Newspaper Page Text
VOL. X. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1894. NO. 10.
AN ALL NIGHT CAUCUS.
BUT IT REFUSED TO NCMINATE A
STATE T ICKET.
The Prectcdtu.g ot the Ant:-Timite
State Ctarni tIon w hich WA WIeld In,
Columbia Lsot We ek-1he- Hutht-es
COLUMBIA,! S. C., Se pt. 2.-The con
vention vadled to consider the propriety
of nominating a ticket to be run in the
general election against the regular De
mocratfc ticket assembled in this city
yesterday and remained in sessioa un
til after four o'clcek this morr.it g,
when it adjourned without x orking a
nomination. The delc gates to the con
vention had begun to arrive the even
ing before. The morning traim-s brought
ink a good cro Yvd, and tMe middiav and
afternoon trains did the rest. Xearly
every man who was here last Monday a
week ago was here ug-do, and a good
rany otheis from various couuti-s
were here also. The dtlegates freely
discussed during the day the advieabil
ity of nominating a full State ticke,
and heard ai the arguments on boLn
sides. A canvass of the delegates
sho ved tha', while there,was strong op
position to the making of nominatious,
there was in the af zernoon an undount
ed majority in favor of making them.
But there seemed to be no certainty
as to what the convention was going
to do. The executive committee met
at 11:30 o'clock at the Hotel Jerome.
The plan oi holding a caucus of the
chairmen of the various delegations
and the members of the State commit
tee only, was abanuconed, it being
thought best that the entire matter
should be fully discussed first in a gen
eral caucus. The following resolutions
were therefore adopted by the commit
Resolvee, That the call for a caucus of
the chairmen of each delegation and
the Executive Cemmittee at 6 o'clock
p. m., is hereby rescinded and instead
thereof that it is hereby resolved that a
caucus of the entire delegations, auly
elected or appointed from each of the
counties of the State be present at a
caucus to be called to orde; at 5 p. I.,
and not until the adjournment of the
said caccus will the convention con
Resolved, that there be absolutely no
exceptions made, as to the admission
into the hall of the House of Repres
entatives, and that only the delegates
duly elected or appointed be admitted
to said caucus.
Resolved, that delegates are request
ed to present themselves in a body from
each of their respective counties and
that a list of each delegation De handed
to the secretary of the Democratic EiC -
ecutive committee sj that he can i ur
Dish it in ample time to the doorkeeper.
Be it further resolved, that we earn
estly request citizens who are interest
ed in the result of this caucns and con
vention, that they be patient and await
the action of the caucus, which is
necessary to precide the opening of the
The delegates all went to the hall of
the House of Representatives at 5
o'clock and the caucus began. The
above resolutions haa been posted on
the various bulletin boards in the city
and had been published, conseqaently
there was not such turmoil about the
doors as was witnessed at the previous
convention. The caucus at once took
up the question of making nominations
and argaments began on both sides.
Every possible phase of the situation
and the Dossible future results was
fully and exhaustively presented, and
there was a full, free and untrammelled
exchange of views from all parties. At
7 e'elocxa arecess was taken for supper.
At 8 o'clock trie caucus was resumed.
There was no Indication of a vote being
reached until the midnight hour, if
then. All outsidere, consequently de
cided to try the waiting policy. It was
of grave import, and the result of the
deliberations of the caucus was await
ed with the deepest interest by many
of both political factions and all other
parties. All knew that the Irby com
mittee was here wating to ta-- imne
diate-action with regard to anything
the convention might do.
A SECRtET SOCIETY.
The caucus was practicamy a secret
society. Waiter Capere, Douglass Sy m
mers and Mr. Koon were stationed at
the main door leading to the hail of the
House of Representatives as doorkeep
era. They had the names of the dele
gates from each county, and before a
man was admitted the doorkeepers had
to be satisfied that he was the right per
son. T wo p->licemen were statior.ed at
the outside of the door. Even the
newspaper reporters in sympathy with
the objects of the movement were ex
cludedi. When Cnairman Carwile called
the caucus to order about 5.30 o'clock
there were numerous vacant chairs.
Chesterfield, Sumter and Kershaw
counties had no representatives, and
the cards marking the seats for these
counties stood as the only representa
tives, Many of Hampton's chairs were
vacant and the same was the case as to
other countie s. It dId not look like
there were more than 22-5 men in the
SThe caucus remained in session for
an hour and a half and ad journed until
8.3 o'clock when it resumed its secret
work, some of the members stating
that it would be hours before the cau
cus would be reaey to go into conven
tion. About 9 o'clock it was given out
that the caucus would discuss the ques
tion of rnominations for three nours
and then go into convention. The
early hours of the caucus were spent in
listening to reports on the outlook in
the various counties. As a general
rule the reports were rosy. These re
ports came from members of the exe
cutive committee in favor of nomina
tions and who were Butler men.
Shortly afcer 10 o'clock a Register re
porter was informed on what he kno ws
to be excellent authority that the out
look at that hcur was against nomina
tions by a majority of eight to ten.
The gentleman who informed the re
porter stated that all the preliminary
motions which had tbeen offered and
which had anything of the element of a
division of the two factions had been
won by the men against nominations.
One of the motions defeated by the
'-no nominations" men was that limit
ing debate so as to allow only the
chairmen of the delegations to speak.
This was a scheme in favor or nomine
tions, as the nomination men had
found that the maprit y of the chair
men were in favor of putting out a
ticket. Tihe no nomination men spoke
strongly against it and alleged that
there was something like gag law in
the proceeding. The motion was de
feated and then one was passed limiting
debate to four hours and the speeches
to ten minutes each. The Drospects
were that a vote would be '.naen auout
12 o'clock mianight.
Early in the evening A. 13. Williame,
of the Greenville News, offered a reso
lution in favor of nominating a candi
date for Governor and against putting
out a full State ticket. It is under
etood that his motion was defeated by
a rising vote. This was one of the
first test votes. Exactly how Mr. JVil
liama stood on the question of nomina
ting a full State ticket Is not known.
The vote on i he question of limiting
debate stood 71 to 140.
