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CARLiSLE E IM RIE -
STATEMENTOF HIS POINTS BEFORE
THE HOUSE COMMITT
E~xitanati-oU of t0"' 1:~ ~ttr~"
H&' Plan of Carre,-WN ~ ('~*
to Ques-tiOnLS From l embers of the Con
W~5ism'.ro. Dec. 10u.--Sumdin at
the foot of the long table in thn'e ways I
and meanis connittee rwm of the
House this morning.Secretary Carlisle
explained in detail to the banking and
currener committee the plhm recoi
mended by him for the new ba king
All of the seven-teen memessof the
coimittee exept iOur-Biack of lili
nois. Brosius of Pe1msyivania. Haugh
en of Wisconsina lirs of Ken
tucky, were in their seats as early as
10 o'clock, the hour for which the
hearing was called. Culberson of
Texaswho had been detained at hone
by reason of illness in his famill y. hur
ried to Washington to atten( toda's
The hearing attracted a ae nm-a
ber of rel.te.ntatives in addition to
the memberst f the committee. Anionr
those present were Wilson of W est
Virginia, Hooker of New York. Sinod
qrass of Kentucky.Turier of Georgia,
2. K. Cowen of Baltimore. member
elect of the next Congress and Senor
Remere. the Mexican minister.
When the committee was called to
order Secretarv Carlisle was asked by
Chairman Splinger to explain what
would be the practical workiners of his
currency plan. In answer, IYr. Car
lisle saia that he had come to answer
questions of the committee and to
make a statement of his plan. but not
to indulge in a general argument, as
that had been done already iu his an
Proceeding to take up his sugges
tions seriatim, as they appeared in his
report, Mr. Carlisle read :hte first two,
"1. Repeal all laws requirr or au
thorizing the deposit of United States
bonds as security for circulation.
"2. PermIt national banks to issue
notes to an amount not exceeding 75
per cent. of their paid up and unim
paired capital: require each bank be
fore receiving notes to deposit a guar
antee fund consisting of United States
legal tender notes, including treasury
notes of 1890. to the amonnt of 30 per
tent. of the circulating notes applied
for-this percentage of deposits upon
circulating notes outstanding to be
maintained at all times and whenever
a bank-retires its circulation, in whole
or in part, its guarantee fund to be re
turned to it in proportion to the
amount of notes received."
In explanation Mr. Carlisle said it
had come to be ganerally believed that
that provision of the law requiring the
deposit of United States bonds as se
curity for circulation was a failure.
He believed it prevented elasticity of
Passing without further comment to
the second suggestions. Mr. Carlisle
said he believed that this provision
was perfectly safe in guaranteeing se
curity to depositors. The treasury re
serve, he thought. should not exceed
more than one-half of the outstanding
circulation of national banks.
Mr. Springer asked Mr. Carlisle to
explain the difference between his
plan for retiring circulation and that
of the Baltimore bankers; and the
Secretary gave a brief sketch of each.
The Baltimore plan provided for cir
culation up to 50 per cent. of the capi
tal stock of banks without any deposit
whatever, but subject to a tax fund
raisttromrihich was to be used in
relieving funds of failed national
banks. If this does not become large
enough, the government is to relieve
the funad, looking to the banks for re
payment. The government plan was
that a separte fund of 30 per cent. of
the circultion should be held for each
bank, and in addition there should be
a safety fund, raised like that of the
Baltimore pla ;but if this fund should
not prove lrge enough, the Treasury
Department might assess national
banks pro rata on their circulation.
The government, through this means.
could lose nothinn.
In further expianation Mr. Carlisle
said that the banks by his plan are
called upon to keep the safety fund
intact; in the Baltimore plan the gov
ernment was required to do this. "My
plan, said the Secretary. "requires the
national banking. system to support it
self entirely, and relieves the g'overn
ment of all connection with thie sys
tem, except to furnish notes and hold
the safety fund.
Mr. Carlisle said his plan did away
with the present system of redemption
of national bank notes. At present
national banks could send their muti
lated notes to the treasury angl receive
in turn new notes. By the new plan
t.he overnment was divorced entirely
fpmti the redemption of these national
bank notes. The government was re
lieved of all responsibility in the mat
In answer to Mr. Johnson of India
na, Mr. Carlisle said that the idea of
the plan was that the strongest banks
should carry the weaker. If a bank
failed so badly that it could not pay
its notes, the ultimate liability was
placed, by the Baltimore plan, on the
himsel the ultmte iability was
placed on the banks.
Mr. Johnson wanted to know if Mr.
Carlisle throught the banks would
agree to this. The secretary answered
that the banks must speak for them
selves: he was looking out for the in
terests of the government.
To Mr. Johnson (Dem., Ohio,) Mr.
Carlisle said that one great advantage
of his plan was that it would furnish
elastic currency. The entire national
bank deposit would not be filled up to
the limit of the plan unless the busi
ness of the country required it. Un
der the present system, if a national
bank desire to retire its 'circulation it
must send to the treasury lawful mon
ey of the United States, or the requisite
amount, but it was not allowed to
withdraw this amount for circulation
under six months. Under the new
plan a bank might retire its circula
tion today and increase it tomorrow.
