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VOL. VII. MAN NING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUL .181 O.2
ASTRAY BUT RECOVERED
DR. TALMAGE PREACHES ON THE NE
CESSITY OF A REDEEMER.
Beauty, Patbos and Comfoit Found i
the Flifty-third Cbapier of Ialah---Hov
and Why Men and Sheep Go Astray
Whosoever Will. Let Him Come.
BROOKLYN, June 28.-Dr. Talmage';
sei mon to-day is of so decidedly evan
gelical a character as to prove conclu
siveiv that while so many emineni
preachers of the day are dritting awa3
from the old fashioned Gospel he re.
mains firm in the paths of orthodoxy
His subject is "Astray, but Recovered,'
and his text, Isaiah lii, 6: -All we like
sheep have gone astray: * * * anc
the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity o
'"Within ninety years at the longest all
wbo hear or read this sermon will be iu
eternity. During the next fifty yearE
You will nearly all be gone. The nexi
ten years will cut a wide swath among
the people. The year 1891 will to some
be the finality. Such considerations
make this occasion absorbing and mo
mentous. The first half of my text iE
an indictment, "All we like sheep have
gone astray." Some one says: "Car
you not drop the first word? That is
too general; that sweeps too great a cir
cle." Some man rises in the aueience
and he looks over on the opposite side
of the house, and he says: "There is a
blasphemer, and I understand how he
has gone astray. And there in another
part of the house is a defrauder, and he
has gone astray. And there is an im
pure person, and hehas gone astray.''
Sit down, my brother, and look at
home. My text takes us all in. It
starts behind the pulpit, sweeps the
circuit of the room and comes back te
the point where it started, when it says:
-All we like sheep have gone astray.'
I can very easily understand why Mar
tin Luther threw up his hands after he
had found the Bible and cried out, "Oh!
my sins, my sins." and why the publi
can, according to the custom to this day
in the east when thy have any great
grief, began to beat himself arid cry as
he smote upon his breast, "God be mer
ciful to me a sinner."
ILLUSTRATION FROM THE SHEPHERD'S
I was like many of you, brought ul
in the country, and I know some of the
habits of sheep and how they get astray,
and what, my test means wnen it says,
- U we like sheeu have gone astray.'
Sheep get astray in two ways, either by
trying to get into other pasture, or from
being scared by the dogs. In the formez
way some of us got astray. We thought
the religioa of Jesus Christ short com
mons. We thought there was better
pasturage somewhere else. We thought
if we could only lie down on the banks
of distant streams or under great oaks
on the other side of some hill we might
be better fed.
We wanted other pasturage than that
which God through Jesus Christ gave
our soul. and we wandered on and we
wandered on, and we were lost. We
wanted bread and we found garbage.
The further we wandered, instead of
finding rich pasturage. we found blasted
health an d sharper rocks and more sting
ing nettles. No pasture. How fas it
in the worldly groups when you lost
your child? Did they come around and
console you very much? Did not the
plain Christian man who came into your
house and sat up with your darling child
give you more comfort than all worldly
associations? Dia all the convivial
songs you ever heard comfort rou in
that day of bereavement so much as the
song they sang to you, perhaps the very
song that was sung by your little child
the last Sabbath afternoon of her life?
There Is a happy land, fa3r, far away,
Where saints immortal reign, bright, bright
DLid your business associates in that
day of darkness and trouble give you
any especial condolence? Vusiness ex
asperated you, business wore you out,
business left you limp as a rag, business
made you mad. You got dollars, but ycu
got no peace. God have mercy on the man
who, has nothing but business to comfort
him. The world aflorded you no luxuriant
pasturage. A famous English actor
stood on the stage impersonating, and
thunders of applause came down from
the galleries, and many thought it was
the proudest moment of all his life; but
there was a man asleep just in front of
hin, and the fact that that man was in
different and somnolent spoiled all the
occasion for him, and he cried, "Wake
up! wake up!"
So one little annoyance in life has been
more pervading to your mind than all
the brilliant congratulations and suc
cesses. poor pasturage for your soul you
found in ;this world. The world has
cheated s ou, the world has belied 3 ou,
the world has misinterpreted you, the
world has persecuted you. It neve r
comforted you. Oh! this world is a good
rack from which 'i horse may pick his
hay; it is a good trough from whbich the
swine may crunch their mess; but it
gives but little food to a soul blood bougzht
What is a soul? It is a hope high as
the throne of God. What is a man?
You say, "It is only a man." It is only
a man gone overboard mn business life.
What is a man? The battle ground of
three worlds, with his bands taking hold
of destinies of light or darkness. A
man! No line cani measure him. No
limit can bound him. The archangel
before the throne cannot outlive him.
The stars sha'l die, but he will watch
their extinguisbment. The world wil
burn, but Le will giaze on the contiagra
tion. Endless ages will march con; nie
will watch the procession. A man! The
masterpiece of God Almighty. Yet
you say, "It is only a man." Can a
nature like that be fed on husks of the
Substantial comfort wi!l not grow
On nature's '>arren sOil;
All we can bct.st till Christ we know
Is vanity and toil.
THOSE WHO STRAY IN TROUBLE.
Some of you got astray by looking
for better pasturage; others by being
scared of the dogs. The hound gets over
into the pasture field. The poor things
fiy in every direction. In a tew mo
mnents they are torn of the hiedges and
they are plashed of the ditch, and the
lost sheep never gets home unless the
farmer goes after it. There is nothing
so thoroughly lost as a lost sheep. It
may have been in 1857, during the finan
cl panic, or during the financial stress
in the fall af 1873, when you got astray.
You almost became an atheist. You
said. "Where is God, that honest men
go down and thieves prosper?" You
were dogged of creditors, you were dog
ged of the banks, you were dogged ol
worldly disaster, and come of y on went
into miisanthropy, some of you took to
strong drink, and others of you fled out
of Christian association, and vou got
astray. 0 man! that was the last time
when you ought to have forsaken God.
