Newspaper Page Text
VOL. X. M1ANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER ,19.N.6
A BLOODY TRAGEDY.
SOLOMON BROWN AND CONSTABLE
A Double Heonlsde the Rsit cof a Feud.
PrE cipitaled by Gribbin Seizhin? a Pack
age of Goods While Searching for Con
BLACKVILLE, S. C.. Aug. 2.-ThIs
afternoon at haif past 2 o'clock, the
bloodiest tragedy ever enacted in this
quiet little village cccurred on the main
street of the town, directly opposite the
passeneer station, and Solomon Brown,
the 22-sear old son of Simon Brown,
and John Gribbin, of the State D-spen
ary constabulary force, lie cold in
This double murder is the result of a
teud of long standiny.- At the time
when Tillman wai first nominated as
Governor, Gribbin, then the town mar
shal, was especially active in his cause,
thereby incurring the enmity of the Con
servative cit.zens of the town, who in
theensuing municipal election sunported
and elected a council, the members of
which pledged themselves in advance
not to appoint Gribbin town marshal.
The influential Brown family were ear
nest supporters of the Conservative
faction and did much to bring about
the defeat of men who favored Gribbin's
continuance as town marshal. After his
defeat, and a short time prior to the
passaee of the Dispensary Act, Grib
bin posted a letter refl'ctn2 uponoJews
which further widened the breach.
After his appointment as a member of
the State constabulary, upon three oc
casions he opened ps-ckages consigned to
various members 01 Lhe Drown family,
which naturally engendered bitter fael
Today, about 1 p. m., he entered the
freight shed and opened a case of cloth
ing from Baltimore consigned to Solomon
Brown, ostensibly to search for liquor
brought into the State in violation of
the Dispensary Act. Shortly before 2
o'clock Simon Brown, the father, meet
rug Gribbin on the street reproached him
for opening this particular package, ac
cusing him of persecution- The argu
ment waxed warm and Simon Brown
was joined by his three sons. Solomon,
Isadore and Herman. Gribbin offered
to fight any one of them and Isadore
Brows, a youth of about 20 years of age,
promptly acceptea the challenge, asking
him to remove his coat and official
badge. Gribbin struck in the direction
of Isa'lore Brown, who parried the b'ow,
knocking Gribbin against the wall of
George A. Stitt's store.
At this janclnre pistols were drawn
by Solomon Brown, iierman Brown and
Gribbin and six or seven shots were
fired in rapid succession. Gribbin was
shot through the left shoulder, and near
the heart, the ball entering the left
lung. He staggered into Mr. Stitt's
store, firing at Solomon Brown, who fell
half way 4) the ground at the first shot,
which %-s ouickiy followed by two or
-three others, one of which took effect
in his head, penetrating the brain. An
other went in the right side and a third
entered at the back, perforating the
heart, causing almost instant death.
Young Brown's remains were carried
to his home by friends who quickly
reached the scene of the awful tragedy.
Gribbin after being shot walked
through Mr. Stitt's store to the back
yard, where he fell and died within ten
Solomon Brown was the third son of
Simon Brown and had recently em
barked in the furnishiner goods business
'on his own account. He was engaged
to be msrried to a young lady in Savan
nah and a beautiful home to which he
expected to conduct his young bride is
now under constructIon. He was an
especially shrewd business matn, popular
and courtecus and his untimely end is
deeply deplored by all who knew him.
John Gribbin, the Dispensary consta
ble, was a native of Irelsn"6 abaut 40
years 01 age, and came to B$ackville as
town marshal in 1887, and was regarded
a competent officer, but rather lacking
in judgment. This position he retained
nader several administrations, losing it
when he espoused the Tillman cause.
Before coming to Blackville he had
been successively a private in the Bri
tish ar-ny, in the United States Marine
corps, from which he deserted, and was
afterwards in the Filth United States
Artillery frcin which be was discharged.
He was an especially active member of
the constabulary force, and though es
teemed by the supporters of the Dis
pensary Act, his course had made him
very obnoxious to those not in sympa
thy therewith. Hie leaves a widow and
About 4 p. m. Coroner H.P. Dyches,
who it is asserted fired the shot which
killed youug Brown from inside his
store. empaneled a jury to view the re
mains of the dead constable and pro
ceeded to a grove near by to hold the
inquest. After examiming H. D). John
son, J. G. Strobel and partially exsm
.rming Gleo. A. Stitt, as witnesses to
- more or less of the untoitunate atlliray,
.- a c'ommunication fro)m Solictor G. D~un
can Bellinger was placed in hIs hands
suggesting ~that in view of the fact it
was openly charged he had tired at least
one shot during the melce, it would be
better that he abould not preside at the
mnquests In this opinion, however, the
jury did not concur anzd insisted upon
concluding its duties.
The exctnmation of Mr. Stitt was re
sumed whben a bailiff' from the shierill's
office notitied the coroner that the slher.
iff was on his way to the mnquest which
he desired should be beid by Trial Jus
tice Hammet. Notwithstanding this of
ficial message, however, the jury per
sisted in the performance of its duties.
Coroner .D~ches, who had interrogated
the witnesses as to whether or not they
had seen him fire a shot at Solomon
Brown and, also, if it was possible for
Gribbin to have shot young Brown in
the back in the posit ion they occupied
respectively, to which lie received nega
tive replies in both cases, was not at all
loath to conduct the inquest to an end,
and evinced no desire to exercise his
prerogative to afdjoutn the proceedings.
The examination ct Mr. Siitt was
again resumed, when Sheriff Lancaster,
accompaniedl by Trial Justice H1am met,
appeared on the scene, and summoning
the coroner drew an etlic'al document
from his pocket and placed him under
arrest, charged with the murder of Solo
mon Brown. This sensatio4al denoue
ment caused the immediate cessation of
the inquest. Trial Justice Hamniet
proceeded at once to empanel a jury
and summon witnesses. T be Iactet
elicited are in accordance with the
above, and the verdict of the jury ovei
the remains of John Gribbin is thai
deatn was caused by a pistol sho1
wound from a pistol in the hands o
Hermon Brown, and that Simon ani
Isadore Brown are accessories before
anA after the fact The inquest over the
remains of Nouve Brown in set for 8 a.
m. Wednesday morning.-Register.