At 1 4 o'clock the convention, finish
Sd taking a yca and uay vote on the
question of nommnatioc. The vote
resulted 123 to V) in favor of noinia
tions and ine couvution decided to go
into nominations in a thort time.
Just a f'ew in ivts aftr'r the vote
was announced 1. P. Howell of Colle
ton, foliowdt- by every dt 1-gate from
his coun y, acouriet( that tLey would
withdraw fram the caucus and would
not remain in tLe conveition to tade
part iu its dnl-eraticns. M. 0 Datn z.
Icr made the same annunerment f:r
the Orangeburg delegation aI they
marched out of tile caucus. The f01
iowing wtre the. Oranseburg memiber:.
.K. 1. Hane, J. A. I'er tmi, .ltii S. I
-1 %w e, G. D. 1ast, J. a. Crossw.l1, J.lH.
O'Ncl H1l~lowaT. E. Dukes, W. B1
rrt z( vit. Col. A. D. Goiwim and
11. M. Rush remained.
AL number of judividuil members of I
the vaiious delegations windrew, as
foliows: J. Richardson and L. W. P.ar
kt-r of Greenvili( ; -Mr. Folk of B rn
well, orne of the (cretaries of the cau
cus; llenry Fuller of Beaufort; nearly
all of the Newberty deleg-ttion and
ov r half of that trom Spartanburg.
File na.?mes of the Newberry and Spar
arburg delegates who pulled out
couid not be iearned.
The resolution on which the debate
on nomimations took placei was intro
duced oy C. P. Sanders of Spartan burr,
and was that the convention deeimed iL
expedient that nominations be Diade at
this time. Some of the delegations
showed good., hard sense in their esti
mates of the political situation. In the
reports from the counties eighteen
reporttd that they couldn't be carrieC;
thirteen reported that they cowld be
carried and ilve were doubtful. Not
ithstautirg that the delegates from [
eighteen counties reported that they
would be beaten and were sensible in
his report, a majority of the delegates
favored nominations. Aiken and Ab
beville reported that they would not
stand a show. Abbeville said she could
not carry three hundred votes. Some
of the And-rson men thought they
ould carry the county and some that
Thirty or forty speeches were made
on the resolution of Mr. Sanders. The
following were some of the speakers on
For nominations-Paul Hemphill of
hester, T. B. Butler .of Union, Mayor
Dargan of Derlington, C. S. Nettles of
Darlingtor, Mills Mooney of Green
ille, N. G. Gorzales of Columbia, A.
B. Williamas of Greenville.
Against nominations-Gen. E.iward
McCradv of Charleston, L. W. You
mars of Barnwell, J. F. Richardson of
Greenville, W. C. McGowan of Abbe
Vlle, Mr. Cromer of Newberry and
Martin Woodward of Aiken.
After the speaking was finishied a
rising vote was taken on calling the
previous question. This was done and
he quEstion was called for. Then the
roll of counties was called, but a yea 1
and nay vote was demanded and was
taken, resulting as announced.
A PLATFORM COMMITTEE.
Shortly alter 2 o'ciock a platform
.ommittee was appointed and tne cau
us took a recess ot an hour to give the
ommittee time to report. The plat
,orm was to ibe adopted before the con
ention went into nominations.
At 230 o'clock a motion was made to
escind the vote by which nominations
ere decided on. T'he motion to res
ind was lcst by a vote of 43 to 75. At
hat hour it began to look very doubt
nul if the caucus would make nomina
:oLs after all. A great many dele
ates had lett the hall in disgust and
ad re used to take any part in the pro
~eedings. The attendance had dwin
lIed very much and the nomination
pople began to -get frightened.
At 3.10 o'clock nothing had been
lone. The committee on platform was
till out and had not reported. At
30 o'clock the caucus looks like It is
omg to make a complete izzle on the
~uestitn of nominations. So many
elegates have left the ball that there
s scarcely a handful sitting In the
:hars and standing around, at least so
t seems through the glass doors.
?~rominent members of the caucus who
ive come out state positively that no
ominaions will be made.
It is learned that tne committee on
latform also has imposed upon it the
lucy of me~k1ng the nomination of a
State ticket. The comoittee consists
f one man from eacy county. N. G.
Lonzales is the representative from
.Lichland and Mike Brown from Barn.
ell. At 4 o'clock this morning the
~ommittee has not reporte.l and there
~re decided Indications of dlickering on
About midnight several notable Re
~ublican leaders came to the State Cap
to. Their coming was a maystery,the
xplanation of which no one seemed to
mow anything. They stood in the
obby down stairs. Among them were
Bob Smalls,Brayton,Fred Nix,E dmund
Deas and State Chairman Webster.
1'hey at first defeated all Efforts to
robe the object of their presence there
and in the city. It was finally ascer-a
ained. howvever, that they had come
ere in advance of their committee t
eeting scheduled to be held nexts
uesday, for the purpose of watching r
o see winat the "l'rue Democrats" did
ad what the Irby committee did I
hereafter bearing on the sulbject. It t
as ascertamned further from a pretty
eliable source that it was their pur
ose, in case no nominations were
made to call their State convention I
mmediately and put out a full State t
icket. 'This Is given for what it is t
orth, and may mean a good deal in I
te long ruc.t
A few minutes after 4 o'clock Co!.
. W. Wood ward of Fairileld was ask
d what the convention would de. t
Busted all to hell," was his short but t
orcible answer, and It told the story I
etter than a column of high-ilownI
It was e-xactly 4.10 o'clock this morn
ng when the caucus threw open its I
ors and the convention began its 1
work. The convention was in session
yrecisely live iniinutes when It adjourn
ed sine die without making nomnina- I
ions. E~ven the cornnittee en plat.C
orm and nominations, which went out t
o make nominations, reported against C
nminations and tixed no platin -m. It
simply reported to the convention the 1
olowing resolutions, which were I
adopted and the convention adjourned:,
Resolved, That this convention ac
epts the action of the convention held
ere on the 19:hi instant in endorsing I
the Chicago platformn as a concessionI
to the Democracy of the S-ate, but re
gards the simultaneous endorsernent of
Democratic and P'opulist platforms,
representing opposing principleso, as
forfeiting the ailegianice ot all straight
Democrats and the respees of all hon-I
Resolved, That this convention cor- -
dially accepts and endorses the nation
al Democratic platform and declares
its unwavering devotionl and allegiance
to the national Democratic party.
