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WHERE HE PUT HIS ARM.
lie stood outside the gate awhile,
And said "Good night," with lovesick
Good night," she said. "Good night,"
'He muttered as he'd done before,
And then, lured by some subtle charm,
He came inside and put his arm
She wore a hat of Jaunty shape,
Tied up with some soft clinging crape,
A truant ribbon from its peak
Strayed down and kissed her dimpled
The moon was full, the hour was late;
As they stood there beside the gate
.is love, by Cupid's bellows fanned,
Blazed up. He took her little hand
And muttered, "Dear, what is the harm?"
And then he gently put his arm
She wore a gown of creamy white
So filmy that a fairy might
Have spun it in an hour of thrift,
And sent it to her as a gift.
The moon reflected, "Three's a crowd,"
And then politely sought a cloud.
With opportunity so near,
His love welled strong and banished fear,
He smiled away her first alarm,
And then he gently put his arm
A little bird came round next day
And told me that 'twas just this way:
He put his arm as thus they stood,
Where it would do the greatest good.
-Clothier and Furnisher.
"DIED FOR CUBA."
By Maritex DoWulg
rau czBNz PoI.En
AIN 'and fnar
tyrst What is
about to hap
pen! Lok, sen
ors, hero comes
o u r comrade,
Francisco C e -
and side arms
and a rosette at
the brim of his
for guard duty.
Ie must have
news of some
about to land on the shores of Cuba or
we would not see him to-night," laugh
ingly exclaimed one of a-group of young
men who were lounging about the en
trance of the calaboose in the Plaza di
Armas, lavana, early in the evening a
few years since.
The ebmpany belonged to some organ
kltion, it could readily be seen by their
uniformity of dress, it being seersucker
coat, with short skirts, girted in at the
waist by a bolt from which were sus
pended widebladed, Roman shaped
swords, and formidable revolvers.
The garments of some of the number
were profusely ornamented with gold
lace, showing their wearors to be
officen, and all had upon their heads
the light Panama hats, whose broad
brims were caught up on the left side
by ared and black leathern rosette.
"Perhaps"-suggested a companion
of the first speaker, "he has lost all his
ready money at billiards, and feels too
poor to employ a substitute to do his
monthly police duty."
"Franeisco is an ardent lover of the
cue, but he does not play to lose," re
plied the ether. "And if he were short
of funds, he would only have to make
his condition known to the old don tc
have his pockets well lined with golden
pieces. No, no. it is not to the lack of
money that we are indebted for the
honor of Senor Ceballos' company to
night en our watch." Then in a louder
"How, now, friend Francisco, I
thought you had registered an oath
with your patron saint never again to
put .on uniform and do guard dutyi
What has happened to .cause you to
cannge your mind?"
"The desire for a little ererfciso, may
be, Senor Hazas," replied the new
comer, seating himself upon a 'bench in
the most indolent manner, and lazily
inhaling the fragrant smoke of a cigar
ette that he held between his lips.
"Felipe Cora.., here," said the young
man, mischievously, "was under the
impression that you were a trifle short
of money and could not engage your
"If I were I should not call upon him,
tol supply the deficiency, " quickly re
torted Francisco, with some spirit, dart
ing an angry look at the individual in
"Valdee liazas is mistaken, senor,
if he thought for an instant that I
meant to convey the impression that it
were possible for you to be embar
*rassed financially," answered Coras, in
a servile manner.
,"Oh, it matters not," retu-ned the
younng Cuban, as he raised his hat and
wiped his brow upon a delicately per
fumed silk handkerchief. "But who
bes charge of our watch to-night, Val
des?" he cotinued, turning to his friend
"Senof Ohezaa, I believe, was to
have been in command, but we have
just received word that it will be im
possible for him to serve, so, as you are
next in rank, the duty will probably de-'
volve upon you, unless the powers that
be see St to send an oflicer from the
regunliers to show the Cuban citizen po
lice how to perform their compulsory
and degrading work." The latter part
-of this remark was spoken in a low
tone, but with considerable bitterness.
"A loyal subject of the crown of
Spain should consider no duty that he
can perform for the good of the govern
ment, as dleg'rading." haughtily ex
claimed Felipe Coras, bending a search
ing look upon his outspoken compan
, '-I ath glad you are of that'opinion,
sener, for the task will consequently be
less repugnant to you," sarcastically re
marked young Ceballos.
"'That I have never attempted tc
shirk my duty is proof sufficienit that I
am a loyal subject, at least, wvhich is
more than can be said of some with
whom I have the honor to be associ
ated," angrily retorted Coras, as he
turned upon his heel and strode into the
As the disgruntled offleer left the
group, those who remained looked at
each other inquiringly, and several won
dered what was meant by the significant
Ceballos and Ilazas paid no attention
to the comments of their companions,
but rose from the bench on which they
ad been sitting, and with an:
"Adios, senors, we will return soon,"
started out into the plaza, and when
they were again alone began an earnest
conversation, thr. ugh it was carried on
"What is it, Francisco, that is troub
ling you? Fear not to make a confidant
"iNor do I, for you are my dearest
friend, and by the repeated inquiries as
to your welfare by my fair sister Isadel
I predict that some day Valdes Hlazas
will bear a closer relationship. But to
this business. It is a secret, however,
and one that is dearer than life to every
"Ah! I see. Our leaders are prepared
"liist! Spcsc lower," replied Fran
cisco, cautiously. "We are ready to
meet and call together the faithful, the
loyal and courageous sons of Cuba to
lay some plans whereby our liberty may
"And where is to be the gathering?"