Mr. Walk-er (Rep.) of Massachusetts
wanted to know whether Mr. Carlisle
had drawn a bill embodying his views.
Mr. Carlisle had a sketch of such a
measure and he promised to furnish
the committee with a complete bill as
soon as he had perfected the draft he
Mr. Carlisle took up his suggestion
that "no national bank note to be of
less denomination that ten dollars,
and all notes of the same dlenomina
tion to be uniform in desig'n: but
banks desiring to redeem their notes
in gold may have them made payable
in that coin, the Secretary of the
Treasury to have authority to keep on
hand, ready for issue upon applica
tion. a reserve of bank national bank
notes for each banking association
This suggestion, he said, would have
the effect of placeing silver certificates
of small denominations in circulation.
The idea was not to issue national
bank notes of less denominations than
$10. This would force the p~eop~le to
call for the silver certificates which
were now piled up in the Treasury.
The silver certificates were, of course,
redeemable in silver dollars. He be
lieve that the due notes issued under
pariv with gold.
To 31r. Sperrry tDeI.) of Conilecti
ct Mr. Carlisle s!hl his plan contem
platid the himaw reireet of green
)aks and notes issued under the Sher
tmtan 1aw. aid tlier' wvould then be li
0t1her paper of the government redeenm
ale ini gold.
"We should then be on a sil ver ba
sis." said Mr. Sperry.
"No said MIr. Carlisle. on a rolt
Mr. Sperryv wanted to know il
should the tie ever Ce)' ,hen there
was nto tpapier of 0h- ove-nient re
deemabhle in goh. the d141 o Rf ti
governmen woul n ' e :d hi
To this 'Ir. Cisle said th: then
wo11l not be cio Itrh silver i to do his.
Fur hermre, the d''-bif t he ~Overn*
men-lt were paid in hirge i!!s. Ti i
silver wNas needed4 for small1 cin. Su
sidiarv coin wa piled 1pn the a
byV tridesmena-l, hlmkscould no I'' li
out, and therefor-e it wassn to h ash
ington for redemption in i-'e den/p
tionl ;1n lar1- denlomlinlaions'. be
Treasurv Den11-twent fIondLI it Would
b)e dime'uh"I inl getting this m;onley into
circulation again and the Secretary
thought there woild therefore be no
great delalntd for silver inl payment
onI govern"nIt debts.
Taking up his suggestion. that the
circulation of State banks be exempt
fron federal taxation, under certain
conditions. MIr. Carlisle said that theo
retically he believed that the govern
ment had noright to tax State banks.
although the Supreme Court had held
that it was perfectly legal. He thought
that it might be a good thing, however.
to retain the tax, but it was the inten
tion of tile plan suggested by him to
lesson government imterference with
these banks as far as possible. It was
contended by 'Mr. Carlisle in answer
to several questions that it was necessa
r-y to give the government authority
as was contemplated in his plan to in
pose a t ax on circulation of State banks
if they did not comply with the con
ditions imposed by fe'deral law. This
was the only way the Treasury De
partment had of controlling national
banks which refused to comply with
the provisons of law applicable to
Mr. Carlisle said that he believed
that the State banks were necessary
for the needs of the people for local
purposes. He believedthat the plai
would give a needed elasticity to the
circulation in the rural districts.
Secretary Carlisle said he would re
turn tomorow morning and read to
the committee a complete draft of his
bill, embodying his currency plan.
CARLIsLE's CURRENCY PLAN.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 11.-Interest in
the second day's appearance of Secret
arv Carlisle before the banking and
currency committee of the House was
shown by the promptness with which
the members of that committee gather
ed this morning. With few exce)tios
all were in their seats at a quarter-past
Pending the arrival of Secretary
Carlisle Horace White, of New York
addressed the committee. - He said he
had drawn a bill which embodies his
idea of the Baltimore plan but which
had not been adopted by the Baltimorc
committee. He proceeded to read at
some length a carefully prepared papet
covering the genieral subject of bank
When White had concluided Secre
tarv Carlisle, who had appeared some
time previously, addressed ite com
mittee, and reaid the bill he had pre
pared to carry out his financial views.
When he had finished reading his
bill Mr. Carlisle explained that Section
S repealed Sections 9 and 12 of Act of
July 22, 1882 Section 9 of that -Act
authorized deposits of lawful money
by national banks to withdraw their
dposits of circulatintg notes. It might
not be absolutely necessary he said,
to repeal that section if the proposed
plan adopted. but still the spirit of the
section w~as that no national bank shall
retire in the aggregate more than $3,
000,000 per month, and, having done
so, shall1 not be allowed to increase its
circulation within six months. Sec
tion 12 of the Act of 1882 referred tc
old certificates and their suspension
hen the gld reserve fell below a hun
dred million. dollars, and concerning
this prevision MIr. Carlisle said it . was
not good policy for the Government
to establish a ware house for the deposit
of gold, and to issue certificates against
it, for thte reason that this gold, or a
large part of it, would come into the
tresurv and stay there if thtese certifi
cates w'ere not issued against it. But
still the repeal of this section was not
an essential parti of his schemxe. His
ownl view was that it would be beni?ii
al to the Gov-ernment not to issue these
certificates, but to have the treasury
hold gold and pay it out so as to get it
To MIr. Brosius, of Pennsylvania,
Mr. Carlisle said that his theory con
cerning national banks was that the
Government should be wholly div-orc
ed from relations with them, except
in so far as it was necessary to throw
safeguards about them in order to in
sure their stability and reliability.
