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THE OLD HOME.
In the quiet shadows of twilight
I stand by the garden door.
And gaze at the old, old homestead,
S- cherished and loved of yore.
But the ivy now is twining
Untrained o'er window and wall;
And no more the voice of the children
Is echoing through the hall.
Through years of pain and sonow,
Since first 1 had to part
The thought of the dear old homestead
lias lingered around my heart;
The porch embowed with roses,
The gables' drooping eaves,
And the song of the birds at twilight
Amid the orchard leaves.
And the forms of those who loved me
In the happy childhood years
Appear at the dusky windows,
Thugh vision dimmed with tears.
I hear their voices calling
From the shadowy far away,
And I stretch my arms toward them
in the gloom of the twilight gray.
But only the night winds answer,
As I cry through the dismal air;
And only the bat comes swooping
From the darkness of its lair
Yet still the voice of my childhood
Is calling from far away,
And the faces of those who loved me
Smile through the shadows gray.
"DIED FOR CUBA.'
By Marlton Downing.
All day both crews were kept busy.
In the afternoon a little coaster came
in sight, but she passed some distance
away. Aside froni this nothing trans
pired to alarm either the Cubans or
their friends, and when night came on
they had as much of a load as they
could conveniently carry.
As darkness set in. h:e steamer -an a
line to the yacht axd took her in tow,
for they were still some fifty miles frow
About two o'clock the following
morning the light oin thie little island
was "made," and then the towline was
cast off and the steamer kept on her
way to the eastward, - though bound
to some port further along the coast,
while the schooner lay hove-to until
sunrise, when she ran in and came to
anchor close to the shore.
There were several vessels loading
sugar at the place, but the arrival of
the yacht with the Spanish flag flying
at her peak excited no comment.
Her crew lounged idly about the deck
all day, but nevertheless were keen ob
servers of all that transpired around
In the -middle of the afternoon a
small sail boat was seen approaching
from the direction of Caibarien, and
when she ranged alongside the schooner
her occupants were found to be Fran
cisco Ceballos and Jose Calvo.
The meeting of the friends was a
happy one, and the young Cuban was
delighted at the success which had so
far attended the scheme.
His father, the don, had made ar
rangements with a captain of a sugar
lighter .to transfer the cargo to the
mainland where they were to be re
ceived by a patriotic planter and con
cealed for atime in his now idle mill.
The lighter, however, could not be
obtained for some three or four days,
as its owner had a contract on hand to
fulfill which would occupy him that
time, consequently the plan of hiding
the arms in the jungle must be carried
out, as the yacht would have to return
to the steamer for more cargo. There
fore when darkness came on the
work of discharging began, and in the
morning the schooner was again ready
Three loads were successfully secreted
on the island, and one lighter full of
arms had been transferred to the main
land, when the patriots, who were
guarding the precious stores, were
thrown into the deepest consternation
by the arrival of Ceballos, the younger,
who had returned to Caibarien, with
the startling announcement that they
had been betrayed andthat the Spanish
soldiers were even then on the way to
Key Francis to seize the ammunition
and make them prisoners.
"We are lost! We are losti~'ha ex
claimed in despair.
"Perhaps not, senor. It may be pos
sible to throw the enemy off the track,"
suggested Jose Calvo hopefully.
. '-But how can it be done? Did I not
tell you they are even now on the way
-"Certainly nothing can be accom
plished if we stand here whining like
sick children. We must work!".was
*the answer of the former mendicant,
who, rising to the occasion, assumed
the leadership of affairs and towered
above his associates.
"Place one case of rifles and a box of
ammunition in tae boat in which you
came from the city. We can afford to
sacrifice that much to the Spaniards in
order to save the balance."
"What do you mean? I cannot see
the drift of your plan," replied Francis
"Why, send the boat to meet these
soldiers, and allow them to capture her."
"'But, who will go in her? It is cer
tain death to the man who falls into the
hiands of the Spaniards under such cir
cumstances. I repeat, wno will go in
"I will, senor," was the prompt and
unflinching reply. "Did I not say that
.I had already given my miserable life
to Cuba? If now she demands it I am
ready to liquidate the debt! So lose no
time, friends, for the farther away from
the burrow the fox meets the hound
the more secure are its young."
For a moment only Jose Calvo en
joyed the looks of admiration bestowed
apon him by the men, who but a few
THlE BRAVEF FELLOW SPRANG INTO THE
BOAT AND) WAS5 OFF, TO MEET-wHAT?
days previous w~ould have spurned him
noon the street.
"If you go, Jose, I go with you.
Yours shall not be all the glory," ex
'No, senor! One life, if it must be
sacrificed, is enough. Francisco Cebal
los in liesh and blood can do more for
Cuba than Francisco Ceballos in his
ctffin." So saying, the noble fellow
picked up a case of cartridges and hur
ried with them through the jungle tc
th bot eaving Franeisco and Valdes
Hazas to follow with a heavier chest of
When both burdens had been deposit
ed in the little craft, Jose hesitated a
moment cre he followed them, and
turning, grasped the hands of his two
friends, while in a voice husky with
emotion he said:
-Comrades, I go to meet these Span
ish soldiers, and if it lies in my power,
will lure them to a distance, both
from this island and the rendezvous on
the mainland! It will be necessary for
you here to work quickly to save the
arms and ammunition which still re
main hidden in the jungle. If you see
no signs of the enemy in the next
twelve hours you may rest assured that
I have succeeded ii enticing them
"Uut, you. Josel" exclaimed Valdes,
brokenly. "Do you realize what will
be your fate when the Spaniards find
that you have deceived them?"
