelligent Far
mers are Generally Against It.
CINCINNAT1, April 15.-Recently
the Post, of this city, published the fol
lowing from Max Ellsler:
I spent this evening with Governor
Tillman and his family at the executive
mansion. I was impressed by his rapid,
firm decisions and clear cut ideas. He
is probably forty-five years old. has one
eye, and writes with both hands. I
found him genial in his home, offering a
welcome savoring somewhat of the ru
ral. Five children, with positive clear
brown and hazel eyes, firm yet eftec
tionate bearing, were perfectly easy in
the quiet dianity of the family room.
The Governor is thoughtful, but his
great power lies in his directness of
speech and action. With its aristocrat
ic significance one would never accuse
him of being a "gentleman," but you be
lieve his opinions are carefully made up
and honest in every sense.
In response to my query, he said:
"I do not believe if the Farmers' Al
liance were polled in this State, one-half
would support the sub-treasury scheme.
My guide in making up ray opinions is to
observe the results in the congressional
districts where, by vote, this has been
tested. And I believe the Alliance of
the entire South would repudiate it.
Some leaders may foist it, but the rank
and file-the thinking, reading members
-utterly refuse the absurd provision of
It may be well here to draw the dis
tinction between the Alliance and the
movement. Both are farmers' meas
The Alliance is nine months old.
The movement is live years old.
And Alliance is national.
The movement is local.
The Alliance is based on its well
The movement on local educational
questions and; alleged reforms.
Governer, Lieutenant Governor, State
officers, six Congressmen and a majority
of the Legislature belong to the farmers'
A small proportion belong to the Al
The present administration claims to
be Democratic. loyally so, and that its
odicers were the regular nominees of the
Commenting on the above the Cot
ton Plant the official organ of the Alli
ance, says: The News and Courier
quotes Gov. Tillman as saying that the
creat rank and file of the Alliance are
psosed to the Sub-Treasury. We
very much tear the good Governor was
doing just what our contemparary
charged upon Col. Talbert in the same
connection--speaking for himself, rather
than for the Alliance.
"Certainly no one can charge him
with being opposed to the Farmers's
Alhaie," as the News and Courier
says; but neither can any one who
looks below the surface in the last con
gres sional elections construe the result
aa-- properly a rcjection of the Sub
The Governor is entitled to his
opinion of course, but we know that
he has not correctly gauged the Alli
ance sentiment on this point; and the
Alliance-yes, the "reading, thinking
members"-will not follow even him
in a defection from its clear cut demands.
The lines will be much closer drawn in
future congressional cortests than in the
last, and if we mistake n2ot, the Alliance
will be in position to apply its full force
where it will do most good.
In our judgement based upon close
touch with the order to-day, Col. Tal
bert is nearer right than the Governor;
and the Governor is about as near
right on this point in fact as he has
been any time auring the past twelve
months in the estimation of tbe News
We believe, lhowever, that the Gov
ernor will be found standing squarely
by the Alliance and all its demands,
when it comes to the test, though he
is clearly mehtken as to the sentiment
of the order in this respect.
A Franco-Germ an War Brewing.
PARIs, April 1.-M. Herbette, the
French ambassador to Germany has
sent M. Ribot, French minister of for
eign affairs, a dispatch full of misgiv
ings as to the nature of the ambassador's
relatons with the Berlin foreign office.
ML Hlerbette says that Chancellor von
Caprivi treats him with formal polite
ness, while the German emperor, who
was formerly invariably affable in his
manner, now speaks curtly and has
shown positive ill humor toward French
men whom M. Hlerbette has introduced
The news causes increased anxiety in
g overnment circles here. Hitherto M.
erbertte's own reports, as well as other
oficial information from Berlin, have
shown that M1. Herbette was a persona
grats with Emperor William and that
the ambasador was on the most amica
ble personal terms with the chiefs of the
Berlin foreign office. Nothing has oc
curred between the ambassador and M.