His belief in this connection was based
on both constitutional and practical
THE BILL INTRODUCED IN THE HOUsE.
WASHINGTON. D. C.. Dec. 11.-M1r.
Springer, of Illinois, today introduced
in the House the financial bill which
Secretary Carlisle read to the commit
tee on banking and currency. The
bill repeals all Acts and parts of Acts
which require or authorize the deposit
of United States botnds to secure cir
ulating notes issued by national
banking associations and such notes
hereafter prepared shall not contain
the statement that they are so sectured.
National banks are permitted to
take out circulation to the extent of 75
per cent of paid tip capital. Circula
tion to be a first lien upon assets. A
tax of i of 1 per cent per~ annum on
circulation is provided.
A satisfactory safety funtd for tile
redemption of nlotes of'failed banks is
rovided by a tax of per cent per an
un tuntil the anmounit reaches 5 per'
rent of the total circulation. Sections
and 10 of the Act of 1882, relating to
the cor-porate extensions, and Section
31 of the Act of 1864. providing for a
national bank currency, are rep~ealed.
Section s: of the bill is as follows:
That the Secretary of the Treasury in
is discretion may use front time to
ite anty sur-plus 'revenue of thte Uniit
d States itt the recdemnption and re
irement of Untited States legal tender
notes, but the amtount of sucht notes
retired shall not ini the aggregate ex
eedl an amount equal to 7') per centt.
of the additional circulation taken out
y national banks tunder the provis
onts of the Act, and hereafter no
nited States notes or tr-easury ntotes
uthorized by the Act of July 14, 1890,
mntitled "An Act dlirectinig the pu
~hase of silver bullioni anu~ the issue
f treasurv niotes thereont and for oth
r puross, for a less denomination
Lhan $110 shall be issued, and as r-apid
r as such niotes of denominatins 1less
han 810 shall be received into ithe
:reasurv they shall be cancelled and
t equal amounit of notes of like char
ctetr, but in denominations of 810 or~
nultipes the-reof shall be issued in
hcir place, but nothing ill this Act'
shall be so construed as to r-epeal, or
naymanner affect, thte second see!
Section 10. That thte use of circu
lating notes issued by a banking cor
poration, duly organized under the
shall be exempt from taxontioi lilr
the laws of the United States. winu it
is shown to the satisfaction of tih se
r'tirv of the Tre::sury aind the c-int
tre r of the Curreyiv:
1. That suvlh h0:mk a at no tunl
had outstatdiag its circuilItin~ .ots
in excess of 75 per ceit of is paid up
2. That its stockholders ave i i -
ua!iv liable for the rIedem:ption I 1
circulating !not es to tIe full tNtent 0f
their owne(shli? of stock. but this siall
not be reuiired i11 tile case of per)sn
lihlding stock as ex-vul'ors. admmiais
trators, uadmsor trustecs, it'flte
asseuts :m11d funds il irll' hands ar-e i
able in like ume and to the sameo
extentO us :hle lestator. inltestate, wVfrai
i p)es itelrested ill such flunds:
\w0111(l I. if livingt and colipeteilt to)
act and1( hold( the stock iln his uuwn
1. That the circihtioi notes conti
tute by law a first liell upon all the as
setts of the ban1k.
4. That the bank has at. all tiies
kept oil deposit with an oilicial of the
State autiorized by law to receive nid
hold the samle a guarantee fund in
United States legal tender inl notes. -
eluding treasury notes of 1S0. eq ual
to :30 per cent of its outstanidmig eicu
5. That it lis promptly redeeied
its notes at par on demaitnd at its pril
cipal office. or at one or ilore of its
branch offices, if it has branehcs.
Section II permits State banks to
use the distinctive paperused im primt
ing United States securities. but no
I State bank shall print or engrave its
notes in similitude of United States
notes or certificates or national bank
A MERRY CHRISTMAS.
Do soimi Act to Make It a Happy One For
Scarcely less wonderful than tile
imystery of the first Christmas night is
I the mvsterv of the perpetuation of the
festival. sa's a writer in Once a Week.
