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mi-fortune. It woud be worse than a bh
de - which cou;d not be retrieved : it would I
ae rimeagtainst our-:lves. With the min
rials already on hard under the control of t
Clemson Trustees. with an spnropriation
$1a.000. supplemented by voluntar:: contril)
Tions and the aid (Pt puiie-spirited c:;ij1
the State conid mako at least a respeeta
exhibit: and whatever other ecotnomt'i
public expenditures the Genera Asem
may determtine upon, (in all of whie:i I sh
her~tiy join.) I desire to soy in all earm
neas that ai failure t have the State !sroper
renresented at Chie:zo would be an :wt
parsinony that would eause, us to blush.
would, therefore. urge the etectlon or a
pointtment of a proper Co:nminiloi to tal
cha:rge of the matter and see tha. South C:
o!ina shall occupy li.r proper p:ace amwO:
I now beg to call your attention to son
matters of im inor im portance: as brie:ly as
can to give you clear information.
TIE )I1nECT TAX.
The United States Congress, by Act of Marc
2. 1I9: has refunded the direct tax colleelt
from some of our citizens during and imm
diately after the war. The amount involvi
Is abont. ,2)Q0 which is to b~e received t
the State in truzt for the parties who paid i
It will he necessary for legislation on the lt
of the General Assembly. to accept the trus
and that some provision be nde for i
speedy and proper distribut ion. After earef'
investigation, and consultation with an a to
ney who is famitiar with the matter, a ill
has been prepared providing for the appoin
nientol a special referee or cominssionte
who shall obtain the necessary informatie
from tbe archives at Washington and act
the State's agent In paying all claimants wI
can present the necessary proofs. The Mi
has been carefully drawn and appears to cov
al the points.
The United States census of 120 ) havir
been completed as far as the tables o1 p-1pu L
tion are concerned, it will be necessary 1
pass a law reapportioning representation I
the Houseof Representatives. In this co:
neetton I desire to call attention to the ma
ter of redistricting the Congressional DI
tricts. Our State has been held up to scorn 1
the National Congress beenuse of what
known as the "black districi." This cerr;
;nander. by which a district was formed con
posed almost entirely of black voters-a di
trict the like of which was never seen befor
and which should never be seen again-ca
have no excuse for longer existence. XV
have no reason to dread a return of negro (
Republican rule in south Carolina. and ther
Is now no reason. if there ever existed an,
why our Congressional Districts shoutd n(
be arranged in reasonabiy compact shape.
A Bill was passed at your last session abo
ishine State Boards of Medical Examiner
and substituting therefor County Boardi
which were authorized to give certificates i
applicants to practice under certain restri
t ions. The Bill a ppears to have been hastlI
drawn, and had it attracted my attention
should have vetoed it. This Act has give
great dissatisfaction to the-medical fraternit:
and in several of the Counties the physiciat
have refused to recommend for the appoin
ment of the County Boards, and In one (aftt
appointment) they have refused to serv
The trouble is, that very little discretion
given tothe examining Board, and under i
provisions almost any charlatan who can ol
tain a diploma from a so called "reputuhl
medical college" can be turned loose upon ti
community to commit itegal murder by ma
practice. In the learned professions an ign
ramus or mountebank who attempteu t
practice law or enter t he pulpit would nece!
sarily expose himself at once. In medicin
it Is just the reverse. The doctor rarely has
consulting physician, especially in the cout
try, and the people are at nis mercy, on ly a
they protect themselves after they find ot
his incapacity, and often only after the deat
o f some loved one.
In a mtter Involving life it is a duty socii
ty owes to itself to see that every safeguard :
thrown around admission to the ruedical pr<
fession. We look atter the welfare of oc
souls by admitting only good and pure me
to our pulpits; we protectour property by th
assistance of able lawyers; but the inailfe
ence which we sbow, and the carelessn
with which we permit quacks to inlict pai
and murder our bodies, is astonishing.
Whether it is best to enlarge the oowers
the County Boards, and then throw additiot
al restrictions around the practice of med
cine, or to have one central Board, Is for you
wisdom to determine. The latter would U
the least expensive and cumbersone, an
probably prove more satisfactory in the en
do not think any person should be allowe
to practice medicine who has not taken V
least a three years' course, and who cannc
stand an examination before a competer:
Board of physicians.
A County Board Is objectionable because I
a small area I t might he accused of rejectin
applicants from jealousy or a desire to cut o
competItIon. This objection could not hol
against a State Board, and I therefore recont
mend the re-enactment of the old law wit
such modifications as will preven t abusesC
tyrann ical rejections.
COMPLETIOR OF CoNtFEDERATE. ROLLS.
In the report of the Adjutant and Inspect<
General: he sug::ests that a small fund be pr.
vided for the publication, in pamphlet forn
of the rolisol such companies and regimetn1
as are not complete. The pnrpose is th:
these may be distributed in the terri tory frot
wh Ich the men were en ilated, so t hat t lie su.
vivors may bave some data to be guided b
in supplying the missIng names. I'. shout
be amatter ofState prie, and of justice 1
the dead and living alike, that evcryvtbir
reasonable be done to put on record in t
archives of the governmlent at least the nana
of every man who wore the gray. I ther<
fore urge consideration of the Adjutant GJet
erat's recommendation. He is a zealous ati
efficien t officer; and, being a gallan t Confede
ate soldier himsel f, will use every reasonab
eff'ort to finish this necessary work.
I desire to direct your attention to a qoe
tion of great importance, with which the we
:tare of society and the economical admnini:
tration of the government are closely co::
nected. It is the matter of licensing the sal
of liquor. Without entering into any discun
sion of the prohibition questIon, I will ca
your attention to a gross inequality and it
justice to a part of our citizens, entailed b
the present'system. Section 17t2 of the Ge:
eral Statutes reads : "No license for t he sal
of In toxicating liquor shall be granted by ani
municipal authority in any city. town or vi
!age in this State, except upon - the paymer
by the person applying for the same to tbt
Treasurer of the Couty in which said city<
town is situated the sum of $100 tn additiont
the license charged by such city, town or vi
lage, for the use of said Coun ty, to be applie
to tne ordinary expenses of the County."
It will be seen that, by this provisiont<
law, only a small proportion of the tax derni
ed from the sale of liquor goes to the generi
fund. Now, while I do not believe that it I
practicable, or even desirable, to attempt th
absolute prohibition of the sale of liquori
this State, no sensible man will deny thi
one-half or three-fourths of the crimes con
mitted in the State are traceable directly t
the drinking of whiskey. In order to punis
these crImes, the machinery of the law is s4
The Courtsre supported by general tat
ation, and largely by the coutntry people, an
yet the State permits m unicipali corporatlori
to maintain or license what mtany men re
gard as nuisances andi breeders of crime
while two-thirds or three-fourthbs of the mor
ey accruing therelrom Is retained by the cot
poralions. The anomalous cont ioni is pri
sented then of a commnunity allowlrig itse
to be unjustly tuaxed as a w hole for the sul
presslon of a crime produced by the actlon<
a part. The liquor tax is largely foir hacn
benefit, while tle abuse is genteral. The pe<
pie in the country not onty pay tributet
those who seil liquor,-by means of whic
the towns are beautitled and adorned,- -bi
they pay tax for the surpression of crime pr
duced by the maintenance of these bar room:
It is unjust and unequal, and ought tot
stopped. I therefore stronigly rccomnmene
that. all municipal corporations be prohit
Ited from levying any license at all, and thi
all tax derivable fromn the sale of whiske
go Into the Slate and County treasuries, lea'
ing the mat ter of local option as at preseiit
and if aniy municipal corporation desires I
license the sale of liquor, let it derive n
special benefit from It. There are, as I at
inforrued between 700 and $00 bar rooms I
the State. How many municipalities woul
relinquish the sale of liquor it they derive
no money benefit from it I caninot even gues
What. decrease may foliow the enactment<
such law is equally unknown. With a big
license imposed on each dealer in the articia
either at wholesale or retail, an d nll ot th
lund going to support State and County go'
ernments. it appeairs to mue we would have
large increase of revensue, as well as a lan
decrase in crime, with a corresponding d
crease in Courtt expenses, and consequet
reduction of taxes.
Chief Justice Simpson's Death.
Very shortly alter the adjournmen t of ti
General Assembly the State was shocked 1.
the iiewsof the death of Chiler Justice Sim
son. This distinguished jurist died of heni
disease, al ter a brIef illness, December 26. 1N
It is needless for me to say aniythintg by w:a
of encorniutn on this beloved mtn. On tI
field, in the forum, as Governor, and
Judce, he had always discharged his dii1
withi zeal atnd ability, and his ptublic honor
which were varied, and of long continuatio:
were the rewards of his high character at
acquirements. He was a ty ph-al Carolinia
and while weinourn his loss we rejoice th
he has left so bright an example for others
In concislon, I beg to remind you that tl
present General Assermbly and the prese
State administration were elected on a ph
lorm of reiform, and that the people are cc
fidently lookinig to us to redeem our pledgi
3lansy of the reforms contemplated have be
consutimated, or in process of consnun
tion; but there are other questions of vii
Imporrsnce which I hope Will receive yo
eareui tc nidrat ion. The precent de
Wjpluratouiiton of our peopie. wilich I
V h-ve more than once allutded to, caiused by
h. the poor yield tf our erc-p and ts low price.
f ake It obligatory vilin you t cut ofI every
posible itetm of exeniti'ture not :bsolutely
iecess-iry. tor it possible, aid attorchcr
' prottable, that Ihere wilt be :t cm.iderabsl
de-ficit by reason of the inabiility of t tic pe
ple to i-y thier taxes. A Iti to sulstitie i
S-11hrits :n1sitead of Ives Inl County onlices. tsut
ti: :he :t--s into the Treattury, ital inkint
t rui ition of '-ib're's all olong the line to
i t'uro- corresponi. dii, v- ith the itirecascd
pureliasin - po..-er (, moiey titiil the deereas
.i tbtiiTV ot ilwopeple to pa.y, steetis ahvo(
Intely ne tsoy V. The saiin- may be 1inle,
tul we htvi re-ached the point where even a
sr.ll eeonolm. is of material importance.
lietying upon your pitriot ismi and wis:dom.
and assuring you tf toy c. dial co-operation,
I invoke the bles-ing it' (o l i -our labors.
