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OF LIFE AND DEAT H.
We'talked of life and death. She said:
"Whichever of us two first dies,
Shall come back from among the dead
And teach his friends these mysteries."
She died last night, and all this day
I swear that things of every kind
Are trying, tryinm to convev
Some message to my troubled mind.
I looked up from my tears erewhile;
That white rose dying in the cup
Wa gazing at me with her smile.
It blushed her blush as I looked up.
It paied then with an agony
Of effort to tell me aught
That would, I think, bring peace to me
Could I but guess; aid I cannot.
And when the wind rose at my door,
It clamored with a plaintive din,
Like some poor creature begging ore
To be ler in: I let it in.
It blew my light out: round my head
It whirled, and swiftly in my ear
Had whispered something ere it iled;
It had her voice, so low, so dear.
The lookirg-glass this live-long day
Has worn that curious, meaning air.
I feel it when I look away
Reflecting things that are not there.
For hours no breath of wind has stirred,
Yot bends the lamp's flame as if fanned;
The clock says o'er and o'er a word,
But I! 1 cannot understand:
A STORY OF
THOMAS F. MONFORT.
THE SERPENT IS THWARTD.
As Pearson rode into town on his re
turn from Green's, he saw the train
from the east approaching, and he also
saw Scraggs and Doctor Bascom walk
ing down in the direction of the depot.
He did not attach any importance to
the fact of these men being together,
but when a moment later they were
joined by Paul Markham, he began to
suspicion,that something was wrong,
and he was seized with fear.
"They'za plotting against me," he
mused, "and like as not old Scraggs has
telegraphed for Blatchford, and they
are goig to the train to meet him. .By
George, I believe that old doctor is in
_Scraggs' employ, and his keeping me
in bed all those days was a put up job
to gain time on me. I was a fool not to
know that sooner. Well, if Blatchford
is coming I've got to be going. This
town ain't big enough to hold us both."
With that Pearson quickly dismount
ed and running down through the stable
turned down an alley and crossed the
railroad track just before the train
passed. Taking a position on the
opposite .side from the depot he
watched , the passengers as they
left the cars. First a traveling
man came out, then a woman and
two children, and it seemed that
that was all, and Pearson began to con
gratulate himself again. But his con
gratulations were short lived, for di
rectly another passenger emerged, and
Pearson knew only too well who it was.
There was no mistaking Blatchford,
although he was so aged and bent and
so woefully changed from what he had
been when Pearson saw him last.
"Curse the luck," Pearson muttered,
"and old Scraggs and Bascom. The jig
is up for me. I've got to fiy from here,
and' I've lost Louise; but I've got Blatch
-- So saying he slipped on board the
train as it moved out, and was whirled
away from Magic City forever.
Blatchford was conducted without de
lay to Scraggsoffice where everything
was explained to him. He listened
quietly to the whole story, but as
Smeraggs revealed to him the sufferings
of John Green's family and the villainy
of Harry Pearson, the old msn's face
grew ashy and his gray head dropped
low on his breast, while ever and anon
a heartrending groan escaped him. It
was a minute or two after Scraggs fin
ished his hurri6d account before the old
man moved or spoke, but at last he
raised his head and cried:.
"My God! my God! how I have
sinned. My child dying of want, and
the'viper I have warmed to my breast
betraying my child's child to ruin. This
\ In4re' than I can stand, men; I can
'-.ot bear it another instant. Show me
this scoundrel, and I'll put a bullet
through his black, vmlainous heart.
Come, I must see him."
It was all Scraggs and the doctor
could do to get the old man quieaid
down, but at last they succeeded in
inducing him to listen to reason, and
Scraggs unfolded his plan of procedure.
"Pearson is going to Green's to-night
after the girl, and we must arrange to
get there before him. We can never
see hi here, for he will be in hiding,
but we can 'hea him off there. For
fear he may get there before us and
miss us on the road, I will have men on
the watch; for him at the depot with in
structions' to detain him if he comes
back there. In that way everything
will be safe, and we'll catc'h him some
where in the round."
This. proposition .was readily agreed
to'byall, and then Scraggs continued:
-"We- want ton. et away from here
without attractin~g attention, so while
Dr. .Sasoom conducts Mr. Bllatchford
to-bis house to await us, Paul and I will
-secure a carriage and drive out that
%Way.. From the doctor's house we will
proceed to Green's. Now, let's get out
Sof here and begin to move."
~Within a surprisingly short time
Scraggs had completed all his arrange
ments, and with his- companions was
A ITEo ON-IDD
moving rapidly in the direction of John
It lacked but a few minutes of eight
o'clock when the carriage rolled down
the long slope in front of the cabin,
and Louise from her position at the
window hearing the rumnble of the
vehicle and the clatter of the horses'
feet, felt that the most trying moment
of her life was at hand. She had no
other thought than that Pearson was
comning, and at this near approach of
the climnax of her sacrifice, she found
herself unable to bear up longer. Her
fortitude forsook her and she laid her
hea<I down on the window sill and
wept. But quickly recovering she left
the house and ran to the place of meet
ing P earson had mentioned, and there
waited for the carriage.
A moment later it drew up, stopped,
a a man sprang out. lHe was at
Louise's side in an instant and had his
arms about her, and she felt her senses
receding- when a wvell-known voice
spoke her name.
"Oh, Paul, Paul:" she cried, "is it
"It is. darling." Paul replied, "and
you are safe, thank God," and again
and again he strained her to his breast
and kissed her.
"See here," cried the old doctor as he
came tumbling out of the carriage, "it
seens to mne like that is a little too one
sided. You have no right to monopo
lize things, Markham, and by your
leave I'll take one or two of those
"Take them and welcome, doctor, if
Louise is willing, for you saved her for
"Ah, you blessed old doctor," Louise
cried as she flew into his arms. "How
much I have to thank you for."