Resolved, That we urge and invite allC
Democrats ->f the State to proceed toC
:rganize for the purposes hereinafter-C
Resolved, That while this conventioni
desires to avoid doimrz anything likelyC
to cause increasing strife among ouri
people we believe that the princiipes
of Democracy, the safety of every in
terest in the State and the interest of
self preservation demand that a hard
and earnest light be made against the
proposition to call a constitutinoal con
vention to create a new fundamental
law involving the rights of every man in
the State without providing for the su;D
mission of its work to the people. We
tender to the opponents of this iniqui
tous, undemocratte, tyrannical and
danaerous Droposition the service of
the organiz-tion herein provided for
and invite thea to join with us in
lightmng it at the approaching general
It is said that A. B. Williams was
the man who forced the convention to
abandon nominations. He was in fa
vor of nominating a candidate for
Lovernor and no others. Ile was
made chairman of the platform vom
aitttee and is the author ot the fort -
?oiug resolutions. He wielded a pon -
-rful iniluence. A few of tne memu
jers of the convention in favor of
aominationS, among them Mayor Dar
zau, voted to the last against the con
ventioris action. There was general
waiLing and gnashing of teeth this
norning and the piteous expression
was heard :rom one man, "1haven't
ve made asses of ourselves."
THIE WEEK'S WEATHER.
it' Eilti on hi Or:-p&-Cacuer Th-n
U'n'i. fur First Taree D4Ys.
COLIUMIA, S. C, September 25
rhe oitowing is tne weatner crop re
ort for the week ending yesterday:
['be wek ending September 2th was
ooler than usual during the first three
lays, the departure from the normal
veraging about one degree a dar, but.
;he remainder of the week was warmer
han usual. The nights were uniform
v cool. The highest tempera.ure was
12 reported from Greenwood, Ab*eville
lounty; the lowest 52 reported trom
xreenville on the 21st, and from Liber
y, Pickens County, on the 22nd.
Tne week began with clouly and
'ainy weather which lasted until
Chursday, on which day the weather
yecame settled and remained clear to
;he end of the week. About an aver
ige of sunshine for the week.
There were heavy rains on the 18th
Lnd 19,h, quite general over the State.
.n some purtions of the State the rain
all was excessive, ilooding bottom
ands and damaging ungathered crops,
6nd staining cotton, where the bolls
were open; peavine hay was also dam
Lged in some localities; turnips and
;her root crops were also injured more
ir less by the heavy rain; where the
-amfall was not excessive it proved
)eneficial, especially to late gardens
d to late cotton, giving the small
olis a chance to develop and mature.
ease, turnips and potatoes were gen
rally benetitted, as well as pastures.
Cotton picking was interrupted the
rst of the week by the rainy and
loudy weather which also checked
he opening of the bolls, as did the
reailing cool nights, but during the
lear weather that followed, picking
as resumed arid is progressing rapidly.
eports indicate that in many locafi
ies half of the crop has been gathered
nd tne remainder is in sight, there be
ng but poor prospect of a late crop.
Vith a few widely scattered exceptions
he reports indicate a short crop, con
iderably below last year's yield. As
he picking advances the former esti
aates of a short crop are being verified
t is generally stated that the crop is
eing marketed as fast as gathered.
ea Island cotton coming into market
Corn is largely being gathered and,
ith the exception of some late iields
hich are said to be poor, the ears are
rell flled and heavy and under the in
tuence of the hot, dry weather the ker
el is ripenihg hard and dry.
Rice harvest is Progressing finely
ith a fair yield. 0 sing to a scarcity
f seed last spring the aggregate crop
il be a medium one, the acreage being
The pea crop is not of uniform con
ition, the excessive rains during its
rowing season were injurious to It in
ortions of the State. Peanuts are
eing dug and yielding only fairly
Turnips and other root crops are not
ong as well as previously indicated,
xcept sweet potatoes which have im
roved with a very good yield in places
nd poor in other localities. Insects
ave attacked turnips in some counties
abbages are also being destroyed by
hem and rotting badly.
Syrup making from cane and sor
um continues actively and the yield
considerably greater than from that
rt gathered, tnere being a marked
acrease. Taird crop of vegetables
eing marketed from truck farms
long the South coast. Taird crop of
rish potatoes promise a goad yield.
Oats being sown to some extent. In
eneral the week was favorable for
arm work of all kinds.
J. W. B3AUERL,
Onke Emi' J rinking.
WAsInGTOo, Sept. 27.--Americans
,-e accounted a fairly sober people in
he hurlyburly of nations, but the
gures of the internal revenue commis
oner for the past year are enouga to
nake a temperance crank stagger with
ut a drop of whiskey or beer. Tne
reacher, who peruses them, will hie
mim to the pulpit and tell his congre
~atioa what a nation of drunkards we
te, stupitied with drink half the year
nd drugged with tobacco the othner
ialf. That each year we squander upon
hse invenuions of Belzebub three
imes as much money as is required to
:eep this great government iu opera
ion and muore than is represented by
be circulating meilium of the United
tates. Anid wnien the prea4cher goes to
ro wing mortal bonds he can load
hem with interesting, if not astonish
ug tacts, if he so chooses.
We distilled last year 87,310,8SI gal
ons of liquor not including 1,433,353
~allons of tirandy, making in all 8S,
77,187 gallons of alcohli spirits. Ex
>err, nartenders estimate 63 arinks to
he gailon. Therefore there were 5,604,
G2,s91 drinks produced in this contry.
A conservative estimate af ho v
nuch was imbbed across counters Is
bout 37,000.000 gallons of whiskey,
,randy and other distilled spirits, or in
~ther words we drank 6,093,000,000 glas
es of whiskey for whica we paid over
he bar $6')9,000,0'J3 or $,000,000 more
han all the annual appropriations of
This represents a consumption of 100
lasses of whiskey each year for every
nan woman andi cmiid between the
-ok-bound Pacitic and the sitorm-toss
d Atlantic, or countiag only tho mile
duits 500 glasses per week each.
