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VOL. VII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 15. 1891. NO. 30.
GOSPEL OF THE WEAiTHER.
DR. TALM AGE PREACHES ON THE
COMPLAINTS ABOUT THE RAIN.
The Wonderful Imagery of the Book of
Job.How the Study of It 1Ha% Made
Weak Men Into Infidels -Never Wade
Into a MysterY Over Yout Head.
BROOKLYN, July 5.-Dr. Talmage's
sermon today is on a kind of gospel in
which few people believe. The weather
is a common object of complaint and
fault finding, but Dr. Talmage finds a
gospel in it, which today he proclaims
from the text, "Hath the rain a father?"
Job xxxviii, 28.
This Book of Job has been the sub
jett of unbounded theological wrangle.
Men have made it the ring in which to
display their ecclesiastical pugilism.
Some say that the Book of Job is a true
history; others, that it is an allegory;
others, that it is an epic poem; others.
that it is a drama. Some say that Job
lived eighteen hundred years before
Christ, others say that he never lived at
all. Some say that the author of this
book was Job; others, David; others,
Solomon. The discussion has landed
some in blank infidelity. Now, I have
no trouble with the Books of Job or
Revelation-the two most mysterions
books in the Bible-because of a rule I
adopted some years ago.
I wade down into a Scripture passage
as long as I can touch bottom, and when
I cannot then I wade out. I used to
wade in until it was over my head and
then 1 got drowned. I study a passage
of Scripture so long as it is a comfort
and help to my soul, but when it be
comes a perplexity and a spiritual up
turning 1 quit. In other words, we
ought to wade in up to our heart, but
never wade in until it is over our head.
No man should ever expect to swim
across this great ocean of divine truth.
I eo down into that ocean as I go down
into the Atlantic ocean at East Hamp
ton, Long Island, just far enough to
bathe; then I come out. I never had
any idea that with my weak hand and
loot I could strike my way clear over to
GOD'S MYSTERIOUS GOVERN-MENT.
I suppose you understand your family
genealogy. You know something about
lour parents, your grandparents, your
great giandparents. Perhaps you know
where they were born, or where they
died. Have you ever studied the par
entage of the shower, "Hath not the
rain a lather?" This question is not
asked by a poetaster or a scientist, but
by the head of the universe. To hum
ble and to save Job God asks him four
teen questions: About the world's ar
chitecture, about the refraction of the
sun'sways, about the tides, about the
snow crystal, about the liehtnings, and
then he arraigns him with the interroga
tion of the text, "Hath the ram a fath
With th - scientific wonders of the rain
I have nothing to do. A minister gets
through with that kind of sermons with
in the first three years, and if he has
piety enough he gets through with it in
the first three months. A sermon has
come to me to mean one word of four
letters, "help!" You all know tnat the
rain is not an orphan. You know it is
not cast out of the gates of heaven a
foundlin2. You would answer the ques
tion of my text in the affirmative.
Safely housed during the storm, you
hear the rain beating against the window
pane, and you find it searching all the
crevices of the window sill. It first
comes down in solitary drops, pattering
the dust, and then it deluges the tields
and angers the mountain torrents, and
makes the traveler implore shelter.
You know that the rain is not an acci
dent of the world's economy. You know
it was born of the cloud. You know it
wats rocked in the cradle of the wind.
You know it was sung to sleep by the
stOrm. You know that it a flying evan
gel lrom heaven to earth. You know it
is the gospel of the weather. You know
that God is its father.
If this be true, then how wicked is
our murmuring about climatic changes.
The first eleven Sabbaths after I enter
ed the mmnistry it stormed, Through
the week it was clear weather, but on
the Sabbaths the old country meeting
house looked like Noah's ark before it
landed. A few drenched people sat be
fore a drenched pastor; hut most of the
farmers stayed at home and thanked
God that what was bad for the church
wa good for the crops. I committed a
good deal of sinin those day s in denounc
ing the weather. Ministers of the Gos
pel sometimes fret about stormy Sab
baths, or hot Sabbaths, 'r inclement
Sabbaths. They forget the fact that the
same God who ordained the Sabbath and
sent forth his ministers to announce sal
vation also ordained the werther. "Hlath
the rain a father?"
INCEsSANT COMPLAINTS OF THE
Merchants, also. with their stores fill.
ed with new goods, and their clerks
hanging idly around the counters, com
mit the same transgression. There
have been seasons when the whole
spring and fall trade has been ruined
by protracted wet weather. Trhe mer
chants then examined the "weather
probabilities" with more interest than
they read their Bibles. They watched
for a patch of blue sky. They went
complaining to the store and came com
plaining home again. In all that season
of wet feet and dripping garments and
impassable streets they never once asked
the question, "Hlath the rain a father?"
So agriculiurists commit this sin.
There is nothing more annoying than to
have planted :orn rot in the ground be
cause of too much moisture, or hay all
ready for the mow dashed of a shower,
or wheat almost ready for the sickle
spoiled with the rust. How hard it is
to bear the agricultural disappointments.
God has infinite resources, but I do not
..-fiink he has capacity to make weather
to please all dhe farmers. Sometimes it
is too hot, or it is too cold; it is too wet,
or it is too dry; it is too early, or it is
too late. They forget that the God who
promised seed time and harvest, sum
mer and winter, cold and heat, also or
dained all the climatic changes. There
is one question that ought to be written
on every barn, on every fence, on every
rhaistacik, on every farmhouse, '"Hath
the rain a father?"
s-. If we only knew whit a vast enter
prise it is to provide appropriate weath
er for this world we should not be so
critical of the Lord. Isaac Watts at ten
years of age complained that he did not
like the hymns that were sung in the
English chapel. 'Well," said his fath
er, "Isaac, instead of your complaining
about the hymns, go and make hymns
that are better." And he did go and
make hymns that were better. Now, I
say to you if you do not like the 'i eather
get up ~a weather company and have a
president, and a secretary, and a treasur
eand a board of directors, and ten
million dollars of stock, and then pro
vide weather that will suit us all. There
is a man who has a weak head, and he
cannot stand the glare of the sun. You
must have a cloud always hovering over
I like the sunshine; I cannot live with
out plenty of sunlight, so you must al
ways have enough liht for me. Two
ships meet in midl-Atlantic. The one is
going to Southampton and the other is
coming to New York. Provide weather
that, while it is abaft for one ship, it is
not a head wind for the other. There is
a farm that is dried up for the lack of
rain, and there is a pleasure party going
out for a field excursion. Provide weath
er that will suit the dry farm and the
pleasure excursion. No, sirs, I will not
take one dollar of stock in your weather
company. There is only one Being In
the uivery who knows enough to
provide the right kind of weather for this
world. "Hath the rain a father?"