It is a far 'ry enough from the shep
herds who fended their flocks on the
hillside of Judea, and the believing
kings who followed the star from the
east, to let us say, the average Amer
icain citizen, and the modern rulers of
kingdoms. Reverence and simple
faita are not exactly the prevailing
characteristics of the former, nor do
the latter betray sufficient keenness of
interest in things supernal to warrant
the supposition that they would leave
their kingdoais and go forth laden
with treasure to follow a mysterious
sign in the heavens. Yei withal
Christmas brings its message to these
as wcll as to their widely difrerent
prototypes of nearly two thousand
Years ago. The echo of the angelic
voices that sang of peace on earth.
good will to men. still resounds in
the heavens on Christmas night: and
brothor is reconciled to brother. old
enmities are laid away. past sins for
iven, and the bonds' of friendship
and family affection drawn tighter
over the Christmas board and round
the cheerful hearth. The rich and
powerful still open their coffers and.
with larme-handed liberality. scatter
their goons lTrong the poor. thereby
imitating tihe Magi of old; for is it not
written : 'Whatsoever ye shall doun
to the least of My brethren, ye shall
do unto Me?" Thus, in spite of the
evil forces with which modern mate
rialism and 'infidelity are seeking to
subvert the influene of Charistianity.
the Star of Bethlehem is still in the
ascendent, and Christmas is the great
es and most joyous festival known to
A Merry Christmas. then, let it be to
all: A divine religion is not a sad one.
It brings peace to the heart, and joy is
an exuberance of peace. Therefore
let the bells ring out, and hang out
the mistletoe, and bring on the smok
ing turkey. sand gather round the lire
side, and join in the frolics (If the
youngsters -anything, everything, so
that the day be merry, and all hearts
rejoice hecause Christ the Lord was
born. Forget for a time the cares of
busiales, the pressure of hard times.
the threatening future. Lock up the
family skeleton and. with it. all
frownis and htarsh words and petty ty
rannies and jealousies of conunon
days. If you can lose tihe key of the
lset. so'much the better. If not.
even the brief respite from ugly cares
will leave its benediction in your heart.
and quicken your longing for the re
turn of the festival of peace.
If you.hiave no fireside of your own
to enliven, seek out the desolate hearth
of some unfortunate brother. There
are many forlorn little ones to whom
an orange and a picturebook would be
a foretaste of Heaven. Play Santa
Claus to such, and you will find your
Merry Christmas in the reflection of
their innocent delight: or carry your
and lonely creature whose last Christ
mas it will be on earth, and earn a
blessing that will repay your efforts a
hundredfold. There is, happily, no
monopoly of the joys of Christmas.
IIf they do not come to us, we can go
to themn, We have but to open our
hearts and stretch out our hands, and
the messengers of peace will come
gladly trooping toward us. It will be
our owvn fault if we have not each and
ll a Merry Christmas.
A Night of Terror.
ATLsnT, Ga., Dec. 12.-An electric
storm prevailed over a large section of
Georgia early this morning.
It broke in Alabama about S o'clock.
In tile lowver pai't of the State it was
at its height between 3 and 4 o'clock.
In some sections the storm was acconm
panied by a destrutive cyclone, which
moved in a genieral directiont from
south to north. At Reynolds. in Tay
lor county, the destruction was ap)
p~alling. 'A special to Tile. Constitu
tinwavs tht kveytun its p~ath
weie blown in some instances more
than a miile. Household and kitchen
furnittre was blown for many miles.
and in sonie instances. was entiirely
lost. Ten houses, with household ef
fects. are total wrecks. Eighteen or
twenty Ihouses are p)artially destroyed.
All the large trees in oneC portion (If
th town are uprooted. The p~ath oIf the
evloiie was over 11.0 yards wide. In
the forest beyond tile town huge trees
were twisted as if thiey were sti'aws.
Three negro churches. large frame
b~uildings, weire wiped fromi the face of
t'e earth. The timlbers wer'e scattered
for miiles. Mi's. MI. A. Powell lost a
(rn house and seven other farm bulild
ng. The iesidence of 3Mr. N. B. New
lolCe, cupie~d by hlis family, was to
tlly demol ishedi. Sevecral imemb ers
of iie famUlily were pinne~d down by
ievv timbers. b~ut wer-e rescued with
in. seiousii inji,]isI. The hlouse oIccu-1
pied by 3r. J. If. hfollis was wrecked.
Two0 tenanit houses5C occupliedl by Nat1
Christopherai anid Percy G-ray wer-e to-I
talir demolishied, and their contents
were~ bilowniaay The occupanlts of
tie Gra'v house wvere blow in lto a c(ot
ton patch a huniidraid yards away\.
Nearly every memiiber of the famoily
had bones br'okeni. A\ house owniedl
and occupied by Bud G-ry color101ed.
~as blown into the niext coutyt and
ie as injured. A tenanut hiouse. of E.=
colord, wVas blownVi dlown. Thie fall-t
ing timbers caught a negro girl about
ten years old, and badly crushed her.
The night was one of terror, TheI
w..1li town was panic stricen. 2
A Lt'd! Pure.
A ereaus et tri: mong rrow
Hlirherst of al il tlaveiny stren1h.-Ls
er-t united S.'~r.. G"v..I'.4-r10 Flood Re
.,al 'lakine Powde-r tcompant
106Ci Wail St.. N Y
T!LLMAN ELECTED SENATOR
Over lUtter by a Very Large Marjority
In Bnth House%.