"Yes, I do! But the last of a once
noble family could not close the records
of his house more honorably! Now,
again, farewell!" and with that the
brave fellow sprang into the boat.
hoisted the little three-cornered sail
and was off, to meet, tchat? .
A vOLUNTARY MARTTa.
Key Francis appeared but a speck on
the horizon to the solitary navigator,
Jose Calvo, when he descried two large
barges filled with men approaching
from the mainland.
"Ah! The Spaniards," he muttered.
He sat, almost motionless,, grasping
the tiller, until he was sure that the
soldiers had got sight of him, then he
suddenly changed his course as though
trying to escape from them, but in re
ality he had checked the headway of
his boat, for he had eased off the sheet
of his sail so far that the little piece of
light canvas was nearly shaking in the
The officers in charge of the expedi
tion were quick to notice the maneuver
of our hero, and their suspicions were
at once aroused. They ordered the men
to get out the long sweeps and were
soon in hot pursuit.
When Jose saw that the enemy were
after him he picked up one of the large
stones, which served as ballast, and
dropped it overboard.
The pursuers were close enough to
see the splash but not so near as to be
able to determine the nature of the
article which their chase was so anxious
to dispose of.
Two more stones followed the first,
and the Spaniards became eaasperated,
for they felt sure the man was getting
rid of some contraband cargo.
in vain they called to him to desist,
and then, losing patience, their rifles
began to crack. That the soldiers had
received orders not to shoot to kill was
evident by the distance.from their mark
at which the bullets struck the water.
They had their effect, however, for
Jose at once let go the halyards of his
little sail and allowing it to run down,
awaited patiently the coming of the en
emy; but when they were close along
side he began to beg most piteously for
mercy, and one would have taken him
for an abject craven, to judge by his
"Oh, senors! senors! spare me, spare
me, I pray!" he exclaimed. "I was
forced to come in this boat else they
would have killed me--but, believe me,
I intended to turn the whole of my load
over in the hands of the soldiers, when
I should find them-"
"Ah, indeed," sneered the command
ing officer. "A very pretty tale. Did
we not see you endeavoring to get rid
of your entire cargo? That does not
look as if you wished the soliers to
have the handling of it! But let us see
what there is left," and the Spaniard
stepped into the boat, while Jose sat
shivering in apparent fear.
"Ah, ha, my men! A goodly find we
have made," said the officer, as his eye
fell upon the two eases. "Here are
rifes and ammunition. But this can
not be the whole amount of which we
learned the rebels were in possession.
Tell me how much more have you left
at Key Francis."
"Not another thing, senor. Not an
>ther thing. The last load was sent
in a lighter this morning to Senor
acinto's plantation! Oh, senor, if you
will spare my life, I will show you the
way thither:" besought Jose, very
umbly.. "And believe me, there are
over a hundred eases such as those
which have already been taken there,
while but a small guard is stationed
>ver there. Oh, Capitano, say that you
will not kill me."
"Kill you! you miserable wretch!"
exclaimed the officer, with .marked
contempt. "You are not worth the ex
pense of powder and ball. But, quick,
tell me where this plantation lies, and
you may live!"
"Thanks, senor, thanks! it is some
Eifteen miles along the coast to the
wesward. Iean take you to the very
"Then step into the barge, and di
rect the coxswain which course to
steer. But, mind, if you display 'my
treachery, your life will pay the penal
"I know, senor, I -know"-replied
Jose, wringing his hands in seeming
anguish. "Keep to the westward, and
close in to the shore, so that I may see
the marks and know where to land. I
will be faithful, sencrs, oh, yes, I will
Rad his captors been particularly ob
servant, they would have noticed a
ring in the voice of their prisoner which
the circumstances hardly seemed to
warrant, and greatly out of keeping
wih his apparent dejection
When the two barges were pointen
away from the direction of Key Fran
cis, with its important secret, the noble
Cuban could scarcely repress a cry of
exultation, for he felt now that the
safety of his comrades was assured.
Mile after mile the soldiers pulled
their heavy boats, but at every query
of the captain:
"Are we near our landing place?"
Jose would reply:
"Further yet, senor. We must go
until we see a small clump of mango
trees growing close down to the water's
edge; these mark the mouth of a little
creek, up which we go but a few rods,
then push through the forest a short
distance until we reach the plantation.
There, in a deserted sugarmill, we shall
find the arms."
This straight forward explanation
seemed to satisfy the commander, and
he spurred the rowers on to greater ex
ertions. After several hours of arduous
labor the pilot pointed to some mango
trees and said: "There is the creek,
A t once, the barges were headed to
ward the shore and entered the minia
ture river, for Jose had guided them
aright, as far as the topography of the
country was concerned.
As the boatsproceeded up the stream,
the officer, in command, became highly
elated, and promised his prisoner not
only his life, but a handsome reward if
they were successful in capturing the
insurgents and their arms.
When they had reached a place where
the right bank was divested of trees.
Jose suggested that they should lanci
and proceed the rest of the way on foot.
The sun was casting long shadows in
dicating that the day was waning,
when the Spaniards left their boats.
Their pilot had kept them employed for
nearly six hours from the time of their
f..st E~meti, and having taken them
in an oplpsite directioit they were now
many miles distant from their expected
Jose led the way, closely followed by
the captain and his sidiers.
Presently the rainetd walls of an old
sugarmill came in sight.
"IS this the place?" asked the Span
iard. in a whisper.
"Si, si. senor:" was the response.
Then the order was given to noise
lessly surrountd the building.
