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WJSHaES OF ALL AGES.
I asked a little child one day
A child intent on joyous play;
"My little one, pray tell me
Your dearest wish; what may it be.
The little one thought for a while,
Then answered, with a wistful smile:
"The thing that I wish most of all
Is to be big, like you, and tall.
I asked a maiden, sweet and f air,
With dreamy eyes and wavy hair:
"Whatwould you wish, pray tell me tue,
That kindly fate should bring to you?"
With timid mien and downcast eyes
And blushes deep and gentle sighs,
.Her answer came: "All else above
I'd wish some faithful heart to love."
I asked a mother, tried and blest,
With babe asleep upon her breast:
"Oh, mother fond, so proud and fair.
Whatis thy inmost secret prayer?"
She raised her calm and peaceful eyes,
Madonna-like up to the skies:
"My dearest wish is this," said she,
"That God may spare my child to me."
Again, I asked a woman old,
To whom the world seemed hard and cold:
"Fray tell me, oh, thou blest in years.
What are thy hopes, 'what are thy fears?"
With folded hands and head bent low
Tho answer made, in accents slow:
"For me remains but one request
It is that God may give merest."
THE DRESS TRAGEDY
Yev. Dr. Ta3mage on the it fluen ce of the
Idol of F.shion.
BROOKLYN, Aug. 5.-Rev. Dr. Tal
mage, who is now in Melbeurne on his
round the world tour, has chosen as the
subject of his sermon for today throueh
the press "Thie Tragedy of Dress," the
text selected being I Peter ii, 3, 4,
"Whose adorning let it not be that cut
wecd adorning of plaiting the hair and
the wearing of gold or of putting on of
apparel, but let it be the hidden man of
That we should all be clad is proved
by the opening of the first wardrzbe in
in paradise with its apparel of dark
green. That we should all, as far as
cur means allow us. be beautifully and
gracefully appareled is proved by the
fact that God never made a wave but he
gilded it with golden sunbeams, or a tree
but he garlanded it with blossoms, or a
sky but he studded it with stars, or al
lowed even the smoke of a furnace to
ascend but he columned and turreted
and domed and scrolled it into outlines
of indescribable gracefulness. When I
see the apple orchard of the spring and
the pageantry of the autumnal forests, I
come to the conclusion that if nature
ever does join the church, while ehe may
be a Quaker in the silence of her wor
ship, sne never will be a Quaker in the
style of her dress. Why the notches of
a fern leaf or the stamen of a water Hil3?
Why, when the day departs, does it let
the folding doors of heaven stay open so
long, when it might go in so quickl3? .
One summer morning I saw an army
of a millicn spears, each one adorned
with a diamond of the first water-I
mean the grass with the dew on it.
When the prodigal came home, his father
not -only put a coat on his back, b
jewelry on his hand. Chri w e a
beard. Paul, the bacchlor apostle, not
aftlicted with aT sentimentality, ad.
mired -te arrangement of a woman's
air when he said in his epistle, "If a
woman have long hair, it is a glory unto
her." There will b a fashion in heaven
ason earth, but it will be a different kind
of fashion. It will decide the color of
the dress, and the population of that
country, by a beautiful law, will wear
white. I say these things as a back
ground to my sermon, to show you that
I have no prim, precise, prudish or east
n-on theories on the subject of human
apparel. But the goddess of fashion
has set up her throne in this world, and
at the sound of the timbrels we are all
expected to fall down and worship. The
Old and New Testament of her Bible are
the fashion plates. Her altars smoke
wit hi the sacrifice of the bodies, minds
and souls of 10,000 victims. In her
temple four people stand in the organ
loft, and from them there comes down a
cold drizzle of music freezing on the ears
of her worshipers. This goddess-of fash
ion has become s'rival of the Lord of
heaven and earth, and it is high time
that we unlimbered our batteries against
this idolatry. When I come to count
the victims of fashion, I find as many
masculine as feminine. Men make an
easy tirade againabt woman, as though
she were the chief worshiper at this
idolatrous shorine, and no doubt some
men in the more conspicuous part cf the
pew have already cast glances at the
jnore retired part of the pew, their look
a prephecy of a generous distribution.
My sermon shall be as appropriate for
one end of the pew as for the other.
Men are as much the idolators of fash
ion as women, but they sacrifice on a
different part of the altar. With men
the fashion goes to cigars and clubrooms
and yachting parties and wine suppers.
In the United States the men chew up
and smoke *100,000,000 worth of to
bacco every year. That is their fashion.
In London not long ago a man died who
had started in life with *750,000, but he
ate it all up in gluttonies, sending his
agents to all parts of the earth for some
rare delicacy ,or the palate, sometimes
one plate of food coasting him *300 or
$400. He ate up his whole fortune and
liad only one guinea left. With that he
bought a woodcock, had it dressed in the
very best style, ate it, gave two hours
for digestion, then walked out on West
minister bridge and threw himself into
the Thames and died, doing on large
scale what you and I have often seen
done on a small scale. But men do not
abstain from millinery and elaboration
of skirt through any superiority of humi
hty. It is only because such append
ages would be a blockade to business.
What would sashes and trains 3* yards
long do in a stock market? And yet men
are the disciples of fashion just as much
as womsn. Some of them wear boots
sot ightthey can hardly walk in the paths
of righteousness. And there are men
who buy expensive suits of clothes and
never pay for them, and who go though
the streets in great stripes of color, like
animated checkerboards. I say these
things because I want to show you that
I am impartial in my discourse, and that
both sexes, in the language of the surro
gate's office, shall "share and rhare
alike." As God may help me, I shall
show you what are the destroying and
deathful influences of inordinate fashion.
The first baleful influence I notice is
in fraud, illimitable and ghasty. Do you
known that Arnold of the Revolution
proposed to sell his country in order to
get money to support his wife's ward
-robe? I declare here before God and
this people that the effort to keep up ex
pensive establishments in this country
is sending more business men to tempo
ral perdition than all bther causes
combined. What was it that
sent Gilman to the penitentiary,
and Philadelphia Morton to the
watering of stocks, and the life in
surance presidents to perjured state
ments about their assets, and has com
pletely upset our American finances?
What was it that overthrewa the United
States secretary at Wahmeinton, the crash
of whose fall shook the continent? Buti
why should I go to these famous default
ings to show what men will do in order
to keep up great home style and expen -
sive wardrobe. when you and I know
scores of men who are put to their wits'
end and are lashed fronmJanuary to De
cember in the attempt?