Standing amid the foundering of your
earthly tortunes, how could you get
along without a God to comfort you, and
a God to deliver you, and a God to help
you, and a God to save you? You tell
me you bave been through, enough busi
ness trouble almost to kid you. I know
it. I cannot understand how the boat
could live one hour in that chopped sea.
But I do not know by what process you
got astray; some in one way, and some
in another, and if you could really see
the position some of you occupy before
God this morning, your soul would burst
into an agony of tears and you would
pelt the heavens with the cry, "God have
mercy!" Sinai's batteries have been
unlimbered above your soul, and at
times you havejheard itithunder: "The
wages of sin is death." "All have sin -
ned and co ie short of the glory of God."
"'By one man sin entered into the world,
and death by sin; and so death passed
ul on all men, for that all have sinned."
"The soul that sinneth it shall die."
When Sebastopol was being bombard
ed, two Russian frigates burned all night
in the harbor throwing a glare upon the
trembling fortress, and some of you are
starding in the night of your soul's trou
ble. The cannonade and the conflagra
tion, the multiplication of your sorrows
and troubles I think must make the
wings of God's hovering angels shiver
to the tip.
But the last part of my text opens a
door wide enough to let us all out and
to let all heaven in. Sound it on the
organ with all the stops out. Thrum it
on the harps with all the strings atune.
With all the melody possible let the
heavens sound it to the earth and let
the earth tell it to the heavens. "The
Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us
all." I am glad that the prophet did
not stop to explain whom he meant by
"him." Him of the manger, him of the
bloody sweat, him of the resurrection
throne, him of the crucifixion agony.
"On him the Lord hath laid the iniquity
of us all."
CHRIST COMES TO THE FALLEN.
"Oh," says some man, "that is not
generous, that is not fair; let every man
carry his own burden and pay his own
debts." Thst sounds reasonable. If I
have an obligation and I have the means
to meet it. and I come to you and ask
you to settle that obligation. you right
ly say, "Pay your own debts." If you
and I walking down the street, both
hale, hearty and well, I ask you to car
ry me, you say, and say rightly, "Walk
on your own feet!" But suppose you
and I were In a regiment and I was
wounded in the battle and I fell uncon
scious at your feet with gunshot fractures
and dislocations, what would you do?
You would call to your comrades say
inz, "Come and help, this man is help
less; bring the ambulance, let us take
him to the hospital," and I would be a
dead lift in your arms, and you would
lift me from the ground where I had
fallen and put me in the ambulance and
take me to the hospital and have all
kindness shown me. Would there be
anything mean in your doing that?
Would there be anything bemeaning in
my accepting that kindness? Oh, no.
You would be mean not to do it. That
is what Christ d,>es.
If we could pay our debts then it would
be better to go up and pay them, saying,
"Here, Lord, here is my obligation;
here are the means with which I mean
to settle that obligation; now give me a
receipt; cross it all out." The debt is
paid. But the fact is we hive fallen in
the battle, we have gone down under the
hot fire of our transgressions, we have
been wounded by the sabers of sin, we
are helpless. we are undone. Christ
comes. The loud clang heard in the sky
on that Christmas night was only the
bell, the resounding bell, of the ambu
lance. Clear the way for the Son of
God. He comes down to bind up the
wounds, and to scatter the darkness, and
to save the lost. Clear the way for the
Son of God.
Christ comes down to see us, and we
are a dead lift. He does not lift us with
the tips of his fingers. He does not lift
us with one arm. Hie comes down upon
his knee, and then with a dead lift he
raises us to honor and glory and immor
tality. -'The Lord hath laid on him the
iniquity of us all." Why, then, will no
man carry his sin-? You cannot carry
successfully the smsllest sin you ever
committed. You might as well put the
Apennines on one shoulder and the
Alps on the other. How much less can
you carry all the sins of your lifetime!
Christ comes and looks down in your
face and says: "I have come through
all the lacerations of these days and
through all the tempests of these nights.
I have come to bear your burdens, and
to pardon your sins, and to pay yo~ur
debts. Put them on my shoulder; put
them on my heart." --On him the Lord
hath laid the iniquity of us all.
No REST FOR THE WICKED.
Sin has almost pestered the life out of
some of you. At times 1thias made you
cross and unreasonable, pnd it has spoil
ed the brightness of yonr days and the
peace of your nights. There are men
wv io have been riddled of sin. The
world gives them no solace. Gossamer
and volatile the world, while eternity,
as they look forward to it, is black as
midnight. They writhe under the stings
of a conscience which proposes to give
no rest here and no rest hereafter; and
yet they do not repent, they do not pray.
they do not weep. They do not realize
that just the position they occupy is the
position occupied by scores, hundreds
:nd thousands of men who never found
If this meetmng should be thrown open
and the people who are here could give
their testimony, what thrilling experi
ences we should hear on all sides: There
is a mani in the gallery who would say:
"I had brilliant surroundings. I had the
best education that one of the best col
legiate Institutions of this country could
give, and I observed all the moralities of
life, and I was self righteous, and I
thought I was all right before God as I
am all right before men; but the Iholy
Spirit came to me one day and said,
'You are a sinner;' the Holy SpIrit per
suaded me of the fact. While I had es
caped the sins against the law of~ the
land I had really committed the worstI
sin a man ever commits-the driving
back of the Son of God from my heart's
aections. And I saw that my hands
we:e ted with the blood of the Son of
God, and I began to pray, and peace
came to my heart, and I know by exper
ience that what you say this morningz is
true, 'On him the Lord hath laid the in
iquity of us all.'"
Yonder is a man who would say: "I
was the worst dIrunkard in New York; I
went from bad to worse; I destroyed my
self, I dest royed my home; my children
cowered when I entered tile house;
when they put up their lips to be kissed
I struck them; when my wife protested
against the maltreatment, I kicked her
into the street. I know all the bruises
aal enm terrors of a drunkard's woe.
