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HIS LAST MESSAGE.
co'NTIN1I) FM PAE 0o-*
selves to ohev orders and hj)hold tle
law." Not Sine the days wlich saw
the birth of thie .S)zutlevril Conlfederacy
has such a mIatial spirit Ie oWI.
WNithI thle arstakeni from the Old
comp:u1lies as !many of the new ones
as possible hav' Wn r i ad
dition,th aprp imfrte
Militia from the ited
amiouzlingL lo nery -ve as bee n
expended altogether for aru ai
there are 10w torty compamesae
sine" the riot. of which twenty-six
have the latest unproved Springfild
It is not necessary to tell the Legis
lature that tile militia of the State
merits and shoUld receive your fester
ing care. Its value and necessity
were clearly shown at the time I have
just descrieotd. Hitherto the services
required of the militia have been at
long intervals and on occasions of nii
nor importance-guarding a jail or re
pressing discrder among the negroes
-and the taxpavers have been dis
posed togrumbl'at the expense of the
annual appropriation. This has been
spent. not in equipment and armsbu
paid directly to the coipanies " -
sist them in maintaining- thr origan
ization." The whole svstemi needs Ie
modeling and there should be a rad
ical clange in policy- ,We do not
need so niany co:npaolies. out we need
well-armed. 'vei-drilled ien wiho can
be relied on. Tiiere should ee a termi
of enlistnent, with better disciplne
and means of enforcing it. We have
had a severe lesson in depending on
holiday soldiers. whose officers on oc
casion constitute themselves a debat
ing society to discuss the Governor's
orders and vote as to the propriety of
obeying them. Without going into the
details, I would strongly urge that
the money appropriated be spent i
armina such of the new companies as
have sliown by their zeal and profi
ciency that they arc in earnest, anut
are willing to enter the sevice undoer
the stringent regulations which shoul
obtain in future. All of the otlicers
of the companies which failed to re
spond to my orders to go to Darling
ton have been suspended, with three
exceptions. To have court-martialed
them would have been a costly farce.
Had I possessed the power. I would
have disbanded these coimands: but
not having donned their uniforms and
gotten under orders, they did not.
come under the Articles of War, and
I could not legally do more than I did.
This is a defect'in the law which
should not be overlooked. Arbitrary
power is not desirable in a free gov
ernment, but there are sometimes oc-,
casions and conditions when nothing:
else will do. The Governor is, at all 1
times, responsible to the people, and I
no harm could result. 1 nder the
Statutes as they stand. the Adjutant
General has power to disband a com
pany which fails to pass inspection.
IBut the Commander-in-Chief cannot
do so, even for disobedience of orders.
It is almost certain that had the other
officers of the Fourth Brigade done
their duty as did Ckpt. Edward An
derson, the command would have
promptly assembled and gone to the
scene of the riot. I will say that there
are about twenty thousand dollars in
cash or securities belonging to this
brigade, which can be used to arm and
upother men within the city of
Chaleston. A g-ood battalion is all
that is needed thfere, and I am sure.
the material exists to form one which
will obey orders hereafter and wipe
off the stigma now resting on the
military of that city.
It pains me to make known a fur
ther instance of gross insubordination
and;- indeed, outrageous insolence, on
the part of the officers of the oldest'
and most noted military company in
the State. The Washington Light
Infantry was ordered, along with the
other companies, to give up its aius.
This it dechin-ed to do, claiming them'
as private property. It will take too
much space to enter into details and
give the grounds upon which this
claim rests. After consulting the re
cords and conferring with the Attor-'
ney-General, the order to surrender
the arms was renewed, and again dis
obeyed. But the matter did not rest
here. A temporary injunction was
sued out before Judge Goff, or the
United States Circuit Court. restrain
ino "One B. R. Tillman, calling him
self Governor of South Carolina, from
seizing or in any way interferring
with th osssion by the company of
the arms in question." The' case was
argued before the Judge at Baltimore
by the Attorney-General, who pre
sented for the consideration of Judge
Goff the following oglicial papers:
[Here follows the opinion of Attor
ney-General Olner to the effect that
the arms of the 'Washington Light.
Infantry are held by the State for the
use of th~e whole bo'dy of the State mi
litia, as the State authorities may .di
rect. Also, a letter from the Assist
ant Secretary of War, to the same ef
Thfeiiese papers show conclusively that
tlie-arzm are State-property, subject
to the disposition and orders of the
Governor. and-a prompt decision to
that effect from the bench was
what we had a right to expe~t. But
the honorable Jtidge "took the pa
rs" and has them yet. No decision
been rendered, and after next
week B. R. Tillman can no longer
"call himself Governor of South Car
*olina." Herein lies the dirty trick to
which Judee Goff has lent himself.
One would 71ave supposed that he had
too much self-respect and reo-ard for
his high office to descend so 'lw I
can only surmise as;to motives and the
source of his inspiration. Judge Si
monton and Brawley, of that court
and cult, are citizens of Charleston.