Our politicians may theorize until the
expiration of tneir terms of oflice as to
the best way of improving our monetary
condition in this country. It will be of
no use and thingswill be no better until
aud 1eet and hands no more than we can
There ae clerks in stores and banks
on limited salaries who, in the vain at
tempt. to keep the wardrobe of their fami
l1 as showy as other folks' wardrobes,
are dying of muffs and diamonds
and shawls and high hats, and
they have nothing left except
what tbey give to cigars and wine sup
pers. at d they die before their time,
and they will expect us ministers to
preach about them as though they were
the victims of early piety, and after a
high class funeral, with silver handles at
the side of the coilla of cxtraordmary
brightness, it will be found out that the
undertaker is cheated out of his legiti
Do not send to me to preach the fun
eral sermon ota man who dies like that
I will blurt out the whole truth and tell
that he was strangled to death by his
wife's ribbons. Our countries are
dressed to death. You are not sur
prised to fid that the putting up of one
public building in New York cost Mi
iors of dollars more than it ought to
bave cost when ycu Bnd that the man
who aave cut the ccntracts paid more
than $5,000 for his daughter's wedding
dress. Cashmta res of a thousand dol
lars each are not rare on Broadway. It
is estimated that there are 10,000 wo
men in these two cities who have ex
pendeid on their personal array $4,000 a
What are men to do in order to keep
up such home wardrobes? Steal! That
is the only respectable thing they can
do. During the last fifteen years there
have been innumerable fine businesses
shipwrecked on tbo wardrobe. The
temptation comcs in this way: A man
thinks m-ire of his family than c f all the
world outside, and if they spend the
evening in describing to him the superi
or wardrobe of the tamily across the
street, that they cannot bear the sight
of, the man is thrown on his gallantry
and on his pride cf family ana withcut
translating his feelings into plai.n ]an
guage he goes into extortion and issuing
of false stock and skillful penmanship in
writing somebody else's name at the
foot of a promissory note, and they all
go down together-the husband to the
prison, the wife to the sewng machine,
the children to be taken care of by those
who were called poor relations. Oh,
for some new Shakespeare to arise and
write the tragedy of human clothes!
Will you forgive me if I say in tersest
shape possible that some of the men
have to forge and to peijare and to swin
dle to pay for their wives' dressee? I
wIll say it whether you forgive me or
Again, inordinate fashion is the foe of
all Christian almsgivi'ig. Men and wo
men put so much in personal display
that they often have nothing lett for God
and the cause of suiering humanity. A
Christian man cracking his Palais Royal
zlove across the back by shutting up
iis hand to hide the cent bie puts into
the poor box. A Christian woman at
the story of the Hottentots, cryine co
pi s into a $25 handkerchief and
en giving a 2 cent piece to the collec
tion, thrusting it under the bills so peo
ple will not know but it was a $10 gold.
piece. One hundred dollars for incense
to fashion; 2 cents for God, God gives
us 90 cents out of every dollar. The
other 10 cents by command of his Bible
belong to him. Is not God liberal ac
cording to his tithing system laid down
in the Old Testament? Is not God lIb
eral in giving us 90 cents out of a dollar
when he takes but 10? We do not like
that. We want to have 99 cents for
ourselves and 1 for God.
Now, I would a great deal rather steal
10 cents fromyou than from God. I think
one reason why a great many people do
not get along in worldly accumulation
faster is because they do not observe
this divine rule. God says, "Well, if
that man is not satisfied with 90 cents of
a dollar then I will take the whole dol
lar, andlIwill give it to the man or wo
man who is honest with me." The
greatest obstacle to charity in the Chris
tian church today is the fact that men
expend so much money on their table,
and women so much on their dress, they
have got nothing left for the work of
God and the world's betterment. In
my first settlement at Belleville, N. J.,
the cause of missions was being present
ed one Sabbath, and a plea for die char
ity of the people was being made, when
an old Christihn man int the audiernce
lost his balance and said right ought in
the midst or the sermon, "Mr. Talmage
how are we to give liberally to these
arand and glorious causes when our fam
ilies dress as they do?" I did not an
swer that question. It was the only
time in my life when I had nothing to
Again, inordinate fashion is distraction
to public worship. You know very well
there are a good many people who come
to church jnst as they go 'to the races to
see who will come out first. What a*
flutter it makes in church when some
woman with extraordinary display of
fashion comes in! "What a love of a
bonnet!" says some one: "What a per
fect fright!" say five hundred. For the
most merciless critics in tne world are
fashion critics. Men and women with
souls to be saved passing the hour in
wondering where that man got his cra
vat or what store the woman patronizes.
In many of our churches the preliminary
exercises are takeh up with the discus
sion of wardrobes. It is pitiable. Is it
not wonderful the Lord does not strike
the meetmng houses with lightning!
What distraction of public worship! Dy
lug men and women, whose bodies are
soon to be turned into dust, yet before
three worlds strutting like peacocks, the
awful question of the soul's destiny
submerged by the question of navy blue
velvet and long fian train skirt, long
enough to drag up the church aisle, the
husband's store, office, shop, factory,
fortune and the admiration of half the
people in the building. Men and women
come late to church to show their clothes
People sitting down in a pew or taking
up a hymnbook, ali absorbed at .the
same time in personal array to sing:
Rise, mysoul, and stretah thy wings;
Thy better portions traae.
Rise from transitory things
Toward heaten, thy native place.
I adopt the Episcopalian prayer and
say, "Good Lord, deliver us!"
Insatiate fashion also belittles the in
tellect. Our minds are enlarged or they
dwindle just in proportion to the impor
tance of the subject on which we con
stantly dwell. Can you imagine any
thing more dwarfing to the human intel
lect than the study of fashion? I see
men on the street, who, judging from
their elaboration. I think must have
taken two hours to arrange their apparel
After a few years of that kind of absorp
tion, which one of McAllister's magnify
ing glasses will be powerful enough to
make the man's character visible. l'hey
all land in idiocy. I have seen men at
the summer watering blaces through
fashion the mere wreck of what they
once were. Sallow of cheek. Meager
of lImb. Hollow at the chest. Showing
no animation save in rushing across a
room to pick up a lady's fan. Simper
ing along the corridors, the same com
pliments they simpered 20 years ago. A
New York lawyer at United States
hote'. Saratoga, within our hearing
rushed across a room to say to a sensi
ble woman, "You are as sweet as
peaches!" The fools of fashion are
myriad Fashion not only destroys the
body, but it makes idiotic the intellect.