Of beer tne ligures are equally aston
shing. The causumutton was 31,932,
43 barrels; that is 12,765,1690,200 glasses;
-epresetting an expenditure for this
node of Teutonic hilarity of 5017,258,
j0, or about 10 cents for each inhabit
nt. In tne neighborhood of 220 glasse3
ire charged up in this calculation
gaist each ot us as our annual allow
ne, theref ore if we xio not average
ur daily glass we may be sure that
r neighbors are getting the benefit of
By estimating this year's internal re
tenue receipts from spirits on the basis
f last year's product with the increas
x tax of $1.10 per gallon, the internal
-eanna receipts will be Sta ,64,05
THE LATE CAUCUS
PUT DOWN AS ONE OF THE GREAT
EST POLITICAL FARCES
Ev.er E oacfted in I his Part of the County
Foro Spots Lef.. Rhind--Repubican
Leadrs on the Watch. but Get Cold
COLUMBIA, S. C., Sept. 2N.-One of
the greatest political farces ever enact
ed in South Carolina was the late can
cus cf the anti-Tillman Democrats,
which was held in this city last Tues
day night. The IRgister says it was the
most gigantic farce of modern times
and the worst demoralized body of
men which ever assembled for Dolitical
purposes in the State of bouth Caro
lina. As much soreness was engender
ed in that unharmonious organization
as was ever known and one of the last
things attempted was the offering of
a resolution severely condemning the
men who had withdrawn from the
body when it bad been decided to
make nominations. The resolution of
condemnation was defeated by a few
votes. How the caucus could have
passed the resolution is not known,
when many of the delegations had
served express notice early in the eve
ning that they would desert in a body
if nominations were attempted. Some
of them farther served notice that in
addition to leaving the caucus they
would light whatever ticket was put
As an illustration of the number of
bruised spots left behind it may be
stated that as some of the delegates
who withdrew were leaving the hall
they were guyed and sharply reproved
by those! who remained. This caused a
personal feeling between many and it
has not abated. Another specimen oI
the feeling engendered against those
who left the hall is found in the follow
ing utterances of Col. N. G. Gonzales,
in which the bolters are put down as
It was the sense of the convention
that they were outrageously deserted
by men who had submitted tb91r
claims to the j adgment of that con
vention and after having the fullest
and freest discussion had been beaten
by a decisive majority. That when
they went out they threatened not only
to desert the ticket but that they
would fight it and put us in the posi
tion of breaking up the Conservative
party. We refusea to rescind the reso
tion, but concluded after appointing
the committee on platform and reso
lutiocs to place the responsibility
where it belongs and abandon the
whole thing in disgust."
It is learned tnat early in the eve
ning A. B. Williams offered practically
the same resolutions which the caucus
passed just as it adjourned. They were
rijactei. He also submitted a plan for
tue appointment of an Executive Com
mittee which should have the power of
nominating a full State ticket. This
committee was to spring a ticket on
the publii two weeks before the elec
tion and the Independents were to try
to carry it with a rush. It was to keep
the matter a dead secret until the time
rxced. Tue plan did not meet the ap
probation of the caucus. One stumo
ling block in the way of the caucus
was that a great many were doubtful
if there was anything undemocratic in
the platform adopted by the regular
Democratic convention last week.
They couid not see the point in the ar
guments of some of their opponente
that the platform was undemocratic,
full of Ocalism, etc.
The secret has leaked out that during
the evening J. C. Hemphill, of the
News and Courier, telegraphed to the
caucus that he had direct information
from Chairman Harrity, of the Nalion
al Democratic Committee, and fromI
Chairman Faulkner, of the National
Democratic Congressional Committee,
that these committees would not recog
nize the Independents as Democrats.
This did not hiave much effect on the
hotheads, and they did not pay any at
tention to it, but the sober-minded
men heeded it.
A summary of tae reports made to the
caucus by counties showed that there
was no chance of carrying the State.
Representatives of the following eigh
teen counties reported that their coun
ties could not be carried: Alken, Abbe
ville, Anderson, Barnwell, Chiarleston,
Clarendon, ColietoD, Edgelield, Hlamp
ton, Lancaster, Laurene, Lexington,
Marion, Newberry, Orangeburg, Pilck
ens, Union and Williamsburg.
The following ten counties were re
ported as solid for the Independents:
Beaufort-, Chester, Darlington, Fair
tield, Florence, Georgetown, Greenville,
Oconee, Rtichland and York, although
there was some doubt about York.
The opinion about Beraeley, Horry
and Spartanburg was divided. Four
counties, Sumnter,Chesterfild, Kersha w
and Marlboro, had no representative
in the caucus and this betokened that
those counties were solidly against In
The reorganization called for in the
resolutions adopted has not begun.
The symptoms are more of decomposl
tion with probabilities of an early de
cline and an inglorious death. What
the verdict of the coroner's fury will
he is wholly a matter of speculation.
Oie of the Independent papers is al
ready calling for reorganization to
start. It is now believed that the men
whi favored nominations will refuse
to have anything to do with reorgani
The last resolution of those adopted
is regarded by some as a bid for the
negro vote in 189d. It opposes the call
ing of a constitutional convention and
tells the negroes, without using the
word, that the aid of the Independent
organiaiton will be given them to
lght tfnis "iniquitous, undemocratic,
ty rannical an:1 dangerous proposition."
A gentleman said yesterday that if the
negroes and Independents join in fight
ing the call ior a convention the inde- I
pndeots can say to the negroes in 1
18%: "We helped to save you from los
ing your sufft age. Now come to our
aid and give us your vote."