TIE INQUEsT HELD.
BLACKVILLE, Aug. 29.-Trial J tstice
Hammet, acting coroner, this morning
proceeded to hold an inquest over the
remains of Solomon Brown, killed yes
terday afternoon in the Brown Griboin
affrav. A number of witnesses were
examined who testifled that IHermon
Brown, the 17 year old son of Simon
Brown, and youngest brother of the
deceased, fired the first shots directly at
Gribbin. Ie discharged his pistol in
withdrawing it from the case, the ball
penetrating his left hand. No testimo
ny was adduced to prove that Solomon
Brown fired a single shot, although one
witness testilled that Isodore Brown
commenced fireing simulatneonsly
The witnesses agreed in the state
ment that in the positions occupied by
Gribbin and young Brown it was im
possible for the former to have shot
the latter in the back. It is claimed
both Simon and Isadore Brown were
It was proved that 11. ?. Dyches, the
coroner, who was arrested on the
charge of murder while holding the in
quest over the remains of Gribbin,
entered his store, secured a pistol and
returned to the stret during the light.
Several witnesses swore point blank
that Dyches did not fire, but another
testi lied that a shot was fired from
Dyches's store, after which Solomon
Brown fell. This is supposed to be the
shot which entered at ',he bask pene
trating Brown's heart.
The jury returned a verdict that Sol
omon Brown's death was caused by
pistol shot wounds intlicted by John
Gribbin and oth6r parties or party
unknown to the jury. Warrants have
been Issued for the arrest of Mts
srs. Simorn, Isadore and Hlermon
Brown, ut will probably not be served
until alter the funeral of Solomon
Brown, which occur in Augusta to
morrow upon arrival of the South Car
olina and Georgia train. The remains
of this lamented young man will be an
compained to their final resting place
by the members of his large family and
many citizens, and a detachment fro'n
the Gordon Volunteers of which he
was a member.
The autopsies reveal that Bro wn was
shot six times and Gribbin four. The
witnesses testilied to the firing of but
seven or eight shots, two by Hermon
Brown, five by Gribuin and the shot
fired from Dyches's store. 0 2e bullet
impinged against the brick wall and
another crashed through the glass of a
display window in Dycnes's store.
From this it appears that not less than
twelveshots were fired. It is known
that a great many people witnessed the
shooting who were not brought for
ward as witnesses at the inquests.
These parties will be called upon to
testify at the trials which will e-sue
and the discrepancy will doubtless be
I am advised that Gribbin was con
tinued as marshal of Blackville until
03tober, 1893, and that his removal
was brought about by this arbitrary
treatment of citizens and overbearing
and overzealous manner in the dis
charge of his just and imaginary duties,
and that his political affiliations had
nothing to do with the opposition.
Gribbius's remains were interred in
the city cemetery this morning, the ser
vices being conducted by the knights
of Phythias of which he was a mamber.
EDMUND FELDER .
Flooded by a Cloudburt,
SAN ANTONIo. Tex., Aug. 31.-News
reached here by private telegrams that
a cloud burst flooded the town or
Uvalde, the County seat of Uvalde
County, eight miles west of the South
ern Pacifia and the town of Dhanis,
Medillal County, fifty miles west, Wed
nesday night. After midnight the
water in Uvalde was toree feet deep,
and the population took refuge on high
ground. Three people were drowned
in Dhanis two children were drowned.
The water is four teet deep. The
bridges and approaches of the South
ern Pacific were washed away, which
will stop trains for a week- It was
about 2 o'clock in the morning, when
the flbod came. Just as the storm
broke over the city a torrent of water
rushed down the Leona River, over
flowing the banks of that stream and
flooding the lowlands on either side to
a depth of several feet. The E ist side
of the city is built on 10a lands and
was directly in the path of this water.
All the houses In this part of the town
were submerged. There were a num
ber of miraculous escapes and the res
cers and the rescued performed many
heroic acts. As soon as those in the
higher part of the town were made
aware of the tetrible tho~d and dire con
sequences, the work of rescuing began
and carried out as rapidly as possitale
in the darkness of the night. An-earth
quake shock of some seconds duration
was distinctly felt during the night,
At one place near the city about a
quarter of a mile of heavy cracks ap
peared on each side of the Leona River
having apparently no bottom. A track
walker of the Southern Pacitic, after
wading through water up to his neck.
with his lantern elevated above his
head. succeeded in feeling his way far
enough E ast to intercept a West bound
train ana prevent it plunging into the
raging river where the railroad bridge
had beeni destroyed. Ne ws Ia e this
evening reaches here that three fami
lies living below town were drowned.
The names have not yet been l'earned.
The loss to the Southern Pacille Corm
pany is enormous.
''A Wmntt or Death.''
ST. Lowis, August :2G.-A &pecial tC
the Glob3-Democrat fcom St. 1'9ters
hurg says: "A wind of death. No other
name can dlescribe th cyclone that
swept across the Sea of Az )v yesterday.
It will be impossible for days yet tc
comrute the diamaae done, but it is al
most certain that at least, 1,000 people
perished, some by drowning, n',bers by
beint crushed under f alling houses and
trees. The excite-ment is great among
he American colony in this city, for it
is feared that, at, leasi, two parties of
American topuriss were on the Sea of
Azov at the time the wind did its deadly
work. At Marianople over 200 peole
were killed andl nine-tenths of the house
destroyed. At a fishing village named
Ngaisk-, all the men were out to sea.
The town was destroyed and noie o.
the b~ats returned to shore. At the
hour of the latest report nl)t one of the
steamer: that touch at the port of Bsr
diansk had arrived. Fears are expresse.
that every craft in the sea has trone V~
the bottom and that every passenger is
drowned. When the wind swept over
the northern end oi Azjv, it took a new
ccurse, going~ scutherly along the coaet
of the land of the Black Cossack. la
turn, E sk and Achiuev were ravaged,
each town being almost totally destroye4
Telegraphic communication with th:t
district is suspended and it is impose i
ble to learn the extent of the destructiot
but at least 1.000 persons must hav<
died on the two shore-s. The storm, as
Inearly as can now be learned, seemec
to suddenly lose its force near Temriai
and passed off with comparatIve quiet
ontherly over the BlakeSa."