Yet my friends, I have given you only
the milder phase of this evil. It shuts
a great multitude out of heaven. The
first peal of thunder that shook Sinai de
clared. "Thou shalt have no other God
between the goddess of lashion and the
Christian God. There are a great many
seats in heaven, and they are all eae
seats, but not one seat for the devotee
of fashion. Heaven iq for meek and
quiet spirits. Heaven is for those who
think more of their souls than of their
bodies, Heaven is for those who have
more joy in Christian charity than in dry
goods rehgion. Why, if you with your
idolat':V of tashion should somehow get
into heaven, you would be for putting a
French roof on the "house of many
mansions." Give up this idolatry f
fashion or give up heaven.
What wculd you do standing beside
the Countess of Hunticgton, whose joy
it was to build chapels for the poor, or
with that Christian woman of Boston
who fed 1,500 children of the street at
Farcuil ball on New Year's day, siiving
out as a sort of doxology at the end of
the meeting a pair of sboes to each one
of them, or those Dorcases of modern
society who have consecrated their need
les to the Lord, and who will get eternal
reward for every :titch they take. On,
men and women, give up the idolatry
of fashion. The rivalries and the com
petitions of such a life are a stupendous
wretchedness. You will always 1ad
some one with brighter array, and with
more palatial residence, and with laven
der kid aloves that make a tighter fit.
An4t if you buy this thing and wear it
you will wish you had bought something
else and worn it. And-the frets of such
a life will bring the crows' feet. to your
temples before they are due, and when
ycu come to die you will have a miser
able time. I have seen men and wo
,men of fashion die, and I never saw one
cf them die well. The trappings off,
there they lay on the tumbled pillow,
and there were just two things that
nothered them-a wasted life and acom
itg eternity. I could not pacify them,
for their body, mind and soul had been
exbausted in the worship of fashi-tn, and
they could not appreciate the gospel.
When I knelt by their bedside, they
were mumbling out their regrets and
saying: "0 God! O God!' Their gar
ments hcng up in the wardrobe never
again to be seen by them. Without
any exception, so tar as my memory
serves me, they died without hope and
went into eternity unprepared.
The most ghastly deathbeads on earth
are the one where a man dies of delirium
tremens, and the other where a woman
dies after having sacrificed all her facul
ties (f body, mind and soul in the wor
ship of fashion. My friends, we must
appear in Judgmeat to answer for what
we haie worn on our bodies as well as
for what repentances we have exercised
with our souls. On that day I see com
ing in Beau Brummel of the last cen.
tury. without his cloak, like which all
England aot a cloak, and without his
cane, like which all England got.a cane;
withcut his snuff-box, like which all
England got a snuff-bcx. He, the fop
of the ages, particular about everything
but his morals, and Aaron Burr, with
out :Ihe letters that down to ola age he
showed in pride to prove his early wicked
gallantries, and Absolom without his
hair, and Marchioness Pompadaur with
out her titles, and Mrs. Arnold, the
belle of Wall street when that was the
center of fashin, without her fripperies
And in great haggardness they shall
go away into eternal expatriation, while
among the queens of heavenly society
will be found Vashti, who wore the
modest veil before the palatial baccha
nalians, and Hannah, who annually
made a little coat for Samuel at the tem
ple, and Grandmother Lois, the ances
tress of Timothy, who imitated her vir
ture, add Mary who gave Jesus Christ to
the world, and many of you, the wives
and mothers and sisters and daughters
of the present Christian church, who,
through great tribulation, are entering
into the kingdom of God. Christ an
nounced who would make up the royal
family of heaven when he said, "Who
soever doeth the will of God the same is
my brother, my sister, my mother."
Protest Against sugar Sacks.
Farmers who hereafter cover their
bales of cotton with sugar sack bag
ging will be unable to find a market for
their product. The cotton manufactur
ing companies who consume the cotton
both here and in New England protest
against its use and have given notice
that they will not receive a bale of cot
ton this year that is packed in the sugar
sack bagging. The objection to the
substitute material that has been used
is that it is heavier than ordinary jute
bagging, takes water quicker and re
tains it longer and stains and damages
the cotton Immediately next to the
covering much more than the jute.
The reason it stains the cotton more is
that little or no air can pass through it'
There Is little if any of the cotton that
comes to this market packed in the
sugar sack bagging, but for the infor
mation of the farmers who may be cod
sidering its use. The Chronicle be
low gives the protest of the manufac
turers which is being circulated here
BOS TOX, Aug. 1st, 1894.
President of the New York Cotton Ex
Dear Sir:-We Treasurers of Cotton
Manufacturing Companies in New
England, hereby enter our protest
against the use of sugar sacks in the
covering 'Of cotton bales in the States
growing cotton for the reason that, be
ing closer than the ordiuary jute bag
ging, it takes water quicker, absorbs
more, retains it longer, and stains and
damages the cotton immediately next
the covering much more than the jute.
Any extra loss to the mills from such
covering would cause us to reject any
cotton thus covered.
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company,
by T. Jefferson Collidge Treasurer.
Dwight Manufacturing Company,
reat Falls Manufacturing Company,
by J. Howard Nichols, Treasurer.
Lawrence Manufacturing Company,
by C. P. Parker, Treasurer.
Lancaster Mills, by Hlarcourt Amory,
Everett Mills. York Manufacturing
Company, by Geo. S. Sisbee, Treas
Stark Mills. by Edmund Dwight.
Boston Manufacturing Company, by
H. M. Yordale, Treasurer.
Armory Manufacturing Company,by
C. W. Armory, treasurer.
Hamilton Manufacturing Company,
by C. Bl. Armory, treasurer.
Pemberton Company, by Henry S.
Fitchburg Duck Mills, by Samuel A.
Appleton Company,Saratoga Tictory
Manufacturing Company, P~eabody
Mills, by Louis Robeson, treasurer.
Peizer Manufacturing Company ot
DES MOixs, Iowa, Aug. 8.--The
little village of Charlton, near here,
this mornig was the scene of a horrible
tragedy. At 10:30 o'clock WV. D. Jen
kins, night baggage man of the Burl
ington Road at that place, entered the
home of his betrothed, Miss Julia Mur
phy, and after a bitter quarrel drew a
revolver and shot her. He then turned
on her sister, Mrs. Josie Townes, and
fired a bullet into her, killing her almost
instantly. Mrs, Murphy, mother of the
girls, rushed into the room only to
meet with a bullet from the revolver
held by the apparently insane man.