The former an honorary member of
the Washington Light Infantry, and
was formerly. I think, its captain. If
there had been any merit in the case.
one or the other of the judges would
have been the natural judici'al ofiier
to ask for relief. That the case was
carried abroad shows clearly that one
-or both refused to hear it. But that
the decision had been reserved in this
unaccountable and outrageous way al
most proves that judicial influences
have been at work to postpone action
till one 'B. Ri. Tillman calling himself
Governor. "etc.. has been gotten out of
the way. It may be that my successor
will be'served with a similar- order; for
the judges of the United States Courts
are a law unto themselves, it seems.
-and glory in acts of usurpation and
tyranv. It may be that this company's
charter will be left undisturbed, and its
organization remain as part of the
State militia. I think, however. thatit
should be disbanded, and its affairs as
a corporation wound up. I would have
been willing, after a time, to allow a
reorganization and restoration of the
company as punishment enough for
its refusal to go to Dairlington; but
the second act of mutiny and insult to
the State and its Executive is too much
To be possessors of old historic names
is a grand heritage. To assist in
maintaining ant organization with
such proud memor-ies and so glorious
a history is a worthy ambition. It is
a pity to destroy what is so old, so
linkedl with the State's glorious past:
but an example should be made. These
nien have been false to every obliga
tion of duty ; have disobeyed'the or-der
of the Con'uander-in-Chiief: have in
sulted the Governor: and. wraipped in
lepna 0n11 i ruiiaia? juica net
neuences to .sae them 1rm deserved this
isgrac and nun.I;hislont. The Genernl the
\ssemiblV alone ea:. deal with tlem. ope
miid can do it inl spite of J udge Gof. ,son
tNFoRiFENT < )ETiH: D~srENsA RY LAW. i7m1:
Governor Til1nan next reviews the ilai
our4,se of things, under th, Dispensary i In
aw from1 the time whent it was de
-lared by thr. Sunreme Court to be un- N.
onstitutional til the reopeiiung of the Sit
lispeuIs:res: T sas:":
ut ~ whil .(' obyd ht Ith1 gh
vas the .w undcr rhw decisioun of tle
2ourt. I resoIve to thvart te Court
1 I old. and:e1er elcort was ptur
torth to nee:: th'Act of 1o.3 fJ:! tur
uin ).gbfore the Coirt as it was tn
0onsituted. Ite mXan1tiewe h.-1
a likdlg.Ding thle peiod
fromn Ju'lv ISt. Ise:t", wheni the disp1- 00F
sarv law went intoc.'eet.to 1 April 21st, ser
11'%4, w.henl it wvas suIp.T de-.: C wJ mn pm
dired and svent-svni I. Stat..s thi
retail licesIesre t. suk. In tne tunue as
the dienisaries were c ed. April 2 gre
to Aiugu?st ist. t we r issued. All
tie" old dealer--the vio had left Ci
the 'StLate and ths wh) remainied- 0 h
I~u "Il ta levltW
laid in stocks... Mten h hdnee
sold liquor went iN:..zothe siness, nd bV
't everW town. himi.-t and cross-roads
alost. whiskey could be bought.,
with no eflort at concealawnt.
Prohibition hadcome. By lidicmlr
enareiune!nt. it is true. but ievertheless. jil
prollibition. Bat the piohibitionist wa
who had fought the dispensary and "es:
reru~rd to "touch the uIncletan thing. T
looked on in silent amazement and dis- col
gist. He had worked for prohibition, ior
had prayed for prohibition, and now ti
that the dream had come to a realiza- i
tion. not an angel of light min his ,1.
gaze. but an abortion. a jubilant de- I do1
mon, whojeered and laughed as he pa
polished his bar glasses and cried
"What are you (oing to do about it
Like Fear, in Collins Od. 1
"He back recolled. lie knew not wli
Even at tile sound hmiself had made .
and felt that the
--Reign oehaos and ld Night
It is safe tosaV that of the ieI whlo
voted for Prohibition inl 1892 not on1 e t
thousand remain who believe that pro- -1
hibition is practicable.