I went on further and further from Go(
until one day I got a letler saying:
"My DEAR HUSBAND-I have trie
every way, done everything, and prayed
earnestly and fervently for your refor
mation, but it seems of no avail. Since
our little Henry died, with the Excel)
tion of those flew happy weeks when yot
remained sober, my life has been one o
sorrow. Many of the nights I have sat
by the window, with my face bathed in
tears, watching for your cominz. I am
broken hearted, I am sick. Mother and
father have been here frequently and
begged me to come home, but my love
for you and my hope for brighter days
have always made me refuse them. That
hope seems now beyond realization, and
I have returned to them. It is hard, and
I battled long before doing it. M1ay God
bless and preserve you, and take from
you that accursed appetite and hasten
the day when we shall be again living
happily together. This will be my daily
prayer, knowing that he has said, 'Come
unto me all ye that labor and are heavy
laden, and I will give you rest.' From
your loving wife, MARY
"And so I wandered on and wandered
on," says that man, "until one night I
passed a Methodist meeting h'use, and
I said to myself, Il go in and see what
they are doing,' and I got to the door,
and they were singing:
All may come, whoever will,
This man receives poor sinners still.
"And I dropped right there where I
was and I said, 'God have mercy,' and
he had mercy on me. My home is res
tored, my wile sings all day long during
work, my children come out a long way
to greet me home, :ad my household is
a little heaven. I will tell you what did
all this for me. It was the truth that
this day you proclaim, 'On him the Lord
bad laid the iniquity of us all.' "
THE DRUNKARD AND TH1E OUTCAST.:
Yonder is a woman who would say
"1I wandered off from my father's house;
I heard the storm that pelts on a lost
soul; my feet were blistered on the hot
rocks. I went on and on, thinking
that no one cared for my soul, when
one nignt Jesus met me andi he said:
"Poor thing, go home! your father is
waiting for you, your inother is waiting
for you. Go home, poor thing!' And,
sir. I was too week to pray, and I was
too weak to repent, but I just cried out;
I sobbed out my sins and my sorrows
on the shoulders of him of whom it is
said, 'the Lord hath laid on him the in
iquity of us all."'
There is a young man who would say:
"I had a Christian bringing up; I c tme
from the country to city life; I started
well; I had a good position, a good
commercial position, but one night at
the theater I met some young men who
did me no good. They dragged me all
through the sewers of iniquity, and I
lost my morals and I lost my position,
and I was shabby and wretched. I was
going down the street, thinking that no
one cared for me, when a young man
tapped me on the shoulder and said,
George, come with me and I will do
you good.' I looked at him to see
whether he was joking or not. I saw
he was in earnest and I said, 'What do
you mean, sir?' 'Well,' he replied.'I
mean if you will come to the meeting
to-night I will be very glad to intro
duce you. I will meet you at the door.
Will you come?' Said I, T will.'
'I went to the place where I was
tarrying. I fixed myself up as well as
I could. I buttoned my coat over a
ragged vest and went to the door of the
church, and the young man met me
and we went in; and as I went in I
heard an old man praying, and he looked
so much like my father I sobbed right
ut; and they were all around so kind
and sympathetic that I just gave my
eart to God and I know this morning
that what you say is true; I believe it
in my own experience. 'On him the
Lord hath laid the iniquity of us all.'"
Oh, rmy brother, without stopping to
ok as to whether your hand trembles
r no't, without stopping to look wheth
r your hand is bloated with sin or not,
put it in my hand, let me give you one
warm, Drotherly, Christian grip, and
nvite you right up to the heart, to the
ompassion, to the sympathy, to the
pardon of him on whom the Lord had
laid the iniquity of us all. Throw
way your sins. Carry them ao longer.
[ proclaim emancipation this morning
to all who are bound, pardon for all sin,
ad eternal life for all the dead.
Some one comes here this morning,
ad I stand aside. He comes up these
steps. He comes to this place. I must
stand aside. Taking that place he
spreads abroad his hands, and they were
ailed. You see his feet. they were
ruised. He pulls aside the robe and
shows you his wounded heart. I say,
Art thou weary ?'' "Yes," he says,
'wearv with the world's woe." I say,
'Wh~relce comest thou ?" Hie says. "I
ome from Calvary." I say, -Who
omes with thee ?' He says, "No one;
have trodden the winepress aloneV"
say, "Why comest thou here ?" "Oh,"
e says, "I came here to carry all the
sins and sorrows of the people."
And he kneels and he says, "Put on
my shoulders all the sorrows and all the
sins." And conscious of my own sins
irst, I take them and put them on the
shoulders of the Son of God. 1 say,
Canst thou bear any more, O Christ ?"
Ee says, "-Yea, more." And I gather
p the sins of all those whe serve at
hese altars, the officers of the Church
f Jesus Christ-I gather up all their
sins and put them on Christ's shoul
ers, and I say, "Canst thou bear any
ot e?" He says, "Yea, more." Then
gather up all the sins of a hundred
people in this house, and I put them on
the shoulders of Christ, and 1 say,
Canst thou bear more ?" Yea, more."
And I gather up all the sins of this as
sembly, and I put thern on the shoul
ders of the Son of God andI I say
Canst thou bear them ?" -"Yea," he
IE HIATH BORNE OURi TRiANSG RE.SSIONS.
But he is departing. Clear the way
for him, the Son of God. Open the door
and let him pass out. Ie is carrymng
ur sins and bearing them away. We
shall never see them again. H~e throws
them down into the abysm. and
you hear the long reverberating echo of
their fall. "On him the Lord hath laid
the iniquity of us all." Will you let
him take away your sins to-dayz Or do
you say, "I will take charge of them
myself; I will fight my own battles; I
will riskc eternity on my own account ?"
clergyman said in his pulpit one Sab
bath, "Blefore next Saturday night one
of this audience will have passed out of
life." A gentleman said to another
seated next to him: "I don't believe it.