asked the young patriot eagerly. "I
have little monov to offer, for the rapa
cious Spaniard has robbed my house of
nearly all that it possessed, but I still
retain my sword and a strong right
arm to wield it. lloth are at the serv
ice of Cuba whenever she may see fit to
"I am well assured of that fact,
Valdes, else I should never have con
fided in you. Now, listen. As you re
marked to-night. when I tirst put in an
appearance at the calaboose, that it
had been some time- since I had per
formed in person the guard duty which
is exacted of every citizen and that
there must be some reason for my com
in this evening, it is very true, and I
will make you acquainted with the
"What is it, Francisco? I am all at
"Then, to begin, I knew well it was
Senor (+uezala's night in charge. Now,
he is a friend of our party, but not as
ardent a one as we might wish. Ile is
too conservative and over-cautious for
these times. ie will not openly es
pouse our cause, neither will he place
any obstacle in our way that might
otherwise lead to success. We, that is,
my father, the don, and two or three
others whom you know, have prevailed
upon Signor Guezala to absent himself
from duty this night, knowing that if he
were not present the work of station
ing the civil guard would devolve upon
mt. Now, I think I can select those of
our number who may be trusted, and
they shall be assigned for service in
that portion of the city where our lead
erxs propose to meet."
"That is good, that is good," replied
Hazas, rubbing his hands joyfully.
'Who are they? Whom can we trust?
Surely Coras is not of the number."
"No, indeed! That man is more to
be dreaded than the governor general
himself. Here is a list. Take it; you
are acquainted with every name which
it hears. Read it through, and then
destroy the paper, that it may not be
found to criminate anyone in ease we
are detected. I want you, Valdes, to
gather these men together and tell
them just what I have told you. The
meeting is to be at my father's house.
M idnight is the hour set for assembly,
and the watchword is 'Cuba, or
Death.' Now, my friend, be discreet,
and, above all things, cautious. Place
your guard about the establishment,
but in such a manner as not to excite
suspicion. Instruct the force to occupy
"WEAT Is IT, FEANCISCo, THAT IS TRoUB
the attention of army officers on
soldiers, if such should happen to be
about, and not to allow any of the
populace to gather upon the street
corners, but to keep them moving. Do
"Truly. I do, Francisco. But may not
we, who are true patriots, be ad
mitted to the conference?"
"Nay, nay, Valdes. Our duty lies
upon the outside, while sager heads
than ours discuss some means whereby
the tyrants may be overthrown. Now,
we will return to the guardhouse and
.wnox wI. HE sERVE?
When the bells in the old cathedral,
beneath which reposed the bones of
Columbus, rang forth the hour of nine,
their somewhat discordant notes fell
upon the ear of Felipe Coras, as he was
seated in a brilliantly lighted cafe,
leisurely sipping a glass of wine, while
he racked his brain inthecefort to solve
some abstruse problem.
"I would give a thousand piasters to
kcnow what is on foot to-night," he mut
tered to himatif. "That something is
in the wind I am positive, else Franeisco
Ceballos.would not have come on guard,
but have sent a hireling in his place as
usual. Saints confound him! I hate
the man! What if he were connected
with some political intrigue. But then
if he were, it would be -for Cuba, and I
am a Cuban. Pshaw! what of that? If
I could detect him in a plot against the
government, Spanish bullets would have
some work to do in his case at least.
Why wouldn't it be a good idea to
watch the don's house? It has long
been whispered abroad that he is in the
habit of uttering rebellious sentiments.
Yes, that is what I will do. Keep an
ye upon the movements of the father;
perehance thereby ensnare the son; and
in so doing compel the haughty daugh
ter to listen to .my suit which now she
Ihaving arrived at this conclusion, the
:iscreant Cuban drained his glass lo
he bottom, arose, and, uightening his
sword-belt, proceeded toward the door
As the oficer was stopping out upon
he street he encountered a man some
what shabbily dressed, who was shuf
fing along barefooted, and probably
wending his wvay homeward.
Not a sign of recognition passed be
tween the two individuals, but w~hien
hey had separated perhaps ten foet,
ora~s paused, turned, anxd called in a low
voice: "Jose. Jose Calvo. Come here, I
Hearing his name mnentioed,~l the per
son addressed halted. then retraced his
steps. "What does the -senor want
with Jose Calvo? IIe has done naught
for many monthis that would warrant
placin;g him in the calaboose."
"Hiush, fool. Who wants to place
von in the calaboose? I have some
work for you to perform. Draw hither
"WTHr WA TS T0 TPLAC YOUAT IV Tif"B
within the shadi, where we shall no
attract the attention of every passer
"True, it might excite remark wert
the rich Senor Coras seen in conversa.
tion with i man who has ben stampeL
as villain throughout all Havana," re
plied the othor, with a low chuckle.
"11e quiet. idiot, and know that wer(
vou not a villain I should have no us
for you at this time. Say. would yot
like to earn a dozen or so piamters?"
"Woubl I, indsd! And as many mor(
as the generiosity of the seior Nhwul
sc fit to bestow. But what is it that h
required'.' Surely the service of tht
poniard is not WLntCd for the price of
fered convinces me of that fact. No:
can it be the abduetiou of Aiw fai:
senorita. for the very same reason. 11
must be the iastising of some sched
boy, which the senor wishes performeud
"llave dlone with your nonsense, Jose,
and listen to what I have to say."
"Ah. res, 1 will listen; but it has nol
been many years since thnt if a Cora
should eall to me upon the street and of
fer me a dozen piasters to perform son
dirty work. I would have flaved himr
with my riding whip, or made my co
chillo and his delicate flesh intimatei
acquainted. But proceed."