THE ItCENT :KILLING.
GOV. TILLMAN EXPRESSES HIS RE
GRET AT THE SAD OCCURRENCE.
The Correap-,r dence ieiwetn ,he G,.v, r
nor end Col. mike Brwn Abiut the
Rfmovel of the Dead Constable-A Let
ter Which Was Received Tao Lte.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Aug. 30.-The terri
ble tragedy of Tuesday at Blackville
was the subject of mach talk in Co
lumbia yesterday, and general regret
As the tragedy was the result of a
personal aitercation and not because of
the Dispensary law Governor Tillman
did not-get much information about
The Governor expressed his regrets.
When his attention was called to the
criticism of Col. Mike Brown, he said
that if Colonel Brown had notilied him
earlier of the personal feeling existing
he would have removed Gribbin to an
other field. Inasmuch as Colonel Brown
made public mention of the matter
Governor Tillman at the request of the
newspaper reporters gave to the press
the communication regarding the
COLONEL BROWN'S LETTER.
The following is Colonel Brown's
letter and was received yesterday morn
ing by Goverrtor Tillman:
Barnwell, S. C., Aug. 28. 1894.
"To Ilis Excellency B. i. Tillman,
Governor, Columbia, S. C.
"My D ar Sir: I regret very much
the necessity of complaining to .you
about any matter, but the rcent out
rageous and unwarranted actions of
Constable Gribbin at Blackville in seiz
iug and opening a small box consigned
to my wife by express is of such aggra
vating character that I feel it my priv
ilege and duty as a law-abiding citiz-'n
to briug the matter to your attention
and request the removal of Gribbin. I
am advised by Mr. Richardson, route
agent of the express company, that a
report of the seizare has been sent to
you. I am not dealing in whiskey, nor
interested in any one who would be
disposed to violate the D!spensary law,
ano if I was I certainly would not de
grade myself so far as to atrtempt to
smuggle whiskey in my wife's name,
and I write you in regard to the mat
ter. feeling sure that you would not up
hold or allow any constable in the em
ploy of the State to aggravate,insult and
trample upon the rights of the people
-a lady-to gratify a personal grudge
under pretense of carrying out the
law. This man Gribbin is a low down
scoundrel without intelligence or jndg
ment and totally unfit for so high a
position. As a proof on this point. I
refer to the following circumstances:
Some time ago he got mad with my
father about some matter and to vent
his spite stated that on a certain day at
Blackville he would publicly expose
the Jews. My brother met him on the
streets and characterized him publicly
with oaths and curses, and he did not
resent it, (which any respectable man,
as you know, would certainly do) His
animosity extends to every member of
the family, and it was to aggravate me
and in a spirit of revenge that ne seiz
ed a package addressed to my wife,
which bad not the slightest sign or evi
dence of containing whiskey.
"I enclose you a letter received from
Mr. Buckirgham this morning (which
please return when you have read.)
While Gribbin, in this instance, ap
pears to have been acting within the
pales of the law, I am sure that your
Excellency would have approved and
excused him, in granting Mr. Bu~cking
ham's request and allowing tue cam
phor and alcohol to be forwarded to the
sick lady, and his refusal to do so, un
der the circumstances, knowing that it
was ordered and needed for a sick lady,
shows that he lacks any feeling, judg
ment or discretion, and is not qualified
for the position. I understand that he
is a straggler left here by Sherman's
raiders. When he came to Blackville
he was compelled to leave Aiken. An
investigation will satisfy you as to his
character, and I teel that his removal
Is, in justice to myself and the protec
tion or the communIty. 1 am yours,
very respectfully. MIKt E EOwN."
TIIE ALCOIIOL AFFAIR.
The following is the enclosed letter
Barnwell, S. C., 27h August, 1890.
"C1l. Mike 15rown, 15arnwell, S. C.
"Dear Sir: Complying with your re
quest of even date, I here with furnish
you with a statement of the seizure of
a gallon of alcohol and one pound of
gum camnphor -by Constable Gribbin, at
Backville, eome fe w weeks, ago.
"My mother was in a dying condition
and her doctor ordered that she be free
ly bathed in alco':iol, strongly impreg
nated with camphor.
"'here was no alcohol to be had in
liarnwell and my lather ordered it,
along with some groceries, from his
grocer in Charleston,but instructed the
grocer to ship the alcohol and camphor
by express, thinking that we would re
ceive it sooner than If it were shipped
with groceries by freight. Tae pack
age was seizsd at lI-ackville by Mr.
Gribbin. 1, beIng unknown to him, and
desiring to get the drugs as soon as
possible, got Mr. Hlammett, the rail
road agent here, to wire him and state
that the articles were for medicinal
use and were urgently needed. Mr.
1am mett is well known to him and I
desired to have the truthfulness and
good faith of mv request for the re
lease of the stuff Vouc~hed for by some
one Mr. Gribbin could rely upon, as he
did not know me.
"Mr. I amnmett explained the case,bumt
he still refused delivery, claiming It
was'rumu' and has sin~ce posted notic3
of its s-iz~ure as rum, butt makes nto
mention of the campher. I recognied
the~ faCt that it was strickly speaking a
legal seizure, arid have no coinplaint to
make on that score. I do hold, though.
that any constable who has sutlicient
judgment to entitle him to an appoint
ment should exercise his jumdgment
in a case of this kind and releasme goods
under circumstances which were
vouched for as in this cise, andi I fur
ther believe that his superior ollicer
would have held him harmless for so
using his j-idgment.
1 do not write this in hopes of get
ting hack the seized goods. Commis
soner Traxler has already declined de
livery on the ground that the shipper
marked package "Groceries." and there
by attempted an evasion of the law.
The grocer marked them thus on his
o wn responsinility and not by any in
structions from us. Very truly yours,
GOVERtNOR~ Ti LLMAN'S ANS w~it
G overnor Tillmani yesterday sent the
following answer to Colonel B-own:
"Columbia. S. C., August 29?, 18'J3.
"Mr. Mike Brown, Barnwell,S. C.