I,. i Tillnan. Governor.
Cotiliroller Genera tl' Report.
h The anilnuaI n-po-t to the Le:i-Iature (of Comp
i tt-tller General W. H. Ellerbe. inad- publie yester
t. day. is a ottcueint if especi:i interest to every tatx
'tiver In th- c-iiniumn" w-altl. The paper is exhaus
tiv.t andcons utaten:ents anal suerestions of
imore than oirdlinary .igniiicance. Other interest
attnches to the papier inaisni tich n- the tepartnent I
representd i- t the itmaim arlriesb in the ad-;t
miistration. The salient fcatures ,f the reptrt Iol
r- AtNN A . ETE I "IF \I .
t- As reqired by law I hare persunally attended to
r. :rd ma e the annual :.ettlemenrts in e-ch county,
n except in a few et-inties where I sectutred tie st-rvices
)r a comiipeteit ntLii. to tiiake such settlemlent fir
I The-e- settlements in niany respects, in several of
r the coniesthve nqort prvedt atisfactozy. Nu-t
mertrus t-rrors wvre dt-tcetl, and in soase casts in
ecs--bleni:uites wet-re found, and in othirs a
shorte ot acc-tir-s of treasurers: and in one conn
, ty (Untion) mizri emients if the chi-l finds we-ri
liscoverel. This case has bet-n turned (over to the
Sciturts as requi-ird b- law fo -trict investigatiotn anti
-action. The erro:- i!tectd have been corrected,
-ndi all mti.ie-s iace-d in the public treasury, except h
t. in Charl,tw, where there is dIe fromn *State tx
- $..3. Irent couity taxes td.91t,7G, and acho (, andt
a poll Q262.8 aJoa f 815 : and in Suintter a4
s county $617,49 irn tate taxes. $.. St* fron coun
Itv taxi- frimi school nd oIll *262.94, a tital of a
- 4i99 -i anid in t-iitn cotun-t $4l5,:tt from Mtacte
- taxs, tnakil ai ittl of t0, ; .1 due these respe.- <I
tivc funds 1ttn the three cointies ntaned. (
n The balance frti union county grows wit of the C
e county treasurer presenting a receipt as a viucicer
r which poeiiri bt-elongeI to and had been allowed N
e In the mettlement for 1$49.
Informiatioin cties to me that county treasurers
it in wm-- cs-s delosit county and schotol funds A
in bank id rtceive thereof a small rate Of interest
on such deposit, and often parties holding claimis
ag:int these funds are tot that no) money is on
hand to pay them. C
A CHANGE srGGrsTED.
o The irregilarities tbat have been thus revealed
- saggest tv taind that citoue changes should be
v maide in our -ystem oW County ciollections and lis
I hirew-uts, aid while it may have objectionable
a features I ani now of the opinion that one dis- 1
bursing 4iileer for the State would remiedy the ex
istin'g iitliculties and irre-guhriities. L
a. A sirht itcrease of tne tirce (clerical) in the olice j
r if couptro:er general would enable the work to
be done and nearly every e >unty in the State hav- i
s ing State dI;osit.tries in them the general public
s wiuldi nowt lie incronvenieniced nor alddit:oual expenses C
- be incurred by such a system of couniity and school
e T he penitentiary, Sinking Fund commission and
other institutio-ns ,t the State under the law collect
i- and (ldit-burse niney. 'I he adjutant and inspector
) general disbtiri-N the moncy appropriated for the (
Sinalitia when he is iot I btnded officer. Thc habit t
e of extending the tiune fior the paynrtent of taxes
i opoerates injuriously upon the annual settlements
required bi law. ihe tuie should be fixed at about
s the first of Jantiuary fior the payment of taxes with
t out ptnIalty aid not interred with except in eX- A
bi traordinary cases.
The s-stem of one disbursing office would save
the vxperseb and time necessary to send the comp- A
s troller general to the thirty live counties in the
- State and utake his ovesight continnous or daily in
r stead Of as ri0w -nit- at the annual settlements. C
a Tnere is alsi an old balance due in Kershaw Couri- I
e ty, cttuing over, huwever, from a coumpromise ofl F
-- matters there in the settlemient fur the precedin &
s year. The grand inry of this county has taken the I
a Iatter in hand tinder order of court and a speedy ad- C
justment is hoped for.
r I be- to call your attei . to the fact that the
e reveuties from t.his aoirco are far less than the same
siurce i tiother States coming under our observation.
isThe l:ct-awt, this atate now require an annual lierise
1fee of $ 1, win amounteu this year to itSt0.
Al-. each coupany ioing business ii the State is
requireut by law to return -gross preuiiunus fir tax
t ation, frot which source the State received taxes on
sbout $5,000. ThIs year tue return of ptremIims
a amnount to near $o59, 000.
SThe three larigeat lilt- insurance conipanlies doing
i businesin this'State laid into the treasury of Geor
d gia,as reported by the compiltroller general of that
.State, near $10,000O, into the treasury of Soiuth Car
b olina, as far as the facts have iteen ascertained, 5I150.
r The gross receipts have not been returned regular
lv by any class of comnpanies dloin:; business in the
state except fire insuiranc comupanies, and these have
largely returned only gross receipts si-nt by agents
to the home otlice. and thus a large amiount escapea
taxation. There is another class of companies which
slip into the State without complying with its laws
in any way and do miore or less business.
The law shotuld be mnade more stringent along thIs
line, with a view to prohibiting such business. As
it nitw stands the law affords no adequate protection
to the assured In case-S of hisses where cotntestcd and
judgments obtained. as in many cases no prope-rty
is owned in this btate suject to the process tof law
necesac to compel payment. The only remedyL
now is for the comiptrolner generai to revoke the
license of such companies, whichi prothibit lurther
elawful business, but does not aulord relief to theC
citizen of the State who took risks with such coim
d panies. .
A small deposit froim each cotmpany admitted into
the State, in south Carolinia bondcs, made with the
eState Treasurer, would remedy this <illiculty, but
should not be so large as to be at all burdensome to
the insurance citiinie. C
This requiremen-it would also aid in obviating an-L
other dithacultv with wild cat complanies, by prevent
-ing their en'.rimrn the State at all, and imp~oaintg uponC
- her citizens as now is sometimes iltne.
- All companies admitted Into South Caro-lina should N
e be charged at li-at the same fees anid charges thast a
South Carolina company would, by the state incor
LI [tirating such comipany to do business in such Stateb
or county. In other words the comptiroller general b
or insuraiicecoummissone-r should tbe given itthonity '
to grade the charges against a comipany by those
C made by the compjanysown State so as to miake ourF
insurancce law reciptroca as between the State or ofS
-otlier counties. I
tThe Comoptroller General can discharge the duties i
e of insurance comimissiner, but, with his present
r experience, inclines to the opinion that an insurance F
D department, either separate oraisutect to the controL
of the Compltrotller Gener.a, wouli be a mnatter or S
eciniiny to the State, and properly guardedl by law, 1
with efficient Inaniagement, would iniclease the rev
fenues to the State proportionately to that of' other
--States from this source. I
1If the one-disburstinig-oficer idea advanceed tler
another headl should prevail, then there would be ni-ed
e of a subex-aininer, and the insurance commtisioner
a culd be given such authority na this interest may
.t require. Then a Ilarge- numiber of interests and bus- t.
Simness in, and seeking to come into this State, that p
Snow pay nothing or comparatively nothing, under our E
a laws, for the suport of the government.
t tBuildin.: and li-an associations, foreign land and c
loan assc'ciations cannot be reached advantagously y
except by some systems ou license, and shouid be C
classed with insturance ciimpainiea and muade to con
s tribute their portion of taxes toward the supptort of L
the government whose protection they enjtiy. E
There is also a large interest that now comes under e
the law knoiwn as that atrecting hawkers and [eddllers, a
mhch should be placed under the samne condition .\
if law andl mande to do their duty ats to taxation. 1
fIn concludizng this subject, the law shotild be so r
a.-ndled that ant- anti every elass i-f busintess ini, or I
seekin-- to enlter the State. can be ri-achldi andl tusade e
ti- pav' tribute to the gover-'nent wthose citizeins the
bu'iess seeka to mnakei money- oiUt of otr intvestmen-lts C
amoni Thisb caniiot be doiie ecepcit by somne systemi e
o o-ie-s wihichl will i-re paymettnit therif in ad
vnice, .is ntnny are epheitei'-i mt chtaraceter anid vanish
romn -iarch or sight ibefore the tax collector can get I
e Let ever inte-rest,lindiv-iual and butsiness be forceid
ii ti pay- a jtist, fatir anti equitabtle percentage ofthe ex
penses nitcesnary to guarantee protecion to ant-l
mt-et, individual oir business by the govern
m ent under whbose jurisdictioii the individuad miay :
ie or the interest may lie or business be tdone.