"Yes. but since Jose Calvo has seer
the inside of the walls of Moro casth
taings have slightly changed. Here ii
the money. I presume you will fee
better about undertaking the work i:
paid in advance."
"Certainly. I should feel easier. senor.
Not that I doubt your honesty. scnor,
oh no! but a man can never tell whai
may happen in these stirring times"
-and the mendicant dropped the loost
coin into one of the capacious pocketA
of his linen trousers. "Go on, senor, I
"The work is very simple. and a jol
in which you run no risk of being inter
fered with by either police or soldiers
I want you to shadow the house of Dor
"Oh, the father of Senor Francisco."
"The same. Watch it closely. IJ
perchance, any parties should enter it,
as it were, stealthily. bring me word
at once. I will remain here in thi,
cafe, from which you saw me come oul
a few moments since."
--And is that all, senor?" asked Calvo.
"That is all."
"Well, surely a man may do that and
work little harm, either to himself oi
anyone else. Adios, senor!" and with
that Jose Calvo turned and walked
somewhat quickly away down the
street, while Felipe Coras entered the
saloon, muttering to himself :
"Although nothing may come from it,
still, it would be better for him to be
seen about the place than myself."
Jose had proceeded perhaps five
blocks when he observed an officer oJ
the citizen police standing on a bril.
liantly lighted corner. As though tc
escape observation Calvo drew his tat,
tered straw hat down Qver his face,
bent his head and hurried on.
"Ah! Buenos nadias. Good evening,
Calvo! Why pass an old acquaintance
in such haste, and without offering a
salute?" called out the Cuban in uni
"Buenos nachias, Senor Hazas," re
turned Jose Calvo, halting. "I did not
think that you would care to recognize
upon the streets of Havana one whc
had falled so low in the soeial scale as
I have, and therefore I passed as I did,
lest you shotuld have spurned me."
"Spurned you? An old friend? No,
no; because Dame Fortune has seen fit
to deal harshly with you it is no reason
that I should forget what you have
been! Ay, and what you may yet be
"Ah, senor! Those are the first kind
words which have fallen on my ear for
many, many months, but they only
serve to make me feel my degradation
theo more. -I pray you, let mne go. ]
fain would forget the past, forget you
and all the friends of my halcyon days,
and live only in the miserable present.'
"Jose:" replied the other, exceedingly
touched by the despairing tone of the
outcast. "Have you never thought that
there still might be a duty remaining fez
you to perform? A duty, which, if per.
formed in the right spirit, would leadJ
you onward to a noble and honorable
"What can it be, senor," asked Calvo,
quickly, arousing himself and resuming
somewhat of his old-time dignity.
"Jose," whispered the officer, "we
were boys and schoolmates together. I
know your disposition as a brother
would and I will speak fearlessly to
you. Cuba, poor, bleeding Cuba, needs
your assistance. seeds the strength of
your firm, right arm! Say, shall your
country call in vain in the hour of her
"My country! My country! A Cuban
has no country! The Spaniard is the
master and the Cuban is the slave!"
"And you are willing to live and die
as such. Oh, Jose. do not tell me that
you have fallen so low. All other faults
your friends would willingly overlook,
but that, turning against our beloved
cause, will ostracize you forever froir
the society of men!" .
A momentary pause succeeded this
burst of patriotic enthusiasm, after
which Calvo looked his friend squarely
in the face and said:
"Senor Ilnzas! If Cuba will deign tc
accept what little I have to offer, which
is naught but life, it shall be hers, and
that whene'er she may demand it."
"I knew it! I knew it!" exclaimed
the young officer, grasping the hand oi
the vagrant. "The manhood in Jose
Calvo's bosom has been but slumbering,
and now that it is awakened he will
prove a credit and an honor to Cuba
and her cause! IHere, take this, It may
prove useful to you," and he thrust a
purse into the other's hand. "Call upon
me to-morrow evening at my hotel.
Not until late, for I am to be on duty in
this locality all night, and will need
rest the earlier part of the day."
"Thanks, senor, thanks! Not for the
money alone, for that is only a kindly
offering from a former comrade! But,
for the che4'ring and ennobling words
which you have this night breathed
ito the ear of one who teas the most
mniserale of God's creatures! Adios,
senor:i Adios"--and Jose Calvo went his
way revolving in his mind whom he
r'~ CIIAPTER IIT.
srrriNG THE~ TaAP.
Again the chimes ring out in the ca
thedral tower, but this time they mark
the hour of midnight.
The hanging lmp, which was won1
to burn bright before the arched door'
way of the palatial residence of Dor
Manuel Ceballos, had in som~e manne
become extinguished, and no one in the
vicinity, not even the "watch," seemed
inclined to relight It. Nor did there ap'
pear to be any necessity for the illumi
nation as the passers-by were few.
Shortly after the bells had ceased
their vibrations, if one had been play
ing the spy, he would have seen the
form of a man glide steathily along the
street, keeping well in the shadows od
the .buildings, pause at the doorway o:
the mansion and knock gently for ad'
One would then have heard the dooi
open and might have observed the new
comer place some dark object befor<
his face, and have caught the words
"Cuba or Death."
Fully a doxen of these mysterOim
characters could have been counted.
They wero counted, and by Jost
Calvo, who, unobserved by any of tht
the countersign, see the mask, cover
the features of the applicant for admis
sion, but not so close as to recognize a
single individual. SE
"Ah:" muttered the spy, "this then is
what Felipe Coras suspected. A secret
meeting of the patriots! But why should
he, a native-born Cuban, wish aught of T1
harm to his countrymen? It must be
revengo Yes, revenge: and, to my way
of thinking, his vindietiveness points
directly to Don Manuel Ceballos or his
son Frandisco. And does he expect me to
ply the despiCabl' part of an informer?