"Tut, tut, chiid," the old man said,
quickly, as he drew his hand across his
eyes. "Let's not be foolish. Here,
Markham, she's yours; take her and
clear out. Here, Louise, come back
here. There's another here who wants
to see you. Here's your grandfather,
Blatchford. And here's Scraggs. Con
foud it all! Scrazgs is the man for you
to tiank. It was hin that saved you
frota Pearson; but you mustn't kiss
Scraggs, for lie's bashful."
"Am I really free of that man?" Lou
ise asked, as she nestled in her grand
father's arms and supported his aged
head on her shoider.
"Free of him?" the doctor repeated.
"Well, 1 reckon you are. Just let him
come here to-night and we'll make the
world free of him, too."
"He's all right. We'll attend.to tut,
won't we. Scrag'gs?"
"I guess we'll be pretty apt to."
"That's what we will. But here,
confound it all, we're keeping B3latch
ford waiting here while we're running
on like a pack of fools. and he -wants to
see his daughter. Come, let's go on to
So talking away as excitedly and
happy as a boy over a new toy, the
good old doctor led the way to the
house, while Scraggs and Blatchford
came after him. and Paul and Louise
folowed a little further behind. arm in
arm, as happy as ever two young souls
"GOD BLESS YOU BOTH."
ere. When they .approached the door
the old doctor stopped, saying:
"We must be careful not to excite
Mrs. Green, so if you folks will wait
otside here just a minute I'll go in and
break the news to her."
"For God's sake don't be long, then,"
B~lathford pleaded. "I have been too
long away from my child already, and
must see her qukly."
"All right, all right," re'plied the
otor as he bustled away. "I'll not
lose a second."
Comiing into the room he tried to hide
his joy and assume a grare air, 1.ut the
reat happiness; that filed his kind old
eart to overtiowi.ug surged up to the
surface and show'ed itself in his eyes
and face in spite of him. John and
M ary both saw at once that the doctor
was overjoyed, but they never dreamed
f its cause bearing any relation to
hem, so they said nothing. The doctor
approached Mary's side, saying:
"Well, how is my patient to-night?"
"Some better than when you were
last here," Mary replied.
"Hum. glad to hear it. Guess your
father will be glad to know- it,'too.,
Don't you think so?"
"I don't know, doctor. He seems to
have forgotten me entirely.".
"No, he hasn't, though. I've heard
from him since I was here."
"Have you? What did you hear?"
Mary cried eagerly.
"Oh, not muchi. He lovesyou, though,
as well as he ever did, and I think we'll
get him out here before long."
"Oh, doctor, do you think so, indleed?"
"Yes, I do. In'fact I know it."
"When will he come?".
"Why, pretty soon, I expect. . Next
week or to-morrow, or he might come
"Oh. doctor, he's here now. I know
he is from- your looks. Where is he?
Let me see him quick."
At that moment the door opened and
the old man entered. Hie tottered
across the floor and with the words,
~My child," sank on his knees by the
bedside and laid his head close by his
aughter's and in silence wept.
The doctor motioned them all from
the room, and with noiseless step they
obeyed him, leaving father and dhild
alone together. It was a pitiable sight
to see the once proud, cold old man,
now kneeling in deep contrition at the
side of the one he had so deeply
wronged, and it was a beautiful thing
o see how readily the wronged child's
eart went out in forgiveness and love
o the aged parent-forgetting in a mo
net all her sufferings, and all his nteg
Lect and coldness. It was a sight that
touched every one present, andl even
scrggs, who was considered adaman
tine at heart, was seen to withdraw a
ittle to one side and mop his eyes vig
orously several times.
A fter awhile they all went back into
Lhe room to find the father and dlaugh
ter more calm and colkected, and a iter
John had welcomed Blatchford and
h had shaken hands and buried the
past, the doctor said:
"'ei, Scraggs, we have done all the
harm we can, so we may as well go. I
expect our room would be more valu
able than our company."
"You must not go, doctor," cried
Mary, "until I have thanked you for
what you have done."
"Pshaw, pshaw, Mrs. Green, I haven't
done anything. It was Scraggs who
brougit this about."
"It wasn't,",said Scraggs, "it wasfBas
"Come, Seraggs, you k-now better
than that. It was you who sent the
"Well, it was you who did the rest.
It was you who managed the broken
imb, and without that what wvould the
balance have amounted to?"
"Well, we won't quarrel," said the
octor. "So you may thank whom you
please. Mrs. Green. Now we'll leave
ou, promising to call again to-morrow.
"Good night, and God bless you," re
plied Green, rising and taking the doc
Lor's hand. "And you, too, Scraggs.
od bless you both."
John and Mary had not been in
rormed of the full' import of Blatch
Gradually the remembrances of those
old I itter days, when they contended
agaii st drouths, pests and mortgages,
fade. out, and they could look back on
the p ist without a shudder.
It -:as a long time before they knew
of tl.- great sacrifice Louise proposed
mali tg for their sakes in those old,
dark days, and when finally the know
ledg,. came to them they could only
prize her a little more highly a, a pre
eou: jewel. the brightest and best pos
sess -n of their lves.
Ser. ;gs continuel< in his old occupation
of s. liig real est.te and booming his
tow. . and much ered-t was due him for
the W.onderful growth of Magic City in
the- arsthatfollowed. The-personwho
goe:, to Magic City now may see a little
old ian wiry and nervous, sitting at
his (.-sk in his offlice surrountied by a
fine display of agricultural products,
bus'. at work on some scheme for ad
van; ng his town's interests. That
ma-: Sera gs. Ife is always at work,
and 'is work is always for his town.