The stock of liquors on hand at the
State dispensary. with other necessary
supplies, was valued at $99.01.26, anu
the amount held at the several dispen
saries was -90.932.72 while the debts i
due by the State Conunissioneramnitllt
ed to $4528.93. These liquors were
being held at a heavy expense for
rent. salarieS. insurene,. 'tc.. while ha
the State was flooded withli iquor sold th
contrary to law. The act of 1S93 had Mt
been "gnored by the court in two o
cases, and a change in the court made int
me feel it to be my duty to revive the i
act of 1893andtest the 'question of its a 1
constitutionality oiice for all. So July fo'
22d I issued a proclamation ordering all
the dispensaries to be reopened An- an
gust 1st, and warning all public car- aft
riers and illicit dealers to obey the no
law. The constabulary had been dis- tl
missed April 21st. The force was re- mn
organized about the middle of August W1
and putto work, being gradually in- pr
creased and instructed to close down .111r
on the liquorsellers by degrees. Every th1
facility was CeYered those so desiring 1
to get rid of their liquors and ship them re
out of the State. ME
At this time I have sixty-five men m
employed as constables ail detectives. all'
and the, expense has been very heavy. fai
But it was to be expected that both foi
time and work wotuld be required to Po0
regain the lost ground. and reach even se~
the positon occupied 21st April, when my
the illicit trafilc had alnost ceasedl im 3
three-fourths of the counties. That iis
the constables have been active, and Th
that most of them have been well ro:
chosen, is shown by the results of their trai
work. The contraband liquors seized of
and confiscated are valued by the Comn- fo
missioner at $i11,451, and a good deal de
of other property is in the hands of the uii
Courts awvaiting the resultsof the trials it7
under Section 22 for maintaining St
"The Governor10 next reviews the So
different cased alrising, in the courts, m
out of the Dispensary law-stating tel
these as they hav~e alr eady appeared min
the public prints He reconunendes. of
1. That some . means be devised to co
control distilling, without the enmbar- qu
rassment of any seeming conflict with fr'
the Federal gov ernor. )1i
2. That an addttional bookkeeper th~
be employed, who s.hall also be secre- all
arv of the State Board of Control. dIi
:. That Clemson Colle;:e be incorp- ki
orated, for purposes of pol1ice control-. thi
such control extending the boundaries I L
through a radius of live miles-this to
to control tihe liquor traffic at Pendle- qu
toi and other adjacent points. se~
4. That a system of metropolitanrg
police be p)rovided for Charleston. and api
o. other cities: as conditions may oul
seem to demand.
5. That the Governor shoulid have thi
have power to suspenld solicitors and n
Sheriis when these shall appear to Ste
have neglected their dty.~ |This re- I
commendation arrises out of thec con- m
viction of the constable B1ldon, in lo'
Spartanburg-whloml says Gover- ce.
nor Tillman. "any bt t ciazy or T
corrupt jury ' would have acqutted Co.
without leaving their se:ts the4
THlE ISPENSARIY AS A BItNI5s. h
Tile Governor gives the followinmgI
figures shlowimg the workimns ithe ~
2.~ Dispensary since its start:
Abstract,November' 1st. th:
Total cost of liquors...41 .853.12 v
Total expenses........... 207.5;. 15
Total sale to dispenisers.. t694.27!.-09a
Amount duie by dispensers
Amount cashl received fromun
disensers............. 55:..811 .13 ati
Amount casnaitllotfler sour
Thti.....~...........---: 10,865. 3
Totalensh. ..... .... .85 . .- tinl
Stck at StateC Disp)enisary i
Amount due by State Dis
pensary................. 2 il
Value of assets over liabili
ties..........----..-- 1 44.3 a
From whmichi deduct Stat sio
appropriation...........1 50000.0 of
Net profits............? 97.694.9:; st
The three heaviest items of expenlse firo
Constablarv .......... . 49.853 .4
Bottles.demijohns and kegs. 53. 999.72
At tile business of the cotunty dis
pensaries tihe Governor makes the fol
Total mlount pturc'hasedI
from State by all the dis-gu
siries.. ... ...... .......7 .555.59 jul
Total amlounit of sales, in-Si
voice price............ 57.78.38 Br<
Total sales to conisumers 2 o
(county profit added.. . .879.222.S8 ter
Gross profits............ 10.355.40 tihe
Total xpenses5.........---....'80.1Si~5 emi
Total net profits...... ...? 76.775.25 .aut(
Expenses of dispensaries wvhile W.
elosed, included above. u49690.49. an<
During tire quarter end(ing~ October Sta
31 sixteemn new dispensaries were iruni Br<
it a loss. amlouniting inl the aggregate jur
to 538. 97.
This was caused by the illicit sale' of ]
liquor in competitioni, and theC hard lhe:
timles reducing consuimptionl. It is not jee
iikely that the next iuarter will showt wit
.ivi .huch cod(.iitionI. If so. all1 stuch col
shbldOl~ have' salaries re(duiced and~ e'x- go
penses cuit dlown, or be disconitinuhed. elu
There are opien no(w in the State six- an<
t-nine disp~ensar'ies, all toil. The tio>
is : 7 Of course ot of
must come the expenses during
time the (isp'nsaries were not
i, and it will take some time inl
Le counties to pay off this debt. It
t be understood that the proit
med by the State dispensaries is all
ested in stock-liquor o(n liand im
tmibia an(d at all thie local dispn
es. The finaincial conditioi .of the
te dispensary is fast reahciuinig a
ut where cash can be paid for c
thig and no accounts 1e run vn
lii'. and inl a fev molithis the 850.
can be tlnIed bck int the treas
-, an later" onl the prlit's canI~ b"
nied in to the g.eeral fund for use
S.-nte as tlxes.
'ihe Governor careuIlly revievs 111i
ditioni and the operations of the
eral educational institutions sup
td by the State. He shows that
total appropriatiois required or
ed for by the four colleges will ag
gate soniethinig like this:
uh Carolina College....... :z0.tIIIo
so.. .................. :5. 0
nthrop College at Rock Hill 75,0010
nthrov-Nornal School, Co
um bia .................... -.7
le thinks that the cost of iaiitaiit
these instititiolns iiust, iii Som
-V. be curtailed. and that the pro
sors' salaries should be reduced.
e beneficiary system, both in the
lege and the Citadel. needs revis
a'nd improvement. He thinks that
allowance to the Citadel beneficia
s should be reduced from 8:300 to
io, the nmnhoer of benelicialit's
abled. and each required to pay a
t of his expenses vt the institution.