"Dear Sir: "Your letter of the 28th
has just been received- Ihad you writ
ten sooner, whether your complaint is
just or not, I would have seen to it
that you had no cause for censure, by
removing Mr. G~ribbin to another hield
and thus the lamentable tragedy which
has darkened your own household and
let a widow with four children to
struggle alone with the world, might
have been averted.
-'As a usual thing constables are al
ways sent from home and had I known
that teremas aony cause of frictin
Mr. Gribbin would have been detailed
for duty outside of Barnwell County.
"It is needless for me to say that I
regret the sad catastrophe which could
have so easily been averted had you
written your letter sooner.
"B. R. TILLMA1, Governor."
P. S.-In regard to the alcohol be
longing to Mr. Buckingham, his own
letter is a sufficient answer. Alcohol is
kept for sale by all the Dispensers and
the package in question was marked
'groceries.' Mr Buckingham coula
have gotten the alcohoi legitimately
and when he risked smuggling it in
stead of buying from a Dispensary he
has no ju3t cause of complaint. Con
stables have no discretion In such
cases. To release contraband liquor
under such circumstances would mean
instant removal. Mr. Buckingham
should have had the camphor and alco
hol mixed in Cbarleston. It was not
medicinal until it was mixed.
". R. T."
WINTHRO.- 'S FAIR WINNERS.
The Personnel of the College the Coming
COLUMBA, S. C. Aug. 30.-The com
petitive examinations for the scholar
ships in each county in the WinthroD
Normal College were held on July 17
last. The reports of the results have
been very slow in coming in to the Su
perintendent of Education. Nearly all
however, have now been received and
Superiutendent Mayfileld yesterday
made public the names of the winners,
giving the personnel of the college for
the coming session, which begins next
The list of the winners by counties,
with postollice address, is as follows:
Abbeville-First scholarship, Nellie
L. Cochran, Abbevill#-; second scholar
slip, Julia NMcGhee, Greenwood.
Aiken-No report-as to either.
Anderson-First scholarship, Margie
Major, Danver; second scholarship, Lil
lie Boggs, Equality.
Barnwell-First scholarship, Hattie
1. Newsom, Williston; second scholar
ship, Rosa Fishburne, Bamberg.
Beaufort-First scholarship, Estelle
W. Richardson. Beaufort; second schol
arship, LAura C. Bellows, Beautort.
Berkeley-First scholarship, incum
bent held over; no report as to second .
Charleston-First scholarship, Julia
C. Steinmeyer, Charleston; second
scholarship, E. A. Dargan, Charleston.
Chester-First scholarship, Naanie
McAliley, Chester; second scholarship,
Janie Thompson, Chester.
Chesterfield-First scholarship, Dora
McLean, Cheraw; second scholarship,
Marion G. Godfrey, Cheraw.
Clarendon-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship, Janet Wells,
Colleton---First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
Darlington-First scholarship holds
over: second scholarship holds over.
EI.zefield-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
Fatrfild-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
Florence-First scholarship, N ellie
Bristow, Florence; no report as to sec
Georgetown-First scholarship, Ma
ria R. Heriot. Georgetown; second
scholarship, M. Netta Davis, George
Greenville-No report as to either.
Hampton-First scholarship, Hattie
Lightsey, Brunson; no report as to sec
Horry-First scholarship, Lillian D.
Stalvey, Socastee; no report as to sec
Kershaw-First scholarship, Lena
Kiralev, Camden; second scholarship,
Lou M. Stover. Flat Rock.
Lancaster--First scholarship, Ella
Mackey, Lancaster; second scholarship,
Mamie Stover, Oaknurst.
Laurens-First scholarship, L'zzie
Hunter, High Point; second scholar
shi p, E mily N. S ntt, Clinton.
L-exngton-First scholarship, May
Haltiwaoger, Lexington, second schol1
arship, Nina IHenry, Lexington.
Marion-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
Marlboro-First scholarship, holds
over; second scholarship, Margie Mc
Laurin, McCall Station.
Newberry-First scholarship, Emily
Scott, Newberry; second scholarship,
Grtrude Simpson, Prosperity.
o03onee-First scholarship, Lizzie
Grant, WYalhalla; second scnolarship,
Elie Stribling, Waihalla.
Orangeburg-First scholarship, Mag
gie Connor, Orangeburg; second schol
arship, Elna Tatum, Bamberg.
Pickens-First scholarship, Jlessie
Harry, Briggs; second scholarship,
Emily Johnson, E isley.
Richland-First scholarship, E. Isa
belle Lindsay, Columbia; second schol
arship, Marion M1 Means, Columbia.
Spartanburg-F'rst scholarship, Bes
sie E. Floyd, Spartanburg; second
scholarship, B. S. Wright, Fairmont.
Sumter-First scholarship, Mary II.
Sanders, Boykins; second scholarship,
Linnie C. Mchaurin, Samter.
Union-First scholarship holds over;
second scholarship holds over.
Williamsburg-F i rest scholarship
holds over; second scholarship holds
Y ork-First scholarship, E ni Ken
nedy, Yorkville; second scholarship,
Masgaret L. lBrice, Y orkville.
A Hu, Aug. 29 -A fatal shooting
scrape took place about 9J o'clock to
night in front of Blue Mountain Joe's
tent, near the passenger station, be
tween N ight Marshal James L. Win
gard and Will Chatltield, and the result
of it is that Chatlield lies with a mortal
wound in his abdomen. The reports in
reerence to the aif-ur are conflicting.
(One is that it was a personal dilliculty
and Wingard was in the wrong; the
other is that Wingard was acting In
the discharge of his duties as marshal.
h owever, that will all come out at the
coroner's ingnest. They had words
and in the sicullis that ensued, a by
stander grabbed Wingard's club to pre
vent his using it, when hie drew his
pistol and shot twice, one ball pene
trating the abdomen, entering at the
navel, the other making a glancing
wound in the side. Coatuield was taken
to the P'arK Avenue Hotel and Drs.
Wyman and Ed wards called in.
They are now with him trying to lind
the ball. Will Cha'lield is a soni of Mr.