To -, r.gs, and men like him, the west
owe, much of its pro;perity. It is such
as I , who make booms and cause
tow; and cities to spring up like
mange. They turn waste places into
gar( as. and deserts into prosperous
It : ranspired after Blatchford's death
that he was indeed broken up. All his
westrn securities were carried away
by 1,arson, and into these he had, upon
Pearon's recommendations, turned
near:y all his wealth. His property in
the east was heavily mortgaged for
morey to send west, and when the
news of his death and his western
loss-s became known, his eastern cred
itors closed in, and everything, includ
ing his residenqe, was sold at trustee's
Mrs. Blatchford was thus left penni
less, and suddenly she awoke to the re
alization of the fact, and came up face
to face with the most abject poverty.
Sarah is a sadly disappointed woman,
and full often she sighs for her fallen
grandeur. She often recalls the days
when she was mistress of Blatchford's
house and when she with all her rela
tives lived in great plenty and comfort
on Blatchford's bounty. She is, indeed,
receiving the just rewards of her
actions, and is tasting the bitter draught
she poured out to others. Rev. Wheed
1er has long since forgotten Mrs.
Blatchford. In fact he lost interest in
her when she lost her position in so
ciety and became unable to contribute
to hia salary. Mrs. Blatchford has
never forgotten nor forgiven Aunt
Mitchell, and it is probable that she
never will. But that matters little to
Aunt Mitchell, and she goes her way
quite as well satisfied as though Mrs.
Blatchford was her beat friend.
And now, having disposed of all the
other characters, nothing remains but
to account for Harry Pearson. He
went to the mountains beyond Denver,
and though Scraggs made every effort
to apprehend him, he was not
heard of for some months after
his escapade. The report that
came then was to the effect that he had
drifted'into the mining regions, and
after gambling away all his money
undertook to raise a stake by robbing a
mine. He was caught in the act and
after a hearing before an ex
temporary pioneer court, was taken
out and promptly hung t the nearest
And now our story is done. Years
have elapsed since the events recorded,
and the great state of Kansas has out
grown its early disadvantages. The
fertile soil of its great plains produces
wonderful crops, and its people are
ama(.g the first to respond with their
rich products to the calls of other suffer
ing lands. It has become one of the
first states of the union, and but for one
thing its people would be the most
prosperous on earth. It has escaped
the curse of pests and drouths; but,
alais, the farm mortgage still has its
deadily fangs buried deep in its soil.
Whvra this curse is abolished and the
homes of the west become free of the
greedy Shylocks' grasp, then will the
land blossom as the rose and the struggl
mng people enjoy the full fruits of their
labora, May that time come qunicly.
Bettr Tan is ove
NASHVLEETenn., Dec. 12.-A Knox
vile, Tenn., special says: Last May
one Dr. J. L. Young was arrested here
charged with having obtained a divrorse
from his wife illegaly, she knowing
nothing of his proceedings. The
wronged wife, Mrs. Ella Young, ap
peared against him and he was sent to
jail. The divorce had been secured in
Chattonooga, and there he was taken
fortnal. It was alleged that he had
been seduced from his wife by Mrs. L.
Dor a Woodward, a grass widow and a
good looking milliner of this city. In
the meantime Mrs. Young, the true
wife, sued Mrs. Woodward for damages,.
for having alienated the affection of
her husband. Yesterday the case came
to trial and Mrs. Young recovered a
verdict for $10,000. the full extent of the
law. The jury was out but a few min
utes. Dr. Young and Mrs. Woodward
were married secretly here some months
ago. Spicy allegations were made as
to their conduct previous to .their mar
riage, and Young secured his so-called
divorce. Young previously stood high.
No Place Like Horn,.
Yaw YORK, Dec. 16.-Among the
steerage passengers arriving in this city
to(day on the Hamburg-American line
steirnship Dania were two families of
colred people from Liberia. They
cosist of Mose and Warren Davis,
broters, and their familhes, mn all eleven
perons. six of whom are children. The
latter wore scarcely any clothing while
that on the woman was tattored and
scant. They tell a tale or woe. Until
May of last year the brothers were well
todo farmers in Gainesville, Ga. Hear
in of the ex -ellent prospects of their
rae in Liberia. they sold everything
they owned and traveled to Momrovi,
Lieria. Their rosy expectations were
not realized. Their money dwindled
and thieir families almost starved. Theze
w. no work to be done, and the much
laded farming opportunities they found
to be a myth. T'hings became so bad
t:. Warren wrote to friends whc assist
ed t he brothers to rsturn to this c >untry
Te~ party leave to-day for their old
homoe mn Georgia.
A DIabouc~al OairaX.
a c. Lol:Is, Mo., Dee. 1.--A Riepublic
sp- :ial from Vicksburg, Miss., sayi:
Ti' wife and infant child of AlbeAt
Coem an, colored, were victims last
ni;.t of ai most diabolical outrage. She
ad her children were asleep when sorme
ur:nown person entered and poured
me1 en le'ad in her ear and spattered
a Itrge quantity on the child. The wo
ma's ear was burned out and physi
cin;s think she will die. The child was
terribly burned but may recover.
ioN. GILES J. I'AT TERSO i, a distiP
gushed citizen ot Chester, S. C., died
to his daughter with a repentant and for
giving heart, and they had no suspicion
of their child's narrow escape from a
terrile fate. The doctor and Scraggs
thought it best to keep that matter se
cret, and accordingly agreed to say
nothing about it. They arranged to call
on the morrow to further eonfer with
Natchford on matters of business, and
then drove away.
"Th s is a nice piece of business for a
onder to be engawed in," re
narktd( the doctor as they drove back
to 'I Iae City. "1You have forfeited
Your ri-zht to your occupation, Seraggs,
and br.e disgraced your calling, by
showinig at you have a heart. I shall
dr doctor," said Scraggs,
"tan 1'I1 ro-taliate by reporting you to
- : :e-? What have I done?"
I shall luform th world that you
kept a p.tierit in bed a week under the
i that he had a broken limb
h' e had only sustained a slight
Im i o. those old fellows laughed im
men:*..> their witticisms. and kept
up c :-:t *ndl their mirth until they
dest ination. They were
in g - rits that night, as v.-ll they
mig it be, for they had witnessed a
word of happiness, and joy is
always contagious. They were
not only greatly pleased with
their work so far, but each had mental
ly resolved to carry it on farther, and
this rerolution was another well spring
of j-y to their hearts.