COLUMBIA. C., Dec. 12.-The elec
tion for United States Senator took
ilace in each house at exactly 12
o'Clock. There was no joint session
and each body voted on its own hook,
There will be a joint session of the
two bodies today at noon to tabulate
thw vote and declare the result.
Ex-Governor B. R. Tillman was
elected United States Senator over M.
C. Butler by a vote of 131 to 21.
George W. 3Murray. colored, received
two votes and W. D. Crum, colored,
The House cast 102 votes for Till
man, 15 for Butler. 4 for Murray and
1 for Crum. The Senate cast 29 for
Tillan and six for Butler. Senator
Tur'ner was absent and did not vote.
The absentees in the House were
Messrs. Barkley. Shuman and Wil'
lianson. Two of them would have
voted for Butler and one, 'Mr. Shu
man. for Tillman.
The Charleston members did not ap
pear to be dead stuck on voting fox
Butler. as all of them were absent
when the doors were closed to take
the vote. They appeared at the door
as the voting commenced. The Speak
er ordered the doors opened for their
In the Senate Butler did not zet the
full Conservative vote. Walker of
Georgetown voted for Tillman and
Turner of Chesterfield nianaged to
avoid voLinrg. The House vote was a
strictly factional one.
A rousing cheer' was given in the
House gallery when the vote was an
The House agreed. on motion of Mr.
Cooper, that it should make nomina
tions without sp)eeches.
In that body 'Mr. Thui-moud of
Eldgefild nominated B. R. Tillman of
Edgefield. The nomination was sec
onded by every Reforrit county in the
Mr. Patton of Richland nominated
"Gen. 1. C. Butler of South Caroli
na." dwelling on the 'South Caroli
na" in contradistinction to M1r. Thur
monds "Edgeiield." The Sumter del
egationi secon ded General Butlerr
The- vote in thre House was as fol
Tilhnran-Aihler, Barry, Blackwell,
Bowman. Breazale. Breeland, Bramn
lett. Browvn. Bunch. Burns, Carroll,
Carrothers. Caughmran. Conner, L. S..
Conner. J. B.. Cooper. Crum. Davis,
C'. M1.. Davis. W. C.. Duncan, Eadens,
Earle. Edwards. Elder, Ellerbe, Est
ridge. Finikley. Floyd. Fowler, Garris,
Gary. Gaston. Goodwin. Hammett,
Hiar'dy. Haprer, Harvey. Haselden,
Iiott' IHolis, Holloway. Hough. Hun
ter, Hum phreys, Il derton, Johnson,
B. J., Johnson. W. J., Jones. Ken
nedy. Kinard. Kirk. Lancaster. Lem
mon. Lesesne, Leverett, Lowe, Magil11
Mellard. M1iles. 31ishoe. M1itchell, T. P,
3Iitchel. J1. WV., Moore. Murray, Mc
Intosh, 3McKeown. MicLaurin, ID. W.,
MceLaurin, J. F., McSweeney, Nun
nery, Otts. Phillips. Pickens, Pollock,
Price. Prince. PRainsford, Rast. Robert
son. Rowland. Sanders. John G., Sin
gletary, Skinner, Sturkie, Tatum,
Thomoson. Todd. Townsend, Thur
mond.' Tyler. Wallace. Warr, Wat
son. Welsh. Whritmire. Williams. T.
S.. ..illiams, L. J., Williams J. G.,
Williams. . red, Winkler, Wolff,
Wyche, Wvmannr-1 02.
]rutler-Adams, Bacot, Devereaux.
Dothage. Gadsden. Lofton, M1anning,
MIehrtrons. 31ellett. Patton. Pyatt, San
dr's. A. K.. Thomas. Weston. Wilson
Anderson and Gregory. two of the
colored members, voted for George
W. 3Murray. making two votes for that
renowned black statesman. MIiller, the
other colored member, voted for WV.
D. Crum,. another colored statesman.
The Senate permitted brief speeches.
Senatoi' Watson of Edgefield nominrat
ed Captain Tillmnan. saying that his
name is a household word. He re
viewed the history of this great po
litical leader. Senator Norris and oth.
ers seconded thre nomination. Sena
tor Norris made a capital speech.
Senator Barnwell placed the name
of General Butler in nomination. He
said that no politics animated him in
his support and nomination of Butler.
It was a debt of gratitude he owed
that "grand soldier." Senator MIower
seconded the nomination.
The vote in the Senate resulted:
Tillman-Barton, Brice, Brown,
Byrd. Dennis, Derham, Douglass, Dur
bose. Etird. Finlev. Fuller, HIarrison,
ordan. Kirkland. Mfauldin, 31ayfield,
iller. M1eCalla. MIcDaniel. Norris,
TDell. Raginr. Sanders. Stackhouse,
Stribling. Williams, Walker, Wat
Uut ler-Barnwell,. Buist, MIoses,
ower. Sloan. V'erdier-G.