GOD IS INFINITE INNINFINITESIMALS.
My text also suggests God's minute
supervisal. You see the divine Sonship
in every drop of rain. The jewels of the
shower are not flung away by a spend
thrift who knows not how many he
throws or where they fall. They are all
shininz princes of heaven. They all
have an eternal lineage. They are all
thechildren of a king. "Hath the rain a
father?' Well then. I say if God takes
notice of every minute raindrop he will
take notice ofthe most insignificant affair
of my life. It is the astronomical view
of things that bothers me.
We look up into the night heavens,
and we say, "Worlds! worlds!" and how
insignificant we feel! We stand at the
foot of Mount Washington or Mont
Blanc, and we feel that we are only in
sects, and then we say to ourselves,
"Though the world is so large, the sun
is one million four hundread thousand
times larger." "Oh!" we say, "it is no
use, it God wheels that great machinery
through immensity he will not take the
trouble to look down at me." Infidel
conclusion. Saturn. Mercury and Jupi
ter are no more rounded and weighed
and swung by the hand of God than arc
the globules on a lilac bush the morning
after a shower.
God is no more in magnitudes than he
is in minutize. If he has scales to weigh
the mountains, lie has balances delicate
enough to weigh the infinitesimal. You
can no more see him through the tele
scope than you can see him through the
microscope; no more when you look up
than when you look down. Are not
the hairs of your head all numbered?
And if Himalaya has a God, "Hath not
the rain a father?" I take this doctrine
of a particular Providence, and I thrust
it mto the very midst of your everyday
life. If God fathers a raindrop, is there
anything so insignificant in your affairs
that God will not father that?
When Druyse. the gunsmith, invented
the needle gun, which decided the battle
of Sadowa, was it a mere accident?
When a farmer's boy showed Blucher a
short cut by which he could bring his
army up soon enough to decide Water
loo for England. was it a mere accident?
When Lord Byron took a piece of money
and tossed it up to decide whether or
not he should be affianced to Miss Mill
bank, was it a mere accident which side
of the money was up and which was
down? When the Christian army was
besieged at Beziers, and a drunken drum
mer caine in at midnight and rang the
alarm bell, not knowing what he was
doing, but waking up the host in time to
figth their enemies that moment arriving,
was it an accident?
When in one of the Irish wars a starv
ing mother, flying with her starving child.
sank down and fainted on the rocks in
the night and her hand fell on a waren
bottle of milk, did that just happen so?
God is either in the atl'airs ofmen or our
religion is worth nothing at all, and you
hand better take it a vay from us, and
istead of this Bible, which teaches the
doctrine; gives us a secular book, and
let us, as the famous Mr. Fox, the menm
ber of parliament, in his last hour, cry
out. "Read me the eighth book of Vir
Oh! my friends, let us rouse up to an
appreciation of the fact that all the af
fairs of our lite aire under a king's com
mand, and under a father's watch.
Alexander's war horse. Bucephalus,
would allow any body to mount him when
he was unharnessed, but as soon as
they put on that war horse Bucephalus,
the saddle and the trappings of the con
queror he would allow no one but Alex
ander to touch him. And if a soulless
horse could have so much pride in his
owner, shall not we immortals exult in
the fact that we are o'vned by a king?
"Hah the rain a fathery"
GOD'S WAYS ARE PAST FINDING OUT.
Again my subject teaches me that
God's dealings with us are inexplicable.
That was the original force of my text.
The rain was a great mystery to tie
ancients. They could not understand
how the water should get into the cloud,
and getting there, how it should be sus
pended, or fallinir. why it should come
down in drops. Modern science comes
alor and says there are two portions o1
air of different temperature, and they
are charged with moisture, and the one
portion of air decreases In temperature
so the water may no longer be held in
vapor, and it falls. And they tell us
that some of the clouds that look to be
only as large as a man's hand, and to
be almost quiet in the heavens, are great
mountains of mist four thousand feet
from base to top, and that they rush
miles a minute.
But after all the brilliant experiments
of Dr. James Hutton, and Saussure, and
other scientists, there is an infinite
mystery about the rain. There is an
ocean of the unfathomable in every rain
drop, and God says today as he said in
the time of Job, "if you cannot under
stand one drop of rain, do no be sup
prised if my dealings with you are inex
plicable." Why does that aged man,
decrepit, beggared, vicious, sick of the
world and the world sick of him, live on,
while here is a nman in mid life, ::onsecra
ted to God, hard working, useful in
every respect, w~ho dies? Why does that
old gossip, gadding along the street
about everybody's business but her own.
have such good health, while the Chris
tian mother, with a flock A' little ones
about her whom she is preparing for
usefulness and for heaven-the mother
who you think could not be spared an
hour trom that household-why does
she lie down and die with a cancery
Why does that man, selfish to the
core, go ou adding fortune to fortune,
consuing everything on himself, con
tinue to prospper, while that man. who
has been giving ten per cent, of all his
income to God and the church, goes into
bankruptcy? Betorc we make stark
fools of ourselves, let us stop pressing
this everlasting "why." Let us worship
where we cannot understand. Let a
man take that one question, "Why?"
ad follow it far inough, and push it, and
he will land in wretchedness and perdi
tin We want in our theology fewer
interrou-ation marks and more exclama
tiou points. Heaven is the place for
explanation. Earth is the place for
trust. If you cannot understand so
minute a thing as a raindrop, how can
von expect to understand God's deal
ings? "Hath the rain a father?"