0TA x a LE P-moiPErETY.
n The total tat-alet property of the State fir the fisica1
a var ending tsat Octolber, IS31, is $lG16426i, against I
di 81.30.02.421 lor the last laical year. Alt inic.entse otf I
td $17410,2 over last vyear. A bout 50 pen cett of
.this incrt-ace is diu5 tic the iincreased aesesanments uponil I
ilrailroads, banks and other corporate property in then
,Sonic complaints have been mnade as to thcis special
S class iof mnceased ar-essmnents. but it is not belie-vedc
nitor has it tween shown thait these nssi-simeints
a -Ir.-e'above thne trute value- in mlontey of the property
- N-i cimnphints have- reached this ottieen fromi the
,t -ire-ces on other classes of persoinai pripe-rty. It
is knitwn that the insc conies almos-t entirely
iiiit taxaible property i-titer than real estate. .
T1his Legirslature, ini mty judlgemeni-t should order I
a re-isssment II reasL estate in South Carolina. as it
leis known i thait the average assi-sstmiet uptn this class
3 -tf txaible property is noit mueib above- 50 per cet-i
Ii oti ts realI nmnev- value. which dilhiiculty can ntowt be :a
rt relt~mediiedoly 'by thne aiuthiority of' law conming
0- througt the actittn of the Ls-giclature.
S T-tIre ire, is I li:cve gtiiid reasons to believe, ill- I
i ins ol diollrns if oilier Itxable p rpet-y ini this btactee
iivto Atiw upin thei tat- boouks, ni c-n it bei fairly reach
m d byt the prectent laws p~rtmtly anti . ltcienity. -
se Tic- facct lthat a large untt 01 prnopertny escapes<
axiatin altint iher and thait values are lactetd sitI tow
upo other properm.-ty mtakes thei burden upoin that I
aclass tf piropetrty, hne-ty retturni-d andi aseersed, i
unitas atle andi vicious, andi hiiece largely tecioure
1o Oer the, comtplainits against high taxation from thait1
:ass if taxi-ayers.I
Wih the re-aissesitient iof real etate let the legis
ture nl,-, pride a-i syst-a- last that wm i:heh ntanyt
i anti every-r es -if taxatile prt.pernty ini the State- ]
at Let muories, n-it-s., bionds andh tntxalet sieurities of!
Lt- ivent- class ail and kn- he nreached aind iplaced upo'n1
our tax bo-ks. I
s. rcTe raiileations i-f that systeml shouini be so cm
i plte aund thorough tins.atno proiperty can elude i ts i
a-grasp ancd the nit-nan thei. ito-n, tine high arid thie low ,
a-the citizen if Sotuth Carolinia if every coinditiion
nr c be male to feel, to realie to knitw that he bears onily I
Ju:'t pertin of the 1thrden s - fa ::.vtermn -6t cr.ate
nd, :tan tar. te bene-fit a:n! p-r-tctio of all
in m3..,v hwref w mxh al 1- bkY. 1 con d--n
bei 'e~ 'Vea '1f thepr. en valution: of $&k.3 .
Ido fo.r tanitiTn. wew* hihv $t33.33. . . W h
hr- pr 1prty t t tta aft its r- , i- 3 ,
.1the.r r'3rees 3f re, . ca3refuilly a:..1 j33iel'n.dy
Nit!bi1 the b-sohie :d-e of the ::tv*fil ert -. the
evy !or purpo't coul bw ratucel :.2 .r.
iills. anfi hut r.reat ;part of the ineenwive t, the
rpayer atoatI.::e rtur lt r1.n3ovedI andI3 th
ltiate"pi.: upon :ur ivet h11me1 and11 Opinion
rim abruard -)f the zstate nit impiiatrol dthreby.
The pre,-::t Ibmw rate (4f th pr. et 'fteSa
s nowA' -ubI-head to, the world. is k..,nly f..:t by every
-it zen who, nwms tie wonderful rsonlees. a.1d f7ian- 1
-1:,d str-.'3t*,h o: the State. Aknow thes
acts, tioo,houbl act a, incentve t' everv e ood citizen
>r tlie State to hi; fit duty In rl3edinlg the evil
31nd ercourage th.o- charzved Vitlh the einetienlit a1nd4
.? ritration of 3:Lw', to tie fulle't -3Cruntin if th
,-, and the applicatin o-f such rcm-dies and l..
i wi prodnev the results dosired.
The inequalii'is of the prestnit aissessmtsll. are
tross and plmaial !rin:: in s14me0 i.-tanc33es (it the
n.1e1v cl.ssf If' ropertv Ill :1 rent patt.: f he Stite.
mnt the bLw as it now is dto.,es n.t confer the r.ecessary
.uthorityuptown anytlyl.except every fifta year, TO
qualize :heiv :,m's.m.e;t.. be'tween the ditert lit comn
uunities of the State. If tte authoritv now iven
o the State' board o0 eiIizatior.s for railr-wls c, ,1it
>e extetlI I to II taxabile, pr1perty in tihe State other
ban real t-state tle- evil, I trink' culd -ea:
ernedlied atnd proper equinftiy of asieit ini a
bese elaisses o1 pro;erty made andi presrveid.
It h.is been y3v iturpose to .if and pree-int t:
illiculties as I t1nd Them from ne year N experiecl
ud41 leave details :t.d reiedi:dl law t.) the good j3.:
icnt, wisdowmi~ ndexprience ofyour hotnorabilebdy
WV. 11. El.tr,
Report of the State Trensurer.
Or'!e: 1F ;rm: Twrr:,-.vl3r.:.
CIw.Mu. November 1, IM181
To the lon W. 11. Eilrhe, Cotrnptroller Gtneral
ir: 1 have the honior to submit through you to the
oioronaile Setnate and llouse (if Re3resentatives the
.lowingiz rep.r:. exhiLtin:: the stite of this depart
wilt ht the close of the la-t tise:d. ye.rand its tran
tions for the fiscal vetirenldinz Octobevr3lS91.
I have thoqught p e to st.bnit a num1er if brit
stract stateients in alditiOn tot the re::ular annuil
tatements in order to iVe in casier view of the cvn-l
ition and wor% of thi.. d1epar:mient.
'ash liabilities Novw-iber 1.190...............$159,197 :1
ash on handt3 Novetnber I, 1 90................ 77,94:, !33
et cash indebtness Noveiber 1. 1S910.........411,2.3 4o
As set forth in the follI.wing:
STIACTOreASt AssETS AN! LIABILITIES NomiVVN- 4
n1m: 1, 189).
Assets in cash October 31. 190: t
naob balan:ce Oct ob.ar 31. 1890....................S 77,943 93
vneral acecount ........................ $ 3,943 W6
epartment agriculture.............. 31.t32 27
ikinz fund commission........... 39,:1-7 4V V
edempiltion dileiencies..... 1,141 20
Total............................$77.94:3 9: '
Current habilities, in cash, October 31, t
raterest due and not called for...................$17.7S 4
an interest to be includel.*500)............... -...00
oe.artinent agriculture, applied t.o Cleuisun 1 4!
College.......................... ....... ...... 15 00 r
epartlent agricultu re due on departnenit
warrints (since aid)........................ 6.047 02
inking lud comrnoaon........................ -9.337 40 3
terest on boonds not vet fund............... 94,32e, 10
'npaid balance W: sploropriations......... .....1 05 07
49.197 33 c
ash liabilities November 1.1891................ C 0
ash assets November 1, 1891.................... 64.615 02
et cash indebtedness..............................$3,617 SI
As shown in following.
sTrACT CAsHAssFEs AND LIABILITIES NovEMBitn I
ssets in cash October 31, 1891:
Caish balance October31, 1N1................ 0615 02
As follows :
eeral accolunt................................22.S 49
epamrtment agriculture............................. 1.111 5'
rivilege terthiizer tax............................... .1I 50
nking fund c-uniision........................... 31.010 34
edemption eic cies (sales blues)......... WS 17
lemson bequest cash................................. 5.247 78
scheated poroperty, cas......................... 2.661 61
on ner lund, cash..................................... 51: I c
Totl................................................$ 4,61.5 02
C'URRENT CAISU LIABILITIES OcTOBER .31, 1391.
iterost due and not called for....................$17S,996 G4
,tereston bonds not yet funded after fund
g................................. ........ 92.S93 4
Inkiig lund com tiission.......................... 31.010 34
cial accounts reserved.......................... 9.332 42
npid balance of appropriations.............. 110000 00
A bstract of liabilities othcr than cash, 1st Novemsber
189f. (Bond debt :)
rowns consols...............t,-,393.076 70
lue 4t pe cents........... 4t;0I.33 03
rown 4 per cents, 1sJ0..... 29.3960 70 b
gricultural College scr ip. 191,800& 00 1
eneficiency stock outstand- 717
nds andl stock still funid. it
able in Brown consols,t
#0,406,006 (00 tl
ring the year the sinking I
funkd cornission has punr
chased and5. retired
Brown consols5 amount- t
Ing to................ 5 26,911 72 b
To.tal iiabliities ist Novtemt.er. 1590 . 1
:ash liabilities..............f 4813,197 80
iabilities othe than casa... 6,43317 i
a~sh assets 1st Novem- . ,2.1 5
ber.1S90........................ 7,943 93,
et indebtedness 1st No- t
vember, 1890......... 0.84,771 1"
Total liabilitIes lst November,1891: bI
ash liabilities............ 4118232 as
ibilities other than casn. 0,40G,606 004
-S 0,834,38S Si
:ash assets 1st Nov~ mber,
et indebtedness 1st No-I
vem ber, 1891.........$6,770,223 811
Abstract revenue and receipts year ending 01 Octo
iosphate royalty.......................... 18450,2 46
rivilege tax ont tertiliz--ra.................53285 8
nking fund cotumaission.................. 1779 29
e.artmen agricultur....................... 3,.i3 2511
irad assessument for 1H. 1t.. cornnaie
atoners.. ........,.............--- 9745 48
ses, Secretary State. $3,0W3 07, insur
ance licen3ceas 3,SSO...................... S.970 07
)ecil funds........................-.....1.4511 22 $
her sources.................................. O5 a 19
nanee cash 31st October, 1890........3');; g
ExPENDIT'ERE YEAR Ext>INcG CcToDEP'. :181
-:islative expenses.................----,.5 0
blic prntug...........................-"19 :
ductional, charitable, penal and san
itary institutions and expenses........4
.omissioners sinking fund warrants.... it.~Z
iterest on public debt and expenses..... s3)7
san under Act 1sS9 and interest........134
lectin expen es....--....-----.
neleIltion State House................
efund taxes.............................1 ' 4
.alntininu miilia...........-....-..--...1 0
edleption Brown cona01l.............
irect tax clhims. Aet 1884........
epartuent agriculture.....................6,4 1
outingent funds stationlery and3 sTampsa
of executive ofticers............... ...,4 3
alane csh 1stOctber 181........1, 15 0 1
lenion equet-csh aset0, 47 !