Tho'ugh why should he not? I have
fallen to the very lowest stratum of so
ciety and may well be considered capa- b
ble of performing so dastardly an ac-:. of
UnIt. by the ;ood Uame of my fathers,
he shall see 1 have not lost all the at
tributes of nanhxod! Valdes Ilazas shall1
know of this night'. work, and that, too,
at once, if I can find him. He, at least,
I can trust."
hInving arrived at this decision, the
poor man hurried back to the corner 8t
of the streets where he had encoun- in
tered the oflicer who had spoken to him
such kindly and encouraging words. al
Tha' he would meet him in that neigh- c!i
borhood he was sure, for lie knew that T1
the citizen-policeman's patrol would de- at
tain him in this locality. It
Nor was Jose Calvo astray in his cal- W
culations, for there, in the glare of the
gas lamps, still stood the young Cuban, th
l-istlessly toying with the hilt of his at
sword and with seeming carelessness it
scrutinizing the faces of the nocturnal Ai
revelers as they passed. 40
The mendicant did not approach close a,
to Hazas, but stood a little apart unti' w]
he could, without too much demonstr pe
tion, attract the attention of the officer. II
He was not kept long waiting, for the C
sharp eyes of the Cuban were roving in- bc
cessantly over every object within the St
range of his vision, and when he de- 01
tected the barefooted individual, stand
ing somewhat in the shade, he moved
forward as though to inquire into the it
business of such a suspicious-looking n(
"Will the senor draw a little apart," i1
began Jose, in a whisper, "that we may to
not be seen or overheard? I have start- Li
ling news to impart." th
"A few steps will take us to the cala
boose," replied Hazas, in the same ve
guarded tone. of
"No, no-not there!" quickly re- In
turned the other, with a shudder, as tb
though the very mention of the place se
conjured up untold horrors to his imagi- at
"Then tell me what you have to say yo
where we stand. We shall not be dis- to
turbed at this hour." or
"Very well, senor. Now listen close- st
ly. Are you aware that there is a meet- pc
ing of the friends of Cuba being held In te
the city limits to-night?"
"Is it so?" queried the officer, with to
deep interest. "How learned you re
"I was employed by that viflain,
Felipe Coras, to shadow the house of ci
Don Manuel Ceballos and note if aught m
strange occurred in the vicinity and re- in
port to him the result of my observa- bu
"And what saw you?" quickly aaked co
the other. re
"Several men demand admittance, M,
place masks before their faces, give a M
countersign and enter." 10
"The countersign was?" a
"Cuba or Death."
"The fools! How could they be so ul
careless!" muttered the young man un- r
der his breath. "But, Joso, can you be 1
trusted?" he went on, his fingers ner
vously clutching the handle of his re-ti
"Else why should I have sought you he
out, instead of going at once to the man I
who has already paid me a few piasters
to bring him the information?" th~
"True! I might have known that, th
with all your faults, you would not be he
disloyal to Cuba. But what is to beW
done? Oh, that Francisco were here to b
advise us." c
"If I mistake not, the man whose t
name you but now mentioned has been a
standing upon the opposite side of the m
street for the last five minutes, senor," ce
and Jose, with a slight motion of his cy
head, indicated the direction in which ye
he wished his companion to look. th
"The saints be praised' 'Tis he!" joy- Jul
fully exclaimed Valdes Hazas, recog- W
nizing at once the form of his friend p~
and comrade. "You remain here while W
I speak with him." So saying, the offi- c
cer walked leisurely across the thor- te
oughfare, as though he had no other
object in view than to report to his s
superior the trivial events of his wateh.
That Francisco was startled at the p
information which Valdes had to give as
him, it is needless to say. IHe paused in
for a moment in deep thought ere he I
opened his lips.b
"Can the man who has broken faith ~
with one employer be trusted to proveW
true to another?" he asked. t
"I will wager my life, Francisem that thJ
Jose Calvo is loyal to our cause--" was in
the prompt reply. -4C
"Then tell him at once to seek, out at
this traitor to his country, Coras, and ti<
let him state truthfuly all that he has inI
seen and heard, regarding the meeting! co
But let him add this: That he had over- su
heard remarks which led him to believe
that this was only a preliminary gath- re
ering to make arrangements for a o1
larger one to follow in a few days, at a
which many hundreds of our people re
would be assembled. This, you see, to
Hazas, will serve to whet the villain's
curiosity, if I judge the man aright. ie ci
will not attempt to bring the Spanish sp
soldiers down upon my father's house re
to-night, but will endeavor to gain ad- gr
mittance himself and thereby learn en
whore and when the next meeting is to gi
be held, so that he may lead the Cas- s'
tilian minions to a sure and successful i
"But if he gains admittaalee and
learns aught of our plans?" asked I
Hazas, quickly. co
"I trust that he will succeedl in theil
former, but have little fear of his ac- S
complishing the latter object," was the ev
grim reply. "Now then, bear my in- re
structions to Jose Calve, and tell him fa
that if he proves faithful, he can ever er
rely upon Francisco Ceballos as his to
friend. When you have dispatched
him upon his mission, hasten~ to join a:
me at the don's house. a:
"I will be there as soon as yourself, ni
Francisco," replied Valdes, ashe turned
to recross the street, while his compan- th
ion walked leisurely toward his father's SI
mansion, despite the fact that his mind p
was racked with alarm and consterna- 11,
tion at the startling information con- se
veyed to him by his comrades -- at
[To be contnued.[
Dakota Farmers Ruined.