Again, my text makes me think that
the rain of tears is of divine origin.
Great clouds of trouble sometimes hover
over us. They are black, and they are
gorged, and they are thunderous. They
are more portentous than Salvator,;or
Claude ever painted-clouds of poverty,
or persecution, or bereavement. They
hover over us, and they get darker and
blacker, and after awhile a tear starts,
and we think by an extra pressure of
the eyelid to stop it. Others follow,
and after awhile there is a shower of
tearful emotion. Yea, there is a rain
of tears. "Hath that rain a father ?"
GOD sEES OUR TEAItS.
"Oh," you say, "a tear is nothing but
a drop of limpid fluid secreted by the
lachrymal gland-it is only a sign of
weak eyes." Great mistake. It is one
of the Lord's richest benedictions to
the world. There are people in Black
well's Island insane asylum, and at
Utica, and at all the asylums of this
land, who were demented by the fact
that they could not cry at the right
time. Said a maniac in one of our
public institutions, under a Gospel ser
mon that started the tears: "Do you
see that tear? that is the first I have
wept for twelve years. I think it will
help my brain."
There are a great many in the grave
who could not stand any longer under
the glancier of trouble. If that glacier
had only melted into weeping they
could have endured it. There have
been times in your life when you would
have given the world, if you had pos
sessed it, for one tear. You could
shriek, you could blaspheme, but you
could not cry. 1Iave you never seen a
man holding the hand of a aead wife,
who had been all the world to him?
The temples livid with excitement, the
eye dry and frantic, no moisture on the
upper or lower lid. You saw there
were bolts of anger in the cloud, but
no rain. To your Christian comfort,
he said. "Don't talk to me about God;
there is no God, or if there is I hate
him; don't talk to me about God; would
he have left me and these motherless
But a few hours or days after, com
ing across some lead pencil that she
owned in life, or some letters which she
wrote when he was away from home,
with an outcry that appals, there bursts
the fountain of tears, and as the sun
light of God's consolation strikes that
fountain of tears, you find out that it
is a tender hearted, merciful, pitiful and
all compassionate God who was the
father of that rain. "Oh," you say, "it
is absurd to think that God is going to
watch over tears." No, my friends.
There are three or four kinds of them
that God counts, bottles and eternizes.
First, there are all parental tears, and
there are more of these than of any
other kind, because the most of the race
die in infancy, and that keeps parents
mourning all around the world. They
never get over it. They may live to
shout and sing afterward, but there is
always a corridor in the soul that is
silent, though it once resounded.
My parents never mentioned the
death of a child who died fifty years be
fore without a tremor in the voice and
a sigh, oh, how deep fetched! It was
better she should die. It was a mercy
she should die. She would have been a
lifelong invalid. But you cannot argue
away a parent's grief. How often you
hear the moan, "Oh, my child, my child."
Then there are the filial tears. Little
children soon get over the loss of par
ents. They are easily diverted with a
new toy. ~But where is the man that
has come to thirty or forty or fifty
years of age, who can think of the old
people without having all the fountains
of his soul stirred up y You may have
had to take care of her a good many
years, but you never can forget how
she used to take care of you.
Tnere have been many sea captains
converted in our church, and the pecu
liarity of them was that they were
nearly all prayed ashore by their
mothers, though the mothers went into
the dust soon after they went to sea.
Have you never heard an old man in
deirium of some sickness call for his
mother? Thefact is we get so used to
calling for her the first ten years of our
life we never get over it, and when she
goes away from us it makes deep sor
row. You sometimes, perhaps, in days
of trouble and darkness, when the
world would say, "You ought to be
able to take care or yourself"-you
wake up from your dreams finding
yourself saying, "Oh, mother: mother!"
Ihavo these t'ears no divine origin?
Why, take all the warm hearts that
ever beat in all lanas, and in all ages,
and put them together and their united
throb would be weak compared with
the throb of God's eternal sympathy.
Yes. God also is father of all that rain
Did you ever see a rain of repent
ance? Do you know what it is that
makes a man repent ? I see people go
ing around tryinlg to repent. They
canot repent. Do you know no man
can repent until God helps him to re
et ? 1low do I know ? Biy this pas
sage, "Ilim hath God exalted to be a
prince and a Saviour to give repent
ance." Oh, it is a tremendous hour
when one wakes up and says: "1 am
a bad man. I have not sinned against
the laws of the land, but I have wasted
my life; God asked me for my services
and I haven't given those services. Oh,
my sins; God torgive me." When that
tear starts it thrills all heaven. An
angel cannot keep his eye oiY it. and
the church of Go:1 assembles around,
and there is a commingling of tears,
and God is the Father of that rain, the
Lord, long suffering, merciful and gra
THE GRY OF A 310THiER's HEART.
In a religious assemblange a man
arose and said: "I have been a very
wicked man; I broke mother's heart, I
becamne an infidel, but I have seen
my evil way, and I have surrendered
my heart to God, but it is a grief that
I never can get over that my parents
should never have heard of my salva
tion; I don't know whether they are liv
ing or dead." While yet he was standing
in the audience a voice from the gallery
said, "Oh, my son! my son!" Ile looked
up and lie recognieed her. It was his
old mother. She had been praying for
hm a great many years, and when at
the foot of the cross the prodigal son
and the praying mother embrace I each
other, there was a rain, a tremendous
rain, of tears, and God was the Father
o these tears. Oh, that God would
break us down with a sense of our sin,
and then lift us with an appreciation
of his merey. Tears over our wasted
life. Tears over a grieved spirit. Tears
over an injured father. Oh, that
'God wonuld muove upon this audience
with a great wave 01 religions emotion.
The king of Carthage was dethroned.
His people rebelled against him, lHe
was driven into banishment. His wife
and children wvere outrageously abused.