Jose. however. was not left alone, but
was forced forward between two of the
When within some fifteen feet of the
structure the command to "-charge!"
was issued. and with a rush the regn
iers advanced, but were surprised at
neeting with no opposition. Within,
he old -nill was empty and silent as
"What me'ans this?' was the cry of
the Spanii,h oflicer as he confronted
Jose. "There is naught here save our
d09 - I
SJOSE, THE LAST OF THE CALVOS, DIES
Alves and the decaying walls of the old
"I know it. senor!" replied Jose Calvo,
calmly folding his arnis across his mas
sive ehest and looking his captor
squarely in the face.
"And you have deceived us. Misled
"I have saved my comrades, and,
what is of more value at the present
time. the munitions of war sent to us by
The Spaniard wns fairly beside him
self with rage and dlisappointnent.
"shoot down the dog:- he exclaimed
to his soldiers.
A half-score of rifles belched forth
their deadly fire in unison: but a smile
broke over the martyr's face, and ex
tending one hand toward heaven, he
.Jose. the last of the Calvo's,.dies for
Then he sank lifeless to the ground.
Thus expired one of the grandest and
'noblest sons of freedom. whose memory
is held ever sacred by the patriots of the
queen of the Antilles.
DIED FOR CUBA.
With painful anxiety our friends at
Key Francis watched the sun pursue its
diurnal course, and never had the great
luminary seemed to traverse its path
across the heavens so slowly. All day
long a sharp lookout was kept from the
branches of a lofty mango tree, but no
signs of the dreaded enemy were des
The' afternoon was waning as the
large sugar lighter had received its val
uable load and at the very moment
when the martyred Cuban fell lifeless
to the ground, his blood dyeing the
greensward of his native land, the sail
was hoisted and the craft bore away for
the mainland, taking an easterly direc
The night that followed was all that
the Cubans could havo desired, for it
was very dark and the sky overcast,
but they had a good pilot who guided
his boat skillfully and safely to the
place of - landing, which was a good
thirty miles from where the baffled
Spanish soldiers were fuming with rage.
"I would give half my fortune to be
assured of the fate of Jose Calvo," re
marked Francisco. "Yes, and the other
half if it could save him from our ene
my, but I fear that ere this he has
fallen a victim to our cruel and merci
"I will go to Caibarien, Francisco,"
said Valdes, "and perchance I may
learn something of the noble fellow."
"Do so, my friend," was the reply;
"and here is an address where you will
find my father and, possibly, Isabel.
Ah! I see how it is," quickly laughed
the young patriot, as he observed the
crimson tinge overspreading the cheeks
of his compaiion.
"And, Valdes, you are worthy of her,
and when these stirring times are*
passed neither the don or myself will
throw any obstacle in your path. Now
go, and by all meazis be cautious.
While you are absent I will endeavor
to have these munitions of war trans
ported to our friends in the interior."
It was with a light heart that the
young man mounted a horse and rode
toward the city. He, however, did not
deem it prudent to enter its precincts
before morning, so he checked his ani
mal's pace that he might arrive at the
break of day.
Hlazas rode slowly through the nar
row streets and proceeded at once to
the address which Francisco had fur
nished him, where he received a hearty
welcome from the gray-haired Cuban
and his lovely daughter who was with
As the young man was relating the
incidents which had befalen his party
during the last twenty-four hours, loud
cries were heard in the streets, and
looking from the window they saw a
dense crowd of people surrounding a
little band of soldiers who were bearing
upon their shoulders the body of a man.
"Who can it be?" faltered the maiden.
"Alas! I can too readily foretell!"
sadly replied Hazas. "'ft ~hat blood
stained covering be removed, I am aa.
sured it would disclose the features of
the bravest patriot Cuba ever knew,
Yes, it was the remains of the noble
hero which the soldiers were bearing in
triumph to their general.
As the crowd passed on and disap
peared tears filled the eyes of the three
watchers, and the venerable don was
heard to hiss between his clenched
"His death shall be terribly avenged."
It was, indeed. The arms and am
munition which the patriot was the
means of keeping from the Spaniards
went far to equip the brave army which
swept down from the hills a few weeks
later and struck terror and consterna
tion to the hearts of the Spanish sol
But as history has shown us, the in
surretion proved futile. The insur
gents were overwhelmed in numbers
and forced to disband and scatter hither
and thither to save their lives.
Don Manuel Ceballos with his brave
son and beautiful daughter, accom
panied by Valdes Hazas, lied to Jamaika
and thence to hae United States, where
in the land of liberty the Cuban father
placed the hand of his child in that of
her lover and blessed their union.
The fate of Felipe Coras, the spy,
the recreant Cuban, is enshrouded in
mystery, but it is safe to say that lie
did not live to work further harm to his
countrymen mhi name never rests
npon the lips of the 'Various actor., in
this drama, his very memory is allowi-ed
to die out, while that'o the hero. Jose
Calm'. will ever i'e in the hearts of hi-;
Co -r!1pa::t1ttS. as one who in t-'ku of
her greatebt need gladly "DIED FO0R
FULLY THREE THOUSANi) PERISH.
Appalling Los. of Life by The Floods.
coming~ in froi the. Smoth ot'Spam re
norts the donagze by re:son it the ex
trardinary llo(1dS ill iII:ll !eciill as tl
ing geueral. Th hi-s i t lproi-rty is
something enormous, and everywhere
railway trains have twee derailed and
the roads blocked. The meagre details
thus far received from the Province of
Toledo give harrowing accounts of the
extent and phenomena of the overwhelu
ing catastrophe which has befallen the
province. So sudden was the breaking
forth of the waters that In nutuberless
instan:es the unfortunate people were
drowned behbwe they could leave their
Strong bodies ot' laborers, assisted by
troops, are working night and day to re
cover the bodies of those drowned or
crushed to death, but up to the present
time only 400 of the bodies of the miss
ing thousands have been secured. The
vintage and the corn crops of the dis
tressed district have been totally de
stroyed, so that poverty and hunzer
must follow in the wake of this frightful
visitation. Two-thirds of the town of
Consuegra, in Toledo, with a population
of 7.000, has been destrowed by the
floods. Five hundred houses have been
destroyed at Almeria. It is certain that
fully 2,000 people have lost their lives
by the floods. Hosts of cornses remain
unburied, and, because o1 the great heat,
an epidemic is feared. Famine is caus
ing many to engage in plunder, The
government is striving to teed the des
The town oif Consuegra is ruined and
the police are preverting pillage. The
burials of the victims are proceeding
amid scenes or mourning and miserv.