FAULKNER.S.D.. Aug. 29.-All of the
'northwestern part of Faulk county was
burne:1 over last night by a terrible and 1c
destructive tire, twenty miles wide and
extending from Faulkton, fifty miles vi
northward. As far as the eye couldB
reach the sky was lit up with burning 'y
stacks of hay and grain. The farmers si
are ruined. For a space of twenty miles b:
not a foot of grass is left for the stockP
haesaed the flames. The damnage e
anoheestimated yet. A heavy gale m
fynned the flames. p
THlE eleventh census will show that
in our 65,000,000 population I man in C
every 203 is over six feet high and 1 in
every 262 is a lunatic.
been overthrown by the rebels who will ai
now inaugurate a constitutional gov- Ji
mient in that unhappy country. ti
A RETRACTION ASLED.
.NATOR BUTLER WRITES TO DR. J.
e Senator Quotes His Own Language
.nd Denies that Ho Called ALlincenin
'hieves and sooandrelt--Freidenk
ORANGEEuRG, S. C.. Sept. 7 -Below
11 be found Senator lutler's letter to
r. Stokes and the answer to the samie,
th of which is irom the Cotton Plant
SENATOl i TLEl:S LETTER.
EDGEFIELD, .. C.. A ug. 28, 1891.
r. J. V. Stokes, Editor Cutton Plant,
rangeburg. S. C.:
DEAR Sim.-On my return to Edge
Id yesterday after an absence of three
!el:s a friend handed me a copy of
ur paper, "The Cotton Plant," of the
1 inst.. in which I find the following
your editorial column:
At Prosperity Senator Butler divided
t men into three classes. Two of these
Lsses are honest, including himself.
ie "third one" lie said, "who borrows
any price and never intends to pay
back. This last class is the ono who
ints to borrow money at 2 per cent."
rom the News and Courier report.]
its is a remarkable statement from
e senator. The inan "who borrows
any price and never intends to pay
back," is a thief and a scoundrel.
acording to the senator, therefore,
,000 Alliancemen in South Carolina,
d a good many non-Alliancemen,
o would like to borrow money at 2
r cent., are thieves and scoundrels.
w do you like that, farmers of South
rolina?. It is an infamous charge;
it since it comes from a United
ate senator, of course we will keep
.r mouths shut-till the next election."
I was invited by Mr. W. D. Hardy to
eak at Prosperity on July 29 "to dis
ss the sub-treasury plan on its mer
." I accepted, and upon the an
uncement being made in the papers,
ii challanged me to a joint debate.
ccepted that also. You then sought
be represented by a substitute, Mr.
vingston, of Georgia, on the plea
at yoo had other engagemeuts.
The newspapers prodded you so se
relv for this "retreat in the presence
the enemy," you appeared and Liv
gton did not.
Although an Invited guest, and on
at account, presumably entitled to
ect my own place in the debate, you
d your friends imposed the terms
.d notilled me through Mr. Hardy of
ur arrangement. I promptly acceded
them. These termts gave you the
ening and reply. You were on the
d, and having the reply, are sup
sed to have heard every word I ut
Permit me to refresh ycur memory as
what I did say in that portion of my
marks to which your editorial refers,
poke as follows:
"Tere are three classes of people--one
ss that neither borrows nor lends
Dey (and they are a pretty large class;)
d another class lends money out on
terest, (and it is a perfectly legitimate
siness; he prefers to live on the in
rest rather than put his money In
tton and mules, and there is no
son why he should not. Does that
ake him an enemy to the country or
ake him any less a patriot because he
s money at such a rate of interest
he may be able to get?)
"Then there is another class, which,
tfortunately, I belong to-the bor
wing class. [Laughter.) I don't
ink a man because he lenos money at
per cent. is a thief. Sometimes I am
iry much obliged to the party f or let
ig me have it; it helps me out of a
rape, and I gladly give him the rate
charges. I have seen the time that
would like to have borrowed $85.
"Then you will take my class, .and
ey are susceptible of division into
ree. You will find the fellow who if
had one or two thousand dollars,
yuld invest and make something by
rrowing it at 5, 8, 7, 8, 10 or 13 per
at., and will in due time return the
oney he borrowed and the interest ou
e same. There is another fellow just
hnsjust as truthful as the other
an, who borrows money at 8 or 9 per
t., and misfortune overtakes him, a
clone, a sickness or something pre
nts his returning; he is as honest as
e other man, but he cannot return it
St at the time, but if he is honest he
ll keen on hammering until he does
,y it bick. Then, the other class who
I b-rrow money at 2, 15, 20 or 50 per
nt. and never intends to pay it back,
d never does. [Applause and laugh
r} It is too little; it is like gamnbling.
u get your money too easy and you
end your money too easy."
This is a verbatIm stenographic re
'rt of my remarks, and I recognize it
correct. I should like to have your
dividual recollection of what I said.
:ade no special reference to farmers,
it mdincded all classes in every com
unity. There are many honest every
aiere, in every class, and some dis
nest men in almost every class. To
e latter I applied my remarks in the
rd class of the subdivision, and yet
your editorial you make me include
.000 farmers belonging to the Alli
Ice. You did not put this construc
:n on my speech either directly or
plied in your half hour reply. Yz.ou
uld not have thought it amenable to
ch a construction.