[hie lunatic asvlni has been pru
itly and ellicieintly maiiaged. The
lv' average of patients during the
t- has been 798, maiiintind at ian
'arage annual cost of $l:2.0.
he peniteitiary hlad, oI October
t. 1,nG62 prisoners. The opertionS
the pristm show, on that dy, a n
lance of ,27.3t2.54.
['e States income fromll all sources.
the fiscal year ended Nov. 1, was
lie law's delae--thie sloth of the
.rts in dealing' with crime--the
>vernor gives as a fruitful source of
. fe W ivords in conclusion and I
ve don1e. Nine vears ago I began
a!itation of certain reforms look
to the education and upbuilding
he agricultural iuterests. -%Vithout
ending it and almost before I knew
thlingr. Ilad shaped themselves into
>olitical movement. directed to re
-ming abuses in our governmental
airs. The peOplIC were in a restless
d dissatisfied condition, and as year
er year their ju:,t demands were ig
red', and the oligarchy controlling
State government grew more and
re insolent in refusing to recognize
at were felt to be reasonable and
>per reforms, the feeling of resent
nt grew stronger and stronger. and
movement gathered impetus. By
1 there was a perfect ground-swell.
ulting in revolution and the retire
nt of all old leaders. An untried
Ln, fresh from the plow and without
v experience whatever in public af
s. I was elected Governor. I had
eseen antd predicted the dogged op
ition that 1 would have to endure.
-ere adlverse criticism and a most
lignant and slanderous warfare.
hmether I was a prophet or not the
tory of the past four years will tell.
e "long, rough, rocky and stumpy
d to the executive mansion" was
veled in 1890, and the campaign
192, in which I asked thte people
-a v indicati'o and cn -a~-- ,A
ace, can be best described as a tri
1phal procession, in which a major
of 22,000 of the white men in this
ite marched at my back to show
ir determination that Democracy in
uth Carolina meant the rule of the
ijority, and that the people were de
'mined to govern themselves.
Mnce I have been chief magistrate
South Carolina I have had miore
nplx anestions of grave cons.e
ence to 'deal with, have beeni con
inted with greater problems prtess
for solution, than have marked
civil history of the State during
the balance of its existence. In the
charge of my official duty I have
own bt:one rule, the welfare of
people and the honor of the State.
ae defended its honor and dignity
the best of my ability. When a
stion would ar'ise I havenasked myv
f, "Is this good for the State Is it
-ht - And wvhen my conscience has
iroved [ have mioved forward. with
regard to consequences.
had no selfish motive in accepting
leadership and running for Gover
r. I have worked harder for the
t than I ever wor'ked for myself.
ike this opportunity of expressing
gatitude to the peop~le for the
e ther' have shown mec and the
1 tidence which theiy have display'ed.
at love and confidence and a c'lear
science hav-e been my shield fromt
darts of envy and nmlice which
c been thirown so relent lessly, and
ae the oilice with tile coniscious
s of having discharged my duity' as
a it. and an absolute cotnlidene
t the just hiistor'ian of the futur'e
l sustain mty good name andi give
credit for :hose things which I,
obedience to the will of the people.
. sustained by them, have accoi
hed. I must' also thank my cond
ors in the State Ihouse for their
ifor courtesy and zealous co-opoi'
ni. Without their active help I
st have oft times failed.
an glad to be relieved of the
'de,. whicht has pressed upon mec at
cs with a weight. which no man
ing can conceive who has not beeni
ith'charity towards my enemjies.
o hav'e hated me. I know not why:
h love anid gratitude tomy thious
is of friends, I returni my commis
n to the people who gave it. pi"oud
the consciousnessthat most of those
.o put mec in ofice are still my
unch sup porters while I have wrung
m my enemies at least respect. 3My
ord as Governor is made.
"What is write is write,
Would it were worthier."
B. -R. TILuAuN Govei'nor.
The Browns~ Acqluitte'd.
EnitwsuEL. S. C.. Nov. 24.-"'Not
l y." That was the verdict of tihe
v' in the case of MIessrs.
on, Isadore and Herman
>wn, charged with the miurder of
te Counstable John Gribbins. At
'lock this afternoon the jury, af
being out exactly one hour, entered
.court, and( the foreman, C'oh. Laur'
:e Wi. Youmans, anntounced that
-y had agreed upon a verdiet. The
Ige odered the clerk to read it. MIr.
.Gihuoro Simis took the ind~ictmienit
1 read front the hack of it. "The
Ae. vs. Sinion, Isadoi'e and Herman
,wn,. chiargred with murde'r. Wie tile
- find the defendants niot guilty."
[m: emiinenit and weahy colored
id-waiter' that the Brooklv'nlites ob
ted to liv-ing ini the neigchborhood
i. and the noted and eloquent
ored womnan lecturer that the Chica
society womnitr declined to sit in
b withi, might (do well to get togethe'r
.1coptlare ntotesont nioi'thieirn admiira
a for the colored race in precept and
FOR THE rARMERS.
in imotant Report frwix the .e,>rgia
Htouse A zricult ural Committee.