It is thought that 5,000 head of horses
and cattle were drowned: The town of
Almeria is in absolute darkness, the
floods having covered the electric light
and gas works. Throughout the whole
flooded region there are reports of in
creasing misery, destitution and waste.
The mayor of Consuegra estimates the
number of people destroyed there at
3,000. In many places limbs were found
separated from bodies. The officers have
telegraphed for lime to prevent disease.
The Queen Regent has started a sub
scription on a large scale for the benefit
of the sufferers, and many subscribers,
including the Bank of Spain, have joined
her in large donations. The scenes dur
ing the flood at Consuegra were awful.
Pigeous cries came from the drowning,
for whom there was no assistance. Sixty
corpses were found in a public hall,
where the victims, in the midst of a
wedding ;feast had been overtaken by
TILLMAN'S CHOICE IS CAMPBELL.
Says if He Wins In Ohio He Will Be Next
COLUMBIA, S. C., Sept. 11.-A few
days ago Gov. Tillman received the fol
lowing from Chairman Neal of the State
Democratic Executive Committee, of
the State of Ohio.
CoLX3IBUS, Ohio, Sept. 3, 1891.
Governor B. R.Tillman, Columbia, S.C.:
MY DEAR Sut-The Democratic par
ty of the State of Ohio is just entering
upon the greatest struggle in its his
tory. By the nomination of lIon. WYil
lam McKinley, Jr., the Republicans
have squarely endorsed the tariff law,
of which he is author, and thus they
have made the great issue before the
people-that of tariff reform. We glad
ly take no the gage of war. With the
chief apostle of protection as the stand
ard-bearer of their party, Ohio becomes
this year the great nationai battle
ground upon which is to be fought the
Jiercest preliminary struggle of 1892.
With such vital interests at stake, with
so much that is dear to the people de
pending upon the result, we expect the
sympathy and encouragement of the
Democrats of every State in the Union.
It is our ,desire,,and the wish of Govern
or Campbell and the other candidates
on the State ticket, to hold the great
rally of the campaign on Tuesday, Oc
tober 6th, to be known as "The Govern
or' M1eeting," and addressed by the
Democratic governors of every State.
It will be held in the capitol building,
and will be the greatest political meet
ing ever gathered on the soil of Ohio.
We earnestly and cordially invite you
to give greeting to our people and toI
tell them how their cause is being up
held throughout our common country.
We shall expect you and welcome you
with open arms. Will you come?
Every attention will be given your
comfort and convenience. You wil
not be quartered at a hotel, but enter
tained at the homes of the hospitable
citizens of Columbus.
Awaiting an early reply, we remain
most sincerely, ,JAMES K. NEA L,
S. C. COLE, Secretary. Chairman.
Yesterday he replied as follows.
COLUMBIA, Sept. 9, 1891.
Hon. James E. Neal, Columbus, Ohio:
M1Y DEAR Srnt-Your letter of Sep
tember 3d, inviting me to attend a
"grand Democratic rally" on the 6th of
October, at the capital of Ohio. is re
ceived. I realize fully the importance
of the contest being waged between
"Democracy" and Republicanism in
you State this year, and would gladly
lend any aid in my power to secure the
re-election of Governor Campbell. If
he is victorious-and God grant he may
~be-he will be~ thie next President of the
United States. The Souwt in g eneral,
and South Carolina in particular, has
grown disgusted with the "ways that
are dark and tricks that are vain" of
New York's greedy politicians, by
whih the national "1Democracy" has
more than once been betrayed, because
of corrupt bargains in tihe struggle f~s
supreacy in New York city's munici
pa election. We long for a candidee
who breathes a pure political atmos
phere, and wvill rejoice if Ohio shall fur
nish the man. I regret my oflicial diu
ties will not permit me to be with you
on the day mentioned, in person, but I
will be there in Spirit, and bid 'you God
speed in your glorious light.
Thanking you for your courtesy, I am1
very respectfully, U. R. TILLMAN,
Governor South Caroliua. 1
The Amaince in Congress.
WAsHINGTON, Sept. 17--At the 1
Farmers' Alliance headquarters in this
city it is stated that the Alliance till
hae fifty-five men in the next House
who will vote with it on all measure
that it mlay see it to bring forward. In
the Senate the party claimis four Sena- 1
tors-PeIer, Kyle, Irby and Vance.
At the next session the sub-treasury
ill, as it was introduced in the last
Congress, will not make its appearance.
That measure has been repudiated by
both houses of Congress, and will, for
that reason, not be resurrected. A bill
cogstruted, however, upon lines simi-1
lar to it, and embodying the same prmn
ciple, will be introduced into both
houses andI pushed to a vote. The Stan
ford land loan bill will not be touched
by te Alliance. but a bill bearing upon1
the same subject will be introduced.
Another measure which the Alliance
will demand is a free coinage bill.
These three measures are the cues in
which the party take the most interest,
but other measures wvill be introduced
arid efforts to pass them will be made.