I):-. 1;ascom had decided to take Paul
into his practice. which was enough for
the:a both. and Scraggs had decided to
sell Green's farm and get John settled
in business at Magic City. Ile knew of
t good opening for a man of Green's
honesty and ability, and he resolved to
get him into it.
T 1 -rE CJN CL oN.
The flight of Pearson was discovered
by er::gs at an early hour the next
morning. and a little laterupon making
& vi:it to the bank he learned of his em
bez;:enient of Blatchford's money. Ile
mnx'diately telegraphed in various di
rect i'rs hoping to apprehend the rascal,
bnt it proved all in vain. Pearson made
good i escape.
Upon returning to Green's as agreed,
Serag and the doctor found Mlatch
ord in a critical condition. The ex
:itemcent of the last few days, together
svith the mental suffering it had
brought him, had been too much for
him, and now they found him weak and
railing. Dr. Uaseom examined the old
man closely, and though he made no re
port on the case his face became grave
nd thoughtful, and those who saw it
felt sure that there was something seri
us in his patient's ailment.
Seraggs would have avoided telling
mvhat he had discovered that morning,
bvt lilatchford insisted on hearing
,erything aboutPearson, and asked so
nany questions regarding him that
3crggs was erentually forced to reveal
11 he knew.
The old man groaned and gnashed his
teeth, and for a long time said nothing.
At last, raising himself in bed, he spoke,
tooking steadily at his daughter.
"Marv," he said, "I have come to you
it last. but, I have come as a pauper. I
omc empty handed, and with nothing
but my poor love to give you. That
vhich I have slaved for, and which of
right was yours, has been stolen from
ne by the one I took to my heart in
your steadl. I turned you from my door
and took Ilarry Pearson in. I left you
to starve while I lavished money on
him. And now he has robbed me and
eft me penniless, with no roof but
'ours to shelter my head. My punish
rent is great, but it is not more than I
For three or four days the broken
earted old man lingered on, growing
weaker hour by hour in spite of all Dr.
Basomn could do. an~d at la st it became
ippare'nt that dea:.h wor:L soon claim
uim. The Greens exer-d themselves
to the utmost to ma.e his last
aours as pleasant as possible, but
THE EKD DREW NEAB. -
:heir kindness and unselfish attentions
Lgmented rather than diminished his
orrows, since they only too plainly re
ninded him of the great sin of his life.
Le never spoke of his wife during all
ais illness, and it appeared that he had
~orgotten her. All his talk was of his
laughter and her mother, and over and
ver again he accused himself of his
aeglet of them.'
'-Thank God, thank God," he said one
lay, "I have been spared to meet my
:hild and win her forgiveness. Thank
od that I am permitted to die under
aer roof and with her face near me."
At last the end came, and the poor
>ld man who had wrecked his life
hrough a terrible mistake, slept the
leep of the dead. Whatever his re
ward beyond the grave, we know not.
Le went into the hands of a just God
Lnd his reward was in accordance with
ustice and right. Ile had suffered the
ortures of a thousand deaths in those
ew days following the terrible awak
ning to the wrongs of his life.
There is not much more to tell, and a
ew more pages will end this story.
Paul and Louise wer2 married short
y after the scenes just described, and
set up housekeeping in a home of thei
own next door to Dr. Bascom's. Pau
went into the old doctor's practice, an.
being a kind, sympathetic man, sue
ecedd from the first in makcing him
self a popular physician. To-day he is
one of the most successful physicians in
the ecst, and has succeeded in laying
by enough of this world's wealth to
place his wife and two children, a boy
and a girl, above any danger of want.:
Dr. Bascom does little practice now,
but he still takes a great interest in
Paul's work and often speia's the even
ings with Paul's family, and he and
Bascom Markham, Paul's boy. are great
friends. Paul and Louise are always
lad to have the old doctor come, and
no matter how often he calls he is sure
f a smile of welcome from both of
Scraggs, true to his resolve, soon
found a purchaser for Green's landi, and
with the proceeds, which was a neat
ittle sum, John set up in business at
Iagic City. John was anxious to
leave the farm, for though the seasons
became more regular and crop frailures
ilmost unknown, he felt that he was
2t designed for farm work, and
as past experience with it gave
iim a thorough distaste for it.
[n iis new occupation he sue
eeded fairly well, and was in
ime quite well to do. Ie regained his
ld time life 'and energy, and Mary
A SPICY DEBATE
IN THE HOUSE _VER THE CON
Some of the Members Think that the Peo
pie 'Should Vote On the New Constitu
tion and Others Think they Should No;
How rhe elcn1bers Voted.
CoL .:.31BA, S. C., Dec. 14.-Tbe con
stituLiMal convention resolution con
sumed much of the morning session of
the House Friday, and a very lively de
bate was precipitatea. There was op
positi-n to the calling of such a conven
tion, ad very decided objection to pass
ing th-) joint. resolution without a pro
viso that the :iction of the convenion
to be called should be submitted to the
people for ratideation.
The resolution came up for a second
-eading aud Mr. Abney, of Richland,
offe 'ea the following amendment:
Pro:ided. however, that no Constitu
tion fo-rmed, or which may be formed,
by such convention shall be binding or
go ilto effect until it shall have been
submitted t-> thepeople of the State for
raticatio >, aid shall have been ratided
by the: votes of a majority of the quali
ded v oters of the State voting upon
Mr. Evans of Aiken, said that there
might be political or other reasons why
the questiou should not be submitted
back, and he moved to tab e the amend
Mr. Abney said that the fundamental
law should he decided upon by the peo
ple in their individual capacity. Under
the bill as it stands the elector would
have no incentive to vote for calling a
constitutional convention, as he would
have no assurance that he would have
.anything to say about the new
constitution. Te would be in the same
position as be is now. The people want
a Constitution- that they themselves
Mr.Buist opposed the amendment
He said that the people wanted the con
vention and that their views would be
expressed by the representatives they
sent to the convention.