Everybody noticed that the promi
neut negro and Republican leaders,
including Deas, Webster, Miller andI
Smnalls, hung around the caucus like
buzzards. They were eager listeners
to whatever news was brought out
from tne hall and gathered in groups
to talk secretly of it. They had some
object. There is a rumor to the effect
that Smalls, Miller and Webster had
arranged to make a deal with the In
dependents by which Murray wa~s to
be defeated for Congrees in tne First
Congressional District in favor of
Smalih and Brayton in the Seventh4
District in favor of Johnson. The I
deal was, of course, that the Webster
Smalls-Miller influence would be given I
to the Independents in the lower part 1
of the State. Dickering of some kindi
It is said that the anxiety displayed
by the negroes was due to the fact that
the Republicans wanted the Independ
ents to~ nominate. This would have
split the white vote of the State. 'Then
the Reoublicans would hold a conven
tion and nominate a ticket. Dr. Samp- I
son Pope Is deliguted that a State tick- 1
et was not nominated. Hie says that
he is good for about 15,000 Reform I
vesaond all the Conserunva votes I
and that this will elect him. Had thi
caucus nominated Dr. Pope wouk
have missed the Conservative vote.
Senator Butler is said to be as nea
broken hearted as a brave man can be.
His whole heart was set on a State
ticket and his hope was in that action
Now he is left with no hope. The only
chance he has is for his sympathizern
to run Indepondent tickets for the
Legislature in such counties as they
think they can win in. This would not
even give Senator Butler the opportu
nity of making a contest in the Senate
as he has no organization backing him,
THE NEW TARIFF.
The Hon. William L. Wilson Shows Where
McKink y Toxes are Reduced.
Just before leaving for Europe the
Hon. William L. Wilson addressed a
letter to the -New York World explana
tory of some features in the new tariff
law. From it we extract the follow.
"Let us now consider, in some detail,
the most helpful reductions made in
the bill as it finally became a law, be
ginning with those articles altogether
released from taxation by both House
and Senate hills.
"In the chemical schedule $712,000
worth of articles of the importations
of !893 are transferred to the free list,
the most important of which are sul
phuric acid and sulphate of soda,which
lie at the basis of many chemical man
"In the metal schedule the amount
imilarly made free of duty was 81,100,
)00 in value, including cotton ties, cop
per ores and pig and old copper fit only
"In agricultural products and pro
visions duties are abolished on 81,500,
)00 of the imports of 1893, including
abbage, fresh fish and salt.
"In the flax, hemp and jute schedules
the value of free imnorts on the same
Importations is l,700,000.including un
iressed flax and hemp and binding
"In the woolen schedule the value of
he fibres transferred to the free list on
he same basis is $18,500,000.
"Free paintings and statuary in
3rease the free list over $2,000,000,while
he abolition of retaliatory duties un
ler the so-called reciprocity clause of
he McKinley law releases from taxa
ion articles valued at $4,400,000, to wit,
offee, raw goat skins and hides.
"In fine the total amount of the im
ortations of 1893 transferred to the
ree list by the House bill,and included
n the bill as passed, was $41,398,000
Phese freed articles, it will be seen, are
f great importance, embracing free
wool, flax and hemp or free floers to
kmerican manufacturers, and free
works of art of American scholars and
;he people generally.
"In addition to the above the Senate
tdded to the free list by its amend
nents dressed lumber, burlaps, grain
ags made from burlaps, and cotton
agging. Of the articles placed by the
louse on the free list, over forty in
lumber were restored to the dutiable
ist by the Senate-generally, however,
with reduced rates-the most import
rt ornich are borax, refilned camphor
d sulphur, clays, granite and fire
tone, unmanufatured; nickel, mica
licksilver, molasses and sugar, coal
nd iron ore and meat products.
"It will thus appear that very sub
tantial and important parts of the
louse bill were saved, and that with
ree lumber, free copper, free works of
rt, free wool and other fibres, untaxed
otton ties and bagging for both cotton
md grain, our che!f export crops, a
)retty large hole has been made in the
cKinley bill and in the protective
ystem generally, and that the P'resi
lent was fully justtffad in assuring the
eople that with the first effort of the
emocratic party the era of mad pro
ection In this country was over. Much
tigher rates were finally kept in the
oollen and carpet schedule than can
e justified on the basis of free wooi,
ut It is a great achievement, added
o that of securing free wool, to get rid
f the fraudulent compound duties un
ler which the wearers of wollen goods
iave been so mercilessly taxed in this
"The cotton schedule said to have pro
eeded from the Fall River manufac
urers, was accepted in the Senate with
he exception of reducing its ratet In
:onference, but the final and successful
itandtaken by the Senate against any
hanges in its amendments forced Its
ioption as made by its original fra
"In conclusion let me add that there
s much to satisfy and far more to en
ourage tariff reformers in the new bill.
he people will feel the lightening of
heir burdens, the release of their In
lustriss and the quickening of their
ome and foreign commerce resulting
rom its passage, and there need be no
ear that they will ever return to Mc
inleyismf, or again submit to the crip
>ling and asphyxiation of American
ndustry at the command of a combi
ation of tax-gatherers. More than all
ey will steadily march on to the goal
af commercial freedom.
"It is a mkomentous victory to have
urned our faces once again and firmly
oward that goal and, as the extreme
njustice of the monopoly tariff of 1890
vas its own overthrow, it may well
appen that the Sugar Trust and other
nonopolies which have been able to
wart our efforts to get a better reve
me bill have been builded better than
GoLUMBIA, 5, C., Sept. 2.-The
upublcan leaders of note who came
mre Tuesday to watch the movements
f the State convention of true Demo
rats were pretty well all here yesterday
hen questioned as to their intentions
rih regard to the approaching general
lection, several of the m)s; prommnent
edrs unqualdfiedly stated taat it was
heir purpose to put out a full State
icket, and it would be composed of the
trongest men that they could secure.
tse Chairman Webster, when seen
resterday afternoon as he was taking
he train for his home, said that there
ad ben no conference ol the leaders
!ho ad been in the city, and that the
tire situation and outlook would be
ully discu3ned and actecn upon when
he S'.ate executive committee met in
his city on Tuesday next. The Sta te
onvention will be called by the corn
ittee for an early dat.-State.,
AvoUSTA, Ga., Sept. 25.--DIspensary
onstables Johnson, who has been doing
usiness in and around Augusta, ac
:ompanied hy two other constables,
nade a successful raid in Hamburg, on
e other side of the river, the other
ight. They had learned that whiskey
nd beer were being sold in Hamburg,
vhere the state of South Carolina had
lot permittea or licensed a dispensary.