Yeara went by, and the king of Cartha
go made many friends, lie gathered
up a great army. IIe marched again
toward Carthage. Reaching the gates
of Carthage the best men of the place
came out barefooted and bareheaded.
and with ropes around their necks cry
in fo mercy They said: "We abused
you and we abused your family, but we
cry for mercy." The king of Carthage
looked down upon the people from his
chariot and said: "I came to bless, I
didn't come to destroy. You drive me
out, but this day I pronounce pardon
for all the people. Open the gates and
let the army come in." The king
marched in and took the throne, and
the people all shouted, "Long live the
My friends, you have driven the Lord
Jesus Christ, the King of the church,
away from your heart; you have been
maltreating him all these years; but he
come back to-day. le stands in front
of the gates of your soul. [f you will
only pray for his pardon he will meet
you with his gracious spirit and he
will say: "Thy sins and thine iniqi
ties I will remember no more. Open
wide the gate, I will take the throne.
My peace I give unto you." And then,
all through this audience, from the
young and from the old, there will be
a rain of tears, and God will be the
father of that rain!
A Cyclone In Mississippi and a Storm in
NEW ORLEANS. LA., July 7.-A
Times-Democrat, Madison Mississippi,
special says: A cyclone struck this
place about 11 o'clock yesterday. It
was preceded by a fearful rumbling sound
that came from the southwest. Disas
ters are reported as follows:
H. E. McKay's plantation, destroyIng
negro cabins, killed Wesely Young,
colored and, wounded several others,
Pr. J. H. McKay's building was wreck
ed. The storm than passed across the
rail road levelling telegraph poles. The
residences of Glascock and Brown were
first reached in town. Both houses
were wrecked, and much of the furniture
was destroyed and stock injured. The
Presbyterian church and school building
were completely swept away and on.A.
M. Jones' place outstanding buildings
were destroyed and stock was injured.
Trees, orchards and shrubbery were
ruined. Pas ing out of the town to the
northwest, the cyclone completely de
stroyed two colored churches and the
residence of Handy Lee, colored.
GALVESTON, TEX., July 7.-The
storm which raged here Saturday night
and Sunday culminated Sunday even
ing about 9 o'clock. A driving south
southwest wind, accompanied by rain,
caused much of the lower portion of the
city to become practically inundated.
At 7 o'clock the wind reached a velocity
of fifty-five miles per hour.
The electric light plant was useless,
and the darkness, added to the fury of
the storm, made anything like travel
impossible, and ca'is3d many to fear a
repetition of the storm and flood oi 1885.
The most damage done was along the
gulf beach where the terrific force of thE
surf carried away almost everything
within its reach. The breakwater in
front of the Beach hotel was completely
wrecked and destroyed. The electric
railway tracks were undermined and
carried on the shore.
At the east shore end, wiech is ex
tremely low and flat, the heavy sea did
much damage. Buildings were greatly.
damaged. In many mstances the occu
pants were compelled to ascend to the
second floor to avoid the water. On the
bay side of the city, or east end, small
boats were called into requisition for
travel, but boating was dangerous and
but few attempted to get about in that
way. Much uneasiness is felt for the
steamer "Franklin" from the Blue
Fields, (the banana fields of Nicaragua)
due since last Friday.
The occupants of iPagodas and many of
the beach resorts had to be assisted here
by means of life saving lines. Throuah
out the city houses were blown down,
and steps and stairs were carried away,
People were blown against houses and
fences, and fractured arms\ were the re
sults in several cases. A mass of twist
ed poles, timbers and debris o .cupies an
army of workmen today. Taken in all,
it was the most disastrous storm which
Galveston has seen for years, and it will
take thousands of dollars to repair the
Cantweli is still Supervisor.
CHARLESTON, S, C., July 2.-Judge
Wallace rendered his decision in the
Cantwell case this af ternoon, speaking
briefly but emphatically on the points
of law, lie reviewed the case as made
out against Cantwell, and als3 the au
thority of the governor to remove. It
was in the power of the governor to ap
point, with the approval and consent of
the Senate, and it was also in his power
to remove, with exactly the same con
ditions. They must be contemporane
ous. There was a special act by which
trial justices, auditors and treasurers
could be suspended, pending a meeting
of the Senate, but no general law. On
the letter of the governor about the two
ofices, the judge said that the law had
been decided unconstitutional in the
Supreme Court relating to appointive
ofices; that the discharge of the duties
of clerk of the county commissioners
did not at all conflict with those of su
pervisor; that they were not incompati
ble; and that he must grant the prayer
of Mr. Bryan in favor of Mr. Cantwell.
Fell Into the Glowing Crater.
R OME, July 2.-YesuviuS has rene we d
its volcanic activity. and the torrent of
lava rushing down the mountain side is
rapidly increasing in volume. Yester
day two Brazilian tourists ascended the
mountain, and had just reached the sum
mit and were standing on the verge of
the crater when they were suddenly en
veloped in a dense cloud of smoke which
rushed out upon them from the volcanic
depths. When the outburst had sub
sided it was found that one of the gen
tlemen had become asphyxiated and had
fallen into the mouth of the crater.
His companion was only saved by the
presence of mind of the guide who had
accompanied them. As the sulphurous
smoke puffed out from the crater's
mouth he rushed forward and oragsed
one of his patrons out of danger, but
was unable to save the other. i. .he vic
tim of the accident was Dr. Silva Jar
din, of Rio Janeiro, Brazil, a journalist.
ie fell a sheer distance of 17U feet into
the glowing lava of the crater.
The Itata Case.
SAN DIEGo, Cal., July 5.-U. S.
Marshall Guard says he wilt seize the
Itata today. The officers of the Itata
offer to pay $500 penalty for sailing
wihout clearan.:e papers, and it is re
ported here that orders have been re
eived from Washington to accept it and
discharge Ollicers Mauzel and Tejeda.
The United States District Attorney is
now preparing papers upon three
charges: First, clearance without prop
er papers; second, kidnappjng a depaty
United States marshal; third, violating
the neutrality law. He will take pos
session of the Itata immediately upon
her release by the customs officers. He
says t le action is against the vessel and
not against the men. Mauzel and Tej
eda went to Los Angeles yesterday to
nonsut with their atorney.