Her injury Is such that the physicians
iave little hope of her life. Jenkins
then turned the weapon on himsel f and
fired a bullet into his brain, Hie died
an hour later. Jenkins had been drink
ing for several days and it is believed
the murder and suicide was the out
come of a quarrel between himself and
Miss Murphy over his intoxicated con
dition. The women were highly re
THE DISPENSARY LAW.
JUDGE SIMONTONS DEC!SiON ON
THE SILVER CASE.
The Attorney-Gneral C,npttues the D -
cfiion to Mean that !he 793 Law Is Held
Solid on Federil Constitutionai Qrs
The following, which is the full text
of Judge Simontion's decision in the Sil
ver habeas corpus case-the case upon
which the State is endeavoring to have
the United States Supreme Court de
clare, whether the '93 dispensary law
is in violation of the constitution of the
United States or not-vill b: lound of
The United States of America, District
of South Carolina, 4th Cireut-In
the Circuit Court-In ihe matter of
This is a petition for discharge from
custody under writ of habeas corpus.
The petition sets out that Silver is a
Russian suhject, an alien, and that he
bas been since the year 1892 and is
now dolg business or trading in the
State of South Carolina. That he is
wrongfully detained and imprisoned by
Mr. John H. Dukes, sheriff cf Orange
burg county in said State, on a war
rant issued by Mr. Charles P. '.Brunson,
a trial justice, on 21st July, 1894, for an
alleged violation of the act of the Gen
eral Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, approved 281 December, 1893
entitled: An act to declare the law in
reference to and further regulate the use.
sale, consumption, transportation and
dispoition of alcoholic liquors or liquids
within the State of South Carolina and
and to police the same.
The petition avers and charges in
the;e words, "that the said act is un
constitutional, nual and vjid, in viola
tion of and repugnant to numerous and
sundry provisions contained in the Con
stitution of the United States and that
of the State of South Carolina, and that
it is in violation of the treaty no *r exist
ig between the United States and the
The Hon. 0. W.Buchanan, Attorney
General of the State of South Caroli
na, was present at the presentation of
the petition, and upon the issuance of
the writ filed the return of the sheriff
thereto. The return simply submits
the warrants of the trial justice upon
which the sherif acted. No mention
whatever is made in the warrant or in
the affidavit on which it was issued of
the act of 1893, set out in the petition,
nor is there any reference thereto. The
argument has taken a wide range, and
the fundamental principles of govern
ment, primordial rights. of the people
and the limitations of legislative power
have been tully and learnedly discussed.
This line of argument will not be fol
lowed, for the grounds on which a con
clusion has been reached lie in a very
The Courts of the United States are
very reluctant to interfere with the crim
inal process of the State courts. In
Cook vs. Hrt, 140 U. S. 195, the Su
preme Court, recognizing the right un
der proper circumstances so to Interfeie,
and adhering to its rulings in ex parte
Royall, 117, U. -S., 241, and ex parte
Fonda, 1 bid 516, goes on and says:
"While the power to issue writs of ha
beas corpus to btate courts, which are
proceeding in disregard of rights secured
by the Constitution and laws of the
United States exist, the practico i f
ercising this power before the question
is raised or determinded in the State
court is one which should not be encour
aaed. The party charged waives no
question of jurisdiction by submitting to
a trial of his case on the merits, and we
think that comity demands that the State
courts, under whose process he is held,
should be appealed to in the first instance.
Should such rights be denied his remedy
in the Federal Court will remain unim
paired." See also in re Fcederick, 149
U. S. 74 is this one cf t hose exceptional
cases in which this court should inter
The averments of the petition are
vague and uncertain. They contain a
sweeping assertion, that the act of 1893,
under which he alleges that he is pros
ecuted is null and void, ''In violation of
and repugnant to numerous and sundry
provisions" of the Federal State Consti
Over so much of this assertion as re
fers to the Constitution of the State of
Soth Carolina this court has no juris
diction in habeas corpus. It can only
inquire if the prisoner is in custody for
an act done or omitted in pursuance. of
law of the United States or of any order,
process. or decree of a court of the same
or of a judge thereof, or is in custody in
violation of the Constitution of the
United States. (Revised Statutes of the
United States, Section 753.) See iure
Burves, 138 U. S., 586.
The sherifd's justification for holding
the prisoner is the warrant of the trial
justice. That warrant is issued on an
afidavit, with a distinet, direct aver
ment that ene A. Silver, at his store in
the city of Orangeburg, in the county
and State aforesaid, on the 21st of July,
1894, did unlawfully sell intoxicating li
quors, to-wit, one pint of whiskey, with
out a permit, mn violation of law. 'The
warrent recites that whereas, complaint
has been made before me that A. Silver
has unlawfully violated the dispensary
act in selling intoxicating liquor, and
without permit, certificate or State
license, orders his apprehension.
The Supreme Court of South Carolia
in McCullough vs, Brown, Mas., 1894,
has held that so much of the dispensary
law of 1892 as forbids the sale of intoxi
cating liquors without a license is not
In conflict with the State Constitution.
The Supreme Court of the United States
in an unbroken current of decision has
settled beyond question that in
toxicating liquors are within the con
trol of the police powers of the States,
and that State statutes regulating sales
under license, and even prohibiting sales
altogether, are not in conlict with any
provision of the Constitution of the
Wited States or any law made thereun
Were the petitionet a citizen of this
State or of the United States, this court
could not intefere with this prosecution.
Nor does the fact that he is a Russian
subject change the situation, lie Is
charged with an offense, not bezause he
is an alien, but beeinse, being in trade
in S-uth Carolina, he had violated her
laws. Coming to the State an alien, do
ing business therein, he is subject to the
laws of the State, and must render the
sano obedience to them as is required
o citizens. His alienage gives him no
exemption and no treaty could put him
on a better footing than a citigen. He
cannot be discrIminated against because
of his alienage. There can be no discri
mination in his favor because of his
Let the prisoner, A. Silver, be re
manded to the custody of the sheriff of
rangeburg county, and his petition be
and it is hereby dismissed.
C3BARLES H. SDIONTON,
The Columbia State says whien asked
the view 1,be State took of the decision,
Attorney General Buchanan said that
the State construed the opinion to
mean that there is nothing in the 1893
law which is contrary to the Constitu
tion of the United States. He says,
further. that the decision was just what
the State has expected, Judge Simonton
having rendered practically the same de
cision in the Cautini case. The State
authorities regard the Federal constItu
inalit og r aw ou set tled' so fa,- a all
tLe lower Federal courts are concerned.
An appeal will be taken lrom Judge Sirm
onion's decision to tIe United State Sup -
reme Court immediately.
WAR TO THE KNIFE.