Neither Butler nor Tillnman was
resexnt whren the vote was being tak
A Brtishx Act.
Grrran:x. O. T., Dec. 12.-Race
rloblles have broken orut in the Oak
~rove schrool district. As the children
ere returning from school, yester
:rv. somre voungsters made odious
enrk~rs about a colored girl in their
(mpany.r Thie girl attacked the
welve-vear- old son of G. WV. Greath
os. terinrg out hris eyes and biting
11 onre ear. She then crushed the
>ov' sull with a rock, producing
L"t. The. girl escaped. The'negroes
rke thre girl's part. and this may lead
sh.ot by, his swee'thearrt', Side.
H?suNEtxO. Ky., Dec. 11.-armer
lavton shrot Thromars Driv-er, dead in
he'road r--ar hris hrouse, two miles
'rom Di xorn. Webster county'. Clay
)on ha~d forbiddenr younrg Driver froxm
mavirg at eniionms to Ihis daughter, and
seranin~g that thre lovers were toge
her the ild xman seizecd his rifle.
:oughrt out Dr'iver and sho~t him (lead
)v the side of his dau;ghte'r. Clayton
hjmred by a Lion.
Losnox, Dec. 11.-Advices received
'o South Africa announce that Ell
ington S. 3Mackey. a surgeon attached
0 I. 31. S. Teonrer. on Lake Nvass,
"as killed recently by a lion while
it shooting. A fewv years ago Sur
eon 3Mackey was the rampion 50
iml icyrr-I rider of Ireland.
COLLECTING THE MONEY. I
[CONTINUED FnAM PuE ONE.
stock or funds are not the intended
beneficiaries of the exemption.
Collectors are required to examine
the articles of incorporation and busi
ness methods of corporations claim
ing exemption, and where such are
not within the class specifically ex
empt, to cause return to be made for
taxation as in the case of other corpo
The tax due from salaries of olicers
and from pay of employes of the
United States is to be deducted from
the first excess payment over $4. 000 by
paymasters and disbursing officers.
It is provided that no part of tl
salary, fees or emoluments of any
State. county or municipal oflicers
shall be subject to income tax and no
return thereof shall be made of the
salary or fees of such officers. Salary
received by government officials in
1894 shall be included in the first an
nual return to be made on or before
the first Monday in March, 1895.
Appeals in the first instance are to
be made by dissatisfied taxpayers to
any judge and if dissatisfied with his
decision the appellant may have the
entire cause with all papers and evi
dence relating thereto transferred to
the commissioner of internal revenue
for his decision. Severe penalties are
inposed upon all officers and other
persons who make known in any man
ner, any fact or particular contained
in or relating to an annual return of
any taxpayer or any information as to
the sources or amount of the income of
any such person. Collectors are
strictly directed by the regulations to
rigidly enforce this provision. The
tax on incomes for the year 1S94 will
be due and payable on or before the
first day of July next, and if not paid
at the time, the penalties will attach
The full text of the regulations con
tain about 75,000 words and will not
be printed for distribution for a week
There is considerable enquiry as to
what effect the suggestions of President
Cleveland will have on the currency
should they be carried out by Congress.
A New York Banker, who has made
a study of the matter, says that if the
President's plan is adoptedthat it would
add something over $300, 000.000 to our.
circulation, and lie says that this sum
would come in use in local circulation
to a large measure. At present, the
capitalization of the national banks
and of the state banks, which might
come in as dispensers of circulation is
about$950,000, 000. Under the spur of
the proposed law, the capital might
rise in the aggregate by the opening of
new banks to a round thousand mil
lions. This would permit a banknote
c-culation of $750,000,000. At pres
ent'there are out in paper money $102,
000,000 in gold and silver certificates:
$498, 000, 000 in United States and treas
ury notes, and $207. 000, 000 in national
bank notes; in all, $1,107,000,000. The
national bank circulation would be
retired and the 30 per dent of deposits
of United States notes required by :.he
Cleveland plan would absorb $225,
000,000 from the $498,000,000 specified
ab~ove. This would make a total dis
appearance of $ 423,000,000, with an
appearance of $750,000,000 new money,
or a net gain of $318,000,000, provided
the banks took full advantage of the
opportunity to get money, The Cleve
land plan aiffers from tle Baltimore's
association plan in the requirement of
the 30 per cent deposit of _greenbacks
or treasury notes and also in requiring
the banks' to attend to their own re
demption instead of having the work
thrown on the government as at pres
ent. The redemption of bank circula
tion is now one of the most onerous
and troublesome duties of the several
subtreasuries and of the treasury de
partment. Under the new plan the
bank would send the notes of other
banks to the banks issuing them for
redemption, and would thius keep a
sharp wateh one on another. We do
not profess to know much about the
financial questions at issue, but we are
free to say that we are in favor of the
adoption of President Cleveland's plan
if it will add three hundred million
dollars to our circulation. That would
be a long step in the right direction.
and wvoufd lead to still further improve
nments in our currency matters.
Caged in Columbus.