A RAILROAD MASSACRE.
AWFUL DESTRUCTION OF LIFE AT
A Passenger Train Run Into from the
Rear bj a Freight Train, Train Fright
fully Wrecked and Set on Fire-Num
bers of the Dead Roasted to a Crisp.
RAVENNA. 0., July 3.-The worst
railroad accident ever occurring in this
vicinity happened at 3 o'clock this
morning. The horrible calamity has
fairly appalled the town and neighbor
hood. Twenty people were killed and
their bodies burned to a crisp. More
than that number were injured. The
charred remains of the dead were taken
from the ruins of the demolished pas
senger train as fast as the flames could
be subdued uy the townspeople who
rallied to the rescue. Such terrible
sights as were witnessed in the early
morning hours madethe people almo.st
An express, loaded with sleeping pas
sengers, was run into by a freight train
while the express was at a standstill in
this city. The wreck of the passenger
train was terrible and complete. To add
to the condition of the unfortunate pas
sengers who were imprisoned in the de
bris the train caught fire and was con
sumed. In this way death fairly swept
through the wrecked train. By day
light twenty bodies, nearly all of them
charred in a horrible manner, were tak
en out. Twenty-three injured had also
been rescued. A large number of the
killed were glassblowers who were on
their way east from Findlay.
The freight train that telescoped the
express is the dressed meat express from
Chicago, and was running about thirty
miles an hour when it struck the pas
seiger train. The accident was due to
carelessnees in leaving a switch open.
The passenger train, which was the
vestibule express with eight coaches
from Cincinnati to New York, on the
New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio
Railroad, was forty-six minutes late,
and the engineer was trying to remedy
the fault in the engine when the fast
freight was sighted in the rear. A
brakeman was sent back. but the heavy
freight train of twenty-four cars could
not be stopped on the down grade in
time, and it crashed into the rear of the
The rear coach contained forty-six
passengers, all glass-workers recently
emp:>yed at the Richardson Glass
Works in Findlay. who were on their
way to their homes in New York State.
The car was completely demolished, and
a terrible slaughter occurred.
George Holman, the engineer of the
freight, said to a reporter: "I cannot
see that I am to blame. Oh,my God,if
I could have got sand I could have
stopped the train, but the rails were
wet and the sand would not take. I
was not warned in time, and could not
see the lights on the rear of the passen
ger, owing to the darkness and fog. I
reversed the lever as quickly as possi
ble, and with the fireman jumped from
the train, sustaining a severe fracture
of the right hand." Mr. Holman seems
to think that the man of the passenger
train, Fred Boynton, could have flagged
from a greater distance.
The fire department of Ravenna was
soon on the scene, and extinguished the
flames, but not before terrible havoc
had been wrought.
Besides the victims in the rear coach,
four passengers in the Pullman car
next forward were killed. Two men
and one woman were burned to death
in this car, while their bodies were
partly out of the xindows, their at
tempts to escape having been fruitless.
One woman was heard screaming hor
ribly while being burned, but she could
not be reached. T wo headless bodies
of men could be seen caught in the out
rigging of the locomotive inside the
telescoped car, and another dead body
was suspended from the cow-catcher.
The brakeman who was sent back had
got only about fifteen yards before he
met the freight train.
The scenes here at the wreck this
morning w er e heart-rendering. A
nurse girl, whose name is unknown,
and a baby about a year old, which she
was caring for, were burned to death
before the very eyes of the horror
stricken spectators. Heroic efforts
were made to save them, but they were
apparently bound down by the broken
timbers of the car. The poor girl
pleaded piteously for somebody in
mercy to kill her. Tr e flames almost
enveloped the car and repeatedly drove
the rescuers away. Finally the workers
were compelled to fall Lack and aban
don the girl to her awful fate. This
was but one of the awful scenes being
When the great freight locomotive
ploughed through the rear coach, it
mangled into unrecognizable masses of
fesh and bones several of the passen
gers. Their deaths, horrible though
they were, were easy compared to that
of some of their friends. When the
locomotive had come to a standstill, tive
forms were seen to be pinioned between
the head of the boiler and the torn and
twisted timbers of the coach. Two
were undoubtedly dead or unconscious,
but the other three weakly swayed their
bodies and waved their hands in an
agonizing endeavor to free themiselves
from tneir frightful position. Quickly
the debris of the coach caught fire, and
in a few minutes the forms of the poor
fellows were enveloped in smoke and
ANCT HER RAILROAD DISASTER.
Fifteen Persons Killed and Fifty-Eight
CIIARLEsToN, M. Va., July 4.-The
greatest dtisaster in the history of this
community was the wrecking of a Kan
awha and MIichigan train at Farm, a
village eight miles north of this city.
this morning. There is a trestle there
thirty-five feet high, which caught lire
at some time during the night from an
unaccountable cause, probably from a
cinder from an engine passing about
midnight. While the bridge was not
consumed, its foundations were so bad
ly damaged as to render it unsafe to
crss. No notificatian of the fact was
received here, however, and the train,
the Iirst of the day, attempted to cross
it as usual. The engine, ten(er and
baggage car passed over safely, but the
two coaches went through. Engineer
'at Connor seemed to realize the situa
tion and pulled open the throttle, in the
hope of pulling all over safely, but it
whs too late: Both coaches were
crowded ,*and scarcely any one in them
ecpdinjury. The station is three
miles from the nearest telegraph oflice,
but as soon as possible a relief train
was sent from this city, which returned
about 2.15 p. in., bearmeg the dead and
One of the most pathetic incidents of
the accident was that of the annihila
tion of the Welcher family. Mr. Welch
er, his wife and little child were on
their way to Point Pleasant to visit
friends, being their first trip outside of
the city for y-ears. Mr. Welcher was
instantly killed, and his wife was
brought here a few hours later so badly
injused that she died shortly after her
arrival. Their little child, aged two
years, was somewhat bruised and bleed
ing, three fingers of its right hand
bing cu onff.