I tow canii tie farmers of Georzia bet
ter the-ir present conditLionl I
I toNv can ther secure a better crop
price for,] tiri cottonl crop anld how.
utilize the Iesources whic are at their
14als to the b.st -d\v-mtagef
The houIIse coniit' Of the Georgia
Leilkatur1 on gen;er-l agriculture has
been discIssilg these questions. which
cali to theI through the introduction
of a series of resolutiois or rather of a
memorial iii that shiape which came
from, certin farIers of Putnam Coun
'Chairman Browin. of the comnmittee.
vesterdar sibmitted the report. which
Wats ill th iinturie of a substitute set of
resolnutions and which will he found of
interest. not only to the farmers of
Georgia and of the other States of the
'South. but to tile Imerchants. the busi
ness m),en, in fact everybody.
The resolutions wtere drawn by Chair
man Brown. who is one of Pulaski's ua
representative5s aii oie of the most tal
successful farmers of Georgia. They ari
contain his ideas aild those of other trc
imembers of thecvolluittee aidare wor- of
thy of serious consideration by the frc
people of the State. The report o)f the I
connaittee is as follows: - pri
Recognizing and deploring the de- M(
pressed condition of agriculture in this
State and desirous of alleviating the cle
sante we ofler the following remedy as tio
the sense of this connuittee:
We will waste no time in discussing cle
the cause. The disease is upon us. be
ing felt ill every farmhouse in Georgia, $1.
soon to reach the center of every town.
Our expense account has been greater 40(
than ou' inicoie. %e mustcut down hI
expenses or increase the revenue, or
meet h:ikriuptcy surely and swiftly. 11,
Looking to cot ton as our source of reve
raue. it is impossible to increase the in- as
CONe by increased production. when a 4
big crop will bring less than a sniall of
one. Thierefore we would advise the (
sowing of oats, whteat and rye. in abun- (
daice, at least ten acr'estothe plow. be- in
fre Ciristmas, if possible, if not the lib
!rst thing in Januai-y. Prepare well
aid sow on good land, with a view to to
pasturing the same or of cutting hay gu
after removing grain. Then prepare dii
three-fourths of your land for corn, an
groundpeas and fieldpeas; keep cotton bei
seed and manure corn. It will not
pay to sell them at pressent pi'ices. Plant 2
vegetables. sugarcane. potatoes, etc. ag
Do not plant over ten acres of cotton
to the plow. Fi
Do not use any commercial fertiliz- be
ers; clean out the fence corners; haul
litter in cow lots and horse lots, etc.
We h iave used 300,000 tons of guano to
this year, costing about $6,000,000,
taking one third of the cotton crop of an
the State to pay for it. We recognize sei
that it will increase the crop, but abun- of
danice nowv means poverty to the pro
ducer. Why we can't understand. ist
we simply deal with facts. At a fixed to<
price of S cents we would advise the wi
use of guano, but when increased pro- sal
duction reduces the price to 5 cents, ed
then it is suicidal to use it. If all cot- in
ton-growing States would unite with is
us (and we hereby implore them) and re)
refuse to use guano next year, we re
would reduce the crop in our judg
nment from nine to six million bales,
and obtain more for six millions than B'
for nine million b~ales, besides saving d~
the guano bill. It is not profitable to th
buy guano and pay for it with 5-cent af1
cotton, even with a good crop; with ae
poor crop it would simply mean d-th
struction. Buy no wagons, no buggies, si
no mules, nor horses unless you are 1
~,.O of' iAbt nna '-~ nov cash : econo
nuze in every way.