'hey made a raid, but there was not
nuch stock on hand. What was found
as, according to the law, confliscated,
Ld the place was locked up by the of
icers. It is stated that the blind tiger
vas operated or owned by Max Saltett
md Bud Padgett. The proper warrants
'or their arrest and prosecution have
ieen sworn out.
THE NEXT LEGISLATURE
INCICATIONS POINT TO MUCH NEM
The Nominees of the Receat Primary oi
the Hlouse-Senators.1 Cnanges-Effori
of the GeneralI Election on rheir Elhc.
COLUMBIA, S. C, Sept. 28.-The peo,
ple of tne State are now speculating E
great deal as to what Senator Butler i
going to do about his race for the Uni
ted States Senate, going on the as
sumption that he had great hopes o:
benedt to his chances, resulting from
the nomination of a State ticket b3
the true Democrats. Such nomina
tions as all know were not made
Whether Senator Butler had any such
hopes or not is not known.
So now the Senator's race is left ir
the condition it was three weeks ago
whatever that may be. No one can at.
tempt to say what strength Senatoi
Butler will develop in the Legislature.
He may have assurances of support
from many of the Tillman men, who sc
far as any one knows now, will be
elected in the general election, having
been nominated in the primary election
recently held. Such support will, how
ever, not be confined to party lines-to
Tillmanites and anti-Tillmaaitea.
There is no certainty that all the Con
servatives in the next General Assem
bly will support Senator Butler, and
likewise there is no certainty that all
Tillmanites who will L in the body
will support Governor Tillman, though
the indications are all that way.
Looking at the composition of the
next General Assembly, which will be
elected in November, the only Conserv
tive delegations that are certain of
bein in there will be those from Rich
land Charleston and Sumter. Beaufort
had a split primary, the Conservatives
out voting the Tillmanites, and will
likely win the fight finally. George
town may have Conservative Repre
sentatives, but will have a Tillmanite
Senator. Chesterfield will have a Con
Now in the counties of Horry, Fair
field, Darlington and Florence the
Straightout Democrats are going to
put up and run in the general election
of November 8, tickets in opposition to
the tickets nominated in the primaries.
From these counties, therefore, it will
be impossible to say what the delega
tions in the General Assembly will be.
There is talk also of similar fights be
ing made in the counties of Oconee,
Eagefield,Williamsburg, Lexington and
Not taking into consideration the
tights that are to be made In the gen
eral election referred to above, the
Conservative strength in the coming
General Assembly which may be re
garded as "certain," will be as. fol
In the Senate-Charleston, 2; Rich
land, 1: Sumter, 1; Newberry, 1; Ches
terfield, 1; Beaufort:, 1. Total 7.
In the House-Baaufort, 4; Charles
ton, 7; Georgetown, 2; Richland, 4;
Sumter, 5. Total 22.
This gives the Tillmanites a majori
ty of 29 in the Senate, the Conserva
tives having lost Senators in two coun
ties in the past two years, but gaining
two other counties. In the House, ac
cording to the above speculations,
there will be a Tillmanite majority of
'The Irby State executive committee
has reeeived the declared results of the
recent primaries from 22 counties, giv
ing the party nominees for the Senate
and House, and old county offices. In
these counties the chances or election
of these nominees in the general elec
tion, are subject to the conditions re
ferred to above. It will be Interesting
to the general public, however, inas
mucn as the chances of election of
nearly all the nominees in these 22
counties are almost certainties to
glance ever the personnel of the next
General Assembly and see how many
men have "been there before."
It is Impossible as yet to get at the
composition of the Senate entire. For
Instance Dr. Timmerman is still the
Senator from Edgefield and Stanyarne
Wilson is still the Senator from Spar
tanburg. E ach will likely go to a high
er office. They were elected in 1892,
and their respective terms ran for two
years longer. Neither of them have
yet resigned. They will doubtless do
so after the November election and the
new president of the Senate, who will
be the present incumbent, most likely,
will doubtless order special elections in
each of the counties named to fill the
vacancies. There is now a question as
to whether Dr. Timmerman naving be
come Lieutenant Governor, from the
fact that he rose to the pasition of
president pro tern of the Senate by
teing Senator from Elgefield, could
accept his own resignation as Senator
from Edgefleld and order an election
for a Senator from EdgeLdeld. But it
he is elected Lieutenant Governor, then
he ceases to be Senator from Edgelield,
as he could not hold both odfices at the
same time and can order the election.
It looks as if Col. R. B. Watson will
represent Edgetisld In the Senate at
the next session.
The roll of the coming Senate, sub
ject to the conditions already referred
to, will likely be as given below. The
terms of eighteen Senators-from Sum
ter, Dariington, Florence, Charleston,
Clarendon, Marlboro. Anderson, Abbe
ville, Berkeley, Kershaw, Chester,
Hampton, Pickens, Union, Cnestectleld,
Richiand, Lancaster ana Williamsburg
-expited tnis year, and elections were
held to fill the vacancies. All the Sen
ators from other counties should have
held over-in other words their terms
don't expire for two years. Messrs.
Smythe of Charleston, and Hazard of
Georgeto wn resigned, however, and the
two Senators--Wilson and Timmerman
-mentioned above will go out by the
resignation route. The roll will likely
be us follo ws:
Aiken-0. C. Jordan; succeeding
John Gary Evans.
Abberville-L. H. McCalla; succeed
Anderson-D. Ki. Norris; succeeding
J. P. Glenn.
Barnwell-S. G. Maytleld; hold over.
Beaufort-W. J. Verdier; hoid over.
Charleston-G. L. Butst, re-elected,
and Joseph W. Birnwell, to fill unex
pired term of A. T. Smnythe, resigned.
Chester-J. 11. McDaniel; renomi
Chesterfield-John HI. Turner, nom
Clarendon-L. M. Reagin; renomi
Colleton-A. C. Sanders; nominated
Edgetieid-(N o election ordered.)
Florence-J. 0. Byrd, to succeed L.
S. Bligham. (Subject to opposition
Georgetown-R. J,. Donaldson, suc
ceeding Walter Hazard.