The cars were crowded, and it is a
wonder that there were not more fatal
ities. Scarcely ar y one in them es
caped unhurt. The list of injured
numbers 58: killed 15.
HANGED FOR HIS CRIME.
Brabham, the Negro Murderer of an Ital
ian. Will Kill No More.
CnARLOTTE, N. C., -July '.-The
hanging of Brabham, the negro who
murdered the Italian Mocca, took place
at 10:44 this torenoon.
A day or two ago he expressed a
desire that his execution take place
about 11 o'clock that he might take din
ner "in hell," yet lie changed his irrev
erent mood this morning and had a con
versation with three clergymen, to
whom he confessed repentance and hope
He met his fate with firmness in the
prosence of about 200 persons. le
n;ade no remarks to the crowd himself,
but Rev. P. P. Alston, the colored
clergymen, at Brabham's request said
that he had confessed his guilt of the
crime for which he was to be hanged,
and that he was also guilty of the rob
bery which occurred at the Buford
house some days before the murder.
Brabham, however, declined to betray
an associate in the robbery, who, he
said, was in possession of some of the
stolen goods. le refused to go further
in his confession.
le bade farewell this morning to all
his comrades in jail with the exception
of Caldwell, who had twice assisted
Sheriff Smith in defeating his attempts
to escape from jail. le had, however,
on the previous day included Caldwell
in his iarewell.
le ate nothing since yesterday morn
ing, and also declined stimulants, which
were offered him. He slept well last
night, and seemed to have goo. control
of himself when he was brought to the
le was the seventh victim who has
been hanged on the same scaffold. The
drop was cut, and the fall was -four and
a half feet, which did not suffice to break
his neck. Death ensued in eleven
The hanging caused much interest
here through the brutality of the crime,
threats of lynching which followed,
and a conflict between whites and
blacks in the neighborhood of the jail
in which he was imprisoned. The fact
that he has only recently made a des
perate attack on Sheriff Smith with his
shackles, which, but for the intrepidity
of that oflicer and the interference of
Caldwell, a prisoner in jail for gam
bling, would have proved successful,
added to the public interest in the af
There was no race feeling, however,
the justice of the sentence having been
acknowledged, quite a number of wit
nesses being negroes.
A novel feature of the occasion was
that tickets of admission to the jail,
issued by the sheriff were eagerly
sought, being peddled around at from
50 cents to Z5 each.
The crime for which Brabham was
executed was committed last April. le
entered the small store of an Italian
named Mocca, where calling for a glass
of cider, he drew a car coupling pin,
concealed under his coat and dealt the
death blow while Mocca's back was
turned drawing the cider. This occur
red at 11 o'clock at night, and Brabham
today, said he had the pin concealea un
der his coat from 4 o'clock on the pre
vious afternoon, awaiting his oppor
The Davis Monument.
NASHVILLE, TENN., July 2.-Capt.
John W. Childers, chairman of the com
mittee from the Southern Press associa
tion, delegated to collect a fund and at
tend to the details of erecting a monu
ment to the memory of Jefferson Da
vis, is just back from a meeting of the
committee at Atlanta.
He says that the committee feel much
encouraged at the progress of affairs.
About S20,000 have already been raised,
but before the actual work is com
menced on the monument they expect
to raise $50,000. Active measures will
be taken at once in soliciting for the
It was decided to select a general
agent to look after collections, whose
name will be announced in a tew days.
The committee determined to request
President Screws, of the Southern
Press association, to call a meeting of
the association at Nashville not later
At this meeting the committee is to
report $50,000 raised, that will insure
the erection of a monument, to submit
plans and specifications, and to receive
An Honor Declined.
Cotu3mBA, S. C.. July 2.-Previous to
the appointment of Dr. Dabcock as
Superintendent of the Lunatic Asylum,
an account of which appears elsewhbere,
the position was tendered to Dr. WV. II.
.Nardin of Anderson, who declined the
honor in the following letter:
ion. B. 1R. Tillmal, Governor, Co
lumbia, S. C.
DEARt Sir: Your esteemed favor of
the 27th inst to hand. Please accept
my thanks for the honor conferred up
on me by your seh-ction for the high
and zesiponsible position tendered, and
it is with regret that 1 amn forced to dle
ine the honor, first from a seiiss of my
unfitness for the position, and second
the unwillingness to raise my growing
family thus surrounded. With highest
esteem and hoping you may nd one
I am with respect yours truly,
Terrile Storm in G.ermiany.
]3E~RLIN, July 2.-A terrible storm of
thunder, hail and rain passedl ovcr a
lare part of Germany, last nighit, caus
ing immense dlamaige to property and
loss of life in the villages of suchtellon.
near Dusseldorf and Sittard.
In the Crefeld district. also near the
Dusseldorf, many houses were com
pletely wrecked and the immates buried
in the ruins. Thirteen bodies have al
ready been recovered.
The toriado caused terrible des truc
tion throughout the lower Rhine dis
trict. Riflemen's hall at Crefeed was
lifted from its foundations andl carried
clean away. The circus was blown over
and the pavilions were dlamaged and
thei. contents shattered. Several at
taces sustained injuries.
MIurderr~us Nes|70 Killed.
SAvasNNA, Ga., ,July 8.-Osnus Lee,
colored, ran amuck the Eastern part of
the city to-night and attempted to kill
half a dozen people, amnongz them Po
liceman Andrew Clayton, whom lie shot
twice through the body. Policeman
Neidlinger ran to the re'scue and as he
came up Lee snapped an empty pilstol
in his face, having emptied the cham
bers ill attempting to kill Clayton.
Neidlinger returned the lire, killing
Lee instantly with a bullet through his
Found Dead in Bed.
AorsTrA. Ga., July 8 -Julius Neil
son, a young lDane who has been over
live months in Augusta, was found
lead in his boarding house to-day with
ive wounds in his stomach, three of
which were fatal. lHe had been unwell
and it is not known whether it is a case
f uniide nr murder.