L mean to watch, and if it doesn't come
true by next Saturday night I shall tell
that clergyman his falsehood." The
man seated next to him said, "Perhaps
it will be yourself." "Oh, no," the oth
r replied; "I shall live to be an old
man." That night he breathed his last.
To-day the Saviour calls. All may
:ome. God never pushes a main oil'.
God never destroys any body. The man
jumps off. It is suicide-soul suicide
if the man perishes, for the invitation
is, "W~hosoever wIll, let him come."
Whosoever, whosoever, whosoever! lIn
this day of merciful visitation, while
many are coming into the kingdom of
God. .ioin the procession heavenward.
Seated among us during a service
was a man who came in and said, "I
on't kenow that there is any God."
I That was on Friday night. I said,
"We will kneel down and find out
whether there is any God." Arid in tlhe
second seat from the pulpit we knelt.
Ile said: "I have found him. There is
a God, a pardoning God. 1 feel him
here," Ile knelt in the darkness of
sin. He arose two minutes afterward
in the liberty of the Gospel; while
another sitting under the gallery on
Friday night said, "My opportunity is
gone; last week I might have been
saved, not now, the door is shut." And
another from the very midst of the
meeting, during the week. rushed out
of the front door of the Tabernacle.
saying, "I am a lost man." "Behold!
the Lamb of God who taketh away the
sin of the worll." "Now is the accept
ed time. Now is the day of salvation."
dt is appointed unto all men once to
ie, and after that-the judgment'"
A TALK WITH TILLMAN.
Tine Governor and the Sub-Treasury De
CHARLEsTON, S C., June :30. -Gov
ernor Tillman spent the greater part of
the morning yesterday in his room at
the Charleston Hotel. where he received
quite a number of callers. I1is time
until 4 o'clock was pretty well occupied
in this way and in the incidental effort
of keeping cool on the shady side of
the building. Among the callers was
a reporter for The News and Courier.
who asked him some questions on cur
rent topics, which he answered readily.
As the next "case" in which Governor
Tillman will be one of the parties is
the sub-treasury debate at Spartanburg
he was asked a few questions about
that interesting prospective event.
"What about the Spartanburg meet
ing at which you are to meet Col. Ter
rell in debate? Will the speeches be
heard by members of the Alliauce
"All I can say about that is that
when I accepted Col. Terrell's chal
lenge to meet him at Spartanburg I ex
pected the discussion to be in phblic
and for the benefit and enlightenment
of all classes of voters. In his tour
over the State Col. Terrell's advocacy of
the measure was in public, and I can
not suppose that it is intended to re
strict my reply to Alliance members
only, and to a few at that. Djesides, it
is too hot to sieak in any house this
time of year; and there is no place in
Spartanburg large enough to hold the
audience that will be likely to attend ex
cept the Grange encampment building.
As I understand it this is a friendly dis
cussion between the distinguished lec
tuier of the National Alliance and my
self upon a question affecting the in
terest of all classes, Alliancemen, farm
ers who do not belong to the Alliance
and citizens who cannot join that or
ganization. I cannot see any reason,
therefore, why the debate should not be
held in public."
"When will the discussion take
"I don't know, but, I presume on the
second day of the session of the State
Alliance, which will be about the 22d of
"iave you hear. from Col. Terrell
since he left the State?"
"Only through the newspapers, but
when I was at Cedar Springs last week
I mentioned the matter to some of the
leading Alliancemen in Spartanburg,
and they said there would be a large
crowd present and they wanted the dis
cussion to be in public."
"What arrangements have been made
for the meeting?"
"None that I know of, but I presume
that President Stokes aid the Spartan
burg Alliance will take the necessary
steps to prepare for it."
"IHave you any idea of the result of
this discussion ?"
"Of course riot; except tbat the dlis
cussion is to take place in public, and
that the State Alliance will take a vote
on it in secret as they do on all matters
affecting our Order. I hope to show
that the Alliance in South Carolina
cannot afford to press the sub-treasury
scheme, but as the measure has been
endorsed by the Ocala meeting and by
one State Alliance may, and probably
Thirty Skeletons in a Itow.
-CmiCAGO, June 28.-Thirty skeletons
.ere found yesterday in an old ice house
at the corner of Archer avenue and
For several days numerous com
plaints have been made to the health
office and to the Deering street police
by residents in the vicinity of Archer
avenue and Hough place, who asserted
that a nuisance of most aggravated
form made life almost unendurable.
Investigation was made by both de
partments, but without locating the
Yesterday the mystery was solved.
Several boys found near the corner a
human skull and several thigh bones
bleached white. The lads told the first
policeman they met of their discovery,
and he notitied the health ollice. Dr.
Ware, with several assistants. visited
the scene and made a more thorough
search than had before been made. A
bad odor was detected from Schine
man's ol I ice house on the corner. The
searchers ripped up a part of the floor,
and were horrified to find rows of skel
etons, to some of which shreds of flesh
Who placed them there is not known,
and the authorities will make every ef
fort to find the guilty persons.
The theory ad vanced by the health of
ficers is that some attache of a medical
college brought the subjects there to
bleach. The bones were allowed to re
main until the matter can be more fully
CiCAGO, JIune 28.-It is now. learned
that Robert A. Ilawes has been carrying
on the grewsome business of cleaning
human skeletons for the medical pro
fession in the building. The board of
health will look into the matter.
Crushed and Mangled.
CHARLESTON, S. C., June 20.-A hor
rible accident occurred at the South
Carolina Railway depot hetre this morn
ing, John Black, a respectable old street
car conductor, went to the dcepot to see
his daughter off for Walhalla. In try
ing to jump from the train after it
started his foot w~as caught in the plat
form of the car and his body, after !)e-1
ing dragged the whole length of the
depot, some 500 feet, was hurled tunder
the cars and horiribly mangled. All
this occurred in the presence of over
100 spectators, includingt a son of thel
deceased. They were powerless to help.I
Black was an old man and was one of
the most popular conductors on the
city railway. lIe came here twelve
years ago from WValhalla.