COLUMBIA. S. C., Dec. 12.-Yester
day was doomsday in the United
States Court and theBarrett conspira
tors got their sentences.
'When court met yesterday morning
with Judge Brawlev on the bench, At
torney Blythe for 0. P. Barrett arose
to make a motion for a new trial. Be
fore la proceeded to argue the motion
District Attorney Munphy made the
point that Attorney Blythe had not
complied with rule 35 of the district
court, applying to motions for new
trial and that therefore no motion could
be entertained. Judge Brawley said
that under a strict construction of the
rule he would have to dismiss the mo
tion, but taking all things into consid
eration he would hear the motion.
The hearing was fixed for some later
day and will be heard in Charleston.
In the case against Jackson Counts,
ex-postmaster, Judoe Brawley dis
missed the motion of'iMessrs. Alston &
Patton in arrest of judgment on the
round of improper drawing of the
ury.. Judge Brawley held that the ju
ries were properly drawn. Mr. Alston
gave notice of filing an exception to
the ruling of Judge Brawley and the
case will go up.
Judg-e raw~ley then called on Jack
son Counts "to stand up," and askina'
him how long lie had been in jail, ana
Counts replying nearly seven weeks,
Judge Brawley sentenced him to two
months imprisonment in Richland
county jail and the payment of a fine
of $1'00, for illegally disposing of
Judoe Brawley then called upon
Chas. '). Barrett. J. 'Wesley Owens.
John T. Tillman. Rcht. J. McElwraith,
Thomas J. Hanon and Clareince Lee to
stand utp. Owens was at home sick in
bed. Tillman is a fugitive, somewhere
in Texas. All but Tillman and Barrett
and two others, who are still fugitives,
Thompson and Hatcher, will likely be
pardoned by the President, having
turned State's evidence.
Judge Braw~ley sentenced the men.
who were tried and convicted as fol
Barrett, 18 months imprisonment in
Columbus, 0., penitentiary and a fine
of $3,500): Hanon, 6 months, and a fine
of $1,000; McElrath, same; Lee, 3
months and a fine of $1,000.
Killed Without Provocation. _
CIIAI: sTox, S. C., Dec. 13.-W. ML.
Norton, a white man and ex-police
man. today shot and killed Janmes
Middleton without a pparent provoca
tion. It is believed that the cause of
the shooting was that Middleton has 4
reported that Norton was dlealing in I
contraband whiskey, in violation of
the Dispensary law. Norton refuses
Lo make any statement.
Blown to Pieces.
NORFOLK, Va., Dec. 10.-Informa
tion has just reached the Public Led
ger that the boiler of E. M. Short's
saw mill at Washington, N. C., ex
ploded at 7 o'clock this morning. The
killed are Mr. Short, owner, and four
nege Several othes were injured
means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
fatal diseases result from
trifling ailments neglected.
Don't play with Nature's
e you are feeling
out of sorts, weak
and generally ex
N g hausted, nervous,
Cop n Bhave no appetite
and can't work,
begin at once tak
s g the most relia
Iliii. redicine~which is
r~nv ri Brown's Iron Bit
ters. A few bot
TENS comes from the
very first dose-if
ra Ner os aire ts
Get we thtyae gn inei lia codne
otsO eio to ta e
wle hae bugt en uu s
Davepsws and bionend tvel
BNCo iCaLn CO. BAlToRE M
rge parte one trou itoen
Won te great me-ithosan nrer
the are us erain gloos are b
e tisfiede t b.moe
aild wentrst ou ein afl on'
Buar Tiesend Goo- d.:
TRW HEA COTMA NE M
Weu have oug hr t v en
larghe -tstodpvako, and weitedtosl
laere arcortin too you ae ~
Whan a grehat frl foriyea
If you will give usa chance
will help you. Come and try
UCER & BULTMAI
Srmter, S. C.
P. S. We are helping to cwn t
jte trust by buying Sugar Bags, t
epest covering for cotton bales..
no have not tried it, do so.
ESTABLISH ED 1868.
L. W. FOLSOM,
- Sign of the Big Watch, -
SUMTER, S. C.
-Watches, DiamondIs, -
STERLING SILVEU, CLOCKS,
)ical Goods, Fine Kuives, Seissors ar
Razours, Machine Needles.Etc.
tephen Thomas, J. & flr
#ERIY, SIL.VER & PL.ATED WARI
Spectacles, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
W~atches and JTeweiry repaireaL 1
257 KING STREET1,
C A RLESTON, S. C.
Mannig Co1r legiate Institute,
A~ATNING-, S. 0.
Do You Lnten d to Educate Your Children I
If so, Patronize, the, Institute. Why ?
B.-ea'se the ~ist: is well equip -o for its work, and offers advantages
that are not. to be fouIn elsewIe::e in the county. Besides the advantages
in the courses of stild, moderate tuition rates, cheap board, healthfulness
of the town, comubined with others of equal importance make it to your in
terest to send here.
Send for enb:'Lne.
E. J. BROWNE, Principal.
WM. SHDEPPERD & CO.
ASSOR TMENT Goods, Etc.