-THE WashiUgton correspondent ot
The St. Louis Republic, says Mills and
Crisp are the only two candidates who
are ,.;eriuly onsiered for the speaker
GEN. BUTLE I IN 1REPLY.
HIS REMA'KS WERE DIRECTED TO JR.
ue Dtnaie Enaphatrieaiv t.hat. Ie AplAtd
Abusive -p thet t. cttiun tlhnt"
. lTheWrd'"."eielu iw
Wa IA Corrvet.
IIIinte in t."l -,.V.~'i "t i O~ 1ut1.
er %esterday -t it lD r. S-ke< the foll -
a! lettr in ;eplv tith vdiif'ri:al hi i:tt
Weck's issue of The Coton lam:
SENATOR BUTLER'S LETTER.
EDGEFIELE, S. C.. Sept. 7. lkI1.
r. J. 1V. :ltoktxs, )umnyctbr/, S. C.
DEAR Sit-l. have received your two
ctters of the 20th uIL. and 4th inst.
so by the last mall a copy of The
otton Plant Of the 5th intcoltain
ng ry letter to vou of the 28thl ult. InI
eply to your first letter. I will say that
L did not intend to say in my interview
ith the reporter wf The State at Ashe
ille, that I had requested you to pub
isli my letter in The State. I glanced
urriedly over the interview after it ap
eared in the paper, and was not attract
d by such a statement. Not having it
before me I cannot verify your version
f it, or otherwise I am quite sure I
ould not have made such a statement,
ecause I did not request you to publish
he letter in The State. However, that
s not at all material. As I now recall
be interview, it was in the main cor
In reply to the inquiries in yours of
lhe 4th inst, in regard to my interview
n The World and News and Courier,
.he one in Asheville and the other here,
[ will say they are c:'rrectly reported,
idrepresent just wtiat I didsay.
And now a word as to your editorial
:ritiisi of my letter, in The Cotton
Lant of the 5th ust; just one point.
because I cannot follow you through the
u azes o' evasion and quibbling which
es-vade its entire length of nearly two
You say, near the top of the first
olumm: "In view of the abusive epithets
he senator is reported to have indulged
n reference to this paper, (The Cottn
Plant) in his recent Asheville and Edge
ield interviews, I might justly consider
that the senator had placed the whole
natter beyond the pale of courteous
reply, or even notice."
Now, my dear sir, you must know
here is not an atom of truth in this
statemnent. No honest man can find any
hing in either of the interviews to iusti
y it. Whatever of epithets that may be
ound in these interviews were addressed
to you personally, not the newspaper
you edit. I have two much regard lor
the liberty and freedom of the
press to take ofience at any fair
riticism by the press of my conduct. It
s not only the right but the duty of the
aewspaper to criticise freely and fear
essly (the acts and conduct of public
nen and question whenever and wher
wer they-are ammenable to criticism.
I have been the subject of criticism by
.he newspapers over and often. some
,imes adversely sometimes otherwise,
d I have never complained of it. It
ill be a bad day for tie country when
he papeis fail, from any cause, to hold
ip to the public the acts of publie othi
ials. But neither have you or any
ther editor the right to make the press
,he vehicle of private, personal resent
nent. and claim imimunity undler cover
f the freedom of the press. No honor
ible editor will so abuse the high station
I have been somewhat surprised at
he sensitiveness which you and some of
pour sub-treasury orators have exhibited
t the legitimate newspaper criticisms
yf your public acts. The "boycott," I
yelieve, has been indulged in by some of
on to punIsh certamn newspapers for
laring to give the public information
is to your transactions. Let me admon
.sh you. and those who adopt you
nethods and tactics, that they w;li not
win. The hg~ht will be turned on, and
yon will not be permitted to ply your so
:alled "campaigtn of education" behind
arred doors, and indulge in calumnies
md manufactured misrepresentations.
L'he Alliance, as originally organized,
was a most excellent institu'ion, calcul
ited to work in calculable benefits to the
iriculural classes. Many of the best
nen in the country joined and sustained
t, with th~is end in view; but a few self
seekin politicians got control of its
nachinery and are trying.to convert it
to a secret political organization, to
,e operated for their o .vn selfish ends.
All secret political organizatio::3s are
nimical to fireedom of thought and
iction, and to the liberties of the people.
[ trust you will not succeed in your
afl'orts to make the Alliance a political
nachine, but that it will move forward
on the lines originally intended by its
founders and stand an invincible obsti
:le between the interests of the farmers
md those who would either oppress or
No sir. I have not indulged in
tusive epithets towards The Cotton
Plant. I was among the first contribu
:ors to that paper before it fell into the
land s of those some of whom at least
ar e prostituting its columns to unworthy
urposes. I wish The Cotton Plant
ivery successe, but cannot withhold my
expr~essions of contempt for the uses to
vhich it is being operated. Very re
pectaly yours. M. C. B UTLER.
Driven to 1)espera'tion.
LooN, Sept. 9.-From Keief comies
.e account of a horrible tragedy. A
[ew named Kap~tan, driven to despera
;ion by an order to leave Russia, he hay
nz been deprived of a comfortable busi
ie~ss by fornmer decrees, first shot is wife
aid then one by one his tive children.
Je afterwards killed himself. Kaptan
ft a note stating the mot ive for the
rime, which was his desire to save his
amily from othiwise inevitable misery.
'rom other paris of Russia comes newvs
>f tragedies attendant on the failure of
he ha~rvest and the consequent sufler.
ng andl struggle for existence. While.