Drilling for War.
TrAcon, Wash., .June 2>.-It isru
mored the strikers displaced by clored
men importedl from the South at thfe
G illmian, New Castle and Frankliu
mint-s are drilling in t he woods daily.
Tney are said to be armed with rille-s,
and a combination has been effected. so
that any attempt to re-sume wvork at any
of the mines will result in the gather
mug of the entire force of armed niners
to resist the attenmp~t.
Swallowed is Falise Teeth.
BJosTON, June 29.-J ames Corcoran
died ini the hospital here last night, from
the effects of having swallowed his false
FROM MR. THACKSTON IN REFERENCE
TO HiS SCHOOL JOURNAL.
Ife Explains How He Caine to be MIstak
en About the Resolution of the State
Board of Examiners.
CotlnInA, S. C., July 2.-Mr. W. J.
Thackston, clerk to State Superinten
dent of Education Mayfied, has asked
for the publication of the folloving:
To the Public: I feel that it is due to
myself and to the public that I should
say that not until I read the statements
o Superintendeat Maylield on his return
to the city and of Prot Johnson, pub
lished in the Record of Monday, the 29th
ult, did I know I had misconceived the
action of the State board of examiners
with regard to the Palmetto School Jour
It had been until then my honest im
pression that the action of the board had
been what was stated by me in an edi
torial in reference thereto, which ap
peared in the April number of the Jour
nal, page 263. In that editorial, which
was widely circulated, but which the
board of examiners evidently did not
read, if they saw a copy of the Journal,
I wrote as follows:
"The State board of examiners ador t
ed a resolution urging the trustees
throughout the State to become subsc::i
bers, and allowing them to pay for their
subscriptions out of the contingent fund
of their district."
Dur:ng the meeting of the board of ex
aminers on the 4th of Anril, of whlth
board I am by law clerk. I made orally
the proposition in question, namely,
that the board should officially endorse
the Paimetto Schoel Journal as its or
gan, and should urge the school trustees
to become subscribers, paying for their
subscription out of the funds for their
districts. That proposition included the
offer of all space free of charge neces sa
ry for the publication of the official mat
ter of the board and of the department
of education. I then asked to be ex
eused from the meeting that the board
might consider the proposition without
my presence. I
When I returned the board had passed
to other subjects and I was Informed
that the board had endorsed the Palmet
to School Journal. Nothing else was
said to me in reference to the matter at
that time or subsequently by any mem
ber of the board, and knowing of no
other proposition, I natually supposed
that what was said referred to the pro
position I submitted. Under this im
pression I wrote the editorial in the
.Journal mentioned, the circular letter to
the trustees and the statement recently
prepared by me for publication. I had
no idea I was mistaken until I saw the
statements in Monday's Record.
It is inconceivable that I should have
attempted to prevent a resolution of the
board where detection and exposure
would be so certain to follow. I com
mitted the error of not verifying my im
pression simply because I did not sus
pect the possibility o:' mistake. Had I
entertained any doubt I could easily
have done so, as I am clerk of the board
and keeper of its record. The proposi
tion was made openly, in perfect good
faith and with a sincere desire to advance
the interest of pubhi education. It
seemed to me to be :ustified by prece
(ent and to lie within the legitimate
powers of the board.
In this State the Staite board of exam
iners on tihe 17th of April. 1889, passed
the following resolution in refernce to
the Carolina School Journal:
"Resolved further. That the chair
man be resquested to subscribe for five
copies of the Journal for the use of the
If the board of examiners could sub
scribe for five copies of the Carolina
Schiool Journal, one for each member of
the board, and pay for them out of the
public funds, they certainly have the
right to authorize the trustees to sub
scribe for a School Journal for their use,
and pay for it out of the public funds.
If a School Journal paid for by the State
is a good thing for the members of the
State board of examiners, why is it not
equally as good for the trustees, who are
supposed to need the information it con
tains much more?
The twenty-first annual report of the
State Superintendent of Education for
1889 (page 20) shows this entry: "Sub
scription to Charleston World-$7." If
in the past it was thought expedient to
pay for a daily newspaper for the head
of the educational department of the
State out of public funds, what improp
iet y could there be in paying for an edu
ational journal for subordinate school
oflicers of the State out of the public
funds, which journal contains official in
formation from the State board and the
department of education?
Ii my information is correct, in several
other States. including Pennsylvania and
Virginia, educational journals are paid
or directly out of the State funds. The
acceptance of my prop~ositie n was a ques
tion for tile board. I felt sure they would
adopt no plan whichi was not advisaole
and right, and supposing they had adopt
edi my propositions as submitted, I feit
at liberty to proceed on their authority.
I1 now see I committed an error in not
verifying their action, but I positively
disclaim all intention ot misrepresent.
ing the facts. I have acted throughout
in entire good faith and without inten
It is due to Superintendent Mayfleld
tilat I shoul say that the editorial in
the Palmetto Journal, the circular letter
to the trustees and my former statement
to the press were written and published
without his knowledge and during his
absence. IIe was not consulted by me
bcause lie had no interest in the Journal
and was not responsible for my action
as its editor. It is also due to the mem
bers of the board of examiners to acquit
them of all responsibility for my mistake.
This statemeut is made public as soon
as possible after I had discovered that 1
had been all along mistaken as to the
action of the board of examiners with
reference to the Palmetto Journal.
W. J1. TIIACKsToN.
Robbed and Left to Starve.
R1Aoio ,Va., July 1.-Barney Smith,
a mnechiamei emp~loyed for some time at
the Roanoke MIachine Works, disap
peared lust pay day. Juine 19. lIe was
found to-day, with his hands bound
and tied to a tree, in a lonely spot in
the Blue Ridge mountains, ten miles
from here. lie was frantic and half
starved, Ie had gnawed the bark from
the tree to which he was tied. IIe was
unable to tell how lie came to be tied,
and now lies in a precarious condition.