Greenville-John RI. Harrison; hold
Hampton-W. H1. Mauldin, succeed
ine J. W. Moore.
Harry-J. P. Derham; hold over.
Kershaw--T. J. K irkland, succeed
ing J. R. Magill.
Lnaster-R. F. Millr, succeeding
T. J. Strait.
Laurens-A. C. Filler; hold over.
Lexington-C. M. Efird; hold over.
Marion-W. A. Brown; nold over.
Marlboro-H. M. Stackhousp, suc
ceeding W. D. E vans.
Newoerry-George S. Mower, suc
ceeding J. A. bligh.
Oconee-S. Y. Stribling; bold over.
Orangeburg-W. S. Barton; nold over.
Pickens-W. T. O'Dell; renominated.
Rlchland-John T. Sloan, Jr., renom
Spartanburg-(No election ordered.)
Sumter-Altanount Moses, succeed
inw H. T. Abbott.
Union-J. T. Dauglass; succeeding
G. T. Peake.
Williamsburge--A. H. Williams; re
York-D. E. Finley; hold over.
The foloving is a list of the nomi
neesof the primary for members of
the House, as reported to the State
committee. The list is not yet com
plate. The new men are maiKed wita
Abberville-James E. Todd* J.
To wnes Robersn* Frank B. Gary,
Dav IL . Magill.
Aiken, E. B. Tyiei*,John T. Gaston*,
T. S. Williams*.
Anderson-J. E. Brazeale, J. B. Lev
eret*. I. W. Pickes*, J. W. Ashley, J.
Cnarleston- -. -. Gadsden*, -. -.
Devereaux*, -. -. Bolgei*, I. M. Luf
ton, T. W. Bicot, -. -. DIata*, -.
Chester-Joseph Nunner*, S. T. MC
Keo WL*, Peter T- Hollis*.
Chesterfield-J. M. Hough, W. P.
Clarendon-J. W. Kenned5 *, C. M.
Davi *, W. C. Davis*.
Colieton-M. R. Cooper. John G.
Saunders*, Calvin W. Garrit*.
Darlington-(N o report.)
Edgefield-(N o report.)
Florence-Dr. William Ilderton*,
W. E. Finklea*, J. M. Humpzirey*.
Greenville-B. M. Snuman, H. P.
Goodwin*. John T. Bramlett*, Zerah
Hampton-M. B. McSweeney*, E. H
Ktrshaw-C. L. Winklei*, J. W.
Lancaster-Ira B. Jones, J. N. E3
Lexington-W. H. F. Rtast, J. Walter
Marlboro-C. P. Townsend*, J. F.
McLaurin*, J. B. Banch*.
Ozonee-C. R. D. Barns*, J. R.
Orangeburg-I. W. Bowman*, L. K.
Sturkie, L. S. Connol*, W. 0. Tatum,
J. H. Price*.
Pickens-B. J. Johnstone*, Fred
Richland-F. H. Weston, J. P. Thom
as, Jr., H. C. Patton*, H. W. Adams*.
Sumter-C, H. Williamson, R. T.
Manning, A. K. Sanders*, J. H. Wil
sor.*, Frank Mellette*.
Union-J. C. 0.ts*, G. B. Fo wlei*,
J. S. WeIL*.
W illiamsburg-E. R. Lesesne, J. H.
Blackwell, W. J. Singletary.
York-R. M. Carroll, T. R. Caruth
ers*, W..N. Felder, W. B. Love.
It the above nominees are elected, it
is seen that the 23 counties given will
send 50 new men to the House. The
total membership of the House is only
124, and there are yet 12 counties to be
heard from. It is easily seen that the
House will be composed of considera
bly more than half' new material. The
Senate will have a good many new
members also, as shown above. The
reports received so far indicate 12 new
Senators out of 22.
The fact that there will be such a
large proportion of new men makes it
impossible to speculate as to Wnat
strength Senator Butler will be able to
DIFFEREN T MO TIVES.
Why Cerpenter and the Atkinsons Were
IRecommnended S o Mercy,
COLUMBIA, S. C., Sept. 2f.-Governor
Tilliman's commutations of Carpenter,
the Edgefield murderer, is arousing a
good deal of comment in the newspa
pers hostile to the Governor take up the
Governor's statement that he commut
ed Carpenters' sentence because the
jury recommended him to -mercy and
say that in the case of the Atkinsons,
hanged in Fairlield last week, the jury
also recommended them to mercy. The
cases are not at all similar. In the
case of Carpenter the jurors state that
they would have brought in a different
verdict had they known the result of
their verdict would have been the
hanging of Carpenter and Murrell.
The foreman of the jury in the case of
the Atkinsons has writte~a Governor
Tlllman the following jetter showing
that the motive uf the recommend ation
to mercy in the case of the Atkinsons
was entirely different from that of the
Wood ward, S. C., Sept. 1, 1891.
Governor B. R. Tillman, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I have the honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your favor of the
28th ultimo, desiring me to give you
some information as to what influenced
the jury in the case of the Atkinsons to
recommened them to mercy. in re
sponse to your inquiry I beg to say
that this recommendation to mercy
was not because the jury entertained a
shadow of a doubt as to their guilt, for
they considered the evidence against
the prisoners conclusive and were there
fore satistled that they concocted and
exected the diabolical crime with which
they were charged. Nor was it on ac
count of any extenuating circumstances
connected with the murder. One of the
jurors while admitting that the prison
ers were guilty beyond a reasonable
doubt said that he would not agree to a
verdict of guilty unless they were re
commended to the mercy of the court,
and gave his only reason that they were
young men and poor. Believing that
unless they were recommeneded to
mercy a mistrial would result, which
we were exceedingly anxious to avoid
if possible, we yielded to this juror and
rendered a verdict of guilty with re
commenedation to mercy. I will fur
ther state that a negro juror at first
was a little reluctant in agreeing to a
verdict of guilty, which we attribute to
ignorance more than to a calm and
thoughtful considerationl of the case.