B. P. Chat lield, proprietor of the Park
Avenue Hotel, and is about twenty
liveyears of age. lie is uinmarried. Win
gard gave himself up and is now in the
custody o1 the sheriff. Chatlield has
CINCINNArr, 0., August 30.-The
Times-Star Lexington, Ky., special
says: A duel to death witn knives oc
crred in Clark county in Boonesboro
yesterday, over the scandal feature of
the Ashland Congressional contest.
John King, a IBreckinridge man, living
in Fayette county, met on the higway
his old friend who lives in Clark coun
ty. Cook said that any woman who
went to hear Breckinridge speak was
no better than a courtesan. King dis
mounted from his horse, saving his wife
and daughters had heard Bre::kinridge.
Cook insisted it was a shame. He also
dismounted. Both drew knives and
Blood Ilowed freely until Cook dropned,
having three stabs in the breast; King
NEW COVERING FOR COTTON.
The SubitituLon of Sagar Sack for Jate
NEW YoRK, Aug. 31.-The Cotton.
Exchange, as already reported, has of
ficially decided that the use of sugar bag
cloth in covering cotton is not countr
ary to its rules. It was rumored on the
Exchange yesterday, though nobody
cared to stand spoonsor for the rumor,
that the matter had come up before the
Board of Managers, through the action
of the various jute manufacturing
companies, which saw the threat of a
damaging competition in any encroach
ment of other kinds of bagging, con
sequently they had induced the cotton
manufactuerers to unite in a protest
against the use of sugar bag cloth, and
address it to the Board. Mr. Richard
Sledenberg, of the Cotton Exchange,
acknowledged that letters of protest
had been received from a number of
Eastern cotton spinners protesting
against the use of sugar bag cloth.
But he knew nothing of the motives
that prompted this move, and presumed
they were entirely disinterested.
'On the other hand, he added, "the
Board received a number of cominuni
cations from farmers and cotton grow
ers asking whether it discriminated
against the use of sugar bagging and
intimating a preference for the latter.
It was in answer to these applicetions
pro and con that we passed our resolu
tion of the 20:h and issued in the form
of a letter to all our patrons. We de
sire to make no discrimination what
ever, but to leave them to their own
election in the matter. Oaly when
there is a serious defeat in any partic
ular sort of bagging would the Board
care to interfere. For example, last
May it was constrained to give notice
that pine straw bagging was obis ction
able, Inasmuch as it stained, and there
fore, deteriorated the cotton covered
by it in the event of its becoming damp
or wet. This was in answer to nutn
erous bitter protests that came to us,
especially from European customers,
which made immediate action impara
"How does the Farmers' Alliance
stand in this matter?" was asked.
"We have no oilicial notice as to how
they stand as a body. The only cam
munication of this sort was rereived
from secretary of the Farmers' Alli
ance in Charleston, S. C., In which he
put the same question that had been
put by other correspondents from the
agricultural districts and intimated the
same preference for sugar bagging. He
thought that it would be a hardship to
be forced to use j ate."
"To what do you attribute this pref
erence for sugar bagging?"
"Well, it is cheaper, in the first place;
and in the second place, being more
tightly woven, it is said to protect the
cotton better tnan jute."
Mr. Walter T. Miller, secretary of
the Exchange, was in substantial ac
cord with the president. Sugar bag
ging," he explained, "can be obtained
by the cotton dealers either at second
or first hanis. In either event it is
cheaper than jute. Second hand, it
may be as much as 3 cents a yard
cheaper, which would be about 18
cents a bale. You see that is a con
sideration. Biagging that has been
through a steam process of cleaning
and may readily be utilized for cover
ing bales of cotton."
"Have any new crop bales been cov
ered with the sugar bagging?"
"No, it is too early for that. But
now.that the Board has declard itself
there is no dobut that the sugar bag
ging will come into extensive use.
Naturally, all purchases of cotton made
through the New-York Exchange are
subject to the rules of the E xchage and
no customer can obj ect to the bagging
which the Exchange approves."
A pioneer trader In cotton who ha~s
been in the business for twenty-live
years assured the reporter that the
more tightly woven material was pre
ferred by the planters of the South, not
only because it was cheaper, but because
it protected the cotton from dust and
ashes and also, to a moderate degree,
from the cinders which occasionally
fall upon bales of cotton in cars or when
piled up at the station and set lire to
them. And in any case, he added, they
did not care to be dictated to by any
combination of manufaturers, but
wanted full liberty to use any material
NEw YORK, Aug. 30 -A Paris spe
cial to The World says: For a month
past very detinitely stated reports have
been current among American. friends
of Mr. and Mrs. William K. Vander
bilt in London and Paris that formal
negotiations were in progress between
them for a judicial separation. Failing
that, It has oeen said there was a proba
bility of a suit for divorce on the part
of Mrs. Vanderbilt. There Is no doubt
that Mrs. Vanderbilt has consulted
friends as to the advisability of insti
tuting such proceedings. Tne name of
Nelly Neustretter, a very well known
woman living in Paris, though of
Dutch birth is mentioned In this connec
tion, with what authority is not kno wn.
She has recenlty established nerself in
expensive apartments at the Cafe Mad
rid. Paris, and at Dsauville, with an
elaborate edtourage of servants.
The domestic dlii ulties between
Mr. and Mrs. Vanderbilt reacihed al
most a climax last spring, when the
party on the splendia yatch Valliant
broke uip in the Mediterranean under
circumstances which at once widely
separated all its members. Mrs. Vand
erbilt went to E-igl-and, where Sc-ott
Murray's beautitul estate, D~anestiald
near llenley, on the Thames, had been
rented for her. Mr. Vanderbilt re
mained in P'arls fir the first months of
summer, but has rec'ently been at
Deauville, returning toi Paris last Fri
cay. In Ju tne last Cornelius Vande'r
bilt came to London to interpose his
strenuous oflices to stop further, and
especially public, proeedinlgs, but was
unsuccesssul in restoring peace, and
Mrs. Vanderbilt committed her In
trests to Colonel William Jay of New
York, who, with Mrs. .Jay, has been at
Daneslield until last wee~k. lie is now
at Ihamburg, Mrs. Vanderbilt also be
ing in Germ mny. Colonel JY ty is to be
in P'anis on Sept. 15 as the guest of
James Gordon Bennett. A formal
proposition has been made by Mrs.