There is no clue to the perpetrators of
thie deed. The motive is supposed to
have been robbery, as Smith was
known to have somie money on his per.
son when last seen here.
A GANG OF YOUNG THUGS.
The Recent Assaults and Robberies in
SUMTER, S. C., June 27.-The charges
and the evidence against Nelson, the
young negro footpad, are accumulating
rapidly and it begins to appear that he
was not the only one connected with the
various assaults and robberies perpetrat
ed upon our citizens during the past two
weexs, but was probably the ringleader
of a gang of four or five young despera
Nelso-. was taken out of jail yesterday
and brought before Justice Wells to an
swer to the charge of having entered. on
Tuesday morning, between 3 and 4
o'clock, the apartment m which Mr. A.
F. Byrd, an employee at the mill of Mr.
S. M. Graham, on Sumter street, was
sleeping and of robbing him of his pock
etbook and the money which it con
tained, and also of some valuable se
curities and papers. Mr. Byrd stated
that as the night was warm, he had
opened all the windows and the door,
and had laid down on the bed. ntending,
as soon as he had cooled off, to get up
and shut the door; that he had gone to
sleep, however, and between 3 and 4
o'clock in the morni-g was aroused by
hearing some one :noving around in
his room, and upon awaking fully he
found it was a young negro man, of
whom he gave a description which ex
actly fitted Nelson. He said the negro
placed his hand upon his hip pocket, as
though in the act of drawing a pistol,
and told him not to move, or he would
blow out his brains; and that being
tot .lv unarmed, he had remained quiet;
that the negro deliberately went through
everything, took the articles above men
tioned and then left.
Saturday morning the pocketbook and
papers were found among Nelson's
things. and he confessed the whole affair,
and stated that he had been accompanied
by a young negro of the town, named
Jim Stuttle. Stuttle was accordingly
arrested and both were sent to jail to
await trial at the October term of the
court. Nelson also made confessions to
the police implicating several other ne
groes. but they have not yet been ar
rested, and the police will not make
known their names.
Nelson acknowledged being the one
who came after the policeman earlier
on Monday night, just before young
Foxworth was struck. From the time
at which Foxworth was struck and that
at which Mr. Byrd was robbed, Nelson
must have gone immediately from the
one to the other.-The State.
Cotton Three Weeks Late.
The weekly weather and crop bulle
tin of the South Carolina weather ser
vide, in co-operation with the United
States Signal Service for the week end
ing Saturday, is as follows, and is very
encouraging to farmers.
The rainfall for the past week has
been below the norr.al and badly dis
tributed. The temperature has been
above the average with very much of
sunshine, all of which has been very
beneficial to all crops.
The cotton has improved very much
where it has been properly cultivated,
but there are many gaps or missinL'
places which give it a ragged appear
ance, and that portion of the crop is
growing very rapidly and is now cov
ered with blooms. A considerable por
tion of the crop has been and still is
very grassy, and farmers are making
every effort to clean it this hot and dry
weather, :ut labor is very scarce. The
yield of an ordinary crop will, to a great
extent, depend upon the success in get
ting rid of the grass in the next few
The corn crop is now a fair average,
but if a drought should now set in,
which present appearances indicate, it
will be seriously injured.
There can be no doubt but that the
cotton crop is three weeks late, and it
will require good seasons from now on
to produce an average crop.
The rice crop. whilst but one half of
it was planted early, all of it is now
growing finely, and good stands have
A Desperate Prisoner.
WAsHINGTON, June 29.--A special
to the Post from Charlotte, N. C., says
that Brabham, the negro who is to be
hanged for murdering the Italian, Moc
Ca, made an attempt this afternoon on
the life of Sheriff Smith. Since his at
tempt recently to kill a fellow-prisoner
named Caldwell, Brabham has been
chamned to the door of his cell. This af
ternoon when the sheriff went into the
cell the prisoner asked for a match, and
as the sheriffihanded it to him Brabham
struck him a feartul blow with the chain
wIth which he was fastened. The sher
iflf was felled to the ground, but regained
is feet and grappled with the negro.
Brabham, however, got him dcwn and
would have killed him but for the negro
prisoner, Caldwel, who iushed in from
the corridor and pulled Brabham off.
When the sheriff regained his feet he
jumped on Brabham and beat him se
verely. The prisoner begged to be kill
d, so be would not live to be Langed.
Decoyed to the Rtiver.
VINCENNES, Ind.. July 1.-The dead
body of James Baker, Sr., a well-to-do
farmer who lived three miles south of
the city, was found fioating in the Wa
bash river near the foot of Prairie
street. ilis upper lip was lacerated, as
if from a blow, and his right arm was
bruised and bore marks of lingers, and
his pockets, which had been rifled, were
urned inside out. Baker was a con
ivial man of 60, and had been drink
nig heavily all day. It was currently
eported that he had sold a team of
orses and the supposition is that he
as decoved to the river, murdered,
obbed and throwvn into the water.
Death in a Coai Mine.
S-r. Louis, June 25.--A dispatch from
[amilton. Mo., says: An accident oc
urred at the shaft of the Caldwell Coal
ompany's mine, near this city, y-ester
ay, in which one man lost his life, and
four others received serious injuries.
The men were propping up the roof,
when a rock, weighing a ton and a half,
fell, killing Paul Bloise instantly, crush
ng Robert Stewart's back, breast and
ight arm. almost scalping Frank Doo
ey and crushing John Lewis and Wii
iam Hall more or less seriously.
Killed by a Cloudburst.1
KNOXVILLE, Tenn.. June 25.-A re
ort comes from Cherokee County,
orth Carolina, of a terrible cloudburst
here late yesterday afternoon. Two
llicit distillers, named Harvey Agnew
md Jacob Newton, who happened to
e near by, were instantly killed. A
iumber of farms for miles below were
nundated and growing crops suffered
' loss of several thousand dollars.
Wannamaker Ofiers to Explain.