Ribot to indicate the intention of the
German government to increase the ten
Ision of relations already sufliciently
If the French government ascertains
that the kaiser's altered attitude toward
M. Hlerbette arises from dissatisfaction
over the treatment received by Empress
Frederick in Paris his recall is certain.
So far as is known in oflicial circles the
kaiser exonerated M. Hlerbette from all
blame in the matter, while M. Ribot con
sidered the conduct of the ambassador
in relation to the Paris incident to have
been absolutely correct.
The Town and the Trains.
CHARLEsTON, S. C., April 15.-The
war between the town of Graham's on
the Augusta division of the South Car
olma Railway, and the railroad compa
ny has broken out afresh. To-day the
railroad company appeared before
Judge Simonton in the Federal Court
with a complaint that the town au
thorities were interfering with the
trafic of the road and nhe carrying of
the mails, by threatening to arrest its
servants and employees. Judge Simon
ton issued an injunction restraining
the authorities from arresting the em
ployees of the road or interfering with
the trains. The writ, is returnable
April 24. The authorities of Graham's
claim that the trains are run too fast
through the town. It ',as the marshal
of this place who, some months ago,
shot and killed a colored fireman on
one of the South Carolina Railroad
Two Brotheri suicide.
LANCAsTER, PA., April 9.-Milton
Kauffman, a young man of this city,
ed ten days ago unde: mysterious cir
cumstances. and last nig ht his brother,
Harry, died from the same symptoms
which resembled arsenical poisoning.
Their father to-day stated that Harry
had confessed to him that he and his
brother had taken posion with the ob
ject of dying together. The boy would
giv no eanation of the act.
UPWARD It.ND ONWARD.
UNPRECEDENTED PROSPERITY OF
THE NEW SOUTH.
The Wonderful Progress and Develop
nent of the Southern States During the
Past Decade as Shown by Census Re
BALTIORE, April 16.-The Manu
facturers' Record this week publishes
an article from the pen of Robert P.
Porter, Superintendent of the Census,
on the material development and pro
gress in the Southern States during the
past decade, as shown by the facts and
figures gathered by the Census Bureau.
As epitomized, they show wonderful
growth and progress in mineral and
agricultural development, and justify
Mr. Porter's prediction of even greater
and unprecedented prosperity in the
While the time, he says, has not yet
arrived to give a complete inventory of
the wonderful progress of the South
durIng theilast decade, official figures of
the branenes of inquiry already com
pleted indicate that the final returns
will show that in no part of the United,
States has industrial progress been
more satisfactory. One thing is cer
tain, namely: that the mineral develop
ment and increase in manufactures du
ring this period has b3en of such mag
nitude and of such importance as to
seriously attract the attention of the
world. The South is to-day producing
as much coal, iron ore and pigiron as
the entire United States produced in
1870, and the progress of the Southern
States in the manufacture of steel Mr.
Porter thinks will be as great during
the next ten years as has been in the
production of coal and pigiron during
the past decade. And the class of labor
attracted to the rich mineral regions
will be a higher character than of the
past: that is, there will be artisans and
mechanics, who will command a much
higher rate of wages, and hence in
creasing the consuming power of the
The trouble to-day, he says, with this
part of the country, is that most of its
products have to be shipped North or
to foreign countries for further manip
ulation; but once establish an indus
trial condition that will require a
greater variety of articles of consump
tion, and you will bring to thal; region a
still greater diversification of manufac
The .-emarkable development of the
New South, as he calls it, is shown in a
striking degree by the astonishing
growth of individual cities in this sec
tion during the past ten years. In sup
port of this, he cites the wonderful and
in some cases the phenomenal growth
of a number of cities and towns during
the decade in Ala., Ark., N. C., Va.,
Tenn., Ky. and Ga. Anniston, Ala.,
that in 1880 had a population of 942, is
returned by the. census of 1890 as con
taining 9,876 inhabitants. Birming
ham, unknown when the census of
1870 was taken, and which in 1880 had
a population of 3,086, had grown in
1890 to a flourishing city of 26,178 in
habitants, and in fact a centre of in
dustrial activity of 75,000 people; Flor
eneA. Ala.. with a population in 19ao of
5.984, or 330 per cent greater than-in
1880. Chattanooga in 1890 had a popu
lation of 29,100, or an increase during
the decade of more than 125 per cent.