10 cases of cannibalism have been re
>orted, there have been several cases of
n ysterious disappearance that are at
rb~uted to supposed cannibalism, and
a Bessarabia the police are carefully
vatching for evidence against persons
mnder suspicion. Many suicides are
tted to have occurred among the pecas
mntrv, who, owing to a strong religious
elinig, have been, as a rule. slowy to
ommrit this act. There is noi hing re
sssuring in Ruxssiain advices, and the
rspect for the winter is too terrle to
The Itata to, be Rteturned.
WVasnisoToN, Sept. 9.-Th e Itata
s to ne returned to the Chilean govern
nen, ir. accordance with the terms of' a
-onproiue etlected at a conference bc
,ween ex-May or Grace, of~ Ne~w York,
tnd the Congressional representatives
iere, on the one hand, aind Secretary
L'racy and Attorney General Miller on
lie other. It is an unconditional surren
ler of the vesselatndl a simple backdown
in the part of the Unitedl States. thioughi
t is very generally agreed now that the
[tata could not be hehd by the United
Staates. The terms of~ the agrreemient
trc that the Chilean aiovernmient is to
>ay the United States a sum equal to
heexpense mecurred in chansing and
aturing the Itata. and that the case
vil '. be nolle prossed m the coru s, and
,bat then the vessel will be turned over
STOKES WOULD REPLY TO BUTLER.
What He has to say of the Senator's I)e
Co' ri'.A, s. C., :" p. . 12 --The de
rm u of Prn-ident Stokes of I he
ir r' A \dtiane--. by Senator Uut.er,
at Bate biog, has so f:r gone unchal
!l nTed. but .% ester tne former passed
tirough Clumbia on his way horne
trHo ilrr y aid Georgetown, aind lie
gave t0 Ihe papers a writ t n sta-ment
oIlif h I)CiS Vil in the matter. and it ap.
iears ti, sh p' of :m intervie w. and
is a, 10'10 ws:
Whewn askel abo.t ii:- vii--t la
I 'n th; *1*ii,t. -4 w')" hal i iii"'
Lo ret-.oi i he C'r i ecin .' cirt ully. but. he
won011 do so Id act as he circums'.,
ces seened to justify.
With prese1nt lirhts however, it ap
p-ar d t o ili tlat. enator Doler, if
cvire th rep;ortcd, was dealing in the
e-.ei ptst. sort of e(-ap gsconasde wheu
he denmellced as liars all who s-ud lie
had char-ed 40,U00 ferniers with being
thieves and :eoundrels.
"Nobody, so far as i know," said Dr.
Stokes, "has 2ver saitl any such thing. as
will Ie seen by reading the whole matter
iU the Cottoi PILant of August 8, and
following. .it was merely a deductioI
by logical process froan his language in
the Prosperity debate, as reported by
several papers, as a premise.
"Ile now denies that premise, after so
long a time, though he has written sev
eral times on the subject, and has been
"But when he denies the language it
becomes a question, as Col. Watson for
cildy drove it home to him at Batrsburg,
"And how does the evidence stand?
On- one side three reputable newspaper
reiporters and a host of intelligent, dis
criminating eye witnesses. On tne other
side stand, Senator and stenographic
report, which he had to correct in im
rortant pari.iculars the day atter the re
port was published.
"A full statement accompanied by cer
tificates of eye-witnesses will be pub
lished at an early (late, so that an itel
ligent, discriminating public may de
cole for themselves according to the
"The public will scarcely be swayed
from a righteous conclusion by any bull
dozinz or bluff methods."
Superintendent Talbert, of the State
penitentiary, last evening gave the fol
lowing bearing on the matter to other
papers in the State:
-l understood him to use the language
attributed to him by Dr. Stokes, and the
News and Courier, viz: Out of three
classes that borrowed, the third class
would borro tv at any per cent. and never
.intended to pay back. Those were the
ones who wanted to borrow money at 2
per cent., the natural deduction being
that they were dishonest. No one has
said be used the word.&, 'thieves and
Capt. Talbert was also present at the
Bateshurg meeting and says he beard
Gen. ButLier deny that he used the lan
guage, and said that he would have re
plied to it if lie had not been denied by
the committee ot arrangements, who
had it stated in the outset that there
would be but two speeches, and any in
terruption of the speakers would be ob
jected to. He says, however. he will
have more to say hereafter where more
liberty of speech will be allowed, as
there will be more places than one.
EARTHQUAKE IN SAN SALVADOR.
Entire Towns and Cities Utterlv Wiped
NEW YORK, Sept. 10.-A special
cable dispatch to the Herald from San
Salvador says: Millions of dollars worth
of property and many lives were des
troyed in this republ.c by an earthquake
3esterday. Whole towns were wiped
oat, and hardly a city in the country.
except along the coast. escaped the aw
l elects o! the convulsions.
There have been indications for sev
eral days past that a disturbance of more
than usual power might have been ex
peted. At just live immutes before 2
o'clock yesterday morning the earth be
gan to shake. T be wave had a strong
vertical and oscil latory movememt
People rushed into the streets in ther.
night clothes, and while the shock lasted
onily twenty seconds, before it had
passed away, there was a panic-stricken
mob making ils way to the open country
outside the city.
T.,he scene was terribly sublime. Men,
women and children were weeping,
shrieking and praying in the streets;
walls of houses cracked. tottered and
tell; there was a deep, continuous rumb
lng, of heavy thunder; the sky was
ovrcast and the air was filled witai a
ine, penetrating dlust. While it lasted,
the earth rose and tell in long waves.
and strong men were unable to keep
their feet. The panic-stricken people
flocked to the open ground outside the
city; temperary shelters were thrown up
wherever ipossible, but nearly all the imen.
and many of the wo:nen and children
hd-;only the sky for a cover.