Vanderbilt for a separation on terms
of an annual allo wance of $300,000, the
custody of her children and the posses
sion of the three houses at Newport,
Islip and in New York. A gentleman
in a position to be cogniz tnt of all the
facts states that Mr. Vanderbilt op
posed no objection to a separation, but
offered much less favorable terms than
those asked by Mrs. Vanderbilt. Ills
proffer has been refused by her, and
further definite discussion awaits the
arrival in Paris of Colonel Jay. Mr.
Vanderbilt was seen at the hotel Con
tinental, but declined to discuss the
::t'.r further than to say that no
proceedings in divorce had been taken
by him . ____________________________
SCIIOOLCRlAFT, Mich., August.-21
Prof Alonzo Kendall made a balloon
ascension yesterday. When 100 feet
from the ground the paracnute was
struck by the Dalloon, It collapsed and
fell with a thud. P'rof. Kendall was
killed instantly. A large crowd wit
nessedl the traedy.
BUTLER MEN IN COUNCIL.
IT IS BELIEVED THAT AN INDEPEND
ENT CONVENTION WILL BE HELD.
Opposition Manireted to the Movement
Butler IdMakes a Sp tech-Four Hours De
voted 1. Speaking and Receiving Re
Ports from the Varlouns Countie.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Sept. 1-Whether
or not to put out an independent ticket
and to call a State convention was the
subject of the hottest kind of a discus
sion in the big conference of the Butler
leaders last night. The conference was
held in the dining room of the Hotel
Jerome and there were thirty or forty
men present, supposed to represent a
large number of the counties of the
State. Senator Butler headed the list
of those present. From Edgefield were
Major Carwile, W. I. Harmon, Geo. B.
Lake and several others. Next in im
portance were District Attorney W.
Perry Murphy, Revenue Collector
Townes, Deputy Collector A. H. Jen
kins of Greenville; Raiding Deputy
L. W. C. Blalock of Newberry, Thos.W.
Woodward of Fairfield, Mayor Dargan
and C. S. Nettles of Darlington,Deputy
Collector Hal Richardson, M. P. Trib
ble and B F. Whitner of Anderson, G.
C. Page, A. J. Fisher, J. M. Robinson
and W. Landford of Spartanburg, W.
H. Hunt, Jr., 0. L. Schumpert of New
berry, Taos. B. Butler of Union; John
Dunnovant, W. R. Christie and A. M.
Aiken of Chester. M. 0. Dantzler of
St. Matthews, John E. Allen of Barn
well, John May of Yorkville, Rev. L.
D. Bass of Florence. Gao. S. Mower of
Newberry, Capt. John G. C ipers of
I'chland, A. E. G )nziles, N. G. Gon
zales of Richland, B. F. Perry of
Greenville. Among the other news
paper men on hand were J. Wilson
Gibtes, W. W. Ball of the Journal and
A. Kohn of the News and Courier.
The conference was in session until
1 o'clock this morning, and when it
adjourned it was stated that a resolu
tion had been passed not to give any -
thing to the newspapers. Certain news
paper men were not dependent on.what
was to be given them. It is known
that a chairman and a secretary were
elected and that a series of resolutions
were introduced. These resolutions
precipitated. a discussion lasting for
hours. It is not known what they
contained, bat from the windows of
the dining room of the hotel could be
heard the discussion in progress.
The longest and hottest discussion
was, as stated, on the ques':ion of call
ing a convention an, putting out a
ticket from G:vernor down. There
seemed to have been strong opposition
to this course, but the men against it
were evidently in the minority, be
cause when a speech in favor of a con
vention was made the cheering and ap
plause was loud and hearty. All the
indication point to a ticket. It is
known that three men are being con
sidered for the nomination for Govern
or. The name of Judge Hudson is
among the number. The opposition to
him is that he is too old to make a fight.
During the discussion many bitter
things were said about the Tillmanites
and the majority of the speakers arged
a fight no matter whether they were
defeated or not. Oae man said that he
was in favor of begining the iight now
and Dassing resolutions after ward. He
said hebeleved in going at the business
with a rush and making a practical
fight. Another said that the conferenca
ought not to attempt to commit those
present to any course. He was in favor
of requesting the people to meet at
their respective county seats and decid
ing whether they were in favor of an
Independent movement. If they were
then a convention could be called and a
ticket put out. Until this was done he
was against the passage of the resolu
tions calling a convention.
Senator Butler made a speech during
the evening. Among other speakers
were Captain Capers. Somei man want
ed the resolutions read by sections and
adopted that way, but Captain Capers
was opposed to this and wanted the re
solutions adopted as a whole. Another
man took the ground that the passage
and publication of the resolutions
would lose votes to the movement. A
great talk was heard about "the Demo
cracy," and the conference seemed to
consider that it was the only gathering
of Democrats in the State. National
Democracy played an important part
in the talk.
Reports were made from the different
counties of the State and about the pros
pects of winning. Some of those pre
sent took the position that it would be
better to make the tight only in counties
where there was '. chance of winning
and leave the others alone. There was
much talk about the small vote cast at
the recent primary and August Kohn
of the News and ,Courier arose and said
that he had sent his paper a tabulated
statement of the vote by counties. The
total In :the State was about 58.000, a
faling off of many thousand from two
years ago. Mr. K~ohn did not express
any opinion on this light vote, but al
lowed the conference to judge of it it
self. The conference gave signs of be
ing much impressed and believe that
in that light vote lay all the chances
of an independent movement .
One speaker, with a great deal of en
thusiasm, said that in 18%f they had
been at first urged not to say or do any
thing but they had fought and won.
They would tight and win this time if
the "Democracy" would back them.
Captain Capers reported that he had
received many encouraging letters. lie
gave the names of some of those from
whom the letters had been received.
At the same time he re ported that there
was some opposition to the movement
among men who were expected to be its
friends. In one instance a father and
a son expressed directly opposite views
on the matter.
A fter the conference had adjourned a
rnember said that the resolutions which
had caused so much debate had been
passed and he talked confidently of win
ring. There is little doubt from every
thing that the Reformers, and those
Conservatives who believe in standing
to the rack, will have to ight an inde
pendent movement of the worse sort
and will have te light a ticket com
posed of strong men. It is understood
that offers of financial assistance have
been received from various quarters.