The above plan wvill brincr more hogs, a
more beef, more milk and btter. more p
chickens and egs, more colts: would i
require less la~or. less expense, less
anxiety, less risk. It will bring more br
money. pay back debts, bring peace, G
continuous priosperity and independ
ence to the farmers of Georgia and the
We would ask our fellow citizens of
every calling to aid us in our honest
efforts for relief. We would ask mer- 28
chants and bankers to be as lenient
as possib~le. The cotton has come and th
gone, the bales were there but the v
price w'as lacking, though through no s
fault of merchant or farmer, we there- sh,
fore would counsel forbearance from
creditor to debtor, for the farmers of
Georgia are an honest debt paying t
people, and while many are nowunth
able to pay, it is not due to a lack of th
disposition. Wye would ask our towns
peCople to buy all teir)spphe possi- on
ble from their ctustomecrs. .In many se
sectbons w.e have bread, .meat beef' be
lard, corn. hay and provisionis of all
kinds-emough for country ana town- ho
andl we would ask our merchants to
encour'ure farmers to p)roduce these gin
thines~ by buying from thenminsteadof
importing the saime. In other words
let our' p~mple live amongst them
sel ves amuch as possible. We have nie
made the mioney. but sent it away gu
from home. never to return until we aft
change our) miethods. I
Uin tis line we wou~ild say that our sto
cotton shiould be spun at home. Our Th
wago115ns mde.. buggies, shoes. furni- bir<
ture. etc.. so that m~oney produced in Th
G eor'gia would stayv in Georgia. We ho
would also adlvocate any policy on the bo:
part of our State that would lend to act
the uphuiildinigand supplort of factories thc
of all kinds in our midst. Their em- ma
->lovees would furnish consuimers of sin
>ur1' products and add value to every inig
acre of farm lamd in Georgia. We be- gu:
hieve that pa:cking hiousecs established pla
1n ourII large'st ('ites would pay. Let the
them he estabhlied and we will fur- ser
nish the beef and por'k. (1o)
ly follow ing the above suggestions as
we believe that we can escape from w~a
the sioug~hiof despond ando the clutches ven
of povei'y. and ere long stand upon do'
the high gr'ound~ of contentment and en<
prosnern(~r~ v. em
li in' ineanutimie we woul counsel tol
ate. ''for whonm the gods wish to de- sel
strov ther' lirst make mad." mng
Our country is peculiarly adapted to toi
diversitied ageicultur'e, unexcelled in
the '.ariety of its p~roducts or' the pcer- '3
fection of their growth. We have arc
water power's anid raw materials. Our nei
cimiate' invites all who would do field whu
or factory work. The op~portuniites are lion
with us5. anld it is - withi us as to to
whethei' we use themi or not. WXe Pal
think we are on the right direction of,
with our technological schools, our ou<~
common schools and colleges. Our ter
towns will yet hum with machinery of
under01 the direction of our own boys, Pa:
and the ear'th will yield forth its more the
aundant fruit to the more enlighten- .Jes
ed touch'i of the hlusbandmnan- hia
We hiav(' an abliding faithi in the pos- lie
siilities and the future development lo,
of our 'oiuntry1. We wvould hasten the los~
day wh~eni contenitmient wouild prevail dil]
in the hear'ts and prlosp)erity would we'a
reign in the houses of 011r p~eop~le. Let
us, therefore. to the work like men.
beieving ini the resources at otur comn
mnd and ant ablidinlg faith in tha wis- pi'
domi and jtustice of an all-wise God. nea
1ii order to carry these ideas into day
exectution and~ have them disseminated des:
among the p~eophle. we ask every paper, var
daily and weekly in the South, to p~ub' ind
hlih'henm, and request that sonie pa- it
triotic citizen wouild call a mass meet- had
ig at eT.:ryV counlty seat. r'egardless of and
paty or c'olor. and advocate the priu-l dis<
ci.s herei se forth. tra
cream (r tartar naxiug powdete
bhest of all in leavening strett. --La
United States Governmi'ent x14'od Rf
yal fBakingz Powder Company,
106 Wall St., N. Y
An Old Song.
oLU-MBIA, S. C., Nov. 30.-As us
[ the members of the legislature are
kin a grcat deal about reducing sal
es, and the following bill was in
duced in the House on the first day
the session by Representative Buriis
xovernor to $2,000. Governor's
vate secretary to1, 000, Governor's
ssenger to $350.
secretary of State to $1,400, chief
rk to $1,000, other clerks in propor
omptrQller General to $1.400. chief
rk to $1,000, bookkeeper to $900.
'tate Treasurer to $1,600, chief clerk
000, bookkeper to $800.
uperintendent of Education to $1.
, with $200 for traveling expenses,
clerk to $600.
Wdjutant and Inspector General to
200, and to be allowed no clerk.
Utorney General to $1,900 and his
istant to *1,350.
,hief Justice and Associate Justices
the Supreme Court to $2.000 each.
3ircuit Judges to $2,000 each.
31erk of Supreme Court to $800.
ssenger and attendant tc $200 each.
arian to $800, reporter to $800.
superintendent of tho Penitentiary
.1,400, physician and captain of the
ard to $SOO each, chaplain to '400,
ectors to $4 per day while serving o
I the same mileage as paid to mem
-s of the Legislature. t]
3uperintendent of the Asylum to
000, regents to $4 per day and mile
solicitors to $1,000 each except the
.st Circuit, the pay for which is te
state Librarian to $600.
Senators and Members of the House
4 per day and mileage.
-Merk of the Senate to $500, assist- t
t and reading clerk to $150 each,
eant-at-arms to $125. Same officers
the House same salaries.
['his is the bill. The Columbia Reg
r says the reductions appear to be
> sweepin- and radical to gain favor
th the 'eneral Assembly. The
ary reduction bill which was pass
by the last Legislature does not go
o'effect until January, 1895, and it
said that a bill will 'be introduced
eal'ng the bill which made these
A Carless Gunner.