In view of this explaena' ion and cor
cetion ask a retraction of that part
your editorial doing me injustice,
d a publication of this communica
mn in The Cotton Plant, so that it may
ach those who have read your edi
I note, that you predicate y our criti
im and conclusions on a report of my
ech in The News and Courier. This
port does not purport to be a steno
aphic report, nor does it, in its pres
.t shape admit of the construction you
ve it-but the issue is between your
tf and myself, and I would be obliaed
you would inform me what construc
mn you placed upon It at that time in
y presence, and in the presence of
at large assemblage of farmers, and
you construed, as you appear to have
nstrued when penning that editorial,
the quiet and deliberation of your
netum, eight or ten days after the
ent why did you not then and there,
ply to, and rebuke me, for these "in
mous charges" against 40,000 farm
s, whose especial champion you claim
The remaining parts of your editoril
e teeming with misrepresentations
id perversionis of what 1 said, and of
y attitude to wards public questions.
ou:- statement that I am not a farmer
untrue, and must have been made for
e purpose of creating a false impres
>n, and prejudice, but as the one es
ciay referred to above is the most
grant in it~s injustice, I content my
if for the present with inviting your
ention to it with the accompanying
:lanation arid request.
M. C. BUTLER.
DII. STOKELS's R EPL Y.
Dr. Stokes's reply, a signed editorial,
headed "Senator Butler's Comm un I
,tion," as follows:
The attention of our readers is in
ted to a communication fromi Senator
axtier anent the Prosperity debate and .
tai editorial comments thereon in~
tie Cotton Plant. In view or the abu
ve opithets the senator is reported to
ve indulged in reference to tis pa
rr in his recent Asheville and Edge
id interviews, I might justly consider
at the senator had placed the whole
atter beyond the pale of courteous re
y or even notice. But as his com
unication to The Cotton Plant is
uched in language of a courteous nla
re, and presents a personal grievance
injustice done him by The Cotton
lant, I shall notice again the points
r efers to. The committee in charge
P rosperity, as well as myself, were
*stly surprised and indignant when
e fair mn we had taken the senator
to be unfairly shifted the ground of de
)at-, even in the face of their protest.
Yet when he come3. now as the injured
party, asking fairness at the hands of
The Cotton Plant he will again and al
ways be fairly met and accorded a hear
ina. The ear of The Cottcn "lant's
audience will never be denied an hon
est claim for justice that is couched in
courteous and fair language. Before
answering the Senator's questions, how
ever, we ask attention to some general
1. The senator justly re-ognized the
ditierence het.we#,n the relation of the
deiater and thi edit or, 1 hougih the s:.e
infdividial, to this whole subject.
2. 1 he Coulon l'lant was wt repre
senit-11 it the d,.!): -.
-3 flite ofi J ti L aper for Ague,
Which wias senit the senator from ties
oflice. shows tlAt Ihe fir.t issue after
the debate had not a word, editorially
or oth;-rwise, about the dehate. The
speeches rni ht have been allowed to
rest :npon their merit. But after tne
newspaper sipporters of .he senator.
in every po-tsible way, sought to pr")ju
dice the Alliancei side of tne discussion:
and after toe stnator himself gave an
interview in Washiiigtvn in which lie.
was represented as cacnilng everything,
having "completely used up two sub
treasury champions in joint debate 'it
Prosperity," it set-enied not improper in
The Cotton Plant to point out some of
the vulnerable points of the senator's
4. All reference to the particular mat
ter the senator objects to, after the
Aug. 8th issue, was in repellisc the
assaults of the senator's newespaper
friends, who apparently felt charged
with the defence of the senator's re
ported language. None of them un
til one last week, so far as I know, ques
tioned the possibility of the language
being inaccurate; nor did such possibili
tY ever occur to my mind. They ac
cepted the phraseology as unquestionab
ly correct; but denied my constructioni
of it without glving;any rational mean
5. 1 was an Invited guest at Prosperi
ty as much as was the- senator-had
never been there bfore, and hence was
eutitled to tne srne consideration
claimed by hirm or that score.
As a matter of fact, I had no more to
do with arranging the order of debate
than the senator. The customary or
der of depate was fixed upon by the
committee and I accepted it. Certain
ly I had no desire to take any advan
tage, and don't consider that I had any
under the arrangement.
6. By reading the whole correspon
dence published in the issue of Aug. 8,
it will be seen that the original ar
rangernent was rmade either "for my
self or some representative man." Col
onel Livingston was under engage.neit
in this state, and I felt sure no would
meet the senator; but, did not feel free
to make the arrangement for him wii,!
out first consulting him. Ile was not
present because he was sIck and I miss
ed an Engagement to 6l1 the place.
What is my individual recollection
what the senator said? To be frank, I
understooot him to say substantially
what The News and Courier, Herald
and News, and The Press and Reporter
represented him as saying. Just what
Colonel Talbert and Dr. Pope under
stood him to say, as will be seen by
their ttterances reproduced on another
page; and just what a number of otaer
gentlemen present understood him to
say. I was amazed, astounded, indig
nant at such an utterance from such a
source; and noted it down for reply, as
my notbs show.
Why did I not reply to it that same
day ? It does seem that the sena
tor should know the morning meeting
was broken up by rain. It was agreed
that each of us should have an hour
and a half. I was to divide my time so
as to have a reply I used an hour and
four minutes in opening. The senator
was allowed to extend his remarks to
about two hours, with the understand
ing that I was to have a like extension.
This would have given me near an hour
for reply; and I had ample notes to oc
cupv that time. The rain stopped me
at about fifteen minutes;and after din
ner 1 could not well continue even if
my voice had admiited of it, because
the senator had disappeared.
The statement that the senator was
not a farmer was made in good faith
on informiation. I am glad to be cor
rected it my information was incor
The senator asks for a retraction of
my editorial co'nment on the language
attributed to him by The News and
courier. This is evidently an inadver
tence on the part of so astute and logical
a mind as the senator's, He should first
deny at -least usIng the language at
tributed to him. For, the comment
is a deduction by logical and na tural
process from that language; and none
knows better than he, that a logical
conclusion can be destroyed only by in
vlidatin g~the premises. Premises may
be invalidated only by denial or retrac
tion. The major promise in this case
is language attributed to the senator.