'leuson equet-oter iset
Totl eti~ate ti~et........... ,4~123) 00
ownerf~tn-ca as~t"......... 4.43 1 2
'ownr lnd-the assts............ ....3 63
notaccount................... ..---.--- 13,706
al ane a31t Octoer,189........... 8 14,615 0i
fe t'.nseuet-nsofthis oasse.................. forth 8
T otetiatedli anlst.....s............. .10
schente testate oft Maor(n-cas assenTs... t 6is 58p
tcheaedi sateh~ ofe Maone-ther assedti ...4th 113033
Tota...........................t.3t$7:4 3.3.WtI.i.... 117 58.
seheted ta~te~~~.. Burton-ctsast............... 33.13 06br
Ataelmt.ent3' of ac3 o that33~ e3 inf de rwith ref-1
rnc toea yAtjs onin aus'e, isfurieed m3I' i thi
TheIrascton tthis3. l'e'i dmn ofeeae fur nte3 e forth
.eaccl.npaneing theni:,statemeniiitr:i.3 3.'33i
From tetatem wspett or exhibits ::v i t reportI
n333 iex3can be lred ofnl ths,:e niio fth.ia
A~ ltair of t4his htae.lf3: ie(ttrlN
ahfhail:t'wit whunic:: to purhi.19'N aind 43 3h
tath a.'Tse toly $e.1'titat' .1:a wtnh' merbdy 3. 9 3 ro
f yalty ell etil! 'h $~1 eO l'. a compare w ith 33 till e pre
,rhvel lpa'i the lan negpOitia.ted4 under~ art ti r ~
ofII 1- ih .- 4iiii-t;i-iP IT ti-illli-IWi :10Ci.i
--i-arv for the I.c::i-hitr-- to) n r-Tri-i-ie the !-1n 'f
*.0'Ii pay thi- An -indly inade t th.i S'ate witht
-is~i.t iee; l- i-dv!i . to ct hea-a .--I in- IN--% -;w -
Sl :' ti i n:: t tde.~ 1t-,! i-ed 1!0'.:is- o i- i ..t-r .
I 'inerle. i- i-ee isx tal unpid i-i urTndttier A I
i-et -i-i-t --bove. i-tn o h fu.rather-i :t. ihi-. h ie -
ele lire -ir ri-e~iwi-re itnd iiti- pm ii-ie.i- a -i-nyth.
reprei entir t- ti h-- h -n t i-rt t-htsi-i-i-i n-i-ot c ri - o
Xhe e l . h ei i: k'n:: inp-i r itin 11: . w -it ti-Il
mr-ite t-eif r i: i ir- i- tiare i-s r fniin rtn tied tie
i--ri5- li u h n th e it n w r p -e it in il
Ierin::-kin fi in- :-ment of warrimte
-r :ait it by te bo~idO of ~ cm it Ion--rso thV
*:-rilt ai-itl t ati---- fli-v mk t init-i a -- li-v te i-i-e .%i-i
i:-ti- nd i-iiT-hte i reci- ti-n hi-li- it pti- n ri nri-i- er t-- At
h- tit.4 : tin :: i ui -iti--r i-ii-aliy i-to i: i : .ih-ei
mIut u-rei ved-i--ii tfoun h - .: es . i nt-i bee- n i-ii--ii- i-i-- d toi
tiist4l il b t- m int, i--i :tite w irr li-i-o th
Tvernr t oith p ic t , hern it --e ti- ri- ii the
The . itrest on v the nfuned on I-IV l, bse re
4ueed ::Clr ithie.l as~l th n fa oin in iton N.. i-fel. prl
-ri-ined, ti- t$t .-t 4- -i ettiinte . l i it iu dvbe
[li-i-n. rt nind ht t esilti-e-t re int ta -, t d tbti-c the tat
li te :. hi doi n-ftitteatnd paet icw tl'hen itnis
i-i-re tbtin vin t i i i--- th e ttatilt-i- seee:.-i-it
iT-- to vi- h lea ith; tu-e f - r serv 1 is-- p a
-aiatua an r bytty ttaation s rbyt eale hef
I::i-inicu-iti with 1hi- en--hti-ti t i n rti- rv- in or the
i li-.-iI tihnei-r t -i-r w l::' t w-il I nen:-. Ai re-serv
ilnd is i-ri-i - nifiy-ne idid t o h thi- h tr eil i-tiin i
icote ttat c tty cm iie l p i-ni- -I o-I l- pajii-cti n b ya
-:)let Io-rin i-i t:di- nterjie-in it niiv u -nt i-ibo . l -i
imi-er tob ci-ji-e.1 i-, i-eidt-ern:idir app nia- i
in r. I-irt- iil wihti ep-ri. tiso ie pplieo
h-:u-ei- i th e t- iic c a tj e- n !ire i- ' hi- i enerv
oi itsr ii t at t- cns l-tni-li d e Act pnd
ies j it r i-- iheu-e lyk li- the patiS i-in teret Gi-iti
'tieir lowieereta th is. ianl t re n .-e upin
he, ztreasury~ at anytine fotr isy ndy ahen yit it
is ree in ie ice ofthrictake Nsate to tie th
i-i-er n rati-sbry enane it-n ti-i- t-rner the
i-iti-i-li-i- :Inv- i--ti--- crtiict s i-n ti uce-. I ha e o i
i-Ind tio-i- re.t :mly tIiuh e-inte l-nc. I fe tiu i rnyij
i>i-li-yt-ispehla thi-e ltis tin wi-i--hen no lrei-ar pati--inii
tii- t-te dti-i nisc ni-i-n:: mauit yc criated whensitvis
nre- i th fever ubetv aps ti-h e rtaeqnoree frtt
Unti treasuryI -ii-ti-ii-ii-cis provied icthi:m le fund to pay
>rnoi-i-I --anyc j-iut clhi- a:in- t h i er.nsl- h rwi
FNNGOF Tilt' CoNSOLSsl'NYr TIE ACTS OF
I conilited with instructions ven tt-aine in the Act.
nia l- -- p plier ni--i-tin t i- t in newspapers. I t
( hae jilarens i-s-of th.- Act printed an o
ice hiv-en that they cotl he h-id piion lipplication by
.arties esir i : inforihation and have sent out acari
imber of copis. Copies lif the cire-rs h Ind ntl
iaare furiii-d with this reprt. I rsto had pre
ated with intch care th e necesstiry boutin which
o reriv all transacti-ns undier thefunin - Act nd
luplicatcs tf sthee ii- ks for the fi-slee of the Gov
rnior and Secretary (if the State. A n agreenienet wasN
-nitered into with- the American Bank Note Ciaol:pr.v
t,-urnishc the n-cissary plates and to enrave the :
n dso and ht-k certiates as neded. I have order
i and ceti for only three huindred one thonsand-oi
:ir boonds, three hundv(red live hutndred-dol~lar boind-C
.nd two hundred nilifty s-ock certificates. reservin
iders f-r a further suply-I as wnay be regqnired' fromn
irne to tirne as refoundlin:: procnroes.
Until #ily. 1-2. the i-i lie is restricted to the sfs
lm it -exchanging the new 4 per centr eor the Brown
But little progress has been mnade in exchan.-ing.
inly:,-0 70 of new 4 per cent have been exchan: -
d Per ani tqal~ amiount -if B'rown consols. Under th
igid requireents of the Act I an afraid not many
xchnges will be eracted. Pro -o-itions wera made
;hich, if authority hand been ::iven tile to accept,
ght have reslthed in exchang-in one anillion of
hue bondt s by ti iit-e.
I ant not s.-ekling respounsibility, but I respeectfinlly
ubmit that perhaops a widecr iscrtion should be giv
n to the G-ernor ndt Treasurer than is allowed in
he Act as it stands. In the pnssible event of the
olders ofl the Brown consois declining to make a Vol
intari exchange for the new 4 per cents stich provis
)n sh~ould be- nade as w.ill insure thle s-de of the 4
,er cents, i- order it at ithe procee thereof may be
pplt pad to the re t nplition of the consols at matirity
1. Juily, 1
Ai -tppropriation f funds t-hould also be made for
ie pay ment of the difference of : per cent in inter
t required ili the Act.
Thle variety characier and conthiton of the Atore
f this bequest ivet t treasurer andb his asoistants
luch trouble, and increases very ::reatly his respoon
ibility. The State Teasurer has virtually been
riade an executor in thisA case and responsible foer the
iana::ernent of an etatte, solne of the securites of
ohich are payale in another State.and some ar
gainst parties In different counties in this State,. se
tired by mortgagis in property, cicerning which I
,low nolthing. Of own knowledge. Sue table No. 3 for
I have given notice to a-l partie s a19 ainst whomi
laims are past tie to settle by November , or the
lai-is will be placei in the iands o the Attorney
t-eral for it fcion, yin ntention being to invest
thte funds in tt sectirie-ties.