Edi'or Gentr Goes far thvAt '-whIt-WAs
Ing c mmIttae."
SP'ARTANrBURG, S. C., Aug. 1.-The
Piedmont Headlight, of last week pub-.
lished the following:
The blackest and meanest negro in
South Carolina, when arraigned, has a
right to employ counsel, to face his ac
cusers and enter a defence. The thought
of arraigning, trying and condemning
a man in secret counsel, and without
his even knowing that he is on trial, or
that a case has b:!en made against him,
is so repulsive to every sense of fairness
and justice as to disgust our American
And yet this is just what the State
Alliance of South Carolina did in the
case of the editor of the Piedmont
Headlight. We received notification
from that body that the charges we
made against D. P. Duncan were to be
investigated, or that our loyalty to the
Order was questioned. So while we
were in blisstul ignorance of the fact
that our arraignment was going on at
Aiken, and while at our oflice, more
than one hundred miles from the scene
of the trial, we woke up one morning
to read in a daily paper thrown at our
door tbat the charges of T. L. Gantt
against Ex'change Manager Dun
can have been investigated that
Duncan was "vindicated" and that
Gantt expelled from the Alliance.
Here we find this representative organ
ization of farmers, whose motto is
"Equal rights to all and special privi
leges to none," gailty of an act of des
potism, tyrany and i rMustice such as
was never before known in any civi
lized and Christian land.
But this crowning outrage does not
stop here. The committee in that State
Alliance, to which the charges against
us were referred, brought in a report,
in which they stated that "we find that
the charges against Brother T. L. Gantt
are not proven." Bat what did that
Convention do? M. L. Donaldson, one
of our bitterest enemies, and the man
who went on to Chicago and worked
for Grover Cleveland's nomination
while we were opposing him and up
holding our Alliance demands, and con
tending for the selection of a candidate
in harmony with the people, arose in
that Convention, and in a bitter speech
exclaimed,"Great God!.Not proven you
say? Not proven!" and then went to
demand that those resolutions be re
committed, and with instructions to.
make a report condemning us; and this
was done. Since the days of Jetries,
when he made an unwilling jury burn
Alice Liles at the stake, never was such
an outrage as this perpetrated.
That Alliance Convention was con
trolled by our political enemies-men
who wanted strike us down because the
paper that we edit stood in the way of
their selftsh ambition-and in order to
do this they packed a committee upon
us; and even when that committee, ter
roized by the outrage that they were
chosen to perpetrate, wanted to evade
the dirty work, its members were dri
ven back into their room by the lash of
seme of Grover Cleveland's supporters
and made to do their work over again.
No. That Convention was composed
of our political enemies, and presided
over by a man who had gone into a
Sunday caucus in Spartanburg and a
disappointed candidate for Governor.
Failing to silence or crush the Head
light, they aimed and assassin's dagger
at us in the darn, and the stab came un
seen and without warning.
IThis action by the Spartanburg Sub
A'liance will be re-echoed by Alliances
throughout our Piedmont section. Our
farmers are just and fair-minded, and
will not remain silent and see a brother
member persecuted and hounded down
for no other reason than that he stands
in the way of the ambition of certain
omce-seeking politicians, and tells the
people the truth: Now, what will
President Evans do? Our own Sub
Alliance refuses to obey his despotic
and tyrannical compmands, and T. L.
Gantt will continue to meet and affiliate
with the Order. Will President Evans
expel the Spartanburg Sub-Alliance?
It is the only thing left. And we
predict that after he is through with
this lodge he will have many others
in our own and other counties to deal
with; and so the public will be treated
to the spectacle of a Sunday caucuser
and would be Governor, acting on a
small scale the Tycoon of Swat, an'd
and with his tyranical hand tearing to
pieces the organization that he is elect
ed to build up. The issue is now
clearly drawn between T. L. Gantt, a
plain Alliance man, and W. D. Evans,
president of the State Alliance. We
refuse ;to obey his commands and quit
the Order. In this determination t~he
sub-Alliance, of which we are a mem
ber, stands at our back.
Now, what is President Evans going~
to do about it? How is he going to
help himself and vindicate his "author
ity ?Y' To remain silent will make him
the laughing stock of the country.
President Evans has issued his pronun
ciamento expelling T. L. Gantt, but T.
L. Gantt refuses to be expelled, and
his lodge declares its intention of con
tinuing to receive and recognmze him.
So this Alliance Dictator, who assumes
unto himself the right to try and con
demn a member without the accused
even being informed that he is under a
charge and on trial, has now two horns
of a dilemma placed in his hands. We
are anxiously waiting for the next step
to be taken by President Evans.
A Narrow Escapeor a Train.
ST. LouIs, Mo, Aug. 6.-The most.
remarkable feature of last night's at-.
tempt at train wrecking at Eureka, Me,
was thle scape of the entire train and
ons hundred and eighty-three persons;
upon it from absolute destruction.
The desperadoes, who were undoubt
edly accomplices of the fellow with
whom Express Messenger Ferguson
had the fight, forced open a car of dyna
mite that stood on the sidetrack below~
the station at Eureka and stole two big~
dynamite cartridges that were Intended
for heavy blasting in quarries and
mines. Each cartridge was capable of,
tearing to pieces tons of solid rock.
They were placed by the dastardly
bandits on the rails, the intention being
to destroy the train anad plunder the~
richly laden express car, and probably
It is a miracle that the entire train
was not hurled to destuction, for the
miscreants who attempted to wreck it
placed the cartridges within a few feet
of a car which contained ten tons of
dynamite. Then they secreted them
selves and waited for the train that was
due to arrive a few minutes before 10'
o'clock. The train left St. Louis at 8.30,
and was only a few minutes behind
time, the delay having been caused by
the shooting of thne express messenger
by one of the robbers.
When the forward wheels of the en
gine rolled on the cartridges there was
a teridec explosion, which lifted the
machine from the tracks and tore the
massive pilot from the bolts riveted to
the engine. All the forward part of the
machine was wrecked and twisted, and
although It was able to carry the train
a few miles beyond, it was so badly
wrecked that another engine had to be
procured. The entire train was severe
ly shaken, the windows broken and the
packages of letters thrown from the
boxes in the mail car.
It is wonderful how the carrload of
dynamite escaped. The explosion tore
a great hole la the earth, wrested the
rails from their fastening and ilung the
ties in every direction. It tore open
one side of the dynamite car and ex
posed to view tons of the powerful ex
plosive, while for some unaccountable
reason this vast amount of dynamite,
with energy enough to blow an entire
city of[ the earth, did not explode. If
it had not a person In all those one hun
dred and eighty three passengers would
THE CAMPAIGN ENDED.