III L ADELPIIIA, June 29.-The Bards
ey investigating committee resumed
its sittings this afternoon and exam
ned a large number of witnesses. A
ommunication was received from
ostmaster General Wannamaker, ini
hich he offered to appear before the]
~ommittee at any time upon twenty
WHERE THE MONEY GOES.
Receipts and Expenditures for the Past
WASH INGTON, July 1.-The monthly
public debt statement was issued today
in an entirely new form. It combines
both the Secretary's statement of the
public debt and the United States Treas
urer's monthly statement of assets and
liabilities, heretofore issued separately.
Comparison with the last monthly
statement and the statement issued July
1, 1890, shows an increase in the pub
lic debt during the past month of about
five millions, and a net reduction during
the past fiscal year of twenty million
The surplus in the treasury today, in
the new form of statement put out to
day, is placed at $53,893,808, or about
five millions less than a month ago, with
no change in the interest-bearing debt of
the government during the past mouth.
The bonded debt today is $610.529,120,
made up in round numbers of $560,000,
000 fours and $50,500,000 four and a half
per cent bonds.
Government receipts from all sources
during the past fiscal year aggregated
$401,530,716, or about one million and
a halfless than during the preceding year.
Customs receipts were $219,900,658, o
about ten millions less than during
the preceding year; internal revenue re
ceipts were $145,943,281, an increase
over the preceding year of three mil
lions and a quarter, and receipts from
miscellaneous sources were nearly thirty
six millions, about five millions greater
than in the preceding year.
On the other hand, expenditures dur
ing the fiscal year just closed were $388,
G96,924, against $318,040,710 during the
preceding year. Seventeen millions and
a half of this increase is found in the
pension charge of $124,145,110 for the
past year. Civil and miscellaneous ex
penditures during the year amounted to
$110,139,339, an increase over the pre
ceding year of nearly thirty millions.
Indian expenses were $8,526,198, or
nearly two millions more than during
the preceding year. Navy expenditures
were $26,115,098, or four millions more
than during the preceding year, and war
department expenditmres were $48,723,
116, or four and a quarter millions
greater than in the preceding year.
$37,127,201 were paid *out during the
year for interest on the public debt and
$10,401,220 in premiums on $114,000,
000 bonds purchased and redeemed dur
ing the year.
SENATOR INGALLS AS A LECTURER.
He Discusseb Current Problems In His
WAsHINGTON, June 30.-Ex-Senator
Ingalls made his debut as a lecturer at
the National Chautauqua at Glen Echo,
near this city. His subject was "The
problems of our second century," and
his effort was listened to by a large au
dience. The first problem which he dis
cussed was the danger of paternalism in
government, and he paid his respects in
his umque way to that class of people
who wnt their debts paid by Act of Con
gress and who would have money as
plentiful as autumn leaves in the forest.
He did not believe, he said, in having
the government doina everything and
the people nothing.
Refeiring to the problem of unequal
distribution of wealth, he said that it
was not right that ten million people
should never have enough to eat in this
country from one year's end to another,
nor should it ever happen that a man
went hungry when he was willing and
able to work. It was guite evident from
his talk, however, that he did not ex
pect the present condition of affairs to
speedily change, for he said that if all the
wealth in the United States were to be
equally divided now, in six months there
would be some people riding in palace
cars, some in buggies, some would be
walking, and some would be sitting in
fence corners watching the procession go
by. "Above all," he added, "there
would be heard again the voice of the ir
repressible reformer earning his liveli
hood by the perspiration of his jaw rath
er than by the sweat of his brow." if
some men were rich and others were
poor it was the fault of the Creator. He
would not disguise the fact th it the pre
sent was a momentous crisis in the his
tory of this country, and that all the
forces of demoralization were marshall
ed for the contest. He had no doubt of
the outcome of the fight. There would
be in the future broader liberty, larger
opportunities for happiness and greater
prophesies for de velopment of the nation
than the mind of man can now conceive.
White Cap Whipping in Indiana.
CHICAGO, ILL., June S.-A dispatch
from New Albany, Ind., says there was
another brutal whipping by white caps
in crawford county Sunday morning in
which a young woman of eighteen
years was one of the victims. William
M1cGuire and his eighteen year old step
daughter live near Leavenworth, the
county seat of Crawford county. They
were reported to be living in adultery
but there was ns proof of this charge.
About 1 o'clock sunday morning twen
.y masked white caps, all armed with
revolvers went to McGuire's residence,
roke down the door and seizing Mc
Guire, who is about lifty years old, and
iis step-daughter dragged them to
the woods and tied them face foremost
to trees. Then tbe clothing of both
ictims was lowered to the hips and the,
white caps commenced the cruel work.
>f whipping them on their bare backs,
faying them from the shoulders to tihe
ips. The young woman shrieked for
mercy at every blow, but her appeals
ere in vain until she sunk fainting
from pain. She received over fiity
ashes. Her shoulders, rack and hips
tre frightfully larcerated. Old man
NlcGuire was given about seventy-five
ashes. He also fell fainting under the
avage punishmert. After the whip
ing the white caps notitied them if
they were found in the county twenty
lays later they would be hung up by
,heir necks and left for the buzzards to
ick. This infamous whipping of a
ielpless girl has created the most in
ense excitement in Leaven worth and
he neighborhood of that town and is
tenounced with great bitterness.
A Sad Accident.
BLACKvILLE, S. C., July :2.-Mr
ames McDonald, a highly respected
nd well-to-do citizen living about a
ialf mile from Elko, wvent this morn
ng with a party to Capt. W. W. Willis's
ill on a fishing expectition. About 10
'clock he and his t wo grown daughters
~vent out into the pond in a boat, and
w'hile paddling up the pond the boat
truck a tree, throwing out the younger
aughter. lie immediately jumped
verboard to save her when they both
~vent to the bottom and did not rise
gain. The daughter left in the boat
nanaged to get the boat out and re
orted it. The bodies have not yet
een recovered, but they are being.