Does he deny using the laguage or does
he wish to retract it ? Since he has set
the~ example, he will excuse me for us
ing the interrogative form. Does he
deny the report of The News and Cou
rier, of the Herald and News, (both his
staunch supporters,) and of the Press
and Rteporter, corroborated by Dr. Pope,
Col. 'falbert and by a number or
So far lie has not done so. as I appre
hnd. True, lhe refers to a "verbatim
stenographic repourt" which he recog
nizes as correct; and yet t he same "ver
batim stenographic report" (The State's)
so ilagrantly misrepresented him on
t o points of his speech as to call forth
from him a cerd of correction in that
paper July 31. 1 am quite sure that it
omitted several material points in my
speech though it was reasonardy accu
rate in what it did print
While not distinctly denying the cor
rectness of the reports of these papers,
as will be seen by ref'erenc3 to his let
ter, he simply asserts that even "in its
present shape" the report does not "ad
mit of the construction you (I) gave It."
Sureiv the senator recognizesa tuat a
question of construction~ is an exzcea.d
ngly variable qjuantity.
I recognize fuily the right of any man
to interpret his own language and to
ay what he meant it to convey. I have
no desiru to hold him to a construction
he does rnot desire to carry, and hence I
ask special attention to the senator's ex
planation of his position.
But I must hold that in the absence
of limitation upou the meaning of lan
guage, it is legitimiate to construe it ac
cording to the ordinary rules of con
stuctiou. I submit it, ts.erefor-, to the
sentor as a fair- m inde-d and logical rea
soner, whether the language credited to
him by tapse three papers, and allowed
to pass wlthiout denial-bearinglin mind
always that the discus ion was upon
the on.y plan that proposes to borrow
at 2 per cent. and that the Alliance is
the! only body in this state which ad
vocates such a plan-I submit to him,
I say, a fai -indad man and a logician.
whether the conistruction I placed upon
it was not logical and natural.
I submit to him further wvhethor, un
til his correction and explanntion ap
peared, the public were not justitied in
iner prtiug it in a natural and ration
al way with the context: and whether
ie should niot at least give somec other
construction to the language, if indeed
he does not deny it
It might be pertinent to ask also,
since the interogative is in v'oguie, why
1 am singled out r rebuke in this
matter. The application of his lan
guage to 40,000Y tarmers of t he state was
not even original with 'The Cotton
Plant. llad tne senator remained to
hear Colonel Talbert, he would have
heard that application distinctly made
and resentcd as appears in his printed
speech mn another column. D)r. Pope
made virtually the same application,
and it was widely printed over his own
signature. Yet in his Ashevill inter
view the se nator passes over and almost
apoligizes for Dr. Pope: but reserves
hi inev o The'notton Pi'ant. i~e
appears studiously to have avoided Col
onel Talhert's charge, as well as his
speech. These gentlemen are certainly
more prominent in the public life of
South Carolina than myself. except
possibly in relation to the Alliance. Is
that the Inspiration of his choice of me
as a target?
Again I ask the attention of the read
ers of the The Cotton Plant to Senator
Butler's "correction and explanation."
A Desperate Mexican Bandit,
SAN ANTONio, Tex is, Aug. 29.-Sume
years ago, in the Lower Rio Grande
country, R1-jino Ramon was known as
the most desperate man, accomplished
biandit, an-1 thorongh-pa.cedl so-undrr-l
iii h i w' rt puOli s. 11- %ad let, h s
righ.. :rm. itt used a pistul with re
mark able dexterity. A;ter committing
a thousand crimt-s and a hauidred mur
ders. he died peaceable in his bed, at
tended by a wife who had been his de
voted comprnion through forty years
of war .'ainst, the law.
Hie le-ft ason named Eustorjio. This
man is no w twenty-three years old and
possessas all the evil qualities of his
father. intensilied by a better education
andlarger brain. Lie has become the
terror of the froatier States of Mexico.
The oflicials of every village are arrayed
against him. He comes and goes with
the celerity of lightning, is here one day
and there tomorrow. and is heard of
almost simultaneonsly at places a hun
dred miles aport. le is surrounded by
a band of cutthroats as desperate as
himself. They are fifty in number and
regard smuggling as a very tame occu
pation, to be resorted to only when
there is less exciting matter afoot.
Their incursions into Texas are very
frequent. They have had three affrays
witr officers on this side the Rio
Grande. Some of them have been killed
and others wounded.
A Tenement House Horror.
Nnw YoiRK, Aug. 28.-Last night the
tenants in the four-story tenement
house No 321 East 106th street heard
pistol shots In the apartments occupied
by a family named Baxter, on the third
!lor. No one. however, sought to learn
what the shooting meant until 10
o'clock this morning, when it was no
ticed that none of the Baxters had been
The neighbors knocked at their door,
:.ut there was no answer. and then Po
liceman Wm Lawler, of the East 88th
street station, was toid that it was
thought something was wrong. The
policeman went up stairs, forced in the
door, and there found John Baxter, a
painter, 30 years old, his wife, Mary,
aged 28 years, and tneir children, Katie,
6 years, and John, 4 years old, all lymng
dead with bullet holes in their heads.
Beside the body of the husband and
father lay an American Bulldog, 32
calibre revolver, with four cartridges
discharged. It is supposed that he
killed his wife and children and shot
himself. On the table was a letter
written by him to his mother, in which
he told of his intention to kill the fami
ly and himself.
Sacraunantal Wine Poisoned.