The Columbia Sate Namei the Winning
CLUMBIA, S. C., Augz. 9.-The State
campaign of 1894 is now a thin- of the
rast. As a result of the campai-n and
the recent meeting oftbe Sligh executive
committee, it is ptetty easy to cee now
that by this time next week the guber
natorial contest, as far as Messrs. El
lerbe and Tindal are concerned, will be
no longer a matter of interest.
It is pretty generally cocnceded that
the two eeutlemen named are now
loomed to defeat in the S:.ate couven
tiou next Thursday, and that :Evans is
to be the R-eform nominee.
If such a result comes abcout, the-i the
long-fought battle narrows to a square
fight in Vie general primary between Dr
Pope and John Gary Evans. Dr. Pope's
name does not go before the Reform pri
mary. If such is the cutlook--and
Evans' friends claim that their is ncw no
longer a doubt of his receiving the nomi
nation-then both Tindal and Elleroe
are barred from going any furtber.
An entirely new igh.t will be on.
Evans' friends will have io battie with
Dr. Pope's ftiends, who will very likely
decline to participate iu the Reform pri
maties on Saturday. The vote on Sat
urday. therefore, will tell pretty well
what Pope's strength is no, considering
any other vote which may go to him, if
there be any.
At any rate Pope, undir the circum
stances named, will not be cut of the
race by a good deal. He has made, it
is understood, many friends recently by
his action in kicking cut of the traces.
Now there is considerable doubt as to
what Ellerbe and Tindal will do. If the g
are going to kick oat of the traces they
will have to do it by tomorrow night, for
the Reform primaries take place Satur
day. It the results of these primaries
throughout the S!ate can be ascertamei
on Saturday night, the result of the State
convention on Thursday next can 1e
There is a good deal of silent dissat
isfaction among the general primary ad
vocates with regard to the SlIgb commit
tee's action. This may, or may not,
develop into a sentiment strong enough
to induce Tindal and Ellerbe to withdraw
their pledges, already filed.
An Evans man yesterday, leaving out
of the matter entirely any consideration
of Pope's chances. said that the whole
thing was going to result in the nomina
tion and election of the following ticket,
and if the element of doubt as to EUer
be's course and Pope's primary race was
removed, all would doubtless agree with
For Governor-John Gary Evan?.
Lieut. Governor-Dr. W. H. Timmer
Attorney General-0. W. Buchanan.
State Treasurer-W. T. C. Bates.
Superintendent of Education-W. D.
Comptroller General-A. W. Jones.
Secretary of State-D. H. Tompkins.
Adjutant and Inspector General
John Gary Watts.
Now as to the effect of the campaign
on the Senatorial fight, Tillman's friends
claidm that lie comts out of the stump
'battle stronger than ever. The general
opinion, however, is that the stump
work has been mote beneficial to Butler
than to Tillman. Butler's friends re
gard his chances as much better than at
any time heretofore.
As to the effect of the campaign on
the dispensary outlook, it is said by one
who ought to know, that Governor
Tillman is fally satisfied, by his tests
of the crowds at the meetmnas on the dis
pensary, that the great body of the peo
ple demand the dispensary; that he ex
pects them to send a Legislature here
which will re-enact the law and pass a
metropolitan police law, forcing a lar ge
number of such police on all cities where
with to enforce the law, and that they
will enact a law providing for changes of
venue in liquor cases.-State.
A Terrie Traredy,
CoiuarA, S. C., Aug. 8.-Yesterday
morning about two miles from the city
a young son of Mr. Henry Williams
was shot and killed by his brother. The
children were 7 and 5 years old respect
ively. It was a strange case and no ex
planation of the reason why the deed
was done is given: The facts are as
follows: Mrs. Williams left her house
and went out into the adjourning
woods for some purpose and left her
three children at the house. They were
aged 7, 5 atid 3 years. When she return
ed she was horrified to find the five-year
old child dead. Blood was pouring from
its ear. She screamed at the sight,
which brought in some neighbors. The
seven-yearold child on being questioned
said that he had'taken a nail and while
his little brother was lying on the floor
he had put it in his ear and stuck it
with his hand. He did not mean to
drive the naii in, he said. This explana
tion was not at all satifactory, but the
little fellow stuck to it for a long time.
In the meantilhe Coroner Roach was
notified and Dr. Green was sent for.
The Doctor saw at once that the fatal
wound had not been made by a nail.
The boy was questioned again and af.
ter much persuasion and some threats
he finally said that he had gone to a
trunk, took out a pistol, pr.t it to his
brother'e ear and fired. The little three
year-old child in its baby wiay confirm
ed that statement.
Absolutely no reason is given as to
why the child shot his brother, and it is
sI!mosed that he really did niot
Know what he was doing when he put
the fatal weapon to his brother's ear
and fired. Coroner Roach empaneled a
jury and a verdict was rendered in ac
cordance with the above facts. The
boy being only 7 years old is clearly not
responsib~le for the act.
Church and state.
The Columbia Register,of last Thurs
days, says a convention ot the leading
colored clergymen and laymen of the
State assembled Wednesday in the well
known Calvary Baptist Church in that
city. All denonminatious were repre
sented. The purpose of the gathering
wss to discuss the imperative necessity
of dividing the union of church and
State educational interests as exemphi
lied in Claflin University. After a full
and spirited discussion of the princi
pes at issue, and a formal series of re
commendations by a duly appointed
committee, it was decided to appoint
two committees; one to properly pre
sent the whole question before the
representative bodies of the various
colored denominations of the State,
and the other, consisting of Rev. H. M.
Raiford, Prof. J. N. Cardoza, Rev. E.
1. Coit, Prof. J. RI. Wilson, Rev. D. C.
Baum, Prof. J. W. MorrIs and Rev. W.
D. Chappell to present a memorial to
the State Legislature. There was op
position to the action of the meeting
and a number of persons, who consider
it inexpedient, separated themselves
from the main body and decided to
present a counter memorial to the
Legislature. Among those who do not
agree with the majority are: Rev. J. II.
Johnson, John A. Barr, C. J. Carroll,
D. HI. Moorer, P. C. Parks, . R I. Bulk
and Rev. M. G. Johnson.
MoNTooMERVY, Ala, Aug. 7.-Comn
plete unoflicial but reliable retur -is
from every county in the State but two
make the Democratic majority 26,I;3.