~Ew BRUNswICK, N. J., Nov. 29.- 1
the accidental discharge of a gun
ring the Thanksgiving Da-.- shoot off I
a Eastside Rod and Gun ~Club this
ernoon, two men were fatally injur
and a third so seriously wounded
t the suroeons say he will lose his
~ht. Whife the shootino match was.
prgesHenry V. $cCauley, aa
arty of friends loading a gun pre
ratory to taking his place at the
ps. After placing the loaded shellh
the gin be closed' it with a snap.
the butt of the barrels struck thie
3etch both shells exploded. William
iggs, aged 28. a shoe manufacturer,
to was standing nearest to McCau
r, received almost the entire load of
:t from one shell in his right temn
Sand fell to the gound without ut
ing a sound. .:eorge Hotzworth,
years of age, a ship captain, who
od near by, was also wounded in
Sright temiple, and Willaim Hoo
e, received a part of the load of the
ond shell in the face, several of the
>t entering his eyes. The wounded
n were removed to the Wells Hos
al, where at a late hour Griggs and
tzworth were said to be dying, and
it Hoover, if he recovered would
blind. The aecident caused much
:itement among the crowd of about.
e thousand persons yresent and
-eral ladies fainted. A' o arrest has
m made and McCauley when he
v the victims of the accident in the
spital, was much overcome with
ef and wept as though his heart
Three Negroes Burned.
3HARLOTTE, N. C., Nov. 30.-Three
rroes were burned to death in the
rdhouse at Polkton, N. C., shortly
er midnight yesterday morning.
nry Butler and Oscar Thompson
le a cow and took it to Monroe.
c wer'e arrested on suspicion and
nght to Polk-ton for examination.
e two were placed in the guard
se there to be sent 0on to *Wades
o later. Another negro, Hamp May
used of stealing shoes, was also in
guardhouse. About 1 o'clock,
ny citizens were aroused from their
inber's by heart-rending and excit-.
-screams and knockingrs from tihe J3
trd-house. Men hastened to the
c. Smoke and flame burst from C
interior. The groanings andl
sams hushed. Nothing could be y
ie, though axes were used as long..
he Ilames permitted. The building
ssmall, but very strong, and burnt
'v r'apidlv. Afier the hiouse bur'ned
en. the charred, burned and black
d remains were taken from the
bers. Evidently the negroes tried
urn their way out, and losing con
of the lire, brought upon them
-es their own destruction, and noth-'
-was left but the ghastly remains
ll the tragedy.
Creeds Take Back Seats.
IEw YORK, Nov. 30.-Father Ducey
used great enthusiasm at the din
-to Dir. Parkhiurst by his speech, in
ich lhe said: "A creed has reigned
g enough. It is time foi' all creeds
co-ordinate and co-operate. Dr'.
'khurst has set an example that all
is. archbishops, bishops and priiests,
ht to follow. We want the mas
Sof no political organization, least
il Tammany hall. I thank Dr.
-khurst for the examaple lie has set
clergy. I feel convinced that
as Christ has blessed his work. He "
followed Jesus Christ, and though _
be a heretic, I am prepared to fol-0
-him." Increasing applause fol
-ed the sentence of the priest whose
iculty with Archbishop Corrigan
fresh inevery mnind.
Thirteen Persons Poisoned.
TLANTA, Ga.. Nov. 29.--Thirteen
ons on Bud Turner's plantation
r Caioun. Ga., were poisoned to
.All of the Turner family are J
3ratelv ill and several of the ser
ts are 'very sick. The symptoms
iate arsenical poisoning. At first
as thoughit that fresh hog meat .
caused thie illness of the family ce
an investigation is being made to
over trichiiae, but thus far no
e of it has been found.
means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
fatal diseases result from
trifling ailments neglected.
Don't play with Nature's
If you are feelin
out of sorts. we.iT
anid generally ex
Brow s have no appetite
,Bro" andcan't work,
be 'ctren ein
1100 aBrown's Ironj Bit
ters. A few bot
rS comes from the
very first dose-if
B itter t'kn' t'su
pleasnt to take.
Dyspepsia, Kidney and Liver
Constipation, Bad Blood
Malaria, Nervous ailments
Get only the gen uine-it hs crossed red
lines on the wrapper. All others are sub
stitutes. On receipt of two 2C. stamps we
will send set of Ten Beautiful World's
Fair Views and book-free.
BROWN CHEMICAL Co. BALTIMORE, MD.
ITIZENS OF CLARENDONJ'
You have gone through two years
f the greatest deprivation, and now
bre are certain goods you are com
elled to buy.
The prospects are for a better crop
ban you have had for four years,
nd we trust vou are in a condi
We have bought an unusually
rge stock, and we iutend to sell a
arge part of it to y'ou.
We have a great many frienuds
.ndl customers in Clarendon, but we
.re not sat islied-we want more.
Your friend now-a-days is
PO CK ET.
It you will give us a chance we
rill help you. Come andt try
)UCKER~ & BULTMAN,
P. S. We are helping to acwvn the
ite trust b~y buying Sugar Bags, the
iapest covering for cotton bales. If
>u have not tried it, do so.
L. W. FOLSOM,
-- Sign of the Big Watcb, --
- Watches, Diamonds,+-:
STERLING SILVER. CLOCKS. -
tial Goods, Fine Knives. scissors and
Razors. Maclinme Needles.,Etc.
B. THOMAS. Jr. J. M..TIIoMAS.
ephen Thomas, Jr. & Bro.
WERY, SILVER & PLATED WARE, ]
Spectales, Eye 6lasses & Fancy Goods.
pWatches and Jewelry repaired by
257 lING STREET,
CILA.mTLI-TON, S. (C.