I respectfully ask ttiat thie Legislature will author
re the ee dl-i conviern Th i-i otes, etc. into CrA
einvt.fWDi-t of this into a piece iof scrip such as
ad ito itessndci-i have thiarrip. out, emt bea h
n aed tf- uste welof -- the er it Itfti-uth nCarh
a.cii to hori e I-i-wa issued ofv no-ben ableii-11 t
ti-i-i-ue for congt3Censi-i. Coeet the it
Tae Tesrcoulino l- n iete tw ncrit ilienr<
iees tinoe- tpi-i truts leAt of th nvriyad temt-ri
se TaClemo. Cle::e.Tbiit l hls the rtiiu c--tceil-yt
eit ofice t-d fripson, pr inj-nesident ti-ih trute-s tfhe
ict is f ipsil- t idtis sili-ereccip. thosee tof bei
OJasof rusee re1Sp1-ecivel froma the sam imenii
uovidtior coni-vlerCitint Clei-ni- equticoesbto iir
The-colletioniof the pr -fcsiveti-etatt- of Tertili-ners
rasi-iini-ose byo thisiimt oile y Athi of ece.ber
i-ii--kt. lbert Nof jxiits thie amount inllected obyu
bis offiet li-nks from whatrt companie- , aw-ttnedaleith
nsctioins frii thi e Lsc islyeariexceded- tos ofi- d1sji-90
EiTEAtD ETA--NTE T.- sti-.BR~N
On Jannl-rtir-,1$9. of rleeielfo A.itnti so. ti-ne.
n-r to, as by his stat-met fie- in t-htis-tlie. tI
rinkite libearty f hplctui-- ththi- li-i-ti-is- in -ie f our-i
e s aing i-i bnk-sii- i----i- ineli-ii-t fhil awi-tiang ne n
ns trit-atni-from te-i Lei-iiati-re in towhat d-iprei
rtion t i-nielo i-t .--tnne ii -ci-- ii-opii l-~
rA-tia -ndter tIwner ji-lEnt etield Cnountysome i-m-i
rior-toi--:-, i-n hisilii w- i- devisted an-td bequatihednhe
i-valincia part-f h---iietaiicti-ni-I te pupoevfestntab
ihir.i-andtn ai nt i lu ni-: a i-.chol thor oirirvi-i-i-iiildre
n i ianati.The- Lt-i-ituthrin ie Sttee
he i-ris-en ri ac-nd i-ae aoi-fs t I- l -t-ti-i- andi- the
rectioIun ti--d n ii-tn nc ti-i att~ tcho- i-i-i-ets n cit
r ln a ti-r n e-ri-h i pl intate i-. itin or0 h I h gii-l
ue cityer-- Ai-th . As iiiti-i- lenio buidn ndpt tIand
yn- i-ii--oari-oficomitist- sioner S an t ivesitmenii-ti-and
eiv ae s-ti -i-i-o thei-c-a i-ise i-i- thesi ta rse ati-i l-n.tis
In eian.lt wos Ssc-edathyeiin lte- at
Torteaur toi-iraeiv the aSi--ni-i-f tt-s- tund Il-in E.
1uthorir-tiwsitiven ti--ott invist iteu aCsts iiin Sou
caro lti att-nd- G r:Ia tatve teci- iiti-i-i ti- in b i-idli-f
rani-ity iif Augustt . As-i-trot al i- n thsi-s reptntof tIhei
r ane i neipracticati seiof the---t i--fe nlot Ei--crnitiv
)eniht. w i-ti- tiben-er'.eth uosheiitiDuner.iui
lay hi-eW.niT-er. tl-li-li
AnRepory of tiec-reatryi of tratte.i--i
i-r-o-rtevo: h I- havletii- thiei i--nor to h it-uii i
ta s itins titi i th2i is btr au h ti----ihii n e i--y-e- tii-i
ipi- ltweini-l---ti- r th nit-otisca li i-ash end ui -I friti-i-tli-f
ster.1-v 8i-i .to-i eti- her tii-iit totii-c6h i-ieci-i--uneei-ations
Si-it-it-iisiiv-ii--i d i-i-i- it tii---s ti-iIa ntit - ke
i-uli- i ed-cirii and--i- i-i to -ke uge i-if- -i-it ilice -the I6thi
Ant Givet ry of--- t-ei- recordlii , funtriad
>r tperty i-i--f th flie- wa iti--e i--t-er -i to m ti-i i-n.'
> i-i h i-i-f bein-ithe :' munthi- f i-i-i-li -ci-e i r-i-h n it -w
. i siwn t--i I b y- Ai-t t i-i-i-ii-riIl ii-- ft- s -lice, f i-ec
iTi-t-- i-e iri--i of t i-i i i-n- iii-t -iihe issue frorn
he Governor-i i-ii- andi- eli-i-i- byi- hei-pie
--ii-- lepot.i i-iiii- have ri-iived $2--i- ::: t-i-th i.i wahti-b itotei-i r
it the $-it 1.9: ti-u-ii-tn- overwi byi--i i--H t-n. J. ti.\ i-tiiha!-t,
i-t---i fo rcon i i oner i-i-t ued.-i i-i--lii-i-i-iidi-ci-i--i-li
:Stde - of tirei-ilrdi i----tin-i-Ihed.-i l-i-ii-i- t i-i-ii t-u-i-i-li as i
:tnstrtud by- theii A-i tsey Gae-er-i . n- fe aebe
liuc i-d thi itntm i-i-hi- eii u--ii--l i-i-di-itit i--1.1 titii ittii
i-een: iyed,- ubic-nhii i-ti- agitmiy en reneiby
the l-i Goeni r ado:--ric-eiy-h.Gnea
Twoi -i-ndtted and tei :cth rtee l atto-nd-~ts-t havef
bee -niap ov a andi- li d hiit----inh :--Li e tui w::t.- i--- n ti-i
\-ame hae-ee tre-i ..ier itt the Atte Teasui-ttre-i
txhi-i-it ti E ,ii tilt- i--1iii. s sten m e n m u t
(ti-i-ti-Ti-i-certiieti- i--i iitocpn-Si-ichithe-S.
biti- tini-i-il-i--n i- nd a-i-t-i he - iiee f pti-i e ssiby-i
Troh vais pcii-i ria ti-i- i th-i- i---i chr thei---secre t
i-i-f int- ExiritsF si---i e-i-a Ev-iii I.~ tie1t
rn : n 'Ii 1 .el (al cirmilion aof inewtIc.
r Owien retuirns Live r-o yeft lvern tiad.
whIh -r lawiled as fa-: :,1 r.-:0 ..tat'. antd
in.t:n~ compti:iies,*5 aelctri liuht c'aa:nais.
Paie: l alI f.-atilizer 'al matm"aturin::enlilanit .
4 e'ntretf arn i.s..aa ti i colleaetcornpunt, elbankin::
c 1 aa-. 1 bI I conp:.ny, 12 rierchar.dli
4 warehlue de 4.) riinufac'to r iri
e n i 'at d talederina tisany, a'.":
deus earnpani.-u, . nicaio-n c--rnpn.: insurr, e,
c'mpani.,. 1 i'. v, :alan. 4 w.er W '
Ct. zm :t..al- .2 oil "mil o :;i s. I mi i;-aiale n V I
car con'a'ny. l t.arn laal collipaies, flbuitadin:
etnngcman tiea". tI a.it amltalc ivmelt compan.
inia:compnies, Stanie tmple copany,:)
h'teI patie. 1 qpwra hii-nv coipa,. 1 pnultryv anI
;ts"ttac caimp. I cottton manly, 2 hospi:a!
2 dred.:in:anal transi .taation complai".
2 laan anal invest nient companiea.2 elothin i a-mia
ies, I t phaeco waeo- opn,1ste-am j-4int c-41
paly, 1 coia' soll 'un hnse' coplllany. 1 school iook sup
p!v compaly, I lfydraille mlatator comp:ay. I araaled
sehool con v1any. ir l atsociattn cornanyl.1 a: illn: as
aociation.l Jf.-nkis'ety c:atch :iin Cany,1 laaatowage
c':alanyllv. I kaolin C:alnpany, I rattre:.s and :lring bel
'Tl'e Carolinia Printint. anl Manan~iaaetring C:npany
surtrenatre itseharter 12th Ma6rch.191.
Twenty-thre' eh:;rter coripanies have increased
theireapital stock.and on coap:any has reduatced its
calit l ,toiek. Thtre i., a provision in the chartar!law
!)y whicchharter ca.anpl'inieS maty increase their c:ai
t:-l stack. hut none tat autiorize them to redluace. I
mal st rt-lpectifully call vour attetilion th is fact.
The work f indaexin:: te records in Ihe olie: of
the Socet.' State a has been rtast aHiizent:y and
e:-efuliy pr-!zead bya Col. W illias Wallace, w'om
aplittedl to continu:e -h' waork wa iIre Mr. L. T.
Levin. Jr.. left oft'. la' has ex:anied 571.90) grant.
contt:iinead in tt.a volumes and dltcavered 1.:6errors.
Grants t,. the inmbea tar -)f 5: werl fontil not indexed
at afl. 7 o ther Iateri:i errors wa're discov red . suLch
a:s iacoaret pazing. ete. which rendeared the indaaex
irac.ieally of no vaine- to thatt extent. The ii"in
-:mits we-re interlined. andl the pagin:: Corrected.
wbijeb is of -rrat bitenefit to the pea-iae who h ve
inerests involved. Many voltmesit, he found, are
pillltlCicate, or nearly so. which cales more or let's
!lelay. and. as ilhexe's seldomit gave the water courses
at which thl-- lanls Iat' o- r.:amlle af' Counties as
sublitqiently divided, amneh tilrne wa,. consumaed in
n es*rlr;:.ins pon the irdexes dese' ilations-t o' grants as to
location..hich is of;reat i amprtalnce, and saves
miuch tirne when rl'ference to thern is necess-arv. The
oanpll tion of this wia k is if lnaifiest importance to
tii e I ont' mid tahe lpoqle at large, and I recommndia a
K.I:t*E't OF STATC not'I: AN.a t'Ns.