Those two counties are Baldwin and
Covington, both small counties, wmh
cannot possibly change the foregoimg
result more thani a fe w hundred. T:he
oficial counn, Ia the counties takes
place Saturday and the result will not
be changed materially. The Democrats
have at least 22 members of the Senate
out of 33 and 61 members of the House
ot of 100.
THEY STAND BY THE PLAN.
rhe Reform Executive Coinmut MAke
COLr3MA, S. C., August 8.-The
3tate Reform Executive Committee
net last night in the Senate chamber
it the Capitol. The committee had
een called together by Chairman Sligh
inder a call published a few days , go.
n which were set forth the reasons for
als action. It was brought about by
atements made to. and letters receiv
r. oy him, caining his attention to the
act that the plan as adopted by the
ommittee at its first meeting was
nsatisfactory to a large number of
LUfcrmers. These statements and let
ers were so numerous as to bring Mr.
Sligh to the conclusion that perhaps
for the sake of harmony and unity in
he Reform ranks the committee
should be called together to ascertain
'he extent of the reported dis3atisfac
tion, and to amend the plan in such
particulars as would bring about a bet
ter state of feeling among Reformers
in regard thereto.
The committee was called to order
by Chairman Sligh, and the following
members answered to thei r names
when the roll was called by Secretary
Abbeville-D. II. Magill.
Aiken-J. T. Gaston.
Anderson-D. K. Norris.
Barnweli-A. H. Patterson.
Charleston-W. G. Whaley.
Chester-T. J. Cunningnam.
Colleton-L. E. Parler.
Darlington-J. S. DuBose.
Edgefield-13. B. Evans.
Florence-J. S. McCall.
Greenville-J. T. Austin.
Hampton-W. II. Mauldin.
Uorry-J. M. Stalvey.
Kershaw-T. J. Kirkland.
Lancaster-J. C. Elliott.
Laurens-J. A. Jones.
Lexiagton-C. M. Edird.
Marion-D. W. McLaurin.
Newberry-J. A. Sligh.
Orangeburg-J. W. Stokes.
Vickens-T. C. Robinson.
Richland-I. A. Deal.
Spartanburg-T. L. Gantt.
Sumter-H. R. Thomas.
Uniot:,w-J. C. Otts.
York-W. R. Riggins.
Fairfield-J. W. Lyles.
On motion of Mr. Mauldln,of Hamp
ton, all persons were exclued from the
chamber except the members. All
others retired. Quite a crowd waited
in the lobby to learn what they could
of the proceedings from such members
as strayed out now and then for a
breath of air, or to converse with
friends on the outside.
The session was long and the debates
were earnest and excited. The speakers
could be heard throunh the glass doors,
bt not distinct enough to convey an
intelligent understanding of their re
marks. All of the members participa
ted in the debate, some of them taking
the floor several different times. Larry
Gantt vehemently opposed any chang
ing of the plan. His speech was suffi
ciently distinct to show that he was
utterly opposed to anything of the
kind and was heard to say at its con
clusion "that if we do so now the peo
pie will think that we are a set of
babies and jackasses." He was ap
plauded by toe members who agreed
John Lyles, of Fairfield, offered some
resolutions declaring for a general pri
mary. He made a strong speech in fa
vor of the same and was warmly ap
Member after member of the com
mittee took the floor and spoke for and
against the resolutions. What the
tenor of their remarks were could only
be judged from the expression of the
faces of the members whose opinion on
the subject was known. As a substi
tute for Mr. Lyle's motion Dr. J. Wmn.
Stokss introduced the following:
Whereas, this committee recognizes
that the plan adopted in April and re
iterated in July is not perfect, but af
ter full consideration for all interest,
prefrence, circumstances and condi
tion that confront the Reform move
ment, it is the best that we have been
able to devise; If faithfully carried out
the plan will compass the object in
view when the committee was organ
ized-namely, the nomination of a can
didate for Governor who shall be the
choice of the Reformers.
Resolved, That we deem it inexpedi
dert and unwise to abandon the plan
already agreed upon.
The substitute w as adopted, it is un
derstood by a very decided majority.
A long discussion. participated in by
nearly all present, ensued upon various
propositions to adopt additional rules,
and to explain the meaning of certain
doubtful terms contained in the plan.
Te debate took a wide range and cov
ered everything of importance concern
ing the Reform party. Chairman Sligh,
Colonel Norris, Dr. Stokes, Messrs.
Kirkland, W. Gibbes Whaley, Ellrd,
McLaurin, Maulj i . O is, Evans,
Elliott, Thomas, Ajpel, Patterson,
Deal, Parler, Dlulose, Stalvey and in
fact every member of the committee
spoke at some length on the subject
with more or less warmth and earnest
ness. The committee adjoured -S ate.
Train R->bbers Folled.
CLEVELAND, Aug. L.-Lake -Shore
Express train No. 12 arrived from the
West and puffed into the Union sta
tion this morning, after having enco
untered a most thrilling experience on
the plains of Indiana. An attempt was
made last night to hold up the train at
Kessler upon the identical spot that the
train was held up last fall. The train
was just approaching a split swich at
Kessler, when the engineer noticed that
the switzh was turned so as to run the~
train on the siding. A big obstruction
of ties and lumber was piled upon the
sding a few rods ahead of his engine.
The obstruction dId not appear to be
Impassable and the engineer put on all
the steam and dashed through the pile
passing safely on the main track
through the switch at a high rate of
speed. As the train passed the ob
stuction the engineer noticed a group
of masked men and as the engine clear
ed the track of all obstacles the would
be highwaymen f ired several shots In
to the train, none of which, however,
took effect. The United States express
car was attached to the train and had
on board a large amount of money. It
is thought that this was known to the
desperadoes who attempted to hold up
the train. Their disappointment in
carrying out their plans of stopping the
train was evinced on their firing shots
when they saw that their plans had
been foiled by the bcldness of the engi
neer in dashing through~ the heap of
ties upon the track.
storm ia vurginia.
WA ING ToN, Aug. 11.-A special to
the Post from Leesburg, Va, says: A
destructive wind, rain and hail storm
caused a serious loss of life and limb at
the Temperance Bush meeting at Pur
cellville at 3 &elock this evening. The
large tent sheltering about 2,000 peo
ple was blown down. In its fall John
Nicols, of Philamont, was killed, Mrs.