All througn the mor:ning there have
een slight shocks. bu; none approach
ing the intensity of that which had been
so destructive. The inhabitants are
afraid to return to their houses, and are
making themselves as comfor table as
possible in their temporary camps.
President Ezta Is (doing everything he
can to stop) the panic, and to make it as
comfortable as possibfe for them until
it is considered sate Icr them to go back
to their homes..
The towns throughout the country
have sulfered more severely than the
capital, even. Analquite has been com
pltely destroyed. Cojutepeque, Zanta
Tela, San Pedro and Masahuet were so
badly shaken that they are practically
rnned, while the shook was plainly felt
and damage was done by it at Santa
Anna andl Susimtepueque, fully sixty
miles from here.
It is impossible, at ;his writing, to
formi any idea as to the number of lives
which have been lost. No people were
killed here, thiou:.h there were miany
miraculous escap~es from death. It is
fear'd, hiowever, that there have been
many ocopie killed in the smaller towns.
The loss of property will run well ino
The .Demon ul the Faills.
NIAGAnA FALI.S. Sept. 10.-A
stranger committed sukle by juin~pin.g
into 'the nivet's from Luna Island this
afternoon, Ie accosted two gentlemen
savior. " It looks as though one could
never get out," and in a few minutes
said, "1 a going to try it." They at
tempted to seize him, but bef'ore they
could reacih him, he deliberately jumped
into the r'iver, and was soon cairied ove~r
Two hours later an eleganmtiy dressed
young woman about 2-J years old,
juped into the river atl Prospect park.
A Mr. Ihen (If Philadelphia, aged 70,
jump'd in to recscue her, and succe. tied
in graspin:g her hand; she resisted, and
it was only by the etforts ot a police
man that lie was saved. The woman
smiled. a. the cur:rent cauhmt her, and
was soon carriced over the Amerdii
tals. It is rumored that two men in af I
boat fromi Chippews, wecrc dr-awn in-.o
te current and car'ried Iover the Can
dIlan falls about I o'lok
Tm:E Augus'a Chronicle adits that
"the returas so) far indicate thiat South
Caroluia has beaten the record and stir
ptSsedl all Southern States in the
amount of cottoni con~Isumed" and says
that -:f this estimate is verililed by
oller reports th~e Chronicle wiull join in
cogratlat ing Catrolina upon01 the great
strides in cotton spinniing." But it
aIs: "It must still Ibe noted that
Georgia has 4h.4,%3l spindles anid Caro
lina (lily 4t;3,424 spindles. 'This would
indicate a discrepancy in the New Or
t wuxs rermrt"
SEN) IN ALL THE ARMY RECORDS.
Unclei SaM? War Depar.ment Mu.t MiH ,
Them at Once.
COLEUMEIA, S. C.. Sept. 11.-It seems
that, notwittstanding all belief to the
contrary, the gallait soldiers w!io laid
down their lives for the l-st cau.e, and
who fought bravely for it are to gezttir
justducs. Recently The State pulished
a number of requests from Ohe war re
cords' otlice of te War )epartmnt of
tfle govorinet. and miuch inon 'tio
was conisequenliiy etained.
Y.-sterday the issismaur ;,j o: :I n- i
eral received a virctiubi. frt.m il e " Xar
Departwinft. pub'ileation o:lice, war
rcoris 1861-6'>. It reconmi ihe pro
visions ot the ;t Ot J o t 22, 1874, pro
viding for the puibletota aniid cokle
tion of the Curfederate records. The
signer announces his appointment in
1878, and his success so far.
The circular concludes thus:
From these papers. and a large nurm
ber of others previously in the posses
sion of the department., forty volumes
have, up to this date (Novender, 1889),
ueen published by authority of Congras
and others will soon b-! issued, and the
compilation and publication will con
tinue until all are published. It is,
therefore, important that the War De
partment should be placed in possession
of all Confederate military papers, books
and records which are extant and which
may be valuable in illustrating the
nature of the great struggle from which
the country nas emerged so as to put
them in print, in order to preserve them
precisely as they are for historical use.
It will, of course, be impossible to make
this publication complete if any of the
records are withheld from the govern
ment; besides, such action would be
unjust to the actors in this great strug
gle by depriving them of their proper
place in history.
While the most important large col
lections of Confederate papers have
been ot-tained, it is known tiat many
very valuable papers are still in the
hands of persons who have not yet been
reached; and as these are importaint to
a full and complete history of the Con
federase arnes, it is hoped that none
will be withheld but that all parties
having custody of such papers will
submit them forthe .t-xanination of
the oflicer charged N ith th public-tion
of the Official Records of the War of
To persons having such records and
not desiring to part with their owner
ship, but wio are willing to have their
contents preserved and made public, I
am authorized to say tnat if delivered
to tLhis office for the purpose above indi
cated, they will be duly returned to the
Packages of papers too large to send
conveniently by .mail may be sent by
express at the expense of the depart
muent. All packages of letters should be
add ressed to me as indicated at the head
of this circular. MARecs J. WRIGIT,
Agent of the War Department, ate
Brig. Gen. C. S. A.
Approved: GEO B DAVIS,
Maj. and Judge Advocate U. S. A., in
The following letter, which is of in
tererst. accompanies the circular:
MY DEAR Sit: I have seen by the
paper that Col. Ziunnerman Davis has
sent to you a roster of the field oflicers
of the Fifth South Carolina Cavalry.
I would like to have a copy of it. I
was a brigadier general in the Confed
erate army and am collecting records
for publicaition in the War Records
I refer to Gen. Wade Hampton and
Gen. M. C. Butler. both of whom krov
me. Please give me the address of (2o1.