Manning Collegiate Institute,
M.ANNING-, S. 0.
Do You Intend to Educate Your Children I
If so, Patronize the Institute. Why I
Because the Institute is well equipped for its work, and offers advantages
hat are not to be found elsewhere in the county. Besides the advantages
n the courses of study, nioderate tnition rates, cheap board, healthfulness
)f the town, combined with others of equal importance make it to your in
erest to send here.
REeac1i! conxrsicler ! Act !
Send for catalogue.
E. J. BROWNE, Principal.
wJE. sHmEPPma& Co.
LARGE e au
SSORTMENT ods Ec
* Send for cirenlars
Tinware, and price 1its.
No 232 Meeting St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
PERCIVAL M'FG. CO
DOOR : SASH,: AND : BLINDS.
4/8 to 486 Meeting Street, CHARLESTON, S. C
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
am a _msr w s. C.
Save Your Eyes!'Palmetto Pharmacy
When you need a pair of spectacles don't
buy an inferior glass. You will find none
PE RFECTE EI
\ TA1 , Charleston, S. C.
AIL, Express or Freight goods to any
part of the United States or abroad.
- dI Orders receive prompt attention immedi
ately upon receipt. In sending money for
articles not quoted in this list or our free
catalogue, send the amount of retail price
less 20 per cent. Any difference will be
- returned by next mail. Our business is
sTrcTLY cAsE. Goods sent C. 0. D. to re
sponsible parties. We solicit a share of
THE CELEBRATED your mail orders.
Allcock's Porous Plasters, 10 25
Belladona Plasters, 15 25
Capcine Plasters, Benson's, 15 - 25
EYE -:- GLASSEs. Allcock's Bunion Plasters, large 18 25
For sale by Allcock's Corn Plasters, 08 10
Our Little Liver Pills, 15 25
DR. W. M. BROCKINTON, Cuticura Resolvent, 85 1 00
. Mannin , S. C. Cuticura Salve, 40 50
______________________ -Cuticura Soap, 15 25
e4 BUY THE T., Anti-Pain Plasters, 1 25
Simmnon's Liver Regulator 67 1 00
iG T MpTVN250
ChiGchTs No s PeonBoy Pills, 185 200
C rHall's Syrup of Hyph4sphites. 90 150
Penn-roy a Pills, 75 100
:4 2US; Dr. Felix LeBrun's Steel and
PAnnyti yal P ills, 67 100
Seiigazor Linimentl 2
Scott's Emulsion, 67 1 00
Acid Phosphate, Horsford's, $ .40 $.50
Aer's Pills, 20 25
) Pierce's Favorite Prescription 75 1 00
call's Emulsion 25c and 50
Cod Liver Oil, pure, 45e, pint, 50
Cod Liver Oil, pure, Sue, quart, 1,00
IV . -~r.Castile Soap, 12 oz cake, 10 1
Castile Soap, imported. per lb., 20 25
West's Nerve & Brain Treatment 67 1 00
Phosphodine, 85 100
FWES'Extrac W itch Hazel, pints, 20 25
,.- E.~~ "Carter's Little Liver Pills, 15 25
Va!We claimn to have the best stock of
Druggists' Sundries, Perfumery, Tooth,
Nail -nd Hair Brnsbes, Combs, Sponges,
ST Chamois Skins and Toilet Regnisites in the
j ULM ICity. We can mail over 2,000 articles in
f,-. z :, p;zz MindLuc," ad the Drug line, anywhere, and pay special
Y Ln'Mck"ind attention to mail orders. We will mail our
catalogue to any address about April 1st,
chine.While this catalogue is not complete
it will give some idea of the stock we
.,- '~t* ~ ... carry.
W. E. BitO1W.N, MANNING, S. C. I
(One Doobr North of.Wentwortb.)
SOUTHERN FRUIT P0., Opposite Dime Savings Bank.
W. H. MIXSON, Manager. WIL N. BAHR & BRO.,
DEALEES IN AND MANUrACTUnEES OF
IMPORiTERS AND WflOLEsALE~ DEALE~fs TN
DI OR~ r A D HO ESAL D AL nS IN C a k e s, B isc u its a n d P la i :
I3 T AD Rand Fancy Candies.
SRUIT An PRODUCE .
rait and 70-ntb1o Shippin Pac T 13 kt, Penny Candies and Chewing Gums.
French Mixtures and
-) 217 EAST BAY, ( Chrystallized Fruits.
r .319 King Street, CHARLESION, S. C.
S. J. PERRY. fl n SIMONS. n. A. PUINGLE..
ynOrders solicite 3, promptly shipPed
aretully selected. : Crews Co.,
SJOBBERS OF DRY GOODS7
ij Notiens and S1aII Wares
For7 49ale onlyne b 11evi.0Man
ng, CHRLSTO, SC.
rtIAME & DAVIS, ASBROK
OHN EO. WILDICK
~qP 'RAES".C A1. .~ PE D.E P.IoS.E.APINL
~ II~Od DoIhn Sn, Erw S. C..
MANNING, S. C.
st'. ; ; * ~ tion0 giv alEbs.es in itise carge.