Exhibit F. i' !2. shows the aiount expenied for
fue'l to heat the ofiees. the libraries. and the two houses
lr the General Assenblay. Whole arount expendel.
kG99i: arnitnt appropriated, $1,20) ; leaving a balance
af *:ti1. Exhibit F hows the amaunt expenled and
ppropriated for lighting ?he State HIouse and
:rounds. The ens lights af the Senate ware in baad
:-.nlition wh'n the General Assembly met in 1N9land
ida not afford sallicient li::ht. Under a resolauion o
heQ Snate. aireeting the Stc:etary of State to increase
heir light, I hal lte zas jets overhaulel anai male
very elffrt to render the eas lights stillicient ; hit
drer a second copiaaint of Senators and boy res-lu
ion o the Senate was farced to have electric lights
rnAed on in the Sentte Chamber. No provision was
naade bay the General Assembly for this e:tra expense.
l'he atteintion of your honorabic bodies is called to the
mflortaLnCt' anl fLasileiiitV of secuiring electric lights
fr all publie blildiais Columbi;a througl one
)!wit located at the .svltm which wonll less-n the
iual exiense of lilits anad ta' nore satisfactory.
The State IloAsea ounds have been carefullv tandi a1i!
zentlykept anal improvd as much as the aniont ofthe
apprpriation could atfard. The flowers were hetter
han I hal hoped couid be maaiea with the sum appro
riated. The two mounds In te front hell down dur
ne the year. One if them Ltas been replaced more
iubstantially. and the other Is now b.'ng rebuilt.
ulbs anal plants for early flowerin are ,secureal in
imited quantities for the coming yaear. Terraces in
be rear to correspond with those in rant have Lee.
arly cornpletoel, but not sodded.
A less ap: roapriation than alloaved the last year
vould lie ina'uflicient to keep the grounds in their
>resetnt condition which adnring the year have pre
ented a neat appearance and given m -.ch pleasure tit
All it,' which is respectfilly submitted.
J. E. Tra. Secretary of State.
The sixty-eighthi aannual repas t of the Goard of Re
enti and siaerintendnlent of the Sta!e Luratic ay
an was male public yesterday. It is aine of' the
nost imo[artant of iall the annual reports, ziving an
xhaustive resume of the treatruetat aif tha State's
The nnmbe'r of patients treated during the year
as 1,1o2. O1 these, 7:1 remain at the ayluml.
hae cast awr capita has been .36! cents daily. In
|ampliance with tie law 3:3 harmaea's insane persons
save been returned to the varions counitiei. Somte
a the counties have remonstrated, sayint they have
0 alms haouset. The suggaestiaan is made "that the
aws ofadlmission of paatie'nts be amended as asked
> the suaperintendent anal the counties be made to
aty into the State Treasury a part of the mainte
anee aof their benaefielary piatients."
An opation! has baeena obtained on a pice of land
ear by, upon which to erect banildings faar the col
real male lunatics, if the Legislature shoulad so dle
Trhe report says that t"the various departments of
he asylua have bean conduacted,. in a measuare, to the
atisfactlon of the Regents."
Corxa'nrA., S. C., Oct. 31, 1591.
lo His Excellency B. Ii. Tillman, Governor of South
Ste.: Tnre Boaard of Regents of the Saauth Caroli
a Lunatic Asylulm have the hoanor to submit to yaourl
'xeliercy the annual replort with the accomp~anyinig
W . e wonia respectruaity adirect yoaur attention to the
intaber aof patients treatedl dulrin; the, yeara which
.as t.1:12. The number nuow ternainirng In the asy
umn is 7%
'Te coast per capita has been 360 cents per day, and
orth ear $1382.42
nconla c ith the law we have retained taa
e variotus Couaanties sauch harmless insane as caauld hie
ard f'ar at hoarne, e:- in Alms IHousaes. numlaberlin: in
a 1:%:. Of thaesae th 'ee have been retulrne'd. Sotie oal
he Counities have remofnsitrated, sayingl they have noa
Mmse Hiatuse, anal can rntake naa paraovlsion far thecma.
t would be well foir all thec Couanties to) eoraniz.e Ailaus
nouslles, alintake t'.ena self-sustaining, which Is en
W'e wouldl respaectfullly sneerest that thec law aaf adl
nisson of paatienats be amenned as askeda by the Su-.
erintentdent andi the Ca'anties be msde to pay in ei
be State Treasury a part oh' the mainatenance eaf their
We call elpecial attention to that part of the Su
erintendent's re part re'lating taa utakinag pirovisionl foar
hea~ coul'reda ltrale lunatics. The liegents have always
ivcatead thae erecting ofI all buildin:;s needead, on aar
n0ta::aaaus to aour ptresent itloatio as beingC the most
dvlantaeaus to the Stale in every paartictlatr.
In ;accoardaance with this viewawe have ala otption on
pieeafhland neasr bry, upotn which to erect tim builad
tact, if thec Le::i.iture" shld sat decid'. ..
(lor Sunlerinatenden'at 1s nowat oraa'nizinX a Tratimang
scollaaa in'the Asyua ma, twbich weill add maateritally taa
Ithe' welfare of the platients r.nda we trust will ameet
Sithll the apparovailaaf the Legislatture.
Dulring the year there have beena chasn::'s in the (till'
-rs tif the Asylumn. Dr. P. E5. Griilin ceaseda ta he
supea' intenden'lt ina M.\y anal his place' htas been ;iliedh
i~y Dr. JT. W. I abacock ; Mr. 11. P. Green. the Secreta
rr tandt Treat'vrerr. having niedis 5 Idace has beena li11
51l itt Mr. J1. WV. Bauncha.
T'ii. variaous dlepartnments laf the Asylnum have been
ndualacted in a mantner to the satisfactionl .of the Re'
We fae 5l ssued that the Le:iaatulre will still
nitatian this nobale charity In :a becoming annaller,
na make sneh appropriation~s foar it as are neaeded.
We have the honor to bae your obeadientservanat,
B. W. TATia.
P'.esident of the Bloard oaf IRegents of S. C. ILunlatic
stelItNENDI:NT iIAueOcKs r.EPOP.T.
Ina his repert tao tihe Re;etls Sup~erintendlent Blab
..- ays: "At the he:;:linig of tihe yeaar thecre waer'e
pr-et'is p. atiets-tt:M~ maaale tand :359 feln ale. Of
bse 445 wera' whaite, anti :3:3 colaired. There were
abt'i 'an triai fairty-three'. Duerir the year 111
twra' admlaitteal. atIl thte nttnaber euader tratmena't i.Ii:.
Th-.-" lhi;haest naurnbler of patiants was s andi lila. owta
e~t 71ii. 'Thiere wre adichlar:eda 2S4 aof whomIt 94 were
eh.aaeda as re'covaeried. 37 las itn parovaed. atunituaproved;'
44 wte're remoaaved. 5' elopaed. 159 iadl: 4ti art' absent
all trial. Tile resualt at the endt atf the' yar is 7:3S pa
i'lntsa:3CIS maale alla 11.0 f'emaiae, of whomi 42:i tare
whtela anal :115 caloredl.
"Compiared with last year: 1t less were ailandttedl.
:9 mart' adischarged, 5i maore' undaer treatnwlnIt, :10
molre dischareda as recovfered,. ane:3 moatre dieda. In
aditian ti that 4:1 absent atn trial tat tile beginnin aaf
'Ihe vear, 1791 ware re'leasedt atn praalatian. Of these
1 'aere daei'hreda :s arecove'redi. :;9 las imparred aaa'
nimprovt~'aed. 2 te'turned,'t ta:td Ga are stall ti. Tihe're
lass baeen nito l ep ii dhisease if ser aols nlature. Duar
inl thle tlprinlt mumpsljt wtere'a prev~ak lnt.
On Maarchlt. a twhite fetmtale lititent comiatted~
suicd' by' hlang"inf. Site hadh ,ee 'ahere abouat twot
loothis 'anal hiad ianaifetied not iticidial tendtenIcy.
Thec veradict oh the cotronle's juary e'xonreratced the eali
c'ris tandt nur-a's aof thet Asyluaa. A matong sa large tall
insanea p l atton,. stri'e :as ne m~ay tat praeent thtema,
-tuch unllifortunate' acidents seemll i aevi tah-.
"ITe fto'a'll"ngtable shatwts the pear calaita east f ar
th l'ast lillian vatars : '75"-a7. 5')a't.%' '7G-..77.
14 t21'; *71. Ci-'.04)" ' 679 *176..5 i '79-St)
$146.ia. : -. $1I 7 ;' 'a54 $1411.: 4';35M
tll4a:.; t'a-7. $1*3 ie 110.5');'8 9
-Iring a'' tie call-at ofl I ., the're were iln
tila"tate a taott of 1.112 liant and 1,.15 idiiotic.
't ter aite o a ethber 17.1 1 I a. F". Childls, actira::
tluperntendent'It ofi ce'ntut. wtrate" lae that -tha er'ent
number of sae inl Suth Carlna., a'liahtwn hay thte
praae'ent etna.--lt. ic t9ii.:tand the ntiuambe'r of idioatic 1 .41.