Roanoke, Va., which did not appear in
the census of 1880, is now a city of 16,
159 in:habitants. These he points to as
some of the striking illustrations of
material progress, while a hundred
similar examples could be given of
small towns that had thus developed in
the South, and the greater part ot their
growth has been due to the develop
ment nf their mineral resources.
Facts already published by the census
office, he says, exhibit a mineral devel
opment in the South, which if contin
ued through another decade, will bring
about remarkable changes in a num
ber of Southern States. In 1860, the
est estimate .that can be obtained
show that the Southern States pro
duced less than 1,000,000 tons of coal,
and in 1870 about 2,000,000 tons. In the
year 1880, as shown by official data, this
production had increased to 5,676,160
tons. According to the eleventh cen
sus return, the production in 1890 was
7, 72,945. This gives an output in the
coal producing States of the South in
1890 gof more than twice the entire out
put of bituminous coal in the United
States in 1860, and nearly 2,000,000 more
tons than the total production of the
United States in 1870.
Far greater progress, Superintendent
Porter says, has been shown by the
South in the production of pig iron.
Te entire production South in 1880
was 397,301 tons, which in 1888 had in
creased to 1,132,838 tons, and in 1890 to
2,917,329 tons. In fact, the products of
iron ore in these Southern States now
almost equals the total production of
the United States in 1870.
Nor has this development, Superin
tendent Porter says, of the mineral re
sources of the South been at the ex
pense of its other industries. The man
ufacture of cotton, for example, has in
creas'ed to a wonderful degree, as will
be seen from the fact that in 1880 the
amount of cotton consumed in the South
wa 180,000 bales, while in 1890 it used
497,000 bales-an increase, in round
numbers, of 175 per cent.
The faft that since 1865 near $8,
000,000,000 have been brought into the
South to pay for cotton, explains in
part the marvelous recuperative powers
of this section since the war.
'While bad agricultural methods have
made cotton raising unprofitable to
many farmers, it is claimed that cotton
is one of the most profitable crops that
can be raised when its cultivation is
carried on intelligently on a cash basis.
The South produces about three-fourths
of the world's annual cotton crop, but
manufactures only about 7 or 8 per
cent. of what it raises, the balance fur
nishing the material for spindles in
New England and in Europe. The
total cotton crop of the world now runs
from about 10,000,000 to 11,000,000 bales
f which the South raises on an average
f late years 7,000,000 bales.
Of the agricultural development of,
the South, Mr. Porter says: The South
has ailso made great strides in agricul
tural progress during the past ten years.
This has been the result largely of di
versifying her crops. At one time King
Cotton held absolute sway on nearly
every plantation. The supplies of meats,
hay and grain, even for farm use were
obtained from the North and West.
A vast increase has been made in the
rearing of stock of all kinds, and grain,
grass and vegetable crops are grown
upon a constantly increasing acreage.
Tens of thousands of acres in the South
ern States, that at one time produced a
bale of cotton to the acre, are now cov
ered with millions of vines, peach and
pear trees, while trains and steamers
for months in the year bear Northward
their burdens or vegetables and small
fruits to supply the markets in States
where ice and snow still hold sway.
This development, howvever, has not
been entirely the result of the increased
demand of their export trade. The es
tablishment of great industries, iron
and cotton mills. etc., has developed
home markets in the South for fruits,
veables, butte egs and a Yariety
of crops, and has given a wonderful
stimulus to agriculture in the Southern
Superintendent Porter closes his re
markably interesting and instructive
article by saying: "The advance and
development of any part of the country
is a step forward for the whole. South
ern progress, it should be remembered,
is national progress, and, as such, the
North can and does rejoice at it, and
Northern men will note with gratifica
tion the wonderful results of a decade
of industrial development as revealed
by the eleventh census. In the spring
of 1884 I visited all the Southern iron
producing regions, and I repeat now
what I said then, namely: that the
great need of the South is a still further
diversification of industries. The next
decade must develop steel manufac
tures, the further manipulation of iron
and steel into machinery, the manu
facture of furniture along the timber
belt and of the better grades of cotton
goods in the vicinity of the cotton fields.