He finally, ho wever, because convinced
and agreed to a verdict of guilty, with
recommendation to mercy.- Trusting
that the above will be satisfactory and
that you will excuse delay in answer
ing your letter which was brought
about by its being sent to Blackstock's
instead of Weodward's, I beg to remain.
Yours most obediently.
. A. STEwART.
A WESTERN CYCLONE.
ITS PATH MARKS DESOLATION AND
One Hadred Livep, and $1 ,000,000 Lost
-Fortnnately it V:stted Sparcely Settled
Districts-The Narrow swath of the
MINNEA PDLTS, Mun., Sept. 23.-R,.
ports of the destru.tion wrought by Fri
day night's ciclone indicate that the loss
of life will be in the neighborhood of
seventy- five, while the injured will num
her several times as many. Some of
those burt are expected to die and it is
not unlikely that fully 100 persons wil
be numbered in the list of the cyclone's
fury: The property loss is very heavy
and it is almost impo.-sible at this time
to obtain anything more than rough esti
mates of the damaze.
As indcated in last night's dispatches,
the storm originated near Emmettsburg,
Ia., and passed east and north to North
ern Iowa and Southern Minnesota, fian
ally passing over into Wisconsin. No
reports of serious damage have been re
ceived from this section and the fury of
the elementis seems to have ben spens
with the destraction of Spring Valley.
lere four persons are dead, some severe
ly hurt, while the property loss is esti
mated at $85,000, the xesidence portion
of the towa lying directly in the path of
At Leroy, lying southwest, four are
dead and several fatally injured. The
destruction of propertyamounts to about
$75,000. This is a heavy blow to the
village, for its chief business houses lIe
Eive miles north of Osage, Ia., six per
sons were killed and a large number
hurt, the destruction of farm property is
quite heavy, but no estimates have been
East, at Lowther, a town of about
one hundred souls, on the Chicago Great
Western, three persons were fatally hurt
and the whole country for miles around
laid in ruins. The loss in this vicinity
will probably be not far from $1,000,000.
Fiteen miles north of Mason City,
Ia., four were killed outright and as
many more probabhi fatally hurt, while
all the buildings struck'a1Nt+tal wrects,
the loss being in the neighborho- ,t
West of Mason Clty, near Britt, two
persons were killed outright, while north
of this town, some half dozen lost their
Three miles north of Wesley, Kos
suth county, J. W. Bingham's houie
was overturned and caught fire. The
inmates had a narrow escape. ThC
killed in this vicinity are M. Castie and
wife, J. W. Digham, Mrs. Tweed,
mother of Thomas Tweed, two children
of Thomas Tweed. M. Schwepps and
two children, Fred French and two chil
dren, infant of Mr. and Mrs. Eden and
Mr. and Mrs. Rockaw.
North of Algona seems to have been
the scene of greatest harvest of deaths,
more people being killed in Kossuth
county than in any other county through
which the tornado passed. Nineteen
funerals were held at Algona today.
North of Emmettsburg, which sems
to have been the point where the cy
clone frat assumed dangerous propor
tions, two lives were crushed out. From
here tae deadly storm went tearing
across the country demolishing every
thinir in ,t path. For the most part of
its course, it travelled through a farm
ing district, Leroy and Spring Valley,
Min., being the only towns of any con
sequence that were damaged, nut even
here the deaths were comparatively
few. The fact that the storm welt
tearing through a portion of Spring Val
ley and a greater portion of the residents
were not aware of its work of destruc
tion until the dre bells were rung, shows
what a narrow strip of country was
As the storm travelled through the
country and avoided villages and towns,
the property loss is largely confined to
farm buiidings and these bemng badly
scrattered, iender even an approximation
of the loss Impossible, but conservative
estimates place the damage at not less
The Blue Ridge Railroad.
ANDEIsON, S. C., Sept. 27.-It looks
very much like there is something in
the reportedl porject of Tanderbilt to
complete the Blue ridge Railroad. Re
eiver Averill, of the Port Royal and
Western Carolina Railroad, has had a
conference with him. The Augusta
Cronicle of the 17th inst.. says: Mr.
Vanderbilt seems to mean business
about the Blue Ridge Railroad. Recei
ver Averill, of th~e Port Royal and
Western Carollina Railroad, has had a
conference with him and the plan seems
to be well on font. The Augusta Chro
nicale of Monday, 17th inst., says: "The
news lirst published by the Chronicle
ast week th~at George Vanderbilt, who
owns thousands of acres of land in
North Carolina, is going to turn his at
tention to -ailroad building, looking to
a direct line as a means of getting out
much of the timber of that section
of the South, has caused considerable
interest. The scheme of Mr. Tander
bt if carried out wll add quite a
splendid line of railway to the South,
f or while he is not after building any
considerable road in point of miles, it
will, when finished, be one of the most
cesirable connecting links for the
outh Atlantic coast and the North
west. A direct line from Knoxville to
Anderson, S. C., is said to be the plan
and it is ir.teresting to know that a
great part of the distance between
these t wo points is already graded. The
road, when finished, in connection with
the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap and
Cincinnati Railroad and the Port Royal
and Western Carolina, will shorten the
distance between Cincinnati and the
Southern coast 100 miles. Receiver
Averill, of the Port Royal and Western
Carolina road, who is said to have been
on a conference with Mr.YVanderbilt
concerning this mstter, passed through
Augusta t ae other day in his private
car on his way to Port Royal. In case
the deal goes through Augusta wiai
havena direct line from the Northwest."
Capt Capers Not Guilty.
FLORENCE, Sept. 20.-Special: The
:se or the State against Capt John G.l
Capers, of Columbia, for criminal libe
was tried in the Court of Sessions here
:o-daiy. The jury were out about thirty
:inutes and returned with a verdict of
aot guilty. Acting Solicitor 1R.0.Purdy,
>f Sumter, assisted by W. F'. Clayton, of
Florence, were the attorneys for the
prosecution and Col C. S. Nettles, of
Darlington, and P. A. Willcox, of
Florence, were attorneys for the defend
ant. This case was brought about the
publication of a letter from Capt Capers
i the I olumsbia State in which it was
claimid that certain defamatory matter
against the character of Dr. J. 0. Byrd,
of Timmonsvlille. had been printed.