-'I. te'tar,' the. aly acita thiat hiave'.as yet, been tabu
ttedl relative ta tis cltass, anti the t'ame tare liable to a
ti;:ht revaiaia't.' It it. probabiae thtat rev'li('iotill dhem-l
on itr.'ate that Iihis e'stimliate is taai lott, site' it is nart
'rdible thtat tiia itlne pltlationl af this Satae is
nowtnearia' to last' than it was' tell y'ears aa;:a. If' we
ale 'eat thie :i:urest. tIlt iterestin;: fact ptre'eants it."
e.f tlatt acc'ara: itn tao th('e tatia'tics therea ar'e 2.7t1 pea.r
..It-t tt ine(.lat;udn a:I epriitleie-to twha. n the :auy
ltum ic open't.
.INm~.iriTr r'Tat Ane't.'t
"Fromat timle to timae whenal tile ova'ercovdeda c'nidi
tiarn v' tilt at''yalm has deandaaedt It. tire commlai ioni
rt' ta the se'ver:'0 c..utiesa havear leen ret'utat''ed tt
relatert thira haarmhaa'ts cuaes ina latact-anet wtitha t'e'c
tiona 1..95 al' Ge'nertal Stales. " " . Durintg the
it.ar whten ra'coura't' was ac: it laad to this metat
urla. aaatat al lire eetunty' comiaflltt.n;- ~rs compa~lied wtaith
the lawt 'and r'emovt'ae't th.- patienats Ira liar horuces ''a
ter haimae'a. Th'e retuarn of entratnic insane ptatient
t. .I..a. ia' .- i,:a.l i'l ...a.tia'e t. ' . e'a r ost .1 tat trnly
wht'n the ay I is to crowdel to receive recent ca
*It as i.n.vr 1.en the intentin of the atnafZr!O
Ilh., ayl * !- critire!z any rartieotar cls< or
,or p-erons eerne.l in cnmmittinc ti-tils to thi:
rstittiotn. lt ther' ceertanr.ly miuttt be a ack of up
reciatin rof the r-nrpsees..f the asylin. as wei a:
a ireard fr tie rlkhis (If irdivilial. whven .'tw
little sist-' -4i swtevna and nine ears, res.ectivey
are snt here at the same fnti- as insane. when snffer.
in, from chorea or St. Vitus's ine-: or when th
fatlhr ,' a site:n-v:arobl-v. who had been idlotit
"hi : fort -ear. wa-I nilwd to think th-.t hi
lo' il i nd l.b- re-tred h' treatmit iere.
W r hile stinee' of this k-rl re frar from uncornmon
tonr board might azain cal thr- attention of the LOL'
ish-tre to the statute which has operated well it
Alabam out nablitnz its asyvn to receive only prope
cas... Tlis lw provles that hefo.re any patient I
s"nt to the insan.' hopital full and explicit answer:
to, tih interroato.ries mnst be frwarled to th<
Surerintenlent of san1 howTital and nctic- reecive.
from hi that s-dd patient can be admitted."
Under this head Dr. Bancock considers the meth.
ods -t n ofmaitininn patients in the States "where the
State dos not pay the whole amount for th. snppor1
--f teeticiarv patients." In New York publie pa
tients are imaintained at a rate not exceedinz the ac
tual cost. and it is charged to the patienCs county,
In Pnnylvaiia and Maine the counties are reqiuire(l
t, make such payments. lie makes this recoumen
datioi: "If such a plan meets with your approval,
the si:t estion itht boe imiate to the General Assem
bly to conwider the advisibility of having the cm
nssioners -)f every county pay for each (of its bent-.
cary pa-tient it portion-say one-half-of the actual
expense trough their -re:eurer into the State treas
try. In this way theability of the friends or rea
tives of patients to cot tribute to their support will
be cled to the attenti.n of the oounty officers More
forcibly than appears to have been possible by exist.
nat while the taIte treasury will be relieved of
part (if the burden, and at the same time ureater
discrimination 1s regards "proper cases" wi:i be en
Iorced. This will divide benefleiary patients into two
distinct classes: (1) County patients. or those who
have settlements or legally establishedI clai-ns for
support upon the communities in which they live :
(2) State pat:ents, or those u io have not estallished
tlafims upon any comimnitity by birth or legal resi
CARF fo cOLOIE tNsANE.
"I cannot close this portion of this report. -without
having cailell voir attention a::ain to the ur::ent ne
cessity of building here or elsewhere permanent and
comfor tabl- structures P r the c treid male patients.
I'lTe woo den idges now fecuplid by thetm, were in
tetled for tetlorary use only. They are row tin
healthy, insecure, and dangerous in case of
TAItNtNG SClOOL F-t Nt'7.!Es.
"Wiehing to improve the standard of service in 'the
care of the insane, and recounizing the great and
wide-spread demand for skilled nurses, your board
has determined to establish a training school for nur
As I apprehend your intention, it is to establish a
school not merely for the instruction of attendants
on the insane, but to fit young women, as in general
hospitals, to undertake nursing in all its bra.ches.
Nurses who enter the school will be regarded as coin
itg here'to fit themselves for an honorable callinz, as
well as to assist in caring for the sick and ailleted in
Dr. 1iabcock says occasional lecturers by inembers
of the staff will be given on mental symptoms ete.
"With this broader conception of the needs of the Asy
lum and of the $tate the course of instruction has
been prepared. The plan at first will be to give the
female rttendants now in the service of the institu
tion the option of entering the school, but hereafter
all newly enraged attendants will be required to be
gin as probationers in the school. The course of in
truction will be simple, direct and practicable as pos
sible. and will incliue in addition a daily training in
ward duties, a recitation from approved text-books
and a lecture from a member of the Asylnum medical
tair e:ery week. Examinations to test the profic
ene of the nurses will be held from time to
time. . . "
The estimated first years expenses are about
worK stor For PATISNTs.
In Septetmuber an experienced instructor was put in
harite of a work shop for white male patients. It is
enccurainz to be nble to report that they are show
ing much interest in the work and almost daily acces
sions are made to the ranks of workers.
The Treasurer's report gives In detail the
receipts and expenditures for the year.
It shows a balance to credit from last
year...................................................$ 11,214 10
Additional appropriation for maintenance... 100,000 00
lIeceipts from patients and other sources,.. 11.42S 06
Giving as the total income........... $122,642 16
Deduct for maintenance..........$113,542 12 8
leficit Eegent's Account........... 164 25 113.706 37
Leaves balance to credit $ S.935 -9
This amount the board has thought best to apply as
Farm improvements.................. $3.000 00
For bakerv....... ..................3000 00
Bai. for puirchare of dry goods,&c 2,9:35 79
f we now conm'ider the cost per capita, we
fitnd that the gross amount expended on
tmaintenance wa........................$113,542 12
But out of this find was paid for extraor
Permanent Improvements......$7,591 37
For coai 1S917S2............... 4298 26
or cows........................ 1,052 40 12,942 03
Which deducted leaves as currenti expenses 100,000 09
Divited by 754, the average number of pa
tients anti we have the annual per cap
ita cost..................................... 133 42
Divited by :165, gives the daily per capita 36i
f $10l.953.94, amount paid by private pa
tients, ho deducted fronm $100,600,00,
we have as the annual per capita coat
to the Stat e for masintenance........... 115 SS
And a daily per capita....................... 32k
E~sTiMATES- FOE NeEXT vE.AE.
I have been instructed to estimate for mnaintenance
$100000. The appropriations applietd for will be:
Ftr maintenance..........................100.000O C0
For in.'urance........ .................... 6000 00
.\ileage and per diem of Regents......... 2.100 00
Trainlur School f or Nurses................. 600 00
Fr patients' library....................... 100 00
The proprietors of the following daily newspapers
have gratuitously supplied the Asylum with copies of
thoir issutes : Tiux itisEla and the Evening Rec
ord, Colutmbia, thbe Netss and Courier, c~harlestttn.
Tfhe weekly tnewspapters published throughout the
State are well represetnted on the table tf the Asylum
The tables appendetd to the report give in detail all
facts as to the patients, their reidence-, matters in
ctnnectlttn with their supptort aend ttuch other data.
The largest number of patients atdmitted during
the year was between the eges of thirty and forty
years. One hntdred and seventeen were single, 145
inarried, thirty-five widowed, anti el-yen unknown.
'wo httndred antI twelve had but one attack previouis
to enteri:u: the asylum ;all but fourteen had tecenpa
titns. For all but. SS cases, causes are assigned. Onhe
hundretl and fifty-live had the disease only three
months beftre- adtndssion. Ninety-une eases were
actteSS$ recurrent. 54e.pileptic. 24 acute mtelancholla
and the ethers were varied. Ninetv-four had thetr
reason restored, nmostof themn in fromI 3 loS tNonth
timeit. iTe ntumber of deaths, anti thle reports of the
chalain and matron contlude the paper.
Repsort or Adjutant and Inspector
CoratutrA, S. C. Oct. 31, 191.
To ils Excellency Benjamit R. Tiliman, Governor
o1 Sontb Carolina:
Sin-Iherewith I have the hornor to submit the
anttal report of the otteratittas of this department
for the fiscal year ening October 31. 1i91.
I woultd irst call the attention of yotir Excellency
to the Conteiderate rolls in this oillce. uder sorne
of the fontmer admittistrations aipprotpriations were
made to cover the expemses of collecting the rolls
andtiiun:: thenm in this office. Althouea a large nutmt
er otf the- rolls have been collected andi liletd, I find, it
uderakitng to mtake an ittdex thereof, thtat the- wrork
is incompileIte, ro rolls whatever o mtanty comtpantie
being ont tle, which leaves out thte personal or i
viual recordi of the men. Now, the rolls should be
put in a tdurable shape. so that they can be kept f'o
all titme and be of easy referenice for every citizen .1
the~ State, because they are nt arny all persotnally ani
eely Interested itt them, andI even now they have
.-coe a tta:tter of conistant inquiry and reference:
and in the tuture will be conusideredl invaluable a.o
shtwin:: the names tand records of ouir soldiers.