If the advance is along these lines, the
year 1900 will mark a more remarkable
and more satisfactory industrial devel
opment in the Southern States than
WHITE REPUBLICANS ORGANIZE.
A Convention of 108 Delegates of the
COLUrnIA, S. C., April 15.-A new
era'in South Carolina's political history
has begun. Last night a large number
of the former Republicans, Greenback
ers and Independendents met in con
vention in Columbia. The convention
was held in the dining hall of the Co
lumbia Hotel. So quiet had the ar
rangements for the meeting been kept
that scarcely any one was aware of the
matter, and the intention of the pro
moters was almost entirely unknown
save among themselves. The conven
tion met at 8 o'clock, and the roll of
delegates showed 108, only twelve of
whom were negroes. Among those
will be recognized as old Independents
present were the following, most of
whom politicians: J. Hendrix McLane,
V. P. Clayton, postmaster at Columbia:
W. W. Russell, the famous and "caloric"
Greenbacker; Dr. Munro and Postmas
ter Hunter, of Union; Simon Corley,of
Lexigton; Odom, of Edgefield; Prick
ett, of St. Matthews; Dr. Boyner, of
Florence; Harmon, of Spartanburg.
There were many more present, repre
senting fifty-eight clubs recently or
ganized in various portions of the
The complexion of the convention
was a novelty in Republican meetings
in this State. It was composed of three
elements, the preponderating propor
tion being native whites, and the oth
ers being old "Unionist men," who
have been forced to the rear since the
war, and negroes.
The convention was called to order
by McLane, and a "Republican State
League" was organized. This is to be
a portion of the "National Republican
League," organized some time ago.
One who was present stated afterwards
to the State representative that the
"league was organized principally to
light the Brayton Republicans and that
gang who had been uouopolizing the
Bebutlican party in this State torthe
past two years, and to prosecute the
organization of a white Republican
party in the State, with such negroes
as wished to come in." The organiza
tion was effected by the State executive
committee, the names of whom could
not be ascertained. The organization
being effected, the new league proceed
ed to elect a full set of delegates to the
national convention of the league to be
held in Cincinnati, Ohio. at an early
The following were chosen: State
at large, J. C. Hunter, Union; F. Nich
ols, Greenville. Regular Congressional
District delegates-First, Dr. R. W.
Memminger, Charleston, A. Lathrop;
Second, T. A. Owdon; Third, W. W.
Russell, J. S. Russell; Fourth, M. Whit
lock, J. E. Green; Fifth, J. Clark, A. H.
Boweh; Sixth, T. E. Bell, J. D. Degraft;
Seventh, F. M. Prickett, C. L. Scott.
After the convention had adjourned
-it having lasted about one hour and
a half-an experience meeting was
held and a large number of the mem
bers gave graphic accounts of their po
litical experiences during the past de
cade, and maybe they will have similar
experiences to relate ten years henzle.
Their movement has been started.
Time alone will tell the result. The
purpose of the organizers to hold their
convention was known to the State yes
terday afternoon.-The State.
Miscarriage of Justice.
YORXVILLE, S. C., April 12.-Here is
a remarkable story of miscarried jus
tice that came to light in Yorkville
yesterday afternoon: Last week, Rob
ert Hill, William Farrar and William
Berry, all colored, were convicted for
breaking into the store of S. S. Plexico,
of Sharon, some time ago, and each was
sentenced to the penitentiary for the
term of three years. They were convic
ted on the evidence of a little negro
boy, ten or twelve years old, but he told
such a straight story that the jury be
It developed yesterday, however, that
none of the negroes are guilty of the
crime with which they were charged.