R031E, Aug. 26.-The Popolo Romano
p ublishes a sensational dispatch from
'lermo, which says that Don Guisep
po N Rosa, private chaplain to the
Countess of Mazzarino, while celebra
ting mass in the presence of the family
suddenly fell to the floor in violent con
vulsions, his limbs writhing and froth
foaming upon his lips. He was speeai
ly removed to his private apartments,
but before medical aid could be sum
moned he died in fearful agony. The
same dispatch says that an investiga
tion revealed the fact that the chaplain
had been poisoned with corrosive subli
mate, which had been put in the sacra
mental wine served at the mass. The
police of Palermo are making stren u
ous efforts to discover the perpetrator
of the shocking crime.
Lost to the Democracy.
FARRENSBURG, Mo., August 27.
Missouri will have a Third Party. That
was settled yesterday when the Farm
ers' Alliance State Convention deposed
U. S. Hall from the presidency and
elected Leverett Leonard his successor.
President Hall represented the conser
vative element of ~the Alliance, which
opposed the Third Party and the Ocala
platform, the sub-treasury scheme in
cluded. Leonard represents the radical
element of the Alliance which favors
the Third Party movement and the
CONGRlESS3IAN SCOTT, of Illinois, is
sure his state will go Democratic if the
right man is nominated.
213 Meeting St., Opposite Charleston Hotel,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Machinery, Supplies, Oils.
Attention mill men ! We are now offer
ing the best and latest improved
Iron, Steel, Pipe, Nails, Fitting, Belt
Lacing, and a full line of Phosphate and
Mill Supplies. State agents for
THE SCIENTIFIC GRINDING MILLS,
eSend for our new illustrated catalogue
and lowest prices. Agents wanted in every
PIEDMONT GUANO CO.,
CHA UILESTON, S. C.
IMPOIITERi MAUFACTUREns, ai DEALERS IN
Safest, High Grade, and Guaranteed
Kainit, Blood Acids, Dissolved
Bone, Solubles, and Ammoni
Handled by Mr. M. Levi, Manning. S. C.
Get prices before buying.
WM. BURMESTER & CO.
Hay and Grain,
AED MANUAC7URERS~ OF ElIS L MEAl
Opp. Kerr's Wharf, and 23 Queen St.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
157 and 109, East Bay,
H. A. HOYT,
[Successor to C. I. Hoyt 4 Bro.)
Largest and Oldest Jewliky Stcre in
SUMTER, S. C.
A very large stock of Britannia ware, the
veiy best silver plated goods made. 550
Gold 14ngs on hand. Fine line of Clocks.
Wedding Presents, Gold Pens, and Specta
cles. A big lot of solid coin silver just re
ceived, at lowest prices. My repairing de
partment has no superior in the State. Try
around first and get prices, then come to me.
You will certainly buy from me.
L. W. FOLSOM,
Successor to F. H1. Folsom & Bro.
SUMTER, S. C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS JEWELRY.
The celebrated Royal St. John Sewing
Machine, and Finest Razors in America, al
ways on hand. Repairing promptly and
neatly executed by skilled workmen.
Orders by mail will receive careful atten
I have in stock some of the most
artistic pieces in this line ever brought
to Sumter. Those looking for
Tasty Wedding Presents
will do well to inspect my stock. Also
on hand a magnificent line of Clocks,
Watches, Chains, Rings, Pins, But
tons, Studs, Bracelets, in solid .gold
silver, and rolled plate.
Repairing of all kinds will receive
prompt and careful attention.
L. E. LEGRAND,
SUMTER, S. C.
EAT AND DRIN!
I have opened a first-class liquor saloon
in the city of Samter, in the Solomons
building on Liberty street, where I will
keep the choicest brnds of
IIQORS, TOBACCO, CIGARS,
and all kinds of smokers' articles. My sa
loon will be managed by a first-class, bar
ten der, who will prepare all the latestin fan
cy drinks at the shortest notice. I have also
gone to considerable expense in preparing a
in the rear of my saloon. My tables will be
filled with the very best the market affords,
and this branch of my business will be u
der the supervision of one who has served
as chief cook in several fine restaurants,
The trade of my
is respectfully solicited. Come to see me,
take a drink of something good, and then
sit down to a meal that will serve as an invi
tation to call again.
WOLKOVISKIE & Co.,
Sumter, S. C.
NOT!OE OF REC ISTRATION
State of South Carolina,
COUNTY OF CLARENDON.
I N ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVIS
ions of an act of the General Assembly
ratified on the 9th day ot Feb'ruary, 1882, 1
will be in the court house in Manning, in
the office of the clerk of the court, the first
Monday of each month, for the purpose of
allowing persons coming of age since the
last general election to register, and to at
tend to any other business pertaining to my
official duties. S. P. HOLLADAY,
Supervisor Registration Clarendon Co.
P. 0. Address: Panola, S. C.
S. THOMAS, Ja. J. M. THOMAS.
Stephen Thomas, Jr, & Bro.
JEWELRY, SILVYEAR&PLATED WARE,
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
eWatches and Jewelry repaired by
257 KING STREET,
CHA\RLESTON. S. C.
Carrington, Thomas & Co.,
JEWELRY, SILVERWARE AND FANCY GO0DS
No. 231 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
James F. Walsh,
WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALER.
IGHHI GRADE LIQUORS,
199~ Meeting st., CHARLESTON, S. C.
Manning Shaving Parlor.
H AIR CUTTING ARTISTVICALLY EX
ecuted, and shaying done with bes
razors. Special attention paid to shampoo
ing ladies' heads. I have had considerabl
experenc2 in several large cities, and guar
antee satisfaction to miy customers. Parlor
next door to Manning T'imes.MLTN