Mr. Fowler favored the amendment.
He declared with great emphasis that
whenever the Reform movement under
took to take away the right of the peo
ple [to vote for themselves the sooner
its political sun set the better. To de
feat this amendmen, would be taking
away from the people the very rights a
Republican form of govement gave
Mr. Watts hoped the amendment
would prevail. He believed in remand
ing the action of the convention to the
Mr. Blease tackled Mr. Fowler on his
inconsistency in declaring that prohibi
tion must be decidedlby the Legislature,
and then wheeling about and declar
ing in the next breath that. the people
must decide this question. Mr. Blease
thought it would beinjudicious, "at this
time,' to cripple the bill with this
Mr. Burn believed in referring this
action of the) convention back to the
Mr. Fowler retorted in answer to Mr.
Blease, that he, Blease, was in a posi
tion similar to'that he was trying to
put him in. Mr. Blease had appealed
to have the prohibition question sub
mitted to the people, and yet now he
refused them the right to ratify a con
Mr. Evans said that he could see no
wisdom in referring the action of the
convention back to the dear people, as
they would knowingly elect representa
tives to the convention for the purpose
of carrying out their wishes. He said
that there were several reasons why the
action of the convention should not be
submitted to the people. He tried to
impress upen Mr. Fowler that the "dear
peole" had all the rights they were ex
titled to in simply having the question
of b olding a convention submitted to
r. Hazard, of Georgetown, was op
posed to holding a constitutional con
vention. Every member who voted for
it wonid rue the day. The political
coni~tions of South Carolina were such
as to warn us not to approach the brink
of this yawning chasm. The amend
ment was an attempt to -preserve the
rights of the people and if the people
were bent on having a convention they
should insist on the right to ratify its
Mr. Youmans opposed the amend
ment and said it would defeat the ob
ject for which the bill was drafted.
Mr. Hughes, of Charleston, said a
constitutional convention was a very
grave thing. Its a.ction should be re
ferred back to the people because the
result was a heterogeneous mass of new
laws that the people knew nothing
about. Nobody could be sent to the
convention who would exactly or even
nearly represent their wishes on these
Mr. Patterson favored the amend
ment. Once adopted; the people were
bound by its provisions. He would not
vote for any mant to go to a constitu
tional convention and make laws that
would bind him without his having an
opportunity to review his action. He
warned the Legislature that the defeat
of the amendment would defeat the
convention as the people would not
vote for holding it without tbe right to
review its action.
Mr. Youmans said that the amend
ment was an attempt to bind the action
of some future Legislature, which, ne
held was unfair.
Mr. Abney discussed the argument
that the amendment was premature. He
said that if the question was left to the
next Legislature the people would have
no guarantee, the election coming be
fore then, that they would have any
right thereafter to ratify the action of
the convention. By the terms of the
resolution the next Legislature would
be prevented from so doing. Was it
possible that the Legislature wanted to
make it so that a few men, dressed with
brief authority, should in their great
wisdom and patriotism frame the thous
and and one rules to which all the acts
and laws of the 1,200,000 people of South
Carolina were to be adjusted, and which
would be unchangeable for many years
to come ?
Mr. Evans submitted that the resolu
tion was premature and unconstitution
al. He quoted the Constitution as giv
ing the Legislature the right simaply to
submit to the electors the question of
holding a convention, and the insertion
of this amendment was going beyond
the power prescribed by the Constitu
tion. He disclaimed trying to steal
away the rights of the people. lie as
serted that it would be stealing the
rights of the members cZ the convention
to prescribe that they should submit
their action to the people.
Mr. Haskellisaid there was no objec
tion that could be shown to the amend
ment save that it might subject the ac
tion of the creature to the revision of
the creator. It was no new thing to
submit such all-important matter back
ttote people. Could any of the opposi
tion point to a single instance where it
had not been dode?
Mr. Finley: Has any Legislature ever
prescribed in calling a constitutional
coventon that its action be ratified
by the people ?
Mr. Hasrell: Yes. Kentucky is an in
stance. I ask, when we stand here seek
ing to guard the rights of the people,
wat is the meaning of this objection ?
Do they hope to override, as a constitu
tional body, the cool will of the people ?
De-s the apparition of fleeting power
come so clear on their startled vision
that they will not allow the people to
sweep out any unsavory action that may
b done ? Do they so dread their tenure
of power that they fear it will be wiped
out? In every State the Constitutions
have been submitted to the people. A
wise provision has always directed that
the local prejudices and excitement of
the hour shall have had time to die out,
t hat thepeole shall have looked upon
their work and said whether it is good
or bad. The people are the last jury to
decide every question. We hope, believe
we cannot keep in our seats and allow
these rights to be shaken one jot or tit
tie. Let it be put on record who it is
that is trying to muzzle their mouths.
Mr. Evais: Do you mean to say that
this amendment is not unconstitution?
Mr. Ilaskell: I do think that the Leg
islatnre has the right to pass this
amendment. Whether it is necessary or
not, whether tha intention is as we fear
or not, ao harm can come from it, and lie
who votes against it votes to still the
voice o: the people and to curtail their
Mr. lazard controverted the argu
ment th.at tne Legislature went beyond
toe Constitution in passing this amend
ment. This was merely a verbal quib
Mr. Finley said that in voting against
the amendment he did. not feel he w s
assistirg in throttling the voice of the
people. Neither this Legislature nor
the one that would call the convention
would i:ave any right to fix the limita
tion ezbodied in tne amendment.
Mr. Parrisbn did not see the neces-i
ty for e-illing a constitutional conven
tion. Jfe favored the amendment.