Before the conference adj urned a
committee from different counties was
appointed to remain in the city and
hold a meeting at 9 o'clock this morn
ing. This committee wiil probably
formulate an address to the voters of
the State and make public the resolu
tions passed. From everything- that
can be learned it Is nelieved that these
resolutions call for a convention of the
nomination of a Stats ticket. It could
not be learned what date for the conven
tion had been fixed but the hot heads
want it right away and want to begin
the light without preliminaries. In
the language of the gentleman who
spoke so heartily, "-Let's start the fight
KEITTS'S SHRILL CALL.
An Imp assioned Demand for an Uprising
The last issue of the Sumter Free
man prints a long letter from Col. E.
S. Keitt, of Newberry, a prominent al
liance man, of which the following is
Alliancemen, we have entered the
breakers, great issues are on us for so
lution, blowers can not solve them.
Throwing stones, nor rocks and using
a pichfork, satan's tool, will not give
relief to the country. It will take the
highest statesmanship to restore pros
perity and peace to the nation and the
Be not deceived and misled as you
were in 1892 by traitorous leaders who
promise you anything to get ofle for
the money in it. Stand by the demands
to the end. They are Gcdgiven and if
we prove faithful to the end relief will
come to us.
Farmers of the State, in 1890 we went
into the Farmers Movement to crush a
big ring that the people might enjoy
their rights and liberties, and secure
relief from oppression. The funda
mental principle of the Farmers move
ment was that we would have a direct
primary for State officers. The ring
was crushed, what have we now? As
soon as the tricksters got control of
the election machinery to hold the of
flees and get the money that is in them
they formed a little ring in a big one
a condition worse than ever before.
They have suggested through the little
ring a reckless stripling for governor
of the State and intend through the
big ring to force him on us. This strip
ling in the recent campaign in the
State contributed largely to making it
a disgrace to barbarism. He declared
against peace in the State. Hq advoca
ted strife and bloodshed. He cares not
whose blood is shed if he can gratify
his vaulting ambition. The attempt
to force this mad youngster on the
country in this way is an insult to
every farmer who went into the move
Farmers of the State, yes Carolinians
all, will you btand by idly and see this
reckless chap elected governor of the
State, and subject to his caprica the
lives of your wives and children and
all of your property ? Never, no never,
unless you have lost your love for them
and your manhood. We are told in
the sacred wri ie-wben the wicked
rule tbe9beple mourn."2'Theo-writer
wetaid not do this young man an injs.
tice but he would save the State from
his destructive nomination.
The shifting Cataline fresh from his
midnight conclave where he comspired
to fire the city of his nativity in one
hundred places did not diplay more
brazen impudence and unbridled au
dacity when he walked into the Roman
senate chamber and took his seat on
the front bench while Cicero was ex
posing his infamy to the senators than
this young man has and is diplaying
to gratify his insatiable ambition.
Rome's senators were roused and
Rome was saved. Carolinians! rouse
yourselves and save the State! Save
your wives and children from the ruin
of this reckless stripling.
If we needed reformers in the State
in 1890 we need them ten times more
now, surrounded as-we are on all sides
by wrangle. tangle, turmoil and con
fusion. The State is in a perilous
condition, more perilous than the peo
ple realize. May the Father of light
dispel the clouds that shroud us.
The State is without a party of
clearly defined principles. Factions
and rings controlled by many who
have no fear of God or love for man are
rampant to secure the offices for the
money that is in them. The people of
the State yearns for a governor who
will be the governor of all the people
and net the governor of a faction, a
governor who will administer the laws
impartially in j -stice and mercy and
Those who love the State and liberty
have nothiing left to them but to call
out and put in the field a ticket of able
men in whom the people have full con
fidence and go to the November elec
tIon when every qualilled voter can
cast his ballot for the rulers of his
choice. We will then be free men. A
patriot will not seek office nor will he
decline to give his time and powers to
his country if called to duty, especial
ly In times of serious peril. The times
demand men who have pure hearts,
clean hands, clear heads and steady
nerves If our popular form of govern
ment is preserved, and our homes are
saved. Citizens of the State rouse
yourselves to the perils of tne situation
and do your duty to G )d, your native
land and humanity.
.ELI~sON S. KEITT.
CrTAnLEsTON, S. C, Aug. 33.-E<
Mayor William A. Courtenay arrived
in the city yesterday from the upcoun
try. Hie was encountered by a Sun
man today and anticipated his ries
tions with regard to the state of poli
tis, by inquiring:
"What does this move of Ilitler's
mean ?" Not waiting for a reply, he
said: "I'o give any promise of success
he should have inaugurated it from
the beginning of the campaign. Hie
should have adopited the suggestion of
Hampton and formed National D)amo
"It Is too late to change the result
now. I come from the up-country and
I know that the lax vote in the party
primary is not a good test of Tillman's
strength. The farmers in my section
argued, as they 'loubtless argued in
other sections, that the thing was all
one-sided and that it was not necessary
for them to leave their work in the
height of the s'tason and go a dozn
miles to vote. IUnt a Butler manifesto
would bring out this dorment strength,
and mark my words," concludedl the
sage of Newry, 'he wIll lind twenty
eight counties solid against him if he
attempts t~o make an independent race.'
Senatir Entler Not Alone.
WAsurixTON, Aug. 27.-Jurige Iziar
is going to make the race for re-election
to Congress from the 7;h district. His
determination in that di -ection was
lixed some time ago, and within the
past fe w days he has received substan
tial endorsements from the best ele
ments of the Democratic party in that
district, Hie will not go into the Reform
primary trap which would be sure pol
itical death but he will stand out in
the open field when the general
election takes place and contost
every inc~h of ground with the Re
form candidate whoever he may be.
Judge Iziar will leave Washington to
morrow af ter the final adj mernment of
Congress, and he will take charge of his
own campaign and conduct It on the
most vigorous plan. It would be futile
for him to subject himself and friends
to the cut and driel process which will
prevail at the "Reform" primary, and
his enemies had hoped that he would
surrender without a struggle, lie is
not made of that kind of stuff. lie has
won the admiration and tne esteem of
the genuine Democrats in both houses
of Congress during his brief sojourn in
Washington, and they will watch his
campaign with the keenest interest.
leis confident of the support and en
couragemfent of the true Democracy in
the 7th district, and he is prepared
to abide by their decision at the general
cin-News and Courier.