Z. Davis. Very truly yours,
MAR~cUS J. WluGHIT.
The adjutant general yesterday re
ceived a lett er from Mrs. Clementina
L. Legge, of Charleston, returning a
brief skecLh of the record of ner late
husband Lieut.. Col. George W. H.
Legge, of the Fifth Riegimetnt ol Sooth
Carolina Infantry Volunteers.
All the records of South Carolina's
brave heroes should be in this pubblca
All or. Bo.ardi Ierished.
SAN F~taxcrsco, Sept: 17.-Tihe mays
tery surrounding the schooner Pan
nonia, so long overdue at this port from
Marshall Islands, is at last cleared up.
The vessel sailed for San Francisco on
May 1, laden with a general cargo, and
in ad dition to a crew of seven, imnd on
board Capt. Lovedale's wife and three
children. It is also stated that sevei al
missionaries had taken passage on the
Pannonia to conme to this city. The
shoner was wrecked on a reef to the
northwest of the Hawvaiian islands, and
every soul on board was drowned.
213 Meeting St., Oppositc Charleston IHotel,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Machinery, Supplies, Oils.
Attention mill men ! We are now offer
ing the b~est and latest improved
Iron, Steel, Pipe. Nails, Fitting, Beit
Laing, and a full line of Phosp~hate and
ill Supplies. Strate agents for
THE SCIENTIFIC GRINDING MILLS,
rSend for our new illustrated catalogue
ud lowest prices. Agents wanted in every
PIDMONT GUANO C0.,
CHIAmLFSTON, S. C.
iMtrous, MNoTrn~. anEnh I
Safest, High Grade. and Guaranteed
Kainit, Blood Acids, Dissolved
Bone, Solubles, and Ammoni
Handled by Mr. M. Levi, Manning, S. C.
t priees before bnying.
WM. BURMESTER & GO.
Hay and Grain,
Opp. Kerr WharfI?t, and 2:; Qiieenu St.,
CHARiLESTON, S. C.
157 and 109, East Bay,
H. A. HOYT,
[Secessor to C. I. Hoyt & Bro.]
Largest and Oldest Jewelry Store in
SUMTER, S. C.
A very large stock of Britannia ware, the
ve.tv best silver plated goods made. 550
Golid Ringts on han1. Fine line of Clocks.
Wedding Presents, G-ld Pens, and Specta
cles. A bg lot of solid coin silver just re
ceived, at lowe.t prices. My repairiig de
partment has no snperior in the State. Try
around first and get prics, then come tome.
Yon will certainrly buy from n.e.
L. W. FOLSOM,
Successor to F. 11. Folsom & Bro.
SUITER, S. 9.
WATCHES, CLOCKS JEWELRY.
S.. . 0
The celebrated Royal St. John Sewing
Machine, and Finest Razors in America, al
ways on hand. Repairing promptly and
neatly exeented by skilled workmen.
Orders by mail will roceive careful atten
I have in stock some of the most
artistic pieces in this line ever brought
to Sumter. Those looking for
Tasty Wedding Presents
-will do well to inspect my stock. Also
on hand a magnificent line of Clocks,
Watches, Chains, Rings,. Pins, But
tons, Studs, Bracelets, in solid gold
silver, and rolled plate.
Repairing of all kinds vll. receive
prompt and careful attention..
L. E. LEGRAND,
SUM1'ER, S. 0.
EAT AND DRINK!I
I have opened a first-class liquor saloon
in the city of Sumter, in the Solomoia
.building on Liberty street, where I will
keep the choicest brands of
LIQUORS, TOBACCO, CIGARS,0
and all kinds of smokers' articles. My sa
loon will be managed by a first-class bar
tender, who will prepare all the latestin fan
cy drinkcs at the shortes.t notice. I have alsio
gone to considerable expense in preparing a
in the rear of my saloon. My tables 1ill be
filled with the very best the market affords,
and this branch of my busmness will be un
der the supervision of one who has served
as chief cook in several fine restaurants.
The trade of my
ts respectfully solicited. Come to see me,
take a drink of something good, and then
sit down to a meal that will serve as an invi
tation to call again.
WOLKOVISKIE & CO.,
Sumter, S. C.
NOTICE OF REGISTRATIONf.
State of South Carolina,
COUNTY OF .JLARENDON.
I N ACCOR~DANCE WITH THlE PROVIS
ions of an act of the General Assembly
ratified on the 9Jth day of February, 1882, I,
will be in the court house in Manning, in
the office of the clerk of the court, the first
Monday of each month, for the purpose of
allowing persons coming of age since the
last general election to register, and to at
tend to any other business pertaining to my
oficial duties. S. P. HIOLLADAY,
Supervisor Rieistrastion Clarendon Co.
P.0O. Address: Panola. S. C.
S. THOMAS, Js. J. M. THOMAS.
Stephen Thomas, Jr,& Bir
JEWELRY, SILVER & PLATED WARE,
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fantcy Goods.
.D'Watches and Jewelry repaired by
257 KING STREET,
*j CII ARLESTON, S. C.
Carrington, Thomas & Co.,
EWELRY, SILERWARE AND FANCY GOODS
No. 2.31 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
James F. Walsh,
WMOLESALE LIQUOR DEALER.
[G1HHL GRADE LIQUORS.
199~ Meeting st., CHIAR LESTON, S. C.
Manning Shaving Parlor.
HAIR CUTTING ARITISICALLY El
ecuted, and shaving done with bes
azors. Special attention paid to shampoo
ng ladies' heads. I have had considerabl
xerienoe in several large cities, and guar
atee saisfaction'to my customers. Parlor
ext door to Manning Times. LTN