Withor t it the action of the convention
would .e dictatorship that should be
put do wn.
On moticn of Mr. Blease the amend
ment t'* g.ve the people the right to
ratify or reject the now constitution
was tabled by a vote of 56 to 48.
The following members voted against
submitting the new constitution to the peo
ple for ratification: Speaker Jones, Alder
man, Elease, Bowen, Powden, Breazeale,
Brice, Browning, Buist, Ca-penter, Car
wile, Chandler, Connor, Cox, Dukes, J. E.
DuPre, Earle, Elder, Evans, Finley, Folk,
Fox, Fuller, F. B. Gary, T. A. Graham,
Gregory, Hardy, Hart, Harvey, Holman,
Jeffries, Kinard, McCall, McFaddin, Mc
Intyre, McWhite, Moseley, Norton, Patter
son, Rast, Riley, Rowland, Russell, Scott,
Shanklin, Stackhouse, Stanland, Taylor,
Todd, Townes, Traylor, Wolfe, Woodward,
Yeldell. Youmans, Zimmerman.
The following members voted to submit
the new constitution to the people for rati
flcation: Abney, Attaway, Anderson,
Barkley, Bissell, Blake, Boozer, Brennen,
Brown. Burn, Crum, Daggett, Dean, Du
Bose, Eaddy, Ficken, Fields, Folk, Fowler,
Glover, Goodwin, S. A. Graham, Gunter,
B. L. Hardin, Harrison, Haskell, Hazard.
Hicklin. Hutto, Hughes, Mears, McMillan,
Miley, Mooney, Moses, Patton. Rutledge,
Sarratt, Simons, Stokes, Sullivan, Tupper,
Ulmer, Von Kolnitz, Wigg, Watts, What
ley, Wilson, Whyte.
The following amendment, offered
by Mr. Haskell, was tabled, on motion
of Mr. Evans, by a vote of 71 to 32:
Provided, That in the call of such
convention it should be with the dis
tinct understanding and upon the ex
plicit condition that any constitution
to be formed by the said convention
shall contain a provision securing a
homestead to the people of this State
not less than the amount now prescrib
ed by section 32 of article 2 of the pres
ent constitution, and that the voteof
the people of this State.as prescribed in
this joint resolution shall be considered
and held as calling such constitutional
convention with this limitation upon
Fnrther, provided, That in the call
of such convention it shall be with the
disinct proviso that any constitution
to be framed by the said convention
shall contain a provision securing the
tax of two mills for the common schools
as now provided by law and by the
To get a test vote Mr. Evans then
moveato strike out the enacting clause,
which motion was lost by a vote of 39
AUGUSTA. GA., December 1.-An
unpleasant and regretted set-to be
tween two prominent lawyers in the
City Court this afternoon Is a topic of
considerable talk here to-night. The
parties to the affair were Solicitor C.
Henry Cohen and Mr. Marcellus P. Fos
ter. Mr. Cohen was prosecuting Mr.
Ed Batrnett for assault and battery
upon Mr. Leo Schwars. Mr. Foster
represented Burnett. The trouble grew
out of a statement made by Mr. Cohen
in his argument to the jury. Some say
Mr. Cohen said that scme lawyers some
times take advantage of their privilege
as attorneys in abusing opposing wit
nesses. Others say Mr. Cohen used the
word position instead of prIvilege. Mr.
Foster, it is said arose and asked Mr.
Cohen if he meant to say that he (Fos
ter) took advantage of his privilege in
saying what he had about opposing
witnesses. Mr. Cohen answered him
that Le did, and that he had measured
it words before he gave utterance to
them, and that he meant exactly what
he satid. Mr. Foster thereupon told
Mr. Cuben hie was a liar. Mr. Cohen
quickly advanced to Mr. Foster and
struck at him. Mr. Foster returned
the blow, when ofiicers interfered and
stopped the difficulty. Judge Eve will
have both Mr. Cohen and Mr. Foster
appear before him on Monday to an
swer to a rule for contetopt of Court.
No further trouble Is apprehended.
News and Courier.
Increased to a Eltion.
SAANNAH, Ga., Dec. 11.-The
South Bound Road is to be completed
into Savannah and Columbia at an early
day. That is the decision arrived at
yesterday at the meeting of the stock
holders of the Savannah Construction
Company. The meeting was largely
attended by the resident stockholders
and by several from South Carolina.
President Denmark of the Construction
Company and President Corner of the
South Bound reported the results of
their conlerence with the Northern
stockholders. It was decided to increase
the capital stock to $1,000,000. The
new issue will be readily placed, and as
soon as it has been the work of com
pleting the road as designed by the pro
jectors will be carried out. The meet
ing was an enthusiastic one, and the
backers of the Magnolia Route showed
plainly that they are determined to
make it a success. Many of the large
stockholders here, it is stated, will
double their subscription and the bal
a~nce will be taken by the South Caro
lina and Northern members of the com
Gov. Tiillman and the Tazes.
CoLmBA, S. C.. Dec. 15.-A joint re
olution, extending the time for tax
payment to February 20, passed the
ouse and the Senate. Dr. P'gpe, clerk
f the Senate, after the ratification of
I he joint re.solution, sent it to Governor
rilman at 10 o'clock on Friday mern
ug. Goyernor Tillman was asked
shout it on Saturday morning, and what
ae had to say about it was published in
rhe Sunday News, to wit, that he had
0t ap proved it and would not approve
.t. in accordance with instructions he
was asked about it again to-day, and
1erely repeated what he sald on Satur-1
lay. ~Dr. Pope says that the Governor
las until to-morrow (Tuesday) night to
sign the document. If he does not sign
.t the poople conversant with the rules
iay it will become a law. If he vetoes
.t it will go back to be passed or not
assed over the veto. Governor Till
nan has not said whether or not he
vi veto it.
A Mariae $isaster.