Since receiving his sentence, Boody San
ders, alias Gjoore, who plead guilty of
burglary of the store of Miss Maria Mc
Pheeters, has confessed that he also
committed the Plexico robbery. Hear
ing of the confession. Mr. Plexico ob
tained a statement as to where the
goods were concealed, and yesterday af
ternoon went down to Sanders' house
and secured over 550 worth of them.
Another strange circumstance was
also developed. When Sheriff Craw
ford arrested Boody Goore, alias San
ders, he also brought Fred Sanders
along ac an accessory after the fact, and
for receiving stolen goods. When
Boody plead guilty, the solicitor nol
prossed the case against Fred Sanders.
It now turns out that there is every
reason to believe that Fred was guilty
as charged, if indeed he is not a princi
pal in the burglaries. Mr. Plexico is
satisfied that the negro knew all the
while where the goods were secreted,
and charges that he has been making
use of them at his pleasure.. At any
rate, Fred has again been arrested and
committed to jail.
Just what is to be done in the case of
the other three negroes, has not yet de
veloped. Mr. Plexico informed The
Enquirer late yesterday evening that he
would at once try to get thenm out of
the trouble, and to accomplish this there
are two courses open. One is to apply
for a new trial, and the other is to se
cure from Judge Kershaw a recommen
dation for a pardon.-Enquirer.
Biocked Witti Ice.
PORT HULRON, Mich., April 15-The
St. Clair River is completely blocked
with ice from the ilats to Lake Huron.
Lake Huron is also one vast field of ice
as far as one can see. The Grand Trunk
transfer boats are stuck in ice and traf
i has been completely suspended since
last night. The steamer Conger, of the
Port Ii'uron ferry line, is fast in the ice
two iles below the city. Such a com
plete blockade at this season has never
ITALY FIGHTING MAD.
HUMOROUS AMERICAN JOURNALISM
A POSSIBLE CACUS BELLI.
The Bitterness of Feelng Against the
Uuited States Intensified by the PoUti
cians--The Dismissal of Minister For
ter-Blainc has Nothing to Say.
RomE, April 10.-It is reported that
if tbe United States Government does
not answer the note from the Marquis
Imperiali by tomorrow, Mir.ister Porter
will be ordered to leave Italy, and the
whole Italian legation at Washington
will be recalled, Italian interests in
Washington to be left in charge of the
A REVULSION OF FEELING.
LONDON, April 10.-Tonight's ad
vices from Italy represent the Rudini
cabinet as deeply hurt by American
comment on the Italian difficulty, and
that there is consequently a revulsion
of feeling in favor of aggressive me
ures. It is said that King Humbe
has received from the editor of an Ital
ian newspaper in America a package of
American newspapers containing pic
tures ridiculing His Majesty and be
littling the power and dignity of Italy.
One picture in particular, representing
the King as a monkey, gave great of
fense. Italian blood is again boiling,
andsomething startling is anticipated
within a few days.
SECRETARY BLAINE CALM AND SERENE.
WASHINGTON, April 10.-Secretary
Blaine was shown the Rome and Lon
don cable dispatches tonight y. a rep
resentative of the. United Press, report
ing a revulsion of feeling in Italy in
favor of aggressive measures toward.
the United States and a determination
on the part of the Italian Government
to order Minister Porter to leave Italy
and to recall the remnant of the Italian
legation now at Washington. The Sec
retary read the dispatches carefully and
simply remarked: "Not a word relative
to all these reports has reached the de
Dartment. No credit is given to the'
i-umors. They seem to be sensational."
Beyond this Secretary Blaine would
have nothing to say about the Italian
BON VOYAGE, BARON..
NEW YORK. ApIil 10.-Baron Fava,
the recalled Italian Minister, left the
Victoria Hotel tonight for the French
line steamer Lagascogne, and will leave
these shores for home early in the morn
LONDON, April 11.-A Rome dispatch
says everybody is on the qui vive for
the next act in the Italian-American
drama. Crispi has openly stated that,
the Rudini Cabinet dare not make a se
rious demand for redress upon the
United States, and that the Italian peo
ple have been held up to ridicule by the
vacillation of the Ministry.