Dunbar, Mr. Schooey, Mrs. Peacock and
several others were severely hurt, while
Mrs. Samuel Di. Leslie h-ad her back
severely injurned and it is thought she
will die. Trees were uprooted, cairri
ages blown over and destroyed and
much property in the neighborhood
LrTTLE 11005, Ark., Aug. .-lt was
discovered to-day that D). E. Barker,
the Populist candidate for Governor,
had not paid his pC!i tax. This makes
him neligible to hold oflice or to vote,
the time for paying poll taxes having
expired a month ago. If he were to re
eive amajority of the votes cast at the
election which occurs the first Mouday
in September, he would not be granted
a certiicate of election. The Demo
crats in this city feel highly elated over
A cream or tartar Damng powder
Highest of all in leavening strength.-La
test United States Government food Re
Royal Bakig Powder Company,
106 Wal St., N. Y.
A Substitute Suggested.
The Spartanburg Herald suggestes
a substitute for the sub-treasury scheme
offered by the Farmer's Alliance, and
presents its views on the subject by
saying that it is "firmily convinced that
the financial policy now in force in this
country is the greatest injustice ever
perpetrated on any people on the face
ef the earth. We believe that the peo
ple are at last aroused and determined
to get some relief. The great danger
is that by the persistent refusal of
the money powers to grant reasonable
demands for the relief of the masses
they will drive the people to despera
tion and to excess. It was the denyal of
the reasonable demands of reapportion
ment, primary elections, etc., which
brought on the revolution we have had
in this State. Just so it will be in the
nation if the administration in power
continues to bind the county to a finan
cial system which is every day drawing
tighter, requiring each day more labor
to get a dollar than on the proceeding
day. For more than twenty years the
farmers have seen the prices of their
produce go down, down, down! In
1873 he could take ten bushels of wheat
to New York and get $13.30 in gold.
If he takes the same amount of wheat
to the same market today he will get
$5 40. In 1873 100 pounds of cotton
wefe worth $20.00 in gold. Today it
will bring $6.75. It is hardly reasonable
that in this country when the power to
regulate such things rests with the peo
ple that they will longer tolerate this
system that has robbed them of more
than half their wealth, and countinues
to rob them daily, because it makes
money harder to get, requiring more
labor to be given in exchange for a dol
lar. The people will have more money.
The question Is how shall we getit. Shall
we start the presses and print it as the
Argentine Conferation did a few years
back, or shall we borrow on farm pro
ducts? The first is absolutely danger
ous. If all men were wise and pure
and good a certain amount of geenbacks
issued could be maintained profitably
but in a republic where the administra
tion change frequntly and the policy is
at the caprice of the demagogue and
charlatan as often as the statesman, the
acheme is fraught with untold horrors.
No men of ordinary prudence would
hazard such an experiment or establish
such a precedent. The sub treasury is
better, but hardly practicable. Why
not go back to the system that has nev
er failed to bring prosperity, growth,
development and advancement in civi
lization? Why not put in force the
system that worked so well In
1873, before it was destroyed by stealth?
Nature has povided that just enough
gold and silver can be mined each year
to meet the demands of Increasing
business. Open the mints to gold and
slyer and prosperity will follow, but no
makeshift or artifice can give perman
ent relief outside of the free and nlim
ited coinage of gold and silver. His
tory, from the earliest ages, records
prosperity of the people just in propor
tion as the mines yielded bountifully.
Even in this country this has been the
case. Along about 1850 the world's
supply of the precious metals annually
did not exceed the demands of com
merce and the arts. There was no in
crease in the circulating medium and
hence prices fell 50 per cent. It was a
time of deepest gloom, when the discov
reies of gold and silver in Califernia and
Australia gave new life to enterprise
and change the very conditions of clvi
lization. The policy of constant contrac
tion was changed by the discoveries to
one of expansion, and prosperity
took the place ofdesolation. We
believe that the producers of
this country have determined to
threw off the grasping Shy
locks who ate sticking at their throats.
Relief will come through the opening
of the mints to gold and silver on
equal terms, but the further question
arises: What political party will be
trusted to carry out this legislation;
Both the Chicago and Minneapolis
plattorms were for bimetallism, and
yet the leaders of both the parties went
squarely back on it. Will the people who
votedl to put the Democrats In power
trust them again ? Promising to treat
gold and silver on equal terms, a Demo
cratic president went so far as to refuse
even the cinage of the siver the gov
ernment alrt-dy owns. We do not uin
dertaske to anisv er, but If the Demo
cratic party i- wise It will lose no time
in unloading he men who have caused
the party to r,-pudiate its platform."
Hintall y. . -
TEIARKANA, Ark.. A,. 8.-Henry
Wheeler and his waia, negroes, who live
in the north suburbs of town, have been
arrested snu lowged in jiall on the charge
of murdering the 16 year old sister the
latter, who had been living with them.
It is c'iarged that they ied her hand and
foot and left her alone f >r days at a time
in a secluded spot. T-ee des 2ot on to
the lacerated portions of her b :d y up n
which she had been beat en anid ecrew
worms resulted by th'e Nundredd. When
tound she was literalg a living skeleton,
a j . c e.. .i. ..u. A cor
ouer's jury found it a case of murder,
and Wheeler andl h's wife will remain in
ji until the next crand ja y which
meets in November. Wheeler has al
ways borne a god c'maracter among the
white people, but wam disliked by the
negroes because of his aristocratic main
nr. He has been eexton for ten years at
the Southern Methodist church.
ra Hard Luck.
MARLBORO, Aug. 7.-The family of
Rev. C. M. Page, of Collington, has been
peculiarly unfortunate this summer.
Mr. Page's son-in law, the Rev. Carl
Grammer, is ill, at the rectory; a few
days ago he received a telegram from
Mexico announcing the sudden death of
his son, Woods Page, and the critical
illness of his young wife, and 24 hours
af ter this another telegram was received
telling of the sudden death, from heart
disease. of Miss Maud Grammer, only
sister of the ill man. That afternoon
Miss Lilla [Page and Mr. Carl Gram
me's little daughter drove with Mrs.
G~rammers nurse to John M. Bowie's.
The hose ranaway and threw all three
from the vehicle, cutting the little girl's
foreheld from the heair down to the
right eye, a terrible gash. The nurse
was cut and bruised, and Miss Page es
caped with a few bruises.
Lo~,s Au' . 3.At 12:37 Ceasario
ws srnienced to death for the murder
o Carit As t he sentence was pro
nCucd he tottered, atnd with a weak
voice, said: "Viva la S~cial Revolution."
Then in a louder voice he shouted:
"Courage comrades, vive la anrhi.
In spite of the prisonrir's defl-iattitude,
his habitual smile disappeared fro-n his
face when thbe sentence of death was pro