Gasva, Dec. 12.-The ltalian steam
r Clabria left here tnis morning for
~aples. She had proc-eedeud but a short
listance when her boilers exploded and
he sank in a short time. T'here were
hirty-three persons'en board including
he crew. Tweiity-one were drowned,
he other twelve being saved by the
2alabra's boats and boats from other C
ressels near by.
Tui PEOPLE sHOULD BE allowed to
rote on the new constitution If one is 1
iramed. Unless they are given thi I
'Ight, we believe they will vote down C
;he proposition to hold a constitutiona t
nentin. The people can be trusted I
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
THE SESSION DRAGS ITS WEARV
The More Impos taut Matters Considered
Since Our Le *t Issue-No More Frei
Passes-Seaator Stokes Presides Ovei
COLZUBT, i.'. C.. Dec. 15.-Durinp
the past week the Legislature has beet
quite busy in passing and killing bills
In the House -m Wednesday the bill
compelilig railroads to provide seper
ate coaches for white and colored peo
ple passed it second reading and en
grossed for a third ieadinr.
Representat*ve 0. H. Buchanan, of
Chester, sent in his letter of resignatior
to the Jlouse or Wednesday morning
Mr. Harrison presented the Housi
with the battvilag of the 16th S. C. V
The letter of Col. McCullouch, present.
ing the flag, was couched in the most
atrioti: language, Mr. Harrison,
itho it may bs mentioned, marched
under the colors of the 16th, made a
brief but eloquent speech, giving a short
sketch of the regiment, which served
principally in the Army of the Tennes
see. On his motion the letter of Col
McCullough was ordered to be spread
upon the journals of the House.
Mr. Fliey, of York, presented to the
House in behalf of Samuel L. Campbell,
a blind Confederate soldier of York
County. a handsome gavel which will
hreafter enforce order in the House.
Mr. Campbell was voted $200 at the last
see-sion. Speeches were made by Mr,
Finley and Speaker Jones. The testi
monial was received by a rising vote of
In the Senate on Wednesday Senator
Stokes introduced a bill to provide for
the election of cotton weigher. The
bill provides that on petition of twenty
fye voters adjacent to a marketing
place for cotton an election shall be or
dered for weigher or weighers. one for
5,000 bales or less weighed the season
before, one for each additional 8,000 or
major fraction thereof above the 5.000.
The weighers are to giye bond in 830
each. They are to charge not exceed
ing ten cents a bale for weighing. The
supposition is that competion, where it
exists, will reduce the price, or where
there is none the candidates for weigh
er can arrange the matter with votere
When the bill providing for a World's
Fair commission was reached Senator
Strait moved to indefinately postpont
it. He said the amount appropriated
($15,000) was not enough to do any good
and would be only a useless addi
tion to the burdens of a people already
sorely pressed. The Senate refused
17 to 13-to indefinately postpone and
the bill passed its third reading.
The ladies of the State watched with
great interest the hard fight over the
prohibition bill in the Ifouse. They
were gratified by the noble and earnest
Aght made by Mr. L. D. Childs to secure
the passage of the measure which
means so much to the wives, mothers
sisters, daughters and sweethearts 01
South Carolina. Thursday Mr. Childs'i
desk was decorated with a basket of
rare and lovely flowers. On a card at.
tacked to the basket were the following
words: "From the ladies of Demaree
Lodge Independent Order of Good
Templars, Dec. 10,1891, Columbia, S. C.
to a knight sans peur et sans reproche.'
The bill to provide for a return to the
old system of a State board of medical
examiners, instead of the County board
system which has been in practice for
a year, and with which there is -much
discontent, was the subject of a lively
discussion. Mr. Burn attacked the bill
witu much bitterness. Messrs. E.Gary
and Evans led the defense. The most
potent argument in favor of the bill
was that it was, recommended by the
Governor. A motion to table a motion
to strike out the enacting clause was
arried by a vote of 55 to 35. The bill
passed iits sectond reading.
The Heuse received tne following
"I bog to trt.nsmitt herewith the re
port of the Attorney General on the
claims of Edwin R. Wesley and othere
with accompanying documents. Hay
ing eny one copy I send that to the
House, and as the facts set forth are of
importance, and have a direct bearing
on the State's credit, I suggest that 500
copies be printed for the use of the Leg.
islaturs and for use at the financial cen
tres, to show that the claim is not ale.
"B. R. TiLLMAN, Governor."
The report of the Attorney Genera]
is unfavorable on the claims of the hold
ra of the Blue Ridge bonds. The re
port with accompanying documents,
transmitted to the House by the Gov
ernor, was referred to the Ways and
eans Committee, whl::h will consider
t~he advisibility of having the papers
printed in accordance with the Gever.
Mr. Riley introduced a measure of
great Importance Thursday. It was a
bill to provide for election of cotton
weighers in the several Counties of this
State and to fit the fees for weighing
:otton. This bill was referred to the
ommittee on Agriculture.
The Senete did an act Thursday which
will be commended all over the country,
nd especially In this State. Among
he first bill that came up was Senator
Abbott's bill to establish and maintain
a home for Confederate soldiers in this
State. There was an attempt made to
ndeinately postpone the bill, but Sen
ator A bbott came to the rescue in an el
quent and forcible speech, which car
ried the bill to a third reading with
rush and enthusiasm.
The closing hours of the long session
of the House Saturday were enlivened
by the passage to a third reading, after
s lively skirmish, of the anti-free rail
road pass bill, which came over from
he Senate. The bill was not only passed
ver the unfavorable report of the
[louse railroad committee, but it was
passed with sundry iron-bound amend
rnents which are calculated to make it
still more binding. In its present shape
It prohibits the receiving or using of
ree passes over railroads by any m~em
er of the Senate or House, State or Na
:ional, or State or county oflicial, or
rudge of any Ceurt of Record in the
state.. A prevision excepting the rail
oad commissioners and the superin
:endent of education was stricken out.