MR. MOOV8 MNIFESLO.
PLATFORM WITH GOOD, BAD AND IN
19t a S:srtlin - state Papw-soiid on the
Dog Law-W. adering nu Finance and
Whiskey-iBelieves in the Golden Rule.
NEwBERRY, Aug. 30.-Mr. Frank
Moon, wno announced last week
that he would be a candidate for Gov
ernor at the November election, even
if he did not get but one vote, was in
the city yesterday. Ie has been labor
ing upon his address to the people of
South Carolina, and the following is
what he tas brought forth. It is not
as strong or as lively or as interesting
as I expected it would be shen he ask
ed me last week to announce his can
didacy, though I had no idea then
what he intended to say to the voters
of South Carolina, for up to that time
I never had an idea that he contem
plated making the race. He says,
however, that he means business, and
is going to stay in to the bitter end.
Here is his manifesto:
To the Voters of South Carolina:
As people expect the reasons why
one runs for Governor, I give mine: I
am outdone at the way in which per
sons calling themselves Reformers
have out-ieroded the same Herod
whom I have been fighting, tooth and
nail, for twenty years, trying to "re
fawn" themselves to the highest bid
der, with the most specious promises
and least fulfillment. The one satis
faction resulting is to see number one
kicked out into the cold, even though
the kicker be no better. It seems like
ly to prove a repetition of the fable of
tne fox, the flies and the swallow. The
new swarm will take the last drop.
They want the earth.
I enter my protest in the form of
putting up my carcass to be shot at
that is. "cussed" at. I have proved in
the past my competency to tote more
"cussing" than anybody, and still stand
alone. I consulted with no living man
about this move. I believed it the duty
of somebody. I can't mark out a line
of action for other people; therefore,
I'm in myself. I am little Irnown, but
it is better thus than to be known a
scoundrel. Most persons in our town
-know me, among them plenty of en
emies. I am willing to leave the telling
of the truth to any or all of them. I am
what is known in Piersons's "saciety"
as a "high kicker." When they gettoo
bad, kick them out. I am a Reforms? ----..
in the sense of trying to get all the
good we can, and the supposition is
that under a Democratic form of gov
ernment every one will b3 the same
way. The question, then, is, what is
best for us all in the long run. I don't
kick at the measureas of Reformers, so
called, so much as at their methods of
As to the questions of the day:
Agricultural colleges-I am in fAvor
of making these self-supporting, or as
nearly so as possible, and if suientific
farming Is not a delusion, we should
come very near it. If it be a delusion,
te sooner the bubble bursts the better
for all hands. I would have it so that
every poor child can, by its labor, earn
a sufficiency of wholesome food and
comfortable clothing and at the same
time prosecute its studies. In case of
war the State furnishes gun, rations
and clothing. The nation properly ed
ucated, I would hope to save the ex
pense of the gun, so that swords might
be turned to plows and spears into
pruning knives. No well educated man
will deny that the ethics of the Chris
tin religion would, If carried out, be
the best thing to live by in all the
As to the liquor glestion, I think the
dispensary, under government control
of that terrible moral explosive, alcohol
the best plan yet discovered. Of course
experience, under management devoted
to the highest good of the people, will
modify and improve the carrying out
of the law, and it will not be on the
line of money profit to the State.
I have a pet theory concerning a dog
law in which our Rieformers have sorely
disappointed me. Certainly they will
not allow that the subject is above.
their comprehension, and if they claim
that it is beneath them I will boldly
assert that it -"11 take very little
"screeching" for them to get down to
My idea of the financIal questios,
which is today agitating the country,
is that inasmuch as the money of the
State, yours and mine, has been loaned
to the privileged class, virtually with
out interest, for about thirty years, by
means of which they have ,been able
to put their feet upon the necks of the
producing classes, they depositing gov
ernment bonds as security, that turn
about being fair play, we the pro
ducers, by pledging land, and land be
ing certainly the most stable of all
commodities, should be entitled to at
least equnal privileges from government
especially as the tiller of the soil occu
pies the most important part in the so
cial system ot any business whatever.
And now I come to something far
more important than anything else, be
cause the sum of all things must be
greater than any part of it can be
the religion enunciated by Jesus. This
is a socalled Christian nation, and
quite a large number of voters pro
fess today to follow the teachings of
this great Exemplar. I am called by
many persons an inlidel, but I say to
you in h is words, "Unless you exceed
the righteousness of the Scribes and
l'aarisees you shall all perish." Let
us come together. Let us see what
these doctrines say as to the treatment
of our fellow man. P'at youtself in his
place, is Bible docTine, and it is Dick
ene, too. Certair. it is that we shall
not b~e worsted by this philosophy In
the loig run. FRIANK MOON.
NAsrIVILLEt, Tenn, Aug. 39.-John
Cantrel! and wife and Mrs. Cantrell's
brother, William Crane, have all been
arrested at Rogersville, Tenn., on a
charge of black mail. The arrests were
made at the instance of Dr. G. H. Mor
gan, and the town is all torn up over
the sensation. Dr. Morgan is a prom
intent and wealthy physician. He al
leges that he has been of late much
beset with attentions from Mrs. Can
treli. R cen-.ly he was summoned to
the Cantrell house, ostensibly to see a
sick chiild. HIe found Mrs. Cantreli
alone, undressed and very demonstra
tive. j tsr at this point the husband
broke into the room in a pretended
rage. Since then the doctor says, Can-.
rell and Crane have demanded large
amourts of money as the prie of his
saety and their silence.
Riogersville is all agog and there Is
another verisison of the story In which
the doctor plays a less innocent rele.
An Independent Ticket,
CoLUmIA, S. C, Aug. 28.-The Reg
ister says it now 1;,oks like there is to
be an all round well developed inde
endent movement and that; a full
Sate ticket is to be put out. The Indi
cations point that way for many rea
sons. It was rumored on the streets
last night that Capt. G. WV. Shell. Con
gressman from this district, will be the
nminee for Governor.