As propabilly t be earliest and best way of securin;
a correctiotn :and revisiton ofthe rodls ont hand,. as wvell
as the comptletion of those not yet sent in, I would
su::gaet thtat the rttlls be pritnted, itn a cheap form.
a tb-v nowe stand-with blank pa::es left for thots
comliands nut yte reportedl. Titese tt pamlets could
bec distribute-d to thte lioper p-ersttns, with the un
derstaniing that they mutst be returned to this othee,
when the correctiotn arnd teviin is cttrupleted. W het
the rolls are comptiletedt :s nearly antd as accurately
as poseible,. they should be put inuto a permtatnett dut
rabie hook form. atr d I dto niot doubt but that the ex'
pen of dloin:igsmcouild be recovered to the State by
putin:the work tupont the ttarket, at a. reasonabli
pie, if such a step shotihl betl- teeed ad~visabie.
I aim gladl tt be atble to state that everythm::~ has
worked smotuly antd harmon~iously in tuis depart'
menit if the:. State ::overn meit sitnce the inau:rati-n
.f the prese-nt adniiinistrtion, and the peaice ot the
State has nott been serionsly disturbed ltnce the
ispville riot which was prompitly surpressed by the
presenice ot the- Suitmter Li;:ht Itantry. There
has beetn sote 1Ima1 exciternent and th-reate-ned dlis
turaice, as at 5partantbur;: antd Yorkville, which
madue it necessary to put certain citmp:mties uder
arm': btut lie tdecisive steps taken aend policy atdopted
by viir Exelletncy, to itut an enid to the lyncliing oi
persns tn the hands of the law, has li-d the de-ured.
salitary ,ilieet f preventitiguc stcns mtii thits stat
diurit::'this ve ir at least. The promiptne--, tot) with
n hieh tile ist G~eu-era Asemiibly mtet thte climsut ol
the, troops, for the expentsesiand pa dete"utel
lUizht liniintry,' fir its -ervices on the occasiont f the
Bihelpviille riot, as well in te asiurarce of youir
eeine, that the~ lawa wthich , ratnts tn-itm* a !muteI
stim when- aetnally enaled t se rvici' -hjubl be car
red tlt dtirin:: your mdiiiitration,. was in suct
mairkedl cotrait wlith theL way int w'hich thny have
heretfore i-tn treated, that it hais hadi a ver. sa:d
utary etheet upon our troopI- wiho fe'-l ti-at their ser'
iclihe tettdredwi . . mperly a.ppreciate. A
-art if httyear's appropriatior. for time imaimteanci
-nd encutra;;lemetnt of the mualititi was fotiund du
tmnd:unpatid.(asitmle stattertmeit of which will na
found -ls-whe-re in this re-irt; but the atmutrt Iilu
was atisfitt.ry settle1 by imy predecesr mr iotthe -
tand fias been paid to the tr-..ips, excepting a sitml
balnce, twhichi will be distributed winh this year
1 thastbeen the earnest ende:-vor of this Departmieni
jtm efet tic rgtiiahn of the tuiti::
fr-es (4 the slat'. under the laws governing the
s:tn. takinz iqp the woik as left eff by my' pre
in oflice. and finiehing the arninz and equip
r nieNt of the conpanies which had already been must
creel intos ervice. toni were entitled to proper recog
nitin. Every effortis beingiia<e.however. to make
thea pur oi.ria f arms. clothinz and equipment
i fares asp ro ib!. coa to have a balance !-ft for
theme compuni.s. it belt.: deetned good policy to en
couraze a iltiteel number 4tf such command-, which
from time to time. can be taken inato active malitia
as vacanci-s fror any caue nany occur. In order to
make these suptplies cons far as posible. and also in
c0rnliiane with State reglations. to keep our forces
in iformet alike. it has been alopted as a title of this
Deqpa:mnmrit tio i eue only the fatigne suIts and leave
the cirnntands to supply the gray dress reguation
suits. with the assistance of the state annual appro
If the resent wise policy of the State of limiting
the nuirbe:- of active nilitia cotupanies-thereby
lookin rnire i the quality and efilciency than to the
number 4f troop-its continued. and of the present
appripriation frim the United States :i.vcrnmert
for arms. tiniforms and equipments, backed by a lib
eral, reasonable appropriation from the state. is also
coutiitel. it will iot be long before we will have not
only a thoroughly arrned and equipped militia force in
this State. but also (by a little change in the applica
tion of the fun(i appropriated by the State to encour
age the same set of men to remain in each company)
a.thorouzhly well drilled and disciplined force, of
which the State can really feel proud, in comparison
with any other. The reilueed:<ppropriation for this
year is soiewhatiliscotraing to the troops and ser
vice. but it is cont!lently expected that a more liberal
policy will hereafter prevail and it is hopel that we
tnav be able to secure a regular annual appropration
of s5.0 rer man passing inspection. If this were
lone and a proviso inserted in the law requiring a cer
tain sttn to be paid out of the annual alopropriatiox to
every man who dies in the active militia, or is
actually injured or killed while in the active or actual
service of the State, it would make the annual
appropriatien Act asa sort of mutual insurance fund
anl insure also the thorough drill and discipline of
the troops, by keeping the same set of mon continually
in service. fn the event or such changes being made
now or bereater I would suggest that the laws be
amenided so as to require the organization of at least
one company in each County, and also to limit the
numberof iien allowed to each company. and thus
stualize somewhat the distribution of the men.
and thereby of the fund also in the state. In would
also require every lay member or each company of
the active militia to be "regularly enrolledl and present
or accounted for," or dropped from the rolls at the reg
In conelusion, allow me to say that my general
inspection of the troops of the State, as well as the
military display mide at various points, and more
particularly at the Centennial. have very cleary
<demonstrated the fact that South Carolina has a much
better military force at her command than our people
are aware of. It is with pride as well as pleasure
that I can announce that in spite of all the trouble
and suffering throtmeh which our people have passed
within the last thirty years, they now show that
their military entinisiasm and spiiit are not broken,
and that they are full aware of, and alive to, not only
the military record and heroism our people, but are
also prepared fir all ordinary emergencies that are
likely to arise in the present or near future of the
Our military force ranks about third among the
str.tes. so far as actual numbers are concerned, but in
'roportlon to population it ranks among the first,
.vhi:e so tar as muterial is concerned it is not second to
ay. It has, toa large degree, armed and equipped
itself, and our organizations have been really kept up
by the,prie andispiritof the men whocompose them.
They belong to and are a part of the people, and are
of course in perfect sympathy with them, and are now
the best guarantee the State has for the preservation
of peace and good order, and of the lives, liberty and
proierty of our people. It will require bot little
more encourarement and assistance than is now given
by the State to make it a permanent as well as a
tiorough and complete organization equal, if not
superior, to any of our sister States.
H. L. Far.Ly,
Adjutant and Inspector General
--- 0 -
The Governor's Message is Reaul-A
Good Bill to Kill is Introdneed
The Governor is Sustained.
CoLxmtrA, S. 0., Nov. 24, 1891.
The General Assembly convened at noon to
day, a majority of the Representatives and
Senators being present.
The Governor's Message was presented and
Among the important Bills introduced In
the Senate was one to lay out Calhoun coun
ty from parts of Lexington and Orangebtra
Senator Bulst Introduced a Bill providing
for the procuring and presenting of docu
ments relating to the history of South Caro
In Executive Session the Senate sustained
the action of the Governor in removing Su
pervisors of Registration W. P. Cantwell of
Charleston, and W. T. McElroy of Laurens.
The Calhoun County Bill was also Intro
duced in the House.
It will have a hearing before the Judiciary
Committee on Friday next.
Inants--Idiots---Hethen- What of
Dying before they know good from
evil, are saved. Their death is the
unavoidable effect of the sin of Adam;
their salvation is the unconditional ef
feet of the atonement of Christ. "As
by the offence of one judgment came
upon all men to condemnation ; even
by the righteousness of one the free
gift came upon all men unto justifica
tion of life." And as of the souls of
infants so of their bodies: "As in
Adam all die, even so in Christ shall
all be made alive." Their resurrec
tion unto eternal life is as sure as that
Adam sinned and that Christ died
Justification is the birthright of "ev
ery man that cometh unto theworld,"
whether of heathen or Christian
parentage, whether baptized or un
baptized.So, too, is secured their
part in the first resurrection by him
who was "delivered for our offenses
and raised again for our justification."
May be classed with infants. Their
idiocy and deathibeing a result of "the
offense of one," and their justifi
ation and resurrrection, being a re
sult of "the righteousness," and res
urreetion "of one." As far as any of
the human race are directly or indi
rectly unavoidably affected by the sin
of the first pair they are uncon
ditionally benefitted by the atonement
of Christ. The unavoidable evil in
the one is countervailed by the un
conditional good in the other.
The accountability of heathens like
that of all subjects of the Divine
governmenst, is measured by the degree
of light they have. The heathen
are not accountable for the light of
the gospel which they have not heard.
Only for the light which they are ac
countable. If they live according to
the light they have they can do no
more-they are justified. If they
fail to do so they are condemned.
"To himi that knoweth to do good and
doeth it not, to him it is sin." The
moral turpitude of transgression is
grtduated by the degree of light sin
ned against. "He that knew his
master's will and did it not shall be
beaten with many stripes, and he that
knew not"-had less knowledge of
"his master's will shall be beaten
with few str'ipes."
001y a moral agent who wilfully
transgresses known law commits sin,
and [or this and this above is he
accountable. To a "jot and tittle"
justice will regulate the awards of
the saved and the lost. The Judge
of all the earth will do right. There
will be no dissatisfaction among the
saved; no complaint among the lost.
The Australian Ballot system seems
to work satisfactorily in the United
Feias wherever tried.