HORRORS OF THE ELECTRIC CHAIR.
Terrible Work of the Deadly Current on
IEW YORK, July 8.-The Evening
World, in its soorting edition, eays: The
body of Murderer Harris A. Smiler was
brought to this city this afternoon. The
body' had been claimed by Smiler's
widow, the woman he married and de
serted for the woman whom he atter
wards murdere1. The body was taken
from the train to the undertaking estab
lishment at 265 West One Hurdred and
Twenty-fifth street. Three or four hun
dred people were gathered there to wit
ness the arrival of the body. By a pre
vious arrangement with the undertaker,
an Evening World reporter was in wait
ing at the rooms to see the body of the
executed murderer. The coffin was
taken to the basement by the undertak
er's assistants, and the lid was quickly
taken off, exposing the dead man's face.
The reporter stood close by, and was
horrified at the sight that met his eyes.
Smiler's face had been burned and
seamed by the electric fluid until it pre
sented the appearance of having been
broiled. The hair on the front of the
head, the moustache and eyebrows had
been singed and burned off. The face
was furrowed and scarred as tLough
with a hot iron. TI.ese marks were not
those o1 a dissecting knife or scalpel.
They were palpable burLs. Pressing
closer to see tnue dead man's fhce plain
er, the reporter attracted the attention
of the undertaker's assistants, and they
seized him by the shoulder and com
pelled him t-> leave the place before any
other portion of the body was exposed.
In reply to repeated requests to be al
lowed to see the body, the rep rter was
informed that no one but the undertaker
and his assistar.ts would be permitted to
see It until it had been fully prepared
for buriai. It was learned through one
of the undertaker's Essistants that
Smiler's left lecr was burned to the bone
and the eyes were badly burned.
A Terrible Tale of the Sea.
LONDON, July 7.-A dispatch from
Auckland, New Zealand, reports that
the bark Compadre, bound from Calcutta
for Chile, recently caught fire at sea.
After an ineffe.ctual effort to subdue the
flames the captain steered his course for
bluff Harbor, a seaport of the province
of Otaga, New Zealand. He had suc
ceeded in bringing his burning vessel to
the mouth of the harbor when a tremen
dous hurricane o;6rtook her. The ex
hausted crew spent their last energies
in attempting to keep down the raging
fire and at the same time force the un
fortunate bark to face the tremendous
winds and seas which beat upon and
rushed over her. It was, however, all
to no avail. After a desperate struggle
with the opposing elements, the Com
padre became waterlogged and was
driven with iearful force upon the rocks
of the desolate and uninhabited Auck
land Islands. After incredible suffering,
the crew of the bark succeeded in swim
ming ashore. Here, in one of the latter
years of the nineteenth century, the
miserable tren were forced to spend 103
days and nights, suffering the extremest
wretchedness of exposure and starvation.
On the one hundred and fourth day of
their being cast away their distress sig
nals were observed by a passing sealing
essel, and the sorely tried sailors were
taken off in safety, but in a distressing
condition of weakness and emaciation.
During their enforced stay on the island
one of their number wandered into the
bush and was never heard of again. It
is supposed that suffering drove the man
Look up Your tax Rteceipts!
COLUMA, S. C., July S.-Accord
in2 to the reports made to the Secretary
o~ State the agents of the sinking fund
and land agents are doing splendid work
in their respective fields. Dr. A. E.
Williams, the agent for Beaufort, Colle
ton and Hampton, was in the city to-day
to make a monthly report. His terri
tory is very large and the greater part
of his time is spent in making the rounds.
Secretary Tindal made the interesting
and suprising statement to-day that Dr.
Williams had discovered and is now rec
tifying fully three hundred errors in tax
receipts, tax executions, etc., and in re
claiming lands to the State. In a case
called to attention to-day executions
were levied and collected against a tract
of land in Colleton in which the owners
held receipts but were not entered on
the treasurer's books. This is shown to
be not the fault of sheriff or treasurel,
but of the carelessness of the deputies
who were charged with the collection of
This is only one of a great many of
the same' kind. It is evident that the
State must be out the amount of such
unreturned cellections. Secretary Tin
dal says that it is paying the State well
to employ these agents, and that the
way they are workimg is very satisfac
tory to the property owners. Williams
left here to-day for Wailterboro and will
continue his work the followingz week in
eauort.-News and Courier.
Plant Less Cotton.
At a meeting of Maribor iCounty Al
hance held at Bennettsville, on July 3,
1801, the following resolutions were
Resolved, First. That we pledge our
selves to plant only ten acres of cotton
to the noise in 1892, provided we can
et the co-operatin of the ca'tton State,
so as to decrease the productio'i of cot
ton and so obtain a due reward for our
Second. That we request the State
Alliace to call for a convention of the
cotton growers of the South, irrespect
ive of class or color, to meet at -
not later tnan December drst, next. to
consider the same.
J. LI. THOMAs, J. J. LANE,
Broke Her Spine.
BosTON, July 6l.--On Saturday last
Mrs. .Jennie C. Crockett, aged thirty
four, of Boston, a professional balloon
ist under tbe name of Nellie Wheeler,
made an ascension from the grounds of
the WVaverly Land Company as a means
o Eadvertising a land sale. At a height
of 1,200 feet she grasped her parachute
and descended. Whed about thirty
feet from the ground she became fright
ened at the prospect of landing in a
greenhouse, and letting go of the
handle, fell on her back, breaking herf
spine. She cannot survive, Mrs. Wheel
er had made many successful ascen
sions. She is the mother of a boy of
twelve. Her husband is said to live in
Providence. RI. I.
A Female Aeronaut Killed.
CLEVELAND, July 4.--As Mine. Zo
etta Bentley was making a balloon as
ejsion at 'Elyria, 0., to-day, a strong
gust of wind caught the air sbip and
dragged the trapeze upon which she
was sitting through the trees. She was
ot able to retain her hold, arid fell to
the ground, a distance of sixty feet.
She was instantly killed. Every rib in
Shrd was broken.
SWEPT BY A CYCLONE.