?he penalty provided in the bilt Is tiye
iun dred dollars line er six months' i
,risonment for any officIal accepting
inch free pass and a similar fine for
y railway official offering such pass
During the discussion which was led
y Mr. Hastell.. that gentleman said
hat up to the Reform canvass no one
ad thought that the acceptance of a
ee pass on a railroad by a legislator
r a Governor could be construed into
bribe, but that sInce this had been
harged it would be as well for the Leg
slature to pass this bill so as to prevent
he bribing of otlicials by the railroads.
he bill passed by the astonishing vote
f 75 yeas to 11 nays. The Admimis
ration was n at "in It."
Mr. Fowler's perennir bill to reduce
lie salarie.s of circuit judges fromn
3.500 to 82,000 came up. It took but
few seconds for hoar frost to fall on
his quintesc:ence of economy, and it
ra sowed under to the tune of 64 to
5. Those who voted for it were:
uist Brown, Conner, Fowler, T. A.
'raham, Gunter, Harvey, Moseley,
last, Shanklin, Stackhouse, Taylor,
The Senate was presided over Satur
ay by Senator Stokes, Lieutenant Gov
rnor Gary being unwell, and President
iro tern Meet ze keing absent from the
Ity. The business of the body pro
eeded with customary smoothnoss and
There was an unexpected and breezy
tle debate over the bill to prevent the
emoving, destroying or leaving do wn
f fences, bars or gates. Senator Smythe
hought it was going too far to make a
onanhsujet to thirty days' imprison
ment for leaving a gate , pe . Senator
Jenkins said such legisl-.iioi was need
ed, as some persons in Ite i w-country
frequently took revenge -:n r'rsons who
offended them by leavin - ga >s open or
pulling down fences, so 'tat -ackcould
escape or have access to ro;-. Senator
Woodward opposed the bt.i. Senator
Dozier said that whe ai. e .-ohibition
law was passed this bi- w.uld be un
necessary, as he thoug. t .ost of the
leaving open of gates :n breaking
down of fences was ca isea by liquor.
He added that he hAd :noi.fht of de
vising a measure by wh. -h vil Courts
in this State would be d. ne -way with.
Everything would -w pu. on the crimi
nal side and comm;yio .' 1l(i be Ap
pointed to inquire irto tht conduct of
individuals and infli-:t u!. hments as
tney were found to I. recuired.
Senator Timwerrn-xn r- vcd the bill,
and Senator Donaklsono thl .ught that,
with some changos, it rr-ul:! be a valu
ble measure. Senator Sican said it
woul. simply pile up .. mas of new
petty cases in Trial J -stcs' Courts.
Tbe bili was assassinad )y a large
majority on irvision.
H. A. HOYT,
[Successor to C. I. H >yt t Bro.]
Largest and Oidest .L wIU7 Store a
SUMTER, S. 0.
A very large stock of Br: tannia war e, the
vely best silver plated goods made. 550
Gold Rings on hand. Fine line of Clocks
Wedding Presents, Gold Pen, and Specta
cles. A big lot of solid coin silver just re
ceived, at lowest prices. My repairing de
partment has no superior in the State. Try
around first and get prices, then come to me.
You will certainly buy from nie.
213 Meeting St., Opposite Charleston Hotel
CHARLESTON, S. C.
' Manufacturers' Agexts.
Machinery, SUpplies, Oils3
Attention mill men! We are now offer
ing the best and latest improved
SAW HI~LS 1IIS AND BOILE
Iron, Steel, Pipe, Nails, Fitting, Belt
Lacing, and a full line cf Phosphate and
Mill Supplies. State agents for
THE SCIENTIFIC BRINDINO MILLS,
pr8end for our new illustrated catalogue
and lowest prices. Agent e wanted in every
EAT AND DR INK!
I have opened a first-clasxs liquor saloon
in the city of Sumter, in the Solomons
building on Liberty street, where I will
keep the choicest brands of
LIQU ORS, TOB A00, CiCARS
and all kinds of smokers' artieies. My sa
loon will be managed by as urst-class bar
tender, who will prepare all the latest in fan
cy drinks at the shortest toticr-. I have also
gorie to considerable expense in preparing a
in the rear of mysaloon, My tables will be
filled with the very best the mneket affords,
and this branch of my business will be un
der the supervision of one who has served
as chief cook in several fine restaurants.
The trade of my'
xs respectfully solicited. Come to see me,
take a drink of something: good, and then
sit down to a meal that wiil serve as an invi
tation to call again.
WOLKOVISKIE & CO.,
Sumte r, S. C.
PIEMONT GUANO CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
ZmPon-ras, mU ertnasT37R, an& n D.Lr5
Safest, High Grade, and Guaranteed
Kainit, Blood Acids, Dissolved
Bone, Solubles, and Ammnonl
Handled by Mr. M. Levi, Manning, S. C.
Get prices before buying.
WM. BURMESTER & Co.
Hay and Grain,
WE 0AA 7ER O? & M!AL
Opp. Kerr's Wharf, and 23 Quieen St.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
OTICE OF REclSTRATIOt(
State of South Carolina,
COUNTY OF CLARENDON.
I N ACCORDANCE WI":H T HE PRO VIS -
ions of an act of theC General Assembly,
ratified on the 9th day of Febrnary, 1882 1,
will be in the court hous e in Manninglin
the office of the clerk of :he court, the first
~onday of each toonth, for the purpose of
llowing persons cotuing of age since the
last general election to r .gister, and to at.
tend to any other busine-s perttainingto my
oicial duties. ij. P. HULL ADA ',
Supervisor Registraticn~ Cu.~endon Co.
P. 0. Address: Panola. .'. C.
arrington, Thomas & Co.,
EWELRY, SIL.VERWARE AND FANCY GOODS
No. 251 King St cet,
CHARLESTONJ, S3. C.
.157 alnd 1C0, last Bay,
CHARLUSTON. S. C.