Send for circulars
and price lists.
No 232 Meeting St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
"Cr .96 MM n-UD
DOORI : SASH, : AND : BLINDS.
4 78 to 486 Meeting Street, CHARLESTON, S.C
OTTO TIEDEMAN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provision Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
c) 4 MEA L Its - ar C . S. c.
Save Your Eyes! Palmetto Pharmacy
Wben you need a pair of spectacles don't
buy an itifefior gass. You will tind none:
better than Company.
_ D ACharleston, S. C.
, t! AIL. Express or Freight goods to any
Il '.p i.prt of the United States or abroad.
Orde r' receive promfpt attention inmmedi
a atly~ upo receipt. In sending money for
\artiel-s not qruoted in this lis or our free
ctaloguei, send the amorunt of retail price
les20 per cent. Any difference will be
cis ~ rtred by next mail Onr business is
-OR ,TnicTLY CAsH. Goods sent C. 0. D. to re
sponsii~le partiesa. We solicit a share of
e THE CELEBRATED your mail orders.
~i~a'~ :-~ia~nta- : ~c A l1 4lcock's. Porous Plasters, Prce 25r
Belladona Plasters, 15 25
~Capcine Plasters, Benson's,- 15 25
-: EYE --GLASSES. - :- -Alicock's Bunion Plasters, large 18 25
Alleoek's Corn Plasters, 08 10
For sale by Our Little Liver Pills. 15 25
DR. W. M1. BROCKINTON, Cuticuria Resolvent, 85 1 00
Cuticura Salve, 40 j0
Manning, S. C. Catienra Soap, -15 25
__________________________ -Anti-Pain Plasters. 10 25
e4 BUY THE'~ ierRglto e10
for ourDprize iamee"Brind Stckl"ann
AleliewHtme LinimMacnne Co
Simon's EmLion, 0euao 7 1 00
Chidcheshte , nnyrfoaPs; 1 850 2 .0
All's 1Sirup 2fHpophts 0 15
Pennre~ orit Piescrpto 75 1 00
2 Scotts Emulsion, 2 7 an 00
Cod Liver Oil, pure, 45c, pint, 50
Cod Liver Oil, pure, 80e, quart, 1 00
A Castile Soap, 12 oz cake, 10 15
. ~Casti'e Soe p, imiiporteri, pwr lb.. 2) 2.5
. . West's Nerve & Brain Treatment 67 1 01)
Phosphodine, 85 1 00
- Extract Witch Hazel, pints, 20 25
Ffl4ST~/ MOt JCarter's Little Liver Pills, 15 25
~e W~fD WORK EA5I e *We elaim to have the best stock of
.40 ruggists' Sndries, Perfiamery, 'Tooth,
?1.. Nail and Hair Brushes. Comtbs, Sponges,
Chamois Skins and Toilet Requisites in the
fiCity.We can mail over 2,0001 articles in
therug. line, :iuywhere, and pay' special
SendTENC~fl~tO2$ UionS~., Y~ attention to mail orders. We will mail our
win Ne Hom Seing.achn*. catalogue to any address about April 1st,
1894. While this catalogne is not com plete
The~w~oe~ewng~chin~o.it will give s'oe idea of the stock we
ORANC,~AS. ~. carry.
C?.oisf FOP- S.ILE BY **: 7 IN T E T
W. E.BROWN, MANNING, S. C. (One Door North of Wentworth.)
~ .5VTHEN FRIT~LWM. N. BAHR~ & BRO
W. HMIXSO, Manger. DEALERS IN AND) MANUFCTURERS OF
- IMOoRTE~is AND WHOLEsALE DEALE~IN OgCakes Biscuits and Plain
FRUIT~ PRDUCE ~and Fancy Candies.
Tiui an VeeaIehii acae1t Penny Candies and Chewing Gums.
French MIixtures and
-) 217 EAST BA,( Chrystallized Fruits,
Charleston,8 .3f ii tet HILS, S. C.
peOrders solicited, promptly shipped. *3 : ION.RA ENL
crflyselected. ~Ces & C.
ar ii timsare just th:ime-sto econnde. o.NtnsadSllWr,
Wh-:no econo izeinfotwe:ir by puirchia-ing
-.AMES MEANS' sHOEStr er~ii
thle bsthey arc surely the mo0st economaical for
yolconorl is the true soure of wealth. Lave the TO:E A7LW
M e'$.00, .20 .00, $4.00, or MNIG.C
6.00 GHlOE, accordirg to your needs. Of~ei ttsbidn.Seilatn
For sale only by Moses Levi: Man- to ie l uiesi i hre
. nng, S. C.
JosErHE F. R HA ME. W .C. DAVIs. JDNST
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Lv ~ohr'dygossoe
3IANNING, S. C. -_____________
OHN s. WILSON,A.LIAW
Altorney and Counselor at Law, jNtr ulcwt el soit i
MAN ~ C, t.C.1.0 PKing Sqee, inHARLEgated ca.s .
sJ. ~n.E .SM~.R .PIG
Jon2n reS& 0.