DEATH AND DESTRUCTION IN LOU
ISIANA'S CAPITAL CITY.
The Factory and Hospltal.of the Peniten
tiary Demolished-Ten Persons Killed
and Thirty Injared--Danage in the
YEw ORLEANS, July 6.-A cyclone
at Baton Rouae this morning brought
death and destruction to that city. The
steamboat Smoky City was blown to
pieces there being nothing left of her but
the hull. Several of her crew were bad
ly injured. Two squares in the east
side ot Baton Rouge were destroyed.
The cyclone passed over the lower
portion of the town, unroofing houses,
tearing up immense trees and carrying
missles along the air for many blocks.
The governor's mansion was directly in
the path of the hurricane, which made a
clean sweep of every chimney and clear
ed the front lawn or its large trees. The
roof of a handsome residence belonging
to Mr. Marsh, was carried away, and
other damage done to the place. The
boulevard is one mass of trees that have
been torn up by the wind, and the street
is filled with pieces of house tops and
other timbers of almost every descrip
The penitentiary walls were blown
down and ten persons killed and thirty
wounded. The factory building was de
molished and the hospital of the peni
tentiary blown down.
What household goods have not been
carried away by the wind have been
ruined by the water. Streets and cel
lars are flooded, and it is feared that
some persons have been drowned in the
lower part of the city.
At the penitentiary the scene was a
terrible one. Without any warning the
walls of the factory, in which 100 con
victs were at work, were crushed in as
if they bad been mere pasteboard. The
guards were helpless, and as most of the
men at work were either killed or wound
ed, little could be done toward extricat
ing the aunfortunate victims until help
arrived-from the main prison building.
To add to the horror of the situation,
the ruins caught fire from the fuanace in
the engine room, but owing to the heavy
rain which was falling the threatened
holacaust was averted. The rescuers
went quickly to work and began the
task of extricating the dead and dying
from beneath the ruins. Of the foree at
work when the storm struck the build
ing, it was discovered that ten had been
killed and thirty seriously injured, and
all the others more or less bruised.
This was not the worst. The hospital
of the penitentiary in which was lying
a number of maimed and helpless con
victs, was leveled ta the ground by
the fury of the storm. The work of res
cue from the factory building, where a
larger number of lives ivere in danger,
diverted attention from the unfortunates
in the hospital, and it was not until
most of the working force had been res
cued that the prison officials found time
to turn their attention to the hospital.
Here the work was even more difficult
than at the factory, owing to the weak
ness of the inmates, who were unable
even to give the rescuers an indication
of their presence in the debris by shouts.
The work therefore, proceeds but slow
ly. Up to noon, however, it is believea
that most of the patients have been res
The rain is still falling in torrents and
shows no signs of abating.
The storm approched from a south
western direction and swept a path three
hundred feet or more In width diagon
ally across the city, levelling everything
as it went. The southern portion of the
city, styled "Catfish Town," suffered
great loss and damage to property. It
is the greatest loss Baton Rouge has
ever sustained, whether from a cyclone
or a fire. The total damage done will
reach several hundred thousand dollars.
Fell Two Hundred Feet.
NEW LIsBoN, 0. July. 4.-Fully
8,000 people were assembled here today
to see Prof. Brady, of Cleveland, make
a balloon ascension and parach ttleap;..,
When the word was given an~d the bal
loon shot upward, the multitude..~A
horrified to see ama.Mg1ed
downward im~~med below the car of
the ba-loo - ?he man whose leg was
entanclen~ i.1 a rope disentangled.himself
and d'oped to the parachuw, striking it
in such a way that the knife cut the rope,
detached the parachute from the bal
loon, and he and the aeronaut fell to the
ground with great force. The upper
man fell about 200 ieet and was instant
ly killed. The parachute broke Brady's
fall, but he was seriously, though not
fatally. hurt. The name of the man killed
was Willham Hlennessy, a resident ofthis
place, who was helping to inflate the
balloon. He was nfty years old and
leaves a widow and four child.zen.
Died Clutching his Gold..
SAN JOsE, Cal., July 6.-Prof Herman
Kotinger, who up to t wenty years ago
was the leading violinist on the coast,
and well known as a writer of prose
and poetry, died yesterday in a squalid
hut on Colfax street. Lie was worth
hundreds of thousands of dollars, ac
quired by a lifetime of miserly. But
one child, William Kottinger, was pres
ent at the death. When the old man,
in his death throes raised himself in
bed, the son rushed to his side. His
father, mistaking the act, with a frenzi
ed yell waved him back, and clutching
at the bed clothes pulled them Dack, dis
closing to view a quantity of gold coin.
He mad a grab at it with both hands,
and, with the bright pieces in his fin.
gers. fell back with a gasp and expired.
A Sad Accident.
BLACKvILLE, S. C., July 2.-Mi.
James McDonald, a highly respected
and well-to-do citizen living about a
half mile from Elko, went this morn
ing with a party to Capt. W. W. Willis's
mill on a fishing expedition. About 10
o'clock lhe and his two grown daughters
went out into the pond in a boat, and
while paddling up the pond the boat
struck a tree, throwing out the younger
daughter lie immediately jumped
overboard to save her when they both
went to the bottom and did not rise
again. The daughter left in the boat
managed to get the boat out and re
ported it. The bodies have not yet
been recovered, but they are being
searched for.-News and Courier.
Asu Bad as a Battle.
SYDNEY, N. S. W., July 6.-The Brit
ish war ship Cordelia, Capt. Harry T.
Grenfell, ten guns. 2,280 tons and 2,420
horse power, has just returned to this
port after a most disastrous trip to sea
for target practice with her big gains.
Capt. Grenfell reports that.while prac
ticeng with one of the Cordelia's six
inch ureechi-loading guns the latter ex
ploded, killing Lieut. Win. B. Hillyar,
Leut. Gordon and four seamen and
ounding three midshipmen and ten
seamen. The Cordelia is a single screw
:orvette, built of steel and iron, cased
with wood. She is attached to the Au