;erche far..-uNe and Courier.
A HORRIBLE DEATH.
GEORGE W. MALCOM BITTEN BY A
He Showed No Signs of Hydrophobia Un
til He Saw Water-He Begged and Pray
ed to Die Before the Spasms Came.
MONROE, Ga., June 26.-Mr. George
W. Malcom, Sr., one of the most promi
nent men and one of the best citizens of
Walton county, meta horrible death at
his home nine miles from here yesterday
morning. He died from hydrophobia
and the scene at his death bed was terri
On the morning of the 3d of June,
about daybreak, he started out to his lot
to feed his horse. In the public road
near the lot he met a dog coming down
the road in a run. Without the least
provocation the dog sprang at Mr. Mal
com, catching him through the nose and
face. He held on like grim death, and
only turned loose his hold after Mr. Mal
com had chocked him nearly to death.
Notwithstanding his mouth and nose
were badly torn by the bite of the dog,
and ihe blood was rapidly flowing from
his wounds, Mr. Malcom still held on to
the dog until he could get a rock, with
which he beat the dog to death. He was
a brave, gritty man, and seemed to have
less fear of hydrophobia than any of his
friends. He would always say: "I don't
think the dog was mad and I don't be
lieve I will have hydrophobia."
Tuesday he ate a hearty dinner and
went out on the porch to get a drink of
water. As soon as the dipper reached
his lips he jumped high oft the floor and
screamed at the top of his voice.
As soon as this, the first convulslon,
wore off," he announced to his family
that he was a dead man-that he had hv
drophobia. He sent at once for all his
children and had a neighbor to write his
This being finished, he began having
convulsions, which were light at first
and at int erval; of about one hour. They
grew harder and harder and nearer and
nearer together until Wednesday even
ing, when he became exhausted and irra
tional, and remained in this condition
until Thursday morning, when he died.
The physicians could do nothing to re
lieve him. They gave him morphine,
which made him deathly sick, and from.
this time he refused to take any medi
cine, and would go into convulsions
when the subject ias mentioned.
He never drank a drop of water from
the time he was taken until he died. He
wanted it and talked about it, and even
begged for it, but vhen it was brought
into his sight he would shudder And or
der it carried away as quickly as possible.
He frothed at the mouth, and his
screams were hearrending. He would
beg to die, and often prayed to die be
fore another spasm came.
He seemed to have superhuman
strength. Six men around his bedside
could not hold him down. Finally, in a
convulsion more terrible than any that
had preceded it, death came to his relief.
Mr. Malcom was sixty years old, and
a deacon in his church. He leaves a
wife and ten children, most of whom are
grown and bmrrie.
"The Chinese Must Go."
WASHINGTON, June 24.-Acting
Secretary Spaulding rendered a decision
today In regard to China that will be.
widespread in its application. Three
Chinamen yesterday came to Dettoit
from Canada, and the commisioner in
timated that Canada was the country
from whence they came and to which
they should be returned. Acting Secre
tary Spaulding directed that they be re
turned to China, and in discussing the
points raised by the Unmted States Com
missioner at Detroit, sent the following
telegram to the Collector there: "The
act of September 13, 1888, is notin force,
as the treaty named in Section No. 1
not ratified. The act of August 13, 1590,
makes appropriation specifically for re
turnmog to China all Chmnese persons il
legally in the United States. It is nae
less to return them to Canada to cow'e
back tomorrow. The above act was ex
pressly made to meet the difficulty. Un-*
der it we return unquestioned to China,
as the country whence they came, Chii
nese coming from MIaico, and ]Sritij
Columbia, as they make the contiguolrm
foreign countries the avenue for reach
ing the United States. The Attornoy
General gives the opinion that thisactlon
is directly in the line of carrying out the
expulsion act for which the appropriation
was -nade. It is the practice on the
Pacific coast, when the court finds Chi
namen illegaliy in the country, for the
marshal to turn themn over to the collec
tor at San Francisco for deportation to
China. The department sees no occasion
for diffe.-ent practice at Detroit."
The Knights of Labor.
CotuMIs, 0., June 24.-The Gener
al Executive Board of the Knights of
Labor is in session here to-day. -The
meeting will continue for several days,
and will be an important one in many
respects. It will be decided whether
Maj. McKinley shall be denounced or
antagonized because President Harrison
had refused to allow the reinstatement
of discharged plate printers at the Bu
reau of Engraving and Printing at
Washington. Mr. Devlin said this af
ternoon that no fault could be found
with McKinley personally, as he had
expressed sympathy with the men, but
if antagonized at all it would be as a
leader of the Republican party, whose
bead, President Harrison, had refused
the demand of organized labor.
A Brute, in the Mountains.
G REENVILLE, S. C., July 2.-It is re
ported from the upper part of this
county that on Sunday last "Babe"~
Durham, a young white man, brutally
beat Miss Gosnell on the head and body
with the butt of his pistol and kicked
her because she had promised to marry
Durham's rival, whose name is not
known. Durham also shot once at his
rival, who ran. The young lady may
not live. Officers are after Durham,
but he is keeping out of the way.-News
Duel in a Court Roons.
NASIIVILLE, Tenn., June 29-At
Buffalo Valley, Putnam County, two
witnesses in a murder trial, named Jim
Mitchell and Oscar Plunkett, became
involved in a quarrel in the court room
Saturday. Tbey drew revolvers and
began firing at each other and kept it
up until both had been mortally
wounded. The shooting caused great
consternation in the court room, the
spectators dodging behind doors and
under benches to escape injury.
Excursion Train Wrecked.
YAN J3UREN, Ark,, June 2.-A
special excursion train from Little Rock
to Fort Smith was wrecked by a broken
rail three miles east of here at 0:30 last
night, killing a little babe of Mrs. Wal
ker and wounding about twenty passen
gers. Conductor Henry Angel had his
jaw broken and Elson Willard, of Little
Rok, had a leg badly mangled.