The statement that American utter
ances have had an influence in provok
ing a hostile feeling is confirmed. In
addition to the press dispatches, the
Consul General at New York has kept
his government fully informed of the'
editorial expressions of the press of that
city. These are considered as extremely
obnoxious in their tone of contempt for
Italy's strength. both naval andmilitary.
The caricature whicnis said to have giv
An personal offense to King Humbert is
one-in which ajnopnke figues witkthec
crown on its head and eatr a
resemblance to those of the Kn. T 7
clerical or Vatican faction are egedto
have circulated widely wood cuts of
these caricatures, as showing American
hatred and contempt for the Quirinal.
Altogether, whatever the outcome of
the difficulty,the feeling toward Ameri
ca in high Italian circles is very bitter.
Among the lower orders the complica
tion is having a contrary effect. The
people seem to anticipate that the gates
of the American paradise are about to be
shut on Italians, and there is a rush to
get in before they close. The shores are.
thronged with intending emigrants, and
families, from patriarch to cabe, can be'
seen trudging along the highways that
lead to the points of departure. The
authorities are making efforts to dis-.
courage emigration, but without effect
SENSA TIONAL RUMORS CONFIRMED.
R OME, April 11.--Several newspapers
of this city today confirmed the report.
that in the event of the Italian Govern
ment not receiving a reply to its last
communication to the American State.
Department with regard to the New
Orleans massacre by April 14th, the min
ister of the United States to Italy, Mr. A.
G. Porter, will be requested to withdraw
from the country.
MR. BL AINE HAS NOTHING TO SAY.
WAsnINGTON, April 11.-,Secretr
Blaine has not decided whether he w'l
make public any additional correspon
dence with the Italian Government con
cerning the New Orleans affair. Con
cernin" the dispatch from Rome, stating
that Mr. Porter, the United States Min
ister at Rome. would be ordered to leave
Italy if Mr. Blaine does not answer the
Marquis Imperiali's note today, Mr.
Blane will say nothing further than the
statements made by him last night and
telegraphed to newspapers throughout
the country covers all be has to say
about the matter.
Daring Jail Delvery.
R USSELLVILL E, Ky., April 9.-A
ing and successfully carried out es
from the county jail was made here
evening at 6:30 o'clock. There w
twelve prisoners in all confined in t
jail. They ~were allowed the liberty
the corridors during the day and were
locked in cells at night. Last evening,
when the jailer went to put them int
their cells, he found seven of his prison
ers absent. They cut the bars of one of
the windows during the day, and as
soon as it was dark they leaped to the
ground, a distance of twelve feet.
The men who escaped are Jeff Porter,
white, who was under indictment for
the assassination of George Crim, a.
wealthy farmer; Henry Gill, Jeff Town
send and Solomon, colored, who killed a
negro at Adairville over a game of crap
a few weeks ago; Bell Busky, a negro
housebreaker, Buck Baker, white,
charged with shooting into a train, and
Ed Morton, a negro, for stealing. The
sheriff and a large posse are scouring
the country for them.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., April 7I.-At
Tuscaloosa last night the Opera House.
was crowded to see an amateur perfor
mance, which closed with a tableau rep
resenting the Goddess of Liberty on a
throne. surrounded by thirty-iour fairies,
impersonated by little girls. They were
dressed in white material. As the cur
tain went up a spark from a torch which
Miss Mabel McEachen, the Goddess of
Liberty, held aloft fell on the dress of
little Irene Hayes. She was instantly
enveloped in flames and ran screaming
to the footlights, wore two young men
frrom the audience seized her and ex
guished the fire. As she passed the other
girls iittle Ethel Black's dress caught
aso, but was put out before she was
seriously burned. Irene Hayes was
T E Rev. Francis l'enzotti, a Metho
dist clergyman and agent at Lima,
Peru, of the American Bible Society,
has at last been released from prison
there after having been confined eight
months for alleged violations of the,